Sample records for 21st century truck

  1. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 Report...

  2. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 21st Century Truck Partnership is an industry-government collaboration among heavy-duty engine manufacturers, medium-duty and heavy-duty truck and bus manufacturers, heavy-duty hybrid...

  4. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap document for 21st Century Truck...

  5. The 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy Usage »of Energy StrainClientDesignOfficeThe 21st Century Truck Partnership The

  6. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear GuideReport | Department ofEnergy 21st Century

  7. Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2000-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

  8. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fuel efficiency in heavy trucks depends on a number of factors associated with the truck and its components. The top figure shows the power use inventory for a basic Class 8 tractor-trailer combination, listing its balance of fuel input, engine output, and tractive power (losses from aerodynamics, rolling resistance, and inertia). The power use inventory in this diagram highlights areas in which research efforts can lead to major benefits in truck fuel efficiency, including engine efficiency, aerodynamics, and rolling resistance.

  9. Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee...

  10. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery in Laboratory...

  11. Laboratories for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. The program is a joint initiative between...

  12. Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Many helpful resources are available to Federal agencies about Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21).

  13. Federal laboratories for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

    1998-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal laboratories have successfully filled many roles for the public; however, as the 21st Century nears it is time to rethink and reevaluate how Federal laboratories can better support the public and identify new roles for this class of publicly-owned institutions. The productivity of the Federal laboratory system can be increased by making use of public outcome metrics, by benchmarking laboratories, by deploying innovative new governance models, by partnerships of Federal laboratories with universities and companies, and by accelerating the transition of federal laboratories and the agencies that own them into learning organizations. The authors must learn how government-owned laboratories in other countries serve their public. Taiwan`s government laboratory, Industrial Technology Research Institute, has been particularly successful in promoting economic growth. It is time to stop operating Federal laboratories as monopoly institutions; therefore, competition between Federal laboratories must be promoted. Additionally, Federal laboratories capable of addressing emerging 21st century public problems must be identified and given the challenge of serving the public in innovative new ways. Increased investment in case studies of particular programs at Federal laboratories and research on the public utility of a system of Federal laboratories could lead to increased productivity of laboratories. Elimination of risk-averse Federal laboratory and agency bureaucracies would also have dramatic impact on the productivity of the Federal laboratory system. Appropriately used, the US Federal laboratory system offers the US an innovative advantage over other nations.

  14. address 21st century: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CENTURY Engineering Websites Summary: reinforcement. This problem is more serious in cold climate countries, where de-icing salts accelerate of these materials for the 21st...

  15. Tackling a Key 21st Century Evaluation Challenge | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2nd International Conference will tackle the difficulties linked to the evaluation of climate change and development, described by many as a major 21st century evaluation...

  16. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project Proceedings ooff tthhee. Students are good rule followers but unfortunately do not always understand the procedures they learned

  17. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific technologies that contribute to energy efficiency and sustainability. The guides...

  18. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These case studies feature examples of energy-efficient laboratories for the 21st century. The Featured Concepts Table outlines technologies covered in each case study.

  19. Science for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Federal government plays a key role in supporting the country's science infrastructure, a national treasure, and scientific research, an investment in our future. Scientific discoveries transform the way we think about our universe and ourselves, from the vastness of space to molecular-level biology. In innovations such as drugs derived through biotechnology and new communications technologies we see constant evidence of the power of science to improve lives and address national challenges. We had not yet learned to fly at the dawn of the 20th century, and could not have imagined the amazing 20th century inventions that we now take for granted. As we move into the 21st century, we eagerly anticipate new insights, discoveries, and technologies that will inspire and enrich us for many decades to come. This report presents the critical responsibilities of our Federal science enterprise and the actions taken by the Federal research agencies, through the National Science and Technology Council, to align our programs with scientific opportunity and with national needs. The many examples show how our science enterprise has responded to the President's priorities for homeland and national security, economic growth, health research, and the environment. In addition, we show how the science agencies work together to set priorities; coordinate related research programs; leverage investments to promote discovery, translate science into national benefits, and sustain the national research enterprise; and promote excellence in math and science education and work force development.

  20. DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels...

  1. Communicating 21st century statecraft: Evaluating the paradigm shift argument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinn, Jacquelyn Nicole

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    's criterion for paradigm shift in communications technology and diplomacy, I evaluated State's current program of social media and public diplomacy called 21st Century Statecraft. I conducted a content analysis of organizational Twitter feeds and also...

  2. Energy: a historical perspective and 21st century forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvador, Amos [University of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    2005-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contents are: Preface; Chapter 1: introduction, brief history, and chosen approach; Chapter 2: human population and energy consumption: the future; Chapter 4: sources of energy (including a section on coal); Chapter 5: electricity: generation and consumption; and Chapter 6: energy consumption and probable energy sources during the 21st century.

  3. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project Proceedings ooff tthhee dispute resolution procedures, health and safety obligations, quality assurance and the administrative that this project filled was the provision of an orientation to a particular university context, The University

  4. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project Proceedings ooff tthhee the following procedures of determining a minimum or a maximum: 1. Equate the derivative to zero, then find the procedures to identify the minimum or maximum, the following are not addressed by the approach: Learners

  5. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project Proceedings ooff tthhee information on the statistical software available at the faculty, use of computer rooms, degree projects in the history but also in the teaching organization and methods, in procedures used to assess the knowledge

  6. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project Proceedings ooff tthhee behaviour which is made up of a set of simple reasons. Many complex behaviour-procedures may be defined-processing expressed by the symbolic procedures in the situations in which responses could be controlled (Skinner, 1968

  7. Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullman, Jeffrey D.

    Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

  8. Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension West Lafayette, IN 47907 The Internal Analysis of Your Farm Business: What Is Your Farms Competitive Advantage? PURDUE EXTENSION EC-721 University Assessing the strengths and weaknesses of your farm business will help you iden- tify those

  9. Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension West Lafayette, IN 47907 Developing at the underlying purpose for which the business exists: its vision and mission. An important key to any successful planned vacation or like the initiation of a new business enterprise or restructuring of an existing

  10. Creating the Clean Energy Jobs of the 21st Century | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Creating the Clean Energy Jobs of the 21st Century Creating the Clean Energy Jobs of the 21st Century Fact Sheet on clean energy jobs in Nevada Creating the Clean Energy Jobs of...

  11. Grand Challenges for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heller, Barbara

    issues of this century. sincerely, Welcome John L. anderson, Co-Chair president, Illinois Institute Committee John L. Anderson, Co-Chair Illinois Institute of Technology Alan Schriesheim, Co-Chair Chicago. Cramb Illinois Institute of Technology Natacha DePaola Illinois Institute of Technology Mary J. C

  12. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Miller, M.; Zinaman, O.; Milligan, M.; Arent, D.; Palmintier, B.; O'Malley, M.; Mueller, S.; Lannoye, E.; Tuohy, A.; Kujala, B.; Sommer, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Soonee, S. K.

    2014-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). This paper summarizes the analytic frameworks that have emerged to measure this characteristic and distills key principles of flexibility for policy makers.

  13. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This document presents abstracts of the topics covered in the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century conference held July 9-11, 1996. These topics include: model facilities; Federal/NEPA/stake- holders; microchemistry; solvents and reduction; education and outreach; return on investments; energy management; decontamination and decommissioning; planning and regulations; environmental restoration; recycling; affirmative procurement in the executive branch; construction and demolition; materials exchange; and ISO 2000.

  14. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This CD-ROM contains the proceedings from the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century Conference XII held July 9-11, 1996. Topics included model facilities, federal and NEPA stakeholders, microchemistry, source 4 solvents and reduction, education and outreach planning, return on investment, energy management, decontamination and decommissioning, planning and regulations, environmental restoration, solid waste, recycling, affirmative procurement in the executive branch, construction and demolition, international and ISO 14000, and poster sessions.

  15. MIT- Center for 21st Century Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data CenterFranconia, Virginia: Energy Resources Jump to:46 - 429Lacey,(MonasterLowell Point,ECO Auger < MHKHydrodynamics21st Century Energy

  16. Space power technology into the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Faymon, K.A.; Fordyce, J.S.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the space power systems of the early 21st century. The focus is on those capabilities which are anticipated to evolve from today's state-of-the-art and the technology development programs presently in place or planned for the remainder of the century. The power system technologies considered include solar thermal, nuclear, radioisotope, photovoltaic, thermionic, thermoelectric, and dynamic conversion systems such as the Brayton and Stirling cycles. Energy storage technologies considered include nickel hydrogen biopolar batteries, advanced high energy rechargeable batteries, regenerative fuel cells, and advanced primary batteries. The present state-of-the-art of these space power and energy technologies is discussed along with their projections, trends and goals. A speculative future mission model is postulated which includes manned orbiting space stations, manned lunar bases, unmanned earth orbital and interplanetary spacecraft, manned interplanetary missions, military applications, and earth to space and space to space transportation systems. The various space power/energy system technologies anticipated to be operational by the early 21st century are matched to these missions.

  17. US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative" Award competitive grant from the US-India Education Foundation (USIEF), under the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative, for a pilot project to train STEM faculty in partnership with the Aligarh Muslim University

  18. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT PRINCETON IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A STRATEGIC DIRECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT PRINCETON IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A STRATEGIC DIRECTION FINDINGS Princeton must consolidate and strengthen its engagement with information technology. This is the principal 2004 If the 20th century was the age of computer technology, the 21st is emerging as the age

  19. Persisting cold extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kodra, Evan A [ORNL; Steinhaeuser, Karsten J K [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold events are likely to persist across each land-continent even under 21st-century warming scenarios. The grid-based intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three indices: the coldest annual consecutive three-day average of daily maximum temperature, the annual maximum of consecutive frost days, and the total number of frost days. Nine global climate models forced with a moderate greenhouse-gas emissions scenario compares the indices over 2091 2100 versus 1991 2000. The credibility of model-simulated cold extremes is evaluated through both bias scores relative to reanalysis data in the past and multi-model agreement in the future. The number of times the value of each annual index in 2091 2100 exceeds the decadal average of the corresponding index in 1991 2000 is counted. The results indicate that intensity and duration of grid-based cold extremes, when viewed as a global total, will often be as severe as current typical conditions in many regions, but the corresponding frequency does not show this persistence. While the models agree on the projected persistence of cold extremes in terms of global counts, regionally, inter-model variability and disparity in model performance tends to dominate. Our findings suggest that, despite a general warming trend, regional preparedness for extreme cold events cannot be compromised even towards the end of the century.

  20. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century: Fact...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Fact Sheet This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century...

  1. Probabilistic Projections of 21st Century Climate Change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    2013-07-18T23:59:59.000Z

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  2. Probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  3. Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marzeion, Ben

    Coastal flood damage and adaptation costs under 21st century sea-level rise Jochen Hinkela,1st century sea-level rise are assessed on a global scale taking into account a wide range- ment and sea-level rise. Uncertainty in global mean and regional sea level was derived from four

  4. Social Media, Social Kids: Sociocultural Implications of 21st Century Media for Development in the Preteen Period.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tehranian, Yalda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    their media use is mobile technology, a new feature of theof the Internet, mobile technologies, and the rapid21 st century, as mobile technology and the Internet became

  5. Microtechnology: The key to the technical challenges of the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ceglio, N.M.

    1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Through the ages each culture and civilization has expressed its values and world view in the form of monuments derived from its most advanced and valued technologies. From pyramids to cathedrals, skyscrapers and moon rockets, our technology has enabled us to leave our mark on the landscape and in the minds of our people. In the 21st century, the compelling technology will be that of the micro-world, enabling the fabrication of structures with features smaller than the wavelengths of light. Such structures will allow use to monitor and control electrical, chemical, and optical phenomena in ways never before imagined. As in the past we will continue to create monuments, but the technological monuments of the 21st century will likely be viewed through a microscope. This report provides a discussion of microtechnology in the 21st century.

  6. Water Policy and Economics Conference 21st Century Water Issues in the Southern States

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 Water Policy and Economics Conference 21st Century Water Issues in the Southern States October 13 actively address water policy issues in 13 southern states (Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana ............................................................................................. 4 · Welcome and meeting objectives - Mike Smolen (Oklahoma State University) · Key water programs

  7. National Down Syndrome Society 21st Century Down Syndrome Research & Healthcare Symposium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Down Syndrome Society 21st Century Down Syndrome Research & Healthcare Symposium Linking Syndrome Society #12;Today's Presentation: Down Syndrome Advocacy, Action & System Change · Why Advocate · Down syndrome research policy landscape · How to advocate and get involved in our efforts

  8. Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints.--The development and application of fish bioenergetics models have flourished in recent years, due in part of bioenergetics models can be hampered by uncertainty in model parameters. A review of the literature showed

  9. A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

  10. Faculty of Architecture and Planning Re-designing the World for 21st century Living

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brownstone, Rob

    A Faculty of Architecture and Planning #12;1 Re-designing the World for 21st century Living A t Dalhousie's Faculty of Architecture and Planning we want to build a better world. And we are starting in our applied art and science we design and build vibrant, sustainable structures and communities -- places

  11. Denman Forestry Issues Series: Calculating the Sustainable Harvest in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borenstein, Elhanan

    Denman Forestry Issues Series: Calculating the Sustainable Harvest in the 21st Century Most recent revision March 1, 2001 Denman Program Success Despite Rock 'n Roll The February 28th Denman Forestry Issues, Eatonville, WA Public Comment The Forestry Feedback Discussion Board is available for persons wishing

  12. The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    The Communications Revolution and Health Inequalities in the 21st Century: Promises and Pitfalls and industrial sensors, video, email and social network communications. For example, if you buy a used car, your://www.pewinternet.org/~/media//Files/Reports/2013/PIP_TeensandTechnology2013.pdf #12;What do we mean by communications revolution? Two dimensions

  13. 2 RENEWABLES 2010 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alliance for Rural Electrification/ European Photovoltaic Industry Association Pradeep Monga Energy#12;2 RENEWABLES 2010 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century REN to renewable energy. It pro- motes appropriate policies that increase the wise use of renewable energies

  14. ACCELERATORS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY E. Keil, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keil, Eberhard

    ACCELERATORS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY E. Keil, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland Abstract Accelerators- collider, using the example of CLIC. The main e+ e- beams are generated by a sequence of linear accel" parameters, those in the lower part are related to the beam-beam collisions and particle physics. We in

  15. Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications October 2008 Price £39 web royalsociety.org Science Policy REPORT 15/08 #12;Cover image: Sunrise over the River Ganges in Varanasi, India showing a sunny and polluted sky, characteristic of photochemical smog

  16. EEE 460 Nuclear Concepts for the 21st Century (3) [S] Course (Catalog) Description

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Junshan

    (Three Mile Island, Chernobyl) (2 lectures) 15. Radioactive Waste Disposal (nuclear fuel cycle) (3 errors, transmutation doping. Fission reactors, nuclear power. TMI, Chernobyl. Radioactive waste. LectureEEE 460 Nuclear Concepts for the 21st Century (3) [S] Course (Catalog) Description: Radioactivity

  17. Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    , fuel cell, or alternative fuel. And imagine that you also have the ability to buy and sell energy fromHybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009 Contact: J.R. Anstrom, Ph.D., Director Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory The Thomas D

  18. HYDROGEN COMMERCIALIZATION: TRANSPORTATION FUEL FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    APOLONIO DEL TORO

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Since 1999, SunLine Transit Agency has worked with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to develop and test hydrogen infrastructure, fuel cell buses, a heavy-duty fuel cell truck, a fuel cell neighborhood electric vehicle, fuel cell golf carts and internal combustion engine buses operating on a mixture of hydrogen and compressed natural gas (CNG). SunLine has cultivated a rich history of testing and demonstrating equipment for leading industry manufacturers in a pre-commercial environment. Visitors to SunLine's "Clean Fuels Mall" from around the world have included government delegations and agencies, international journalists and media, industry leaders and experts and environmental and educational groups.

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    on topics of broad interest by providing a discussion forum and organizing consensus building tools such as roadmaps and position papers that help Partnership members come to...

  20. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarlyEnergyDepartment of EnergyProgram2-26TheUtility-ScaleofLabReport |MotorsReport

  1. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe Office of FossilMembership | Department ofRuleNuclear5Prairie

  2. 21st century Green Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop,SaveWhiskey Flatshydro Homepowering9century Green Solutions LLC

  3. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). Sources of flexibility exist--and can be enhanced--across all of the physical and institutional elements of the power system, including system operations and markets, demand side resources and storage; generation; and transmission networks. Accessing flexibility requires significant planning to optimize investments and ensure that both short- and long-time power system requirements are met.

  4. Infrastructure: A technology battlefield in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Drucker, H.

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    A major part of technological advancement has involved the development of complex infrastructure systems, including electric power generation, transmission, and distribution networks; oil and gas pipeline systems; highway and rail networks; and telecommunication networks. Dependence on these infrastructure systems renders them attractive targets for conflict in the twenty-first century. Hostile governments, domestic and international terrorists, criminals, and mentally distressed individuals will inevitably find some part of the infrastructure an easy target for theft, for making political statements, for disruption of strategic activities, or for making a nuisance. The current situation regarding the vulnerability of the infrastructure can be summarized in three major points: (1) our dependence on technology has made our infrastructure more important and vital to our everyday lives, this in turn, makes us much more vulnerable to disruption in any infrastructure system; (2) technologies available for attacking infrastructure systems have changed substantially and have become much easier to obtain and use, easy accessibility to information on how to disrupt or destroy various infrastructure components means that almost anyone can be involved in this destructive process; (3) technologies for defending infrastructure systems and preventing damage have not kept pace with the capability for destroying such systems. A brief review of these points will illustrate the significance of infrastructure and the growing dangers to its various elements.

  5. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Powerful trends in technology, policy environments, financing, and business models are driving change in power sectors globally. In light of these trends, the question is no longer whether power systems will be transformed, but rather how these transformations will occur. Power Systems of the Future, a thought leadership report from the 21st Century Power Partnership, explores these pathways explores actions that policymakers and regulators can take to encourage desired power system outcomes.

  6. Energy transitions in the early 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Meakin

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We are in the early stages of a long and complex transition from a global economy based on fossil energy to an economy based on low carbon renewable energy. However, fossil fuel resources are abundant and widely distributed, and they will remain the dominant source of primary energy for at least the next quarter century. In the United States, displacement of coal by natural gas for electric power generation has done more to reduce CO2 emissions than all new renewables combined, and this may occur globally for the next decade or two, even if the European Union does not take advantage of its large unconventional natural gas resources. Greater energy efficiency (not including the efficiencies associated with displacement of coal by gas) will also be more important than new renewables. Cost/benefit ratios are important for sustainability of the transition, and some energy efficiency technologies and displacement of coal by natural gas have lower cost/benefit ratios than wind power, solar power or biofuels. Money spent on the large scale deployment of wind, solar and especially biofuels would be better spent on research, development and demonstration of a broader suite of technologies that would support the energy transition, with a focus on improving the cost benefit ratios of already deployed technologies and developing alternatives. Advanced nuclear reactors, engineered geothermal systems, fossil fuel recovery coupled with CO2 sequestration and pre-combustion or post-combustion decarbonation of fossil fuels with geological CO2 sequestration are among the technologies that might be more cost effective than wind, solar or biofuels, and biofuels have serious adverse societal and environment consequences.

  7. Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st century with a dynamic vegetation model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jiang, Yueyang

    This study aims to assess how high-latitude vegetation may respond under various climate scenarios during the 21st century with a focus on analyzing model parameters induced uncertainty and how this uncertainty compares ...

  8. Scenarios of Global Municipal Water-Use Demand Projections over the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Davies, Evan; Eom, Jiyong

    2013-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper establishes three future projections of global municipal water use to the end of the 21st century: A reference business-as usual (BAU) scenario, a High Technological Improvement (High Tech) scenario and a Low Technological Improvement (Low Tech) scenario. A global municipal water demand model is constructed using global water use statistics at the country-scale, calibrated to the base year of 2005, and simulated to the end of the 21st century. Since the constructed water demand model hinges on socioeconomic variables (population, income), water price, and end-use technology and efficiency improvement rates, projections of those input variables are adopted to characterize the uncertainty in future water demand estimates. The water demand model is linked to the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a global change integrated assessment model. Under the reference scenario, the global total water withdrawal increases from 466 km3/year in 2005 to 941 km3/year in 2100,while withdrawals in the high and low tech scenarios are 321 km3/ year and 2000 km3/ year, respectively. This wide range (321-2000 km3/ year) indicates the level of uncertainty associated with such projections. The simulated global municipal demand projections are most sensitive to population and income projections, then to end-use technology and efficiency projections, and finally to water price. Thus, using water price alone as a policy measure to reduce municipal water use may substantiate the share of municipal water price of peoples annual incomes.

  9. Book Review: Making History Matter: Documenting Feminist & Queer Activism in the 21st Century Edited by Lyz Bly and Kelly Wooten

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coombe, Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the 21st Century by Kelly Wooten, edited by Lyz Bly.issue, as editors Lyz Bly and Kelly Wooten seek to erase the

  10. Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington: Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies (Revision)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study was prepared by participants in the Laboratories for the 21st Century program, a joint endeavor of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. The goal of this program is to foster greater energy efficiency in new laboratory buildings for both the public and the private sectors. Retrofits of existing laboratories are also encouraged. The energy-efficient features of the laboratories in the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center complex in Seattle, Washington, include extensive use of efficient lighting, variable-air-volume controls, variable-speed drives, motion sensors, and high-efficiency chillers and motors. With about 532,000 gross square feet, the complex is estimated to use 33% less electrical energy than most traditional research facilities consume because of its energy-efficient design and features.

  11. Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, Washington: Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study was prepared by participants in the Laboratories for the 21st Century program, a joint endeavor of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. The goal of this program is to foster greater energy efficiency in new laboratory buildings for both the public and the private sectors. Retrofits of existing laboratories are also encouraged. The energy-efficient features of the laboratories in the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center complex in Seattle, Washington, include extensive use of efficient lighting, variable-air-volume controls, variable-speed drives, motion sensors, and high-efficiency chillers and motors. With about 532,000 gross square feet, the complex is estimated to use 33% less electrical energy than most traditional research facilities consume because of its energy-efficient design and features.

  12. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: 2003 Annual Technical Status Report DOE/AL68284-TSR03

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo

    2004-01-09T23:59:59.000Z

    The 21st Century Locomotive program objective is to develop 25% more efficient freight locomotives by 2010. Diesel engine-related research addresses advanced fuel injection, electric turbocharger and abradable seals. Assembly of a common rail fuel injection test system is underway, and a CFD combustion model has been validated. An electrically assisted turbocharger has been constructed and operated, meeting the generator mode design rating. System characterization and optimization is ongoing. Candidate abradable seal materials have been identified and test coupons prepared. Locomotive system-related research addresses capturing, storing and utilizing regenerative braking energy in a hybrid locomotive, and fuel optimization control. Hybrid locomotive energy storage requirements have been identified and studies on specific energy storage solutions are in progress. Energy management controls have been defined and testing initiated. Train and track parameter identification necessary for fuel optimization has been demonstrated.

  13. ENGINES OF DISCOVERY: THE 21ST CENTURY REVOLUTION THE LONG RANGE PLAN FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaeffer, Jonathan

    COMPUTING IN CANADA #12;Engines of Discovery: The 21st Century Revolution The Benefits of the Long Range in Canada - development of a national network of technical support available to all users · Autonomy: local dissemination of techniques and results across Canada · Transparency: appropriate and well-managed injection

  14. Company City State Contact Info 21st Century Plastics Corporation Potterville MI www.21stcpc.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    Company City State Contact Info 21st Century Plastics Corporation Potterville MI www.21stcpc.com A. Schulman, Inc. Akron OH www.aschulman.com A.M.A. Plastics Riverside CA www.accordindustries.com Airlite Plastics Co. Omaha NE www.airliteplastics.com Alco Plastics, Inc. Romeo MI www

  15. Transient climate change scenario simulation of the Mediterranean Sea for the 21st century using a high-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Transient climate change scenario simulation of the Mediterranean Sea for the 21st century using. A climate change IPCC-A2 scenario run with an atmosphere regional climate model is used to force Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2001), the climate over

  16. Transient climate change scenario simulation of the Mediterranean Sea for the 21st century using a high-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    Transient climate change scenario simulation of the Mediterranean Sea for the 21st century using on Climate Change (IPCC 2001), the climate over the Mediterranean basin may become warmer and drier during 561079610 Climate Dynamics, submitted, July, 2004 #12;- 2 - 2 Abstract A scenario of the Mediterranean Sea

  17. "ECS Transactions -Boston, MA" Volume 16, "Photovoltaics for the 21st Century 7" to be published in September, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dagenais, Mario

    "ECS Transactions - Boston, MA" Volume 16, "Photovoltaics for the 21st Century 7" to be published ?/600 ? /200 ?. The CIGS film with homogeneous and dense surface morphology with large grain size temperature from 99.99% pure source. Figure 1(a) shows the schematic of the E-beam evaporation system used

  18. Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education Access-to-Clean-Content Technology in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Das, Rhiju

    Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education ­ Access-to-Clean-Content Technology Center for Legal Informatics #12;SIPX: Addressing the Copyright Law Barrier in Higher Education ­ Access-to-Clean-Content Technology in the 21st Century 2 codexThe Stanford Center for Legal Informatics The Problems Imagine

  19. Intensity, duration, and frequency of precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent research on the projection of precipitation extremes has either focused on conceptual physical mechanisms that generate heavy precipitation or rigorous statistical methods that extrapolate tail behavior. However, informing both climate prediction and impact assessment requires concurrent physically and statistically oriented analysis. A combined examination of climate model simulations and observation-based reanalysis data sets suggests more intense and frequent precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios. Utilization of statistical extreme value theory and resampling-based uncertainty quantification combined with consideration of the Clausius-Clapeyron relationship reveals consistently intensifying trends for precipitation extremes at a global-average scale. However, regional and decadal analyses reveal specific discrepancies in the physical mechanisms governing precipitation extremes, as well as their statistical trends, especially in the tropics. The intensifying trend of precipitation extremes has quantifiable impacts on intensity-duration-frequency curves, which in turn have direct implications for hydraulic engineering design and water-resources management. The larger uncertainties at regional and decadal scales suggest the need for caution during regional-scale adaptation or preparedness decisions. Future research needs to explore the possibility of uncertainty reduction through higher resolution global climate models, statistical or dynamical downscaling, as well as improved understanding of precipitation extremes processes.

  20. Examination of the role of nuclear deterrence in the 21st century: a systems analysis approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martz, Joseph C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stevens, Patrice A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Branstetter, Linda [SNL; Hoover, Edward [SNL; O' Brien, Kevin [SNL; Slavin, Adam [SNL; Caswell, David [STANFORD UNIV

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Until very recently, an evaluation of US policy regarding deterrence and the role of its nuclear weapons arsenal as a deterrent has been largely absent in the public debate. With President's Obama embrace of a goal of a future world without nuclear weapons, issues of nuclear policy and deterrence have just recently risen to the forefront of policy discussions. The traditional role of US nuclear weapons-to deter the use of nuclear weapons by other states-endures, but is no longer unique nor even predominant. In an increasingly multi-polar world, the US now faces growing risks of nuclear weapons proliferation; the spread of weapons of mass destruction generally to non-state, substate and transnational actors; cyber, space, economic, environmental and resource threats along with the application of numerous other forms of 'soft power' in ways that are inimical to national security and to global stability. What concept of deterrence should the US seek to maintain in the 21st Century? That question remains fluid and central to the current debate. Recently there has been a renewed focusing of attention on the role of US nuclear weapons and a national discussion about what the underlying policy should be. In this environment, both the United States and Russia have committed to drastic reductions in their nuclear arsenals, while still maintaining forces sufficient to ensure unacceptable consequence in response to acts of aggression. Further, the declared nuclear powers have maintained that a limited nuclear arsenal continues to provide insurance against uncertain developments in a changing world. In this environment of US and Russian stockpile reductions, all declared nuclear states have reiterated the central role which nuclear weapons continue to provide for their supreme national security interests. Given this new environment and the challenges of the next several decades, how might the United States structure its policy and forces with regard to nuclear weapons? Many competing objectives have been stated across the spectrum of political, social, and military thought. These objectives include goals of ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, recommitment to further downsizing of the nuclear arsenal, embracing a long-term goal of the elimination of nuclear weapons, limitations on both the production complex and upgrades to nuclear weapons and delivery systems, and controls and constraints to limit proliferation of nuclear materials and weapons, particularly to rogue states and terrorist groups.

  1. Results from the 2010 INMM International Containment and Surveillance Workshop focused on Concepts for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickett, Chris A [ORNL; Tolk, Keith M [ORNL; Keel, Frances M [ORNL; Lamontagne, Steve [U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Institute of Nuclear Materials Management (INMM) held an International Workshop, 'Containment & Surveillance (C/S): Concepts for the 21st Century,' June 6-11, 2010, at the Oak National Laboratory, in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. The National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Office of Nonproliferation Research and Development and Office of Nonproliferation and International Security sponsored the event. The workshop focused on determining concepts and needs for 21st century containment and surveillance (C/S) systems that support International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards and future arms control agreements. Panel discussions by subject matter experts and international practitioners addressed daily topical themes encompassing the following areas of C/S: authentication; tagging, sealing, and containment verification; and surveillance systems. Each panel discussion was followed by a question-and-answer session with the audience and an afternoon breakout session. The facilitated breakout sessions were used to compile information and determine future needs. Individuals attending the workshop included C/S experts and practitioners; IAEA and arms control inspectors; technology providers; vendors; students; and individuals with an interest in, or desire to learn about, future C/S system needs. The primary goal of the workshop was to produce a document that details the future research and development needs for C/S systems that support nuclear safeguards and arms control missions. This talk will present a compilation of the information obtained from breakout sessions at the workshop.

  2. Food and Fuel for the 21st Century | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: AlternativeEnvironment, Safety and HealthDepartmentFindings of NoFleetFood and Fuel for the 21st

  3. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide regarding energy recovery is one in a series on best practices for laboratories. It was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century ('Labs 21'), a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. Laboratories typically require 100% outside air for ventilation at higher rates than other commercial buildings. Minimum ventilation is typically provided at air change per hour (ACH) rates in accordance with codes and adopted design standards including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 1910.1450 (4 to 12 ACH - non-mandatory) or the 2011 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Applications Handbook, Chapter 16 - Laboratories (6 to 12 ACH). While OSHA states this minimum ventilation rate 'should not be relied on for protection from toxic substances released into the laboratory' it specifically indicates that it is intended to 'provide a source of air for breathing and for input to local ventilation devices (e.g., chemical fume hoods or exhausted bio-safety cabinets), to ensure that laboratory air is continually replaced preventing the increase of air concentrations of toxic substances during the working day, direct air flow into the laboratory from non-laboratory areas and out to the exterior of the building.' The heating and cooling energy needed to condition and move this outside air can be 5 to 10 times greater than the amount of energy used in most office buildings. In addition, when the required ventilation rate exceeds the airflow needed to meet the cooling load in low-load laboratories, additional heating energy may be expended to reheat dehumidified supply air from the supply air condition to prevent over cooling. In addition to these low-load laboratories, reheat may also be required in adjacent spaces such as corridors that provide makeup air to replace air being pulled into negative-pressure laboratories. Various types of energy recovery devices and systems can substantially reduce heating and cooling energy required for conditioning spaces in laboratories. Heating and cooling systems can be downsized when energy recovery is used because these systems reduce peak heating and cooling requirements. Heating and cooling systems can also be downsized by capturing heat generated in high-load spaces and transferring it to spaces requiring reheat. There are many opportunities for energy recovery in laboratories. This guide includes descriptions of several air-to-air energy recovery devices and methods, such as using enthalpy wheels (Figure 1), heat pipes, or run-around loops in new construction. These devices generally recover energy from exhaust air. This recovered energy is used to precondition supply air during both cooling and heating modes of operation. In addition to air-to-air energy recovery options, this guide includes a description of a water-to-water heat recovery system that collects heat from high-load spaces and transfers it to spaces that require reheat. While air-to-air recovery devices provide significant energy reduction, in some laboratory facilities the amount of energy available in the exhaust air exceeds the pre-heat and pre-cooling needed to maintain supply air conditions. During these periods of time, controls typically reduce the energy recovery capacity to match the reduced load. If the energy recovered in the exhaust is not needed then it is rejected from the facility. By using a water-to-water recovery system, it is possible to significantly reduce overall building energy use by reusing heating or cooling energy generated in the building before it is rejected to the outdoors. Laboratory managers are encouraged to perform a life-cycle cost analysis of an energy-recovery technology to determine the feasibility of its application in their laboratory. Usually, the shortest payback periods occur when the heating and cooling load reduction provided by an energy recovery system allows the laboratory to install and use smaller heating (e.g., hot water or steam) and cooling (e.g., c

  4. The Need for a Strong Science and Technology Program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garaizar, X

    2010-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper I argue for the need for a strong Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex as the basis for maintaining a credible deterrence capability. The current Nuclear Posture Review establishes a New Triad as the basis for the United States deterrence strategy in a changing security environment. A predictive science capability is at the core of a credible National Nuclear Weapons program in the 21st Century. In absence of nuclear testing, the certification of our current Nuclear Weapons relies on predictive simulations and quantification of the associated simulation uncertainties. In addition, a robust nuclear infrastructure needs an active research and development program that considers all the required nuclear scenarios, including new configurations for which there is no nuclear test data. This paper also considers alternative positions to the need for a Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons complex.

  5. Louis Stokes Laboratories, Building 50, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland: Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies (Revision)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2002-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study was prepared by participants in the Laboratories for the 21st Century program, a joint endeavor of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. The goal of this program is to foster greater energy efficiency in new laboratory buildings for both the public and the private sectors. Retrofits of existing laboratories are also encouraged. The energy-efficient features of the new laboratories in Building 50 at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, include extensive use of daylighting, variable-air-volume control of the ventilation air supply and exhaust air system, and a unique energy recovery system that makes use of large desiccant energy wheels. With nearly 300,000 gross square feet, the building is estimated to use much less energy than traditional research facilities consume because of its energy-efficient design and features.

  6. Louis Stokes Laboratories, Building 50, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, Maryland: Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2001-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study was prepared by participants in the Laboratories for the 21st Century program, a joint endeavor of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy's Federal Energy Management Program. The goal of this program is to foster greater energy efficiency in new laboratory buildings for both the public and the private sectors. Retrofits of existing laboratories are also encouraged. The energy-efficient features of the new laboratories in Building 50 at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland, include extensive use of daylighting, variable-air-volume control of the ventilation air supply and exhaust air system, and a unique energy recovery system that makes use of large desiccant energy wheels. With nearly 300,000 gross square feet, the building is estimated to use much less energy than traditional research facilities consume because of its energy-efficient design and features.

  7. A New Biology for the 21st Century; Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century; Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution; National Research Council

    2012-05-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In July, 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), and Department of Energy (DOE) asked the National Research Councils Board on Life Sciences to convene a committee to examine the current state of biological research in the United States and recommend how best to capitalize on recent technological and scientific advances that have allowed biologists to integrate biological research findings, collect and interpret vastly increased amounts of data, and predict the behavior of complex biological systems. From September 2008 through July of 2009, a committee of 16 experts from the fields of biology, engineering and computational science undertook to delineate those scientific and technological advances and come to a consensus on how the U.S. might best capitalize on them. This report, authored by the Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century, describes the committees work and conclusions.

  8. Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Wise, Marshall A.; Patel, Pralit L.; Eom, Jiyong; Calvin, Katherine V.

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water scarcity conditions over the 21st century both globally and regionally are assessed in the context of climate change, by estimating both water availability and water demand within the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a leading community integrated assessment model of energy, agriculture, climate, and water. To quantify changes in future water availability, a new gridded water-balance global hydrologic model namely, the Global Water Availability Model (GWAM) is developed and evaluated. Global water demands for six major demand sectors (irrigation, livestock, domestic, electricity generation, primary energy production, and manufacturing) are modeled in GCAM at the regional scale (14 geopolitical regions, 151 sub-regions) and then spatially downscaled to 0.5 o x 0.5o resolution to match the scale of GWAM. Using a baseline scenario (i.e., no climate change mitigation policy) with radiative forcing reaching 8.8 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A1Fi emission scenario) and a global population of 14 billion by 2095, global annual water demand grows from about 9% of total annual renewable freshwater in 2005 to about 32% by 2095. This results in almost half of the world population living under extreme water scarcity by the end of the 21st century. Regionally, the demand for water exceeds the amount of water availability in two GCAM regions, the Middle East and India. Additionally, in years 2050 and 2095, 20% and 27% of the global population, respectively, is projected to live in areas (grid cells) that will experience greater water demands than the amount of available water in a year (i.e., the water scarcity index (WSI) > 1.0). This study implies an increasingly prominent role for water in future human decisions, and highlights the importance of including water in integrated assessment of global change.

  9. The Vienna Archives: Musical Expropriations During the Nazi Era and 21st Century Ramifications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapreau, Carla

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    91) None Pair of ebony drumsticks, with gilt mounts Tamourinth century, with ebony drumstick with ivory head and boxwood

  10. "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy (HACT) in Command and Control Decision-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    1 12TH ICCRTS "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration and Automation Laboratory 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Bldg 33-407 Cambridge, MA 02319 #12;2 Introducing a Human-Automation-support systems that attempt to facilitate collaboration between the human operator and automation. Unfortunately

  11. State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial Environments-- INTRODUCTION--CHANGES IN THE EARTH'S CRYOSPHERE of the more than 7.0 billion human beings on Earth today [in 2012], almost 2 billion more people added since

  12. Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Wise, Marshall A.; Patel, Pralit L.; Eom, Jiyong; Calvin, Katherine V.

    2014-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Water scarcity conditions over the 21st century both globally and regionally are assessed in the context of climate change and climate mitigation policies, by estimating both water availability and water demand within the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a leading community integrated assessment model of energy, agriculture, climate, and water. To quantify changes in future water availability, a new gridded water-balance global hydrologic model namely, the Global Water Availability Model (GWAM) is developed and evaluated. Global water demands for six major demand sectors (irrigation, livestock, domestic, electricity generation, primary energy production, and manufacturing) are modeled in GCAM at the regional scale (14 geopolitical regions, 151 sub-regions) and then spatially downscaled to 0.5 o x 0.5o resolution to match the scale of GWAM. Using a baseline scenario (i.e., no climate change mitigation policy) with radiative forcing reaching 8.8 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A1Fi emission scenario) and three climate policy scenarios with increasing mitigation stringency of 7.7, 5.5, and 4.2 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A2, B2, and B1 emission scenarios, respectively), we investigate the effects of emission mitigation policies on water scarcity. Two carbon tax regimes (a universal carbon tax (UCT) which includes land use change emissions, and a fossil fuel and industrial emissions carbon tax (FFICT) which excludes land use change emissions) are analyzed. The baseline scenario results in more than half of the world population living under extreme water scarcity by the end of the 21st century. Additionally, in years 2050 and 2095, 36% (28%) and 44% (39%) of the global population, respectively, is projected to live in grid cells (in basins) that will experience greater water demands than the amount of available water in a year (i.e., the water scarcity index (WSI) > 1.0). When comparing the climate policy scenarios to the baseline scenario while maintaining the same baseline socioeconomic assumptions, water scarcity declines under a UCT mitigation policy but increases with a FFICT mitigation scenario by the year 2095 particularly with more stringent climate mitigation targets. Under the FFICT scenario, water scarcity is projected to increase driven by higher water demands for bio-energy crops.

  13. Driving Pattern Recognition for Control of Hybrid Electric Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Huei

    Driving Pattern Recognition for Control of Hybrid Electric Trucks CHAN-CHIAO LIN1 , SOONIL JEON2 strategy is to minimize fuel consumption and engine-out NOx and PM emissions on a set of diversified trucks. The 21st Century Truck program in the US, spearheaded by two government agencies, Department

  14. Whitehead Policy Symposium. The Human Genome Project: Science, law, and social change in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, E.K.

    2000-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in the biomedical sciences, especially in human genomics, will dramatically influence law, medicine, public health, and many other sectors of our society in the decades ahead. The public already senses the revolutionary nature of genomic knowledge. In the US and Europe, we have seen widespread discussions about genetic discrimination in health insurance; privacy issues raised by the proliferation of DNA data banks; the challenge of interpreting new DNA diagnostic tests; changing definitions of what it means to be healthy; and the science and ethics of cloning animals and human beings. The primary goal of the Whitehead/ASLME Policy Symposium was to provide a bridge between the research community and professionals, who were just beginning to grasp the potential impact of new genetic technologies on their fields. The ''Human Genome Project: Science, Law, and Social Change in the 21st Century'' initially was designed as a forum for 300-500 physicians, lawyers, consumers, ethicists, and scientists to explore the impact of new genetic technologies and prepare for the challenges ahead.

  15. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Design (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide provides general information on specifying acceptable exhaust and intake designs. It also provides various quantitative approaches that can be used to determine expected concentration levels resulting from exhaust system emissions. In addition, the guide describes methodologies that can be employed to operate laboratory exhaust systems in a safe and energy efficient manner by using variable air volume (VAV) technology. The guide, one in a series on best practices for laboratories, was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21), a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Geared toward architects, engineers, and facility managers, the guides contain information about technologies and practices to use in designing, constructing, and operating safe, sustainable, high-performance laboratories. Studies show a direct relationship between indoor air quality and the health and productivity of building occupants. Historically, the study and protection of indoor air quality focused on emission sources emanating from within the building. For example, to ensure that the worker is not exposed to toxic chemicals, 'as manufactured' and 'as installed' containment specifications are required for fume hoods. However, emissions from external sources, which may be re-ingested into the building through closed circuiting between the building's exhaust stacks and air intakes, are an often overlooked aspect of indoor air quality.

  16. Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from the Gridwise Global1WasteRecovery ActResilienceReliability | DepartmentDepartment

  17. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector GeneralDepartment of Energy fromCommentsRevolving Loan Funds Revolving LoanA l i c e L iDepartment

  18. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment(October-December 2013Lamps;5 Federal Energy14ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The

  19. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers -

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists' ResearchThe Office of FossilMembership | Department ofRuleNuclear5Prairie21CTP-0003,

  20. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l LPROJECTS IN

  1. 21st century energy solutions. Coal and Power Systems FY2001 program briefing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The continued strength of American's economy depends on the availability of affordable energy, which has long been provided by the Nations rich supplies of fossil fuels. Forecasts indicate that fossil fuels will continue to meet much of the demand for economical electricity and transportation fuels for decades to come. It is projected that natural gas, oil, and coal will supply nearly 90% of US energy in 2020, with coal fueling around 50% of the electricity. It is essential to develop ways to achieve the objectives for a cleaner environment while using these low-cost, high-value fuels. A national commitment to improved technologies--for use in the US and abroad--is the solution. The Coal and Power Systems program is responding to this commitment by offering energy solutions to advance the clean, efficient, and affordable use of the Nations abundant fossil fuel resources. These solutions include: (1) Vision 21--A multi-product, pollution-free energy plant--producing electricity, fuels, and/or industry heat--could extract 80% or more of the energy value of coal and 85% or more of the energy value of natural gas; (2) Central Power Systems--Breakthrough turbines and revolutionary new gasification technologies that burn less coal and gas to obtain energy, while reducing emissions; (3) Distributed Generation--Fuel cell technology providing highly efficient, clean modular power; (4) Fuels--The coproduction of coal-derived transportation fuels and power from gasification-based technology; (5) Carbon Sequestration--Capturing greenhouse gases from the exhaust gases of combustion or other sources, or from the atmosphere itself, and storing them for centuries or recycling them into useful products; and (6) Advanced Research--Going beyond conventional thinking in the areas of computational science, biotechnology, and advanced materials.

  2. Proc. International Conference on Manufacturing Education, SME, San Diego, CA Proceedings of the SME Int. Conf. on Manufacturing Education for the 21st Century, San Diego CA, March 1996 Page1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lamancusa, John S.

    Proc. International Conference on Manufacturing Education, SME, San Diego, CA March 1996 Proceedings of the SME Int. Conf. on Manufacturing Education for the 21st Century, San Diego CA, March 1996

  3. atomenergi norway 21st: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CENTURY Engineering Websites Summary: reinforcement. This problem is more serious in cold climate countries, where de-icing salts accelerate of these materials for the 21st...

  4. Ohio State receives Obama-Singh award The Ohio State University is one of four U.S. universities to receive the highly competitive Obama-Singh 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Ohio State receives Obama-Singh award The Ohio State University is one of four U.S. universities to receive the highly competitive Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative award for its project-year period, Ohio State will receive approximately $250,000 to launch a pilot program with Aligarh Muslim

  5. GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR HIGHER EDUCATION IN THE 21ST Indo-US Consortium of Universities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pradhan, Anil

    and the Aligarh Muslim University launched under the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative. One of its of Universities Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative A Proposal for Training Science

  6. What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockwood, Mike

    to the observed increase in anthropogenic greenhouse gas con- centrations" [IPCC, 2007, p. 10], where "very likely with observed varia- tions and trends in global near-surface temperatures over the 20th century when they include both anthropogenic and natural forcings than when they include natural forcings only [Hegerl et al

  7. Climate mitigations impact on global and regional electric power sector water use in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the course of this coming century, global electricity use is expected to grow at least five fold and if stringent greenhouse gas emissions controls are in place the growth could be more than seven fold from current levels. Given that the electric power sector represents the second largest anthropogenic use of water and given growing concerns about the nature and extent of future water scarcity driven by population growth and a changing climate, significant concern has been expressed about the electricity sectors use of water going forward. In this paper, the authors demonstrate that an often overlooked but absolutely critical issue that needs to be taken into account in discussions about the sustainability of the electric sectors water use going forward is the tremendous turn over in electricity capital stock that will occur over the course of this century; i.e., in the scenarios examined here more than 80% of global electricity production in the year 2050 is from facilities that have not yet been built. The authors show that because of the large scale changes in the global electricity system, the water withdrawal intensity of electricity production is likely to drop precipitously with the result being relatively constant water withdrawals over the course of the century even in the face of the large growth in electricity usage. The ability to cost effectively reduce the water intensity of power plants with carbon dioxide capture and storage systems in particular is key to constraining overall global water use.

  8. A KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY STRATEGY FOR RELATING SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO FREQUENCIES OF TROPICAL STORMS AND GENERATING PREDICTIONS OF HURRICANES UNDER 21ST-CENTURY GLOBAL WARMING SCENARIOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Race, Caitlin [University of Minnesota; Steinbach, Michael [University of Minnesota; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL; Semazzi, Fred [North Carolina State University; Kumar, Vipin [University of Minnesota

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The connections among greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, global warming, and frequencies of hurricanes or tropical cyclones are among the least understood in climate science but among the most fiercely debated in the context of adaptation decisions or mitigation policies. Here we show that a knowledge discovery strategy, which leverages observations and climate model simulations, offers the promise of developing credible projections of tropical cyclones based on sea surface temperatures (SST) in a warming environment. While this study motivates the development of new methodologies in statistics and data mining, the ability to solve challenging climate science problems with innovative combinations of traditional and state-of-the-art methods is demonstrated. Here we develop new insights, albeit in a proof-of-concept sense, on the relationship between sea surface temperatures and hurricane frequencies, and generate the most likely projections with uncertainty bounds for storm counts in the 21st-century warming environment based in turn on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Our preliminary insights point to the benefits that can be achieved for climate science and impacts analysis, as well as adaptation and mitigation policies, by a solution strategy that remains tailored to the climate domain and complements physics-based climate model simulations with a combination of existing and new computational and data science approaches.

  9. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up from theDepartment(October-December 2013Lamps;5 Federal Energy14

  10. 2000 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Strength through Science Powering the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None,

    2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Department of Energy conducts programs relating to energy resources, national nuclear security, environmental quality, and science. In each of these areas, the US is facing significant challenges. Our economic well-being depends on the continuing availability of reliable and affordable supplies of clean energy. Our Nation's security is threatened by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Our environment is under threat from the demands a more populated planet and the legacies of 20th-century activities. Science and the technology derived from it offer the promise to improve the Nation's health and well-being and broadly expand human knowledge. In conducting its programs, the Department of Energy (DOE) employs unique scientific and technical assets, including 30,000 scientists, engineers, and other technical staff, in a complex of outstanding national laboratories that have a capital value of over $45 billion. Through its multidisciplinary research and development activities and its formidable assemblage of scientific and engineering talent, DOE focuses its efforts on four programmatic business lines: (1) Energy Resources--promoting the development and deployment of systems and practices that provide energy that is clean, efficient, reasonably priced, and reliable. (2) National Nuclear Security--enhancing national security through military application of nuclear technology and by reducing global danger from the potential spread of weapons of mass destruction. (3) Environmental Quality--cleaning up the legacy of nuclear weapons and nuclear research activities, safely managing nuclear materials, and disposing of radioactive wastes. (4) Science--advancing science and scientific tools to provide the foundation for DOE's applied missions and to provide remarkable insights into our physical and biological world. In support of the above four business lines, DOE provides management services to ensure that the technical programs can run efficiently. Our Corporate Management area deals with organizational and management challenges that we must address to better serve our customers, and ultimately, U.S. taxpayers, in an effective and efficient manner. Within Corporate Management, we strive for excellence in the Department's environment, safety, and health practices, together with effective management systems and efficient business practices.

  11. Aiming for theTop The Wits 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wagner, Stephan

    Change and Sustainability Research Institute 24 Institute for Well-being and Development 28 Contents #12 developing communities and safeguarding the environment. The Global Change and Sustainability Research includes the creation of six prestigious new 21st Century Research Institutes to build on its areas

  12. Project Summary Title: EFRI-RESIN Proposal, 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaswani, Namrata

    ) Summary: Most US energy usage is for electricity production and vehicle transportation, two interdependentProject Summary Title: EFRI-RESIN Proposal, 21st Century National Energy and Transportation prominent. There are several new energy supply technologies reaching maturity, accelerated by public concern

  13. Estimating the supply and demand for deep geologic CO2 storage capacity over the course of the 21st Century: A meta-analysis of the literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.

    2013-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Whether there is sufficient geologic CO2 storage capacity to allow CCS to play a significant role in mitigating climate change has been the subject of debate since the 1990s. This paper presents a meta- analysis of a large body of recently published literature to derive updated estimates of the global deep geologic storage resource as well as the potential demand for this geologic CO2 storage resource over the course of this century. This analysis reveals that, for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation scenarios that have end-of-century atmospheric CO2 concentrations of between 350 ppmv and 725 ppmv, the average demand for deep geologic CO2 storage over the course of this century is between 410 GtCO2 and 1,670 GtCO2. The literature summarized here suggests that -- depending on the stringency of criteria applied to calculate storage capacity global geologic CO2 storage capacity could be: 35,300 GtCO2 of theoretical capacity; 13,500 GtCO2 of effective capacity; 3,900 GtCO2, of practical capacity; and 290 GtCO2 of matched capacity for the few regions where this narrow definition of capacity has been calculated. The cumulative demand for geologic CO2 storage is likely quite small compared to global estimates of the deep geologic CO2 storage capacity, and therefore, a lack of deep geologic CO2 storage capacity is unlikely to be an impediment for the commercial adoption of CCS technologies in this century.

  14. Grandparenting in the 21st Problems such as substance abuse, catastrophic illness, teen pregnancy, incarceration, unemployment,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grandparenting in the 21st Century Problems such as substance abuse, catastrophic illness, teen. The following information from the Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service may be helpful Take Care of Yourself

  15. Water in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piechota, Thomas C

    2013-02-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This research project focused on sustainability issues in the southwest U.S. with an emphasis on water and energy. The efforts were directed through the UNLV Urban Sustainability Office with the funding used to develop a sustainability strategic plan; conduct extensive community outreach in the greater metropolitan area; provide seed money for multidisciplinary research teams to conduct studies in the areas of ecological, socio-cultural, and economic sustainability leading to community-based solutions; and to provide service-learning opportunities for UNLV graduate and undergraduate students. The research advanced understanding of urban and regional water issues with a particular focus on climate change and climate variability in the southwest. In addition, various events were held to promote discussion on energy, water, and sustainability discussions in the community. The impact of this research was broad dissemination of research through 13 peer-reviewed publications, learning opportunities for countless students as a result of class room equipment upgrades (see report for upgrade details), and new research funding for further advancement of these research efforts.

  16. Community Interaction in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    Departement Afrikaans en Nederlands en by STIAS bring hulde aan hom op bladsy 10. Lees ook meer oor die

  17. Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vestal, Andy

    2003-03-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that might jeopardize food safety....

  18. Spaces of innovation : 21st century technopoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitinger, Susanne, 1978-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Public authorities and private developers around the world are attempting to create and sustain hubs within the innovation-based economy by fostering successful urban environments. These large-scale developments succeed ...

  19. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity, this economic expansion has been accompanied by a corresponding surge in energy consumption. China beca

  20. Developing a 21st Century Aerospace Workforce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld

    2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Across the industry there are leaders at every level who are being challenged to think and act in new ways. The same is true for this commission. This can't be a "business as usual" review of the industry's status. As the ...

  1. management in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -based strategic insights for senior executives around critical public and private sector issues. This executive identity information, often leave gaps that can be exploited by criminals, organized crime syndicates entrusted to their care is either secure or private. Based on recent research conducted by IBM, we believe

  2. MCNP APPLICATIONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. MCKINNEY; T. BOOTH; ET AL

    2000-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, has become an international standard for a wide spectrum of neutron, photon, and electron radiation transport applications. The latest version of the code, MCNP 4C, was released to the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in February 2000. This paper describes the code development philosophy, new features and capabilities, applicability to various problems, and future directions.

  3. Research universities for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States)] [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.G. [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)] [Univ. of South Carolina, Columbia, SC (United States)

    1998-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The `public outcomes` from research universities are educated students and research that extends the frontiers of knowledge. Measures of these `public outcomes` are inadequate to permit either research or education consumers to select research universities based on quantitative performance data. Research universities annually spend over $20 billion on research; 60% of these funds are provided by Federal sources. Federal funding for university research has recently grown at an annual rate near 6% during a time period when other performers of Federal research have experienced real funding cuts. Ten universities receive about 25% of the Federal funds spent on university research. Numerous studies of US research universities are reporting storm clouds. Concerns include balancing research and teaching, the narrow focus of engineering education, college costs, continuing education, and public funding of foreign student education. The absence of research on the `public outcomes` from university research results in opinion, politics, and mythology forming the basis of too many decisions. Therefore, the authors recommend studies of other nations` research universities, studies of various economic models of university research, analysis of the peer review process and how well it identifies the most capable research practitioners and at what cost, and studies of research university ownership of intellectual property that can lead to increased `public outcomes` from publicly-funded research performed by research universities. They advocate two practices that could increase the `public outcomes` from university research. These are the development of science roadmaps that link science research to `public outcomes` and `public outcome` metrics. Changes in the university research culture and expanded use of the Internet could also lead to increased `public outcomes`. They recommend the use of tax incentives to encourage companies to develop research partnerships with research universities.

  4. Quantitative Bioscience for tiie 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and analysis of nonlinear stochastic models (box 1), as illustrated by the studies reviewed by Bjornstad

  5. Fighting Tuberculosis in the 21st Century

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:EpitaxialtransatlanticUnified Forces |Superlattices

  6. 21st Century FESAC R. D. Hazeltine

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ): 1. Strategy documents (IPPA, Priorities. . . ) 2. Responses to external reports (SEAB, NRC. . . ) 3. . . .) About three FESAC are generated in a typical (recent) year. #12;Strategy documents · demand enormous · admirable, largely successful, attempts to --transcend turf defense --build consensus · reports are long

  7. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This institute begins with a keynote address that looks at how new technologies can enhance 21st century learning

  8. BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORT IN THE 21st WHY FIRE SAFETY IS A REAL ISSUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORT IN THE 21st CENTURY: WHY FIRE SAFETY IS A REAL ISSUE Guy Marlair1 , Patricia's), with thé new century venue we are assisting of a booming industry regarding biofuels of biofuels for transport. This contribution is a fîrst output from a National research program named

  9. 1.0 Motivation............................................................................................................2 1.1Overview of Energy Supply and Demand in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................................................................................2 1.1Overview of Energy Supply and Demand in the 21st Century..........................2 1.2 UK Energy ...................................................................................24 6.6 Correlation between Wind Strength and Demand for Electricity..................24 6

  10. Addressing 21st Century GrandAddressing 21st Century Grand Challenges throughChallenges through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ] Decadal Regional Climate Prediction using Earth Systems Models (EaSM): NSF, DOE, USDA program to fund next-generation Earth System Models Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI): NSF, DOE, EPA focus this year

  11. Mexico and the 21st Century Power Partnership (Fact Sheet), 21st Century Power Partnership

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping theEnergyInnovation Portalarticles oftheEvaluate and expand

  12. Graduate Assistant Orientation August 21st, 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    , Dean of the Graduate School #12;THE UNH Mission The University of New Hampshire is the state's public-grant charters. #12;CoreValues of UNH Engagement Teaching, research, and public service that make a differenceGraduate Assistant Orientation August 21st, 2012 New Opportunities & New Challenges Harry Richards

  13. Adaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Keith D. Cooper Devika Subramanian Linda Torczon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Historically, compilers have operated by applying a fixed set of optimizations in a predetermined order. WeAdaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Century Keith D. Cooper Devika Subramanian Linda Torczon call such an ordered list of optimizations a compilation sequence. This paper describes a prototype

  14. 1994 SSRL 21st USERS MEETING

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLasDelivered‰PNGExperience hands-on halloweenReliable7O(α, X) (Current as SSRL 21st USERS

  15. 15-Minute Scheduling Begins October 21st - October 16, 2014

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CommitteesTeams Customer Training Interconnection Notices Rates Standards of Conduct Tariff TF Web Based Training Notice: 15-Minute Scheduling Begins October 21st Posted Date:...

  16. Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farris, Phoebe

    2006-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    artists Joe Fedderson (Colville Confederated Tribes), Rose Powhatan (Pamunkey), Jaune Quick-to-See Smith (Flathead Salish/Con- federated Salish and Kootenai Nation), Kay Walking Stick (Cherokee), and Carm Little Turtle (Apache.... No matter what style, most Na tive American art from this generation emphasized beauty, balance, and har mony. The 1960s may be considered the turning point when Native American artists began to break away from the so-called White-influenced, (D. Dunn...

  17. NanoKids Project 21st Century Explorers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    years. This funding will support the work of America's most creative minds as they explore promising areas such as nanotechnology, supercomputing, and alternative energy sources." #12;The Problem Most and Stage 1991 #12;Why the Big Push? #12;Why the Big Push? #12;3. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects

  18. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies: National Renewable...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    goals for energy savings, daylighting, and achieving a LEED Gold rating (through the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program) for its...

  19. Correlated neutron counting for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Evans, Louise G [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Correlated neutron counting techniques, such as neutron coincidence and multiplicity counting, are widely employed at nuclear fuel cycle facilities for the accountancy of nuclear material such as plutonium. These techniques need to be improved and enhanced to meet the challenges of complex measurement items and future nuclear safeguards applications, for example; the non-destructive assay of spent nuclear fuel, high counting rate applications, small sample measurements, and Helium-3 replacement. At the same time simulation tools, used for the design of detection systems based on these techniques, are being developed in anticipation of future needs. This seminar will present the theory and current state of the practice of temporally correlated neutron counting. A range of future safeguards applications will then be presented in the context of research projects at Los Alamos National Laboratory.

  20. Farm Business Management for the 21st Century Purdue Extension

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    mature markets in terms of acreage growth and expansion of livestock production capacity. Growth oppor in international markets. More recently, the development of agreements such as WTO and NAFTA have been the focal point of much of the globalization discussion, with the emphasis on broader access to world markets

  1. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    vehicles; and auxiliary power units and portable electronics--fuel cell applications hold potential to capture the sun, harness the wind, and utilize earth's natural geothermal energy. DOE also pursues clean energy solutions for transportation, like next- generation biofuels, advanced batteries for electric

  2. Oregon State University Strategic Plan for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Escher, Christine

    -05 2005-06 2002-03 2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2007-08 (As Set in 2004) Academic and Research Ranking 1.1 U.8 Nov-07 118 *Expenditures from Grants and Contracts for FY 2005-06 is a preliminary calculation for AY/FY 2005-06. ³ FY 2003 and FY 2004 data were adjusted by a common factor to allow comparison

  3. Rare Isotope Beams for the 21st Century

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    James Symons

    2010-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    In a scientific keynote address on Friday, June 12 at Michigan State University (MSU) in East Lansing, James Symons, Director of Berkeley Labs Nuclear Science Division (NSD), discussed the exciting research prospects of the new Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) to be built at MSUs National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory.

  4. 21st Century Locomotive Technology Quarterly Technical Status Report 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Paul Houpt; Jennifer Topinka

    2004-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Common rail injection facility has been commissioned. The advanced fuel injection model has been calibrated and studies of fuel consumption and emission subject to design/mechanical constraints have been initiated. Motoring mode of the assisted turbocharger has been studied and performance against the design goals assessed. Preliminary hybrid energy storage system studies were received, and lab testing to support energy management algorithms was performed. A successful field test of optimizing Consist Manager was performed.

  5. The Commodification of the Native in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowler, Sarah

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    168. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, Sedona Sneaker18-32. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012. Capitana9-17. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 2012. Sanchez,

  6. Gravitational wave astronomy - astronomy of the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Dhurandhar

    2011-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An enigmatic prediction of Einstein's general theory of relativity is gravitational waves. With the observed decay in the orbit of the Hulse-Taylor binary pulsar agreeing within a fraction of a percent with the theoretically computed decay from Einstein's theory, the existence of gravitational waves was firmly established. Currently there is a worldwide effort to detect gravitational waves with interferometric gravitational wave observatories or detectors and several such detectors have been built or being built. The initial detectors have reached their design sensitivities and now the effort is on to construct advanced detectors which are expected to detect gravitational waves from astrophysical sources. The era of gravitational wave astronomy has arrived. This article describes the worldwide effort which includes the effort on the Indian front - the IndIGO project -, the principle underlying interferometric detectors both on ground and in space, the principal noise sources that plague such detectors, the astrophysical sources of gravitational waves that one expects to detect by these detectors and some glimpse of the data analysis methods involved in extracting the very weak gravitational wave signals from detector noise.

  7. 21st Century Zombies: New Media, Cinema, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joanne Marie

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the expression of zombie fandom and an examination of whatin the world of zombie fandom. 406 Each of these productionssubculture of zombie fandom (which all began with Romeros

  8. The waterfront engine : proposal for a 21st century Delhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgan de Rivery, Philippe

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Delhi, a 14 million people megacity, has a huge open space area available in its heart along the banks of the Yamuna River. At the same time, Delhi, which would like to become a fully-fledged global city, does not have a ...

  9. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    in all its aspects. Post-piagetian theories such as the SOLO-Taxonomy theory (Biggs and Collis, 1982; Collis and Watson, 1991; Biggs and Collis, 1991) focus on the quality of a response given to certain task

  10. State Energy Program Strategic Plan for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Representatives of DOE and the States initiated development of this Strategic Plan to clearly define the program's goals for the next 10 years.

  11. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices Guide: Modeling...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Science and Technology Facility Top ECMs for Labs and Data Centers Chapter 5: Lighting, HVAC, and Plumbing Home About FEMP Program Areas Laws & Requirements Training Information...

  12. Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Llewelyn; Kreyling, Sean J.

    2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Resource nationalism in oil-importing states appears on the rise. Oil price volatility underpinned by demand growth has led China, India and others to increase state support for national-flag firms in order to increase the states energy self-sufficiency. Both Chinese and Indian National Oil Companies (NOCs) have made energy investments worldwide, including in Sudan and Iran. Long-standing oil importers such as the United States and Japan have reenergized policies designed to increase domestic production of crude and crude substitutes, or have subsidized national-flag firms, in the name of energy independence.

  13. Public Health Leadership In The 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Howard K.

    2006-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Leadership in public health requires stretching the mind and soul in almost unimaginable ways. Living

  14. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Energy Recovery...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    rooms and electrical transformer rooms) using local terminal cooling units like chilled beams or fan coil units and transfers it through a chiller to spaces in the building...

  15. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony H Furman; Paul K Houpt

    2004-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental and analytical work has continued on advanced fuel injection. Experimental trends continue to agree with modeling predictions. Based on rub tests, polymeric abradable coating compositions were downselected and evaluated in the turbocharger, to give encouraging performance gains. The detailed hybrid battery duty cycle was studied and battery life testing procedure required adjustments. Optimizer algorithm robustness has been improved, and a real-time optimizer simulation system was constructed and demonstrated at a railroad suppliers trade meeting.

  16. Towards a 21st Century Postal Service John C. Panzar

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    in volume · 20% off 2005 peak ­ Pension and Health Care overfunding · $75 BILLION (cumulative); $5 $7" ­ Pension overfunding ­ Health care overfunding · PAEA ­ Prevents real rate increases #12;Mail Volumes have ­ $12 billion per year by 1970. #12;US Postal Era II (19712006): The Postal Reform Act of 1970 (PRA

  17. Weatherization Plus Opportunities for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Millennium Committee Strategy Report for the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program; 15 pp.; April 1999.

  18. Radically rethinking agriculture for the 21st century.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    titled Adapting Agriculture to Climate Change: What Will It7). Climate change will further affect agriculture as theclimate change have profound implications for the ability of agriculture

  19. The 21ST Century National Security Mission at BNL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Homes, Christopher C.

    security of nuclear material and nuclear weapons in new states formed from USSR MPC&A program began in 1992 Union in 1991 brought concerns about security of nuclear material and nuclear weapons in new states Nuclear Security Administration #12;Leaders in Radiation Detection R&D · Semiconductor room

  20. Downtown district cooling: A 21st century approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    On December 1, 1992, the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority (MPEA) met on Chicago`s historic Navy Pier and ushered in a new era of competition for energy supply in Chicago. The MPEA, a state agency created for the purposes of promoting and operating fair and exposition facilities within the Chicago area (including the McCormick Place exposition center and Navy Pier), voted to accept a third-party proposal to provide district heating and cooling services to the existing McCormick Place facilities and a million square feet of new exposition space. The winning bidder was a joint venture between Trigen Energy, the nation`s largest provider of district energy services, and Peoples Gas, the gas distribution company which serves Chicago. This vote culminated two years of effort by the Energy Division of Chicago`s Department of Environment to analyze the feasibility and promote the implementation of a district energy system to serve the expanded McCormick Place and its environs in the South Loop neighborhood. Initial services began in November, 1993, with a new hot and cold water piping system interconnecting the three existing exhibition facilities. The final buildout of the system, with a combined peak demand predicted at 160 MMBtu of heating and 15,920 tons of and cooling, is scheduled for completion in the summer of 1997.

  1. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices Guide: Modeling...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    8. Apply emission controls where viable. This may include installing restrictive flow orifices on compressed gas cylinders, scrubber systems for chemical specific releases,...

  2. Defining nuclear security in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A conference devoted to Reducing the Risks from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials presupposes that such risks exist. Few would disagree, but what are they? While debate on the nature and severity of risks associated with nuclear energy will always remain, it is easy to define a set of risks that are almost universally acknowledged. These include: (1) Nuclear warfare between states; (2) Continued proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-grade nuclear materials to states and non-state actors; (3) Terrorists or non-state actor acquisition or use nuclear weapons or nuclear materials; (4) Terrorists or non-state actors attack on a nuclear facility; and (5) Loss or diversion of nuclear weapons or materials by a state to unauthorized uses. These are listed in no particular order of likelihood or potential consequence. They are also very broadly stated, each one could be broken down into a more detailed set of discrete risks or threats. The fact that there is a strong consensus on the existence of these risks is evidence that we remain in an era of nuclear insecurity. This becomes even clearer when we note that most major trends influencing the probability of these risks continue to run in a negative direction.

  3. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pop norteamericano (David Foster Wallace, Robert Coover,explica que, como dijo David Foster Wallace, la televisinJoyce o el aorado David Foster Wallace), estn produciendo

  4. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth DayFuelsDepartmentPolicyClean, Efficient, and

  5. Building a 21st Century Electric Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsBSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdfBiopower BasicsEmerging Technologies6

  6. Laboratories for the 21st Century | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIanJennifer SomersKnownLabor Standards for

  7. Nuclear Data Measurements for 21st Century Reactor Physics Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rahmat Aryaeinejad; Jerald D. Cole; Mark W. Drigert; James K. Jewell; Christopher A. McGrath; David W. Nigg; Edward L. Reber

    2003-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The United States Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Nuclear Energy (NE) has embarked on a long-term program to significantly advance the science and technology of nuclear energy. This is in response to the overall national plan for accelerated development of domestic energy resources on several fronts, punctuated by recent dramatic events that have emphasized the need for the US to reduce its dependence on foreign petroleum supplies. Key aspects of the DOE-NE agenda are embodied in the Generation-IV (Gen-IV) advanced nuclear energy systems development program and in the Advanced Fuel Cycle (AFC) program. The planned efforts involve near-term and intermediate-term improvements in fuel utilization and recycling in current nuclear power reactor systems as well as the longer-term development of new nuclear energy systems that offer much improved fuel utilization and proliferation resistance, along with continued advances in operational safety. The success of the overall NE effort will depend not only on sophisticated system development and engineering, but also on the advances in the supporting sciences and technologies. Of these, one of the most important is the improvement of the relevant fundamental nuclear science data bases, especially the evaluated neutron interaction cross section files that serve as the foundation of all reactor system designs, operating strategies, and fuel cycle engineering activities. The new concepts for reactors and fuel cycles involve the use of transuranic nuclides that were previously of little interest, and where experimentally measured information is lacking. The current state of the cross section database for some of these nuclides is such that design computations for advanced fast-spectrum reactor systems and fuel cycles that incorporate such materials in significant quantities are meaningful only for approximate conceptual applications. No actual system could reliably be designed according to currently accepted standards, nor could such a system be safely and efficiently operated, with the limited nuclear data and related information now available.

  8. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    modificada donde la ciencia y tecnologa den origen a unpor el virus de la ciencia (Fernndez Mallo Hacia). Sinprofunda, en el poder de la ciencia y la importancia que el

  9. Steam Tracing...New Technologies for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitzer, R. K.; Barth, R. E.; Bonorden, C.

    For decades, steam tracing has been an accepted practice in the heating of piping, vessels, and equipment. This paper presents recent product innovations such as "burn-safe" and "energy efficient" steam tracing products. For the many applications...

  10. The University of Hawai`i 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    issues. President Greenwood welcomes your comments and questions. Call her at (808) 956-8207 Email her at mrcgreenwood@hawaii.edu Visit her webpage at www.hawaii.edu/offices/op An Equal Employment Opportunity

  11. An architecture for nuclear energy in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Arthur, E.D.; Cunningham, P.T.; Wagner, R.L. Jr.

    1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Nuclear energy currently plays a significant role in the energy economies of the US and other major industrial nations. Its future (several scenarios are described later) may involve significant growth in developing countries but controversy and debate surrounds future nuclear energy scenarios. In that ongoing debate, proponents and critics both appear to assume that nuclear technologies, practices and institutions will continue over the long term to look much as they do today. This paper discusses possible global and regional nuclear energy scenarios, and proposes changes in the global nuclear architecture that could reshape technologies, practices and institutions of nuclear energy over the coming decades. In doing so the array of choices available for exercising the nuclear energy option could be enlarged, making such a potential deployment less problematic and perhaps less controversial. How fuel discharged from power reactors is used and disposed of is a central issue of nuclear energy`s present controversy and central factor in determining its long-term potential. Many proponents of nuclear power, especially outside the US, believe that extracting all the energy available in reactor fuel--and, in particular, recovering the plutonium from discharged fuel for recycling through breeder reactors--is necessary to realize the technology`s ultimate potential as a source of virtually inexhaustible energy. Others consider the plutonium contained in discharged fuel to be a challenge to waste disposal and a potential proliferation risk. Focusing on the back end of the nuclear fuel cycle as a principal arena for improvement represents a fruitful pathway towards creating a significantly improved fuel-cycle architecture.

  12. Grass Upland Water Quality Wednesday November 21st 2007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quinton, John

    Grass Upland Water Quality Workshop Wednesday November 21st 2007 Water Quality in the Uplands financial support to farming could protect rural economies while reducing this damage to water. Help farmers · Unnatural spates ­ potential downstream flooding little water retention on land uneven flows lack

  13. Looking Ahead - Biofuels, H2, & Vehicles: 21st Industry Growth Forum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, D.

    2008-10-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This presentation on the future of biofuels, hydrogen, and hybrid vehicles was presented at NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum in Denver, Colorado, on October 28, 2008.

  14. A E Costley ITER Diagnostics, 21st IAEA of 5 slides

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costley ITER Diagnostics, 21st IAEA 2 of 5 slides PLAN Requirements for Plasma and First Wall MeasurementsA E Costley ITER Diagnostics, 21st IAEA 1 of 5 slides A E Costley1, C Walker2, L Bertalot2, R, Germany THE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATIONTHE DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF DIAGNOSTIC SYSTEMS ON ITEROF

  15. Rising methane emissions in response to climate change in Northern Eurasia during the 21st This article has been downloaded from IOPscience. Please scroll down to see the full text article.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rising methane emissions in response to climate change in Northern Eurasia during the 21st century) 045211 (9pp) doi:10.1088/1748-9326/6/4/045211 Rising methane emissions in response to climate change the methane (CH4) exchanges between terrestrial ecosystems and the atmosphere in Northern Eurasia from 1971

  16. Summer School in Nepal An International Summer Course (July 21st -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rimon, Elon

    Summer School in Nepal An International Summer Course (July 21st - August 15th) - Engineering the course in Nepal." In 2008, Talesnick established, at Technion, Israel's first chapter of Engineers

  17. EnginEEring our prospErity: sustainablE citiEs and industriEs in thE 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    EnginEEring our prospErity: sustainablE citiEs and industriEs in thE 21st cEntury ?trE lEs ingéniEurs dE notrE prospérité: dEs villEs Et dEs industriEs durablEs au 21E sièclE From leFt to right: John, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, MIT chris turnEr, Journalist and author Julian allwood, Reader

  18. Lift truck safety review

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cadwallader, L.C.

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents safety information about powered industrial trucks. The basic lift truck, the counterbalanced sit down rider truck, is the primary focus of the report. Lift truck engineering is briefly described, then a hazard analysis is performed on the lift truck. Case histories and accident statistics are also given. Rules and regulations about lift trucks, such as the US Occupational Safety an Health Administration laws and the Underwriter`s Laboratories standards, are discussed. Safety issues with lift trucks are reviewed, and lift truck safety and reliability are discussed. Some quantitative reliability values are given.

  19. Sue Shear Institute for Women in Public life Century Leadership Academy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gering, Jon C.

    Sue Shear Institute for Women in Public life 21st Century Leadership Academy Application Form Name Academy will be held on the campus of the University of Missouri St. Louis from Sunday, May 19 to Friday

  20. Evaluation of alternative fuel cycle strategies for nuclear power generation in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boscher, Thomas

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The deployment of fuel recycling through either CONFU (COmbined Non-Fertile and UO2 fuel) thermal watercooled reactors (LWRs) or fast ABR (Actinide Burner Reactor) reactors is compared to the Once-Through LWR reactor system ...

  1. Paradoxes of cosmological physics in the beginning of the 21-st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yurij Baryshev

    2015-01-04T23:59:59.000Z

    In the history of cosmology physical paradoxes played important role for development of contemporary world models. Within the modern standard cosmological model there are both observational and conceptual cosmological paradoxes which stimulate to search their solution. Confrontation of theoretical predictions of the standard cosmological model with the latest astrophysical observational data is considered. A review of conceptual problems of the Friedmann space expending models, which are in the bases of modern cosmological model, is discussed. The main paradoxes, which are discussed in modern literature, are the Newtonian character of the exact Friedmann equation, the violation of the energy conservation within any comoving local volume, violation of the limiting recession velocity of galaxies for the observed high redshift objects. Possible observational tests of the nature of the cosmological redshift are discussed

  2. Preliminary Assessment of the Relevance of Nature Centers in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Marian Ellen

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In the 1960s a movement by the National Audubon Society encouraged growing communities to set aside a portion of undeveloped land to be used as nature centers to teach conservation and natural history while allowing people to cultivate...

  3. The Agricultural Research Enterprise at the Dawn of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landgrant Mandate Landgrants advance the common good - Abraham Lincoln Research Extension Instruction #12;3 Social/universities Production research less important Value added - bioproducts, including biofuels Health and nutrition

  4. Public outcomes: Building a 21st century national innovation system that serves the public

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gover, J. [Sandia National Labs., Albuquerque, NM (United States); Huray, P.; Carayannis, E. [George Washington Univ., Washington, DC (United States)

    1997-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Federal R and D must be principally focused on solving public problems that the marketplace is failing to address. With few exceptions programs must be supported by roadmaps that show how the R and D is linked to public outcomes. Federal R and D and those who perform it must be judged in terms of the public outcomes. The overarching issues of federal R and D policy, what it should address, how to manage it, who should perform it, how to perform it, what works best, etc. are highly complex and lack a strong theoretical foundation. (In fact, the linear, assembly-line model used by policymakers is wrong.) It is time that policymakers recognize and acknowledge the uncertainty of their work and conduct a wide array of policy experiments (the authors consider SEMATECH such an experiment) that are supported by public outcome metrics. In addition to making federal R and D better address public needs, such an approach to policy making could raise the public`s interest in T and S policy. Of course, as in any experiment the results may be measured and if failures aren`t observed, it is likely that policies lack vision and imagination. It is time to abandon the budget driven federal R and D system where performers of federal R and D are treated as constituents, and replace it with a public problem--public outcome driven system where public problems are prioritized and the budget is distributed to agencies according to these priorities.

  5. Sulfur pollution suppression of the wetland methane source in the 20th and 21st centuries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Emission of this powerful greenhouse gas from wet- lands is known to depend on climate, with increasing are likely due to factors other than the global warming of wetlands. Atmospheric methane (CH4) is a powerful greenhouse gas (GHG) that is responsible for an estimated 22% of the present anthropogenically enhanced

  6. Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aggregation, fecal pellet production and graz- ing. Smallzoo- plankton fecal pellets. POM production is taken to be

  7. Mid-21st Century Changes to Surface Hydrology Over the Los Angeles Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Marla Ann

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Oceanic Sciences by Marla Ann Schwartz ABSTRACT OF THELos Angeles Region by Marla Ann Schwartz Master of Scienceiii The thesis of Marla Ann Schwartz is approved. J. David

  8. Onsite Distributed Generation Systems For Laboratories, Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This guide provides general information on implementing onsite distributed generation systems in laboratory environments. Specific technology applications, general performance information, and cost data are provided to educate and encourage laboratory energy managers to consider onsite power generation or combined heat and power (CHP) systems for their facilities. After conducting an initial screening, energy managers are encouraged to conduct a detailed feasibility study with actual cost and performance data for technologies that look promising. Onsite distributed generation systems are small, modular, decentralized, grid-connected, or off-grid energy systems. These systems are located at or near the place where the energy is used. These systems are also known as distributed energy or distributed power systems. DG technologies are generally considered those that produce less than 20 megawatts (MW) of power. A number of technologies can be applied as effective onsite DG systems, including: (1) Diesel, natural gas, and dual-fuel reciprocating engines; (2) Combustion turbines and steam turbines; (3) Fuel cells; (4) Biomass heating; (5) Biomass combined heat and power; (6) Photovoltaics; and (7) Wind turbines. These systems can provide a number of potential benefits to an individual laboratory facility or campus, including: (1) High-quality, reliable, and potentially dispatchable power; (2) Low-cost energy and long-term utility cost assurance, especially where electricity and/or fuel costs are high; (3) Significantly reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Typical CHP plants reduce onsite GHG by 40 to 60 percent; (4) Peak demand shaving where demand costs are high; (5) CHP where thermal energy can be used in addition to electricity; (6) The ability to meet standby power needs, especially where utility-supplied power is interrupted frequently or for long periods and where standby power is required for safety or emergencies; and (7) Use for standalone or off-grid systems where extending the grid is too expensive or impractical. Because they are installed close to the load, DG systems avoid some of the disadvantages of large, central power plants, such as transmission and distribution losses over long electric lines.

  9. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Onsite Distributed Generation Systems For Laboratories

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Guide describes general information on implementing onsite distributed generation systems in laboratory environments.

  10. European placemaking direc1ons for early 21st century urbanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baskaran, Mark

    ;Helsinki, Finland #12;context · Finland has almost the same popula1on as Scotland Petersburg · construc1ng a 80 km rail tunnel under the Gulf of Finland to Tallinnon Helsinki, Finland #12;Helsinki, Finland #12;Vousaari, Helsinki, Finland #12

  11. Papers Presented to the SYMPOSIUM ON LUNAR BASES AND SPACE ACTIVITIES IN THE 21ST CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    . Kamm Delivering Liquid Oxygen to Low Earth Orbit C. Bilby, G. McGlamery, and D. Ashley Evolving Lava Headquarters), M. Duke (NASA Johnson Space Center), L. Haskin (Washington University), D. Kerr (EG &G, Inc.), H (NASA Johnson Space Center), B. Roberts (NASA Johnson Space Center), G. Woodcock (Boeing Aerospace

  12. The New West: Patterns of Internal Migration at the Beginning of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meyer, Leslie Denise

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . This dissertation utilized data from the United States Bureau of the Census County and City Data Book: 2007 and other sources to analyze migration patterns at the structural-contextual level and the individual-level in the New West. At the structural...

  13. Efficacy of geoengineering to limit 21st century sea-level rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    ; b Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96100 Rovaniemi, Finland; c Thule Institute, University of Oulu, PL3000, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland; d National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman aerosol injection into the strato- sphere, mirrors in space, afforestation, biochar, and bioenergy

  14. Cellulose Nanomaterials: The Sustainable Material of Choice for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by USDA Forest Service held on June 26, 2012

  15. Packaging Materials of the 21st Century: "Sustainable Nano-Materials- Benefits to the industry"

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by Nanocellulose Work Group held on June 26, 2012

  16. Reconciling Development and Conservation in the First Decade of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    forces: local, national, global Technology y Sustainability Timber Industry · Reduced Impact Logging · Logging · Climate Change Impacts · Loss of timber (10-59%) · Human health (smoke) · Co2 emissions Oil Aquatic Systems Deforestation Andean Piedmont Urucú & Western Amazon 2nd Tier companies Mines Urucú

  17. Leading a College of Natural Resources in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buckel, Jeffrey A.

    infrastructure aging; timber companies divesting of resources - more outsourcing? Competition for resources, Russia, Brazil and India. U.S. companies and resources becoming owned by multinationals. Paper mill

  18. Will fusion be welcome in the world of the mid 21st century ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frieman APS Division of Plasma PhysicsAPS Division of Plasma Physics Nov 14, 2002Nov 14, 2002 #12;Why examine under discussion ! Net electricity in 35 years, + 15 to full scale production, build on ITER; regional to a sustainable world is emerging as the dominant vision of the future ! May likely be the umbrella for examining

  19. Emerald cities : the emergence of mega developments in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weikal, Steven P

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the recent worldwide boom in megacity development. Its basis is a global survey of megacity building that quantifies the amount of current development and qualifies the various city types and themes, ...

  20. Hugging and Hedging: Japanese Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Richard J.

    After decades of accepting US supremacy in Asia as the foundation of its foreign and security policies, finding the right distance between the U.S. and China is the most important strategic choice facing Japan today. ...

  1. How Should We Be Developing Drugs In The 21st Century?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Puglisi, Joseph

    development is becoming an unsustainable proposition for the industry #12;3 Source: PAREXEL's Pharmaceutical R&D Statistical Sourcebook 2004/2005, pages 1 and 188 *2003 Pharmaceutical R&D spending estimate; Number of NDAs 350 400 R&D Spending by Pharmaceutical Companies (US$B) # of NDAs Pending at Close of the Calendar

  2. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    environmental impact. The most prominent issue was depletion of natural resources, follow by fossil fuels, waste management, water

  3. Comments for A Conference on Verification in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The author offers 5 points for the discussion of Verification and Technology: (1) Experience with the implementation of arms limitation and arms reduction agreements confirms that technology alone has never been relied upon to provide effective verification. (2) The historical practice of verification of arms control treaties between Cold War rivals may constrain the cooperative and innovative use of technology for transparency, veification and confidence building in the future. (3) An area that has been identified by many, including the US State Department and NNSA as being rich for exploration for potential uses of technology for transparency and verification is information and communications technology (ICT). This includes social media, crowd-sourcing, the internet of things, and the concept of societal verification, but there are issues. (4) On the issue of the extent to which verification technologies are keeping pace with the demands of future protocols and agrements I think the more direct question is ''are they effective in supporting the objectives of the treaty or agreement?'' In this regard it is important to acknowledge that there is a verification grand challenge at our doorstep. That is ''how does one verify limitations on nuclear warheads in national stockpiles?'' (5) Finally, while recognizing the daunting political and security challenges of such an approach, multilateral engagement and cooperation at the conceptual and technical levels provides benefits for addressing future verification challenges.

  4. The Academic Law Library in the 21st Century: Still the Heart of the Law School

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Loudon, Catherine

    School should not open at all. Needless to say, construction of the UC Irvine Law Library went forward, Irvine School of Law (UC Irvine Law), I was asked my opinion of a proposal to delay construction

  5. Mid-21st Century Changes to Surface Hydrology Over the Los Angeles Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schwartz, Marla Ann

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    regional climate and hydrology modeling. Earth Interactions,Brutsaert, W. , 2005. Hydrology: An Introduction. New York:advanced land-surface/hydrology model with the Penn State/

  6. Science in the Cloud: Accelerating Discovery in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tomkins, Andrew

    , Folding@Home[4] is a distributed com- puting project that enables scientists to understand the biochemical

  7. 21st Century Solutions for Food Systems and the Environment Strategic Initiatives Executive Summary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    sustainability. This becomes the guiding focus of the College of Agricultural Sciences. A strong infrastructure for strategic investments in the College of Agricultural Sciences at CSU The College of Agricultural Sciences that best utilize limited resources, and conserve our natural resources for sustained production for an ever

  8. Golden Field Office: Advancing DOE Technologies into the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Energy and Renewable Energy Sector Fact Sheets describe the mission and programs within each of the 8 Sectors.

  9. Tomorrow's manufacturing facilities : the design of a car assembly plant for the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medioni, Bertrand

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Spatial reorganization of production conditions (resulting from technical progress in the field of fabrication), on both, a large and a small scale, implies that an important effort from industrial companies has been made ...

  10. Creating the city : toward 21st-century production in Brooklyn, NY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Connie Jean

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past decade, the creative city discourse has pulsated with activity, with academics, policy wonks, national organizations, and community non-profits attempting to find footholds in the conversation. By applying the ...

  11. Marker-assisted breeding: Accelerating the results of 21st century technology to growers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, Danielle

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    or drought and heat-stress resistance. Today, plant breeders at Texas A&M AgriLife can screen for these complex yet critically important traits in signi#24;cantly less time, thanks to technology at the Texas A&M AgriLife Genomics and Bioinfor- matics... to produce #24;ve or six maps, he said. Comparing old maps to new ones showed that accuracy had also increased. Last year the Genomics and Bioinformatics Service acquired the latest in a series of increasingly fast and powerful DNA sequencing machines...

  12. What is the place for user-network signalling in the 21st century?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowcroft, J.; Bhatti, S.; Perkins, C.S.; Proceedings of the 16th UK Teletraffic Symposium, Harlow, UK IEE [More Details

    Crowcroft,J. Bhatti,S. Perkins,C.S. Proceedings of the 16th UK Teletraffic Symposium, Harlow, UK IEE

  13. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies, Molecular Foundry, Berkeley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This case study provides information on the Molecular Foundry, which incorporates Labs21 principles in its design and construction. The design includes many of the strategies researched at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for energy efficient cleanroom and data centers.

  14. The Mathematics Education into the 21st Century Project The University of North Carolina Charlotte

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spagnolo, Filippo

    . http://www.fh- kempten.de/deu/hochschule/fachbereiche/fbe/labore/digital/homepage/swpr/ss98/Staude

  15. Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rothman, Daniel

    of historical and future climate states simulated by six Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 5 (CMIP5) global energy of the subcloud layer. On time scales larger than that characterizing the thermal equilibration of greater intensity. Calculations with a single-column model (4) confirm that increasing greenhouse gas

  16. Factors that will influence oil and gas supply and demand in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holditch, S.A.; Chianelli, R.R. [Texas A& amp; M University, College Station, TX (United States)

    2008-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A recent report published by the National Petroleum Council (NPC) in the United States predicted a 50-60% growth in total global demand for energy by 2030. Because oil, gas, and coal will continue to be the primary energy sources during this time, the energy industry will have to continue increasing the supply of these fuels to meet this increasing demand. Achieving this goal will require the exploitation of both conventional and unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas in (including coalbed methane) an environmentally acceptable manner. Such efforts will, in turn, require advancements in materials science, particularly in the development of materials that can withstand high-pressure, high-temperature, and high-stress conditions.

  17. Basic Research Needs for Geosciences: Facilitating 21st Century Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePaolo, D. J.; Orr, F. M.; Benson, S. M.; Celia, M.; Felmy, A.; Nagy, K. L.; Fogg, G. E.; Snieder, R.; Davis, J.; Pruess, K.; Friedmann, J.; Peters, M.; Woodward, N. B.; Dobson, P.; Talamini, K.; Saarni, M.

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To identify research areas in geosciences, such as behavior of multiphase fluid-solid systems on a variety of scales, chemical migration processes in geologic media, characterization of geologic systems, and modeling and simulation of geologic systems, needed for improved energy systems.

  18. From Climate-change Spaghetti to Climate-change Distributions for 21st-Century California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dettinger, Michael D.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    effects of climate change on water resources in the West:U.S. Geological Survey Water Resources Investigations Reportwarming and Californias water future. UC Davis Center for

  19. Modeling the response of subglacial drainage at Paakitsoq, West Greenland, to 21st century climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayaud, Jerome R.; Banwell, Alison F.; Arnold, Neil S.; Willis, Ian C.

    2015-01-22T23:59:59.000Z

    , and into the future. Here, we apply a physically-based, subglacial hydrological model to the Paakitsoq region, west Greenland, and run it into the future to calculate patterns of daily subglacial water pressure fluctuations in response to climatic warming. The model...

  20. Changes Sweeping Through the Electricity Sector: Moving toward a 21st Century Electricity System

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Advanced Energy Economy Institute (AEEI) is engaging executives of utility companies, advanced energy companies, and regulators in discussions to identify new business and regulatory models that...

  1. Water driven : New Orleans City Hall as a sustainable civic center for 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sangthong, Pholkrit

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The devastating struck of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in late summer of 2005 was deadly and immense. The storm destroyed over 170 drinking water facilities and 47 wastewater treatments around the city, and resulted ...

  2. Throwing Eggs at Windows - Legal and Institutional Globalization in the 21st-Century Economy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Head, John W.

    2002-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 731 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 732 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 733 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 734 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 735 2001-2002 Hein...Online -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 736 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 737 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 738 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 739 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L. Rev. 740 2001-2002 HeinOnline -- 50 U. Kan. L...

  3. Basic Research Needs for Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIlroy, A.; McRae, G.; Sick, V.; Siebers, D. L.; Westbrook, C. K.; Smith, P. J.; Taatjes, C.; Trouve, A.; Wagner, A. F.; Rohlfing, E.; Manley, D.; Tully, F.; Hilderbrandt, R.; Green, W.; Marceau, D.; O'Neal, J.; Lyday, M.; Cebulski, F.; Garcia, T. R.; Strong, D.

    2006-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To identify basic research needs and opportunities underlying utilization of evolving transportation fuels, with a focus on new or emerging science challenges that have the potential for significant long-term impact on fuel efficiency and emissions.

  4. Simulated Impacts of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L.

    Dynamics Laboratory (NOAA) handptright GISS ? Goddard Institute for Space Studies (NASA) handptright NCDC ? National Climate Data Center handptright NOAA ? National Oceanic & Atmospheric Association. Global warming web sites NOAA (National Oceanic...

  5. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 8 DOE/AL68284-TSR08

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony Furman; Raj Bharadwaj

    2005-02-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Completed high pressure common rail system performance mapping at notch 8 to establish advanced fuel injection fuel savings entitlement. Investigated performance differences of several abradable coatings between full-scale tests and rub test coupons using post-run micrographic analysis. Demonstrated implementation of advanced energy management controls on hybrid locomotive. Began advanced energy storage detailed design; continued life-cycle subscale energy storage testing. Formulated trip optimization problem with hybrid locomotive, and evaluated first implementation to produce an optimal driving plan.

  6. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 9 DOE/AL68284-TSR09

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Paul Houpt; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony Furman

    2005-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    Locomotive-scale single cylinder engine with common rail fuel injection data was gathered to explore the fuel consumption and particulate matter emissions entitlement. A structured experiment on thermal spray application of polymer based compressor abradables was begun. Turbine performance improvements were found due to metallic abradables coatings. Hybrid energy storage battery ripple current and long-term cycling tests have been performed. Final track test of advanced energy management system was performed. Fuel optimization computational methods have been enhanced, and a prototype real-time graphic interface developed.

  7. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 6 DOE/AL68284-TSR06

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Paul K. Houpt

    2004-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental work to map the performance of the High Pressure Common Rail (HPCR) system on a locomotive is in progress. The experimental trends agree with KIVA modeling predictions. Injection optimization is in progress. Electrically-assisted turbocharger modeling was used to study passenger locomotive performance improvements. Energy storage cycling life testing began, and an improved battery state algorithm was determined. The hybrid locomotive energy storage was prepared for energy management system algorithm testing. Progress in reliable methods for computing optimal driving plans, and methods to reduce the complexity of the necessary optimization are reported.

  8. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 5 DOE/AL68284-TSR05

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Paul Houpt

    2004-05-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The integration of the common rail injection facility with the single cylinder test facility is in progress. Injection modeling parameters wereimproved. Turbocharger experimental data was analyzed and the turbocharger inspected after full load testing. Automatic seal coat spray techniques were developed and several material compositions were tested as coupons and on representative parts. A downselect was made from hybrid energy storage vendor studies. Further development of battery state algorithms was done, and a test plan developed for locomotive demonstration of advanced energy management algorithms. Trip optimization software platform was integrated and baseline validation is in progress. Hybrid energy storage modules have been integrated into the system model.

  9. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Topic Green consumers Green communication Green attitude andit provides a forum of communication, a green public sphere

  10. Transient climate change and potential croplands of the world in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Tian, Hanqin.; Pan, Yude.; Vrsmarty, Charles, J.; Yang, Zili.

    A cropland distribution model, which is based on climate, soil and topography, is applied to estimate the area and spatial distribution of global potential croplands under contemporary climate and to assess the effect of ...

  11. Introduction: whats new about gender inequalities in the 21st century?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Jacqueline; Crompton, Rosemary; Lyonette, Clare

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , this rises to 33 per cent for those aged 4554 and is the worst gender wage- ratio among these 14 Table I.1 Female employment rates: 19602000 persons aged 1564 1960 1980 2000 Men 2000 Lisbon Distance* Nordic Denmark 42.7 66.3 71.2 80.4 11.2 Finland 54... .5 90.5 Finland 91.1 81.9 76.0 Anglo- Saxon UK 92.0 70.5 67.1 Mediterranean Greece 100.0 88.3 79.7 Italy 98.5 97.3 92.4 Spain 94.8 95.0 82.8 Rest of Europe Austria 84.1 84.8 72.6 Belgium 96.1 96.1 88.1 France 95.1 86.0 86.1 Germany 85.9 82...

  12. Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    · Regenerating brownfield land to woodland. · Extending woodland cover to support the aims of the England investment. · Secured the regeneration of 186 ha of brownfield land and is on target to regenerate a total for leisure and recreation." HM Government's Sustainable Communities Plan · Securing derelict brownfield sites

  13. Sustainability Leadership for the 21st Century: Who Are the Change Makers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Jeff

    Atmospheric systems Ozone depletion, pollution Oceanic systems Disturbance to sea levels, temperatures and Species Extinction &toxicity Climate systems Disturbance Atmospheric systems Ozone depletion, pollution and currents, sea life depletion Geological and Soil systems Desertification, land pollution, mineral

  14. Global Priority Conservation Areas in the Face of 21st Century Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Junsheng; Lin, Xin; Chen, Anping; Peterson, A. Townsend; Ma, Keping; Bertzky, Monika; Ciais, Philippe; Kapos, Valerie; Peng, Changhui; Poulter, Benjamin

    2013-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    pronounced climate change, followed by those in the Mediterranean Basin, Amazon Basin, East Africa, and South Asia. Relatively modest RCCI signals are expected over ecoregions in Northwest South America, West Africa, and Southeast Asia, yet with considerable...

  15. Paradoxes of cosmological physics in the beginning of the 21-st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baryshev, Yurij

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the history of cosmology physical paradoxes played important role for development of contemporary world models. Within the modern standard cosmological model there are both observational and conceptual cosmological paradoxes which stimulate to search their solution. Confrontation of theoretical predictions of the standard cosmological model with the latest astrophysical observational data is considered. A review of conceptual problems of the Friedmann space expending models, which are in the bases of modern cosmological model, is discussed. The main paradoxes, which are discussed in modern literature, are the Newtonian character of the exact Friedmann equation, the violation of the energy conservation within any comoving local volume, violation of the limiting recession velocity of galaxies for the observed high redshift objects. Possible observational tests of the nature of the cosmological redshift are discussed

  16. Environmental remediation 1991: ``Cleaning up the environment for the 21st Century``. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, D.E. [ed.] [Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)

    1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents discussions given at a conference on environmental remediation, September 8--11, Pasco, Washington. Topics include: public confidence; education; in-situ remediation; Hanford tank operations; risk assessments; field experiences; standards; site characterization and monitoring; technology discussions; regulatory issues; compliance; and the UMTRA project. Individual projects are processed separately for the data bases.

  17. The Global Nitrogen Cycle in the 21st century Journal: Philosophical Transactions B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Peter; Stanford University, CA, USA, Leach, Allison; University of Virginia, Bouwman, Lex; Netherlands://mc.manuscriptcentral.com/issue-ptrsb Submitted to Phil. Trans. R. Soc. B - Issue #12;ForReview Only Page 1 of 27 http of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, USA, 4 Stanford University, CA, USA. 5 PBL Netherlands Environmental

  18. Implementing NCNP's 21st century geometry capability: requirements, issues, and problems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martz, Roger L [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Goorley, John T [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new geometry capability has been implemented in MCNP that permits the existence of an unstructured mesh with its legacy Constructive Solid Geometry (CSG) capability to form a hybrid geometry. This new feature enables the user to build complex 3-D models with Computer Aided Engineering (CAE) tools, such as Abaqus, and perform a neutronics analysis on the same geometry mesh that is used for thermo-mechanical analyses. This paper will present an overview of the issues and problems encountered in implementing the requirements for the hybrid geometry capability in MCNP.

  19. Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    IPSL), the COSMOS Earth System Model from the Max-PlanckCSM1.4) of the four Earth System models used in this study.productivity MPIM The Earth System Model employed at the

  20. Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    carbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etcarbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etcarbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown et

  1. Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »ExchangeDepartment of EnergyPoweringAcquisitionDepartment of

  2. Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehicles »ExchangeDepartmentResolve

  3. Cellulose Nanomaterials: The Sustainable Material of Choice for the 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-Up fromDepartmentTieCelebrate Earth Day with Secretary ChuEnergy AnalysisTheodore H.

  4. America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid | Department of

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion |Energy UsageAUDITVehiclesTankless orA BRIEF HISTORYAgencyLocal Community

  5. How Synchrophasors are Bringing the Grid into the 21st Century | Department

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) " ,"ClickPipelinesProvedDecember 2005DepartmentDecemberGlossaryEnergy andAction Center » JobsDoes aMuchof

  6. BTS: SEP Strategic Plan for the 21st Century Implementation Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in Review: Top Five EERE BlogAttachmentFlash2011-21FAQs BEDES FAQsDepartment

  7. BTS: SEP Strategic Plan for the 21st Century Implementation Plan |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsBSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf BSCmemo.pdf More Documents &Department of Energy

  8. Visioning the 21st Century Electricity Industry: Outcomes and Strategies for America

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomen Owned SmallOf The 2012Nuclear GuideReportVictor Kane About Us

  9. A Barn Raising For the 21st Century | Department of Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014Department ofDepartment of56thA Barn Raising For

  10. A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustionImprovement3 Beryllium-Associated Worker2014Department ofDepartmentA Look Inside30Future |

  11. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery in

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen to HighJosephNOx Traps forLM2 LNG Annualn dLaboratory

  12. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices Guide: Modeling Exhaust

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of Inspector General Office0-72.pdfGeorgeDoesn't Happen to HighJosephNOx Traps forLM2 LNG Annualn

  13. LHA(R): Amphibious Assault Ships For The 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bebermeyer, Robert

    2002-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Amphibious assault ships such as the current LHA and LHD classes are an essential element of the country's ability to exert influence anywhere in the world. The current amphibious assault ships represent the most capable ...

  14. Integrated Waste Management Strategy and Radioactive Waste Forms for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dirk Gombert; Jay Roach

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The U. S. Department of Energy (DOE) Global Nuclear Energy Partnership (GNEP) was announced in 2006. As currently envisioned, GNEP will be the basis for growth of nuclear energy worldwide, using a closed proliferation-resistant fuel cycle. The Integrated Waste Management Strategy (IWMS) is designed to ensure that all wastes generated by fuel fabrication and recycling will have a routine disposition path making the most of feedback to fuel and recycling operations to eliminate or minimize byproducts and wastes. If waste must be generated, processes will be designed with waste treatment in mind to reduce use of reagents that complicate stabilization and minimize volume. The IWMS will address three distinct levels of technology investigation and systems analyses and will provide a cogent path from (1) research and development (R&D) and engineering scale demonstration, (Level I); to (2) full scale domestic deployment (Level II); and finally to (3) establishing an integrated global nuclear energy infrastructure (Level III). The near-term focus of GNEP is on achieving a basis for large-scale commercial deployment (Level II), including the R&D and engineering scale activities in Level I that are necessary to support such an accomplishment. Throughout these levels is the need for innovative thinking to simplify, including regulations, separations and waste forms to minimize the burden of safe disposition of wastes on the fuel cycle.

  15. Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington,LM-04-XXXX Office ofD Name: Lab

  16. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides | Department of

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington,LM-04-XXXX Office ofD Name: LabEnergy Best

  17. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington,LM-04-XXXX Office ofD Name:

  18. Homepage: Strategic Weapons in the 21st Century Conference | Los Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsingFun withconfinement plasmas inPortal StartupdefaultThe benefits of

  19. EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct,Final9: DraftPlant, Amarillo, Texasour Secure Energy Future

  20. Flexible Coal: Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Brochure), 21st Century Power Partnership

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation ProposedUsing ZirconiaPolicyFeasibilityFieldMinds" | National Hansen 1 ,

  1. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century: Fact Sheet |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "ofEarly Career Scientists'Montana. DOCUMENTS AVAILABLE FORSuperior Energy5-1DenverbyDecemberDepartmentDepartment

  2. June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIanJennifer Somers AboutEnergy July 12,

  3. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies: National Renewable Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Year in3.pdfEnergy Health andofIanJennifer SomersKnownLabor Standards for Construction

  4. DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models | Department DOE-STD-1171-2003Department of

  5. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home5b9fcbce19 No revisionEnvReviewNonInvasiveExplorationUT-g Grant of Access(California and Hawaii).Inc RECsuccess

  6. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: VegetationEquipment Surfaces andMapping the Nanoscale Landscape PrintSurvey |

  7. FY2016 Budget Request: Positioned for the 21st Century Mission Delivery |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsruc DocumentationP-Series toESnet4:Epitaxial ThinFOR IMMEDIATE5 Budget Justification2 - Draft ($

  8. Compression Science in the 21st Century: 2009 MaRIE Workshop | Los Alamos

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmospheric Optical Depth7-1D: Vegetation Proposed New SubstationCleanCommunity InvolvementCompositional VariationCompressed Natural

  9. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May JunDatastreamsmmcrcalgovInstrumentsrucLas ConchasPassive Solar Home Design PassivePostdoctoral Opportunities Are HelpAC36-08GO28308

  10. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program.

  11. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    practical concept in environmental policy (Dobson, 2003), achallenges to environmental policy exist. Globalization, inor practical concept in environmental policy, as this theory

  12. Future projections of daily precipitation and its extremes in simulations of 21st century climate change.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yin, Lei

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ??The current generation of climate models in the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project Phase 5 (CMIP5) is used to assess the future changes in daily precipitation (more)

  13. Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program: 2007 Demonstration Truck 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Caterpillar Incorporated...

  14. Getting started -protecting and funding your ideas 21st April 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrys, Mark

    Getting started - protecting and funding your ideas 21st April 2009 Venue: Invent, DCU issues faced by a start up including how to protect its intellectual property. 10.30 Máire Cunningham rights? · How to protect these rights · Best practice 11.10 Máire Cunningham, Partner, Beauchamps

  15. George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1, EURATOM-Association, D-85748, Germany G. Tardini1, C. Forest2, O. Gruber1, P. Mc Carthy3, A. Gude1, L Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 2 Motivation: ITER performance Mukhovatov V

  16. Kokes Awards for the 21st NAM Meeting (San Francisco, CA, 2009)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, Alex

    2009-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The PI in this project Alexander Katz, UC Berkeley (askatz@berkeley.edu), in conjunction with the Kokes Awards subcommittee and conference organizing committee, used DOE grant DE-FG-02-08ER15993 to partially offset costs of attending the 21st North American Catalysis Society in San Francisco, California, for 30 graduate students from the United States

  17. Revised version submitted to Mineralogy and Petrology the 21st of June 20111

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Universit de

    1 Revised version submitted to Mineralogy and Petrology the 21st of June 20111 2 Timescale of open Brest Cedex 3, France.24 insu-00617942,version1-31Aug2011 Author manuscript, published in "Mineralogy to that previously estimated for a Mg#70 MORB from mineralogical and chemical data.32 Then, we approached

  18. Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Final Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL; Siekmann, Adam [ORNL; Thomas, Neil [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Barker, Alan M [ORNL; Knee, Helmut E [ORNL

    2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At present, nearly 80% of US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle research and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership and the SuperTruck development effort. Both of these efforts have the common goal of decreasing the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles. In the case of SuperTruck, a goal of improving the overall freight efficiency of a combination tractor-trailer has been established. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency; it is unique in that there is no other existing national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks based on collecting data from Class 6 and 7 vehicles. It involves the collection of real-world data on medium trucks for various situational characteristics (e.g., rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips). This research provides a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for FE and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involved a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for the collection of one year of operational data. The Part-2 FOT involved the towing and recovery and utility vocations for a second year of data collection. The vehicles that participated in the MTDC project did so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company (HTH), one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the city of Knoxville s transit system, which operates across Knoxville and parts of Knox County. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 day-cab tractors that regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (HTH) and three Class-7 buses for the collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of medium trucks. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In Part 2 of the project, ORNL partnered with the Knoxville Utilities Board, which made available three Class-8 trucks. Fountain City Wrecker Service was also a Part 2 partner, providing three Class-6 rollback trucks. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition system (DAS) that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each DAS. Other signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected information available from a global positioning system (GPS), including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz for the Part 1

  19. G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 -21 October 2006 -Chengdu, China -paper TH/P6-4 1 Particle Simulation Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 - 21 October 2006 - Chengdu, China - paper TH Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193, Japan #12;G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 - 21 an interpretation of the observed phenomenology based on nonlinear particle simulations. #12;G. Vlad et al. 21st

  20. Design Considerations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grupp, David J; Forrest, Matthew E.; Mader, Pippin G.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Miller, Marshall; Dwyer, Harry A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    performed a study on PEM fuel cell APUs. Based upon previousConsiderations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU Davidsuccessfully demonstrated a PEM fuel cell APU on a Century

  1. Century Electric Distribution System Operations Lorenzo Kristov,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Steven H.

    May 2014 1 21st Century Electric Distribution System Operations Lorenzo Kristov,1 California adoption of distribution energy technologies. All of this has occurred during a period of increasing of Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources, Caltech Resnick Institute, 2012 #12;May 2014 2 and wholesale

  2. The 21st LH Gray Conference (June 4-6, 2008)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, C.M.L.; Martin, C.J.; Sutton, D.G.; Wright, E.G.

    2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The 21st LH Gray Conference, organised by the LH Gray Trust with the Society for Radiological Protection, brought together international experts in radiobiology, epidemiology and risk assessment, and scientists involved in diagnostic and therapeutic radiation exposure. The meeting - held in Edinburgh, Scotland 4?6 June 2008 - aimed to raise awareness, educate and share knowledge of important issues in radiation protection. A distinguished group of speakers discussed topics which included: non-targeted effects of radiation, exposure to high natural background radiation, non-cancer effects in Japanese bomb survivors, lessons learnt from Chernobyl, radiation in the workplace, biokinetic modelling, uncertainties in risk estimation, issues in diagnostic medical exposures, lessons leant from the polonium-210 incidence and how the radiobiology-radiation oncology community is needed to help society prepare for potential future acts of radiation terrorism. The conference highlighted the importance, relevance and topicality of radiobiology today.

  3. Medium Truck Duty Cycle Data from Real-World Driving Environments: Project Interim Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franzese, Oscar [ORNL; Lascurain, Mary Beth [ORNL; Capps, Gary J [ORNL

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Since the early part of the 20th century, the US trucking industry has provided a safe and economical means of moving commodities across the country. At the present time, nearly 80% of the US domestic freight movement involves the use of trucks. The US Department of Energy (DOE) is spearheading a number of research efforts to improve heavy vehicle fuel efficiencies. This includes research in engine technologies (including hybrid and fuel cell technologies), lightweight materials, advanced fuels, and parasitic loss reductions. In addition, DOE is developing advanced tools and models to support heavy vehicle truck research, and is leading the 21st Century Truck Partnership whose stretch goals involve a reduction by 50% of the fuel consumption of heavy vehicles on a ton-mile basis. This Medium Truck Duty Cycle (MTDC) Project is a critical element in DOE s vision for improved heavy vehicle energy efficiency and is unique in that there is no other national database of characteristic duty cycles for medium trucks. It involves the collection of real-world data for various situational characteristics (rural/urban, freeway/arterial, congested/free-flowing, good/bad weather, etc.) and looks at the unique nature of medium trucks drive cycles (stop-and-go delivery, power takeoff, idle time, short-radius trips), to provide a rich source of data that can contribute to the development of new tools for fuel efficiency and modeling, provide DOE a sound basis upon which to make technology investment decisions, and provide a national archive of real-world-based medium-truck operational data to support heavy vehicle energy efficiency research. The MTDC project involves a two-part field operational test (FOT). For the Part-1 FOT, three vehicles, each from two vocations (urban transit and dry-box delivery) were instrumented for one year of data collection. The Part-2 FOT will involve the towing/recovery and utility vocations. The vehicles participating in the MTDC project are doing so through gratis partnerships in return for early access to the results of this study. Partnerships such as these are critical to FOTs in which real-world data is being collected. In Part 1 of the project, Oak Ridge National Laboratory(ORNL) established partnerships with the H.T. Hackney Company, one of the largest wholesale distributors in the country, distributing products to 21 states; and with the Knoxville Area Transit (KAT), the City of Knoxville s transit system, operating services across the city of Knoxville and parts of Knox co. These partnerships and agreements provided ORNL access to three Class-7 2005/2007 International day-cab tractors, model 8600, which regularly haul 28 ft pup trailers (H.T. Hackney Co) and three Class-7 2005 Optima LF-34 buses (KAT), for collection of duty cycle data. In addition, ORNL has collaborated with the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) to determine if there were possible synergies between this duty cycle data collection effort and FMCSA s need to learn more about the operation and duty cycles of the second-largest fuel consuming commercial vehicle category in the US. FMCSA s primary interest was in collecting safety data relative to the driver, carrier, and vehicle. In order to collect the duty cycle and safety-related data, ORNL developed a data acquisition and wireless communication system that was placed on each test vehicle. Each signal recorded in this FOT was collected by means of one of the instruments incorporated into each data acquisition system (DAS). Native signals were obtained directly from the vehicle s J1939 and J1708 data buses. A VBOX II Lite collected Global Positioning System related information including speed, acceleration, and spatial location information at a rate of 5 Hz, and communicated this data via the CAN (J1939) protocol. The Air-Weigh LoadMaxx, a self-weighing system which determines the vehicle s gross weight by means of pressure transducers and posts the weight to the vehicle s J1939 data bus, was used to collect vehicle payload information. A cellular modem, the Raven X

  4. G. Vlad, annual meeting of the Task Force ITM, Garching 19-21st September 2007 Recent advances in simulations of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    G. Vlad, annual meeting of the Task Force ITM, Garching 19-21st September 2007 1 Recent advances equation; Maxwellian, Slowing-down energetic particle distribution functions self inverted #12;G. Vlad, annual meeting of the Task Force ITM, Garching 19-21st September 2007 9 Bursting

  5. Mehak Mehta November 21st Role of water on molecular mobility and physical stability of amorphous state

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, David D.

    Mehak Mehta November 21st 2013 Role of water on molecular mobility and physical stability of amorphous state The chemical instability of pharmaceuticals can often be predicted based on accelerated the glass transition temperature (Tg), i.e. in the glassy state. Thus, from a practical stand point

  6. Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models, Including Two Trucks in Tandem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammache, Mustapha; Michaelian, Mark; Browand, Fred

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    rear-edge shaping on the aerodynamic drag of bluff vehiclesOF CALIFORNIA, BERKELEY Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,TRANSIT AND HIGHWAYS Aerodynamic Forces on Truck Models,

  7. Trucking country : food politics and the transformation of rural life in Postwar America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Shane, 1976-

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Trucking replaced railroads as the primary link between rural producers and urban consumers in the mid-twentieth century. With this technological change came a fundamental transformation of the defining features of rural ...

  8. Haul truck selection

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porter, D.

    1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Haul truck selection involves the consideration of a vast amount of information before the final decision is made. This judgment should not be made simply on the choice of power train, because to go for mechanical or electric drive has always been a case of horses for courses. Some sites are just better suited to electric drive. It could, for instance, be argued that coming out of deep mines with long haul roads is an ideal application for electric drive, but negotiating steep down gradients fully laden would favor mechanical drive. Engine selection on the other hand is easier to define but normally is the direct responsibility of the customer, with the truck manufacturer acting as impartial adviser. Understandably each will offer engines it believes to be well matched to the truck and to the site application requirements. Long term mine planning with careful attention to future equipment requirements is the key to all equipment purchases. This paper discusses the various considerations.

  9. Constructing the Criminal Alien: A Historical Framework for Analyzing Border Vigilantes at the Turn of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lytle, Kelly

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of discourses of the criminal alien with the incarcerationConstructing the Criminal Alien: A Historical Framework forthe rise of the criminal alien in discourse and structure

  10. The Global Library The Agenda 21 is the United Nations' action plan for the 21st century in favour of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    in favour of sustainable development. Launched at the Rio Earth Summit in 1992, its 40 chapters include 21 to library management and development and to move on to the global or sustainable library. Based to modern information and communication technologies (ICT). With regards to Agenda 21, the role and impact

  11. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Heat and Power for the 21st Century, Fuel Cell Technologies Program (FCTP) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program describes the program's focus and goals, along with current fuel cell applications and future potential. The program focuses on research and development of fuel cell systems for diverse applications in the stationary power, portable power, and transportation sectors. It works to reduce costs and improve technologies to advance fuel cell uses in areas such as combined heat and power, auxiliary power units, portable power systems, and stationary and backup power. To help ensure that fuel cell advances are realized, the program rigorously analyzes energy efficiency, economic, and environmental benefits of fuel cells and seeks to optimize synergies among fuel cell applications and other renewable technologies.

  12. Educating engineers for the 21st century : a framework for skill development through co-curricular and extracurricular involvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Dara R. (Dara Ruth)

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    As the global marketplace becomes increasingly interconnected and multidisciplinary, graduates of undergraduate engineering programs face new challenges in communication, creative thinking, and teamwork as they enter the ...

  13. Committee on Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grossmann, Ignacio E.

    2003 by the National Academy of Sciences. All rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America and with regard for appropriate balance. Support for this study was provided by the National Research Council, the U.S. Department of Energy (DE-AT-01-EE41424, BES DE-FG-02-00ER15040, and DE-AT01-03ER15386

  14. Course Title Cr AUTUMN '12 WINTER '13 Spring '13 SUM '13 100 21st Century CEE 1 Rutherford

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Water Resources Capstone (jt w/445) 4 Stensel 445 Environmental Capstone Design (jt w/444) 4 Stensel 451 Hydraulic Design for Env'l Engr 3 Istanbulluoglu 483 Drinking Water Treatmnt 3 Dodd 484 Decentralized and On Berman TBA Roeder 500 CEE Seminars - Environ/Water 1 Lettenmaier Lettenmaier Lettenmaier 500 CEE Seminars

  15. Re-imagining the Maison Tropicale : a 21st century prefabricated building system inspired by Jean Prouv

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Margret I

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Re-Imagining the Maison Tropicale proposes new system for prefabrication, applied to the context of tropical housing. Given the failure of contemporary prefabricated systems to provide creative solutions that can be ...

  16. Patterns for working and living in the 21st century : real estate development for the new workplace

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Foutz, Whitney Jade

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Emerging mobile and digital technologies are providing individuals with greater flexibility in the way they structure their working environment. At the same time, the knowledge-based economy is growing based on ideas ...

  17. Journal of Climate Projection of global wave climate change towards the end of the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Center for Materials and Coastal Research, Germany Arno Behrens Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Center for Materials and Coastal Research, Germany Andreas Sterl Royal Netherlands Meteorological of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom3 Heinz Günther Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht, Center

  18. The impacts of climate, land use, and demography on fires during the 21st century simulated by CLM-CN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kloster, S.; Mahowald, N. M; Randerson, J. T; Lawrence, P. J

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    model of wetland extent and peat accumulation: results forof carbon released from peat and forest fires in Indonesialosses in Alaskan forests and peat- lands, Nature Geosci. ,

  19. North-South asymmetry in the modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinov, Irina; Doney, Scott C; Lima, Ivan D; Lindsay, K.; Moore, J. K; Mahowald, N.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    uxes to destratify the water-column. The wind-driven,westerlies drive deep-water upwelling, exposing nutrientand carbon-rich deep waters to the surface. Increases in

  20. DOE Regional Office Network: Your Link to Energy Savings and Livable Communities in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2001-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Office of Energy and Renewable Energy Sector Fact Sheets describe the mission and programs within each of the 8 Sectors.

  1. Biological Sciences for the 21st Century: Meeting the Challenges of Sustainable Development in an Era of Global Change

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joel Cracraft; Richard O'Grady

    2007-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The symposium was held 10-12 May, 2007 at the Capitol Hilton Hotel in Washington, D. C. The 30 talks explored how some of today's key biological research developments (such as biocomplexity and complex systems analysis, bioinformatics and computational biology, the expansion of molecular and genomics research, and the emergence of other comprehensive or system wide analyses, such as proteomics) contribute to sustainability science. The symposium therefore emphasized the challenges facing agriculture, human health, sustainable energy, and the maintenance of ecosystems and their services, so as to provide a focus and a suite of examples of the enormous potential contributions arising from these new developments in the biological sciences. This symposium was the first to provide a venue for exploring how the ongoing advances in the biological sciences together with new approaches for improving knowledge integration and institutional science capacity address key global challenges to sustainability. The speakers presented new research findings, and identified new approaches and needs in biological research that can be expected to have substantial impacts on sustainability science.

  2. Probabilistic Forecast for 21st Century Climate Based on Uncertainties in Emissions (without Policy) and Climate Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolov, Andrei P.

    The MIT Integrated Global System Model is used to make probabilistic projections of climate change from 1861 to 2100. Since the model's first projections were published in 2003 substantial improvements have been made to ...

  3. The Venetian Galley of Flanders: From Medieval (2-Dimensional) Treatises to 21st Century (3-Dimensional) Model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Courtney Rosali

    2012-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    been connected to the sea, leading to a long history of seafaring and shipbuilding. By the end of the Middle Ages, Venice had established several trade routes throughout the Mediterranean and Black Seas, and one long sea route into the Atlantic...

  4. Advanced power generation systems for the 21st Century: Market survey and recommendations for a design philosophy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andriulli, J.B.; Gates, A.E.; Haynes, H.D.; Klett, L.B.; Matthews, S.N.; Nawrocki, E.A.; Otaduy, P.J.; Scudiere, M.B.; Theiss, T.J.; Thomas, J.F.; Tolbert, L.M.; Yauss, M.L.; Voltz, C.A.

    1999-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this report is to document the results of a study designed to enhance the performance of future military generator sets (gen-sets) in the medium power range. The study includes a market survey of the state of the art in several key component areas and recommendations comprising a design philosophy for future military gen-sets. The market survey revealed that the commercial market is in a state of flux, but it is currently or will soon be capable of providing the technologies recommended here in a cost-effective manner. The recommendations, if implemented, should result in future power generation systems that are much more functional than today's gen-sets. The number of differing units necessary (both family sizes and frequency modes) to cover the medium power range would be decreased significantly, while the weight and volume of each unit would decrease, improving the transportability of the power source. Improved fuel economy and overall performance would result from more effective utilization of the prime mover in the generator. The units would allow for more flexibility and control, improved reliability, and more effective power management in the field.

  5. Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing us in the 21st century and, across Europe,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefèvre, Laurent

    , efforts are being made to cut down on energy usage and carbon emissions. The EU has set a target of a 20 in ICT research - which together promise to reduce energy consumption and increase our knowledge, but in all sectors of the economy. How green is our ICT? ICT is responsible for 2% of carbon emissions

  6. Social Media, Social Kids: Sociocultural Implications of 21st Century Media for Development in the Preteen Period.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tehranian, Yalda

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning (1st ed. ).connected: The new digital media habits of young children.Foundation Series on Digital Media and Learning (1st ed. ).

  7. Opportunities for Catalysis in The 21st Century. A report from the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, J. M.; Bercaw, J.

    2002-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Chemical catalysis affects our lives in myriad ways. Catalysis provides a means of changing the rates at which chemical bonds are formed and broken and of controlling the yields of chemical reactions to increase the amounts of desirable products from these reactions and reduce the amounts of undesirable ones. Thus, it lies at the heart of our quality of life: The reduced emissions of modern cars, the abundance of fresh food at our stores, and the new pharmaceuticals that improve our health are made possible by chemical reactions controlled by catalysts. Catalysis is also essential to a healthy economy: The petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, contributors of $500 billion to the gross national product of the United States, rely on catalysts to produce everything from fuels to ''wonder drugs'' to paints to cosmetics. Today, our Nation faces a variety of challenges in creating alternative fuels, reducing harmful by-products in manufacturing, cleaning up the environment and preventing future pollution, dealing with the causes of global warming, protecting citizens from the release of toxic substances and infectious agents, and creating safe pharmaceuticals. Catalysts are needed to meet these challenges, but their complexity and diversity demand a revolution in the way catalysts are designed and used. This revolution can become reality through the application of new methods for synthesizing and characterizing molecular and material systems. Opportunities to understand and predict how catalysts work at the atomic scale and the nanoscale are now appearing, made possible by breakthroughs in the last decade in computation, measurement techniques, and imaging and by new developments in catalyst design, synthesis, and evaluation.

  8. 1018 BioScience December 2001 / Vol. 51 No. 12 The 21st century is an exciting time for biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,and unraveling functional genomics at scales ranging from organisms to community assemblages--to pro- vide just

  9. Enhanced terrestrial carbon uptake in the Northern High Latitudes in the 21st century from the Coupled Carbon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zeng, Ning

    the Coupled Carbon Cycle Climate Model Intercomparison Project model projections H A I F E N G Q I A N *, R E Carbon Cycle Climate Model Intercomparison Project. Our analysis suggests that the NHL will be a carbon the intense warming there enhances SOM decomposition, soil organic carbon (SOC) storage continues to increase

  10. North-South asymmetry in the modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinov, Irina; Doney, Scott C; Lima, Ivan D; Lindsay, K.; Moore, J. K; Mahowald, N.

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of com- plex Earth System Models uses widely differentacross the IPCC AR5 earth system models, manuscript in

  11. Packaging Materials of the 21st Century: "Sustainable Nano-Materials - Benefits to the industry"

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankCombustion | Department ofT ib l L d F SSalesOE0000652 Srivastava,Pacific Northwest National

  12. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Science and Technology Facility, Golden, Colorado (Brochure)

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeatMulti-Dimensionalthe10 DOEWashington,LM-04-XXXX Office ofD Name:Dispersion

  13. Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGYWomenthe House Committee on Energy andDepartment ofAn AudienceEnergy As part

  14. Cultivation of recalcitrant microbes: cells are alive, well and revealing their secrets in the 21st century laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leadbetter, Jared R.

    Science Ltd. All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/S1369-5274(03)00041-9 Abbreviations AQDS anthraquinone

  15. Closed ThUOX Fuel Cycle for LWRs with ADTT (ATW) Backend for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beller, D.E.; Sailor, W.C.; Venneri, F.

    1998-10-06T23:59:59.000Z

    A future nuclear energy scenario with a closed, thorium-uranium-oxide (ThUOX) fuel cycle and new light water reactors (TULWRs) supported by Accelerator Transmutation of Waste (ATW) systems could provide several improvements beyond today's once-through, UO{sub 2}-fueled nuclear technology. A deployment scenario with TULWRs plus ATWs to burn the actinides produced by these LWRs and to close the back-end of the ThUOX fuel cycle was modeled to satisfy a US demand that increases linearly from 80 GWe in 2020 to 200 GWe by 2100. During the first 20 years of the scenario (2000-2020), nuclear energy production in the US declines from today's 100 GWe to about 80 GWe, in accordance with forecasts of the US DOE's Energy Information Administration. No new nuclear systems are added during this declining nuclear energy period, and all existing LWRs are shut down by 2045. Beginning in 2020, ATWs that transmute the actinides from existing LWRs are deployed, along with TULWRs and additional ATWs with a support ratio of 1 ATW to 7 TULWRs to meet the energy demand scenario. A final mix of 174 GWe from TULWRs and 26 GWe from ATWs provides the 200 GWe demand in 2100. Compared to a once-through LWR scenario that meets the same energy demand, the TULWR/ATW concept could result in the following improvements: depletion of natural uranium resources would be reduced by 50%; inventories of Pu which may result in weapons proliferation will be reduced in quantity by more than 98% and in quality because of higher neutron emissions and 50 times the alpha-decay heating of weapons-grade plutonium; actinides (and possibly fission products) for final disposal in nuclear waste would be substantially reduced; and the cost of fuel and the fuel cycle may be 20-30% less than the once-through UO{sub 2} fuel cycle.

  16. The physical basis for increases in precipitation extremes in simulations of 21st-century climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Gorman, Paul Ambrose

    Global warming is expected to lead to a large increase in atmospheric water vapor content and to changes in the hydrological cycle, which include an intensification of precipitation extremes. The intensity of precipitation ...

  17. Proceedings of the 21st DOE/NRC nuclear air cleaning conference; Volume 2, Sessions 9--16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    First, M.W. [ed.] [Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (United States). Harvard Air Cleaning Lab.

    1991-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The 21st meeting of the Department of Energy/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (DOE/NRC) Nuclear Air Cleaning Conference was held in San Diego, CA on August 13--16, 1990. The proceedings have been published as a two volume set. Volume 2 contains sessions covering adsorbents, nuclear codes and standards, modelling, filters, safety, containment venting and a review of nuclear air cleaning programs around the world. Also included is the list of attendees and an index of authors and speakers. (MHB)

  18. Truckstop -- and Truck!-- Electrification

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Skip Yeakel

    2001-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The conclusions of this paper are: 0.5-1.5 G/H and/or BUSG/Y--how much time and money will it take to quantify and WHY BOTHER TO DO SO? No shortage of things to do re truckstop--+ truck!-- electrification; Better that government and industry should put many eggs in lots of baskets vs. all in one or few; Best concepts will surface as most viable; Economic appeal better than regulation or brute force; Launch Ground Freight Partnership and give it a chance to work; Demonstration is an effective means to educate, and learn from, customers--learning is a two way street; Research, Development, Demonstration, and Deployment (RD 3) are all important but only deployment gets results; TSE can start small in numbers of spaces to accommodate economically inspired growth but upfront plans should be made for expansion if meaningful idle reduction is to follow via TE; 110VAC 15A service/ parking space is minimal--if infrastructure starts like this, upfront plans must be made to increase capacity; Increased electrification of truckstop and truck alike will result in much better life on the road; Improved sleep will improve driver alertness and safety; Reduced idling will significantly reduce fuel use and emissions; Universal appeal for DOD, DOE, DOT, EPA, OEMs, and users alike; Clean coal, gas, hydro, nuclear, or wind energy sources are all distinctly American means by which to generate electricity; Nothing can compete with diesel fuel to serve mobile truck needs; stationary trucks are like power plants--they don't move and should NOT be powered by petroleum products whenever possible; Use American fueled power plants--electricity--to serve truck idling needs wherever practical to do so; encourage economic aspect; Create and reward industry initiatives to reduce fuel use; Eliminate FET on new trucks, provide tax credits (non highway fuel use and investment), provide incentives based on results; Encourage newer/ cleaner truck use; solicit BAAs with mandatory OEM/ fleet participation/ lead; and A gallon saved is a gallon earned-- start NOW, not later.

  19. ASDSO/FEMA Specialty Workshop on Risk Assessment for Dams. Invited paper in the Proceedings of the 2001 ASDSO 21st Annual Conference, Snowbird, Utah. September 2001.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bowles, David S.

    ASDSO/FEMA Specialty Workshop on Risk Assessment for Dams. Invited paper in the Proceedings of the 2001 ASDSO 21st Annual Conference, Snowbird, Utah. September 2001. ASDSO/FEMA SPECIALTY WORKSHOP

  20. Improving haul truck productivity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fiscor, S.

    2007-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper reviews developments in payload management and cycle times. These were discussed at a roundtable held at the Haulage and Loading 2007 conference held in May in Phoenix, AZ, USA. Several original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) explaind what their companies were doing to improve cycle times for trucks, shovels and excavators used in surface coal mining. Quotations are given from Dion Domaschenz of Liebherr and Steve Plott of Cat Global Mining. 4 figs.

  1. Century Climate Change Scenario for the Mediterranean using a coupled Atmosphere-Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21st Century Climate Change Scenario for the Mediterranean using a coupled Atmosphere The SAMM (Sea Atmosphere Mediterranean Model) has been developed to study the climate evolution significantly amplifies the climate change signal over large parts of Europe with respect to the corresponding

  2. Aerospace Engineering Pickup Truck AerodynamicsPickup Truck Aerodynamics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Al-Garni, Abdullah M.

    distribution on a generic pickup truck geometry. · To measure the unsteady flow field in the near wake, suction type wind tunnel · Pickup truck model provided by GM R&D · Ground board mounted on top side of tunnel · Actual wind tunnel cross section 60 x 50 cm · Model mounted 380 mm from ground board leading

  3. A View from the Bridge - DOE Perspective | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Office Merit Review 2014: Overview of the DOE Advanced Combustion Engine R&D 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006...

  4. LNT or Urea SCR Technology: Which is the right technology for...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    21st Century Truck Programs. 2006deerdorenkamp.pdf More Documents & Publications The BMW Approach to Tier2 Bin5 Laboratory and Vehicle Demonstration of a "2nd-Generation"...

  5. Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology and...

  6. Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly Efficient Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks Cummins SuperTruck Program - Technology Demonstration of Highly Efficient...

  7. 0-7803-8985-9/05/$20.00 2005 IEEE 21st IEEE SEMI-THERM Symposium Potential Thermal Security Risks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skadron, Kevin

    0-7803-8985-9/05/$20.00 ©2005 IEEE 21st IEEE SEMI-THERM Symposium Potential Thermal Security Risks or even permanent damage. This paper provides an overview of the various vulnerabilities, their costs of damage that are possible, which attacks require supervisor privileges, and offers preliminary suggestions

  8. Raley's LNG Truck Site Final Data Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Battelle

    1999-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Raley's is a 120-store grocery chain with headquarters in Sacramento, California, that has been operating eight heavy-duty LNG trucks (Kenworth T800 trucks with Cummins L10-300G engines) and two LNG yard tractors (Ottawa trucks with Cummins B5.9G engines) since April 1997. This report describes the results of data collection and evaluation of the eight heavy-duty LNG trucks compared to similar heavy-duty diesel trucks operating at Raley's. The data collection and evaluation are a part of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project.

  9. Heavy Truck Engine Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nelson, Christopher

    2009-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The Heavy Duty Truck Engine Program at Cummins embodied three significant development phases. All phases of work strove to demonstrate a high level of diesel engine efficiency in the face of increasingly stringent emission requirements. Concurrently, aftertreatment system development and refinement was pursued in support of these efficiency demonstrations. The program's first phase focused on the demonstration in-vehicle of a high level of heavy duty diesel engine efficiency (45% Brake Thermal Efficiency) at a typical cruise condition while achieving composite emissions results which met the 2004 U.S. EPA legislated standards. With a combination of engine combustion calibration tuning and the development and application of Urea-based SCR and particulate aftertreatment, these demonstrations were successfully performed by Q4 of 2002. The second phase of the program directed efforts towards an in-vehicle demonstration of an engine system capable of meeting 2007 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements while achieving 45% Brake Thermal Efficiency at cruise conditions. Through further combustion optimization, the refinement of Cummins Cooled EGR architecture, the application of a high pressure common rail fuel system and the incorporation of optimized engine parasitics, Cummins Inc. successfully demonstrated these deliverables in Q2 of 2004. The program's final phase set a stretch goal of demonstrating 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency from a heavy duty diesel engine system capable of meeting 2010 U.S. EPA legislated emissions requirements. Cummins chose to pursue this goal through further combustion development and refinement of the Cooled EGR system architecture and also applied a Rankine cycle Waste Heat Recovery technique to convert otherwise wasted thermal energy to useful power. The engine and heat recovery system was demonstrated to achieve 50% Brake Thermal Efficiency while operating at a torque peak condition in second quarter, 2006. The 50% efficient engine system was capable of meeting 2010 emissions requirements through the application of NOx and particulate matter reduction techniques proven earlier in the program.

  10. Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project The Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    data from trucks operating in long-haul operations. The research program was designed to be conductedHeavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project OVERVIEW The Heavy Truck Duty Cycle (HTDC) Project. The project involves efforts to collect, analyze and archive data and information related to class -8 truck

  11. Truck acoustic data analyzer system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Haynes, Howard D.; Akerman, Alfred; Ayers, Curtis W.

    2006-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A passive vehicle acoustic data analyzer system having at least one microphone disposed in the acoustic field of a moving vehicle and a computer in electronic communication the microphone(s). The computer detects and measures the frequency shift in the acoustic signature emitted by the vehicle as it approaches and passes the microphone(s). The acoustic signature of a truck driving by a microphone can provide enough information to estimate the truck speed in miles-per-hour (mph), engine speed in rotations-per-minute (RPM), turbocharger speed in RPM, and vehicle weight.

  12. Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, N. Jill [Editor

    1999-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held 21-24 September 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  13. Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert Keolian

    2011-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This Final Report describes the accomplishments of the US Department of Energy (DOE) cooperative agreement project DE-FC26-04NT42113 - Truck Thermoacoustic Generator and Chiller - whose goal is to design, fabricate and test a thermoacoustic piezoelectric generator and chiller system for use on over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel trucks, driven alternatively by the waste heat of the main diesel engine exhaust or by a burner integrated into the thermoacoustic system. The thermoacoustic system would utilize engine exhaust waste heat to generate electricity and cab air conditioning, and would also function as an auxiliary power unit (APU) for idle reduction. The unit was to be tested in Volvo engine performance and endurance test cells and then integrated onto a Class 8 over-the-road heavy-duty-diesel truck for further testing on the road. The project has been a collaboration of The Pennsylvania State University Applied Research Laboratory, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Clean Power Resources Inc., and Volvo Powertrain (Mack Trucks Inc.). Cost share funding was provided by Applied Research Laboratory, and by Clean Power Resources Inc via its grant from Innovation Works - funding that was derived from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Los Alamos received its funding separately through DOE Field Work Proposal 04EE09.

  14. 21st Annual Transportation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    would cost more than $40 billion over next 20 years ·! If used alone, state gas tax would need more than Investment Plan ·! Mn/DOT Statewide Transportation Plan #12;MHSIS goals ·! Develop a long range vision expansions ·!Fiscally-constrained approach #12;New investment strategy ·! Realistic ·! Innovative ·! Focuses

  15. Solar hydrogen for urban trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Provenzano, J.: Scott, P.B.; Zweig, R. [Clean Air Now, Northridge, CA (United States)

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Clean Air Now (CAN) Solar Hydrogen Project, located at Xerox Corp., El Segundo, California, includes solar photovoltaic powered hydrogen generation, compression, storage and end use. Three modified Ford Ranger trucks use the hydrogen fuel. The stand-alone electrolyzer and hydrogen dispensing system are solely powered by a photovoltaic array. A variable frequency DC-AC converter steps up the voltage to drive the 15 horsepower compressor motor. On site storage is available for up to 14,000 standard cubic feet (SCF) of solar hydrogen, and up to 80,000 SCF of commercial hydrogen. The project is 3 miles from Los Angeles International airport. The engine conversions are bored to 2.9 liter displacement and are supercharged. Performance is similar to that of the Ranger gasoline powered truck. Fuel is stored in carbon composite tanks (just behind the driver`s cab) at pressures up to 3600 psi. Truck range is 144 miles, given 3600 psi of hydrogen. The engine operates in lean burn mode, with nil CO and HC emissions. NO{sub x} emissions vary with load and rpm in the range from 10 to 100 ppm, yielding total emissions at a small fraction of the ULEV standard. Two trucks have been converted for the Xerox fleet, and one for the City of West Hollywood. A public outreach program, done in conjunction with the local public schools and the Department of Energy, introduces the local public to the advantages of hydrogen fuel technologies. The Clean Air Now program demonstrates that hydrogen powered fleet development is an appropriate, safe, and effective strategy for improvement of urban air quality, energy security and avoidance of global warming impact. Continued technology development and cost reduction promises to make such implementation market competitive.

  16. Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy via ITS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Reducing Truck Emissions and Improving Truck Fuel Economy new traffic flow and traffic light control concepts with respect to emissions and fuel economy. Some

  17. Emission Controls for Heavy-Duty Trucks

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    DEER Conference Emission Controls for Heavy-Duty Trucks Overview Emission Standards - US and Worldwide Technology Options for Meeting Emissions System Integration ...

  18. NGVs: Driving to the 21st Century. 17th National Natural Gas Vehicle Conference and Exhibition, October 3-5, 1999 [conference organizational literature and agenda

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    By attending the conference, participants learn about new and planned OEM vehicle and engine technologies; studies comparing Diesel and gasoline emissions to natural gas; new state and federal legislation; and innovative marketing programs they can use to help sell their products and services.

  19. International Conference on Hypersonic Flight in the 21st Century, 1st, University of North Dakota, Grand Forks, Sept. 20-23, 1988, Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Higbea, M.E.; Vedda, J.A.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The present conference on the development status of configurational concepts and component technologies for hypersonic-cruise and transatmospheric vehicles discusses topics relating to the U.S. National Aerospace Plane program, ESA-planned aerospace vehicles, Japanese spaceplane concepts, the integration of hypersonic aircraft into existing infrastructures, hypersonic airframe designs, hypersonic avionics and cockpit AI systems, hypersonic-regime CFD techniques, the economics of hypersonic vehicles, and possible legal implications of hypersonic flight. Also discussed are Soviet spaceplane concepts, propulsion systems involving laser power sources and hypervelocity launch technologies, and the management of support systems operations for hypersonic vehicles.

  20. Expanding Global Network: Discovery to Delivery The United States ranks #1 in innovation. Purdue is preparing for the 21st century global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    challenges global health, global competitiveness, global energy security, global warming, global and visibility that Purdue enjoys at all levels globally. Provide global experience for Purdue facultyExpanding Global Network: Discovery to Delivery The United States ranks #1 in innovation. Purdue

  1. Outside relationality : autobiographical deformations and the literary lineage of Afro-pessimism in 20th and 21st century African American literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pak, Yumi

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the black opening of a cavern in which I would be torturedas being drawn into a dark cavern an obvious reference tothe black opening of a cavern in which I would be tortured

  2. Reinventing the 21st Century University Finding a cure for cancer. Seeking in the tiniest of particles solutions to the world's big problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ginzel, Matthew

    , and still others being graduated back to academic units. Today Discovery Park operates as a self-sustaining, generating new ideas and direction for future generations. Most of the centers are housed in buildings

  3. Response of the water balance to climate change in the United States over the 20th and 21st centuries: Results from the VEMAP Phase 2 model intercomparisons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, W. S; Famiglietti, J. S

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    distribution: The role of the water balance, Am. Nat. , 135,NPP): The importance of water avail- ability, Global Change1982a), Ecological optimality in water-limited natural soil-

  4. Lau vs. Nichols 40 Years Later - Where Are We Now? A Study of Philosophical, Political, Cultural and Societal Issues Impacting Bilingual Education in the Early 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Everling, Kathleen M.

    2011-02-22T23:59:59.000Z

    interview followed by individual interviews with two preschool and two kindergarten Spanish bilingual teachers. I collected field notes and observational data on site for two years. Based in grounded theory, the data dictated the focus of the study. The open...

  5. Institutional challenges and leadership competencies in Chinese Ministry of Education directed universities in implementing the 1999 Chinese action scheme for invigorating education towards the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaobo

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    scientist, educationist and democratic revolutionary, who played an active role in the reform and development of the university. By 1919, the university developed into the country's largest institution of higher learning, with 14 departments...

  6. Outside relationality : autobiographical deformations and the literary lineage of Afro-pessimism in 20th and 21st century African American literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pak, Yumi

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    allows me to posit that Jimmy Monroes white(ned) figure canefforts on the part of Jimmy Monroe manifest themselvescomplicates the idea that Jimmy is Himess white alter ego,

  7. Rural Library Professionals as Change Agents in the 21st Century: Integrating Information Technology Competencies in the Southern and Central Appalachian Region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grissino-Mayer, Henri D.

    you think your library will change over the next ten years? Section 3: Community Profile Please answer: Current Library/Libraries of Employment: Address of Current Library/Libraries of Employment: Section 1: Individual Profile Please answer the following questions (at least 150 words for each section a., b., c, etc

  8. Changes in sea-level associated with modifications on the mass balance of the Greenland and Antartic ice sheets over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bugnion, Vronique.

    Changes in runoff from Greenland and Antarctica are often cited as one of the major concerns linked to anthropogenic changes in climate. The changes in mass balance, and associated changes in sea-level, of these two ice ...

  9. Impacts of High Resolution Extreme Events on U.S. Energy Demand and CO{sub 2} Emissions in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diffenbaugh, Noah [Stanford University

    2013-06-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Progress is reported in these areas: Validation of temperature and precipitation extremes; Time of emergence of severe heat stress in the United States; Quantifying the effects of temperature extremes on energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions.

  10. Conference on Nuclear Energy and Science for the 21st Century: Atoms for Peace Plus Fifty - Washington, D.C., October 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfaltzgraff, Robert L [Institute for Foreign Policy Analysis

    2006-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    This conference's focus was the peaceful uses of the atom and their implications for nuclear science, energy security, nuclear medicine and national security. The conference also provided the setting for the presentation of the prestigious Enrico Fermi Prize, a Presidential Award which recognizes the contributions of distinguished members of the scientific community for a lifetime of exceptional achievement in the science and technology of nuclear, atomic, molecular, and particle interactions and effects. An impressive group of distinguished speakers addressed various issues that included: the impact and legacy of the Eisenhower Administration??s ??Atoms for Peace? concept, the current and future role of nuclear power as an energy source, the challenges of controlling and accounting for existing fissile material, and the horizons of discovery for particle or high-energy physics. The basic goal of the conference was to examine what has been accomplished over the past fifty years as well as to peer into the future to gain insights into what may occur in the fields of nuclear energy, nuclear science, nuclear medicine, and the control of nuclear materials.

  11. State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    , Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial Environments-- FLOATING ICE: SEA ICE By CLAIRE L. PARKINSON., and JANE G. FERRIGNO U.S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY PROFESSIONAL PAPER 1386A4I Sea ice covers vast areas. The extensive cover of sea ice has major impacts on the atmosphere, oceans, and terrestrial and marine

  12. July 24, 2009, Visiting Speakers Program Panel Discussion - Governance and Regulations: U. S. to Lead or Lag in the 21st Century - Companion Book

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul(Summary) "of EnergyEnergyENERGY TAX POLICIES7.pdfFuel2007 | Department7January 2015JimJulieand High ReliabilityNextby

  13. Trucking | OpenEI Community

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Office of InspectorConcentrating SolarElectric Coop, IncTipmontInformationKentucky) JumpCorpDist JumpTrucking Home

  14. SCR Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission Standards in 2005 SCR Systems for Heavy Duty Trucks: Progress Towards Meeting Euro 4 Emission Standards in...

  15. Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving cycles and interstate roads Fuel economy and emissions reduction of HD hybrid truck over transient driving...

  16. NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastructure 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells...

  17. Design Considerations for a PEM Fuel Cell Powered Truck APU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grupp, David J; Forrest, Matthew E.; Mader, Pippin G.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Miller, Marshall; Dwyer, Harry A.

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of most line-haul class 8 trucks. Ballard Nexa Fuel Cell Thefuel cell powered auxiliary power units (APUs) to reduce idling in line-haul trucks.

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Class 8 Truck...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Class 8 Truck Freight Efficiency Improvement Project Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Class 8 Truck Freight Efficiency Improvement Project Presentation given by...

  19. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: SuperTruck Program...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review Presentation given by Detroit Diesel Corporation...

  20. Thermoelectric Generator Development at Renault Trucks-Volvo...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Trucks-Volvo Group Reviews project to study the potential of thermoelectricity for diesel engines of trucks and passenger cars, where relatively low exhaust temperature is...

  1. NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation NOx Adsorbers for Heavy Duty Truck Engines - Testing and Simulation This report provides the results of an...

  2. Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck Diesel Engines Ten Years of Development Experience with Advanced Light Truck Diesel Engines 2004 Diesel Engine...

  3. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Cummins SuperTruck...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Cummins SuperTruck Program Technology and System Level Demonstration of Highly Efficient and Clean, Diesel Powered Class 8 Trucks...

  4. Assessment of Out-of-State Heavy-Duty Truck Activity Trends In California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    California-registered long-haul trucks that travel throughreferred to as long haul trucks. These trucks tend to beto include both long haul trucks and trucks that operate

  5. Alternative fuel trucks case studies: Running line-haul trucks on ethanol

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norton, P.; Kelly, K.J.; Marek, N.J.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This bulletin describes case studies of trucks operating on ethanol fuel. Cost, maintenance and repair, as well as fuel economy are discussed.

  6. In-Cab Air Quality of Trucks Air Conditioned and Kept in Electrified Truck Stop

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lee, Doh-Won [Texas Transportation Institute; Zietsman, Josias [Texas Transportation Institute; Farzaneh, Mohamadreza [Texas Transportation Institute; Li, Wen-Whai [University of Texas, El Paso; Olvera, Hector [University of Texas, El Paso; Storey, John Morse [ORNL; Kranendonk, Laura [ORNL

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At night, long-haul truck drivers rest inside the cabins of their vehicles. Therefore, the in-cab air quality while air conditioning (A/C) is being provided can be a great concern to the drivers health. The effect of using different A/C methods [truck's A/C, auxiliary power unit (APU), and truck stop electrification (TSE) unit] on in-cab air quality of a heavy-duty diesel vehicle was investigated at an electrified truck stop in the El Paso, Texas, area. The research team measured the in-cabin and the ambient air quality adjacent to the parked diesel truck as well as emissions from the truck and an APU while it was providing A/C. The measured results were compared and analyzed. On the basis of these results, it was concluded that the TSE unit provided better in-cab air quality while supplying A/C. Furthermore, the truck and APU exhaust emissions were measured, and fuel consumption of the truck (while idling) and the APU (during operation) were compared. The results led to the finding that emissions from the APU were less than those from the truck's engine idling, but the APU consumed more fuel than the engine while providing A/C under given conditions.

  7. Slow speed object detection for haul trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2009-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Caterpillar integrates radar technology with its current camera based system. Caterpillar has developed the Integrated Object Detection System, a slow speed object detection system for mining haul trucks. Object detection is a system that aids the truck operator's awareness of their surroundings. The system consists of a color touch screen display along with medium- and short-range radar as well as cameras, harnesses and mounting hardware. It is integrated into the truck's Work Area Vision System (WAVS). After field testing in 2007, system commercialization began in 2008. Prototype systems are in operation in Australia, Utah and Arizona and the Integrated Object Detection System will be available in the fourth quarter of 2009 and on production trucks 785C, 789C, 793D and 797B. The article is adapted from a presentation by Mark Richards of Caterpillar to the Haulage & Loading 2009 conference, May, held in Phoenix, AZ. 1 fig., 5 photos.

  8. Water by truck in Mexico City

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pike, Jill (Jill Susan)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Supply of water to urban households by tanker truck in developing and advanced developing countries is often associated with early stages of urbanization or with the private markets on which water vendors serve households ...

  9. Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 44th Annual Meeting of the ACL, pages 105112, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palmer, Martha

    Proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Computational Linguistics and 44th Annual Meeting of the ACL, pages 105­112, Sydney, July 2006. c 2006 Association for Computational Linguistics, we present a method for reducing the granularity of the WordNet sense inven- tory based

  10. Caterpillar Light Truck Clean Diesel Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Robert L. Miller; Kevin P. Duffy; Michael A. Flinn; Steve A. Faulkner; Mike A. Graham

    1999-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1998, light trucks accounted for over 48% of new vehicle sales in the U.S. and well over half the new Light Duty vehicle fuel consumption. The Light Truck Clean Diesel (LTCD) program seeks to introduce large numbers of advanced technology diesel engines in light-duty trucks that would improve their fuel economy (mpg) by at least 50% and reduce our nation's dependence on foreign oil. Incorporating diesel engines in this application represents a high-risk technical and economic challenge. To meet the challenge, a government-industry partnership (Department of Energy, diesel engine manufacturers, and the automotive original equipment manufacturers) is applying joint resources to meet specific goals that will provide benefits to the nation. [1] Caterpillar initially teamed with Ford Motor Company on a 5 year program (1997-2002) to develop prototype vehicles that demonstrate a 50% fuel economy improvement over the current 1997 gasoline powered light truck vehicle in this class while complying with EPA's Tier II emissions regulations. The light truck vehicle selected for the demonstration is a 1999 Ford F150 SuperCab. To meet the goals of the program, the 4.6 L V-8 gasoline engine in this vehicle will be replaced by an advanced compression ignition direct injection (CIDI) engine. Key elements of the Caterpillar LTCD program plan to develop the advanced CIDI engine are presented in this paper.

  11. Assessment of Out-of-State Heavy-Duty Truck Activity Trends In California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    haul trucks. These trucks tend to be the newest (median model year of 2004), have higher average fuel economy,

  12. Heavy Truck Clean Diesel Cooperative Research Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Milam, David

    2006-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    This report is the final report for the Department of Energy on the Heavy Truck Engine Program (Contract No. DE-FC05-00OR22806) also known as Heavy Truck Clean Diesel (HTCD) Program. Originally, this was scoped to be a $38M project over 5 years, to be 50/50 co-funded by DOE and Caterpillar. The program started in June 2000. During the program the timeline was extended to a sixth year. The program completed in December 2006. The program goal was to develop and demonstrate the technologies required to enable compliance with the 2007 and 2010 (0.2g/bhph NOx, 0.01g/bhph PM) on-highway emission standards for Heavy Duty Trucks in the US with improvements in fuel efficiency compared to today's engines. Thermal efficiency improvement from a baseline of 43% to 50% was targeted.

  13. HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING IN LABORATORY CONDITIONS HEAVY-DUTY TRUCK EMISSIONS AND FUEL CONSUMPTION SIMULATING REAL-WORLD DRIVING...

  14. How to lighten trucks to haul bigger payloads

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Smiely, C.H.

    1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses how lighter truck components can be used wisely for the highway transportation of coal, with maintenance and costs in mind, to increase the hauling capacity of trucks.

  15. Improved performance of railcar/rail truck interface components

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Story, Brett Alan

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    turning moments around curved track, wear of truck components, and increased detrimental dynamic effects. The recommended improvement of the rail truck interface is a set of two steel inserts, one concave and one convex, that can be retrofit to center...

  16. Fact #787: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    7: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle Fuel Consumption Fact 787: July 8, 2013 Truck Stop Electrification Reduces Idle Fuel Consumption The U.S. Department of...

  17. Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haykin, Simon

    Hamilton Truck Route Study Prepared for the City of Hamilton March 2012 #12;#12;Hamilton Truck and Logistics McMaster University Hamilton, Ontario March 2012 mitl.mcmaster.ca #12;#12;McMaster Institute

  18. Curbside eating : mobilizing food trucks to activate public space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sheppard, Alison Marguerite

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the past 5 years, cities across the United States have seen the rise of a new form of street vending: the modern food truck. Nearly overnight, food trucks have become an expected and anticipated occurrence in many ...

  19. Examining factors affecting the safety performance and design of exclusive truck facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iragavarapu, Vichika

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    models were developed for truck-related (involving at least one truck and another vehicle), truck-only (two trucks or more) and single-truck crashes. The results suggested that the percentage of trucks in Average Annual Daily Traffic (AADT...

  20. Solar Energy for Charging Fork Truck Batteries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Viljoen, T. A.; Turner, W. C.

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    this price decrease in mind and does an economic study on the feasibility of using photovoltaic cells to charge electric fork lift trucks, at different costs per peak watt. This particular idea could be used as a measure of energy conservation for industrial...

  1. Fire Department Gets New Trucks, Saves Money

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    RICHLAND, Wash. Last year, the Hanford Fire Department (HFD) set out to replace its aging chemical truck used for metal fires. Originally purchased to respond to potential incidents at the Fast Flux Test Facility, the 31-year-old vehicle was at the end of its lifecycle.

  2. Examining factors affecting the safety performance and design of exclusive truck facilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iragavarapu, Vichika

    2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    were used to establish a relationship between truck crashes and various environmental, geometric and traffic variables. Separate models were developed for truck-related (involving at least one truck and another vehicle), truck-only (two trucks... Table 1: Proposed selection criterion for truck treatments (Middleton et al., 2006).......... 7 Table 2: Revised design vehicle dimensions to accommodate trucks in roadway design (Harwood et al., 2003...

  3. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    conventional truck; the hydrogen fuel cell truck can improveconventional truck; the hydrogen fuel cell truck can improveLNG engines, fuel cell vehicles using hydrogen, and battery

  4. FUEL ASSEMBLY SHAKER AND TRUCK TEST SIMULATION

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klymyshyn, Nicholas A.; Jensen, Philip J.; Sanborn, Scott E.; Hanson, Brady D.

    2014-09-25T23:59:59.000Z

    This study continues the modeling support of the SNL shaker table task from 2013 and includes analysis of the SNL 2014 truck test campaign. Detailed finite element models of the fuel assembly surrogate used by SNL during testing form the basis of the modeling effort. Additional analysis was performed to characterize and filter the accelerometer data collected during the SNL testing. The detailed fuel assembly finite element model was modified to improve the performance and accuracy of the original surrogate fuel assembly model in an attempt to achieve a closer agreement with the low strains measured during testing. The revised model was used to recalculate the shaker table load response from the 2013 test campaign. As it happened, the results remained comparable to the values calculated with the original fuel assembly model. From this it is concluded that the original model was suitable for the task and the improvements to the model were not able to bring the calculated strain values down to the extremely low level recorded during testing. The model needs more precision to calculate strains that are so close to zero. The truck test load case had an even lower magnitude than the shaker table case. Strain gage data from the test was compared directly to locations on the model. Truck test strains were lower than the shaker table case, but the model achieved a better relative agreement of 100-200 microstrains (or 0.0001-0.0002 mm/mm). The truck test data included a number of accelerometers at various locations on the truck bed, surrogate basket, and surrogate fuel assembly. This set of accelerometers allowed an evaluation of the dynamics of the conveyance system used in testing. It was discovered that the dynamic load transference through the conveyance has a strong frequency-range dependency. This suggests that different conveyance configurations could behave differently and transmit different magnitudes of loads to the fuel even when travelling down the same road at the same speed. It is recommended that the SNL conveyance system used in testing be characterized through modal analysis and frequency response analysis to provide context and assist in the interpretation of the strain data that was collected during the truck test campaign.

  5. Mobile Truck Stop Electrification Site Locator

    Alternative Fuels and Advanced Vehicles Data Center [Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DiggFederalNationalandElectric-driveMobile Truck Stop

  6. SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Program: Engine Project Review SuperTruck Program: Engine Project Review 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer...

  7. NJ Compressed Natural Gas Refuse Trucks, Shuttle Buses and Infrastruct...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Vehicle Technologies Program Review Presentation NJ COMPRESSED NATURAL GAS REFUSE TRUCKS, SHUTTLE BUSES AND INFRASTRUCTURE Chuck Feinberg, Principal Investigator New Jersey Clean...

  8. WORKSHOP REPORT: Trucks and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements and Gaps for Lightweight and Propulsion Materials WORKSHOP REPORT: Trucks and Heavy-Duty Vehicles Technical Requirements and Gaps for...

  9. Rollover analysis of rotary mode core sampler truck No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziada, H.H.

    1994-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    This document provides estimate of limiting speed and rollover analysis of rotary mode core sampler truck No. 2 (RMCST No. 2).

  10. VP 100: Producing Electric Truck Vehicles with a Little Something...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Truck Vehicles with a Little Something Extra Kevin Craft What does this mean for me? Smith Electric Vehicles included in Vice President's report on 100 Recovery Act Projects...

  11. Very High Fuel Economy, Heavy Duty Truck, Narrow Range Speed...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heavy Duty Truck, Narrow Range Speed Engine, Optimized Via Unique Energy Recovery Turbines and Facilitated by High Efficiency Continuously Variable Drivetrain Very High Fuel...

  12. Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heavy-Duty Natural Gas Drayage Truck Replacement Program Principal Investigator: Vicki White South Coast Air Quality Management District May 16, 2012 Project ID ARRAVT045 This...

  13. High Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    contain any proprietary, confidential, or otherwise restricted information ACE060 High Fuel Economy Heavy Duty Truck Engine Overview Timeline October 2007 - October 2011 Barriers...

  14. Zero Emission Heavy Duty Drayage Truck Demonstration | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Zero Emission Heavy Duty Drayage Truck Demonstration 2013 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Program Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation...

  15. Truck Essential Power Systems Efficiency Improvements for Medium-Duty Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Larry Slone; Jeffery Birkel

    2007-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    With a variety of hybrid vehicles available in the passenger car market, electric technologies and components of that scale are becoming readily available. Commercial vehicle segments have lagged behind passenger car markets, leaving opportunities for component and system development. Escalating fuel prices impact all markets and provide motivation for OEMs, suppliers, customers, and end-users to seek new techniques and technologies to deliver reduced fuel consumption. The research presented here specifically targets the medium-duty (MD), Class 4-7, truck market with technologies aimed at reducing fuel consumption. These technologies could facilitate not only idle, but also parasitic load reductions. The development efforts here build upon the success of the More Electric Truck (MET) demonstration program at Caterpillar Inc. Employing a variety of electric accessories, the MET demonstrated the improvement seen with such technologies on a Class 8 truck. The Truck Essential Power Systems Efficiency Improvements for Medium-Duty Trucks (TEPS) team scaled the concepts and successes of MET to a MD chassis. The team designed an integrated starter/generator (ISG) package and energy storage system (ESS), explored ways to replace belt and gear-driven accessory systems, and developed supervisory control algorithms to direct the usage of the generated electricity and system behavior on the vehicle. All of these systems needed to fit within the footprint of a MD vehicle and be compatible with the existing conventional systems to the largest extent possible. The overall goal of this effort was to demonstrate a reduction in fuel consumption across the drive cycle, including during idle periods, through truck electrification. Furthermore, the team sought to evaluate the benefits of charging the energy storage system during vehicle braking. The vehicle features an array of electric accessories facilitating on-demand, variable actuation. Removal of these accessories from the belt or geartrain of the engine yields efficiency improvements for the engine while freeing those accessories to perform at their individual peak efficiencies to meet instantaneous demand. The net result is a systems approach to fuel usage optimization. Unique control algorithms were specifically developed to capitalize on the flexibility afforded by the TEPS architecture. Moreover, the TEPS truck technology mixture exhibits a means to supplant current accessory power sources such as on-board or trailer-mounted gasoline-powered generators or air compressors. Such functionality further enhances the value of the electric systems beyond the fuel savings alone. To demonstrate the fuel economy improvement wrought via the TEPS components, vehicle fuel economy testing was performed on the nearly stock (baseline) truck and the TEPS truck. Table 1 illustrates the fuel economy gains produced by the TEPS truck electrification. While the fuel economy results shown in Table 1 do reflect specific test conditions, they show that electrification of accessory hardware can yield significant fuel savings. In this case, the savings equated to a 15 percent reduction in fuel consumption during controlled on-road testing. Truck electrification allows engine shutdown during idle conditions as well as independent on-demand actuation of accessory systems. In some cases, independent actuation may even include lack of operation, a feature not always present in mechanically driven components. This combination of attributes allows significant improvements in system efficiency and the fuel economy improvements demonstrated by the TEPS team.

  16. Assessing the impact of regulation and deregulation on the rail and trucking industries

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lowtan, Donavan M. (Donavan Mahees), 1975-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (cont.) Many Class I railroads disappeared and severe competition bankrupted many small carriers in the trucking industry. Larger trucking carriers gained market dominance. Real wages in the trucking industry fell. The ...

  17. Environmental implications of trade liberalization on North American transport services: the case of the trucking sector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fernandez, Linda

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    drayage ?eet is older. Line-haul trucks in the US and Mexicoacross the border. Line-haul trucks then pick up theand older than line-haul trucks and tend to produce higher

  18. DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and Media Relations 865.574.4165 DOE SuperTruck utilizes ORNL technology to boost fuel economy DOE SuperTruck DOE SuperTruck (hi-res image) Listen to the audio The Department of...

  19. Mechanical properties of radial truck tires

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasti, Mansoor-ul-Hassan

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    determination of static properties of tire load vs. tire deflection and tire load vs. tire footprint area for radial and wide base radial truck tires is described and results are discussed. Determination of transmissibility for a conventional radial and a... (right) 12 13 15 Figure 7: Sidewall bulge measurement 16 Figure 8: Load vs. deflection; 385/65R22. 5 wide base tire tested at 90 psi inflation pressure 20 Figure 9: Load vs. deflection; 385/65R22. 5 wide base tire tested at 100 psi inflation...

  20. NREL: Transportation Research - Truck Platooning Testing

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel),Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayAtmosphericNuclear Security Administration the Contributions andData andFleet Test and Evaluation PhotoSystemsTransportationTruck

  1. Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy Heavy-Duty Truck Engine: 2007 Emissions with Excellent Fuel Economy 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction...

  2. SciTech Connect: Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of...

    Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

    Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel Assembly. Citation Details In-Document Search Title: Normal Conditions of Transport Truck Test of a Surrogate Fuel...

  3. Cummins Improving Pick-Up Truck Engine Efficiency with DOE and...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    better fuel economy. | Photo courtesy of Cummins. Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with Nissan and Cummins Collaboration Cummins Improving Pick-Up Truck...

  4. A Space for Living: Region and Nature in the Bay Area, 1939-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Peter Albert

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Green: Toward Sustainable Architecture in the 21st Century.emergence of the sustainable architecture movement. As theGreen: Toward Sustainable Architecture in the 21st Century (

  5. Changes Sweeping Through the Electricity Sector: Moving toward...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Changes Sweeping Through the Electricity Sector: Moving toward a 21st Century Electricity System Changes Sweeping Through the Electricity Sector: Moving toward a 21st Century...

  6. Industry Alliance Industry Alliance

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Industry Alliance Industry Alliance Clean, Sustainable Energy for the 21st Century Industry Alliance Industry Alliance Clean, Sustainable Energy for the 21st Century October, 2010...

  7. Can the Trucking Industry Benefit From Distance-Based Fees?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minnesota, University of

    capital cost: $129 billion (over 30 years); today's reconstruction cost estimate: $1.3 to $2.5 trillion trucks pay more Neither trucks nor cars pay for most cost externalities Estimated THF revenues: $32B and other highways Comments: Initial capital and ongoing maintenance costs were paid for The system

  8. Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale and Retail Fuels (STSWRF) Oak Ridge National Laboratory at the wholesaler/distributor level or below. This presents additional challenges in tracking untaxed fuel after approved ORNL's plan to conduct a Phase II Pilot Test titled Safeguarding Truck-Shipped Wholesale

  9. Anti-Idling Battery for Truck Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Keith Kelly

    2011-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    In accordance to the Assistance Agreement DE-EE0001036, the objective of this project was to develop an advanced high voltage lithium-ion battery for use in an all-electric HVAC system for Class-7-8 heavy duty trucks. This system will help heavy duty truck drivers meet the tough new anti-idling laws being implemented by over 23 states. Quallion will be partnering with a major OEM supplier of HVAC systems to develop this system. The major OEM supplier will provide Quallion the necessary interface requirements and HVAC hardware to ensure successful testing of the all-electric system. At the end of the program, Quallion will deliver test data on three (3) batteries as well as test data for the prototype HVAC system. The objectives of the program are: (1) Battery Development - Objective 1 - Define battery and electronics specifications in preparation for building the prototype module. (Completed - summary included in report) and Objective 2 - Establish a functional prototype battery and characterize three batteries in-house. (Completed - photos and data included in report); (2) HVAC Development - Objective 1 - Collaborate with manufacturers to define HVAC components, layout, and electronics in preparation for establishing the prototype system. (Completed - photos and data included in report) and Objective 2 - Acquire components for three functional prototypes for use by Quallion. (Completed - photos and data included in report).

  10. National Deployment Strategy for Truck Stop Electrification Josias Zietsman, Ph.D., P.E.*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,000 long-haul trucks operating in the United States (2). The U.S. Department of Transportation mandates that drivers spend resting and sleeping in the cabs of their trucks. As a consequence, long-haul truck driversNational Deployment Strategy for Truck Stop Electrification by Josias Zietsman, Ph.D., P

  11. Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Long-Haul Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Solid Oxide Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Units for Long-Haul Trucks Modeling and Control Mohammad fuel ce SOFC based truck APU will reduce long haul truck fuel usage and dependence on foreign oil Long-haul trucks require electrical power to operate lights, heating/air conditioning and televisions

  12. Supercomputers, Semi Trucks and America's Clean Energy Future...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    South Carolina and Georgia, the BMI corporation, has used the Jaguar to develop some aerodynamic components that can be attached to the undercarriage of a semi truck to reduce wind...

  13. SuperTruck Team Achieves 115% Freight Efficiency Improvement...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    per gallon (MPG). Increasing the efficiency of Class 8 trucks is essential because they haul 80 percent of the goods in the U.S. and use about 20 percent of the fuel consumed in...

  14. Dual-Fuel Truck Fleet: Start-Up Experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NREL

    1998-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Although dual-fuel engine technology has been in development and limited use for several years, it has only recently moved toward full-scale operational capability for heavy-duty truck applications. Unlike a bifuel engine, which has two separate fuel systems that are used one at a time, a dual-fuel engine uses two fuel systems simultaneously. One of California's South Coast Air Quality Management District (SCAQMD) current programs is a demonstration of dual-fuel engine technology in heavy-duty trucks. These trucks are being studied as part of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL's) Alternative Fuel Truck Program. This report describes the start-up experience from the program.

  15. Road to Fuel Savings: Clean Diesel Trucks Gain Momentum with...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Plus, it's compliant with new emissions standards -- an important element in cutting our air pollution in the U.S. If all light trucks and SUVs used an engine like this, Americans...

  16. 46 ROCHESTERREVIEW JulyAugust2013 DominiquemArtos-LevifAnDBiAncAJAckson(terAhertzscAn);c2rmf(fresco);steveBoerner(iLLustrAtion) A 21st-century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cantlon, Jessica F.

    to see something." That "something" made international news this spring when Jackson reported the re--into layers of cultural, archaeo- logical, and artistic history has become something of a specialty Heritage site that's considered the oldest example of a Neo- lithic-era human settlement; she's scanned

  17. In: Lozn et al., Climate of the 21st century: Changes and risks. GEO, Hamburg/Germany, pp. 206-211, The response of polar sea ice to climate variability and change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eicken, Hajo

    reductions in ice coverage with important consequences for the global heat budget. With global climate models and anthropogenic climate change. While satellite remote sensing can now provide sea-ice data sets of sufficient, reductions in ice extent due to, e.g., perturbations in atmospheric heat transfer into the polar regions

  18. Risk and social construction of nuclear power development in China: local peoples participation in civil nuclear issues in China at the start of the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Xiang

    2011-07-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Chinas civil nuclear power programme is a sensitive topic which has seldom been researched by social or political scientists inside or outside of China. In the past, public participation activities in relation to nuclear ...

  19. Final report to the Department of Energy: Green Schools Project DE-FC01-99EE10685. Schools for the 21st century: Transferring the Green Schools experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrigan, Merrilee

    2002-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    This report describes five major activities that the Alliance to Save Energy performed for the years 2000 and 2001 to support and compliment DOE's Energy Smart Schools Partnership. The major tasks under this project were to: (1) Promote the School Efficiency Peer Exchange program for school personnel; (2) develop the Earth Apple Awards program and disseminate the best award-winning ideas; (3) link Green Schools with Rebuilt with at least one metropolitan area such as Philadelphia or Buffalo; (4) support Rebuild/Energy Smart Schools through working at the state level to develop business, state, and local government and through making presentations in support of school efficiency; (5) update the curriculum search originally conducted in 1995.

  20. Energy - Water Nexus -- Meeting the Energy and Water Needs of the Snake/Columbia River Basin in the 21st CenturyScience and Technology SummitConference Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul L. Wichlacz; Gerald Sehlke

    2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In June 2007, representatives from federal, state, and academic institutions met to discuss the role of innovative science, technology, and policy in meeting future energy and water demands in the Snake-Columbia River Basin. Conference members assessed the state-of-the-science, technology, and associated research to develop cost-effective and environmentally sound methodologies and technologies to maximize the production of energy and availability of water and to minimize the consumption of both water and energy in the Snake-Columbia River system. Information on all phases of science and technology development, theoretical analysis, laboratory experiments, pilot tests, and field applications were relevant topics for discussion. An overview of current management needs was presented the first day. On the second day, five focus groups were created: ? Energy Generation and Use ? Water Allocation and Use ? Energy/Water Storage ? Environmental Considerations ? Social, Economic, Political, and Regulatory Considerations. Each group started with a list of status items and trends, and discussed the future challenges and research needed to reach four goals: ? Balance energy production and resource consumption ? Balance water availability and competing needs ? Balance water consumption/energy production and competing needs ? Balance environmental impacts and water use/energy production ? Balance costs and benefits of water use. The resulting initiatives were further broken down into three categories of importance: critical, important, and nice to do but could be delayed. Each initiative was assigned a number of dots to show a more refined ranking. The results of each focus group are given in the pages that follow. These results are intended to help local and regional researchers 1. Develop a technical strategy for developing cost-effective science and technology to predict, measure, monitor, purify, conserve, and store water and to maximize power generation, storage, and efficiency in the region 2. Evaluate methods and technologies for reducing the impacts of energy and water development and use on the environment.

  1. Shorepower Truck Electrification Project (STEP) - 2013 (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fleet Test and Evaluation Team at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is evaluating and documenting the use of shorepower at 50 planned American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA)-funded truck stop electrification sites across the nation. Trucks participating in the study have idle-reduction equipment installed that was purchased with rebates through the ARRA. A total of 5,000 rebates will be approved.

  2. Liquefied Natural Gas for Trucks and Buses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    James Wegrzyn; Michael Gurevich

    2000-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    Liquefied natural gas (LNG) is being developed as a heavy vehicle fuel. The reason for developing LNG is to reduce our dependency on imported oil by eliminating technical and costs barriers associated with its usage. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has a program, currently in its third year, to develop and advance cost-effective technologies for operating and refueling natural gas-fueled heavy vehicles (Class 7-8 trucks). The objectives of the DOE Natural Gas Vehicle Systems Program are to achieve market penetration by reducing vehicle conversion and fuel costs, to increase consumer acceptance by improving the reliability and efficiency, and to improve air quality by reducing tailpipe emissions. One way to reduce fuel costs is to develop new supplies of cheap natural gas. Significant progress is being made towards developing more energy-efficient, low-cost, small-scale natural gas liquefiers for exploiting alternative sources of natural gas such as from landfill and remote gas sites. In particular, the DOE program provides funds for research and development in the areas of; natural gas clean up, LNG production, advanced vehicle onboard storage tanks, improved fuel delivery systems and LNG market strategies. In general, the program seeks to integrate the individual components being developed into complete systems, and then demonstrate the technology to establish technical and economic feasibility. The paper also reviews the importance of cryogenics in designing LNG fuel delivery systems.

  3. Intergovernmental Solutions Newsletter GSA Office of Citizen Services and Communications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hearst, Marti

    . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .16 Pre-conditions for Successful Collaboration . .18 A Core Capability for 21st Century Government

  4. Acceptance test report for core sample trucks 3 and 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Corbett, J.E.

    1996-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this Acceptance Test Report is to provide documentation for the acceptance testing of the rotary mode core sample trucks 3 and 4, designated as HO-68K-4600 and HO-68K-4647, respectively. This report conforms to the guidelines established in WHC-IP-1026, ``Engineering Practice Guidelines,`` Appendix M, ``Acceptance Test Procedures and Reports.`` Rotary mode core sample trucks 3 and 4 were based upon the design of the second core sample truck (HO-68K-4345) which was constructed to implement rotary mode sampling of the waste tanks at Hanford. Successful completion of acceptance testing on June 30, 1995 verified that all design requirements were met. This report is divided into four sections, beginning with general information. Acceptance testing was performed on trucks 3 and 4 during the months of March through June, 1995. All testing was performed at the ``Rock Slinger`` test site in the 200 West area. The sequence of testing was determined by equipment availability, and the initial revision of the Acceptance Test Procedure (ATP) was used for both trucks. Testing was directed by ICF-KH, with the support of WHC Characterization Equipment Engineering and Characterization Project Operations. Testing was completed per the ATP without discrepancies or deviations, except as noted.

  5. A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid Power System of Diesel and WHR-ORC Engines A Quantum Leap for Heavy-Duty Truck Engine Efficiency - Hybrid Power...

  6. Design & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications Design & Development of e-TurboTM for SUV and Light Truck Applications 2003 DEER Conference Presentation: Garrett...

  7. Design and Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications Design and Development of e-Turbo for SUV and Light Truck Applications 2004 Diesel Engine Emissions Reduction (DEER)...

  8. Ann Arbor's New Recycling Trucks Get an 'Assist' from Clean Cities...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    four recycling trucks with hydraulic hybrid power systems implemented by Ohio-based Eaton Corporation. For these trucks, which make up to 1,200 stops each day, the Hydraulic...

  9. Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck Traveling Across the Continental United States Real-World Greenhouse Gas Emissions from a MY2010 Diesel Truck...

  10. Project Startup: Evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Delivery Trucks (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Fact sheet describing the project startup for evaluating Coca-Cola's Class 8 hybrid-electric delivery trucks.

  11. Heavy-Duty Truck Idling Characteristics: Results from a Nationwide Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.; Brodrick, Christie-Joy; Sperling, Dan; Oglesby, Carollyn

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel consumption long-heul for trucks. CONCLUSIONS This study provides an enhanced understanding of long-haul

  12. The market for large rigid haul trucks in surface mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gilewicz, P.

    2002-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Originally published in 2001 this updated report provides a definition of the market for large rigid haulers in surface mining. The analysis covers changes to the mining market segments buying these machines including the gains made by coal producers, retrenchment in copper mining, the consolidation taking place among gold mining companies, and the expansion of iron ore producers in Australia and Brazil. It includes a detailed accounting of 2001 truck shipments, and an analysis of trends in the Ultra-truck segment. It concludes with a revised forecast for shipments through 2006. 12 charts, 56 tabs., 2 apps.

  13. ORNL/TM-2008/122 Class-8 Heavy Truck Duty Cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .............................................................................................2 1.1.2 Heavy Truck Long-Haul OperationsORNL/TM-2008/122 Class-8 Heavy Truck Duty Cycle Project Final Report December 2008 Prepared by Mary Government or any agency thereof. #12;ORNL/TM-2008/122 Vehicle Systems Program CLASS-8 HEAVY TRUCK DUTY CYCLE

  14. Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH INSTITUTE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States 1013776 #12;#12;ELECTRIC POWER RESEARCH-0813 USA 800.313.3774 650.855.2121 askepri@epri.com www.epri.com Major Long Haul Truck Idling Generators Haul Truck Idling Generators in Key States. EPRI, Palo Alto, CA: 2008. 1013776. #12;#12;v PRODUCT

  15. Definition and Evaluation of Bus and Truck Automation Operations Concepts: Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taso, H. S. Jacob; Botha, Jan L.

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fuel efficiency Higher system capacity Rural Truck-AHS Long-haulhaul other companies trucks or just trailers; scheduled AHS Hauling services Better fuelhaul on some freight corridors (expedited Bus and Truck AHS Final Report to California PATH Mainline Operations: Fuel

  16. CoolCab: Reducing Thermal Loads in Long-Haul Trucks (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This fact sheet describes how the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's CoolCab project tested and modeled the effects of several thermal-load reduction strategies applied to long-haul truck cabs. NREL partnered with two major truck manufacturers to evaluate three long-haul trucks at NREL's outdoor test facility in Golden, Colorado.

  17. Truck Stop Electrification as a Strategy To Reduce Greenhouse Gases, Fuel Consumption and Pollutant Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Truck Stop Electrification as a Strategy To Reduce Greenhouse Gases, Fuel Consumption and Pollutant, Schneider, Lee, Bubbosh 2 ABSTRACT Extended truck idling is a very large source of fuel wastage, greenhouse, most long-haul truck drivers idle their vehicles for close to 10 hours per day to operate heating

  18. On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    On-Road Remote Sensing of Heavy-duty Diesel Truck Emissions in the Austin- San Marcos Area: August, HC, and NO to CO2 and to get percent opacity readings for heavy-duty diesel trucks with elevated. The fleet of these heavy-duty diesel trucks exhibits a distribution that is close to normal where the top 20

  19. The Effects of Altitude on Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck On-Road

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Denver, University of

    The Effects of Altitude on Heavy-Duty Diesel Truck On-Road Emissions G A R Y A . B I S H O P , * J oxide from 5772 heavy-duty diesel trucks at five locations in the United States and Europe show slightly health risk (2). These and other factors have brought new attention to diesel truck emissions. Because

  20. TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frey, H. Christopher

    TRB 08-1311 Link-Based Emission Factors for Heavy-Duty Diesel Trucks Based on Real-World Data H and Zhai 1 ABSTRACT Heavy-duty diesel vehicles contribute a substantial fraction of nitrogen oxides unloaded trucks. Replacing diesel fuel with biodiesel fuel for heavy-duty trucks may reduce tailpipe

  1. RESULTSRESULTS Assisted in selection of APU mounting configuration on truck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carver, Jeffrey C.

    subcomponents, using actual frame-rail data as vibration input from truck · Enabled measurement location Motion Fuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (APU): Dynamic ModelingFuel Cell Auxiliary Power Unit (APU@coe.eng.ua.edu OBJECTIVESOBJECTIVES ·Develop a computer model to predict the vibratory response of the fuel cell APU components ·Use

  2. DOE Light Truck Clean Diesel (LTCD) Program Final Caterpillar Public Report Light Truck Clean Diesel Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eric Fluga

    2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    The US Department of Energy and Caterpillar entered a Cooperative Agreement to develop compression ignition engine technology suitable for the light truck/SUV market. Caterpillar, in collaboration with a suitable commercialization partner, developed a new Compression Ignition Direct Injection (CIDI) engine technology to dramatically improve the emissions and performance of light truck engines. The overall program objective was to demonstrate engine prototypes by 2004, with an order of magnitude emission reduction while meeting challenging fuel consumption goals. Program emphasis was placed on developing and incorporating cutting edge technologies that could remove the current impediments to commercialization of CIDI power sources in light truck applications. The major obstacle to commercialization is emissions regulations with secondary concerns of driveability and NVH (noise, vibration and harshness). The target emissions levels were 0.05 g/mile NOx and 0.01 g/mile PM to be compliant with the EPA Tier 2 fleet average requirements of 0.07 g/mile and the CARB LEV 2 of 0.05 g/mile for NOx, both have a PM requirement of 0.01 g/mile. The program team developed a combustion process that fundamentally shifted the classic NOx vs. PM behavior of CIDI engines. The NOx vs. PM shift was accomplished with a form of Homogeneous Charge Compression Ignition (HCCI). The HCCI concept centers on appropriate mixing of air and fuel in the compression process and controlling the inception and rate of combustion through various means such as variable valve timing, inlet charge temperature and pressure control. Caterpillar has adapted an existing Caterpillar design of a single injector that: (1) creates the appropriate fuel and air mixture for HCCI, (2) is capable of a more conventional injection to overcome the low power density problems of current HCCI implementations, (3) provides a mixed mode where both the HCCI and conventional combustion are functioning in the same combustion cycle. Figure 1 illustrates the mixed mode injection system. Under the LTCD program Caterpillar developed a mixed mode injector for a multi-cylinder engine system. The mixed mode injection system represents a critical enabling technology for the implementation of HCCI. In addition, Caterpillar implemented variable valve system technology and air system technology on the multi-cylinder engine platform. The valve and air system technology were critical to system control. Caterpillar developed the combustion system to achieve a 93% reduction in NOx emissions. The resulting NOx emissions were 0.12 gm/mile NOx. The demonstrated emissions level meets the stringent Tier 2 Bin 8 requirement without NOx aftertreatment! However, combustion development alone was not adequate to meet the program goal of 0.05gm/mile NOx. To meet the program goals, an additional 60% NOx reduction technology will be required. Caterpillar evaluated a number of NOx reduction technologies to quantify and understand the NOx reduction potential and system performance implications. The NOx adsorber was the most attractive NOx aftertreatment option based on fuel consumption and NOx reduction potential. In spite of the breakthrough technology development conducted under the LTCD program there remains many significant challenges associated with the technology configuration. For HCCI, additional effort is needed to develop a robust control strategy, reduce the hydrocarbon emissions at light load condition, and develop a more production viable fuel system. Furthermore, the NOx adsorber suffers from cost, packaging, and durability challenges that must be addressed.

  3. 20th Century Reanalysis Project Ensemble Gateway: 56 Estimates of World Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind, 1871-2010

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This site provides data from the 20th Century Reanalysis Project, offering temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind predictions in 200 km sections all around the earth from 1871 to 2010, every 6 hours, based on historical data. The ensemble mean and standard deviation for each value were calculated over a set of 56 simulations. Data for each of the 56 ensemble members are included here. The dataset consists of files in netCDF 4 format that are available for download from the National Energy Research. The goal of the 20th Century Reanalysis Project is to use a Kalman filter-based technique to produce a global trophospheric circulation dataset at four-times-daily resolution back to 1871. The only dataset available for the early 20th century consists of error-ridden hand-drawn analyses of the mean sea level pressure field over the Northern Hemisphere. Modern data assimilation systems have the potential to improve upon these maps, but prior to 1948, few digitized upper-air sounding observations are available for such a reanalysis. The global tropospheric circulation dataset will provide an important validation check on the climate models used to make 21st century climate projections....[copied from http://portal.nersc.gov/project/20C_Reanalysis/

  4. Experimental Measurement of the Flow Field of Heavy Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fred Browand; Charles Radovich

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Flat flaps that enclose the trailer base on the sides and top are known to reduce truck drag and reduce fuel consumption. Such flapped-truck geometries have been studied in laboratory wind tunnels and in field tests. A recent review of wind tunnel data for a variety of truck geometries and flow Reynolds numbers show roughly similar values of peak drag reduction, but differ in the determination of the optimum flap angle. Optimum angles lie in the range 12 degrees-20 degrees, and may be sensitive to Reynolds number and truck geometry. The present field test is undertaken to provide additional estimates of the magnitude of the savings to be expected on a typical truck for five flap angles 10, 13, 16, 19, and 22 degrees. The flaps are constructed from a fiberglass-epoxy-matrix material and are one-quarter of the base width in length (about 61 cm, or 2 feet). They are attached along the rear door hinge lines on either side of the trailer, so that no gap appears at the joint between the flap and the side of the trailer The flap angle is adjusted by means of two aluminum supports. The present test is performed on the NASA Crows Landing Flight Facility at the northern end of the San Joaquin valley in California. The main runway is approximately 2400 meters in length, and is aligned approximately in a north-south direction The test procedure is to make a series of runs starting at either end of the runway. All runs are initiated under computer control to accelerate the truck to a target speed of 60 mph (96 6 km/hr), to proceed at the target speed for a fixed distance, and to decelerate at the far end of the runway. During a run, the broadcast fuel rate, the engine rpm, forward speed, elapsed time--as well as several other parameters (10 in all)--are digitized at a rate of 100 digitizations per second. Various flapped-conditions are interspersed with the ''no flaps'' control, and are sequenced in a different order on different days. Approximately 310 runs are accumulated over the 5-day test period, May 17-21, 2004. The runway slopes rather uniformly upward from north-to-south. Over the distance of 2424 meters between our two ''start'' markers at either end of the runway, the net change in elevation is a little over ten meters. Test results clearly show the greater fuel consumption required to lift the truck against gravity in the southbound direction For this reason, it is important that the tests be averaged over a round trip circuit--that is, a run in both directions over the identical portion of the roadway. Northbound-southbound averages require an overlap segment of the runway (near the middle of the runway) where the truck--starting from either end--has achieved its target speed. For the target truck speed of 60 mph, this overlap region is approximately 700 meters in length. Typically a run and the return run are accomplished within a time interval of 6 minutes. Analysis of the data show fuel consumption savings at all flap angle settings tested, when compared to the ''no flaps'' condition. The most beneficial flap angle appears to be 13 degrees, for which the fuel consumption is 0.3778 {+-} 0.0025 liters/km compared to the ''no flaps'' control of 0.3941 {+-} 0.0034 liters/km. The error bounds expressed above mark the 99% confidence interval in the mean values given. That is, additional estimates of the mean fuel consumption would be expected to lie within the bounds given, approximately 99% of the time. The fuel consumption saving is--to reasonable accuracy--about 1.63 liters/100 kilometers. These savings represent the increment associated only with the change in drag due to the presence or absence of flaps. The result will hold for any truck of similar size and shape and engine performance regardless of the loading of the truck or the rolling resistance. The economy achieved by use of base flaps can be compared to the economy resulting from driving two trucks in a tandem configuration. In December 2003, such fuel consumption tests were performed at the same Crows Landing testsite. In the tests, two identical trucks are ope

  5. Fuel Cell-Powered Lift Truck Fleet Deployment Projects Final Technical Report May 2014

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klingler, James J [GENCO Infrastructure Solutions, Inc.] [GENCO Infrastructure Solutions, Inc.

    2014-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The overall objectives of this project were to evaluate the performance, operability and safety of fork lift trucks powered by fuel cells in large distribution centers. This was accomplished by replacing the batteries in over 350 lift trucks with fuel cells at five distribution centers operated by GENCO. The annual cost savings of lift trucks powered by fuel cell power units was between $2,400 and $5,300 per truck compared to battery powered lift trucks, excluding DOE contributions. The greatest savings were in fueling labor costs where a fuel cell powered lift truck could be fueled in a few minutes per day compared to over an hour for battery powered lift trucks which required removal and replacement of batteries. Lift truck operators where generally very satisfied with the performance of the fuel cell power units, primarily because there was no reduction in power over the duration of a shift as experienced with battery powered lift trucks. The operators also appreciated the fast and easy fueling compared to the effort and potential risk of injury associated with switching heavy batteries in and out of lift trucks. There were no safety issues with the fueling or operation of the fuel cells. Although maintenance costs for the fuel cells were higher than for batteries, these costs are expected to decrease significantly in the next generation of fuel cells, making them even more cost effective.

  6. Lubbock Metropolitan Transportation Plan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lubbock Metropolitan Planning Organization

    2007-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

    for Users (SAFETEA-LU) and its predecessors, the Transportation Equity Act for the 21st Century (TEA-21) and the Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act (ISTEA) of 1991, specified the transportation systems on which certain federal funds can... in Chapter 5 ? Streets and Highways; Chapter 6 ? Public Transportation; Chapter 7 ? Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan; Chapter 8 ? Lubbock International Airport and Chapter 9 ? Railroads and Trucking. Federally funded transit projects were developed...

  7. The ethanol heavy-duty truck fleet demonstration project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This project was designed to test and demonstrate the use of a high- percentage ethanol-blended fuel in a fleet of heavy-duty, over-the- road trucks, paying particular attention to emissions, performance, and repair and maintenance costs. This project also represents the first public demonstration of the use of ethanol fuels as a viable alternative to conventional diesel fuel in heavy-duty engines.

  8. Emissions from Trucks using Fischer-Tropsch Diesel Fuel

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Norton; Keith Vertin; Brent Bailey; Nigel N. Clark; Donald W. Lyons; Stephen Goguen; James Eberhardt

    1998-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) catalytic conversion process can be used to synthesize diesel fuels from a variety of feedstocks, including coal, natural gas and biomass. Synthetic diesel fuels can have very low sulfur and aromatic content, and excellent autoignition characteristics. Moreover, Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuels may also be economically competitive with California B- diesel fuel if produced in large volumes. overview of Fischer-Tropsch diesel fuel production and engine emissions testing is presented. Previous engine laboratory tests indicate that F-T diesel is a promising alternative fuel because it can be used in unmodified diesel engines, and substantial exhaust emissions reductions can be realized. The authors have performed preliminary tests to assess the real-world performance of F-T diesel fuels in heavy-duty trucks. Seven White-GMC Class 8 trucks equipped with Caterpillar 10.3 liter engines were tested using F-T diesel fuel. Vehicle emissions tests were performed using West Virginia University's unique transportable chassis dynamometer. The trucks were found to perform adequately on neat F-T diesel fuel. Compared to a California diesel fuel baseline, neat F-T diesel fuel emitted about 12% lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and 24% lower particulate matter over a five-mile driving cycle.

  9. FUEL CONSUMPTION AND COST SAVINGS OF CLASS 8 HEAVY-DUTY TRUCKS POWERED BY NATURAL GAS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Zhiming [ORNL] [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL] [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL] [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL] [ORNL

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the fuel consumption and greenhouse gas emissions of natural gas and diesel heavy-duty (HD) class 8 trucks under consistent simulated drive cycle conditions. Our study included both conventional and hybrid HD trucks operating with either natural gas or diesel engines, and we compare the resulting simulated fuel efficiencies, fuel costs, and payback periods. While trucks powered by natural gas engines have lower fuel economy, their CO2 emissions and costs are lower than comparable diesel trucks. Both diesel and natural gas powered hybrid trucks have significantly improved fuel economy, reasonable cost savings and payback time, and lower CO2 emissions under city driving conditions. However, under freeway-dominant driving conditions, the overall benefits of hybridization are considerably less. Based on payback period alone, non-hybrid natural gas trucks appear to be the most economic option for both urban and freeway driving environments.

  10. LIMITED SUBMISSION Obama-Singh 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    to support the program's goals of encouraging mutual understanding, facilitating educational reform; environmental studies; education and educational reform; public health; and community development and innovation educational reform, foster economic development, and engage civil society, the OSI enables U.S. colleges

  11. The main rationale In the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van den Brink, Jeroen

    (such as the member countries of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations: ASEAN) which have been space development and how to obtain space benefits for developing countries (especially among ASEAN in international space law? ; 2. What are the developments of space activities in ASEAN? How is the above notion

  12. Sherwood 21st Annual AIAA/USU

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaffer, Steven

    , growth and retreat of ice caps, cloud detection, and crust deformation. These onboard science algorithms, ice melt, and lava flows). Using these algorithms onboard enables retargeting and search, e on EO-1 Hyperion data to automatically identify regions of interest including land, ice, snow, water

  13. DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Experiments DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments Presentation from the U.S. DOE Office of Vehicle Technologies "Mega" Merit Review 2008 on...

  14. DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    D.C. vss14salari.pdf More Documents & Publications DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments and Computations Vehicle Technologies Office Merit...

  15. DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Experiments and Computations DOEs Effort to Reduce Truck Aerodynamic Drag through Joint Experiments and Computations 2010 DOE Vehicle Technologies and Hydrogen Programs Annual...

  16. Analysis of liquid natural gas as a truck fuel: a system dynamics approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bray, M.A.; Sebo, D.E.; Mason, T.L.; Mills, J.I.; Rice, R.E.

    1996-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The purpose of this analysis is to evaluate the potential for growth in use of liquid natural gas (LNG) fueled trucks. . A system dynamics model was constructed for the analysis and a variety of scenarios were investigated. The analysis considers the economics of LNG fuel in the context of the trucking industry to identify barriers to the increased use of LNG trucks and potential interventions or leverage points which may overcome these barriers. The study showed that today, LNG use in trucks is not yet economically viable. A large change in the savings from fuel cost or capital cost is needed for the technology to take off. Fleet owners have no way now to benefit from the environmental benefits of LNG fuel nor do they benefit from the clean burning nature of the fuel. Changes in the fuel cost differential between diesel and LNG are not a research issue. However, quantifying the improvements in reliability and wear from the use of clean fuel could support increased maintenance and warranty periods. Many people involved in the use of LNG for trucks believe that LNG has the potential to occupy a niche within the larger diesel truck business. But if LNG in trucks can become economic, the spread of fuel stations and technology improvements could lead to LNG trucks becoming the dominant technology. An assumption in our simulation work is that LNG trucks will be purchased when economically attractive. None of the simulation results show LNG becoming economic but then only to the level of a niche market.

  17. Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Ton Pick-up Truck application 40% Better miles per gallon - Compared to V8 gasoline powered equivalent US Tier 2, Bin 2 emissions levels Commercially Viable...

  18. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of a Class 8 Line-Haul Truck, SAE 2010 Commercial VehicleHeavy-Duty Long Haul Combination Truck Fuel Consumption andhaul, and long haul driving cycles were constructed using truck

  19. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy-Duty Long Haul Combination Truck Fuel Consumption andand fuel cell trucks over the day drive and the short and long hauland fuel cell trucks were modeled and simulated over the day drive, the short haul

  20. Diesel Trucks - Then and Now | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:YearRound-UpHeat Pump Models |Conduct, Parent(CRADA and DOW Automotive) | DepartmentTrucks - Then

  1. Analysis of Class 8 Hybrid-Electric Truck Technologies Using Diesel, LNG, Electricity, and Hydrogen, as the Fuel for Various Applications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhao, Hengbing

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the hybrid-electric diesel and LNG Class 8 trucks wereengine truck, diesel hybrid-electric, conventional LNGhybrid-electric vehicles with diesel and LNG engines, fuel

  2. 58 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JUNE 14.2010 TRUCKING ECONOMICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Weck, Olivier L.

    58 THE JOURNAL OF COMMERCE www.joc.com JUNE 14.2010 TRUCKING ECONOMICS By Chris CapliceBy Chris.Andwithaprivatefleetexperiencing.Andwithaprivatefleetexperiencing.Andwithaprivatefl ofmorethan6,500trucks part, long-haul full truckload ship- ments. Most vendors are moving these loads using contracted, for

  3. IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rakha, Hesham A.

    IMPACT OF TIRE AND AERODYNAMIC AIDS ON TRUCK PERFORMANCE ALONG UPGRADE SECTIONS Hesham Rakha1 and aerodynamics aids on the truck acceleration behavior. The objectives of this paper are two-fold. First of vehicle tires, the vehicle's aerodynamic features, the percentage mass on the tractive axle

  4. HEALTHY FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    HEALTHY FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS Alfonso Morales FOOD OUTSIDE: FARMERS' MARKETS, TACO TRUCKS, AND SIDEWALK FRUIT VENDORS Alfonso Morales1 and Gregg College School of Law. #12;2009 Healthy Food Outside 21 INTRODUCTION One hundred years ago street vendors

  5. The impact of incentives on the use of toll roads by trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Lin

    2010-07-14T23:59:59.000Z

    . Unfortunately, the low profit margin in the trucking industry and the relatively high tolls truckers pay leads to their reluctance to use toll facilities. Incentives for truck use of a toll road, State Highway 130 (SH 130) near Austin, Texas, were analyzed...

  6. Analysis of major trends in U.S. commercial trucking, 1977-2002.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bertram, K. M.; Santini, D .J.; Vyas, A. D.

    2009-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report focuses on various major long-range (1977-2002) and intermediate-range (1982-2002) U.S. commercial trucking trends. The primary sources of data for this period were the U.S. Bureau of the Census Vehicle Inventory and Use Survey and Truck Inventory and Use Survey. In addition, selected 1977-2002 data from the U.S. Department of Energy/Energy Information Administration and from the U.S. Department of Transportation/Federal Highway Administration's Highway Statistics were used. The report analyzes (1) overall gasoline and diesel fuel consumption patterns by passenger vehicles and trucks and (2) the population changes and fuels used by all commercial truck classes by selected truck type (single unit or combination), during specified time periods, with cargo-hauling commercial trucks given special emphasis. It also assesses trends in selected vehicle miles traveled, gallons per vehicle miles traveled, and gallons per cargo ton-mile traveled, as well as the effect of cargo tons per truck on fuel consumption. In addition, the report examines long-range trends for related factors (e.g., long-haul mileages driven by heavy trucks) and their impacts on reducing fuel consumption per cargo-ton-mile and the relative shares of total commercial fuel use among truck classes. It identifies the effects of these trends on U.S. petroleum consumption. The report also discusses basic engineering design and performance, national legislation on interstate highway construction, national demographic trends (e.g., suburbanization), and changes in U.S. corporate operations requirements, and it highlights their impacts on both the long-distance hauling and shorter-distance urban and suburban delivery markets of the commercial trucking industry.

  7. Clean Diesel Engine Component Improvement Program Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    N.B. Elsner; J.C. Bass; S. Ghamaty; D. Krommenhoek; A. Kushch; D. Snowden; S. Marchetti

    2005-03-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (Hi-Z) is currently developing four different auxiliary generator designs that are used to convert a portion (5 to 20%) of the waste heat from vehicle engines exhaust directly to electricity. The four designs range from 200 Watts to 10 kW. The furthest along is the 1 kW Diesel Truck Thermoelectric Generator (DTTEG) for heavy duty Class 8 Diesel trucks, which, under this program, has been subjected to 543,000 equivalent miles of bouncing and jarring on PACCAR??s test track. Test experience on an earlier version of the DTTEG on the same track showed the need for design modifications incorporated in DTTEG Mod 2, such as a heavy duty shock mounting system and reinforcement of the electrical leads mounting system, the thermocouple mounting system and the thermoelectric module restraints. The conclusion of the 543,000 mile test also pointed the way for an upgrading to heavy duty hose or flex connections for the internal coolant connections for the TEG, and consideration of a separate lower temperature cooling loop with its own radiator. Fuel savings of up to $750 per year and a three to five year payback are believed to be possible with the 5 % efficiency modules. The economics are expected to improve considerably to approach a two year payback when the 5 kW to 10 kW generators make it to the market in a few years with a higher efficiency (20%) thermoelectric module system called Quantum Wells, which are currently under development by Hi-Z. Ultimately, as automation takes over to reduce material and labor costs in the high volume production of QW modules, a one year payback for the 5 kW to10 kW generator appears possible. This was one of the stated goals at the beginning of the project. At some future point in time, with the DTTEG becoming standard equipment on all trucks and automobiles, fuel savings from the 25% conversion of exhaust heat to useable electricity nationwide equates to a 10% reduction in the 12 to 15 million barrels per day of imported oil, that much less air pollution, and an equivalent reduction in the trade deficit, which is expected to lower the inflation rate.

  8. Stress analysis of jacks, frame and bearing connections, and drill rod for core sampler truck No. 2

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ziada, H.H.

    1995-02-28T23:59:59.000Z

    This analysis evaluates the structural design adequacy of several components and connections for the rotary mode core sampler truck (RMCST) No. 2. This analysis was requested by the Characterization Equipment Group (WHC 1994a). The components addressed in this report are listed below: front jack assembly and connection to the truck chassis; rear jack assembly and connection to the truck chassis; center outrigger jacks and connection to the truck chassis; lower frame assembly and connection to the truck chassis; bolt connections for bearing plate assembly (for path of maximum load); traverse slide brackets and mounting of the traverse jack cylinders; and drill rod (failure loads).

  9. Recognizing 21. century citizenship: 1997 federal energy and water management award winners

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Energy is a luxury that no one can afford to waste, and many Federal government agencies are becoming increasingly aware of the importance of using energy wisely. Thoughtful use of energy resources is important, not only to meet agency goals, but because energy efficiency helps improve air quality. Sound facility management offers huge savings that affect the agency`s bottom line, the environment, and workplace quality. Hard work, innovation, and vision are characteristic of those who pursue energy efficiency. That is why the Department of Energy, Federal Energy Management Program (FEMP) is proud to salute the winners of the 1997 Federal Energy and Water Management Award. The 1997 winners represent the kind of 21st century thinking that will help achieve widespread Federal energy efficiency. In one year, the winners, through a combination of public and private partnerships, saved more than $100 million and 9.8 trillion Btu by actively identifying and implementing energy efficiency, water conservation, and renewable energy projects. The contributions of these individuals, small groups, and organizations are presented in this report.

  10. Comparative Study of Hybrid Powertrains on Fuel Saving, Emissions, and Component Energy Loss in HD Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gao, Zhiming [ORNL; FINNEY, Charles E A [ORNL; Daw, C Stuart [ORNL; LaClair, Tim J [ORNL; Smith, David E [ORNL

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compared parallel and series hybrid powertrains on fuel economy, component energy loss, and emissions control in Class 8 trucks over both city and highway driving. A comprehensive set of component models describing battery energy, engine fuel efficiency, emissions control, and power demand interactions for heavy duty (HD) hybrids has been integrated with parallel and series hybrid Class 8 trucks in order to identify the technical barriers of these hybrid powertrain technologies. The results show that series hybrid is absolutely negative for fuel economy benefit of long-haul trucks due to an efficiency penalty associated with the dual-step conversions of energy (i.e. mechanical to electric to mechanical). The current parallel hybrid technology combined with 50% auxiliary load reduction could elevate 5-7% fuel economy of long-haul trucks, but a profound improvement of long-haul truck fuel economy requires additional innovative technologies for reducing aerodynamic drag and rolling resistance losses. The simulated emissions control indicates that hybrid trucks reduce more CO and HC emissions than conventional trucks. The simulated results further indicate that the catalyzed DPF played an important role in CO oxidations. Limited NH3 emissions could be slipped from the Urea SCR, but the average NH3 emissions are below 20 ppm. Meanwhile our estimations show 1.5-1.9% of equivalent fuel-cost penalty due to urea consumption in the simulated SCR cases.

  11. Interim Results from Alternative Fuel Truck Evaluation Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kevin L. Chandler; Paul Norton; Nigel Clark

    1999-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this project, which is supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) through the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), is to provide a comprehensive comparison of heavy-duty trucks operating on alternative fuels and diesel fuel. Data collection from up to eight sites is planned. Currently, the project has four sites: Raley's in Sacramento, CA (Kenworth, Cummins LlO-300G, liquefied natural gas - LNG); Pima Gro Systems, Inc. in Fontana, CA (White/GMC, Caterpillar 31768 Dual-Fuel, compressed natural gas - CNG); Waste Management in Washington, PA (Mack, Mack E7G, LNG); and United Parcel Service in Hartford, CT (Freightliner Custom Chassis, Cummins B5.9G, CNG). This paper summarizes current data collection and evaluation results from this project.

  12. Alternative-fueled truck demonstration natural gas program: Caterpillar G3406LE development and demonstration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1990, the California Energy Commission, the South Coast Air Quality Management District, and the Southern California Gas Company joined together to sponsor the development and demonstration of compressed natural gas engines for Class 8 heavy-duty line-haul trucking applications. This program became part of an overall Alternative-Fueled Truck Demonstration Program, with the goal of advancing the technological development of alternative-fueled engines. The demonstration showed natural gas to be a technically viable fuel for Class 8 truck engines.

  13. ... \\wpdocs\\articles\\WhyIDFails.sld.odt. Page 1 Why (and How) Intelligent Design Fails

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in the 21st Century, at the Jefferson Center for Religion and Philosophy, August 4- 6, 2006, in Ashland

  14. The Cost of Reading Privacy Policies Aleecia M. McDonald and Lorrie Faith Cranor

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cranor, Lorrie Faith

    of Privacy in the 21st Century (Sebastopol, CA: O'Reilly & Associates, 2001), 183. #12;-- 2 -- their privacy

  15. Unintended Impacts of Increased Truck Loads on Pavement Supply-Chain Emissions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Unintended Impacts of Increased Truck Loads on Pavement Supply-Chain Emissions Nakul Sathaye, Arpad emissions, raising the question of whether increased vehicle weights may cause unintended environmental consequences. This paper presents scenarios with estimated emissions resulting from load consolidation

  16. Engineering Task Plan for Water Supply for Spray Washers on the Support Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    BOGER, R.M.

    2000-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    This Engineering Task Plan (ETP) defines the task and deliverables associated with the design, fabrication and testing of an improved spray wash system for the Rotary Mode Core Sampling (RMCS) System Support Trucks.

  17. Productivity and competition in the U.S. trucking industry since deregulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parming, Veiko Paul

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 1980 Congress passed the Motor Carrier Act, substantially liberating trucking carriers from a federal regulatory structure that had exercised broad economic control over the industry for over four decades. Changes in ...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office Merit Review 2014: Modeling for Market Analysis: HTEB, TRUCK, and LVChoice

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given by TA Engineering, Inc. at 2014 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle Technologies Office Annual Merit Review and Peer Evaluation Meeting about HTEB, TRUCK, and...

  19. Cummins Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel engine...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    & Publications Cummins' Next Generation Tier 2, Bin 2 Light Truck Diesel Engine ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation Tier 2 Bin 2 Diesel Engine ATP-LD; Cummins Next Generation...

  20. Proposed Revisions to Light Truck Fuel Economy Standard (released in AEO2006)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In August 2005, the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) published proposed reforms to the structure of CAFE standards for light trucks and increases in light truck Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) standards for model years 2008 through 201. Under the proposed new structure, NHTSA would establish minimum fuel economy levels for six size categories defined by the vehicle footprint (wheelbase multiplied by track width), as summarized in Table 3. For model years 2008 through 2010, the new CAFE standards would provide manufacturers the option of complying with either the standards defined for each individual footprint category or a proposed average light truck fleet standard of 22.5 miles per gallon in 2008, 23.1 miles per gallon in 2009, and 23.5 miles per gallon in 2010. All light truck manufacturers would be required to meet an overall standard based on sales within each individual footprint category after model year 2010.

  1. Effect of Wide-Based Single Tires on Fuel Efficiency of Class 8 Combination Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Franzese, Oscar [ORNL] [ORNL; Knee, Helmut E [ORNL] [ORNL; Slezak, Lee [U.S. Department of Energy] [U.S. Department of Energy

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2007 and 2008, the Oak Ridge National Laboratory, in collaboration with several industry partners, collected real-world performance and situational data for long-haul operations of Class- 8 trucks from a fleet engaged in normal freight operations. Such data and information is useful to support Class-8 modeling of heavy-truck performance, technology evaluation efforts for energy efficiency, and to provide a means of accounting for real-world driving performance within heavy-truck research and analyses. This paper presents some general statistics, including distribution of idling times during long-haul trucking operations. However, the main focus is on the analysis of some of the extensive real-world information collected in this project, specifically on the assessment of the effect that different types of tires (i.e., dual tires vs. new generation single wide-based tires or NGSWBTs) have on the fuel efficiency of Class-8 trucks. The tire effect is also evaluated as a function of the vehicle load level. In all cases analyzed, the statistical tests performed strongly suggest that fuel efficiencies achieved when using all NGSWBTs or combinations of duals and NGSWBTs are higher than in the case of a truck equipped with all dual tires.

  2. Fact #846: November 10, 2014 Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value Dataset

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Excel file with dataset for Fact #846:Trucks Move 70% of all Freight by Weight and 74% of Freight by Value

  3. THERMOELECTRICAL ENERGY RECOVERY FROM THE EXHAUST OF A LIGHT TRUCK

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karri, M; Thacher, E; Helenbrook, B; Compeau, M; Kushch, A; Elsner, N; Bhatti, M; O' Brien, J; Stabler, F

    2003-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    A team formed by Clarkson University is engaged in a project to design, build, model, test, and develop a plan to commercialize a thermoelectric generator (TEG) system for recovering energy from the exhaust of light trucks and passenger cars. Clarkson University is responsible for project management, vehicle interface design, system modeling, and commercialization plan. Hi-Z Technology, Inc. (sub-contractor to Clarkson) is responsible for TEG design and construction. Delphi Corporation is responsible for testing services and engineering consultation and General Motors Corporation is responsible for providing the test vehicle and information about its systems. Funds were supplied by a grant from the Transportation Research Program of the New York State Energy Research and Development Authority (NYSERDA), through Joseph R. Wagner. Members of the team and John Fairbanks (Project Manager, Office of Heavy Vehicle Technology). Currently, the design of TEG has been completed and initial construction of the TEG has been initiated by Hi-Z. The TEG system consists of heat exchangers, thermoelectric modules and a power conditioning unit. The heat source for the TEG is the exhaust gas from the engine and the heat sink is the engine coolant. A model has been developed to simulate the performance of the TEG under varying operating conditions. Preliminary results from the model predict that up to 330 watts can be generated by the TEG which would increase fuel economy by 5 percent. This number could possibly increase to 20 percent with quantum-well technology. To assess the performance of the TEG and improve the accuracy of the modeling, experimental testing will be performed at Delphi Corporation. A preliminary experimental test plan is given. To determine the economic and commercial viability, a business study has been conducted and results from the study showing potential areas for TEG commercialization are discussed.

  4. Estimating commercial truck VMT (vehicle miles of travel) of interstate motor carriers: Data evaluation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hu, P.S.; Wright, T.; Miaou, Shaw-Pin; Beal, D.J.; Davis, S.C. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA); Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (USA))

    1989-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This memorandum summarizes the evaluation results of six data sources in terms of their ability to estimate the number of commercial trucks operating in interstate commerce and their vehicle miles of travel (VMT) by carrier type and by state. The six data sources are: (1) Truck Inventory and Use Survey (TIUS) from the Bureau of the Census, (2) nationwide truck activity and commodity survey (NTACS) from the Bureau of the Census, (3) National Truck Trip Information Survey (NTTIS) from the University of Michigan Transportation Research Institute (UMTRI), (4) highway performance monitoring system (HPMS) from the Federal Highway Administration (FHWA), Department of Transportation, (5) state fuel tax reports from each individual state and the international fuel tax agreement (IFTA), and (6) International Registration Plan (IRP) of the American Association of Motor Vehicle Administrators (AAMVA). TIUS, NTACS, and NTTIS are designed to provide data on the physical and operational characteristics of the Nation's truck population (or sub-population); HPMS is implemented to collect information on the physical and usage characteristics of various highway systems; and state fuel tax reports and IRP are tax-oriented registrations. 16 figs., 13 tabs.

  5. Test, Evaluation, and Demonstration of Practical Devices/Systems to Reduce Aerodynamic Drag of Tractor/Semitrailer Combination Unit Trucks

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Scott Smith; Karla Younessi; Matt Markstaller; Dan Schlesinger; Bhaskar Bhatnagar; Donald Smith; Bruno Banceu; Ron Schoon; V.K. Sharma; Mark Kachmarsky; Srikant Ghantae; Michael Sorrels; Conal Deedy; Justin Clark; Skip Yeakel; Michael D. Laughlin; Charlotte Seigler; Sidney Diamond

    2007-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Class 8 heavy-duty trucks account for over three-quarters of the total diesel fuel used by commercial trucks (trucks with GVWRs more than 10,000 pounds) in the United States each year. At the highway speeds at which these trucks travel (i.e., 60 mph or greater), aerodynamic drag is a major part of total horsepower needed to move the truck down the highway, Reductions in aerodynamic drag can yield measurable benefits in fuel economy through the use of relatively inexpensive and simple devices. The goal of this project was to examine a number of aerodynamic drag reduction devices and systems and determine their effectiveness in reducing aerodynamic drag of Class 8 tractor/semitrailer combination-units, thus contributing to DOE's goal of reducing transportation petroleum use. The project team included major heavy truck manufacturers in the United States, along with the management and industry expertise of the Truck Manufacturers Association as the lead investigative organization. The Truck Manufacturers Association (TMA) is the national trade association representing the major North American manufacturers of Class 6-8 trucks (GVWRs over 19,500 lbs). Four major truck manufacturers participated in this project with TMA: Freightliner LLC; International Truck and Engine Corporation; Mack Trucks Inc.; and Volvo Trucks North America, Inc. Together, these manufacturers represent over three-quarters of total Class 8 truck sales in the United States. These four manufacturers pursued complementary research efforts as part of this project. The project work was separated into two phases conducted over a two-year period. In Phase I, candidate aerodynamic devices and systems were screened to focus research and development attention on devices that offered the most potential. This was accomplished using full-size vehicle tests, scale model tests, and computational fluid dynamics analyses. In Phase II, the most promising devices were installed on full-size trucks and their effect on fuel economy was determined, either through on-road testing or full-size wind tunnel testing. All of the manufacturers worked with devices and systems that offer practical solutions to reduce aerodynamic drag, accounting for functionality, durability, cost effectiveness, reliability, and maintainability. The project team members and their roles and responsibilities are shown in Figure 2-1. Figure 2-2 shows the Phase I and II project schedules for all four projects and associated management activities.

  6. FedEx Gasoline Hybrid Electric Delivery Truck Evaluation: 6-Month Interim Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Barnitt, R.

    2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This interim report presents partial (six months) results for a technology evaluation of gasoline hybrid electric parcel delivery trucks operated by FedEx in and around Los Angeles, CA. A 12 month in-use technology evaluation comparing in-use fuel economy and maintenance costs of GHEVs and comparative diesel parcel delivery trucks was started in April 2009. Comparison data was collected and analyzed for in-use fuel economy and fuel costs, maintenance costs, total operating costs, and vehicle uptime. In addition, this interim report presents results of parcel delivery drive cycle collection and analysis activities as well as emissions and fuel economy results of chassis dynamometer testing of a gHEV and a comparative diesel truck at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory's (NREL) ReFUEL laboratory. A final report will be issued when 12 months of in-use data have been collected and analyzed.

  7. Texas A&M Veterinary Medical Diagnostic Laboratory Procedures 21.01.08.V0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Automobiles/Trucks Approved: September 20, 2011 Revised: March 26, 2013 Next Scheduled Review: March 26, 2015: Automobiles/Trucks Page 1 of 2 PROCEDURE STATEMENT To comply with the provisions of the applicable civil Laboratory Procedures 21.01.08.V0.03 Vehicle Use Reports: Automobiles/Trucks Page 2 of 2 2.6 Record

  8. NOx is emitted. In addition, extended idling can result in a consid-erable waste of fuel and cause wear on truck engines. More than

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ). Studies (5) have shown that a long-haul truck can idle away more than a gallon of diesel fuel per hour, Hector A. Olvera, John M. E. Storey, and Laura Kranendonk 17 At night, long-haul truck drivers rest were measured, and fuel consumption of the truck (while idling) and the APU (during operation) were

  9. The sea-level conundrum: case studies from palaeo-archives

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Törnqvist, Torbjörn E.

    level; climate change; ice sheets. Background The eustatic sea-level (ESL) rise predicted for the 21st., 2005). IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) projections of 21st-century sea-level rise included attempted to predict sea-level rise over the 21st century using a simple response model which assumes

  10. CLARREO shortwave observing system simulation experiments of the twenty-first century: Simulator design and implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.R.; Algieri, C.A.; Ong, J.R.; Collins, W.D.

    2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Projected changes in the Earth system will likely be manifested in changes in reflected solar radiation. This paper introduces an operational Observational System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) to calculate the signals of future climate forcings and feedbacks in top-of-atmosphere reflectance spectra. The OSSE combines simulations from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report for the NCAR Community Climate System Model (CCSM) with the MODTRAN radiative transfer code to calculate reflectance spectra for simulations of current and future climatic conditions over the 21st century. The OSSE produces narrowband reflectances and broadband fluxes, the latter of which have been extensively validated against archived CCSM results. The shortwave reflectance spectra contain atmospheric features including signals from water vapor, liquid and ice clouds, and aerosols. The spectra are also strongly influenced by the surface bidirectional reflectance properties of predicted snow and sea ice and the climatological seasonal cycles of vegetation. By comparing and contrasting simulated reflectance spectra based on emissions scenarios with increasing projected and fixed present-day greenhouse gas and aerosol concentrations, we find that prescribed forcings from increases in anthropogenic sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols are detectable and are spatially confined to lower latitudes. Also, changes in the intertropical convergence zone and poleward shifts in the subsidence zones and the storm tracks are all detectable along with large changes in snow cover and sea ice fraction. These findings suggest that the proposed NASA Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission to measure shortwave reflectance spectra may help elucidate climate forcings, responses, and feedbacks.

  11. A Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coello, Carlos A. Coello

    cost) so that the day- to-day operational cost could be kept at the minimum. 1.2 Background on VehicleA Hybrid Multiobjective Evolutionary Algorithm For Solving Truck And Trailer Vehicle Routing Problems K. C. Tan, T. H. Lee, Y. H. Chew Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering National

  12. Project Information Form Project Title Integrating Management of Truck and Rail Systems in Los Angeles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Davis, University of

    Project Information Form Project Title Integrating Management of Truck and Rail Systems in Los or organization) Volvo Research and Educational Foundation- $79,604.00 Total Project Cost $79,604.00 Agency ID of Research Project This project will develop models to optimize the balance of freight demand across rail

  13. Home Away from Home: The Evolution and Meaning of American Truck Stops

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Day, Stephanie L.

    2009-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Truck stops provide a tie to place for mobile, long-haul drivers. Truckers rely on these businesses for necessities and help to shape their form and function with their perceptions and actions. An increasing domination of the industry by chain...

  14. Technology in Motion Vehicle (TMV) To promote truck and bus safety programs and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Technology in Motion Vehicle (TMV) Goal To promote truck and bus safety programs and technologies messages at multiple venues Demonstrate proven and emerging safety technologies to state and motor carrier stakeholders Promote deployment of safety technologies by fleets and state MCSAP agencies Evaluate program

  15. CoolCalc: A Long-Haul Truck Thermal Load Estimation Tool: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lustbader, J. A.; Rugh, J. P.; Rister, B. R.; Venson, T. S.

    2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In the United States, intercity long-haul trucks idle approximately 1,800 hrs annually for sleeper cab hotel loads, consuming 838 million gallons of diesel fuel per year. The objective of the CoolCab project is to work closely with industry to design efficient thermal management systems for long-haul trucks that keep the cab comfortable with minimized engine idling. Truck engine idling is primarily done to heat or cool the cab/sleeper, keep the fuel warm in cold weather, and keep the engine warm for cold temperature startup. Reducing the thermal load on the cab/sleeper will decrease air conditioning system requirements, improve efficiency, and help reduce fuel use. CoolCalc is an easy-to-use, simplified, physics-based HVAC load estimation tool that requires no meshing, has flexible geometry, excludes unnecessary detail, and is less time-intensive than more detailed computer-aided engineering modeling approaches. It is intended for rapid trade-off studies, technology impact estimation, and preliminary HVAC sizing design and to complement more detailed and expensive CAE tools by exploring and identifying regions of interest in the design space. This paper describes the CoolCalc tool, provides outdoor long-haul truck thermal testing results, shows validation using these test results, and discusses future applications of the tool.

  16. Detroit Diesel Engine Technology for Light Duty Truck Applications - DELTA Engine Update

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Freese, Charlie

    2000-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    The early generation of the DELTA engine has been thoroughly tested and characterized in the virtual lab, during engine dynamometer testing, and on light duty trucks for personal transportation. This paper provides an up-to-date account of program findings. Further, the next generation engine design and future program plans will be briefly presented.

  17. Natural Gas as a Fuel for Heavy Trucks: Issues and Incentives (released in AEO2010)

    Reports and Publications (EIA)

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Environmental and energy security concerns related to petroleum use for transportation fuels, together with recent growth in U.S. proved reserves and technically recoverable natural gas resources, including shale gas, have sparked interest in policy proposals aimed at stimulating increased use of natural gas as a vehicle fuel, particularly for heavy trucks.

  18. Field monitoring and modeling of pavement response and service life consumption due to overweight truck traffic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oh, Jeong-Ho

    2004-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    A number of pavement structures experience deterioration due to high traffic volume and growing weights. Recently, the Texas Legislatures passed bills allowing trucks of gross vehicle weight (GVW) up to 556 kN routinely to use a route in south Texas...

  19. Control System Development for an Advanced-Technology Medium-Duty Hybrid Electric Truck

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grizzle, Jessy W.

    Chan-Chiao Lin, Huei Peng and J. W. Grizzle University of Michigan Jason Liu and Matt Busdiecker Eaton Corporation Copyright © 2003 SAE International ABSTRACT The power management control system development management control system for the prototype truck produced by the Eaton Innovation Center

  20. Development of LNG-Powered Heavy-Duty Trucks in Commercial Hauling

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Detroit Diesel Corporation; Trucking Research Institute

    1998-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    In support of the U.S. Department of Energy's development, deployment, and evaluation of alternative fuels, NREL and the Trucking Research Institute contracted with Detroit Diesel Corporation (DDC) to develop and operate a liquid natural gas fueled tractor powered by a DDC Series 50 prototype natural gas engine. This is the final report on the project.