Powered by Deep Web Technologies
Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Where to Insulate in a Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Where to Insulate in a Home Where to Insulate in a Home Where to Insulate in a Home November 26, 2013 - 1:34pm Addthis Examples of where to insulate. 1. In unfinished attic spaces, insulate between and over the floor joists to seal off living spaces below. (1A) attic access door 2. In finished attic rooms with or without dormer, insulate (2A) between the studs of "knee" walls, (2B) between the studs and rafters of exterior walls and roof, (2C) and ceilings with cold spaces above. (2D) Extend insulation into joist space to reduce air flows. 3. All exterior walls, including (3A) walls between living spaces and unheated garages, shed roofs, or storage areas; (3B) foundation walls above ground level; (3C) foundation walls in heated basements, full wall either interior or exterior.

2

Where to Insulate in a Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Where to Insulate in a Home Where to Insulate in a Home Where to Insulate in a Home November 26, 2013 - 1:34pm Addthis Examples of where to insulate. 1. In unfinished attic spaces, insulate between and over the floor joists to seal off living spaces below. (1A) attic access door 2. In finished attic rooms with or without dormer, insulate (2A) between the studs of "knee" walls, (2B) between the studs and rafters of exterior walls and roof, (2C) and ceilings with cold spaces above. (2D) Extend insulation into joist space to reduce air flows. 3. All exterior walls, including (3A) walls between living spaces and unheated garages, shed roofs, or storage areas; (3B) foundation walls above ground level; (3C) foundation walls in heated basements, full wall either interior or exterior.

3

Window insulator  

SciTech Connect

An insulator for mounting to a window. A pair of plastic layers including a plurality of partitions positioned therebetween form air pockets between the layers. A plurality of suction cups and suction grooves arranged in rows on one outer surface of the sheet removably secure the sheet to a window. The sheet includes a circumferentially extending recessed portion receiving the window frame.

Nesbitt, W. A.

1985-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Route to supersolidity for the extended Bose-Hubbard model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We use the Gutzwiller ansatz and analyze the phase diagram of the extended Bose-Hubbard Hamiltonian with on-site (U) and nearest-neighbor (V) repulsions. For d-dimensional hypercubic lattices, when 2dVphase occupies small regions around the CDW insulators. However, when 2dV>U, in this Rapid Communication, we show that the ground state has only CDW insulators, and more importantly, the SS phase occupies a much larger region in the phase diagram, existing up to very large hopping values which could be orders of magnitude higher than that of the well-known case. In particular, the SS-superfluid phase boundary increases linearly as a function of hopping when 2dV > or approx. 1.5U, for which the prospects of observing the SS phase with dipolar Bose gases loaded into optical lattices is much higher.

Iskin, M. [Department of Physics, Koc University, Rumelifeneri Yolu, TR-34450 Sariyer, Istanbul (Turkey)

2011-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

5

Vacuum foil insulation system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a multifoil thermal insulation package having a plurality of concentric cylindrical cups, means are provided for reducing heat loss from the penetration region which extends through the cups. At least one cup includes an integral skirt extending from one end of the cup to intersection with the penetration means. Assembly of the insulation package with the skirted cup is facilitated by splitting the cup to allow it to be opened up and fitted around the other cups during assembly.

Hanson, John P. (White Oak Boro, PA); Sabolcik, Rudolph E. (Carroll Township, PA); Svedberg, Robert C. (Elizabeth Township, PA)

1976-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

6

Reflective Insulation Handbook.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When reflective-foil insulation manufacturers wanted the Bonneville Power Administration (BPA) to include their products in the Residential Weatherization Program, they lacked conclusive test data to prove that their products met program specifications. Reflective foils lacked widespread acceptance because of uncertainty about their insulation values. BPA discovered that the Department of Energy (DOE) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) was preparing a study to test how well reflective foils reduced horizontal heat flow. Because the insulation value of reflective foils depends upon the direction of heat flow, BPA provided additional funding to test their effectiveness in reducing upward and downward heat flow and to produce this Handbook. The objectives of this study were to develop acceptable test and evaluation methods, produce an initial data base of idealized reflective-foil insulation systems, extend this data base to a limited number of commercially available products to develop and test analytical models to predict thermal performance and develop a Reflective Insulation Handbook for homeowners and insulation contractors. This handbook describes how heat is transferred; the function of an insulation; what reflective insulation is; types of reflective insulation; where it can be used; installation procedures; thermal performance; and useful sources of information. 10 figs., 2 tabs.

Desjarlais, Andre O.; Tye, Ronald P.

1990-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

High voltage variable diameter insulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high voltage feedthrough assembly (10) having a tubular insulator (15) extending between the ground plane ring (16) and the high voltage ring (30). The insulator (15) is made of Pyrex and decreases in diameter from the ground plane ring (16) to the high voltage ring (30), producing equipotential lines almost perpendicular to the wall (27) of the insulator (15) to optimize the voltage-holding capability of the feedthrough assembly (10).

Vanecek, David L. (Martinez, CA); Pike, Chester D. (Pinole, CA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

8

Window insulation  

SciTech Connect

Insulating apparatus consisting of a plurality of low thermal conductivity panels slidably carried in a conventional window frame is described. 13 claims.

Saucier, E.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

9

Extending 2-D Smoothed Local Symmetries to 3-D  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

3-D Smoothed Local Symmetries (3-D SLS's) are presented as a representation for three-dimensional shapes. 3-D SLS's make explicit the perceptually salient features of 3-D objects and are especially suited to representing ...

Braunegg, David J.

10

Finite Heat conduction in 2D Lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper gives a 2D hamonic lattices model with missing bond defects, when the capacity ratio of defects is enough large, the temperature gradient can be formed and the finite heat conduction is found in the model. The defects in the 2D harmonic lattices impede the energy carriers free propagation, by another words, the mean free paths of the energy carrier are relatively short. The microscopic dynamics leads to the finite conduction in the model. PACS numbers: 44.10. +I, 05.45.Jn, 05.60.-k, 05.70.Ln The study of heat conduction in models of insulating solids is a rather old and debated problem, and the more general problem is one of understanding the nonequilibrium energy current carrying state of a many body system. The most of the work on heat conduction investigated the process of heat transport in 1D lattices. The different models have been studied for obtaining Fourier’s law, several kinds of factors have been taken into account in the models, such as the nonlinearity, on-site potentials, mass disorder and etc. Then the typical 1D lattices Hamiltonian is

Lei Yang; Yang Kongqing

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

11

Insulating window system  

SciTech Connect

An insulating window system is described for use with existing structural windows which consists of: a window track, the track secured to and outlining the structural windows and includes a jaw means, the jaw means includes a pair of spaced jaws, the jaws extending outward from the track and being concaved towards each other forming a semi-oval channel; a glazing frame means having a base member and a pane holder, the base member having two outwardly extending spaced arms, the arms being concaved towards each other forming a semi-oval channel and engaging the jaws when passed there against, for locking the window track and glazing frame means together; the pane holder extending from the glazing frame means and includes an end section and a face section, the face section overlaying the base member with the end section extending therebetween, all forming a glazing channel for securing a glazing pane.

Miller, W.

1986-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

12

ARM - Datastreams - sonicwind2d  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Datastreamssonicwind2d Datastreamssonicwind2d Documentation Data Quality Plots ARM Data Discovery Browse Data Comments? We would love to hear from you! Send us a note below or call us at 1-888-ARM-DATA. Send Datastream : SONICWIND2D Horizontal wind speed and direction from ultrasonic wind sensor (Vaisala WS425), 2m above ground on Barrow MET tower Active Dates 2003.10.31 - 2008.09.16 Measurement Categories Atmospheric State Originating Instrument ultrasonic wind sensor (SONICWIND) Measurements Only measurements considered scientifically relevant are shown below by default. Show all measurements Measurement Units Variable Horizontal wind Wind direction vector mean deg SonicWD_DU_WVT ( time ) Wind direction vector mean standard deviation deg SonicWD_SDU_WVT ( time ) Horizontal wind Wind speed arithmetic mean m/s SonicWS_S_WVT ( time )

13

CHEM2D. 2-D, 3-Phase Chemical Flood Simulator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

CHEM2D is a two-dimensional, three-phase, nine component, finite difference chemical flood simulator. It can model primary depletion, waterfloods, polymer floods, and micellar/polymer floods using heterogeneous one or two-dimensional (areal or cross-sectional) reservoir descriptions. This includes the ability to model primary depletion and waterflooding of an undersaturated oil reservoir and a polymer flood in which gels are injected with polymer or cross-linking chemicals are injected. One injection well and up to four production wells are available. The user may specify well performance as either rate or pressure constrained, and both a constant time-step size and a variable time-step size based on extrapolation of concentration changes are available as options. The major physical phenomena modeled in CHEM2D are: adsorption, capillary pressure, capillary trapping, cation exchange, dilution, dispersion, interfacial tension, binary and ternary phase behavior, relative permeability, specific densities, and polymer properties (inaccessible pore volume, non-Newtonian viscosity and shear thinning, and permeability reduction). Components include water, oil, surfactant, polymer, total nonsorbing anions, calcium, alcohol, calcium-surfactant complex, and sodium. Components may partition amongst the aqueous, oleic, and microemulsion phases. An auxiliary program, PHASE, is included to provide the CHEM2D user with a tool for looking directly at the phase behavior of a system. PHASE is the phase behavior calculation of CHEM2D coupled with a driving program for generating ternary phase behavior input data and for writing out tabular results. It can be used to compute phase concentrations and saturations as a function of effective salinity and total component concentrations and phase saturations (relative volumes) as a function of effective salinity for a fixed set of total component concentrations.

Burtch, F.W. [USDOE Bartlesville Energy Technology Center, OK (United States)

1984-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Insulation Insulation Where to Insulate Learn where to insulate in a home to save money and improve comfort. Read more Insulation Get the facts about how insulation works. Read more Estimate the Payback Period for Insulation Adding insulation to your home will likely have an attractive payback. Read more You can reduce your home's heating and cooling costs through proper insulation and air sealing techniques. These techniques will also make your home more comfortable. Any air sealing efforts will complement your insulation efforts, and vice versa. Proper moisture control and ventilation strategies will improve the effectiveness of air sealing and insulation, and vice versa. Featured Insulation for New Home Construction Planning carefully for insulation results in reduced utility bills and superior comfort during the life of the home. In this house, raised heel trusses accommodate R-60 insulation. | Credit: Paul Norton, NREL.

15

Thermally insulated windows and doors  

SciTech Connect

Complete thermal insulation of metal rails and stiles in vertically or horizontally sliding or rolling windows or doors is provided by including in the frame thereof centered rigid plastic shapes which extend between panels of the windows or doors. All rails and stiles of each panel are thereby exposed only to either interior or exterior ambient temperatures.

Schmidt, D.F.

1979-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

A neural network-based estimation of electric fields along high voltage insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a two-dimensional (2D) electric fields estimation program to calculate the field distribution along the leakage distance of an insulator under polluted conditions using artificial neural network (ANN). A fog type suspension insulator ... Keywords: Electric fields, Insulator, Neural networks, Pollution

Zafer Aydogmus

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

Insulation Fact Sheet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

DOE/CE-0180 DOE/CE-0180 2008 Department of Energy Assistant Secretary Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Contents: Introduction Why Insulate Your House? How Insulation Works Which Kind of Insulation is Best? What Is an R-Value? Reading the Label Insulation Product Types Insulating a New House Where and How Much Air Sealing Moisture Control and Ventilation Installation Issues Precautions Attics Walls Design Options Crawlspaces and Slabs Advanced Wall Framing Metal Framing Insulating Concrete Forms Massive Walls Structural Insulated Panels External Insulation Finish System Attic Ventilation or a Cathedralized Attic Adding Insulation to an Existing House Where and How Much How Much Insulation Do I Already Have? Air Sealing Moisture Control and Ventilation Insulation Installation, the Retrofit Challenge

18

Calcium silicate insulation structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An insulative structure including a powder-filled evacuated casing utilizes a quantity of finely divided synthetic calcium silicate having a relatively high surface area. The resultant structure-provides superior thermal insulating characteristics over a broad temperature range and is particularly well-suited as a panel for a refrigerator or freezer or the insulative barrier for a cooler or a insulated bottle.

Kollie, Thomas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); Lauf, Robert J. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Multiple density layered insulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple density layered insulator for use with a laser is disclosed which provides at least two different insulation materials for a laser discharge tube, where the two insulation materials have different thermoconductivities. The multiple layer insulation materials provide for improved thermoconductivity capability for improved laser operation. 4 figs.

Alger, T.W.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

20

Multiple density layered insulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple density layered insulator for use with a laser is disclosed wh provides at least two different insulation materials for a laser discharge tube, where the two insulation materials have different thermoconductivities. The multiple layer insulation materials provide for improved thermoconductivity capability for improved laser operation.

Alger, Terry W. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Membranes Improve Insulation Efficiency  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

It has been determined from extensive tests involving test models and home attics that loose fill and fiber batt insulation does not function as expected by the industry. The reason for this deficiency is current test methods do not accurately predict the magnitude of air infiltration into fiber insulation as used in home attics, radiant heat infiltration into the insulation during summer, or radiant heat loss through the insulation during winter conditions. The use of (1) moisture permeable membranes over the insulation, and (2) layered membranes between fiber batts to form closed cells in the insulation both dramatically improve the efficiency of the fiber insulation. The efficiency of this insulation will be improved to an even greater degree if these membranes reflect radiant heat as well as reduce convection air currents. Extensive tests have also been conducted which show that if moisture permeable membranes are used over fiber insulation, the moisture content of the insulation will be reduced.

Bullock, C. A.

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

Insulator Reference Book: Chapter 1: Insulator Fundamentals  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This technical update report presents a draft first chapter of the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Insulator Reference Book, which is being developed to give utility transmission engineers a comprehensive information resource on all aspects of high-voltage insulators.BackgroundHigh-voltage insulators are an essential part of the power delivery system. They ensure the safe transmission of electricity from generating stations to substations, where the ...

2013-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

23

Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Insulation Insulation May 30, 2012 - 9:14am Addthis Spray foam insulation fills the nooks and crannies in the walls of this energy-efficient Florida home. | Photo courtesy of FSEC/IBACOS. Spray foam insulation fills the nooks and crannies in the walls of this energy-efficient Florida home. | Photo courtesy of FSEC/IBACOS. Foam core structural insulated panels are built in a factory, shipped to the jobsite, and assembled. | Photo courtesy of Michael Baechler. Foam core structural insulated panels are built in a factory, shipped to the jobsite, and assembled. | Photo courtesy of Michael Baechler. Spray foam insulation fills the nooks and crannies in the walls of this energy-efficient Florida home. | Photo courtesy of FSEC/IBACOS. Foam core structural insulated panels are built in a factory, shipped to the jobsite, and assembled. | Photo courtesy of Michael Baechler.

24

Redshift Surveys with 2dF  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report on the 2dF Galaxy and QSO Redshift Surveys now in progress with the Two Degree Field facility at the Anglo-Australian Observatory. We describe the 2dF instrumentation, outline the scientific aims of the surveys and their current status, and present some initial results.

Matthew Colless; Brian Boyle

1997-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

25

Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

planning to do the job yourself. How does it work? Insulation slows heat flow through the building envelope of your home. Insulation in your home provides resistance to heat flow....

26

Polymer Insulator Vintage Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

For more than 30 years, polymer long rod suspension insulators have been available and used on transmission lines. The primary functions of polymer insulatorsalso called composite insulators or nonceramic insulatorsare to provide 1) mechanical strength to attach the conductors to the structures and 2) electrical insulation between the conductors and the structure. Initially, the use of polymer insulators was limited because utilities had limited experience; however, today, the use is more widespread. Con...

2011-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

27

Insulating polymer concrete  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A lightweight insulating polymer concrete formed from a lightweight closed cell aggregate and a water resistance polymeric binder.

Schorr, H. Peter (Douglaston, NY); Fontana, Jack J. (Shirley, NY); Steinberg, Meyer (Melville, NY)

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Thermal Insulation Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... IN. Knauf Insulation Product Testing Laboratory, Shelbyville, IN [200883- 0] MI. Dow Chemical Building Solutions Product Perf. ...

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

29

AOCS Official Method Ca 2d-25  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Moisture and Volatile Matter Vacuum Oven Method AOCS Official Method Ca 2d-25 Methods Methods and Analyses Analytical Chemistry Methods Downloads Methods Downloads DEFINITION This method determines the moisture

30

Finite Heat conduction in 2D Lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper gives a 2D hamonic lattices model with missing bond defects, when the capacity ratio of defects is enough large, the temperature gradient can be formed and the finite heat conduction is found in the model. The defects in the 2D harmonic lattices impede the energy carriers free propagation, by another words, the mean free paths of the energy carrier are relatively short. The microscopic dynamics leads to the finite conduction in the model.

Lei Yang; Yang Kongqing

2001-07-30T23:59:59.000Z

31

Heat-sound insulating wall  

SciTech Connect

The wall comprises a closed acoustic box-structure which is defined by a slightly ribbed sheet and a flat sheet. The boxstructure has lateral ribs which extend beyond the sheet. A panel of high-density mineral wool which is of small thickness is enclosed inside the box-structure. A heat insulator covers the box-structure and the ribs of the box-structure and is protected by an outer trough which has ribs or corrugations perpendicular to the ribs of the box-structure.

Ovaert, F.; Reneault, P.

1980-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

32

Loose-fill insulations  

SciTech Connect

Whether you are increasing the insulation levels in your current home or selecting insulation for a new home, choosing the right insulation material can be challenging. Fibrous loose-fill insulations such as cellulose, fiberglass, and rock wool are options you may wish to consider. This publication will introduce you to these materials--what they are, how they are applied, how they compare with each other, and other considerations regarding their use--so that you can decide whether loose fills are right for your home.

1995-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

33

Thermal Insulation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal insulation systems are receiving a high degree of attention in view of increasing energy cost. Industrial, commercial and residential energy users are all well aware of energy cost increases and great emphasis is being directed to energy cost reduction programs. One of the best places to start with energy conservation is to employ proper insulation systems. This article discusses the significant properties of thermal insulation materials primarily for industrial application. Some of the information is applicable to commercial and residential insulation. Only hot service conditions will be covered.

Stanley, T. F.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Particle trap with dielectric barrier for use in gas insulated transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor within the outer sheath, insulating supports supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath, and an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath. An apertured particle trapping electrode is disposed within the outer sheath, and the electrode has a pair of dielectric members secured at each longitudinal end thereof, with the dielectric members extending outwardly from the apertured electrode. 7 figs.

Dale, S.J.

1982-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

35

Particle trap with dielectric barrier for use in gas insulated transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor within the outer sheath, insulating supports supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath, and an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath. An apertured particle trapping electrode is disposed within the outer sheath, and the electrode has a pair of dielectric members secured at each longitudinal end thereof, with the dielectric members extending outwardly from the apertured electrode.

Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Gas insulated transmission line with insulators having field controlling recesses  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line having a novel insulator for supporting an inner conductor concentrically within an outer sheath. The insulator has a recess contiguous with the periphery of one of the outer and inner conductors. The recess is disposed to a depth equal to an optimum gap for the dielectric insulating fluid used for the high voltage insulation or alternately disposed to a large depth so as to reduce the field at the critical conductor/insulator interface.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Pederson, Bjorn O. (Chelmsford, MA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

A new inversion method for (T2, D) 2D NMR logging and fluid typing  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

One-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (1D NMR) logging technology has some significant limitations in fluid typing. However, not only can two-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (2D NMR) provide some accurate porosity parameters, but it can also ... Keywords: Diffusion coefficient (D), Fluid typing, Transverse relaxation time (T2), Two-dimensional NMR (2D NMR) logging

Maojin Tan; Youlong Zou; Cancan Zhou

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

Tips: Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Insulation Tips: Insulation May 2, 2012 - 6:03pm Addthis Where to Insulate. Adding insulation in the areas shown here may be the best way to improve your home's energy efficiency. Insulate either the attic floor or under the roof. Check with a contractor about crawl space or basement insulation. Where to Insulate. Adding insulation in the areas shown here may be the best way to improve your home's energy efficiency. Insulate either the attic floor or under the roof. Check with a contractor about crawl space or basement insulation. Insulation is made from a variety of materials, and it usually comes in four types: rolls and batts, loose-fill, rigid foam, and foam-in-place. Rolls and Batts Rolls and batts -- or blankets -- are flexible products made from mineral

39

18 December 2006 BUILDING INSULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

18 December 2006 07200-1 BUILDING INSULATION CONSTRUCTION STANDARD SPECIFICATION SECTION 07200 BUILDING INSULATION PART 1 - GENERAL 1.01 Summary.....................................................................................5 2.04 Pre-Engineered Building Insulation

40

Comparison of Thermal Insulation Materials.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis is about comparing of different thermal insulation materials of different manufactures. In our days there are a lot of different thermal insulation materials… (more)

Chaykovskiy, German

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Equipment Insulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit History Facebook icon Twitter icon Equipment Insulation Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Equipment Insulation...

42

Building Insulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Building Insulation Jump to: navigation, search TODO: Add description List of Building Insulation Incentives Retrieved from "http:en.openei.orgwindex.php?titleBuildingInsulat...

43

On Global Regularity of 2D Generalized Magnetohydrodynamic Equations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this article we study the global regularity of 2D generalized magnetohydrodynamic equations (2D GMHD), in which the dissipation terms are $- \

Tran, Chuong V; Zhai, Zhichun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Pipe Insulation Economies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pipe Insulation Economies is a computer program written in IBM basic to simplify the economic insulation thickness for an insulated pipe. Many articles have been written on this subject, from simple nomographs to a small book written in 1976 by the Federal Energy Administration, called "Economic Thickness for Industrial Insulation (ETI)." This paper is meant to fall somewhere between these extremes without sacrificing the accuracy necessary for economic considerations. Within this text, insulation is dealt with not as a material but as a method to slow heat transfer. To simplify the various mechanisms by which heat is transferred, the variable "thermal conductivity" is used. This is modeled for average insulation temperature. Another variable which has caused problems in the past is the ambient air film coefficient, or surface resistance. This program deals with this coefficient by making an initial assumption, then using an iterative process to refine the actual values before making the economic calculations. The program will use the input data to determine first of all the heat loss in BTU per hr/ft. of pipe. Using this result the lowest annual cost, therefore the most economical insulation thickness, is determined.

Schilling, R. E.

1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

45

Insulation fact sheet  

SciTech Connect

Electricity bills, oil bills, gas bills - all homeowners pay for one or more of these utilities, and wish they paid less. Often many of us do not really know how to control or reduce our utility bills. We resign ourselves to high bills because we think that is the price we have to pay for a comfortable home. We encourage our children to turn off the lights and appliances, but may not recognize the benefits of insulating the attic. This publication provides facts relative to home insulation. It discusses where to insulate, what products to use, the decision making process, installation options, and sources of additional information.

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

46

Method of preventing leakage of a fluid along and through an insulating jacket of a thermocouple  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermocouple assembly includes a thermocouple; a plurality of lead wires extending from the thermocouple; an insulating jacket extending along and enclosing the plurality of leads; and at least one internally sealed area within the insulating jacket to prevent fluid leakage along and within the insulating jacket. The invention also provides a method of preventing leakage of a fluid along and through an insulating jacket of a thermocouple including the steps of a) attaching a plurality of lead wires to a thermocouple; b) adding a heat sensitive pseudo-wire to extend along the plurality of lead wires; c) enclosing the lead wires and pseudo-wire inside an insulating jacket; d) locally heating axially spaced portions of the insulating jacket to a temperature which melts the pseudo-wire and fuses it with an interior surface of the jacket.

Thermos, Anthony Constantine (Greer, SC); Rahal, Fadi Elias (Easley, SC)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

Body Fat as Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Body Fat as Insulation Name: Bulza Location: NA Country: NA Date: NA Question: Does the fat layer under the skinkeep an animal warm? Replies: Some animals, yes. Polar bears and...

48

Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

comfort during the life of the home. In this house, raised heel trusses accommodate R-60 insulation. | Credit: Paul Norton, NREL. Building a new energy-efficient home requires...

49

Partition Functions and Stability Criteria of Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The non-chiral edge excitations of quantum spin Hall systems and topological insulators are described by means of their partition function. The stability of topological phases protected by time-reversal symmetry is rediscussed in this context and put in relation with the existence of discrete anomalies and the lack of modular invariance of the partition function. The $\\Z_2$ characterization of stable topological insulators is extended to systems with interacting and non-Abelian edge excitations.

Andrea Cappelli; Enrico Randellini

2013-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

50

Insulation Materials | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Materials Insulation Materials Insulation Materials May 30, 2012 - 10:08am Addthis Cellulose, a fiber insulation material with a high recycled content, is blown into a home attic. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Cellulose, a fiber insulation material with a high recycled content, is blown into a home attic. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Blown-in fiberglass insulation thoroughly fills the stud cavities in this home. | Photo courtesy of Bob Hendron, NREL. Blown-in fiberglass insulation thoroughly fills the stud cavities in this home. | Photo courtesy of Bob Hendron, NREL. Rigid foam board adds R-value to this wall in a Florida home. | Photo courtesy of FSEC/IBACOS. Rigid foam board adds R-value to this wall in a Florida home. | Photo

51

Pauli matrices and 2D electron gas  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper it will be argued that transport in a 2D electron gas can be implemented as 'local hidden instrument based' variables. With this concept of instrumentalism it is possible to explain the quantum correlation, the particle-wave duality and Wheeler's 'backward causation of a particle'. In the case of quantum correlation the spin measuring variant of the Einstein Podolsky and Rosen paradox is studied. In the case of particle-wave duality the system studied is single photon Mach-Zehnder (MZ) interferometry with a phase shift size $\\delta$. The idea that the instruments more or less neutrally may show us the way to the particle will be replaced by the concept of laboratory equipment contributing in an unexpected way to the measurement.

J. F. Geurdes

2012-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

52

Electoral Competition, Political Uncertainty and Policy Insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Uncertainty and Policy Insulation Horn, Murray. 1995. TheUncertainty and Policy Insulation United States Congress.UNCERTAINTY AND POLICY INSULATION Rui J. P. de Figueiredo,

de Figueiredo, Rui J. P. Jr.

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

53

Synthesis, structure, and magnetic properties of extended 2-D triangular lattices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A series of pure iron jarosites (formula AFe?(OH)?(TO?)?) possessing the paradigmatic kagomé lattice has been prepared stoichiometrically pure through the use of a redox-based hydlrothermal synthetic strategy. This synthetic ...

Bartlett, Bart M

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Thermal insulated glazing unit  

SciTech Connect

An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas.

Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Hartmann, John L. (Seattle, WA)

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

Thermal insulated glazing unit  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved insulated glazing unit is provided which can attain about R5 to about R10 thermal performance at the center of the glass while having dimensions about the same as those of a conventional double glazed insulated glazing unit. An outer glazing and inner glazing are sealed to a spacer to form a gas impermeable space. One or more rigid, non-structural glazings are attached to the inside of the spacer to divide the space between the inner and outer glazings to provide insulating gaps between glazings of from about 0.20 inches to about 0.40 inches. One or more glazing surfaces facing each thermal gap are coated with a low emissivity coating. Finally, the thermal gaps are filled with a low conductance gas such as krypton gas. 2 figs.

Selkowitz, S.E.; Arasteh, D.K.; Hartmann, J.L.

1988-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

56

Highly Insulating Window Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Window Technology Window Technology Temperature differentials across a window, particularly with cold exterior environments in residential buildings, can lead to significant energy losses. Currently available low-emissivity coatings, gas-fills, and insulating frames provide significant energy savings over typical single or double glazed products. The EWC website provides information on how double glazed low-e gas-filled windows work as well as information on commercially available superwindows (three layer, multiple low-e coatings, high performance gas-fills). The next generation of highly insulating window systems will benefit from incremental improvements being made to current components (i.e. more insulating spacers and frame materials/designs, low-e coatings with improved performance properties). LBNL uses its experimental facilities and software tools to collaborate with window and glass industry representatives to better understand the impacts of new components on overall product performance.

57

Vertically aligned gas-insulated transmission line having particle traps at the inner conductor  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Gas insulated electrical apparatus having first and second conductors separated by an insulating support within an insulating gas environment, and particle traps disposed along the surface of the high potential conductor for trapping and inactivating foreign particles which may be present within the insulating gas medium. Several embodiments of the invention were developed which are particularly suited for vertically aligned gas insulated transmission lines. The particle traps are grooves or cavities formed into the walls of the tubular inner conductor, without extending into the hollow portion of the conductor. In other embodiments, the traps are appendages or insert flanges extending from the inner conductor, with the insulator supports contacting the appendages instead of the inner conductor.

Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

THERMAL INSULATION MATERIALS TEST METHOD ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... _____ 01/W01 CAN/CGSB-51.2-M88 Thermal Insulation, Calcium Silicate, for Piping, Machinery and Boilers _____ ...

2012-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

59

NVLAP Thermal Insulation Materials LAP  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... for thermal insulation materials. The final report for Round 31 was released in February 2010. Proficiency testing is on hold ...

2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

60

Peg supported thermal insulation panel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal insulation panel which is lightweight, load bearing, accommodates thermal stress, and has excellent high temperature insulation capability comprising high performance insulation between thin metal walls supported by high density, high strength glass pegs made in compliance with specified conditions of time, temperature and pressure.

Nowobilski, Jeffert J. (Orchard Park, NY); Owens, William J. (Kenmore, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Peg supported thermal insulation panel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A thermal insulation panel which is lightweight, load bearing, accommodates thermal stress, and has excellent high temperature insulation capability comprises high performance insulation between thin metal walls supported by high density, high strength glass pegs made in compliance with specified conditions of time, temperature and pressure. 2 figs.

Nowobilski, J.J.; Owens, W.J.

1985-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

62

Owens Corning Acoustic & Insulation Product Testing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Insulation. [01/T10] ASTM C687 Thermal Resistance of Loose-Fill Building Insulation. Acoustical Testing Services. Accreditation ...

2014-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

63

Porous insulation in HVAC systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Porous insulation used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC equipment provides a locus for the accumulation of dirt and debris. Dirt and debris are hydrophilic and the insulation on the air stream surfaces of mechanical cooling systems thus provides a niche for mold growth. The mold growing on porous insulation unlike moldy debris on a hard surface such as sheetmetal cannot be removed by duct cleaning. Actions for proactively preventing biocontamination of HVAC insulation include the following. (1) Porous insulation shall not be used to line the air stream surfaces of HVAC plenums where wetting is likely such as in the vicinity of cooling coils

Philip R. Morey

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Insulation Materials | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Materials Materials Insulation Materials May 30, 2012 - 10:08am Addthis Cellulose, a fiber insulation material with a high recycled content, is blown into a home attic. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Cellulose, a fiber insulation material with a high recycled content, is blown into a home attic. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Blown-in fiberglass insulation thoroughly fills the stud cavities in this home. | Photo courtesy of Bob Hendron, NREL. Blown-in fiberglass insulation thoroughly fills the stud cavities in this home. | Photo courtesy of Bob Hendron, NREL. Rigid foam board adds R-value to this wall in a Florida home. | Photo courtesy of FSEC/IBACOS. Rigid foam board adds R-value to this wall in a Florida home. | Photo

65

Highly Insulating Windows - Cost  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cost Cost The following is an estimate of the cost effective incremental cost of highly-insulating windows (U-factor=0.20 Btu/hr-ft2-F) compared to regular ENERGY STAR windows (U-factor 0.35 Btu/hr-ft2-F). Energy savings from lower U-factors were simulated with RESFEN over an assumed useful window life of 25 years. To determine the maximum incremental cost at which highly-insulating windows would still be cost-effective, we used a formula used by many utility companies to calculate the cost of saved energy from energy efficiency programs, based on the programs' cost and savings. We turned this formula around so that the cost of saved energy equals the present energy prices in the studied locations, whereas the program cost (the incremental cost of the windows) is the dependent variable. By entering 5%

66

Insulated pipe clamp design  

SciTech Connect

Thin wall large diameter piping for breeder reactor plants can be subjected to significant thermal shocks during reactor scrams and other upset events. On the Fast Flux Test Facility, the addition of thick clamps directly on the piping was undesired because the differential metal temperatures between the pipe wall and the clamp could have significantly reduced the pipe thermal fatigue life cycle capabilities. Accordingly, an insulated pipe clamp design concept was developed. The design considerations and methods along with the development tests are presented. Special considerations to guard against adverse cracking of the insulation material, to maintain the clamp-pipe stiffness desired during a seismic event, to minimize clamp restraint on the pipe during normal pipe heatup, and to resist clamp rotation or spinning on the pipe are emphasized.

Anderson, M.J.; Hyde, L.L.; Wagner, S.E.; Severud, L.K.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point' or line' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included. 26 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

68

Consider insulation reliability  

SciTech Connect

This paper reports that when calcium silicate and two brands of mineral wool were compared in a series of laboratory tests, calcium silicate was more reliable. And in-service experience with mineral wool at a Canadian heavy crude refinery provided examples of many of the lab's findings. Lab tests, conducted under controlled conditions following industry accepted practices, showed calcium silicate insulation was stronger, tougher and more durable than the mineral wools to which it was compared. For instance, the calcium silicate insulation exhibited only some minor surface cracking when heated to 1,200[degrees]F (649[degrees]C), while the mineral wools suffered binder burnout resulting in sagging, delamination and a general loss of dimensional stability.

Gamboa (Manville Mechanical Insulations, a Div. of Schuller International Inc., Denver, CO (United States))

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

69

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially point'' or line'' contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form line'' contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively point'' contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1993-01-05T23:59:59.000Z

70

Compact vacuum insulation embodiments  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An ultra-thin compact vacuum insulation panel is comprised of two hard, but bendable metal wall sheets closely spaced apart from each other and welded around the edges to enclose a vacuum chamber. Glass or ceramic spacers hold the wall sheets apart. The spacers can be discrete spherical beads or monolithic sheets of glass or ceramic webs with nodules protruding therefrom to form essentially "point" or "line" contacts with the metal wall sheets. In the case of monolithic spacers that form "line" contacts, two such spacers with the line contacts running perpendicular to each other form effectively "point" contacts at the intersections. Corrugations accommodate bending and expansion, tubular insulated pipes and conduits, and preferred applications are also included.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

72

Gas filled panel insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A structural or flexible highly insulative panel which may be translucent, is formed from multi-layer polymeric material in the form of an envelope surrounding a baffle. The baffle is designed so as to minimize heat transfer across the panel, by using material which forms substantially closed spaces to suppress convection of the low conductivity gas fill. At least a portion of the baffle carries a low emissivity surface for suppression of infrared radiation. 18 figures.

Griffith, B.T.; Arasteh, D.K.; Selkowitz, S.E.

1993-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

73

Gas filled panel insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A structural or flexible highly insulative panel which may be translucent, is formed from multi-layer polymeric material in the form of an envelope surrounding a baffle. The baffle is designed so as to minimize heat transfer across the panel, by using material which forms substantially closed spaces to suppress convection of the low conductivity gas fill. At least a portion of the baffle carries a low emissivity surface for suppression of infrared radiation.

Griffith, Brent T. (Berkeley, CA); Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA); Selkowitz, Stephen E. (Piedmont, CA)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

75

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

76

Superconducting Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Superconducting Topological Insulators Print Three-dimensional topological insulators (TIs), discovered experimentally in 2007-2009 by a Princeton-ALS collaboration, are a promising platform for developing the next generation of electronics. Electrons within one nanometer of a TI's surface move at high speeds in a "light-like" fashion. The quantum interactions that generate these electronic states cause individual electrons to be spin polarized even at room temperature and to strongly resist scattering from defects, naturally achieving some of the most desirable traits for computing components and next-generation "spintronics" technologies. More recent angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies performed at ALS Beamlines 10.0.1 and 12.0.1 by the same collaboration have paved a way for these novel material properties to be taken even further. Their studies showed that by doping the TI, bismuth selenide, with copper, it's possible to make the topologically ordered electrons superconducting, dropping electrical resistance in the surface states all the way to zero.

77

Highly Insulating Windows - Fram  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Frames Frames Research performed at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology and LBNL has identified various highly insulating frame solutions. A report was released in 2007 describing some of these frames. This document reports the findings of a market and research review related to state-of-the-art highly insulating window frames. The market review focuses on window frames that satisfy the Passivhaus requirements (window U-value less or equal to 0.8 W/m2K ), while other examples are also given in order to show the variety of materials and solutions that may be used for constructing window frames with a low thermal transmittance (U-value). The market search shows that several combinations of materials are used in order to obtain window frames with a low U-value. The most common insulating material seems to be Polyurethane (PUR), which is used together with most of the common structural materials such as wood, aluminum, and PVC.

78

Improved DC Gun Insulator  

SciTech Connect

Many user facilities such as synchrotron light sources and free electron lasers require accelerating structures that support electric fields of 10-100 MV/m, especially at the start of the accelerator chain where ceramic insulators are used for very high gradient DC guns. These insulators are difficult to manufacture, require long commissioning times, and have poor reliability, in part because energetic electrons bury themselves in the ceramic, creating a buildup of charge and causing eventual puncture. A novel ceramic manufacturing process is proposed. It will incorporate bulk resistivity in the region where it is needed to bleed off accumulated charge caused by highly energetic electrons. This process will be optimized to provide an appropriate gradient in bulk resistivity from the vacuum side to the air side of the HV standoff ceramic cylinder. A computer model will be used to determine the optimum cylinder dimensions and required resistivity gradient for an example RF gun application. A ceramic material example with resistivity gradient appropriate for use as a DC gun insulator will be fabricated by glazing using doping compounds and tested.

M.L. Neubauer, K.B. Beard, R. Sah, C. Hernandez-Garcia, G. Neil

2009-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

En jämförelse mellan vakuumisolering och traditionell isolering; A comparison between vacuum insulation and traditional insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? The purpose of this thesis is to investigate if vacuum insulation panels are a competitive alternative to traditional insulation. Vacuum insulation has been used… (more)

Gustafsson, Johanna

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Thermal insulations using vacuum panels  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal insulation vacuum panels are formed of an inner core of compressed low thermal conductivity powders enclosed by a ceramic/glass envelope evaluated to a low pressure.

Glicksman, Leon R. (Lynnfield, MA); Burke, Melissa S. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1991-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

changes to the commercial provisions of the 2012 IECC: Increase Duct and Plenum Insulation R Hart Pacific Northwest National Laboratory December 2012 Proposal Description This...

82

Corrosion of Steel under Insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...H.S. Ahluwalia, Corrosion under Insulation, Corrosion: Environments and Industries, Vol 13C, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 2006, p 654â??658...

83

Insulation Materials | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

requires no moisture barrier and, when installed at proper densities, cannot settle in a building cavity. Cellulose insulation is used in both new and existing homes, as...

84

From insulator to quantum Hall liquid at low magnetic fields  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have performed low-temperature transport measurements on a GaAs twodimensional electron system at low magnetic fields. Multiple temperatureindependent points and accompanying oscillations are observed in the longitudinal resistivity between the low-field insulator and the quantum Hall liquid. The amplitudes of these oscillations can be well described by conventional Shubnikov-de Haas theory, and our experimental results therefore support the existence of an intermediate metallic regime between the low-field insulator and quantum Hall liquid. 1 Two-dimensional (2D) phase transitions have attracted a great deal of interest recently [1–11]. To date, despite many existing experimental and theoretical studies on 2D phase transitions, there are still some interesting but unresolved issues. In particular, it is still under debate whether a direct transition from an insulator (I) to a high Landau level filling factor (? ? 3) quantum Hall (QH) state at low magnetic fields B is a genuine phase transition. Experimentally, a single approximately temperature (T)-independent point in

Tsai-yu Huanga; C. -t. Lianga; Gil-ho Kimb; C. F. Huangc; Chao-ping Huanga

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

AnisWave2D: User's Guide to the 2d Anisotropic Finite-DifferenceCode  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document describes a parallel finite-difference code for modeling wave propagation in 2D, fully anisotropic materials. The code utilizes a mesh refinement scheme to improve computational efficiency. Mesh refinement allows the grid spacing to be tailored to the velocity model, so that fine grid spacing can be used in low velocity zones where the seismic wavelength is short, and coarse grid spacing can be used in zones with higher material velocities. Over-sampling of the seismic wavefield in high velocity zones is therefore avoided. The code has been implemented to run in parallel over multiple processors and allows large-scale models and models with large velocity contrasts to be simulated with ease.

Toomey, Aoife

2005-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

86

FIBERGLASS INSULATION 1. INTRODUCTION TO WARM AND FIBERGLASS INSULATION  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This chapter describes the methodology used in EPA’s Waste Reduction Model (WARM) to estimate streamlined life-cycle greenhouse gas (GHG) emission factors for fiberglass insulation beginning at the waste generation reference point. 1 The WARM GHG emission factors are used to compare the net emissions associated with fiberglass insulation in the following two waste management alternatives: source reduction and landfilling.

unknown authors

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved compact insulation panel is provided which is comprised of two adjacent metal sheets spaced close together with a plurality of spherical, or other discretely shaped, glass or ceramic beads optimally positioned between the sheets to provide support and maintain the spacing between the metal sheets when the gases therebetween are evacuated to form a vacuum. These spherical glass beads provide the maximum support while minimizing thermal conductance. In its preferred embodiment; these two metal sheets are textured with ribs or concave protrusions in conjunction with the glass beads to maximize the structural integrity of the panels while increasing the spacing between beads, thereby reducing the number of beads and the number of thermal conduction paths. Glass or porcelain-enameled liners in combination with the glass spacers and metal sidewalls effectively decrease thermal conductivity, and variious laminates, including wood, porcelain-enameled metal, and others effectively increase the strength and insulation capabilities of the panels. Also, a metal web is provided to hold the spacers in place, and strategic grooves are shown to accommodate expansion and contraction or shaping of the panels.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

Compact vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Improved compact insulation panel is provided which is comprised of two adjacent metal sheets spaced close together with a plurality of spherical, or other discretely shaped, glass or ceramic beads optimally positioned between the sheets to provide support and maintain the spacing between the metal sheets when the gases there between are evacuated to form a vacuum. These spherical glass beads provide the maximum support while minimizing thermal conductance. In its preferred embodiment; these two metal sheets are textured with ribs or concave protrusions in conjunction with the glass beads to maximize the structural integrity of the panels while increasing the spacing between beads, thereby reducing the number of beads and the number of thermal conduction paths. Glass or porcelain-enameled liners in combination with the glass spacers and metal sidewalls effectively decrease thermal conductivity, and various laminates, including wood, porcelain-enameled metal, and others effectively increase the strength and insulation capabilities of the panels. Also, a metal web is provided to hold the spacers in place, and strategic grooves are shown to accommodate expansion and contraction or shaping of the panels. 35 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1992-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

89

2D sigma model approach to 4D instantons  

SciTech Connect

4D self-dual theories are proposed to generalize 2D conformal field theory. The authors identify 4D self-dual gravity as well as self-dual Yang-Mills theory with 2D sigma models valued in infinite-dimensional gauge groups. It is shown that these models possess infinite-dimensional symmetries with associated algebras - CP{sup 1} extensions of respective gauge algebras of 2D sigma models - which generalize the Kac-Moody algebra as well as W{sub {infinity}}. This paper addresses various issues concerning 2D sigma models, twistors and sheaf cohomology. An attempt to connect 4D self-dual theories with 2D conformal field theory is made through sl({infinity}) Toda field theory.

Park, Q.H. (Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Univ. of Maryland at College Park, College Park, MD (US))

1992-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

90

Wall Insulation; BTS Technology Fact Sheet  

SciTech Connect

Properly sealed, moisture-protected, and insulated walls help increase comfort, reduce noise, and save on energy costs. This fact sheet addresses these topics plus advanced framing techniques, insulation types, wall sheathings, and steps for effective wall construction and insulation.

Southface Energy Institute; Tromly, K.

2000-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Electrical wire insulation and electromagnetic coil  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electromagnetic coil for high temperature and high radiation application in which glass is used to insulate the electrical wire. A process for applying the insulation to the wire is disclosed which results in improved insulation properties.

Bich, George J. (Penn Hills, PA); Gupta, Tapan K. (Monroeville, PA)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Excavationless Exterior Foundation Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory Study NorthernSTAR Building America Team Garrett Mosiman Technical Approach The project begins with the concept of an "excavationless" exterior foundation insulation upgrade that is cost-competitive with current methods, and involves little impact to existing landscape and site features. Process: 1. Literature review to establish the building science case for the advantages of exterior foundation insulation vs. interior insulation 2. Presentation and analysis of two exterior, full-excavation exterior insulation upgrades to establish a base case for costs 3. Survey of five typical twin-cities neighborhoods to categorize and quantify typical obstructions 4. Web-based search to identify available materials and technologies that have

93

Highly Insulating Windows - Publ  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Highly Insulating Windows - Publications Future Advanced Windows for Zero-Energy Homes, J. Apte, D. Arasteh, J. Huang, 2003 ASHRAE Annual Meeting, 2002 Nine representative window products are examined in eight representative U.S. climates. Annual energy and peak demand impacts are investigated. We conclude that a new generation of window products is necessary for zero-energy homes if windows are not to be an energy drain on these homes. Performance Criteria for Residential Zero Energy Windows, D. Arasteh, H. Goudey, J. Huang, C. Kohler, R. Mitchell, 2006, submitted to ASHRAE Through the use of whole house energy modeling, typical efficient products are evaluated in five US climates and compared against the requirements for ZEHs. Products which meet these needs are defined as a function of climate.

94

SEALED INSULATOR BUSHING  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The manufacture of electrode insulators that are mechanically strong, shock-proof, vacuum tight, and are capable of withstanding gas pressures of many atmospheres under intense neutron bombardment, such as may be needed in an ionization chamber, is described. The ansulator comprises a bolt within a quartz tube, surrounded by a bushing held in place by two quartz rings, and tightened to a pressure of 1,000 pounds per square inch by a nut and washer. Quartz is the superior material to meet these conditions, however, to withstand this pressure the quartz must be fire polished, lapped to form smooth and parallel surfaces, and again fire polished to form an extremely smooth and fracture resistant mating surface.

Carmichael, H.

1952-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

95

Boron nitride insulating material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

High temperature BN-insulated heaters for use as fuel pin simulators in reactor thermal hydraulic test facility studies comprise a cylindrical housing and a concentric heating element disposed within the housing and spaced apart from the housing to define an annular region therebetween. The annular region contains BN for providing electrical resistance and thermal conductivity between the housing and the heating element. The fabrication method of this invention comprises the steps of cold pressing BN powder at a pressure of 20 to 80,000 psig and a dwell time of at least 0.1-3 seconds to provide hollow cylindrical preforms of suitable dimensions for insertion into the annular region, the BN powder having a tap density of about 0.6-1.1 g/cm.sup.3 and an orientation ratio of at least about 100/3.5. The preforms are inserted into the annular region and crushed in place.

Morgan, Jr., Chester S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Cavin, O. Burl (Knoxville, TN); McCulloch, Reginald W. (Concord, TN); Clark, David L. (Clearwater, FL)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Multiple layer insulation cover  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multiple layer insulation cover for preventing heat loss in, for example, a greenhouse, is disclosed. The cover is comprised of spaced layers of thin foil covered fabric separated from each other by air spaces. The spacing is accomplished by the inflation of spaced air bladders which are integrally formed in the cover and to which the layers of the cover are secured. The bladders are inflated after the cover has been deployed in its intended use to separate the layers of the foil material. The sizes of the material layers are selected to compensate for sagging across the width of the cover so that the desired spacing is uniformly maintained when the cover has been deployed. The bladders are deflated as the cover is stored thereby expediting the storage process and reducing the amount of storage space required.

Farrell, James J. (Livingston Manor, NY); Donohoe, Anthony J. (Ovid, NY)

1981-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

97

Project: Measurement Techniques for Advanced Insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... is through the use of thermal insulation [1] . Insulation in the building envelope and thermal devices, such as furnaces, boilers, refrigerators, and air ...

2012-12-27T23:59:59.000Z

98

Superconductivity and Ferromagnetism in Topological Insulators.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Topological insulators, a new state of matter discovered recently, have attracted great interest due to their novel properties. They are insulating inside the bulk, but… (more)

Zhang, Duming

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Solar Decathlon Technology Spotlight: Structural Insulated Panels...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

20, 2011 - 7:13am Addthis These structural insulated panels consist of foam insulation sandwiched between oriented strand boards. (Courtesy of Michael Bacchler) These...

100

Basement Insulation Techniques | Building Energy Codes Program  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Basement Insulation Techniques Residential basement insulation levels should be selected in accordance with the International Energy Conservation Code, or the local energy code. Be...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation ...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation Emerging Technologies Project for the 2013 Building Technologies Office's...

102

Solar Decathlon Technology Spotlight: Structural Insulated Panels |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Decathlon Technology Spotlight: Structural Insulated Panels Decathlon Technology Spotlight: Structural Insulated Panels Solar Decathlon Technology Spotlight: Structural Insulated Panels September 20, 2011 - 7:13am Addthis These structural insulated panels consist of foam insulation sandwiched between oriented strand boards. (Courtesy of Michael Bacchler) These structural insulated panels consist of foam insulation sandwiched between oriented strand boards. (Courtesy of Michael Bacchler) Alexis Powers EDITOR'S NOTE: Originally posted on the Solar Decathlon News Blog on September 19, 2011. Editor's Note: This post is one of a series of technology spotlights that introduces common technologies used in U.S. Department of Energy Solar Decathlon team houses. Structural insulated panels (SIPs) are prefabricated structural elements

103

Hypercube performance for 2-D seismic finite-difference modeling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wave-equation seismic modeling in two space dimensions is computationally intensive, often requiring hours of supercomputer CPU time to run typical geological models with 500 × 500 grids and 100 sources. This paper analyzes the performance of ACOUS2D, ...

L. J. Baker

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

1 Beyond Graphene - Novel Nanosheets of 2D Crystalline Materials ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

that graphene, a 2D nanosheet form of carbon, can exist as a stable material and exceptional properties that are not observed in 3D or 1D form of carbon are ...

105

Black Mountain Insulation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Insulation Insulation Jump to: navigation, search Name Black Mountain Insulation Place United Kingdom Sector Carbon Product UK-based manufacturer of sheeps wool insulation which has a low carbon footprint than traditional glassfiber insulation. Website http://www.blackmountaininsula References Black Mountain Insulation Website[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Black Mountain Insulation is a company located in United Kingdom. It was formerly known as Ochre Natural Insulation Company. [2] References ↑ "Black Mountain Insulation Website" ↑ http://www.companiesintheuk.co.uk/ltd/black-mountain-insulation Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Black_Mountain_Insulation&oldid=391648

106

Conformal equivalence of 2D dilaton gravity models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the behavior of generic, matter-coupled, 2D dilaton gravity theories under dilaton-dependent Weyl rescalings of the metric. We show that physical observables associated with 2D black holes, such as the mass, the temperature and the flux of Hawking radiation are invariant under the action of both Weyl transformations and dilaton reparametrizations. The field theoretical and geometrical meaning of these invariances is discussed.

Mariano Cadoni

1996-10-25T23:59:59.000Z

107

Entropy of 2D black holes from counting microstates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present a microscopical derivation of the entropy of the black hole solutions of the Jackiw-Teitelboim theory. We show that the asymptotic symmetry of two-dimensional (2D) Anti-de Sitter space is generated by a central extension of the Virasoro algebra. Using a canonical realization of this symmetry and Cardy's formula we calculate the statistical entropy of 2D black holes, which turns out to agree, up to a factor $\\sqrt 2$, with the thermodynamical result.

Mariano Cadoni; Salvatore Mignemi

1998-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

108

Homeowners' demand for home insulation  

SciTech Connect

The survey was conducted to provide guidance based on the views and experience of a national sample of homeowners about the insulation of their homes. The telephone survey was conducted with 1,012 homeowners between January 12 and 22, 1978 in the East, Midwest, South, and West regions of the U.S. From the survey data were compiled on plans for installing home insulation with emphasis on attic insulation; how many homes now have various types of insulation; recent experiences in obtaining attic insulation--its cost, material used, when installed, whether installed by the homeowner or a contractor; the kinds of insulation thought to be needed--attic insulation, wall insulation, storm doors and windows; whether homeowners planning attic insulation feel that they have the necessary information to do the work themselves or if they feel they know enough to make the necessary arrangements with a contractor; the effect of higher fuel costs on likelihood of installing attic insulation; shortages of insulating materials; what sources of information are relied on when planning attic insulation; attitudes toward having utility companies install insulation to be paid for by means of utility bills; how much trust homeowners have in the advice of government, utility companies, insulation manufacturers, insulation installers, and retail stores about how much insulation is needed; the likely effect of a tax credit on plans to insulate the attic; and the concern about energy shortages.

1978-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Exterior Insulation and Overclad Retrofits  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Exterior Insulation & Overclad Exterior Insulation & Overclad Retrofits Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 - Austin, TX Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 2  Incredible practical experience:  New construction - nearly a century  Retrofit applications - many decades Exterior Insulation Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 3 1980s ON - a "weird" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 4 1990s ON - a "good" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 5 2000s ON - a "typical" builder Residential Energy Efficiency Stakeholder Meeting March 2, 2012 | Austin, TX 6

110

STATE OF CALIFORNIA INSULATION STAGE CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the building plans with diagrams and/or specific design drawings indicating the R-value of insulationSTATE OF CALIFORNIA INSULATION STAGE CHECKLIST CEC-CF-6R-ENV-22 (Revised 05/12) CALIFORNIA ENERGY COMMISSION INSTALLATION CERTIFICATE CF-6R-ENV-22 Quality Insulation Installation (QII) - Insulation Stage

111

Field Guide: Visual Inspection of Polymer Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Field Guide: Visual Inspection of Polymer Insulators visually catalogs the various condition issues that commonly affect transmission line polymer insulators (also known as composite or non-ceramic insulators (NCIs)). The guide is conveniently organized according to the portion of the polymer insulator affected, and includes a section on failure modes, indicating the key features and root ...

2013-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

112

Measure Guideline: Basement Insulation Basics  

SciTech Connect

This guideline is intended to describe good practices for insulating basements in new and existing homes, and is intended to be a practical resources for building contractors, designers, and also to homeowners.

Aldrich, R.; Mantha, P.; Puttagunta, S.

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

113

Thermal insulation of window glass  

SciTech Connect

The thermal insulation of window glass can be increased by a factor of two using spray-on semiconductive SnO/sub 2/: Sb or IN/sub 2/O/sub 3/: Sn coatings. (auth)

Sievers, A.J.

1973-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

114

Correlation effects on topological insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The strong correlation effects on topological insulator are studied in a two-sublattice system with an onsite single-particle energy difference $\\Delta$ between two sublattices. At $\\Delta=0$, increasing the onsite interaction strength $U$ drives the transition from the quantum spin Hall insulating state to the non-topological antiferromagnetic Mott-insulating (AFMI) state. When $\\Delta$ is larger than a certain value, a topologically trivial band insulator or AFMI at small values of $U$ may change into a quantum anomalous Hall state with antiferromagnetic ordering at intermediate values of $U$. Further increasing $U$ drives the system back into the topologically trivial state of AFMI. The corresponding phenomena is observable in the solid state and cold atom systems. We also propose a scheme to realize and detect these effects in cold atom systems.

Xiong-Jun Liu; Yang Liu; Xin Liu

2010-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

115

Variable pressure thermal insulating jacket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for controlled insulation of a thermal device. The device includes a thermal jacket with a closed volume able to be evacuated to form an insulating jacket around the thermal source. A getter material is in communcation with the closed volume of the thermal jacket. The getter material can absorb and desorb a control gas to control gas pressure in the volume of the thermal jacket to control thermal conductivity in the thermal jacket.

Nelson, Paul A. (Wheaton, IL); Malecha, Richard F. (Naperville, IL); Chilenskas, Albert A. (Chicago, IL)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

116

Variable pressure thermal insulating jacket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A device for controlled insulation of a thermal device is disclosed. The device includes a thermal jacket with a closed volume able to be evacuated to form an insulating jacket around the thermal source. A getter material is in communication with the closed volume of the thermal jacket. The getter material can absorb and desorb a control gas to control gas pressure in the volume of the thermal jacket to control thermal conductivity in the thermal jacket. 10 figs.

Nelson, P.A.; Malecha, R.F.; Chilenskas, A.A.

1994-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

117

Contaminated Outdoor High Voltage Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The external insulation of power lines and outdoor substations is a weak point in transmission systems. The insulation is particularly susceptible to failure if proper attention has not been given to its design, condition monitoring, and maintenance. In regions with high contamination levels, regular maintenance and the application of palliative measures can be critical to ensure that the system meets its outage performance targets. This can involve pure maintenance measures such as cleaning the insulato...

2009-12-22T23:59:59.000Z

118

Fully synthetic taped insulation cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high voltage oil-impregnated electrical cable with fully polymer taped insulation operable to 765 kV. Biaxially oriented, specially processed, polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene tape with an embossed pattern is wound in multiple layers over a conductive core with a permeable screen around the insulation. Conventional oil which closely matches the dielectric constant of the tape is used, and the cable can be impregnated after field installation because of its excellent impregnation characteristics.

Forsyth, Eric B. (Brookhaven, NY); Muller, Albert C. (Center Moriches, NY)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

119

MHL 2D Wind/Wave | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MHL 2D Wind/Wave MHL 2D Wind/Wave Jump to: navigation, search Basic Specifications Facility Name MHL 2D Wind/Wave Overseeing Organization University of Michigan Hydrodynamics Hydrodynamic Testing Facility Type Tunnel Length(m) 35.1 Beam(m) 0.7 Depth(m) 1.2 Cost(per day) $2000 (+ Labor/Materials) Towing Capabilities Towing Capabilities None Wavemaking Capabilities Wavemaking Capabilities Yes Maximum Wave Height(m) 0.2 Wave Period Range(s) 0.0 Current Velocity Range(m/s) 0.0 Programmable Wavemaking Yes Wavemaking Description Regular and irregular wave spectrum Wave Direction Uni-Directional Simulated Beach Yes Description of Beach Removable beach Channel/Tunnel/Flume Channel/Tunnel/Flume Yes Recirculating No Wind Capabilities Wind Capabilities Yes Wind Velocity Range(m/s) 20.4

120

Memory technology for extended large-scale integration in future electronics applications  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Extending 2-D planar topologies in integrated circuits (ICs) to a 3-D implementation has the obvious benefits of reducing the overall footprint and average interconnection length, with associated improvements in cost, and delay and energy consumption, ...

Dinesh Pamunuwa

2008-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Interactive image search by 2D semantic map  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this demo, we present a novel interactive image search system, image search by 2D semantic map. This system enables users to indicate what semantic concepts are expected to appear and even how these concepts are spatially distributed in the ... Keywords: color map, concept map, interactive image search

Hao Xu; Jingdong Wang; Xian-Sheng Hua; Shipeng Li

2010-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Drop Axis Ratios from a 2D Video Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Results from an experiment to measure the drop shapes using a 2D video disdrometer (2DVD) are reported. Under calm conditions, drops were generated from a hose located on a bridge 80 m above ground, this height being sufficient to allow drop ...

Merhala Thurai; V. N. Bringi

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Comparative Visual Analysis of 2D Function Ensembles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the development process of powertrain systems, 2D function ensembles frequently occur in the context of multi-run simulations. An analysis has many facets, including distributions of extracted features, comparisons between ensemble members and target ... Keywords: I.3.3 [Computer Graphics]: Picture/Image Generation—Line and curve generation

H. Piringer; S. Pajer; W. Berger; H. Teichmann

2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

2D Markovian modeling for character recognition and segmentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Processing text components in multimedia contents remains a challenging issue for document indexing and retrieval. More specifically, handwritten characters processing is a very active field of pattern recognition. This paper describes an innovative ... Keywords: 2D dynamic programming, Markov random fields, handwriting recognition

Sylvain Chevalier; Edouard Geoffrois; Françoise Prêteux

2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

125

Real-time SPECT and 2D ultrasound image registration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we present a technique for fully automatic, real-time 3D SPECT (Single Photon Emitting Computed Tomography) and 2D ultrasound image registration. We use this technique in the context of kidney lesion diagnosis. Our registration algorithm ...

Marek Bucki; Fabrice Chassat; Francisco Galdames; Takeshi Asahi; Daniel Pizarro; Gabriel Lobo

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Development of a 2-D 2-group neutron noise simulator C. Demazie` re* Chalmers University of Technology, Department of Reactor Physics, SE-412 96 Go¨teborg, Sweden Received 10 May 2003; accepted 27 August 2003 Abstract In this paper, the development of a so-called neutron noise simulator is reported

Demazière, Christophe

127

Typical Clothing Ensemble Insulation Levels for Sixteen Body Parts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermal Comfort.1994 CLO Insulation Levels For Sixteen Bodya mesh arm chair whose insulation level was measured. FigureExperimental Conditions. CLO Insulation Levels For Sixteen

Lee, Juyoun; Zhang, Hui; Arens, Edward

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

128

GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPC SUPERCONDUCTING COIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is WIUUTEO GROUND PLANE INSULATION FAILURE IN THE FIRST TPCOn August 27, 1980, an insulation failure occurred dt-ringby a failure uf ground plane insulation. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS The

Green, M.A.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

129

Cavity and Continuous Insulation in REScheck | Building Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cavity and Continuous Insulation in REScheck Insulation should be installed to fill the entire cavity. REScheck(tm) uses nominal insulation R-values. The assemblies listed in...

130

Feasibility of SF6 Gas-Insulated Transformers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-insulated transformers (GIT) Gas-insulated transformer benefits Gas-insulated transformer concerns Risks and Unknowns Questions? BUILDING STRONG PORTLAND...

131

Insulation and Air Sealing Products and Services | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

applications of structural insulated panels Types of Fiberglass and Rock and Slag Wool Building Insulation Products North American Insulation Manufacturers Association...

132

Saving Energy and Money with Aerogel Insulation | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saving Energy and Money with Aerogel Insulation Saving Energy and Money with Aerogel Insulation June 7, 2012 - 11:45am Addthis Aspen Aerogel's innovative insulation material works...

133

Process for making ceramic insulation  

SciTech Connect

A method is provided for producing insulation materials and insulation for high temperature applications using novel castable and powder-based ceramics. The ceramic components produced using the proposed process offers (i) a fine porosity (from nano-to micro scale); (ii) a superior strength-to-weight ratio; and (iii) flexibility in designing multilayered features offering multifunctionality which will increase the service lifetime of insulation and refractory components used in the solid oxide fuel cell, direct carbon fuel cell, furnace, metal melting, glass, chemical, paper/pulp, automobile, industrial heating, coal, and power generation industries. Further, the ceramic components made using this method may have net-shape and/or net-size advantages with minimum post machining requirements.

Akash, Akash (Salt Lake City, UT); Balakrishnan, G. Nair (Sandy, UT)

2009-12-08T23:59:59.000Z

134

Thermal shock resistance ceramic insulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Thermal shock resistant cermet insulators containing 0.1-20 volume % metal present as a dispersed phase. The insulators are prepared by a process comprising the steps of (a) providing a first solid phase mixture of a ceramic powder and a metal precursor; (b) heating the first solid phase mixture above the minimum decomposition temperature of the metal precursor for no longer than 30 minutes and to a temperature sufficiently above the decomposition temperature to cause the selective decomposition of the metal precursor to the metal to provide a second solid phase mixture comprising particles of ceramic having discrete metal particles adhering to their surfaces, said metal particles having a mean diameter no more than 1/2 the mean diameter of the ceramic particles, and (c) densifying the second solid phase mixture to provide a cermet insulator having 0.1-20 volume % metal present as a dispersed phase.

Morgan, Chester S. (Oak Ridge, TN); Johnson, William R. (Maynardville, TN)

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

How Do We Retrofit Tough Buildings? Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes Building America Technical Update April 29 & 30, 2013 Patrick H. Huelman Cold Climate Housing Coordinator University of Minnesota Extension Foundation Insulation for Existing Homes * Context - Focused on basements and crawlspaces. - Aimed at cold climates (Climate Zones 6 & 7). - Generally aimed at liquid active walls. * Approach - Managing risks - Current solutions & best practices - Evaluating new approaches * Primary focus is to reduce energy use by 30 to 50% with emphasis on existing homes. * Promote building science solutions using a systems engineering and integrated design approach. * "Do no harm" => must ensure that safety, health, and durability are maintained or improved.

136

Quantum extended crystal PDE's  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Our recent results on {\\em extended crystal PDE's} are generalized to PDE's in the category $\\mathfrak{Q}_S$ of quantum supermanifolds. Then obstructions to the existence of global quantum smooth solutions for such equations are obtained, by using algebraic topologic techniques. Applications are considered in details to the quantum super Yang-Mills equations. Furthermore, our geometric theory of stability of PDE's and their solutions, is also generalized to quantum extended crystal PDE's. In this way we are able to identify quantum equations where their global solutions are stable at finite times. These results, are also extended to quantum singular (super)PDE's, introducing ({\\em quantum extended crystal singular (super) PDE's}).

Agostino Prástaro

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

137

Insulation board and process of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Insulation board capable of bearing a load without significant loss of insulating capacity due to compression, produced by a method wherein the board is made in compliance with specified conditions of time, temperature and pressure.

Nowobilski, Jeffert J. (Orchard Park, NY); Owens, William J. (Kenmore, NY)

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

138

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes...

139

2D LIDAR Aided INS for Vehicle Positioning in Urban Environments  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

residual formation and EKF LIDAR aiding methods. Section VIintensity. Utilization of 2D LIDAR in localization has a2D LIDAR Aided INS for Vehicle Positioning in Urban

Zhao, Sheng; Farrell, Jay A.

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Insulator Reference Book: Edition 1 Draft  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

High voltage insulators are a crucial part of ensuring that the electricity generated can be safely transmitted across the country to its destination, high voltage substations where the voltage is reduced and transmitted again to commercial and residential consumers. Insulators provide the mechanical means by which high voltage wires are suspended from transmission structures while providing the insulation to prevent a short circuit to ground.When insulators fail either in their ...

2012-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Environmental design using dynamic insulation  

SciTech Connect

In conventional airtight buildings, the architect has considerable freedom to decide how much the external environment will influence the internal heating, cooling, and ventilation loads. The services engineer provides the plant and equipment required to deal with these loads. This division of labor could lead to undesirable consequences in the case of dynamic insulation, a form of air permeable construction where bulk air flow through the building envelope may be used to either enhance or restrict the conductive heat and mass diffusion fluxes. Small changes in temperature (indoor and out) and wind speed and direction will influence the behavior of a dynamically insulated envelope since the internal and external environments are much more intimately coupled. Buildings employing dynamic insulation thus require good environmental design principles to be applied. The objective of this paper is to lay down rigorous principles that will form the basis of guidelines to architects and building services engineers on how to take account of the ever changing external environment when designing durable and comfortable buildings employing dynamic insulation.

Taylor, B.J.; Imbabi, M.S.

2000-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Vacuum-insulated catalytic converter  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A catalytic converter has an inner canister that contains catalyst-coated substrates and an outer canister that encloses an annular, variable vacuum insulation chamber surrounding the inner canister. An annular tank containing phase-change material for heat storage and release is positioned in the variable vacuum insulation chamber a distance spaced part from the inner canister. A reversible hydrogen getter in the variable vacuum insulation chamber, preferably on a surface of the heat storage tank, releases hydrogen into the variable vacuum insulation chamber to conduct heat when the phase-change material is hot and absorbs the hydrogen to limit heat transfer to radiation when the phase-change material is cool. A porous zeolite trap in the inner canister absorbs and retains hydrocarbons from the exhaust gases when the catalyst-coated substrates and zeolite trap are cold and releases the hydrocarbons for reaction on the catalyst-coated substrate when the zeolite trap and catalyst-coated substrate get hot.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO)

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

A Holographic Fractional Topological Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We give a holographic realization of the recently proposed low energy effective action describing a fractional topological insulator. In particular we verify that the surface of this hypothetical material supports a fractional quantum Hall current corresponding to half that of a Laughlin state.

Carlos Hoyos-Badajoz; Kristan Jensen; Andreas Karch

2010-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

144

Insulator Calculation Engine (ICE) Version 2.0: E-field on Porcelain/Glass Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ICE determines the electric field (E-field) distribution on transmission line polymer insulators (also called NCI or composite insulators) and aids in the selection of the appropriate corona ring.Benefits & Value:Determine the appropriate application of corona rings on transmission line polymer insulators enabling life expectancy.Simple data entry of information selected from pre-populated structure, insulator and hardware ...

2013-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

145

Instantons in the Quantum Framework of 2D Gravity  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We analyze the non--perturbative features of 2D quantum gravity defined by stochastic regularization of the unstable matrix model showing, first, that the WKB approximation of the well-defined quantum Fokker-Planck hamiltonian corresponds to the semiclassical eigenvalue density of the former. The double scaled potential exhibits an instanton--like behaviour, which is universal and scales, but whose interpretation in terms of pure gravity is still open.

J. Luis Miramontes; Joaquin Sanchez Guillen

1991-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

146

Modeling and simulation of power cable insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of power cables for transmission and distribution of electrical power have increased since the advent of suitable, reliable and economical polymeric insulating material; such as cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE). Power cables plays crucial role ... Keywords: cross-linked polyethylene (XLPE), imperfect insulation, local defects, lossy insulation, partial discharge (PD)

K. D. Patil; A. A. Bhole; W. Z. Gandhare

2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

On the effective shear speed in 2D phononic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The quasistatic limit of the antiplane shear-wave speed ('effective speed') $c$ in 2D periodic lattices is studied. Two new closed-form estimates of $c$ are derived by employing two different analytical approaches. The first proceeds from a standard background of the plane wave expansion (PWE). The second is a new approach, which resides in $\\mathbf{x}$-space and centers on the monodromy matrix (MM) introduced in the 2D case as the multiplicative integral, taken in one coordinate, of a matrix with components being the operators with respect to the other coordinate. On the numerical side, an efficient PWE-based scheme for computing $c$ is proposed and implemented. The analytical and numerical findings are applied to several examples of 2D square lattices with two and three high-contrast components, for which the new PWE and MM estimates are compared with the numerical data and with some known approximations. It is demonstrated that the PWE estimate is most efficient in the case of densely packed stiff inclusions, especially when they form a symmetric lattice, while in general it is the MM estimate that provides the best overall fitting accuracy.

A. A. Kutsenko; A. L. Shuvalov; A. N. Norris; O. Poncelet

2011-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

148

Hybrid particle traps and conditioning procedure for gas insulated transmission lines  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner condor within the outer sheath, insulating supports supporting the inner conductor within the outer sheath, and an insulating gas electrically insulating the inner conductor from the outer sheath. An apertured particle trapping ring is disposed within the outer sheath, and the trapping ring has a pair of dielectric members secured at each longitudinal end thereof, with the dielectric members extending outwardly from the trapping ring along an arc. A support sheet having an adhesive coating thereon is secured to the trapping ring and disposed on the outer sheath within the low field region formed between the trapping ring and the outer sheath. A conditioning method used to condition the transmission line prior to activation in service comprises applying an AC voltage to the inner conductor in a plurality of voltage-time steps, with the voltage-time steps increasing in voltage magnitude while decreasing in time duration.

Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA); Cookson, Alan H. (Churchill, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

A 2-D Implicit, Energy and Charge Conserving Particle In Cell Method  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recently, a fully implicit electrostatic 1D charge- and energy-conserving particle-in-cell algorithm was proposed and implemented by Chen et al ([2],[3]). Central to the algorithm is an advanced particle pusher. Particles are moved using an energy conserving scheme and are forced to stop at cell faces to conserve charge. Moreover, a time estimator is used to control errors in momentum. Here we implement and extend this advanced particle pusher to include 2D and electromagnetic fields. Derivations of all modifications made are presented in full. Special consideration is taken to ensure easy coupling into the implicit moment based method proposed by Taitano et al [19]. Focus is then given to optimizing the presented particle pusher on emerging architectures. Two multicore implementations, and one GPU (Graphics Processing Unit) implementation are discussed and analyzed.

McPherson, Allen L. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Knoll, Dana A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cieren, Emmanuel B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Feltman, Nicolas [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Leibs, Christopher A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; McCarthy, Colleen [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Murthy, Karthik S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Wang, Yijie [Los Alamos National Laboratory

2012-09-10T23:59:59.000Z

150

Battery life extender  

SciTech Connect

A battery life extender is described which comprises: (a) a housing disposed around the battery with terminals of the battery extending through top of the housing so that battery clamps can be attached thereto, the housing having an access opening in the top thereof; (b) means for stabilizing temperature of the battery within the housing during hot and cold weather conditions so as to extend operating life of the battery; and (c) a removable cover sized to fit over the access opening in the top of the housing so that the battery can be serviced without having to remove the housing or any part thereof.

Foti, M.; Embry, J.

1989-06-20T23:59:59.000Z

151

Extending the resynchronization attack  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Synchronous stream ciphers need perfect synchronization between sender and receiver. In practice, this is ensured by a resync mechanism. Daemen et al. [10] first described attacks on ciphers using such a resync mechanism. In this paper, we extend their ...

Frederik Armknecht; Joseph Lano; Bart Preneel

2004-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

High temperature structural insulating material  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high temperature structural insulating material useful as a liner for cylinders of high temperature engines through the favorable combination of high service temperature (above about 800/sup 0/C), low thermal conductivity (below about 0.2 W/m/sup 0/C), and high compressive strength (above about 250 psi). The insulating material is produced by selecting hollow ceramic beads with a softening temperature above about 800/sup 0/C, a diameter within the range of 20-200 ..mu..m, and a wall thickness in the range of about 2 to 4 ..mu..m; compacting the beads and a compatible silicate binder composition under pressure and sintering conditions to provide the desired structural form with the structure having a closed-cell, compact array of bonded beads.

Chen, W.Y.

1984-07-27T23:59:59.000Z

153

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields arfe produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap.

Bacon, Larry D. (Albuquerque, NM); Ballard, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Clark, M. Collins (Albuquerque, NM); Marder, Barry M. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

154

Magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A magnetically insulated transmission line oscillator employs self-generated magnetic fields to generate microwave energy. An anode of the oscillator includes slow-wave structures which are formed of a plurality of thin conductive vanes defining cavities therebetween, and a gap is formed between the anode and a cathode of the oscillator. In response to a pulsed voltage applied to the anode and cathode, self-generated magnetic fields are produced in a cross-field orientation with respect to the orientation of the electric field between the anode and the cathode. The cross-field magnetic fields insulate the flow of electrons in the gap and confine the flow of electrons within the gap. 11 figs.

Bacon, L.D.; Ballard, W.P.; Clark, M.C.; Marder, B.M.

1987-05-19T23:59:59.000Z

155

SUPPORTING AND HEAT INSULATING MEANS  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method is described for simultaneously supporting inner and outer members spaced from each other and heat insulating them from each other comprising an inner and outer member together defining an annular cavity. Each member carries a shoulder projecting towards the other member. A stack of annular metal plates in the cavity is held between the shoulder of the outer member and the shoulder of the inner member. The edges of the metal plate forming the stack are exposed to the cavity and to evacuation conditions which may exist within thc cavity. The stack of metal plates acts to both support one of the members with respect to the other and as a heat insulator.

Birmingham, B.W.; Brown, H.; Scott, R.B.; Vander-arend, P.C.

1959-01-27T23:59:59.000Z

156

Induced gravity and entanglement entropy of 2D black holes  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Using the fact that 2D Newton constant is wholly induced by a conformal field theory, we derive a formula for the entanglement entropy of the anti-de Sitter black hole in two spacetime dimensions. The leading term in the large black hole mass expansion of our formula reproduces exactly the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy S_{BH}, whereas the subleading term behaves as ln S_{BH}. This subleading term has the universal form typical for the entanglement entropy of physical systems described by effective conformal fields theories (e.g. one-dimensional statistical models at the critical point).

Mariano Cadoni

2007-09-03T23:59:59.000Z

157

Exact solutions for the 2d one component plasma  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 2d one component gas of pointlike charges in a uniform neutralizing background interacting with a logarithmic potential is a common model for plasmas. In its classical equilibrium statistics at fixed temperature (canonical ensemble) it is formally related to certain types of random matrices with Gaussian distribution and complex eigenvalues. In this paper, I present an exact integration of this ensemble for $N$ such particles (or alternatively $N\\times N$ matrices) for all even non-negative temperatures, a significant open problem in statistical physics for several decades. I achieve this exact integration via an exact integration of a related ensemble, the two-dimensional Selberg integral.

Timothy D. Andersen

2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

158

New and Underutilized Technology: Aerogel Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aerogel Insulation Aerogel Insulation New and Underutilized Technology: Aerogel Insulation October 8, 2013 - 2:54pm Addthis The following information outlines key deployment considerations for aerogel insulation within the Federal sector. Benefits Aerogel insulation products displace current insulation materials. The thermal conductivity of aerogel is very low, allowing it to retain insulation properties at a much thinner thickness. Application Aerogel insulation is appropriate for deployment across piping, ducts, and within most building categories. It should be considered in building design, construction, or major renovation. Key Factors for Deployment Aerogel insulations are more expensive than typical insulations. However, they are ideal for special applications, such as translucent wall panels.

159

Impact of Thermally Insulated Floors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Presently in Kuwait the code of practice for energy conservation in the air conditioned buildings implemented by the Ministry of Electricity and Water (MEW) which has been in effect since 1983 has no consideration taken for thermally insulating the floors of residential and commercial buildings with unconditioned basements. As a part of a comprehensive research program conducted by the Building and Energy Technologies Department of Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research for revision of the code this paper analyzes the effect of using un-insulated floors on the peak cooling demand and energy consumption of a middle income residential private villa and a onebedroom multi-story apartment building in Kuwait. These floors typically separate air-conditioned spaces with ambient environment or un-conditioned spaces. This was done using the ESP-r, a building's energy simulation program, in conjunction with typical meteorological year for Kuwait. The study compared such typical floors with three types of insulated floors. It was found that using an R- 10 floors in multi-story apartment buildings greatly reduce both the peak cooling demand as well as the energy consumption by about 15%, whereas only minimal savings (about 4%) were detected in the case of the residential villas.

Alghimlas, F.; Omar, E. A.

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

160

Extending Moore's Law: New Materials  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Architectures ? Future devices involve ever increasing and ... 2D slices of 3D As distribution 3D dataset ... Automation for Improved Time to Data 19 0.0 ...

2013-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Insulating shade assembly with removable cover  

SciTech Connect

An insulating window shade assembly is described which consists of: bracket means adapted to be mounted on the frame of a window; a first roller carrying an insulating shade and being disposed within the bracket means on the inside of the window, the shade being adapted to be drawn from the roller to cover the inside of the window and to be wound upon the roller to expose the window, a second roller carrying a removable cover fabric on the inside of the shade and being supported by the bracket means, the second roller being spaced from and disposed independently of the first roller, means disposed adjacent only the bottom edge of the insulating shade for connecting only the bottom edge of the cover fabric to the bottom only of the insulating shade so that the insulating shade and cover fabric may be drawn together over the inside of the window; guide means disposed adjacent the second roller and between the second roller and the insulating shade, the cover fabric passing over the guide means, for causing the cover fabric to hang closely adjacent the front of the insulating shade when the insulating shade is drawn over the window and when the insulating shade and cover fabric are connected together by the connecting means, and means for continually tensioning the cover fabric when the insulating shade is drawn and when the cover fabric is connected thereto so that the cover fabric lies smoothly over the shade.

Hausmann, S.; McLane, A. Jr.

1986-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

162

Methods of making glass wool blowing insulation  

SciTech Connect

A process is described of making pieces of glass wool, suitable to be blown into attics as thermal insulation, from an elongated generally laminar resiliently compressible glass wool blanket having an original thickness in an unrestrained condition and made of glass fibers bonded with thermoset resin. The process comprises feeding the blanket longitudinally through a compressing station where it is resiliently compressed from its original thickness to a smaller thickness, and feeding the compressed blanket longitudinally between a rotating backup roll and a cooperative rotating cutting roll from one side of the rolls, the cutting roll including a supporting cylinder. A plywood blade-mounting cylinder is mounted on the supporting cylinder, circular cutting blades each have shank portions spaced from each other and disposed substantially completely around an inner periphery of the blade. Straight cutting blades have shank portions spaced from each other and disposed substantially completely along a length of the blade. Resiliently compressible plugs, the circular cutting blades respectively are separately mounted on the plywood cylinder circumferentially distributed substantially throughout the length spaced equally from each other axially by a distance smaller than the original thickness of the blanket, and having their shank portions mounted respectively in slits extending substantially all the way through a wall thickness of the plywood cylinder. The straight cutting blades respectively are separatedly mounted on the plywood cylinder axially distributed throughout the circumference.

Johnson, A.R.; Yawberg, R.C.

1987-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

163

Extendable pipe crawler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipe crawler having a front leg assembly and a back leg assembly connected together by two air cylinders, each leg assembly having four extendable legs and a pair of actuators for sliding the extendable legs radically outward to increase the range of the legs when the pipe crawler enters a section of pipe having a larger diameter. The crawler crawls by inchworm''-like motion, the front leg assembly and back leg assembly alternately engaging and disengaging the wall of the pipe to hold the pipe crawler as the air cylinders alternately advance the front leg assembly and bring up the rear leg assembly. The pair of actuators of each leg assembly are parallel, adjacent and opposing acting so that each slides two adjacent extendable legs radially outward. 5 figs.

Hapstack, M.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

164

Extendable pipe crawler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A pipe crawler is described having a front leg assembly and a back leg assembly connected together by two air cylinders, each leg assembly having four extendable legs and a pair of actuators for sliding the extendable legs radially outward to increase the range of the legs when the pipe crawler enters a section of a pipe having a larger diameter. The crawler crawls by inchworm'-like motion, the front leg assembly and back leg assembly alternately engaging and disengaging the wall of the pipe to hold the pipe crawler as the air cylinders alternately advance the front leg assembly and bring up the rear leg assembly. The pair of actuators of each leg assembly are parallel, adjacent and opposing acting so that each slides two adjacent extendable legs radially outward. 5 figures.

Hapstack, M.

1991-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

165

Analytical Approximation for 2-D Nonlinear Periodic Deep Water Waves  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A recently developed method has been extended to a nonlocal equation arising in steady water wave propagation in two dimensions. We obtain analyic approximation of steady water wave solution in two dimensions with rigorous error bounds for a set of parameter values that correspond to heights slightly smaller than the critical. The wave shapes are shown to be analytic. The method presented in quite general and does not assume smallness of wave height or steepness and can be readily extended to other interfacial problems involving Laplace's equation.

Saleh Tanveer

2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

166

High pressure electrical insulated feed thru connector  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A feed-thru type hermetic electrical connector including at least one connector pin feeding through an insulator block within the metallic body of the connector shell. A compression stop arrangement coaxially disposed about the insulator body is brazed to the shell, and the shoulder on the insulator block bears against this top in a compression mode, the high pressure or internal connector being at the opposite end of the shell. Seals between the pin and an internal bore at the high pressure end of the insulator block and between the insulator block and the metallic shell at the high pressure end are hermetically brazed in place, the first of these also functioning to transfer the axial compressive load without permitting appreciable shear action between the pin and insulator block.

Oeschger, Joseph E. (Palo Alto, CA); Berkeland, James E. (San Jose, CA)

1979-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

167

Types of Insulation | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Types of Insulation Types of Insulation Types of Insulation May 30, 2012 - 11:43am Addthis In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. In existing homes, cellulose (here) or other loose-fill materials can be installed in building cavities through holes drilled (usually) on the exterior of the house. After the installation, the holes are plugged and finish materials replaced. | Photo courtesy of Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association. Icynene plastic insulation blown into the walls of a home near Denver. Icynene fills cracks and crevices and adheres to the framing. | Photo courtesy of Paul Norton, NREL.

168

Electron flow stability in magnetically insulated vacuum transmission lines.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We evaluate the stability of electron current flow in high-power magnetically insulated transmission lines (MITLs). A detailed model of electron flow in cross-field gaps yields a dispersion relation for electromagnetic (EM) transverse magnetic waves [R. C. Davidson et al., Phys. Fluids 27, 2332 (1984)] which is solved numerically to obtain growth rates for unstable modes in various sheath profiles. These results are compared with two-dimensional (2D) EM particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of electron flow in high-power MITLs. We find that the macroscopic properties (charge and current densities and self-fields) of the equilibrium profiles observed in the simulations are well represented by the laminar-flow model of Davidson et al. Idealized simulations of sheared flow in electron sheaths yield growth rates for both long (diocotron) and short (magnetron) wavelength instabilities that are in good agreement with the dispersion analysis. We conclude that electron sheaths that evolve self-consistently from space-charged-limited emission of electrons from the cathode in well-resolved 2D EM PIC simulations form stable profiles.

Genoni, Thomas C. (Voss Scientific, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Stygar, William A.; Welch, Dale Robert (Voss Scientific, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Clark, R. E. (Voss Scientific, LLC, Albuquerque, NM); Rose, David V. (Voss Scientific, LLC, Albuquerque, NM)

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

169

Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation David M. Hess InnoSense LLC david.hess@innosense.us, 310-530-2011 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office eere.energy.gov Purpose & Objectives Problem Statement: Develop an efficient insulation system that will adhere to housing duct work and pipe structures while conforming to complex geometries. New insulations must increase the R-value of existing materials and be easy to apply or retrofit to existing structures.

170

The Effects of Contamination on HVDC Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

EPRI is currently documenting the various issues that should be considered when converting existing AC lines to high voltage DC (HVDC) lines. One issue that has not yet been dealt with properly is the selection of external DC insulation with respect to contamination. Since the beginning of overhead power transmission, it has been recognized that the performance of external insulation is adversely affected when the insulating surface is contaminated with airborne deposits such as marine salt or industrial...

2010-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

171

Porcelain Insulator Vintage Guide: 1st Edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insulators play an important role in transmission lines and are sometimes considered part of the structure. They are required to perform two functions, mechanically and electrically suspend the conductor from the structure. If the insulator fails at either task, the flow of electricity is interrupted. Insulators for high-voltage transmission (relative to the era) started around 1904. The technology using porcelain is more than 100 years old and has not significantly changed in the past 50 years. ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

172

Gas insulated substation equipment for industrial applications  

SciTech Connect

Until recently the only available method for construction of high voltage systems was to use exposed air insulated equipment supported on porcelain columns. The past decade has witnessed the introduction and wide acceptance of compressed gas insulated equipment as a viable alternative to the conventional substation system. The characteristics of gas insulated substations (GIS) and their application for industrial use at service voltages at 69 kV and above are discussed.

Kenedy, J.J.

1984-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

Insulation and Air Sealing Products and Services | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here You are here Home » Insulation and Air Sealing Products and Services Insulation and Air Sealing Products and Services May 30, 2012 - 9:52am Addthis Insulation and Air Sealing Products and Services Use the following links to get product information and locate professional services for insulation and air sealing. Product Information Cellulose Facts Cellulose Insulation Manufacturers Association Information on cellulose insulation, including technical bulletins, special reports, and video Concrete Masonry Units Concrete Homes-Portland Cement Association Describes construction methods that use concrete block systems Cotton Insulation (PDF) Build it Green Information on cotton insulation and a comparison to conventional insulation Expanded Polystyrene Molders Association

174

Owens Corning Acoustic & Insulation Product Testing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Plate Apparatus. [01/T05] ASTM C335 Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Horizontal Pipe Insulation. [01/T06] ASTM ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Degradation of Structural Alloys Under Thermal Insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wet thermal insulation may actively degrade steel and stainless steel structures by general corrosion or stress-corrosion cracking. Two different mechanisms of water ingress into insulation are discussed; flooding from external sources, and migration from condensation of atmospheric moisture. The general corrosion rate of steels under insulation is predictable (within a broad scatter band) on the basis of temperature and oxygen content. This relationship is presented graphically based on plant case histories. Rainwater, washwater and the insulation itself are compared as potential sources of chloride to promote external SCC of stainless steels. Preventative measures will be discussed.

McIntyre, D. R.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Corrosion of Stainless Steel under Insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

...H.S. Ahluwalia, Corrosion under Insulation, Corrosion: Environments and Industries, Vol 13C, ASM Handbook, ASM International, 2006, p 654â??658...

177

Opacified, Reinforced Aerogel for Thermal Insulation of ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Any insulation for thermoelectric devices must also be able to be cast into place around the thermoelectric legs, as well as mechanically robust to survive ...

178

Gas-Filled Panels, High Performance Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Gas-Filled Panels high performance insulation Windows & Daylighting | Building Technologies | Environmental Energy Technologies Division | Berkeley Lab gfp4b.jpg (5624 bytes)...

179

Electrically insulating and sealing frame  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A combination gas seal and electrical insulator having a closed frame shape interconnects a fuel cell stack and a reactant gas plenum of a fuel cell generator. The frame can be of rectangular shape including at least one slidable spline connection in each side to permit expansion or contraction consistent with that of the walls of the gas plenum and fuel cell stack. The slidable spline connections in the frame sides minimizes lateral movement between the frame side members and sealing material interposed between the frame and the fuel cell stack or between the frame and the reactant gas plenum.

Guthrie, Robin J. (East Hartford, CT)

1983-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

180

Fully synthetic taped insulation cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The present invention is a cable which, although constructed from inexpensive polyolefin tapes and using typical impregnating oils, furnishes high voltage capability up to 765 kV, and has such excellent dielectric characteristics and heat transfer properties that it is capable of operation at capacities equal to or higher than presently available cables at a given voltage. This is accomplished by using polyethylene, polybutene or polypropylene insulating tape which has been specially processed to attain properties which are not generally found in these materials, but are required for their use in impregnated electrical cables. Chief among these properties is compatibility with impregnating oil.

Forsyth, E.B.; Muller, A.C.

1983-07-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Gauge Dynamics and Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A non-abelian magnetic field in Yang-Mills theory induces the formation of a "W-boson" vortex lattice. We study the propagation of fundamental fermions in the presence of this lattice in 2+1 dimensions. We show that the spectrum for massless fermions contains four topologically-protected Dirac points with non-zero Bloch momentum. For massive fermions, we compute topological invariants of the band structure and show that it is possible to realise a Z2 topological insulator within Yang-Mills theory.

Benjamin Béri; David Tong; Kenny Wong

2013-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

182

Orbital disc insulator for SF.sub.6 gas-insulated bus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An insulator for supporting a high voltage conductor within a gas-filled grounded housing consists of radially spaced insulation rings fitted to the exterior of the bus and the interior of the grounded housing respectively, and the spaced rings are connected by trefoil type rings which are integrally formed with the spaced insulation rings.

Bacvarov, Dosio C. (Greensburg, PA); Gomarac, Nicholas G. (West Newton, PA)

1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

183

Application of 2D VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of Exploration  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of Exploration VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of Exploration and Production Wells in a Basin and Range Geothermal System Humboldt House-Rye Patch Geothermal Area Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last modified on July 22, 2011. Project Title Application of 2D VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of Exploration and Production Wells in a Basin and Range Geothermal System Humboldt House-Rye Patch Geothermal Area Project Type / Topic 1 Recovery Act: Geothermal Technologies Program Project Type / Topic 2 Validation of Innovative Exploration Technologies Project Description Phase I will consist of the acquisition, processing and interpretation of two 2-dimensional vertical seismic profiles (VSPs) at strategic positions crossing the range front fault system in the Humboldt House-Rye Patch (HH-RP) geothermal resource area. APEX-HiPoint Reservoir Imaging, Project team partner, will use its borehole seismic technology deploying up to 240 multicomponent phones on a fiber optic wireline system coupled to a high-volume data acquisition system. A vibroseis source will be recorded along the 2D profiles with offsets up to 10,000 feet on either side of the receiver wells, creating a wide horizontal aperture. Using dynamic borehole cooling, the APEX receivers will be deployed in an extended vertical array above and below the interface (and large velocity contrast) between Tertiary valley fill sediments and Triassic and older reservoir rocks, significantly increasing vertical aperture, multiplicity, frequency and signal quality. Optim, Project Team partner, will use its patented nonlinear optimization technique on both borehole and surface data to obtain high resolution velocity models down to target depths, also a "first". HiPoint's patented, time-domain processing techniques will be employed to provide accurate, high-resolution reflection images in a fraction of previous compute times.

184

Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value.

Vohra, Arun (Bethesda, MD)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Low-cost exterior insulation process and structure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A low-cost exterior insulation process of stacking bags of insulating material against a wall and covering them with wire mesh and stucco provides a durable structure with good insulating value. 2 figs.

Vohra, A.

1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

186

Experimental evaluation of gas filled plenum (GFP) insulation for ducts  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Gas Filled Plenum (GFP) Insulation for Ducts LBNL 52084 Iaina flexible duct. Most duct insulation has an R-value of 4.2,used. With glass fiber insulation being about R4 per inch (

Walker, Iain S.; Guillot, Cyril

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Uniform insulation applied-B ion diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An applied-B field extraction ion diode has uniform insulation over an anode surface for increased efficiency. When the uniform insulation is accomplished with anode coils, and a charge-exchange foil is properly placed, and ions may be focused at a point on the z axis.

Seidel, D.B.; Slutz, S.A.

1986-04-11T23:59:59.000Z

188

Kingspan Insulated Panels: Order (2013-CE-5353)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

DOE ordered Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. to pay a $8,000 civil penalty after finding Kingspan Insulated Panels had failed to certify that any basic models of walk-in cooler and freezer components comply with the applicable energy conservation standards.

189

Uniform insulation applied-B ion diode  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An applied-B field extraction ion diode has uniform insulation over an anode surface for increased efficiency. When the uniform insulation is accomplished with anode coils, and a charge-exchange foil is properly placed, the ions may be focused at a point on the z axis.

Seidel, David B. (Albuquerque, NM); Slutz, Stephen A. (Albuquerque, NM)

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

Insulation board and process of making  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Insulation board is described which is capable of bearing a load without significant loss of insulating capacity due to compression, produced by a method wherein the board is made in compliance with specified conditions of time, temperature and pressure. 2 figs.

Nowobilski, J.J.; Owens, W.J.

1985-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

191

2D/3D registration algorithm for lung brachytherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: A 2D/3D registration algorithm is proposed for registering orthogonal x-ray images with a diagnostic CT volume for high dose rate (HDR) lung brachytherapy. Methods: The algorithm utilizes a rigid registration model based on a pixel/voxel intensity matching approach. To achieve accurate registration, a robust similarity measure combining normalized mutual information, image gradient, and intensity difference was developed. The algorithm was validated using a simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms. Transfer catheters were placed inside the phantoms to simulate the unique image features observed during treatment. The algorithm sensitivity to various degrees of initial misregistration and to the presence of foreign objects, such as ECG leads, was evaluated. Results: The mean registration error was 2.2 and 1.9 mm for the simple body and anthropomorphic phantoms, respectively. The error was comparable to the interoperator catheter digitization error of 1.6 mm. Preliminary analysis of data acquired from four patients indicated a mean registration error of 4.2 mm. Conclusions: Results obtained using the proposed algorithm are clinically acceptable especially considering the complications normally encountered when imaging during lung HDR brachytherapy.

Zvonarev, P. S. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Farrell, T. J.; Hunter, R.; Wierzbicki, M.; Hayward, J. E. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Medical Physics, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada); Sur, R. K. [McMaster University, Medical Physics and Applied Radiation Sciences, Hamilton, Ontario L8S 4L8 (Canada); Juravinski Cancer Centre, Radiation Oncology, Hamilton, Ontario L8V 5C2 (Canada)

2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

192

Self-trapping dynamics in a 2D optical lattice  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We describe theoretical models for the recent experimental observation of Macroscopic Quantum Self-Trapping (MQST) in the transverse dynamics of an ultracold bosonic gas in a 2D lattice. The pure mean-field model based on the solution of coupled nonlinear equations fails to reproduce the experimental observations. It greatly overestimates the initial expansion rates at short times and predicts a slower expansion rate of the cloud at longer times. It also predicts the formation of a hole surrounded by a steep square fort-like barrier which was not observed in the experiment. An improved theoretical description based on a simplified Truncated Wigner Approximation (TWA), which adds phase and number fluctuations in the initial conditions, pushes the theoretical results closer to the experimental observations but fails to quantitatively reproduce them. An explanation of the delayed expansion as a consequence of a new type of self-trapping mechanism, where quantum correlations suppress tunneling even when there are no density gradients, is discussed and supported by numerical time-dependent Density Matrix Renormalization Group (t-DMRG) calculations performed in a simplified two coupled tubes set-up.

Shuming Li; Salvatore R. Manmana; Ana Maria Rey; Rafael Hipolito; Aaron Reinhard; Jean-Félix Riou; Laura A. Zundel; David S. Weiss

2013-05-20T23:59:59.000Z

193

Simulating geomagnetic reversals through 2D Ising systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work 2D Ising systems were used to simulate the reversals of the Earth's magnetic field. Each spin was supposed to be a ring current in the Earth dynamo and the magnetization to be proportional to the field intensity. Given the relative success of some physical few-discs modeling of this system all the simulations were implemented in small systems. The temperature T was used as a tunning parameter. It plays the role of external perturbations. Power laws were obtained for the distribution of times between reversals. When the system size was increased the exponent of the power law asymptotically tended towards values very near -1.5, generally accepted as the right value for this phenomenon. Depending on the proximity of T and Tc the average duration of reversal period changes. In this way it is possible to establish a parallel between the model and more or less well defined periods of the reversal record. Some possible trends for future works are advanced.

Jorge O. O. Franco; Vitor H. A. Dias; Andres R. R. Papa

2006-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

194

ITER Central Solenoid Coil Insulation Qualification  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4x4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, Nicolai N [ORNL; Mann Jr, Thomas Latta [ORNL; Miller, John L [ORNL; Freudenberg, Kevin D [ORNL; Reed, Richard P [Cryogenic Materials, Inc.; Walsh, Robert P [Florida State University; McColskey, J D [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Boulder; Evans, D [Advanced Cryogenic Materials

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

ITER CENTRAL SOLENOID COIL INSULATION QUALIFICATION  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An insulation system for ITER Central Solenoid must have sufficiently high electrical and structural strength. Design efforts to bring stresses in the turn and layer insulation within allowables failed. It turned out to be impossible to eliminate high local tensile stresses in the winding pack. When high local stresses can not be designed out, the qualification procedure requires verification of the acceptable structural and electrical strength by testing. We built two 4 x 4 arrays of the conductor jacket with two options of the CS insulation and subjected the arrays to 1.2 million compressive cycles at 60 MPa and at 76 K. Such conditions simulated stresses in the CS insulation. We performed voltage withstand tests and after end of cycling we measured the breakdown voltages between in the arrays. After that we dissectioned the arrays and studied micro cracks in the insulation. We report details of the specimens preparation, test procedures and test results.

Martovetsky, N N; Mann, T L; Miller, J R; Freudenberg, K D; Reed, R P; Walsh, R P; McColskey, J D; Evans, D

2009-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

196

Storing, Transporting, and Installing Polymer Insulators: A Practical Guide  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Since the first use of polymer insulators, great strides have been made in understanding insulator design and application. Polymer insulatorsalso called composite or non-ceramic insulators (NCI)offer some distinct advantages compared to ceramic insulators, including the fact that they are lightweight, not easily vandalized, and resistant to contamination. However, the greatest concern still remains the question of life expectancy. During service life, polymer insulators insulate the line conductor from t...

2007-10-30T23:59:59.000Z

197

A Guide to Insulation Selection for Industrial Applications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the wake of rapidly rising energy costs, insulation systems are receiving much attention from design engineers and owners in the industrial market. This paper discusses the significant properties of the primary industrial insulations as well as the application requirements which lead to proper insulation usage. In addition, the basic reasons for insulating are discussed in terms of how they affect the determination of insulation thickness. The discussion concentrates on piping and equipment insulations and does not deal with refractory materials or usage.

Harrison, M. R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum Insulation Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on Digg Find More places to share Building Technologies Office: Vacuum Insulation Panels Research Project on AddThis.com... About Take Action to Save Energy Partner with DOE Activities Appliances Research Building Envelope Research Windows, Skylights, & Doors Research

199

Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Home >>Residential Home Page>>Insulation > Figure 6. Type of Homes by Insulation, 2001. To Top. Contacts: Specific questions may be directed to:

200

Buoyant Granular Ceramic Insulation for the Liquid Metal Cooled ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Previous work showed that the buoyant granular insulation (floating baffle) used to insulate the liquid bath from the mold heater strongly influences the curvature ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

A study of Nanofilled Silicone Dielectrics for Outdoor Insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Polymeric insulators are now a common replacement for conventional porcelain and glass string insulators on overhead distribution and transmission lines. The use of this mature… (more)

Ramirez Vazquez, Isaias

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

202

Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing (Fact Sheet) Application of Spray Foam Insulation Under Plywood and OSB Roof Sheathing (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study:...

203

Expert Meeting Report: Interior Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Retrofit of Mass Masonry Wall Assembliesessment of risk factors for premature building deterioration due to interior insulation retrofits, and methods to reduce such...

204

Affordable Cold Climate Infill Housing with Hybrid Insulation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

with Hybrid Insulation Approach Affordable Cold Climate Infill Housing with Hybrid Insulation Approach, Wyandotte, Michigan (Fact Sheet), Building America Case Study:...

205

Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Print Tuesday, 12 March 2013 00:00...

206

Topological Insulator Nanowires and Nanoribbons  

SciTech Connect

Recent theoretical calculations and photoemission spectroscopy measurements on the bulk Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} material show that it is a three-dimensional topological insulator possessing conductive surface states with nondegenerate spins, attractive for dissipationless electronics and spintronics applications. Nanoscale topological insulator materials have a large surface-to-volume ratio that can manifest the conductive surface states and are promising candidates for devices. Here we report the synthesis and characterization of high quality single crystalline Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} nanomaterials with a variety of morphologies. The synthesis of Bi{sub 2}Se{sub 3} nanowires and nanoribbons employs Au-catalyzed vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) mechanism. Nanowires, which exhibit rough surfaces, are formed by stacking nanoplatelets along the axial direction of the wires. Nanoribbons are grown along [11-20] direction with a rectangular crosssection and have diverse morphologies, including quasi-one-dimensional, sheetlike, zigzag and sawtooth shapes. Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) studies on nanoribbons show atomically smooth surfaces with {approx}1 nm step edges, indicating single Se-Bi-Se-Bi-Se quintuple layers. STM measurements reveal a honeycomb atomic lattice, suggesting that the STM tip couples not only to the top Se atomic layer, but also to the Bi atomic layer underneath, which opens up the possibility to investigate the contribution of different atomic orbitals to the topological surface states. Transport measurements of a single nanoribbon device (four terminal resistance and Hall resistance) show great promise for nanoribbons as candidates to study topological surface states.

Kong, D.S.

2010-06-02T23:59:59.000Z

207

SUPERCONDUCTIVITY IN A 2D SEMICONDUCTOR SYSTEM WITH UNCONVENTIONAL PAIRING SYMMETRY: INTER-BAND PAIRING.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??To explain superconductivity out of a normal non-metallic insulating phase we study a simplified model. The approach for explanation is to introduce an attraction in… (more)

Killiches, Susanne Judith

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

208

Thermal insulating barrier and neutron shield providing integrated protection for a nuclear reactor vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The reactor vessel of a nuclear reactor installation which is suspended from the cold leg nozzles in a reactor cavity is provided with a lower thermal insulating barrier spaced from the reactor vessel to form a chamber which can be flooded with cooling water through passive valving to directly cool the reactor vessel in the event of a severe accident. The passive valving also includes bistable vents at the upper end of the thermal insulating barrier for releasing steam. A removable, modular neutron shield extending around the upper end of the reactor cavity below the nozzles forms with the upwardly and outwardly tapered transition on the outer surface of the reactor vessel, a labyrinthine channel which reduces neutron streaming while providing a passage for the escape of steam during a severe accident, and for the cooling air which is circulated along the reactor cavity walls outside the thermal insulating barrier during normal operation of the reactor.

Schreiber, Roger B. (Penn Twp., PA); Fero, Arnold H. (New Kensington, PA); Sejvar, James (Murrysville, PA)

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

209

Thermal insulating barrier and neutron shield providing integrated protection for a nuclear reactor vessel  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The reactor vessel of a nuclear reactor installation which is suspended from the cold leg nozzles in a reactor cavity is provided with a lower thermal insulating barrier spaced from the reactor vessel to form a chamber which can be flooded with cooling water through passive valving to directly cool the reactor vessel in the event of a severe accident. The passive valving also includes bistable vents at the upper end of the thermal insulating barrier for releasing steam. A removable, modular neutron shield extending around the upper end of the reactor cavity below the nozzles forms with the upwardly and outwardly tapered transition on the outer surface of the reactor vessel, a labyrinthine channel which reduces neutron streaming while providing a passage for the escape of steam during a severe accident, and for the cooling air which is circulated along the reactor cavity walls outside the thermal insulating barrier during normal operation of the reactor. 8 figs.

Schreiber, R.B.; Fero, A.H.; Sejvar, J.

1997-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

210

Silicon-on-insulator integrated source of polarization-entangled photons  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We report the experimental generation of polarization-entangled photons at telecommunication wavelengths using spontaneous four-wave mixing in silicon-on-insulator wire waveguides. The key component is a 2D coupler that transforms path entanglement into polarization entanglement at the output of the device. Using quantum state tomography we find that the produced state has fidelity 88% with a pure non-maximally entangled state. The produced state violates the CHSH Bell inequality by S=2.37\\pm0.19.

Laurent Olislager; Jassem Safioui; Stéphane Clemmen; Kien Phan Huy; Wim Bogaerts; Roel Baets; Philippe Emplit; Serge Massar

2013-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

211

Extended abstracts. Volume 78-1. [Seattle, Wash. , May 21--26, 1978  

SciTech Connect

Extended abstracts (2 or 3 pages in length) are presented for 581 papers presented at this meeting. Sessions of the following divisions are included: Corrosion, Dielectrics and Insulation, Electronics, Electrothermics and Metallurgy, Energy Technology Group, Industrial Electrolytic, Organic and Biological Electrochemistry, and Physical Electrochemistry. (RWR)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Sensitivity of forced air distribution system efficiency to climate, duct location, air leakage and insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Location, Air Leakage and Insulation Iain S. Walker Energy4 Duct Insulation, Location and Leakageinsulation

Walker, Iain

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Labeling and advertising of home insulation  

SciTech Connect

This staff report, prepared by the F.T.C.'s Bureau of Consumer Protection for Commission review, includes recommendations as to the final form of a trade regulation rule relating to the labeling and advertising of home insulation. Because of marketing abuses which accompanied the rising demand for home insulation, there has been broad support for a rule requiring information disclosures to help purchasers of home insulation to make an informed decision. The Commission, to provide such rule as quickly as possible, undertook its rulemaking proceeding under its new expedited rulemaking procedure. The rule was proposed on November 18, 1977, and, following a two-month period for written comments, four weeks of hearings were held in Washington, D.C. in February 1978. The record, contributed to by a variety of interests, shows that consumers do not know how to shop for home insulation. The staff-recommended rule, among other things, would require that insulation be tested and R-values (a measure of insulation's ability to retain heat) disclosed on labels and in advertising. To facilitate comparison shopping, the industry would also be required to furnish consumers with fact sheets describing, on a product-to-product basis, factors that can reduce the R-value of insulation.

1978-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

214

Random Matrices in 2D, Laplacian Growth and Operator Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Since it was first applied to the study of nuclear interactions by Wigner and Dyson, almost 60 years ago, Random Matrix Theory (RMT) has developed into a field of its own within applied mathematics, and is now essential to many parts of theoretical physics, from condensed matter to high energy. The fundamental results obtained so far rely mostly on the theory of random matrices in one dimension (the dimensionality of the spectrum, or equilibrium probability density). In the last few years, this theory has been extended to the case where the spectrum is two-dimensional, or even fractal, with dimensions between 1 and 2. In this article, we review these recent developments and indicate some physical problems where the theory can be applied.

Mark Mineev-Weinstein; Mihai Putinar; Razvan Teodorescu

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

215

Measure Guideline: Hybrid Foundation Insulation Retrofits  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This measure guideline provides recommendations for designs and variations for retrofit hybrid assemblies in improving interior foundation insulation and water management of basements. Variations include closed cell spray foam (ccSPF) with membrane waterproofing or air gap membrane drainage layers, rigid board foam insulation at flat walls (cast concrete or CMU block), a 'partial drainage' detail making use of the bulk water drainage that occurs through the field of a rubble stone wall, and non-drained spray foam assemblies (including slab insulation).

Ueno, K.; Lstiburek, J.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

216

Issue 5: Optimizing High Levels of Insulation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Issue 5: Optimizing High Levels of Insulation NREL, Ren Anderson Building America Technical Update Meeting July 25 th , 2012 Issue 5 - How Much Insulation is Too Much? How do we define the cost-effective limit for improvements in enclosure efficiency? Key Factors to Consider: -Cost of savings vs. cost of grid-supplied energy -Cost of efficiency savings vs. cost of savings from renewable generation. -Savings from envelope improvements vs. other efficiency options Context * It is widely believed that code-specified insulation levels also represent cost-effective limits. * However, the cost-effective insulation levels exceed IECC values in many climates. * The homeowner-driven value of modest increases in enclosure performance can create economies of scale that will reduce

217

KSI's Cross Insulated Core Transformer Technology  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cross Insulated Core Transformer (CCT) technology improves on Insulated Core Transformer (ICT) implementations. ICT systems are widely used in very high voltage, high power, power supply systems. In an ICT transformer ferrite core sections are insulated from their neighboring ferrite cores. Flux leakage is present at each of these insulated gaps. The flux loss is raised to the power of stages in the ICT design causing output voltage efficiency to taper off with increasing stages. KSI's CCT technology utilizes a patented technique to compensate the flux loss at each stage of an ICT system. Design equations to calculate the flux compensation capacitor value are presented. CCT provides corona free operation of the HV stack. KSI's CCT based High Voltage power supply systems offer high efficiency operation, high frequency switching, low stored energy and smaller size over comparable ICT systems.

Uhmeyer, Uwe [Kaiser Systems, Inc, 126 Sohier Road, Beverly, MA 01915 (United States)

2009-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

218

Insulated dipole antennas for heating oil shale  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Insulated dipole antennas in the HF band are potentially useful in heating shale i n s i t u to extract oil. To help evaluate the efficiency of such antennas

John P. Casey; Rajeev Bansal

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Insulate Steam Distribution and Condensate Return Lines  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on insulating steam distribution and condensate return lines provides how-to advice for improving industrial steam systems using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

220

THERMAL PERFORMANCE OF INSULATING WINDOW SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

PERFORMANCE VALUES FOR SEVERAL WINDOW DESIGNS XBL 796-10098IN MINNEAPOLIS AS A FUNCTION OF WINDOW AREA AND GLAZING/Thermal Performance of Insulating Window Systems Stephen E.

Selkowitz, Stephen E.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Thermal conductivity of thermal-battery insulations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The thermal conductivities of a variety of insulating materials used in thermal batteries were measured in atmospheres of argon and helium using several techniques. (Helium was used to simulate the hydrogen atmosphere that results when a Li(Si)/FeS{sub 2} thermal battery ages.) The guarded-hot-plate method was used with the Min-K insulation because of its extremely low thermal conductivity. For comparison purposes, the thermal conductivity of the Min-K insulating board was also measured using the hot-probe method. The thermal-comparator method was used for the rigid Fiberfrax board and Fiberfrax paper. The thermal conductivity of the paper was measured under several levels of compression to simulate the conditions of the insulating wrap used on the stack in a thermal battery. The results of preliminary thermal-characterization tests with several silica aerogel materials are also presented.

Guidotti, R.A.; Moss, M.

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

222

Use of movable insulation for energy conservation  

SciTech Connect

This study examines the opinions of homeowners and renters who used Moveable Night Insulation for one heating season. In addition a study of the energy savings was performed concurrently.

Holcomb, S.; Lillemo, K.W.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Aerogel Impregnated Polyurethane Piping and Duct Insulation David M. Hess InnoSense LLC david.hess@innosense.us, 310-530-2011 April 4, 2013 2 | Building Technologies Office...

224

Metal-insulator transition in holography  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We exhibit an interaction-driven metal-insulator quantum phase transition in a holographic model. Use of a helical lattice enables us to break translation invariance while preserving homogeneity. The metallic phase is characterized by a sharp Drude peak and a d.c. resistivity that increases with temperature. In the insulating phase the Drude spectral weight is transferred into a `mid-infrared' peak and to energy scales of order the chemical potential. The d.c. resistivity now decreases with temperature. In the metallic phase, operators breaking translation invariance are irrelevant at low energy scales. In the insulating phase, translation symmetry breaking effects are present at low energies. We find the near horizon extremal geometry that captures the insulating physics.

Aristomenis Donos; Sean A. Hartnoll

2012-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

225

Phosphorylation based insulation devices design and implementation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis presents the analysis of a phosphorylation based insulation device implemented in Saccharomyces cerevisae and the minimization of the retroactivity to the input and retroactivity to the output of a single cycle ...

Rivera Ortiz, Phillip M. (Phillip Michael)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

226

Charge Friedel oscillations in a Mott insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

When a metal undergoes a transition to an insulator it will lose its electronic Fermi surface. Interestingly, in some situations a “ghost” Fermi surface of electrically neutral spin carrying fermions may survive into the ...

Mross, David Fabian

227

Nonlinear boundary value problem of magnetic insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

On the basis of generalization of upper and lower solution method to the singular two point boundary value problems, the existence theorem of solutions for the system, which models a process of magnetic insulation in plasma is proved.

A. V. Sinitsyn

2000-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

228

Install Removable Insulation on Valves and Fittings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This revised ITP tip sheet on installing removable insulation on valves and fittings provides how-to advice for improving the system using low-cost, proven practices and technologies.

Not Available

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

229

Air leakage of Insulated Concrete Form houses  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Air leakage has been shown to increase building energy use due to additional heating and cooling loads. Although many construction types have been examined for leakage, an exploration of a large number of Insulated Concrete ...

Durschlag, Hannah (Hanna Rebekah)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

230

Data:Bef2d82a-31eb-4fde-8533-2d38bc6f7da3 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Bef2d82a-31eb-4fde-8533-2d38bc6f7da3 Bef2d82a-31eb-4fde-8533-2d38bc6f7da3 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Crisp County Power Comm Effective date: 2012/06/01 End date if known: Rate name: Fuel Cost Recovery Schedule- Secondary Distribution Sector: Commercial Description: This schedule is applicable to and becomes a part of each retail rate schedule in which reference is mad to the Fuel Cost Recovery Schedule. This provision applies to both regular and minimum bills. Secondary Distribution Customers= Any customer not defined as a transmission or primary distribution customer.

231

Data:436bd023-2d2d-4202-b859-0b278bb80ef2 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

bd023-2d2d-4202-b859-0b278bb80ef2 bd023-2d2d-4202-b859-0b278bb80ef2 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: City of Perry, Oklahoma (Utility Company) Effective date: End date if known: Rate name: Residential- All-Electric Sector: Residential Description: Source or reference: http://www.cityofperryok.com/Files/Codes/City_Code_101211.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

232

facial reduction and extended duals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Facial reduction and extended duals Here we study two fundamental approaches ...... denberghe, and Henry Wolkowicz, editors, Handbook of semidefinite ...

233

Panelized wall system with foam core insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wall system includes a plurality of wall members, the wall members having a first metal panel, a second metal panel, and an insulating core between the first panel and the second panel. At least one of the first panel and the second panel include ridge portions. The insulating core can be a foam, such as a polyurethane foam. The foam can include at least one opacifier to improve the k-factor of the foam.

Kosny, Jan (Oak Ridge, TN); Gaskin, Sally (Houston, TX)

2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

234

Measure Guideline: Internal Insulation of Masonry Walls  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This measure guideline provides recommendations for interior insulation assemblies that control interstitial condensation and durability risks; recommendations for acceptable thermal performance are also provided. An illustrated guide of high-risk exterior details (which concentrate bulk water), and recommended remediation details is provided. This is followed by a recommended methodology for risk assessment of a masonry interior insulation project: a series of steps are suggested to assess the risks associated with this retrofit, with greater certainty with added steps.

Straube, J. F.; Ueno, K.; Schumacher, C. J.

2012-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Urea formaldehyde foam insulation: defusing a timebomb  

SciTech Connect

With the onset of the energy crisis in the 1970's, thousands of homeowners insulated their homes with Urea Formaldehyde Foam Insulation (UFFI). The discovery that UFFI releases formaldehyde, a carcinogen and irritant, prompted various state and federal responses to this problem. This Note reviews those responses and concludes that a ban on the sale of UFFI, coupled with a removal and repurchase program, is the most effective solution from the standpoint of consumer health.

Fox, E.M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Insulation for New Home Construction | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation for New Home Construction Insulation for New Home Construction Insulation for New Home Construction June 20, 2012 - 7:59pm Addthis Planning carefully for insulation results in reduced utility bills and superior comfort during the life of the home. In this house, raised heel trusses accommodate R-60 insulation. | Credit: Paul Norton, NREL. Planning carefully for insulation results in reduced utility bills and superior comfort during the life of the home. In this house, raised heel trusses accommodate R-60 insulation. | Credit: Paul Norton, NREL. What does this mean for me? Adding extra insulation in a new home is more cost-effective than retrofitting insulation after the home is completed. Insulation is a key component of the systems that work together to create a comfortable, energy-efficient home that is affordable to heat and

237

Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank Addthis Project Level medium Energy Savings $20-$45 annually Time to Complete 1.5 hours Overall Cost $30 Insulate your hot water tank to save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/glennebo Insulate your hot water tank to save energy and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/glennebo Just like insulating your walls or roof, insulating your hot water tank is an easy and inexpensive way to improve energy efficiency and save you money each month. If your water tank is new, it is likely already insulated. If you have an older hot water tank, check to see if it has insulation with an R-value of at least 24. If not, consider insulating your water tank, which

238

Simulation of power flow in magnetically insulated convolutes for pulsed modular accelerators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Two distinct simulation approaches for magnetic insulation are developed which can be used to address the question of nonsimultaneity. First, a two-dimensional model for a two-module system is simulated using a fully electromagnetic, two-dimensional, time-dependent particle code. Next, a nonlinear equivalent circuit approach is used to compare with the direct simulation for the two module case. The latter approach is then extended to a more interesting three-dimensional geometry with several MITL modules.

Seidel, D. B.; Goplen, B. C.; VanDevender, J. P.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

Design Tool for Cryogenic Thermal Insulation Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Thermal isolation of low-temperature systems from ambient environments is a constant issue faced by practitioners of cryogenics. For energy-efficient systems and processes to be realized, thermal insulation must be considered as an integrated system, not merely an add-on element. A design tool to determine the performance of insulation systems for comparative trade-off studies of different available material options was developed. The approach is to apply thermal analysis to standard shapes (plane walls, cylinders, spheres) that are relatively simple to characterize with a one-dimensional analytical or numerical model. The user describes the system hot and cold boundary geometry and the operating environment. Basic outputs such as heat load and temperature profiles are determined. The user can select from a built-in insulation material database or input user defined materials. Existing information has been combined with the new experimental thermal conductivity data produced by the Cryogenics Test Laboratory for cryogenic and vacuum environments, including high vacuum, soft vacuum, and no vacuum. Materials in the design tool include multilayer insulation, aerogel blankets, aerogel bulk-fill, foams, powders, composites, and other insulation system constructions. A comparison of the design tool to a specific composite thermal insulation system is given.

Demko, Jonathan A [ORNL; Fesmire, J. E. [NASA Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, Florida; Augustynowicz, S. D. [Sierra Lobo Inc., Kennedy Space Center, Florida

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

240

Topological Insulators and Superconductors from String Theory  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Topological insulators and superconductors in different spatial dimensions and with different discrete symmetries have been fully classified recently, revealing a periodic structure for the pattern of possible types of topological insulators and supercondutors, both in terms of spatial dimensions and in terms of symmetry classes. It was proposed that K-theory is behind the periodicity. On the other hand, D-branes, a solitonic object in string theory, are also known to be classified by K-theory. In this paper, by inspecting low-energy effective field theories realized by two parallel D-branes, we establish a one-to-one correspondence between the K-theory classification of topological insulators/superconductors and D-brane charges. In addition, the string theory realization of topological insulators and superconductors comes naturally with gauge interactions, and the Wess-Zumino term of the D-branes gives rise to a gauge field theory of topological nature, such as ones with the Chern-Simons term or the $\\theta$-term in various dimensions. This sheds light on topological insulators and superconductors beyond non-interacting systems, and the underlying topological field theory description thereof. In particular, our string theory realization includes the honeycomb lattice Kitaev model in two spatial dimensions, and its higher-dimensional extensions. Increasing the number of D-branes naturally leads to a realization of topological insulators and superconductors in terms of holography (AdS/CFT).

Shinsei Ryu; Tadashi Takayanagi

2010-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Development of insulating coatings for liquid metal blankets  

SciTech Connect

It is shown that self-cooled liquid metal blankets are feasible only with electrically insulating coatings at the duct walls. The requirements on the insulation properties are estimated by simple analytical models. Candidate insulator materials are selected based on insulating properties and thermodynamic consideration. Different fabrication technologies for insulating coatings are described. The status of the knowledge on the most crucial feasibility issue, the degradation of the resisivity under irradiation, is reviewed.

Malang, S.; Borgstedt, H.U. [Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany); Farnum, E.H. [Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States); Natesan, K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States); Vitkovski, I.V. [Efremov Inst., St. Petersburg (Russian Federation). MHD-Machines Lab.

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

242

2D/3D Data Registration and Fusion - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This talk will introduce the concepts behind data fusion and current algorithms to register 2D/3D data sets obtained using various experimental imaging ...

243

Mesh Requirement Investigation for 2D and 3D Aerodynamic Simulation of Vertical Axis Wind Turbines.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The accuracy of a Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) model to capture the complex flow around a small vertical axis wind turbine (VAWT) on 2D and… (more)

Naghib Zadeh, Saman

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

244

NCNR Quantum Impurities in the 2 D Spin One-Half ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The hope for insight into the physics of high temperature superconductors has generated enormous interest in the case of the two-dimensional (2 D ...

245

Graphene-like 2D-layered Materials for Nanoelectronics & Sensing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, Recently, layered 2D crystals similar to graphene have been ... the best graphene transistors at room temperature, with comparable mobilities.

246

Topological classification of crystalline insulators with space group symmetry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We show that in crystalline insulators, space group symmetry alone gives rise to a topological classification based on the discretization of electric polarization. Using C3 rotational symmetry as an example, we first prove that the polarization is discretized into three distinct classes, i.e., it can only take three inequivalent values. We then prove that these classes are topologically distinct. Therefore, a Z3 topological classification exists, with polarization as a topological class index. A concrete tight-binding model is derived to demonstrate the Z3 topological phase transition. Using first-principles calculations, we identify graphene on a BN substrate as a possible candidate to realize these Z3 topological states. To complete our analysis, we extend the classification of band structures to all 17 two-dimensional space groups. This work will contribute to a complete theory of symmetry-conserved topological phases and also elucidate topological properties of graphenelike systems.

Jadaun, Priyamvada [University of Texas at Austin; Xiao, Di [Carnegie Mellon University (CMU); Niu, Q. [University of Texas at Austin; Banerjee, Sanjay K. [University of Texas at Austin

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

247

Holographic droplets in p-wave insulator/superconductor transition  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the present paper, based on the notion of marginally stable modes of vector perturbations in the AdS soliton back ground we investigate the magnetic field effect on holographic $ p $- wave insulator/superconductor transition in the probe limit. We perform explicit analytic calculations considering both Schwarzschild AdS soliton and Gauss Bonnet AdS soliton back grounds and obtain a unique relation between the chemical potential and the magnetic field near the critical point. We also extend our analysis for $ p+ip $- wave back ground in the presence of external magnetic field. In both the cases it is observed that the non abelian model exhibit \\textit{droplet} solutions. Moreover it is also found that the increase in the value of the external magnetic field essentially reduces the size of the droplet and thereby makes the condensation harder.

Dibakar Roychowdhury

2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

248

An Insulating Glass Knowledge Base  

SciTech Connect

This report will discuss issues relevant to Insulating Glass (IG) durability performance by presenting the observations and developed conclusions in a logical sequential format. This concluding effort discusses Phase II activities and focuses on beginning to quantifying IG durability issues while continuing the approach presented in the Phase I activities (Appendix 1) which discuss a qualitative assessment of durability issues. Phase II developed a focus around two specific IG design classes previously presented in Phase I of this project. The typical box spacer and thermoplastic spacer design including their Failure Modes and Effect Analysis (FMEA) and Fault Tree diagrams were chosen to address two currently used IG design options with varying components and failure modes. The system failures occur due to failures of components or their interfaces. Efforts to begin quantifying the durability issues focused on the development and delivery of an included computer based IG durability simulation program. The focus/effort to deliver the foundation for a comprehensive IG durability simulation tool is necessary to address advancements needed to meet current and future building envelope energy performance goals. This need is based upon the current lack of IG field failure data and the lengthy field observation time necessary for this data collection. Ultimately, the simulation program is intended to be used by designers throughout the current and future industry supply chain. Its use is intended to advance IG durability as expectations grow around energy conservation and with the growth of embedded technologies as required to meet energy needs. In addition the tool has the immediate benefit of providing insight for research and improvement prioritization. Included in the simulation model presentation are elements and/or methods to address IG materials, design, process, quality, induced stress (environmental and other factors), validation, etc. In addition, acquired data is presented in support of project and model assumptions. Finally, current and suggested testing protocol and procedure for future model validation and IG physical testing are discussed.

Michael L. Doll; Gerald Hendrickson; Gerard Lagos; Russell Pylkki; Chris Christensen; Charlie Cureija

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

249

The Insulation Energy Appraisal Assessing the True Value of Insulated System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulation remains a seriously under-utilized technology in the manufacturing and industrial sectors of the economy even though its role in energy efficiency and environmental preservation is clear. The objective of the presentation is to educate the audience about the enormous savings potential of insulation in terms of reduced energy costs, improved process control, reduced greenhouse gas emissions, noise control and personnel protection. In addition, the presentation will introduce the audience to a new energy management tool designed to help facility/energy managers understand the true dollar and performance value of insulation- the Insulation Energy Appraisal Program. The program has achieved tremendous success with all classes sold out to date. The presentation will highlight various components of the intensive 2-day training program which teaches an appraiser how to: evaluate the thermal performance of insulated versus uninsulated piping and equipment; translate Btu losses into actual dollars; and calculate greenhouse gas emissions.

Schell, S.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

A comparison of line extraction algorithms using 2D range data for indoor mobile robotics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents an experimental evaluation of different line extraction algorithms applied to 2D laser scans for indoor environments. Six popular algorithms in mobile robotics and computer vision are selected and tested. Real scan data collected ... Keywords: 2D range data, Line extraction algorithm, Mobile robotics

Viet Nguyen; Stefan Gächter; Agostino Martinelli; Nicola Tomatis; Roland Siegwart

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

2D meets 3D: a human-centered interface for visual data exploration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

There is still a controversial debate on the usefulness of 3D user interfaces. Most of the time, 2D metaphors are force-fitted to establish a rich set of functionality. With the aim of shifting the 20-year-old 2D WIMP (windows, icons, menus, and pointing ... Keywords: human-computer interaction, virtual environments, visual data exploration

Sebastian Baumgärtner; Achim Ebert; Matthias Deller; Stefan Agne

2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

252

Wind Tunnel and Field Test of Three 2D Sonic Anemometers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Wind Tunnel and Field Test of Three 2D Sonic Anemometers Wiel Wauben R&D Information and Observation Technology, KNMI September 17, 2007 #12;#12;Wind Tunnel and Field Test of Three 2D Sonic.....................................................................................................1 2. Wind sensors

Stoffelen, Ad

253

Trace anomaly and Hawking effect in 2D dilaton gravity theories  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We investigate the classical and semiclassical features of generic 2D, matter-coupled, dilaton gravity theories. In particular, we show that the mass, the temperature and the flux of Hawking radiation associated with 2D black holes are invariant under dilaton-dependent Weyl rescalings of the metric. The relationship between quantum anomalies and Hawking radiation is discussed.

Mariano Cadoni

1996-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

254

Assessment of GPU computational enhancement to a 2D flood model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper presents a study of the computational enhancement of a Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) enabled 2D flood model. The objectives are to demonstrate the significant speedup of a new GPU-enabled full dynamic wave flood model and to present the effect ... Keywords: 2D flood model, CUDA, Flood simulation, GPU programming

Alfred J. Kalyanapu; Siddharth Shankar; Eric R. Pardyjak; David R. Judi; Steven J. Burian

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

255

A visibility algorithm for converting 3D meshes into editable 2D vector graphics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Artists often need to import and embellish 3D models coming from CAD-CAM into 2D vector graphics software to produce, e.g., brochures or manuals. Current automatic solutions tend to result, at best, in a 2D triangle soup and artists often have to trace ... Keywords: NPR, geometry processing, vector graphics, visibility

Elmar Eisemann; Sylvain Paris; Frédo Durand

2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

256

STUDY OF THE MTC ESTIMATION BY NOISE ANALYSIS IN 2-D HETEROGENEOUS SYSTEMS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, and realistic data corresponding to a commercial reactor were axially condensed in 2-D. It was found is investigated. This investigation relies on 2-group diffusion theory, and all the calculations are performed propose here to perform a substantially more advanced study of the same problem in 2-D two-group diffusion

Demazière, Christophe

257

Real-Time 2D NMR Identification of Analytes Undergoing Continuous Chromatographic Separation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Real-Time 2D NMR Identification of Analytes Undergoing Continuous Chromatographic Separation Boaz of multidimensional nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra within a single scan. A promising application opened up, with the real-time acquisition of a series of 2D 1 H NMR spectra arising from a mixture of compounds subject

Frydman, Lucio

258

Validation of the thermal effect of roof with the Spraying and green plants in an insulated building  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the insulation efficiency of the RC building. Windfor an RC building with a high degree of insulation in thebuildings have insulating material to provide thermal insulation

Zhou, Nan; Gao, Weijun; Nishida, Masaru; Ojima, Toshio

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

259

Adding Insulation to an Existing Home | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Adding Insulation to an Existing Home Adding Insulation to an Existing Home Adding Insulation to an Existing Home May 23, 2013 - 1:44pm Addthis Adding insulation in an existing home saves money and improves comfort. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. Adding insulation in an existing home saves money and improves comfort. | Photo courtesy of Dennis Schroeder, NREL. What does this mean for me? Adding insulation to your home saves money and improves comfort. Adding insulation to your home is a sound investment that is likely pay for itself quickly in reduced utility bills. Insulation inhibits heat flow through the building envelope of your home, saving money and improving comfort. Unless your home was specially constructed for energy efficiency, you can probably reduce your energy bills by adding more insulation. Many older

260

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

262

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Tuesday, 23 April 2013 10:00 Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

263

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

264

ZIP. Economic Insulation Levels for Houses  

SciTech Connect

ZIP was developed to support the calculations and database used to estimate the economic levels of insulation published in the U.S. Department of Energy`s Insulation Fact Sheet. The program allows the user to estimate economic levels of insulation for attics, exterior walls, floors over unheated areas, slab floors, and basement and crawlspace walls for new and existing houses in any 3-digit zip code location in the U.S., based on local climate data, local prices for energy and insulation, and the type and estimated efficiency of its heating and cooling system. ZIP recognizes five different heating systems: natural gas, oil furnaces, electric furnaces, electric baseboard, and electric heat pump and two cooling systems: central and window electric air conditioners. An evaporative cooling system can also be specified, but this is not treated as a true air-conditioning system. In addition, the user can specify the approximate operating efficiency of the heating and cooling systems (low, medium, high, or very high). ZIP can be run for a single zip code and specified heating and cooling system or in a batch mode for any number of consecutive zip codes to provide a table of economic insulation levels for use at the state or national level.

McElroy, D. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

ZIP. Economic Insulation Levels for Houses  

SciTech Connect

ZIP was developed to support the calculations and database used to estimate the economic levels of insulation published in the U.S. Department of Energy's Insulation Fact Sheet. The program allows the user to estimate economic levels of insulation for attics, exterior walls, floors over unheated areas, slab floors, and basement and crawlspace walls for new and existing houses in any 3-digit zip code location in the U.S., based on local climate data, local prices for energy and insulation, and the type and estimated efficiency of its heating and cooling system. ZIP recognizes five different heating systems: natural gas, oil furnaces, electric furnaces, electric baseboard, and electric heat pump and two cooling systems: central and window electric air conditioners. An evaporative cooling system can also be specified, but this is not treated as a true air-conditioning system. In addition, the user can specify the approximate operating efficiency of the heating and cooling systems (low, medium, high, or very high). ZIP can be run for a single zip code and specified heating and cooling system or in a batch mode for any number of consecutive zip codes to provide a table of economic insulation levels for use at the state or national level.

McElroy, D. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Tool for cutting insulation from electrical cables  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is an efficient hand tool for precisely slitting the sheath of insulation on an electrical cable--e.g., a cable two inches in diameter--in a manner facilitating subsequent peeling or stripping of the insulation. The tool includes a rigid frame which is slidably fitted on an end section of the cable. The frame carries a rigidly affixed handle and an opposed, elongated blade-and-handle assembly. The blade-and-handle assembly is pivotally supported by a bracket which is slidably mounted on the frame for movement toward and away from the cable, thus providing an adjustment for the depth of cut. The blade-and-handle assembly is mountable to the bracket in two pivotable positions. With the assembly mounted in the first position, the tool is turned about the cable to slit the insulation circumferentially. With the assembly mounted in the second position, the tool is drawn along the cable to slit the insulation axially. When cut both circumferentially and axially, the insulation can easily be peeled from the cable.

Harless, Charles E. (Metropolis, IL); Taylor, Ward G. (Vienna, IL)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

267

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Flipping Photoelectron Spins in Topological Insulators Print Inherently strange crystalline materials called 3D topological insulators (TIs) are all the rage in materials science. This new phase of condensed matter is an insulator in the bulk, yet behaves like a metal on its surface, even at room temperature. The electrons that flow swiftly across the surfaces of TIs are "spin polarized", meaning the electron's spin is locked to its momentum, perpendicular to the direction of travel. These electronic states already promise many uses, but ALS researchers working at Beamline 4.0.3 with a team from Berkeley Lab and the University of California, Berkeley have just made an unexpected discovery about TIs that will broaden their possible range of applications: when hit with a photon beam, the spin polarization of the electrons they emit (in a process called photoemission) can be completely controlled in three dimensions, simply by tuning the polarization of the incident light. This strong effect was not what had been assumed about photoemission from topological insulators, or any other material. Controlling the interaction of polarized light and photoelectron spin opens a wide range of possibilities for TIs.

268

TOPAZ2D heat transfer code users manual and thermal property data base  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

TOPAZ2D is a two dimensional implicit finite element computer code for heat transfer analysis. This user's manual provides information on the structure of a TOPAZ2D input file. Also included is a material thermal property data base. This manual is supplemented with The TOPAZ2D Theoretical Manual and the TOPAZ2D Verification Manual. TOPAZ2D has been implemented on the CRAY, SUN, and VAX computers. TOPAZ2D can be used to solve for the steady state or transient temperature field on two dimensional planar or axisymmetric geometries. Material properties may be temperature dependent and either isotropic or orthotropic. A variety of time and temperature dependent boundary conditions can be specified including temperature, flux, convection, and radiation. Time or temperature dependent internal heat generation can be defined locally be element or globally by material. TOPAZ2D can solve problems of diffuse and specular band radiation in an enclosure coupled with conduction in material surrounding the enclosure. Additional features include thermally controlled reactive chemical mixtures, thermal contact resistance across an interface, bulk fluid flow, phase change, and energy balances. Thermal stresses can be calculated using the solid mechanics code NIKE2D which reads the temperature state data calculated by TOPAZ2D. A three dimensional version of the code, TOPAZ3D is available. The material thermal property data base, Chapter 4, included in this manual was originally published in 1969 by Art Edwards for use with his TRUMP finite difference heat transfer code. The format of the data has been altered to be compatible with TOPAZ2D. Bob Bailey is responsible for adding the high explosive thermal property data.

Shapiro, A.B.; Edwards, A.L.

1990-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

New results in extended thermodynamics.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The subject of this thesis lays in the context of Extended Thermodynamics. The classical methodology to solve the system of balance equations, in E.T., leads… (more)

Carrisi, Maria Cristina

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

Buildings Energy Data Book: 5.1 Building Materials/Insulation  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

2 Industry Use Shares of Mineral Fiber (GlassWool) Insulation (1) 1997 1999 2001 2003 2004 2005 Insulating Buildings (2) Industrial, Equipment, and Appliance Insulation Unknown...

271

Method for minimizing contaminant particle effects in gas-insulated electrical apparatus  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Electrical breakdown of a gas insulator in high voltage apparatus is preved by placing an electrical insulative coating on contaminant particles in the gas insulator.

Pace, Marshall O. (Knoxville, TN); Adcock, James L. (Knoxville, TN); Christophorou, Loucas G. (Oak Ridge, TN)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

2012) Predictive clothing insulation model based on outdoorPredictive clothing insulation model based on outdoor airpredictive models of clothing insulation have been developed

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

Influence of two dynamic predictive clothing insulation models on building energy performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive Clothing Insulation Models on Building Energyunnecessarily higher clothing insulation and lower heatingthat the constant clothing insulation assumption lead to the

Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

274

Dynamic predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor airrange of the clothing insulation calculated for eachbuilding). Figure 8 Clothing insulation versus dress code [

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

Influence of two dynamic predictive clothing insulation models on building energy performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clothing Insulation Models on Building Energy Use, HVACClothing Insulation Models on Building Energy Performance K.insulation variation should be captured during the building

Lee, Kwang Ho; Schiavon, Stefano

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Bolster Promise of Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print Tuesday, 27 November 2012 00:00 A few years ago, a strange new material began to drive research in condensed-matter physics around the world. First theorized and then discovered by researchers at Berkeley Lab and their colleagues in other institutions, these "strong 3D topological insulators"-TIs for short-are seemingly mundane semiconductors with startling properties. Not only are they promising materials for energy-conserving electronic applications, they provide a fascinating medium for possibly observing still-theoretical particles that could play a major role in quantum computing. Two angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies recently performed at ALS Beamline 12.0.1 improve the prospects for the practical application of TIs in advanced devices.

277

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print A few years ago, a strange new material began to drive research in condensed-matter physics around the world. First theorized and then discovered by researchers at Berkeley Lab and their colleagues in other institutions, these "strong 3D topological insulators"-TIs for short-are seemingly mundane semiconductors with startling properties. Not only are they promising materials for energy-conserving electronic applications, they provide a fascinating medium for possibly observing still-theoretical particles that could play a major role in quantum computing. Two angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies recently performed at ALS Beamline 12.0.1 improve the prospects for the practical application of TIs in advanced devices.

278

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print A few years ago, a strange new material began to drive research in condensed-matter physics around the world. First theorized and then discovered by researchers at Berkeley Lab and their colleagues in other institutions, these "strong 3D topological insulators"-TIs for short-are seemingly mundane semiconductors with startling properties. Not only are they promising materials for energy-conserving electronic applications, they provide a fascinating medium for possibly observing still-theoretical particles that could play a major role in quantum computing. Two angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies recently performed at ALS Beamline 12.0.1 improve the prospects for the practical application of TIs in advanced devices.

279

Frostbite Theater - Liquid Nitrogen Experiments - Insulators!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Popping Film Canisters! Popping Film Canisters! Previous Video (Popping Film Canisters!) Frostbite Theater Main Index Next Video (Liquid Nitrogen Show!) Liquid Nitrogen Show! Insulators! Cups full of water are placed into bowls of liquid nitrogen! Which cup will insulate the best? [ Show Transcript ] Announcer: Frostbite Theater presents... Cold Cuts! No baloney! Joanna and Steve: Just science! Joanna: Hi! I'm Joanna! Steve: And I'm Steve! Joanna: And this is a container of liquid nitrogen! Steve: And these are two plastic cups! Joanna: Let's see which cup is the better insulator! Steve: Okay! So, um, how do we do that? Joanna: Well, we'll pour water into each of the cups and then we'll pour the liquid nitrogen into each of the bowls. If we then place the cup in the bowl, the heat from the water will try to pass through the cup into the

280

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print Studies Bolster Promise of Topological Insulators Print A few years ago, a strange new material began to drive research in condensed-matter physics around the world. First theorized and then discovered by researchers at Berkeley Lab and their colleagues in other institutions, these "strong 3D topological insulators"-TIs for short-are seemingly mundane semiconductors with startling properties. Not only are they promising materials for energy-conserving electronic applications, they provide a fascinating medium for possibly observing still-theoretical particles that could play a major role in quantum computing. Two angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) studies recently performed at ALS Beamline 12.0.1 improve the prospects for the practical application of TIs in advanced devices.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

An Insulating Breakthrough | Advanced Photon Source  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 Science Highlights Archives: 2013 | 2012 | 2011 | 2010 2009 | 2008 | 2007 | 2006 2005 | 2004 | 2003 | 2002 2001 | 2000 | 1998 | Subscribe to APS Science Highlights rss feed An Insulating Breakthrough JANUARY 8, 2007 Bookmark and Share Tungsten Diselenide A new insulating material with the lowest thermal conductivity ever measured for a fully dense solid has been created at the University of Oregon (UO) and tested at the XOR/UNI 33-BM beamline at the U.S. Department of Energy's Advanced Photon Source (APS) at Argonne. The research was carried out by collaborators from the UO, the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and Argonne. While far from having immediate application, the principles involved, once understood, could lead to improved insulation for a wide variety of uses,

282

Electrical insulator assembly with oxygen permeation barrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-voltage electrical insulator for electrically insulating a thermoelectric module in a spacecraft from a niobium-1% zirconium alloy wall of a heat exchanger filled with liquid lithium while providing good thermal conductivity between the heat exchanger and the thermoelectric module. The insulator has a single crystal alumina layer (SxAl[sub 2]O[sub 3], sapphire) with a niobium foil layer bonded thereto on the surface of the alumina crystal facing the heat exchanger wall, and a molybdenum layer bonded to the niobium layer to act as an oxygen permeation barrier to preclude the oxygen depleting effects of the lithium from causing undesirable niobium-aluminum intermetallic layers near the alumina-niobium interface. 3 figures.

Van Der Beck, R.R.; Bond, J.A.

1994-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

283

Electrical insulator assembly with oxygen permeation barrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A high-voltage electrical insulator (21) for electrically insulating a thermoelectric module (17) in a spacecraft from a niobium-1% zirconium alloy wall (11) of a heat exchanger (13) filled with liquid lithium (16) while providing good thermal conductivity between the heat exchanger and the thermoelectric module. The insulator (21) has a single crystal alumina layer (SxAl.sub.2 O.sub.3, sapphire) with a niobium foil layer (32) bonded thereto on the surface of the alumina crystal (26) facing the heat exchanger wall (11), and a molybdenum layer (31) bonded to the niobium layer (32) to act as an oxygen permeation barrier to preclude the oxygen depleting effects of the lithium from causing undesirable niobium-aluminum intermetallic layers near the alumina-niobium interface.

Van Der Beck, Roland R. (Lansdale, PA); Bond, James A. (Exton, PA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

Gaseous insulators for high voltage electrical equipment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Gaseous insulators comprise compounds having high attachment cross sections for electrons having energies in the 0-1.3 electron volt range. Multi-component gaseous insulators comprise compounds and mixtures having overall high electron attachment cross sections in the 0-1.3 electron volt range and moderating gases having high cross sections for inelastic interactions with electrons of energies 1-4 electron volts. Suitable electron attachment components include hexafluorobutyne, perfluorobutene-2, perfluorocyclobutane, perfluorodimethylcyclobutane, perfluorocyclohexene, perfluoromethylcyclohexane, hexafluorobutadiene, perfluoroheptene-1 and hexafluoroazomethane. Suitable moderating gases include N.sub.2, CO, CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2. The gaseous insulating mixture can also contain SF.sub.6, perfluoropropane and perfluorobenzene.

Christophorou, Loucas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); James, David R. (Knoxville, TN); Pace, Marshall O. (Knoxville, TN); Pai, Robert Y. (Concord, TN)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Gaseous insulators for high voltage electrical equipment  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Gaseous insulators comprise compounds having high attachment cross sections for electrons having energies in the 0-1.3 electron volt range. Multi-component gaseous insulators comprise compounds and mixtures having overall high electron attachment cross sections in the 0-1.3 electron volt range and moderating gases having high cross sections for inelastic interactions with electrons of energies 1-4 electron volts. Suitable electron attachment components include hexafluorobutyne, perfluorobutene-2, perfluorocyclobutane, perfluorodimethylcyclobutane, perfluorocyclohexene, perfluoromethylcyclohexane, hexafluorobutadiene, perfluoroheptene-1 and hexafluoroazomethane. Suitable moderating gases include N.sub.2, CO, CO.sub.2 and H.sub.2. The gaseous insulating mixture can also contain SF.sub.6, perfluoropropane and perfluorobenzene.

Christophorou, Loucas G. (Oak Ridge, TN); James, David R. (Knoxville, TN); Pace, Marshall O. (Knoxville, TN); Pai, Robert Y. (Concord, TN)

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Multilayer insulation blanket, fabricating apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved multilayer insulation blanket for insulating cryogenic structures operating at very low temperatures is disclosed. An apparatus and method for fabricating the improved blanket are also disclosed. In the improved blanket, each successive layer of insulating material is greater in length and width than the preceding layer so as to accommodate thermal contraction of the layers closest to the cryogenic structure. The fabricating apparatus has a rotatable cylindrical mandrel having an outer surface of fixed radius that is substantially arcuate, preferably convex, in cross-section. The method of fabricating the improved blanket comprises (a) winding a continuous sheet of thermally reflective material around the circumference of the mandrel to form multiple layers, (b) binding the layers along two lines substantially parallel to the edges of the circumference of the mandrel, (c) cutting the layers along a line parallel to the axle of the mandrel, and (d) removing the bound layers from the mandrel. 7 figs.

Gonczy, J.D.; Niemann, R.C.; Boroski, W.N.

1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

287

Method of fabricating a multilayer insulation blanket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved multilayer insulation blanket for insulating cryogenic structures operating at very low temperatures is disclosed. An apparatus and method for fabricating the improved blanket are also disclosed. In the improved blanket, each successive layer of insulating material is greater in length and width than the preceding layer so as to accommodate thermal contraction of the layers closest to the cryogenic structure. The fabricating apparatus has a rotatable cylindrical mandrel having an outer surface of fixed radius that is substantially arcuate, preferably convex, in cross-section. The method of fabricating the improved blanket comprises (a) winding a continuous sheet of thermally reflective material around the circumference of the mandrel to form multiple layers, (b) binding the layers along two lines substantially parallel to the edges of the circumference of the mandrel, (c) cutting the layers along a line parallel to the axle of the mandrel, and (d) removing the bound layers from the mandrel.

Gonczy, J.D.; Niemann, R.C.; Boroski, W.N.

1993-07-06T23:59:59.000Z

288

Nuclear reactor vessel fuel thermal insulating barrier  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The reactor vessel of a nuclear reactor installation which is suspended from the cold leg nozzles in a reactor cavity is provided with a lower thermal insulating barrier spaced from the reactor vessel that has a hemispherical lower section that increases in volume from the center line of the reactor to the outer extent of the diameter of the thermal insulating barrier and smoothly transitions up the side walls of the vessel. The space between the thermal insulating harrier and the reactor vessel forms a chamber which can be flooded with cooling water through passive valving to directly cool the reactor vessel in the event of a severe accident. The passive inlet valve for the cooling water includes a buoyant door that is normally maintained sealed under its own weight and floats open when the cavity is Hooded. Passively opening steam vents are also provided.

Keegan, C. Patrick; Scobel, James H.; Wright, Richard F.

2013-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

289

Method of fabricating a multilayer insulation blanket  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved multilayer insulation blanket for insulating cryogenic structures operating at very low temperatures is disclosed. An apparatus and method for fabricating the improved blanket are also disclosed. In the improved blanket, each successive layer of insulating material is greater in length and width than the preceding layer so as to accommodate thermal contraction of the layers closest to the cryogenic structure. The fabricating apparatus has a rotatable cylindrical mandrel having an outer surface of fixed radius that is substantially arcuate, preferably convex, in cross-section. The method of fabricating the improved blanket comprises (a) winding a continuous sheet of thermally reflective material around the circumference of the mandrel to form multiple layers, (b) binding the layers along two lines substantially parallel to the edges of the circumference of the mandrel, (c) cutting the layers along a line parallel to the axle of the mandrel, and (d) removing the bound layers from the mandrel.

Gonczy, John D. (Oak Lawn, IL); Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL); Boroski, William N. (Aurora, IL)

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Is graphene in vacuum an insulator?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present evidence, from Lattice Monte Carlo simulations of the phase diagram of graphene as a function of the Coulomb coupling between quasiparticles, that graphene in vacuum is likely to be an insulator. We find a semimetal-insulator transition at $\\alpha_g^\\text{crit} = 1.11 \\pm 0.06$, where $\\alpha_g^{} \\simeq 2.16$ in vacuum, and $\\alpha_g^{} \\simeq 0.79$ on a SiO$_2^{}$ substrate. Our analysis uses the logarithmic derivative of the order parameter, supplemented by an equation of state. The insulating phase disappears above a critical number of four-component fermion flavors $4 < N_f^{\\text{crit}} < 6$. Our data are consistent with a second-order transition.

Joaquín E. Drut; Timo A. Lähde

2008-07-05T23:59:59.000Z

291

Multilayer insulation blanket, fabricating apparatus and method  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An improved multilayer insulation blanket for insulating cryogenic structures operating at very low temperatures is disclosed. An apparatus and method for fabricating the improved blanket are also disclosed. In the improved blanket, each successive layer of insulating material is greater in length and width than the preceding layer so as to accommodate thermal contraction of the layers closest to the cryogenic structure. The fabricating apparatus has a rotatable cylindrical mandrel having an outer surface of fixed radius that is substantially arcuate, preferably convex, in cross-section. The method of fabricating the improved blanket comprises (a) winding a continuous sheet of thermally reflective material around the circumference of the mandrel to form multiple layers, (b) binding the layers along two lines substantially parallel to the edges of the circumference of the mandrel, (c) cutting the layers along a line parallel to the axle of the mandrel, and (d) removing the bound layers from the mandrel.

Gonczy, John D. (Oak Lawn, IL); Niemann, Ralph C. (Downers Grove, IL); Boroski, William N. (Aurora, IL)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Vacuum Glazing; A Thermally Insulating Window Technology  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vacuum Glazing; A Thermally Insulating Window Technology Vacuum Glazing; A Thermally Insulating Window Technology Speaker(s): Cenk Kocer Date: May 31, 2012 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3122 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Sunnie Lim The vacuum glazing consists of two panes of glass separated by a sub-millimetre vacuum gap. Under the action of atmospheric pressure the separation of the panes is maintained by an array of high strength spacers in the gap. The glass panes are hermetically sealed at the edge using a low melting point glass frit (solder glass). Since 1913 many have worked on a practical implementation of such a flat insulating glass structure, with success finally being reported in 1989 by Collins et al. at the University of Sydney. The purpose of this talk is to present a brief history of the vacuum glazing research at the University of Sydney, and outline in detail

293

Test Report: Cost Effective Foundation Insulation  

SciTech Connect

A field experiment was conducted to demonstrate and quantify the thermal effectiveness of rigid insulation board when installed on the exterior of a buried concrete foundation wall. A heated, insulated box was constructed along one wall of an existing, unheated building to simulate the living space of a home. The crawl space beneath the living space was divided into two sections. One featured external foundation insulation, while the other side had none. 36 temperature and heat flux sensors were installed at predetermined locations to measure the temperature profile and heat flow out of the living space. The temperature profile through the foundation was then used to calculate the total heat flow out of the foundation for both cases. This experiment showed that a significant energy savings is available with exterior foundation insulation. Over the course of 3 months, the heat-loss differential between the insulated and non-insulated foundations was 4.95 kilowatt-hours per lineal foot of foundation wall, for a ratio of 3:1. For a 2200 sq. ft home with a foundation perimeter 200 ft. long, this would amount to a savings of 990 kW-hrs in just 3 months, or 330 kW-hrs per month. Extrapolating to an 8-month heating year, we would expect to save over 2640 kW-hrs per year for such a home. The savings for a basement foundation, rather than a crawlspace, would be approach twice that amount, nearing 5280 kW-hr per year. Because these data were not collected during the coldest months of the year, they are conservative, and greater savings may be expected during colder periods.

Jeffrey M. Lacy; T. E. Rahl; G. A. Twitchell; R. G. Kobbe

2003-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

294

When wall insulation doesn`t save  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A recent study in Florida concluded that while wall insulation clearly saves heating energy, it is less effective at saving cooling energy. The study focused on concrete block houses on slab foundations, and determined that whether insulation saves cooling energy depends significantly on the interior thermostat setpoint, the lower the thermostat below outside temperature, the more likely wall installation was to save energy. This article describes the design of the study and compares it to other studies. Results in their entirety are described. 1 fig.

Johnson, D.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

Development and Testing of Insulated Drill Pipe  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This project has comprised design, analysis, laboratory testing, and field testing of insulated drill pipe (IDP). This paper will briefly describe the earlier work, but will focus on results from the recently-completed field test in a geothermal well. Field test results are consistent with earlier analyses and laboratory tests, all of which support the conclusion that insulated drill pipe can have a very significant effect on circulating fluid temperatures. This will enable the use of downhole motors and steering tools in hot wells, and will reduce corrosion, deterioration of drilling fluids, and heat-induced failures in other downhole components.

Champness, T.; Finger, J.; Jacobson, R.

1999-07-07T23:59:59.000Z

296

V-226: HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems Denial of Service Vulnerability |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

6: HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems Denial of Service 6: HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems Denial of Service Vulnerability V-226: HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems Denial of Service Vulnerability August 24, 2013 - 3:45am Addthis PROBLEM: A vulnerability has been reported in HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems, which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of Service). PLATFORM: HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems 1.x, HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems 2.x ABSTRACT: The vulnerability is reported in versions 2.2.18 and prior and 1.2.18 and prior. REFERENCE LINKS: Secunia Advisory SA54598 CVE-2013-2353 IMPACT ASSESSMENT: Moderate DISCUSSION: A vulnerability has been reported in HP StoreOnce D2D Backup Systems, which can be exploited by malicious people to cause a DoS (Denial of Service). The vulnerability is caused due to an unspecified error. No further

297

KIVA: a comprehensive model for 2D and 3D engine simulations  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper summarizes a comprehensive numerical model that represents the spray dynamics, fluid flow, species transport, mixing, chemical reactions, and accompanying heat release that occur inside the cylinder of an internal combustion engine. The model is embodied in the KIVA computer code. The code calculates both two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) situations. It is an outgrowth of the earlier 2D CONCHAS-SPRAY computer program. Sample numerical calculations are presented to indicate the level of detail that is available from these simulations. These calculations are for a direct injection stratified charge engine with swirl. Both a 2D and a 3D example are shown.

Amsden, A.A.; Butler, T.D.; O'Rourke, P.J.; Ramshaw, J.D.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Data:86080fd2-d7f0-470b-8485-ac01338b1d2d | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

0fd2-d7f0-470b-8485-ac01338b1d2d 0fd2-d7f0-470b-8485-ac01338b1d2d No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Piedmont Electric Member Corp Effective date: 2011/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: OUTDOOR LIGHTING SERVICE 175 Watt Mercury Vapor Lamp Sector: Lighting Description: 1. The Cooperative shall furnish and install a wooden pole if required for the outdoor light, within 150 feet of existing secondary circuits. If an additional wood pole is required, other than for mounting the lighting fixture, there will be a contribution-in-aid of construction of $125.00 per pole. The contribution-in-aid of construction for the decorative post top fixture on the decorative fluted fiberglass pole with a twelve (12) foot mounting height will be $1,125.00. 2.The charge for the purchased power related costs shall be 3.904¢ times the estimated average monthly kWh usage. 3. Consumer requested conversion of an existing, properly operating Security light fixture will require the following one time service charge(s): Conversion of fixture on same pole, same location: $ 36.00 Conversion of fixture requiring removal of a pole: $36.00

299

Data:693e6aec-7e2d-4a28-8b2d-8657bd6c2317 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

aec-7e2d-4a28-8b2d-8657bd6c2317 aec-7e2d-4a28-8b2d-8657bd6c2317 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Long Island Power Authority Effective date: 2012/03/05 End date if known: Rate name: 281 (Large General Service Secondary) Sector: Commercial Description: For monthly-billed Customers, electric use during the last twelve (12) months has equaled or been greater than 2,000 KWH in each of two (2) consecutive monthly billing periods, or b) For bimonthly-billed Customers, electric use during the last twelve (12) months has equaled or been greater than 4,000 KWH in one (1) bimonthly billing period, or c) For Applicants, the Authority estimates their demands at 7 KW or more.

300

Data:909cb0ad-9159-40ad-a117-2d7740c2d61e | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

cb0ad-9159-40ad-a117-2d7740c2d61e cb0ad-9159-40ad-a117-2d7740c2d61e No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Nodak Electric Coop Inc Effective date: 2012/05/20 End date if known: Rate name: GS High Density-Single Phase Sector: Industrial Description: Additional Meters (Off-Peak Included) $ 3.60/Meter/Month Available for service to locations in a High Density area. A High Density area is defined as: ï‚· An enlargement (generally 160 acres) with 20 or more active locations, or ï‚· A cluster of 20 or more active locations, or ï‚· A cluster with 10 or more active locations that adjoins an enlargement with 20 or more active locations, or ï‚· An area adjacent to an incorporated town with 20 or more active locations. Renewable Energy Market Adjustment $0.003/KWH (Added to All Above Energy Rates) Controlled Water Heater Credit $.00736/KWH Applies to the first 1,000 KWHs each month (October-March)

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Data:130918b6-4287-43f2-b2d5-6b848b57a2d9 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

4287-43f2-b2d5-6b848b57a2d9 4287-43f2-b2d5-6b848b57a2d9 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Pontotoc Electric Power Assn Effective date: 2013/07/01 End date if known: Rate name: General Power Service GSA (51 kW -1000 kW) Multi-Phase Sector: Commercial Description: Source or reference: http://www.sitemason.com/files/fjDo1q/May%202012.pdf Source Parent: Comments Applicability Demand (kW) Minimum (kW): Maximum (kW): History (months): Energy (kWh) Minimum (kWh): Maximum (kWh): History (months): Service Voltage Minimum (V): Maximum (V): Character of Service Voltage Category: Phase Wiring: << Previous

302

Data:81a39522-c0da-49ee-8539-2d51e2d0df10 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9522-c0da-49ee-8539-2d51e2d0df10 9522-c0da-49ee-8539-2d51e2d0df10 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northcentral Mississippi E P A Effective date: 2011/10/11 End date if known: Rate name: General Service GSA (50 kW - 1000 kW) Sector: Commercial Description: *This rate shall apply to the firm power requirements (where a customer's contract demand is 5,000 kW or less) for electric service to commercial, industrial, and governmental customers, and to institutional customers including, without limitation, churches, clubs, fraternities, orphanages, nursing homes, rooming or boarding houses, and like customers. This rate shall also apply to customers to whom service is not available under any other resale rate schedule.

303

Data:E6c26b6e-354f-4fde-9d2d-aeab2d913c5c | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

c26b6e-354f-4fde-9d2d-aeab2d913c5c c26b6e-354f-4fde-9d2d-aeab2d913c5c No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Blue Ridge Elec Member Corp Effective date: 2010/03/03 End date if known: Rate name: Outdoor Lighting Service Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Available for dusk to dawn outdoor lighting service to all members where the Cooperative's distribution facilities are located. Not available for part-time or seasonal operation of luminaires. Membership: Each consumer receiving service under this schedule shall be a member of the Cooperative and agrees to comply with the bylaws and abide by all service rules and regulations as adopted by the Cooperative's Board of Directors.

304

Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Payback Period of Additional Insulation the Payback Period of Additional Insulation Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation June 24, 2012 - 1:17pm Addthis Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. What does this mean for me? Even if you hire a contractor to do the work, adding insulation to your home will likely have an attractive payback. If you can gather the information and plug it into an equation, you can determine the payback of adding insulation to your home. Use the equation below to estimate the cost effectiveness of adding insulation in terms of the "years to payback" for savings in heating costs.

305

Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EI2 Insulation EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm to someone by E-mail Share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on Facebook Tweet about Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on Twitter Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on Google Bookmark Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on Delicious Rank Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on Digg Find More places to share Better Buildings Neighborhood Program: EI2 Insulation Helps Anxious Pooch Find Calm in the Storm on AddThis.com...

306

Savings Project: Insulate Hot Water Pipes for Energy Savings...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the insulation done during new construction of a home, during other work on your water heater or pipes, or insulating the pipes yourself, is well worth the effort. In special...

307

Moisture Durability of Vapor Permeable Insulating Sheathing (Fact Sheet)  

SciTech Connect

In this project, Building America team Building Science Corporation researched some of the ramifications of using exterior, vapor permeable insulation on retrofit walls with vapor permeable cavity insulation. Retrofit strategies are a key factor in reducing exterior building stock consumption.

Not Available

2013-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

Local Insulation Rebate Programs (Colorado) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

called Insulate Colorado, provides rebates of 20% of the cost, up to 300, to homeowners who increase the insulation andor air sealing of their homes. This is not a...

309

Transport properties in the vicinity of Mott insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Understanding the states in the vicinity of the Mott insulator is crucial to understanding both the physics of the transition between a Mott insulating phase and a metallic phase and the physics of the cuprate high-temperature ...

Nave, Cody Patrick, 1980-

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gaps and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new...

311

Insulated laser tube structure and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An insulated high temperature ceramic laser tube having substantially uniform insulation along the length of the tube is disclosed having particulate ceramic insulation positioned between the outer wall of the ceramic laser tube and the inner surface of tubular ceramic fiber insulation which surrounds the ceramic laser tube. The particulate ceramic insulation is preferably a ceramic capable of sintering to the outer surface of the ceramic laser tube and to the inner surface of the tubular ceramic fiber insulation. The addition of the particulate ceramic insulation to fill all the voids between the ceramic laser tube and the fibrous ceramic insulation permits the laser tube to be operated at a substantially uniform temperature throughout the length of the laser tube.

Dittbenner, Gerald R. (4353 Findlay Way, Livermore, CA 94550)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

312

Section 4.2.2 Insulation: Greening Federal Facilities; Second...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

can easily be added to attics or under floors, but retrofitting cavity insulation in walls is usually expensive and disruptive. It is less disruptive to add wall insulation on...

313

Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation Estimating the Payback Period of Additional Insulation June 24, 2012 - 1:17pm Addthis Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. Adding insulation in the attic of an existing home often results in a favorable payback. | Photo courtesy of Lieko Earle, NREL PIX 19612. What does this mean for me? Even if you hire a contractor to do the work, adding insulation to your home will likely have an attractive payback. If you can gather the information and plug it into an equation, you can determine the payback of adding insulation to your home. Use the equation below to estimate the cost effectiveness of adding insulation in terms of the "years to payback" for savings in heating costs.

314

Gas insulated transmission line having tapered particle trapping ring  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes an outer sheath, an inner conductor, insulating supports and an insulating gas. A particle-trapping ring is secured to each insulating support, and it is comprised of a central portion and two tapered end portions. The ends of the particle trapping ring have a smaller diameter than the central portion of the ring, so as to enable the use of the particle trapping ring in a curved transmission line.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA)

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The Private Life of Electrons in Amorphous Insulators  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... The Private Life of Electrons in Amorphous Insulators. Since the twenties, it has been known that the stationary electron ...

316

CA Dept of Consumer Affairs, BEARHFTI - Thermal Insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Density). Thermal Resistance. [01/T05] ASTM C335 Steady-State Heat Transfer Properties of Horizontal Pipe Insulation. [01 ...

2013-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

317

Environmental Cycling of Cellulosic Thermal Insulation and Its ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... cellulosic insulation industry, lengthy conditioning cycles and testing -8- ... energy using a flux profile generated during test ... and Technology, Vol. ...

2008-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

318

Corrugated outer sheath gas-insulated transmission line  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas-insulated transmission line includes two transmission line sections each of which are formed of a corrugated outer housing enclosing an inner high-voltage conductor disposed therein, with insulating support means supporting the inner conductor within the outer housing and an insulating gas providing electrical insulation therebetween. The outer housings in each section have smooth end sections at the longitudinal ends thereof which are joined together by joining means which provide for a sealing fixed joint.

Kemeny, George A. (Pittsburgh, PA); Cookson, Alan H. (Churchill Boro, PA)

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

SynFoam Structural Insulators - Programmaster.org  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Currently, most non-pyrolyzing insulation materials have poor mechanical properties and only modest temperature capabilities. Powdermet's optimized ...

320

ASBESTOS PIPE-INSULATION REMOVAL ROBOT SYSTEM  

SciTech Connect

This final topical report details the development, experimentation and field-testing activities for a robotic asbestos pipe-insulation removal robot system developed for use within the DOE's weapon complex as part of their ER and WM program, as well as in industrial abatement. The engineering development, regulatory compliance, cost-benefit and field-trial experiences gathered through this program are summarized.

Unknown

2000-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Effects of foam insulation ban far reaching  

SciTech Connect

The government ban on urea-formaldehyde foam as an insulation material for homes is discussed. Resultant economic hardships are projected not only for the primary industry but for other industries using formaldehyde in their products. The loss of realty value for homeowners who used the foam is also a topic. Criteria for making the controversial ban are given. (PSB)

Hanson, D.J.

1982-03-29T23:59:59.000Z

322

Insulation refit kit for domestic water heaters  

SciTech Connect

The development, testing, and marketing of an insulation kit which homeowners could apply to gas or electric hot water heaters in order to conserve energy in water heating are described. The kit, being marketed at $20, should save 450 kWh or 3600 ft/sup 3/ of gas per year. (LCL)

1977-03-23T23:59:59.000Z

323

Experience with 113 Retrofit Insulation Surveys  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We have surveyed 113 plants for thirteen clients. The results of 21 recent surveys at today's average fuel price, show an average project scope generation of $151,000 while saving about 5MMBTU/hour with a 72% DCF rate of return. The size of the retrofit project generated, or scope, is of course sensitive to the fuel price. This is an important consideration because of the variability of fuel price. A study of the effect of fuel price on project scope generation and on return has been made using sophisticated computer programs designed for this purpose. These results indicate that scope generation may vary from $50,000 for $3.00 fuel up to $80,000 for $6.00 fuel. When this happens, the project return will increase from 100% up to 165% per year. The main problem that we have found with retrofit insulation surveys is the processing of detail in existing plants. The solution is the preparation or selection of the right system for approaching the problem utilizing computer programs. The time required to generate systematic approaches to insulation surveys and the generation of retrofit projects are sizable. The continued heat losses while studying the project are also significant. Thus, the heat losses suffered while deciding how to insulate can be sufficient to pay for an insulation survey.

Webber, W. O.

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

324

Nonlocal Edge State Transport in Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use the N-terminal scheme for studying the edge state transportin in two-dimensional topological insulators. We find the universal nonlocal response in the ballistic transport approach. This macroscopic exhibition of the topological order offers new areas for applications.

Alexander P. Protogenov; Evgueni V. Chulkov; Valery A. Verbus

2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

325

Laminated insulators having heat dissipation means  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A laminated body is provided with heat dissipation capabilities. The insulator body is formed by dielectric layers interleaved with heat conductive layers, and bonded by an adhesive to form a composite structure. The heat conductive layers include provision for connection to an external thermal circuit.

Niemann, R.C.; Mataya, K.F.; Gonczy, J.D.

1980-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

326

Fast 2D non-LTE radiative modelling of prominences I. Numerical methods and benchmark results  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

New high-resolution spectropolarimetric observations of solar prominences require improved radiative modelling capabilities in order to take into account both multi-dimensional - at least 2D - geometry and complex atomic models. This makes necessary the use of very fast numerical schemes for the resolution of 2D non-LTE radiative transfer problems considering freestanding and illuminated slabs. The implementation of Gauss-Seidel and successive over-relaxation iterative schemes in 2D, together with a multi-grid algorithm, is thoroughly described in the frame of the short characteristics method for the computation of the formal solution of the radiative transfer equation in cartesian geometry. We propose a new test for multidimensional radiative transfer codes and we also provide original benchmark results for simple 2D multilevel atom cases which should be helpful for the further development of such radiative transfer codes, in general.

L. Leger; L. Chevallier; F. Paletou

2007-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

327

Hydrogen Bond Rearrangements in Water Probed with Temperature-Dependent 2D IR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We use temperature-dependent two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) of dilute HOD in H2O to investigate hydrogen bond rearrangements in water. The OD stretching frequency is sensitive to its environment, and loss ...

Nicodemus, Rebecca A.

328

Some Techniques and Uses of 2D-C Habit Classification Software for Snow Particles  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A technique has been designed that uses observable properties of images from a 2D-C optical array probe (size, linearity, area, perimeter, and image density) to classify unsymmetrical ice particles into nine habit classes. Concentrations are ...

Edmond W. Holroyd III

1987-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

329

Simulations of a Boreal Grassland Hydrology at Valdai, Russia: PILPS Phase 2(d)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Project for the Intercomparison of Land-Surface Parameterization Schemes (PILPS) aims to improve understanding and modeling of land surface processes. PILPS phase 2(d) uses a set of meteorological and hydrological data spanning 18 yr (1966–83)...

C. Adam Schlosser; Andrew G. Slater; Alan Robock; Andrew J. Pitman; Konstantin Ya. Vinnikov; Ann Henderson-Sellers; Nina A. Speranskaya; Ken Mitchell; The PILPS 2(D) Contributors

2000-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

330

2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

a 2-D magnetotelluric (MT) survey has been carried out on a 13 km long profile across the thermal anomaly in the area of the geothermal power plant of Soultz-sous-Forets in the...

331

Application of 2D VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

2D VSP Imaging Technology to the Targeting of Exploration and Production Wells in a Basin and Range Geothermal System Humboldt House-Rye Patch Geothermal Area Geothermal Project...

332

On O-X mode conversion in 2D inhomogeneous plasma with a sheared magnetic field  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The conversion of an ordinary wave to an extraordinary wave in a 2D inhomogeneous slab model of the plasma confined by a sheared magnetic field is studied analytically.

A Yu Popov

2009-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

333

Ellipse-Fitting Techniques Applied to 2D-PMS Raindrop Images  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An ellipse-fitting technique is introduced in this paper to process the images of raindrops sampled by a 2D-PMS (Particle Measuring Systems, Inc.) probe. Algorithms to estimate size, shape, and orientation parameters of partial raindrop images ...

Rongrui Xiao; V. Chandrasekar; David Garbrick

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

334

A novel 2-D model approach for the prediction of hourly solar radiation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this work, a two-dimensional (2-D) representation of the hourly solar radiation data is proposed. The model enables accurate forecasting using image prediction methods. One year solar radiation data that is acquired and collected between August 1, ...

F. Onur Hocaoglu; Ö Nezih Gerek; Mehmet Kurban

2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

Computational study and analysis of structural imperfections in 1D and 2D photonic crystals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dielectric reflectors that are periodic in one or two dimensions, also known as 1D and 2D photonic crystals, have been widely studied for many potential applications due to the presence of wavelength-tunable photonic ...

Maskaly, Karlene Rosera

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

336

Black Holes, q-Deformed 2d Yang-Mills, and Non-perturbative Topological Strings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two-dimensional Yang-Mills, black holes and topologicalfor the two- dimensional black hole,” Nucl. Phys. B 622 (LBNL- 56688 Black Holes, q-Deformed 2d Yang-Mills, and Non-

Aganagic, Mina

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

337

Temperature-jump 2D IR spectroscopy to study protein conformational dynamics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Temperature-jump (T-jump) two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy (2D IR) is developed, characterized, and applied to the study of protein folding and association. In solution, protein conformational changes span a wide range ...

Jones, Kevin C. (Kevin Chapman)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

338

Self-assembled Semiconductor 0D, 1D and 2D Quantum Structures ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the present work, we present how bandgap modulation can be achieved by the introduction of self-assembled 0D, 1D and 2D quantum structures, quantum ...

339

Method and apparatus for filling thermal insulating systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for filling insulated glazing units is disclosed. The method utilizes a vacuum chamber in which the insulated glazing units are placed. The insulated glazing units and vacuum chamber are evacuated simultaneously. The units are then refilled with a low conductance gas such as Krypton while the chamber is simultaneously refilled with air.

Arasteh, Dariush K. (Oakland, CA)

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

Method and apparatus for filling thermal insulating systems  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for filling insulated glazing units is disclosed. The method utilizes a vacuum chamber in which the insulated glazing units are placed. The insulated glazing units and vacuum chamber are evacuated simultaneously. The units are then refilled with a low conductance gas such as Krypton while the chamber is simultaneously refilled with air. 3 figs.

Arasteh, D.K.

1992-01-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

STATE OF CALIFORNIA QUALITY INSULATION INSTALLATION FRAMING STAGE CHECKLIST  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be accepted by the building department or HERS rater. SPF insulation can be considered an air barrier when be insulated. These areas shall be called out on the building plans with diagrams and/or specific designSTATE OF CALIFORNIA QUALITY INSULATION INSTALLATION ­ FRAMING STAGE CHECKLIST CEC-CF-4R-ENV-21

342

Dynamic predictive clothing insulation models based on outdoor air and indoor operative temperatures  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Clothing Insulation Models on Building Energy Use, HVACinsulation for mechanically conditioned buildings andclothing insulation calculated for each building). Figure 8

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

343

Highly Insulating Glazing Systems using Non-Structural Center Glazing Layers  

SciTech Connect

Three layer insulating glass units with two low-e coatings and an effective gas fill are known to be highly insulating, with center-of-glass U-factors as low as 0.57 W/m{sup 2}-K (0.10 Btu/h-ft{sup 2}- F). Such units have historically been built with center layers of glass or plastic which extend all the way through the spacer system. This paper shows that triple glazing systems with non-structural center layers which do not create a hermetic seal at the edge have the potential to be as thermally efficient as standard designs, while potentially removing some of the production and product integration issues that have discouraged the use of triples.

Kohler, Christian; Arasteh, Dariush; Goudey, Howdy; Kohler, Christian

2008-04-09T23:59:59.000Z

344

Phase structure of 2-dimensional topological insulators by lattice strong coupling expansion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The phase structure of 2-dimensional topological insulators under a sufficiently strong electron-electron interaction is investigated. The effective theory is constructed by extending the idea of the Kane-Mele model on the graphenelike honeycomb lattice, in terms of U(1) lattice gauge theory (quantum electrodynamics, QED). We analyze the phase structure by the techniques of strong coupling expansion of lattice gauge theory. As a result, we find that the topological phase structure of the system is modified by the electron-electron interaction. There evolves a new phase with the antiferromagnetism not parallel to the direction pointed by the spin-orbit coupling, in between the conventional and the topological insulator phases. We also discuss the physical implication of the new phase structure found here, in analogy to the parity-broken phase in lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD), known as "Aoki phase".

Yasufumi Araki; Taro Kimura

2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

345

Extender for securing a closure  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An apparatus for securing a closure such as door or a window that opens and closes by movement relative to a fixed structure such as a wall or a floor. Many embodiments provide a device for relocating a padlock from its normal location where it secures a fastener (such as a hasp) to a location for the padlock that is more accessible for locking and unlocking the padlock. Typically an extender is provided, where the extender has a hook at a first end that is disposed through the eye of the staple of the hasp, and at an opposing second end the extender has an annulus, such as a hole in the extender or a loop or ring affixed to the extender. The shackle of the padlock may be disposed through the annulus and may be disposed through the eye of a second staple to secure the door or window in a closed or open position. Some embodiments employ a rigid sheath to enclose at least a portion of the extender. Typically the rigid sheath has an open state where the hook is exposed outside the sheath and a closed state where the hook is disposed within the sheath.

Thomas, II, Patrick A.

2012-10-02T23:59:59.000Z

346

List of Equipment Insulation Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Insulation Incentives Insulation Incentives Jump to: navigation, search The following contains the list of 242 Equipment Insulation Incentives. CSV (rows 1 - 242) Incentive Incentive Type Place Applicable Sector Eligible Technologies Active AEP Ohio - Commercial Energy Efficiency Rebate Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Commercial Fed. Government Industrial Institutional Local Government Nonprofit Schools State Government Central Air conditioners Chillers Custom/Others pending approval Energy Mgmt. Systems/Building Controls Equipment Insulation Heat pumps Lighting Lighting Controls/Sensors Motor VFDs Motors Programmable Thermostats Refrigerators Yes AEP Public Service Company of Oklahoma - Residential Efficiency Rebate Program (Oklahoma) Utility Rebate Program Oklahoma Residential Building Insulation

347

Vacuum Insulator Development for the Dielectric Wall Accelerator  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

At Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, we are developing a new type of accelerator, known as a Dielectric Wall Accelerator, in which compact pulse forming lines directly apply an accelerating field to the beam through an insulating vacuum boundary. The electrical strength of this insulator may define the maximum gradient achievable in these machines. To increase the system gradient, we are using 'High Gradient Insulators' composed of alternating layers of dielectric and metal for the vacuum insulator. In this paper, we present our recent results from experiment and simulation, including the first test of a High Gradient Insulator in a functioning Dielectric Wall Accelerator cell.

Harris, J R; Blackfield, D; Caporaso, G J; Chen, Y; Hawkins, S; Kendig, M; Poole, B; Sanders, D M; Krogh, M; Managan, J E

2008-03-17T23:59:59.000Z

348

Test Problem: Tilted Rayleigh-Taylor for 2-D Mixing Studies  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The 'tilted-rig' test problem originates from a series of experiments (Smeeton & Youngs, 1987, Youngs, 1989) performed at AWE in the late 1980's, that followed from the 'rocket-rig' experiments (Burrows et al., 1984; Read & Youngs, 1983), and exploratory experiments performed at Imperial College (Andrews, 1986; Andrews and Spalding, 1990). A schematic of the experiment is shown in Figure 1, and comprises a tank filled with light fluid above heavy, and then 'tilted' on one side of the apparatus, thus causing an 'angled interface' to the acceleration history due to rockets. Details of the configuration given in the next chapter include: fluids, dimensions, and other necessary details to simulate the experiment. Figure 2 shows results from two experiments, Case 110 (which is the source for this test problem) that has an Atwood number of 0.5, and Case 115 (a secondary source described in Appendix B), with Atwood of 0.9 Inspection of the photograph in Figure 2 (the main experimental diagnostic) for Case 110. reveals two main areas for mix development; 1) a large-scale overturning motion that produces a rising plume (spike) on the left, and falling plume (bubble) on the right, that are almost symmetric; and 2) a Rayleigh-Taylor driven mixing central mixing region that has a large-scale rotation associated with the rising and falling plumes, and also experiences lateral strain due to stretching of the interface by the plumes, and shear across the interface due to upper fluid moving downward and to the right, and lower fluid moving upward and to the left. Case 115 is similar but differs by a much larger Atwood of 0.9 that drives a strong asymmetry between a left side heavy spike penetration and a right side light bubble penetration. Case 110 is chosen as the source for the present test problem as the fluids have low surface tension (unlike Case 115) due the addition of a surfactant, the asymmetry small (no need to have fine grids for the spike), and there is extensive reasonable quality photographic data. The photographs in Figure 2 also reveal the appearance of a boundary layer at the left and right walls; this boundary layer has not been included in the test problem as preliminary calculations suggested it had a negligible effect on plume penetration and RT mixing. The significance of this test problem is that, unlike planar RT experiments such as the Rocket-Rig (Youngs, 1984), Linear Electric Motor - LEM (Dimonte, 1990), or the Water Tunnel (Andrews, 1992), the Tilted-Rig is a unique two-dimensional RT mixing experiment that has experimental data and now (in this TP) Direct Numerical Simulation data from Livescu and Wei. The availability of DNS data for the tilted-rig has made this TP viable as it provides detailed results for comparison purposes. The purpose of the test problem is to provide 3D simulation results, validated by comparison with experiment, which can be used for the development and validation of 2D RANS models. When such models are applied to 2D flows, various physics issues are raised such as double counting, combined buoyancy and shear, and 2-D strain, which have not yet been adequately addressed. The current objective of the test problem is to compare key results, which are needed for RANS model validation, obtained from high-Reynolds number DNS, high-resolution ILES or LES with explicit sub-grid-scale models. The experiment is incompressible and so is directly suitable for algorithms that are designed for incompressible flows (e.g. pressure correction algorithms with multi-grid); however, we have extended the TP so that compressible algorithms, run at low Mach number, may also be used if careful consideration is given to initial pressure fields. Thus, this TP serves as a useful tool for incompressible and compressible simulation codes, and mathematical models. In the remainder of this TP we provide a detailed specification; the next section provides the underlying assumptions for the TP, fluids, geometry details, boundary conditions (and alternative set-ups), initial conditions, and acceleration history (an

Andrews, Malcolm J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Livescu, Daniel [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Youngs, David L. [AWE

2012-08-14T23:59:59.000Z

349

Savings Project: Insulate Hot Water Pipes for Energy Savings | Department  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulate Hot Water Pipes for Energy Savings Insulate Hot Water Pipes for Energy Savings Savings Project: Insulate Hot Water Pipes for Energy Savings Addthis Project Level Medium Energy Savings $8-$12 annually Time to Complete 3 hours for a small house Overall Cost $10-$15 Insulating water pipes can save you water, energy, and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/nsj-images Insulating water pipes can save you water, energy, and money. | Photo courtesy of iStockphoto.com/nsj-images Insulating your hot water pipes reduces heat loss and can raise water temperature 2°F-4°F hotter than uninsulated pipes can deliver, allowing for a lower water temperature setting. You also won't have to wait as long for hot water when you turn on a faucet or showerhead, which helps conserve water. Paying for someone to insulate your pipes-as a project on its own-may

350

Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High Performance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Advanced Insulation for Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-Effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project to someone by E-mail Share Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-Effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project on Facebook Tweet about Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-Effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project on Twitter Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-Effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project on Google Bookmark Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High Performance Cost-Effective Wall, Roof, and Foundation Systems Research Project on Delicious Rank Building Technologies Office: Advanced Insulation for High

351

Emerging Weak Localization Effects on Topological Insulator-Insulating Ferromagnet (Bi_2Se_3-EuS) Interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thin films of topological insulator Bi_2Se_3 were deposited directly on insulating ferromagnetic EuS. Unusual negative magnetoresistance was observed near the zero field below the Curie temperature (T_C), resembling the weak localization effect; whereas the usual positive magnetoresistance was recovered above T_C. Such negative magnetoresistance was only observed for Bi_2Se_3 layers thinner than t~4nm, when its top and bottom surfaces are coupled. These results provide evidence for a proximity effect between a topological insulator and an insulating ferromagnet, laying the foundation for future realization of the half-integer quantized anomalous Hall effect in three-dimensional topological insulators.

Qi I. Yang; Merav Dolev; Li Zhang; Jinfeng Zhao; Alexander D. Fried; Elizabeth Schemm; Min Liu; Alexander Palevski; Ann F. Marshall; Subhash H. Risbud; Aharon Kapitulnik

2013-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

352

Nuclear reactor insulation and preheat system  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An insulation and preheat system for preselected components of a fluid cooled nuclear reactor. A gas tight barrier or compartment of thermal insulation surrounds the selected components and includes devices to heat the internal atmosphere of the compartment. An external surface of the compartment or enclosure is cooled, such as by a circulating fluid. The heating devices provide for preheating of the components, as well as maintenance of a temperature sufficient to ensure that the reactor coolant fluid will not solidify during shutdown. The external cooling limits the heat transferred to other plant structures, such as supporting concrete and steel. The barrier is spaced far enough from the surrounded components so as to allow access for remote or manual inspection, maintenance, and repair.

Wampole, Nevin C. (Latrobe, PA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Edge Excitations in Fractional Chern Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent theoretical works have demonstrated the realization of fractional quantum anomalous Hall states (also called fractional Chern insulators) in topological flat band lattice models without an external magnetic field. Such newly proposed lattice systems play a vital role to obtain a large class of fractional topological phases. Here we report the exact numerical studies of edge excitations for such systems in a disk geometry loaded with hard-core bosons, which will serve as a more viable experimental probe for such topologically ordered states. We find convincing numerical evidence of a series of edge excitations characterized by the chiral Luttinger liquid theory for the bosonic fractional Chern insulators in both the honeycomb disk Haldane model and the kagom\\'{e}-lattice disk model. We further verify these current-carrying chiral edge states by inserting a central flux to test their compressibility.

Wei-Wei Luo; Wen-Chao Chen; Yi-Fei Wang; Chang-De Gong

2013-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

354

Apparatus for insulating windows and the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for insulating window openings through walls and the like includes a thermal shutter, a rail for mounting the shutter adjacent to the window opening and a coupling for connecting the shutter to the rail. The thermal shutter includes an insulated panel adhered to frame members which surround the periphery of the panel. The frame members include a hard portion for providing the frame and a soft portion for providing a seal with that portion of the wall adjacent to the periphery of the opening. The coupling means is preferably integral with the attachment rail. According to a preferred embodiment, the coupling means includes a continuous hinge of reduced thickness. The thermal shutter can be permanently attached, hinged, bi-folded, or sliding with respect to the window and wall. A distribution method is to market the apparatus in "kit" form.

Mitchell, Robert A. (R.D. #1, Box 462-A, Voorheesville, NY 12186)

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

Apparatus for insulating windows and the like  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Apparatus for insulating window openings through walls and the like includes a thermal shutter, a rail for mounting the shutter adjacent to the window opening and a coupling for connecting the shutter to the rail. The thermal shutter includes an insulated panel adhered to frame members which surround the periphery of the panel. The frame members include a hard portion for providing the frame and a soft portion for providing a seal with that portion of the wall adjacent to the periphery of the opening. The coupling means is preferably integral with the attachment rail. According to a preferred embodiment, the coupling means includes a continuous hinge of reduced thickness. The thermal shutter can be permanently attached, hinged, bi-folded, or sliding with respect to the window and wall. A distribution method is to market the apparatus in kit'' form. 11 figs.

Mitchell, R.A.

1984-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

356

Repulsive Casimir Effect with Chern insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We theoretically predict that the Casimir force in vacuum between two Chern insulator plates can be repulsive (attractive) at long distances whenever the sign of the Chern numbers characterizing the two plates are opposite (equal) and can be further tuned to attraction by electrostatic doping. We calculate and take into account the full optical response of the plates and argue that such repulsion is a general phenomena for these systems as it relies on the quantized zero frequency Hall conductivity. We discuss the possibility of achieving repulsion with thin films of Cr-doped (Bi,Sb)$_2$Te$_3$, that were recently discovered to be Chern insulators with quantized Hall conductivity and point towards multi-orbital systems as a route to realize this novel phenomenon.

Pablo Rodriguez-Lopez; Adolfo G. Grushin

2013-10-09T23:59:59.000Z

357

Excavationless Exterior Foundation Insulation Exploratory Study  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The key objective of this exploratory study was to investigate the feasibility of the development or adoption of technologies that would enable a large percentage of existing homes in cold climates to apply a combination 'excavationless' soil removal process with appropriate insulation and water management on the exterior of existing foundations at a low cost. Our approach was to explore existing excavation and material technologies and systems to discover whether potential successful combinations existed.

Mosiman, G.; Wagner, R.; Schirber, T.

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

358

Surge propagation in gas insulated substation  

SciTech Connect

Surge propagation performance in a 550 kV gas insulated substation is studied experimentally and by computer simulation using the Electro-Magnetic Transients Program. Extra capacitance added to the system by the components of GIS such as potential devices, branch buses, circuit breakers deform the wave shape of the travelling surges. A simple modeling technique to represent GIS in surge analysis is proposed and its applicability is proved. Paper No. 80 SM 658-5.

Matsumura, S.; Nitta, T.

1981-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Introduction NMR 2-D Ion Arrays Electronic Networking Conclusions An investigation of precision and scaling issues in  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction NMR 2-D Ion Arrays Electronic Networking Conclusions An investigation of precision Department of Physics Massachusetts Institute of Technology 11 March 2009 (1/50) #12;Introduction NMR 2-D Ion precision (2/50) #12;Introduction NMR 2-D Ion Arrays Electronic Networking Conclusions Digital simulation

Raizen, Mark G.

360

Aerogel: a transparent insulator for solar applications  

SciTech Connect

Aerogel is a transparent, low density, insulating material suitable for a variety of solar applications. Significant energy savings can be realized by using aerogel for a window glazing material. Other possible applications include solar collector covers, transparent insulating jackets for direct gain passive solar devices, and situations that require both transparency and good insulation. Because silica aerogel has a low density (2 to 10% solid), it has a thermal conductivity as low as 0.014 W/m/sup 0/K without evacuation, and if evacuated, lower than 0.006 W/m/sup 0/K. It provides a clear view with only slight coloring due to its weak and nearly isotropic scattering of light. This paper describes significant progress made in the past year at our laboratory in the development of aerogel. We have improved the transparency, developed new preparation methods using less toxic materials, and initiated successful experiments in drying alcogels at near ambient temperature. Optical transmission, light scattering, and electron microscopy data show that CO/sub 2/ supercritical drying of alcogels produces aerogels similar in quality to those produced by high temperature supercritical drying. These advances make the commercial production of aerogel much more feasible.

Hunt, A.J.; Russo, R.E.; Tewari, P.H.; Lofftus, K.D.

1985-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Humidity effects on wire insulation breakdown strength.  

SciTech Connect

Methods for the testing of the dielectric breakdown strength of insulation on metal wires under variable humidity conditions were developed. Two methods, an ASTM method and the twisted pair method, were compared to determine if the twisted pair method could be used for determination of breakdown strength under variable humidity conditions. It was concluded that, although there were small differences in outcomes between the two testing methods, the non-standard method (twisted pair) would be appropriate to use for further testing of the effects of humidity on breakdown performance. The dielectric breakdown strength of 34G copper wire insulated with double layer Poly-Thermaleze/Polyamide-imide insulation was measured using the twisted pair method under a variety of relative humidity (RH) conditions and exposure times. Humidity at 50% RH and below was not found to affect the dielectric breakdown strength. At 80% RH the dielectric breakdown strength was significantly diminished. No effect for exposure time up to 140 hours was observed at 50 or 80%RH.

Appelhans, Leah

2013-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Adjustable extender for instrument module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A blank extender module used to mount an instrument module in front of its console for repair or test purposes has been equipped with a rotatable mount and means for locking the mount at various angles of rotation for easy accessibility. The rotatable mount includes a horizontal conduit supported by bearings within the blank module. The conduit is spring-biased in a retracted position within the blank module and in this position a small gear mounted on the conduit periphery is locked by a fixed pawl. The conduit and instrument mount can be pulled into an extended position with the gear clearing the pawl to permit rotation and adjustment of the instrument.

Sevec, J.B.; Stein, A.D.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

363

Symmetry Enforced Non-Abelian Topological Order at the Surface of a Topological Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surfaces of three dimensional topological insulators (3D TIs) are generally described as Dirac metals, with a single Dirac cone. It was previously believed that a gapped surface implied breaking of either time reversal $\\mathcal T$ or U(1) charge conservation symmetry. Here we discuss a novel possibility in the presence of interactions, a surface phase that preserves all symmetries but is nevertheless gapped and insulating. Then the surface must develop topological order of a kind that cannot be realized in a 2D system with the same symmetries. We discuss candidate surface states - non-Abelian Quantum Hall states which, when realized in 2D, have $\\sigma_{xy}=1/2$ and hence break $\\mathcal T$ symmetry. However, by constructing an exactly soluble 3D lattice model, we show they can be realized as $\\mathcal T$ symmetric surface states. The corresponding 3D phases are confined, and have $\\theta=\\pi$ magnetoelectric response. Two candidate states have the same 12 particle topological order, the (Read-Moore) Pfaffian state with the neutral sector reversed, which we term T-Pfaffian topological order, but differ in their $\\mathcal T$ transformation. Although we are unable to connect either of these states directly to the superconducting TI surface, we argue that one of them describes the 3D TI surface, while the other differs from it by a bosonic topological phase. We also discuss the 24 particle Pfaffian-antisemion topological order (which can be connected to the superconducting TI surface) and demonstrate that it can be realized as a $\\mathcal T$ symmetric surface state.

Xie Chen; Lukasz Fidkowski; Ashvin Vishwanath

2013-06-13T23:59:59.000Z

364

Development and Application of Insulated Drill Pipe for High Temperature, High Pressure Drilling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This project aimed to extend the insulated drill pipe (IDP) technology already demonstrated for geothermal drilling to HTHP drilling in deep gas reservoirs where temperatures are high enough to pose a threat to downhole equipment such as motors and electronics. The major components of the project were: a preliminary design; a market survey to assess industry needs and performance criteria; mechanical testing to verify strength and durability of IDP; and development of an inspection plan that would quantify the ability of various inspection techniques to detect flaws in assembled IDP. This report is a detailed description of those activities.

Tom Champness; Tony Worthen; John Finger

2008-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

365

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Ground-Based and Airborne (PMS 2-D Probe Canister-Mounted) 183 GHz Water Vapor Radiometer Pazmany, Andrew ProSensing Inc. Category: Instruments ProSensing Inc. has developed a G-band (183 GHz, 1.5 mm wavelength) water vapor radiometer (GVR) for the measurement of low concentrations of atmospheric water vapor and liquid water. The instrument's precipitable water vapor measurement precision is approximately 0.01 mm in dry (<2 mm vapor column) conditions. The ground-based version of the instrument was first deployed at ProSensing's facility in Amherst, MA in February 2005, then at the North Slope of Alaska DOE ARM site in Barrow AK in April 2005, where it has been continuously operating since. An airborne version, designed to operate from a standard PMS 2-D probe canister, is now being

366

Integrating 3D and 2D computer generated imagery for the comics medium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advances in 3D computer technology have led to aesthetic experimentation within the comics medium. Comic creators have produced comic books done entirely with 3D models that are then assembled digitally for the printed page. However, in using these 3D objects in a comic format, the creators have developed art styles that do not adhere to the paradigms established by this traditionally 2D medium. More successful results can be achieved by integrating 3D computer generated imagery with traditional 2D imagery, rather than replacing it. This thesis develops a method of combining rendered 3D models with 2D vector graphics to create a comic book art style that is consistent with the traditional medium, while still taking advantage of the new technology.

DeLuna, Ruben

2004-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Insulator coating for high temperature alloys method for producing insulator coating for high temperature alloys  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A method for fabricating an electrically insulating coating on a surface is disclosed comprising coating the surface with a metal, and reacting the metal coated surface with a nonmetal so as to create a film on the metal-coated surface. Alternatively, the invention provides for a method for producing a noncorrosive, electrically insulating coating on a surface saturated with a nonmetal comprising supplying a molten fluid, dissolving a metal in the molten fluid to create a mixture, and contacting the mixture with the saturated surface. Lastly, the invention provides an electrically insulative coating comprising an underlying structural substrate coated with an oxide or nitride compound. This invention has applications to breeding blankets for fusion reactors as well as to alkali metal thermal to electric converters.

Park, J.H.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

368

Storing, Transporting and Installing Polymer Insulators: Viewing Guide for Educational Video  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although polymer insulators (alternatively called non-ceramic insulators (NCIs) or composite insulators) are very durable, they are not indestructible. Unlike glass or ceramic insulators, damage on polymer insulators is not only difficult to identify, it's likely to get worse over time. Therefore, the storing, transporting, and installation of polymer insulators must be done with care. EPRI has developed a video specifically to educate line crews in the proper techniques for handling polymer insulators, ...

2001-11-21T23:59:59.000Z

369

Scaling at the Energy-driven Metal-Insulator Transition and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The electronic properties of disordered systems at the Anderson metal-insulator transition (MIT) have been the subject of intense study for several decades. Thermoelectric properties at the MIT, such as thermopower and thermal conductivity, however, have been relatively neglected. Using the recursive Green’s function method and the Chester-Thellung-Kubo-Greenwood formalism, we calculate numerically the low temperature behaviour of all kinetic coefficients Lij. From these we can deduce for example the electrical conductivity ? and the thermopower S at finite temperatures. Here we present results for the case of completely coherent transport in cubic 3D systems. Copyright line will be provided by the publisher 1 Introduction The Anderson model [1] is widely used to investigate the phenomenon of localisation in disordered materials. Especially the possibility of a quantum phase transition driven by disorder from an insulating phase, where all states are localised, to a metallic phase with extended states has lead to extensive analytical and numerical investigations of the critical properties of this metal-insulator transition (MIT) [2].

The Thermoelectric Power; Er Croy; Rudolf A. Römer

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Single-Atom Resolved Fluorescence Imaging of an Atomic Mott Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The reliable detection of single quantum particles has revolutionized the field of quantum optics and quantum information processing. For several years, researchers have aspired to extend such detection possibilities to larger scale strongly correlated quantum systems, in order to record in-situ images of a quantum fluid in which each underlying quantum particle is detected. Here we report on fluorescence imaging of strongly interacting bosonic Mott insulators in an optical lattice with single-atom and single-site resolution. From our images, we fully reconstruct the atom distribution on the lattice and identify individual excitations with high fidelity. A comparison of the radial density and variance distributions with theory provides a precise in-situ temperature and entropy measurement from single images. We observe Mott-insulating plateaus with near zero entropy and clearly resolve the high entropy rings separating them although their width is of the order of only a single lattice site. Furthermore, we show how a Mott insulator melts for increasing temperatures due to a proliferation of local defects. Our experiments open a new avenue for the manipulation and analysis of strongly interacting quantum gases on a lattice, as well as for quantum information processing with ultracold atoms. Using the high spatial resolution, it is now possible to directly address individual lattice sites. One could, e.g., introduce local perturbations or access regions of high entropy, a crucial requirement for the implementation of novel cooling schemes for atoms on a lattice.

Jacob F. Sherson; Christof Weitenberg; Manuel Endres; Marc Cheneau; Immanuel Bloch; Stefan Kuhr

2010-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

371

Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation The addition of insulation to the exterior of buildings is an effective means of increasing the thermal resistance of both wood framed walls as well as mass masonry wall assemblies. The location of the insulation to the exterior of the structure has many direct benefits including better effective R-value from reduced thermal bridging, better condensation resistance, reduced thermal stress on the structure, as well as other commonly associated improvements such as increased air tightness and improved water management (Hutcheon 1964, Lstiburek 2007). The intent of the meeting was to review the current state of industry knowledge regarding cladding attachment over exterior insulation with a specific focus on: 1.

372

Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Emerging Technologies » Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Emerging Technologies » Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project Super Building Insulation by CO2 Foaming Process Research Project The Department of Energy is currently researching the development of building superinsulation through a carbon dioxide (CO2) foaming process. Project Description This project seeks to develop building super insulation through a carbon dioxide foaming process that does not use hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), and which produces insulation with a high R-value. Project Partners Research is being undertaken between the Department of Energy and The Industrial Science & Technology Network. Project Goals The goal of this project is to develop advanced insulation without HFC, and to achieve a competitive processing cost for CO2 foaming technology.

373

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of a Macroscopically Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print Wednesday, 27 May 2009 00:00 It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gaps and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new phase of quantum matter called a topological insulator that is characterized by entangled wavefunctions. The proposal has now been realized by an international collaboration led by researchers from Princeton University who studied the electronic structure of insulating alloys of bismuth and antimony by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and spin-resolved ARPES. Their results constitute the first direct experimental evidence of a topological insulator in nature that is fully quantum entangled. In the future, a detailed study of topological order and quantum entanglement using their method can potentially pave the way for fault-tolerant (topological) quantum computing.

374

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gaps and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new phase of quantum matter called a topological insulator that is characterized by entangled wavefunctions. The proposal has now been realized by an international collaboration led by researchers from Princeton University who studied the electronic structure of insulating alloys of bismuth and antimony by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and spin-resolved ARPES. Their results constitute the first direct experimental evidence of a topological insulator in nature that is fully quantum entangled. In the future, a detailed study of topological order and quantum entanglement using their method can potentially pave the way for fault-tolerant (topological) quantum computing.

375

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print Observation of a Macroscopically Quantum-Entangled Insulator Print It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gaps and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new phase of quantum matter called a topological insulator that is characterized by entangled wavefunctions. The proposal has now been realized by an international collaboration led by researchers from Princeton University who studied the electronic structure of insulating alloys of bismuth and antimony by means of angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES) and spin-resolved ARPES. Their results constitute the first direct experimental evidence of a topological insulator in nature that is fully quantum entangled. In the future, a detailed study of topological order and quantum entanglement using their method can potentially pave the way for fault-tolerant (topological) quantum computing.

376

Window insulation: how to sort through the options  

SciTech Connect

Options available for residential settings are discussed, including: how to identify window insulating devices that can save a significant amount of energy, including a discussion of components and types; how operating window insulating devices compares with using conventional, non-insulating window coverings; how to choose a product that can serve all the functions traditionally required of window coverings; how to avoid problems with do-it-yourself projects; and how to estimate costs and savings with window insulation. In addition, this publication provides information on window choices for new construction, and an overview of current research in window insulation. The appendices provide summaries of selected grant projects, and a reading list is presented for those who want more information on window insulation.

Miller, B.A.

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Sheath insulator final test report, TFE Verification Program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The sheath insulator in a thermionic cell has two functions. First, the sheath insulator must electrically isolate the collector form the outer containment sheath tube that is in contact with the reactor liquid metal coolant. Second, The sheath insulator must provide for high uniform thermal conductance between the collector and the reactor coolant to remove away waste heat. The goals of the sheath insulator test program were to demonstrate that suitable ceramic materials and fabrication processes were available, and to validate the performance of the sheath insulator for TFE-VP requirements. This report discusses the objectives of the test program, fabrication development, ex-reactor test program, in-reactor test program, and the insulator seal specifications.

Not Available

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

378

Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDA...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households: NYSERDA's Assisted Home Performance with ENERGY STAR Program Title Extending Efficiency Services to Underserved Households:...

379

Explosion resistant insulator and method of making same  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An electrical insulator assembly and method of manufacturing same, having a generally cylindrical or conical body portion formed of a breakable cast solid insulation system and a reinforcing member having a corrugated configuration and formed of a web or mesh type reinforcing fabric. When the breakable body member has been broken, the corrugated configured reinforcing web member provides a path of escape for pressurized insulating fluid while limiting the movement of body member fragments in the direction of escape of the pressurized fluid.

Meyer, Jeffry R. (Penn Hills, PA); Billings, Jr., John S. (Trafford, PA); Spindle, Harvey E. (Wilkins Township, Allegheny County, PA); Hofmann, Charles F. (Export, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

The Impact of Contaminated Environment on Insulator Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A particular weakness of outdoor substations is the external insulation. The insulation is particularly susceptible to failure if proper attention has not been given to its design, condition monitoring, and maintenance. In regions characterized by high contamination levels, regular maintenance and the application of palliative measures can be critical to ensure that the system meets its outage performance targets. This can involve pure maintenance measures such as insulator cleaning or performance-enhanc...

2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Electric Field Modeling of Polymer Insulators in Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The use of transmission line suspension class polymer insulators is increasing for a wide range of reasons including lower cost, availability, their lightweight nature, and contamination performance. The expected use of these polymer insulators is on transmission lines; thus this is the application for which manufacturers design and test the recommended corona rings. Numerous suspension polymer insulators are being applied in substations in configurations which have different geometries to the transmissi...

2005-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

382

Ladders of Insulating Material for Live Working: Research Plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report outlines a planned research and test program aimed at addressing concerns from field crews regarding undesirable mechanical behavior of insulating ladders used for live work, in particular regarding ladders that have been in service for some time.  Long and spliced ladders can flex and twist, which could pose difficulties or safety issues to the worker on the ladder. BackgroundInsulating ladders for live work are made of insulating ...

2012-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

383

Expansion Joint Concepts for High Temperature Insulation Systems  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As high temperature steam and process piping expands with heat, joints begin to open between the insulation sections, resulting in increased energy loss and possible unsafe surface temperatures. Many different expansion joint designs are presently in use for both single and double layer insulation construction. However, due to the installation cost reduction associated with single layer systems and increased thickness capabilities of insulation manufacturers, much attention is being given to utilizing single layer construction as much as possible.

Harrison, M. R.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Smart detection of leaf wilting by 3D image processing and 2D Fourier transform  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wilting is a common symptom in plants responding to drought stress. Early wilting detection is of high importance for crop precision management. However, it is challenging to develop a reliable measurement technology. This study presents a sensing method ... Keywords: 2D Fourier transform (2DFT), 3D image processing, Laser scanner, Wilting identification, Zucchini

X. Cai; Y. Sun; Y. Zhao; L. Damerow; P. Schulze Lammers; W. Sun; J. Lin; L. Zheng; Y. Tang

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

385

2D Gravity with Torsion, Oriented Matroids and 2+2 Dimensions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We find a link between oriented matroid theory and 2d gravity with torsion. Our considerations may be useful in the context of noncommutative phase space in a target spacetime of signature (2+2) and in a possible theory of gravity ramification.

J. A. Nieto; E. A. Leon

2009-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

386

Universality and nonperturbative definitions of 2D quantum gravity from matrix models  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The universality of the nonperturbative definition of Hermitian one-matrix models following the quantum stochastic, or d = 1-like stabilization is discussed in comparison with other procedures. The authors also present another alternative definition, which illustrates the need of new physical input for d = 0 matrix models to make contact with 2D quantum gravity at the nonperturbative level.

Miramontes, J.L. (Theory Div., CERN, CH-1211 Geneve 23 (Switzerland)); Guillen, J.S. (Lund Univ. (Sweden). Dept. of Theoretical Physics)

1992-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

387

Universality and Non-Perturbative Definitions of 2D Quantum Gravity from Matrix Models  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The universality of the non-perturbative definition of Hermitian one-matrix models following the quantum, stochastic, or $d=1$-like stabilization is discussed in comparison with other procedures. We also present another alternative definition, which illustrates the need of new physical input for $d=0$ matrix models to make contact with 2D quantum gravity at the non-perturbative level.

J. Luis Miramontes; Joaquin Sanchez Guillen

1991-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

388

Surface Sampling of a Snowstorm by a 2D-C Probe with and without Aspiration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 2D-C probe was mounted on the front of a truck for operation in a horizontal orientation, as on an aircraft, and also in a vertical orientation using an aspirator. A snowstorm with calm conditions was sampled by alternatively driving the truck ...

Edmond W. Holroyd III

1986-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Orientation Angle Distributions of Drops after an 80-m Fall Using a 2D Video Disdrometer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This note reports on the use of a 2D video disdrometer to estimate the orientation of drops (>2 mm) that were generated artificially and allowed to fall 80 m from a bridge with no obstruction and under calm conditions. This experimental setup ...

Gwo-Jong Huang; V. N. Bringi; M. Thurai

2008-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

390

Numerical study of 2D heat transfer in a scraped surface heat exchanger  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Numerical study of 2D heat transfer in a scraped surface heat exchanger K.-H. Sun a,*, D.L. Pyle heat exchanger with non- Newtonian power law fluids is undertaken. Numerical results are generated of scraped surface heat exchanger design are assessed in the light of the results. Ã? 2003 Elsevier Ltd. All

391

A traceability system incorporating 2D barcode and RFID technology for wheat flour mills  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wheat flour undergoes several processing steps in its transformation from raw wheat in the mill, which differentiates wheat flour from other farm products. At each step, various wheat sources are combined into one batch of wheat flour. This study primarily ... Keywords: 2D barcode, RFID, Supply chain, Traceability, Wheat flour

Jian-Ping Qian; Xin-Ting Yang; Xiao-Ming Wu; Li Zhao; Bei-Lei Fan; Bin Xing

2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

Gravity modeling of 21/2-D sedimentary basins - a case of variable density contrast  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An algorithm and associated codes are developed to determine the depths to bottom of a 2^1^/^2-D sedimentary basin in which the density contrast varies parabolically with depth. This algorithm estimates initial depths of a sedimentary basin automatically ... Keywords: Basement, Gravity anomaly, Modeling, Parabolic density profile, Sedimentary basin

V. Chakravarthi; N. Sundararajan

2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

A Pipelined Fast 2D-DCT Accelerator for FPGA-based SoCs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multimedia applications, and in particular the encoding and decoding of standard image and video formats, are usually a typical target for Systemson- Chip (SoC). The bi-dimensional Discrete Cosine Transformation (2D-DCT) is a commonly used frequency ...

Antonino Tumeo; Matteo Monchiero; Gianluca Palermo; Fabrizio Ferrandi; Donatella Sciuto

2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

394

CSY3019 -Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 3D graphics software: Java 2D (50%)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CSY3019 - Graphics Programming Assignment 2: Development of 3D graphics software: Java 2D (50 and/or strip lights). · User defined or loaded geometry (i.e. not primitive shapes). · The room & Title Page · Table of contents · Introduction · Analysis · Design · Implementation · Testing

Hill, Gary

395

A 2D nearest-neighbor quantum architecture for factoring in polylogarithmic depth  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We contribute a 2D nearest-neighbor quantum architecture for Shor's algorithm to factor an n-bit number in O(log3 n) depth. Our implementation uses parallel phase estimation, constant-depth fanout and teleportation, and constant-depth ... Keywords: Shor's algorithm, carry-save addition, nearest-neighbor, prime factorization, quantum architecture

Paul Pham, Krysta M. Svore

2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

Speckle suppression in SAR images using the 2-D GARCH model  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A novel Bayesian-based speckle suppression method for Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images is presented that preserves the structural features and textural information of the scene. First, the logarithmic transform of the original image is analyzed ... Keywords: 2-D GARCH model, MAP estimation, speckle, statistical modeling, synthetic aperture radar

Maryam Amirmazlaghani; Hamidreza Amindavar; Alireza Moghaddamjoo

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Electromagnetic wave interactions with 2D arrays of single-wall carbon nanotubes  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We report, for the first time, the scattering, absorption, and reflection characteristics of 2D arrays of finite-length, armchair, single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in the visible frequency regime. The analysis is based on the Finite-Element-Method ...

Taha A. Elwi; Hussain M. Al-Rizzo

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

A 2D nanosphere array for atomic spectroscopy M. Romanelli(1)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A 2D nanosphere array for atomic spectroscopy M. Romanelli(1) , I. Maurin, P. Todorov(2) , Chia boulevard, 1784 Sofia, Bulgaria (3) permanent address: National Central University, Jung-Li City, Taoyuan medium, such as a photonic crystal, with an atomic gas. Here, we discuss the first step of this program

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

399

Connected Components for a Fast and Robust 2D Lidar Data Segmentation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The paper presents a novel segmentation approach applied to a two-dimensional point-cloud extracted by a LIDAR device. The most common approaches perform well in outdoor environments where usually furniture and other objects are rather big and are composed ... Keywords: 2D Lidar Segmentation, Connected Component, Intelligent Vehicles, Point-cloud analysis, Unmanned Ground Vehicle

Daniel Oñoro Rubio, Artem Lenskiy, Jee-Hwan Ryu

2013-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Expert Meeting Report: Cladding Attachment Over Exterior Insulation...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

regarding cladding attachment over exterior insulation with a specific focus on: 1. Gravity load resistance, 2. Wind load resistance. The presentations explore these topics from...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Print Turning a material from an insulator to a metal, or vice versa, by light irradiation, exposure to electric or magnetic fields, or applying small changes in temperature,...

402

Properties of Carbonized Corn Straw as Thermal Insulating ... - TMS  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

May 1, 2007 ... Properties of Carbonized Corn Straw as Thermal Insulating Agent of Liquid Metal by Nan Wang, Min Chen, Yang Wang, Weiwei Leng, Yulong ...

403

Vehicular Storage of Hydrogen in Insulated Pressure Vessels  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes the development of an alternative technology for storing hydrogen fuel onboard automobiles. Insulated pressure vessels are cryogenic-capable pressure vessels that can accept cryogenic liquid fuel, cryogenic compressed gas or compressed gas at ambient temperature. Insulated pressure vessels offer advantages over conventional H{sub 2} storage approaches. Insulated pressure vessels are more compact and require less carbon fiber than GH{sub 2} vessels. They have lower evaporative losses than LH{sub 2} tanks, and are much lighter than metal hydrides. After outlining the advantages of hydrogen fuel and insulated pressure vessels, the paper describes the experimental and analytical work conducted to verify that insulated pressure vessels can be used safely for vehicular H{sub 2} storage. The paper describes tests that have been conducted to evaluate the safety of insulated pressure vessels. Insulated pressure vessels have successfully completed a series of DOT, ISO and SAE certification tests. A draft procedure for insulated pressure vessel certification has been generated to assist in a future commercialization of this technology. An insulated pressure vessel has been installed in a hydrogen fueled truck and it is currently being subjected to extensive testing.

Aceves, S M; Berry, G D; Martinez-Frias, J; Espinosa-Loza, F

2005-01-03T23:59:59.000Z

404

Highly Insulating Windows Volume Purchase Program Final Report  

SciTech Connect

This report summarizes the Highly Insulating Windows Volume Purchase Program, conduced by PNNL for DOE-BTP, including a summary of outcomes and lessons learned.

Parker, Graham B.; Mapes, Terry S.; Zalis, WJ

2013-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Feasibility of SF6 Gas-Insulated Transformers  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Feasibility of SF 6 Gas-Insulated Transformers Brandon Bouwman, P.E. Electrical Engineer, Generation Equipment Section Hydroelectric Design Center 14 June 2012 BUILDING STRONG ...

406

Electrically Addressable Carbon Nanofibers on (Non)Insulating ...  

Addressable Carbon Nanofibers on (Non)Insulating Substrates ... •Field emission from a large area of VACNF with nanoscale tips - MIT. 6 Managed by UT-Battelle

407

List of Building Insulation Incentives | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Program (Ohio) Utility Rebate Program Ohio Residential Building Insulation Ceiling Fan Central Air conditioners CustomOthers pending approval DuctAir sealing Heat pumps...

408

Optimization of Energy Saving Materials and Compressed Insulating ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Sep 16, 2007 ... Optimization of Energy Saving Materials and Compressed Insulating Layers in the Automotive Chemical Converters by E. Litovsky, V. Issoupov, ...

409

An analytical and experimental investigation for an interstitial insulation technology.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??An insulation technique has been developed which contains a single or combination of materials to help minimize heat loss in actual industrial applications. For the… (more)

Kim, Dong Keun

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

Measuring Thermal Conductivity of Powder Insulation at Cryogenic Temperatures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? A device to measure bulk effective thermal conductivity of powder insulation at cryogenic temperatures has been designed and tested. The design consists of two… (more)

Barrios, Matthew Nicklas

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

High-temperature Foam-reinforced Thermal Insulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Symposium, Advanced Materials for Harsh Environments. Presentation Title, High-temperature Foam-reinforced Thermal Insulation. Author(s), Jacob J. Stiglich, ...

412

Glass fiber composition. [for use as thermal insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The invention relates to a glass fiber composition useful for thermal insulation having a low melting temperature and high chemical durability.

Wolf, G.A.; Kupfer, M.J.

1980-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

413

Electrical and capacitive methods for detecting degradation in wire insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Motivated by a need within the aerospace industry to detect and characterize degradation in the insulation of onboard wires, this thesis reports testing of several… (more)

Sheldon, Robert Thomas

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Insulation for New Home Construction | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

of your home by resisting heat flow through the building envelope. State and local building codes typically include minimum insulation requirements, but your...

415

Where to Insulate in a Home | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the interior of a building. Half-inch drywall is usually sufficient, but check with local building officials before installing. Exterior Wall Insulation In an existing home,...

416

Failure of railhead material of insulated rail joints.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??"Aim of this research is to examine the impact fatigue failure of the railhead of the IRJ [insulated rail joints] and determine actions that can… (more)

Mandal, Nirmal Kumar.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

417

Partial discharges in low-voltage cables - Electrical Insulation ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Conference Record of the 1990 IEEE International Symposium on Electrical Insulation, Toronto ... to the con- ductor using a #60 twist drill in two of the ...

2013-05-17T23:59:59.000Z

418

Contoured insulation window for evacuated solar collector  

SciTech Connect

An insulating contoured window is provided for use with an enclosed chamber such as an evacuated flat plate solar heat collector with the contoured solar window being of minimum thickness and supported solely about its peripheral edge portions. The window is contoured in both its longitudinal and transverse directions, such that in its longitudinal direction the window is composed of a plurality of sinusoidal corrugations whereas in its transverse direction the peaks of such corrugations are contoured in the form of paraboloids so that the structure may withstand the forces generated thereon by the atmosphere.

Coppola, F. T.; Lentz, W. P.; Vandewoestine, R. V.

1980-02-05T23:59:59.000Z

419

Möbius Graphene Strip as Topological Insulator  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We study the electronic properties of M\\"{o}bius graphene strip with a zigzag edge. We show that such graphene strip behaves as a topological insulator with a gapped bulk and a robust metallic surface, which enjoys some features due to its nontrivial topology of the spatial configuration, such as the existence of edge states and the non-Abelian induced gauge field. We predict that the topological properties of the M\\"{o}bius graphene strip can be experimentally displayed by the destructive interference in the transmission spectrum, and the robustness of edge states under certain perturbations.

Z. L. Guo; Z. R. Gong; H. Dong; C. P. Sun

2009-06-09T23:59:59.000Z

420

Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Predictive Clothing Insulation Models based on Outdoor AirPREDICTIVE CLOTHING INSULATION MODELS ON BUILDING ENERGYthat the clothing insulation is equal to a constant value of

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

Influence Of Three Dynamic Predictive Clothing Insulation Models On Building Energy Use, HVAC Sizing And Thermal Comfort  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

CLOTHING INSULATION MODELS ON BUILDING ENERGY USE, HVACClothing Insulation Model; Clothing; Building Energy;clothing insulation models on the building simulation is

Schiavon, Stefano; Lee, Kwang Ho

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Reentrant Insulating State in Ultrathin Manganite Films  

SciTech Connect

The transport and magnetic properties of La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} thin-films grown by pulsed laser deposition on (LaAlO{sub 3}){sub 0.3}(SrAl{sub 0.5}Ta{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}){sub 0.7} single crystal substrates have been investigated. A systematic series with various thicknesses of La{sub 0.7}Sr{sub 0.3}MnO{sub 3} was used to establish a phase diagram - which showed a clear difference compared to films grown on SrTiO{sub 3} substrates, highlighting the importance of film thickness and substrate strain. At 8 unit cells, the boundary between the metallic and insulating ground states, a second abrupt metal-insulator transition was observed at low temperatures, which could be tuned with by magnetic field, and is interpreted as a signature of electronic phase separation.

Bell, Christopher

2011-08-11T23:59:59.000Z

423

Radiation-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel is described comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber that includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning ``on`` and ``off`` the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls. 25 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1995-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

424

Variably insulating portable heater/cooler  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel is described comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning ``on`` and ``off`` the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls. 25 figs.

Potter, T.F.

1998-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

425

Material-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel is described comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning ``on`` and ``off`` the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls. 25 figs.

Benson, D.K.; Potter, T.F.

1996-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

426

Prospects for highly insulating window systems  

SciTech Connect

Windows and other fenestration systems are often considered the weakest links in energy-efficient residences. This opinion is reinforced by building standards, audit guidelines, and standard window performance evaluation techniques geared toward sizing building HVAC equipment. In this paper we show that it should be possible to design highly insulating windows (U < 0.12 Btu/hr-ft/sup 2/-F) with high solar transmittances (SC > 0.6). If we then view annual window performance from the basic perspective of control of energy flows, we conclude that it should thus be possible to develop a new generation of ''super window'' that will outperform the best insulated wall or roof for any orientation even in a northern climate. We review several technical approaches that suggest how such a window system might be designed and built. These include multiglazed windows having one or more low-emittance coatings and gas-filled or evacuated cavities. Another approach uses a layer of transparent silica aerogel, a microporus material having a conductivity in air of about R7 per inch. We conclude by presenting data on annual energy performance in a cold climate for a range of ''super windows''. 8 refs., 6 figs.

Arasteh, D.; Selkowitz, S.

1985-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Cold climate foundation insulation retrofit performance  

SciTech Connect

The effectiveness of foundation insulation retrofits in 15 Minnesota houses was evaluated using a before-after experimental method. Nine houses received interior retrofits; six, exterior retrofits. Foundation air leaks were sealed before the preretrofit heating season to control for inadvertent sealing during retrofit. Basement heating supply and return registers were closed in most houses for the 21-month monitoring period, and for all houses the basement was an uncontrolled zone without a thermostat. Homeowners recorded gas and electricity meter readings and furnace and water heater on-times weekly. A load vs. outdoor temperature was used to evaluate changes in energy use. The average whole-house energy savings for the interior and exterior cases were 92 and 24 therm per year, or 7.9% (range - 0.6% to 17.8%) and 3.0% (range -2.9% to 8.3%), respectively. Minimum payback periods for the interior and exterior cases were 12 and 37 years, respectively. For all houses the basement temperature increased between the pre- and post-retrofit periods, and all homeowners reported increased comfort in their basements. Average measured savings were about one-third of those predicted. The results show that the application of insulation in an uncontrolled zone produces highly variable results and has the principal effect of increasing the temperature and comfort of the basement rather than producing cost-effective whole-house energy savings.

Robinson, D.A. (Robinson Technical Services, St. Paul, MN (US)); Goldberg, L.F.; Shen, L.S. (Univ. of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN (US)); Nelson, G.D. (Energy Conservatory, Minneapolis, MN (US)); Hewett, M.J. (Center for Energy and the Urban Environment, Minneapolis, MN (US)); Noble, M.T. (Natural Resources Corp., Minneapolis, MN (US))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Material-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls.

Benson, David K. (14154 W. First Dr., Golden, CO 80401); Potter, Thomas F. (515 S. Magnolia La., Denver, CO 80224)

1996-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

429

Radiation-controlled dynamic vacuum insulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber that includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls.

Benson, David K. (Golden, CO); Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

430

Variably insulating portable heater/cooler  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A compact vacuum insulation panel comprising a chamber enclosed by two sheets of metal, glass-like spaces disposed in the chamber between the sidewalls, and a high-grade vacuum in the chamber includes apparatus and methods for enabling and disabling, or turning "on" and "off" the thermal insulating capability of the panel. One type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a metal hydride for releasing hydrogen gas into the chamber in response to heat, and a hydrogen grate between the metal hydride and the chamber for selectively preventing and allowing return of the hydrogen gas to the metal hydride. Another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes a variable emissivity coating on the sheets of metal in which the emissivity is controllably variable by heat or electricity. Still another type of enabling and disabling apparatus and method includes metal-to-metal contact devices that can be actuated to establish or break metal-to-metal heat paths or thermal short circuits between the metal sidewalls.

Potter, Thomas F. (Denver, CO)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

431

Leakage resilient strong key-insulated signatures in public channel  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Key-insulation aims at minimizing (i.e., compartmentalizing) the damage of users from key exposures, and traditionally requires a private channel of communication between a user and a semi-trusted party called a helper to refresh the private keys. The ... Keywords: continual key leakage, key-insulation, public channel, signatures

Le Trieu Phong; Shin'ichiro Matsuo; Moti Yung

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

High voltage gas insulated transmission line with continuous particle trapping  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention provides a novel high voltage gas insulated transmission line utilizing insulating supports spaced at intervals with snap-in means for supporting a continuous trapping apparatus and said trapping apparatus having perforations and cutouts to facilitate trapping of contaminating particles and system flexibility.

Cookson, Alan H. (Pittsburgh, PA); Dale, Steinar J. (Monroeville, PA)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Topological insulators and superconductors Xiao-Liang Qi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, California 94305, USA (Received 2 August 2010; published 14 October 2011) Topological insulators are new and semiconductors. They are characterized by a full insulating gap in the bulk and gapless edge or surface states and gapless surface states consisting of Majorana fermions. The theory of topological superconductors

Wu, Zhigang

434

October 15, 2001 PRE-INSULATED UNDERGROUND PIPE FOR STEAM  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

SERVICE PART 1 ­ GENERAL 1.01 SUMMARY Underground steam and condensate distribution systems includingOctober 15, 2001 02558-1 PRE-INSULATED UNDERGROUND PIPE FOR STEAM AND CONDENSATE SERVICE CONSTRUCTION STANDARD SPECIFICATION SECTION 02558 PRE-INSULATED UNDERGROUND PIPE FOR STEAM AND CONDENSATE

435

Montana Slab Edge Insulation Analysis for IECC 2006 Adoption  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This is a letter report summarizing the energy analysis of slab insulation requirements which are no longer in IECC 2006 for Montana climate zone. Based on energy analysis using Equest, we calculated energy consumption and annual energy cost for various insulation configurations. This information will be used by the Montana Energy office during the upcoming code hearings.

Gowri, Krishnan

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Thermal Effects of Moisture in Rigid Insulation Board  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The impact of moisture in rigid roof insulation upon energy consumption is often assumed to be a simple function of the conductance. This paper will show that there are complex interactions between conductance, thermal mass, and climate. The energy performance can not be predicted from only the conductance. These results affect removal criteria for wet insulation board.

Crow, G. W.

1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

437

Organic thin film transistors with double insulator layers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We have investigated a double-layer structured gate dielectric for the organic thin films transistor (OTFT) with the purpose of improving the performance of the SiO"2 gate insulator. A 50nm PMMA layer was coated on top of the SiO"2 gate insulator as ... Keywords: Mobility, On/off ratio, Organic thin film transistor, PMMA

X. Liu; Y. Bai; L. Chen; F. X. Wei; X. B. Zhang; X. Y. Jiang; Zh. L. Zhang

2007-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Acoustic detection of partial discharges in insulation oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we performed an insulation diagnosis technique for oil-immersed power transformers by an acoustic detection method. Electrode system such as needle to plane electrode was fabricated to simulate a defect of power transformers. In addition, ... Keywords: acoustic detection, frequency component, insulation diagnostic, partial discharge, positioning

Dae-Won Park; Sang-Wook Cha; Gyung-Suk Kil

2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

An innovative and sustainable building system using structural insulated panels  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An innovative and sustainable building system using structural insulated panels Researcher: Mrst October 2010 Funding bodies: EPSRC and ErgoHome Ltd. Introduction Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are high performance building panels which are considered to be the next generation of timber

Birmingham, University of

440

Comparison of 1D and 2D CSR Models with Application to the FERMI@ELETTRA Bunch Compressors  

SciTech Connect

We compare our 2D mean field (Vlasov-Maxwell) treatment of coherent synchrotron radiation (CSR) effects with 1D approximations of the CSR force which are commonly implemented in CSR codes. In our model we track particles in 4D phase space and calculate 2D forces [1]. The major cost in our calculation is the computation of the 2D force. To speed up the computation and improve 1D models we also investigate approximations to our exact 2D force. As an application, we present numerical results for the Fermi{at}Elettra first bunch compressor with the configuration described in [1].

Bassi, G.; Ellison, J.A.; Heinemann, K.

2011-03-28T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Pipe crawler with extendable legs  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention is comprised of a pipe crawler for moving through a pipe in inchworm fashion having front and rear leg assemblies separated by air cylinders to increase and decrease the spacing. between assemblies. Each leg of the four legs of an assembly is moved between a wall-engaging, extended position and a retracted position by a separate air cylinder. The air cylinders of the leg assemblies are preferably arranged in pairs of oppositely directed cylinders with no pair laying in the same axial plane as another pair. Therefore, the cylinders can be as long as a leg assembly is wide and the crawler can crawl through sections of pipes where the diameter is twice that of other sections. The crawler carries a valving system, a manifold to distribute air supplied by a single umbilical air hose to the various air cylinders in a sequence controlled electrically by a controller. The crawler also utilizes a rolling mechanism, casters in this case, to reduce friction between the crawler and pipe wall thereby further extending the range of the pipe crawler.

Zollinger, W.T.

1991-04-02T23:59:59.000Z

442

2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets-  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth Jump to: navigation, search GEOTHERMAL ENERGYGeothermal Home Journal Article: 2-D Magnetotellurics At The Geothermal Site At Soultz-Sous-Forets- Resistivity Distribution To About 3000 M Depth Details Activities (0) Areas (0) Regions (0) Abstract: With the aim of investigating the possibilities of magnetotelluric methods for the exploration of potential Enhanced Geothermal System (EGS) sites in the Upper Rhine valley, a 2-D magnetotelluric (MT) survey has been carried out on a 13 km long profile across the thermal anomaly in the area of the geothermal power plant of Soultz-sous-Forets in the winter 2007/08. Despite strong artificial noise, processing using remote referencing and Sutarno phase consistent smoothing

443

Universal 2D Soft Nano-Scale Mosaic Structure Theory for Polymers and Colloids  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A basic concept in chain-particle cluster-motion, from frozen glassy state to melt state, is the 2D soft nano-scale mosaic structure formed by 8 orders of 2D interface excitation (IE) loop-flows, from small to large in inverse cascade and re-arrangement structure in cascade along local one direction. IE has additional repulsive energy and extra vacancy volume. IE results from that the instantaneous synchronal polarized electron charge coupling pair is able to parallel transport on the interface between two neighboring chain-particles with antiparallel delocalization. This structure accords with de Gennes' mosaic structure picture, from which we can directly deduce glass transition temperature, melt temperature, free volume fraction, critical entangled chain length, and activation energy to break solid lattice. This is also the in-herency maximum order-potential structure in random systems.

Jia-lin Wu

2011-05-25T23:59:59.000Z

444

Graphical algorithms and threshold error rates for the 2d colour code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent work on fault-tolerant quantum computation making use of topological error correction shows great potential, with the 2d surface code possessing a threshold error rate approaching 1% (NJoP 9:199, 2007), (arXiv:0905.0531). However, the 2d surface code requires the use of a complex state distillation procedure to achieve universal quantum computation. The colour code of (PRL 97:180501, 2006) is a related scheme partially solving the problem, providing a means to perform all Clifford group gates transversally. We review the colour code and its error correcting methodology, discussing one approximate technique based on graph matching. We derive an analytic lower bound to the threshold error rate of 6.25% under error-free syndrome extraction, while numerical simulations indicate it may be as high as 13.3%. Inclusion of faulty syndrome extraction circuits drops the threshold to approximately 0.1%.

Wang, D S; Hill, C D; Hollenberg, L C L

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Graphical algorithms and threshold error rates for the 2d colour code  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Recent work on fault-tolerant quantum computation making use of topological error correction shows great potential, with the 2d surface code possessing a threshold error rate approaching 1% (NJoP 9:199, 2007), (arXiv:0905.0531). However, the 2d surface code requires the use of a complex state distillation procedure to achieve universal quantum computation. The colour code of (PRL 97:180501, 2006) is a related scheme partially solving the problem, providing a means to perform all Clifford group gates transversally. We review the colour code and its error correcting methodology, discussing one approximate technique based on graph matching. We derive an analytic lower bound to the threshold error rate of 6.25% under error-free syndrome extraction, while numerical simulations indicate it may be as high as 13.3%. Inclusion of faulty syndrome extraction circuits drops the threshold to approximately 0.1%.

D. S. Wang; A. G. Fowler; C. D. Hill; L. C. L. Hollenberg

2009-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

446

Experiments Provide First Direct Signatures of a Topological Insulator - a  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Experiments Provide First Direct Experiments Provide First Direct Signatures of a Topological Insulator - a New Phase of Quantum Matter It has recently been proposed that insulators with large band gap and strong spin-orbit coupling can host a new phase of quantum matter called a topological insulator [1,2]. This exotic phase of matter is a subject of intense research because it is predicted to give rise to dissipationless spin currents [3], quantum entanglements and novel macroscopic behavior that obeys axionic electrodynamics rather than Maxwell's equations [4]. Unlike ordinary quantum phases of matter such as superconductors, magnets or superfluids, topological insulators are not described by a local order parameter associated with a spontaneously broken symmetry but rather by a quantum entanglement of its wave function, dubbed topological order. In a topological insulator this quantum entanglement survives over the macroscopic dimensions of the crystal and leads to surface states that have unusual spin textures.

447

Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surprising Control over Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Print Tuesday, 12 March 2013 00:00 Topological insulators are insulators in the bulk but metals on the surface, and the electrons that flow swiftly across their surfaces are "spin polarized." Surface-electron spin and momentum are locked, offering new ways to control electron flow and distribution in spintronic devices. A Nature Physics paper by first author Chris Jozwiak of the Advanced Light Source and a large team led by Alessandra Lanzara and Zahid Hussain describes surprising results counter to previous assumptions: the spin polarization of photoemitted electrons from the surface of a topological insulator is wholly determined in three dimensions by the polarization of the incident light beam.

448

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Print Tuning of the Metal-Insulator Transition via Alkali Adsorption Print Turning a material from an insulator to a metal, or vice versa, by light irradiation, exposure to electric or magnetic fields, or applying small changes in temperature, pressure, or doping-such intriguing control of a material's electronic properties is possible by exploiting strongly interacting or "correlated" electrons. Now a team of researchers from the University of Kiel in Germany and the ALS has found a novel, surprising way to continuously transform a layered metallic transition-metal compound, TaS2, into an insulator. Using angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy (ARPES), they have demonstrated that adsorption of alkali atoms onto this material's surface gradually makes it more insulating, although in general, alkali adsorption should lead to more metallic behavior, as alkali atoms easily give away their loosely bound outermost electron.

449

Insulation Strategies to Meet Upcoming Code and Above Code Programs  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Insulation Strategies to Meet Insulation Strategies to Meet Upcoming Code and Above Code Programs 1 Christopher Little, BASF Corporation, Center for Building Excellence 3/2/2012 Presentation Overview Innovative insulating & wall assembly strategies  Typical assembly  New innovations  Features & benefits of each 2 3/2/2012 Typical Site Built Residential Wall Concept: Site built wood frame wall with exterior sheathing and batt insulation Components:  Exterior Finish (bulk moisture control)  Building wrap  Exterior sheathing 2x4 Studs @16" O.C.  Batt Insulation (+/- 3.7 R per inch)  Gypsum board Benefits: Relatively low cost ICF Site-built 3 3/2/2012 Typical Site Built Residential Wall Key performance deficiencies  Low effective R-value  Difficulty meeting IECC 2012 R-value

450

Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Surprising Control over Photoelectrons Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Surprising Control over Photoelectrons from a Topological Insulator Print Tuesday, 12 March 2013 00:00 Topological insulators are insulators in the bulk but metals on the surface, and the electrons that flow swiftly across their surfaces are "spin polarized." Surface-electron spin and momentum are locked, offering new ways to control electron flow and distribution in spintronic devices. A Nature Physics paper by first author Chris Jozwiak of the Advanced Light Source and a large team led by Alessandra Lanzara and Zahid Hussain describes surprising results counter to previous assumptions: the spin polarization of photoemitted electrons from the surface of a topological insulator is wholly determined in three dimensions by the polarization of the incident light beam.

451

Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) March 26, 2013 DOE alleged in a Notice of Proposed Civil Penalty that Kingspan Insulated Panels, Inc. failed to certify a variety of walk-in cooler or freezer components as compliant with the applicable energy conservation standards. DOE regulations require a manufacturer (which includes importers) to submit reports certifying that its products have been tested and meet the applicable energy conservation standards. This civil penalty notice advises the company of the potential penalties and DOE's administrative process, including the company's right to a hearing. Kingspan Insulated Panels: Proposed Penalty (2013-CE-5353) More Documents & Publications

452

Gas insulated transmission line having low inductance intercalated sheath  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A gas insulated transmission line including an outer sheath, an inner conductor disposed within the outer sheath, and an insulating gas between the inner conductor and the outer sheath. The outer sheath comprises an insulating tube having first and second ends, and having interior and exterior surfaces. A first electrically conducting foil is secured to the interior surface of the insulating tube, is spirally wound from one tube end to the second tube end, and has a plurality of overlapping turns. A second electrically conducting foil is secured to the exterior surface of the insulating tube, and is spirally wound in the opposite direction from the first electrically conducting foil. By winding the foils in opposite directions, the inductances within the intercalated sheath will cancel each other out.

Cookson, Alan H. (Southboro, MA)

1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Examination of insulation wear modes in geothermal logging cables  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The wear mode of the Tetrafluorethylene (TFE) insulation used on an electrical logging cable is described. The cable examined in this study was used repeatedly in various harsh geothermal environments. Considering the amount of abuse the cable was subjected to, the TFE performed very well. Grooves were formed on the outside of the insulation as a result of the fluid pressure and the loading from the inner layer of metal armor. Also, indentations on the inside of the insulation were caused by the insulation molding to the conductor strands. If this mode of wear were to continue, the conductors would eventually protrude from the insulation and short out against each other or the cable armor. 4 refs., 5 figs.

Grant, T.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Symmetries and Conservation Laws for the 2D Ricci Flow Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper aims to study the connection between symmetries and conservation laws for the 2D Ricci flow model. The procedure starts by obtaining a set of multipliers which generates conservation laws. Then, using a general relation which connects symmetries and conservation laws for whatever dynamical system, one determines symmetries related to a chosen multiplier. On this basis, new similarity solutions of the model, not yet discussed in literature, are highlighted.

Rodica Cimpoiasu

2011-08-27T23:59:59.000Z

455

Symmetries and Conservation Laws for the 2D Ricci Flow Model  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The paper aims to study the connection between symmetries and conservation laws for the 2D Ricci flow model. The procedure starts by obtaining a set of multipliers which generates conservation laws. Then, using a general relation which connects symmetries and conservation laws for whatever dynamical system, one determines symmetries related to a chosen multiplier. On this basis, new similarity solutions of the model, not yet discussed in literature, are highlighted.

Cimpoiasu, Rodica

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Optimization of 2D image reconstruction for positron emission mammography using IDL  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Clear-PEM system is a prototype machine for Positron Emission Mammography (PEM) under development within the Portuguese PET-Mammography consortium. We have embedded 2D image reconstruction algorithms implemented in IDL within the prototype's image ... Keywords: ART, Computer implementation, Emission tomography, FDG, FOM, FOV, FWHM, GEANT, IDL, Image reconstruction, Iterative algorithms, LOR, MLEM, NCAT, NME, OSEM, PEM, PET, PSF, Positron emission mammography, ROI

N. Oliveira; N. Matela; R. Bugalho; N. Ferreira; P. Almeida

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Development of an isothermal 2D zonal air volume model with impulse  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Development of an isothermal 2D zonal air volume model with impulse Development of an isothermal 2D zonal air volume model with impulse conservation Title Development of an isothermal 2D zonal air volume model with impulse conservation Publication Type Conference Paper Year of Publication 2010 Authors Victor, Norrefeldt, Thierry Stephane Nouidui, and Gunnar Gruen Conference Name Clima 2010, 10th Rehva World Congress "Sustainable Energy Use in Buildings" Conference Location Antalya, Turkey Abstract This paper presents a new approach to model air flows with a zonal model. The aim of zonal models is to perform quick simulations of the air distribution in rooms. Therefore an air volume is subdivided into several discrete zones, typically 10 to 100. The zones are connected with flow elements computing the amount of air exchanged between them. In terms of complexity and needed computational time zonal models are a compromise between CFDcalculations and the approximation of perfect mixing. In our approach the air flow velocity is used as property of the zones. Thus the distinction between normal zones and jet or plume influenced zones becomes obsolete. The model is implemented in the object oriented and equation based language Modelica. A drawback of the new formulation is that the calculated flow pattern depends on the discretization. Nevertheless, the results show that the new zonal model performs well and is a useful extension to existing models.

458

An improved perturbation approach to the 2D Edwards polymer - corrections to scaling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We present the results of a new perturbation calculation in polymer statistics which starts from a ground state that already correctly predicts the long chain length behaviour of the mean square end--to--end distance hR 2 N i , namely the solution to the two dimensional (2D) Edwards model. The hR 2 N i thus calculated is shown to be convergent in N , the number of steps in the chain, in contrast to previous methods which start from the free random walk solution. This allows us to calculate a new value for the leading correction--to--scaling exponent \\Delta. Writing hR 2 N i = AN 2 (1 +BN \\Gamma\\Delta +CN \\Gamma1 + :::), where = 3=4 in 2D, our result shows that \\Delta = 1=2. This value is also supported by an analysis of 2D self--avoiding walks on the continuum. 36.20.Ey, 64.60.Fr Typeset using REVT E X I. INTRODUCTION The central quantity of interest in polymer statistics is the mean square end--to--end distance hR 2 N i for a chain of N links. The excluded volume ef...

S. R. Shannon; T. C. Choy; R. J. Fleming; I An

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Validation for 2D/3D registration I: A new gold standard data set  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: In this article, the authors propose a new gold standard data set for the validation of two-dimensional/three-dimensional (2D/3D) and 3D/3D image registration algorithms. Methods: A gold standard data set was produced using a fresh cadaver pig head with attached fiducial markers. The authors used several imaging modalities common in diagnostic imaging or radiotherapy, which include 64-slice computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging using Tl, T2, and proton density sequences, and cone beam CT imaging data. Radiographic data were acquired using kilovoltage and megavoltage imaging techniques. The image information reflects both anatomy and reliable fiducial marker information and improves over existing data sets by the level of anatomical detail, image data quality, and soft-tissue content. The markers on the 3D and 2D image data were segmented using ANALYZE 10.0 (AnalyzeDirect, Inc., Kansas City, KN) and an in-house software. Results: The projection distance errors and the expected target registration errors over all the image data sets were found to be less than 2.71 and 1.88 mm, respectively. Conclusions: The gold standard data set, obtained with state-of-the-art imaging technology, has the potential to improve the validation of 2D/3D and 3D/3D registration algorithms for image guided therapy.

Pawiro, S. A.; Markelj, P.; Pernus, F.; Gendrin, C.; Figl, M.; Weber, C.; Kainberger, F.; Noebauer-Huhmann, I.; Bergmeister, H.; Stock, M.; Georg, D.; Bergmann, H.; Birkfellner, W. [Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Laboratory of Imaging Technologies, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, University of Ljubljana, Trzaska Cesta 25, Ljubljana SI-1000 (Slovenia); Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); University Clinic of Radiology, Division of Osteoradiology, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Department of Biomedical Research, Medical University Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); University Clinic of Radiotherapy, Division of Medical Radiation Physics, Medical University of Vienna, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, AKH, Vienna A-1090 (Austria); Center for Medical Physics and Biomedical Engineering, Medical University of Vienna, AKH-4L, Waehringer Guertel 18-20, Vienna A-1090 (Austria)

2011-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

460

Features of electron mobility in a thin silicon layer in an insulator-silicon-insulator structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electron mobility in a thin silicon layer of a metal-insulator-semiconductor-insulator-metal system is studied as a function of longitudinal and transverse electric fields (in wide ranges of their values), temperature in the range 1.7 to 400 K, and changes in {gamma}-ray irradiation conditions. It is shown that, in the temperature range 400 to {approx}100 K, electron mobility increases in accordance with the mechanism of electron scattering at an acoustic phonon, while, with a subsequent decrease in temperature to the temperature of liquid helium, mobility drops because the Coulomb scattering of electrons at charged surface centers starts to dominate. It is demonstrated that as a result of {gamma}-ray irradiation, electron mobility decreases and the degree of this decrease strongly depends on the electrical mode of the sensor during irradiation.

Leonov, A. V., E-mail: lave@sci.lebedev.ru; Mokrushin, A. D.; Omeljanovskaja, N. M. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Microelectronics Technology and High-Purity Materials (Russian Federation)

2012-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

Topological Insulators Avoid the Parity Anomaly  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The surface of a 3+1d topological insulator hosts an odd number of gapless Dirac fermions when charge conjugation and time-reversal symmetries are preserved. Viewed as a purely 2+1d system, this surface theory would necessarily explicitly break parity and time-reversal when coupled to a fluctuating gauge field. Here we explain why such a state can exist on the boundary of a 3+1d system without breaking these symmetries, even if the number of boundary components is odd. This is accomplished from two complementary perspectives: topological quantization conditions and regularization. We first discuss the conditions under which (continuous) large gauge transformations may exist when the theory lives on a boundary of a higher-dimensional spacetime. Next, we show how the higher-dimensional bulk theory is essential in providing a parity-invariant regularization of the theory living on the lower-dimensional boundary or defect.

Michael Mulligan; F. J. Burnell

2013-01-17T23:59:59.000Z

462

Crawlspace Insulation: Technology Fact Sheet; Office of Building Technology, State and Community Programs (BTS)  

SciTech Connect

Fact sheet for homeowners and contractors on how to manage moisture in the crawlspace, insulate crawlspace walls, insulate underflooring, handle ventilation, and manage radon.

Southern Energy Institute

2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

463

The use of coated micropowders to reduce radiation heat transfer in foam insulation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Polyurethane foam is the most effective insulation currently available for buildings. Chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) blowing agents, which have low thermal conductivities, contribute highly to the effectiveness of this insulation. ...

Marge, Arlene Lanciani

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

464

The Investigation of Newly Designed Transformer Windings with Reduced Thickness of Oil-Impregnated Paper Insulation.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??For determining the insulation dimensions, Smit Transformers uses a so called “design curve”. As the oil-impregnated paper insulation of the windings has been improved, a… (more)

Singuran, A.I.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

The Effect of Green Insulation Standards on Moisture Accumulation within Framing of Residential Structures.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Green building standards recommend use of a variety of new thermal insulation products. However, durability of wooden framing used in conjunction with new insulation materials… (more)

Knight, Kevin Brian

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Extended Electrodynamics: A Brief Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief review of the newly developed \\emph{Extended Electrodynamics}. The relativistic and non-relativistic approaches to the extension of Maxwell equations are considered briefly, and the further study is carried out in relativistic terms in Minkowski space-time. The non-linear vacuum solutions are considered and fully described. It is specially pointed out that solitary waves with various, in fact arbitrary, spatial structure and photon-like propagation properties exist. The {\\it null} character of all non-linear vacuum solutions is established and extensively used further. Coordinate-free definitions are given to the important quantities {\\it amplitude} and {\\it phase}. The new quantity, named {\\it scale factor}, is introduced and used as a criterion for availability of rotational component of propagation of some of the nonlinear, i.e. nonmaxwellian, vacuum solutions. The group structure properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions are analyzed in some detail, showing explicitly the co...

Donev, S; Donev, Stoil; Tashkova, Maria

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

Extended shelf-life battery  

SciTech Connect

A lead-acid battery having extended shelf-life is described comprising: a battery housing containing positive and negative lead-acid electrode elements and separators; sulfuric acid electrolyte contained within the housing in a quantity sufficient to maintain the electrode elements in a damp, but not flooded, condition; a desiccant within the housing located out of contact with the elements and in a position to absorb water vapor present in the housing the desiccant being located in container at least a portion of water is permeable to water vapor; the electrode positive and negative materials being formed - that a charge exists on the battery and so that self-discharge reactions will occur within the housing producing water vapor; the electrolyte having a specific gravity ranging from about 1.015 to about 1.320 and the quantity of the desiccant being sufficient to absorb the water vapor created during the self-discharge reactions to maintain the specific gravity of the electrolyte within the range. A method for extending the storage life of a lead-acid battery comprising the steps of: preparing a formed, lead-acid battery including electrode elements and a flooding quantity of sulfuric acid electrolyte; removing from the battery a substantial quantity of the electrolyte to leave damp elements; placing in the battery a quantity of desiccant in a container, at least a portion of which is permeable to water vapor, the container being in a position to absorb water vapor generated in the battery during self-discharge and at a location out of contact with the electrode elements; and controlling the specific gravity of the electrolyte remaining in the battery after the removal step within a range of about 1.015 and 1.320 during discharge reactions by absorbing water vapor produced thereby in the desiccant.

Bullock, N.K.; Symumski, J.S.

1993-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

468

A new water-equivalent 2D plastic scintillation detectors array for the dosimetry of megavoltage energy photon beams in radiation therapy  

SciTech Connect

Purpose: The objective of this work is to present a new 2D plastic scintillation detectors array (2D-PSDA) designed for the dosimetry of megavoltage (MV) energy photon beams in radiation therapy and to characterize its basic performance. Methods: We developed a 2D detector array consisting of 781 plastic scintillation detectors (PSDs) inserted into a plane of a water-equivalent phantom. The PSDs were distributed on a 26 x 26 cm{sup 2} grid, with an interdetector spacing of 10 mm, except for two perpendicular lines centered on the detection plane, where the spacing was 5 mm. Each PSD was made of a 1 mm diameter by 3 mm long cylindrical polystyrene scintillating fiber coupled to a clear nonscintillating plastic optical fiber. All of the light signals emitted by the PSDs were read simultaneously with an optical system at a rate of one measurement per second. We characterized the performance of the optical system, the angular dependency of the device, and the perturbation of dose distributions caused by the hundreds of PSDs inserted into the phantom. We also evaluated the capacity of the system to monitor complex multileaf collimator (MLC) sequences such as those encountered in step-and-shoot intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) plans. We compared our results with calculations performed by a treatment planning system and with measurements taken with a 2D ionization chamber array and with a radiochromic film. Results: The detector array that we developed allowed us to measure doses with an average precision of better than 1% for cumulated doses equal to or greater than 6.3 cGy. Our results showed that the dose distributions produced by the 6-MV photon beam are not perturbed (within {+-}1.1%) by the presence of the hundreds of PSDs located into the phantom. The results also showed that the variations in the beam incidences have little effect on the dose response of the device. For all incidences tested, the passing rates of the gamma tests between the 2D-PSDA and the treatment planning system were higher than 97.5% when the standard clinical tolerances of 3% or 3 mm were used. Excellent agreement was obtained between the doses measured and calculated when we used the 2D-PSDA for monitoring a MLC sequence from a step-and-shoot IMRT plan. Conclusions: We demonstrated the feasibility of using a large number of PSDs in a new 2D-PSDA for the dosimetry of MV energy photon beams in radiation therapy. The excellent precision, accuracy, and low angular dependence of the device indicate that such a prototype could potentially be used as a high-accuracy quality assurance tool for IMRT and arc therapy patient plan verification. The homogeneity and water-equivalence of the prototype we built suggest that this technology could be extended to multiple detection planes by arranging the fibers into more complex orientations, opening the possibility for 3D dosimetry with PSDs.

Guillot, Mathieu; Beaulieu, Luc; Archambault, Louis; Beddar, Sam; Gingras, Luc [Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada); Department of Radiation Physics, Unit 94, University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1515 Holcombe Boulevard, Houston, Texas 77030 (United States); Departement de Physique, de Genie Physique et d'Optique, Universite Laval, Quebec, Quebec G1K 7P4 (Canada) and Departement de Radio-Oncologie, Hotel-Dieu de Quebec, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Quebec, Quebec, Quebec G1R 2J6 (Canada)

2011-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

469

Data:7dc79027-694c-43bc-b7ad-77b5cc7f2d23 | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

9027-694c-43bc-b7ad-77b5cc7f2d23 9027-694c-43bc-b7ad-77b5cc7f2d23 No revision has been approved for this page. It is currently under review by our subject matter experts. Jump to: navigation, search Loading... 1. Basic Information 2. Demand 3. Energy << Previous 1 2 3 Next >> Basic Information Utility name: Northern States Power Co - Wisconsin Effective date: 2012/01/01 End date if known: Rate name: CUSTOMER OWNED STREET LIGHTING 250 W MV Sector: Lighting Description: Availability: Available for year-round illumination of public streets, parkways, and highways by electric lamps mounted on standards where the customer owns and maintains an Ornamental Street Lighting system complete with standards, luminaires with refractors, lamps and other appurtenances, together with all necessary cables extending between standards and to points of connection to Company's facilities as designated by Company. Mercury Vapor street lighting service under this schedule is limited to the luminaires being served as of December 31, 1987.

470

A parallel implementation of Strassen's matrix multiplication algorithm for wormhole-routed all-port 2D torus networks  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A new parallel implementation of Strassen's matrix multiplication algorithm is proposed for massively parallel supercomputers with 2D, all-port torus interconnection networks. The proposed algorithm employs a special conflict-free routing pattern for ... Keywords: 2D torus, Fast Matrix Multiplication, Parallel processing, Strassen's matrix multiplication, Torus interconnection networks

Cesur Baransel; Kayhan M. ?mre

2012-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

1087-8270/99 $10.00 1999 IEEE Hand-Held Windows: Towards Effective 2D Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphics The George Washington University, Washington, DC [gogo | sibert | hahn]@seas.gwu.edu Abstract205 1087-8270/99 $10.00 © 1999 IEEE Hand-Held Windows: Towards Effective 2D Interaction. Windowing within immersive virtual environments is an attempt to apply 2D interface techniques to three

Lindeman, Robert W.

472

10878270/99 $10.00 1999 IEEE HandHeld Windows: Towards Effective 2D Interaction  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Graphics The George Washington University, Washington, DC [gogo | sibert | hahn]@seas.gwu.edu Abstract205 1087­8270/99 $10.00 © 1999 IEEE Hand­Held Windows: Towards Effective 2D Interaction. Windowing within immersive virtual environments is an attempt to apply 2D interface techniques to three

Lindeman, Robert W.

473

IP4DI: A software for time-lapse 2D/3D DC-resistivity and induced polarization tomography  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We propose a 2D/3D forward modelling and inversion package to invert direct current (DC)-resistivity, time-domain induced polarization (TDIP), and frequency-domain induced polarization (FDIP) data. Each cell used for the discretization of the 2D/3D problems ... Keywords: Induced polarization, Inversion, Resistivity, Time-lapse

M. Karaoulis, A. Revil, P. Tsourlos, D. D. Werkema, B. J. Minsley

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Analysis and testing of multilayer and aerogel insulation configurations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Multilayer insulation systems that have robust operational characteristics have long been a goal of many research projects. Such thermal insulation systems may need to offer some degree of structural support and/or mechanical integrity during loss of vacuum scenarios while continuing to provide insulative value to the vessel. Aerogel-based composite blankets can be the best insulation materials in ambient pressure environments; in high vacuum, the thermal performance of aerogel improves by about one order of magnitude. Standard multilayer insulation (MLI) is typically 50% worse at ambient pressure and at soft vacuum, but as much as two or three orders of magnitude better at high vacuum. Different combinations of aerogel blanket and multilayer insulation materials have been tested at the Cryogenics Test Laboratory of NASA Kennedy Space Center. Analysis performed at Oak Ridge National Laboratory showed an importance to the relative location of the MLI and aerogel blankets. Apparent thermal conductivity testing under cryogenicvacuum conditions was performed to verify the analytical conclusion. Tests results are shown to be in agreement with the analysis which indicated that the best performance is obtained with aerogel layers located in the middle of the blanket insulation system.

Johnson, W L [NASA Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, Florida; Demko, Jonathan A [ORNL; Fesmire, J. E. [NASA Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, Florida

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

Extended foil capacitor with radially spoked electrodes  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An extended foil capacitor has a conductive disk electrically connected in noncrushing contact to the extended foil. A conductive paste is placed through spaces between radial spokes on the disk to electrically and mechanically connect the extended foil to the disk.

Foster, J.C.

1989-04-20T23:59:59.000Z

476

New particle-control techniques for gas-insulated apparatus  

SciTech Connect

The feasibilities of two new methods of controlling contaminating particles in gas-insulated apparatus have been experimentally investigated. The first method is to coat the particles with an insulating layer: for the first time it was found that (1) coatings can render harmless particles that would otherwise lower the withstand voltage by factors of 2 to 5 and (2) coatings can be formed on particles residing in the system. The second method, trapping particles in an insulating material, was found effective also, and suitable materials were compounded for different temperature ranges.

Pace, M.O.; Adcock, J.L.; Christophorou, L.G.

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Outdoor polymeric insulators long-term exposed to HVDC  

SciTech Connect

Field experience from outdoor polymeric insulators exposed to HVDC under natural contamination conditions is presented. This paper summarizes the peak leakage current statistics, the hydrophobicity and the surface material conditions studied by electron spectroscopy for chemical analysis (ESCA) and attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The results show a strong interrelation between the surface conditions and the performance with respect to leakage currents. Moreover, the results show that the surface conditions and the performance of the insulators exposed to HVDC are rather similar to those of the insulators exposed to HVAC.

Soerqvist, T.; Vlastos, A.E. [Chalmers Univ. of Technology, Gothenburg (Sweden)

1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

478

Multifoil insulation study for weight reduction. Technical information report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of the present task is to develop high temperature multi-foil insulation suitable for use in the SP-100 thermoelectric converter project. Part of this task involves careful examination of alternative foil and foil spacing materials with the goal of effecting significant weight savings over current state-of-the-art foil insulation. This task involved the determination of the state-of-the-art foils, ascertaining what data is available, what additional data is required, preliminary assessment of the suitability of alternate foil and spacer materials, and specific recommendations for additional tests required to qualify new and existing insulation designs for use in the SP-100.

Glazer, S.D.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

479

Insulation of Pipe Bends Improves Efficiency of Hot Oil Furnaces  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Thermodynamic analyses of processes indicated low furnace efficiencies on certain hot oil furnaces. Further investigation, which included Infrared (IR) thermography testing of several furnaces, identified extremely hot surfaces on the outside of the convective sections. Consultation with the furnace manufacturer then revealed that furnaces made in the 1960's tended to not insulate the pipe bends in the convective section. When insulation was added within the covers of the pipe bends on one furnace, the energy efficiency improved by approximately 11%. The total savings are approximately 14,000 Million Btu/yr on one furnace. Insulation will be applied to several other furnaces at the site.

Haseltine, D. M.; Laffitte, R. D.

1999-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Extended Electrodynamics: A Brief Review  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a brief review of the newly developed \\emph{Extended Electrodynamics}. The relativistic and non-relativistic approaches to the extension of Maxwell equations are considered briefly, and the further study is carried out in relativistic terms in Minkowski space-time. The non-linear vacuum solutions are considered and fully described. It is specially pointed out that solitary waves with various, in fact arbitrary, spatial structure and photon-like propagation properties exist. The {\\it null} character of all non-linear vacuum solutions is established and extensively used further. Coordinate-free definitions are given to the important quantities {\\it amplitude} and {\\it phase}. The new quantity, named {\\it scale factor}, is introduced and used as a criterion for availability of rotational component of propagation of some of the nonlinear, i.e. nonmaxwellian, vacuum solutions. The group structure properties of the nonlinear vacuum solutions are analyzed in some detail, showing explicitly the connection of the vacuum solutions with some complex valued functions. Connection-curvature interpretations are given and a special attention is paid to the curvature interpretation of the intrinsic rotational (spin) properties of some of the nonlinear solutions. Several approaches to coordinate-free local description and computation of the integral spin momentum are considered. Finally, a large family of nonvacuum spatial soliton-like solutions is explicitly written down, and a procedure to get (3+1) versions of the known (1+1) soliton solutions is obtained.

Stoil Donev; Maria Tashkova

2004-03-24T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "2d extend insulation" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Insulator Calculation Engine (ICE) 1.00 (for funders of Program 35.012)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ICE determines the electric field (E-field) distribution on transmission line polymer insulators (also called NCI or composite insulators) and aids in the selection of the appropriate corona ring.Benefits & ValueDetermine the appropriate application of corona rings on transmission line polymer insulators enabling life expectancy.Simple data entry of information selected from pre-populated structure, insulator and hardware ...

2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

482

Study on Online Insulation Monitoring System for Working DC Power of Power Plants and Substations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The measurement of insulation resistance between DC power supply and ground is important in a DC operating power supply system. We proved a new model for measuring insulating resistance between ground and DC system. A lots of actual application shows ... Keywords: Insulation resistance, DC power system, Insulation monitor, Leakage current

Yunqing Liu; Xichao Wang

2010-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

483

Transient Behaviour and Helium Discharge in Cryogenic Distribution Line (QRL) Headers Following Breakdown of Insulation Vacuum  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Transient Behaviour and Helium Discharge in Cryogenic Distribution Line (QRL) Headers Following Breakdown of Insulation Vacuum

Chorowski, M

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

484

Detection of partial discharges by a monopole antenna in insulation oil  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper dealt with the measurement and analysis of electromagnetic waves generated by partial discharge (PD) in insulation oil to develop insulation diagnostic techniques for oil-immersed transformers. Two types of narrow-band monopole antennas with ... Keywords: electromagnetic wave, insulation diagnosis, insulation oil, monopole antenna, partial discharge (PD), resonant frequency

Chang-Hwan Jin; Jung-Yoon Lee; Dae-Won Park; Gyung-Suk Kil

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

PRE-SW Insulator Calculation Engine (ICE) Version 2.0, Beta  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

ICE determines the electric field (E-field) distribution on transmission line polymer insulators (also called NCI or composite insulators) and aids in the selection of the appropriate corona ring.Benefits & Value:Determine the appropriate application of corona rings on transmission line polymer insulators enabling life expectancy.Simple data entry of information selected from pre-populated structure, insulator and hardware ...

2013-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

486

Farmers RECC - Residential Insulation Rebate Program | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Farmers RECC - Residential Insulation Rebate Program Farmers RECC - Residential Insulation Rebate Program Farmers RECC - Residential Insulation Rebate Program < Back Eligibility Residential Savings Category Home Weatherization Commercial Weatherization Maximum Rebate $200 Program Info State Kentucky Program Type Utility Rebate Program Rebate Amount Free energy audit at Farmers RECC members residence and up to $200 depending on amount of energy which can be saved. Provider Farmers RECC The Farmers Rural Electric Cooperative (RECC) Button-Up Program provides free energy audits and rebates for insulation upgrades to its residential customers. Farmers RECC's energy advisor will visit the customer's home, conduct an energy audit, and calculate the heat gain/heat loss for the home. If needed, customers can then receive up to $200 to increase the

487

Commercial Air Barrier Requirements for Insulated Ceilings - Code Notes |  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Air Barrier Requirements for Insulated Ceilings - Code Notes Air Barrier Requirements for Insulated Ceilings - Code Notes The 2009 International Energy Conservation Code requires openings in the building envelope to be sealed to prevent air leakage into and out of the space, including an air barrier at insulation installations. Publication Date: Wednesday, June 22, 2011 cn_commercial_air_barrier_requirements_for_insulated_ceilings.pdf Document Details Prepared by: Pacific Northwest National Laboratory for the U.S. Department of Energy Building Energy Codes Program Focus: Compliance Building Type: Commercial Code Referenced: ASHRAE Standard 90.1-2007 2009 IECC Document type: Code Notes Target Audience: Architect/Designer Builder Code Official Contractor Engineer Contacts Web Site Policies U.S. Department of Energy USA.gov Last Updated: Thursday, September 20, 2012 - 17:25

488

Carpe Diem: Install Insulated Roman Shades | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Carpe Diem: Install Insulated Roman Shades Carpe Diem: Install Insulated Roman Shades Carpe Diem: Install Insulated Roman Shades March 16, 2010 - 11:44am Addthis John Lippert As I mentioned in yesterday's blog, I had insulated window quilts installed on most of my home's windows. I should have bought window quilts for all of our windows, but I refrained from doing so on two downstairs windows to save money (which, in the long run, I didn't). There were window shades already there; they didn't do much from a thermal perspective, but they did provide privacy and room darkening. Well, they need to be replaced now, and I'm looking again at high efficiency thermal window shades. This time I'm considering thermal Roman shades. About a dozen years ago my wife and I went on the Tour of Solar Homes, the local component of the annual National Solar Tour sponsored by the American

489

Femtosecond NEXAFS of Photoinduced Insulator-Metal Transition...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to study the photoinduced metal-insulator phase transition in vanadium dioxide (VO2). Ultrafast X-Ray Science Only a moment's reflection is enough to confirm that the world around...

490

Exchange-Coupling-Induced Symmetry Breaking in Topological Insulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An exchange gap in the Dirac surface states of a topological insulator (TI) is necessary for observing the predicted unique features such as the topological magnetoelectric effect as well as to confine Majorana fermions. ...

Wei, Peng

491

System for increasing corona inception voltage of insulating oils  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The Corona Inception Voltage of insulating oils is increased by repetitive cycles of prestressing the oil with a voltage greater than the corona inception voltage, and either simultaneously or serially removing byproducts of corona by evacuation and heating the oil.

Rohwein, Gerald J. (Albuquerque, NM)

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Manipulation of bacteria using three dimensional insulator based dielectrophoresis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Insulator-based dielectrophoresis (iDEP) is a very promising technique for sorting microparticles based on their electrical properties. By using constrictions in a microchannel to generate large electric field gradients, ...

Braff, William Allan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

493

Replacement of Damaged Electrical Insulators on Live Cross-Over ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Abstract Scope, With amperage creep, the cross-over busbars electrical insulation of this smelter was ... Compact Filter Design for Gas Treatment Centers ... Gas-Solid Flow Applications for Powder Handling in Aluminum Smelters Processes.

494

Savings Project: Insulate Your Water Heater Tank | Department...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Your Water Heater Tank Addthis Project Level medium Energy Savings 20-45 annually Time to Complete 1.5 hours Overall Cost 30 Insulate your hot water tank to save energy and...

495

Aerogel-Based Insulation for Industrial Steam Distribution Systems  

SciTech Connect

Thermal losses in industrial steam distribution systems account for 977 trillion Btu/year in the US, more than 1% of total domestic energy consumption. Aspen Aerogels worked with Department of Energy’s Industrial Technologies Program to specify, develop, scale-up, demonstrate, and deliver Pyrogel XT®, an aerogel-based pipe insulation, to market to reduce energy losses in industrial steam systems. The product developed has become Aspen’s best selling flexible aerogel blanket insulation and has led to over 60 new jobs. Additionally, this product has delivered more than ~0.7 TBTU of domestic energy savings to date, and could produce annual energy savings of 149 TBTU by 2030. Pyrogel XT’s commercial success has been driven by it’s 2-4X better thermal performance, improved durability, greater resistance to corrosion under insulation (CUI), and faster installation times than incumbent insulation materials.

John Williams

2011-03-30T23:59:59.000Z

496

SiGe-On-Insulator (SGOI) Technology and MOSFET Fabrication  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this work, we have developed two different fabrication processes for relaxed Si??xGex-on-insulator (SGOI) substrates: (1) SGOI fabrication by etch-back approach, and (2) by "smart-cut" approach utilizing ...

Cheng, Zhiyuan

497

Design of a variable-conductance vacuum insulation  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This paper describes one approach to the design of a variable-conductance vacuum insulation. In this design, the vacuum insulation consists of a permanently sealed, thin sheet steel, evacuated envelope of whatever geometry is required for the application. The steel envelope is supported internally against the atmospheric pressure loads by an array of discrete, low-conductance, ceramic supports, and radiative heat transfer is blocked by layers of thin metal radiation shields. Thermal conductance through this insulation is controlled electronically by changing the temperature of a small metal hydride connected to the vacuum envelope. The hydride reversibly absorbs/desorbs hydrogen to produce a hydrogen pressure typically within the range from less than 10{sup {minus}6} to as much as 1 torr. Design calculations are compared with results from laboratory tests of bench scale samples, and some possible automotive applications for this variable-conductance vacuum insulation are suggested.

Benson, D K; Potter, T F; Tracy, C E

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Radiative transfer and thermal performance levels in foam insulation boardstocks  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The validity of predictive models for the thermal conductivity of foam insulation is established based on the fundamental geometry of the closed-cell foam. The extinction coefficient is experimentally and theoretically ...

Moreno, John David

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

499

Adding Insulation to an Existing Home | Department of Energy  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

is a sound investment that is likely pay for itself quickly in reduced utility bills. Insulation inhibits heat flow through the building envelope of your home, saving money and...

500

Moisture Control in Insulated Raised Floor Systems in Southern Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

polyisocyanurate foam, open-cell sprayed polyurethane foams of vary- ing vapor permeance, closed-cell sprayed in guidance for insulating raised floors in the hot and humid climate of the Gulf Houses with pier foundations