National Library of Energy BETA

Sample records for 2005-2009 equatorial guinea

  1. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  2. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    by building new gas-fired power stations and investing in the construction of new dams.Work is ongoing on the Djibloho hydroelectric plant project on the Wele River near...

  3. Hydrocarbon Film Deposition Inside Cavity Samples in Remote Areas of the JET Divertor During the 1999-2001 and 2005-2009 Campaigns

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hydrocarbon Film Deposition Inside Cavity Samples in Remote Areas of the JET Divertor During the 1999-2001 and 2005-2009 Campaigns

  4. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels) Reserves5-2015 Liquefied Natural

  5. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal,Demand Module of the NationalSales (Million2007-2014 Liquefied Natural Gas

  6. An Overview of World Tropical Hardwood Resources, Forest Products Trade and Environmental Issues

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Comoros, Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea

  7. Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01

    The Earth's climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27[degree]C, but never 31[degree]C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

  8. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    In Nigeria people steal oil. We don’t have that. It’s clean.Appel, Hannah 2011 Futures: Oil and the Making of ModularityWalls and White Elephants: Oil Extraction, Responsibility,

  9. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    storage, and offloading vessel (FPSO). With the productionhundreds of yards away, the FPSO was illuminated by its ownwould pull alongside the FPSO and leave with one million

  10. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    Zones of Exclusion: Offshore Extraction, the Contestation ofsubsea to market—as “offshore. ” T AMERICAN ETHNOLOGIST,1425.2012.01389.x Offshore work American Ethnologist Figure

  11. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    the production process—subsea to market—as “offshore. ” Tone million barrels. From subsea hydrocarbon deposit to theand marketization of subsea hydrocarbon deposits to proceed

  12. Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how of capitalism in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    APPEL, HANNAH

    2012-01-01

    for example, Chinese investment or national oil companies,and investments intended to generate speculative profit in short-term spot markets are not easily separable in the oil

  13. Walls and white elephants: Oil extraction, responsibility, and infrastructural violence in Equatorial Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Appel, HC

    2012-01-01

    extent to which oil’s enclaved investment can be ‘tightlyand foment ‘social investment’ of oil monies has intensi?edresponsibility for the investment of oil monies, but also o?

  14. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Imports" ,"Click worksheet

  15. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead PriceConsumption by9"CoalbedGas,+Annual",2014

  16. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: AlternativeMonthly","10/2015"Monthly","10/2015"Separation, Proved Reserves(Million Barrels)1973-2015

  17. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan FebCubicFracking,Michigan NaturalThousandThousand Cubic

  18. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantity of Natural GasAdjustments (Billion Cubic Feet)DecadeYear Jan Feb Mar Apr 2012 2013 2014Thousand343 342 328 37056 57 61 12 9per

  19. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram GuidelinesThousand Cubic Feet)Thousand Cubic Feet)per

  20. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power AdministrationRobust,Field-effectWorking With WIPP UPDATE: April 15,Gas9,7 Glossary G L O

  1. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office of Coal, Nuclear,DecadeYearby the PriceAlaska NaturalCubic Feet)(Dollars per

  2. EQUATORIAL SUPERROTATION ON TIDALLY LOCKED EXOPLANETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Showman, Adam P. [Department of Planetary Sciences and Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, University of Arizona, 1629 University Blvd., Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Polvani, Lorenzo M., E-mail: showman@lpl.arizona.edu [Department of Applied Physics and Applied Mathematics, Columbia University, New York, NY (United States)

    2011-09-01

    The increasing richness of exoplanet observations has motivated a variety of three-dimensional (3D) atmospheric circulation models of these planets. Under strongly irradiated conditions, models of tidally locked, short-period planets (both hot Jupiters and terrestrial planets) tend to exhibit a circulation dominated by a fast eastward, or 'superrotating', jet stream at the equator. When the radiative and advection timescales are comparable, this phenomenon can cause the hottest regions to be displaced eastward from the substellar point by tens of degrees longitude. Such an offset has been subsequently observed on HD 189733b, supporting the possibility of equatorial jets on short-period exoplanets. Despite its relevance, however, the dynamical mechanisms responsible for generating the equatorial superrotation in such models have not been identified. Here, we show that the equatorial jet results from the interaction of the mean flow with standing Rossby waves induced by the day-night thermal forcing. The strong longitudinal variations in radiative heating-namely intense dayside heating and nightside cooling-trigger the formation of standing, planetary-scale equatorial Rossby and Kelvin waves. The Rossby waves develop phase tilts that pump eastward momentum from high latitudes to the equator, thereby inducing equatorial superrotation. We present an analytic theory demonstrating this mechanism and explore its properties in a hierarchy of one-layer (shallow-water) calculations and fully 3D models. The wave-mean-flow interaction produces an equatorial jet whose latitudinal width is comparable to that of the Rossby waves, namely the equatorial Rossby deformation radius modified by radiative and frictional effects. For conditions typical of synchronously rotating hot Jupiters, this length is comparable to a planetary radius, explaining the broad scale of the equatorial jet obtained in most hot-Jupiter models. Our theory illuminates the dependence of the equatorial jet speed on forcing amplitude, strength of friction, and other parameters, as well as the conditions under which jets can form at all.

  3. EQUATORIAL ZONAL JETS AND JUPITER's GRAVITY

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kong, D.; Liao, X.; Zhang, K.; Schubert, G.

    2014-08-20

    The depth of penetration of Jupiter's zonal winds into the planet's interior is unknown. A possible way to determine the depth is to measure the effects of the winds on the planet's high-order zonal gravitational coefficients, a task to be undertaken by the Juno spacecraft. It is shown here that the equatorial winds alone largely determine these coefficients which are nearly independent of the depth of the non-equatorial winds.

  4. Scholarly Paper Coupled Instability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    Scholarly Paper Coupled Instability in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean Hua Chen Advisor: Raghu's a cycle or an event depends on the mean state of equatorial Pacific Ocean, which is influenced by mean problem in the equatorial Pacific ocean. The control run with a coupling coefficient 0.4 and relatively

  5. Africa Aerosol Optical Depth Obtained From MISR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank, Thomas D.

    Faso Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Cameroon Equatorial Guinea Gambia, The Ghana Guinea Guinea-Bissau Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Mauritania

  6. The More Things Stay the Same the More They Change : : Measuring Changing Levels of Human Rights Using Computational Methods

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fariss, Christopher J.

    ANGOLA EQUATORIAL GUINEA COMOROS BHUTAN ZIMBABWE MALDIVESINDONESIA FIJI SAMOA PAKISTAN COMOROS PAPUA NEW GUINEA OMAN

  7. Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX). Design document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01

    The Earth`s climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27{degree}C, but never 31{degree}C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

  8. Basin Resonances in the Equatorial Indian Ocean WEIQING HAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    Basin Resonances in the Equatorial Indian Ocean WEIQING HAN Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic, LOCEAN, Paris, France BENE´ T DUNCAN Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, University in the equatorial Indian Ocean (IO) interact to form basin resonances at the semiannual (180 day) and 90-day periods

  9. Roles of Equatorial Waves and Western Boundary Reflection in the Seasonal Circulation of the Equatorial Indian Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    semiannual oscillations of surface zonal currents in the central equatorial Indian Ocean are investigated of the Equatorial Indian Ocean DONGLIANG YUAN Institute of Oceanology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and First Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration, Qingdao, China WEIQING HAN PAOS, University

  10. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea: Energy

  11. Light deflection in Kerr field for off-equatorial source

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarani Chakraborty; A. K. Sen

    2015-04-13

    Deflection angle for a light ray travelling in the equatorial plane of a rotating Kerr mass has been already calculated by various investigators. Considering the light ray to be travelling only slightly above the equatorial plane, calculations have been made for such a ray for its deflection angle. In this paper, we calculate deflection angles for the light ray at various heights, which are small compared to the impact parameter and derive corresponding analytical expressions for deflection angle.

  12. The annual cycle in equatorial convection and sea surface temperature

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mitchell, T.P.; Wallace, J.M. (Washington Univ., Seattle (United States) NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States))

    1992-10-01

    The coupled atmosphere-ocean system in the equatorial eastern Pacific and Atlantic exhibits a distinct annual cycle that is reflected in contrasting conditions at the times of the two equinoxes. The contrasts are so strong that they dominate the annual march of zonally averaged outgoing long wave radiation for the equatorial belt. The March equinox corresponds to the warm season when the equatorial cold tongues in the eastern Pacific and Atlantic area absent. With the onset of summer monsoon convection over Colombia, Central America, and West Africa in May-June, northward surface winds strengthen over the eastern Pacific and Atlantic, the equatorial cold tongues reappear, and the marine convection shifts from the equatorial belt to the intertropical convergence zones (ITCZs) along 8 deg N. On the basis of observational evidence concerning the timing and year-to-year regularity of the surface wind changes during the development of the cold tongues, it is argued that (1) the increase in the northward surface winds in response to the onset of the northern summer monsoon may be instrumental in reestablishing the cold tongues, and (2) positive feedbacks involving both the zonal and meridional wind components contribute to the remarkable robustness of the cold tongue-ITCZs complexes in both oceans. 36 refs.

  13. IMF polarity effects on the equatorial ionospheric F-region

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sastri, J.H.

    1985-01-01

    An exploratory study is made of the influence, during the equinoxes, of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) sector structure on the ionospheric F-region using ionosonde data from several equatorial stations for a 3-yr period around the 19th sunspot cycle maximum. It is found that, compared with days having positive IMF polarity, the post-sunset increase of h'F near the dip equator and the depth of the equatorial ionization anomaly (EIA) are reduced during the vernal equinox and enhanced during the autumnal equinox on days with negative IMF polarity. Similar trends are also noted in the data for the 20th sunspot cycle maximum, but with reduced amplitude. The systematic changes in the F-region characteristics suggest a modification of the equatorial zonal electric fields in association with the IMF polarity-related changes in the semi-annual variation of geomagnetic activity. 24 references.

  14. Exploring the climate change refugia potential of equatorial Pacific coral reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drenkard, Elizabeth Joan

    2015-01-01

    Global climate models project a 21st century strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC). The consequent increase in topographic upwelling of cool waters onto equatorial coral reef islands would mitigate ...

  15. Shipboard Atmospheric O2 Measurements in the Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephens, Britton B.

    of equatorial O2 and CO2 outgassing in these models, the lack of a seasonal marine O2 rectifier in these models of DIC and preformed nutrients and the strong air-sea heat fluxes lead to a net outgassing of O2 and CO2

  16. Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kennedy, Martin J.

    LETTERS Snowball Earth termination by destabilization of equatorial permafrost methane clathrate-gassing during post-glacial oceanic overturn7 or methane hydrate destabilization8­10 . Here we report the broadest range of oxygen isotope values yet measured in mar- ine sediments (225% to 112%) in methane seeps

  17. Atlantic Winds, Waves, Nonlinearities, and the North Equatorial Countercurrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maryland at College Park, University of

    1 Atlantic Winds, Waves, Nonlinearities, and the North Equatorial Countercurrent Jeff Armbruster an eastward current flowing counter to the direction of the prevailing trade winds. Already by the 1500's for Environmental Prediction, Camp Springs, MD #12;2 Figure 1. Wind stress and current conditions during August

  18. The Deep Currents in the Eastern Equatorial Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /IRD/UPMC), IPSL, Paris, France. 3 IRD, B.P. A5, 98848 Nouméa cedex, New-Caledonia. 4 LEGOS (CNRS observed in the central and western equatorial basin. Here, we present three meridional velocity sections of the basin [Böning and Schott, 1993; Gouriou et al., 1999, 2001; Send et al., 2002] but no deep velocity

  19. 1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation 3 A. Sen Gupta,1 A), 29 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean equatorial 30 circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LXXXXX, doi:10.1029/ 31 2012GL051447. 32 1. Introduction 33 [2] The equatorial Pacific Ocean

  20. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21

    Liquefied Natural Gas Company FPSO Floating Production Storage and Offloading Vessel GMD Group Managing Director GOG Gulf of Guinea KRW Korean Won KW Kilowatts LNG Liquefied Natural Gas TAMU Texas A&M University MMIE Ministry of Mines, Industry... .............................................................. 103 6.7 Nontechnical Challenges .......................................................... 104 VII INSULATION PROJECT ON AGBAMI FPSO ................................. 106 7.1 Background on Envirocage...

  1. Nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurita Fabre, Guillermo

    1986-01-01

    Equatorial Current fed by the last two currents. Intermediate currents influencing this flank are likely to be tide generated as suggested by the N-S erosioned valleys on top of the Carnegie Ridge (Lonsdale and Malfait, 1974; Lonsdale, 1977... Zone is interpreted to be the result of reworking and its common occurrence immediately below is attributed to a slump occurring at this level. This zone extends from 175 cm to 450 cm. The last occurrence of P. lacunosa has been dated...

  2. Estimating the Attractor Dimension of the Equatorial Weather System

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melvin Leok Boon Tiong

    1995-10-25

    The correlation dimension and limit capacity serve theoretically as lower and upper bounds, respectively, of the fractal dimension of attractors of dynamic systems. In this paper, we show that estimates of the correlation dimension grow rapidly with increasing noise level in the time-series, while estimates of the limit capacity remain relatively unaffected. It is therefore proposed that the limit capacity be used in studies of noisy data, despite its heavier computational requirements. An analysis of Singapore wind data with the limit capacity estimate revealed a surprisingly low dimension (~2.5). It is suggested that further studies be made with comprehensive equatorial weather data.

  3. The Equatorial Undercurrent, the South Equatorial Countercurrent, and their extensions in the South Pacific Ocean east of the Galapagos Islands during February-March, 1967 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    White, Warren Bradley

    1969-01-01

    Equatorial Countercurrent. in the zone from 4" to 6'S, between the two eastward flovvs, the isanosteres from 120 cl/t to 220 cl/t sloped down toward the south. Such slopes indicate westward flow. The flow was accom- panied by relatively low oxygen ((0. 5... that the sections show two east- ward flows, the south branch of the Equatorial Undercurrent and the South Equatorial Countercurrent entering the region from the west; the two flows were separated by a westward flow near 5'S. The Peru-Chile Undercurrent traveled...

  4. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  5. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe site) and Amazonia (24 ± 1.7 species), but was significantly lower in Europe (8 ± 0.8 species dominated in Europe, whereas New Guinea exhibited an intermediate pattern with both local and widespread

  6. Transition from inspiral to plunge for eccentric equatorial Kerr orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. O'Shaughnessy

    2002-11-07

    Ori and Thorne have discussed the duration and observability (with LISA) of the transition from circular, equatorial inspiral to plunge for stellar-mass objects into supermassive ($10^{5}-10^{8}M_{\\odot}$) Kerr black holes. We extend their computation to eccentric Kerr equatorial orbits. Even with orbital parameters near-exactly determined, we find that there is no universal length for the transition; rather, the length of the transition depends sensitively -- essentially randomly -- on initial conditions. Still, Ori and Thorne's zero-eccentricity results are essentially an upper bound on the length of eccentric transitions involving similar bodies (e.g., $a$ fixed). Hence the implications for observations are no better: if the massive body is $M=10^{6}M_{\\odot}$, the captured body has mass $m$, and the process occurs at distance $d$ from LISA, then $S/N \\lesssim (m/10 M_{\\odot})(1\\text{Gpc}/d)\\times O(1)$, with the precise constant depending on the black hole spin. For low-mass bodies ($m \\lesssim 7 M_\\odot$) for which the event rate is at least vaguely understood, we expect little chance (probably [much] less than 10%, depending strongly on the astrophysical assumptions) of LISA detecting a transition event with $S/N>5$ during its run; however, even a small infusion of higher-mass bodies or a slight improvement in LISA's noise curve could potentially produce $S/N>5$ transition events during LISA's lifetime.

  7. Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Douglas S.

    Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean;Abstract Processes which control the upper ocean thermohaline structure in the western equa- torial Pacific forcing data have indicated that the thick isothermal layer in the western equatorial Pacific is found

  8. From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic composition and rare earth element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic composition, and S. Cravatte (2013), From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic waters (112 samples) in the Southern Tropical Pacific. The relatively detailed picture of these tracer

  9. High connectivity across the fragmented chemosynthetic ecosystems of the deep Atlantic Equatorial Belt: efficient

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Borges, Rita

    Belt: efficient dispersal mechanisms or questionable endemism? SARA TEIXEIRA,* KARINE OLU,* CAROLE Equatorial Belt (AEB). Here, we combined genetic data (COI) from several taxa to assess the possible distributions in overlooked parts of the deep sea. Keywords: Atlantic equatorial belt, chemosynthetic habitats

  10. Abrupt Transition to Strong Superrotation Driven by Equatorial Wave Resonance in an Idealized GCM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian F.

    Abrupt Transition to Strong Superrotation Driven by Equatorial Wave Resonance in an Idealized GCM zonal-mean westerly winds over the equator. Such a state is relatively common in our solar system, being to accelerate their latitude of origin, superrotation must generally in- volve an equatorial wave source

  11. Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

  12. Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hu, Feng Sheng

    Long-term variability and rainfall control of savanna fire regimes in equatorial East Africa D A V Abstract Fires burning the vast grasslands and savannas of Africa significantly influence the global carbon in equatorial East Africa. The charcoal-inferred shifts in local and regional fire regimes were compared

  13. A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Julian P.

    A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a, , R in paleoceanography. We present evidence from ten equatorial Pacific Ocean sediment cores to show that the deep Pacific Ocean likely stored more carbon during the last glacial period than the Holocene

  14. Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

    Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model in a tropical Pacific ocean model run for the period 1993­1997. Salinity and temperature corrections salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8001

  15. Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean Marlos compositedevents.For the cold(warm)eventthe EUC shows a greater (reduced) transport and core velocity, and a deeper.Wainer, Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res

  16. 2005 Nature Publishing Group Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    © 2005 Nature Publishing Group Simulation of equatorial and high-latitude jets on Jupiter in a deep system of powerful winds. Broad eastward equatorial jets are flanked by smaller-scale, higher-latitude jets flowing in alternating directions1,2 . Jupiter's large thermal emission suggests that the winds

  17. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID Climate

  18. Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Nio/La Nia transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña 2013. [1] The biological response in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña transitions, Geophys

  19. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative FuelsMonthly","10/2015" ,"ReleaseVolume (MMcf)" ,"Click worksheet name or tab atMonthly","10/2015"

  20. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home PageMonthly","10/2015"4,"Ames City of",6,1,"Omaha Public PowerOECD/IEA - 2008Wellhead Price (Dollars perSummary" ,"ClickAnnual",2014 ,"Release

  1. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2015 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  2. Application Form for Screening Fee Waiver, 2014 Waseda University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaji, Hajime

    , Comoros, D.P.R.Korea, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia

  3. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  4. The Effect of Milankovitch Variations in Insolation on Equatorial Seasonality YOSEF ASHKENAZY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildor, Hezi

    temperature (SST) close to the vernal equinox and minimum SST close to the autumnal equinox or vice versa times per year at the equinoxes, at times in the past the equatorial insolation has had only one maximum

  5. Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA Reanalysis: Mechanisms, Ocean Dynamics, and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher B.

    Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...

  6. A Pilot Study of Uterine Artery Embolization with Tris-Acryl Gelatin Microspheres in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhuang Wenquan; Tan Guosheng; Guo Wenbo, E-mail: patrickguo2008@163.com [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Interventional Radiology (China); Yang Jianyong [The First Affiliated Hospital of Sun Yat-sen University, Department of Radiology (China)

    2012-06-15

    Objective: This study was designed to establish guinea pigs as an animal model for uterine artery embolization (UAE) with tris-acryl gelatin microspheres (TAGM). Methods: Twenty-five female adult guinea pigs were randomly divided into two groups, including a uterine artery casting mould group (n = 10) and a UAE group (n = 15). Pelvic angiography and vascular casting mould were performed in the first group. The anatomical characters of the pelvic cavity in guinea pigs were described. In the second group, the technical feasibility of performing UAE with TAGM in guinea pigs was investigated. The histopathological slides of the uterus of guinea pigs after UAE were examined to inspect the outcomes of UAE. Results: The uterine artery springs from the internal iliac artery, ascends tortuously along the cervix, and gives off vertically 8-10 branches to the cervix uteri and uterine horns. The diameters of the trunk of the uterine artery and its first branch were 0.32 {+-} 0.027 mm and 0.14 {+-} 0.01 mm, respectively. For UAE animals, the dosages of 40-120 and 100-300 {mu}m TAGM were 0.033 {+-} 0.003 ml and 0.015 {+-} 0.002 ml, respectively. On histopathological slides, embosphere particles were found in the first branches of the uterine artery, the subserous arteries, and the intramural arteries. Inflammatory reactions in the uterus were common in guinea pigs after UAE. Local or dispersed areas of necrosis in uterus also were observed in a few guinea pigs. Conclusions: Guinea pigs are an appropriate and feasible model for UAE with TAGM.

  7. Ion composition of the topside equatorial ionosphere during solar minimum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, S.A.; Fejer, B.G. (Utah State Univ., Logan (United States)); Heelis, R.A.; Hanson, W.B. (Univ. of Texas, Richardson (United States))

    1992-04-01

    The authors have used observations from both the Bennett ion mass spectrometer and the retarding potential analyzer on board the Atmosphere Explorer E satellite to study the longitudinally averaged O{sup +}, H{sup +}, and He{sup +} concentrations from 150 to 1,100 km in the equatorial ionosphere during the 1975-1976 solar minimum. The results suggest that the ion mass spectrometer measurements need to be increased by a factor of 2.15 to agree with the densities from the retarding potential analyzer and with ground-based measurements. The peak H{sup +} concentrations are about 2.5 {times} 10{sup 4} cm{sup {minus}3} during the day and 10{sup 4} cm{sup {minus}3} at night and vary little with season. The O{sup +}/H{sup +} transition altitude lies between 750 and 825 km during the day and between 550 and 600 km at night. He{sup +} is a minor species at all altitudes; its concentration is highly variable with a maximum value of about 10{sup 3} cm{sup {minus}3} during equinox daytime.

  8. Sources and management of hazardous waste in Papua New Guinea

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Singh, K.

    1996-12-31

    Papua New Guinea (PNG) has considerable mineral wealth, especially in gold and copper. Large-scale mining takes place, and these activities are the source of most of PNG`s hazardous waste. Most people live in small farming communities throughout the region. Those living adjacent to mining areas have experienced some negative impacts from river ecosystem damage and erosion of their lands. Industry is centered mainly in urban areas and Generates waste composed of various products. Agricultural products, pesticide residues, and chemicals used for preserving timber and other forestry products also produce hazardous waste. Most municipal waste comes from domestic and commercial premises; it consists mainly of combustibles, noncombustibles, and other wastes. Hospitals generate pathogenic organisms, radioactive materials, and chemical and pharmaceutical laboratory waste. Little is known about the actual treatment of waste before disposal in PNG. Traditional low-cost waste disposal methods are usually practiced, such as use of landfills; storage in surface impoundments; and disposal in public sewers, rivers, and the sea. Indiscriminate burning of domestic waste in backyards is also commonly practiced in urban and rural areas. 10 refs., 4 tabs.

  9. Protein A suppresses immune responses during Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection in guinea pigs

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Kim, Hwan Keun; Falugi, Fabiana; Thomer, Lena; Missiakas, Dominique M.; Schneewind, Olaf

    2015-01-06

    Staphylococcus aureus infection is not associated with the development of protective immunity, and disease relapses occur frequently. We hypothesize that protein A, a factor that binds immunoglobulin Fc? and cross-links VH3 clan B cell receptors (IgM), is the staphylococcal determinant for host immune suppression. To test this, vertebrate IgM was examined for protein A cross-linking. High VH3 binding activity occurred with human and guinea immunoglobulin, whereas mouse and rabbit immunoglobulins displayed little and no binding, respectively. Establishing a guinea pig model of S. aureus bloodstream infection, we show that protein A functions as a virulence determinant and suppresses host Bmore »cell responses. Immunization with SpAKKAA, which cannot bind immunoglobulin, elicits neutralizing antibodies that enable guinea pigs to develop protective immunity.« less

  10. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  11. Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adrià

    Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

  12. Semiannual Cycle in Zonal Wind over the Equatorial Indian Ocean TOMOMICHI OGATA AND SHANG-PING XIE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Semiannual Cycle in Zonal Wind over the Equatorial Indian Ocean TOMOMICHI OGATA AND SHANG-PING XIE December 2010, in final form 4 June 2011) ABSTRACT The semiannual cycle in zonal wind over the equatorial. In observations, the semiannual cycle in zonal wind is dominant on the equator and confined in the planetary

  13. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jacob, Daniel J.

    ://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/3.0/). 1. Introduction Global palm oil production has more than doubled since 2000 in response to soaring demand (FAO, 2013). Indonesia and Malaysia together account for 86% of the world's production online 19 September 2014 Keywords: Equatorial Asia Adjoint Palm oil Fire Conservation Population

  14. Radial distributions of equatorial phase space density for outer radiation belt electrons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    Radial distributions of equatorial phase space density for outer radiation belt electrons D. L throughout the outer radiation belt using data from the Solid State Telescopes on THEMIS-D. We estimate for the relativistic and non-relativistic populations. Specifically, the PSD distribution of outer belt relativistic

  15. Interannual-to-Decadal Variability in the Bifurcation of the North Equatorial Current off the Philippines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    the Philippines BO QIU AND SHUIMING CHEN Department of Oceanography, University of Hawaii at Manoa, Honolulu in the bifurcation of the North Equatorial Current (NEC) along the Philippine coast. The NEC bifurcation latitude gyres. After en- countering the western boundary along the Philippine coast, the NEC bifurcates

  16. Atomic chlorine concentrations derived from ethane and hydroxyl measurements over the equatorial Pacific Ocean: Implication for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wingenter, Oliver W.

    Atomic chlorine concentrations derived from ethane and hydroxyl measurements over the equatorial model includes in situ observations of hydroxyl [HO] and precise measurements of ethane (C2H6) mixing ratios. Ethane was $40 pptv higher in the buffer layer (BuL) than in the SL, thus vertical exchange

  17. Dynamics of Intraseasonal Sea Level and Thermocline Variability in the Equatorial Atlantic during 200203

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    instability waves (TIWs). On 10­40-day time scales and west of 10°W, the spectral power of sea level of Geography, The Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio @Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute. To help in understanding the role played by the wind-driven equatorial waves, a linear continuously

  18. Generation of the North Equatorial Undercurrent Jets by Triad Baroclinic Rossby Wave Interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    Generation of the North Equatorial Undercurrent Jets by Triad Baroclinic Rossby Wave Interactions HIDEHARU SASAKI Earth Simulator Center, JAMSTEC, Yokohama, Japan (Manuscript received 3 May 2013, in final as the baroclinic Rossby wave triad interaction theory, to unravel the essential processes underlying the NEUC jets

  19. Basin-Wavelength Equatorial Deep Jet Signals Across Three Oceans1 Madeleine K. Youngs2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Gregory C.

    of intermediate and deep water masses in the Atlantic. Brandt et al. (2011, 2012) argue38 that as wellBasin-Wavelength Equatorial Deep Jet Signals Across Three Oceans1 Madeleine K. Youngs2 NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Seattle WA and Environmental Science and Engineering, California

  20. Multivariate Data Assimilation in the Tropics by Using Equatorial Waves NEDJELJKA ZAGAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zagar, Nedjeljka

    Multivariate Data Assimilation in the Tropics by Using Equatorial Waves NEDJELJKA ZAGAR 1 multivariate assimila- tion methodology. This applies to both dry and moist idealized tropical systems as well as to a 4D-Var NWP assimilation system. Key words: Tropics, Data assimilation, 4D-Var, Multivariate

  1. Linear Theory Calculations for the Sea Breeze in a Background Wind: The Equatorial Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Linear Theory Calculations for the Sea Breeze in a Background Wind: The Equatorial Case TINGTING- terpreted by comparing to the U 5 0 theory of Rotunno. For U 6¼ 0 the Fourier integral solution consists quadrature method. 1. Introduction The sea breeze circulation is an atmospheric response to differential

  2. Linear Theory Calculations for the Sea Breeze in a Background Wind: The Equatorial Case

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in a Background Wind: The Equatorial Case Tingting Qian, Craig C. Epifanio and Fuqing Zhang Texas A&M University.....not really.) Prototype problem: linear wave generation due to diurnally oscillating heat source over land (Mapes et al. 2003) landsea (and not the sea-breeze density current) constant wind & stability #12

  3. Micro-phytoplankton biomass of the equatorial Pacific in spring 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Duan

    1995-01-01

    Along one transect in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean the micro-phytoplankton (>15 gm in one dimension) biomass in the upper 200 in was examined. The samples were taken during the most recent El Nifio event and examined in the light microscope...

  4. Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Farrell, Brian F.

    Emergence of Jets from Turbulence in the Shallow-Water Equations on an Equatorial Beta Plane BRIAN (Manuscript received 2 September 2008, in final form 24 April 2009) ABSTRACT Coherent jets, such as the Jovian the essential mechanism of jet formation, which is systematic eddy mo- mentum flux directed up the mean velocity

  5. The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The size distribution of conspeci c populations: the peoples of New Guinea Vojtech Novotny1, Department of Biology, Brafova 7, 701 03 Ostrava, Czech Republic The size distribution of the language analogous to the resource division models of species abun- dance distribution in ecological communities

  6. Biomass resource potential for selected crops in Hawaii. [Koa haole (giant leucaena); napier and guinea grass

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Seki, A.

    1982-06-01

    The biomass crops selected for review were koa haole (giant leucaena), napier and guinea grass, and eucalyptus (saligna, grandis, and globulus). The islands examined were Hawaii, Kauai, Maui, and Molokai. The potential land acreage for growing these crops was estimated grossly. As anticipated, the island of Hawaii had the largest land potential with eucalyptus having the greatest potential land acreage.

  7. SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    SEDIMENT TRANSPORT AND DEPOSITION IN THE OK TEDI-FLY RIVER SYSTEM, PAPUA NEW GUINEA: THE MODELING. This sediment flows from the Ok Tedi to the Fly River, eventually reaching the Gulf of Papua. This document River. The second author of this report has been served as the sediment transport consultant for Ok Tedi

  8. Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lynett, Patrick

    Field Survey and Numerical Simulations: A Review of the 1998 Papua New Guinea Tsunami PATRICK J (PNG) tsunami of 1998 is re-examined through a detailed review of the field survey as well as numerous of frequency dispersion on the landslide-generated tsunami. The numerical comparisons indicate that the NLSW

  9. The metrics and correlates of physician migration from Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arah, OA

    2007-01-01

    South Africa Kenya Ghana Liberia Gambia Ghana EthiopiaEgypt South Africa Ghana Liberia Cape Verde Algeria MoroccoGuinea-Bissau Angola Liberia Equatorial Guinea Mauritius São

  10. Assessing the direct effects of the ebola outbreak on life expectancy in liberia, sierra leone and Guinea.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helleringer, S; Noymer, A

    2015-01-01

    and health system demand in liberia. PLoS Biol. 2015 Jan;13(Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.Ebola in Sierra Leone and Liberia. PLOS Currents Outbreaks.

  11. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  12. A very oligotrophic zone observed from space in the equatorial Pacific warm pool1 Marie-Hlne Radenaca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    penetration of nutrient-rich water due to the following processes. 1/ The34 equatorial oligotrophic warm pool tropical Pacific, and especially the eastern part of the warm pool,51 is one of the world ocean regions

  13. Data Report: Oligocene Paleoceanography of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: Planktonic and Benthic Foraminifer Stable Isotope Results from Site 1218 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget, S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01

    .) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results Volume 199 17. DATA REPORT: OLIGOCENE PALEOCEANOGRAPHY OF THE EQUATORIAL PACIFIC OCEAN: PLANKTONIC AND BENTHIC FORAMINIFER STABLE ISOTOPE RESULTS FROM SITE 1218 1 Bridget S. Wade 2,3 and Heiko... Hemisphere. Previous work has suggested that the volume of the Antarctic ice sheet 1 Wade, B.S., and P?like, H., 2005. Data report: Oligocene paleoceanography of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: planktonic and benthic foraminifer stable isotope results from...

  14. Global equatorial ionospheric vertical plasma drifts measured by the AE-E satellite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fejer, B.G.; Paula, E.R. de [Utah State Univ., Logan, UT (United States)]l Heelis, R.A. [Univ. of Texas, Richardson, TX (United States)] [and others

    1995-04-01

    Ion drift meter observations from the Atmospheric Explorer E satellite during the period of January 1977 to December 1979 are used to study the dependence of equatorial (dip latitudes {le}7.5{degrees}) F region vertical plasma drifts (east-west electric fields) on solar activity, season, and longitude. The satellite-observed ion drifts show large day-to-day and seasonal variations. Solar cycle effects are most pronounced near the dusk sector with a large increase of the prereversal velocity enhancement from solar minimum to maximum. The diurnal, seasonal, and solar cycle dependence of the longitudinally averaged drifts are consistent with results from the Jicamarca radar except near the June solstice when the AE-E nightime downward velocities are significantly smaller than those observed by the radar. Pronounced presunrise downward drift enhancements are often observed over a large longitudinal range but not in the Peruvian equatorial region. The satellite data indicate that longitudinal variations are largest near the June solstice, particularly near dawn and dusk but are virtually absent during equinox. The longitudinal dependence of the AE-E vertical drifts is consistent with results from ionosonde data. These measurements were also used to develop a description of equatorial F region vertical drifts in four longitudinal sectors. 17 refs., 7 figs.

  15. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  16. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 28, NO. 22, PAGES 4215-4218, NOVEMBER 15, 2001 Dynamical response of equatorial Indian Ocean to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    the eastern ocean boundary. 1. Introduction Moored current meter data in the western equatorial In- dian Ocean in the central Indian Ocean (73 10 E, 0 41 S) and found that zonal wind is highly coherent with zonal currents zonal current in the western equatorial Indian Ocean was forced by the zonal wind in the western basin

  17. Petrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Program) Site 1256 is located on the Cocos Plate in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, in a 15 Ma oldPetrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific Marie Violay , Philippe A. Pezard, Benoît Ildefonse

  18. Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 12451274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, George

    2004-01-01

    Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 1245­1274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial inverse and network analyses to examine food web interactions at 0 , 140 W during EqPac time approach allowed us to trace the pathway of fixed carbon through a representative food web

  19. In Late Ordovician times, Laurentia, Baltica, Siberia and the Chinese Blocks occupied subtropical and equatorial latitudes. Avalonia collided

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torsvik, Trond Helge

    by the preserved high-pressure eclog- ite-bearing terranes in western Norway. The Scandian event was followed, Antarctica, India and Australia) were glaciated. The Central Pangean mountain range formed an equatorial and aeolian systems. Intra-mountain basins formed as Scandian compression gave way to collapse and extension

  20. Ecosystem dynamics and export production in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific: A modeling study of impact of ENSO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Wendy

    Ecosystem dynamics and export production in the central and eastern equatorial Pacific: A modeling biomass and low export production. Zooplankton and large phytoplankton are more depressed than small enhance export production by a factor of eight in the Nin~o3 area. Large phytoplankton are largely

  1. Diapiric exhumation of Earth's youngest (UHP) eclogites in the gneiss domes of the D'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    'Entrecasteaux Islands, Papua New Guinea T.A. Little a, , B.R. Hacker b , S.M. Gordon b,c , S.L. Baldwin d , P, is a remarkable modern discovery (Andersen et al., 1991; Ernst, 2001; Hacker, 2007). Understanding how rocks from

  2. The optical polarization signatures of fragmented equatorial dusty structures in Active Galactic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, F

    2015-01-01

    If the existence of an obscuring circumnuclear region around the innermost regions of active galactic nuclei (AGN) has been observationally proven, its geometry remains highly uncertain. The morphology usually adopted for this region is a toroidal structure, but other alternatives, such as flared disks, can be a good representative of equatorial outflows. Those two geometries usually provide very similar spectroscopic signatures, even when they are modeled under the assumption of fragmentation. In this lecture note, we show that the resulting polarization signatures of the two models, either a torus or a flared disk, are quite different from each other. We use a radiative transfer code that computes the 2000 - 8000 angstrom polarization of the two morphologies in a clumpy environment, and show that varying the sizes of a toroidal region has deep impacts onto the resulting polarization, while the polarization of flared disks is independent of the outer radius. Clumpy flared disks also produce higher polarizati...

  3. DECIPHERING THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF THE MONTANE NEW GUINEA AVIFAUNA: COMPARATIVE PHYLOGEOGRAPHY AND INSIGHTS FROM PALEODISTRIBUTIONAL MODELING IN A DYNAMIC LANDSCAPE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Benz, Brett W.

    2011-12-31

    at various sites across the highlands of Papua New Guinea, and I look forward to further collaboration in the future. I thank Tim Laman for providing the opportunity to work in West Papua, Indonesia, in 2008, as well as helping to collect behavioral data... obscure for most taxonomic groups. Owing to its relatively complete alpha taxonomy, New Guinea’s avifauna has played a prominent role in the development of biogeographic hypotheses and speciation theory throughout the Papuan sub-region (Mayr, 1953; Schodde...

  4. Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific. By : Yves Dandonneaua , Pierre-Yves Deschampsb ­ Picoplankton ­ Seasonal variations ­ Variability ­ Oceanic provinces ) Contact : Yves DANDONNEAU LODYC

  5. The use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other equatorial climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Curtis B

    1989-01-01

    This thesis addresses the use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other Equatorial climates. An expanding population has put a tremendous burden on the food ...

  6. Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

    2005-02-17

    in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 2003 Major Subject: Oceanography CHARACTER OF THE DIATOM ASSEMBLAGE SPANNING A DEPOSITIONAL TRANSITION IN THE EASTERN EQUATORIAL PACIFIC OCEAN AT 6.6 Ma A Thesis... by BRIAN NEVILLE BROOKSHIRE JR. Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by...

  7. Millimeter wave experiment of ITER equatorial EC launcher mock-up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahashi, K.; Oda, Y.; Kajiwara, K.; Kobayashi, N.; Isozaki, M.; Sakamoto, K.; Omori, T.; Henderson, M.

    2014-02-12

    The full-scale mock-up of the equatorial launcher was fabricated in basis of the baseline design to investigate the mm-wave propagation properties of the launcher, the manufacturability, the cooling line management, how to assemble the components and so on. The mock-up consists of one of three mm-wave transmission sets and one of eight waveguide lines can deliver the mm-wave power. The mock-up was connected to the ITER compatible transmission line and the 170GHz gyrotron and the high power experiment was carried out. The measured radiation pattern of the beam at the location of 2.5m away from the EL mock-up shows the successful steering capability of 20°?40°. It was also revealed that the radiated profile at both steering and fixed focusing mirror agreed with the calculation. The result also suggests that some unwanted modes are included in the radiated beam. Transmission of 0.5MW-0.4sec and of 0.12MW-50sec were also demonstrated.

  8. Estimation of neutrophil infiltration into hairless guinea pig skin treated with 2,2' -dichlorodiethyl sulfide

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Schulz, S.M.; Romano, J.M.

    1993-05-13

    Despite growing acceptance of the hairless guinea pig (HPG) for evaluating sulfur mustard (2,2'dichlorodiethylsulfide, HD) skin injury, there are presently few antivesicant drug assessment endpoints validated in vivo for this model. We measured the activity of myeloperoxidase (MPO) to characterize the dose- and time-dependence of polymorphonuclear leukocyte (PMN) infiltration during development of the HD lesion. Biopsies were obtained from the dorsal thoracic-lumbar area of HGPs at successive 3 hr time intervals for up to 24 hrs following controlled exposure to either 5, 7, 8 or 10 min HD vapor. The presence of PMNs, as judged by MPO levels, peaked at 9 hrs irrespective of total HD vapor dose. The maximum response was a 20-fold increase compared to unexposed control sites at 9 hrs following 10 min HD vapor. This time period coincides with epidermal detachment characterized previously by electron microscopy in the HGP. By 24 hrs post-exposure, the MPO levels subsided markedly (2-fold compared to controls). These results suggest that PMNs participate in the HGP cutaneous inflammatory response following exposure to HD and that MPO may be a useful biological marker for evaluating putative antivesicants.

  9. Acute and chronic respiratory lesions induced by sulfur mustard in guinea pigs: Role of tachykinins

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Calvet, J.H.; Trouiller, G.; Harf, A.

    1993-05-13

    We investigated in anesthetized guinea pigs the involvement of tachykinins in respiratory alterations after an airway intoxication by sulfur mustard (SM). Early lesions were evaluated after 5h. Respiratory system resistance (R) and compliance were measured by the occlusion method and airway microvascular permeability by measuring the Evans Blue dye concentration in the trachea and main bronchi. Two groups of animals were studied treated with capsaicin (which induces a tachykinin depletion) or by its vehicle. Capsaicin pretreatment had no effect on the measured parameters. We also measured 14 J after the intoxication tracheal epithelium neutral endopeptidase (NEP) (the main enzyme which degrades tachykinins). In addition bronchial responsiveness to exogenous substance P was studied in two groups of animals intoxicated with SM or not. Tracheal epithelium NEP activity was decreased from 0.448 + or 0.027 nmol.min- 1.mg protein- 1 in controls to 0. 182 + or 0.038 in intoxicated animals. Response to substance P was greater in intoxicated animals with R=2.98 + or - 1.57 cmH20.MI-1.s versus 0.35 + or 0.02 in controls, after 5.10-5 M aerosolized substance P These results suggest tachykinins are not preponderant in the early stage lesions but that bronchial hyperactivity is present at recovery, related to epithelium NEP depletion.

  10. An Assessment of the Space Radiation Environment in a Near Equatorial Low Earth Orbit Based on Razaksat-1 Satellite

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suparta, Wayan

    2015-01-01

    The Malaysian satellite RazakSAT-1 was designed to operate in a near-equatorial orbit (NEqO) and low earth orbit (LEO). However, after one year of operation in 2010, communication to the satellite was lost. This study attempted to identify whether space radiation sources could have caused the communication loss by comparing RazakSAT-1 with two functional satellites. Data on galactic cosmic rays (GCR), trapped protons, trapped electrons, and solar energetic particles (SEPs) obtained from Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS) was analyzed.

  11. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  12. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. . E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y.

    2005-01-01

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  13. Equatorial scattering and the structure of the broad-line region in Seyfert nuclei: evidence for a rotating disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Smith; A. Robinson; S. Young; D. J. Axon; Elizabeth A. Corbett

    2005-01-28

    We present detailed scattering models confirming that distinctive variations in polarization across the broad Halpha line, which are observed in a significant fraction of Seyfert 1 galaxies, can be understood in terms of a rotating line-emitting disc surrounded by a co-planar scattering region (the equatorial scattering region). The predicted polarization properties are: averaged over wavelength, the position angle of polarization is aligned with the projected disc rotation axis and hence also with the radio source axis; (ii) the polarization PA rotates across the line profile, reaching equal but opposite (relative to the continuum PA) rotations in the blue and red wings; (iii) the degree of polarization peaks in the line wings and passes through a minimum in the line core. We identify 11 objects which exhibit these features to different degrees. In order to reproduce the large amplitude PA rotations observed in some cases, the scattering region must closely surround the emission disc and the latter must itself be a relatively narrow annulus -- presumably the Halpha-emitting zone of a larger accretion disc. Asymmetries in the polarization spectra may be attributable to several possible causes, including bulk radial infall in the equatorial scattering region, or contamination by polar scattered light. The broad Halpha lines do not, in general, exhibit double-peaked profiles, suggesting that a second Halpha-emitting component of the broad-line region is present, in addition to the disc.

  14. An investigation of the relationships between rainfall in northeast Brazil and sea surface temperatures of the equatorial regions of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochrane, Marvin Arthur

    1977-01-01

    N RA INFALL IiN NORTHEAST DPA: IL AND SLiA SUR!'ACE TEMPLRATUiRIiS Ol' THE EQUATORIAL RFU!ONS JF THE PACIFIC AND ATl. ANTIC OCFANS A Thesrs by iKKRVTN ARTHUR COCHRAiNE Approved as to style and coiitent by: (Cha i r;iian o F !;e mnittce) (i.... TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT Page ACKNOWI, EDGI'. MFNTS I. IST OF TABLES LIST OF FIGURLS 1V V11 , V11 1 1. INTRODUCTION a. General b. Ol&jcctivcs 2. LITEIIATURL' REVIEW a. Iforf. beast Brazi I rainfall ? equatorial Pacific SST b . Ilortheast...

  15. Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately linked to major changes in the global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately and objectives, together with the estimated age for the oceanic crust on which the sedimentary section rests be deployed for the upper ~200 m. Table 1: Proposed Site details Penetration (m) Site-specific Objectives

  16. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 40, 21832187, doi:10.1002/grl.50394, 2013 Quasi-stationary North Equatorial Undercurrent jets across the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Qiu, Bo

    -stationary North Equatorial Undercurrent jets across the tropical North Pacific Ocean Bo Qiu,1 Daniel L. Rudnick,2 of the Kuroshio and Mindanao Cur- rent (OKMC) projects. Three well-defined eastward jets are detected beneath) jets, these subthermocline jets have a typical core velocity of 2­5 cm s­1 and are spatially coher- ent

  17. The vertical structure of Jupiter's equatorial zonal wind above the cloud deck, derived using mesoscale gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, C; 10.1029/2012GL054368

    2013-01-01

    Data from the Galileo Probe, collected during its descent into Jupiter's atmosphere, is used to obtain a vertical profile of the zonal wind from $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.5}$ bar (upper troposphere) to $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.1\\, \\mu{bar}}$ (lower thermosphere) at the probe entry site. This is accomplished by constructing a map of gravity wave Lomb-Scargle periodograms as a function of altitude. The profile obtained from the map indicates that the wind speed above the visible cloud deck increases with height to $\\mathbf{\\sim 150}$ m\\,s$\\mathbf{^{-1}}$ and then levels off at this value over a broad altitude range. The location of the turbopause, as a region of wide wave spectrum, is also identified from the map. In addition, a cross-equatorial oscillation of a jet, which has previously been linked to the quasi-quadrennial oscillation in the stratosphere, is suggested by the profile.

  18. Computational Efficiency of Frequency-- and Time--Domain Calculations of Extreme Mass--Ratio Binaries: Equatorial Orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jonathan L. Barton; David J. Lazar; Daniel J. Kennefick; Gaurav Khanna; Lior M. Burko

    2008-04-07

    Gravitational waveforms and fluxes from extreme mass--ratio inspirals can be computed using time--domain methods with accuracy that is fast approaching that of frequency--domain methods. We study in detail the computational efficiency of these methods for equatorial orbits of fast spinning Kerr black holes, and find the number of modes needed in either method --as functions of the orbital parameters-- in order to achieve a desired accuracy level. We then estimate the total computation time and argue that for high eccentricity orbits the time--domain approach is more efficient computationally. We suggest that in practice low--$m$ modes are computed using the frequency--domain approach, and high--$m$ modes are computed using the time--domain approach, where $m$ is the azimuthal mode number.

  19. Ministers Meet in Addis Ababa for U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  20. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  1. Three-dimensional structures of equatorial waves and the resulting super-rotation in the atmosphere of a tidally locked hot Jupiter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tsai, Shang-Min; Gu, Pin-Gao; Dobbs-Dixon, Ian

    2014-10-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) equatorial trapped waves excited by stellar isolation and the resulting equatorial super-rotating jet in a vertical stratified atmosphere of a tidally locked hot Jupiter are investigated. Taking the hot Jupiter HD 189733b as a fiducial example, we analytically solve linear equations subject to stationary stellar heating with a uniform zonal-mean flow included. We also extract wave information in the final equilibrium state of the atmosphere from our radiative hydrodynamical simulation for HD 189733b. Our analytic wave solutions are able to qualitatively explain the 3D simulation results. Apart from previous wave studies, investigating the vertical structure of waves allows us to explore new wave features such as the wavefronts tilts related to the Rossby-wave resonance as well as dispersive equatorial waves. We also attempt to apply our linear wave analysis to explain some numerical features associated with the equatorial jet development seen in the general circulation model by Showman and Polvani. During the spin-up phase of the equatorial jet, the acceleration of the jet can be in principle boosted by the Rossby-wave resonance. However, we also find that as the jet speed increases, the Rossby-wave structure shifts eastward, while the Kelvin-wave structure remains approximately stationary, leading to the decline of the acceleration rate. Our analytic model of jet evolution implies that there exists only one stable equilibrium state of the atmosphere, possibly implying that the final state of the atmosphere is independent of initial conditions in the linear regime. Limitations of our linear model and future improvements are also discussed.

  2. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M.

    2014-01-15

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  3. Inhalation exposure to sulfur mustard in the guinea pig model: Clinical, biochemical and histopathological characterization of respiratory injuries

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allon, Nahum, E-mail: nahuma@iibr.gov.i [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel); Amir, Adina; Manisterski, Eliau; Rabinovitz, Ishay; Dachir, Shlomit; Kadar, Tamar [Department of Pharmacology, Israel Institute for Biological Research, P.O. Box 19, Ness-Ziona 74100 (Israel)

    2009-12-01

    Guinea pigs (GP) were exposed (head only) in individual plethysmographs to various concentrations of sulfur mustard vapor, determined online, using FTIR attached to flow chamber. The LCt{sub 50} and the inhaled LD{sub 50} were calculated at different time points post exposure. Surviving animals were monitored for clinical symptoms, respiratory parameters and body weight changes for up to 30 days. Clinical symptoms were noted at 3 h post exposure, characterized by erythematic and swelling nose with extensive mucous secretion (with or without bleeding). At 6 h post exposure most of the guinea pigs had breathing difficulties, rhonchi and dyspnea and few deaths were noted. These symptoms peaked at 48 h and were noted up to 8 days, associated with few additional deaths. Thereafter, a spontaneous healing was noted, characterized by recovery of respiratory parameters and normal weight gain with almost complete apparent healing within 2 weeks. Histopathological evaluation of lungs and trachea in the surviving GPs at 4 weeks post exposure revealed a dose-dependent residual injury in both lung and trachea expressed by abnormal recovery of the tracheal epithelium concomitant with a dose-dependent increase in cellular volume in the lungs. These abnormal epithelial regeneration and lung remodeling were accompanied with significant changes in protein, LDH, differential cell count and glutathione levels in the bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). It is suggested that the abnormal epithelial growth and cellular infiltration into the lung as well as the continuous lung inflammation could cause recurrent lung injury similar to that reported for HD exposed human casualties.

  4. Novel ethylenediamine-gallium phosphate containing 6-fold coordinated gallium atoms with unusual four equatorial Ga–N bonds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Torre-Fernández, Laura [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); Espina, Aránzazu; Khainakov, Sergei A.; Amghouz, Zakariae [Servicios Científico Técnicos, Universidad de Oviedo, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); García, José R. [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain); García-Granda, Santiago, E-mail: sgg@uniovi.es [Departamentos de Química Física y Analítica y Química Orgánica e Inorgánica, Universidad de Oviedo-CINN, 33006 Oviedo (Spain)

    2014-07-01

    A novel ethylenediamine-gallium phosphate, formulated as Ga(H{sub 2}NCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2}){sub 2}PO{sub 4}·2H{sub 2}O, was synthesized under hydrothermal conditions. The crystal structure, including hydrogen positions, was determined using single-crystal X-ray diffraction data (monoclinic, a=9.4886(3) Å, b=6.0374(2) Å, c=10.2874(3) Å, and ?=104.226(3)°, space group Pc) and the bulk was characterized by chemical (Ga–P–C–H–N) and thermal analysis (TG–MS and DSC), including activation energy data of its thermo-oxidative degradation, powder X-ray diffraction (PXRD), solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance (SS-NMR) measurements, and transmission electron microscopy (TEM, SAED/NBD, and STEM BF-EDX). The crystal structure is built up of infinite zig-zag chains running along the c-axis, formed by vertex-shared (PO{sub 4}) and (GaO{sub 2}N{sub 4}) polyhedra. The new compound is characterized by unusual four equatorial Ga–N bonds coming from two nonequivalent ethylenediamine molecules and exhibits strong blue emission at 430 nm (?{sub ex}=350 nm) in the solid state at room temperature. - Graphical abstract: Single crystals of a new ethylenediamine-gallium phosphate, Ga(H{sub 2}NCH{sub 2}CH{sub 2}NH{sub 2}){sub 2}PO{sub 4}·2H{sub 2}O, were obtained and the structural features presented. This structure is one of the scarce examples of GaPO with Ga–N bonds reported. - Highlights: • A novel ethylenediamine-gallium phosphate was hydrothermally synthesized. • The new compound is characterized by unusual four equatorial Ga–N bonds. • Void-volume analysis shows cages and channels with sizes ideally suited to accommodate small molecules. • The new compound exhibits strong blue emission.

  5. High-dose supplementation with natural ?-tocopherol does neither alter the pharmacodynamics of atorvastatin nor its phase I metabolism in guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Podszun, Maren C.; Grebenstein, Nadine [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Hofmann, Ute [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany)] [Dr. Margarete Fischer-Bosch Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, D-70376 Stuttgart (Germany); Frank, Jan, E-mail: jan.frank@nutrition-research.de [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany) [Institute of Biological Chemistry and Nutrition, University of Hohenheim, D-70599 Stuttgart (Germany); Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Bonn, D-53115 Bonn (Germany)

    2013-02-01

    It has been hypothesized in the literature that intake of high-dosage vitamin E supplements might alter the expression of cytochrome P{sub 450} enzymes (CYP), particularly CYP3A4, which may lead to adverse nutrient–drug interactions. Because previously published studies reported conflicting findings, we investigated the pharmacodynamics of the lipid-lowering drug atorvastatin (ATV), a CYP3A4 substrate, in response to high-dose ?-tocopherol (?T) feeding and determined protein expression and activities of relevant CYP. Groups of ten female Dunkin–Hartley guinea pigs were fed a control (5% fat) or a high-fat control diet (HFC; 21% fat, 0.15% cholesterol) or the HFC diet fortified with ?T (250 mg/kg diet), ATV (300 mg/kg diet) or both ATV + ?T for 6 weeks. Relative to control, HFC animals had increased serum cholesterol concentrations, which were significantly reduced by ATV. High-dose ?T feeding in combination with ATV (ATV + ?T), albeit not ?T feeding alone (?T), significantly lowered serum cholesterol relative to HFC, but did not alter the cholesterol-lowering activity of the drug compared to the ATV treated guinea pigs. Protein expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A1 and OATP C was similar in all groups. Accordingly, no differences in plasma concentrations of phase I metabolites of ATV were observed between the ATV and ATV + ?T groups. In conclusion, feeding guinea pigs high-doses of ?T for 6 weeks did neither alter the hepatic expression of CYP, nor the pharmacodynamics and metabolism of ATV. High-dose ?T intake is thus unlikely to change the efficacy of drugs metabolized by CYP enzymes, particularly by CYP3A4. -- Highlights: ? Vitamin E-atorvastatin interactions were studied in hypercholesterolemic guinea pigs. ? High-dose ?-tocopherol did not alter the lipid-lowering efficacy of atorvastatin. ? ?-Tocopherol did not change the expression of CYP3A4, CYP4F2, CYP20A or OATP C. ? ?-Tocopherol did not affect phase I metabolism of atorvastatin. ? Vitamin E does not change atorvastatin pharmacodynamics or toxicity in guinea pigs.

  6. Postsunset rise of F layer height in the equatorial region and its relation to the F layer dynamo polarization fields

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goel, M.K.; Singh, S.S.; Rao, B.C.N. (National Physical Lab., New Delhi (India))

    1990-05-01

    The ionosonde data are studied for equatorial station, Thumba, to delineate various features of the evening height rise of F layer. Sharp increase of h'F and h{sub p}F2 is observed in the postsunset period for high solar activity. Seasonal variation is observed in this increase of h'F and it is maximum for equinox months. For summer months, there is a delay of about an hour in the time of occurrence of h'F (peak) as compared to winter and equinox months. This delay is shown to be associated with the delay in sunset times in the conjugate E regions. As for magnetic activity dependence, it is found that this height increase is less pronounced for disturbed days for winter and equinox whereas for summer it is marginally higher over the quiet day values. Further, it is observed that the value of h'F (peak) during disturbed periods is almost at the same value of 350 km for all the three seasons. Thus the seasonal variation of magnetic activity effects appears to be mainly governed by the average seasonal variation for quiet times. The increase in F layer height is due to zonal eastward electric fields developed after sunset which is believed to be due to F region dynamo fields. While the main driving force for these fields is the zonal neutral winds, the development of these fields depend on the ratio of the F region to E region conductivity and the longitudinal gradient in the E region conductivity. Experimental observations of both the neutral winds and ionospheric conductivities are examined for their variation with solar activity, season and magnetic activity as both these factors will contribute for the various observed features of the height rise.

  7. Reduction of erythema in hairless guinea pigs after cutaneous sulfur mustard vapor exposure by pretreatment with niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Yourick, J.J.; Dawson, J.S.; Mitcheltree, L.W.

    1995-12-31

    Erythema is the initial symptom that occurs after sulfur mustard (HD) cutaneous exposure. The time course of HD-induced erythema is similar to that observed after UV irradiation, which can be reduced by indomethacin. Sulfur mustard lethality is decreased by using promethazine, which is an antihistamine. Niacinamide can reduce microvesication after HD vapor exposure in hairless guinea pig (HGP) skin. The present study examines the effect of the combined administration of niacinamide, indomethacin and promethazine used alone or in all possible combinations on the degree of erythema and histopathologic skin damage after HD exposure in HGP. Niacinamide (750 mg kg%`, i.p.), promethazine (12.5 mg kg%1, i.m.) or indomethacin (4 mg kg%1, p.o.) used singly or in combination was given as a 30-min pretreatment before an 8-min HD vapor cup skin exposure. Using a combination pretreatment of niacinamide, promethazine and indomethacin, erythema was reduced at 4 (91%) and 6 (55%) h, but not 24 h after HD. The incidence of histopathological skin changes (microvesicles, follicular involvement, epidermal necrosis, intracellular edema and pustular epidermatitis) 24 h after HD was not reduced. This study indicates that HD (induced erythema) may result from several different mechanisms, including inflammation, histamine release and DNA damage. It is suggested that two phases of inflammation may occur: an early phase sensitive to antihistamines and non-steroidal antiinflammatory drugs and a late phase of extensive cell damage that was not sensitive to these drug pretreatments.

  8. Cutaneous uptake of 14C-HD vapor by the hairless guinea pig. Technical report, December 1992-June 1993

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Logan, T.P.; Bongiovanni, R.; Millard, C.B.; Shutz, M.B.; Schultz, S.M.

    1996-10-01

    The hairless guinea pig (HGP) is used by our laboratory to model the human cutaneous response to sulfur mustard (HD) exposure. We have determined the HD content in the skin of HOP after 7-minute exposures to vapors saturated with a mixture of HD and 14C-HD. Concentration/time (C1) values in the range of 2 mg/sq cm/min were determined by counting skin 14C disintegrations per minute (dpm) in animals euthanized immediately after exposure. These values are similar to human penetration rates obtained by other investigators. A direct relationship between C1 and relative humidity was demonstrated in 5 of 6 studies. A rate curve monitoring the reduction in skin 14C dpm was developed for animals euthanized between 0 and 24 hours post exposure. This curve showed the greatest change after 1 hour. Epidermal and dermal distribution of 14C at 24 hours was measured for two animals. Site preference for HD penetration, multiple use of a vapor cap containing HD, and 14C content of adhesive tape were also investigated with radiolabeled HD to evaluate other aspects of the experimental model. These results contribute to a better understanding of the cutaneous response to HD in the HGP model.

  9. Effect of c-myc on the ultrastructural structure of cochleae in guinea pigs with noise induced hearing loss

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Han, Yu; Zhong, Cuiping [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Hong, Liu [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [First Division of Digestive Diseases, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Wang, Ye; Qiao, Li [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China); Qiu, Jianhua, E-mail: qiujh@fmmu.edu.cn [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)] [Department of Otolaryngology, Xijing Hospital, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, 710032 Shaanxi Province (China)

    2009-12-18

    Noise over-stimulation may induce hair cells loss and hearing deficit. The c-myc oncogene is a major regulator for cell proliferation, growth, and apoptosis. However, the role of this gene in the mammalian cochlea is still unclear. The study was designed to firstly investigate its function under noise condition, from the aspect of cochlear ultrastructural changes. We had established the adenoviral vector of c-myc gene and delivered the adenovirus suspension into the scala tympani of guinea pigs 4 days before noise exposure. The empty adenoviral vectors were injected as control. Then, all subjects were exposed to 4-kHz octave-band noise at 110 dB SPL for 8 h/day, 3 days consecutively. Auditory thresholds were assessed by auditory brainstem response, prior to and 7 days following noise exposure. On the seventh days after noise exposure, the cochlear sensory epithelia surface was observed microscopically and the cochleae were taken to study the ultrastructural changes. The results indicated that auditory threshold shift after noise exposure was higher in the ears treated with Ad.EGFP than that treated with Ad.c-myc-EGFP. Stereocilia loss and the disarrangement of outer hair cells were observed, with greater changes found in the Ad.EGFP group. Also, the ultrastructure changes were severe in the Ad.EGFP group, but not obvious in the Ad.c-myc-EGFP group. Therefore, c-myc gene might play an unexpected role in hearing functional and morphological protection from acoustic trauma.

  10. Impact of 15 Jan 2010 annular solar eclipse on the equatorial and low latitude ionosphere over Indian region from Magnetometer, Ionosonde and GPS observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panda, Sampad Kumar; Rajaram, Girija; Sripathi, Samireddipalle; Bhaskar, Ankush

    2015-01-01

    The annular eclipse of Jan 15, 2010 over southern India was studied with a network of multi-instrumental observations consisting magnetometer, ionosonde and GPS receivers. By selecting the day before and the normal EEJ days as the control days, it is intrinsically proved that the regular eastward electric field for the whole day at the equator was not just weakened but actually was flipped for several hours by the influence of tides related to the spectacular Sun-Moon-Earth alignment near the middle of the day. The effect of flipping the electric field was clearly seen in the equatorial ionosonde data and through the large array of GPS receivers that accomplished the TEC data. The main impact of the change in the electric field was the reduced EIA at all latitudes, with the anomaly crest that shifted towards the equator. The equatorial F-region density profile was also showing an enhanced F region peak in spite of a reduced VTEC. By comparison to the plasma density depletion associated with the temporary lack...

  11. Jupiter's South Equatorial Belt Outbreak Spots and the SEB Fade and Revival Cycle1 2 3 2 4 5 6 2 6 7 2 6 6 Christopher Y. Go , I. de Pater , A. Sanchez-Lavega , P. Marcus , J. Rogers , A. Simon-Miller , G. S. Orton , M. H. Wong , K. H. Baines , H-J. Metti

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcus, Philip S.

    Jupiter's South Equatorial Belt Outbreak Spots and the SEB Fade and Revival Cycle1 2 3 2 4 5 6 2 6 and 3 Jupiter's South Equatorial Belt is located between -8°S to -20°S. This belt is normally dark brown

  12. DECEMBER 1999 3073J O H N S O N A N D M C P H A D E N Interior Pycnocline Flow from the Subtropical to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Gregory C.

    to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON AND MICHAEL J. MCPHADEN NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental and Southern Hemispheres of the Pacific Ocean. In the North Pacific the pycnocline shoals and strengthens dra in the pycnocline of the central North Pacific. This study delineates this pathway and estimates an upper bound

  13. Workbook Contents

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Natural Gas Imports From Canada (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Egypt (MMcf)","U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)","U.S....

  14. DOE - Fossil Energy:

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    6 Docket No. Date Filed CTY Application LinkCompany Ord. No. FE06-06-LNG 010906 Republic of Equatorial Guinea BG LNG Services, LLC 2288 FE06-05-LNG 010606 Arab Republic of...

  15. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude...

  16. U.S. Crude Oil Imports

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    (Brazzaville) 24 8 13 20 12 15 1993-2015 Congo (Kinshasa) 1993-2013 Denmark 1997-2004 Egypt 17 1993-2015 Equatorial Guinea 1996-2014 Estonia 1999-1999 Gabon 4 18 1993-2015...

  17. ,"U.S. Crude Oil Imports"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Imports from Denmark of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Egypt of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels)","U.S. Imports from Equatorial Guinea of Crude Oil...

  18. Effects of magnetic-storm phases on F-layer irregularities from auroral to equatorial latitudes. Quarterly report, 1 Jan-31 Mar 92

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aarons, J.; Mendillo, M.

    1992-03-31

    Determining the morphology of F layer irregularities as a function of longitude in the equatorial region is vital for understanding the physics of the development of these irregularities. We aim to lay the observational basis which then can be used to test theoretical models. Theoretical models have been developed, notably the papers by R.T. Tsunoda (Rev. Geophys. 26, 719, 1988) and by T. Maruyama and N. Matuura (J. Geophys. Res. 89, 10903, 1984). The question is whether the models are consistent with the morphology as we see it. According to our criteria, the data used should be confined to observations taken near the magnetic equator during quiet magnetic periods and at times within a few hours after sunset. Anomaly region data should be omitted for studying the generation mechanism. The questions to be answered by proposed mechanisms are: (1) why do the equinox months have high levels of occurrence over all longitudes; (2) why are there relatively high levels of occurrence in the Central Pacific Sector in the July-August period and in the 0-75 deg West Sector in the November-December period; and (3) why are there very low levels of occurrence in November and December in the Central Pacific Sector and in July and August in the 0-75 deg West Sector. Satellite in-situ data, scintillation and spread F observations will be reviewed. The limitation of each data set will be outlined particularly as relevant to the bias produced by the existence of thin versus extended layers of irregularities. A cartoon as to the occurrence pattern, as we see it, as a function of longitude will be shown.

  19. A critical evaluation of the upper ocean heat budget in the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis data for the south central equatorial Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu H.; Lin W.; Liu, X.; Zhang, M.

    2011-08-26

    Coupled ocean-atmospheric models suffer from the common bias of a spurious rain belt south of the central equatorial Pacific throughout the year. Observational constraints on key processes responsible for this bias are scarce. The recently available reanalysis from a coupled model system for the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) data is a potential benchmark for climate models in this region. Its suitability for model evaluation and validation, however, needs to be established. This paper examines the mixed layer heat budget and the ocean surface currents - key factors for the sea surface temperature control in the double Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone in the central Pacific - from 5{sup o}S to 10{sup o}S and 170{sup o}E to 150{sup o}W. Two independent approaches are used. The first approach is through comparison of CFSR data with collocated station observations from field experiments; the second is through the residual analysis of the heat budget of the mixed layer. We show that the CFSR overestimates the net surface flux in this region by 23 W m{sup -2}. The overestimated net surface flux is mainly due to an even larger overestimation of shortwave radiation by 44 W m{sup -2}, which is compensated by a surface latent heat flux overestimated by 14 W m{sup -2}. However, the quality of surface currents and the associated oceanic heat transport in CFSR are not compromised by the surface flux biases, and they agree with the best available estimates. The uncertainties of the observational data from field experiments are also briefly discussed in the present study.

  20. Hyperphosphatemia is associated with anemia in adults without chronic kidney disease: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES): 2005¿2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wojcicki, Janet M

    2013-01-01

    Dai Q: Renal function, bisphenol A and alkylphenols: resultsphenols (specifically bisphenol A (BPA) and triclosan) wereenvironmental phenols (bisphenol A (BPA), benzo- pheonone-

  1. 8) Stratospheric equatorial variability a) Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lott, Francois

    speed. Phase lines inclined eastward when altitude increases indicating upward propation Signal field) Westward phase propagation but eastward group propagation Phase lines inclined westward Signal;5 Satellites wind observations (UARS, Swinbak et Ortland 1997) The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (low stratosphere

  2. Equatorial hydrology studies by satellite telemetry

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Clegg, B.; Koranda, J.; Robison, W.; Holladay, G.

    1980-12-30

    We are using a geostationary satellite functioning as a transponder to collect surface environmental data to describe the fate of soil-borne radionuclides. The remote, former atomic testing grounds at the Enewetak and Bikini Atolls present a difficult environment in which to collect continuous field data. Our land-based, solar-powered microprocessor and environmental data systems remotely measure net and total solar radiation, rain, humidity, temperature, and soil-water potentials. For the past year, our water-flux model predicted wet season plant-transpiration rates nearly equal to the 6- to 7-mm/d evaporation-pan rate, which decreases to 2 to 3 mm/d for the dry season. From the microclimate data we estimated a 1:3 and 1:20 /sup 137/Cs dry-matter concentration ratio, which was later confirmed by radioisotopic analysis. This ratio exacerbates the dose to man from intake of food plants. Nephelometer measurements of airborne particulates presently indicate a minimum respiratory radiological dose.

  3. HANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the crude's gaseous byproducts. This vast, self-propelling, shiplike structure floated above an oil field, the production chain of Equatorial Guinea's oil was clearest to me by helicopter, far off the country's shoresHANNAH APPEL University of California, Berkeley Offshore work: Oil, modularity, and the how

  4. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  5. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Total installed electricity capacity (2008): 331 MWThermal: 62.8%Hydro: 37.2%Total primary energy supply (2008): 4,275 ktoeBiomass: 89%Hydrocarbon Fuels: 10 %Hydroelectric:...

  6. Climatic trends of the equatorial undercurrent: A backup mechanism for sustaining the equatorial Pacific production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paparella, Francesco

    in a future climate change scenario, using climate model data from an Earth system model. A selected set

  7. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    1997-08-01

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  8. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  9. Timing and significance of maximum and minimum equatorial insolation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gildor, Hezi

    are very small. Thus a common belief is that the pronounced $100 ka glacial cycles are not directly linked] The most pronounced climate phenomena over the last 800 ka or so are glacial-interglacial oscillations was that summer insolation dictated whether snow falling during winter would survive melting during summer

  10. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    populations are transported into higher energy and lowertransported from higher pitch angles and lower energies

  11. Erosion and Sedimentation on the Carnegie Ridge, Eastern Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Caroline Kelly

    2014-11-17

    ? The extent of erosion and re-deposition was studied during the R/V Melville cruise MV1014 from October to November 2010 to compare with geochemical estimates of sediment focusing. The MV1014 cruise acquired geochemical, geological and geophysical data...

  12. Climate regulation of fire emissions and deforestation in equatorial Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01

    on the anomaly optimization (see Materials and Methods) andabsolute optimization approach described in Materials and

  13. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    diffusion in the radiation belts . . . . . . . . . . .magnetosonic waves and radiation belt electrons: Comparisonsof relativistic radiation-belt electrons by magnetospheric

  14. Subsurface ocean argon disequilibrium reveals the equatorial Pacific shadow zone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Archer,1 Steven Emerson,2 Charles Stump,2 and Cara Henning3 Received 18 May 2006; revised 27 July with theoretical and model predictions. Citation: Gehrie, E., D. Archer, S. Emerson, C. Stump, and C. Henning (2006 to pathway. Walin [1982], Speer [1997], and Nurser et al. [1999] reason that the production of thermocline

  15. Three-dimensional modeling of equatorial spread F airglow enhancements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendillo, Michael

    . Using a combination of a meridional wind and a converging zonal wind, the NRL ionosphere model SAMI3/ESF Foundation, Santa Fe, New Mexico, 2006]. Occasionally, near the northern winter solstice, ESF airglow that neutral winds are responsible for these phenomena. We find that with a combination of a meridional wind

  16. Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ajay 1980-

    2012-12-03

    of dissolved 230Th concentrations (7.9-16.5 fg/kg) than that within Panama Basin waters (5.7-7.1 fg/kg). There is a progressive decrease, suggesting advection, in average dissolved deep-water (>1000 m) 230Th concentrations from the southernmost sites...

  17. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    The Earth’s magnetosphere . . . . . . . . .properties of magnetosonic wave events in the Earth’sviii List of Figures The Earth’s dipole magnetic field. R 0

  18. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    we will focus on the wave generation mechanisms. It will beresponsible for the wave generation. In order to obtain thea source for EMIC wave generations [e.g. , Chen et al. ,

  19. Early Miocene Carbonate Dissolution in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Julia Keegan

    2014-11-19

    stream_source_info WILSON-DISSERTATION-2014.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 158802 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name WILSON-DISSERTATION-2014.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8... GPTS Geomagnetic Polarity Time Scale GIN Greenland, Iceland, Norwegian h Hour(s) HCl Hydrochloric Acid HCO3- Bicarbonate H2CO3 Carbonic Acid HClO4 Perchloric Acid HF Hydroflouric Acid HNO3 Nitric Acid H2O Water H2O2 Hydrogen Peroxide H3PO4...

  20. Geochemistry of basalt from the Ayu Trough, equatorial western Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -long divergent margin between the Philippine Sea and Caroline plates located in the western Pacific near interaction among major plates, the Pacific, Indo- Australian and Philippine Sea plates, and the less well- known Caroline plate. The Ayu Trough forms the southeastern boundary of the Philippine Sea plate

  1. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    magnetosonic waves and the ion differential energy flux areEnergy scattering rates due to typical magnetosonic waves . . . .the waves and are scattered in pitch angle and energy. The

  2. Equatorial Magnetosonic Waves in the Earth's Inner Magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Qianli

    2015-01-01

    118 Energy scattering rates due to typical magnetosonicb) ion PSD as a function of energy for a pitch angle of ?Sheeley et al. , 2001]. The energy diffusion coefficients

  3. Comparative behavior of plutonium and americium in the equatorial Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Noshkin, V.E.; Wong, K.M.; Jokela, T.A.; Brunk, J.L.; Eagle, R.J.

    1983-01-01

    Inventories of /sup 239 +240/Pu and /sup 241/Am greatly in excess of global fallout levels persist in the benthic environments of Bikini and Enewetak Atolls. The amount of /sup 239 +240/Pu mobilized to solution at the atolls can be predicted from a distribution coefficient K/sub d/ of 2.3 x 10/sup 5/ and the mean sediment concentrations. The mobilized /sup 239 +240/Pu has solute-like characteristics and different valence states coexist in solution - the largest fraction of the soluble plutonium is in an oxidized form (+V,VI). The adsorption of plutonium to sediments is not completely reversible because of changes that occur in the relative amounts of the mixed oxidation states in solution with time. Characteristics of /sup 239 +240/Pu described at one location may not necessarily describe its behavior elsewhere. The relative amounts of /sup 241/Am to /sup 239 +240/Pu may be altered in future years because of mobilization and radiological decay.

  4. Posters Comparison Between General Circulation Model Simulation and Central Equatorial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Homesum_a_epg0_fpd_mmcf_m.xls" ,"Available from WebQuantityBonneville Power Administration wouldMass mapSpeedingProgram Guidelines This document outlines the majorL.Posters

  5. Louisiana Tech University Some Basic Facts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Selmic, Sandra

    Louisiana Tech University Some Basic Facts 2005 - 2009 #12;LOUISIANA TECH UNIVERSITY Some Basic..........................................................................................................................30 Feeder High Schools

  6. Potential Energy Savings and CO2 Emissions Reduction of China's Cement Industry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ke, Jing

    2013-01-01

    in 2005-2009 Energy type Coal (%) Electricity (%) Diesel (%)2030 Scenario Energy type Frozen Coal Electricity Diesel a

  7. A restoration plan for the Fly River, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Swanson, Kathleen

    2003-01-01

    Design and Evaluation of tailings dams. EPA530-R-94- 038.Kehdingen, 2001). Figure 7. Tailings dam construction overand multiple hillside tailings dam configurations (EPA

  8. An inhalation model of acute Q fever in guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Russell-Lodrigue, Kasi Elizabeth

    2009-05-15

    similar pathologic responses. Heterologous protection was confirmed by cross vaccination and challenge with RSA493 and Q217. A marked non-specific suppression of lymphoproliferation was noted at 14 and 28 days post infection with RSA493; similar...

  9. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | Open

  10. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east districtCo

  11. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,Low

  12. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy

  13. Is there an association between PEPFAR funding and improvement in national health indicators in Africa? A retrospective study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Duber, Herbert C; Coates, Thomas J; Szekeras, Greg; Kaji, Amy H; Lewis, Roger J

    2010-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali,Guinea Guinea-Bissau Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  14. Improved Model of Isoprene Emissions in Africa using Ozone Monitoring Instrument (OMI) Satellite Observations of Formaldehyde: Implications for Oxidants and Particulate Matter

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marais, E. A.; Jacob, D.; Guenther, Alex B.; Chance, K.; Kurosu, T. P.; Murphy, J. G.; Reeves, C. E.; Pye, H.

    2014-08-01

    We use a 2005-2009 record of isoprene emissions over Africa derived from OMI satellite observations of formaldehyde (HCHO) to better understand the factors controlling isoprene emission on the scale of the continent and evaluate the impact of isoprene emissions on atmospheric composition in Africa. OMI-derived isoprene emissions show large seasonality over savannas driven by temperature and leaf area index (LAI), and much weaker seasonality over equatorial forests driven by temperature. The commonly used MEGAN (version 2.1) global 31 isoprene emission model reproduces this seasonality but is biased high, particularly for 32 equatorial forests, when compared to OMI and relaxed-eddy accumulation measurements. 33 Isoprene emissions in MEGAN are computed as the product of an emission factor Eo, LAI, and 34 activity factors dependent on environmental variables. We use the OMI-derived emissions to 35 provide improved estimates of Eo that are in good agreement with direct leaf measurements from 36 field campaigns (r = 0.55, bias = -19%). The largest downward corrections to MEGAN Eo values are for equatorial forests and semi-arid environments, and this is consistent with latitudinal transects of isoprene over West Africa from the AMMA aircraft campaign. Total emission of isoprene in Africa is estimated to be 77 Tg C a-1, compared to 104 Tg C a-1 in MEGAN. Simulations with the GEOS-Chem oxidant-aerosol model suggest that isoprene emissions increase mean surface ozone in West Africa by up to 8 ppbv, and particulate matter by up to 1.5 42 ?g m-3, due to coupling with anthropogenic influences.

  15. International Projects: Education Grant value over $250,000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritius, Mozambique, Namibia

  16. Analysis of International Policies In The Solar Electricity Sector: Lessons for India

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Deshmukh, Ranjit

    2011-01-01

    solar resource to maximize input energy and generate electricityenergy technologies including solar, while individual state electricitysolar energy from 2005-2009. 64 Taiwan Taiwan’s electricity

  17. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  18. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  19. Sensitivity of population smoke exposure to fire locations in Equatorial Asia1 Patrick S. Kim1,*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mickley, Loretta J.

    , Fire, Conservation, Population-Exposure52 53 1. Introduction54 55 Global palm oil and Malaysia together account for 86% of the57 world's production and Indonesia plans to double its output for conversion to32 oil palm plantations, can lead to high smoke concentrations across this densely populated

  20. Scaling of Off-Equatorial Jets in Giant Planet Atmospheres California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Heaton, Thomas H.

    atmosphere of giant planets modifies jet characteristics, the angular momentum budget, and the energy budget decreases, the eddy length scale and eddy kinetic energy increase, as they do in studies of two kinetic en- ergy dissipation remains roughly constant. The overall kinetic energy dissipation remains

  1. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01

    field. Breaking horseshoe-like vortex tube denoted by circleA and single vortex tube denoted by circle B show ejectionsspace. Horseshoe-like vortex tube ejecting fluid from the

  2. Increased reservoir ages and poorly ventilated deep waters inferred in the glacial Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fuente, Maria de la; Skinner, Luke; Calvo, Eva; Pelejero, Carles; Cacho, Isabel

    2015-01-01

    % with% other% B@P% records% from% the% northern@% and% southern% high% latitude% Pacific% Ocean% (SWP19,21;% SEP24;% NEP22).% All% of% these% studies%indicate%slightly%higher%B@P%age%offsets%during%the%last%glacial%period%(?200@600%yr...

  3. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01

    offshore cycle). A McLane WTS-LV large-volume in situ pumpcollected using a McLane WTS-LV pump with pre-filters to

  4. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01

    food web interactions in benthic deep-sea ecosystems: Aand the microbial food web. Deep-Sea Res. 35: 473-490. Na model planktonic food web. Deep- Sea Res. I 48: 95-123. J

  5. Do biomass burning aerosols intensify drought in equatorial Asia during El Niño?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tosca, M. G; Randerson, J. T; Zender, C. S; Flanner, M. G; Rasch, P. J

    2010-01-01

    A view from Sumatra, in: Forest Fires and Regional Haze inreleased from peat and forest fires in Indonesia duringto the 1997 Indonesian forest fire, Geophys. Res. Lett. ,

  6. Seasonal variations in the equatorial thermospheric wind measured at Arequipa, Peru

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Biondi, M.A.; Merriwether, J.W.; Fejer, B.G.; Gonzalez, S.A.

    1990-08-01

    Studies have been carried out Arequipa, Peru, of the seasonal variations in the thermospheric winds at moderate solar flux levels and geomagnetic activity. Fabry-Perot interferometer measurements of the doppler shifts in the 630.0 nm nightglow emission line from March to August 1983 and from April to October 1988 have yielded monthly-average meridional winds that are nearly zero (<50 m/s) and possible fluctuating in direction through much of the night but develop a southward flow at 50 - 100 m/s in the early and the late night from May onward. The average zonal winds are eastward throughout the night, reaching peak velocities before local midnight and then decreasing. The peak velocities increase to a maximum around the June solstice. The winds are generally stronger in 1988 than in 1983, even thought the solar EUV fluxes are comparable fro both years. Comparison of the present results with earlier satellite measurements, as embodied in the Horizontal Wind Model of Hedin et al., reveals generally satisfactory agreement at the equinox and June solstice, except for the June 1988 period. NCAR Therospheric General Circulation Model, calculated for similar solar flux levels, yields meridional and zonal wind variations which exhibit the same temporal behaviors but generally smaller values than the present measurements.

  7. Equatorial fountain effect and dynamo drift signatures from AE-E observations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Coley, W.R.; McClure, J.P.; Hanson, W.B. (Univ. of Texas, Richardson (USA))

    1990-12-01

    Vertical and horizontal ion drift velocities for 1977-1979 from the Unified Abstract files of the satellite Atmosphere Explorer E were used in preliminary studies of the behavior of the low-latitude ({minus}20{degree} to 20{degree} dip latitude) F region. Sample diurnal variations obtained during 1978-1979 equinox time periods are very similar to those measured by the incoherent scatter radar at Jicamarca, Peru. Latitude profiles of the vector drift values clearly show the classic fountain effect responsible for the Appleton anomaly during the day. Investigation of longitude effects revealed that the average perpendicular (approximately vertical) drift velocity V{sub perp} is independent of longitude, implying that the average east-west electric field is proportional to B and thus is likely derived from classical dynamo winds.

  8. Ionospheric equatorial anomaly formation over Pacific and Atlantic oceans measured by NASA TOPEX satellite

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewell, V.R.; Vladimer, J.A.; Lee, M.C. [Boston Univ., MA (United States). Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Dept.; Doherty, P.H.; Decker, D.T. [Boston Coll., Newton, MA (United States). Inst. for Science Research; Anderson, D.N.; Klobuchar, J.A. [Phillips Lab., Hanscom AFB, MA (United States). Ionospheric Effects Branch

    1996-12-31

    Previous ionospheric observations have measured Total Electron Content (TEC) values at fixed land based locations. These observations suggest the existence of longitudinal variations in TEC values. Complementing ground data, the current NASA TOPEX mission is providing TEC data collected over oceans as a function of latitude, longitude and time starting from September 1992. With this broad data base, the authors show a more complete picture of the longitudinal dependence between the Atlantic and Pacific ocean regions and relate this dependence to plasma drifts. Periods during June and December solstice, and March and September equinox in the years 1992, through 1995, are picked to study the low-latitude regions spanning the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. TEC isodensity contours are presented by latitude versus longitude at common local time. They correlate these contours with results from the Phillips Laboratory ionospheric model.

  9. Control of equatorial ionospheric morphology by atmospheric tides T. J. Immel,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    diffusion down magnetic field lines. The uplifting process is driven by eastward dynamo electric fields are a result of the uplift of ionospheric plasma at the equator to altitudes >800 km and the subsequent by changing the daytime electric field (Figure 2 highlight (1)), can therefore affect the growth of the EIA

  10. Effect of atmospheric tides on the morphology of the quiet time, postsunset equatorial ionospheric anomaly

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    ), this feature is created in a process known as the ``fountain effect,'' which consists of the uplift of plasma at the magnetic equator by eastward electric fields [Martyn, 1947, 1953] and subsequent redistribution of along, the principal source of these electric fields during the daytime is tidal wind motions in the dayside E

  11. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01

    3805. Caulfield, C. P. & Peltier, W. R. 2000 The anatomy of1055. Sutherland, B. R. & Peltier, W. 1992 The stability ofSan Diego USA. Caulfield, C. P. & Peltier, W. R. 1994 Three

  12. Satellite Retrievals of Arctic and Equatorial Rain and Snowfall Rates Using Millimeter Wavelengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Surussavadee, Chinnawat

    A new global precipitation retrieval algorithm for the millimeter-wave Advanced Microwave Sounding Unit is presented that also retrieves Arctic precipitation rates over surface snow and ice. This algorithm improves upon ...

  13. Bistability between Equatorial and Axial Dipoles during Magnetic Field Reversals Christophe Gissinger,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gissinger, Christophe

    's dynamo. DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.108.234501 PACS numbers: 91.25.Cw, 47.20.Ky, 47.65.Àd, 52.65.Kj by a turbulent von Ka´rma´n swirling flow of liquid sodium due to two counter-rotating bladed disks [4

  14. Climate Response of the Equatorial Pacific to Global Warming PEDRO N. DINEZIO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miami, University of

    increased near-surface thermal stratification, despite a reduction in vertical velocity. The stratification

  15. Rethinking Tropical Ocean Response to Global Warming: The Enhanced Equatorial Warming*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wisconsin at Madison, University of

    of tropical Pacific SST to increased atmospheric CO2 concentration is reexamined with a new focus in Fig. 1, which shows the SST trends in response to a 1% transient CO2 in- crease in 14 fully coupled.gov/ipcc/about_ipcc.php), and 1 as an in-house Fast Ocean­Atmosphere Model (FOAM; Jacob 1997). If we define the El Niño

  16. Synoptic disturbances found in precipitable water fields north of equatorial Africa 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patla, Jason Eddy

    1998-01-01

    by Mackey (1996), determined the location and season for the strongest and most coherent 3 to 8 day filtered PW signal. NCEP/NCAR reanalysis (2.50 resolution) provides data for a use study analysis of seven prominent anomalous PW events during the period...

  17. Meteorology of Jupiter's equatorial hot spots and plumes from Cassini David S. Choi a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the possibility that the scooter clouds may be more illustrative of the actual jet stream speed at these latitudes velocity of the wave leads to underestimates of the true jet stream speed. Ó 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91011, USA d NASA Goddard

  18. Do biomass burning aerosols intensify drought in equatorial Asia during El Niño?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tosca, M. G; Randerson, J. T; Zender, C. S; Flanner, M. G; Rasch, P. J

    2010-01-01

    fication of drought-induced biomass burning in Indonesiavariability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 toChemistry and Physics Do biomass burning aerosols intensify

  19. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Niño Southern Oscillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the reanalysis are used...

  20. Observed reflectivity of the western boundary of the equatorial Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wunsch, Carl

    consistent with the Rossby wave and Kelvin wave dispersion relationship as the energy of Rossby wave-Lueng Fu Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California, USA Carl Wunsch Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

  1. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01

    w ? field at t = 80; (b) Wave energy flux p ? w ? across thestress u ? w ? and (f) wave energy flux p ? w ? . Thefor dissipation of the internal wave energy by turbulence is

  2. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01

    and allowed to air dry prior to mounting in a RISO cup. Theyon land with a low-level RISO beta counter, followed > 6which were dried and mounted on RISO cups for beta counting.

  3. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01

    w ? field at t = 80; (b) Wave energy flux p ? w ? across thestress u ? w ? and (f) wave energy flux p ? w ? . Thewaves. The ratio of the wave energy flux to the rate of

  4. Rotational effects in thermonuclear Type I Bursts: equatorial crossing and directionality of flame spreading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavecchi, Yuri; Levin, Yuri; Braithwaite, Jonathan

    2014-01-01

    In a previous study on thermonuclear (Type I) Bursts on accreting neutron stars we addressed and demonstrated the importance of the effects of rotation, through the Coriolis force, on the propagation of the burning flame. However, that study only analysed cases of longitudinal propagation, where the Coriolis force coefficient $2\\Omega\\cos\\theta$ was constant. In this paper, we study the effects of rotation on propagation in the meridional (latitudinal) direction, where the Coriolis force changes from its maximum at the poles to zero at the equator. We find that the zero Coriolis force at the equator, while affecting the structure of the flame, does not prevent its propagation from one hemisphere to another. We also observe structural differences between the flame propagating towards the equator and that propagating towards the pole, the second being faster. In the light of the recent discovery of the low spin frequency of burster IGR~J17480-2446 rotating at 11 Hz (for which Coriolis effects should be negligib...

  5. Brightening of 630.0 nm equatorial spread-F airglow depletions Carlos Martinis,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mendillo, Michael

    , above the bright feature recorded by the all-sky imager, indicating a possible connection between both occurs. One possible interpretation of this change in the brightness of the depleted structure involves electric fields and winds are medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) [Hunsucker, 1982

  6. Equatorial Pacific Sediment Deposition during the Early to Middle Miocene: Carbon Cycling and Proxies for Productivity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piela, Christine Marie

    2012-02-14

    potentially linked to productivity: bio-Ba, bio-SiO?, Corg, CaCO?, and uranium, as well as detrital thorium to estimate clay-bound barium. Within this time frame the plate beneath Site 574 traveled northwesterly across the equator and allows a unique...

  7. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01

    w ? field at t = 80; (b) Wave energy flux p ? w ? across thethe shear layer is wave energy and not turbulence. ) Thestress u ? w ? and (f) wave energy flux p ? w ? . The

  8. INTERANNUAL LONG EQUATORIAL WAVES IN THE TROPICAL ATLANTIC (1981-2000)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (3) Laboratoire d'Océanographie Dynamique et de Climatologie, 4 place Jussieu, 75252, Paris, France part of the basin (>-1°C) than in the East. The main differences are found within the thermocline (Fig

  9. A method for determining the drift velocity of plasma depletions in the equatorial ionosphere using

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mende, Stephen B.

    . The brightness of these emissions at night corresponds to the line-of-sight integrated product of the O+ and e the objective identification and tracking of depletions. The automation of this process has also allowed of the ionosphere from space. Furthermore, this automation allows the drift velocities of each bubble

  10. The daily cycle of fluorescence in vivo in the Central Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Setser, Patrick James

    1980-01-01

    be larger due to more than one investigator collecting samples. [& 0 0 0 0 a 0 0 (& 0 DO 0 D 0 l& 0 o Q Q 0 E3 QD o boa 0 0 Q Cl l& D 0 Q Cl 0 . OO Q Dp 0 0 Q DOCI Q OD 0 CI I& Q 0 0 W 0 t& Cl 0 Ol DQ GO a D CL o C3 o (~m 5m) s~uam5.../V GYRE Continuous surface in vivo fluorescence (relative units) at survey "Site A" from Aug. 21 - Aug. 25. A break in data collection occurs from midnight of Aug. 23 to 0400L on Aug. 25. Hourly surface in vivo fluorescence (relative units...

  11. WHO Report on the Global Tobacco Epidemic 2011: Warning about the dangers of tobacco

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO

    2011-01-01

    Guinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau » Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi MaliGuinea-Bissau Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali

  12. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01

    the effects of CRF prill removal from growing media prior to extraction for EC and pH. CRF drills were either removed or not, prior to extraction of the media. No significant differences in EC or pH were found between pots which had drills removed and those...

  13. Nature Macmillan Publishers Ltd 1997 Sir --Garcia-Guinea and Huascar1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michalet, Xavier

    of the intense mining activity of the area. (There are more than 2,000 mining pits and 230 tailing dams and dumps of ecotoxic pollution of a coastal environment by mine tailings. The waste from mining operations ), and cause an accumulation of mining tailings and industrial waste. The most recent Unesco Science World

  14. Chapter 3: Searching for Guinea Pig B: Case Study in Online Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allan, Vicki H.

    .com provide quick introduction to material · Primary sources give us most accurate specific information to gather identifying information (possibly from another source) for a more effective, focused search 3 that ­ Different sources differ in the quality of information 1-4 Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc

  15. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01

    Global Environmental Change 16:253-267. Folke, Carl, Thomas Hahn, Per Olsson, and Jon Norberg 2005 Adaptive governance

  16. Nutritional Dimorphism in New Guinea Dioecious Figs George D. Weiblen1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weiblen, George D

    and female sexual functions, termed gall figs and seed figs, on separate trees. In dioecious figs wasps enter the flower-filled receptacle through a small opening at the apex. In exchange pollen from male flowers before flight and the search for receptive figs in which to oviposit, pollinate

  17. Abstract We examined dopaminergic neurons in the guinea pig retina; antisera against tyrosine hydroxylase

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grzywacz, Norberto

    hydroxylase (TH), dopamine -hydroxylase (DBH), phenylethanol- amine N-methyltransferase (PNMT hydroxyl- ase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme for catecholamine synthesis, because norepinephrine

  18. Beyond the resource curse : mineral resources and development in Guinea-Conakry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Diallo, Thierno Amadou

    2015-01-01

    Natural resource endowments are no guarantee of socioeconomic development. Many developing countries are rich in natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, hydropower), and yet many of their citizens remain in poverty and their ...

  19. Austronesians in Papua: Diversification and Change in South-Halmahera-West New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamholz, David

    2014-01-01

    lightning’ (R) RA: Biga ba?ni ‘fly (insect)’ (R); Fiawat benyuw ‘fly (insect)’ (R) CB: Umar bar ‘ball’ (

  20. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01

    -P-K). This was done to determine the feasibility of growing this crop in a no leach system and to determine an optimal fertility rate. The experiment was conducted twice (winter and fall). In both experiments, the leached treatments had significantly larger fresh...

  1. Predicted velocity and density structure of the exhuming Papua New Guinea ultrahighpressure terrane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hacker, Bradley R.

    Sarah J. Brownlee,1 Bradley R. Hacker,1 Matthew Salisbury,2 Gareth Seward,3 Timothy A. Little,4 Suzanne: Brownlee, S. J., B. R. Hacker, M. Salisbury, G. Seward, T. A. Little, S. L. Baldwin, and G. A. Abers (2011 ultrahighpressure (UHP) terranes are exhumed [Hacker and Peacock, 1995] has been a principal scientific goal ever

  2. 3 2 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Investigacin sobre la enfermedad del sueo/Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    llevadas a cabo a nivel institucional. Cuatro programas de Fondos de solidaridad prioritaria confirman esta contribución de los científicos a la enseñanza superior progresa de manera constante desde hace varios años medios puestos a su disposición para valorizar sus trabajos de investigación (registros de patente

  3. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  4. Multi-Dimensional Service Compositions L. Baresi, E. Di Nitto. and S. Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dustdar, Schahram

    software appli- cations: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things: the Software as a Service paradigm and the idea of the Internet of Things. Software as a Service enables- ample AMI-C [1] and AUTOSAR [9] in the automotive in- dustry. The Internet of Things includes a number

  5. NATURE METHODS | VOL.2 NO.10 | OCTOBER 2005 | 721 Of guinea pigs and men

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cai, Long

    and companies. To combat this problem, the United Kingdom passed laws making it easier to prosecute animal that included threats, explosives and the theft of a dead family member's remains.Such terrorist actionsandtheir sympathy, they have been successful at forcing individuals and companies to accede to their demands

  6. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,east

  7. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History ViewMayo, Maryland:NPIProtectio Program |View New Pages RecentPalomarPanich,eastInformation

  8. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIX ECoop Inc Jump to:Newberg,Energy LLC Jump to:3 of MasonPalcanOpenRural ElInformation

  9. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy Information

  10. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsourceII JumpQuarterly Smart GridNorth Carolina: EnergyIncPanEnergy InformationEnergy

  11. Africa: the emphasis is exploration

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1980-08-15

    Individual country reports on drilling, oil and gas production, and petroleum exploration and reserves are given for Africa. Nigeria was the continent's largest oil producer in 1979, averaging 2.3 million bpd, followed closely by Libya with 2.07 million bpd. Algeria cut production of crude oil in 1979 to a level of 1,194,350 bpd, and increased gas production to 2031 mmcfd. In Egypt, the return of Israeli-occupied oil fields and a surge in productive capacity enabled production averaging 524,000 bpd. Brief country reports are included for Gabon, Angola, Republic of the Congo, Cameroun, Tunisia, Morocco, Zaire, Ivory Coast, Ghana, Niger, Chad, Republic of South Africa, Sudan, Tanzania, Equatorial Guinea, Seychelles Islands, Mauritania, Republic of Mali, Benin, Kenya, Madagascar, Botswana, Gambia, Mozambique, and Senegal.

  12. Response and impact of equatorial ocean dynamics and tropical instability waves in the tropical Atlantic under global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Atlantic under global warming: A regional coupled downscaling study Hyodae Seo1,2 and ShangPing Xie1. Under global warming, both global and regional models exhibit an increased (decreased) rainfall thermal stratification is suggested to be more important under global warming. The strengthened upwelling

  13. Micro-phytoplankton variability at the equatorial Pacific (140W?) during the JGOFS EQPAC Time Series Studies 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iriarte, Jose Luis

    1994-01-01

    March-April and October 1992, to find the vertical distribution of micro-phytoplankton taxa, and to relate any changes in the environmental factors to micro-phytoplankton structure. Cell abundance and carbon biomass of three major taxonomic classes...

  14. Currents and waters at 140 cl t-¹ sin the western equatorial Atlantic during February-March-April 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Francis Joseph

    1978-01-01

    p I I / I I / I I 1-Z I I I 35% Z J& 36%o OC 5C IO C I5 C 200 250 30 C FIG. 3f. As in Fig. 3a except for CRAWrORD station 2400. to the east which were noted in the vertical section. The -1 oxygen minimum layer near 100 cl... for LASERRE station 95. 25 LIST OF FIGURES (continued) FIG, 3e. As in Fig. 3a except for CRAWFORD station 2454. FIG. 3f. As in Fig. 3a except for CRAWFORD station 2400. FIG. 4. Thickness in meters of the layer between 110 cl t 1 and 160 cl t FIG. 5a...

  15. Iron isotopes in the seawater of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: New constraints for the oceanic iron cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Murray, James W.

    only explain a fraction of the last glacial maximum CO2 drawdown (Kohfeld et al., 2005), they confirmed to the CO2 drawdown observed in the last glacial maximum. This hypothesis motivated numerous studies focused are positive (relative to IRMM-14), from +0.01 to +0.58 in the dissolved fraction (DFe) and from -0.02 to +0

  16. 20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise% in the sequences of ``black shales" that were deposited over a period of $20 million years. Similarly long periods. Although containing mostly marine organic matter, the black shales have TOC/TN molar ratios between 20

  17. Tropical precipitation variability and convectively coupled equatorial waves1 on submonthly time-scales in reanalyses and TRMM2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, M. Joan

    convection plays a vital role in global climate by driving large-scale circulation,41 releasing latent heat, modulating radiative forcing, and most importantly redistributing water in42 the earth system. Due to complex

  18. A statistical study of ionospheric earthquake precursors monitored by using equatorial ionization anomaly of GPS TEC in Taiwan during 20012007

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yuh-Ing

    anomaly of GPS TEC in Taiwan during 2001­2007 J.Y. Liu a,c,*, C.H. Chen b , Y.I. Chen d , W.H. Yang a , K.I. Oyama a , K.W. Kuo e a Institute of Space Science, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan b and Remote Sensing Research, National Central University, Chung-Li, Taiwan d Institute of Statistics

  19. Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millier, Vicki Anne

    1989-01-01

    trough to the west appears to move over the Andes, and by 0000 UTC 30 May the two cold troughs merged off the east coast of Argentina. The 850 mb wind field in the region (see ' Chapt. V. 2) indicates strong southerly winds at approximately 15-20 m... of Tehuantepec, and was upgraded to a depression at 1800 UTC 31 May. It moved westerly and then northwesterly until on 4 June it moved onshore 215 nrn west northwest of Acapulco. Between 31 May and 4 June the wind was reported to be between 25 and 80 kts...

  20. The Assessment and Calibration of Ensemble Seasonal Forecasts of Equatorial Pacific Ocean Temperature and the Predictability of Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Hagedorn, Rolf; Jewson, Stephen; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco; Hagedorn, Renate

    2003-01-01

    We evaluate the performance of two 44 year ensemble seasonal hindcast time series for the Nino3 index produced as part of the DEMETER project. We show that the ensemble mean carries useful information out to six months. The ensemble spread, however, only carries useful information out to four months in one of the models, and two months in the other.

  1. Data report: Oligocene paleoceanography of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: planktonic and benthic stable isotope results from Site 1218 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01

    To document the evolution of the early cryosphere, stable isotope analyses were conducted on the planktonic and benthic foraminifers from Ocean Drilling Program Site 1218. We generated two parallel 54- m-long records ...

  2. Review of technical literature and trends related to automobile mass-reduction technology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutsey, Nicholas P.

    2010-01-01

    applications. ” Volkswagen AG. Innovative Developments for24 Table 19. Summary of Volkswagen-led European Super LightTable 18) • 2005-2009: Volkswagen-led European Super Light

  3. OREGON STATE UNIVERSITY College of Earth, Ocean, & Atmospheric Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    and River Dominated Margins", Santiago de Compostela, Spain, June 19-24, 2005. · 2009 Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation Meeting, "Significance of River-Ocean Coherence for Fluxes and Fate of Terrestrial

  4. Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Environmental Engineering

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Profile: Environmental Engineering This program is part of the Department of Civil, Environmental. Department Faculty: Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering Fall 2012 Total Faculty 28 Tenured Recipients FY 2005 - 2009 Higher Education Education - Other Government Private Sector or Other Employment

  5. Generated on 04/07/13 by the Office of Institutional Research and Planning. Doctoral Program Profile: Environmental Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Profile: Environmental Science This program is part of the Department of Civil, Environmental. Department Faculty: Civil, Environmental, and Architectural Engineering Fall 2012 Total Faculty 28 Tenured Postdoctoral Plans of Doctoral Degree Recipients FY 2005 - 2009 Higher Education Education - Other Government

  6. Belitza A. Brocco and Julio Morell University of Puerto Rico

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbes, Fernando

    ) · measures the solar radiation reflected by the Earth · spatial resolution of 300m · 15 spectral bands Data #12;DATA VALIDATION Differences Date MERIS 2005-2009 In situ 2011Averages TSM Rrs 650nm 2005

  7. Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New Guinea Island

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicolas, Chamot-Rooke

    Deformation zone `jumps' in a young convergent setting; the Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt, New The Lengguru fold-and-thrust belt in West Papua (Indonesia) has all the characteristics of a young orogen buttress. The construction of these two wedges is younger than 11 Myr. The structures of the Lengguru belt

  8. Alternating seismic uplift and subsidence in the late Holocene at Madang, Papaua New Guinea: Evidence from raised reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tudhope, A. W.; Buddemeier, Robert W.; Chilcott, C. P.; Berryman, K. R.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Jebb, M.; Lipps, J. H.; Pearce, R. G.; Scoffin, T. P.; Shimmield, G. B.

    2000-06-10

    are interpreted as reflecting alternating tectonic uplift and subsidence. Furthermore, the detailed structure and age relationships of the coral deposits indicate that both uplift and subsidence occurred rapidly, most probably as coseismic events with vertical...

  9. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17

    Page 1 Ranking of Tuberculous Pleurisy Post-4 Days Induction...................................105 2 Primers Used for Real-time PCR ........................................................................117 3 Scoring of Granulomas 4... for the host phagocytes to release cytokines favoring the differentiation of CD4+ T helper cells into Th1 effector cells. The production of IL-12, IL-18, and IL-23 are pivotal in this step. These cytokines induce naive and memory T lymphocytes to release...

  10. Micronesica 37(1):57-68, 2004 Field Response of Guam Populations of the New Guinea Sugarcane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    (Areca catechu L.), coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) and sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L). The most affected plants are coconut, betel nut, champagne palm (Hyophorbe lagenicaulis (Bailey), pritchardia palm

  11. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  12. A Bibliographic Memorial to Amilcar Cabral: Selected Survey of Resources on the Struggle in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kornegay, Francis Jr. A.

    1973-01-01

    October 1971 , pp. 385-394. CABRAL, AMILCAR. A Brief Report126. Interview with Cabral. ----. "Guin6e: le pouvoir desa memoriaL to Ami.Lcar CabraL (L920-L973), what foL - lows

  13. Middletown, Connecticut 06459 Ebola Travel Advisory

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas, Ellen

    community to refrain from nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone returning to the state from Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. It is important

  14. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Maldives Papua New Guinea Swaziland Anguilla Colombia Guyana Mali Paraguay Tajikistan Argentina Comoros

  15. STUDENT HEALTH SERVICES University of Massachusetts Lowell

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massachusetts at Lowell, University of

    -Bissau Malawi Papua New Guinea Swaziland Argentina Colombia Guyana Malaysia Paraguay Tajikistan Armenia Comoros

  16. Instituto de Ciencias del Patrimonio MEMORIA 2012/13

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fitze, Patrick

    Salnés), Guinea, Etiopía, Mongolia, Uruguay y Chile. La estrategia común del Incipit se articula a través

  17. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  18. The distribution of particulate matter in the Equatorial and Subtropical South Atlantic Ocean: evidence for sources, transport and sinks of particles 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berglund, Bret Lawrence

    1989-01-01

    concentration as evidenced by satellite data. The same geographic patterns are generally present in the deep water, although concentrations are an order of magnitude less. The only significant difference occurs along the South American continental rise where... there is a persistent low concentration nepheloid layer in the expected location of the deep western boundary current. These findings suggest the dominant factor determining particulate matter concentrations in the study area is primary production...

  19. Nanoplankton contributions to phytoplankton standing crop and primary productivity in the central equatorial Pacific (Sept./Oct. 1975; Feb./Mar. 1976) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Dean Alan

    1982-01-01

    of Hasle (1959, 1976), Allen (1961), Semina ( 1968, 1969, 1971, and 1972), and Venrick et al. (1973) have attempted to describe species composition, as well as characterize distributional patterns of the phytoplankton communities found within the DOMES... spatially 24 and temporally. In oceanic waters coccolithophorids, naked flagel- lates, and monads tend to dominate the plankton (Hasle 1959; Hulburt 1970). Here, nanoplankton are generally reported to be more abundant and more productive than net...

  20. Weak-Lensing Mass Calibration of the Atacama Cosmology Telescope Equatorial Sunyaev-Zeldovich Cluster Sample with the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Stripe 82 Survey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Battaglia, N; Miyatake, H; Hasselfield, M; Gralla, M B; Allison, R; Bond, J R; Calabrese, E; Crichton, D; Devlin, M J; Dunkley, J; Dünner, R; Erben, T; Ferrara, S; Halpern, M; Hilton, M; Hill, J C; Hincks, A D; Hložek, R; Huffenberger, K M; Hughes, J P; Kneib, J P; Kosowsky, A; Makler, M; Marriage, T A; Menanteau, F; Miller, L; Moodley, K; Moraes, B; Niemack, M D; Page, L; Shan, H; Sehgal, N; Sherwin, B D; Sievers, J L; Sifón, C; Spergel, D N; Staggs, S T; Taylor, J; Thornton, R; van Waerbeke, L; Wollack, E J

    2015-01-01

    Mass calibration uncertainty is the largest systematic effect for using clusters of galaxies to constrain cosmological parameters. We present weak lensing mass measurements from the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope Stripe 82 Survey for galaxy clusters selected through their high signal-to-noise thermal Sunyaev-Zeldovich (tSZ) signal measured with the Atacama Cosmology Telescope (ACT). The average weak lensing mass is $\\left(4.8\\pm0.8\\right)\\,\\times10^{14}\\,\\mathrm{M}_\\odot$, consistent with the tSZ mass estimate of $\\left(4.70\\pm1.0\\right)\\,\\times10^{14}\\,\\mathrm{M}_\\odot$ which assumes a universal pressure profile for the cluster gas. Our results are consistent with previous weak-lensing measurements of tSZ-detected clusters from the Planck satellite. When comparing our results, we estimate the Eddington bias correction for the sample intersection of Planck and weak-lensing clusters which was previously neglected.

  1. The evolution of 1 AU equatorial solar wind and its association with the morphology of the heliospheric current sheet from solar cycles 23 to 24

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhao, L.; Landi, E.; Zurbuchen, T. H.; Fisk, L. A.; Lepri, S. T.

    2014-09-20

    The solar wind can be categorized into three types based on its 'freeze-in' temperature (T {sub freeze-in}) in the coronal source: low T {sub freeze-in} wind mostly from coronal holes, high T {sub freeze-in} wind mostly from regions outside of coronal holes, including streamers (helmet streamer and pseudostreamer), active regions, etc., and transient interplanetary coronal mass ejections (ICMEs) usually possessing the hottest T {sub freeze-in}. The global distribution of these three types of wind has been investigated by examining the most effective T {sub freeze-in} indicator, the O{sup 7+}/O{sup 6+} ratio, as measured by the Solar Wind Ion Composition Spectrometer on board the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) during 1998-2008 by Zhao et al. In this study, we extend the previous investigation to 2011 June, covering the unusual solar minimum between solar cycles 23 and 24 (2007-2010) and the beginning of solar cycle 24. We find that during the entire solar cycle, from the ascending phase of cycle 23 in 1998 to the ascending phase of cycle 24 in 2011, the average fractions of the low O{sup 7+}/O{sup 6+} ratio (LOR) wind, the high O{sup 7+}/O{sup 6+} ratio (HOR) wind, and ICMEs at 1 AU are 50.3%, 39.4%, and 10.3%, respectively; the contributions of the three types of wind evolve with time in very different ways. In addition, we compare the evolution of the HOR wind with two heliospheric current sheet (HCS) parameters, which indicate the latitudinal standard deviation (SD) and the slope (SL) of the HCS on the synoptic Carrington maps at 2.5 solar radii surface. We find that the fraction of HOR wind correlates with SD and SL very well (slightly better with SL than with SD), especially after 2005. This result verifies the link between the production of HOR wind and the morphology of the HCS, implying that at least one of the major sources of the HOR wind must be associated with the HCS.

  2. Dissolved and Particulate 230Th - 232Th Systematics in the Central Equatorial Pacific: Evidence for Far-Field Transport of the East Pacific Rise Hydrothermal Plume 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Grecia Ivonne

    2015-08-10

    2000 m to 3000 m, the dissolved 230Th concentrations exhibit little change, before linearly increasing once more from 3000 m to the bottom. At this site dissolved 230Th concentrations range from 1.1 fg/kg at 100 m to 55.2 fg/kg at 4600 m. At the equator...

  3. Multiwavelength Observations of NaSt1 (WR 122): Equatorial Mass Loss and X-rays from an Interacting Wolf-Rayet Binary

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mauerhan, Jon C; Van Dyk, Schuyler D; Morzinski, Katie M; Close, Laird M; Hinz, Philip M; Males, Jared R; Rodigas, Timothy J

    2015-01-01

    NaSt1 (aka Wolf-Rayet 122) is a peculiar emission-line star embedded in an extended nebula of [N II] emission with a compact dusty core. This object was characterized by Crowther & Smith (1999) as a Wolf-Rayet (WR) star cloaked in an opaque nebula of CNO-processed material, perhaps analogous to Eta Car and its Homunculus nebula, albeit with a hotter central source. To discern the morphology of the [N II] nebula we performed narrowband imaging using the Hubble Space Telescope and Wide-field Camera 3. The images reveal that the nebula has a disk-like geometry tilted 12 degrees from edge-on, composed of a bright central ellipsoid surrounded by a larger clumpy ring. Ground-based spectroscopy reveals radial velocity structure (~10 km/s) near the outer portions of the nebula's major axis, which is likely to be the imprint of outflowing gas. Near-infrared adaptive-optics imaging with Magellan AO has resolved a compact ellipsoid of Ks-band emission aligned with the larger [N II] nebula, which we suspect is the re...

  4. Reply to comment by R. Francois et al. on ``Do geochemical estimates of sediment focusing pass the sediment test in the equatorial Pacific?''

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paytan, Adina

    , which included subbottom profiling, seismic reflection, data from sediment cores, geographic imply that large-scale horizontal transport of sediment (on the order of 50% of the vertical flux) can production. However, sediment trap measurements also indicate a vertical flux of 230 Th that is 40

  5. Heterogeneity and Depositional Variability of Reef Sand Aprons: Integrated Field and Modeling of the Dynamics of Holocene Aranuka Atoll, Republic of Kiribati, Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasserman, Hannah

    2013-08-31

    Depositional facies represent the net product of a complex set of processes that impact sediment supply and transport through geomorphic systems. Although the general facies motifs of many isolated platforms throughout the ...

  6. AnnualReportforFiscalYear2006 Thomas A. Schroeder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ______________________________________________________________________________v Accomplishments for Fiscal Year 2006 Equatorial Oceanography _____________________________________________________________________14 Fisheries Oceanography ___________________________________________________________________15, equatorial oceanography, climate, fisheries oceanography, tropical meteorology and coastal research

  7. Convectively generated zonal jets by thunderstorms on Jupiter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xi Arthur; Showman, Adam

    2011-01-01

    formation of equatorial jets in freely decaying shallowof moist convection with zonal jets on Jupiter and Saturn,Generation of equatorial jets by large-scale latent heating

  8. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  9. Curriculum Vitae Program of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hutyra, Lucy R.

    Mechanics and Turbulence !Multi-Scale Numerical Modeling !Hydrometeorology and Micrometeorology !Land-Atmosphere Interaction EDUCATION & EMPLOYMENT 2005-2009: B.E., Department of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, China 2009-2013: Ph.D., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering (with a certificate from

  10. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 11, 215225, 2011 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/11/215/2011/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    , likely caused by the coal and biofuel burning used for heating. We also com- pared our retrievals distributed infor- mation on aerosol characteristics such as size, composition and optical properties, their optical properties change during aging (Laskin et al., 2010). Recently, Schuster et al. (2005, 2009) have

  11. Paul R. C. Kent Nanomaterials Theory Institute

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pennycook, Steve

    Research Staff, Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences, Oak Ridge National Laboratory 2005-2009 Research. Dr. Alex Zunger, National Renewal Energy Laboratory. Prof. Mark Jarrell, Louisiana State University Oak Ridge National Laboratory (865) 574-4845 kentpr@ornl.gov Publications Education Cambridge

  12. Evaluation Committee of LAAS-CNRS December 1-3, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ingrand, François

    processors for high performance computing. Evaluation 2009 5CDA #12;3.2. Challenges in distributed computing of decentralized environment High performance distributed peer to peer computing - self adaptive protocol, direct 7. Data 2005-2009 8. Project Evaluation 2009 2CDA #12;1. Elements of understanding CDA team

  13. Curriculum Vitae GENERAL INFORMATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bou-Zeid, Elie

    @princeton.edu EDUCATION BACKGROUND 2005-2009: B.E. in Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, China 2009-present: Ph of Turbulent Transport of Momentum and Scalars, Boundary Layer Meteorology (in press) Jiang C.B., Jiao Y., Li D. of Hydraulic Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China. HONORS & AWARDS Outstanding Freshmen Scholarship

  14. Chang, Tsai-Lin Rm. 205, 2F., No.48, Ln. 245, Sec. 4, Bade Rd., Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ouhyoung, Ming

    Chang, Tsai-Lin Rm. 205, 2F., No.48, Ln. 245, Sec. 4, Bade Rd., Taipei City 105, Taiwan (R.O.C.) tsailing_chang@hotmail.com | +886-912-152-868 EDUCATION 2005 - 2009 NATIONAL TAIWAN UNIVERSITY (NTU) Taipei, Taiwan Bachelor, Department of Finance · Overall GPA ­ 3.8/4.0; Major GPA ­ 3.9/4.0 · President Award

  15. REGINA Y. LIU CURRICULUM VITAE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jornsten, Rebecka

    University, 2005­ Member, SAS Bylaws Committee, Rutgers University, 2006 Seminar Chair, Department-2007, 2007-2010) National Security Agency (2004-2005, 2005-2007) Federal Aviation Administration (2000-2003, 2003-2006) National Institutes of Health (2005-2009) EDITORIAL ACTIVITIES: Associate Editor, The Annals

  16. http://www.arias.cnrs.fr/ http://www.univ-lyon1.fr/ Fanny Lignon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    a problem! Educating gender through video games, and vice versa! I will present my work in two stages: 1 of men and women Combat games belong to the category of simulation games. With the exception of wresting (1995-2000) were women. The number has grown with PS2 (2000-2005) and PS3 (2005-2009), reaching 33

  17. Multidrug-resistant transport activity protects oocytes from

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wessel, Gary M.

    Endocrinology and Infertility, Women and Infants Hospital, Warren Alpert School of Medicine, and b Department Institute Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Database, 2005­ 2009). Current treatment regimens use induce prema- ture ovarian failure, rendering the patient infertile and hormonally compromised (1). Women

  18. To: RIT Community From: Provost Jeremy Haefner and Sandra Johnson, Senior Vice President for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salvaggio, Carl

    (Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Nigeria). While there is no current cause for concern on our campus nonessential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Liberia because of the unprecedented outbreak. Please see CDC

  19. EBOLA VIRUS DISEASE INFORMATION FOR NIH CLINICAL CENTER STAFF*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shen, Jun

    in humans. The outbreak in 2014 in Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia is the largest in history and is by far. The outbreak began in Guinea in December 2013 then spread to Liberia and Sierra Leone. A much smaller cluste

  20. Health and Wellness Services PO Box 642302, Pullman, WA 99164-2302

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    (Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, and Guinea) and the recent case of the traveler from Liberia presenting to Guinea, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. The IDRT will continue to monitor the evolving situation

  1. The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McCullagh, Peter

    The `Out-of-Africa' hypothesis Peter McCullagh Department of Statistics University of Chicago South DJIBOUTI KENYA COMOROS SEYCHELLES MOZA M B IQUE MADAGASC A R ANGOLA ALGERIA SENEGAL GUINEA-BISSAU GUINEA

  2. Limnol. Oceanogr., 47(4), 2002, 10121022 2002, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morel, François M. M.

    and Oceanography, Inc. Sources of inorganic carbon for phytoplankton in the eastern Subtropical and Equatorial

  3. Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2007/08 8 ITER Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    with other fusion associations, namely CEA, TEKES and CIEMAT. UKAEA's efforts have focussed on the equatorial

  4. Journal No. 10 Le savoir de nos anciens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in Liberia in March 2009 (p.16) ­ a challenging construction of a bridge! Theatre "Touchatout" in Guinea

  5. Office of the University Physician

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to be successfully controlled in Liberia, Guinea, and Sierra Leone. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

  6. Red List Category Number of species Extinct (EX) 0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andreone, Franco

    , and the Comoros; the Gulf of Guinea islands (Bioko, Príncipe, São Tomé and Pagalu); Socotra; and the Cape Verde

  7. Report on Education and Awareness Activities to improve the protection of wild chimpanzees and their habitat in West Africa,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and forests in Liberia (Sapo and Grebo), and in the mining concession of GAC in Guinea. Main activities 30 villages in front of over 25.000 spectators in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea during the year for the films in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea (Table 1). Table 1. Number of villages and spectators

  8. To: All Program Directors Re: CDC recommendation regarding community members who have recently

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapman, Michael S.

    in West Africa currently affected by Ebola virus. The countries are Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone. Important message for students and postdocs: If you have recently traveled through/from Guinea, Liberia/through Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Nigeria within the past 21 days we ask that you contact JBT at 503

  9. August 18, 2014 Dear Members of the Tufts Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dennett, Daniel

    of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in several West African countries--currently Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea of developing the disease. Nevertheless, if you have been in Sierra Leone, Guinea, Liberia or Nigeria The CDC has issued a warning advising against all non-essential travel to Guinea, Sierra Leone and Liberia

  10. Buildings R&D Breakthroughs. Technologies and Products Supported by the Building Technologies Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    none,

    2012-04-01

    This report identifies and characterizes commercially available products and emerging (near-commercial) technologies that benefited from the support of the Building Technologies Program (BTP) within the U.S. Department of Energy’s Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. The investigation specifically focused on technology-oriented research and development (R&D) projects sponsored by BTP’s Emerging Technologies subprogram from 2005-2009.

  11. Economics Understanding of Albanian High School Students: Factors Related to Achievement as Measured by Test Scores on the Test of Economic Literacy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bushati, Dolore

    2010-04-19

    to slow sharply, 2008, para.1). Energy power problems in Albania have continued for a long period of time. Depending mainly on hydro power and using energy from power plants built during the communist era, Albania has suffered from blackouts due... plants along various rivers of the country during 2005-2009. The future will be even better based on the new strategic plan that the government will build more hydro power plants throughout the country and possibly a nuclear power plant (Summary...

  12. Hydrology of a Forested Wetland Complex in an Urbanizing Area of the Texas Gulf Coast and Clean Water Act Implications 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dean, Dex Daniel

    2014-12-15

    . ................................................................ 28 Fig. 5. Monthly precipitation and runoff for 2005–2009.. ............................................... 31 Fig. 6. Annual hydrographs (2005–2008) of daily precipitation and runoff data (axes plotted at different scales for clarity... methods (e.g. Smith et al. 1995, Johnson 2005, Reif et al. 2009, Lane and D’Amico 2010), nation-wide wetland extent (see the National Wetlands Inventory, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, available at 6 http://www.fws.gov/wetlands), and impacts...

  13. Investigation of Madden-Julian waves using a rotating coordinate frame from microwave radiometric measurements 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dossen, Josephus

    1999-01-01

    separate events of these features propagating over the equatorial Indian/Western Pacific Ocean basins. The composite Tb anomalies show a five-stage morphology process: initiation east of equatorial Africa, intensification when propagating through the Indian...

  14. JOHN ERWIN DAMUTH Note: PDF files of refereed reprints can be obtained by contacting me at damuth@uta.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    : Sedimentology, v. 24, p. 143-148. 1977 Damuth, J.E.; Late Quaternary sedimentation in the western Equatorial of the Ceara Rise: Western Equatorial Atlantic: Sedimentology, v.26, p. 825-834. 1979 Da

  15. Reversed Spatial Asymmetries between El Niño and La Niña and Their Linkage to Decadal ENSO Modulation in CMIP3 Models

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yu, Jin-Yi; Kim, Seon Tae

    2011-01-01

    on the time-mean thermal stratification of the equatorialthe time-mean thermal stratification in the upper-equatorial

  16. Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drushka, Kyla

    2011-01-01

    Pacific Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean associated with thethe western equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. , 96,

  17. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average across the Pacific and western Indian Ocean and below of the central and eastern Pacific. #12;Upper-Ocean Conditions in the Equatorial Pacific The basin-wide equatorial upper ocean (0-300 m) heat content is greatest prior to and during the early stages of a Pacific

  18. 90 COMPUTER Published by the IEEE Computer Society 0018-9162/14/$31.00 2014 IEEE STANDARDSDISCOVERY ANALYTICS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ramakrishnan, Naren

    transmission--Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone--due to various social considerations. Even syndromic tested positive for Ebola, the most common words included "Liberia," "Africa," "virus," "outbreak

  19. 730 | 146 | 20% 102 | 16 | 16%

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Dongwon

    % Guinea 1 | 0 | 0% Senegal 2 | 1 | 50% Sierra Leone 2 | 0 | 0% Liberia 3 | 0 | 0% Ivory Coast 4|0|0% Ghana

  20. Contested Jurisdictions: Legitimacy and Governance at the Special Court for Sierra Leone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kendall, Sara

    2009-01-01

    The Destruction of Liberia and the Religious Dimension of anrepercussions in neighboring Liberia and Guinea. Over theentered the country from Liberia in March of 1991 with the

  1. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01

    Chad Chile China Colombia Comoros Congo, Dem. Rep. Congo,Bissau Chad Sierra Leone Comoros Vanuatu Afghanistan NigerBissau Freq. Swaziland Comoros Papua New Guinea Yemen, Rep.

  2. Efficacy of artesunate-amodiaquine for treating uncomplicated P. falciparum malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa: a multi-centre analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    of Bamako, Bamako, Mali, 9 National Malaria ControlGabon, Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Demo- cratic Republic ofCameroon, Madagascar, and Mali (1 site each) [4]. Three (

  3. Investigations of marine cyanobacterial secondary metabolites : isolation, structure elucidation, and synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nunnery, Joshawna Kay

    2012-01-01

    chlorinated metabolite of the marine cyanophyte LyngbyaCannabinomimetic lipid from a marine cyanobacterium. J. Nat.New Guinea collection of the marine cyanobacterium Lyngbya

  4. IMPORTANT---TRAVEL TO AND FROM EBOLA-IMPACTED AREAS January 2015

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oklahoma, University of

    --Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. There have been no cases of Ebola in Oklahoma, but OU must take the appropriate, and staff travel for University purposes to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone. 1. OU students, faculty, Liberia, and Sierra Leone to contact OU Health Services to arrange a risk assessment by telephone

  5. HARVARD UNIVERSITY Office of the Provost

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corey, David P.

    , Guinea and Liberia, and of cases of Ebola infection in nearby Nigeria. In order to protect the health to avoid non-essential travel to Sierra Leone, Guinea and Liberia. If you need safety and security advice, Liberia or Nigeria in the past four weeks and have not already been in contact with Harvard University

  6. On the Cutting Edge of C H I C A G O

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sherman, S. Murray

    infection. The rVl0-2 vaccine is currently undergoing US FDA pre-Investigational New Drug authorization the pneumonic form of plague in guinea pigs, offering a more convenient, ethical, and cost-effective animal D, Hermanas T, Schnee- wind O. Plague in Guinea pigs and its prevention by subunit vaccines. Am J

  7. Differentiating Effects and Localization of Estrogen Receptors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ;69:63­76 Projections of the Estrogen Receptor-Immunoreactive Ventrolateral Hypothalamus to Other Estrogen Receptor hypothalamus W Guinea pig Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus in female guinea pigs includes an estrogen receptor dense region adjacent to the ventromedial hypothalamus. This region is recipro- cally connected

  8. Journal of Neuroendocrinology, 1996, Vol. 8, 673685 Efferent Projections from the Ovarian Steroid Receptor-Containing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Receptor-Containing Area of the Ventrolateral Hypothalamus in Female Guinea Pigs K. H. N. Ricciardi*, J. C, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA 01003, USA. Key words: preoptic area, ventromedial hypothalamus, midbrain, Phaseolus, estrogen receptors. Abstract The ventrolateral hypothalamus (VLH) in female guinea

  9. WEST AFRICAN DRUMMING, GEOGRAPHY, HISTORY, LANGUAGE, MULTICULTURALISM AND AT-RISK STUDENTS IN THE MUSIC CLASSROOM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bassett, Dylan A.

    2010-06-09

    Background……………………………………………………………………. 4 Literature Review…………………………………………………………….. 5 Chapter II: Traditional Music in Traditional and Modern West Africa: Drumming Styles of the Wolof in Senegal; Ga, Ewe, and Akan of Ghana; and Mande of Guinea... ……………………………………………….9 Commonalities in Various West African Drumming Styles…………. 9 Senegal: Traditional Drumming Styles……………………………… … 12 Ghana: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… ..18 Guinea: Traditional Drumming Styles………………………………… . 23 Traditional Music...

  10. 15 DECEMBER 2000 3939H E N D O N 2000 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hendon, Harry

    , Boulder, CO 80303- 3328. E-mail: hhh@cdc.noaa.gov pool of the equatorial Indian and western Pacific Oceans

  11. Geochemistry of Sedimentary Pore Fluids in Venice Lagoon, Results of the SIOSED Program from 2005-2007, A Background Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    equatorial Atlantic: suboxic diagenesis. Geochim. Cosmochim.Jahnke (1990). Early diagenesis in differing depositionalprocess involving the diagenesis of organic matter is iron

  12. The Challenges and Rewards of a Career in Field Oceanography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Santa Barbara, University of

    The Challenges and Rewards of a Career in Field Oceanography Some Reflections, Anecdotes, Equatorial Pacific #12;Oceanography is not always easy Moorings sometimes break free North Atlantic Bermuda

  13. Organic carbon flux and organic carbon to calcite flux ratio recorded in deep-sea carbonates: Demonstration and a new proxy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanography: General: Equatorial oceanography; 4805 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Biogeochemical cycles (1615); 4806 Oceanography: Biological and Chemical: Carbon cycling; 4842 Oceanography: Biological

  14. Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2005 Thomas A. Schroeder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ______________________________________________________________________________v Accomplishments for Fiscal Year 2005 Equatorial Oceanography _____________________________________________________________________12 Fisheries Oceanography ___________________________________________________________________13 oceanography, climate, fisheries oceanography, tropical meteorology and coastal research. The scope

  15. A Spatial Deconvolution of Molecular Signals in Oceanic Dissolved Organic Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meador, Travis B

    2008-01-01

    subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1595-the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Karl, D. ,central equatorial Pacific Ocean, 1992: Daily and finescale

  16. Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Scientific and Technical Review for Near-Term Stationary Power Demonstration Projects, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Tim; Shah, Nihar

    2007-01-01

    renewable/biomass/download/2006/LosAlamos.pdf Kumm, W. , “Non-Equatorial Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTC) Applications, William Kumm, Arctic

  17. How Warm Was This Summer? Let's look at the surface temperatures in the summer of 2010, which justifiably received a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hansen, James E.

    was the 2nd warmest1 . 2010 was a bit cooler than 2009 mainly because a moderate El Nino in the equatorial

  18. GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH LETTERS, VOL. 0, NO. 0, PAGES 0-0, M 0, 2001 Interannual prediction of the Parana river

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robertson, Andrew W.

    component analysis, together with the maximum entropy method (MEM) to build autoregressive linear prediction, SSA- MEM hindcasts of sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies over the eastern equatorial Pacific

  19. Eddy correlation measurements of the air/sea flux of dimethylsulfide over the North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marandino, C. A; De Bruyn, W. J; Miller, S. D; Saltzman, E. S

    2007-01-01

    radon over the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , 6,in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to 1996): Evidence ofover the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , Bates,

  20. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  1. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  2. An Investigation into the Historical Distribution, Prevalence, and Host Community of Monkeypox Virus (MPXV) Among Funisciurus Museum Skin Specimens from Central Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tiee, Madeline

    2015-01-01

    within Sierra Leone, Liberia, and Cote d’Ivoire, Nigeria,from Cote d’Ivoire, 2 from Liberia, 13 from Rwanda, 1 fromGuinea), and county (Liberia) levels. All samples with

  3. West Africa -A Safe Haven for Frogs? A Sub-Continental Assessment of the Chytrid Fungus (Batrachochytrium

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the River - A Transboundary Peace Park for Sierra Leone and Liberia, Kenema, Sierra Leone, 10 Forestry'Ivoire, Ghana, Guinea, Liberia, Sierra Leone - and were collected from a variety of habitats, ranging from

  4. BIOLOGY SEMINAR MELINDA DENTON ENDOWED LECTURE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shlizerman, Eli

    @u.washington.edu Monday, April 06, 2015 "Phylogenetic ecology of plant/insect food webs: examples from the New Guinea forest community is explained by the phylogeny and functional traits of host plants. We destructively

  5. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  6. Burns 24 (1998) 166-172 Early nonsurgical removal of chemically injured tissue enhances

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Palanker, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    analog to sulfur mustard - mustard gas) in an experimental guinea pig model. Debridase was most effective for warfare chemicals such as white phosphorous [6] and mustard gas (MG) - the most widely used warfare

  7. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01

    Romania Russia Chapter 7, Imports and Exports Exports Coke2] (t) Exports Imports Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda St.Exports Imports Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Qatar Romania Russia

  8. PROC. ENTOMOL. SOC. WASH. 108(4), 2006, pp. 1002-1004

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Clayton, Dale H.

    m. All ticks been deposited in the USNTC as acces- were shipped in 70% ethanol to RGR, sion RML Australia: Queensland, Archbold Expedition, Iron Range AMNH Casuarius Papua New Guinea: F. Klekham casuarius

  9. Toward the African Cinema

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Minot, Gilbert

    1983-01-01

    TOWARD THE AFRICAN CINEMA* By Gilbert Minot Guinea gainedAfrica to devise a national cinema policy. So we created, ascontact with the different cinemas in Africa. For in-

  10. Carving the spirits of the wood: an enquiry into Trobriand materialisations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jarillo de la Torre, Sergio

    2013-10-08

    , Papua New Guinea. The dissertation analyses previously overlooked material expressions in the form of woodcarvings for sale (tokwalu) to outsiders. Throughout the thesis, I demonstrate how Trobrianders conceive tokwalu as symbolic and material...

  11. Three Essays On Agricultural and Forestry Offsets In Climate Change Mitigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feng, Siyi

    2012-07-16

    , New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga, Vanuatu 17 RCAM Antigua Barbuda, Bahamas, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Dominican Republic, El Salvador, Grenada, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras...

  12. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  13. Geophysical and Astrophysical Fluid Dynamics, 2014 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03091929.2014.891023

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sutherland, Bruce

    .1080/03091929.2014.891023 Cross-equatorial flow of grounded abyssal ocean currents ALEXANDER KIM, GORDON E. SWATERS and BRUCE R: Cross-equatorial flows; Grounded abyssal ocean currents; Deep western boundary currents 1. Introduction important phenomena that take place in the world oceans are large-scale ocean currents, which are generated

  14. The Astrophysical Journal, 746:51 (14pp), 2012 February 10 doi:10.1088/0004-637X/746/1/51 C 2012. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Printed in the U.S.A.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and rotation can largely control the patterns of flow heat transfer and magnetic field generation. Intermittent of Saturn's equatorial jet and magnetic field hint at rich dynamics coupling the atmosphere and the deep in the equatorial jet angular velocity could change the average interior rotation rate by about 0.1%--roughly

  15. Scientific Prospectus Figure 1. Proposed drill sites (white circles with black rims) and alternates (solid circles) for

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . (1985) Neogene equatorial Pacific seismic stratigraphy. Figure 4. A schematic of the equatorial sediment the model shown here and in Figure 5. TWTT = two-way traveltime. Figure 5. Tentative seismic stratigraphy was estimated from physical properties of sediments and the distance between seismic reflectors in profiles

  16. 4, 32853332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 4, 3285­3332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone over Equatorial Africa B. Sauvage et al. Title Page and Physics Discussions Tropospheric ozone over Equatorial Africa: regional aspects from the MOZAIC data B Correspondence to: B. Sauvage (saub@aero.obs-mip.fr) 3285 #12;ACPD 4, 3285­3332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone over

  17. Mechanisms for the Interannual Variability of SST in the East Pacific Warm Pool KRISTOPHER B. KARNAUSKAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher

    with the western and equatorial Pacific Ocean, relatively little is known about the east Pacific warm pool (EPWP model (OGCM) of the tropical Pacific Ocean and various atmospheric and oceanic observations are used correlation between SST in the EPWP and eastern equatorial Pacific is therefore explained not by ocean

  18. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean. Tropical rainfall is slightly enhanced over the western equatorial Pacific. Chance of El Niño Pacific Ocean. #12;Global SST Departures (oC) During the Last Four Weeks During the last four weeks negative across the Pacific and surrounding Indonesia. #12;Upper-Ocean Conditions in the Equatorial Pacific

  19. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In the past week, SST anomalies have increased and are slightly above average across most of the Pacific Ocean in the Equatorial Pacific The basin-wide equatorial upper ocean (0-300 m) heat content is greatest priorW) and the eastern Pacific (90º-140ºW). #12;Weekly Central & Eastern Pacific Upper-Ocean (0-300 m) Average

  20. Scientific Prospectus SITE SUMMARIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , 82°04.853´W Water Depth: 1423 m Sediment Thickness: 513 m Target Drilling Depth: 513 mbsf Approved and paleoproductivity within the South Equatorial Current off Ecuador. 2. Monitor the composition of basal intermediate waters to monitor the South Equatorial Current. Drilling Program: Triple APC to refusal. Tensor

  1. Anisotropy analysis of EAS data in the knee region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. V. Ter-Antonyan

    2001-06-07

    Based on MAKET-ANI EAS data the distributions of equatorial coordinates of EAS core directions are obtained in the knee region. Anisotropy of primary cosmic rays is displayed only by declination equatorial coordinates (20+/-3 degrees) at primary energies more than 5-10 PeV. The fraction of anisotropic component turns out ~10% in the knee region.

  2. UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR, Fred A. Seaton, Secretary FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, Arnie Jo Suomela, Commissioner

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    !-cted, 1952-54 Oharles H. ailbert: No.I5.. 2/18-4/26/54------------ Equatorial area. 110° to 120°, and 155r~a around Line Islands. 157° to 162°. Om/olieri. ._. S/13--9/Z1/52...__ . __ .. __ . Equatorial an

  3. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 31: 15671572 (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.2163 Short Communication and Environment Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea ABSTRACT: Using the climate change experiments that the off- equatorial precipitation and the associated equatorial westerlies play a seeding role

  4. Pacific Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program Dynamical Seasonal Forecasting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lim, Eun-pa

    Adaptation Strategy Assistance Program El Nino Mean State · Easterlies westward surface current upwelling warmer & thermocline is deep eastward undercurrent El Nino ·+ve Bjerknes feedback Easterlies break down and Kelvin wavesEl Nino Equatorial Kelvin wave Off-equatorial Rossby wave #12;Pacific Adaptation Strategy

  5. NAVAL POSTGRADUATE SCHOOL MONTEREY, CALIFORNIA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    /IMAGER OCEAN SURFACE WIND RETRIEVALS IN EQUATORIAL REGIONS Thesis Advisor: Co-Advisor: by Elton G. Sayward/IMAGER OCEAN SURFACE WIND RETRIEVALS IN EQUATORIAL REGIONS 6. AUTHOR(S) Elton G. Sayward 7. PERFORMING, in particular the ability to remotely sense ocean surface winds. Currently, alternative SSM/I ocean surface wind

  6. Presented by : Mbouri DIENG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trajkovic, Ljiljana

    Some places to visit Gabon History Politics Geography Fauna and Flora Culture Our Work Nework topology 2012 #12;Gabon Green: equatorial forest Yellow: equatorial sun and mineral resources Blue: ocean = 529.218 F CFA Geography 18/07/2014 DIENG /OKOUMBA Summer 2012 #12;Gabon Fauna and flora 18

  7. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  8. Supplement 24, Part 5, Parasite-Subject Catalogue, Parasites: Arthropoda and Miscellaneous Phyla 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edwards, Shirley J.; Hood, Martha W.; Shaw, Judith H.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Kirby, Margie D.; Hanfman, Deborah T.; Zidar, Judith A.

    1982-01-01

    , 1897, H. dentipalpis Warburton ? Nuttall, 1909) (Burma, Viverra t_. tangalunga; Pahang, Negri Sembilan, North Borneo, Felis bengalensis tingia; Pahang, F. pardus fusca; Negri Sembilan, Paradoxurus hermaphroditus philippinensis; North Borneo...-99 (Dorcopsis sp. ; Merauke (Dutch New Guinea) ) Zwart, D., (1959C), 812-831 (wallaby; Dutch New Guinea) Haemaphysalis bandicota Hoogstraal, H. & Kohls, G, ?. , (1965A), 460-466 (Bandicota spp. ; Taiwan, Thailand and Burma) Haemaphysalis bartelsi Schulze...

  9. Regional partnerships lead US carbon sequestration efforts

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    2007-07-01

    During the sixth annual conference on carbon capture and sequestration, 7-10 May 2007, a snapshot was given of progress on characterization efforts and field validation tests being carried out through the Carbon Sequestration Regional Partnership Initiative. The initiative is built on the recognition that geographical differences in fossil fuel/energy use and CO{sub 2} storage sinks across North America will dictate approaches to carbon sequestration. The first characterization phase (2003-2005) identified regional opportunities and developed frameworks to validate and deploy technologies. The validation phase (2005-2009) includes 10 enhanced oil recovery/enhanced gas recovery field tests in progress in Alberta and six US states and is applying lessons learned from these operations to sequestration in unmineable coal seams. Storage in saline formations are the focus of 10 field tests, and terrestrial sequestration will be studied in 11 other projects. 1 tab., 3 photos.

  10. United Nations Basic Space Science Initiative (UNBSSI) 1991-2012 and Beyond

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathai, A M; Balogh, W R

    2015-01-01

    This paper contains an overview and summary on the achievements of the United Nations basic space science initiative in terms of donated and provided planetariums, astronomical telescopes, and space weather instruments, particularly operating in developing nations. This scientific equipment has been made available to respective host countries, particularly developing nations, through the series of twenty basic space science workshops, organized through the United Nations Programme on Space Applications since 1991. Organized by the United Nations, the European Space Agency (ESA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) of the United States of America, and the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA), the basic space science workshops were organized as a series of workshops that focused on basic space science (1991-2004), the International Heliophysical Year 2007 (2005-2009), and the International Space Weather Initiative (2010-2012) proposed by the Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Spac...

  11. Spectral Type and Radial Velocity Variations in Three SRC Variables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moncrieff, Kathleen E; Short, C Ian; Bennett, Philip D; Balam, David D; Griffin, Roger F

    2011-01-01

    SRC variables are M supergiants, precursors to Type II supernovae, that vary in brightness with moderately regular periods of order 100-1000 days. Although identified as pulsating stars that obey their own period-luminosity relation, few have been examined in enough detail to follow the temperature and spectral changes that they undergo during their long cycles. The present study examines such changes for several SRC variables revealed by CCD spectra obtained at the Dominion Astrophysical Observatory (DAO) during 2005-2009, as well as by archival spectra from the DAO (and elsewhere) for some stars from the 1960s to 1980s, and Cambridge radial velocity spectrometer measures for Betelgeuse. Described here is our classification procedure and information on the spectral type and radial velocity changes in three of the stars. The results provide insights into the pulsation mechanism in M supergiants.

  12. Two-Electron Three-Centered Bond in Side-On (2) Uranyl(V) Superoxo Complexes Vyacheslav S. Bryantsev,*, Wibe A. de Jong, Kevin C. Cossel, Mamadou S. Diallo,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Goddard III, William A.

    Two-Electron Three-Centered Bond in Side-On (2) Uranyl(V) Superoxo Complexes Vyacheslav S uranyl 5f orbital and the O2 * orbital in the equatorial plane (*xy) leaving the second * singly occupied

  13. Carbon isotope evidence for the latitudinal distribution and wind speed dependence of the air-sea gas transfer velocity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Krakauer, Nir Y; Randerson, James T; Primeau, Francois W; Gruber, Nicolas; Menemenlis, Dimitris

    2006-01-01

    sea CO 2 flux Ocean CO outgassing, Pg C per degree latitudesteady-state ocean outgassing that balances an inflow ofet al. , 2004). If CO 2 outgassing from the equatorial ocean

  14. Impacts of increasing anthropogenic soluble iron and nitrogen deposition on ocean biogeochemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2009-01-01

    some increased CO 2 outgassing in the equatorial Pacific. [estimated oceanic O 2 outgassing associated to global warm-increased oceanic O 2 outgassing by $10 Tmol O 2 /a in the

  15. Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2007 Thomas A. Schroeder, PhD

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;#12;Annual Report for Fiscal Year 2007 Thomas A. Schroeder, Ph ______________________________________________________________________________v Accomplishments for Fiscal Year 2007 Equatorial Oceanography), National Weather Service (NWS), National Environmental Satellite and Data Information Service (NESDIS

  16. Synthesis, Characterization and Investigation of Metal-Metal Bonded Dirhodium Complexes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Zhanyong

    2014-06-20

    This dissertation focuses on the design and tailoring of dirhodium complexes and the investigation of their structural, spectroscopic and theoretical properties. The variation of the ligands occupying the equatorial (eq) ...

  17. Triassic-Jurassic faunal and floral transition in the Fundy Basin, Nova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Paul E.

    . The Triassic-Jurassic mass extinction may have cleared ecological space for dinosaurian ascent much as the K of polar ice (Frakes, 1979), this "hot house" world is marked by coal deposition in polar and equatorial

  18. A wind origin for Titan's haze structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hourdin, Chez Frédéric

    .............................................................. A wind origin for Titan's haze feedback between the haze and the winds. Earth-based observations have long indicated the presence of CH43 succeeded in producing a strong super- rotation with prograde equatorial zonal winds of about 100

  19. ICARUS 119, 153172 (1996) ARTICLE NO. 0008

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    1996-01-01

    along Mars' vernal equinox (the intersection between depth. Two years later, Dubinin et al. (1990-fated Phobos-2 mission, noted thatgrains smaller than 100 m is tilted out of the equatorial strong solar wind

  20. The Asymmetric TimeVariable Rings of Mars Douglas P. Hamilton

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamilton, Douglas P.

    from along Mars' vernal equinox (the intersection between Mars' orbital and equatorial planes­fated Phobos­2 mission, noted that strong solar wind disturbances in the plasma and magnetic fields

  1. Alignment of ALSEP at Latitudes Off the Lunar Equator

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rathbun, Julie A.

    if ALSEP is deployed at very low sun angles (15° or less) and during or near a lunar equinox. 2 manner as present equatorial deployment. #12;: : I · Aa-ospace ~tams Division DEFINITIONS Equinox Summer

  2. Predicting Extreme Phases of the Indian Summer Monsoon* QINGHUA DING AND BIN WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bin

    of suppressed convection originating from the equatorial Indian Ocean and the South China Sea precede extremely in this knowledge gap. The boreal summer ISO over India has long been regarded as a source of active and break

  3. Baroclinic Instability and Loss of Balance M. Jeroen Molemaker and James C. McWilliams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yavneh, Irad

    scales, as well as important smaller mesoscale flows in equatorial and lateral boundary currents, and its princi- pal instability modes also occur on the mesoscale. All of these circulation elements

  4. Evidence for a Weak Iron Core at Earth's Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Iron Core at Earth's Center Print Seismic waves that pass through the center of the Earth travel faster going from pole to pole than along the equatorial plane-why? One theory...

  5. A study of lightning activity over the warm pool western Pacific Ocean (TOGA-COARE region) for 1993 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rios, Luis Alberto

    1995-01-01

    The warm pool western Pacific Ocean is an area of the equatorial tropics characterized by strong and frequent convection, and vigorous lightning activity. However, it has been noted by various researchers that the vast oceanic expanses experience...

  6. S105STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2010 |JUNE 2011 have the potential to provide a powerful constraint

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maritorena, Stéphane

    S105STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2010 |JUNE 2011 have the potential to provide a powerful constraint) and sustained vertical upwelling (e.g., equatorial Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, off California and Peru coasts

  7. 2/12/2014 More households could strain natural resources and the environment -UPI.com http://www.upi.com/Science_News/2014/02/11/Household-explosion-replaces-population-explosion-as-world-concern/UPI-87811392152198/?spt=rln&or=2 1/8

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    explosion. A previous norm of one large household sheltering many people is giving way across the world/8 Previous Story Climate change may drive fish species from Earth's equatorial regions Next Story City bees

  8. The Rockefeller University Press, 0021-9525/2000/08/823/16 $5.00 The Journal of Cell Biology, Volume 150, Number 4, August 21, 2000 823838

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spudich, James A.

    recovered as modifiers of this strain's cytokinesis defect.These include the cleav- age furrow protein to equatorial contractile force gen- eration. In the cellular slime mold, Dictyostelium discoi- deum, myo II

  9. Satellite observations of terrestrial water storage provide early warning information about drought and fire season severity in the Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chen, Yang; Velicogna, Isabella; Famiglietti, James S; Randerson, James T

    2013-01-01

    equatorial Asia during El Niño? , Atmos. Chem. Phys. , 10(1997), The de?nition of El Niño, Bull. Am. Meteorol. Soc. ,patterns associated with the El-Nino Southern Oscillation,

  10. S86 JUNE 2006| above-average precipitation totals for the year, caus-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and inhibited the northward penetration of frontal systems from the Southern Ocean. High pressure also conditions in the equatorial Indian and Pacific Oceans at the start of 2005 persisted until June, returning

  11. Tracing Paleoclimate over the Past 25,000 Years Using Evidence from Radiogenic Isotopes 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Ruifang

    2013-04-30

    investigated the dynamics of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the past 25 kyr in the eastern equatorial Pacific by fingerprinting dust provenance using radiogenic isotopes (Nd, Sr, Pb) and trace elements (Fe, Si, Ba) in the detrital fraction...

  12. Alkyl nitrate (C 1 -C 3 ) depth profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, E. E; Yvon-Lewis, S. A; Saltzman, E. S

    2007-01-01

    Experiment (WOCE), vol. 2, Pacific Ocean DRAFT, edited by M.over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during SAGA 3, J. Geophys.the troposphere over the Pacific Ocean during PEM- Tropics A

  13. Tropical Pacific nutrient dynamics in the modern and pleistocene ocean : insights from the nitrogen isotope system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rafter, Patrick Anthony

    2009-01-01

    eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean during the past 3 M.Y. ,in the western tropical Pacific Ocean in the Holocene epoch,eastern tropical North Pacific Ocean, Mar. Chem. , 3, 271–

  14. Influence of atmospheric nutrients on primary productivity in a coastal upwelling region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01

    in the northwest Pacific Ocean: Results from the 2002 IOCmarine aerosols over the Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , 4,in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 383, 495–501.

  15. Sedimentary and mineral dust sources of dissolved iron to the world ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, J. K; Braucher, O.

    2008-01-01

    of the tropi- cal Pacific Ocean II. Iron biogeochemistry,in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Gyre: Aerosols, iron, and theF. M. M. : The equatorial Pacific Ocean: Grazer-controlled

  16. Mechanisms controlling dissolved iron distribution in the North Pacific: A model study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01

    latitude sites in the Pacific?Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 96 (of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 371(6493), 123–129,and western North Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33,

  17. Evidence for a Weak Iron Core at Earth's Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Evidence for a Weak Iron Core at Earth's Center Print Seismic waves that pass through the center of the Earth travel faster going from pole to pole than along the equatorial...

  18. Re-Os geochronology and coupled Os-Sr isotope constraints on the Sturtian snowball Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudas, Francis O.

    After nearly a billion years with no evidence for glaciation, ice advanced to equatorial latitudes at least twice between 717 and 635 Mya. Although the initiation mechanism of these Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth events has ...

  19. Six3 demarcates the anterior-most developing brain region in bilaterian animals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Steinmetz, Patrick R H; Urbach, Rolf; Posnien, Nico; Eriksson, Joakim; Kostyuchenko, Roman P; Brena, Carlo; Guy, Keren; Akam, Michael; Bucher, Gregor; Arendt, Detlev

    2010-12-29

    remote animal phyla. Results We find that in the marine annelid Platynereis dumerilii, expression of the homeobox gene six3 defines the apical region of the larval body, peripherally overlapping the equatorial otx+ expression. The six3+ and otx+ regions...

  20. Long term trends in sporadic E layers and electric field over Fortaleza, Brazil

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abdu, M.A.; Batista, I.S.; Muralikrishna, P.; Sobral, J.H.A. [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Jose dos Campos (Brazil)] [Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais, Sao Jose dos Campos (Brazil)

    1996-04-01

    This paper reports a study of long term trends in sporadic E observations from an equatorial site, collected from ionosoned data. The secular drift of the magnetic equator, and changes in the equatorial electrojet have manifested substantial long term changes at this site. The authors present trend studies of the different types of Es events and correlate these with electric field and wind variations in the ionosphere.

  1. Thermal shallow water models of geostrophic turbulence in Jovian atmospheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Warneford, Emma S. Dellar, Paul J.

    2014-01-15

    Conventional shallow water theory successfully reproduces many key features of the Jovian atmosphere: a mixture of coherent vortices and stable, large-scale, zonal jets whose amplitude decreases with distance from the equator. However, both freely decaying and forced-dissipative simulations of the shallow water equations in Jovian parameter regimes invariably yield retrograde equatorial jets, while Jupiter itself has a strong prograde equatorial jet. Simulations by Scott and Polvani [“Equatorial superrotation in shallow atmospheres,” Geophys. Res. Lett. 35, L24202 (2008)] have produced prograde equatorial jets through the addition of a model for radiative relaxation in the shallow water height equation. However, their model does not conserve mass or momentum in the active layer, and produces mid-latitude jets much weaker than the equatorial jet. We present the thermal shallow water equations as an alternative model for Jovian atmospheres. These equations permit horizontal variations in the thermodynamic properties of the fluid within the active layer. We incorporate a radiative relaxation term in the separate temperature equation, leaving the mass and momentum conservation equations untouched. Simulations of this model in the Jovian regime yield a strong prograde equatorial jet, and larger amplitude mid-latitude jets than the Scott and Polvani model. For both models, the slope of the non-zonal energy spectra is consistent with the classic Kolmogorov scaling, and the slope of the zonal energy spectra is consistent with the much steeper spectrum observed for Jupiter. We also perform simulations of the thermal shallow water equations for Neptunian parameter values, with a radiative relaxation time scale calculated for the same 25 mbar pressure level we used for Jupiter. These Neptunian simulations reproduce the broad, retrograde equatorial jet and prograde mid-latitude jets seen in observations. The much longer radiative time scale for the colder planet Neptune explains the transition from a prograde to a retrograde equatorial jet, while the broader jets are due to the deformation radius being a larger fraction of the planetary radius.

  2. WILD CHIMPANZEE FOUNDATION Volunteer Position

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    d'Ivoire, Guinea and Liberia. WCF has been in operation since 2000 for the conservation of chimpanzees and other biodiversity in West Africa. The WCF has worked on projects in Liberia since 2008, to support WCF activities in southeastern Liberia. Working with the Field Coordinator and WCF team, based

  3. Temporal Variations in the Effective Reproduction Number of the 2014 West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leone, and Liberia up to September 8, 2014, and employ novel methodology to estimate how the rate to the outbreak data. Results We find that for Liberia and Guinea, the effective reproduction number rose, rather, Liberia, and Sierra Leone announced plans to impose a military- enforced mass quarantine of entire regions

  4. Ebola Protocol Bradley University

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nanyes, Ollie

    in the last 21 days? 2. Have you traveled to Liberia, Sierra Leone, or Guinea in that time? 3. Do you have will be asked to move to Lovelace Hall for a period of 21 days since their return from Liberia, Sierra Leone

  5. Summary of biomonitoring activities of the Wild Chimpanzee Foundation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inventories and biomonitoring activities in National Parks and Protected Forests of Côte d'Ivoire and Liberia Foundation has implemented biomonitoring programs in protected areas in Côte d'Ivoire, Liberia and Guinea Park. Inventories were conducted in the Taï area between Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire to study

  6. MODELING THE SPREAD OF EBOLA Ebola is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with a strain of Ebola virus. The current

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Morrow, James A.

    Liberia and Sierra Leone and Guinea to parameterize a mathematical model of Ebola. We model the course is disastrous but it can be well controlled. The three methods we developed tested across Liberia and Sierra or drug for Ebola so that we can optimize the eradication of Ebola. We use existing data from Liberia

  7. letters to nature 930 NATURE |VOL 411 |21 JUNE 2001 |www.nature.com

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Taylor, Brian

    and ¯exural rotation of initially high-angle normal faults4 . The D'Entrecasteaux islands of Papua New Guinea rate (,25 mmyr-1 )5 . Here we present evidenceÐbased on isostatic modelling, geological data and heat of the palaeo-Papuan peninsula west of 1538 209 E including the D'Entrecasteaux islands and the Goodenough basin

  8. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  9. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  10. HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    HAWAII NATURAL ENERGY INSTITUTEwww.hnei.hawaii.edu Bioenergy Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute Briefing for Rear Admiral Matthew Klunder Chief of Naval Research Hawaii Natural Energy Institute University of Hawaii September 7, 2012 #12;Corn Sweet Sorghum Sugarcane Guinea Grass Banagrass Eucalyptus

  11. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance E. H. OLDMIXON, Jr. -Actin: disposition, quantities, and estimated effects on lung recoil and compliance. J Appl by measuring dispo- sition and quantities of -smooth muscle actin in rat and guinea pig lungs and modeling its

  12. Mallomonas kalinae (Synurophyceae), a new species of alga from northern Bohemia, Czech Republic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    recorded as M. cf. rasilis from Malaysia, Australia and Papua New Guinea (Dürrschmidt & Croome 1985, Vyverman & Cronberg 1993), and as M. rasilis from Australia and Central Europe (Croome & Tyler 1988 with distilled water and the cells on the fil- ter were dehydrated through a graded ethanol series. The filter

  13. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  14. Field observations and theoretical studies relevant to enhanced in situ carbonation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    similar in size are in Papua New Guinea (~ 10,000 km 2 in outcrop), New Caledonia (~ 6000 km 2 ) and along the east coast of the Adriatic Sea (several ~ 4000 km 2 massifs). Proposed exothermic self of chemical potential energy. Fyfe (1974) proposed that exothermic hydration of olivine to form the hydrous

  15. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  16. RESEARCH ARTICLE Conservation genetics of Boelen's python (Morelia boeleni)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Austin, Christopher C.

    individual. All 16 wild-caught M. boeleni from Indonesia and all captive M. boeleni are genetically uniform diversity of M. boeleni used captive breeding programs in zoological parks. Keywords Indonesia Á MC1R Á mt above 1000 m and below the tree line (Brongersma 1953; O'Shea 1996). In Papua New Guinea, an independent

  17. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 8, 243266, 2008 www.nat-hazards-earth-syst-sci.net/8/243/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grilli, Stéphan T.

    ) can cause devastating local tsunamis that strike without warning. There is a comprehensive data set/243/2008/ © Author(s) 2008. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons License. Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences The Papua New Guinea tsunami of 17 July 1998: anatomy of a catastrophic event D. R. Tappin1, P

  18. Proceedings of the Seventh International Workshop on Biological Control and Management of Chromolaena odorata and Mikania

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reddy, Gadi VP

    Pre-release research on biocontrol agents for chromolaena in South Africa 68 Costas Zachariades, Lorraine Strathie, Oona Delgado and Estianne Retief Establishment of two biocontrol agents on Chromolaena and G.V.P. Reddy Biocontrol of Chromolaena odorata in Papua New Guinea 53 Michael Day and Ingu Bofeng

  19. NEAL EDWARD BLAIR Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bustamante, Fabián E.

    60208 ph: (847) 491-8790 fax: (847) 491-4011 e-mail: n-blair@northwestern.edu Publications Terrestrial isotopic composition of monosodium glutamate: Biochemical pathways and product source identification. J in the Gulf of Papua deltaic complex (Papua New Guinea): net loss of terrestrial C and diagenetic

  20. C. L. Staines. 2012. Catalog of the hispines of the world (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). Tribe Eurispini. http://entomology.si.edu/Collections_Coleoptera-Hispines.html

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Scott

    & Hawkeswood 1995: 151 (host plants); Staines 1997b: 416 (note); Staines & Staines 1999: 525 (Baly species list. Donckier 1899: 540 (catalog); Gestro 1907: 81 (museum list). Distribution. New Guinea. Food plant. Unknown (classification); Uhmann 1940g: 121 (claws), 1951a: 23 (museum list), 1958e: 189 (catalog), 1959d: 8 (scutellum

  1. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  2. Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held at Hyderabad, India, September 2009) (IAHS Publ. 349, 2011).

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chappell, Nick A

    Sediment Problems and Sediment Management in Asian River Basins (Proceedings of the Workshop held and change characterisation: a new management tool for the Ramu River Communities in Papua New Guinea NICK A within the dry season. With evidence of an increase in fine sediment load, the Ramu Communities would

  3. J BIOCHEM MOLECULAR TOXICOLOGY Volume 20, Number 3, 2006

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hammock, Bruce D.

    chemicals, including the ubiquitous environmental contaminant 2,3,7,8- tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Here, we competi- tively bound to the guinea pig hepatic cytosolic AhR, inhibited 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin.interscience.wiley.com). DOI 10.1002/jbt.20126 KEYWORDS: 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin; TCDD; Ah Receptor; Diuron; Urea

  4. I n f o r m a t i o n e n H a u s d r u c k e r e i

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schmidt, Matthias

    (Islas Malvinas) (adm. by UK, claimed by Argentina) Kuwait Canary Islands (Sp.) Sao Tome & Principe) Bang. Andaman Islands (India) Thailand Indonesia Malaysia Brunei Philippines Taiwan Cambodia Vietnam Laos Australia Papua New Guinea New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia Solomon Islands Kiribati Marshall

  5. DOI 10.1007/s00382-015-2668-0 Why the South Pacific Convergence Zone is diagonal

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthews, Adrian

    tropical Pacific Ocean during austral sum- mer (Fig. 1a). The SPCZ is oriented diagonally, stretch- ing northwest­southeast from New Guinea to the central, subtropical Pacific Ocean (Vincent 1994, the majority of precipi- tation over the Pacific Ocean is concentrated in the South Pacific Convergence Zone

  6. DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J. Physiol.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mawe, Gary M.

    DOI: 10.1113/jphysiol.2007.128082 2007;581;787-800; originally published online Mar 15, 2007;J-induced synaptic facilitation Synaptic plasticity in myenteric neurons of the guinea-pig distal colon: presynaptic-pig distal colon: presynaptic mechanisms of inflammation- induced synaptic facilitation Eric M. Krauter1

  7. Booker House P.O. Box 400308 Charlottesville, VA 22904-4308 Phone: 434-924-3728 Fax: 434-982-2920 Vice Provost for Global Affairs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huang, Wei

    , the U.S. Department of State has issued a Travel Alert on Potential Implications for Travel Because Traveler's Health U.S. Department of State Travel Resources Smart Traveler Enrollment Program (STEP) ­ U: "Nonessential travel to Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone should be avoided". Travelers to Nigeria

  8. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  9. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally miles away from the car. Although this angular separation is very small, it is well within that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  10. Field Testing of Environmentally Friendly Drilling System

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    David Burnett

    2009-05-31

    The Environmentally Friendly Drilling (EFD) program addresses new low-impact technology that reduces the footprint of drilling activities, integrates light weight drilling rigs with reduced emission engine packages, addresses on-site waste management, optimizes the systems to fit the needs of a specific development sites and provides stewardship of the environment. In addition, the program includes industry, the public, environmental organizations, and elected officials in a collaboration that addresses concerns on development of unconventional natural gas resources in environmentally sensitive areas. The EFD program provides the fundamentals to result in greater access, reasonable regulatory controls, lower development cost and reduction of the environmental footprint associated with operations for unconventional natural gas. Industry Sponsors have supported the program with significant financial and technical support. This final report compendium is organized into segments corresponding directly with the DOE approved scope of work for the term 2005-2009 (10 Sections). Each specific project is defined by (a) its goals, (b) its deliverable, and (c) its future direction. A web site has been established that contains all of these detailed engineering reports produced with their efforts. The goals of the project are to (1) identify critical enabling technologies for a prototype low-impact drilling system, (2) test the prototype systems in field laboratories, and (3) demonstrate the advanced technology to show how these practices would benefit the environment.

  11. The 5 hr pulse period and broadband spectrum of the Symbiotic X-ray Binary 3A 1954+319

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marcu, Diana M; Pottschmidt, Katja; Grinberg, Victoria; Mueller, Sebastian; Wilms, Joern; Postnov, Konstantin A; Corbet, Robin H D; Markwardt, Craig B; Bel, Marion Cadolle; 10.1088/2041-8205/742/1/L11

    2011-01-01

    We present an analysis of the highly variable accreting X-ray pulsar 3A 1954+319 using 2005-2009 monitoring data obtained with INTEGRAL and Swift. This considerably extends the pulse period history and covers flaring episodes in 2005 and 2008. In 2006 the source was identified as one of only a few known symbiotic X-ray binaries (SyXBs), i.e., systems composed of a neutron star accreting from the inhomogeneous medium around an M-giant star. The extremely long pulse period of 5.3 hr is directly visible in the 2008 INTEGRAL-ISGRI outburst light curve. The pulse profile is double peaked and generally not significantly energy dependent although there is an indication of possible softening during the main pulse. During the outburst a strong spin-up of -1.8 10^(-4) hr hr^(-1) occurred. Between 2005 and 2008 a long-term spin-down trend of 2.1 10^-5 hr hr^(-1) was observed for the first time for this source. The 3-80 keV pulse peak spectrum of 3A 1954+319 during the 2008 flare could be well described by a thermal Comp...

  12. Inner disc rearrangement revealed by dramatic brightness variations in the young star PV Cep

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kun, M; Moór, A; Kóspál, Á; Ábrahám, P; Apai, D; Kiss, Z T; Klagyivik, P; Magakian, T Yu; Mez\\Ho, Gy; Movsessian, T A; Pál, A; Rácz, M; Rogers, J

    2011-01-01

    Young Sun-like stars at the beginning of the pre-main sequence (PMS) evolution are surrounded by accretion discs and remnant protostellar envelopes. Photometric and spectroscopic variations of these stars are driven by interactions of the star with the disc. Time scales and wavelength dependence of the variability carry information on the physical mechanisms behind these interactions. We conducted multi-epoch, multi-wavelength study of PV Cep, a strongly variable, accreting PMS star. By combining our own observations from 2004-2010 with archival and literature data, we show that PV Cep started a spectacular fading in 2005, reaching an I_C-band amplitude of 4 mag. Analysis of variation of the optical and infrared fluxes, colour indices, and emission line fluxes suggests that the photometric decline in 2005-2009 resulted from an interplay between variable accretion and circumstellar extinction: since the central luminosity of the system is dominated by accretion, a modest drop in the accretion rate could induce...

  13. Standard Guide for Irradiation of Pre-packaged Processed Meat and Poultry Products to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This guide outlines procedures for the irradiation of pre-packaged refrigerated and frozen processed meat and poultry products. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines "meat" (including poultry and game) as "the edible part of any mammal slaughtered in an abattoir," and "poultry meat" as "the edible part of slaughtered domesticated birds, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons." (CAC/RCP 13-1976) Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This guide addresses all refrigerated and frozen meat and poultry products NOT covered by Guide F 1356. 1.3 This guide provides information regarding absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load. Such doses are typically less than 10 kilogray (kGy).

  14. Role of the upper ocean structure in the response of ENSO-like SST variability to global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noh, Yign

    Role of the upper ocean structure in the response of ENSO-like SST variability to global warming)-like variability to global warming varies comparatively between the two different climate system models, i are reduced in the eastern equatorial Pacific under global warming, which erodes the thermo- cline feedback

  15. Maintaining the Fertility of Rice Soils : A Chemical Study. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fraps, G. S. (George Stronach)

    1906-01-01

    The goals of this thesis are to assess the distribution of 230Th and 232Th along a latitudinal gradient in the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean (~155° W - 159°W) at two sites: 8°N and the equator. In so doing, I test for ...

  16. M I S S I O N T O P L A N E T E A R T H TOPEX/POSEIDON

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by determining how the global system of the Earth's oceanic currents influence climate. The means to this end of ocean currents worldwide to better understand how the oceans transport heat from the Earth's equatorial........................................................................11 #12;1 RELEASE 92-126 U.S., FRANCE SATELLITE TO STUDY OCEANS AND CLIMATE On Aug. 10, the United

  17. 2012 Fellow American Geophysical Union

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    ) are critical to the intensity of ocean currents, to long- and short-term climate variations, and the health2012 Fellow American Geophysical Union James Moum, professor in the College of Earth, Ocean contributions to our understanding of ocean mixing in coastal, abyssal and Equatorial regimes using innovative

  18. For permission to copy, contact editing@geosociety.org 2004 Geological Society of America594

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    stratigraphy in the western equatorial region of Mars based on thrust fault­related fold topography. In this paper, we show how mechanical stratigraphy can be inferred from the topography of thrust fault- flow and ejecta lithologic sequences. Keywords: thrust fault, wrinkle ridge, to- E-mail: chriso

  19. Parametric study of shock-induced transport and energization of relativistic electrons in the magnetosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Parametric study of shock-induced transport and energization of relativistic electrons December 2005. [1] The sudden appearance of a new radiation belt consisting of electrons with energies shock-induced injections of electrons with energies above 10 MeV to equatorial distances within 2.5 RE

  20. Adiabatic effects on radiation belt electrons at low altitude Weichao Tu1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Xinlin

    Adiabatic effects on radiation belt electrons at low altitude Weichao Tu1,2 and Xinlin Li1] The stormtime adiabatic effects of radiation belt electrons mirroring at low altitude are not analogous to those of equatorially mirroring electrons. During the main phase of a geomagnetic storm the adiabatic effects

  1. Sea-floor spreading during the past 10 million years on the East Pacific Rise between 35 p0 sS and 53 p0 sS, and the identification of short period pole reversal events 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Woodward, Robert Joseph

    1974-01-01

    ). Small fluctuations in either the ring currents, or the equatorial electrojet will create anomalies in the field high enough to totally mask the effects of the magnetic linea- tions at these latitudes. It should be noted that the effects of the 0...

  2. School of Mathematical and Computing Sciences Te Kura Pangarau, Rorohiko

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Visser, Matt

    waves propagating in a flowing fluid can be described by a wave equation on an "acoustic geometry in the acoustic analogue of gravity MattVisser #12;School of Mathematical and Computing Sciences Te Kura Pangarau an "acoustic geometry" that is qualitatively similar to the equatorial plane of a rotating Kerr black hole

  3. Equator-S observations of He+ energization by EMIC waves in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlson, Charles W.

    Equator-S observations of He+ energization by EMIC waves in the dawnside equatorial magnetosphere C Equator-S observations of He+ energization by electromagnetic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves in the dawn side. Introduction [2] Observations suggesting He+ energization by electromag- netic ion cyclotron (EMIC) waves

  4. December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 203 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING AT THE EQUATORIAL -------------------------------- Dr. Jack Bauldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University. Acton Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

  5. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 199 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 199 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS PALEOGENE EQUATORIAL TRANSECT Dr. Mitchell __________________ Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery Drive

  6. 2002 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA, or editing@geosociety.org. Geology; September 2002; v. 30; no. 9; p. 827830; 4 figures; Data Repository item 2002096. 827

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rees, Allister

    2002 Geological Society of America. For permission to copy, contact Copyright Permissions, GSA existed in both hemispheres, but equatorial coals and tropical rainforests were only well developed conditions changed gradually during the Early Permian such that the main coal- forming plants were replaced

  7. To appear in the Geophysical Research Letters, 2002. The Effect of Dynamics on the Composition of Titan's Upper

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueller-Wodarg, Ingo

    from transport caused by winds and molecular and eddy diffusion. Our simulations reveal that thermospheric winds effectively mix constituents in Titan's upper atmosphere. Consequently, the large eddy on Titan. Thermospheric winds also cause large diurnal variations in composition, with equatorial CH4 mole

  8. A&A 492, 599602 (2008) DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361:200810134

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sicardy, Bruno

    2008-01-01

    2008 / Accepted 2 October 2008 ABSTRACT Context. Equinox occurred on Uranus in 2007, allowing unique. Equinox on Uranus 2.1. Mutual events Equinox on Uranus occurs only every 42 years, when the Sun crosses- 03575 (A). it also crosses the planet equatorial plane near equinox. In 2007, the Sun went through

  9. Impact of Atmospheric Intraseasonal Oscillations on the Indian Ocean Dipole during WEIQING HAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    Center, Boulder, Colorado LEE-LUENG FU Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology the propagation of equatorial Kelvin and first-meridional-mode Rossby waves across the basin. Before the onset of the strong 1997 dipole, wind variability had significant power near 90 days, and the resonance was strongly

  10. Giant Outbursts of Luminous Blue Variables and the Formation of the Homunculus Nebula Around j Carinae

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Low, Mordecai-Mark Mac

    70­264, 04510 Mexico D.F., Mexico; ggs@astroscu.unam.mx and Mordecai­Mark Mac Low 3;4 Max and very dense wind, strongly confined to the equatorial plane, is followed by a fast and almost spherical wind. We compute two­dimensional hydrodynamic models of the evolution of the nebula formed from

  11. Global mapping and characterization of Titan's dune fields with Cassini: Correlation between RADAR and VIMS observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narteau, Clément

    Global mapping and characterization of Titan's dune fields with Cassini: Correlation between RADAR dunes have been observed in the equatorial regions of Titan, Saturn's largest moon. As the Cassini-resolution coverage of Titan's surface increases, revealing new dune fields and allowing refinements

  12. Structure of magnetic fields in NOAA active regions 0486 and 0501 and in the associated interplanetary ejecta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yurchyshyn, Vasyl

    and electric power grids. Thus auroras, associated with the October-November period of activity on the Sun and it greatly deceases the earth's magnetic field near-equatorial zones, which results in a significant electric (see Barbieri and Mahmot [2004] for more details on space weather during October ­ November 2003

  13. CLIMATE RESEARCH Vol. 19: 3543, 2001 Published November 22

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bush, Andrew

    epidemics of dengue fever occur in many tropical countries and are thought to be linked with climatic of sea surface temperatures (SST) in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. Dengue is a viral mosquito cases due to dengue haemor- rhagic fever (DHF; WHO 1998). DHF is the most severe form of dengue

  14. MIDDLE ATMOSPHERE DYNAMICS AT707 (3 credits)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Collett Jr., Jeffrey L.

    .8 Static Stability Structure 9.9 Gravity Wave Generation in Unbalanced Jet­Front Systems 10. Equatorial, T. G., 2007: Transport in the Middle Atmosphere. J. Meteorol. Soc. Japan, 85B, 165­191. 1 #12. Vertically Propagating Waves 2.1 Extratropical (Planetary) Rossby Waves 2.2 Extratropical Gravity Waves 2

  15. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 13711390, 2005 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-1371

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    -2-1 Nukuikita, Koganei, Tokyo 184­8795, Japan Received: 2 April 2004 ­ Revised: 1 March 2005 ­ Accepted: 22 westward and the electrons eastward, thereby enhancing the equatorial ring current. Wave generate a characteristic circulation pattern which extends across the polar cap and auror

  16. Interaction of Evolved Pulsars and Magnetars With the ISM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    dominated (Poynting flux) wind from the region of the light cylinder. Part of the magnetic energy converts to energy of relativistic particles (pulsar wind). Expan­ sion of the magnetic field and relativistic. In the case of a non­moving star, a disk­like equatorial MHD wind is observed. We conclude that the closest

  17. S53juNE 2010STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2009 | 3. GLOBAL OCEANS--J. M. Levy, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatiwala, Samar

    's energy budget. · Ocean heat fluxes played a dual role in the dynamics of large-scale SST anomalies Niño a considerable build up of heat was observed in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global integrals of upper-ocean heat content for the last several years have reached values consistently higher

  18. S53JULY 2010STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2009 | 3. Global oceans--J. M. Levy, Ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's energy budget. · Ocean heat fluxes played a dual role in the dynamics of large-scale SST anomalies. Heat Niño a considerable build up of heat was observed in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global integrals of upper-ocean heat content for the last several years have reached values consistently higher

  19. Tropical Temperature Variations Since 20,000 Years Ago: Modulating Interhemispheric Climate Change

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fairbanks, Richard G.

    ), as thermodynamically recorded in Barbados corals, were 50C colder than present values 19,000 years ago. Variable the south coast of Barbados. Barbados corals monitor the temperature of the deep surface mixed layer of the western equatorial Atlantic, the Atlantic "warm pool." Cores recovered from the Barbados offshore reefs

  20. Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cross-gyre transport by North Brazil Current rings William E. Johnsa*, Rainer J. Zantoppa of the North Brazil Current Rings Experiment are used to assess the role played by NBC rings in tropical the seasonal retroflection of the North Brazil Current into the North Equatorial Countercurrent near 6o N

  1. Pathways to Fusion Beyond NIF: the perspective of the French Academic Community

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Institut Lasers Plasmas, France CEA ­ Commissariat à l'energie atomique et aux energies alternatives CEA of the Physics of High Energy Density Physics, Study of Direct-Drive approach to Inertial Fusion for Energy (laser chain 28) PETAL (equatorial plane) 2 second Quads LMJ (laser chain 29) PETAL - Energy 3.5 k

  2. B. Colling, T. Eade, M.J. Joyce, R. Pampin, F. Seyvet, A. Turner, V. Udintsev

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for Integration of ITER Diagnostics Port EP10 Bethany Colling, Tim Eade, Malcolm J. Joyce, Raul Pampin, Fabien of ITER Diagnostics Port EP10 Bethany Collinga,b , Tim Eadea , Malcolm J. Joyceb , Raul Pampinc , Fabien calculations have been performed on an integrated ITER C-lite neutronics model with equatorial port 10. A fully

  3. VOLUME 13 15 JULY 2000J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E 2000 American Meteorological Society 2409

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    , and penetrating solar radiation, they make up a unique dataset for upper-ocean heat and freshwater budget studies Upper-Ocean Heat and Salt Balances in the Western Equatorial Pacific in Response to the Intraseasonal Oscillation during TOGA COARE* MING FENG, ROGER LUKAS, AND PETER HACKER School of Ocean and Earth Science

  4. 1 JANUARY 1997 61T Z I P E R M A N E T A L . 1997 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tziperman, Eli

    stable to unstable states. 1. Introduction The apparent partial locking of El Nin~o­Southern Os). This partial locking is a clear indication that the seasonal cycle in the equatorial Pacific ocean and termination (e.g., Suarez and Schopf 1988; Graham and White 1988; Bat- tisti and Hirst 1989; Neelin 1991

  5. COMM. MATH. SCI. c 2006 International Press Vol. 4, No. 2, pp. 375397

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Majda, Andrew J.

    mid-latitude weather prediction and climate change through hurricanes, monsoons, El Ni~no, a of the equatorial shallow water equations in the long wave regime, even with general unbalanced initial data-geostrophic mid- latitude dynamics even with general unbalanced initial data for both rapidly rotating shallow

  6. Abstract--Thirty-three skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) (53-73 cm fork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    379 Abstract--Thirty-three skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) (53-73 cm fork length) were caught) Vertical movement patterns of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, California 92037-1508 Limited information on the vertical movements of skipjack tuna (Kat- suwonus pelamis

  7. TELECONNECTIONS BETWEEN NORTHEASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN AND THE GULF OF MEXICO AND NORTHWESTERN ATLANTIC OCEAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    TELECONNECTIONS BETWEEN NORTHEASTERN PACIFIC OCEAN AND THE GULF OF MEXICO AND NORTHWESTERN ATLANTIC-scale interactions in the tropical Pacific Ocean, especially, processes associated with the EI Nino phenomena. He has of ocean temperatures. He suggests that an anomalously high heat supply in the equatorial Pacific

  8. Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil Margin University of Birmingham, biostratigraphy, Brazil, Cretaceous Overview The Late Cretaceous stratigraphy of the Equatorial margin of North East Brazil holds a unique record of the final stages of the opening of the South Atlantic. During

  9. arXiv:1202.4172v1[astro-ph.SR]19Feb2012 Accepted for Publication in Astrophysical Journal Letters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    De Buizer, James Michael

    a small number of images at 11 and 31µm that are useful for flux measurement. Our images cover the area- 0259; pmh@astro.as.utexas.edu 2 Center for Radiophysics and Space Research, Space Science Building to be due to an ionized equatorial wind (Hoare 2006). Very cold, dense condensations only emitti

  10. April 23, 2012 11:1 WSPC/INSTRUCTION FILE AM_f-plane_Gers_revised An explicit solution for deep water waves with Coriolis effects

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matioc, Anca-Voichita

    for deep water waves with Coriolis effects ANCAVOICHITA MATIOC Faculty of Mathematics, University of Vienna for the geophysical equatorial deep water waves in the fplane approximation. Keywords: Gravity deep-water waves the eects caused by the Earth's rotation, there exists an explicit solution for gravity deep water waves

  11. Surface salinity in the Atlantic Ocean (30S50N) G. Reverdin a,*, E. Kestenare b

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ´riques, Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Universite´ Pierre et Marie Curie, case 100, 4 pl. Jussieu, 75252 Paris outside the equatorial region. The spatial scales of the seasonal anom- alies are regional, but not basin of the period in some parts of the basin (usually towards increasing salinities, at least between 20°N and 45°N

  12. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25

    Letter to the Editor 31 30 Oct. 1880, p.568 Grand Chorus of Birds from Aristophanes Studies in Song (1881) 30 Apr. 1881, p.591 The Deaths of Thomas Carlyle and George Eliot Tristram of Lyonesse (1882... ; an ode A Channel Passage (1904) Nov. 1890 Robert Davenport 16 guineas 95 Not reprinted in Swinburne’s lifetime Jan. 1891, pp.1-3 Light: an epicede Astrophel (1894) Mar. 1891, pp.345-346 Inscriptions for the Four Sides of a...

  13. Special Publication No. 3, Ticks and Tickborne Diseases, IV. Geographical Distribution of Ticks 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Doss, Mildred A.; Farr, Marion M.; Roach, Katharine F.; Anastos, George

    1978-01-01

    ISLANDS see NEW GUINEA AFGHANISTAN Aponomma latum (Santos Dias, J. ?. ?. , (1961A), 1- 18) AFGHANISTAN -- Continued. Haemaphysalis sulcata (Anastos, G., (1956?), 18-19) Hyalomma aegyptium (Anastos, G., (1954C) 1?.9-174\\ (Chasma-Obeh, Adaraskand...) '' 169"174> Hyalomma aegyptium (Kaiser, M.'N. & Hooestraal, ?., (1963A), 130-139) Argas (Chiropterargas) afghanistaniensis (Santos Dias, J. A. T. , (196??), 1-18) Argas (Chiropterargas) boueti (Nemenz, ?., (1960A), 45-47) Argas persicus (Anastos, G...

  14. Glucocorticoids as regulatory signals during intrauterine development

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fowden, Abigail L.; Forhead, Alison J.

    2015-06-04

    , synthetic glucocorticoids are given to pregnant women to treat asthma, arthritis and 161 adrenal insufficiency, and to improve neonatal viability in threatened preterm delivery (McKinlay et 162 al., 2014). These drugs are also given to mares to treat... (Wyrwoll et al., 2007). Betamethasone treatment of guinea pigs 378 in late pregnancy also causes differential GR binding to a large number of different gene promotors 379 12 and methylation of specific GREs in the fetal hippocampal MR gene (Crudo et...

  15. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L.

    1990-12-31

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  16. Guiyang Polysource Silicon Co Ltd Formerly Jiayuan Sunshine Guiyang Hi New

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAID

  17. Gujarat Ambuja Cements Limited | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbuja

  18. A population of massive, luminous galaxies hosting heavily dust-obscured gamma-ray bursts: Implications for the use of GRBs as tracers of cosmic star formation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Perley, D. A. [Department of Astronomy, California Institute of Technology, MC 249-17, 1200 East California Blvd., Pasadena, CA 91125 (United States); Levan, A. J. [Department of Physics, University of Warwick, Coventry CV4 7AL (United Kingdom); Tanvir, N. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH (United Kingdom); Cenko, S. B.; Bloom, J. S.; Filippenko, A. V.; Morgan, A. N. [Department of Astronomy, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3411 (United States); Hjorth, J.; Krühler, T.; Fynbo, J. P. U.; Milvang-Jensen, B. [Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, Copenhagen (Denmark); Fruchter, A.; Kalirai, J. [Space Telescope Science Institute, Baltimore, MD 21218 (United States); Jakobsson, P. [Centre for Astrophysics and Cosmology, Science Institute, University of Iceland, Dunhagi 5, 107 Reykjavík (Iceland); Prochaska, J. X. [Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics, UCO/Lick Observatory, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA 95064 (United States); Silverman, J. M., E-mail: dperley@astro.caltech.edu [Department of Astronomy, University of Texas, Austin, TX 78712 (United States)

    2013-12-01

    We present observations and analysis of the host galaxies of 23 heavily dust-obscured gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) observed by the Swift satellite during the years 2005-2009, representing all GRBs with an unambiguous host-frame extinction of A{sub V} > 1 mag from this period. Deep observations with Keck, Gemini, Very Large Telescope, Hubble Space Telescope, and Spitzer successfully detect the host galaxies and establish spectroscopic or photometric redshifts for all 23 events, enabling us to provide measurements of the intrinsic host star formation rates, stellar masses, and mean extinctions. Compared to the hosts of unobscured GRBs at similar redshifts, we find that the hosts of dust-obscured GRBs are (on average) more massive by about an order of magnitude and also more rapidly star forming and dust obscured. While this demonstrates that GRBs populate all types of star-forming galaxies, including the most massive, luminous systems at z ? 2, at redshifts below 1.5 the overall GRB population continues to show a highly significant aversion to massive galaxies and a preference for low-mass systems relative to what would be expected given a purely star-formation-rate-selected galaxy sample. This supports the notion that the GRB rate is strongly dependent on metallicity, and may suggest that the most massive galaxies in the universe underwent a transition in their chemical properties ?9 Gyr ago. We also conclude that, based on the absence of unobscured GRBs in massive galaxies and the absence of obscured GRBs in low-mass galaxies, the dust distributions of the lowest-mass and the highest-mass galaxies are relatively homogeneous, while intermediate-mass galaxies (?10{sup 9} M {sub ?}) have diverse internal properties.

  19. Experimental study of libration-driven zonal flows in non-axisymmetric containers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Noir, Jerome; Bars, Michael Le; Sauret, Alban; Aurnou, J M; 10.1016/j.pepi.2012.05.005

    2013-01-01

    Orbital dynamics that lead to longitudinal libration of celestial bodies also result in an elliptically deformed equatorial core-mantle boundary. The non-axisymmetry of the boundary leads to a topographic coupling between the assumed rigidmantle and the underlying low viscosity fluid.The present experimental study investigates theeffect of non axisymmetric boundaries on the zonal flow driven by longitudinal libration. For large enough equatorial ellipticity, we report intermittent space-filling turbulence in particular bands of resonant frequency correlated with larger amplitude zonal flow. The mechanism underlying the intermittent turbulence has yet to be unambiguously determined. Nevertheless, recent numerical simulations in triaxial and biaxial ellipsoids suggest that it may be associated with the growth and collapse of an elliptical instability (Cebron et al., 2012). Outside of the band of resonance, we find that the background flow is laminar and the zonal flow becomes independent of the geometry at firs...

  20. Methane storms as a driver of Titan's dune orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charnay, Benjamin; Rafkin, Scot; Narteau, Clément; Lebonnois, Sébastien; Rodriguez, Sébastien; Pont, Sylvain Courrech du; Lucas, Antoine

    2015-01-01

    Titan's equatorial regions are covered by eastward propagating linear dunes. This direction is opposite to mean surface winds simulated by Global Climate Models (GCMs), which are oriented westward at these latitudes, similar to trade winds on Earth. Different hypotheses have been proposed to address this apparent contradiction, involving Saturn's gravitational tides, large scale topography or wind statistics, but none of them can explain a global eastward dune propagation in the equatorial band. Here we analyse the impact of equinoctial tropical methane storms developing in the superrotating atmosphere (i.e. the eastward winds at high altitude) on Titan's dune orientation. Using mesoscale simulations of convective methane clouds with a GCM wind profile featuring superrotation, we show that Titan's storms should produce fast eastward gust fronts above the surface. Such gusts dominate the aeolian transport, allowing dunes to extend eastward. This analysis therefore suggests a coupling between superrotation, tro...

  1. Evaluation of Veda, Inc. , central receiver solar collection system concept

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ator, J.

    1981-08-01

    The Unified Heliostat Array (UHA) is a geometrical heliostat field layout with rows of mirrors placed at various levels on terraces. The Veda Industrial Heliostat (VIH) is a toroidal segment mirror mounted on an equatorial mount. These two concepts are evaluated to assess the credibility of the optical designs and the validity of UHA and VIH performance estimates, to determine what the distinctive features embodied in UHA AND VIH concepts offer that more conventional central receiver technologies do not, and to determine where the UHA and VIH concepts might be most applicable in DOE's Solar Thermal Program. The UHA area efficiency, flux density distribution, and beam safety are evaluated, and the feasibility of using a secondary mirror and the potential for special applications are assessed. The optical design, equatorial mount, and manufacturability of the VIH are evaluated. (LEW)

  2. Modelling the polarization dichotomy of Active Galactic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rene W. Goosmann

    2007-12-12

    I present polarization modelling of Active Galactic Nuclei in the optical/UV range. The modelling is conducted using the Monte-Carlo radiative transfer code Stokes, which self-consistently models the polarization signature of a complex model arrangement for an active nucleus. In this work I include three different scattering regions around the central source: an equatorial electron scattering disk, an equatorial obscuring dusty torus, and polar electron scattering cones. I investigate the resulting dependencies of the V-band polarization for different optical depths of the scattering cones, different dust compositions inside the torus, and various half-opening angles of the torus/polar cones. The observed polarization dichotomy can be successfully reproduced by the model.

  3. Measurements of Spatial Line Emission Profiles in the Main Scrape-Off Layer of the DIII-D Tokamak

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Groth, M; Ellis, R; Brooks, N; Fenstermacher, M; Lasnier, C; Meyer, W; Moller, J

    2009-06-05

    A video camera system is described that measures the spatial distribution of visible line emission emitted from the main scrape-off layer (SOL) of plasmas in the DIII-D tokamak. A wide-angle lens installed on an equatorial port and an in-vessel mirror which intercepts part of the lens view provide simultaneous tangential views of the SOL on the low-field and high-field sides of the plasma's equatorial plane. Tomographic reconstruction techniques are used to calculate the 2-D poloidal profiles from the raw data, and 1-D poloidal profiles simulating chordal views of other optical diagnostics from the 2-D profiles. The 2-D profiles can be compared with SOL plasma simulations; the 1-D profiles with measurements from spectroscopic diagnostics. Sample results are presented which elucidate carbon transport in plasmas with toroidally uniform injection of methane and argon transport in disruption mitigation experiments with massive gas jet injection.

  4. Modeling optical and UV polarization of AGNs III. From uniform-density to clumpy regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marin, F; Gaskell, C M

    2015-01-01

    A growing body of evidence suggests that part of, if not all, scattering regions of active galactic nuclei (AGNs) are clumpy. Hence. in this paper, we run radiative transfer models in the optical/UV for a variety of AGN reprocessing regions with different distributions of clumpy scattering media. We use the latest version of the Monte Carlo code STOKES presented in the first two papers of this series to model AGN reprocessing regions of increasing morphological complexity. We replace previously uniform-density media with up to thousands of constant-density clumps. We couple a continuum source to fragmented equatorial scattering regions, polar outflows, and toroidal, obscuring dust regions and investigate a wide range of geometries. We also consider different levels of fragmentation in each scattering region to evaluate importance of fragmentation for the net polarization of the AGN. We find that, in comparison with uniform-density models, equatorial distributions of gas and dust clouds result in grayer spectr...

  5. Centrifugal force in Kerr geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sai Iyer; A R Prasanna

    1992-07-31

    We have obtained the correct expression for the centrifugal force acting on a particle at the equatorial circumference of a rotating body in the locally non-rotating frame of the Kerr geometry. Using this expression for the equilibrium of an element on the surface of a slowly rotating Maclaurin spheroid, we obtain the expression for the ellipticity (as discussed earlier by Abramowicz and Miller) and determine the radius at which the ellipticity is maximum.

  6. The determination of energies for cyclohexyl ring inversion adjacent to tin 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Paul Wayne

    1991-01-01

    studied by variable temperature nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. At temperatures below -60'C, both axial and equatorial conformers displayed distinct peaks in both tsC and ttsSn NMR spectroscopy. At temperatures above -60 C, time averaged... tsC NMR of Trimethylstannylcyclohexane at -90 C. . . 5 t tsSn NMR of Trimethylstannylcyclohexane at -50'C . 6 ' SSn NMR of Trimethylstannylcyclohexane at -60 C . 7 t tSSn NMR of Trimethylstannylcyclohexane at -70'C . 8 ttsSn NMR...

  7. Temporal Structure of ENSO in 20th Century Climate Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wittenberg, Andrew

    - onal width determines how far from the equator extra-equatorial Rossby waves are generated, thus structure of ENSO in simulations of the 20th century performed with the latest generation of climate models (Japan) 2.6 15.6 177.9 GFDL-CM2.0 GFDL (USA) 2.5 14.9 171.9 IPSL-CM4 IPSL (France) 2.3 12.0 190.1 CCSM3

  8. Facies analysis of the Caballero Formation and the Andrecito Member of the Lake Valley Formation (Mississippian): implications for Waulsortian bioherm inception, Alamo Canyon area, Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, Thomas Martin

    1989-01-01

    paleo-equatorial region connecting different biotic provinces on either side of the arch (Sando et al, 1975). Far to the south, deeper waters of the incipient Ouachita trough separated North America from Gondwanaland (Walper, 1977; Scotese et al, 1979... section is approximately 70 ft thick and comprises the Onate, Sly Gap, and Percha Formations (Pray, 1961) (Figure 8). These units are poorly exposed. The Onate Formation iS composed of silty dolomite, shale, siltstone and sandstone. The Sly Gap...

  9. SRTM As-Flown Mission Timeline 16 May 2000

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    to 234257 pounds mass at end of mapping Area = 1577 square feet 90-day mean solar flux (f10.7) = 172's equatorial plane heading northward). In combination, these quantities were maintained to ensure that the C) (statistical) Low Impulse PRCS Test 0/12:00:00 -0.3 0/12:30:00 -0.3 (retro) High Impulse PRCS Test 1/00:50:00 1

  10. El Paso Plaza 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Unknown

    2011-09-05

    resources for everyone that participated in the program without which this whole undertaking would have been much more difficult. vi NOMENCLATURE AMO Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation C Celsius CPC Climate Prediction Center ENSO El Nino... of SST temperature anomalies in the eastern equatorial Pacific. A positive anomaly results in El Nino conditions while a negative anomaly results in La Nina conditions. The warming associated with El Nino triggers changes in the atmosphere far from...

  11. ENSO regimes and the late 1970's climate shift: The role of synoptic weather and South Pacific ocean spiciness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Kane, Terence J.; Matear, Richard J.; Chamberlain, Matthew A.; Oke, Peter R.

    2014-08-15

    South Pacific subtropical density compensated temperature and salinity (spiciness) anomalies are known to be associated with decadal equatorial variability, however, the mechanisms by which such disturbances are generated, advect and the degree to which they modulate the equatorial thermocline remains controversial. During the late 1970's a climate regime transition preceded a period of strong and sustained El Nino events. Using an ocean general circulation model forced by the constituent mechanical and thermodynamic components of the reanalysed atmosphere we show that the late 1970's transition coincided with the arrival of a large-scale, subsurface cold and fresh water anomaly in the central tropical Pacific. An ocean reanalysis for the period 1990–2007 that assimilates subsurface Argo, XBT and CTD data, reveals that disturbances occur due to the subduction of negative surface salinity anomalies from near 30° S, 100° W which are advected along the ?=25–26 kgm{sup ?3} isopycnal surfaces. These anomalies take, on average, seven years to reach the central equatorial Pacific where they may substantially perturb the thermocline before the remnants ultimately ventilate in the region of the western Pacific warm pool. Positive (warm–salty) disturbances, known to occur due to late winter diapycnal mixing and isopycnal outcropping, arise due to both subduction of subtropical mode waters and subsurface injection. On reaching the equatorial band (10° S–0° S) these disturbances tend to deepen the thermocline reducing the model's ENSO. In contrast the emergence of negative (cold–fresh) disturbances at the equator are associated with a shoaling of the thermocline and El Nino events. Process studies are used to show that the generation and advection of anomalous density compensated thermocline disturbances critically depend on stochastic forcing of the intrinsic ocean by weather. We further show that in the absence of the inter-annual component of the atmosphere forcing Central Pacific El Nino events are manifest.

  12. The global climate for December 1990-February 1991: Strong temperature and precipitation contrasts over North America and Eurasia; mixed ENSO conditions in the tropics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chelliah, M. )

    1993-07-01

    During most of the December 1990-February 1991 season sharp transcontinental temperature anomaly contrasts were evident in North America, Eurasia, and Australia. Large-scale atmospheric precipitations are more difficult to characterize. In the equatorial tropics there was some evidence of conditions similar to ENSO near the date line, but an almost complete failure of other ENSO components to appear in the east Pacific and in the tropical atmospheric circulation. 12 refs., 21 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Motion of spinning test bodies in Kerr spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eva Hackmann; Claus Lämmerzahl; Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld; Isabell Schaffer

    2014-09-23

    We investigate the motion of spinning test bodies in General Relativity. By means of a multipolar approximation method for extended test bodies we derive the equations of motion, and classify the orbital motion of pole-dipole test bodies in the equatorial plane of the Kerr geometry. An exact expression for the periastron shift of a spinning test body is given. Implications of test body spin corrections are studied and compared with the results obtained by means of other approximation schemes.

  14. Magnetic burial and the harmonic content of millisecond oscillations in thermonuclear X-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. B. Payne; A. Melatos

    2006-07-11

    Matter accreting onto the magnetic poles of a neutron star spreads under gravity towards the magnetic equator, burying the polar magnetic field and compressing it into a narrow equatorial belt. Steady-state, Grad-Shafranov calculations with a self-consistent mass-flux distribution (and a semi-quantitative treatment of Ohmic diffusion) show that, for $\\Ma \\gtrsim 10^{-5}\\Msun$, the maximum field strength and latitudinal half-width of the equatorial magnetic belt are $B_{\\rm max} = 5.6\\times 10^{15} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.32}$ G and $\\Delta\\theta = \\max[3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{-1.5},3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.5}(\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}/10^{-8}\\Msun {\\rm yr}^{-1})^{-0.5}]$ respectively, where $\\Ma$ is the total accreted mass and $\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}$ is the accretion rate. It is shown that the belt prevents north-south heat transport by conduction, convection, radiation, and ageostrophic shear. This may explain why millisecond oscillations observed in the tails of thermonuclear (type I) X-ray bursts in low-mass X-ray binaries are highly sinusoidal: the thermonuclear flame is sequestered in the magnetic hemisphere which ignites first. The model is also consistent with the occasional occurrence of closely spaced pairs of bursts. Time-dependent, ideal-magnetohydrodynamic simulations confirm that the equatorial belt is not disrupted by Parker and interchange instabilities.

  15. Oceanic El-Ni\\~{n}o wave dynamics and climate networks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yang; Ashkenazy, Yosef; Havlin, Shlomo

    2015-01-01

    Oceanic Kelvin and Rossby waves play an important role in tropical climate and \\en dynamics. Here we develop and apply a climate network approach to quantify the characteristics of \\en related oceanic waves, based on sea surface height satellite data. We associate the majority of dominant long distance ($\\geq 500$ km) links of the network with (i) equatorial Kelvin waves, (ii) off-equatorial Rossby waves, and (iii) tropical instability waves. Notably, we find that the location of the hubs of out-going ($\\sim 180^{\\circ}\\rm{E}$) and in-coming ($\\sim 140^{\\circ}\\rm{W}$) links of the climate network coincide with the locations of the Kelvin wave initiation and dissipation, respectively. We also find that this dissipation at $\\sim 140^{\\circ}\\rm{W}$ is much weaker during \\en times. Moreover, the hubs of the off-equatorial network coincide with the locations of westerly wind burst activity and high wind vorticity, two mechanisms that were associated with Rossby waves activity. The quantitative methodology and meas...

  16. (An)isotropy of the Hubble diagram: comparing hemispheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dominik J. Schwarz; Bastian Weinhorst

    2007-09-12

    We test the isotropy of the Hubble diagram. At small redshifts, this is possible without assumptions on the cosmic inventory and provides a fundamental test of the cosmological principle. At higher redshift we check for the self-consistency of the LambdaCDM model. At small redshifts, we use public supernovae (SNe) Ia data to determine the deceleration parameter q_0 and the SN calibration on opposite hemispheres. For the complete data sets we fit Omega_M and the SN calibration on opposite hemispheres. A statistically significant anisotropy of the Hubble diagram at redshifts z 95% C.L.). While data from the North Galactic hemisphere favour the accelerated expansion of the Universe, data from the South Galactic hemisphere are not conclusive. The hemispheric asymmetry is maximal toward a direction close to the equatorial poles. The discrepancy between the equatorial North and South hemispheres shows up in the SN calibration. For the LambdaCDM model fitted to all available SNe, we find the same asymmetry. The alignment of discrepancies between hemispheric Hubble diagrams with the equatorial frame seems to point toward a systematic error in the SN search, observation, analysis or data reduction. We also find that our model independent test cannot exclude the case of the deceleration of the expansion at a statistically significant level.

  17. Dissecting the Homunculus nebula around Eta Carinae with spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Smith

    2002-11-27

    Near-infrared emission lines provide unique diagnostics of the geometry, structure, kinematics, and excitation of eta Carinae's circumstellar ejecta, and give clues to the nature of its wind. The infrared spectrum is a strong function of position in eta Car's nebula, with a mix of intrinsic and reflected emission. Molecular hydrogen traces cool gas and dust in the polar lobes, while [Fe II] blankets their inner surfaces. These lines reveal the back wall of the SE polar lobe for the first time, and give the clearest picture yet of the 3-D geometry. Additionally, collisionally-excited [Fe II] reveals the kinematic structure of a recently discovered `Little Homunculus' expanding inside the larger one. Equatorial gas in the `Fan', on the other hand, shows a spectrum indicating recombination and fluorescent pumping. Some equatorial ejecta glow in the He I 10830 line, showing evidence for material ejected in the 1890 outburst of eta Car. Closer to the star, the compact `Weigelt blobs' are marginally resolved, allowing their infrared spectrum to be separated from the star for the first time. In general, infrared spectra reveal a coherent, directional dependence of excitation in the Homunculus: polar ejecta are collisionally excited, whereas equatorial ejecta are dominated by fluorescence and normal photoexcitation. These are important clues to the geometry of the central star's UV radiation field. Reflected near-infrared emission lines also reveal interesting latitudinal dependence in the stellar wind.

  18. Two-dimensional inflow-wind solution of black hole accretion with an evenly symmetric magnetic field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mosallanezhad, Amin; Yuan, Feng

    2015-01-01

    We solve the two-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) equations of black hole accretion with the presence of magnetic field. The field includes a turbulent component, whose role is represented by the viscosity, and a large-scale ordered component. The latter is further assumed to be evenly symmetric with the equatorial plane. The equations are solved in the $r-\\theta$ plane of a spherical coordinate by assuming time-steady and radially self-similar. An inflow-wind solution is found. Around the equatorial plane, the gas is inflowing; while above and below the equatorial plane at a certain critical $\\theta$ angle, $\\theta\\sim 47^{\\circ}$, the inflow changes its direction of radial motion and becomes wind. The driving forces are analyzed and found to be the centrifugal force and the gradient of gas and magnetic pressure. The properties of wind are also calculated. The specific angular momentum of wind is found to be significantly larger than that of inflow, thus wind can transfer angular momentum outward. These...

  19. Applications of pulsed EPR spectroscopy to structural studies of sulfite oxidizing enzymes

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Klein, Eric L.; Astashkin, Andrei V.; Raitsimring, Arnold; Enemark, John H.

    2013-01-01

    Sulfite oxidizing enzymes (SOEs), including sulfite oxidase (SO) and bacterial sulfite dehydrogenase (SDH), catalyze the oxidation of sulfite (SO32?) to sulfate (SO42?). The active sites of SO and SDH are nearly identical, each having a 5-coordinate, pseudo-square-pyramidal Mo with an axial oxo ligand and three equatorial sulfur donor atoms. One sulfur is from a conserved Cys residue and two are from a pyranopterindithiolene (molybdopterin, MPT) cofactor. The identity of the remaining equatorial ligand, which is solvent-exposed, varies during the catalytic cycle. Numerous in vitro studies, particularly those involving electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy of the Mo(V) states of SOEs, have shown that the identity and orientation of this exchangeable equatorial ligand depends on the buffer pH, the presence and concentration of certain anions in the buffer, as well as specific point mutations in the protein. Until very recently, however, EPR has not been a practical technique for directly probing specific structures in which the solvent-exposed, exchangeable ligand is an O, OH?, H2O, SO32?, or SO42? group, because the primary O and S isotopes (16O and 32S) are magnetically silent (I = 0). This review focuses on the recent advances in the use of isotopic labeling, variable-frequency high resolution pulsed EPR spectroscopy, synthetic model compounds, and DFT calculations to elucidate the roles of various anions, point mutations, and steric factors in the formation, stabilization, and transformation of SOE active site structures.

  20. Ventilatory function assessment in safety pharmacology: Optimization of rodent studies using normocapnic or hypercapnic conditions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Goineau, Sonia; Rompion, Sonia; Guillaume, Philippe; Picard, Sandra

    2010-09-15

    Although the whole body plethysmography for unrestrained animals is the most widely used method to assess the respiratory risk of new drugs in safety pharmacology, non-appropriate experimental conditions may mask deleterious side effects of some substances. If stimulant or bronchodilatory effects can be easily evidenced in rodents under standard experimental conditions, i.e. normal air breathing and diurnal phase, drug-induced respiratory depression remains more difficult to detect. This study was aimed at comparing the responsiveness of Wistar rats, Duncan Hartley guinea-pigs or BALB/c mice to the respiratory properties of theophylline (50 or 100 mg/kg p.o.) or morphine (30 mg/kg i.p.) under varying conditions (100% air versus 5% CO{sub 2}-enriched air, light versus dark day phase), in order to select the most appropriate experimental conditions to each species for safety airway investigations. Our results showed that under normocapnia the ventilatory depressant effects of morphine can be easily evidenced in mice, slightly observed in guinea-pigs and not detected in rats in any day phase. Slight hypercapnic conditions enhanced the responsiveness of rats to morphine but not that of guinea-pigs and importantly they did not blunt the airway responsiveness of rats to the stimulation and bronchodilation evoked by theophylline, the most widely used reference agent in safety pharmacology studies. In conclusion, hypercapnic conditions associated with the non-invasive whole body plethysmography should be considered for optimizing the assessment of both the ventilatory depressant potential of morphine-like substances or the respiratory stimulant effects of new drugs in the rat, the most extensively used species in rodent safety and toxicological investigations.

  1. Philosophy at Cambridge, Newsletter of the Faculty of Philosophy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    comment from the Higher Education Minister that this fall was no bad thing reignited debate on whether and why the study of Philosophy is important. Some contributors to this issue offer thoughts relevant to this question. Perhaps you have views. If so we... sort of process has perhaps been undergone by wiser men, when they have been cut off from faith and love — only, instead of a loom and a heap of guineas, they have had some erudite research, some ingenious project, or some well-knit theory.” I love...

  2. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  3. Options for developing countries in mining development

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Walrond, G.W.; Kumar, R.

    1985-01-01

    This book is a study of the issues that developing countries face in planning and implementing mineral development, taking as case studies Botswana, Sierra Leone, Zambia, Tanzania, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea and the developed states of Quebec and Western Australia. The authors consider the major aspects of the matter including organization and administration; regulation; taxation and surplus distribution; the dynamics of such instruments as royalty, rent resource tax and capital allowances under various cost/price scenarios; and selected mining agreements and their key provisions. They stress throughout the need for foreign investment while maximizing the economic benefits reaped from exhaustible resources.

  4. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  5. Taxonomic revision and phylogeny of the genus Cetiocyon and its discovery in the Neotropical region (Insecta: Coleoptera: Hydrophilidae)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fiká ?ek, Martin; Short, Andrew E. Z.

    2010-03-11

    (ZMUC); 1 P, 1 spc., same locality and collector, i.1981 (ZMUC). Oro: 1 P, Kokoda, 1300 ft [400 m], ix.1933, lgt. L.E. Cheesman (BMNH); 2 OO, same local- ity and collector, 1200 ft [370 m], vii.1933 (BMNH). South- ern Highlands: 1 P, 1 O, 6 spc., Papua... For- est Camp’ [= near the upper reaches of Baliem riv., ca. 4°15?S 139°00?E, cf. TOXOPEUS (1940) and HANSEN (1999a)]. Type material. Holotype, 1 O, ‘[female symbol] !’, ‘Neth. Ind. Amer. New | Guinea Exped. 2500 – | 2800 m. Moss For- est | Camp. 9...

  6. University of Kansas Graduate School theses, 1888-1947

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilder, Bessie E.

    1949-01-01

    . 1922. Armstrong, Wallace Bruce. A study in the relative frequency and persistency of technical errors in written composition. M.A. Ed. 1925. Arnett, Ua Maud. A problem on the triangle. M.A. Math. 1916. Arnold, Bertha Pearl. The teaching of English.... M.A. Eng. 1924. Bowers, Garvey Bruce. Studies upon epidemic paralysis among guinea pigs. M. A. Bact. 1929. Bowers, Lois Mae. Technical devices in the eomedias of Calderon. M.A. Rom. Lang, and Lit. 1932. Bowers, Virginia Gene. The political...

  7. Thymus-dependent (T) lymphocyte response in experimental tuberculous pleuritis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolff, Susan Wyatt

    1990-01-01

    . Using this model of tuberculous pleuritis, comparative studies were made of thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes obtained from pleural effusions and peripheral blood in BCG- vaccinated guinea pigs both noninfected and infected by the Eir tog o te tn lent... M. t~n 1 . n ing E rosette assay, it was shown that there was a significant compartmentalization of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the pleural effusions with a concomitant reduction of CD2+ T lymphocytes in the peripheral blood of the same experimental...

  8. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  9. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  10. Nanyang Chinese National Salvation Movement, 1937-1941

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Yoji

    1970-01-01

    began in 1924 to establish its network in Nanyang Hua-ch'iao communities. By the time the Second Party Congress met in 1926, the KMT had set up headquarters in Burma, French Indochina, Nanyang (Malaya-Dutch Indies), the Philippines, 3 FIGURE 1 A... Guinea, Celebes, and Malay Peninsula, Burma, Siam, and Indo-China."33 After the consummation of the KMT-Communist united front, Communist parties and their affiliates in Southeast Asia were increasingly oriented toward the Chinese Communist Party.34...

  11. Gulf Alternative Energy Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QAsource History View New PagesSustainableGlynn County,SolarFERC Hydroelectric Projects | OpenGuinea-USAIDAmbujaGulf

  12. Guinness Asset Management | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:

  13. Gulf Hydrocarbon Inc | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on QA:QA J-E-1 SECTION J APPENDIXsource History View NewGuam: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation,LowGuinea:Hydrocarbon

  14. Standard Practice for Irradiation of Fresh and Frozen Red Meat and Poultry to Control Pathogens and Other Microorganisms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2008-01-01

    1.1 This practice outlines procedures for the irradiation of fresh or frozen meat and poultry. Note 1—The Codex Alimentarius Commission defines meat as “the edible part of any mammal” and poultry as “any domesticated bird, including chicken, turkeys, ducks, geese, guinea-fowls, or pigeons” (CAC/MISC 5). Note 2—Current U.S. regulations limit the definition of livestock species to cattle, sheep, swine, goat, horse, mule, or other equine and poultry species to chicken, turkey, duck, goose, and guinea (2, 3). 1.2 This practice covers absorbed doses used for inactivation of parasites and reduction of bacterial load in fresh and frozen red meat and poultry. Such doses are typically less than 10 kGy. 1.3 This practice addresses irradiation of pre-packaged product for retail sale or for use as an ingredient in other products. It also addresses the in-line irradiation of unpackaged product. 1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It i...

  15. Chimeric human parainfluenza virus bearing the Ebola virus glycoprotein as the sole surface protein is immunogenic and highly protective against Ebola virus challenge

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bukreyev, Alexander Marzi, Andrea; Feldmann, Friederike; Zhang Liqun; Dorward, David W.; Pickles, Raymond J.; Feldmann, Heinz; Collins, Peter L.

    2009-01-20

    We generated a new live-attenuated vaccine against Ebola virus (EBOV) based on a chimeric virus HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP that contains the EBOV glycoprotein (GP) as the sole transmembrane envelope protein combined with the internal proteins of human parainfluenza virus type 3 (HPIV3). Electron microscopy analysis of the virus particles showed that they have an envelope and surface spikes resembling those of EBOV and a particle size and shape resembling those of HPIV3. When HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP was inoculated via apical surface of an in vitro model of human ciliated airway epithelium, the virus was released from the apical surface; when applied to basolateral surface, the virus infected basolateral cells but did not spread through the tissue. Following intranasal (IN) inoculation of guinea pigs, scattered infected cells were detected in the lungs by immunohistochemistry, but infectious HPIV3/{delta}F-HN/EboGP could not be recovered from the lungs, blood, or other tissues. Despite the attenuation, the virus was highly immunogenic, and a single IN dose completely protected the animals against a highly lethal intraperitoneal challenge of guinea pig-adapted EBOV.

  16. Analysis of SNL/MSU/DOE fatigue database trends for wind turbine blade materials.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mandell, John F. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Ashwill, Thomas D.; Wilson, Timothy J. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Sears, Aaron T. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Agastra, Pancasatya (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT); Laird, Daniel L.; Samborsky, Daniel D. (Montana State University, Bozeman, MT)

    2010-12-01

    This report presents an analysis of trends in fatigue results from the Montana State University program on the fatigue of composite materials for wind turbine blades for the period 2005-2009. Test data can be found in the SNL/MSU/DOE Fatigue of Composite Materials Database which is updated annually. This is the fifth report in this series, which summarizes progress of the overall program since its inception in 1989. The primary thrust of this program has been research and testing of a broad range of structural laminate materials of interest to blade structures. The report is focused on current types of infused and prepreg blade materials, either processed in-house or by industry partners. Trends in static and fatigue performance are analyzed for a range of materials, geometries and loading conditions. Materials include: sixteen resins of three general types, five epoxy based paste adhesives, fifteen reinforcing fabrics including three fiber types, three prepregs, many laminate lay-ups and process variations. Significant differences in static and fatigue performance and delamination resistance are quantified for particular materials and process conditions. When blades do fail, the likely cause is fatigue in the structural detail areas or at major flaws. The program is focused strongly on these issues in addition to standard laminates. Structural detail tests allow evaluation of various blade materials options in the context of more realistic representations of blade structure than do the standard test methods. Types of structural details addressed in this report include ply drops used in thickness tapering, and adhesive joints, each tested over a range of fatigue loading conditions. Ply drop studies were in two areas: (1) a combined experimental and finite element study of basic ply drop delamination parameters for glass and carbon prepreg laminates, and (2) the development of a complex structured resin-infused coupon including ply drops, for comparison studies of various resins, fabrics and pry drop thicknesses. Adhesive joint tests using typical blade adhesives included both generic testing of materials parameters using a notched-lap-shear test geometry developed in this study, and also a series of simulated blade web joint geometries fabricated by an industry partner.

  17. String loops in the field of braneworld spherically symmetric black holes and naked singularities

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Stuchlík, Z.; Kološ, M. E-mail: martin.kolos@fpf.slu.cz

    2012-10-01

    We study motion of current-carrying string loops in the field of braneworld spherically symmetric black holes and naked singularities. The spacetime is described by the Reissner-Nordström geometry with tidal charge b reflecting the non-local tidal effects coming from the external dimension; both positive and negative values of the spacetime parameter b are considered. We restrict attention to the axisymmetric motion of string loops when the motion can be fully governed by an appropriately defined effective potential related to the energy and angular momentum of the string loops. In dependence on these two constants of the motion, the string loops can be captured, trapped, or can escape to infinity. In close vicinity of stable equilibrium points at the centre of trapped states the motion is regular. We describe how it is transformed to chaotic motion with growing energy of the string loop. In the field of naked singularities the trapped states located off the equatorial plane of the system exist and trajectories unable to cross the equatorial plane occur, contrary to the trajectories in the field of black holes where crossing the equatorial plane is always admitted. We concentrate our attention to the so called transmutation effect when the string loops are accelerated in the deep gravitational field near the black hole or naked singularity by transforming the oscillatory energy to the energy of the transitional motion. We demonstrate that the influence of the tidal charge can be substantial especially in the naked singularity spacetimes with b > 1 where the acceleration to ultrarelativistic velocities with Lorentz factor ? ? 100 can be reached, being more than one order higher in comparison with those obtained in the black hole spacetimes.

  18. Seyferts on the edge: polar scattering and orientation-dependent polarization in Seyfert 1 nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Smith; A. Robinson; D. M. Alexander; S. Young; D. J. Axon; Elizabeth A. Corbett

    2004-01-23

    We have identified 12 Seyfert 1 galaxies that exhibit optical polarization spectra similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies in which polarized broad-lines are detected. We present new spectropolarimetric observations of 3 of them: Was 45, Mrk 231 and NGC 3227. These objects appear to be polarized as a result of far-field scattering in the polar illumination cones of the circum-nuclear torus. We estimate that they represent between 10 and 30 per cent of the Seyfert 1 population; they are found amongst all the main spectroscopic sub-types, including narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies. We have shown elsewhere that Seyfert 1 nuclei more commonly have polarization characteristics that can be attributed to scattering by a compact 'equatorial' scattering region located inside the torus. We propose that both equatorial and polar scattering regions are present in all Seyfert galaxies and argue that the observed range of polarization properties can be broadly understood as an orientation effect. In this scheme, polar-scattered Seyfert 1 galaxies represent the transition between unobscured (the majority of type 1) and obscured (type 2) Seyferts. They are viewed through the upper layers of the torus and are thus subject to moderate extinction (Av ~1-4 mag) sufficient to suppress polarized light from the equatorial scattering region, but not the broad wings of the Balmer lines. The orientation of the polarization position angle relative to the radio source is broadly consistent with the two-component scattering model. More generally, we find that amongst Seyferts 1 galaxies, parallel, perpendicular and intermediate orientations of the polarization PA relative to the radio axis occur roughly in the proportions 2:1:1.

  19. Radar, satellite, and modelling studies of the low-latitude protonosphere. Ph.D. Thesis

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gonzalez, S.A.

    1994-01-01

    A study of the variations in the composition of the topside ionosphere at low and equatorial latitudes is presented. Observations of (H+)/n(sub e) are used to study the behavior of the transition altitude over Arecibo during summer solstice for both solar minimum and solar maximum conditions. The solar maximum observations are complemented with DE-2 RPA data from passes over Arecibo to estimate the concentration of helium ions in the topside at that location. The transition altitude over Arecibo is found to be very dependent on solar activity level. For summer solar maximum conditions, the transition altitude varies anywhere from 2000 to 2500 km in altitude during the day (depending on solar flux) down to 1000 km at night. The DE-2 composition data show that during solar maximum conditions, helium ions are an important fraction of the total ionospheric plasma near 900 km over Arecibo with typical concentrations od 1-3 x 10(exp 4) ions cm(sup {minus}3). Observations from the BIMS and RPA instruments aboard the AEE spacecraft are used to study O+, H+, and He+ concentrations in the equatorial topside ionosphere during solar minimum conditions. For these conditions He+ is found to be a minor species and essentially negligible at all times. The transition altitude is found to be near 800 km during the day and below 600 km during the night for all seasons. Finally, the authors present simulations using the University of Sheffield coupled ionosphere thermosphere theoretical model. The results of these simulations are used to try to reproduce their observations and also to study the effect of equatorial E x B drifts on the transition altitude. The model reproduces the major diurnal features in qualitative agreement with the Arecibo solar maximum conditions, the simulations predict peak helium ion concentrations in the topside over Arecibo for equinox with the lowest concentrations occurring during summer solstice.

  20. A new standard pulsar magnetosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contopoulos, Ioannis [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, Athens 11527 (Greece); Kalapotharakos, Constantinos [University of Maryland, College Park (UMDCP/CRESST), College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Kazanas, Demosthenes, E-mail: icontop@academyofathens.gr [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2014-01-20

    In view of recent efforts to probe the physical conditions in the pulsar current sheet, we revisit the standard solution that describes the main elements of the ideal force-free pulsar magnetosphere. The simple physical requirement that the electric current contained in the current layer consists of the local electric charge moving outward at close to the speed of light yields a new solution for the pulsar magnetosphere everywhere that is ideal force-free except in the current layer. The main elements of the new solution are as follows: (1) the pulsar spindown rate of the aligned rotator is 23% larger than that of the orthogonal vacuum rotator; (2) only 60% of the magnetic flux that crosses the light cylinder opens up to infinity; (3) the electric current closes along the other 40%, which gradually converges to the equator; (4) this transfers 40% of the total pulsar spindown energy flux in the equatorial current sheet, which is then dissipated in the acceleration of particles and in high-energy electromagnetic radiation; and (5) there is no separatrix current layer. Our solution is a minimum free-parameter solution in that the equatorial current layer is electrostatically supported against collapse and thus does not require a thermal particle population. In this respect, it is one more step toward the development of a new standard solution. We discuss the implications for intermittent pulsars and long-duration gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that the physical conditions in the equatorial current layer determine the global structure of the pulsar magnetosphere.