National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for 21st century grid

  1. Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid June 4, 2013 - 10:50am Q&A What do you...

  2. EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    save consumers money, and support a clean energy economy. Policy Framework for a 21st Century: Enabling our Secure Energy Future More Documents & Publications A POLICY...

  3. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers Appendix of Supporting Information - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and...

  4. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific...

  5. Laboratories for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21) is a voluntary partnership program dedicated to improving the environmental performance of U.S. laboratories. The program is a joint initiative between...

  6. How Synchrophasors are Bringing the Grid into the 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    please visit the Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's website or smartgrid.gov. Addthis Related Articles New York Completes Smart Grid Project to Build a More...

  7. Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and Our Economy June 3, 2013 - 11:43am Addthis Investments in the nation's electric power grid are delivering significant benefits to consumers and businesses. | Photo...

  8. Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Many helpful resources are available to Federal agencies about Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21).

  9. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    1st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers -...

  10. Health Physics in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bevelacqua, Joseph John

    2008-01-01

    Adopting a proactive approach and focusing on emerging radiation-generating technologies, Health Physics in the 21st Century meets the growing need for a presentation of the relevant radiological characteristics and hazards. As such, this monograph discusses those technologies that will affect the health physics and radiation protection profession over the decades to come. After an introductory overview, the second part of this book looks at fission and fusion energy, followed by a section devoted to accelerators, while the final main section deals with radiation on manned space missions.

  11. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices Guides

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Laboratories for the 21st Century best practices guides outline the design, construction, and operation of specific technologies that contribute to energy efficiency and sustainability. The guides...

  12. The 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    2002deerhowden.pdf More Documents & Publications 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers - 21CTP-0003, December 2006 Roadmap and Technical...

  13. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    These case studies feature examples of energy-efficient laboratories for the 21st century. The Featured Concepts Table outlines technologies covered in each case study.

  14. Food and Fuel for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Food and Fuel for the 21st Century held its annual symposium March 12–13, 2015, at Atkinson Hall, University of California San Diego.

  15. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap document for 21st Century Truck...

  16. Science for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2004-07-01

    The Federal government plays a key role in supporting the country's science infrastructure, a national treasure, and scientific research, an investment in our future. Scientific discoveries transform the way we think about our universe and ourselves, from the vastness of space to molecular-level biology. In innovations such as drugs derived through biotechnology and new communications technologies we see constant evidence of the power of science to improve lives and address national challenges. We had not yet learned to fly at the dawn of the 20th century, and could not have imagined the amazing 20th century inventions that we now take for granted. As we move into the 21st century, we eagerly anticipate new insights, discoveries, and technologies that will inspire and enrich us for many decades to come. This report presents the critical responsibilities of our Federal science enterprise and the actions taken by the Federal research agencies, through the National Science and Technology Council, to align our programs with scientific opportunity and with national needs. The many examples show how our science enterprise has responded to the President's priorities for homeland and national security, economic growth, health research, and the environment. In addition, we show how the science agencies work together to set priorities; coordinate related research programs; leverage investments to promote discovery, translate science into national benefits, and sustain the national research enterprise; and promote excellence in math and science education and work force development.

  17. DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels DOEBES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels...

  18. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partners

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The 21st Century Truck Partnership is an industry-government collaboration among heavy-duty engine manufacturers, medium-duty and heavy-duty truck and bus manufacturers, heavy-duty hybrid...

  19. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cochran, J.; Miller, M.; Zinaman, O.; Milligan, M.; Arent, D.; Palmintier, B.; O'Malley, M.; Mueller, S.; Lannoye, E.; Tuohy, A.; Kujala, B.; Sommer, M.; Holttinen, H.; Kiviluoma, J.; Soonee, S. K.

    2014-05-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). This paper summarizes the analytic frameworks that have emerged to measure this characteristic and distills key principles of flexibility for policy makers.

  20. Persisting cold extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kodra, Evan A [ORNL; Steinhaeuser, Karsten J K [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Analyses of climate model simulations and observations reveal that extreme cold events are likely to persist across each land-continent even under 21st-century warming scenarios. The grid-based intensity, duration and frequency of cold extreme events are calculated annually through three indices: the coldest annual consecutive three-day average of daily maximum temperature, the annual maximum of consecutive frost days, and the total number of frost days. Nine global climate models forced with a moderate greenhouse-gas emissions scenario compares the indices over 2091 2100 versus 1991 2000. The credibility of model-simulated cold extremes is evaluated through both bias scores relative to reanalysis data in the past and multi-model agreement in the future. The number of times the value of each annual index in 2091 2100 exceeds the decadal average of the corresponding index in 1991 2000 is counted. The results indicate that intensity and duration of grid-based cold extremes, when viewed as a global total, will often be as severe as current typical conditions in many regions, but the corresponding frequency does not show this persistence. While the models agree on the projected persistence of cold extremes in terms of global counts, regionally, inter-model variability and disparity in model performance tends to dominate. Our findings suggest that, despite a general warming trend, regional preparedness for extreme cold events cannot be compromised even towards the end of the century.

  1. Beyond Nash Equilibrium: Solution Concepts for the 21st Century #

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Halpern, Joseph Y.

    Beyond Nash Equilibrium: Solution Concepts for the 21st Century # Joseph Y. Halpern Cornell://www.cs.cornell.edu/home/halpern Abstract Nash equilibrium is the most commonly­used notion of equi­ librium in game theory. However, it suffers from numerous problems. Some are well known in the game theory commu­ nity; for example, the Nash

  2. Energy: a historical perspective and 21st century forecast

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Salvador, Amos [University of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    2005-07-01

    Contents are: Preface; Chapter 1: introduction, brief history, and chosen approach; Chapter 2: human population and energy consumption: the future; Chapter 4: sources of energy (including a section on coal); Chapter 5: electricity: generation and consumption; and Chapter 6: energy consumption and probable energy sources during the 21st century.

  3. "Materials Education for the 21st Century Workforce"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    roles of materials in information technology, health and biotechnology, national security, energy the professional societes. Other related conferences have included the 2000 NMAB Forum on "Materials in the New"Materials Education for the 21st Century Workforce" Opening Remarks By Aris Christou

  4. Adaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Subramanian, Devika

    Adaptive Optimizing Compilers for the 21st Century Los Alamos Computer Science Institute 2001 Houston, Texas, USA #12;Adaptive Optimizing Compilers 2 The Big Picture · For 45 years, compilers have Automatic Coding System (IBM, 1957) #12;Adaptive Optimizing Compilers 3 The Big Picture · RISC made

  5. NC State Engineering in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    NC State Engineering in the 21st Century Louis A. Martin-Vega, Ph.D., P.E. Dean of Engineering North Carolina State University February 3, 2011 #12;1887 Engineering Departments established North the College s 1st professor of civil engineering (also 2nd President and 1st football coach) 1923 School

  6. Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullman, Jeffrey D.

    Database Research: Achievements and Opportunities Into the 21st Century Avi Silberschatz, Mike Stonebraker, Jeff Ullman, editors Report of an NSF Workshop on the Future of Database Systems Research, May 26--27, 1995 1 1 Introduction In February of 1990, a group of database researchers met to examine the prospects

  7. Appendix of Supporting Information for the 21st Century Truck Technology Partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2009-01-18

    Appendix contains supporting information to the 21st Century Truck Partnership's Roadmap and Technical White Papers (21CTP-003)

  8. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    Blogs, Green Marketing and Consumer Sentiment in the 21 st Century Edwina Luck and Ayu Ginanti Queensland University of Technology,

  9. Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications October 2008. Courtesy of Dr Mhairi Coyle, CEH Edinburgh. #12;Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends Limited #12;Ground-level ozone in the 21st century I October 2008 I iiiThe Royal Society Ground

  10. Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery and cloud effects radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery and cloud effects. Atmospheric Chemistry Chemistry and Physics Projections of UV radiation changes in the 21st century: impact of ozone recovery

  11. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1996-10-01

    This document presents abstracts of the topics covered in the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century conference held July 9-11, 1996. These topics include: model facilities; Federal/NEPA/stake- holders; microchemistry; solvents and reduction; education and outreach; return on investments; energy management; decontamination and decommissioning; planning and regulations; environmental restoration; recycling; affirmative procurement in the executive branch; construction and demolition; materials exchange; and ISO 2000.

  12. DOE pollution prevention in the 21st century. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1996-12-31

    This CD-ROM contains the proceedings from the DOE Pollution Prevention in the 21st Century Conference XII held July 9-11, 1996. Topics included model facilities, federal and NEPA stakeholders, microchemistry, source 4 solvents and reduction, education and outreach planning, return on investment, energy management, decontamination and decommissioning, planning and regulations, environmental restoration, solid waste, recycling, affirmative procurement in the executive branch, construction and demolition, international and ISO 14000, and poster sessions.

  13. Visual Power: 21st Century Native American Artists/Intellectuals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farris, Phoebe

    2006-10-01

    to include ex hibits reflecting such diverse cultures as African American Quilts, Ester Hernandez: The Art of Provocation, and Co-Madres Artistas: Voces de laMujer, while still maintaining a strong Native American presence. His own work uses pop culture... art. Visual Power is an outgrowth of a 2003 College Art Association panel that I chaired titled Native American Artists/Intellectuals: Speaking for Ourselves in the 21st Century and a concurrent art exhibition of the same title that I guest curated...

  14. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Partnership | Department of

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann Jackson About1996HowFOAShowing YouNeedofDepartmentVOICESEnergy 21st Century Truck

  15. 21st Century jobs initiative - building the foundations for a 21st Century economy. Final main report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1995-11-01

    The 21st Century Jobs Initiative has been launched in the context of new realities in Washington, D.C., rapid restructuring of the US economy and accelerating changes in the makeup of the East Tennessee economy driven by these and other external economic forces. Continuing downward pressure on Federal budgets for programs that support three key institutions in the region - DOE`s Oak Ridge complex, the Tennessee Valley Authority and research programs of the University of Tennessee - are especially threatening to the region. With a large part of its economy dependent on Federal spending, the area is at risk of troublesome impacts that could ripple out from the Oak Ridge and Knoxville home of these institutions throughout the entire 15-county {open_quotes}Resource Valley.{close_quotes} As these economic forces play out in the region`s economy, important questions arise. How will East Tennessee {open_quotes}earn its living{close_quotes} in the future if the Federal government role in the economy shrinks? What kind of new industries will be formed to replace those at risk due to Federal cutbacks and economic restructuring? Where will the jobs come from for the next generation of job seekers? These are among the questions driving the 21st Century Jobs Initiative, an action-oriented program designed and implemented by local leaders in response to the economic challenges facing East Tennessee. Fortunately, the region`s economy is strong today. Unemployment is at near record lows in most counties. Moreover, leaders are increasingly aware of the threats on the horizon and are already moving to action. And the impacts from the forces at work on the economy will probably come slowly, over the next decade or so. Based on economic research and input from local leaders knowledgeable about the economy, the 21st Century Jobs Initiative has set forth a strategic economic development plan for the region.

  16. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century: Fact...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Office. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of Honda Motor Co., Inc. State of...

  17. Transforming Epidemiology for 21st Century Medicine and Public Health

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khoury, Muin J; Lam, Tram Kim; Ioannidis, John; Hartge, Patricia; Spitz, Margaret R.; Buring, Julie E.; Chanock, Stephen J.; Tourassi, Georgia; Zauber, Ann; Schully, Sheri D

    2013-01-01

    n 2012, the National Cancer Institute (NCI) engaged the scientific community to provide a vision for cancer epidemiology in the 21st century. Eight overarching thematic recommendations, with proposed corresponding actions for consideration by funding agencies, professional societies, and the research community emerged from the collective intellectual discourse. The themes are (i) extending the reach of epidemiology beyond discovery and etiologic research to include multilevel analysis, intervention evaluation, implementation, and outcomes research; (ii) transforming the practice of epidemiology by moving toward more access and sharing of protocols, data, metadata, and specimens to foster collaboration, to ensure reproducibility and replication, and accelerate translation; (iii) expanding cohort studies to collect exposure, clinical, and other information across the life course and examining multiple health-related endpoints; (iv) developing and validating reliable methods and technologies to quantify exposures and outcomes on a massive scale, and to assess concomitantly the role of multiple factors in complex diseases; (v) integrating big data science into the practice of epidemiology; (vi) expanding knowledge integration to drive research, policy, and practice; (vii) transforming training of 21st century epidemiologists to address interdisciplinary and translational research; and (viii) optimizing the use of resources and infrastructure for epidemiologic studies. These recommendations can transform cancer epidemiology and the field of epidemiology, in general, by enhancing transparency, interdisciplinary collaboration, and strategic applications of new technologies. They should lay a strong scientific foundation for accelerated translation of scientific discoveries into individual and population health benefits.

  18. Science in the Cloud: Accelerating Discovery in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cortes, Corinna

    Science in the Cloud: Accelerating Discovery in the 21st Century February 17, 2012 Joseph L. Moving science into the Cloud will promote data sharing and collaborations that will accelerate scientific discovery in the 21st century. 1 Introduction Recent trends in science have made computational

  19. Roadmap and technical white papers for the 21st century truck partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None, None

    2006-12-01

    21st Century Truck Partnership will support the development and implementation of technologies that will cut fuel use and emissions and enhance safety, affordability, and performance of trucks and buses.

  20. HEALTHY AGEING IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE BEST IS YET TO COME

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Birmingham, University of

    Inspector of General Practice for the Care Quality Commission* and General Practitioner in innerHEALTHY AGEING IN THE 21ST CENTURY: THE BEST IS YET TO COME Birmingham Policy Commission The Report

  1. Opinion: Building a 21st-century infrastructure for the social sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OPINION Opinion: Building a 21st-century infrastructure for the social sciences Emilio F. Morana. For example, by using data from social networking sites, business transactions, smart phones, and online

  2. Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Newlands Land regeneration for the 21st Century in the Mersey Belt objectives Newlands (New in the Mersey Belt to support the social and economic regeneration of the area (phase one 2003-2009); improving

  3. SEA-LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Minghua

    -LEVEL RISE IN NEW YORK IN THE 21ST CENTURY: PROJECTION AND METHODOLOGY TR-0 ....................................................................................................................................... 21 New York City Panel on Climate Change (NPCC, 2015 by 2100. SLR in this report is compared with projection by the New York

  4. Probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  5. Probabilistic Projections of 21st Century Climate Change over Northern Eurasia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Monier, Erwan

    2013-07-18

    We present probabilistic projections of 21st century climate change over Northern Eurasia using the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) Integrated Global System Model (IGSM), an integrated assessment model that ...

  6. Preliminary Assessment of the Relevance of Nature Centers in the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Higgins, Marian Ellen

    2011-10-21

    ASSESSMENT OF THE RELEVANCE OF NATURE CENTERS IN THE 21ST CENTURY A Thesis by MARIAN ELLEN HIGGINS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 2010 Major Subject: Wildlife and Fisheries Sciences Preliminary Assessment of the Relevance of Nature Centers in the 21st Century Copyright 2010 Marian Ellen Higgins...

  7. Flexibility in 21st Century Power Systems (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2014-10-01

    Flexibility of operation--the ability of a power system to respond to change in demand and supply--is a characteristic of all power systems. Flexibility is especially prized in twenty-first century power systems, with higher levels of grid-connected variable renewable energy (primarily, wind and solar). Sources of flexibility exist--and can be enhanced--across all of the physical and institutional elements of the power system, including system operations and markets, demand side resources and storage; generation; and transmission networks. Accessing flexibility requires significant planning to optimize investments and ensure that both short- and long-time power system requirements are met.

  8. What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lockwood, Mike

    What influence will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global underestimate the response to solar variations, then there is a potential for a reduction in solar activity will future solar activity changes over the 21st century have on projected global near-surface temperature

  9. Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bioenergetics Modeling in the 21st Century: Reviewing New Insights and Revisiting Old Constraints.--The development and application of fish bioenergetics models have flourished in recent years, due in part of bioenergetics models can be hampered by uncertainty in model parameters. A review of the literature showed

  10. Preface to Separations for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nash, Kenneth L.; Lumetta, Gregg J.; Clark, Sue B.; Friese, Judah I.

    2006-07-31

    This product is the preface to a symposium proceedings book from the symposium on Separations for the Nuclear Fuel Cycle in the 21st Century, which was held at the 227th American Chemical Society National Meeting in Anaheim, CA, March 30-April 1, 2004. The preface summarizes the purpose and context of the symposium and the resulting book.

  11. US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    US-India Education Foundation (USIEF): "Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative" Award Institutions in India" U.S.-India Collaboration and Pilot Project: Opportunity to Participate in STEM Faculty Training at Higher Education Institutions in India. The Ohio State University has been awarded a highly

  12. ACCELERATORS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY E. Keil, CERN, Geneva, Switzerland

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keil, Eberhard

    technologies are quite different: TESLA is super-conducting, the others are at room temper- ature, and the RF for the 21st century at the high energy frontier will all be colliding beam devices. Three types of colliders are discussed, linear e+ e- colliders, muon colliders, and hadron colliders. In all three cases, typical values

  13. A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischlin, Andreas

    A climate change index: Where climate change may be most prominent in the 21st century Miche`le B; accepted 30 November 2006; published 10 January 2007. [1] A Climate Change Index (CCI) is developed to a single index that is a measure for the strength of future climate change relative to today's natural

  14. PATTERNS OF GREENHOUSE WARMING "Projected warming in the 21st century shows scenario-independent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PATTERNS OF GREENHOUSE WARMING "Projected warming in the 21st century shows scenario in response to increasing greenhouse gas levels will not be geographically uniform. · Computer models indicate greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrations. However, the warming is not expected to be uniform over the globe, nor

  15. Greenhouse warming and the 21st Century hydroclimate of southwestern North America

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Arnold L.

    Greenhouse warming and the 21st Century hydroclimate of southwestern North America Richard Seager of rising greenhouse gases. This regional drying is part of a general dry- ing of the subtropics as a consequence of rising greenhouse gases (1,2). The drying is manifest as a drop in precip- itation (P) minus

  16. The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design (software) design problems require more knowledge than any single person or any single group possesses because the knowledge relevant to a problem is distributed among many different stakeholders. Software

  17. Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series 21st Century Medical Diagnosis and

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crawford, T. Daniel

    on technology since 1998, moving from print publications through email newsletters to blogs and has gainedInstitute for Critical Technology and Applied Science Seminar Series 21st Century Medical Diagnosis, serial entrepreneur and investor in emerging technologies Thursday, May 31, 2012, 10:30 - 11:30 am ICTAS

  18. Transforming Scientific Communication for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gass, Steven

    2001-01-01

    Since its inception in the 17th century the research journal emerged as the formal communication method in the sciences. The last half of the 20th century has seen stresses develop on the journal system due to the explosion ...

  19. Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program, a government-industry research partnership

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2000-12-01

    The 21st Century Truck Program has been established as a government-industry research partnership to support the development and implementation of commercially viable technologies that will dramatically cut fuel use and emissions of commercial trucks and buses while enhancing their safety and affordability as well as maintaining or enhancing performance. The innovations resulting from this program will reduce dependence on foreign oil, improve our nation's air quality, provide advanced technology for military vehicles, and enhance the competitiveness of the U.S. truck and bus industry while ensuring safe and affordable freight and bus transportation for the nation's economy. This Technology Roadmap for the 21st Century Truck Program has been prepared to guide the development of the technical advancements that will enable the needed improvements in commercial truck fuel economy, emissions, and safety.

  20. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2015-01-01

    Powerful trends in technology, policy environments, financing, and business models are driving change in power sectors globally. In light of these trends, the question is no longer whether power systems will be transformed, but rather how these transformations will occur. Power Systems of the Future, a thought leadership report from the 21st Century Power Partnership, explores these pathways explores actions that policymakers and regulators can take to encourage desired power system outcomes.

  1. 21st century Green Solutions LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop IncIowa (UtilityMichigan)data bookresult9) Jump to:13:28-07:00 U.S.st century

  2. Cyberinfrastructure Technologies Enhancing Conservation for the 21st Century ....Advanced data acquisition, data integration, data storage, data management, data mining

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stuart, Steven J.

    Cyberinfrastructure Technologies Enhancing Conservation for the 21st Century ....Advanced data acquisition, data integration, data storage, data management, data mining ....Environmental informatics and business of managing natural resources ... Paradigm shift where computing is an essential partner

  3. 21st century change in ocean response to climate forcing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mar?elja, Stjepan

    2015-01-01

    Modeling globally averaged information on climate forcing from the land surface temperature data, the sea surface temperatures (SST) and the empirically determined relationship between the changes in SST and the turbulent diffusion of heat into the upper ocean demonstrates a consistent link. The modeling is accurate throughout the 20th century despite the different phases of the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) or the strong divergence between land and ocean surface warming. It only fails during the last 15 years when SST drops well below the trend. The finding reinforces the view that slower global warming over the previous 15 years is not a caused by a negative phase of the IPO or by the variations in the upper ocean (top 700 m) warming but results from a change in the ocean behavior leading to increased heat transfer into the deeper ocean.

  4. Energy transitions in the early 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul Meakin

    2013-01-01

    We are in the early stages of a long and complex transition from a global economy based on fossil energy to an economy based on low carbon renewable energy. However, fossil fuel resources are abundant and widely distributed, and they will remain the dominant source of primary energy for at least the next quarter century. In the United States, displacement of coal by natural gas for electric power generation has done more to reduce CO2 emissions than all new renewables combined, and this may occur globally for the next decade or two, even if the European Union does not take advantage of its large unconventional natural gas resources. Greater energy efficiency (not including the efficiencies associated with displacement of coal by gas) will also be more important than new renewables. Cost/benefit ratios are important for sustainability of the transition, and some energy efficiency technologies and displacement of coal by natural gas have lower cost/benefit ratios than wind power, solar power or biofuels. Money spent on the large scale deployment of wind, solar and especially biofuels would be better spent on research, development and demonstration of a broader suite of technologies that would support the energy transition, with a focus on improving the cost benefit ratios of already deployed technologies and developing alternatives. Advanced nuclear reactors, engineered geothermal systems, fossil fuel recovery coupled with CO2 sequestration and pre-combustion or post-combustion decarbonation of fossil fuels with geological CO2 sequestration are among the technologies that might be more cost effective than wind, solar or biofuels, and biofuels have serious adverse societal and environment consequences.

  5. Integrated Assessment of Global Water Scarcity over the 21st Century under Multiple Climate Change Mitigation Policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Wise, Marshall A.; Patel, Pralit L.; Eom, Jiyong; Calvin, Katherine V.

    2014-01-01

    Water scarcity conditions over the 21st century both globally and regionally are assessed in the context of climate change, by estimating both water availability and water demand within the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a leading community integrated assessment model of energy, agriculture, climate, and water. To quantify changes in future water availability, a new gridded water-balance global hydrologic model – namely, the Global Water Availability Model (GWAM) – is developed and evaluated. Global water demands for six major demand sectors (irrigation, livestock, domestic, electricity generation, primary energy production, and manufacturing) are modeled in GCAM at the regional scale (14 geopolitical regions, 151 sub-regions) and then spatially downscaled to 0.5 o x 0.5o resolution to match the scale of GWAM. Using a baseline scenario (i.e., no climate change mitigation policy) with radiative forcing reaching 8.8 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A1Fi emission scenario) and a global population of 14 billion by 2095, global annual water demand grows from about 9% of total annual renewable freshwater in 2005 to about 32% by 2095. This results in almost half of the world population living under extreme water scarcity by the end of the 21st century. Regionally, the demand for water exceeds the amount of water availability in two GCAM regions, the Middle East and India. Additionally, in years 2050 and 2095, 20% and 27% of the global population, respectively, is projected to live in areas (grid cells) that will experience greater water demands than the amount of available water in a year (i.e., the water scarcity index (WSI) > 1.0). This study implies an increasingly prominent role for water in future human decisions, and highlights the importance of including water in integrated assessment of global change.

  6. Simulated Impacts of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Degelman, L.

    2007-01-01

    of Global Warming on Building Thermal Loads Throughout the 21st Century Presented at ASHRAE Seminar 48 ?Climate Change: Modeling the Weather and Its Potential Impacts on Building Performance? Tuesday, 8:00 a.m., 26 June 2007 Long Beach, CA by Larry O.... Degelman, P.E. Professor Emeritus of Architecture Texas A&M University ldegelman@suddenlink.net Outline handptrightTrends in global warming handptrightModels matched against global warming records handptrightFactors contributing to global warming...

  7. Scenarios of Global Municipal Water-Use Demand Projections over the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Davies, Evan; Eom, Jiyong

    2013-03-06

    This paper establishes three future projections of global municipal water use to the end of the 21st century: A reference business-as usual (BAU) scenario, a High Technological Improvement (High Tech) scenario and a Low Technological Improvement (Low Tech) scenario. A global municipal water demand model is constructed using global water use statistics at the country-scale, calibrated to the base year of 2005, and simulated to the end of the 21st century. Since the constructed water demand model hinges on socioeconomic variables (population, income), water price, and end-use technology and efficiency improvement rates, projections of those input variables are adopted to characterize the uncertainty in future water demand estimates. The water demand model is linked to the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a global change integrated assessment model. Under the reference scenario, the global total water withdrawal increases from 466 km3/year in 2005 to 941 km3/year in 2100,while withdrawals in the high and low tech scenarios are 321 km3/ year and 2000 km3/ year, respectively. This wide range (321-2000 km3/ year) indicates the level of uncertainty associated with such projections. The simulated global municipal demand projections are most sensitive to population and income projections, then to end-use technology and efficiency projections, and finally to water price. Thus, using water price alone as a policy measure to reduce municipal water use may substantiate the share of municipal water price of people’s annual incomes.

  8. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: 2003 Annual Technical Status Report DOE/AL68284-TSR03

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo

    2004-01-09

    The 21st Century Locomotive program objective is to develop 25% more efficient freight locomotives by 2010. Diesel engine-related research addresses advanced fuel injection, electric turbocharger and abradable seals. Assembly of a common rail fuel injection test system is underway, and a CFD combustion model has been validated. An electrically assisted turbocharger has been constructed and operated, meeting the generator mode design rating. System characterization and optimization is ongoing. Candidate abradable seal materials have been identified and test coupons prepared. Locomotive system-related research addresses capturing, storing and utilizing regenerative braking energy in a hybrid locomotive, and fuel optimization control. Hybrid locomotive energy storage requirements have been identified and studies on specific energy storage solutions are in progress. Energy management controls have been defined and testing initiated. Train and track parameter identification necessary for fuel optimization has been demonstrated.

  9. Analysis of snow in the 20th and 21st century Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory coupled climate model simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dery, Stephen

    Analysis of snow in the 20th and 21st century Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory coupled climate Northern Hemisphere, North American, and Eurasian snow cover extent, frequency, and mass by the Geophysical cycle in Northern Hemisphere snow cover extent and produce a mean annual snow area of 25 Â 106 km2

  10. Cultivation of recalcitrant microbes: cells are alive, well and revealing their secrets in the 21st century laboratory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leadbetter, Jared R.

    Cultivation of recalcitrant microbes: cells are alive, well and revealing their secrets in the 21st and phylogenetically distinct microbes as were the first years of the 20th century. The diversity of organic by microbes in the biosphere. Either guided and instigated by, or independent of, the results of gene

  11. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Science and Technology Facility, Golden, Colorado (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Van Geet, O.

    2010-04-01

    As a Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21) partner, NREL set aggressive goals for energy savings, daylighting, and achieving a LEED Gold rating (through the U.S. Green Building Council's Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design program) for its S&TF building.

  12. Integrated assessment of global water scarcity over the 21st century under multiple climate change mitigation policies

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hejazi, Mohamad I.; Edmonds, James A.; Clarke, Leon E.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan; Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Wise, Marshall A.; Patel, Pralit L.; Eom, Jiyong; Calvin, Katherine V.

    2014-08-01

    Water scarcity conditions over the 21st century both globally and regionally are assessed in the context of climate change and climate mitigation policies, by estimating both water availability and water demand within the Global Change Assessment Model (GCAM), a leading community integrated assessment model of energy, agriculture, climate, and water. To quantify changes in future water availability, a new gridded water-balance global hydrologic model – namely, the Global Water Availability Model (GWAM) – is developed and evaluated. Global water demands for six major demand sectors (irrigation, livestock, domestic, electricity generation, primary energy production, and manufacturing) are modeled in GCAM at the regional scale (14 geopolitical regions, 151 sub-regions) and then spatially downscaled to 0.5 o x 0.5o resolution to match the scale of GWAM. Using a baseline scenario (i.e., no climate change mitigation policy) with radiative forcing reaching 8.8 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A1Fi emission scenario) and three climate policy scenarios with increasing mitigation stringency of 7.7, 5.5, and 4.2 W/m2 (equivalent to the SRES A2, B2, and B1 emission scenarios, respectively), we investigate the effects of emission mitigation policies on water scarcity. Two carbon tax regimes (a universal carbon tax (UCT) which includes land use change emissions, and a fossil fuel and industrial emissions carbon tax (FFICT) which excludes land use change emissions) are analyzed. The baseline scenario results in more than half of the world population living under extreme water scarcity by the end of the 21st century. Additionally, in years 2050 and 2095, 36% (28%) and 44% (39%) of the global population, respectively, is projected to live in grid cells (in basins) that will experience greater water demands than the amount of available water in a year (i.e., the water scarcity index (WSI) > 1.0). When comparing the climate policy scenarios to the baseline scenario while maintaining the same baseline socioeconomic assumptions, water scarcity declines under a UCT mitigation policy but increases with a FFICT mitigation scenario by the year 2095 particularly with more stringent climate mitigation targets. Under the FFICT scenario, water scarcity is projected to increase driven by higher water demands for bio-energy crops.

  13. 21st Century Ergonomic Education, From Little e to Big E

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barsky, Constance K

    2014-01-01

    Despite intense efforts, contemporary educational systems are not enabling individuals to function optimally in modern society. The main reason is that reformers are trying to improve systems that are not designed to take advantage of the centuries of history of the development of today's societies. Nor do they recognize the implications of the millions of years of history of life on earth in which humans are the latest edition of learning organisms. The contemporary educational paradigm of "education for all" is based on a 17th century model of "printing minds" for passing on static knowledge. This characterizes most of K-12 education. In contrast, 21st Century education demands a new paradigm, which we call Ergonomic Education. This is an education system that is designed to fit the students of any age instead of forcing the students to fit the education system. It takes into account in a fundamental way what students want to learn -- the concept "wanting to learn" refers to the innate ability and desire to...

  14. Intensity, duration, and frequency of precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kao, Shih-Chieh [ORNL; Ganguly, Auroop R [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    Recent research on the projection of precipitation extremes has either focused on conceptual physical mechanisms that generate heavy precipitation or rigorous statistical methods that extrapolate tail behavior. However, informing both climate prediction and impact assessment requires concurrent physically and statistically oriented analysis. A combined examination of climate model simulations and observation-based reanalysis data sets suggests more intense and frequent precipitation extremes under 21st-century warming scenarios. Utilization of statistical extreme value theory and resampling-based uncertainty quantification combined with consideration of the Clausius-Clapeyron relationship reveals consistently intensifying trends for precipitation extremes at a global-average scale. However, regional and decadal analyses reveal specific discrepancies in the physical mechanisms governing precipitation extremes, as well as their statistical trends, especially in the tropics. The intensifying trend of precipitation extremes has quantifiable impacts on intensity-duration-frequency curves, which in turn have direct implications for hydraulic engineering design and water-resources management. The larger uncertainties at regional and decadal scales suggest the need for caution during regional-scale adaptation or preparedness decisions. Future research needs to explore the possibility of uncertainty reduction through higher resolution global climate models, statistical or dynamical downscaling, as well as improved understanding of precipitation extremes processes.

  15. High-resolution dynamically downscaled projections of precipitation in the mid and late 21st century over North America

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    none,

    2015-07-29

    This study performs high-spatial-resolution (12 km) Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) simulations over a very large domain (7200 km × 6180 km, covering much of North America) to explore changes in mean and extreme precipitation in the mid and late 21st century under Representative Concentration Pathways 4.5 (RCP 4.5) and 8.5 (RCP 8.5). We evaluate WRF model performance for a historical simulation and future projections, applying the Community Climate System Model version 4 (CCSM4) as initial and boundary conditions with and without a bias correction. WRF simulations using boundary and initial conditions from both versions of CCSM4 show smaller biasesmore »versus evaluation data sets than does CCSM4 over western North America. WRF simulations also improve spatial details of precipitation over much of North America. However, driving the WRF with the bias-corrected CCSM4 does not always reduce the bias. WRF-projected changes in precipitation include decreasing intensity over the southwestern United States, increasing intensity over the eastern United States and most of Canada, and an increase in the number of days with heavy precipitation over much of North America. Projected precipitation changes are more evident in the late 21st century than the mid 21st century, and they are more evident under RCP 8.5 than under RCP 4.5 in the late 21st century. Uncertainties in the projected changes in precipitation due to different warming scenarios are non-negligible. Differences in summer precipitation changes between WRF and CCSM4 are significant over most of the United States.« less

  16. Defining the knowledge base of our profession: a look at agricultural and extension education in the 21st century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Gregory Aaron

    2005-08-29

    society is demanding be included for the 7 development of the most marketable professional agricultural educator in the 21st Century. Objectives The objectives of this research project were to: 1. Determine current core knowledge areas... statement with a 5 or 6 on a 1-6 rating scale. Contextual application: The use of an idea in a particular setting. Context facilitates or constrains the educator?s efforts through 1) its mission, philosophy, functions, structures, and processes, 2) its...

  17. America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    this effort will, and will not, do. First, the fundamental mission of the PMAs to provide electricity at cost-based rates -- equal to the cost of generation and transmission --...

  18. Building a 21st Century Electric Grid | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment|Marketing, LLCEfficiency | Department of EnergyBuilding orPhoto

  19. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    does not address the 21 st century power supply challenges The benefits of a modernized grid are substantial Running today's digital society through yesterday's grid is like...

  20. Examination of the role of nuclear deterrence in the 21st century: a systems analysis approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Martz, Joseph C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Stevens, Patrice A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Branstetter, Linda [SNL; Hoover, Edward [SNL; O' Brien, Kevin [SNL; Slavin, Adam [SNL; Caswell, David [STANFORD UNIV

    2010-01-01

    Until very recently, an evaluation of US policy regarding deterrence and the role of its nuclear weapons arsenal as a deterrent has been largely absent in the public debate. With President's Obama embrace of a goal of a future world without nuclear weapons, issues of nuclear policy and deterrence have just recently risen to the forefront of policy discussions. The traditional role of US nuclear weapons-to deter the use of nuclear weapons by other states-endures, but is no longer unique nor even predominant. In an increasingly multi-polar world, the US now faces growing risks of nuclear weapons proliferation; the spread of weapons of mass destruction generally to non-state, substate and transnational actors; cyber, space, economic, environmental and resource threats along with the application of numerous other forms of 'soft power' in ways that are inimical to national security and to global stability. What concept of deterrence should the US seek to maintain in the 21st Century? That question remains fluid and central to the current debate. Recently there has been a renewed focusing of attention on the role of US nuclear weapons and a national discussion about what the underlying policy should be. In this environment, both the United States and Russia have committed to drastic reductions in their nuclear arsenals, while still maintaining forces sufficient to ensure unacceptable consequence in response to acts of aggression. Further, the declared nuclear powers have maintained that a limited nuclear arsenal continues to provide insurance against uncertain developments in a changing world. In this environment of US and Russian stockpile reductions, all declared nuclear states have reiterated the central role which nuclear weapons continue to provide for their supreme national security interests. Given this new environment and the challenges of the next several decades, how might the United States structure its policy and forces with regard to nuclear weapons? Many competing objectives have been stated across the spectrum of political, social, and military thought. These objectives include goals of ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, recommitment to further downsizing of the nuclear arsenal, embracing a long-term goal of the elimination of nuclear weapons, limitations on both the production complex and upgrades to nuclear weapons and delivery systems, and controls and constraints to limit proliferation of nuclear materials and weapons, particularly to rogue states and terrorist groups.

  1. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies; National Renewable Energy Laboratory, Science and Technology Facility, Golden, Colorado

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2007-03-01

    This publication is one in series of case studies for "Laboratories for the 21st Century," a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy Federal Energy Management Program. It is intended for those who plan to design and construct public and private-sector laboratory buildings. This case study describes the Science and Technology Facility, a new laboratory at NREL that incorporated energy-efficient and sustainable design features including underfloor air distribution in offices, daylighting, and process cooling.

  2. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    This guide regarding energy recovery is one in a series on best practices for laboratories. It was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century ('Labs 21'), a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the U.S. Department of Energy. Laboratories typically require 100% outside air for ventilation at higher rates than other commercial buildings. Minimum ventilation is typically provided at air change per hour (ACH) rates in accordance with codes and adopted design standards including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 1910.1450 (4 to 12 ACH - non-mandatory) or the 2011 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Applications Handbook, Chapter 16 - Laboratories (6 to 12 ACH). While OSHA states this minimum ventilation rate 'should not be relied on for protection from toxic substances released into the laboratory' it specifically indicates that it is intended to 'provide a source of air for breathing and for input to local ventilation devices (e.g., chemical fume hoods or exhausted bio-safety cabinets), to ensure that laboratory air is continually replaced preventing the increase of air concentrations of toxic substances during the working day, direct air flow into the laboratory from non-laboratory areas and out to the exterior of the building.' The heating and cooling energy needed to condition and move this outside air can be 5 to 10 times greater than the amount of energy used in most office buildings. In addition, when the required ventilation rate exceeds the airflow needed to meet the cooling load in low-load laboratories, additional heating energy may be expended to reheat dehumidified supply air from the supply air condition to prevent over cooling. In addition to these low-load laboratories, reheat may also be required in adjacent spaces such as corridors that provide makeup air to replace air being pulled into negative-pressure laboratories. Various types of energy recovery devices and systems can substantially reduce heating and cooling energy required for conditioning spaces in laboratories. Heating and cooling systems can be downsized when energy recovery is used because these systems reduce peak heating and cooling requirements. Heating and cooling systems can also be downsized by capturing heat generated in high-load spaces and transferring it to spaces requiring reheat. There are many opportunities for energy recovery in laboratories. This guide includes descriptions of several air-to-air energy recovery devices and methods, such as using enthalpy wheels (Figure 1), heat pipes, or run-around loops in new construction. These devices generally recover energy from exhaust air. This recovered energy is used to precondition supply air during both cooling and heating modes of operation. In addition to air-to-air energy recovery options, this guide includes a description of a water-to-water heat recovery system that collects heat from high-load spaces and transfers it to spaces that require reheat. While air-to-air recovery devices provide significant energy reduction, in some laboratory facilities the amount of energy available in the exhaust air exceeds the pre-heat and pre-cooling needed to maintain supply air conditions. During these periods of time, controls typically reduce the energy recovery capacity to match the reduced load. If the energy recovered in the exhaust is not needed then it is rejected from the facility. By using a water-to-water recovery system, it is possible to significantly reduce overall building energy use by reusing heating or cooling energy generated in the building before it is rejected to the outdoors. Laboratory managers are encouraged to perform a life-cycle cost analysis of an energy-recovery technology to determine the feasibility of its application in their laboratory. Usually, the shortest payback periods occur when the heating and cooling load reduction provided by an energy recovery system allows the laboratory to install and use smaller heating (e.g., hot water or steam) and cooling (e.g., c

  3. The Need for a Strong Science and Technology Program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Garaizar, X

    2010-01-06

    In this paper I argue for the need for a strong Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons Complex as the basis for maintaining a credible deterrence capability. The current Nuclear Posture Review establishes a New Triad as the basis for the United States deterrence strategy in a changing security environment. A predictive science capability is at the core of a credible National Nuclear Weapons program in the 21st Century. In absence of nuclear testing, the certification of our current Nuclear Weapons relies on predictive simulations and quantification of the associated simulation uncertainties. In addition, a robust nuclear infrastructure needs an active research and development program that considers all the required nuclear scenarios, including new configurations for which there is no nuclear test data. This paper also considers alternative positions to the need for a Science and Technology program in the Nuclear Weapons complex.

  4. A New Biology for the 21st Century; Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century; Ensuring the United States Leads the Coming Biology Revolution; National Research Council

    2012-05-10

    In July, 2008, the National Institutes of Health (NIH), National Science Foundation (NSF), and Department of Energy (DOE) asked the National Research Council’s Board on Life Sciences to convene a committee to examine the current state of biological research in the United States and recommend how best to capitalize on recent technological and scientific advances that have allowed biologists to integrate biological research findings, collect and interpret vastly increased amounts of data, and predict the behavior of complex biological systems. From September 2008 through July of 2009, a committee of 16 experts from the fields of biology, engineering and computational science undertook to delineate those scientific and technological advances and come to a consensus on how the U.S. might best capitalize on them. This report, authored by the Committee on a New Biology for the 21st Century, describes the committee’s work and conclusions.

  5. "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration Taxonomy (HACT) in Command and Control Decision-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    1 12TH ICCRTS "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century" Introducing a Human-Automation Collaboration and Automation Laboratory 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Bldg 33-407 Cambridge, MA 02319 #12;2 Introducing a Human-Automation-support systems that attempt to facilitate collaboration between the human operator and automation. Unfortunately

  6. State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fleskes, Joe

    State of the Earth's Cryosphere at the Beginning of the 21st Century: Glaciers, Global Snow Cover, Floating Ice, and Permafrost and Periglacial Environments-- INTRODUCTION--CHANGES IN THE EARTH'S CRYOSPHERE of the more than 7.0 billion human beings on Earth today [in 2012], almost 2 billion more people added since

  7. Advertising on the Web One of the big surprises of the 21st century has been the ability of all sorts of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ullman, Jeffrey D.

    Chapter 8 Advertising on the Web One of the big surprises of the 21st century has been the ability of all sorts of interesting Web applications to support themselves through advertising, rather than subscription. While radio and television have managed to use advertising as their primary revenue source, most

  8. Downscaling CMIP5 climate models shows increased tropical cyclone activity over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Emanuel, Kerry Andrew

    A recently developed technique for simulating large [O(10[superscript 4])] numbers of tropical cyclones in climate states described by global gridded data is applied to simulations of historical and future climate states ...

  9. INTERNATIONAL COMMAND AND CONTROL RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY SYMPOSIUM ADAPTING C2 FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Laskey, Kathryn Blackmond

    D is pressing for rapid adoption of the Global Information Grid (GIG), a centerpiece of its transformation towards network-centric operations. Among the enabling technologies being leveraged by GIG-related efforts consumers and providers of information and data processing resources. However, implementing SOA in the GIG

  10. Whitehead Policy Symposium. The Human Genome Project: Science, law, and social change in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nichols, E.K.

    2000-02-17

    Advances in the biomedical sciences, especially in human genomics, will dramatically influence law, medicine, public health, and many other sectors of our society in the decades ahead. The public already senses the revolutionary nature of genomic knowledge. In the US and Europe, we have seen widespread discussions about genetic discrimination in health insurance; privacy issues raised by the proliferation of DNA data banks; the challenge of interpreting new DNA diagnostic tests; changing definitions of what it means to be healthy; and the science and ethics of cloning animals and human beings. The primary goal of the Whitehead/ASLME Policy Symposium was to provide a bridge between the research community and professionals, who were just beginning to grasp the potential impact of new genetic technologies on their fields. The ''Human Genome Project: Science, Law, and Social Change in the 21st Century'' initially was designed as a forum for 300-500 physicians, lawyers, consumers, ethicists, and scientists to explore the impact of new genetic technologies and prepare for the challenges ahead.

  11. Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century (EIRR21): Description of an Innovative Research Training Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    P'ng, Christine; Ito, Emma; Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario ; How, Christine; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Bezjak, Andrea; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Bristow, Rob; Ontario Cancer Institute, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Catton, Pam; Fyles, Anthony; Gospodarowicz, Mary; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Jaffray, David; Department of Medical Biophysics, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario; Department of Radiation Oncology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario ; Kelley, Shana; Wong Shun; Odette Cancer Center, Toronto, Ontario ; Liu Feifei

    2012-08-01

    Purpose: To describe and assess an interdisciplinary research training program for graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and clinical fellows focused on radiation medicine; funded by the Canadian Institutes for Health Research since 2003, the program entitled 'Excellence in Radiation Research for the 21st Century' (EIRR21) aims to train the next generation of interdisciplinary radiation medicine researchers. Methods and Materials: Online surveys evaluating EIRR21 were sent to trainees (n=56), mentors (n=36), and seminar speakers (n=72). Face-to-face interviews were also conducted for trainee liaisons (n=4) and participants in the international exchange program (n=2). Results: Overall response rates ranged from 53% (mentors) to 91% (trainees). EIRR21 was well received by trainees, with the acquisition of several important skills related to their research endeavors. An innovative seminar series, entitled Brainstorm sessions, imparting 'extracurricular' knowledge in intellectual property protection, commercialization strategies, and effective communication, was considered to be the most valuable component of the program. Networking with researchers in other disciplines was also facilitated owing to program participation. Conclusions: EIRR21 is an innovative training program that positively impacts the biomedical community and imparts valuable skill sets to foster success for the future generation of radiation medicine researchers.

  12. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices; Modeling Exhaust Dispersion for Specifying Acceptable Exhaust/Intake Design (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    This guide provides general information on specifying acceptable exhaust and intake designs. It also provides various quantitative approaches that can be used to determine expected concentration levels resulting from exhaust system emissions. In addition, the guide describes methodologies that can be employed to operate laboratory exhaust systems in a safe and energy efficient manner by using variable air volume (VAV) technology. The guide, one in a series on best practices for laboratories, was produced by Laboratories for the 21st Century (Labs21), a joint program of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Geared toward architects, engineers, and facility managers, the guides contain information about technologies and practices to use in designing, constructing, and operating safe, sustainable, high-performance laboratories. Studies show a direct relationship between indoor air quality and the health and productivity of building occupants. Historically, the study and protection of indoor air quality focused on emission sources emanating from within the building. For example, to ensure that the worker is not exposed to toxic chemicals, 'as manufactured' and 'as installed' containment specifications are required for fume hoods. However, emissions from external sources, which may be re-ingested into the building through closed circuiting between the building's exhaust stacks and air intakes, are an often overlooked aspect of indoor air quality.

  13. Secretary Chu to Discuss Importance of Electric Grid Modernization...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Chu will discuss the need to modernize America's electric grid to compete in the 21st century global economy. Secretary Chu will deliver remarks and participate in a...

  14. Onsite Distributed Generation Systems For Laboratories, Laboratories for the 21st Century: Best Practices (Brochure)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2011-09-01

    This guide provides general information on implementing onsite distributed generation systems in laboratory environments. Specific technology applications, general performance information, and cost data are provided to educate and encourage laboratory energy managers to consider onsite power generation or combined heat and power (CHP) systems for their facilities. After conducting an initial screening, energy managers are encouraged to conduct a detailed feasibility study with actual cost and performance data for technologies that look promising. Onsite distributed generation systems are small, modular, decentralized, grid-connected, or off-grid energy systems. These systems are located at or near the place where the energy is used. These systems are also known as distributed energy or distributed power systems. DG technologies are generally considered those that produce less than 20 megawatts (MW) of power. A number of technologies can be applied as effective onsite DG systems, including: (1) Diesel, natural gas, and dual-fuel reciprocating engines; (2) Combustion turbines and steam turbines; (3) Fuel cells; (4) Biomass heating; (5) Biomass combined heat and power; (6) Photovoltaics; and (7) Wind turbines. These systems can provide a number of potential benefits to an individual laboratory facility or campus, including: (1) High-quality, reliable, and potentially dispatchable power; (2) Low-cost energy and long-term utility cost assurance, especially where electricity and/or fuel costs are high; (3) Significantly reduced greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Typical CHP plants reduce onsite GHG by 40 to 60 percent; (4) Peak demand shaving where demand costs are high; (5) CHP where thermal energy can be used in addition to electricity; (6) The ability to meet standby power needs, especially where utility-supplied power is interrupted frequently or for long periods and where standby power is required for safety or emergencies; and (7) Use for standalone or off-grid systems where extending the grid is too expensive or impractical. Because they are installed close to the load, DG systems avoid some of the disadvantages of large, central power plants, such as transmission and distribution losses over long electric lines.

  15. Smart Grid Technology Gives Small Business New Light | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    enabling here and learn more about modernizing our grid for the 21st century, visit SmartGrid.gov. Addthis Related Articles Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid...

  16. LIMITED SUBMISSION Obama-Singh 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Finley Jr., Russell L.

    -secondary educational institutions, in the thematic areas of energy; sustainable development; climate changeLIMITED SUBMISSION Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative (OSI) US-India Institutional for the support of projects through the Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative (OSI). Announced by the U.S

  17. Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2010 Edition SUPPLIER DIVERSITY IN THE 21st CENTURY: Surviving the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pittendrigh, Barry

    1 Office of Supplier Diversity Development Spring 2010 Edition SUPPLIER DIVERSITY IN THE 21st of a supplier diversity program requires greater focus and attention. The starting point - an organization-wide recommitment to diverse suppliers. In good times, one role of the supplier diversity executive was to promote

  18. Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    is low by giving you a lower price for electricity during those times. Tips: Time-Based Electricity Rates Consumers can track their energy usage and get energy-saving tips with...

  19. Smart Grid Week: How the Transition to 21st Century Grid Impacts You |

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation ofAlbuquerque|Sensitive Species3performed StevenSmall Particles,inSmart

  20. SEAB Memorandum on NAS Report, Aligning the Governance Structure of the NNSA Laboratories to Meet 21st Century National Security Challenges

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    This memorandum transmits the comments of the SEAB Task Force on DOE National Laboratories on the recently released report of the Committee on Assessment of the Governance Structure of the NNSA National Security, entitled Aligning the Governance Structure of the NNSA Laboratories to Meet 21st Century National Security Challenges. That committee, chaired by Richard A. Meserve, was formed by the National Research Council in response to the FY2013 National Defense Authorization Act which directed the Administrator of the NNSA to “commission an independent assessment regarding the transition of the NNSA laboratories to multiagency, federally funded research and development centers (FFRDCs) with direct sustainment and sponsorship by multiple national security agencies.”

  1. Ohio State receives Obama-Singh award The Ohio State University is one of four U.S. universities to receive the highly competitive Obama-Singh 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nahar, Sultana Nurun

    Ohio State receives Obama-Singh award The Ohio State University is one of four U.S. universities to receive the highly competitive Obama-Singh 21st Century Knowledge Initiative award for its project and research at Indian universities in collaboration with universities in the United States. The Obama-Singh

  2. The Ozone Layer in the 21st Lead Authors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robock, Alan

    CHAPTER 6 The Ozone Layer in the 21st Century Lead Authors: G.E. Bodeker D.W. Waugh Coauthors: H;#12;CHAPTER 6 THE OZONE LAYER IN THE 21ST CENTURY Contents SCIENTIFIC SUMMARY . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6.5 6.2 A FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING CHANGES IN OZONE ABUNDANCES

  3. Argonne OutLoud: Renewing Our Grid - Power for the 21st Century (Sept. 19,

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room News Publications TraditionalWithAntiferromagnetic Argonne National Laboratory |10,(Dec.

  4. June 13, 2011: Building the 21st Century Grid | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy A plug-inPPLforLDRDEnergy CopyrightsRoomRussianJonathanJune 13, 2011: Building

  5. Progress on Our 21st Century Grid: Powering Our Country and Our Economy |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergy AEnergyPresidential PermitDAYSDepartmentWork Progresses1, 2009Department|

  6. EAC Presentation on the Policy Framework for a 21st Century Grid: Enabling

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based|Department of Energy 8:Final78:20-C NRG Powerlow-carbon Europe

  7. A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative FuelsofProgram:Y-12 Beta-3 Racetracks25 AMO PeerServices6ProgramA LittleEnergy

  8. America's Competitiveness Depends on a 21st Century Grid | Department of

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment of EnergyResearchers atDay 12:wasProjects |Solar Cars byof

  9. How Synchrophasors are Bringing the Grid into the 21st Century | Department

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE: Alternative Fuelsof Energy ServicesContracting OversightEMSHomeMicrogrids Work HowMuch Doof

  10. USDA Forest Service Gen. Tech. Rep. PSW-GTR-193. 2004. 43 Recent Projections of 21st-Century Climate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Westerling, Anthony L.

    in the atmosphere. The model, part of the Department of Energy-funded Accelerated Climate Prediction Initiative, and ecosystems. Simulated temperatures in climate-model grid cells over Northern California began to warm notably by the coupled global atmosphere-ocean-ice- land Parallel Climate Model (PCM) in response to historical

  11. Contrasts in the effects on climate of anthropogenic sulfate aerosols between the 20th and the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dufresne, Jean-Louis

    , to be compared to the 1.4 K warming due to greenhouse gas increase. In contrast, the projected temperature change for the climate after the green- house gases (GHG) [Ramaswamy et al., 2001]. They reflect solar radiation (direct effect that has partly canceled the climate warming due to GHG increase during the 20th century

  12. A KNOWLEDGE DISCOVERY STRATEGY FOR RELATING SEA SURFACE TEMPERATURES TO FREQUENCIES OF TROPICAL STORMS AND GENERATING PREDICTIONS OF HURRICANES UNDER 21ST-CENTURY GLOBAL WARMING SCENARIOS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Race, Caitlin; Steinbach, Michael; Ganguly, Auroop R; Semazzi, Fred; Kumar, Vipin

    2010-01-01

    The connections among greenhouse-gas emissions scenarios, global warming, and frequencies of hurricanes or tropical cyclones are among the least understood in climate science but among the most fiercely debated in the context of adaptation decisions or mitigation policies. Here we show that a knowledge discovery strategy, which leverages observations and climate model simulations, offers the promise of developing credible projections of tropical cyclones based on sea surface temperatures (SST) in a warming environment. While this study motivates the development of new methodologies in statistics and data mining, the ability to solve challenging climate science problems with innovative combinations of traditional and state-of-the-art methods is demonstrated. Here we develop new insights, albeit in a proof-of-concept sense, on the relationship between sea surface temperatures and hurricane frequencies, and generate the most likely projections with uncertainty bounds for storm counts in the 21st-century warming environment based in turn on the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Special Report on Emissions Scenarios. Our preliminary insights point to the benefits that can be achieved for climate science and impacts analysis, as well as adaptation and mitigation policies, by a solution strategy that remains tailored to the climate domain and complements physics-based climate model simulations with a combination of existing and new computational and data science approaches.

  13. Climate mitigation’s impact on global and regional electric power sector water use in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.; Kyle, G. Page; Davies, Evan

    2013-08-05

    Over the course of this coming century, global electricity use is expected to grow at least five fold and if stringent greenhouse gas emissions controls are in place the growth could be more than seven fold from current levels. Given that the electric power sector represents the second largest anthropogenic use of water and given growing concerns about the nature and extent of future water scarcity driven by population growth and a changing climate, significant concern has been expressed about the electricity sector’s use of water going forward. In this paper, the authors demonstrate that an often overlooked but absolutely critical issue that needs to be taken into account in discussions about the sustainability of the electric sector’s water use going forward is the tremendous turn over in electricity capital stock that will occur over the course of this century; i.e., in the scenarios examined here more than 80% of global electricity production in the year 2050 is from facilities that have not yet been built. The authors show that because of the large scale changes in the global electricity system, the water withdrawal intensity of electricity production is likely to drop precipitously with the result being relatively constant water withdrawals over the course of the century even in the face of the large growth in electricity usage. The ability to cost effectively reduce the water intensity of power plants with carbon dioxide capture and storage systems in particular is key to constraining overall global water use.

  14. 2000 U.S. Department of Energy Strategic Plan: Strength through Science Powering the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None,

    2000-09-01

    The Department of Energy conducts programs relating to energy resources, national nuclear security, environmental quality, and science. In each of these areas, the US is facing significant challenges. Our economic well-being depends on the continuing availability of reliable and affordable supplies of clean energy. Our Nation's security is threatened by the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. Our environment is under threat from the demands a more populated planet and the legacies of 20th-century activities. Science and the technology derived from it offer the promise to improve the Nation's health and well-being and broadly expand human knowledge. In conducting its programs, the Department of Energy (DOE) employs unique scientific and technical assets, including 30,000 scientists, engineers, and other technical staff, in a complex of outstanding national laboratories that have a capital value of over $45 billion. Through its multidisciplinary research and development activities and its formidable assemblage of scientific and engineering talent, DOE focuses its efforts on four programmatic business lines: (1) Energy Resources--promoting the development and deployment of systems and practices that provide energy that is clean, efficient, reasonably priced, and reliable. (2) National Nuclear Security--enhancing national security through military application of nuclear technology and by reducing global danger from the potential spread of weapons of mass destruction. (3) Environmental Quality--cleaning up the legacy of nuclear weapons and nuclear research activities, safely managing nuclear materials, and disposing of radioactive wastes. (4) Science--advancing science and scientific tools to provide the foundation for DOE's applied missions and to provide remarkable insights into our physical and biological world. In support of the above four business lines, DOE provides management services to ensure that the technical programs can run efficiently. Our Corporate Management area deals with organizational and management challenges that we must address to better serve our customers, and ultimately, U.S. taxpayers, in an effective and efficient manner. Within Corporate Management, we strive for excellence in the Department's environment, safety, and health practices, together with effective management systems and efficient business practices.

  15. Microsoft Word - Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid_Final...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    our 21 st Century Economy V1.0 Barriers to Achieving the Modern Grid A declining infusion of new thought is occurring. The technical experience base of utilities is graying....

  16. Smart Grid Week: R&D Projects Paving the Way to the 21st Century Grid |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWestMayBuilding K-25 cleanup at theProjectsDepartment of

  17. Vids 4 Grids: Surge Arresters and Switchgears

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    A new video series is increasing general public knowledge of the cutting edge jobs in the power sector that are essential to implementing a national clean-energy Smart Grid. Find out how switches and surge arresters are making the grid more reliable -- helping to bring the grid into the 21st century.

  18. WORLD WISE'99-Winnipeg, Manitoba Taylor Bridge -A Bridge For the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and build the Taylor "smart" Bridge utilizing fibre reinforced polymer (FRP) reinforcing materialsWORLD WISE'99- Winnipeg, Manitoba Taylor Bridge - A Bridge For the 21st Century Taylor Bridge - A Bridge For the 21st Century Emile ShehataI, Rick Haldane-Wilsone1 , Doug Stewart!, Gamil Tadros2 and Sami

  19. Water Management, Risk, and Uncertainty: Things We Wish We Knew in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shaw, W. Douglass

    Water Management, Risk, and Uncertainty: Things We Wish We Knew in the 21st Century [Forthcoming;1 Introduction A survey is offered of the most difficult and challenging issues to water managers in the 21st Century, focusing on the economics of risks and more so, uncertainty. Risk and uncertainty is addressed

  20. Montana Library Association Preconference Catalogers' Use of MARC and 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moen, William E.

    Montana Library Association Preconference Catalogers' Use of MARC and 21st Century Cataloging into the Present ... to the Future and Beyond 10:00 - 10:15 am Break 10:15 - 11:00 am Catalogers' Use of MARC 11, & Wrap up #12;Catalogers' Use of MARC and 21st Century Cataloging: Challenges and Opportunities Moen

  1. Vadose zone lag time and potential 21st century climate change effects on spatially distributed groundwater recharge in the semi-arid Nebraska

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Szilagyi, Jozsef

    to centuries in semi-arid and arid environments. Yet, studies of future climate change impacts to GR have groundwater recharge in the semi-arid Nebraska Sand Hills N.R. Rossman a, , V.A. Zlotnik a , C.M. Rowe a , J Keywords: Groundwater recharge Climate change Vadose zone Lag time Groundwater modeling Nebraska Sand Hills

  2. Estimating the supply and demand for deep geologic CO2 storage capacity over the course of the 21st Century: A meta-analysis of the literature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dooley, James J.

    2013-08-05

    Whether there is sufficient geologic CO2 storage capacity to allow CCS to play a significant role in mitigating climate change has been the subject of debate since the 1990s. This paper presents a meta- analysis of a large body of recently published literature to derive updated estimates of the global deep geologic storage resource as well as the potential demand for this geologic CO2 storage resource over the course of this century. This analysis reveals that, for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation scenarios that have end-of-century atmospheric CO2 concentrations of between 350 ppmv and 725 ppmv, the average demand for deep geologic CO2 storage over the course of this century is between 410 GtCO2 and 1,670 GtCO2. The literature summarized here suggests that -- depending on the stringency of criteria applied to calculate storage capacity – global geologic CO2 storage capacity could be: 35,300 GtCO2 of “theoretical” capacity; 13,500 GtCO2 of “effective” capacity; 3,900 GtCO2, of “practical” capacity; and 290 GtCO2 of “matched” capacity for the few regions where this narrow definition of capacity has been calculated. The cumulative demand for geologic CO2 storage is likely quite small compared to global estimates of the deep geologic CO2 storage capacity, and therefore, a “lack” of deep geologic CO2 storage capacity is unlikely to be an impediment for the commercial adoption of CCS technologies in this century.

  3. Century Learning through Apple Technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    21st Century Learning through Apple Technology July 4 ­ 5, 2013 This exciting institute will appeal to educators who wish to enhance their teaching in support of 21st century learning using Apple technology. This institute begins with a keynote address that looks at how new technologies can enhance 21st century learning

  4. Community Interaction in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geldenhuys, Jaco

    Service expands Kollegas huldig Neville Alexander #12;2 KAmpUSNUUS www.sun.ac.za/kampusnuus 3 12 1511 Foto research team that has been patented and will now be sold as a product in pharmacies. We also get to know by kampusnuus@sun.ac.za, of lewer kommentaar op die US se Facebook-blad of Twitter. Redakteur: Wayne Muller

  5. ';.1 ...... FRP FOR THE 21st CENTURY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experience in the construction of the first smart concrete highway bridge built in Calgary, Alberta. Design and construction details of the second bridge to be built in Canada using FRP shear and prestressing reinforcement. Applications of FRP FRP have been used in many civil engineering applications, such as bridges, buildings, off

  6. MCNP APPLICATIONS FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    G. MCKINNEY; T. BOOTH; ET AL

    2000-10-01

    The Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code, MCNP, has become an international standard for a wide spectrum of neutron, photon, and electron radiation transport applications. The latest version of the code, MCNP 4C, was released to the Radiation Safety Information Computational Center (RSICC) in February 2000. This paper describes the code development philosophy, new features and capabilities, applicability to various problems, and future directions.

  7. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity, this economic expansion has been accompanied by a corresponding surge in energy consumption. China beca

  8. China's March on the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deutch, John

    ,523/3,299 5,250/10,581 25,028/43,676 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Oil Natural Gas Electricity Nuclear Electricity Coal CO/day (oil); trillion cu feet (natural gas); billion kWh (electricity); billion kWh (nuclear electricity COORDINATOR NATIONAL SECURITY AND INTERNATIONAL POLICY CENTER FOR AMERICAN PROGRESS China's remarkable

  9. Training the 21st Century Immunologist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spreafico, R; Mitchell, S; Hoffmann, A

    2015-01-01

    bioinformatician and computational systems biolo- gist.in bioinformatics and computational systems biol- ogy isA. (2010) Computational modeling in systems biology. Methods

  10. Spaces of innovation : 21st century technopoles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitinger, Susanne, 1978-

    2004-01-01

    Public authorities and private developers around the world are attempting to create and sustain hubs within the innovation-based economy by fostering successful urban environments. These large-scale developments succeed ...

  11. Research universities for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gover, J.; Huray, P.G.

    1998-05-01

    The `public outcomes` from research universities are educated students and research that extends the frontiers of knowledge. Measures of these `public outcomes` are inadequate to permit either research or education consumers to select research universities based on quantitative performance data. Research universities annually spend over $20 billion on research; 60% of these funds are provided by Federal sources. Federal funding for university research has recently grown at an annual rate near 6% during a time period when other performers of Federal research have experienced real funding cuts. Ten universities receive about 25% of the Federal funds spent on university research. Numerous studies of US research universities are reporting storm clouds. Concerns include balancing research and teaching, the narrow focus of engineering education, college costs, continuing education, and public funding of foreign student education. The absence of research on the `public outcomes` from university research results in opinion, politics, and mythology forming the basis of too many decisions. Therefore, the authors recommend studies of other nations` research universities, studies of various economic models of university research, analysis of the peer review process and how well it identifies the most capable research practitioners and at what cost, and studies of research university ownership of intellectual property that can lead to increased `public outcomes` from publicly-funded research performed by research universities. They advocate two practices that could increase the `public outcomes` from university research. These are the development of science roadmaps that link science research to `public outcomes` and `public outcome` metrics. Changes in the university research culture and expanded use of the Internet could also lead to increased `public outcomes`. They recommend the use of tax incentives to encourage companies to develop research partnerships with research universities.

  12. Water in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Piechota, Thomas C

    2013-02-08

    This research project focused on sustainability issues in the southwest U.S. with an emphasis on water and energy. The efforts were directed through the UNLV Urban Sustainability Office with the funding used to develop a sustainability strategic plan; conduct extensive community outreach in the greater metropolitan area; provide seed money for multidisciplinary research teams to conduct studies in the areas of ecological, socio-cultural, and economic sustainability leading to community-based solutions; and to provide service-learning opportunities for UNLV graduate and undergraduate students. The research advanced understanding of urban and regional water issues with a particular focus on climate change and climate variability in the southwest. In addition, various events were held to promote discussion on energy, water, and sustainability discussions in the community. The impact of this research was broad dissemination of research through 13 peer-reviewed publications, learning opportunities for countless students as a result of class room equipment upgrades (see report for upgrade details), and new research funding for further advancement of these research efforts.

  13. 21st CENTURY ADS In CONTEXT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Accelerator-Driven System (ADS) · High power proton accelerator (E ~0.6 ­ 2 Gev; I = xmA > 5 MW) · Heavy accelerator-driven systems technology for nuclear waste transmutation and power generation (e.g., MYRRAH, SMART). · Finding #2: Accelerator-driven sub-critical systems offer the potential for safely burning

  14. Electron Beam--21st Century Food Technology 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vestal, Andy

    2003-03-07

    This publication explains electron beam irradiation technology to consumers, industry professionals and government officials. Electron beam irradiation is a method of treating food and other products for pathogens that ...

  15. A School for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Instituto de Sistemas e Robotica

    porous media, gas-liquid reactions, Henry's law AMS subject classifications. 35K57, 35B27, 65N30, 80A32

  16. Developing a 21st Century Aerospace Workforce

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Joel Cutcher-Gershenfeld

    2003-04-16

    Across the industry there are leaders at every level who are being challenged to think and act in new ways. The same is true for this commission. This can't be a "business as usual" review of the industry's status. As the ...

  17. BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORT IN THE 21st WHY FIRE SAFETY IS A REAL ISSUE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    BIOFUELS FOR TRANSPORT IN THE 21st CENTURY: WHY FIRE SAFETY IS A REAL ISSUE Guy Marlair1 , Patricia's), with thé new century venue we are assisting of a booming industry regarding biofuels of biofuels for transport. This contribution is a fîrst output from a National research program named

  18. Addressing 21st Century GrandAddressing 21st Century Grand Challenges throughChallenges through

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ] Decadal Regional Climate Prediction using Earth Systems Models (EaSM): NSF, DOE, USDA program to fund next-generation Earth System Models Emerging Frontiers in Research and Innovation (EFRI): NSF, DOE, EPA focus this year

  19. Software Engineering for the 21st A basis for rethinking the curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Software Engineering for the 21st Century: A basis for rethinking the curriculum Mary Shaw (editor Science #12;Keywords: software engineering education, software engineering, education #12;Abstract curriculum in software engineering and related topics. This manifesto describes the Carnegie Mellon approach

  20. Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric Grid Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st Century Electric Grid November 19, 2012 -...

  1. Ballad Tradition in the 21st Century: The Outlaw Ballad 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Grace

    2014-11-17

    , and as Meyer added in 1980, he is granted a sort of mythical prestige that makes people wonder if he is really dead (74-75). For two years (2008-2010), a teenage boy with a quickly mounting criminal record and a knack for eluding all the resources... such as Louise Pound and George Lyman Kittredge declared the tradition dead. They believed that due to the introduction of recording technology and the lack of suitable modern content, “ballad-making [was] a closed account.” (Pound, “Ballad-Making” 628...

  2. Understanding Resource Nationalism in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hughes, Llewelyn; Kreyling, Sean J.

    2010-07-26

    Resource nationalism in oil-importing states appears on the rise. Oil price volatility underpinned by demand growth has led China, India and others to increase state support for national-flag firms in order to increase the state’s energy self-sufficiency. Both Chinese and Indian National Oil Companies (NOCs) have made energy investments worldwide, including in Sudan and Iran. Long-standing oil importers such as the United States and Japan have reenergized policies designed to increase domestic production of crude and crude substitutes, or have subsidized national-flag firms, in the name of energy independence.

  3. University of California DEEP: A 21st-Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ............................................................................. 9 The University of California, Santa Cruz: Home to World-Class Instrumentation's largest telescopes, collecting four times more light each than the famous Palomar 200-inch (5-meter light that has traveled billion

  4. Rethinking Machine Learning in the 21st Century: From

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Amherst, University of

    PPPPPPPPPPPPPPq ? ? HHH HHHHHHj HH HH HHH HHj ? ? ) ) · · · · · · · · · 1 1 1 ok· · · nj· · · mi· · · Network

  5. California wine industry evolving to compete in 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goodhue, Rachael; Green, Richard; Heien, Dale; Martin, Philip

    2008-01-01

    13 includes Kings and Tulare counties north of Nevada14 includes Kings and Tulare counties south of Nevadaaver- age. Fresno, Madera and Tulare counties (district 13)

  6. 21st Century Zombies: New Media, Cinema, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joanne Marie

    2011-01-01

    Shaviro, Steven. The Cinematic Body. Minneapolis: UniversityImperialist Hegemony and the Cinematic Voodoo Zombie. ” TheIRL,” I move beyond the cinematic genre to explore instances

  7. Defining nuclear security in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E

    2009-01-01

    A conference devoted to Reducing the Risks from Radioactive and Nuclear Materials presupposes that such risks exist. Few would disagree, but what are they? While debate on the nature and severity of risks associated with nuclear energy will always remain, it is easy to define a set of risks that are almost universally acknowledged. These include: (1) Nuclear warfare between states; (2) Continued proliferation of nuclear weapons and weapons-grade nuclear materials to states and non-state actors; (3) Terrorists or non-state actor acquisition or use nuclear weapons or nuclear materials; (4) Terrorists or non-state actors attack on a nuclear facility; and (5) Loss or diversion of nuclear weapons or materials by a state to unauthorized uses. These are listed in no particular order of likelihood or potential consequence. They are also very broadly stated, each one could be broken down into a more detailed set of discrete risks or threats. The fact that there is a strong consensus on the existence of these risks is evidence that we remain in an era of nuclear insecurity. This becomes even clearer when we note that most major trends influencing the probability of these risks continue to run in a negative direction.

  8. Weatherization Plus — Opportunities for the 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Millennium Committee Strategy Report for the DOE Weatherization Assistance Program; 15 pp.; April 1999.

  9. Status Report on Power System Transformation: A 21st Century...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    power and transport are becoming increasingly connected through expanded deployment of hybrid and electric vehicles, and potentially also hydrogen fuel cell vehicles. Integrated...

  10. 21st Century Zombies: New Media, Cinema, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joanne Marie

    2011-01-01

    of an uncontrollable computer virus. 28 DAYS LATER… 145 Thevirus, which is a type of code. Thacker elaborates further on the intermingling of genetic and computer

  11. Multimodel projections of stratospheric ozone in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    predict continued, global mean cooling of the stratosphere over the next 5 decades, increasing from around 0.25 K/decade at 50 hPa to around 1 K/ decade at 1 hPa under the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate evolution is mainly determined by decreases in halogen concentrations and continued cooling of the global

  12. Laboratories for the 21st Century Agency Resources | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    for Energy Efficiency Room Temperature Storage of Biological Samples System Static Pressure Optimization Design Process Tools Design Process Manual: Web-based tool that...

  13. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    and combined-heat-and-power, where they provide unparalleled reliability and en- hanced efficiency. Continuing technological progress will enable fuel cells to compete in new...

  14. Effective Materials Property Information Management for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ren, Weiju [ORNL; Cebon, David [Cambridge University; Barabash, Oleg M [ORNL

    2011-01-01

    This paper discusses key principles for the development of materials property information management software systems. There are growing needs for automated materials information management in various organizations. In part these are fuelled by the demands for higher efficiency in material testing, product design and engineering analysis. But equally important, organizations are being driven by the needs for consistency, quality and traceability of data, as well as control of access to proprietary or sensitive information. Further, the use of increasingly sophisticated nonlinear, anisotropic and multi-scale engineering analyses requires both processing of large volumes of test data for development of constitutive models and complex materials data input for Computer-Aided Engineering (CAE) software. And finally, the globalization of economy often generates great needs for sharing a single gold source of materials information between members of global engineering teams in extended supply-chains. Fortunately material property management systems have kept pace with the growing user demands and evolved to versatile data management systems that can be customized to specific user needs. The more sophisticated of these provide facilities for: (i) data management functions such as access, version, and quality controls; (ii) a wide range of data import, export and analysis capabilities; (iii) data pedigree traceability mechanisms; (iv) data searching, reporting and viewing tools; and (v) access to the information via a wide range of interfaces. In this paper the important requirements for advanced material data management systems, future challenges and opportunities such as automated error checking, data quality characterization, identification of gaps in datasets, as well as functionalities and business models to fuel database growth and maintenance are discussed.

  15. A 21st Century Perspective of Poliovirus Replication

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lévęque, N; Semler, BL

    2015-01-01

    re- gion of human rhinovirus (HRV) RNA and later in the 2Cpoliovirus and its relative, HRV, were the first an- imal

  16. Steam Tracing...New Technologies for the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pitzer, R. K.; Barth, R. E.; Bonorden, C.

    1999-01-01

    For decades, steam tracing has been an accepted practice in the heating of piping, vessels, and equipment. This paper presents recent product innovations such as "burn-safe" and "energy efficient" steam tracing products. For the many applications...

  17. Rare Isotope Beams for the 21st Century

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    James Symons

    2010-01-08

    In a scientific keynote address on Friday, June 12 at Michigan State University (MSU) in East Lansing, James Symons, Director of Berkeley Labs Nuclear Science Division (NSD), discussed the exciting research prospects of the new Facility for Rare Isotope Beams (FRIB) to be built at MSUs National Superconducting Cyclotron Laboratory.

  18. Tackling a Key 21st Century Evaluation Challenge

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Scheduled for November 4-6, 2014 in Washington D.C., this 2nd International Conference will tackle the difficulties linked to the evaluation of climate change and development, described by many as...

  19. The waterfront engine : proposal for a 21st century Delhi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morgan de Rivery, Philippe

    2007-01-01

    Delhi, a 14 million people megacity, has a huge open space area available in its heart along the banks of the Yamuna River. At the same time, Delhi, which would like to become a fully-fledged global city, does not have a ...

  20. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01

    de ejecutar complejos algoritmos de síntesis de imágenes en la Red. Los algoritmos de búsqueda en Google sobreo menos complejos) algoritmos de búsqueda. Una ordenación

  1. Homepage: Strategic Weapons in the 21st Century Conference |...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    CalendarMapsOrganizationPhonebookPolicy CenterEmergency NEWS LIBRARY JOBS Search Conference Home Conference Agenda Conference Participants Conference Summary Contacts LANL...

  2. Family Careers Reloaded: Lessons for the 21st Century Workforce 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, Porscha

    2014-10-23

    of this study was to understand the nature of family career legacies from the personal experiences of family members who sought positions in the family’s business. This study uses a narrative analysis guided by the conceptual framework of career construction...

  3. 21st Century Zombies: New Media, Cinema, and Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Joanne Marie

    2011-01-01

    Feature-Length Zombie Cinema Produced in English 2. Dir.Lawrence D. Folds. Star Cinema, 1981. Film. Doomed. Dir.Richard Griffin. EI Independent Cinema, 2004. Video. Female

  4. Industrial Wireless Technology for the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2002-12-01

    In July 2002, the U.S. Department of Energy's Industrial Technologies Program sponsored the Industrial Wireless Workshop as a forum for articulating some long-term goals that may help guide the development of industrial wireless sensor systems. Over 30 individuals, representing manufacturers and suppliers, end users, universities, and national laboratories, attended the workshop in San Francisco and participated in a series of facilitated sessions. The workshop participants cooperatively developed a unified vision for the future and defined specific goals and challenges. This document presents the results of the workshop as well as some context for non-experts.

  5. Nuclear Energy: Policies and Technology for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The Department of Energy (DOE) Nuclear Energy Advisory Committee (NEAC) formed two subcommittees to develop a report for the new Administration: a Policy Subcommittee chartered to evaluate U.S....

  6. Supporting the Development of 21st Century Skills

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bull, Susan

    it is a challenging task for a teacher to micro-manage group work (with or without ICT) in a classroom with many fewer activity management tasks to deal with and can concentrate on the overall classroom process]. We consider this to be a contribution to the challenges of `classroom orchestra- tion' [4]. Because

  7. A 21st century model for our state's future prosperity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reh, Thomas A.

    airplanes took flight, UW graduates were out front. When the human genome was mapped, UW researchers led, discovered planets in distant solar systems -- and the list goes on. Our state is a hub of creativity

  8. Plant biology research and training for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, K.

    1992-01-01

    The committee was assembled in response to a request from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the US Department of Energy (DoE). The leadership of these agencies asked the National Academy of Sciences through the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the status of plant-science research in the United States in light of the opportunities arising from advances inother areas of biology. NRC was asked to suggest ways of accelerating the application of these new biologic concepts and tools to research in plant science with the aim of enhancing the acquisition of new knowledge about plants. The charge to the committee was to examine the following: Organizations, departments, and institutions conducting plant biology research; human resources involved in plant biology research; graduate training programs in plant biology; federal, state, and private sources of support for plant-biology research; the role of industry in conducting and supporting plant-biology research; the international status of US plant-biology research; and the relationship of plant biology to leading-edge research in biology.

  9. Plant biology research and training for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kelly, K.

    1992-12-31

    The committee was assembled in response to a request from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), and the US Department of Energy (DoE). The leadership of these agencies asked the National Academy of Sciences through the National Research Council (NRC) to assess the status of plant-science research in the United States in light of the opportunities arising from advances inother areas of biology. NRC was asked to suggest ways of accelerating the application of these new biologic concepts and tools to research in plant science with the aim of enhancing the acquisition of new knowledge about plants. The charge to the committee was to examine the following: Organizations, departments, and institutions conducting plant biology research; human resources involved in plant biology research; graduate training programs in plant biology; federal, state, and private sources of support for plant-biology research; the role of industry in conducting and supporting plant-biology research; the international status of US plant-biology research; and the relationship of plant biology to leading-edge research in biology.

  10. 21st Century Renewable Fuels, Energy, and Materials

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Berry, K. Joel; Das, Susanta K.

    2012-11-29

    The objectives of this project were multi-fold: (i) conduct fundamental studies to develop a new class of high temperature PEM fuel cell material capable of conducting protons at elevated temperature (180°C), (ii) develop and fabricate a 5k We novel catalytic flat plate steam reforming process for extracting hydrogen from multi-fuels and integrate with high-temperature PEM fuel cell systems, (iii) research and develop improved oxygen permeable membranes for high power density lithium air battery with simple control systems and reduced cost, (iv) research on high energy yield agriculture bio-crop (Miscanthus) suitable for reformate fuel/alternative fuel with minimum impact on human food chain and develop a cost analysis and production model, and (v) develop math and science alternative energy educator program to include bio-energy and power.

  11. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 28

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Ramu Chandra

    2010-02-19

    Thermal testing of a subscale locomotive sodium battery module was initiated.to validate thermal models. The hybrid trip optimizer problem was formulated. As outcomes of this project, GE has proceeded to commercialize trip optimizer technology, and has initiated work on a state-of-the-art battery manufacturing plant for high energy density, sodium-based batteries.

  12. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01

    oth the Avant-Pop and the Pop Art movements share a focus onthe two concepts lies in Pop Art’s faithful duplication ofmomento, como un spin off del Pop Art clásico. Sin embargo,

  13. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    confirmation that in vitro toxicity test systems accurately mirror relative response of lungs to different exposures, and the poor ability to separate different components from...

  14. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 29

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo, Ramu Chandra

    2010-05-24

    Hybrid trip optimizer analysis tool has been implemented, to determine the optimal driving and hybrid charge-discharge control for a train.

  15. HYDROGEN COMMERCIALIZATION: TRANSPORTATION FUEL FOR THE 21ST CENTURY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    APOLONIO DEL TORO

    2008-05-27

    Since 1999, SunLine Transit Agency has worked with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), and the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to develop and test hydrogen infrastructure, fuel cell buses, a heavy-duty fuel cell truck, a fuel cell neighborhood electric vehicle, fuel cell golf carts and internal combustion engine buses operating on a mixture of hydrogen and compressed natural gas (CNG). SunLine has cultivated a rich history of testing and demonstrating equipment for leading industry manufacturers in a pre-commercial environment. Visitors to SunLine's "Clean Fuels Mall" from around the world have included government delegations and agencies, international journalists and media, industry leaders and experts and environmental and educational groups.

  16. Downtown district cooling: A 21st century approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1995-12-01

    On December 1, 1992, the Board of Directors of the Metropolitan Pier and Exposition Authority (MPEA) met on Chicago`s historic Navy Pier and ushered in a new era of competition for energy supply in Chicago. The MPEA, a state agency created for the purposes of promoting and operating fair and exposition facilities within the Chicago area (including the McCormick Place exposition center and Navy Pier), voted to accept a third-party proposal to provide district heating and cooling services to the existing McCormick Place facilities and a million square feet of new exposition space. The winning bidder was a joint venture between Trigen Energy, the nation`s largest provider of district energy services, and Peoples Gas, the gas distribution company which serves Chicago. This vote culminated two years of effort by the Energy Division of Chicago`s Department of Environment to analyze the feasibility and promote the implementation of a district energy system to serve the expanded McCormick Place and its environs in the South Loop neighborhood. Initial services began in November, 1993, with a new hot and cold water piping system interconnecting the three existing exhibition facilities. The final buildout of the system, with a combined peak demand predicted at 160 MMBtu of heating and 15,920 tons of and cooling, is scheduled for completion in the summer of 1997.

  17. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    high-volume manufacturing of low-friction, wear-resistant materials, surface treatments, and additives are lacking. * Integration of component designs with advanced...

  18. Gravitational wave astronomy - astronomy of the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Dhurandhar

    2011-04-15

    An enigmatic prediction of Einstein's general theory of relativity is gravitational waves. With the observed decay in the orbit of the Hulse-Taylor binary pulsar agreeing within a fraction of a percent with the theoretically computed decay from Einstein's theory, the existence of gravitational waves was firmly established. Currently there is a worldwide effort to detect gravitational waves with interferometric gravitational wave observatories or detectors and several such detectors have been built or being built. The initial detectors have reached their design sensitivities and now the effort is on to construct advanced detectors which are expected to detect gravitational waves from astrophysical sources. The era of gravitational wave astronomy has arrived. This article describes the worldwide effort which includes the effort on the Indian front - the IndIGO project -, the principle underlying interferometric detectors both on ground and in space, the principal noise sources that plague such detectors, the astrophysical sources of gravitational waves that one expects to detect by these detectors and some glimpse of the data analysis methods involved in extracting the very weak gravitational wave signals from detector noise.

  19. Public Health Leadership In The 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koh, Howard K.

    2006-01-07

    Leadership in public health requires stretching the mind and soul in almost unimaginable ways. Living

  20. Laboratories for the 21st Century Case Studies | Department of...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Marian E. Koshland Integrated Natural Science Center at Haverford College Whitehead Biomedical Research Building at Emory University Donald Bren Hall at the University of...

  1. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01

    en varias importantes revistas literarias como Ínsula,ha publicado cómics en revistas como Cairo (Pasajero enaparecidos en otras revistas literarias, que analizan la

  2. 21st Century Locomotive Technology Quarterly Technical Status Report 4

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Paul Houpt; Jennifer Topinka

    2004-03-09

    Common rail injection facility has been commissioned. The advanced fuel injection model has been calibrated and studies of fuel consumption and emission subject to design/mechanical constraints have been initiated. Motoring mode of the assisted turbocharger has been studied and performance against the design goals assessed. Preliminary hybrid energy storage system studies were received, and lab testing to support energy management algorithms was performed. A successful field test of optimizing Consist Manager was performed.

  3. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 7

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony H Furman; Paul K Houpt

    2004-11-03

    Experimental and analytical work has continued on advanced fuel injection. Experimental trends continue to agree with modeling predictions. Based on rub tests, polymeric abradable coating compositions were downselected and evaluated in the turbocharger, to give encouraging performance gains. The detailed hybrid battery duty cycle was studied and battery life testing procedure required adjustments. Optimizer algorithm robustness has been improved, and a real-time optimizer simulation system was constructed and demonstrated at a railroad suppliers trade meeting.

  4. Temperature increase of 21st century mitigation scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate and Environmental Physics, Physics Institute, University of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; fOeschger Centre for Climate Change Research, University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland; gJoint Global Change

  5. Mutatis Mutandi: Spanish Literature of the New 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saum-Pascual, Alexandra --

    2012-01-01

    de la hibernación: la deriva del urbanismo situacionista. ”Situacionistas. Arte, política, urbanismo. Libero Andreotti,Situacionistas. Arte, política, urbanismo. Libero Andreotti,

  6. State Energy Program Strategic Plan for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Representatives of DOE and the States initiated development of this Strategic Plan to clearly define the program's goals for the next 10 years.

  7. MIT- Center for 21st Century Energy | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View NewTexas:Montezuma,Information MHKMHK5 < MHKKembla <CanalSmarTurbineTow TankMIT-

  8. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based Fuels|Programs |Chart ofClark Energy GroupClasses,ofClean, Efficient, and

  9. 21st Century Truck Partnership - Roadmap and Technical White Papers

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReportOffice | DepartmentVery Large2015BETHEL,

  10. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryinEnable Low Temperature Combustion |DepartmentDepartment

  11. October 2014 Natural Phenomena Hazards (NPH) Meeting- Tuesday, October 21st Session Presentations

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentations from the October 2014 Natural Phenomena Hazards Meeting - Tuesday, October 21st Session

  12. Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl Two California Schools Win the 21st U.S. Department of Energy National Science Bowl May 2, 2011...

  13. From the University 2014 no. 6. March 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) days for an immediate family Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with National Central Library Taiwan. . Dr Tseng Shu-hsien, Director General of the National Central Library (NCL) of Taiwan visited usFrom the University Librarian 2014 no. 6. March 21st Dr Tseng, Shu-hsien Director-General, National

  14. 21st International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Thevuthasan, Suntharampillai; Shutthanandan, V.; Wang, Yongqiang; Vizkelethy, Gyorgy; Rout, Bibhudutta

    2014-08-01

    This special issue of Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B contains the proceedings of the 21st International Conference on Ion Beam Analysis (IBA – 2013). This conference was held in Marriott Waterfront in Seattle, Washington, USA during June 23–28, 2013.

  15. The 21st International Conference on Laser Spectroscopy - ICOLS 2013

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With U.S. CoalMexicoConferencePriceshielding evaluation forThe 21st

  16. Looking Ahead - Biofuels, H2, & Vehicles: 21st Industry Growth Forum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gardner, D.

    2008-10-28

    This presentation on the future of biofuels, hydrogen, and hybrid vehicles was presented at NREL's 21st Industry Growth Forum in Denver, Colorado, on October 28, 2008.

  17. EnginEEring our prospErity: sustainablE citiEs and industriEs in thE 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skorobogatiy, Maksim

    EnginEEring our prospErity: sustainablE citiEs and industriEs in thE 21st cEntury ĘtrE lEs ingéniEurs dE notrE prospérité: dEs villEs Et dEs industriEs durablEs au 21E sičclE From leFt to right: John, Professor of Mechanical Engineering, MIT chris turnEr, Journalist and author Julian allwood, Reader

  18. MATERIALS EDUCATION FOR THE CENTURY WORKFORCE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rubloff, Gary W.

    MATERIALS EDUCATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY WORKFORCE The 18th Biennial Conference on National Materials Policy May 24-25, 2004 National Academies' Keck Center Washington, DC MONDAY, MAY 24 7:00AM of Maryland Vice President, Federation of Materials Societies 8:30AM Introduction to Materials Mini

  19. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    practical concept in environmental policy (Dobson, 2003), achallenges to environmental policy exist. Globalization, inor practical concept in environmental policy, as this theory

  20. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AT PRINCETON IN THE 21ST CENTURY: A STRATEGIC DIRECTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    message that emerges from a strategic planning process that has included reviews of emerging IT trends, and 34 constituent groups representing department chairs, faculty, library staff, undergraduate write-ups of the IT trends, peer assessments, focus groups, and interviews, are presented in the second

  1. Transforming students into 21st century thinkers through an ASL curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, John Charles; Brooks, John Charles

    2012-01-01

    23 VIII. CurriculumCurriculum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Curriculum. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

  2. US forests and global change - precolonization to the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zerbe, J.I.

    1997-12-31

    The forests of the United States and manufacture of products from raw materials produced in the forests are significant for the international global economy and for amelioration of threatening global climate change. This paper explores the conditions of the forests as a result of changing anthropogenic influences, and how these conditions might impact on global change.

  3. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zinaman, O.; Miller, M.; Adil, A.; Arent, D.; Cochran, J.; Vora, R.; Aggarwal, S.; Bipath, M.; Linvill, C.; David, A.; Kauffman, R.; Futch, M.; Villanueva Arcos, E.; Valenzuela, J. M.; Martinot, E.; Bazilian, M.; Pillai, R. K.

    2015-02-01

    This report summarizes key forces driving transformation in the power sector around the world, presents a framework for evaluating decisions regarding extent and pace of change, and defines pathways for transformation. Powerful trends in technology, policy environments, financing, and business models are driving change in power sectors globally. In light of these trends, the question is no longer whether power systems will be transformed, but rather how these transformations will occur. Three approaches to policy and technology decision-making can guide these transformations: adaptive, reconstructive, and evolutionary. Within these approaches, we explore the five pathways that have emerged as viable models for power system transformation.

  4. Status Report on Power System Transformation: A 21st Century Power Partnership Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Mackay; Martinot, Eric; Cox, Sadie; Speer, Bethany; Zinaman, Owen; Booth, Sam; Zissler, Romain; Cochran, Jaquelin; Soonee, S. K.; Audinet, Pierre; Munuera, Luis; Arent, Doug

    2015-05-27

    This report has three primary goals: (1) to articulate the concept of power system transformation; (2) to explore the current global landscape of ‘innovations’ that constitute power system transformation and provide evidence of how these innovations are emerging; and (3) to suggest an analytical framework for assessing the status of power system transformation on an on-going basis.

  5. Living in the 21st Century Ideas to make your life more...

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watson, Craig A.

    is completely removed before drying in a dryer. 1) Candle Wax Harden the wax by freezing if it is still soft, then scrape off the excess wax. Sponge with a dry-cleaning fluid and place between clean paper towels. Press with a warm iron to transfer the wax to the paper towels. Replace the paper towels to absorb more wax

  6. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Stress  of  combat  reaches  drone  crews.   Los  Angeles  2012/mar/18/nation/la-­?na-­?drone-­?stress-­?20120318  for  government  use  of  drone  aircraft.   American  

  7. Laboratories for the 21st Century Best Practices: Energy Recovery in Laboratory Facilities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-06-01

    Laboratories typically require 100% outside air for ventilation at higher rates than other commercial buildings. Minimum ventilation is typically provided at air change per hour (ACH) rates in accordance with codes and adopted design standards including Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Standard 1910.1450 (4 to 12 ACH – non-mandatory) or the 2011 American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Applications Handbook, Chapter 16 – Laboratories (6 to 12 ACH). While OSHA states this minimum ventilation rate “should not be relied on for protection from toxic substances released into the laboratory” it specifically indicates that it is intended to “provide a source of air for breathing and for input to local ventilation devices (e.g., chemical fume hoods or exhausted bio-safety cabinets), to ensure that laboratory air is continually replaced preventing the increase of air concentrations of toxic substances during the working day, direct air flow into the laboratory from non-laboratory areas and out to the exterior of the building.” The heating and cooling energy needed to condition and move this outside air can be 5 to 10 times greater than the amount of energy used in most office buildings. In addition, when the required ventilation rate exceeds the airflow needed to meet the cooling load in low-load laboratories, additional heating energy may be expended to reheat dehumidified supply air from the supply air condition to prevent over cooling. In addition to these low-load laboratories, reheat may also be required in adjacent spaces such as corridors that pro-vide makeup air to replace air being pulled into negative-pressure laboratories.

  8. Reconciling Development and Conservation in the First Decade of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the economy · Create jobs & reduce poverty · Ensure food security · Obtain energy security Conservation & Gas Geological Reality Economic Reality Political Reality High biodiversity = High potential Peru vs Garimpeiros & Cooperatives Metallurgical Industries Transportation systems Energy subsidies Secondary Impacts

  9. FY2016 Budget Request: Positioned for the 21st Century Mission...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    RSS People Mission Managing the Stockpile Preventing Proliferation Powering the Nuclear Navy Emergency Response Recapitalizing Our Infrastructure Countering Nuclear Terrorism About...

  10. BTS: SEP Strategic Plan for the 21st Century Implementation Plan

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    The Strategic Plan established three Key Goals that provide a clear focus and conceptual framework for SEP program activities over the next ten years.

  11. Bridging the Cold War and the 21st century: chronicling the history of Sandia National Laboratories

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mora, C.J.

    1997-04-01

    A historical perspective is given for Sandia National Laboratories from its beginnings as a small engineering group at an offshoot of Los Alamos Laboratory to a facility of 7000 people at its main facility in Albuquerque, another 1000 people in Livermore, California and test ranges in Tonopah, Nevada and Kauai, Hawaii. The Sandia army base became the Z division of Los Alamos and $25 million construction program began the structures that would carry out a test program for nuclear weapons during the cold war. Bell System/AT&T stewardship of the site continued from 1949 to 1993, when Martin Marietta (now Lockheed Martin) was chosen as the new contractor. Management decisions, personnel, and political aspects of the Laboratory are presented up to 1997 and forecasts are given for future policy and programs of Sandia.

  12. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    politics (Dobson, 2003; Dobson 2007). Such environmental engagements promise a rich vein of insights into issues

  13. Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    IPSL), the COSMOS Earth System Model from the Max-PlanckCSM1.4) of the four Earth System models used in this study.productivity MPIM The Earth System Model employed at the

  14. Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    carbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etcarbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etDiscussion Paper CMIP5 Earth system models and comparison

  15. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    be wasting energy was Starbucks. As one of the major themesNokia, Unilever, UPS and Starbucks were brands frequently

  16. Water driven : New Orleans City Hall as a sustainable civic center for 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sangthong, Pholkrit

    2008-01-01

    The devastating struck of Hurricane Katrina in New Orleans in late summer of 2005 was deadly and immense. The storm destroyed over 170 drinking water facilities and 47 wastewater treatments around the city, and resulted ...

  17. What is the place for user-network signalling in the 21st century?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Crowcroft, J.; Bhatti, S.; Perkins, C.S.; Proceedings of the 16th UK Teletraffic Symposium, Harlow, UK IEE [More Details

    Crowcroft,J. Bhatti,S. Perkins,C.S. Proceedings of the 16th UK Teletraffic Symposium, Harlow, UK IEE

  18. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    School of Advertising, Marketing and Public Relations.toward social media marketing. Journal of Internet Commerce,perspective. Journal of Marketing Management, 10(4), 415-

  19. California farmers adapt mandated marketing programs to the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carman, Hoy

    2007-01-01

    Sutton W. 1996. Mandated Marketing Programs for Califor- niaAgriculture, Agricultural Marketing Service. 2007. Fruit andAbove, the Buy California Marketing Agreement advertises the

  20. Evaluation of alternative fuel cycle strategies for nuclear power generation in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boscher, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    The deployment of fuel recycling through either CONFU (COmbined Non-Fertile and UO2 fuel) thermal watercooled reactors (LWRs) or fast ABR (Actinide Burner Reactor) reactors is compared to the Once-Through LWR reactor system ...

  1. Basic Research Needs for Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McIlroy, A.; McRae, G.; Sick, V.; Siebers, D. L.; Westbrook, C. K.; Smith, P. J.; Taatjes, C.; Trouve, A.; Wagner, A. F.; Rohlfing, E.; Manley, D.; Tully, F.; Hilderbrandt, R.; Green, W.; Marceau, D.; O'Neal, J.; Lyday, M.; Cebulski, F.; Garcia, T. R.; Strong, D.

    2006-11-01

    To identify basic research needs and opportunities underlying utilization of evolving transportation fuels, with a focus on new or emerging science challenges that have the potential for significant long-term impact on fuel efficiency and emissions.

  2. Basic Research Needs for Geosciences: Facilitating 21st Century Energy Systems

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    DePaolo, D. J.; Orr, F. M.; Benson, S. M.; Celia, M.; Felmy, A.; Nagy, K. L.; Fogg, G. E.; Snieder, R.; Davis, J.; Pruess, K.; Friedmann, J.; Peters, M.; Woodward, N. B.; Dobson, P.; Talamini, K.; Saarni, M.

    2007-06-01

    To identify research areas in geosciences, such as behavior of multiphase fluid-solid systems on a variety of scales, chemical migration processes in geologic media, characterization of geologic systems, and modeling and simulation of geologic systems, needed for improved energy systems.

  3. Will fusion be welcome in the world of the mid 21st century ?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    trends Source : UNSource : UN #12;Energy Resources ! World non-renewable resources -150,000 quads ! World, amenities ! UN suggested actions access to energy services energy efficiency renewables advanced fossil technologies energy and transport ! Almost all scenarios assume essentially little future for fission

  4. Projected 21st-century changes to Arctic marine access Scott R. Stephenson & Laurence C. Smith &

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    experiences the greatest percentage access increases to its exclusive economic zone, followed by Greenland/Denmark). While natural climatic variability has caused interannual fluctuations in sea ice extent throughout human history, the current decline is attributed primarily to anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions

  5. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    1993); Shamdasani et al. (1993); Sriram and Forman (1993);Marketing, 18(5), 392-409. Sriram, V. , & Forman, A.M. (

  6. Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    over 10 years in tax credits that will encourage consumers to buy energy-efficient hybrid cars and trucks, and we need to expand these incentives to include clean diesel...

  7. Emerald cities : the emergence of mega developments in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weikal, Steven P

    2008-01-01

    This thesis examines the recent worldwide boom in megacity development. Its basis is a global survey of megacity building that quantifies the amount of current development and qualifies the various city types and themes, ...

  8. Creating the city : toward 21st-century production in Brooklyn, NY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chung, Connie Jean

    2009-01-01

    In the past decade, the creative city discourse has pulsated with activity, with academics, policy wonks, national organizations, and community non-profits attempting to find footholds in the conversation. By applying the ...

  9. 21st Century Directions in Biology Fungi play pivotal roles in all terrestrial environ-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    that break down complex organic polymers into simpler forms that can be taken up by the fungi or by other organisms. This process is an essential step in the carbon cycle; without it, plant detritus would quickly of terrestrial food webs. Fungal mycelia serve as the primary carbon source in a number of soil food webs (Wardle

  10. Integrated nondestructive assay solutions for plutonium measurement problems of the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sampson, T.E.; Cremers, T.L.

    1997-12-01

    The authors describe automated and integrated nondestructive assay (NDA) systems configured to measure many of the materials that will be found in the Department of Energy complex in the dismantlement, disposition, residue stabilization, immobilization, and mixed oxide fuel programs. These systems are typified by the Advanced Recovery and Integrated Extraction System NDA system which is under construction at Los Alamos National Laboratory to measure the outputs of a weapon component dismantlement system.

  11. Integrated nondestructive assay solutions for plutonium measurement problems of the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sampson, T.E.; Cremers, T.L.

    1997-08-01

    The authors describe automated and integrated NDA systems configured to measure many of the materials that will be found in the DOE complex in the dismantlement, disposition, residue stabilization, immobilization, and MOX fuel programs. These systems are typified by the ARIES (Advanced Recovery and Integrated Extraction System) nondestructive assay system which is under construction at Los Alamos to measure the outputs of a weapon component dismantlement system.

  12. 2 RENEWABLES 2010 GLOBAL STATUS REPORT Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alliance for Rural Electrification/ European Photovoltaic Industry Association Pradeep Monga Energy Energy Association/ International Renewable Energy Alliance Tineke Roholl Ministry of Foreign Affairs

  13. Reviving the Goal of an Integrated Society: A 21st Century Challenge

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orfield, Gary

    2009-01-01

    neighborhood schools. In the Dowell case from Oklahoma Cityof Oklahoma City v. Dowell (89-1080), 498 U.S. 237 (1991).of Oklahoma City v. Dowell (89-1080), 498 U.S. 237 (1991).

  14. Transient climate change and potential croplands of the world in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xiao, Xiangming.; Melillo, Jerry M.; Kicklighter, David W.; McGuire, A. David.; Tian, Hanqin.; Pan, Yude.; Vörösmarty, Charles, J.; Yang, Zili.

    A cropland distribution model, which is based on climate, soil and topography, is applied to estimate the area and spatial distribution of global potential croplands under contemporary climate and to assess the effect of ...

  15. Putting Concepts to Work: Some Thoughts for the 21st Century (a reply to Fodor) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clark, Andy; Prinz, Jesse

    2004-01-01

    Fodor’s theory makes thinking prior to doing. It allows for an inactive agent or pure reflector, and for agents whose actions in various ways seem to float free of their own conceptual repertoires. We show that naturally ...

  16. California farmers adapt mandated marketing programs to the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carman, Hoy

    2007-01-01

    walnuts, raisins and strawberries) and bene?t-cost estimatesRaisins Rice research Strawberry (processing) Tomato (Rice Sea urchin Sheep Strawberry (fresh) Tomato Walnut Wheat

  17. Paradoxes of cosmological physics in the beginning of the 21-st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yurij Baryshev

    2015-01-04

    In the history of cosmology physical paradoxes played important role for development of contemporary world models. Within the modern standard cosmological model there are both observational and conceptual cosmological paradoxes which stimulate to search their solution. Confrontation of theoretical predictions of the standard cosmological model with the latest astrophysical observational data is considered. A review of conceptual problems of the Friedmann space expending models, which are in the bases of modern cosmological model, is discussed. The main paradoxes, which are discussed in modern literature, are the Newtonian character of the exact Friedmann equation, the violation of the energy conservation within any comoving local volume, violation of the limiting recession velocity of galaxies for the observed high redshift objects. Possible observational tests of the nature of the cosmological redshift are discussed

  18. Paradoxes of cosmological physics in the beginning of the 21-st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baryshev, Yurij

    2015-01-01

    In the history of cosmology physical paradoxes played important role for development of contemporary world models. Within the modern standard cosmological model there are both observational and conceptual cosmological paradoxes which stimulate to search their solution. Confrontation of theoretical predictions of the standard cosmological model with the latest astrophysical observational data is considered. A review of conceptual problems of the Friedmann space expending models, which are in the bases of modern cosmological model, is discussed. The main paradoxes, which are discussed in modern literature, are the Newtonian character of the exact Friedmann equation, the violation of the energy conservation within any comoving local volume, violation of the limiting recession velocity of galaxies for the observed high redshift objects. Possible observational tests of the nature of the cosmological redshift are discussed

  19. Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    pools. The microbial loop describing the energy and nutrientof the microbial loop. The energy and nutrient flows ini-

  20. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies, Molecular Foundry, Berkeley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-11-01

    This case study provides information on the Molecular Foundry, which incorporates Labs21 principles in its design and construction. The design includes many of the strategies researched at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for energy efficient cleanroom and data centers.

  1. Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in California in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palerm, Juan Vicente

    2010-01-01

    Agriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaAgriculture, Farm Labor, and Rural Communities in CaliforniaCalifornia's rural/agricultural communities located within

  2. From Olocausto to Shoah: Naming Genocide in 21st-Century Italy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gordon, Robert

    2015-01-01

    instance between 1945 and 1994. In 1994, it was used in the subtitle of a degree dissertation and only in 1995 does it appear in a cluster of books: a translated history published by the PCI newspaper L’Unitŕ, a short collection of testimonies, Voci...

  3. 12TH ICCRTS "Adapting C2 to the 21st Century"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cummings, Mary "Missy"

    -UAV interfaces across mission types and (b) leverage research from one UAV mission type to another. UAVs between mission types should also help to leverage research from one domain of UAV operations to another the human operator(s). Thus, research on the cognitive steps performed in one mission type could possibly

  4. Marker-assisted breeding: Accelerating the results of 21st century technology to growers 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kalisek, Danielle

    2013-01-01

    or drought and heat-stress resistance. Today, plant breeders at Texas A&M AgriLife can screen for these complex yet critically important traits in signi#24;cantly less time, thanks to technology at the Texas A&M AgriLife Genomics and Bioinfor- matics... to produce #24;ve or six maps, he said. Comparing old maps to new ones showed that accuracy had also increased. Last year the Genomics and Bioinformatics Service acquired the latest in a series of increasingly fast and powerful DNA sequencing machines...

  5. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    gap. Journal of Environmental Education, 2, 3-8. Banerjee,Bristol: Eco Environmental Education Trust. Obermiller, C. (popular school science and environmental education to gain

  6. Toxicology in the 21st Century: The Role of the National Toxicology Program

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bandettini, Peter A.

    , the NTP intends to develop a roadmap for implementation of its vision that will strategically position and to provide input to a roadmap for its implementation. In developing its roadmap and milestones for tasks

  7. Accessible Cities and Regions: A Framework for Sustainable Transport and Urbanism in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cervero, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Framework for Sustainable Transport and Urbanism in the 21stfor advancing sustainable transport and urbanism in comingcurrency as a sustainable form of urbanism that directly

  8. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    were concerning alternative energy for a better future.Alternative energy being discussed throughout the blogs were

  9. DOE/BES Workshop on Clean and Efficient Combustion of 21st Century Transportation Fuels

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation given at the 2007 Diesel Engine-Efficiency & Emissions Research Conference (DEER 2007). 13-16 August, 2007, Detroit, Michigan. Sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of FreedomCAR and Vehicle Technologies (OFCVT).

  10. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    Consumer perceptions of green power. The Journal of Consumerpower offered by this theory demonstrated that green bloggreen consumer characteristically takes into account the consequences of their consumption and attempts to use purchasing power

  11. EPA at 40: Bringing Environmental Protection into the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Illinois at Chicago, University of

    to take stock of its past successes and future challenges. Since 1970, important advances in environmental

  12. Top Trends in Tracking and Communications: 21st Century Technology...Today

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertini, Robert L.

    software Proactively manage fleet maintenance through engine bus monitoring A key component;Software Trend ­ Integration! Software is a critical component of your Smart Fleet Route Management System- line revenue Integrates with route optimization software 14 #12;The Trend: Real-Time Communication 15

  13. Global Priority Conservation Areas in the Face of 21st Century Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Junsheng; Lin, Xin; Chen, Anping; Peterson, A. Townsend; Ma, Keping; Bertzky, Monika; Ciais, Philippe; Kapos, Valerie; Peng, Changhui; Poulter, Benjamin

    2013-01-24

    In an era when global biodiversity is increasingly impacted by rapidly changing climate, efforts to conserve global biodiversity may be compromised if we do not consider the uneven distribution of climate-induced threats. Here, via a novel...

  14. LHA(R): Amphibious Assault Ships For The 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bebermeyer, Robert

    2002-05-30

    Amphibious assault ships such as the current LHA and LHD classes are an essential element of the country's ability to exert influence anywhere in the world. The current amphibious assault ships represent the most capable ...

  15. Laboratories for the 21st Century: Case Studies, Molecular Foundry, Berkeley, California

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-11-29

    This case study provides information on the Molecular Foundry, which incorporates Labs21 principles in its design and construction. The design includes many of the strategies researched at Lawrence Berkeley Laboratory for energy efficient cleanroom and data centers.

  16. Environmental remediation 1991: ``Cleaning up the environment for the 21st Century``. Proceedings

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wood, D.E.

    1991-12-31

    This report presents discussions given at a conference on environmental remediation, September 8--11, Pasco, Washington. Topics include: public confidence; education; in-situ remediation; Hanford tank operations; risk assessments; field experiences; standards; site characterization and monitoring; technology discussions; regulatory issues; compliance; and the UMTRA project. Individual projects are processed separately for the data bases.

  17. Packaging Materials of the 21st Century: "Sustainable Nano-Materials- Benefits to the industry"

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by Nanocellulose Work Group held on June 26, 2012

  18. The Community Environmental Monitoring Program in the 21st Century: The Evolution of a Monitoring Network

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartwell, W.T.; Tappen, J.; Karr, L.

    2007-01-19

    This paper focuses on the evolution of the various operational aspects of the Community Environmental Monitoring Program (CEMP) network following the transfer of program administration from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to the Desert Research Institute (DRI) of the Nevada System of Higher Education in 1999-2000. The CEMP consists of a network of 29 fixed radiation and weather monitoring stations located in Nevada, Utah, and California. Its mission is to involve stakeholders directly in monitoring for airborne radiological releases to the off site environment as a result of past or ongoing activities on the Nevada Test Site (NTS) and to make data as transparent and accessible to the general public as feasible. At its inception in 1981, the CEMP was a cooperative project of the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), DRI, and EPA. In 1999-2000, technical administration of the CEMP transitioned from EPA to DRI. Concurrent with and subsequent to this transition, station and program operations underwent significant enhancements that furthered the mission of the program. These enhancements included the addition of a full suite of meteorological instrumentation, state-of-the-art electronic data collectors, on-site displays, and communications hardware. A public website was developed. Finally, the DRI developed a mobile monitoring station that can be operated entirely on solar power in conjunction with a deep-cell battery, and includes all meteorological sensors and a pressurized ion chamber for detecting background gamma radiation. Final station configurations have resulted in the creation of a platform that is well suited for use as an in-field multi-environment test-bed for prototype environmental sensors and in interfacing with other scientific and educational programs. Recent and near-future collaborators have included federal, state, and local agencies in both the government and private sectors. The CEMP also serves as a model for other programs wishing to involve stakeholders with a meaningful role in the process of monitoring and data collection.

  19. Modeling the response of subglacial drainage at Paakitsoq, West Greenland, to 21st century climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mayaud, Jerome R.; Banwell, Alison F.; Arnold, Neil S.; Willis, Ian C.

    2015-01-22

    , and into the future. Here, we apply a physically-based, subglacial hydrological model to the Paakitsoq region, west Greenland, and run it into the future to calculate patterns of daily subglacial water pressure fluctuations in response to climatic warming. The model...

  20. The significance and scope of evolutionary developmental biology: a vision for the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Extavour, Cassandra

    developmental biology (evo- devo) has undergone dramatic transformations since its emergence as a distinct discipline. This paper aims to highlight the scope, power, and future promise of evo-devo to transform Developmental Biology itself--and discuss why evo-devo is uniquely situated to substantially improve our ability

  1. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    of one million miles is a prerequisite. Lubricant control. New materials and surface treatments for valve stem-valve guide seals and at the ring-liner interface to control...

  2. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    man  who  started  the  hacker  wars.   The  New  Yorker.  Wark,  M.  (2004).   A  hacker  manifesto.  Cambridge,  are  Anonymous:  Inside  the  hacker  world  of  Lulzsec,  

  3. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Mexico  and  Venezuela,  as  they  all  have  had  strong  governmental   influence  in  the  development  of  their  Internet  

  4. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    December  30).  Drone  porn:  The  newest  YouTube  hit.  keith-­?thomson/drone-­?porn-­?the-­? newest-­?you_videos,  coined  “drone  porn”  for  the  controversial  

  5. Changes in soil organic carbon storage predicted by Earth system models during the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2013-01-01

    carbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etcarbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown etcarbon changes in Earth system models K. E. O. Todd-Brown et

  6. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2012-06-01

    This fact sheet provides an overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program.

  7. Changes Sweeping Through the Electricity Sector: Moving toward a 21st Century Electricity System

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    Advanced Energy Economy Institute (AEEI) is engaging executives of utility companies, advanced energy companies, and regulators in discussions to identify new business and regulatory models that...

  8. Transforming students into 21st century thinkers through an ASL curriculum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, John Charles; Brooks, John Charles

    2012-01-01

    create a bar graph and pie chart to share with the class.how much each item costs. The pie chart should compare thea budget, creating pie and bar charts, making a poster that

  9. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    technology  that  they   interact  with  either  as  initiators  (i.e. ,  participation  in  blogs,  

  10. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 8 DOE/AL68284-TSR08

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony Furman; Raj Bharadwaj

    2005-02-16

    Completed high pressure common rail system performance mapping at notch 8 to establish advanced fuel injection fuel savings entitlement. Investigated performance differences of several abradable coatings between full-scale tests and rub test coupons using post-run micrographic analysis. Demonstrated implementation of advanced energy management controls on hybrid locomotive. Began advanced energy storage detailed design; continued life-cycle subscale energy storage testing. Formulated trip optimization problem with hybrid locomotive, and evaluated first implementation to produce an optimal driving plan.

  11. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 9 DOE/AL68284-TSR09

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Paul Houpt; Jennifer Topinka; Anthony Furman

    2005-06-29

    Locomotive-scale single cylinder engine with common rail fuel injection data was gathered to explore the fuel consumption and particulate matter emissions entitlement. A structured experiment on thermal spray application of polymer based compressor abradables was begun. Turbine performance improvements were found due to metallic abradables coatings. Hybrid energy storage battery ripple current and long-term cycling tests have been performed. Final track test of advanced energy management system was performed. Fuel optimization computational methods have been enhanced, and a prototype real-time graphic interface developed.

  12. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 5 DOE/AL68284-TSR05

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Paul Houpt

    2004-05-07

    The integration of the common rail injection facility with the single cylinder test facility is in progress. Injection modeling parameters wereimproved. Turbocharger experimental data was analyzed and the turbocharger inspected after full load testing. Automatic seal coat spray techniques were developed and several material compositions were tested as coupons and on representative parts. A downselect was made from hybrid energy storage vendor studies. Further development of battery state algorithms was done, and a test plan developed for locomotive demonstration of advanced energy management algorithms. Trip optimization software platform was integrated and baseline validation is in progress. Hybrid energy storage modules have been integrated into the system model.

  13. 21st Century Locomotive Technology: Quarterly Technical Status Report 6 DOE/AL68284-TSR06

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lembit Salasoo; Jennifer Topinka; Paul K. Houpt

    2004-08-31

    Experimental work to map the performance of the High Pressure Common Rail (HPCR) system on a locomotive is in progress. The experimental trends agree with KIVA modeling predictions. Injection optimization is in progress. Electrically-assisted turbocharger modeling was used to study passenger locomotive performance improvements. Energy storage cycling life testing began, and an improved battery state algorithm was determined. The hybrid locomotive energy storage was prepared for energy management system algorithm testing. Progress in reliable methods for computing optimal driving plans, and methods to reduce the complexity of the necessary optimization are reported.

  14. Classical novae and type I X-ray bursts: Challenges for the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Parikh, A., E-mail: anuj.r.parikh@upc.edu; José, J., E-mail: jordi.jose@upc.edu; Sala, G., E-mail: gloria.sala@upc.edu [Departament de Física i Enginyeria Nuclear, Universitat Politčcnica de Catalunya (EUETIB), E-08036 Barcelona (Spain); Institut d’Estudis Espacials de Catalunya (IEEC), E-08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2014-04-15

    Classical nova explosions and type I X-ray bursts are the most frequent types of thermonuclear stellar explosions in the Galaxy. Both phenomena arise from thermonuclear ignition in the envelopes of accreting compact objects in close binary star systems. Detailed observations of these events have stimulated numerous studies in theoretical astrophysics and experimental nuclear physics. We discuss observational features of these phenomena and theoretical efforts to better understand the energy production and nucleosynthesis in these explosions. We also examine and summarize studies directed at identifying nuclear physics quantities with uncertainties that significantly affect model predictions.

  15. Comments for A Conference on Verification in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Doyle, James E.

    2012-06-12

    The author offers 5 points for the discussion of Verification and Technology: (1) Experience with the implementation of arms limitation and arms reduction agreements confirms that technology alone has never been relied upon to provide effective verification. (2) The historical practice of verification of arms control treaties between Cold War rivals may constrain the cooperative and innovative use of technology for transparency, veification and confidence building in the future. (3) An area that has been identified by many, including the US State Department and NNSA as being rich for exploration for potential uses of technology for transparency and verification is information and communications technology (ICT). This includes social media, crowd-sourcing, the internet of things, and the concept of societal verification, but there are issues. (4) On the issue of the extent to which verification technologies are keeping pace with the demands of future protocols and agrements I think the more direct question is ''are they effective in supporting the objectives of the treaty or agreement?'' In this regard it is important to acknowledge that there is a verification grand challenge at our doorstep. That is ''how does one verify limitations on nuclear warheads in national stockpiles?'' (5) Finally, while recognizing the daunting political and security challenges of such an approach, multilateral engagement and cooperation at the conceptual and technical levels provides benefits for addressing future verification challenges.

  16. Tomorrow's manufacturing facilities : the design of a car assembly plant for the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Medioni, Bertrand

    1987-01-01

    Spatial reorganization of production conditions (resulting from technical progress in the field of fabrication), on both, a large and a small scale, implies that an important effort from industrial companies has been made ...

  17. Online Environmental Citizenship: Blogs, Green Marketing and consumer sentiment in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luck, Edwina; Ginanti, Ayu

    2013-01-01

    green blogs? discussion from June to September showed energy,energy conservation: An overview for information professionals. Electronic Greennuclear energy, solar and electric cars. Green blog users

  18. Hybrid and Hydrogen Vehicle Research Laboratory 21st Century Automotive Challenge April 17-19, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    . Larson PA Transportation Institute Automotive challenge features advanced vehicles, solar home Imagine you live in a solar home with a high-power energy capturing capacity. Now imagine you can choose any vehicle technology you need to match your lifestyle ­ electric, solar electric, hybrid, pluggable hybrid

  19. Packaging Materials of the 21st Century: "Sustainable Nano-Materials...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Source Thao: EMPA 2011 Needs Replace non-renewable & Non compostable packaging Reduce food wastage Source:Conservation, Summer 2012 Bio-mimetic Processes Leveraging...

  20. Hugging and Hedging: Japanese Grand Strategy in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Samuels, Richard J.

    After decades of accepting US supremacy in Asia as the foundation of its foreign and security policies, finding the right distance between the U.S. and China is the most important strategic choice facing Japan today. ...

  1. Projected 21st century decrease in marine productivity: a multi-model analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    of Bern, Sidlerstrasse 5, 3012 Bern, Switzerland Centre forZ¨ahringerstrasse 25, 3012 Bern, Switzerland 3 Laboratoire

  2. The Software Technology of the 21st Century: From Software Reuse to Collaborative Software Design

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fischer, Gerhard

    Gerhard Fischer University of Colorado, Center for LifeLong Learning and Design (L3D) Department supports evolution [Dawkins, 1987]. Various types of software artifacts, such as design knowledge a cognitive and social problem [Fischer, 1987]. Designers must locate reusable software artifacts relevant

  3. Factors that will influence oil and gas supply and demand in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Holditch, S.A.; Chianelli, R.R.

    2008-04-15

    A recent report published by the National Petroleum Council (NPC) in the United States predicted a 50-60% growth in total global demand for energy by 2030. Because oil, gas, and coal will continue to be the primary energy sources during this time, the energy industry will have to continue increasing the supply of these fuels to meet this increasing demand. Achieving this goal will require the exploitation of both conventional and unconventional reservoirs of oil and gas in (including coalbed methane) an environmentally acceptable manner. Such efforts will, in turn, require advancements in materials science, particularly in the development of materials that can withstand high-pressure, high-temperature, and high-stress conditions.

  4. Vehicle Technologies Office: 21st Century Truck Technical Goals and Teams

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Fuel efficiency in heavy trucks depends on a number of factors associated with the truck and its components. The top figure shows the power use inventory for a basic Class 8 tractor-trailer combination, listing its balance of fuel input, engine output, and tractive power (losses from aerodynamics, rolling resistance, and inertia). The power use inventory in this diagram highlights areas in which research efforts can lead to major benefits in truck fuel efficiency, including engine efficiency, aerodynamics, and rolling resistance.

  5. Cellulose Nanomaterials: The Sustainable Material of Choice for the 21st Century

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Presentation for the Sustainable Nanomaterials Workshop by USDA Forest Service held on June 26, 2012

  6. Living the Information Revolution: Digital Online Culture, Identity & Schooling in the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rosenfeld, Kimberly Nicole

    2013-01-01

    Museum.  (2006a).  Internet  History  -­?  1962-­?1992.  www.computerhistory.org/internet_history/   LIVING  THE  Museum.  (2006b).  Internet  History  -­?  1980’s.  

  7. Evolving Regionalismos: Latin American Regions in the 21st Century (Editorial Introduction)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapple, Karen; Montero, Sergio; Sosa, Oscar

    2012-01-01

    Karen Chapple, Sergio Montero, and Oscar Sosa EvolvingKaren Chapple, Sergio Montero, and Oscar Sosa This issue ofiii Karen Chapple, Sergio Montero, and Oscar Sosa require a

  8. Guess or get it right? Antimicrobial prescribing in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Glasgow, University of

    Mortality Impact of Inadequate Therapy 0 20 40 60 80 100 Garnacho-Montero Clec'h Kollef Rello Álvarez-Lerma Luna 0 20 40 60 80 100 Garnacho-Montero Clec'h Kollef Rello Álvarez-Lerma Luna Ventilator, et al. Intensive Xare Med 2004; 30: 1327--13331333 GarnachoGarnacho--Montero J, et al.Montero J, et

  9. Efficacy of geoengineering to limit 21st century sea-level rise

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, John

    ; b Arctic Centre, University of Lapland, PL122, 96100 Rovaniemi, Finland; c Thule Institute, University of Oulu, PL3000, 90014 Oulun Yliopisto, Finland; d National Oceanography Centre, Joseph Proudman aerosol injection into the strato- sphere, mirrors in space, afforestation, biochar, and bioenergy

  10. Forging New Directions in Scholarly Communications The complexity of research in the 21st century,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abolmaesumi, Purang

    conduct of research issues, has presented challenges with effective knowledge management. A series, access, dissemination and preservation of knowledge in accordance with responsible conduct of research and Manage Your Journal Online Increased visibility and citation counts for published and unpublished

  11. 21st Century Truck Partnership Roadmap Roadmap and Technical White Papers -

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing ToolInternationalReportOffice | DepartmentVery Large2015BETHEL,21CTP-0003, December 2006

  12. Secretary of Energy Bodman Remarks for 21st Century Truck Event |

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:Financing Tool FitsProjectDataSecretary Moniz's Open InvitationSecretary ofReliability |Department

  13. Renewable Energy Policy Network for the 21st Century (REN21) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION JEnvironmental Jump to:EA EIS Report UrlNM-b <RefurbishedDevelopmentInformation Network for

  14. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Power for the 21st Century: Fact Sheet |

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartment of Energyof the Clean EnergyLocal Government

  15. Creating the Clean Energy Jobs of the 21st Century | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p aDepartmentEnergyEvery Thanksgiving, weFact Sheet on clean energy

  16. A Barn Raising For the 21st Century | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirleyEnergyTher i n c i p a l De p u t y A s s iof1 of 8 2Seismic Response of Fractures andBob

  17. Roadmap and Technical White Papers for 21st Century Truck Partnership |

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterestedReplacement-2-A WholesaleRetrofitElectrical Equipment To Be

  18. Visioning the 21st Century Electricity Industry: Outcomes and Strategies for America

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLEStatutoryinEnable LowNewsEnergyOrderEnergyAction

  19. Flexible Coal: Evolution from Baseload to Peaking Plant (Brochure), 21st Century Power Partnership

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverse (Journal Article) |Final ReporttheHouseNew venture acceleration62Accelerating

  20. Power Systems of the Future: A 21st Century Power Partnership Thought Leadership Report

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformationJesseworkSURVEYI/OPerformancePi Day PiSafetyContact Power Services >start

  1. Market Evolution: Wholesale Electricity Market Design for 21st Century Power Systems

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration would likeUniverseIMPACTThousandReport)PriceHistoricEnergyApril 25,4MarioMark D.Mark

  2. Kaplan Call for Proposals 2014: The Sanford Kaplan Prize for Creative Management in the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lehmann, Daniel

    1 Kaplan Call for Proposals ­ 2014: The Sanford Kaplan Prize for Creative Management in the 21st and/or processes that can compete in global markets. The Sanford Kaplan Prize for Creative Management technology. Candidates for the $ 5,000 Kaplan Prize belong to two categories: 1. Faculty and/or graduate

  3. Summary talk to 21st IAEA FEC, Chendu, 2006 Inertial fusion advance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    scheme V. heavy ion fusion scheme VI. Other miscellanies VII. Brief remarks #12;Inertial confinement fusion (ICF) parallel to magnetic confinement fusion (MCF) is an alternative approach to gain inertialSummary talk to 21st IAEA FEC, Chendu, 2006 Inertial fusion advance towards ignition and gain X. T

  4. 21st November 2012, Hilton Hotel, London Heathrow Issue 30 September 2012

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Buyer Event 2 New Satellite has begun taking the Earth's Temperature 4 Technology Strategy Board to a Renewable Energy Application 12 Byotrol plc Licensing Agreement with Kimberly-Clark Corporation 13 Oxsensis Southern Observatory (ESO) and ISIS on 21st November 2012. This event is aimed at providing UK industry

  5. Kokes Awards for the 21st NAM Meeting (San Francisco, CA, 2009)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Katz, Alex

    2009-08-31

    The PI in this project Alexander Katz, UC Berkeley (askatz@berkeley.edu), in conjunction with the Kokes Awards subcommittee and conference organizing committee, used DOE grant DE-FG-02-08ER15993 to partially offset costs of attending the 21st North American Catalysis Society in San Francisco, California, for 30 graduate students from the United States

  6. George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    George Sips 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, Chengdu, China, 16-21 October 2006 1, EURATOM-Association, D-85748, Germany G. Tardini1, C. Forest2, O. Gruber1, P. Mc Carthy3, A. Gude1, L Plasmaphysik, EURATOM-Association, D-85748, Germany. 2The University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA. 3Dep

  7. The electric power grid that we know and rely on every day is an engineering feat. Many challenges had to be overcome to reliably provide electric power whenever there is demand for it. But the grid is facing new challenges in the 21st century. We can rea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nehorai, Arye

    -plane. This optimization prob- lem is readily solved by a computer, though it can be time-consuming for large data sets. All of our training and predictions were run in the Java API of the Weka machine learn- ing software data from two loca- tions, Hood River, OR, and Boise, ID. The other attributes are year (from 1 to 9

  8. Microsoft Word - Advanced Control Methods_Final_v2_0.doc

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    difficult today to meet our nation's 21 st century power demands with an electric grid built on yesterday's technologies. A fully modernized grid is essential to provide...

  9. A Seminar and workshop on Envinronmental conservation and the Hazards of atomospheric and soil pollution, held at NGRI on 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Harinarayana, T.

    pollution, held at NGRI on 21st and 22nd July, 2007 Association of British scholars (ABS) and British AND SOIL POLLUTION during 21st and 22nd July, 07 in association with National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad. About 85 school teachers from various different schools of twin cities have

  10. G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 -21 October 2006 -Chengdu, China -paper TH/P6-4 1 Particle Simulation Analysis of

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vlad, Gregorio

    G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 - 21 October 2006 - Chengdu, China - paper TH Agency, Naka, Ibaraki 311-0193, Japan #12;G. Vlad et al. 21st IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 - 21 IAEA Fusion Energy Conference, 16 - 21 October 2006 - Chengdu, China - paper TH/P6-4 3 Introduction - 1

  11. The 21st LH Gray Conference (June 4-6, 2008)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    West, C. M.L.; Martin, C. J.; Sutton, D. G.; Wright, E. G.

    2009-01-12

    The 21st LH Gray Conference, organised by the LH Gray Trust with the Society for Radiological Protection, brought together international experts in radiobiology, epidemiology and risk assessment, and scientists involved in diagnostic and therapeutic radiation exposure. The meeting - held in Edinburgh, Scotland 4?6 June 2008 - aimed to raise awareness, educate and share knowledge of important issues in radiation protection. A distinguished group of speakers discussed topics which included: non-targeted effects of radiation, exposure to high natural background radiation, non-cancer effects in Japanese bomb survivors, lessons learnt from Chernobyl, radiation in the workplace, biokinetic modelling, uncertainties in risk estimation, issues in diagnostic medical exposures, lessons leant from the polonium-210 incidence and how the radiobiology-radiation oncology community is needed to help society prepare for potential future acts of radiation terrorism. The conference highlighted the importance, relevance and topicality of radiobiology today.

  12. Reconstruction of fault slip of the September 21st, 1999, Taiwan earthquake in the asphalted surface of a car park,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Jian-Cheng

    surface of a car park, and co-seismic slip partitioning Jacques Angeliera,*, Jian-Cheng Leeb , Hao Received 27 May 2001; accepted 5 March 2002 Abstract The deformation in the asphalted surface of a car park), the surface traces of the June 21st, 2000, earthquake (Mw 6.4) in southern Iceland, were analysed in a car

  13. Comments of Cisco Systems to Office of Electricity Delivery and...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    of the Energy Independence and Security Act (EISA) of 2007 A POLICY FRAMEWORK FOR THE 21st CENTURY GRID: Enabling Our Secure Energy Future Association of Home Appliance...

  14. Press Pass - Press Releases

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    three nationwide collaborations: the Particle Physics DataGrid; Advanced Computing for 21st Century Accelerator Science and Technology; and the National Computational...

  15. 26/01/2009 12:26Climate Feedback: CLIMAP for the 21st century Page 1 of 5http://blogs.nature.com/climatefeedback/2009/01/climap_for_the_21st_century.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rohling, Eelco

    , a number of new proxies and seafloor coring and drilling projects have produced a wealth of additional data. In a new paper online this week in Nature Geoscience (subscription required), the MARGO (Multiproxy strong east to west gradients in the tropical oceans, as well as the North Atlantic Ocean. Interestingly

  16. North-South asymmetry in the modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinov, Irina; Doney, Scott C; Lima, Ivan D; Lindsay, K.; Moore, J. K; Mahowald, N.

    2013-01-01

    Lima (2007), Enhanced CO 2 outgassing in the Southern Oceanshown to lead to increased outgassing of deep-ocean CO 2 andor on present day CO 2 outgassing from the Southern Ocean [

  17. ISBN: 978-0-12-391851-2 "Ocean Circulation and Climate, 2nd Ed. A 21st century perspective"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    , persistent currents along the western boundaries of the world's major ocean basins are called "western Australian Current in the Pacific Ocean. Keywords Western boundary current, Gulf Stream, Brazil Current, persistent currents along the western boundaries of the world's major ocean basins are some of the most

  18. ITP Chemicals: Chemical Industry of the Future: New Biocatalysts: Essential Tools for a Sustainable 21st Century Chemical Industry

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)

    This report represents the November 1999 workshop efforts and subsequent contributions of 50 leading scientific and industry experts in biocatalyst use and development.

  19. North-South asymmetry in the modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinov, Irina; Doney, Scott C; Lima, Ivan D; Lindsay, K.; Moore, J. K; Mahowald, N.

    2013-01-01

    Functional responses and ecosystem dynamics: How clearance rates explain the in?uence of satia- tion, food-

  20. Mathematics Instruction in Kindergarten and First Grade in the United States at the Start of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bargagliotti, Anna E.; Guarino, Cassandra M.; Mason, William M.

    2009-01-01

    Helping Children Learn Mathematics. National Academy Press,Bass, H. (2005). Knowing mathematics for teaching. Americanon the memorandum "On the Mathematics Curriculum of the High

  1. Re-imagining the Maison Tropicale : a 21st century prefabricated building system inspired by Jean Prouvé

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nelson, Margret I

    2011-01-01

    Re-Imagining the Maison Tropicale proposes new system for prefabrication, applied to the context of tropical housing. Given the failure of contemporary prefabricated systems to provide creative solutions that can be ...

  2. 1018 BioScience December 2001 / Vol. 51 No. 12 The 21st century is an exciting time for biological

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ,and unraveling functional genomics at scales ranging from organisms to community assemblages--to pro- vide just

  3. Constructing the Criminal Alien: A Historical Framework for Analyzing Border Vigilantes at the Turn of the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lytle, Kelly

    2003-01-01

    of discourses of the criminal alien with the incarcerationConstructing the Criminal Alien: A Historical Framework forthe rise of the “criminal alien” in discourse and structure

  4. North-South asymmetry in the modeled phytoplankton community response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marinov, Irina; Doney, Scott C; Lima, Ivan D; Lindsay, K.; Moore, J. K; Mahowald, N.

    2013-01-01

    of com- plex Earth System Models uses widely differentacross the IPCC AR5 earth system models, manuscript in

  5. Carbon cycle extremes during the 21st century in CMIP5 models: Future evolution and attribution to climatic drivers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zscheischler, J; Reichstein, M; Von Buttlar, J; Mu, M; Randerson, JT; Mahecha, MD

    2014-01-01

    dioxide biases in Earth System Models, J. Geophys. Res.by CMIP5 Earth System Models under 4 Representativeyet integrated within Earth system models. 1. Introduction

  6. ENGINES OF DISCOVERY: THE 21ST CENTURY REVOLUTION THE LONG RANGE PLAN FOR HIGH PERFORMANCE COMPUTING IN CANADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schaeffer, Jonathan

    Plan Advantages for the researcher · Access: clear opportunities for obtaining access to powerful-critical research projects (mitigates funding-cycle delays and uncertainties) · Sustainability: access for ambitious control for powerful desktop and group computing facilities Advantages for the federal and provincial

  7. "ECS Transactions -Boston, MA" Volume 16, "Photovoltaics for the 21st Century 7" to be published in September, 2011

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dagenais, Mario

    -absorption coefficient (>104 cm-1 ) for solar radiation (1). Until now, CIGS-based thin film solar cells of the promising methods for the manufacture of CIGS solar cells due to its lower cost, excellent compositional for high-efficiency thin film solar cells due to its favorable band gap (1.04~1.68 eV) and high

  8. Integrating mechanistic and polymorphism data to characterize human genetic susceptibility for environmental chemical risk assessment in the 21st century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mortensen, Holly M.; Euling, Susan Y.

    2013-09-15

    Response to environmental chemicals can vary widely among individuals and between population groups. In human health risk assessment, data on susceptibility can be utilized by deriving risk levels based on a study of a susceptible population and/or an uncertainty factor may be applied to account for the lack of information about susceptibility. Defining genetic susceptibility in response to environmental chemicals across human populations is an area of interest in the NAS' new paradigm of toxicity pathway-based risk assessment. Data from high-throughput/high content (HT/HC), including -omics (e.g., genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) technologies, have been integral to the identification and characterization of drug target and disease loci, and have been successfully utilized to inform the mechanism of action for numerous environmental chemicals. Large-scale population genotyping studies may help to characterize levels of variability across human populations at identified target loci implicated in response to environmental chemicals. By combining mechanistic data for a given environmental chemical with next generation sequencing data that provides human population variation information, one can begin to characterize differential susceptibility due to genetic variability to environmental chemicals within and across genetically heterogeneous human populations. The integration of such data sources will be informative to human health risk assessment.

  9. Probabilistic Forecast for 21st Century Climate Based on Uncertainties in Emissions (without Policy) and Climate Parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sokolov, Andrei P.

    The MIT Integrated Global System Model is used to make probabilistic projections of climate change from 1861 to 2100. Since the model's first projections were published in 2003 substantial improvements have been made to ...

  10. Bringing the Cognitive Estimation Task into the 21st Century: Normative Data on Two New Parallel Forms 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MacPherson, Sarah, E.; Wagner, Gabriela Peretti; Murphy, Patrick; Bozzali, Marco; Cipolotti, Lisa; Shallice, Tim

    2014-03-26

    The Cognitive Estimation Test (CET) is widely used by clinicians and researchers to assess the ability to produce reasonable cognitive estimates. Although several studies have published normative data for versions of the ...

  11. The physical basis for increases in precipitation extremes in simulations of 21st-century climate change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Gorman, Paul Ambrose

    Global warming is expected to lead to a large increase in atmospheric water vapor content and to changes in the hydrological cycle, which include an intensification of precipitation extremes. The intensity of precipitation ...

  12. Climate change is a defining challenge for humanity in the 21st century. Unless the growth in emissions can be

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sussex, University of

    on the following four main themes: Low carbon energy transitions A central strand of our work is on the processes of technological and social innovation that will contribute to the transition to a more sustainable, low carbon interacts with other energy policy objectives such as improving energy access and enhancing energy security

  13. Rethinking the clinical vs. social reform debate: a dialectical approach to defining social work in the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, John Brandon

    2012-08-31

    There is a historical tension in social work between the clinical and social reform perspectives. The original goal for this dissertation was to offer pragmatism as a philosophical orientation that would make sense of these two seemingly disparate...

  14. Immobility and the Re-imaginings of Ethnic Identity among Mongolian Kazakhs in the 21st Century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barcus, Holly; Werner, Cynthia

    2015-06-05

    identities, as expressed through cultural elements of religiosity, kinship ties, and language versatility, tie Mongolian Kazakhs strongly to western Mongolia while meta-narratives about diaspora and homelandArticle history: Received 12 July 2014 Received... and Barcus, 2009). The second and third factors are tightly intertwined: the pervasive meta-narratives of homeland and its coupling with strategic immigration policies and incentives from the Kazakhstan government. Although Kazakhstan gained inde- pendence...

  15. Towards a new high technology development in the Silicon Valley : a 21st century urban design vision

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pang, Jonathan K. (Jonathan Kam)

    1988-01-01

    Santa Clara Valley, perhaps better known as the Silicon Valley, is currently facing many problems and uncertainties. The explosion of the high technology industry has changed the regional scene faster than anyone could ...

  16. Heavy crude and tar sands: Hydrocarbons for the 21st century. Volume 1, Geology, characterization and mining

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, R.F. [ed.] [Geological Survey, Washington, DC (United States)

    1991-12-31

    Volume 1 is concerned with the geology of the resources and with the mining of those occurring at or near the earth`s surface. The chemical characterization of natural bitumens and heavy oil is the subject of 15 papers. These concentrate on those properties which govern the exploitability and use of these hydrocarbons. Six reports deal with exploration for bitumens and certain aspects of their later development. No less than three of the papers investigate the trace metals and their possible role in comprehending the occurrence of the bitumens and, therefore, the clues they may offer for the location of additional deposits. Another eight reports are concerned directly with the geologic occurrence of specific resource accumulations. These deposits are found in Canada, China, Madagascar, Nigeria, and Venezuela. One report describes a model that may be applied in basin analysis for predicting the composition of heavy oils expelled from the sources rocks of the basin. Additional papers then characterize the resources found in Indonesia, Iran, and the USA. Volume 1 concludes with the reports on the many kinds of bitumen extraction and use. Not only are innovative techniques evolving for the extraction of the material but also for its economic enhancement through the exploitation of coproducts. Ten papers deal with bitumen mining and its present, or prospective, utilization in places like the Mongolia Republic, the State of Utah in the USA, Trinidad in Latin America or Nigeria in Africa. Each paper has been processed separately for the Energy Science and Technology Database.

  17. Clean, Efficient, and Reliable Heat and Power for the 21st Century, Fuel Cell Technologies Program (FCTP) (Fact Sheet)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2010-05-01

    This overview of the U.S. Department of Energy's Fuel Cell Technologies Program describes the program's focus and goals, along with current fuel cell applications and future potential. The program focuses on research and development of fuel cell systems for diverse applications in the stationary power, portable power, and transportation sectors. It works to reduce costs and improve technologies to advance fuel cell uses in areas such as combined heat and power, auxiliary power units, portable power systems, and stationary and backup power. To help ensure that fuel cell advances are realized, the program rigorously analyzes energy efficiency, economic, and environmental benefits of fuel cells and seeks to optimize synergies among fuel cell applications and other renewable technologies.

  18. Advanced power generation systems for the 21st Century: Market survey and recommendations for a design philosophy

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Andriulli, J.B.; Gates, A.E.; Haynes, H.D.; Klett, L.B.; Matthews, S.N.; Nawrocki, E.A.; Otaduy, P.J.; Scudiere, M.B.; Theiss, T.J.; Thomas, J.F.; Tolbert, L.M.; Yauss, M.L.; Voltz, C.A.

    1999-11-01

    The purpose of this report is to document the results of a study designed to enhance the performance of future military generator sets (gen-sets) in the medium power range. The study includes a market survey of the state of the art in several key component areas and recommendations comprising a design philosophy for future military gen-sets. The market survey revealed that the commercial market is in a state of flux, but it is currently or will soon be capable of providing the technologies recommended here in a cost-effective manner. The recommendations, if implemented, should result in future power generation systems that are much more functional than today's gen-sets. The number of differing units necessary (both family sizes and frequency modes) to cover the medium power range would be decreased significantly, while the weight and volume of each unit would decrease, improving the transportability of the power source. Improved fuel economy and overall performance would result from more effective utilization of the prime mover in the generator. The units would allow for more flexibility and control, improved reliability, and more effective power management in the field.

  19. Educating engineers for the 21st century : a framework for skill development through co-curricular and extracurricular involvement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fisher, Dara R. (Dara Ruth)

    2013-01-01

    As the global marketplace becomes increasingly interconnected and multidisciplinary, graduates of undergraduate engineering programs face new challenges in communication, creative thinking, and teamwork as they enter the ...

  20. Company City State Contact Info 21st Century Plastics Corporation Potterville MI www.21stcpc.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGaughey, Alan

    Engineered Plastics, LLC Auburn Hills MI www.deltaengineeredplastics.com Detrex Corporation.dutchlandplastics.com E & O Tool & Plastics, Inc. Elk River MN www.eoplastics.com E & T Plastic Rubber & Plastics Corp. Farmington Hills MI www.exoticautomation.com F & D Plastics, Inc

  1. Transient Climate Change and Potential Croplands of the World in the 21st Century Xiangming Xiao1,3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    degradation and desertification are reducing the areas of fertile lands for agriculture production.3

  2. Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing us in the 21st century and, across Europe,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lefčvre, Laurent

    , efforts are being made to cut down on energy usage and carbon emissions. The EU has set a target of a 20 in ICT research - which together promise to reduce energy consumption and increase our knowledge, but in all sectors of the economy. How green is our ICT? ICT is responsible for 2% of carbon emissions

  3. Opportunities for Catalysis in The 21st Century. A report from the Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    White, J. M.; Bercaw, J.

    2002-05-16

    Chemical catalysis affects our lives in myriad ways. Catalysis provides a means of changing the rates at which chemical bonds are formed and broken and of controlling the yields of chemical reactions to increase the amounts of desirable products from these reactions and reduce the amounts of undesirable ones. Thus, it lies at the heart of our quality of life: The reduced emissions of modern cars, the abundance of fresh food at our stores, and the new pharmaceuticals that improve our health are made possible by chemical reactions controlled by catalysts. Catalysis is also essential to a healthy economy: The petroleum, chemical, and pharmaceutical industries, contributors of $500 billion to the gross national product of the United States, rely on catalysts to produce everything from fuels to ''wonder drugs'' to paints to cosmetics. Today, our Nation faces a variety of challenges in creating alternative fuels, reducing harmful by-products in manufacturing, cleaning up the environment and preventing future pollution, dealing with the causes of global warming, protecting citizens from the release of toxic substances and infectious agents, and creating safe pharmaceuticals. Catalysts are needed to meet these challenges, but their complexity and diversity demand a revolution in the way catalysts are designed and used. This revolution can become reality through the application of new methods for synthesizing and characterizing molecular and material systems. Opportunities to understand and predict how catalysts work at the atomic scale and the nanoscale are now appearing, made possible by breakthroughs in the last decade in computation, measurement techniques, and imaging and by new developments in catalyst design, synthesis, and evaluation.

  4. Preliminary Report of the AMS analysis of tsunami deposits in Tohoku -- Japan -- 18th to the 21st Century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wassmer, P; Hart, D E; Hiraishi, T; Azuma, R; Koenig, B; Trautmann, M

    2015-01-01

    Sedimentary records of tsunamis are a precious tool to assess the occurrence of past events, as attested by an abundant literature, which has seen a particular 'boom' in the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami and the 2011 Tohoku tsunami. Despite an extensive literature, there is very little to no understanding of the role that the changing coastal environment is playing on the record of a tsunami, and for a given location, it is still unclear whether the largest tsunamis leave the largest amount of deposits. To research this question, the present study took place in Japan, in the Tohoku Region at Agawa-pond, because the pond act as a sediment trap. Using a sediment-slicer, a 1 m thick deposit was retrieved, from which 4 tsunami sequences were identified, including the latest 2011 tsunami. Using a series of sedimentary proxies: the AMS (Anisotropy of Magnetic Susceptibility), grain size analysis, quartz morphoscopy (morphology and surface characteristics) and the analysis of microfossils, disparities b...

  5. Proceedings of the 21st DOE/NRC nuclear air cleaning conference; Volume 2, Sessions 9--16

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    First, M.W. [ed.] [Harvard Univ., Boston, MA (United States). Harvard Air Cleaning Lab.

    1991-02-01

    The 21st meeting of the Department of Energy/Nuclear Regulatory Commission (DOE/NRC) Nuclear Air Cleaning Conference was held in San Diego, CA on August 13--16, 1990. The proceedings have been published as a two volume set. Volume 2 contains sessions covering adsorbents, nuclear codes and standards, modelling, filters, safety, containment venting and a review of nuclear air cleaning programs around the world. Also included is the list of attendees and an index of authors and speakers. (MHB)

  6. Uncertainty analysis of vegetation distribution in the northern high latitudes during the 21st

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    environmental changes. Being data-driven, the Program uses extensive Earth system and economic data and models's Integrated Global System Model. Through this integrated model, the Program seeks to: discover new century with a dynamic vegetation model Yueyang Jiang, Qianlai Zhuang, Sibyll Schaphoff, Stephen Sitch

  7. Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PV ELECTRICITY GENERATION -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Presented at the 21st European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference, Dresden,Germany, 4-8 September.dewild@ecn.nl, Phone +31 224 564736, Fax +31 224 568214 Energy research Centre of the Netherlands ECN, Unit Solar 2006 ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS OF PV ELECTRICITY GENERATION - A CRITICAL COMPARISON OF ENERGY SUPPLY

  8. As a general introduction to the Proceedings of the IUPAP 21st International Conference on Statistical Physics, STATPHYS 21, which took place from 15th to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbosa, Marcia C. B.

    Foreword As a general introduction to the Proceedings of the IUPAP 21st International Conference on Statistical Physics, STATPHYS 21, which took place from 15th to 20th July, 2001, it might be suitable to summarize what exactly this conference involves. The community of research scientists in Statistical Physics

  9. Disrupting the (Energy) Status Quo: ARPA-E Helping the U.S. Face 21st

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious Rank EERE:FinancingPetroleum Based| Department8,Department of Energy2EM's CleanupPower »Century

  10. Power Marketing Administrations Leading the Nation's Transition to a 21st

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustmentsShirley Ann JacksonDepartment ofOffice|inWest KentuckyRestoration Program wasdesign crossPowerCentury

  11. Proceedings of the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warren, N. Jill

    1999-09-21

    These proceedings contain papers prepared for the 21st Seismic Research Symposium: Technologies for Monitoring The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty, held 21-24 September 1999 in Las Vegas, Nevada. These papers represent the combined research related to ground-based nuclear explosion monitoring funded by the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA), Air Force Technical Applications Center (AFTAC), Department of Defense (DoD), the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO), and other invited sponsors. The scientific objectives of the research are to improve the United States capability to detect, locate, and identify nuclear explosions. The purpose of the meeting is to provide the sponsoring agencies, as well as potential users, an opportunity to review research accomplished during the preceding year and to discuss areas of investigation for the coming year. For the researchers, it provides a forum for the exchange of scientific information toward achieving program goals, and an opportunity to discuss results and future plans. Paper topics include: seismic regionalization and calibration; detection and location of sources; wave propagation from source to receiver; the nature of seismic sources, including mining practices; hydroacoustic, infrasound, and radionuclide methods; on-site inspection; and data processing.

  12. AUSTRIAN GRID AUSTRIAN GRID

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Author 1.0 2005-07-28 Initial Version See cover on page 3 #12;AUSTRIAN GRID 3/18 A PROTOTYPE OF THE SEE

  13. SPECIAL ISSUE OF IEEE PROCEEDINGS -RFID -A UNIQUE RADIO INNOVATION FOR THE 21ST CENTURY 1 Low Cost, Ubiquitous RFID Tag Antenna Based

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Entekhabi, Dara

    conditions, in effect creating a non-electric memory to monitor state. After identifying the application for low-cost, ubiquitous wireless sensing. Current wireless sensing applications make use of battery the supply chain with a $20 temperature sensor. Battery powered sensors have limited battery life [6

  14. Conference on Nuclear Energy and Science for the 21st Century: Atoms for Peace Plus Fifty - Washington, D.C., October 2003

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pfaltzgraff, Robert L

    2006-10-22

    This conference's focus was the peaceful uses of the atom and their implications for nuclear science, energy security, nuclear medicine and national security. The conference also provided the setting for the presentation of the prestigious Enrico Fermi Prize, a Presidential Award which recognizes the contributions of distinguished members of the scientific community for a lifetime of exceptional achievement in the science and technology of nuclear, atomic, molecular, and particle interactions and effects. An impressive group of distinguished speakers addressed various issues that included: the impact and legacy of the Eisenhower Administrationâ??s â??Atoms for Peaceâ?ť concept, the current and future role of nuclear power as an energy source, the challenges of controlling and accounting for existing fissile material, and the horizons of discovery for particle or high-energy physics. The basic goal of the conference was to examine what has been accomplished over the past fifty years as well as to peer into the future to gain insights into what may occur in the fields of nuclear energy, nuclear science, nuclear medicine, and the control of nuclear materials.

  15. Outside relationality : autobiographical deformations and the literary lineage of Afro-pessimism in 20th and 21st century African American literature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pak, Yumi

    2012-01-01

    African American Autobiography: A Collection of CriticalStephen. Black Autobiography in America. Amherst: UniversityAutobiographer. ” Studies in Autobiography. Ed. James Olney.

  16. A Law School for the 21st Century: A Portrait of the Inaugural Class at the University of California, Irvine School of Law

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seron, Carroll

    2015-01-01

    A PORTRAIT OF THE INAUGURAL CLASS Kornhauser and Revesz,in the country and a first-year class with a student profileA PORTRAIT OF THE INAUGURAL CLASS Table 1: Demographic

  17. Pan-Arctic land–atmospheric fluxes of methane and carbon dioxide in response to climate change over the 21st century

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhu, Xudong

    Future changes of pan-Arctic land–atmospheric methane (CH[subscript 4]) and carbon dioxide (CO[subscript 2]) depend on how terrestrial ecosystems respond to warming climate. Here, we used a coupled hydrology–biogeochemistry ...

  18. Astronomy's Greatest Hits: The 100 most Cited Papers in Each Year of the First Decade of the 21st Century (2000 - 2009)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frogel, Jay A

    2010-01-01

    This paper is based on the 100 most cited papers in astronomy for each year from 2000 to 2009 and from 1995 and 1990. The main findings are: The total number of authors of the top 100 articles per year has more than tripled. This is seen most strongly in papers with more than 6 authors. The yearly number of papers with 5 or fewer authors has declined over the same time period. The most highly cited papers tend to have the largest number of authors and visa versa. The distribution of normalized citation counts versus ranking is constant from year to year except for the top ranked half dozen or so papers. It is closely approximated by a power law. The papers that show the most divergence from the power law all have a high number of citations and are based on large surveys. The average page length of the top 100 papers is one and a half times that for astronomy papers in general. The same 5 journals (A&A, AJ, ApJ, ApJS, and MNRAS; Nature and Science are not included here) account for 80 to 85% of the total c...

  19. NGVs: Driving to the 21st Century. 17th National Natural Gas Vehicle Conference and Exhibition, October 3-5, 1999 [conference organizational literature and agenda

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-10-05

    By attending the conference, participants learn about new and planned OEM vehicle and engine technologies; studies comparing Diesel and gasoline emissions to natural gas; new state and federal legislation; and innovative marketing programs they can use to help sell their products and services.

  20. Institutional challenges and leadership competencies in Chinese Ministry of Education directed universities in implementing the 1999 Chinese action scheme for invigorating education towards the 21st century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Xiaobo

    2006-04-12

    This study used the naturalistic inquiry method to explore the perceptions of the selected administrators from Chinese Ministry of Education Directed universities regarding what kind of institutional challenges their institutions confront and how...

  1. Impacts of High Resolution Extreme Events on U.S. Energy Demand and CO{sub 2} Emissions in the 21st Century

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Diffenbaugh, Noah

    2013-06-21

    Progress is reported in these areas: Validation of temperature and precipitation extremes; Time of emergence of severe heat stress in the United States; Quantifying the effects of temperature extremes on energy demand and carbon dioxide emissions.

  2. The iron budget in ocean surface waters in the 20th and 21st centuries: projections by the Community Earth System Model version 1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2014-01-01

    M. : The Community Earth System Model: A framework forexperiments with the Earth System Model CESM1- (BGC), J.in the Community Earth System Model (CESM1-BGC), J. Climate,

  3. Expanding Global Network: Discovery to Delivery The United States ranks #1 in innovation. Purdue is preparing for the 21st century global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    challenges ­ global health, global competitiveness, global energy security, global warming, global with the Bayero University, Nigeria (K. Beaver) Frontiers in applications of carbon nanotubes and graphene

  4. GRADUATE STUDIES AT UC MERCED At the first American research university of the 21st century, UC Merced's graduate community is bound by

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oviedo, Néstor J.

    and reduce food-packaging waste, environmental research and clubs dedicated to helping the Earth. di.S. Green Building Council's LEED program. Students participate through recycling, helping compost

  5. RFID -A Unique Radio Innovation for the 21st Century Rajit Gadh, George Roussos, Katina Michael, George Huang, Shiv Prabhu and Peter Chu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Los Angeles, University of

    Internet or Web of Things/ Artifacts (http://www.iot2010.org/, #12;http://www.computerworld.com/s/article/96416/RFID_Getting_From_Mandates_to_a_Wir eless_Internet_of_Artif

  6. July 24, 2009, Visiting Speakers Program Panel Discussion - Governance and Regulations: U. S. to Lead or Lag in the 21st Century - Companion Book

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties - WAPA Public CommentInverted Attic9: HSS FocusRegulation and

  7. Secretary Chu Discovers Transformers in Wisconsin | Department...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    grid for the 21st century. They are more than 99.5 percent efficient at converting electricity Secretary Chu visited the Waukesha Electric plant earlier today to check out...

  8. Memorandum from Secretary Chu on the Power Marketing Administrations...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can play a leadership role in their respective regions in modernizing the grid to meet 21st century needs. 3-16-12 Memorandum from Secretary Chu.pdf More Documents &...

  9. Grid Integration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    2008-09-01

    Summarizes the goals and activities of the DOE Solar Energy Technologies Program efforts within its grid integration subprogram.

  10. Grid Security

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sinnott, R.O.

    Sinnott,R.O. National Centre for e-Social Science book, Grid Computing: Technology, Service and Application, CRC Press, November 2008.

  11. A Space for Living: Region and Nature in the Bay Area, 1939-1969

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Peter Albert

    2009-01-01

    Green: Toward Sustainable Architecture in the 21st Century.emergence of the sustainable architecture movement. As theGreen: Toward Sustainable Architecture in the 21st Century (

  12. Transdisciplinary electric power grid science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brummitt, Charles D; Dobson, Ian; Moore, Cristopher; D'Souza, Raissa M

    2013-01-01

    The 20th-century engineering feat that most improved the quality of human life, the electric power system, now faces discipline-spanning challenges that threaten that distinction. So multilayered and complex that they resemble ecosystems, power grids face risks from their interdependent cyber, physical, social and economic layers. Only with a holistic understanding of the dynamics of electricity infrastructure and human operators, automatic controls, electricity markets, weather, climate and policy can we fortify worldwide access to electricity.

  13. Security for grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Marty; Thompson, Mary R.; Jackson, Keith R.

    2005-01-01

    differences between Grid security and host or site securityof requirements for Grid security in order to achieve thecompletely. Index Terms — Grid security, authentication,

  14. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM : A Software Framework for Power System Operations technologies needed to support the operations and planning of the future power grid » provide a framework to the GridPACK numerical library that is being developed in the Future Power Grid Initiative APPROACH

  15. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridPACK: Grid Parallel Advanced

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridPACK: Grid Parallel Advanced Computational Kernels OBJECTIVE The U Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (509) 375-3899 bruce.palmer@pnnl.gov ABOUT FPGI The Future Power and ensure a more secure, efficient and reliable future grid. Building on the Electricity Infrastructure

  16. Towards a global biological information infrastructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Page, Roderic

    enetered the 21st century. The world is going towards Information Society. For entomologists this time

  17. Final report to the Department of Energy: Green Schools Project DE-FC01-99EE10685. Schools for the 21st century: Transferring the Green Schools experience

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Harrigan, Merrilee

    2002-01-15

    This report describes five major activities that the Alliance to Save Energy performed for the years 2000 and 2001 to support and compliment DOE's Energy Smart Schools Partnership. The major tasks under this project were to: (1) Promote the School Efficiency Peer Exchange program for school personnel; (2) develop the Earth Apple Awards program and disseminate the best award-winning ideas; (3) link Green Schools with Rebuilt with at least one metropolitan area such as Philadelphia or Buffalo; (4) support Rebuild/Energy Smart Schools through working at the state level to develop business, state, and local government and through making presentations in support of school efficiency; (5) update the curriculum search originally conducted in 1995.

  18. Review: Privacy in the 21st Century: Issues for Public, School, and Academic Libraries by Helen R. Adams, Robert F. Bocher, Carol A. Gordon, and Elizabeth Barry-Kessler

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tuers, Laura

    2006-01-01

    for the Nevada County Public Libraries in rural northernis a consultant for public libraries, Gordon works in anIssues for Public, School, and Academic Libraries by Helen

  19. Risk and social construction of nuclear power development in China: local people’s participation in civil nuclear issues in China at the start of the 21st century 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Xiang

    2011-07-04

    China’s civil nuclear power programme is a sensitive topic which has seldom been researched by social or political scientists inside or outside of China. In the past, public participation activities in relation to nuclear ...

  20. NYSGrid: A Cyberinfrastructure Initiative for the 21st century http://www.hoise.com/primeur/06/articles/weekly/AE-PR-12-06-78.html 1 of 3 11/27/2006 9:00 AM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Russ

    > Backissues > Calendar > Subscribe > Advertise > Contac #12;NYSGrid: A Cyberinfrastructure Initiative

  1. Energy - Water Nexus -- Meeting the Energy and Water Needs of the Snake/Columbia River Basin in the 21st CenturyScience and Technology SummitConference Results

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Paul L. Wichlacz; Gerald Sehlke

    2008-02-01

    In June 2007, representatives from federal, state, and academic institutions met to discuss the role of innovative science, technology, and policy in meeting future energy and water demands in the Snake-Columbia River Basin. Conference members assessed the state-of-the-science, technology, and associated research to develop cost-effective and environmentally sound methodologies and technologies to maximize the production of energy and availability of water and to minimize the consumption of both water and energy in the Snake-Columbia River system. Information on all phases of science and technology development, theoretical analysis, laboratory experiments, pilot tests, and field applications were relevant topics for discussion. An overview of current management needs was presented the first day. On the second day, five focus groups were created: ? Energy Generation and Use ? Water Allocation and Use ? Energy/Water Storage ? Environmental Considerations ? Social, Economic, Political, and Regulatory Considerations. Each group started with a list of status items and trends, and discussed the future challenges and research needed to reach four goals: ? Balance energy production and resource consumption ? Balance water availability and competing needs ? Balance water consumption/energy production and competing needs ? Balance environmental impacts and water use/energy production ? Balance costs and benefits of water use. The resulting initiatives were further broken down into three categories of importance: critical, important, and nice to do but could be delayed. Each initiative was assigned a number of dots to show a more refined ranking. The results of each focus group are given in the pages that follow. These results are intended to help local and regional researchers 1. Develop a technical strategy for developing cost-effective science and technology to predict, measure, monitor, purify, conserve, and store water and to maximize power generation, storage, and efficiency in the region 2. Evaluate methods and technologies for reducing the impacts of energy and water development and use on the environment.

  2. Grid Certificates

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC GettingGraphene'sGreg-Delwiche SignGrid

  3. Distribution Grid Integration

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    The DOE Systems Integration team funds distribution grid integration research and development (R&D) activities to address the technical issues that surround distribution grid planning,...

  4. 20th Century Reanalysis Project Ensemble Gateway: 56 Estimates of World Temperature, Pressure, Humidity, and Wind, 1871-2010

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    This site provides data from the 20th Century Reanalysis Project, offering temperature, pressure, humidity, and wind predictions in 200 km sections all around the earth from 1871 to 2010, every 6 hours, based on historical data. The ensemble mean and standard deviation for each value were calculated over a set of 56 simulations. Data for each of the 56 ensemble members are included here. The dataset consists of files in netCDF 4 format that are available for download from the National Energy Research. The goal of the 20th Century Reanalysis Project is to use a Kalman filter-based technique to produce a global trophospheric circulation dataset at four-times-daily resolution back to 1871. The only dataset available for the early 20th century consists of error-ridden hand-drawn analyses of the mean sea level pressure field over the Northern Hemisphere. Modern data assimilation systems have the potential to improve upon these maps, but prior to 1948, few digitized upper-air sounding observations are available for such a reanalysis. The global tropospheric circulation dataset will provide an important validation check on the climate models used to make 21st century climate projections....[copied from http://portal.nersc.gov/project/20C_Reanalysis/

  5. Extending the grid : a formal exploration for expanding a small Colorado town

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cooper, David George

    1980-01-01

    This thesis is an examination of the morphological aspects of future growth in Telluride, Colorado, a 19th - century mining town in the Rocky Mountains. Its aim is to demonstrate that further expansion of this grid settlement ...

  6. Smart Grid Consortium, Response of New York State Smart Grid...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Smart Grid Addressing Policy and Logistical Challenges More Documents & Publications SmartGrid Consortium: Smart Grid Roadmap for the State of New York New York Independent System...

  7. Grid Interaction Tech Team, and International Smart Grid Collaboration...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Team, and International Smart Grid Collaboration Grid Interaction Tech Team, and International Smart Grid Collaboration 2012 DOE Hydrogen and Fuel Cells Program and Vehicle...

  8. Parallel grid population

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wald, Ingo; Ize, Santiago

    2015-07-28

    Parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. One example embodiment is a method for parallel population of a grid with a plurality of objects using a plurality of processors. The method includes a first act of dividing a grid into n distinct grid portions, where n is the number of processors available for populating the grid. The method also includes acts of dividing a plurality of objects into n distinct sets of objects, assigning a distinct set of objects to each processor such that each processor determines by which distinct grid portion(s) each object in its distinct set of objects is at least partially bounded, and assigning a distinct grid portion to each processor such that each processor populates its distinct grid portion with any objects that were previously determined to be at least partially bounded by its distinct grid portion.

  9. Smart Grid Data Integrity Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poolla, Kameshwar

    2012-01-01

    Reliability for Improved Grid Security,” IEEE TransmissionNext Generation Power Grid Security, Syngress, 2010. [12] A.Grids,” 16th ACM Conference on Computer and Communications Security,

  10. Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability, Resilience,...

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    customers, and improve overall service reliability to reduce customer losses from power disruptions. This report presents findings on smart grid improvements in outage...

  11. Exploiting the Computational Grid Lecture 1 Globus and the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    software used. · · The Globus toolkit consists of four key components: · Security ­ handled by Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI) · Resource Management ­ Grid Resource Allocation Manager (GRAM) · Information Services ­ Grid Resource Information Protocol (GRIP) · Data Management ­ Grid FTP · Security is essential

  12. Method of grid generation

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barnette, Daniel W. (Veguita, NM)

    2002-01-01

    The present invention provides a method of grid generation that uses the geometry of the problem space and the governing relations to generate a grid. The method can generate a grid with minimized discretization errors, and with minimal user interaction. The method of the present invention comprises assigning grid cell locations so that, when the governing relations are discretized using the grid, at least some of the discretization errors are substantially zero. Conventional grid generation is driven by the problem space geometry; grid generation according to the present invention is driven by problem space geometry and by governing relations. The present invention accordingly can provide two significant benefits: more efficient and accurate modeling since discretization errors are minimized, and reduced cost grid generation since less human interaction is required.

  13. The soft grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kardasis, Ari (Ari David)

    2011-01-01

    The grid in architecture is a systematic organization of space. The means that architects use to organize space are, almost by definition, rigid and totalizing. The Cartesian grid, which will serve as the antagonist of the ...

  14. Smart Grid Data Integrity Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poolla, Kameshwar

    2012-01-01

    Grids”, IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 2,Malicious Data Attacks on Smart Grid State Estimation:Attack and Detection in Smart Grid,” to appear in IEEE

  15. Cyber Security & Smart Grid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shapiro, J.

    2011-01-01

    and interoperability ESL-KT-11-11-23 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Cyber Vulnerabilities In The Legacy Power Grid ? SCADA Security ? Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) systems are used extensively to control and monitor the national... & Smart Grid Jonathan Shapiro Texas Institute The Clean Air Through Energy Efficiency (CATEE) Conference Cyber Security & Smart Grid ESL-KT-11-11-23 CATEE 2011, Dallas, Texas, Nov. 7 ? 9, 2011 Cyber Security and The Smart Grid Networks...

  16. Metagenomics Smart power grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metagenomics Smart power grid The new weapons workhorse Laser on Mars LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE'll read about a unique collaboration to create a "smart" power grid to accommodate an increasing, TECHNOLOGY, AND ENGINEERING 2 8 14 Dynamic Vision DARHT FULFILLS ITS DESTINY Solar Smart Grid in the Atomic

  17. National Grid Deep Energy Retrofit Pilot Program—Clark Residence

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-03-30

    In this case study, Building Science Corporation partnered with local utility company, National Grid, Massachusetts homes. This project involved the renovation of a 18th century Cape-style building and achieved a super-insulated enclosure (R-35 walls, R-50+ roof, R-20+ foundation), extensive water management improvements, high-efficiency water heater, and state-of-the-art ventilation.

  18. Understanding The Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2007-11-15

    The report provides an overview of what the Smart Grid is and what is being done to define and implement it. The electric industry is preparing to undergo a transition from a centralized, producer-controlled network to a decentralized, user-interactive one. Not only will the technology involved in the electric grid change, but the entire business model of the industry will change too. A major objective of the report is to identify the changes that the Smart Grid will bring about so that industry participants can be prepared to face them. A concise overview of the development of the Smart Grid is provided. It presents an understanding of what the Smart Grid is, what new business opportunities or risks might come about due to its introduction, and what activities are already taking place regarding defining or implementing the Smart Grid. This report will be of interest to the utility industry, energy service providers, aggregators, and regulators. It will also be of interest to home/building automation vendors, information technology vendors, academics, consultants, and analysts. The scope of the report includes an overview of the Smart Grid which identifies the main components of the Smart Grid, describes its characteristics, and describes how the Smart Grid differs from the current electric grid. The overview also identifies the key concepts involved in the transition to the Smart Grid and explains why a Smart Grid is needed by identifying the deficiencies of the current grid and the need for new investment. The report also looks at the impact of the Smart Grid, identifying other industries which have gone through a similar transition, identifying the overall benefits of the Smart Grid, and discussing the impact of the Smart Grid on industry participants. Furthermore, the report looks at current activities to implement the Smart Grid including utility projects, industry collaborations, and government initiatives. Finally, the report takes a look at key technology providers involved in the Smart Grid and provides profiles on them including contact information, company overviews, technology reviews, and key Smart Grid activities.

  19. Smart Grid: Transforming the Electric System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Widergren, Steven E.

    2010-04-13

    This paper introduces smart grid concepts, summarizes the status of current smart grid related efforts, and explains smart grid priorities.

  20. Grid Simulator for Power Quality Assessment of Micro-Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vasquez, Juan Carlos

    1 Grid Simulator for Power Quality Assessment of Micro-Grids Joaqu´in Eloy-Garc´iaa , Juan C of the simulator. Finally, a case study is presented by testing a micro-grid. Index Terms Grid Simulator, Power for power quality assessment of micro-grids". Published in IET Power Electronics. doi: 10.1049/iet-pel.2012

  1. Principal Characteristics of a Modern Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Grid Advisory Committee (thru 2020) Smart Grid Task Force (thru 2020) Smart Grid Interoperability Framework (NIST) Smart Grid System Report Status and prospects of development...

  2. Data security on the national fusion grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burruss, Justine R.; Fredian, Tom W.; Thompson, Mary R.

    2005-01-01

    of any computational grid is security. Effective sharing oflike ITER. Keywords: security, FusionGrid, grid computing 1.A Security Architecture for Computational Grids,” Proc. 5th

  3. Security on the US Fusion Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burruss, Justin R.; Fredian, Tom W.; Thompson, Mary R.

    2005-01-01

    of any computational grid is security. Effective sharing oflike ITER. Keywords: security, FusionGrid, grid computing 1.A Security Architecture for Computational Grids,” Proc. 5th

  4. Challenges facing production grids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pordes, Ruth; /Fermilab

    2007-06-01

    Today's global communities of users expect quality of service from distributed Grid systems equivalent to that their local data centers. This must be coupled to ubiquitous access to the ensemble of processing and storage resources across multiple Grid infrastructures. We are still facing significant challenges in meeting these expectations, especially in the underlying security, a sustainable and successful economic model, and smoothing the boundaries between administrative and technical domains. Using the Open Science Grid as an example, I examine the status and challenges of Grids operating in production today.

  5. Grid Conected Functionality

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    PM: Dane Christensen, dane.christensen@nrel.gov National Renewable Energy Laboratory Grid Connected Functionality 2015 Building Technologies Office Peer Review 2 Project Summary...

  6. Nuclear Energy Governance and the Politics of Social Justice: Technology, Public Goods, and Redistribution in Russia and France

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grigoriadis, Theocharis N

    2009-01-01

    does not prevent the proliferation of nuclear weapons andNuclear Policy in the 21 st Century Environment", ProliferationNuclear Policy in the 21 st Century Environment", Proliferation

  7. 1994 SSRL 21st USERS MEETING

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservationBio-InspiredAtmosphericdevicesPPO RetireesLecturersOThermalα, ORDERS ORD902.FE SSRL

  8. Smart Grid Data Integrity Attack

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poolla, Kameshwar

    2012-01-01

    IEEE Transactions on Smart Grid, vol. 2, no. 2, June [21] O.Malicious Data Attacks on Smart Grid State Estimation:Attack and Detection in Smart Grid,” to appear in IEEE

  9. Grid Logging: Best Practices Guide

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tierney, Brian L

    2008-01-01

    file” file=/etc/grid-security/certificates/4a6cd8b1.0 guid=reading” file=/etc/grid-security/grid-mapfile guid=F7D64975-

  10. Metagenomics Smart power grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Metagenomics Smart power grid The new weapons workhorse Laser on Mars LOS ALAMOS SCIENCE'll read about a unique collaboration to create a "smart" power grid to accommodate an increasing, and plans to modify an enzyme to grow renewable biofuels and mitigate carbon emissions from power plants

  11. Sterilization is defined as any process that destroys all micro-organisms clinging to the surface. Conventional methods such as autoclaving and ethylene oxide fumigation, though proven effective, do have

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roy, Subrata

    applied in an effort to optimize the process of plasma sterilization. Researchers, in the 21st century

  12. Greetings from Kyoto-U AUTUMN 2012 C O N T E N T S

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    to the kinds of critical thinking most needed in the 21st century. Cover Photo: "Ono no Komachi" from "Sanju

  13. Wellcome Trust SUBMISSION OF EVIDENCE Wellcome Trust response to Scientific Infrastructure inquiry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rambaut, Andrew

    Infrastructure for the 21st Century', and previous Large Facilities Roadmaps. 3. One of the Trust's key

  14. Before the Senate Energy and Natural Resources Committee

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Subject: 21st Century Energy Deployment Act (Clean Energy Bank) By: Matthew Rogers, Senior Advisor, Office of the Secretary

  15. Affording the U.S. Navy of the Future Marion Eggenberger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -in-time technology Bring Shipbuilding into 21st Century #12;Design for Affordability: VA Class Source: http

  16. SGIP Smart Grid Interoperabilty Panel

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    SGIP Smart Grid Interoperability Panel Building2Grid Integration Dave Hardin David Holmberg The SGIP was explicitly established to support NIST in fulfilling its...

  17. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE Future Power Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of all 16 machines damped quickly ­ improved frequency performance » AGC ensures tie line power flows on the Electricity Infrastructure Operations Center (EIOC), the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory's (PNNL) national electric grid research facility, the FPGI will advance the science and develop the technologies

  18. CCSD.DSIP.0910.FINAL

    National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

    Title IV, 21st Century - Harris ES 82,454 77,454 5,000 Title IV, 21st Century - J D Smith ES 54,286 49,286 5,000 Title IV, 21st Century - John Fremont MS 74,245 69,245 5,000...

  19. The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    The potential to narrow uncertainty in projections of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10 (19). pp. 9473-9486. ISSN 1680 of stratospheric ozone over the 21st century A. J. Charlton-Perez1, E. Hawkins1, V. Eyring2, I. Cionni2, G. E

  20. FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM Power Networking,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    FUTURE POWER GRID INITIATIVE GridOPTICSTM Power Networking, Equipment, and Technology (powerNET) Testbed OBJECTIVE A lot of interest in research, improvements, and testing surrounds the power grid to bear on the challenges of the power grid Therefore, a community resource is needed to enable needed

  1. Future Grid: The Environment Future Grid Initiative White Paper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Future Grid: The Environment Future Grid Initiative White Paper Power Systems Engineering Research Center Empowering Minds to Engineer the Future Electric Energy System #12;Future Grid: The Environment Prepared for the Project "The Future Grid to Enable Sustainable Energy Systems" Funded by the U

  2. GRIDS: Grid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2010-09-01

    GRIDS Project: The 12 projects that comprise ARPA-E’s GRIDS Project, short for “Grid-Scale Rampable Intermittent Dispatchable Storage,” are developing storage technologies that can store renewable energy for use at any location on the grid at an investment cost less than $100 per kilowatt hour. Flexible, large-scale storage would create a stronger and more robust electric grid by enabling renewables to contribute to reliable power generation.

  3. Random array grid collimator

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Fenimore, E.E.

    1980-08-22

    A hexagonally shaped quasi-random no-two-holes touching grid collimator. The quasi-random array grid collimator eliminates contamination from small angle off-axis rays by using a no-two-holes-touching pattern which simultaneously provides for a self-supporting array increasng throughput by elimination of a substrate. The presentation invention also provides maximum throughput using hexagonally shaped holes in a hexagonal lattice pattern for diffraction limited applications. Mosaicking is also disclosed for reducing fabrication effort.

  4. Smart Grid Integration Laboratory

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wade Troxell

    2011-09-30

    The initial federal funding for the Colorado State University Smart Grid Integration Laboratory is through a Congressionally Directed Project (CDP), DE-OE0000070 Smart Grid Integration Laboratory. The original program requested in three one-year increments for staff acquisition, curriculum development, and instrumentation â?? all which will benefit the Laboratory. This report focuses on the initial phase of staff acquisition which was directed and administered by DOE NETL/ West Virginia under Project Officer Tom George. Using this CDP funding, we have developed the leadership and intellectual capacity for the SGIC. This was accomplished by investing (hiring) a core team of Smart Grid Systems engineering faculty focused on education, research, and innovation of a secure and smart grid infrastructure. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratory will be housed with the separately funded Integrid Laboratory as part of CSUâ??s overall Smart Grid Integration Center (SGIC). The period of performance of this grant was 10/1/2009 to 9/30/2011 which included one no cost extension due to time delays in faculty hiring. The Smart Grid Integration Laboratoryâ??s focus is to build foundations to help graduate and undergraduates acquire systems engineering knowledge; conduct innovative research; and team externally with grid smart organizations. Using the results of the separately funded Smart Grid Workforce Education Workshop (May 2009) sponsored by the City of Fort Collins, Northern Colorado Clean Energy Cluster, Colorado State University Continuing Education, Spirae, and Siemens has been used to guide the hiring of faculty, program curriculum and education plan. This project develops faculty leaders with the intellectual capacity to inspire its students to become leaders that substantially contribute to the development and maintenance of Smart Grid infrastructure through topics such as: (1) Distributed energy systems modeling and control; (2) Energy and power conversion; (3) Simulation of electrical power distribution system that integrates significant quantities of renewable and distributed energy resources; (4) System dynamic modeling that considers end-user behavior, economics, security and regulatory frameworks; (5) Best practices for energy management IT control solutions for effective distributed energy integration (including security with the underlying physical power systems); (6) Experimental verification of effects of various arrangements of renewable generation, distributed generation and user load types along with conventional generation and transmission. Understanding the core technologies for enabling them to be used in an integrated fashion within a distribution network remains is a benefit to the future energy paradigm and future and present energy engineers.

  5. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01

    New England Outlook: Smart Grid is About Consumers,” Apr. [Transmission in the Smart Grid By Kory Walter Hedman ATransmission in the Smart Grid by Kory Walter Hedman Doctor

  6. Interoperable PKI Data Distribution in Computational Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pala, Massimiliano

    2010-01-01

    2008), “Overview of the Grid Security Infrastructure. ” [Protocol (PRQP) into the Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI).its integration into the Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI).

  7. Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eto, Joe

    2008-01-01

    case, confidence in grid security will increase. Confidencecase, confidence in grid security will increase. Confidencecase, confidence in grid security will increase. Confidence

  8. GROWDERS Demonstration of Grid Connected Electricity Systems...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    GROWDERS Demonstration of Grid Connected Electricity Systems (Smart Grid Project) (Spain) Jump to: navigation, search Project Name GROWDERS Demonstration of Grid Connected...

  9. NREL Smart Grid Projects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hambrick, J.

    2012-01-01

    Although implementing Smart Grid projects at the distribution level provides many advantages and opportunities for advanced operation and control, a number of significant challenges must be overcome to maintain the high level of safety and reliability that the modern grid must provide. For example, while distributed generation (DG) promises to provide opportunities to increase reliability and efficiency and may provide grid support services such as volt/var control, the presence of DG can impact distribution operation and protection schemes. Additionally, the intermittent nature of many DG energy sources such as photovoltaics (PV) can present a number of challenges to voltage regulation, etc. This presentation provides an overview a number of Smart Grid projects being performed by the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) along with utility, industry, and academic partners. These projects include modeling and analysis of high penetration PV scenarios (with and without energy storage), development and testing of interconnection and microgrid equipment, as well as the development and implementation of advanced instrumentation and data acquisition used to analyze the impacts of intermittent renewable resources. Additionally, standards development associated with DG interconnection and analysis as well as Smart Grid interoperability will be discussed.

  10. Capital investment requirements for greenhouse gas emissions mitigation in power generation on near term to century time scales and global to regional spatial scales

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chaturvedi, Vaibhav; Clarke, Leon E.; Edmonds, James A.; Calvin, Katherine V.; Kyle, G. Page

    2014-11-01

    Electrification plays a crucial role in cost-effective greenhouse gas emissions mitigation strategies. Such strategies in turn carry implications for financial capital markets. This paper explores the implication of climate mitigation policy for capital investment demands by the electric power sector on decade to century time scales. We go further to explore the implications of technology performance and the stringency of climate policy for capital investment demands by the power sector. Finally, we discuss the regional distribution of investment demands. We find that stabilizing GHG emissions will require additional investment in the electricity generation sector over and above investments that would be need in the absence of climate policy, in the range of 16 to 29 Trillion US$ (60-110%) depending on the stringency of climate policy during the period 2015 to 2095 under default technology assumptions. This increase reflects the higher capital intensity of power systems that control emissions. Limits on the penetration of nuclear and carbon capture and storage technology could increase costs substantially. Energy efficiency improvements can reduce the investment requirement by 8 to21 Trillion US$ (default technology assumptions), depending on climate policy scenario with higher savings being obtained under the most stringent climate policy. The heaviest investments in power generation were observed in the China, India, SE Asia and Africa regions with the latter three regions dominating in the second half of the 21st century.

  11. The Global Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chatzivasileiadis, Spyros; Andersson, Göran

    2012-01-01

    This paper puts forward the vision that a natural future stage of the electricity network could be a grid spanning the whole planet and connecting most of the large power plants in the world: this is the "Global Grid". The main driving force behind the Global Grid will be the harvesting of remote renewable sources, and its key infrastructure element will be the high capacity long transmission lines. Wind farms and solar power plants will supply load centers with green power over long distances. This paper focusses on the introduction of the concept, showing that a globally interconnected network can be technologically feasible and economically competitive. We further highlight the multiple opportunities emerging from a global electricity network such as smoothing the renewable energy supply and electricity demand, reducing the need for bulk storage, and reducing the volatility of the energy prices. We also discuss possible investment mechanisms and operating schemes. Among others, we envision in such a system...

  12. O`ahu Grid Study: Validation of Grid Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O`ahu Grid Study: Validation of Grid Models Prepared for the U.S. Department of Energy Office Resource Technologies for Energy Security Subtask 7.2 Deliverable By GE Global Research Niskayuna, New York

  13. Now Available: Smart Grid Investments Improve Grid Reliability...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    D.C., May 8, 2013. | Official White House Photo by Pete Souza. Smart Grid Week: Hurricane Season and the Department's Efforts to Make the Grid More Resilient to Power Outages...

  14. Sandia Energy - Grid Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology HomeGrid CyberGrid Integration

  15. Core Grid Functions: A Minimal Architecture for Grids

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , etc.) Identity Credential Management Grid Security Infrastructure Globus 2-style interface · Service Security Gateways information servers · J2EE hosting environment servers · Factory services Grid Security · Architectural Constraints (e.g. security) · Bindings #12;8 Resource Discovery & State / Grid Persistent State

  16. Stability of elastic grid shells

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mesnil, Romain, M. Eng. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01

    The elastic grid shell is a solution that combines double curvature and ease of mounting. This structural system, based on the deformation of an initially at grid without shear stiffness was invented more than fifty years ...

  17. Grid Applications Dr Gabrielle Allen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Gabrielle

    CCT Grid Application Areas ! Computational Chemistry " GridChem: Building community deployment simulations, drilling technologies, integration with sensors and wireless networks, dynamic data driven & DynaCode: Data workflows with coupled models, dynamic data driven scenarios, metadata. (scoop

  18. Smart Grid | Department of Energy

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Electric Power Smart Grid Smart Grid Rows of battery racks at the Salem Smart Power Center in Salem, Oregon. The Battelle-led Pacific Northwest Smart...

  19. March 28, 2011 THE ALLIANCE ON BUSINESS EDUCATION AND

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Takada, Shoji

    1 MBA March 28, 2011 THE ALLIANCE ON BUSINESS EDUCATION AND SCHOLARSHIP FOR TOMORROW, a 21st;3 NPO THE ALLIANCE ON BUSINESS EDUCATION AND SCHOLARSHIP FOR TOMORROWa 21st century organization (ABEST THE ALLIANCE ON BUSINESS EDUCATION AND SCHOLARSHIP FOR TOMORROWa 21st century organization #12;4 ABEST

  20. APEC Smart Grid Initiative

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bloyd, Cary N.

    2012-03-01

    This brief paper describes the activities of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Smart Grid Initiative (ASGI) which is being led by the U.S. and developed by the APEC Energy Working Group. In the paper, I describe the origin of the initiative and briefly mention the four major elements of the initiative along with existing APEC projects which support it.

  1. Unlocking the smart grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rokach, Joshua Z.

    2010-10-15

    The country has progressed in a relatively short time from rotary dial phones to computers, cell phones, and iPads. With proper planning and orderly policy implementation, the same will happen with the Smart Grid. Here are some suggestions on how to proceed. (author)

  2. NSTAR Smart Grid Pilot

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rabari, Anil; Fadipe, Oloruntomi

    2014-03-31

    NSTAR Electric & Gas Corporation (“the Company”, or “NSTAR”) developed and implemented a Smart Grid pilot program beginning in 2010 to demonstrate the viability of leveraging existing automated meter reading (“AMR”) deployments to provide much of the Smart Grid functionality of advanced metering infrastructure (“AMI”), but without the large capital investment that AMI rollouts typically entail. In particular, a central objective of the Smart Energy Pilot was to enable residential dynamic pricing (time-of-use “TOU” and critical peak rates and rebates) and two-way direct load control (“DLC”) by continually capturing AMR meter data transmissions and communicating through customer-sited broadband connections in conjunction with a standardsbased home area network (“HAN”). The pilot was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy’s (“DOE”) through the Smart Grid Demonstration program. NSTAR was very pleased to not only receive the funding support from DOE, but the guidance and support of the DOE throughout the pilot. NSTAR is also pleased to report to the DOE that it was able to execute and deliver a successful pilot on time and on budget. NSTAR looks for future opportunities to work with the DOE and others in future smart grid projects.

  3. Power Grid Vulnerability to Geographically Correlated Failures

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shepard, Kenneth

    potential locations for grid monitoring, and hence, will have impact on the deployment of the smart-grid

  4. print_grid() add_vessel()

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sharlin, Ehud

    grid.py print_grid() add_vessel() has_overlap() GRID_WIDTH GRID_HEIGHT NUM_VESSELS B VESSEL_NAMES[] VESSEL_SIZES[] human.py get_location() get_choice() grid_defend[] grid_attack[] import grid ai.py get, return false · add_vessel(grid, row, column, size, direction) ­ Check direction ­ Single for loop (size

  5. Networked Loads in the Distribution Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Zhifang; Li, Xiao; Muthukumar, Vishak; Scaglione, Anna; Peisert, Sean; McParland, Chuck

    2012-01-01

    A. Frincke. Smart-Grid Security Issues. IEEE Security &review on smart grid cyber security. Technical Report

  6. Grid Interaction Technical Team Roadmap

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2013-06-01

    The mission of the Grid Interaction Technical Team (GITT) is to support a transition scenario to large scale grid-connected vehicle charging with transformational technology, proof of concept and information dissemination. The GITT facilitates technical coordination and collaboration between vehicle-grid connectivity and communication activities among U.S. DRIVE government and industry partners.

  7. CLARREO shortwave observing system simulation experiments of the twenty-first century: Simulator design and implementation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Feldman, D.R.; Algieri, C.A.; Ong, J.R.; Collins, W.D.

    2011-04-01

    Projected changes in the Earth system will likely be manifested in changes in reflected solar radiation. This paper introduces an operational Observational System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) to calculate the signals of future climate forcings and feedbacks in top-of-atmosphere reflectance spectra. The OSSE combines simulations from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report for the NCAR Community Climate System Model (CCSM) with the MODTRAN radiative transfer code to calculate reflectance spectra for simulations of current and future climatic conditions over the 21st century. The OSSE produces narrowband reflectances and broadband fluxes, the latter of which have been extensively validated against archived CCSM results. The shortwave reflectance spectra contain atmospheric features including signals from water vapor, liquid and ice clouds, and aerosols. The spectra are also strongly influenced by the surface bidirectional reflectance properties of predicted snow and sea ice and the climatological seasonal cycles of vegetation. By comparing and contrasting simulated reflectance spectra based on emissions scenarios with increasing projected and fixed present-day greenhouse gas and aerosol concentrations, we find that prescribed forcings from increases in anthropogenic sulfate and carbonaceous aerosols are detectable and are spatially confined to lower latitudes. Also, changes in the intertropical convergence zone and poleward shifts in the subsidence zones and the storm tracks are all detectable along with large changes in snow cover and sea ice fraction. These findings suggest that the proposed NASA Climate Absolute Radiance and Refractivity Observatory (CLARREO) mission to measure shortwave reflectance spectra may help elucidate climate forcings, responses, and feedbacks.

  8. Cloud Computing for the Grid: GridControl: A Software Platform to Support the Smart Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2012-02-08

    GENI Project: Cornell University is creating a new software platform for grid operators called GridControl that will utilize cloud computing to more efficiently control the grid. In a cloud computing system, there are minimal hardware and software demands on users. The user can tap into a network of computers that is housed elsewhere (the cloud) and the network runs computer applications for the user. The user only needs interface software to access all of the cloud’s data resources, which can be as simple as a web browser. Cloud computing can reduce costs, facilitate innovation through sharing, empower users, and improve the overall reliability of a dispersed system. Cornell’s GridControl will focus on 4 elements: delivering the state of the grid to users quickly and reliably; building networked, scalable grid-control software; tailoring services to emerging smart grid uses; and simulating smart grid behavior under various conditions.

  9. Strategic Plan, 2012 -2015 Mission Statement

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gustafsson, Torgny

    Strategic Plan, 2012 - 2015 Mission Statement The Rutgers University Libraries support and enrich in the development of 21st century higher education a. Develop and enhance strategic roles for the Libraries in 21st

  10. Data Management in the GridRPC GridRPC Data Management API

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Caniou, Yves

    Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion GridRPC Data Management API Implementations, Le Mahec, Nakada GridRPC DM API: Implem. and Interop. Issues (1/13) #12;Data Management in the GridRPC Issues Conclusion Goal GridRPC DM types: Reminder 1 Data Management in the GridRPC Goal GridRPC DM types

  11. Smart Grid Demonstration Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Miller, Craig; Carroll, Paul; Bell, Abigail

    2015-03-11

    The National Rural Electric Cooperative Association (NRECA) organized the NRECA-U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Smart Grid Demonstration Project (DE-OE0000222) to install and study a broad range of advanced smart grid technologies in a demonstration that spanned 23 electric cooperatives in 12 states. More than 205,444 pieces of electronic equipment and more than 100,000 minor items (bracket, labels, mounting hardware, fiber optic cable, etc.) were installed to upgrade and enhance the efficiency, reliability, and resiliency of the power networks at the participating co-ops. The objective of this project was to build a path for other electric utilities, and particularly electrical cooperatives, to adopt emerging smart grid technology when it can improve utility operations, thus advancing the co-ops’ familiarity and comfort with such technology. Specifically, the project executed multiple subprojects employing a range of emerging smart grid technologies to test their cost-effectiveness and, where the technology demonstrated value, provided case studies that will enable other electric utilities—particularly electric cooperatives— to use these technologies. NRECA structured the project according to the following three areas: Demonstration of smart grid technology; Advancement of standards to enable the interoperability of components; and Improvement of grid cyber security. We termed these three areas Technology Deployment Study, Interoperability, and Cyber Security. Although the deployment of technology and studying the demonstration projects at coops accounted for the largest portion of the project budget by far, we see our accomplishments in each of the areas as critical to advancing the smart grid. All project deliverables have been published. Technology Deployment Study: The deliverable was a set of 11 single-topic technical reports in areas related to the listed technologies. Each of these reports has already been submitted to DOE, distributed to co-ops, and posted for universal access at www.nreca.coop/smartgrid. This research is available for widespread distribution to both cooperative members and non-members. These reports are listed in Table 1.2. Interoperability: The deliverable in this area was the advancement of the MultiSpeak™ interoperability standard from version 4.0 to version 5.0, and improvement in the MultiSpeak™ documentation to include more than 100 use cases. This deliverable substantially expanded the scope and usability of MultiSpeak, ™ the most widely deployed utility interoperability standard, now in use by more than 900 utilities. MultiSpeak™ documentation can be accessed only at www.multispeak.org. Cyber Security: NRECA’s starting point was to develop cyber security tools that incorporated succinct guidance on best practices. The deliverables were: cyber security extensions to MultiSpeak,™ which allow more security message exchanges; a Guide to Developing a Cyber Security and Risk Mitigation Plan; a Cyber Security Risk Mitigation Checklist; a Cyber Security Plan Template that co-ops can use to create their own cyber security plans; and Security Questions for Smart Grid Vendors.

  12. Harnessing Hydropower: The Earth's Natural Resource

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2011-04-01

    This document is a layman's overview of hydroelectric power. It includes information on: History of Hydropower; Nature’s Water Cycle; Hydropower Plants; Turbines and Generators; Transmission Systems; power dispatching centers; and Substations. It goes on to discuss The Power Grid, Hydropower in the 21st Century; Energy and the Environment; and how hydropower is useful for Meeting Peak Demands. It briefly addresses how Western Area Power Administration is Responding to Environmental Concerns.

  13. Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Electrification Technologies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Technical and Economic...

  14. Grid Integration Studies: Data Requirements, Greening the Grid...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    rates) for grid integration model development and calibration. * Collect and archive sub-hourly data where possible. * Monitor and incorporate best practices in fore- casting...

  15. Buildings-to-Grid Technical Opportunities: From the Grid Perspective

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    measurements, control strategy, and theories so that the essential transactive market between buildings and the grid will fully function and deliver benefits to all...

  16. Security Implications of Typical Grid Computing Usage Scenarios

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Marty; Thompson, Mary R.

    2001-01-01

    issues and challenges The Grid security requirements that wea seri- ous challenge to Grid security measures. Grids thatbased on using available Grid security services. Both Globus

  17. Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers | Department...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers DOE: Grid Storage and the Energy Frontier Research Centers Grid Storage...

  18. Securing the Electricity Grid: Government and Industry Exercise...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Securing the Electricity Grid: Government and Industry Exercise Together at GridEx III Securing the Electricity Grid: Government and Industry Exercise Together at GridEx III...

  19. Grid Integration of Robotic Telescopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Breitling; T. Granzer; H. Enke

    2009-03-23

    Robotic telescopes and grid technology have made significant progress in recent years. Both innovations offer important advantages over conventional technologies, particularly in combination with one another. Here, we introduce robotic telescopes used by the Astrophysical Institute Potsdam as ideal instruments for building a robotic telescope network. We also discuss the grid architecture and protocols facilitating the network integration that is being developed by the German AstroGrid-D project. Finally, we present three user interfaces employed for this purpose.

  20. GridWise Alliance: Smart Grid RFI: Addressing Policy and Logistical...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    More Documents & Publications QER - Comment of GridWise Alliance 1 SmartGrid Consortium: Smart Grid Roadmap for the State of New York Smart Grid: Enabler of the New Energy Economy...

  1. Feedback" An Article for Smart Grid News The Smart Grid Transition...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sharing Smart Grid Experiences through Performance Feedback" An Article for Smart Grid News The Smart Grid Transition-Getting Started We are on the ground floor of a Smart Grid...

  2. Sandia Energy - Distribution Grid Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    resulting data Modeling and analyzing short-term PV variability Developing PV system models for grid planning and interconnection studies Evaluating related PV system...

  3. Smart-Grid Security Issues

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Khurana, Himanshu; Hadley, Mark D.; Lu, Ning; Frincke, Deborah A.

    2010-01-29

    TITLE: Smart-Grid Security Issues (Editorial Material, English) IEEE SECURITY & PRIVACY 8 (1). JAN-FEB 2010. p.81-85 IEEE COMPUTER SOC, LOS ALAMITOS

  4. Sandia Energy - Smart Grid Technologies

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    reliability, efficiency, flexibility, and cost effectiveness. Smart-grid features include demand-response capabilities, advanced controls, DER integration, increased situational...

  5. Sandia Energy - Transmission Grid Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    are not adequate for PV systems. In particular, utilities are concerned about the cost of managing PV variability and uncertainty, and possible impact on bulk grid...

  6. Getting Our Grid Report Card

    Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]

    Overwhelming turnout at peer reviews shows the growing recognition that a modern grid is integral to developing a clean energy economy.

  7. Buildings to Grid Technical Meeting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-12-01

    A meeting book created for the Buildings to Grid Technical Meeting that includes speaker and attendee bios, as well as white papers and discussion questions.

  8. 2014 Modern Power Grid Video

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    2014-06-02

    A video from NETL that describes the details of a modern power grid and how it can help our nation save on energy costs.

  9. Environmental Impact of Smart Grid

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to reduce pollutants * Evaluate impact from Smart Grid on reducing pollutants through: - Demand Response - Electric Vehicles - Demand Side Management - Renewables and Distributed...

  10. 2014 Modern Power Grid Video

    ScienceCinema (OSTI)

    None

    2014-07-22

    A video from NETL that describes the details of a modern power grid and how it can help our nation save on energy costs.

  11. Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohanram, Kartik

    Large power grid analysis using domain decomposition Quming Zhou, Kai Sun, Kartik Mohanram, Danny C referred to as the power grid. The power grid for a modern integrated circuit may consist of several grid is traditionally described as a large-scale linear system. Simulation of power grids usually

  12. Sandia Energy - Grid Modernization

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of NaturalDukeWakefieldSulfateSciTechtail.Theory ofDid youOxygen GenerationTechnologiesEnergyGeoscience HomeGrid Modernization

  13. Smart Grid System Report

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX E LIST OF APPLICABLE DIRECTIVES PursuantEnergy Small| August 2014 2014 Smart Grid

  14. National Transmission Grid Study

    Energy Savers [EERE]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousMathematicsEnergyInterested Parties -Department ofDepartment ofEnergyIncreasedNational104-113] |Grid

  15. Grid Client Tools

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC GettingGraphene'sGreg-Delwiche SignGridClient

  16. Grid Software and Services

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSC GettingGraphene'sGreg-DelwicheGrid

  17. Grid-based Production

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home Room NewsInformation Current HABFESOpportunitiesNERSCGrid-based Production Grid-based Production

  18. Sandia Energy - Grid Integration

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity ofkandz-cm11 Outreach Home RoomPreservation of Fe(II)Geothermal Energy & Drilling Technology HomeGrid Cyber

  19. Sensor Grid: Integration of Wireless Sensor Networks and the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Teo, Yong-Meng

    With the convergence of technologies such as MEMS sensor devices, wireless networking, and low-power em- beddedSensor Grid: Integration of Wireless Sensor Networks and the Grid Hock Beng Lim1 , Yong Meng Teo1 Microsystems, Inc. E-mail: [limhb, teoym]@comp.nus.edu.sg Abstract Wireless sensor networks have emerged

  20. International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy Smart Grid Security: Threats, Vulnerabilities and Solutions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aloul, Fadi

    International Journal of Smart Grid and Clean Energy Smart Grid Security: Threats, Vulnerabilities is currently evolving into the smart grid. Smart grid integrates the traditional electrical power grid, controlling and managing the demands of customers. A smart grid is a huge complex network composed of millions

  1. Artificial Intelligence for the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Artificial Intelligence for the Smart Grid NICTA is developing technology to automate costs. The Future · Cover more of Smart Grid control (diagnosis, reconfiguration, protection, voltage) products for the Smart Grid. Contact Details: Technical Jussi Rintanen Canberra Research Laboratory Tel

  2. Parallel Simulation for VLSI Power Grid 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Le

    2015-07-23

    Due to the increasing complexity of VLSI circuits, power grid simulation has become more and more time-consuming. Hence, there is a need for fast and accurate power grid simulator. In order to perform power grid simulation ...

  3. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01

    inclusion of energy storage devices in the smart grid couldGrid and its Affect on Renewable Resources and Energy Storage ..Grid and its Affect on Renewable Resources and Energy Storage

  4. Considering Prefabulous and Almost Off the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grenier, Lotus; Beba, Zoe; Gray, Art

    2013-01-01

    upon it.The prototype, Off—grid IT HOUSE is our own house,were very accurate. The ?rst off—grid IT HOUSE is relativelyPrefabulous and Almost Off the Grid Introduction Two recent

  5. Embodied Energy and Off-Grid Lighting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alstone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    Life Cycle Assessment of Off-Grid Lighting Applications:Testing for Emerging Off-grid White-LED Illumination SystemsBudget: The Economics of Off-Grid Lighting for Small

  6. What will the Smart Grid Look Like?

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to natural disasters. Smart GrId mIleStoneS Smart Grid milestones represent the building blocks of the Smart Grid. Completion of each requires the deployment and...

  7. Smart Grid Status and Metrics Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Balducci, Patrick J.; Weimar, Mark R.; Kirkham, Harold

    2014-07-01

    To convey progress made in achieving the vision of a smart grid, this report uses a set of six characteristics derived from the National Energy Technology Laboratory Modern Grid Strategy. It measures 21 metrics to provide insight into the grid’s capacity to embody these characteristics. This report looks across a spectrum of smart grid concerns to measure the status of smart grid deployment and impacts.

  8. Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information | Department...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Recovery Act SGIG Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information Smart Grid Investment Grant Recipient Information BACKGROUND The Department of Energy's Office of Electricity...

  9. Flexible Transmission in the Smart Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hedman, Kory Walter

    2010-01-01

    models of the electric transmission network flow problem.requirements in the electric transmission grid is provided.operations of the electric transmission grid. It also

  10. Tribal Renewable Energy Foundational Course: Electricity Grid...

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Electricity Grid Basics Tribal Renewable Energy Foundational Course: Electricity Grid Basics Watch the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Indian Energy foundational course webinar...

  11. National Grid Generation, LLC | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    National Grid Generation, LLC (Redirected from KeySpan Generation LLC) Jump to: navigation, search Name: National Grid Generation, LLC Place: New York Service Territory:...

  12. From the Grid to the Smart Grid, Topologically

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pagani, Giuliano Andrea

    2013-01-01

    The Smart Grid is not just about the digitalization of the Power Grid. In its more visionary acceptation, it is a model of energy management in which the users are engaged in producing energy as well as consuming it, while having information systems fully aware of the energy demand-response of the network and of dynamically varying prices. A natural question is then: to make the Smart Grid a reality will the Distribution Grid have to be updated? We assume a positive answer to the question and we consider the lower layers of Medium and Low Voltage to be the most affected by the change. In our previous work, we have analyzed samples of the Dutch Distribution Grid in our previous work and we have considered possible evolutions of these using synthetic topologies modeled after studies of complex systems in other technological domains in another previous work. In this paper, we take an extra important further step by defining a methodology for evolving any existing physical Power Grid to a good Smart Grid model th...

  13. The Open Science Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pordes, Ruth; Kramer, Bill; Olson, Doug; Livny, Miron; Roy, Alain; Avery, Paul; Blackburn, Kent; Wenaus, Torre; Wurthwein, Frank; Gardner, Rob; Wilde, Mike; /Chicago U. /Indiana U.

    2007-06-01

    The Open Science Grid (OSG) provides a distributed facility where the Consortium members provide guaranteed and opportunistic access to shared computing and storage resources. OSG provides support for and evolution of the infrastructure through activities that cover operations, security, software, troubleshooting, addition of new capabilities, and support for existing and engagement with new communities. The OSG SciDAC-2 project provides specific activities to manage and evolve the distributed infrastructure and support its use. The innovative aspects of the project are the maintenance and performance of a collaborative (shared & common) petascale national facility over tens of autonomous computing sites, for many hundreds of users, transferring terabytes of data a day, executing tens of thousands of jobs a day, and providing robust and usable resources for scientific groups of all types and sizes. More information can be found at the OSG web site: www.opensciencegrid.org.

  14. Statistical Computations with AstroGrid and the Grid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert C Nichol; Garry Smith; Christopher J Miller; Chris Genovese; Larry Wasserman; Brent Bryan; Alexander Gray; Jeff Schneider; Andrew W Moore

    2005-11-15

    We outline our first steps towards marrying two new and emerging technologies; the Virtual Observatory (e.g, AstroGrid) and the computational grid. We discuss the construction of VOTechBroker, which is a modular software tool designed to abstract the tasks of submission and management of a large number of computational jobs to a distributed computer system. The broker will also interact with the AstroGrid workflow and MySpace environments. We present our planned usage of the VOTechBroker in computing a huge number of n-point correlation functions from the SDSS, as well as fitting over a million CMBfast models to the WMAP data.

  15. Smart Grid e-Forum | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Federal Smart Grid Task Force Smart Grid e-Forum Smart Grid e-Forum DOE conducted a series of Smart Grid E-Forums to discuss various issues surrounding Smart Grid including...

  16. Smart Grid Week: Working to Modernize the Nation's Electric Grid...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    Specialist, Office of Public Affairs Learn More about the Smart Grid Visit smartgrid.gov for access to videos, maps and data on the effort to transform the nation's...

  17. 2012 Smart Grid Peer Review Presentations - Day 2 Smart Grid...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Day 2 Smart Grid panel discussion are below. Moderator: Lee Kreval, SDG&E 2012 SG Peer Review - Day 2 Panel Discussion: Puesh Kumar, American Public Power Association 2012 SG Peer...

  18. Buildings-to-Grid Technical Opportunities: From the Grid Perspective

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kropski, Ben; Pratt, Rob

    2014-03-28

    This paper outlines the nature of the power grid, lists challenges and barriers to the implementation of a transactive energy ecosystem, and provides concept solutions to current technological impediments.

  19. Market-Oriented Cloud Computing: Vision, Hype, and Reality for Delivering IT Services as Computing Utilities

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Buyya, Rajkumar; Venugopal, Srikumar

    2008-01-01

    This keynote paper: presents a 21st century vision of computing; identifies various computing paradigms promising to deliver the vision of computing utilities; defines Cloud computing and provides the architecture for creating market-oriented Clouds by leveraging technologies such as VMs; provides thoughts on market-based resource management strategies that encompass both customer-driven service management and computational risk management to sustain SLA-oriented resource allocation; presents some representative Cloud platforms especially those developed in industries along with our current work towards realising market-oriented resource allocation of Clouds by leveraging the 3rd generation Aneka enterprise Grid technology; reveals our early thoughts on interconnecting Clouds for dynamically creating an atmospheric computing environment along with pointers to future community research; and concludes with the need for convergence of competing IT paradigms for delivering our 21st century vision.

  20. National Smart Water Grid

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Beaulieu, R A

    2009-07-13

    The United States repeatedly experiences floods along the Midwest's large rivers and droughts in the arid Western States that cause traumatic environmental conditions with huge economic impact. With an integrated approach and solution these problems can be alleviated. Tapping into the Mississippi River and its tributaries, the world's third largest fresh water river system, during flood events will mitigate the damage of flooding and provide a new source of fresh water to the Western States. The trend of increased flooding on the Midwest's large rivers is supported by a growing body of scientific literature. The Colorado River Basin and the western states are experiencing a protracted multi-year drought. Fresh water can be pumped via pipelines from areas of overabundance/flood to areas of drought or high demand. Calculations document 10 to 60 million acre-feet (maf) of fresh water per flood event can be captured from the Midwest's Rivers and pumped via pipelines to the Colorado River and introduced upstream of Lake Powell, Utah, to destinations near Denver, Colorado, and used in areas along the pipelines. Water users of the Colorado River include the cities in southern Nevada, southern California, northern Arizona, Colorado, Utah, Indian Tribes, and Mexico. The proposed start and end points, and routes of the pipelines are documented, including information on right-of-ways necessary for state and federal permits. A National Smart Water Grid{trademark} (NSWG) Project will create thousands of new jobs for construction, operation, and maintenance and save billions in drought and flood damage reparations tax dollars. The socio-economic benefits of NWSG include decreased flooding in the Midwest; increased agriculture, and recreation and tourism; improved national security, transportation, and fishery and wildlife habitats; mitigated regional climate change and global warming such as increased carbon capture; decreased salinity in Colorado River water crossing the US-Mexico border; and decreased eutrophication (excessive plant growth and decay) in the Gulf of Mexico to name a few. The National Smart Water Grid{trademark} will pay for itself in a single major flood event.