Sample records for 2005-2005 equatorial guinea

  1. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial Guinea

  2. The development stories of equatorial Guinea and Botswana : a game theory model of how public-private partnerships can turn resources from a curse into a blessing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rizzati, Valentina

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The growth acceleration episodes characterizing Botswana and Equatorial Guinea were based on the respective discoveries of diamonds and oil. However, while Botswana, already characterized by inclusive and democratic ...

  3. Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference July 17-22, 2005, San Francisco absorption and increasing the thickness of the protected region. A 2D finite volume numerical code based interface location density (kg m-3 ) 1 Copyright © 2005 by ASME Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat

  4. ,"Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ Lease Condensate ProvedGas, Wet AfterBruneiEquatorial

  5. Proceedings of DETC 2005 2005 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rand, Richard H.

    Proceedings of DETC 2005 2005 ASME Design Engineering Technical Conferences September 24-28, 2005 is parametrically forced with frequencies 1 and . 1 Copyright c 2005 by ASME Proceedings of IDETC/CIE 2005 ASME 2005 + 2 2 x + 2 2 x 2 + 2 2 2 x + O( 3 ) (5) We expand x, , and as a power series of : x = x0 + x1 + 2

  6. Equatorial Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnualPropertyd8c-a9ae-f8521cbb8489 No revision|LLC

  7. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Otay Mesa, CA Alamo, TX El Paso, TX Galvan Ranch, TX Hidalgo, TX McAllen, TX Penitas, TX LNG Imports from Algeria Cove Point, MD Everett, MA Lake Charles, LA LNG Imports from...

  8. U.S. LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-14 Dec-14 Jan-155-2015

  9. Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Earth's climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27[degree]C, but never 31[degree]C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

  10. Lake Charles, LA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 156 57 61 76 673 12 12 9 19per

  11. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122Commercial ConsumersThousand CubicCubic Feet) Year Jan Feb Mar AprThousand

  12. Price of U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Dollars

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand Cubic Feet) Year Jan

  13. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 34 44Year Jan Feb Mar Apr MayNov-142,234 2,373 2,834DecadeFeet)

  14. U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Equatorial Guinea (Million Cubic

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are nowTotal" (Percent) Type: Sulfur Content API GravityDakota" "Fuel, quality",Area: U.S. East Coast (PADD 1) New EnglandReserves (BillionImportYear

  15. Price of Elba Island, GA Natural Gas LNG Imports from Equatorial Guinea

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5 Tables July 1996 Energy Information Administration Office ofthroughYear Jan Feb Mar AprYearperThousandDollars per Thousand

  16. Forming equatorial rings around dying stars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Akashi, Muhammad; Yogev, Ohad; Soker, Noam

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We suggest that clumpy-dense outflowing equatorial rings around evolved giant stars, such as in supernova 1987A and the Necklace planetary nebula, are formed by bipolar jets that compress gas toward the equatorial plane. The jets are launched from an accretion disk around a stellar companion. Using the FLASH hydrodynamics numerical code we perform 3D numerical simulations, and show that bipolar jets expanding into a dense spherical shell can compress gas toward the equatorial plane and lead to the formation of an expanding equatorial ring. Rayleigh-Taylor instabilities in the interaction region break the ring to clumps. Under the assumption that the same ring-formation mechanism operates in massive stars and in planetary nebulae, we find this mechanism to be more promising for ring formation than mass loss through the second Lagrangian point. The jets account also for the presence of a bipolar nebula accompanying many of the rings.

  17. Decadal changes in the equatorial Pacific circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Urizar, S. Cristina

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An ocean general circulation model with data assimilation is used to analyze the decadal changes in the tropical Pacific Ocean circulation. Results indicate that the variability in the Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) and subtropical cells (STC) have...

  18. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    carried out by the OIS group in the gulf of Guinea. The following are the specific projects in the Gulf of Guinea that I participated in: Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore vessels, Offshore pipe laying project, Integrated pipeline...

  19. Drowned carbonate platforms in the Bismarck Sea, Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hoffmann, Gary; Silver, Eli; Day, Simon; Driscoll, Neal; Appelgate, Bruce

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subsidence caused by G. Hoffmann (&) Á E. Silver UniversitySea, Papua New Guinea Gary Hoffmann • Eli Silver • Simon Day

  20. Research for the South Climate research, equatorial Andes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Research for the South Climate research, equatorial Andes #12;··· Priority programmes ··· Science activity, such as atmosphe- ric and environmental pollution. To reduce the impact of human activities

  1. Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX). Design document

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Earth`s climate has varied significantly in the past, yet climate records reveal that in the tropics, sea surface temperatures seem to have been remarkably stable, varying by less than a few degrees Celsius over geologic time. Today, the large warm pool of the western Pacific shows similar characteristics. Its surface temperature always exceeds 27{degree}C, but never 31{degree}C. Heightened interest in this observation has been stimulated by questions of global climate change and the exploration of stabilizing climate feedback processes. Efforts to understand the observed weak sensitivity of tropical sea surface temperatures to climate forcing has led to a number of competing ideas about the nature of this apparent thermostat. Although there remains disagreement on the processes that regulate tropical sea surface temperature, most agree that further progress in resolving these differences requires comprehensive field observations of three-dimensional water vapor concentrations, solar and infrared radiative fluxes, surface fluxes of heat and water vapor, and cloud microphysical properties. This document describes the Central Equatorial Pacific Experiment (CEPEX) plan to collect such observations over the central equatorial Pacific Ocean during March of 1993.

  2. The equatorial F-layer: progress and puzzles H. Rishbeth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the iono- spheric F-layer in the vicinity of the geomagnetic equator. Starting with a historical and Thomas, 1963; Thomas, 1968). The strong ionospheric electric current known as the equatorial electrojet, 1948). Geomagnetic mea- surements in the equatorial region have a long history, especially in India

  3. Papua New Guinea: World Oil Report 1991

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports on oil exploration which is booming in Papua New Guinea (PNG) following a rash of license applications and farm-ins. Most activity is onshore, but success is beginning to drift offshore. Currently, 40 petroleum prospecting licenses (PPL) and one producing license are active, and eight more PPL applications are being considered. PNG is expected to become an oil exporter by September 1992 when initial production is expected from Iagifu, Hedina and Agogo fields.

  4. ARM Research in the Equatorial Western Pacific: A Decade and Counting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Long, Charles N.; McFarlane, Sally A.; Del Genio, Anthony D.; Minnis, Patrick; Ackerman, Thomas P.; Mather, James H.; Comstock, Jennifer M.; Mace, Gerald G.; Jensen, Michael; Jakob, Christian

    2013-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The tropical western Pacific (TWP) is an important climatic region. Strong solar heating, warm sea surface temperatures and the annual progression of the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) across this region generate abundant convective systems, which through their effects on the heat and water budgets have a profound impact on global climate and precipitation. To accurately represent tropical cloud systems in models, measurements of tropical clouds, the environment in which they reside, and their impact on the radiation and water budgets are needed. Because of the remote location, ground-based datasets of cloud, atmosphere, and radiation properties from the TWP region have traditionally come primarily from short-term field experiments. While providing extremely useful information on physical processes, these datasets are limited in statistical and climatological information because of their short duration. To provide long-term measurements of the surface radiation budget in the tropics, and the atmospheric properties that affect it, the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement program established a measurement site on Manus Island, Papua New Guinea in 1996 and on the island republic of Nauru in late 1998. These sites provide unique datasets available from more than 10 years of operation in the equatorial western Pacific on Manus and Nauru. We present examples of the scientific use of these datasets including characterization of cloud properties, analysis of cloud radiative forcing, model studies of tropical clouds and processes, and validation of satellite algorithms. We also note new instrumentation recently installed at the Manus site that will expand opportunities for tropical atmospheric science.

  5. Geomagnetic equatorial anomaly in zonal plasma flow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Aggson, T.L.; Herrero, F.A.; Mayr, H.G.; Brace, L.H. (NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD (United States)); Maynard, N.C. (Air Force Geophysics, Hanscom AFB, MA (United States)); Liebrecht, M.C. (Science Applications Research, Inc., Lanham, MD (United States))

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors report here on the observation of a geomagnetic signature in the zonal eastward plasma flow, which is a striking feature of the equatorial ionosphere in the evening quadrant. These observations were derived from (E {times} B)/B{sup 2} measurements made with the cylindrical double floating probe experiment carried on the Dynamics Explorer 2 (DE 2) satellite. The signature consists of a crest-trough-crest effect in the latitude dependence of the eastward plasma flow with the crests at {plus minus}8{degree} dip latitude and the trough nearly centered at the dip equator at all geographic longitudes. This phenomenon can be readioly interpreted in terms of the altitude dependence of the F region dynamo electric field, and it is related to dip equator signatures in the plasma density and the magnetic declinatoin which have been reported earlier.

  6. Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean Sedimentation: Investigating Constant Flux Proxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Singh, Ajay 1980-

    2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Age-model derived sediment mass accumulation rates (MARs) are consistently higher than 230Th-normalized MARs in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean during the past 25 ka. The offset, being highest in the Panama Basin, suggests sediment redistribution...

  7. Exploring the climate change refugia potential of equatorial Pacific coral reefs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drenkard, Elizabeth Joan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Global climate models project a 21st century strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC). The consequent increase in topographic upwelling of cool waters onto equatorial coral reef islands would mitigate ...

  8. 1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    1 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean 2 equatorial circulation 3 A. Sen Gupta,1 A), 29 Drivers of the projected changes to the Pacific Ocean equatorial 30 circulation, Geophys. Res. Lett., 39, LXXXXX, doi:10.1029/ 31 2012GL051447. 32 1. Introduction 33 [2] The equatorial Pacific Ocean

  9. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lutchen, Kenneth

    Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant release in normal guinea pigs Stephen P. Arold,1. Alencar, Kenneth R. Lutchen, and Edward P. Ingenito. Variable ventilation induces endogenous surfactant.00036.2003.--Variable or noisy ventilation, which includes random breath-to-breath variations in tidal

  10. Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas frequently develop serious dental disease that at times

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dental Disease of Rabbits, Guinea Pigs, and Chinchillas Rabbits, guinea pigs, and chinchillas. For example, a rabbit's teeth will grow 5-8 inches (12.7-20.3 cm) per year and a chinchilla's teeth will grow, and chinchillas have teeth (incisors) in the front of their mouths and teeth (premolars and molars, also known

  11. Petroleum Service Projects in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ken-Worgu, Kenneth Chukwumeka

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    to May 2011, I worked on seven projects for the company. The following are the specific services contracts in the Gulf of Guinea: 1. Managing delivering, maintenance and marketing of offshore Vessels: Tug Boats, Pipe lay / work / 184 Man Accommodation... in petroleum service contract jobs for the company. I have procured petroleum pipes, grid blasters, cranes, dozers, pipe cutters, swamp buggies, tug boats and barges for the company. I have negotiated a development agreement between Oil & Industrial Services...

  12. CI-OFF Ex A (Rev. 0.2, 4/9/13) Exhibit A General Conditions

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Gambia, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Haiti, Kiribati, Laos, Lesotho, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Maldives, Mali, Mauritania,...

  13. Transition from inspiral to plunge for eccentric equatorial Kerr orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. O'Shaughnessy

    2002-11-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Ori and Thorne have discussed the duration and observability (with LISA) of the transition from circular, equatorial inspiral to plunge for stellar-mass objects into supermassive ($10^{5}-10^{8}M_{\\odot}$) Kerr black holes. We extend their computation to eccentric Kerr equatorial orbits. Even with orbital parameters near-exactly determined, we find that there is no universal length for the transition; rather, the length of the transition depends sensitively -- essentially randomly -- on initial conditions. Still, Ori and Thorne's zero-eccentricity results are essentially an upper bound on the length of eccentric transitions involving similar bodies (e.g., $a$ fixed). Hence the implications for observations are no better: if the massive body is $M=10^{6}M_{\\odot}$, the captured body has mass $m$, and the process occurs at distance $d$ from LISA, then $S/N \\lesssim (m/10 M_{\\odot})(1\\text{Gpc}/d)\\times O(1)$, with the precise constant depending on the black hole spin. For low-mass bodies ($m \\lesssim 7 M_\\odot$) for which the event rate is at least vaguely understood, we expect little chance (probably [much] less than 10%, depending strongly on the astrophysical assumptions) of LISA detecting a transition event with $S/N>5$ during its run; however, even a small infusion of higher-mass bodies or a slight improvement in LISA's noise curve could potentially produce $S/N>5$ transition events during LISA's lifetime.

  14. Transition from inspiral to plunge for eccentric equatorial Kerr orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Shaughnessy, R

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ori and Thorne have discussed the duration and observability (with LISA) of the transition from circular, equatorial inspiral to plunge for stellar-mass objects into supermassive ($10^{5}-10^{8}M_{\\odot}$) Kerr black holes. We extend their computation to eccentric Kerr equatorial orbits. Even with orbital parameters near-exactly determined, we find that there is no universal length for the transition; rather, the length of the transition depends sensitively -- essentially randomly -- on initial conditions. Still, Ori and Thorne's zero-eccentricity results are essentially an upper bound on the length of eccentric transitions involving similar bodies (e.g., $a$ fixed). Hence the implications for observations are no better: if the massive body is $M=10^{6}M_{\\odot}$, the captured body has mass $m$, and the process occurs at distance $d$ from LISA, then $S/N \\lesssim (m/10 M_{\\odot})(1\\text{Gpc}/d)\\times O(1)$, with the precise constant depending on the black hole spin. For low-mass bodies ($m \\lesssim 7 M_\\odot$...

  15. Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luther, Douglas S.

    Variation of the Thermohaline Structure in the Western Equatorial Pacific Upper Ocean;Abstract Processes which control the upper ocean thermohaline structure in the western equa- torial Pacific forcing data have indicated that the thick isothermal layer in the western equatorial Pacific is found

  16. A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sachs, Julian P.

    A deeper respired carbon pool in the glacial equatorial Pacific Ocean L.I. Bradtmiller a, , R in paleoceanography. We present evidence from ten equatorial Pacific Ocean sediment cores to show that the deep Pacific Ocean likely stored more carbon during the last glacial period than the Holocene

  17. From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic composition and rare earth element

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic composition, and S. Cravatte (2013), From the subtropics to the central equatorial Pacific Ocean: Neodymium isotopic waters (112 samples) in the Southern Tropical Pacific. The relatively detailed picture of these tracer

  18. Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    van Leeuwen, Peter Jan

    Effects of correcting salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model in a tropical Pacific ocean model run for the period 1993­1997. Salinity and temperature corrections salinity with altimeter measurements in an equatorial Pacific ocean model, J. Geophys. Res., 107(C12), 8001

  19. Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Investigation of the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent to investigate the temporal and spatial variability of the North Brazil Current (NBC) retroflection and the North Brazil Current retroflection and North Equatorial Countercurrent variability, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L

  20. Three-Dimensional Structure of Tropical Cells in the Central Equatorial Pacific Ocean*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . 1991; McPhaden 1993), long-term measurements of the meridional upwelling circulation cells) in the central equatorial Pacific Ocean are characterized by strong equatorial upwelling, near-surface wind layer. Meridional and vertical velocity fluctuations associated with tropical instability waves (TIWs

  1. Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean Marlos compositedevents.For the cold(warm)eventthe EUC shows a greater (reduced) transport and core velocity, and a deeper.Wainer, Equatorial currents transport changes for extreme warm and cold events in the Atlantic Ocean, Geophys. Res

  2. Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon Islands

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea & the Solomon/14/2008 12:55:54 PM] #12;Tropical timber import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Volume ('000 m3 import export Africa Asia volume Congo India Nigeria Papua New Guinea Reports (commissioned

  3. Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Nio/La Nia transitions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Biophysical responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña 2013. [1] The biological response in the western equatorial Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña responses near equatorial islands in the Western Pacific Ocean during El Niño/La Niña transitions, Geophys

  4. Iron and silicate regulation of new and export production in the equatorial Pacific: A physical-biological model study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maine, University of

    Iron and silicate regulation of new and export production in the equatorial Pacific: A physical and silicate availability on phytoplankton growth in the equatorial Pacific. The effects of elevated iron and silicate regulation of new and export production in the equatorial Pacific: A physical-biological model

  5. Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR, AND MARK A. CANE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Climate Change over the Equatorial Indo-Pacific in Global Warming* CHIE IHARA, YOCHANAN KUSHNIR to global warming is investigated using model outputs submitted to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate equatorial Indian Ocean warm more than the SSTs in the eastern equatorial Indian Ocean under global warming

  6. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SAUDI ARABIA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES

  7. AUSTRALIA BELGIUM CHINA FRANCE GERMANY HONG KONG SAR INDONESIA (ASSOCIATED OFFICE) ITALY JAPAN PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Applebaum, David

    PAPUA NEW GUINEA SINGAPORE SPAIN SWEDEN UNITED ARAB EMIRATES UNITED KINGDOM UNITED STATES OF AMERICA

  8. Strengthening of the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent in the SODA Reanalysis: Mechanisms, Ocean Dynamics, and Implications

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher B.

    Several recent studies utilizing global climate models predict that the Pacific Equatorial Undercurrent (EUC) will strengthen over the twenty-first century. Here, historical changes in the tropical Pacific are investigated ...

  9. The daily cycle of fluorescence in vivo in the Central Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Setser, Patrick James

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while diatoms (3, 080 cells liter ), coccolithophores (4, 800 cells liter ) and dinoflagellates (3, 110 cells liter ) were present in approximately equivalent densities. By comparison, an earlier study of Hasle (1959) in the Equatorial Pacific...

  10. The daily cycle of fluorescence in vivo in the Central Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Setser, Patrick James

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , while diatoms (3, 080 cells liter ), coccolithophores (4, 800 cells liter ) and dinoflagellates (3, 110 cells liter ) were present in approximately equivalent densities. By comparison, an earlier study of Hasle (1959) in the Equatorial Pacific...

  11. Preliminary Report on the Feeding Habits of Tunas in the Gulf of Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) and 72 skipjack tuna ( Katsuwonus pelamis ), captured in the Gulf of Guinea, contained mostly fishes ( Katsuwonus pelamis) are shown in figure 1. During the surveys, 171 yellowfin and 72 skipjack tunas were

  12. Studies on the immunosuppressive effects of alpha globulins obtained from guinea pig serum

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cowart, Richard Elmer

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    STUDIES ON THE IMMUNOSUPP1KSSIVE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1976 Ma)or Subject: Microbiology STUDIES ON THE IFLMUNOSUPPRESSIUE EFFECTS OF ALPHA GLOBULINS OBTAINED FROM GUINEA PIG SERUM A Thesis by RICHARD ELMER COWART, JR. Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman...

  13. Micro-phytoplankton biomass of the equatorial Pacific in spring 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Duan

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , (e. g. HAsLE, 1959; SEMINA, 1969, 1972; and FRYxELL et al. , 1979). The goals of this paper are: to determine the total micro- phytoplankton biomass and the most abundant taxonomic groups along an equatorial Pacific transect and to explain some... exceptionally high at start of 1975 . . . but those conditions subsequently attenuated and did not develop into El Nino. " (p 36, PHtLANDER, 1990). Earlier HAsLE (1959) analyzed samples from three equatorial Pacific stations at 0', 1'N, and 2'N and 145'W...

  14. The Importance of Wellness Examinations for Your Exotic Pet Birds, reptiles, and small pet mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as ferrets, rabbits, guinea pigs, chinchillas, rodents, hedgehogs, and sugar gliders have the ability to hide

  15. Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran and cyclohexane rings in organic crystals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    de Gispert, Adrià

    Paper Hydrogen bonding preference of equatorial versus axial hydroxyl groups in pyran of the hydrogen bonding counts in crystalline pyranose monosaccharides, we noticed that equatorial hydroxyls formed more hydrogen bonds, on average, than axial groups. A survey of the Cambridge Structural Database

  16. Ionospheric electron content within the equatorial F2 layer anomaly belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastogi, R.G.; Klobuchar, J.A.

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This Reprint describes some new results on the day-to-day behavior of the equatorial anomaly in the columnar electron content. The measurements were made from a unique network of stations covering dip latitudes from 0 to 25 N during the period in 1975-1976 near sunspot minimum when the ATS 6 satellite was visible from India. The latitudinal distribution of the total electron content on a particular day was found to depend only on the strength of the electrojet current, as determined by the difference of the horizontal magnetic field at stations on the magnetic equator and another outside the equatorial electrojet, rather than on the horizontal magnetic field measured only at the equatorial station. During magnetically disturbed periods the presence or absence of the anomaly was also found to depend only upon the strength of the electrojet current. The varying electrojet current, that is, the equatorial electric field, is very effective in moving the ionization to the anomaly latitudes of 15-20, but the columnar electron content over the magnetic equator remains relatively constant.

  17. Ionospheric electron content within the equatorial F sub 2 layer anomaly belt

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Rastogi, R.G. (Indian Inst. of Geomagnetism, Bombay (India)); Klobuchar, J.A. (Air Force Geophysics Lab., Hanscom Air Force Base, MA (United States))

    1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper describes some new results on the day-to-day behavior of the location of the equatorial anomaly in the columnar electron content. The measurements were made from a unique network of stations covering dip latitudes from 0{degree}N to 25{degree}N during the period in 1975-1976 near sunspot minimum when the ATS 67 satellite was visible from India. The latitudinal distribution of the total electron content on a particular day was found to depend only on the strength of the electrojet current, as determined by the difference of the horizontal magnetic field at stations on the magnetic equator and another outside the equatorial electrojet, rather than on the horizontal magnetic field measured only at the equatorial station. During magnetically disturbed periods the presence or absence of the anomaly was also found to depend only upon the strength of the electrojet current. The varying electrojet current, that is, the equatorial electric field, is very effective in moving the ionization to the anomaly latitudes of 15{degree}-20{degree}, but the columnar electron content over the magnetic equator remains relatively constant.

  18. Convectively Coupled Waves Propagating along an Equatorial ITCZ JULIANA DIAS AND OLIVIER PAULUIS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pauluis, Olivier M.

    Convectively Coupled Waves Propagating along an Equatorial ITCZ JULIANA DIAS AND OLIVIER PAULUIS waves propagate at the moist gravity wave speed (about 15 m s21 ), whereas for a narrow ITCZ, the propagation speed is comparable to the dry gravity wave (about 50 m s21 ). It is also shown that a Kelvin wave

  19. Micro-phytoplankton biomass of the equatorial Pacific in spring 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Duan

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Along one transect in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean the micro-phytoplankton (>15 gm in one dimension) biomass in the upper 200 in was examined. The samples were taken during the most recent El Nifio event and examined in the light microscope...

  20. Equatorial Pacific Sediment Deposition during the Early to Middle Miocene: Carbon Cycling and Proxies for Productivity 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piela, Christine Marie

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    by plate tectonics, as expected. In contrast, CaCO?, accumulation was low in the divergence region, and coincides with a dissolution event known from other site studies in the equatorial Pacific. The pattern of uranium deposition resembles CaCO? and Corg...

  1. The infectivity of Bunostomum phlebotomum to sheep, rabbits and guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boring, Gary David

    1964-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE INFECT1VITY OP BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP, RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1964 Ma]or Sub)cot: Veterinary Parasitology THE INFECTIVITY OF BUNOSTOMUM PHLEBOTOMUM TO SHEEP~ RABBITS AND GUINEA PIGS A Thesis By GARY DAVID BORING Approved as to style and content by: i Ma (Chairman of Committee) /7 ~ 3...

  2. Humans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    as a resource. 1 1. Anthropology Department, Western Australian Museum, Perth 6000 AUSTRALIA 2. CDRADHumans and Volcanoes in Australia and New Guinea. Peter Bindon (1) and Jean-Paul Raynal (2) ,1 de mythes d'aquisition du feu. FIRST COLONIZATION OF AUSTRALIA The occupation of greater Australia

  3. Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Substrate-limited electron dynamics in graphene S. Fratini1,2 and F. Guinea2 1Institut Néel dynamics in graphene. We find that the quasiparticle spectrum acquires a finite broadening due to the long-range interaction with the polar modes at the interface between graphene and the substrate. This mechanism results

  4. Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ORIGINAL ARTICLE Beta diversity of frogs in the forests of New Guinea, Amazonia and Europe are characterized by low beta diversity, both in tropical and in temperate areas. Location Lowland forests tracking. The community data were analysed for alpha and beta diversity. Results Local (alpha) diversity

  5. REVIEW OF POLYRHACHIS (CYRTOMYRMA) FOREL (HYMENOPTERA: FORMICIDAE: FORMICINAE) OF AUSTRALIA, BORNEO, NEW GUINEA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Villemant, Claire

    , NEW GUINEA AND THE SOLOMON ISLANDS WITH DESCRIPTIONS OF NEW SPECIES RUDOLF J. KOHOUT Kohout, R.J. 2006. Kohout, Queensland Museum, PO Box 3300, South Brisbane 4101, Australia (email: kohout@powerup.com.au); 22 (Robson & Kohout, 2005). Examination ofAustralian material revealed several new species, particularly

  6. Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    Approximately 6.6 million years ago in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific a large increase in biogenic mass accumulation rates (MAR?s) occurred. This increased level of biogenic mass accumulation persisted until about 4.4 Ma ...

  7. Paleoceanographic interpretations of the Pleistocene sediments from the Eastern Equatorial Pacific-ODP Hole 677B

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lin, Yee-Hwa

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (CONTINUED) Page 91 91 VITA 95 LIST OF FIGURES FIGURE Page Location of ODP Site 677 in the Panama Basin, south ol the Costa Rica Rift, Bathymetry of the Panama Basin and adjacent equatorial Pacific. 10 Major components of the surface circulation... in the eastern equalorial Pacific. 13 Distribution of the main surface water masses in the eastern Pacific Ocean. 14 5. Bottom water circulation in the Panama Basin. 6. Standard curve for calcium carbonate analysis. 16 22 Nannofossil biostratigraphy...

  8. Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millier, Vicki Anne

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis by VICKI ANNE MILLIER Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of' Texas ASM University in partial fu...1611ment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1989 Major Subject: Meteorology CROSS-EQUATORIAL INFLUENCES OF A SOUTH AMERICAN COLD SURGE ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TWO EASTERN NORTH PACIFIC TROPICAL CYCLONES A Thesis...

  9. Signature of the coronal hole near the north crest equatorial anomaly over Egypt during the strong geomagnetic storm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Signature of the coronal hole near the north crest equatorial anomaly over Egypt during the strong hole effect. We use multi-instruments as SCINDA-GPS station at Helwan, Egypt (29.86 N, 31.32 E) and ASW-MAGDAS station at Aswan, Egypt (23.59 N, 32.51 E) in the equatorial region. At the beginning of the storm our

  10. Magnetohydrodynamic Shocks in Non-Equatorial Plasma Flows around a Black Hole

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Keigo Fukumura; Masaaki Takahashi; Sachiko Tsuruta

    2006-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We study magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) standing shocks in inflowing plasmas in a black hole magnetosphere. Fast and intermediate shock formation is explored in Schwarzschild and Kerr geometry to illustrate general relativistic effects. We find that non-equatorial standing MHD shocks are physically possible, creating a very hot plasma region close to the event horizon. Shocked downstream plasmas can be heated or magnetized depending on the values of various magnetic field-aligned parameters. Then we may expect high-energy thermal/nonthermal emissions from the shocked region. We present the properties of non-equatorial MHD shocks and discuss the shocked plasma region in the black hole magnetosphere. We also investigate the effects of the poloidal magnetic field and the black hole spin on the properties of shocks, and show that both effects can modify the distribution of the shock front and shock strength. We find for strong MHD shock formation that fast rotating magnetic fields are necessary. The physics of non-equatorial MHD shocks in the black hole magnetosphere could be very important when we are to construct the central engine model of various astrophysical phenomena.

  11. Equatorial symmetry of Boussinesq convective solutions in a rotating spherical shell allowing rotation of the inner and outer spheres

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kimura, Keiji; Takehiro, Shin-ichi; Yamada, Michio [Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8502 (Japan)

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate properties of convective solutions of the Boussinesq thermal convection in a moderately rotating spherical shell allowing the respective rotation of the inner and outer spheres due to the viscous torque of the fluid. The ratio of the inner and outer radii of the spheres, the Prandtl number, and the Taylor number are fixed to 0.4, 1, and 500{sup 2}, respectively. The Rayleigh number is varied from 2.6 × 10{sup 4} to 3.4 × 10{sup 4}. In this parameter range, the behaviours of obtained asymptotic convective solutions are almost similar to those in the system whose inner and outer spheres are restricted to rotate with the same constant angular velocity, although the difference is found in the transition process to chaotic solutions. The convective solution changes from an equatorially symmetric quasi-periodic one to an equatorially symmetric chaotic one, and further to an equatorially asymmetric chaotic one, as the Rayleigh number is increased. This is in contrast to the transition in the system whose inner and outer spheres are assumed to rotate with the same constant angular velocity, where the convective solution changes from an equatorially symmetric quasi-periodic one, to an equatorially asymmetric quasi-periodic one, and to equatorially asymmetric chaotic one. The inner sphere rotates in the retrograde direction on average in the parameter range; however, it sometimes undergoes the prograde rotation when the convective solution becomes chaotic.

  12. GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development of an online facility of images

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mathis, Wayne N.

    122 GONGED (Geometridae of New Guinea Electronic Database): a progress report on development Darrow Holloway, J. D., Miller, S. E., Pollock, D. M., Helgen, L. & Darrow, K. (2009): GONGED

  13. (MIRU2005) 2005 7 RobbyT. Tan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    /- NICTA office B136, Canberra ACT, 0200, Australia E-mail: {rei,ki}@cvl.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp, robby-ku, Tokyo, 153-8505, JAPAN Australian National University RSISE BLD 115, c/- NICTA office B136, Canberra sc ec ( c = {r, g}) (4) (ir, ig ) #12;(sr, sg, er, eg) (4) i1 c = sce1 c (7) i2 c = sce2 c (8) (i1 r

  14. Proceedings of IPACK2005 2005 InterPACK '05

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonough, James M.

    FEMTOSECOND LASER HEATING OF NANOSCALE METAL FILMS Illayathambi Kunadian Center for Applied Energy Research short-pulse laser heating of metals. 1 Copyright c 2005 by ASME #12;Tzou proposed the dual phase2005-73376 AN EFFICIENT NUMERICAL PROCEDURE FOR SOLVING A MICROSCALE HEAT TRANSPORT EQUATION DURING

  15. Proceedings of WTC2005 2005 World Tribology Conference III

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mueser, Martin

    will lead to friction-velocity relationships akin of Coulomb's friction law. For nominally flat surfaces as plucking motion. As discussed in detail in a recent review article [1], many different terms were used

  16. Proceedings of HT2005 2005 ASME Summer Heat Transfer Conference

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Aguilar, Guillermo

    used phase Doppler particle analysis to assess the effect of a wire mesh on the diameter and velocity, California, USA HT2005-72582 EFFECTS OF A WIRE MESH ON DROPLET SIZE AND VELOCITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF CRYOGENIC, the larger the loss in velocity. As a consequence, the radial velocity profile is more uniform relative

  17. October 14, 2005: 2005 Solar Decathlon | Department of Energy

    Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYouTube YouTube Note: Since the.pdfBreaking ofOilNEWResponse to Time-BasedDecemberProgramsFleetWestOcean »Ocean

  18. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CIS mission to Moldova and Kyrgyzstan because of the CIS’sFaso Equatorial Guinea Kyrgyzstan Burundi Estonia Laos

  19. Currents and waters at 140 cl t-¹ sin the western equatorial Atlantic during February-March-April

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Francis Joseph

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CURRENTS AND WATERS AT 140 CI, T IN THE WESTERN EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC DURING FEBRUARY-MARCH-APRIL A Thesis by FRANCIS JOSEPH KELLY, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM Univers ity in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Oceanography CURRENTS AND WATERS AT 140 CL T IN TIRE WESTER EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC DURING FEBRUARY-MARCH-APRIL A Thesis by FRANCIS JOSEPH KELLY, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Chairman o...

  20. Currents and waters at 140 cl t-¹ sin the western equatorial Atlantic during February-March-April 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kelly, Francis Joseph

    1978-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    CURRENTS AND WATERS AT 140 CI, T IN THE WESTERN EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC DURING FEBRUARY-MARCH-APRIL A Thesis by FRANCIS JOSEPH KELLY, JR. Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ARM Univers ity in partial fulfillment of the requirement... for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1978 Major Subject: Oceanography CURRENTS AND WATERS AT 140 CL T IN TIRE WESTER EQUATORIAL ATLANTIC DURING FEBRUARY-MARCH-APRIL A Thesis by FRANCIS JOSEPH KELLY, JR. Approved as to style and content by: Chairman o...

  1. Petrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Demouchy, Sylvie

    Program) Site 1256 is located on the Cocos Plate in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean, in a 15 Ma oldPetrophysical properties of the root zone of sheeted dikes in the ocean crust: A case study from Hole ODP/IODP 1256D, Eastern Equatorial Pacific Marie Violay , Philippe A. Pezard, Benoît Ildefonse

  2. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    hypotheses have been forwarded. In the guinea pig, polyunsaturated fat diets result in increased hepatic LDL-cholesterol binding (9, 24). Dietary saturated fat has been shown to decrease hepatic LDL-cholesterol receptor mediated transport in the hamster...-cholesterol receptors (9, 21) and increase hepatic LDL-cholesterol clearance (28). The effect of saturated fat was shown to decrease the LDL-cholesterol receptor-mediated transport in hamsters (34). These changes of LDL-receptor catabolism of LDL-cholesterol can...

  3. Effect of high oleic acid pork on tissue lipids of guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flynn, Tammi Tinker

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECT OF HIGH OLEIC ACID PORK ON TISSUE LIP IDS OF GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by TAMMI TINKER FLYNN Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas AIIM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... diets did not change the rate of receptor- mediated hepatic uptake of LDL-cholesterol in hamsters. Anton (36) summarized a number of studies which used rats and rabbits to show that diets rich in oleic acid caused an increase in liver cholesterol...

  4. Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 12451274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jackson, George

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-Sea Research I 51 (2004) 1245­1274 Carbon fluxes through food webs of the eastern equatorial inverse and network analyses to examine food web interactions at 0 , 140 W during EqPac time approach allowed us to trace the pathway of fixed carbon through a representative food web

  5. Mechanisms of air-sea CO2 flux variability in the equatorial Pacific and the North Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Follows, Mick

    Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA Received 24 October 2003 of carbon (±0.5 Â 1015 grams Carbon yrÀ1 (PgC yrÀ1 )) is forced by changes of DpCO2 and wind speeds related is controlled by two regions: the equatorial Pacific and North Atlantic. The model captures much

  6. Modern CaCO3 preservation in equatorial Pacific sediments in the context of late-Pleistocene glacial cycles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Winckler, Gisela

    Modern CaCO3 preservation in equatorial Pacific sediments in the context of late form 31 October 2007; accepted 21 November 2007 Abstract The CaCO3 content of marine sediments in many variable regulating this variability. We have evaluated the preserved flux of CaCO3 in cores from

  7. Deep-Sea Research II 50 (2003) 21112127 Cross-equatorial pathways of salt and tracers from the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jensen, Tommy

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , but large variability in the exchange of Arabian Sea water is associated with planetary equatorial waves the strong south- west monsoon results in a net annual mean southward Ekman transport. Upwelling from below with adjacent areas to maintain long term average salinities. The question is how this exchange takes place

  8. The optical properties of equatorial cirrus in the pilot radiation observation experiment

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.; Young, S.A.; Manson, P.; Patterson, G.R. [CSIRO, Victoria (Australia)] [and others

    1996-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The development of a sensitive filter radiometer for the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program has been reported. The aim was to develop a reliable and fast instrument that could be used alongside a lidar to obtain near realtime optical properties of clouds, particularly high ice clouds, as they drifted over an ARM Cloud and Radiation Testbed (CART) site allowing calculation of the radiation divergence in the atmosphere over the site. Obtaining cloud optical properties by the lidar/radiometer, or LIRAD, method was described by Platt et al.; the latter paper also describes a year`s data on mid-latitude cirrus. The optical properties of equatorial cirrus (i.e., cirrus within a few degrees of the equator) have hardly been studied at all. The same is true of tropical cirrus, although a few observations have been reported by Davis and Platt et al.This paper describes obersvations performed on cirrus clouds, analysis methods used, and results.

  9. Effect of equatorial line nodes on the upper critical field and London penetration depth

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kogan, V G [Ames Laboratory; Prozorov, R [Ames Laboratory

    2014-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The upper critical field Hc2 and its anisotropy are calculated for order parameters with line nodes at the equators, kz=0, of the Fermi surface of uniaxial superconductors. It is shown that characteristic features found in Fe-based materials (a nearly linear Hc2(T) in a broad T domain, a low and increasing on warming anisotropy ?H=Hc2,ab/Hc2,c) can be caused by competing effects of the equatorial nodes and of the Fermi surface anisotropy. For certain material parameters, ?H(T)?1 may change sign upon warming, in agreement with the recorded behavior of FeTeS systems. It is also shown that the anisotropy of the penetration depth ??=?c/?ab decreases upon warming to reach ?H at Tc, in agreement with data available. For some materials ??(T) may change upon warming, from ??>1 at low Ts to ??<1 at high Ts.

  10. Computational study of atmospheric transfer radiation on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado-Correal, Camilo; Castaño, Gabriel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiative transfer models explain and predict interaction between solar radiation and the different elements present in the atmosphere, which are responsible for energy attenuation. In Colombia there have been neither measurements nor studies of atmospheric components such as gases and aerosols that can cause turbidity and pollution. Therefore satellite images cannot be corrected radiometrically in a proper way. When a suitable atmospheric correction is carried out, loss of information is avoided, which may be useful for discriminating image land cover. In this work a computational model was used to find radiative atmospheric attenuation (300 1000nm wavelength region) on an equatorial tropical desert (La Tatacoa, Colombia) in order to conduct an adequate atmospheric correction.

  11. Growth and hepatic composition in the guinea pig after long-term parenteral hyperalimentation

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lu, C.J.H.; Redmond, D.; Baggs, R.B.; Schecter, A.; Gasiewicz, T.A.

    1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This study examined the feasibility of maintaining male Hartley guinea pigs on long-term hyperalimentation. Data from animals fed ad libitum, but infused with 0.9% saline, indicated that there was minimal effect from catheter implantation, sepsis, or the infusion of large volumes of fluid. This group compared with animals fed and watered ad libitum demonstrated a nearly identical growth rate serum chemistry, tissue weights, and hepatic composition and morphology. Animals infused with a total parenteral diet demonstrated growth rates of 4.06 +/- 1.46 g/day for up to 25 days. Loss of infused animals was due in varying degrees to sepsis, mechanical failure, improper placement of the cannula, loss of patency, and death from unknown causes. Morphological analysis of animals fed by total parenteral nutrition revealed an altered distribution and increased size of lipid droplets in hepatic parenchymal and Kupffer cells and glycogen accumulation by the parenchymal cells. Decreased hepatic content of total protein and lipid, as well as cytochrome P450, was also observed. Similarly, serum values of triglyceride were decreased in animals fed by the total parenteral diet. This study indicated that the guinea pig fed by hyperalimentation may be a useful animal model for a number of clinical and basic research applications.

  12. Analysis of agonist dissociation constants as assessed by functional antagonism in guinea pig left atria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Molenaar, P.; Malta, E.

    1986-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In electrically driven guinea pig left atria, positive inotropic responses to (-)-isoprenaline and the selective beta 1-adrenoceptor agonist RO363 were obtained in the absence and in the presence of the functional antagonists adenosine, carbachol, gallopamil, nifedipine, and Ro 03-7894. Each of the functional antagonists reduced the maximum response to both agonists and produced nonparallel rightward shifts in the cumulative concentration effect curves. For both agonists, dissociation constants (KA) were calculated using the equation described by Furchgott (1966) for irreversible antagonism. For RO363, which is a partial agonist with high agonist activity, the equations outlined for functional interaction by Mackay (1981) were also employed to calculate KA values. The KA values obtained by each method were compared with the dissociation constants (KD) for the two agonists determined from their ability to displace the radioligand (-)-(/sup 125/I)iodocyanopindolol from beta 1-adrenoceptors in guinea pig left atrial membrane preparations. The estimates of KA varied substantially from KD values. The KD values were taken as more accurate estimates of the true values for the dissociation constants because a high degree of correlation exists between pKD and pD2 values for a number of other beta-adrenoceptor agonists that behave as partial agonists and between pKD and pKB values for a number of beta-adrenoceptor antagonists. Thus, it appears that there are serious limitations in the current theory for using functional antagonism as a means of obtaining agonist dissociation constants.

  13. Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    Seasonal and interannual variability of ocean color and composition of phytoplankton communities in the North Atlantic, Equatorial Pacific and South Pacific. By : Yves Dandonneaua , Pierre-Yves Deschampsb ­ Picoplankton ­ Seasonal variations ­ Variability ­ Oceanic provinces ) Contact : Yves DANDONNEAU LODYC

  14. The use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other equatorial climates

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charles, Curtis B

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis addresses the use of daylight in the design of a controlled environment for food production in the Caribbean and other Equatorial climates. An expanding population has put a tremendous burden on the food ...

  15. Millimeter wave experiment of ITER equatorial EC launcher mock-up

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Takahashi, K.; Oda, Y.; Kajiwara, K.; Kobayashi, N.; Isozaki, M.; Sakamoto, K. [Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Naka (Japan); Omori, T.; Henderson, M. [ITER Organization, St. Paul lez Durance (France)

    2014-02-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The full-scale mock-up of the equatorial launcher was fabricated in basis of the baseline design to investigate the mm-wave propagation properties of the launcher, the manufacturability, the cooling line management, how to assemble the components and so on. The mock-up consists of one of three mm-wave transmission sets and one of eight waveguide lines can deliver the mm-wave power. The mock-up was connected to the ITER compatible transmission line and the 170GHz gyrotron and the high power experiment was carried out. The measured radiation pattern of the beam at the location of 2.5m away from the EL mock-up shows the successful steering capability of 20°?40°. It was also revealed that the radiated profile at both steering and fixed focusing mirror agreed with the calculation. The result also suggests that some unwanted modes are included in the radiated beam. Transmission of 0.5MW-0.4sec and of 0.12MW-50sec were also demonstrated.

  16. The effect of polyunsaturated fatty acid peroxidation on cholesterol concentrations in plasma, aorta, liver, and spleen of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Corrigan, Sheila Marie

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Biochemistry and Metabolism with Clinical Applications (Linder, M. , ed. ), pp. 33-50, Elsevier Science Publishing Company, Inc. , New York. 20. Stocks, J. & Dormandy, T. (1971) The autoxidation of human red cells lipids induced by 36 hydrogen peroxide...THE EFFECT OF POLYUNSATURATED FATTY ACID PEROXIDATION ON CHOLESTEROL CONCENTRAT IONS IN PLASMA AORTA g LIVER g AND SPLEEN OF THE GUINEA PIG A Thesis by SHEILA MARIE CORRIGAN Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University...

  17. Effects of protein deficiency on superoxide dismutase and immunological competence in peritoneal macrophages of the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burch, Troie Ann Pruett

    1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    EFFECTS OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY ON SUPEROXZDE DIcMUTASE AND LMMUNOLOGZCAL COMPETENCE IN PERITONEAL MACROPHAOES OF THE GUINEA PZG A Thesis By TROZE ANN PRUETT BURCH Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in Partial... By TROIE ANN PRUETT BURCH Approved as to style and content by: (Chairman of t e Committee) (Head of the Department) (Mam (Member) (Member ) August 1979 ABSTRACT Effects of Protein Deficiency on Superoxide Dismutase and Tmmunologica' Competence...

  18. The role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the immune response against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the guinea pig

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Skwor, Troy Arthur

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    ) ________________________________ Vernon L. Tesh (Member) December 2004 Major Subject: Medical Sciences iii ABSTRACT The Role of CCL5 (RANTES) in the Immune Response Against Mycobacterium tuberculosis in the Guinea Pig. (December 2004) Troy Arthur Skwor, B.... and cytokine/chemokine gene expression was evaluated using real-time PCR. RgpCCL5 stimulated TNF? , IL-1? , CCL2, and CXCL8 mRNA expression and TNF? protein production (as assessed in the L929 cell bioassay) in macrophages. The effect of BCG...

  19. Character of the diatom assemblage spanning a depositional transition in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific Ocean at 6.6 Ma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brookshire, Brian Neville, Jr.

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    of Panama, and the associated oceanographic adjustment that occurred during Neogene. Particularly, the interruption of flow between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans effected equatorial flow and water mass characteristics, and the locus of deep... of the Caribbean Plate about 8 Ma 12. The final closure of the Isthmus of Panama estimated from records of land mammal migration, isotopic shifts, and changes in biogenic sedimentation rates 4,5,13,14, commenced about 11 Ma and terminated between 3.5 and 4.5 Ma...

  20. Equatorial scattering and the structure of the broad-line region in Seyfert nuclei: evidence for a rotating disc

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Smith; A. Robinson; S. Young; D. J. Axon; Elizabeth A. Corbett

    2005-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We present detailed scattering models confirming that distinctive variations in polarization across the broad Halpha line, which are observed in a significant fraction of Seyfert 1 galaxies, can be understood in terms of a rotating line-emitting disc surrounded by a co-planar scattering region (the equatorial scattering region). The predicted polarization properties are: averaged over wavelength, the position angle of polarization is aligned with the projected disc rotation axis and hence also with the radio source axis; (ii) the polarization PA rotates across the line profile, reaching equal but opposite (relative to the continuum PA) rotations in the blue and red wings; (iii) the degree of polarization peaks in the line wings and passes through a minimum in the line core. We identify 11 objects which exhibit these features to different degrees. In order to reproduce the large amplitude PA rotations observed in some cases, the scattering region must closely surround the emission disc and the latter must itself be a relatively narrow annulus -- presumably the Halpha-emitting zone of a larger accretion disc. Asymmetries in the polarization spectra may be attributable to several possible causes, including bulk radial infall in the equatorial scattering region, or contamination by polar scattered light. The broad Halpha lines do not, in general, exhibit double-peaked profiles, suggesting that a second Halpha-emitting component of the broad-line region is present, in addition to the disc.

  1. The role of the anaesthetised guinea-pig in the preclinical cardiac safety evaluation of drug candidate compounds

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marks, Louise, E-mail: louise.marks@astrazeneca.com [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Borland, Samantha; Philp, Karen; Ewart, Lorna; Lainée, Pierre; Skinner, Matthew [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Kirk, Sarah [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Innovative Medicines, Discovery Sciences, AstraZeneca, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom); Valentin, Jean-Pierre [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)] [Safety Assessment UK, AstraZeneca, Mereside, Alderley Park, Macclesfield, Cheshire, SK10 4TG (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Despite rigorous preclinical and clinical safety evaluation, adverse cardiac effects remain a leading cause of drug attrition and post-approval drug withdrawal. A number of cardiovascular screens exist within preclinical development. These screens do not, however, provide a thorough cardiac liability profile and, in many cases, are not preventing the progression of high risk compounds. We evaluated the suitability of the anaesthetised guinea-pig for the assessment of drug-induced changes in cardiovascular parameters. Sodium pentobarbitone anaesthetised male guinea-pigs received three 15 minute intravenous infusions of ascending doses of amoxicillin, atenolol, clonidine, dobutamine, dofetilide, flecainide, isoprenaline, levosimendan, milrinone, moxifloxacin, nifedipine, paracetamol, verapamil or vehicle, followed by a 30 minute washout. Dose levels were targeted to cover clinical exposure and above, with plasma samples obtained to evaluate effect/exposure relationships. Arterial blood pressure, heart rate, contractility function (left ventricular dP/dt{sub max} and QA interval) and lead II electrocardiogram were recorded throughout. In general, the expected reference compound induced effects on haemodynamic, contractility and electrocardiographic parameters were detected confirming that all three endpoints can be measured accurately and simultaneously in one small animal. Plasma exposures obtained were within, or close to the expected clinical range of therapeutic plasma levels. Concentration–effect curves were produced which allowed a more complete understanding of the margins for effects at different plasma exposures. This single in vivo screen provides a significant amount of information pertaining to the cardiovascular risk of drug candidates, ultimately strengthening strategies addressing cardiovascular-mediated compound attrition and drug withdrawal. -- Highlights: ? Evaluation of the anaesthetised guinea-pig to determine cardiac liability. ? Haemodynamic, contractility, ECG parameters and plasma exposure all measurable. ? Single small animal model offering extensive evaluation of a drug's CV risk. ? Potential to strengthen drug discovery cardiovascular strategy. ? Potential to halt progression of drugs with CV liability, reducing drug attrition.

  2. Mast cells in citric acid-induced cough of guinea pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lai, Y.-L. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)]. E-mail: tiger@ha.mc.ntu.edu.tw; Lin, T.-Y. [Department of Physiology, National Taiwan University College of Medicine, Taipei 100, Taiwan (China)

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It was demonstrated previously that mast cells play an important role in citric acid (CA)-induced airway constriction. To investigate the role of mast cells in CA-induced cough, three experiments were carried out in this study. In the first experiment, 59 guinea pigs were employed and we used compound 48/80 to deplete mast cells, cromolyn sodium to stabilize mast cells, MK-886 to inhibit leukotriene synthesis, pyrilamine to antagonize histamine H{sub 1} receptor, methysergide to antagonize serotonin receptor, and indomethacin to inhibit cyclooxygenase. In the second experiment, 56 compound 48/80-pretreated animals were divided into two parts; the first one was used to test the role of exogenous leukotriene (LT) C{sub 4}, while the second one to test the role of exogenous histamine in CA-induced cough. Each animal with one of the above pretreatments was exposed sequentially to saline (baseline) and CA (0.6 M) aerosol, each for 3 min. Then, cough was recorded for 12 min using a barometric body plethysmograph. In the third experiment, the activation of mast cells upon CA inhalation was investigated by determining arterial plasma histamine concentration in 17 animals. Exposure to CA induced a marked increase in cough number. Compound 48/80, cromolyn sodium, MK-886 and pyrilamine, but not indomethacin or methysergide, significantly attenuated CA-induced cough. Injection of LTC{sub 4} or histamine caused a significant increase in CA-induced cough in compound 48/80-pretreated animals. In addition, CA inhalation caused significant increase in plasma histamine concentration, which was blocked by compound 48/80 pretreatment. These results suggest that mast cells play an important role in CA aerosol inhalation-induced cough via perhaps mediators LTs and histamine.

  3. Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately linked to major changes in the global

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pacific Equatorial Age Transect (PEAT): Summary As the largest ocean, the Pacific is intricately the Cenozoic the Pacific plate has had a northward component. Thus, the Pacific is unique, in that the thick to drill an age transect ("flow-line") following the position of the paleo- equator in the Pacific

  4. The vertical structure of Jupiter's equatorial zonal wind above the cloud deck, derived using mesoscale gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watkins, C; 10.1029/2012GL054368

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Data from the Galileo Probe, collected during its descent into Jupiter's atmosphere, is used to obtain a vertical profile of the zonal wind from $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.5}$ bar (upper troposphere) to $\\mathbf{\\sim 0.1\\, \\mu{bar}}$ (lower thermosphere) at the probe entry site. This is accomplished by constructing a map of gravity wave Lomb-Scargle periodograms as a function of altitude. The profile obtained from the map indicates that the wind speed above the visible cloud deck increases with height to $\\mathbf{\\sim 150}$ m\\,s$\\mathbf{^{-1}}$ and then levels off at this value over a broad altitude range. The location of the turbopause, as a region of wide wave spectrum, is also identified from the map. In addition, a cross-equatorial oscillation of a jet, which has previously been linked to the quasi-quadrennial oscillation in the stratosphere, is suggested by the profile.

  5. Neotropical eocene coastal floras and [sup 18]O/[sup 16]O-estimated warmer vs. cooler equatorial waters

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Graham, A. (Kent State Univ., OH (United States))

    1994-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The history of the earth's sea-surface temperature (SST) in equatorial regions during the Tertiary is unsettled because of uncertainty as to the presence and extent of glaciers during the Paleogene. The [sup 16]O trapped in glaciers and subsequently released back to the ocean basins as meltwater during interglacials affects the [sup 18]O/[sup 16]O ratio of sea water, one of the variables that must be known for oxygen isotope paleotemperature analysis of calcareous fossils. Estimates of SST range from [approximately]18 to 20 C, assuming an ice-free earth, to [approximately]28 C assuming glaciers were present in the Paleogene. Low latitude SST presently averages 28C, so the former estimate gives a value 8 to 10 C cooler than present, while the latter gives a value as warm or slightly warmer than present. The figures are important for interpreting terrestrial vegetational history because the temperature differential between low and high latitudes is a major factor in determining global climates through the control of poleward transfer of heat. The middle( ) to late Eocene Gatuncillo Formation palynoflora of Panama was deposited at the ocean-continental interface at [approximately]9[degrees]N latitude. The individual components and paleocommunities are distinctly tropical and similar to the present vegetation along the Atlantic coast of southern Central America. This is consistent with data emerging from other recently studied tropical coastal biotas and represents a contribution from paleobiology toward eventually resolving the problem of Eocene equatorial marine environments. Collectively, the evidence is beginning to favor a model of Eocene SST near present values. 50 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  6. U.S.-Africa Energy Ministerial Co-Chairs' Summary from Energy...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Republic of Djibouti, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Republic of Equatorial Guinea, the Gabonese Republic, the Republic of the Gambia,...

  7. --No Title--

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Islas...

  8. Sandia National Laboratories: Wind and Water Materials and Structures...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French...

  9. Ascorbic acid suppresses endotoxemia and NF-?B signaling cascade in alcoholic liver fibrosis in guinea pigs: A mechanistic approach

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abhilash, P.A.; Harikrishnan, R.; Indira, M., E-mail: indiramadambath@gmail.com

    2014-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Alcohol consumption increases the small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) and intestinal permeability of endotoxin. The endotoxin mediated inflammatory signaling plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. We evaluated the effect of ascorbic acid (AA), silymarin and alcohol abstention on the alcohol induced endotoxemia and NF-?B activation cascade pathway in guinea pigs (Cavia porcellus). Guinea pigs were administered ethanol at a daily dose of 4 g/kg b.wt for 90 days. After 90 days, ethanol administration was stopped. The ethanol treated animals were divided into abstention, silymarin (250 mg/kg b.wt) and AA (250 mg/kg b.wt) supplemented groups and maintained for 30 days. The SIBO, intestinal permeability and endotoxin were significantly increased in the ethanol group. The mRNA expressions of intestinal proteins claudin, occludin and zona occludens-1 were significantly decreased in ethanol group. The mRNA levels of inflammatory receptors, activity of IKK? and the protein expressions of phospho-I?B?, NF-?B, TNF-?, TGF-?{sub 1} and IL-6 were also altered in ethanol group. The expressions of fibrosis markers ?-SMA, ?{sub 1} (I) collagen and sirius red staining in the liver revealed the induction of fibrosis. But the supplementation of AA could induce greater reduction of ethanol induced SIBO, intestinal barrier defects, NF-?B activation and liver fibrosis than silymarin. The possible mechanism may be the inhibitory effect of AA on SIBO, intestinal barrier defect and IKK?, which decreased the activation of NF-?B and synthesis of cytokines. This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis. - Highlights: • Alcohol increases intestinal bacterial overgrowth and permeability of endotoxin. • Endotoxin mediated inflammation plays a major role in alcoholic liver fibrosis. • Ascorbic acid reduces endotoxemia, NF-?B activation and proinflammatory cytokines. • AA's action is by inhibition of SIBO, IKK? and alteration of intestinal permeability. • This might have led to suppression of HSCs activation and liver fibrosis.

  10. L:\\PUBLICATIONS\\Projects - Active\\2005\\2005 Argonne ES&H\\PageMaker...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    work during the scheduled maintenance shutdown at the Advanced Photon Source (APS), waste management and work activities performed by 1 Consistent with common practice, the term...

  11. Proceedings of IMECE 2005 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    industrial, automotive, aerospace and biomedical applications. Moderate to high field inputs are of- ten-D are often used for precision machining operations [2, 3]. Shape memory alloys (SMAs) have been investigated behavior observed in smart materials such as piezoelectric, magnetostrictive and shape memory alloys

  12. Proceedings of IMECE 2005 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ervin, Elizabeth K.

    , in part, through self-tuning impact dampers [2]. Aside from machine dynamics, nuclear power plants are one conditions vary from being "seated" (where the rod rests in a fitted cup) to "floating" (where the reactor

  13. American Fisheries Society Symposium 45:557585, 2005 2005 by the American Fisheries Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bart Jr., Henry L. "Hank"

    * Corresponding author: mary_freeman@usgs.gov Status and Conservation of the Fish Fauna of the Alabama River System MARY C. FREEMAN* U.S. Geological Survey, Patuxent Wildlife Research Center, University of Georgia Chasse, Louisiana 70037, USA Abstract.--The Alabama River system, comprising the Alabama, Coosa

  14. Proceedings of IMECE2005 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonough, James M.

    short-pulse laser heating of metals. Tzou proposed the dual phase-lag (DPL) model [8­11] that reduces FOR EFFICIENTLY SOLVING A MICROSCALE HEAT TRANSPORT EQUATION DURING FEMTOSECOND LASER HEATING OF NANOSCALE METAL of Kentucky Lexington, Kentucky, 40506 Illayathambi Kunadian Center for Applied Energy Research University

  15. L:\\PUBLICATIONS\\Projects - Active\\2005\\2005 Sandia ES&H\\PageMaker...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    and science, technology, and engineering. SNL has major facilities in Albuquerque, New Mexico, and Livermore, California. This OA inspection focused exclusively on the SNL...

  16. L:\\PUBLICATIONS\\Projects - Active\\2005\\2005 INL-ATR\\PageMaker...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    Form ALARA As Low As Reasonably Achievable ASME American Society for Mechanical Engineering ATR Advanced Test Reactor BEA Battelle Energy Alliance CATS Corrective Action...

  17. L:\\PUBLICATIONS\\Projects - Active\\2005\\2005 Sandia S&S, Cyber...

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    process, and corrected in a timely manner. Finally, although data gathered during the October 2004 annual exercise included numerous observations pointing to weaknesses or...

  18. Proceedings of IMECE 2005 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yao, Bin

    truncation approach for the flexible structure representing a sin- gle Cartesian robot manipulator into the Linear Matrix Inequality (LMI). The multi-objective controller design is solved by the convex tip tracking of the proposed robust controller. 1 INTRODUCTION Robot manipulator is widely used

  19. Mutations Abrogating VP35 Interaction with Double-Stranded RNA Render Ebola Virus Avirulent in Guinea Pigs

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Prins, Kathleen C.; Delpeut, Sebastien; Leung, Daisy W.; Reynard, Olivier; Volchkova, Valentina A.; Reid, St. Patrick; Ramanan, Parameshwaran; Cárdenas, Washington B.; Amarasinghe, Gaya K.; Volchkov, Viktor E.; Basler, Christopher F. (CNRS-INSERM); (Mount Sinai Hospital); (LB-Ecuador); (Iowa State)

    2010-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Ebola virus (EBOV) protein VP35 is a double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) binding inhibitor of host interferon (IFN)-{alpha}/{beta} responses that also functions as a viral polymerase cofactor. Recent structural studies identified key features, including a central basic patch, required for VP35 dsRNA binding activity. To address the functional significance of these VP35 structural features for EBOV replication and pathogenesis, two point mutations, K319A/R322A, that abrogate VP35 dsRNA binding activity and severely impair its suppression of IFN-{alpha}/{beta} production were identified. Solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and X-ray crystallography reveal minimal structural perturbations in the K319A/R322A VP35 double mutant and suggest that loss of basic charge leads to altered function. Recombinant EBOVs encoding the mutant VP35 exhibit, relative to wild-type VP35 viruses, minimal growth attenuation in IFN-defective Vero cells but severe impairment in IFN-competent cells. In guinea pigs, the VP35 mutant virus revealed a complete loss of virulence. Strikingly, the VP35 mutant virus effectively immunized animals against subsequent wild-type EBOV challenge. These in vivo studies, using recombinant EBOV viruses, combined with the accompanying biochemical and structural analyses directly correlate VP35 dsRNA binding and IFN inhibition functions with viral pathogenesis. Moreover, these studies provide a framework for the development of antivirals targeting this critical EBOV virulence factor.

  20. An investigation of the relationships between rainfall in northeast Brazil and sea surface temperatures of the equatorial regions of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cochrane, Marvin Arthur

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ;"V IL FEST? GATION OF THE R). LATIONSHIPS BET))'EFN RATNFAI. L IN NOR'I'llL 'EST BRAZIL AND SEA SL'Rl'ACE TFI!PERAT)JRES CF TIIF. Eq?IA'I'ORIA), RFGIONS OF THE PACIFIC AVL' ATLANITIC OCEANS A TI?csiS OV M "u?'v'I N ARTIIL)R COCHRANE Suhrafr...Mcmli c r) / ~g. ember) (Member) May 1977 ABSTRACT An Investigation of the Relationships between Rainfall in Northeast Brazil and Sca Surface Temperatures of the Equatorial Rcgi. ons of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans (IJay 1977) . Marvin Arthur...

  1. General Relativistic effect on the energy deposition rate for neutrino pair annihilation above the equatorial plane along the symmetry axis near a rotating neutron star

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Abhijit; Mallick, Ritam; Raha, Sibaji

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The estimate of the energy deposition rate (EDR) for neutrino pair annihilation has been carried out. The EDR for the neutrinos coming from the equatorial plane of a rotating neutron star is calculated along the rotation axis using the Cook-Shapiro-Teukolsky (CST) metric. The neutrino trajectories and hence the neutrino emitted from the disk is affected by the redshift due to disk rotation and gravitation. The EDR is very sensitive to the value of the temperature and its variation along the disk. The rotation of the star has a negative effect on the EDR, it decreases with increase in rotational velocity.

  2. Impact of 15 Jan 2010 annular solar eclipse on the equatorial and low latitude ionosphere over Indian region from Magnetometer, Ionosonde and GPS observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Panda, Sampad Kumar; Rajaram, Girija; Sripathi, Samireddipalle; Bhaskar, Ankush

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The annular eclipse of Jan 15, 2010 over southern India was studied with a network of multi-instrumental observations consisting magnetometer, ionosonde and GPS receivers. By selecting the day before and the normal EEJ days as the control days, it is intrinsically proved that the regular eastward electric field for the whole day at the equator was not just weakened but actually was flipped for several hours by the influence of tides related to the spectacular Sun-Moon-Earth alignment near the middle of the day. The effect of flipping the electric field was clearly seen in the equatorial ionosonde data and through the large array of GPS receivers that accomplished the TEC data. The main impact of the change in the electric field was the reduced EIA at all latitudes, with the anomaly crest that shifted towards the equator. The equatorial F-region density profile was also showing an enhanced F region peak in spite of a reduced VTEC. By comparison to the plasma density depletion associated with the temporary lack...

  3. DECEMBER 1999 3073J O H N S O N A N D M C P H A D E N Interior Pycnocline Flow from the Subtropical to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnson, Gregory C.

    to the Equatorial Pacific Ocean* GREGORY C. JOHNSON AND MICHAEL J. MCPHADEN NOAA/Pacific Marine Environmental and Southern Hemispheres of the Pacific Ocean. In the North Pacific the pycnocline shoals and strengthens dra in the pycnocline of the central North Pacific. This study delineates this pathway and estimates an upper bound

  4. Thermo-mechanical analysis of ITER first mirrors and its use for the ITER equatorial visible/infrared wide angle viewing system optical design

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Joanny, M.; Salasca, S.; Dapena, M.; Cantone, B.; Travere, J. M. [CEA, IRFM, F-13108 Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France); Thellier, C.; Ferme, J. J. [THALES SESO, 13593 Aix-en-Provence Cedex 3 (France); Marot, L. [Department of Physics, University of Basel, 4056 Basel (Switzerland); Buravand, O. [Institut d'Optique Graduate School, 91127 Palaiseau (France); Perrollaz, G. [AMETRA, 13770 Venelles (France); Zeile, C. [INR, KIT, D-76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    ITER first mirrors (FMs), as the first components of most ITER optical diagnostics, will be exposed to high plasma radiation flux and neutron load. To reduce the FMs heating and optical surface deformation induced during ITER operation, the use of relevant materials and cooling system are foreseen. The calculations led on different materials and FMs designs and geometries (100 mm and 200 mm) show that the use of CuCrZr and TZM, and a complex integrated cooling system can limit efficiently the FMs heating and reduce their optical surface deformation under plasma radiation flux and neutron load. These investigations were used to evaluate, for the ITER equatorial port visible/infrared wide angle viewing system, the impact of the FMs properties change during operation on the instrument main optical performances. The results obtained are presented and discussed.

  5. Concentrations of trace and other elements in the organs of wild rats and birds from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kapu, M.M.; Schaeffer, D.J. (Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)); Akanya, H.O. (Federal Univ. of Technology, Minna (Nigeria)); Ega, R.A.; Olofu, E.O.; Balarabe, M.L. (Ahmadu Bello Univ., Zaria (Nigeria)); Chafe, U.M. (Usmanu Danfodiyo Univ., Sokota (Nigeria))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In regions of human activities, where metal enter local aquatic ecosystems from the atmosphere and through wastewater outfalls, metal concentrations in food chains can exceed natural background levels and be above the threshold levels for sensitive species. Accordingly, metal levels in the organs and tissues of livestock and wildlife have been extensively studied. However, there are no reports of metal concentrations in the organs and tissues of wild animals from the Northern Guinea savanna of Nigeria. The mole rat (Africanthus niloticus, L) and village weaver bird (Ploceus cucullatus, L) contribute significantly to farm crop losses from sowing to harvest. Because there are no industries capable of causing metal contamination in the study area, the present study was undertaken to determine the natural baseline levels of metals for wild rats and birds from this environment.

  6. A critical evaluation of the upper ocean heat budget in the Climate Forecast System Reanalysis data for the south central equatorial Pacific

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu H.; Lin W.; Liu, X.; Zhang, M.

    2011-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Coupled ocean-atmospheric models suffer from the common bias of a spurious rain belt south of the central equatorial Pacific throughout the year. Observational constraints on key processes responsible for this bias are scarce. The recently available reanalysis from a coupled model system for the National Centers for Environmental Prediction (NCEP) Climate Forecast System Reanalysis (CFSR) data is a potential benchmark for climate models in this region. Its suitability for model evaluation and validation, however, needs to be established. This paper examines the mixed layer heat budget and the ocean surface currents - key factors for the sea surface temperature control in the double Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone in the central Pacific - from 5{sup o}S to 10{sup o}S and 170{sup o}E to 150{sup o}W. Two independent approaches are used. The first approach is through comparison of CFSR data with collocated station observations from field experiments; the second is through the residual analysis of the heat budget of the mixed layer. We show that the CFSR overestimates the net surface flux in this region by 23 W m{sup -2}. The overestimated net surface flux is mainly due to an even larger overestimation of shortwave radiation by 44 W m{sup -2}, which is compensated by a surface latent heat flux overestimated by 14 W m{sup -2}. However, the quality of surface currents and the associated oceanic heat transport in CFSR are not compromised by the surface flux biases, and they agree with the best available estimates. The uncertainties of the observational data from field experiments are also briefly discussed in the present study.

  7. anopheles nuneztovari diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  8. anopheles albimanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  9. anopheles aquasalis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  10. anopheles arabiensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  11. anopheles funestus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  12. anopheles aconitus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  13. anopheles hyrcanus diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  14. anopheles braziliensis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  15. anopheles fluviatilis diptera: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    PCR products using the mosquito DNA samples from Equatorial Guinea. The PCR amplification program for Anophelin used Promega?s GoTaq polymerase and a cycle that included 2 minutes...

  16. Ropizine concurrently enhances and inhibits ( sup 3 H) dextromethorpan binding to different structures of the guinea pig brain: Autoradiographic evidence for multiple binding sites

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Canoll, P.D.; Smith, P.R.; and Musacchio, J.M. (N.Y.U. Medical Center, New York (USA))

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Ropizine produces a simultaneous enhancement and inhibition of ({sup 3}H) dextromethorphan (DM) high-affinity binding to different areas of the guinea pig brain. These results imply that there are two distinct types of high-affinity ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites, which are present in variable proportions in different brain structures. The ropizine-enhances ({sup 3}H)DM binding type was preferentially inhibited by (+)-pentazocine. This is consistent with the presumption that the (+)-pentazocine-sensitive site is identical with the common site for DM and 3-(-3-Hydroxphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine ((+)-3-PPP). The second binding type, which is inhibited by ropizine and is not so sensitive to (+){minus} pentazocine, has not been fully characterized. This study demonstrates that the biphasic effects to ropizine are due, at least in part, to the effects of ropizine on two different types of ({sup 3}H)DM binding sites. However, this study does not rule out that the common DM/(+)-3-PPP site also might be inhibited by higher concentrations of ropizine.

  17. Journal of Regulatory Economics; 28:2 181204, 2005 2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Costello, Christopher

    . Manufactured in The Netherlands. Enforcing Emissions Trading when Emissions Permits are Bankable JOHN K strategies for emissions trading programs with bankable emissions permits that guarantee complete compliance necessary to maintain compliance. Key words: compliance, enforcement, emissions trading, permit banking JEL

  18. Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery 19(2):142149, 2005 2005 by the Association of Avian Veterinarians

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Christopher J.

    on the population. Individuals also were collected for the pet trade, which may have hastened their decline.2 through the Sierra Madre Oc- cidental of Mexico to northwestern Durango.1,3 Un- like the Carolina parakeet Mexico, How- ever, hunting pressure on these birds continued to be intense.4 Of 300 parrots seen

  19. Designs, Codes and Cryptography, 37, 3143, 2005 2005 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. Manufactured in The Netherlands.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - gruences on Gauss sum. We obtain a new criterion for high non-linearity of such boolean functions in terms of permutation polynomials. Finally, a new characteristic property of Gold exponents is given. Keywords: Gauss := 2m. Let µ be the canonical additive character of L mapping x L to µ(x)=(-1)TrL(x), where Tr

  20. Autoradiographic localization of sigma receptor binding sites in guinea pig and rat central nervous system with (+)3H-3-(3-hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)piperidine

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gundlach, A.L.; Largent, B.L.; Snyder, S.H.

    1986-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (+)3H-3-PPP ((+)3H-3-(3-Hydroxyphenyl)-N-(1-propyl)-piperidine) binds with high affinity to brain membranes with a pharmacological profile consistent with that of sigma receptors. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites in brain and spinal cord of both guinea pig and rat has been determined by in vitro autoradiography with binding densities quantitated by computer-assisted densitometry. (+)3H-3-PPP binding to slide-mounted brain sections is saturable and displays high affinity and a pharmacological specificity very similar to sites labeled in homogenates. (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites are heterogeneously distributed. Highest concentrations of binding sites occur in spinal cord, particularly the ventral horn and dorsal root ganglia; the pons-medulla, associated with the cranial nerve and pontine nuclei and throughout the brain stem reticular formation; the cerebellum, over the Purkinje cell layer; the midbrain, particularly the central gray and red nucleus; and hippocampus, over the pyramidal cell layer. Lowest levels are seen in the basal ganglia and parts of the thalamus, while all other areas, including hypothalamus and cerebral cortex, exhibit moderate grain densities. Quinolinic acid-induced lesions of the hippocampus indicate that (+)3H-3-PPP labels hippocampal pyramidal cells and granule cells in the dentate gyrus. Intrastriatal injection of ibotenic acid dramatically reduces (+)3H-3-PPP binding in this area, while injection of 6-hydroxydopamine produces a relatively slight decrease. The distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP binding sites does not correlate with the receptor distribution of any recognized neurotransmitter or neuropeptide, including dopamine. However, there is a notable similarity between the distribution of (+)3H-3-PPP sites and high-affinity binding sites for psychotomimetic opioids, such as the benzomorphan (+)SKF 10,047.

  1. Daylight in Guinea-Bissau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hall, Hiram

    1975-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MYLIGfi Iii GJU£A-BISSAU by HIRAM HALL daylightdaylight of dawning dextrose of my goad the rapidsdreams of~ soul. daylight daylight of my dawning may i wrap

  2. 2005 2005 101 1957-2007 2007 http://www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/contents/others/publication/file/50anniversary.pdf

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miyashita, Yasushi

    Supercomputer Center) 2008 2009 1 Activity Report on Neutron Scattering Research Vol.13 2005 2006 1 Activity Report on Neutron Scattering Research Vol.14 2006 2007 1 http://quasi.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/db/index.php Activity Report on Neutron Scattering Research Vol.15 2007 2008 1 http

  3. Journal of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences, Vol. 6, No.1, pp. 17-20, 2005 2005 The Japan Society of Nuclear and Radiochemical Sciences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Burke, Ian

    allied to the genera- tion of nuclear power. The inventory of radionuclides gener- ated during the last during uranium mining to the intensely radioactive plant, fuel and liquid wastes produced from reactor operation and fuel reprocessing. All wastes pose a potential threat to the environment and require (1

  4. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 9, September 2005 ( 2005) pp. 11361141 DOI: 10.1007/s10439-005-5633-y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Austin, University of

    , and heat trans- port processes are fundamental to virtually all aspects of life science. At the same time research in the field. Approximately 50 leading re- searchers in the fields of fluid, heat, and mass roadmap, Prioritized re- search thrusts. BACKGROUND Interactions involving fluid mechanics, heat transfer

  5. Structure, Vol. 13, 10811088, July, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/j.str.2005.04.023 Structural Basis for Substrate Specificity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bianchi, Vera

    #) and de-seven structures of the inactive D41N variant of this en- oxyinosine 5#monophosphate (dIMP5

  6. (MIRU2005) 2005 7 E-mail: {kudoh,ki}@cvl.iis.u-tokyo.ac.jp, itaku@cityu.edu.hk

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tokyo, University of

    yaw ¨ 2. 2 IPM: Inverted Pendulum Model IK: Inverse Kinematics 2. 2. 1 IPM IPM 3 2 1 1 ka kb 2 IPM ml2 : Fig. 5 Relationship between x (distance between a foot contact point and CM) and fg (the ground) renew as + renew r for new } 8 IK Fig. 8 Flowchart of solving IK IPM 8 2. 2. 4 IK ZMP 2 IK ZMP 3. 12

  7. Annals of Biomedical Engineering, Vol. 33, No. 3, March 2005 ( 2005) pp. 284300 DOI: 10.1007/s10439-005-1731-0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pekkan, Kerem

    Study KEREM PEKKAN,1 DIANE DE Z´ELICOURT,1 LIANG GE,2 FOTIS SOTIROPOULOS,2 DAVID FRAKES,1 MARK A. FOGEL

  8. 8) Stratospheric equatorial variability a) Observations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lott, Francois

    speed. Phase lines inclined eastward when altitude increases indicating upward propation Signal field) Westward phase propagation but eastward group propagation Phase lines inclined westward Signal;5 Satellites wind observations (UARS, Swinbak et Ortland 1997) The Quasi-Biennial Oscillation (low stratosphere

  9. 5 6 Institut de recherche pour le dveloppement < Health/Benin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    and nutrition; agriculture and aquaculture; impact of climate change and adaptation of societies; energy, Congo, DR Congo, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea, Madagascar, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Tanzania, Chad. 5 8 for proposals now in course of preparation concern agroforestry, energy in the South, protected areas

  10. U.S. Natural Gas Imports by Country

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Australia 0 0 0 0 0 0 1973-2014 Brunei 0 0 0 0 0 0 1997-2014 Canada 0 555 91 2012-2014 Egypt 160,435 72,990 35,120 2,811 0 0 2005-2014 Equatorial Guinea 0 0 0 0 0 0 2007-2014...

  11. Climatic trends of the equatorial undercurrent: A backup mechanism for sustaining the equatorial Pacific production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paparella, Francesco

    in a future climate change scenario, using climate model data from an Earth system model. A selected set

  12. Ventilation of the equatorial Atlantic by the equatorial deep jets Peter Brandt,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    generation [d'Orgeville et al., 2007]. [3] The vertical oxygen distri long-term moored velocity and oxygen observations, as well as shipboard hydrographic and current sections acquired along 23 W and covering the depth range of the oxygen minimum zones of the eastern

  13. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  14. Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo(Redirected from ECOWAS

  15. Turmoil doesn`t dampen enthusiasm

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The paper discusses the outlook for the African gas and oil industries. Though Africa remains politically and economically volatile, its vast energy potential is becoming increasingly attractive to foreign oil and gas companies. Separate evaluations are given for Algeria, Egypt, Nigeria, Angola, Libya, Congo, Gabon, Tunisia, Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, and briefly for South Africa, Sudan, Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, Zaire, Benin, Mozambique, Chad, Namibia, Tanzania, Eritrea, Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, Morocco, Sao Tome and Principe, Ethiopia, Niger, Madagascar, Rwanda, Mauritania, Seychelles, Uganda, and Liberia.

  16. Current Biology, Vol. 15, 21252130, December 6, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/j.cub.2005.10.042 Nuclear Accumulation of the Phytochrome A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schäfer, Eberhard

    10.1016/j.cub.2005.10.042 Nuclear Accumulation of the Phytochrome A Photoreceptor Requires FHY1- regulated nuclear accumulation of the phytochromes is an important regulatory step of this pathway accumulation of phyA ob- served in fhy1 seedlings is not simply a general conse- quence of reduced phy

  17. Current Anthropology, Volume 46, Supplement, December 2005 2005 by The Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research. All rights reserved 0011-3204/2005/4605S5-0005$10.00

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    deMenocal, Peter B.

    for Anthropological Research. All rights reserved 0011-3204/2005/4605S5-0005$10.00 CA FORUM ON ANTHROPOLOGY IN PUBLIC

  18. Structure, Vol. 13, 12791288, September, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016/j.str.2005.06.010 A Twisted Four-Sheeted Model for an Amyloid Fibril

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Regan, Lynne

    data, for the basic structure of an amyloid fibril formed by using the vari- ants of the B1 domain be induced to form fibers in vitro have very different sequences and three-dimensional structures.1016/j.str.2005.06.010 A Twisted Four-Sheeted Model for an Amyloid Fibril Jimin Wang,1, * Susanne Gülich

  19. Africa: Prosperous times

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Political instability and corruption is the rule, rather than the exception, in Africa`s main producing regions, but exploration and production prospects there are bright and attractive to foreign operators. The paper discusses exploration, drilling, resource development, and production in Nigeria, Libya, Algeria, Egypt, Angola, Congo, Gabon, and Tunisia. The other countries of Africa are briefly mentioned, i.e., Cameroon, Cote D`Ivoire, South Africa, Sudan, Namibia, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Zaire, Mozambique, Ghana, Niger, and Seychelles.

  20. Additional file 4a. References of the African populations compiled in the databases. Country Population

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ] 99 Egypt Arab MT 83 [25] 100 Egypt Arab MT 101 [26] 101 Egypt Arab Y 20 [7] 102 Egypt Berber Siwa MT 78 [27] 103 Egypt Copte MT 9 [25] 104 Egypt Copte MT 101 [27] 105 Egypt Misc. MT 32 [28] 106 Egypt Misc. Y 19 [17] 107 Egypt Misc.Upper Egypt MT 24 [28] 108 Egypt Nubia MT 11 [25] 109 Equatorial Guinea

  1. `Home Away From Home:' Migrant Organizations and Transnational Politics Among Latin American Migrants in Spain

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Freudenburg, Kevin Michael

    2011-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    , Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Paraguay, Peru, the Philippines, Portugal, and Uruguay. 3 Although the process of migration has never been... well be the catalyst for national political change, and at the very least may alter the political priorities of governments by focusing their energies abroad (Itzigsohn 2000). 19 In the case of Latin American migrants to Spain, their presence...

  2. Motor-Vehicle Infrastructure and Services Provided by the Public Sector: Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark; Murphy, James

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration, Monthly Energy Review May 2005 DOE/EIA-Review 2003, 2004; Monthly Energy Review May 2005, 2005).

  3. MOTOR-VEHICLE INFRASTRUCTURE AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE PUBLIC SECTOR Report #7 in the series: The Annualized Social Cost of Motor-Vehicle Use in the United States, based on 1990-1991 Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delucchi, Mark

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Administration, Monthly Energy Review May 2005 DOE/EIA-Review 2003, 2004; Monthly Energy Review May 2005, 2005).

  4. african equatorial rain: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    50 4 2012318 Soon It's Gonna Rain Biotechnology Websites Summary: 4 2012318 NO1. Soon It's Gonna Rain As climate warms, the atmosphere holds more moisture, and increased...

  5. 8) Equatorial waves a)Observations in the low stratosphere

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Spiga, Aymeric

    speed. Phase lines inclined eastward when altitude increases indicating upward propation Signal End on May 11 #12;Zonal wind Meridional wind a) Observation in the low stratosphere A balloon trip field) Westward phase propagation but eastward group propagation Phase lines inclined westward Signal

  6. Digital hf radar observations of equatorial spread-F

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Argo, P.E.

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern digital ionosondes, with both direction finding and doppler capabilities can provide large scale pictures of the Spread-F irregularity regions. A morphological framework has been developed that allows interpretation of the hf radar data. A large scale irregularity structure is found to be nightward of the dusk terminator, stationary in the solar reference frame. As the plasma moves through this foehn-wall-like structure it descends, and irregularities may be generated. Localized upwellings, or bubbles, may be produced, and they drift with the background plasma. The spread-F irregularity region is found to be best characterized as a partly cloudy sky, due to the patchiness of the substructures. 13 references, 16 figures.

  7. Resonantly enhanced kicks from equatorial small mass-ratio inspirals

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maarten van de Meent

    2014-08-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate the kick generated by an eccentric black hole binary inspiral as it evolves through a resonant orbital configuration where the precession of the system temporarily halts. As a result, the effects of the asymmetric emission of gravitational waves build up coherently over a large number of orbits. Our results are calculate using black hole perturbation theory in the limit where the ratio of the masses of the orbiting objects $\\epsilon=m/M$ is small. The resulting kick velocity scales as $\\epsilon^{3/2}$, much faster than the $\\epsilon^2$ scaling of the kick generated by the final merger. For the most extreme case of a very eccentric ($e\\sim 1$) inspiral around a maximally spinning black hole, we find kicks close to $30,000\\;\\epsilon^{3/2}$~km/s, enough to dislodge a black hole from its host cluster or even galaxy. In reality, such extreme inspirals should be very rare. Nonetheless, the astrophysical impact of kicks in less extreme inspirals could be astrophysically significant.

  8. Erosion and Sedimentation on the Carnegie Ridge, Eastern Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brooks, Caroline Kelly

    2014-11-17T23:59:59.000Z

    The Carnegie Ridge is an aseismic ridge that bounds the south flank of the Panama Basin. Dynamic sedimentation around Carnegie Ridge is shown by evidence of erosion, dissolution and re-deposition of pelagic sediments where erosive episodes have...

  9. Nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurita Fabre, Guillermo

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and Anderson (1978) noted a decrease of the dissolution effect on the calcium carbonate fluctuations, the productivity effect remaining the same. Moore and others (1973) studied the distribution of biogenic sediments in the Panama Basin. They found... no obvious correlation between the productivity pattern of the area and the distribution of calcium carbonate of the surface sediments, and concluded that the calcium carbonate distribution follows the bathymetry (dissolution pattern) of the Panama Basin...

  10. Climate regulation of fire emissions and deforestation in equatorial Asia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    different types of fire, with peat fires emitting up to fourof carbon released from peat and forest fires in IndonesiaM, Wo¨sten H, Page S (2006) PEAT-CO2: assessment of CO2

  11. Early Miocene Carbonate Dissolution in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wilson, Julia Keegan

    2014-11-19T23:59:59.000Z

    /321 and has been identified by seismic reflection throughout the region, indicating a large perturbation in the global carbon cycle at the time of its deposition. Using multi-element XRF data, we have determined that this event was caused by CaCO3 dissolution...

  12. Nannofossil biostratigraphy and paleoceanography of the eastern equatorial Pacific 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zurita Fabre, Guillermo

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    -interglacial periods. Preservation of assemblages and calcium carbonate content fluctuations suggest that dissolution variation during climatic cycles is the primary factor influencing the deposition of biogenic calcareous material in the area. Down- slope... of nannofossils and higher carbonate content below the base oxygen isotope stage 7 imply a long term effect of low dissolution probably due to less intense fluctuation of climatic cycles. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS My deepest thanks are due to Dr. Steve Gartner for his...

  13. Posters Comparison Between General Circulation Model Simulation and Central Equatorial

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:Energy: Grid Integration Redefining What's Possible forPortsmouth/Paducah Project Office PressPostdoctoraldecadal observations71

  14. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI ReferenceJumpEnergy InformationGrupo

  15. Papua New Guinea: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergyPapua

  16. Papua New Guinea Geothermal Region | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville, Georgia:Paper

  17. Guinea-Bissau: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: Energy

  18. Guinea-USAID Climate Activities | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are8COaBulkTransmissionSitingProcess.pdfGetec AG| Open Energy InformationGettopGuilford, Maine: EnergyForestry,

  19. The Right to Life with Dignity: Economic and Social Rights Respect in the World

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kolp, Felicity Ann

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Honduras Hungary IcelandGuinea Papua New Guinea Haiti Mozambique Pakistan AppendixSierra Leone Bhutan Chad Haiti Ethiopia Niger Somalia

  20. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Indonesia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial GuineaIndonesia

  1. Completed Projects Table 2015-02-09.xlsx

    Office of Environmental Management (EM)

    Remediation Soil and Water Remediation BRNL-0030 a 196 202 2005 2005 Yes Yes Yes Nuclear Facility Decontamination and Decommissioning-Brookhaven Graphite Research Reactor...

  2. Continuous Forcing Data, Darwin, Australia

    DOE Data Explorer [Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)]

    Jakob, Christian

    Long term, large scale continuous forcing data set for three complete wet seasons (2004-2005, 2005-2006 and 2006-2007) in Darwin, Australia.

  3. Nighttime Ionospheric D-region: Equatorial and Non-equatorial Neil R. Thomson,1 and Wayne M. McRae2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otago, University of

    ' ~ 85.0 km and sharpness ~ 0.63 km-1. These paths include NPM (Hawaii) to Washington DC, Omega Hawaii Hawaii to Dunedin, and NPM (Hawaii) to Dunedin. It is suggested that the effects of irregularities

  4. Politecnico di Milano Area Gestione Infrastrutture e Servizi Servizio Qualit di Ateneo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Congresso Metrologia & Qualità 2009 2009 Exploring the Meaning of Quality for a Higher Education Institution Metrologia & Qualità 2005 2005 Il controllo dei processi di misura ­ Applicazione in ambito universitario Metrologia & Qualità 2005 2005 Area Gestione Infrastrutture e Servizi Servizio Qualità di Ateneo #12

  5. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    w ? field at t = 80; (b) Wave energy flux p ? w ? across thethe shear layer is wave energy and not turbulence. ) Thestress u ? w ? and (f) wave energy flux p ? w ? . The

  6. Synoptic disturbances found in precipitable water fields north of equatorial Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Patla, Jason Eddy

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . Six case wind field composite analysis is accomplished with both actual winds and reduced shear winds (zonal mean removed at each latitude band). Case study analysis revealed a doppler shifted propagating Rossby Wave (k = 6, c =-5 m/sec) at 500h...

  7. Structure and variances of equatorial zonal circulation in a multimodel ensemble

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Zwiers · G. J. Boer · M. F. Ting Received: 16 August 2011 / Accepted: 16 April 2012 � Her Majesty Consortium, University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada G. J. Boer Canadian Centre for Climate Modeling and Analysis, Climate Research Division, Environment Canada, Victoria, BC, Canada M. F. Ting Lamont

  8. Turbulence and internal waves in numerical models of the equatorial undercurrents system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pham, Hieu T.

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    3805. Caulfield, C. P. & Peltier, W. R. 2000 The anatomy of1055. Sutherland, B. R. & Peltier, W. 1992 The stability ofSan Diego USA. Caulfield, C. P. & Peltier, W. R. 1994 Three

  9. Equatorial Pacific Sediment Deposition during the Early to Middle Miocene: Carbon Cycling and Proxies for Productivity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piela, Christine Marie

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    potentially linked to productivity: bio-Ba, bio-SiO?, Corg, CaCO?, and uranium, as well as detrital thorium to estimate clay-bound barium. Within this time frame the plate beneath Site 574 traveled northwesterly across the equator and allows a unique...

  10. Pit distribution in the equatorial region of Titan Kimberly A. Adams n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jurdy, Donna M.

    distribution and size to characterize these features and understand their formation. Chi-square analysis. However, analysis of the densest cluster of pits, a group of 50, shows a more random distribution. Fractal analysis and comparison with a same-sized random set find only a hint of linearity. A Poisson distribution

  11. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Niño Southern Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the reanalysis are used...

  12. The seasonal variation of the zonal velocity of the Atlantic Equatorial Undercurrent

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olling, Charles Randolph

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to the east) at 30 m based on 43 22 23 instrumental observations in the latitude band 0 15'N-0 15'S (om/s) . 44 Zonal velocity (positive to the east) at 50 m based on instrumental observations in the latitude band 0 15'R 0 15'S (cm.../s) . ~ ~ . ~ . . ~. . . ~ ~ ~ ~ . . ~ 45 Zonal velocity (positive to the east) at 80 m based on 24 instrumental observations in the latitude band 0 15'RM 15'S (om/s) ~ ~ Zonal velooity (positive to the east) at 100 m instrumental observations in the latitude band. 0 15'N 0 15'S (om/s...

  13. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    food web interactions in benthic deep-sea ecosystems: Aand the microbial food web. Deep-Sea Res. 35: 473-490. Na model planktonic food web. Deep- Sea Res. I 48: 95-123. J

  14. Do biomass burning aerosols intensify drought in equatorial Asia during El Niño?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tosca, M. G; Randerson, J. T; Zender, C. S; Flanner, M. G; Rasch, P. J

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    fication of drought-induced biomass burning in Indonesiavariability in global biomass burning emissions from 1997 toChemistry and Physics Do biomass burning aerosols intensify

  15. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    carbon to depth (e.g. Bruland and Silver 1981; Landry et al.flux of organic matter to the deep sea (Bruland and Silver1981; Silver and Bruland 1981; Pfannkuche and Lochte 1993).

  16. Tracking El Nio using optical indices of phytoplankton dynamics in the equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kurapov, Alexander

    waves are trapped on the equator by coriolis and cause downwelling. This causes the normal upwelling continued long enough to force the western Pacific warm pool east and shut down upwelling entirely weaken and then reverse causing Kelvin waves to propagate eastward across the open ocean. These Kelvin

  17. Biological control of vertical carbon flux in the California current and Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stukel, Michael Raymond

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and show that fecal pellet production could account for thethat lead to fecal pellet production of metazooplankton.leading to fecal pellet production by mesozooplankton.

  18. Decadal timescale shift in the 14C record of a central equatorial Pacific coral

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Grottoli, A; Gille, S; Druffel, Ellen R M; Dunbar, R

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    South-Central Pacific coral records. Geophysical Research1981. Radiocarbon in annual coral rings from the easterntemperature from banded coral records: implications for the

  19. Analysis of Upwelling Changes in the Eastern Equatorial Pacific during El Niño Southern Oscillation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Perugachi Salamea, Carlos

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    The ocean reanalysis Simple Ocean Data Assimilation (SODA) 2.2.4 is used to explore the changes in upwelling from normal conditions to either El Nino or La Nina conditions. Physical and thermodynamic variables from the ...

  20. Rotational effects in thermonuclear Type I Bursts: equatorial crossing and directionality of flame spreading

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cavecchi, Yuri; Levin, Yuri; Braithwaite, Jonathan

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In a previous study on thermonuclear (Type I) Bursts on accreting neutron stars we addressed and demonstrated the importance of the effects of rotation, through the Coriolis force, on the propagation of the burning flame. However, that study only analysed cases of longitudinal propagation, where the Coriolis force coefficient $2\\Omega\\cos\\theta$ was constant. In this paper, we study the effects of rotation on propagation in the meridional (latitudinal) direction, where the Coriolis force changes from its maximum at the poles to zero at the equator. We find that the zero Coriolis force at the equator, while affecting the structure of the flame, does not prevent its propagation from one hemisphere to another. We also observe structural differences between the flame propagating towards the equator and that propagating towards the pole, the second being faster. In the light of the recent discovery of the low spin frequency of burster IGR~J17480-2446 rotating at 11 Hz (for which Coriolis effects should be negligib...

  1. Influence of Midlatitude Winds on the Stratification of the Equatorial Thermocline* MASAMI NONAKA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    , Ekman pumping, and entrainment in the subpolar ocean are examined. The effects of a "sponge layer" adjacent to the northern boundary of the basin are also assessed. Solutions are forced by idealized zonal winds with strong or weak midlatitude westerlies, and they are found in rectangular basins that extend

  2. Oil and gas developments in central and southern Africa in 1987

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hartman, J.B.; Walker, T.L.

    1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant rightholding changes took place in central and southern Africa during 1987. Angola, Benin, Congo, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Mauritania, Seychelles, Somali Republic, Tanzania, Zaire, and Zambia announced awards or acreage open for bidding. Decreases in exploratory rightholdings occurred in Cameroon, Congo, Cote d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, and Tanzania. More wells and greater footage were drilled in 1987 than in 1986. Total wells increased by 18% as 254 wells were completed compared to 217 in 1986. Footage drilled during the year increased by 46% as about 1.9 million ft were drilled compared to about 1.3 million ft in 1986. The success rate for exploration wells in 1987 improved slightly to 36% compared to 34% in 1986. Significant discoveries were made in Nigeria, Angola, Congo, and Gabon. Seismic acquisition in 1987 was the major geophysical activity during the year. Total oil production in 1987 was 773 million bbl (about 2.1 million b/d), a decrease of 7%. The decrease is mostly due to a 14% drop in Nigerian production, which comprises 60% of total regional production. The production share of OPEC countries (Nigeria and Gabon) versus non-OPEC countries of 67% remained unchanged from 1986. 24 figs., 5 tabs.

  3. Tropical Africa: Land Use, Biomass, and Carbon Estimates for 1980 (NDP-055)

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Brown, S.

    2002-04-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This document describes the contents of a digital database containing maximum potential aboveground biomass, land use, and estimated biomass and carbon data for 1980. The biomass data and carbon estimates are associated with woody vegetation in Tropical Africa. These data were collected to reduce the uncertainty associated with estimating historical releases of carbon from land use change. Tropical Africa is defined here as encompassing 22.7 x 10{sup 6} km{sup 2} of the earth's land surface and is comprised of countries that are located in tropical Africa (Angola, Botswana, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Benin, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Gabon, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Liberia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mali, Mauritania, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), Rwanda, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Burkina Faso (Upper Volta), Zaire, and Zambia). The database was developed using the GRID module in the ARC/INFO{trademark} geographic information system. Source data were obtained from the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the U.S. National Geophysical Data Center, and a limited number of biomass-carbon density case studies. These data were used to derive the maximum potential and actual (ca. 1980) aboveground biomass values at regional and country levels. The land-use data provided were derived from a vegetation map originally produced for the FAO by the International Institute of Vegetation Mapping, Toulouse, France.

  4. Pathogenicity of a soil-derived Aspergillus fumigatus isolate for normal and immunosuppressed guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenyon, Elaina Marie

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ) recent or concurrent broad spectrum antibiotic therapy, and (5) acute leukemic relapse or organ transplant acute rejection (2). IPA has been most frequently reported secondary to hematologi c malignancies, parti cul arly acute lymphocytic leukemia... and acute myelogenous leukemi a (21). In one study of the records of 65 consecutive patients who died of leukemia, 15 percent were found to have had IPA (25). IPA has also been reported frequently in organ transplant patients undergoing intensi- fied...

  5. Characterization of guinea pig transfer factor collected by In vivo exposure to antilymphocyte gamma globulin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stewart, Robert Stanley

    1976-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Abbreviations used in this thesis; DNCB, 2, 4-dinitrochloro- benzene; KLH, keyhole limpet hemocyanin; DNFBp 2p4-dinitroflouro- benzene; DS, double stranded; SS, single stranded; BCG, Bacille Calmette-Guerin; PPD, purified protein derivative; ALS, anti..., 8, 10, 36-39), diphtheria toxoid (11), coccidioidin (13, 40-42), histoplasmin (13, 41, 42), keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) (38), Candida antigens (14), bacterial spores (40, 41. , , modified serum components (44), mumps virus, leprosy bacillus...

  6. T cell response to oral immunization with cow's milk proteins in guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chitla, Suhasini Reddy

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    is transported to the cell surface, where it is then accessible to the T cell. B cells, the precursors of antibody-secreting cells, can also present antigen to T cells, however macrophages probably play the predominant role as APC's in the initial or primary... of activation, In addition, macromolecules might gain access into the systemic circulation &om the gut lumen because of increased permeability of the mucosa after local anaphylaxis (52). There is no evidence that type II, or antibody-dependent, cytotoxicity...

  7. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    the fall of 1773, Samuel Johnson and James Boswell recordedto the Hebrides with Samuel Johnson, LL.D. (1785) reproduceLondon: Verso, 2007. Johnson, Samuel, and James Boswell. A

  8. Growth of New Guinea impatiens under no-leach drip irrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pannkuk, Timothy Richard

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the same fertility rate. In post-production studies following both experiments, all plants continued to grow and flower. In a third experiment, plants were grown under a no leach irrigation regime and the 12-3-4 fertility rate with six different media (peat...

  9. The response of New Guinea impatiens to varying salinity levels in a subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Todd, Nancy Morgan

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Subirrigation is an alternative irrigation method for greenhouse crops. Lack of leaching poses the problem of high salt buildup in the root zone. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of saline irrigation water on a greenhouse...

  10. Rabbit response to intravenously injected chicken and guinea pig gamma globulins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Butler, Thomas Milton

    1968-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    to obtain antisera for each gamma globulin. The injection material consisted of individual alum precipitated fluids prepared by mixing a 3. 0/ solution of the respec- tive gamma globulins and a 1% alum solution (KA1(SO4)2 ' 12H20) in a 1:1 ratio... and flocculating with a 0. 1N NaOH solution. One intravenous injection per day of the alum precipitated protein was given every other day for a total of three injections (the first injection was 1 ml. , the second 1. 5 ml. and the third 2. 0 ml. ). The animals...

  11. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Solomon Islands. Environmental Conservation 31:69-83.a dispute over environmental conservation projects betweenhorizons of environmental conservation projects between

  12. The growth of New Guinea impatiens with controlled-release fertilizer in a recirculating subirrigation system

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richards, Daphne Ladean

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    With concerns increasing over the supply and quality of water, pressure on greenhouse growers to use water and fertilizers more efficiently is also increasing. Controlled-release fertilizers (CRF) and recirculating subordination systems...

  13. Guinea Worm Advance Ghana has passed a milestone in its ef-

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Adams, Mark

    microfluidic chip) allows for early detection of infectious diseases in resource-limited and remote regions

  14. Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua New Guinea

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Two new species of Bennaria Melichar, 1914 (Hemiptera, Fulgoromorpha, Cixiidae, Bennini) from Papua's thesis dissertation ("Community structure of Au- chenorrhyncha (Hemiptera: Insecta) along an altitudinal

  15. Recognition and Strangeness in Marine Environmental Encounters on New Guinea's Far Western Coast /

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Ian Nicholas

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    5; Boellstorff 2002:29; Graeber 2001:45). My examination ofen Volkenkunde 150:23-145. Graeber, David 2001 Toward an

  16. A Quest for Insularity: Thomas Forrest's _Voyage to New Guinea, and the Moluccas_

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lorlertratna, Panida

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure Island. Ed. Wendy R. Katz.Louis Stevenson’s Treasure Island (1883). Ironically, thebeen marooned on the Treasure Island for years, is found on

  17. Papua New Guinea-ClimateWorks Low Carbon Growth Planning Support | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapalote

  18. Papua New Guinea-Low Emissions Asian Development (LEAD) Program | Open

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to: navigation, searchOfRoseConcernsCompanyPCN Technology Jump2011) |PanasonicPapaloteEnergy

  19. Papua New Guinea Improved Energy Access for Rural Communities | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,

  20. Papua New Guinea-Pilot Program for Climate Resilience (PPCR) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere I Geothermal Pwer PlantMunhall,Missouri:EnergyOssian, NewPalisades Park,Panthersville,Information

  1. Papua New Guinea-Lowering Emissions in Asia's Forests (LEAF) | Open Energy

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are being directedAnnual SiteofEvaluatingGroup |JilinLuOpenNorthOlympiaAnalysis) JumpPalcan s

  2. Salinity Inhabited by Age-0 Splittail (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus) as Determined by Direct Field Observation and Retrospective Analyses with Otolith Chemistry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Feyrer, Frederick; Hobbs, James; Sommer, Ted

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    F, Hobbs JA, Baerwald M, Sommer T, YinQ, Clark K, May BP,Fisheries Society Feyrer F, Sommer TR, Baxter R. 2005.2005:159–168. Feyrer F, Sommer T, Harrell W. 2006. Managing

  3. Montana State University College of Arts and Architecture

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxwell, Bruce D.

    and Architecture School of Architecture Outreach and Engagement 1976-Present 2004-2005 2005-2006 2005-Present 2007 Kukaiau Ranch: Architectural Stewardship Khumbu Climbing School Hyalite Pavilion Morocco: Sustainable

  4. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Petrochemical Industry - An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neelis, Maarten

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plant’s energy needs. Oil and gas journal, 10 February 1992.of distillation units. Oil and Gas Journal, 21 June, 1999.in Dutch). Oil and Gas Journal (2005). 2005 Worldwide

  5. active heparan sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    21 22 23 24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Current Biology, Vol. 15, 17011711, October 11, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016j.cub.2005.08.035 The...

  6. aberrant heparan sulfate: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Sheryl M. Greenberg; Philip Leder 1995-01-01 20 Current Biology, Vol. 15, 17011711, October 11, 2005, 2005 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. DOI 10.1016j.cub.2005.08.035 The...

  7. Fiscal Analysis and Land Use Policy in California: A Case Study of the San Jose Employment Land Conversion Analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elmer, Vicki; Thorne-Lyman, Abigail; Belzer, Dena

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    San Jose at a Glance. 2005-06 Proposed Operating Budget.City of San Jose, 2005-06 Adopted Budget Message. 2005,on April 6, 2004. ———. 2005. 2005-06 Adopted Budget Message.

  8. Energy Efficiency Improvement and Cost Saving Opportunities for the Petrochemical Industry - An ENERGY STAR(R) Guide for Energy and Plant Managers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neelis, Maarten

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    plant’s energy needs. Oil and gas journal, 10 February 1992.of distillation units. Oil and Gas Journal, 21 June, 1999.the Netherlands (in Dutch). Oil and Gas Journal (2005). 2005

  9. Variability of ozone in the marine boundary layer of the equatorial Pacific Ocean1 Xiao-Ming Hu1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thompson, Anne

    marine boundary layer of the Kwajalein Atoll, Republic of the Marshall Islands (latitude 8o 43'3 N al., 2000; Horowitz et al., 2003; Yang et13 al., 2005; von Glasow, 2008). Due to logistical

  10. A very oligotrophic zone observed from space in the equatorial Pacific warm pool1 Marie-Hlne Radenaca

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -Hélène Radenaca , Monique Messiéb , Fabien Légerc , and Christelle Boscd 3 a IRD/LEGOS, UMR5566, 14 avenue Edouard. Introduction44 45 The warm pool of the western tropical Pacific is a major component of the world climate46

  11. A very oligotrophic zone observed from space in the equatorial Pacific warm pool Marie-Hlne Radenac a,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    -Hélène Radenac a, , Monique Messié b , Fabien Léger c , Christelle Bosc d a IRD/LEGOS, UMR5566, 14 avenue Edouard tropical Pacific is a major component of the world climate machine because of strong air­sea interactions

  12. Off-equatorial chorus occurrence and wave amplitude distributions as observed by the Polar Plasma Wave Instrument

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    by competition among a host of accel- eration and loss processes [Shprits et al., 2008a, 2008b], and the relative contribution of individual processes is not fully understood. The role of wave-particle interactions involving

  13. Data Report: Oligocene Paleoceanography of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: Planktonic and Benthic Foraminifer Stable Isotope Results from Site 1218 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget, S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in both planktonic and benthic foraminifer ?13C between +0.32‰ and +1.67‰ and –0.18‰ and +1.09‰, respectively. There is an overall increase in ?18O though the record, toward heavier values in the late Oligocene....

  14. Data report: Oligocene paleoceanography of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: planktonic and benthic stable isotope results from Site 1218 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in both planktonic and benthic foraminifer ?13C between +0.32‰ and +1.67‰ and –0.18‰ and +1.09‰, respectively. There is an overall increase in ?18O though the record, toward heavier values in the late Oligocene....

  15. The Assessment and Calibration of Ensemble Seasonal Forecasts of Equatorial Pacific Ocean Temperature and the Predictability of Uncertainty

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jewson, S; Hagedorn, Rolf; Jewson, Stephen; Doblas-Reyes, Francisco; Hagedorn, Renate

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We evaluate the performance of two 44 year ensemble seasonal hindcast time series for the Nino3 index produced as part of the DEMETER project. We show that the ensemble mean carries useful information out to six months. The ensemble spread, however, only carries useful information out to four months in one of the models, and two months in the other.

  16. Tropical precipitation variability and convectively coupled equatorial waves1 on submonthly time-scales in reanalyses and TRMM2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander, M. Joan

    convection plays a vital role in global climate by driving large-scale circulation,41 releasing latent heat, modulating radiative forcing, and most importantly redistributing water in42 the earth system. Due to complex

  17. Combined Spatio-Temporal Impacts of Climate and Longline Fisheries on the Survival of a Trans-Equatorial

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , such as global warming or direct wildlife mortality, is increasingly relevant in our changing world. Due relevant human impacts for the sustainability of our oceans [1,2]. Due to the complexity of the

  18. Nitrate distribution in the equatorial Pacific during the 1997 El Nio: biological processes vs. vertical and horizontal physical processes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : the surface current is westward and the upwelling is re-activated. December 1997: it is about the peak · accurate reversal of surface currents associated with westerly wind bursts and Kelvin waves (fig. 2 to a new production decrease. fig. 3: ERS wind stresses and modeled surface NO3 along the equator. The long

  19. 20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise, equatorial Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilli, Adrian

    20 My of nitrogen fixation during deposition of mid-Cretaceous black shales on the Demerara Rise% in the sequences of ``black shales" that were deposited over a period of $20 million years. Similarly long periods. Although containing mostly marine organic matter, the black shales have TOC/TN molar ratios between 20

  20. Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Millier, Vicki Anne

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    trough to the west appears to move over the Andes, and by 0000 UTC 30 May the two cold troughs merged off the east coast of Argentina. The 850 mb wind field in the region (see ' Chapt. V. 2) indicates strong southerly winds at approximately 15-20 m... of Tehuantepec, and was upgraded to a depression at 1800 UTC 31 May. It moved westerly and then northwesterly until on 4 June it moved onshore 215 nrn west northwest of Acapulco. Between 31 May and 4 June the wind was reported to be between 25 and 80 kts...

  1. Micro-phytoplankton variability at the equatorial Pacific (140W?) during the JGOFS EQPAC Time Series Studies 1992

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iriarte, Jose Luis

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    March-April and October 1992, to find the vertical distribution of micro-phytoplankton taxa, and to relate any changes in the environmental factors to micro-phytoplankton structure. Cell abundance and carbon biomass of three major taxonomic classes...

  2. Micro-phytoplankton variability at the equatorial Pacific (140W?) during the JGOFS EQPAC Time Series Studies 1992 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iriarte, Jose Luis

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Micro-phytoplankton (>20 gm cell size) was sampled in the upper 200 m of the water column at the Pacific equator, 140'W, during two JGOFS EqPac Time Series Studies, in order to determine the changes in the micro-phytoplanlcton ...

  3. Response and impact of equatorial ocean dynamics and tropical instability waves in the tropical Atlantic under global warming

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Atlantic under global warming: A regional coupled downscaling study Hyodae Seo1,2 and ShangPing Xie1. Under global warming, both global and regional models exhibit an increased (decreased) rainfall thermal stratification is suggested to be more important under global warming. The strengthened upwelling

  4. Data Report: Oligocene Paleoceanography of the Equatorial Pacific Ocean: Planktonic and Benthic Foraminifer Stable Isotope Results from Site 1218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget, S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Southern Hemisphere. We investigate the Oligocene climate, using 54- m-long high-resolution benthic and planktonic foraminifer stable iso- tope records from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1218. Site 1218 (8?53.38?N, 135?22.00?W) is located... T2. Benthic foraminifer stable iso- tope data, p. 10. F3. Fine-fraction bulk isotopic analyses, p. 8. 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 ?13C (?) ?18O (?) Depth (rmcd) 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 C9n C9r Bulk...

  5. Data report: Oligocene paleoceanography of the equatorial Pacific Ocean: planktonic and benthic stable isotope results from Site 1218

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wade, Bridget S.; P??like, Heiko

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the Southern Hemisphere. We investigate the Oligocene climate, using 54- m-long high-resolution benthic and planktonic foraminifer stable iso- tope records from Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1218. Site 1218 (8?53.38?N, 135?22.00?W) is located... T2. Benthic foraminifer stable iso- tope data, p. 10. F3. Fine-fraction bulk isotopic analyses, p. 8. 1.0 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2.0 -0.6 -0.4 -0.2 0.0 0.2 0.4 0.6 ?13C (?) ?18O (?) Depth (rmcd) 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 C9n C9r Bulk...

  6. The effects of protein deprivation on alveolar immunity in BCG-vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kimball, Milton Scott

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Il OOH'IHOI Ie ~ I 52 CHOW Ie I) . 11140 j$ . 110ee . 10041 ONOO 04040 2 4 WEEKS POST CNALLENCE Figure 15. Ef'feet of' Diet on Rate of' Phagocytosis 36 oaa LEOEHO EKI v~ R HHO-vaoo . aaaa '? . aaa ~ , Oooo 2 4 WEEKS POST CHALLENGE...

  7. A COMPUTATIONAL ALGORITHM FOR COMPUTING NONLINEAR AUDITORY FREQUENCY SELECTIVITY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Allen, Jont

    published chinchilla and guinea-pig observations of basilar membrane and Reissner's membrane motion made Introduction Using observations in chinchilla and guinea pig preparations, we evaluate an algorithm

  8. Im Rahmen der Vorlesung Bank-und Kapitalmarktrecht veranstaltet der Lehrstuhl fr

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schubart, Christoph

    Papua New Guinea Saudi Arabia Singapore Spain Sweden United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States

  9. Subscribe to daily environment news

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McGraw, Kevin J.

    : Strong Quake Strikes Papua New Guinea, No Damage BELGIUM: Airlines, US Cool to EU Emissions Trading

  10. Eighth International Congress of The Brazilian Geophysical Society Pi1B pulsations at the South American equatorial zone during the 29 October 1994

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . It is generally accepted that they represent the ground signature of overhead ionospheric currents created observations from this event were published. Lui et al. (1996) reported ENA composition measurements from arc to the equator, and excitation of Pc4-5 geomagnetic pulsations. This paper concerns bursty

  11. The distribution of particulate matter in the Equatorial and Subtropical South Atlantic Ocean: evidence for sources, transport and sinks of particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berglund, Bret Lawrence

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    matter in the oceans (including Feely, 1975; Bishop et al. , 1977, 1978, 1980; Bishop and Biscaye, 1982; Gardner et al. , 1985a; Richardson, 1987). Generally, the component particles can be divided into three groupings based on their origin (adapted... from Tchernia (1980). nitrate and phosphate are published in the cruise reports [Oceanographic Data Facility (ODF), 1988a; b and c]. In the western basin of the study area, the water column can be divided into the following vertical sequences (from...

  12. Nanoplankton contributions to phytoplankton standing crop and primary productivity in the central equatorial Pacific (Sept./Oct. 1975; Feb./Mar. 1976)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Dean Alan

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Hasle (1959, 1976), Allen (1961), Semina ( 1968, 1969, 1971, and 1972), and Venrick et al. (1973) have attempted to describe species composition, as well as characterize distributional patterns of the phytoplankton communities found within the DOMES... spatially 24 and temporally. In oceanic waters coccolithophorids, naked flagel- lates, and monads tend to dominate the plankton (Hasle 1959; Hulburt 1970). Here, nanoplankton are generally reported to be more abundant and more productive than net...

  13. Nanoplankton contributions to phytoplankton standing crop and primary productivity in the central equatorial Pacific (Sept./Oct. 1975; Feb./Mar. 1976) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stockwell, Dean Alan

    1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of Hasle (1959, 1976), Allen (1961), Semina ( 1968, 1969, 1971, and 1972), and Venrick et al. (1973) have attempted to describe species composition, as well as characterize distributional patterns of the phytoplankton communities found within the DOMES... spatially 24 and temporally. In oceanic waters coccolithophorids, naked flagel- lates, and monads tend to dominate the plankton (Hasle 1959; Hulburt 1970). Here, nanoplankton are generally reported to be more abundant and more productive than net...

  14. Co-limitation of diatoms by iron and silicic acid in the equatorial Pacific Mark A. Brzezinski c,e,n

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maine, University of

    Universitaire Europe´en de la Mer, CNRS, Universite! Europe!enne de Bretagne Occidentale Brest, France a r t i c on macronutrient use, phytoplankton biomass and phytoplankton community structure. Silicon addition increased drawdown and biomass accumulation through the effect of Fe in promoting the growth of large diatoms

  15. Heterogeneity and Depositional Variability of Reef Sand Aprons: Integrated Field and Modeling of the Dynamics of Holocene Aranuka Atoll, Republic of Kiribati, Equatorial Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wasserman, Hannah

    2013-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    documented, the details of geomorphological and sedimentological patterns, and the physical oceanographical processes controlling sedimentological differentiation, are less well constrained. On isolated carbonate platforms, accumulation of reef-derived debris...

  16. Dipartimento di Informatica Universit`a del Piemonte Orientale "A. Avogadro"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Manzini, Giovanni

    , G., Muthukrishnan, S., December 2005. 2005-05 Policy Based Anonymous Channel, Egidi, L., Porcelli, G. 2004-08 Modelling a Secure Agent with Team Automata, Egidi, L., Petrocchi, M., July 2004. 2004-defined symbolic periodicities, Egidi, L., Terenziani, P., April 2004. 2004-05 RHENE: A Case Retrieval System

  17. Every Joule is Precious Carla Schlatter Ellis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Carla

    Goals /Metrics · Battery lifetime (hours) · Energy usage (by fixed task set) (Joules) · Energy * Delay lifetime Battery-powered Laptop Non-energy-aware general purpose applications Go Project #12;Indiana, February 2005© 2005, Carla Schlatter Ellis Energy for computing is an important

  18. New Approaches to Forest Monitoring using Remote Sensing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. Steininger, · Mark Carroll, · Charlene DiMiceli PNAS 2008 #12;#12;Tropical deforestation rates (2000Tropical deforestation rates (2000--2005)2005) Brazil and Indonesia confirmed as having theBrazil and Indonesia confirmed as having the highest rates of tropical deforestation.highest rates of tropical

  19. Copyright 2005 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE 2005

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Giurgiutiu, Victor

    Copyright © 2005 by ASME Proceedings of IMECE 2005 2005 ASME International Mechanical Engineering, Member ASME Department of Mechanical Engineering University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208 803 and powerful technique for structural health monitoring [2] . Using PWAS (piezoelectric wafer active sensor

  20. Effects of protein or zinc deficiency on cellular immunity in vaccinated and non-vaccinated guinea pigs with experimentally induced pulmonary listeriosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coghlan, Lezlee Helaine Graham

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    values Diet Interval A PCV(X) Interval 8 PCV(X) LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV 29. 883. 4 26. 1-2. 0 23. 722. 6* 27. 7?2. 5 31. 1?2. 4 29. 5-3. 0 23. 3?1. 3*, ? 30. 4-2. 4 C-V C-NV 30. 8-2. 0 28. 9?2. 4 31. 6-1. 3 29. 3-2. 0 Asterisk indicates a.../gram liver tissue Diet Interval A Interval 8 LZ-V LZ-NV LP-V LP-NV C-V C-NV 2. 08t0. 5 2. 21-0. 4 1. 72-0. 4 2. 40+-0. 8 2. 11t0. 9 2. 74+-0. 4 2. 28t0. 5 2. 22t0. 5 1. 90+-0. 5 3. 04-0. 8 2. 40t0. 6 2. 40=0. 5 Mean tSEM of 5-7 observations...

  1. Two ancient human genomes reveal Polynesian ancestry among the indigenous Botocudos of Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malaspinas, A.-S.; Lao, O.; Schroeder, H.; Rasmussen, M.; Raghavan, M.; Moltke, I.; Campos, P. F.; Santana Sagredo, F.; Rasmussen, S.; Gonçalves, V. F.; Albrechtsen, A.; Allentoft, M. E.; Johnson, P. L. F.; Li, M.; Reis, S.; Bernardo, D. V.; DeGiorgio, M.; Duggan, A. T.; Bastos, M.; Wang, Y.; Stenderup, J.; Moreno-Mayar, J. V.; Brunak, S.; Sicheritz-Ponten, T.; Hodges, E.; Hannon, G. J.; Orlando, L.; Price, T. D.; Jensen, J. D.; Nielsen, R.; Heinemeier, J.; Olsen, J.; Rodrigues-Carvalho, C.; Lahr, M. Mirazón; Neves, W.; Kayser, M.; Higham, T.; Stoneking, M.; Pena, S. D. J.; Willerslev, E.

    2014-11-03T23:59:59.000Z

    as follows: Africa: Bambaran, Dogon, YRI; Europe: CEU, Iraqi, Slovenian; EAsia: CHB, JPT, Thai, Mongolian; CSAsia: Kyrgyzstan, Nepalese, Pakistanis; Americas: Bolivian, Totonac; NewGuineaH: New Guinea Highlands. The reference panel includes around 820...

  2. The Effects of Tillage, Cropping and Fertilization on Extractable Soil Nutrients in Four Agro-Ecosystems in Ghana, West Africa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Davies, Benjamin

    2014-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Two experiments were conducted in four agro-ecosystems of Ghana: the coastal savannah, forest, forest-guinea savannah transition and guinea savannah. Experiment one assessed the effect of three tillage and four cropping treatments while experiment...

  3. South American Lowland moist Southern Cone societies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez-Carr, David

    -FOODS Cotton, sisal/hemp, rubber Tobacco, coca Indigo · ANIMALS Llama, alpaca (transport) Guinea pig, turkey

  4. Cell Reports Waves on Reissner's Membrane: A Mechanism

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reichenbach, Tobias

    in the gerbil, guinea pig, and chinchilla. The results are in accord with the theory and thus support a role

  5. Tuna-Dolphin-Bird Feeding Assemblages in the Galapagos Islands and Their Response to the Physical Characteristics of the Upper Water Column

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Johnston, Michelle

    2012-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    , regardless of season or ENSO index. High salinity, cold water west of Isla Isabela indicated topographic upwelling of the Equatorial Undercurrent. Tropical Surface Waters from the Panama Current were detected north of the Equatorial Front to the east...

  6. DOI: 10.1002/ejic.200700164 Chlorido-Bridged MnII

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gao, Song

    geometry sharing an equatorial-to-axial edge with parallel equatorial planes. The hydrogen bonds be,[3] dicyanamide,[4] and car- boxylate.[5] Ferromagnetic exchange coupling among these MnII compounds

  7. JOHN ERWIN DAMUTH Note: PDF files of refereed reprints can be obtained by contacting me at damuth@uta.edu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang, Zong-Liang

    : Sedimentology, v. 24, p. 143-148. 1977 Damuth, J.E.; Late Quaternary sedimentation in the western Equatorial of the Ceara Rise: Western Equatorial Atlantic: Sedimentology, v.26, p. 825-834. 1979 Da

  8. Ocean dynamics and thermodynamics in the tropical Indo- Pacific region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Drushka, Kyla

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Pacific Oceans . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .in the eastern tropical Pacific Ocean associated with thethe western equatorial Pacific Ocean. J. Geophys. Res. , 96,

  9. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    four weeks, equatorial SSTs were above-average across the Pacific and western Indian Ocean and below of the central and eastern Pacific. #12;Upper-Ocean Conditions in the Equatorial Pacific The basin-wide equatorial upper ocean (0-300 m) heat content is greatest prior to and during the early stages of a Pacific

  10. Oceanic Origins of Southwest Tropical Atlantic Biases

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xu, Zhao

    2013-05-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Oceanic General Circulation Model POP Parallel Ocean Program ROMS Regional Ocean Modeling System SEC South Equatorial Current SECC South Equatorial Counter Current SETA Southeast Tropical Atlantic SEUC South Equatorial UnderCurrent SLP Sea Level... SST bias ................................................................................... 5 1.3.2 SST bias in SETA ...................................................................................... 8 1.4 Objectives and Approach...

  11. asian populations levels: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  12. asian population predictors: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  13. asian population modified: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  14. asian population lessons: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  15. asian populations identifies: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    asymptomatic condition, that is widespread in Southeast Asian populations of Malasia, Indonesia, Papua New Guinea (more) Ziervogel, Cheryl Anne 2008-01-01 2 Population Total...

  16. International Migration and Human Rights: The Global Repercussions of U.S. Policy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martínez, Samuel

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Guinea, Guyana, Honduras, Kyrgyzstan, Libya, Mali, Mexico,including Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan,ee to Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, where there are large

  17. --No Title--

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland...

  18. automata theoretic model: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Luo-Rudy dynamic model of a guinea pig ventricular cell, and a model Grosu, Radu 39 Fortuna: Model Checking Priced Probabilistic Timed Automata Computer Technologies and...

  19. acute abdomen performed: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  20. acute subdural hematomas: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  1. acute subdural hematoma: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    and chronic disease (Q fever) in humans and infects many animals with varying clinical illness and persistence. A guinea pig aerosol-challenge model of acute Q fever......

  2. Phenotypic Plasticity in the Lungs of Deer Mice (Peromyscus maniculatus) at High Altitude and the Relationship With Aerobic Performance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shirkey, Nicholas Joseph

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Induced Mitogenic Factor in Lung With Vasoconstrictive andin growing dogs enhances lung diffusing capacity for oxygenJ. and Banchero, N. (1980). Lung morphometry in guinea pigs

  3. E-Print Network 3.0 - algeria iraq jordan Sample Search Results

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    East Timor Eritrea Ethiopia Haiti Iran Iraq - Kurdish Region Ivory Coast Lebanon Libya Saudi... elsewhere) Jordan Mauritania Niger North Korea Papua New Guinea Peru Qatar...

  4. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , of T lymphocytes in the guinea P~g T cell subsets bearing Fc receptors for IgG or IgM (TI or T cells, respectively) were detected using a double rosette assay. BCG vaccination of normally nourished guinea pigs resulted in a significant increase... 2 guinea pigs challenged by the respiratory route with virulent N. tuberculosis. . 68 xv LIST OF FIGVRES (Continued) Figure page 24. The influence of BCG vaccination on T gamma cells in the spleen of Strain 2 guinea pigs challenged...

  5. WHO REPORT ON THE GLOBAL TOBACCO EPIDEMIC, 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    WHO World Health Organization

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Malaysia*, Mauritius, Mongolia, Netherlands, New Zealand,Rica, Ecuador, Lebanon, Mongolia, Nepal, Papua New GuineaMalta, Marshall Islands, Mongolia*, Namibia, Nauru, Nepal*,

  6. Explaining the causes and consequences of internationally monitored elections

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hyde, Susan Dayton

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Maldives San Marino Bahamas Malta Sao Tome & PrincipePapua New Guinea, Bahamas*, Malta* Bolivia, Cyprus, Jamaica,Slovenia, Cape Verde*, Malta* Poland, Slovenia, Mongolia,

  7. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shahriar, Selim

    .28 Chinchilla $3.58 Gerbil $1.68 Ground Squirrel $1.53 Guinea Pig $2.33 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  8. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.36 Gerbil $1.57 Ground Squirrel $1.44 Guinea Pig $2.18 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $8

  9. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Staum, Jeremy

    .32 Chinchilla $3.69 Gerbil $1.73 Ground Squirrel $1.58 Guinea Pig $2.40 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  10. Center for Comparative Medicine N o r t h w e s t e r n U n i v e r s i t y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shull, Kenneth R.

    .26 Chinchilla $3.46 Gerbil $1.62 Ground Squirrel $1.48 Guinea Pig $2.25 Large Animals Per Animal, Per Day Cat $9

  11. TABLEAU 1 : CROISSANCE ET TAUX DE CHMAGE Croissance du PIB,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    -2005 2005 2004 2006 UE-12 2,7 1,4 100 4,5 8,4 NPM-8 4,2 3,8 2,4 52,9 12,0 12,0 Pologne 5,4 3,0 2,9 46,7 19 déséquilibres spécifiques des NPM-8. Mais la rigidité institutionnelle de l'UE rend toute réforme impossible enclines à être plus rigoureuses pour l'admission. Malgré une croissance vigoureuse, les NPM-8 sont loin d

  12. AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oxford, University of

    AFRICA ASIA SOUTH AMERICA Algeria Afghanistan Argentina Angola Armenia Bolivia Benin Azerbaijan Senegal Syria Seychelles Taiwan (Republic of China) Sierra Leone Tajikistan Somalia Thailand South Africa Kazakhstan Guinea Korea (North) Guinea-Bissau Korea (South) Kenya Kuwait Lesotho Kyrgyzstan Liberia Lao PDR

  13. Roles of Acetone and Diacetone Alcohol in Coordination and Dissociatio...

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    can form stable complexes, but that the effective number of atoms coordinating with uranium in the equatorial plane does not exceed five. Diacetone alcohol ligands are shown...

  14. Spatial and temporal variability of the dimethylsulfide to chlorophyll ratio in the surface ocean: an assessment based on phytoplankton group dominance determined from space

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to 1996): Evidence ofover the North Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 112,iron- induced Northeast Pacific Ocean bloom, Geophys. Res.

  15. Eddy correlation measurements of the air/sea flux of dimethylsulfide over the North Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marandino, C. A; De Bruyn, W. J; Miller, S. D; Saltzman, E. S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    radon over the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , 6,in the equatorial Pacific Ocean (1982 to 1996): Evidence ofover the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , Bates,

  16. A Spatial Deconvolution of Molecular Signals in Oceanic Dissolved Organic Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meador, Travis B

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1595-the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Karl, D. ,central equatorial Pacific Ocean, 1992: Daily and finescale

  17. A spatial deconvolution of molecular signals in oceanic dissolved organic matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meador, Travis Blake

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Limnol. Oceanogr. 47: 1595-the subtropical North Pacific Ocean. Nature 388: Karl, D. ,central equatorial Pacific Ocean, 1992: Daily and finescale

  18. atlantic ocean supplementary: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has been assessed. This area currents, which play an important role in the northwestern North Atlantic Ocean, cannot be resolved Drijfhout, Sybren 42 Equatorial currents...

  19. atlantic ocean table: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has been assessed. This area currents, which play an important role in the northwestern North Atlantic Ocean, cannot be resolved Drijfhout, Sybren 43 Equatorial currents...

  20. atlantic ocean: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    has been assessed. This area currents, which play an important role in the northwestern North Atlantic Ocean, cannot be resolved Drijfhout, Sybren 42 Equatorial currents...

  1. Geochemistry of Sedimentary Pore Fluids in Venice Lagoon, Results of the SIOSED Program from 2005-2007, A Background Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    equatorial Atlantic: suboxic diagenesis. Geochim. Cosmochim.Jahnke (1990). Early diagenesis in differing depositionalprocess involving the diagenesis of organic matter is iron

  2. Evolution of Bright Points, X-ray jets, their physical parameters

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : Equatorial extensions of polar coronal hole. EIS: The EUV imaging spectrometer. EIT: Extreme happens between open and close magnetic field at coronal hole boundaries. Transient brightening events (i

  3. Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Scientific and Technical Review for Near-Term Stationary Power Demonstration Projects, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Tim; Shah, Nihar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W. , “Non-Equatorial Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTC)1988. Tanner, D. , “Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Currentproduced by ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC) systems,

  4. Ammonia as an Alternative Energy Storage Medium for Hydrogen Fuel Cells: Scientific and Technical Review for Near-Term Stationary Power Demonstration Projects, Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lipman, Tim; Shah, Nihar

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    W. , “Non-Equatorial Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion (OTC)1988. Tanner, D. , “Ocean Thermal Energy Conversion: Currenthydrogen produced by ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC)

  5. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The influence of exogenous Il-2 on mitogen (Con A)-stimulated proliferation of blood lymphocytes from normal guinea pigs. 5. Production of Il-2 by lymphocytes from the blood and spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) or non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs 3-4 weeks.... rculosis recoverable from the spleen of BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV) tuberculous guinea pigs. . . . . . 52 X1V Figure 8. Number of viable N b cu osis recoverable page from the lung from BCG-vaccinated (Vacc) and non-vaccinated (NV...

  6. 4, 32853332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    ACPD 4, 3285­3332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone over Equatorial Africa B. Sauvage et al. Title Page and Physics Discussions Tropospheric ozone over Equatorial Africa: regional aspects from the MOZAIC data B Correspondence to: B. Sauvage (saub@aero.obs-mip.fr) 3285 #12;ACPD 4, 3285­3332, 2004 Tropospheric ozone over

  7. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . In the past week, SST anomalies have increased and are slightly above average across most of the Pacific Ocean in the Equatorial Pacific The basin-wide equatorial upper ocean (0-300 m) heat content is greatest priorW) and the eastern Pacific (90º-140ºW). #12;Weekly Central & Eastern Pacific Upper-Ocean (0-300 m) Average

  8. ENSO: Recent Evolution, Current Status and Predictions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ocean. Tropical rainfall is slightly enhanced over the western equatorial Pacific. Chance of El Niño Pacific Ocean. #12;Global SST Departures (oC) During the Last Four Weeks During the last four weeks negative across the Pacific and surrounding Indonesia. #12;Upper-Ocean Conditions in the Equatorial Pacific

  9. Mechanisms for the Interannual Variability of SST in the East Pacific Warm Pool KRISTOPHER B. KARNAUSKAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Karnauskas, Kristopher

    with the western and equatorial Pacific Ocean, relatively little is known about the east Pacific warm pool (EPWP model (OGCM) of the tropical Pacific Ocean and various atmospheric and oceanic observations are used correlation between SST in the EPWP and eastern equatorial Pacific is therefore explained not by ocean

  10. Local and remote impacts of a tropical Atlantic salinity anomaly Juliette Mignot

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Local and remote impacts of a tropical Atlantic salinity anomaly Juliette Mignot and Claude, the salinity increase leads to a rapid deepening and cooling of the surface mixed layer. This induces a deepening of the equatorial undercurrent and an intensication of the south equatorial current. A remote

  11. Weather Radar Monitoring using the Sun Iwan Holleman and Hans Beekhuis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stoffelen, Ad

    Weather Radar Monitoring using the Sun Iwan Holleman and Hans Beekhuis Technical Report, KNMI TR and azimuthal averaging 13 2.5 Corrected solar power 15 3 Position of the sun 17 3.1 Celestial sphere and equatorial coordinates 17 3.2 Equatorial coordinates of the sun 18 3.3 Conversion to elevation and azimuth 20

  12. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLIMATOLOGY Int. J. Climatol. 31: 15671572 (2011)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2010 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com) DOI: 10.1002/joc.2163 Short Communication and Environment Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea ABSTRACT: Using the climate change experiments that the off- equatorial precipitation and the associated equatorial westerlies play a seeding role

  13. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    2005. Bassey, Nnimmo. 2000. “Oil and Gas in Africa. ” Paperat the Gulf of Guinea Oil and Gas Conference. February 5 –6,Mercury from Discharges from Oil and Gas Platforms. http://

  14. http://web.utk.edu/~auerbach/Goldman.htm THE GOLDMAN DATA SET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Auerbach, Benjamin M.

    Autours Braives Ciply Trou Felix Canary Islands Unspecified Chile Tierra del Fuego Guinea New Britain Peru Cuzco Ancón Philippine Islands "Negrito" Russia Various locations Solomon Islands Unspecified South Africa "Bushman" Sudan El Kubanieh Kerma Sayala Toschke

  15. Supplement 17, Part 6, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Subject Headings And Treatment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Walker, Martha L.; Rayburn, Jane D.; Edwards, Shirley J.

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ; Coccidia oocysts) Arkansas. See United States, Arkansas. Armenia. See Russia, Aimenian SSR. Armies , Parasites Trypanosoma cruzi Mora Marquez, R., 1964. ? Venezuela Armies, Parasites Zuidema, P. J., 1963 b hookworm, Dutch servicemen West New Guinea...

  16. Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Scott, Christopher

    #12;Alternative Energy Technologies Solar Power Photovoltaics Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Power;Concentrating Solar Power (CSP) Reflector material is Aluminum or Silver Tube material ..... Several possible ............... Mexico, Canada, Peru Alumina ............Guinea, Brazil, Australia, Jamaica Manganese ....... S. Africa

  17. Crude Existence: The Politics of Oil in Northern Angola

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reed, Kristin

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    aimed at securing oil resources in the Gulf of Guinea (of (as yet unproven) oil resources in Angola (EIA 2008; Lylemost valuable natural resource: oil. But oil extraction—both

  18. China Energy Databook -- User Guide and Documentation, Version 7.0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fridley, Ed., David

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nicaragua Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Coal &Mexico Mongolia Morocco Mozambique Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Nigeria Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Coal &

  19. What We Know About Coyotillo

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  20. STRUCTURAL CLIMATE Chris Brierley UCL Geography

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    ) Movement of Indonesia and New Guinea c) Emergence of Isthmus of Panama d) Increase in Tropical Cyclones e by CO2 radiative forcing being generally greater over land. is *1.3, Fig. 3, bottom panel). Any

  1. What We Know About Coyotillo 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lyons, Robert K.; Machen, Richard V.

    2000-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Coyotillo is a toxic plant that has poisoned people, cattle, sheep, goats, guinea pigs, horses, swine and chickens. This publication describes the plant, lists symptoms of livestock poisoning and discusses preventive measures....

  2. Energy Upgrade Program Revitalizing Oregon | Department of Energy

    Broader source: Energy.gov (indexed) [DOE]

    areas. First to save The program needed a guinea pig to be the first to receive a free energy audit and found a willing participant in Key Carpets, a Molalla-based store...

  3. Modeling El Nin~o and its tropical teleconnections during the last glacial-interglacial cycle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Otto-Bliesner, Bette

    thermocline. Results suggest that proxy evidence of weaker precipitation variability in New Guinea and Ecuador, with atmospheric trace gases (CO2, CH4, N2O, CFCs) and solar constant set to values for 1990 AD [Otto- Bliesner et

  4. Incubating and Hatching Eggs 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cartwright, A. Lee

    2000-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    . Leaflet No. 519, ?Raising Guinea Fowl.? U.S. Department of Agriculture, U.S. Gov- ernment Printing Office. Circular 514, ?Raising Bobwhite Quail for Commercial Use.? Cooperative Extension Service, Clemson University. Leaflet 21046, ?Raising Game Birds...

  5. The effect of protein deficiency and M. bovis BCG vaccination on interleukin 2 activity in tuberculous ginea pigs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parr, Rebecca Lynne

    1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M. bovis BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A THESIS by REBECCA LYNNE PARR Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment... of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE December 1987 Major subject: Veterinary Microbiology THE EFFECT OF PROTEIN DEFICIENCY AND M~ BOVIS BCG VACCINATION ON INTERLEUKIN 2 ACTIVITY IN TUBERCULOUS GUINEA PIGS A Thesis by REBECCA LYNNE PARR...

  6. The influence of diet and vaccination on thymus-dependent (T) lymphocytes in experimental pulmonary tuberculosis 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bartow, Rebecca Ann

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    PPD-induced blastogenesis in vitro of peripheral blood lymphocytes obtained from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria Proliferative response in vitro... to Concanavalin A of peripheral blood lymphocytes isolated from BCG vaccinated (VACC) and non-vaccinated (NV) guinea pigs at weekly intervals following pulmonary challenge with virulent mycobacteria. . . . . . 44 I. ymphoproliferation in vitro to PPD of spleno...

  7. The effect of subsurface temperature variability on the predictability of SST in the tropical Atlantic Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bates, Susan Carr

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    were used in experiment 3. All variations reveal the same results; SST predictions are improved with the addition of subsurface variability in the equatorial region at longer lead times, while the north tropical and western regions show little...

  8. Global estimates of mineral dust aerosol iron and aluminum solubility that account for particle size using diffusion-controlled and surface-area-controlled approximations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the northwest Pacific Ocean: Results from the 2002 IOCin the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 383, 508–511. Boyd,log scale, and (d) in the Pacific Ocean on log scale. Dashed

  9. Optimization and sensitivity of a global biogeochemistry ocean model using combined in situ DIC, alkalinity, and phosphate data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kwon, Eun Young; Primeau, Francois

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    anthropogenic CO 2 in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem.dissolution in the Pacific Ocean, Global Biogeochem. Cycles,PO 4 ] in the equatorial Pacific Ocean by approximately 70%.

  10. Carbon isotope ratios of organic compound fractions in oceanic suspended particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hwang, Jeomshik; Druffel, Ellen R. M

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the northeast Pacific Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 101,slope to the abyssal NE Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. , Partwaters of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Deep Sea Res. , Part

  11. Oceanic alkyl nitrates as a natural source of tropospheric ozone

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Neu, Jessica L; Lawler, Michael J; Prather, Michael J; Saltzman, Eric S

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during Saga 3, J. Geophys.the troposphere over the Pacific Ocean during PEM- Tropics Ain the tropical Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 32,

  12. Ann. Geophys., 24, 21912200, 2006 www.ann-geophys.net/24/2191/2006/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    to the database and conse- quently a newer version of the IRI model, containing updated CCIR and URSI sub and compared with IRI- 2001 predictions. PAL is located near the equatorial ion- ization anomaly (EIA) trough

  13. Evidence for a Weak Iron Core at Earth's Center

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Iron Core at Earth's Center Print Seismic waves that pass through the center of the Earth travel faster going from pole to pole than along the equatorial plane-why? One theory...

  14. Mechanisms controlling dissolved iron distribution in the North Pacific: A model study

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    latitude sites in the Pacific?Ocean, J. Geophys. Res. , 96 (of the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 371(6493), 123–129,and western North Pacific Ocean, Geophys. Res. Lett. , 33,

  15. Sedimentary and mineral dust sources of dissolved iron to the world ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, J. K; Braucher, O.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the tropi- cal Pacific Ocean II. Iron biogeochemistry,in the Northeast Pacific Ocean Gyre: Aerosols, iron, and theF. M. M. : The equatorial Pacific Ocean: Grazer-controlled

  16. Alkyl nitrate (C 1 -C 3 ) depth profiles in the tropical Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dahl, E. E; Yvon-Lewis, S. A; Saltzman, E. S

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Experiment (WOCE), vol. 2, Pacific Ocean DRAFT, edited by M.over the equatorial Pacific Ocean during SAGA 3, J. Geophys.the troposphere over the Pacific Ocean during PEM- Tropics A

  17. Influence of atmospheric nutrients on primary productivity in a coastal upwelling region

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    in the northwest Pacific Ocean: Results from the 2002 IOCmarine aerosols over the Pacific Ocean, J. Atmos. Chem. , 4,in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, Nature, 383, 495–501.

  18. Re-Os geochronology and coupled Os-Sr isotope constraints on the Sturtian snowball Earth

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dudas, Francis O.

    After nearly a billion years with no evidence for glaciation, ice advanced to equatorial latitudes at least twice between 717 and 635 Mya. Although the initiation mechanism of these Neoproterozoic Snowball Earth events has ...

  19. Annales Geophysicae (2004) 22: 32033209 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2004-22-3203

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    " Abstract. We present measurements of the equatorial mid- dle ultraviolet airglow taken during the week to mid- dle latitudes and influence the production and loss of iono- spheric plasma. As the magnetic

  20. Investigation of the Dynamical, Macrophysical and Radiative Properties of High Clouds Combining Satellite Observations and Climate Model Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Yue

    2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    This dissertation investigates three topics concerning high clouds: 1) convectively coupled equatorial wave (CCEW) signals derived from cloud top temperature (CTT) and cirrus optical thickness retrieved from satellite observations; 2) investigation...

  1. american tropical cyclone: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    24 25 Next Page Last Page Topic Index 21 Cross-equatorial influences of a South American cold surge on the development of two eastern North Pacific tropical cyclones Texas A&M...

  2. Pervasive poleward shifts among North American bird species

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peterson, A. Townsend; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Climate change is expected to influence species’ geographic distributions in the form of poleward and upward range expansion combined with extirpations from the equatorial and downslope sides of the distribution, but such shifts observed to date...

  3. Baroclinic Instability and Loss of Balance M. Jeroen Molemaker and James C. McWilliams

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yavneh, Irad

    scales, as well as important smaller mesoscale flows in equatorial and lateral boundary currents, and its princi- pal instability modes also occur on the mesoscale. All of these circulation elements

  4. atmospheric pressure cold: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    equatorial cold tongue mode attains its maximum Haak, Hein 16 FLOWS OF MASS, MOMENTUM AND ENERGY IN THE SOLAR ATMOSPHERE A SOHOORIENTED VIEW OF COLD LOOPS Physics Websites Summary:...

  5. Precipitation Hydrometeor Type Relative to the Mesoscale Airflow in Oceanic Deep Convection of the Madden-Julian Oscillation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Houze Jr., Robert A.

    1 Precipitation Hydrometeor Type Relative to the Mesoscale Airflow in Oceanic Deep located relative to mesoscale air motions Heavy rain and riming occur downstream of mesoscale Abstract Composite analysis of near-equatorial oceanic mesoscale convective systems (MCSs

  6. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 10, 1101711096, 2010 www.atmos-chem-phys.net/10/11017/2010/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Meskhidze, Nicholas

    and Papua New Guinea, is one of the most heavily populated regions of the world. Biofuel and biomass burning hydrological cycle, in particular the mountain cryospheric reservoirs and the fresh water supply, which in turn hundred scientists from around the world gathered in the Maldives, located in the northern Indian Ocean

  7. Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison-dart frogs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Melyrid beetles (Choresine): A putative source for the batrachotoxin alkaloids found in poison a Colombian poison-dart frog and later found in certain passerine birds of New Guinea. Neither vertebrate in the mid-1960s in skin extracts from a Colombian poison-dart frog (family Dendrobatidae) (1, 2). The name

  8. RESEARCH Open Access Application of satellite precipitation data to

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ebert, Beth

    and epizootic in other parts of Australia. Activity of MVEV in Western Australia (WA) is monitored by detection, Curtin University, GPO Box U1987, Perth, Western Australia 6845, Australia Full list of author virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus. MVEV is enzootic in northern Australia and Papua New Guinea

  9. Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Royal Holloway, University of London

    Palaeomagnetic data from a Mesozoic Philippine Sea Plate ophiolite on Obi Island, Eastern Indonesia exposed on Obi Island, eastern Indonesia. Until the late Neogene, Obi formed part of the southern tectonic history of eastern Indonesia and northern New Guinea has been dominated by the punctuated

  10. For Release: 9:20 a.m. PST, January 9, 2007 CHANDRA X-RAY TELESCOPE DISCOVERS COMPANION TO BRIGHT STAR IN THE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, David

    : Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea, and Samoa. The companion star was discovered accidentally the highly supersonic stellar winds of hot, luminous stars produce x-rays, and we were surprised to see two that of the Sun, is very luminous (giving off about 34,000 times as much energy as our Sun every second

  11. Dietary alteration of the interaction between alveolar macrophages and lymphocytes in experimental tuberculosis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhang, Xiaotong

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    To study the interaction of alveolar macrophages (AM) and splenocytes (SC) and the dietary effects on the interaction of AM and SC in a guinea pig model of pulmonary tuberculosis, the ConA-induced proliferation of SC was quantified under various...

  12. 2012 Graduate Destination Report for ANU Joint College of Science

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Arab Emirates 1 1 United Kingdom, nfd 1 1 United States of America 3 3 Total 133 35 43 211 31 193 Canada 2 2 England 1 1 Germany 5 5 New Zealand 1 1 Papua New Guinea 1 1 Philippines 1 1 United

  13. Interview of Les Hiatt

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hiatt, Les

    2005-08-24T23:59:59.000Z

    at Elephant and Castle then returned to a lectureship at Sydney in 1965 42:41:03 Continued to go back to Maningrida for next 45 years; did think about establishing another field area; went to New Guinea for a few months and for five months on the east coast...

  14. Identification of optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blessington, Trisha R.

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of this research was to determine the optimum potassium nutrition of greenhouse plants grown in recirculating subirrigation. New Guinea impatiens 'Ovation Salmon Pink Swirl' were grown in recirculating subirrigation trays using 0 -12 mM K, with constant 1.5 mM P...

  15. Pleasenotethatthisisanauthor-producedPDFofanarticleacceptedforpublicationfollowingpeerreview.Thedefinitivepublisher-authenticatedversionisavailableonthepublisherWebsite Marine Geology

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    .margeo.2006.11.002 © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved Archimer, archive institutionnelle de l al., 2004; Urgeles et al., 2006 among others). Thanks to oil industry exploration, numerous studies construction have been carried out on the Norwegian Margin, in the Gulf of Guinea and the Gulf of Mexico

  16. Geological Modeling of Dahomey and Liberian Basins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gbadamosi, Hakeem B.

    2010-01-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The objective of this thesis is to study two Basins of the Gulf of Guinea (GoG), namely the Dahomey and the Liberian Basins. These Basins are located in the northern part of the GoG, where oil and gas exploration has significantly increased...

  17. Supplement 15, Parasite-Subject Catalogue: Hosts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Humphrey, Judith M.; Segal, Dorothy B.; Beard, Mary I.; Edwards, Shirley J.; Kirby, Margie D.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 289 Persia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 272, 277 all from Angola Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 283 French Guinea Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 British Somaliland, Upper Egypt, Abyssinia Jack, K. M., 1962 a, 287 Kurdistan, Cyprus, South...

  18. Agreements --General/Regional 171 GENERAL/REGIONAL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wolf, Aaron

    ; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Slovakia; Spain; Sweden; Switzerland; Ukraine New Guinea; Paraguay; Peru; Philippines; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Russian Federation; Senegal of the Atomic Energy (EURATOM) Date TreatyBasin Signatories TreatyName April 11, 1910 Aden Aden; Great Britain

  19. Farmer on a farm in the Moamba district. the jatropha trap?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Palestine, Papua New Guinea, Paraguay, Peru, Philippines, Poland: basic facts and uses 10 1.2 agriculture and mozambique's lack of food and energy sovereignty 10 1.1 energem renewable energy 19 4.2 esv bio africa 21 4.3 sun biofuels and moçamgalp 22 thejatrophatrap

  20. CRC handbook of agricultural energy potential of developing countries. Volume I

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duke, J.A.

    1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The contents of this book are: Introduction, Argentina, Bangladesh, Benin, Bolivia, Botswana, Bourkina (Upper Volta), Brazil, Burma, Burundi, Cameroon, Chad, Chile, Columbia, Costa Rica, Djibouti, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, El Salvador, Ethiopia, French Guiana, Gambia, Ghana, Guatemala, Guinea, Guyana, Haiti, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Jamaica, Appendix I. Conventional and Energetic Yields, Appendix II, Phytomass Files, and References.

  1. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 180 PRELIMINARY REPORT ACTIVE CONTINENTAL EXTENSION IN THE WESTERN WOODLARK BASIN, PAPUA NEW GUINEA Dr. Philippe Huchon CNRS, Laboratoire de Géologie �cole Normale Supérieure and Technology University of Hawaii at Manoa 2525 Correa Road Honolulu, HI 96822-2285 U.S.A. Dr. Adam Klaus Ocean

  2. Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 Unraveling the conundrum of river response to rising sea level

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Parker, Gary

    Part I of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 1 Unraveling the conundrum of river of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 2 Fly-Strickland River system, Papua New Guinea to Holocene of Manuscript submitted to Sedimentology, May, 2006 3 Mississippi River was able to resist drowning due to sea

  3. WORK PROGRAMME 2010 COOPERATION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Milano-Bicocca, Università

    Argentina2 UM Guinea-Bissau L Niue UM Bolivia LM Kenya L Palau UM Brazil2 ** LM Lesotho LM Papua New L Chile of the European Neighbourhood Policy (ENP). 4 Until the country becomes Associated to FP7 5 As defined by UNSC

  4. 3-D Simulations of Ergospheric Disk Driven Poynting Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brian Punsly

    2007-04-05T23:59:59.000Z

    This Letter reports on 3-dimensional simulations of Kerr black hole magnetospheres that obey the general relativistic equations of perfect magnetohydrodynamics (MHD). In particular, we study powerful Poynting flux dominated jets that are driven from dense gas in the equatorial plane in the ergosphere. The physics of which has been previously studied in the simplified limit of an ergopsheric disk. For high spin black holes, $a/M > 0.95$, the ergospheric disk is prominent in the 3-D simulations and is responsible for greatly enhanced Poynting flux emission. Any large scale poloidal magnetic flux that is trapped in the equatorial region leads to an enormous release of electromagnetic energy that dwarfs the jet energy produced by magnetic flux threading the event horizon. The implication is that magnetic flux threading the equatorial plane of the ergosphere is a likely prerequisite for the central engine of powerful FRII quasars.

  5. Establishment of the new Ecuadorian solar physics phenomena division

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lopez, Ericson D

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Crucial physical phenomena occur in the equatorial atmosphere and ionosphere, which are currently understudied and poorly understood. Then, scientific campaigns for monitoring equatorial region are required, which will provide the data for analyzing and creating adequate models. Ecuador is located in strategic geographical position where these studies can be performed, providing data for the scientific community working for understanding the nature of these physical systems. The Quito Astronomical Observatory of National Polytechnic School is working in this direction, promoting research in Space Sciences for studying the equatorial zone. With the participation and valuable collaboration of international initiatives like AWESOME, MAGDAS, SAVNET and CALLISTO, the Quito Observatory is creating a new space physics division on the basis of the International Space Weather Initiative. In this contribution, the aforementioned initiative is presented inviting leaders from others scientific projects to deploy their in...

  6. East-west faults due to planetary contraction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Beuthe, Mikael

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Contraction, expansion and despinning have been common in the past evolution of Solar System bodies. These processes deform the lithosphere until it breaks along faults. The type and orientation of faults are usually determined under the assumption of a constant lithospheric thickness, but lithospheric thinning can occur at the equator or at the poles due either to latitudinal variation in solar insolation or to localized tidal dissipation. Using thin elastic shells with variable thickness, I show that the equatorial thinning of the lithosphere transforms the homogeneous and isotropic fault pattern caused by contraction/expansion into a pattern of faults striking east-west, preferably formed in the equatorial region. By contrast, lithospheric thickness variations only weakly affect the despinning faulting pattern consisting of equatorial strike-slip faults and polar normal faults. If contraction is added to despinning, the despinning pattern first shifts to thrust faults striking north-south and then to thrus...

  7. ABSTRACT: A study of the influence of climate variability on streamflow in the southeastern United States is presented. Using a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Piechota, Thomas C.

    for two Suwannee River stations. The forecast system provided an improved forecast for ENSO years) 40(2):523-532. INTRODUCTION The progress in monitoring global climate condi- tions has led scale warming or cooling of the central-eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean with the Southern Oscillation

  8. ELSEVIER Journal of Hydrology180(1996)31-53 Groundwater recharge in the Victoria Nile basin of east

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Peter JS

    in the Victoria Nile basin of east Africa: support for the soil moisture balance approach using stable isotope;revisionaccepted24 August 1995 Abstract Across equatorial Africa, increasing demand for groundwater has raised. In recent studies undertaken in the Aroca catchment of the Victoria Nile basin in central Uganda, the timing

  9. Annales Geophysicae (2004) 22: 27472763 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2004-22-2747

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    on the geomagnetic lati- tude is studied. Key words. Ionosphere (equatorial ionosphere; electric fields and currents Union 2004 Annales Geophysicae Comparison of the measured and modeled electron densities, and electron at Shigaraki (34.85 N, 136.10 E, Japan) during the 19­21 March 1988 geomagnetically quiet time pe- riod

  10. Ann. Geophys., 25, 15431554, 2007 www.ann-geophys.net/25/1543/2007/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    Introduction When either a magnetic observatory or a satellite records a geomagnetic field measurement computed for these intervals using the CHAOS model to remove core and crustal geomagnetic contributions. Un the Equatorial Electro-Jet (EEJ) and solar quiet (Sq) current systems. Although no clear compo- nent or temporal

  11. 2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved. Eos, Vol. 94, No. 42, 15 October 2013

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Torgersen, Christian

    the strength of the magnetospheric equatorial ring current; Dst is the standard measure of overall global. The auroral electrojet index, AE, measures the strength of electric currents in the high-latitude auroral oval institutes have also helped to expand global geomagnetic moni- toring capacity, most notably by assisting

  12. Letter to the editor Electric eld uctuations (2535 min) in the midnight dip

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    . Measurements with a HF Doppler sounder at Kodaikanal (10.2°N, 77.5°E, geomagnetic latitude 0.8°N) showed- etary magnetic ®eld (IMF), in geomagnetic H/X com- ponents at high-mid latitude locations both and currents; equatorial ionosphere; ionosphere-magnetosphere interactions) Introduction DP2 is a global

  13. Annales Geophysicae (2005) 23: 385391 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-385

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Balsley (1969) measured electron drift velocities in the equatorial electrojet. He found that the current of Geomagnetic Sta- tions). Often the Sq current whorl was clearly seen in plots of the results from Union 2005 Annales Geophysicae Morning quiet-time ionospheric current reversal at mid to high latitudes

  14. UPWELLING IN THE COSTA RICA DOME BY KLAUS WYRTKI

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . This current, the Costa Rica Coastal Current, and parts of the North Equatorial Current form a cyclonic circu'the horizontal circula~ion. The upwelling in the dome is caused by the cyclonic flow around the dome. When survey a deep-reaching" eddy transporting lOX 1018 cm.a/sec. "appeared to be separated and to drift north

  15. A regional climate model study of how biomass burning aerosol impacts land-atmosphere interactions over the Amazon

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chin, Mian

    wind divergence in the southern Amazon and anomalous wind convergence over the equatorial western radiation, consequently changing the surface energy and water fluxes, the atmospheric thermo- dynamic, Rainfall, and Climate (LBA-SMOCC), Smoke/Sulfates, Clouds and Radiation-Brazil (SCAR-B), ground based

  16. A global picture of the seasonal persistence of stratospheric ozone anomalies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wirosoetisno, Djoko

    A global picture of the seasonal persistence of stratospheric ozone anomalies 1234567 89A64BC7DEF72 ozone anomalies S. Tegtmeier,1,2 V. E. Fioletov,1 and T. G. Shepherd3 Received 13 August 2009; revised in vertical profiles of stratospheric ozone, in both equatorial and extratropical regions, have been shown

  17. March 21-22, 2006 HAPL meeting, ORNL Status of Chamber and Blanket Effort

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raffray, A. René

    Spectra Spectra in a 10.75 m Chamber #12;March 21-22, 2006 HAPL meeting, ORNL 5 Smoothness of Plot of Ion Plates Estimated for Cone-Shaped Chamber · Duck bill configuration assumed for the equatorial ion dumpMarch 21-22, 2006 HAPL meeting, ORNL 1 Status of Chamber and Blanket Effort A. René Raffray UCSD

  18. Lagrangian study of the Panama Bight and surrounding regions Alexis Chaigneau,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    South Equatorial Current (SEC). We do not observe significant modification of the mean surface and zonally enhanced in the direction of the mean currents. The typical integral time and length scales system is strongly influenced by the topography of the Central Amer- ican continent. The Central American

  19. DECEMBER 2002 2889F U E T A L . 2002 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Li, Tim

    climatological intraseasonal oscillation (CISO) in comparisons of the results from a stand-alone ECHAM4 the equator) intensified (reduced). These two rainbelts are connected by the northward-propagating CISOs negative feedback also diminishes the excessive CISO variability in the equatorial Indian Ocean

  20. OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 199 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 199 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS PALEOGENE EQUATORIAL TRANSECT Dr. Mitchell __________________ Dr. Jack Baldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery Drive

  1. December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    December 2001 OCEAN DRILLING PROGRAM LEG 203 SCIENTIFIC PROSPECTUS DRILLING AT THE EQUATORIAL -------------------------------- Dr. Jack Bauldauf Deputy Director of Science Operations Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University. Acton Leg Project Manager and Staff Scientist Ocean Drilling Program Texas A&M University 1000 Discovery

  2. Runion OGOA, 23-24 mai 2013, session : Atmosphre P. Maury (LMD)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the gravity waves due to convection and impact on the equatorial stratosphere P. Maury, L. Guez, and F. Lott (QBO), and to improve the Semi-Annual Oscillation (SAO). 1. Lott, F., L. Guez, and P. Maury 2012Réunion OGOA, 23-24 mai 2013, session : Atmosphère P. Maury (LMD) A stochastic parameterization

  3. Influence of the tropical Atlantic versus the tropical Pacific on Caribbean rainfall

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    . Taylor Department of Physics, University of the West Indies, Mona, Jamaica David B. Enfield Physical); KEYWORDS: Caribbean, rainfall, El Nin~o, tropical Atlantic, warm pool, model Citation: Taylor, M. A., D. B the two equatorial oceanic basins. Oppositely signed SST anomalies in the NINO3 region and the central

  4. S53juNE 2010STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2009 | 3. GLOBAL OCEANS--J. M. Levy, ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Khatiwala, Samar

    's energy budget. · Ocean heat fluxes played a dual role in the dynamics of large-scale SST anomalies Niño a considerable build up of heat was observed in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global integrals of upper-ocean heat content for the last several years have reached values consistently higher

  5. S53JULY 2010STATE OFTHE CLIMATE IN 2009 | 3. Global oceans--J. M. Levy, Ed.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    's energy budget. · Ocean heat fluxes played a dual role in the dynamics of large-scale SST anomalies. Heat Niño a considerable build up of heat was observed in the upper equatorial Pacific Ocean. Global integrals of upper-ocean heat content for the last several years have reached values consistently higher

  6. Annales Geophysicae, 23, 12711280, 2005 SRef-ID: 1432-0576/ag/2005-23-1271

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    , Australia 2CRC for Satellite Systems, Australia Received: 14 October 2004 ­ Revised: 10 March 2005 for propagation of Pc3­4 energy from the generation region at the bow shock to the high-latitude ionosphere remain produced in the upstream solar wind travel earthward from the magnetopause in the magnetic equatorial plane

  7. ALEXANDER PERLIN Research Scientist

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    form drag from seafloor pressure measurement". Puget Sound, WA. June 2010: R/V Wecoma/V Clifford Barnes. "Direct estimation of topographic form drag from seafloor pressure measurement". Puget seafloor pressure measurement". Puget Sound, WA. October-November 2008: R/V Wecoma. " Equatorial Internal

  8. Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Henderson, Gideon

    Oil and Gas CDT Cenomanian-Turonian Palaeoenvironments of NE Brazil Margin University of Birmingham, biostratigraphy, Brazil, Cretaceous Overview The Late Cretaceous stratigraphy of the Equatorial margin of North East Brazil holds a unique record of the final stages of the opening of the South Atlantic. During

  9. 3708 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 Retrieval of Atmospheric Water Vapor Density With

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Reising, Steven C.

    3708 IEEE TRANSACTIONS ON GEOSCIENCE AND REMOTE SENSING, VOL. 47, NO. 11, NOVEMBER 2009 Retrieval, remote sensing, water vapor. Manuscript received November 1, 2008; revised May 2, 2009 and August 8, 2009 the latent heat of vaporization is a principal mechanism for the transport of energy from the equatorial

  10. A coupled model study of the remote influence of enso on tropical Atlantic sst variability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fang, Yue

    2006-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    stage one in this region. In general, the horizontal advection of heat plays a secondary role in the SST response to the remote influence of ENSO, except in the regions where the North Equatorial Countercurrent (NECC) dominates and the SST variability...

  11. Modeling suggests that oblique extension facilitates rifting and continental break-up

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kaus, Boris

    Modeling suggests that oblique extension facilitates rifting and continental break-up Sascha Brune; accepted 5 June 2012; published 2 August 2012. [1] In many cases the initial stage of continental break-up was and is associated with oblique rifting. That includes break-up in the Southern and Equatorial Atlantic, separation

  12. Triassic-Jurassic faunal and floral transition in the Fundy Basin, Nova

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Olsen, Paul E.

    outcrops, exposures, cores, and fossils that provide important new clues about the major features of polar ice (Frakes, 1979), this "hot house" world is marked by coal deposition in polar and equatorial through the Gulf of Mexico in the ~40 m.y. preceding the Jurassic opening of the central Atlantic Ocean

  13. Draft version October 29, 2004 Preprint typeset using LATEX style emulateapj

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    rotating magnetized star, the centrifugal force at the magnetospheric radius may be larger than the gravitational force. In this case the magnetosphere acts as a "propeller" pushing away incoming matter (David forming the low- density, azimuthally wrapped equatorial magnetic wind. At the same time, some matter

  14. Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological LaboratoryNovember-December 2009 Volume 13, Number 6 AOML is an environmental research laboratory of NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    is an environmental research laboratory of NOAA's Office of Oceanic and Atmospheric Research located on Virginia KeyAtlantic With an estimated 40% of the carbon dioxide (CO2 ) from fossil fuels having entered the oceans since the start studies in the Atlantic and equatorial Pacific performed by NOAA researchers and their affiliates. Carbon

  15. AFFILIATIONS: KLOTZBACH AND GRAY--Department of Atmo-spheric Science, Colorado State University, Fort Collins, Colorado

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gray, William

    of Hurricane Andrew (1992; National Climatic Data Center 2004). Five of the six intense or major (Saffir Atlantic basin hurricane season is attributed to two primary features: a strong Atlantic equatorial trough and steering currents that caused hurricanes to track westward across the U.S. coastline. According to best

  16. REFEREED PUBLICATIONS: Mark L. Morrissey

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

    : An Investigation of the Consistency of TAO Buoy-mounted Capacitance Rain Gauges along the Equatorial Tropical, 2012, Estimated Changes in Wind Speed and Wind Power Density over the Western High Plains,1971, 2012: Projected Future Wind Speed and Wind Power Density Trends over the Western U.S.High Plains

  17. Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 311335, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/311/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    - sphere over Equatorial Africa (on a monthly basis) such as the Harmattan, the African Easterly Jet to the transport by the Harmattan and the AEJ of the pollutants originating from upwind fires. The confine- ment of high ozone to the lower troposphere is due to the high stability of the Harmattan and the blocking

  18. R E V I E W : C L I M A T E O S C I L L A T I O N S Genesis and Evolution of the 199798 El Nin~o

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siegel, David A.

    description to date of a major El Nin~o event, but also led to improved long-range seasonal weather forecasts indica- tive of equatorial upwelling that normally occupies the eastern and central Pacific be- tween of the Madden-Julian oscil- lation (MJO), a wave in the atmosphere with a 30- to 60-day period originating over

  19. Introduction My soul is full of longing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chapter 1 Introduction My soul is full of longing For the secret of the sea, And the heart whose oceans and atmosphere are rich in structure, and alive with currents, waves and eddies spanning of the trade winds also shuts down upwelling in the eastern equatorial Pacific, reducing the inflow

  20. P h y s i c a l O c e a n o g r a p h y D i v i s i o n Evaluation of the Three-Dimensional Structure of Velocity in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    , and are characterized by wind-driven equatorial upwelling, poleward wind-driven flow in the surface limb, off Atlantic cold tongue, which exhibit large undulations due to tropical instability waves (TIWs/Mercator-Océan and Bernard Bourlès at IRD/LEGOS. Distribution of long-term mean (a)-(b) observed and (c)-(d) simulated

  1. Tropical Moored Buoy Implementation Panel (TIP) Report M. J. McPhaden, NOAA/PMEL

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hole technical report in December 2002. Barometric pressure and downwelling long wave radiation from study of equatorial upwelling in the Pacific, incorporating intensive field measurements in the framework of the TAO/TRITON array. The planned study, called PUMP (Pacific Upwelling and Mixing Physics

  2. Analysis of Observations It is a capital mistake to theorize before one has data. Insensibly one begins

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of SST, the slope of the thermocline, and the strength of equatorial upwelling; and as one of these analyses and paint a clearer picture of the wind stress and its uncertainty. Oceanographers have long of satellite scatterometry, stress estimates were based on wind velocities estimated from wave heights

  3. Atmospheric Feedbacks over the Tropical Pacific in Observations and Atmospheric General Circulation Models: An Extended

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sun, Dezheng

    that the bias is likely linked to a weaker relationship between the short-wave cloud forcing is a long-standing tropical bias in the CGCMs. The early hypotheses attribute this problem to the errors;4 errors may induce excessive equatorial upwelling upon coupling. The surface heating from the atmospheric

  4. 1830 VOLUME 12J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E 1999 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    of the ITCZ­Equatorial Cold Tongue Complex and Causes of the Latitudinal Climate Asymmetry* BIN WANG climate asymmetry requires the presence of the ECT. The antisymmetric solar forcing due to annual variation of the solar declination angle can convert a stable latitudinal symmetric climate into a bistable

  5. 2250 VOLUME 14J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E 2001 American Meteorological Society

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fu, Joshua Xiouhua

    entrainment and thermal advection play minor roles. From February to May, the downward shortwave radiation and cloud­radiation­SST interaction). 1. Introduction In the equatorial eastern Pacific, the sea surface tem and Panama may intensify the surface south- erlies over the eastern Pacific, which, in turn, brings colder

  6. Observations of eastward propagation of atmospheric intraseasonal oscillations from the Pacific to the Atlantic

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Han, Weiqing

    Longwave Radiation (OLR) measurements for the period of 2000­2006, together with reanalysis of winds from­60 day wind variations in the equatorial Atlantic. The Isthmus of Panama appears to be a dominant pathway that reach the Caribbean through the Panama gap. The MJO is also shown to have a large influence

  7. Abstract--Thirty-three skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) (53-73 cm fork

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    379 Abstract--Thirty-three skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) (53-73 cm fork length) were caught) Vertical movement patterns of skipjack tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis) in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean, California 92037-1508 Limited information on the vertical movements of skipjack tuna (Kat- suwonus pelamis

  8. VOLUME 13 15 JULY 2000J O U R N A L O F C L I M A T E 2000 American Meteorological Society 2409

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Yuqing

    , and penetrating solar radiation, they make up a unique dataset for upper-ocean heat and freshwater budget studies Upper-Ocean Heat and Salt Balances in the Western Equatorial Pacific in Response to the Intraseasonal Oscillation during TOGA COARE* MING FENG, ROGER LUKAS, AND PETER HACKER School of Ocean and Earth Science

  9. Are atmospheric biases responsible for the tropical Atlantic SST biases in the CNRM-CM5 coupled

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ribes, Aurélien

    SST bias by more than 50% with some remote impacts over equatorial regions. In contrast, the solar heat flux correction has locally little impact on the spring cooling. A second set of experiments the spring cooling along the Equator in preconditioning the mixed-layer depth but also in the southeastern

  10. COPPER--2003 21.1 By Daniel L. Edelstein

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    in relatively small quantities at several of the primary smelters. The last remaining U.S. secondary smelter closed in October 2001. Smelter capacity remained unchanged at about 900,000 t, while refinery capacity and the permanent closure of Equatorial Mining Co.'s Tonopah NV, electorwinning facility. Smelter and refinery

  11. Diurnal Precipitation Regimes in the Global Tropics* KAZUYOSHI KIKUCHI AND BIN WANG

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Bin

    by moderate amplitude and an early morning peak [0600­0900 Local Solar Time (LST)], found primarily Australia, the west coast of America extending from Mexico to Ecuador, the west coast of equatorial Africa's response to solar radiation. Thus, the diurnal cycle provides a good opportunity for testing our

  12. Analytical Model of Fast Ion Behavior in Current Hole Tokamak Plasmas K. Schoepfa

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    determine the heating profiles and the power loading upon the first wall, and therefore are of crucial of the magnetic field topology in tokamaks by specifying favorable current profiles can improve the plasma CH plasma scenario. Current profile model The poloidal flux ( )r with r denoting the equatorial

  13. OBSERVAES REMOTAS:OBSERVAES REMOTAS: MINIOBSERVATRIO ASTRONMICOMINIOBSERVATRIO ASTRONMICO

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    INPE & o projeto Telescópios na Escola · Imagens celestes no ensino de ciências · Público alvo e equatorial alemã coletar e concentrar luz formar e resolver imagens www.celetron.com.br Dr. André Milone (DAS IMAGENS ASTRONÔMICAS NO ENSINO DE CIÊNCIAS? Ensino-aprendizagem do empirismo Atividade participativa e

  14. Clim. Past, 4, 2934, 2008 www.clim-past.net/4/29/2008/

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    of the equatorial Indian Ocean and of the Mediterranean Sea. Other extreme climate events are also recorded climate change, the mid-Brunhes event (MBE, Jansen et al., 1986), roughly corresponds to the transition be under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Climate of the Past Strong summer monsoon during

  15. 7. Saturn Atmospheric Structure and Dynamics Anthony D. Del Genio

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Atmospheric, Oceanic & Planetary Physics, Clarendon Laboratory, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PU, United Kingdom in the equatorial zone and slightly stronger winds occur at deeper levels. Eddies supply energy to the jets atmospheres similar to Jupiter. Zonal winds have remained fairly steady since the time of Voyager except

  16. Role of AirSea Interaction in the Long Persistence of El Nin~oInduced North Indian Ocean Warming*

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Shang-Ping

    Walker circulation adjustments, causing a sustained SST warming in the tropical southwest IO (SWIO) where in the equatorial Pacific with pro- found influences on the global climate. For example, El Nin~o causes sea surfaceRole of Air­Sea Interaction in the Long Persistence of El Nin~o­Induced North Indian Ocean Warming

  17. Morphologic and computational fluid dynamic analysis of sand dune-topographic obstacle interactions on Earth and Titan 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cisneros, Julia

    2014-09-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Earth and Titan have vastly different physical environments, but similar landscapes. Sand dunes, like those found in Earth’s deserts, cover large areas of Titan’s equatorial region and are important records of climate. Titan’s linear dunes...

  18. Initial Development and Genesis of Hurricane Dolly (2008) Key Laboratory of Mesoscale Severe Weather (MOE), Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Severe Weather (MOE), Department of Atmospheric Sciences, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China FUQING ZHANG-resolving simulation with the Weather Research and Forecasting Model, this study examines key processes that led- tudinal stretching deformation) alters the characteristics of equatorial waves to form regions of energy

  19. Oceanographic Observations Off the Pacific Northwest Following the 1982 EI Nino Event

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oceanographic Observations Off the Pacific Northwest Following the 1982 EI Nino Event R. K. REED that EI Nino events in the equatorial Pacific are frequently ac- companied by significant warming be important (Chelton and Davis, 1982). The EI Nino events do produce strik- ing visual coherence in sea level

  20. In this issue: Volume 29, No. 2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    the Hard Rock Working Group Final Report ODP Leg 204 Investigates Gas Hydrates Beneath Southern Hydrate: An Equatorial Pacific ION Site ......................... 2 ODP Leg 204: Gas Hydrate Distribution and Dynamics of the region studied during ODP Leg 204. Colored overlays show the gas hydrate content averaged over the entire

  1. The problem of living in a world contaminated with chemicals

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Metcalf, R.L. [Univ. of Illinois, Urbana (United States)

    1990-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The proliferation of xenobiotic chemicals in the global environment poses living problems for each of us aboard {open_quotes}spaceship earth.{close_quotes} Seven case studies are presented that illustrate the magnitude of the problem that can result from waiting to identify toxic hazards until there have been decades of {open_quotes}human guinea pig{close_quotes} exposure. 25 refs., 5 tabs.

  2. Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simmonds, Clive

    2014-01-25T23:59:59.000Z

    UNIVERSITY OF READING Publishing Swinburne; the poet, his publishers and critics. Vol. 2: Annexes 1-22 Submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy Department of English Language... . 1875 p.217-232 An Unknown Poet Reprinted as introduction 84 (1876) Apr. 1875, pp.505-507 A Vision of Spring in Winter 6 guineas (84 lines) 85 Poems and Ballads; ser. 2 (1878) May 1875, pp.613-632 The Three Stages of Shakespeare A...

  3. 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim 899 www.advmat.de

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cappelluti, Emmanuele

    de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: paco.guinea@icmm.csic.es Dr. E. Cappelluti Institute Madrileño de Estudios Avanzados en Nanociencia IMDEA-Nanociencia E-28049 Madrid, Spain Prof. N. Agraït, Prof Campus de Cantoblanco, E-28049 Madrid, Spain E-mail: gabino.rubio@uam.es DOI: 10.1002/adma.201203731 Two

  4. Chirac Said “Non” – Or Did He? Revisiting U.S. - UN Diplomacy on the 2003 Iraq War

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rrecchia, Stefano

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    could for the most part be financed through sales of Iraqi oil.29 The belief that a protracted stabilization mission would be unnecessary in Iraq further reduced any incentive to secure UN approval as a means of legitimating the war and facilitating... Washington significant leverage over its foreign policy. Germany and Syria, by contrast, were firmly opposed. That put all the weight on the other six nonpermanent members, who remained uncommitted: Mexico, Chile, Pakistan, Angola, Cameroon, and Guinea...

  5. Thicket manipulation and static inventory control

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jones, Marvin Rex

    1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    minicomputer system, especially for the smaller companies. There is a growing need to produce software modules which will properly model the problems of small busi- nesses and organizations, and which not only offers effective, efficient solutions... un- solved problem in mathematics [ 23 ]. Mother puzzle approach to graphs was proposed in 1859 when Sir William Hamilton (1805 ? 1865) marketed the idea for a game, "Around The World" to a London toy manufacturer for twenty-five guineas...

  6. Ecology and breeding biology of the Black-shouldered Kite in south Texas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carrie, Dawn Kristine

    1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    subspecies occur in Africa, southern Asia, India, Sumatra, New Guinea, and Australia (Peters 1979, Howard and Moore 1980). Before 1900, the Black-shouldered Kite was fairly common in the lowlands of western California and south and central Texas...), and scattered sightings in Washington, Nevada, Arizona, and New Mexico throughout the 1970s (Pruett-Jones et al. 1980). The kite population did not increase appreciably in Texas until the mid-1960s (Larson 1980). The 1964 Christmas Bird Counts recorded one...

  7. Oak Poisoning in Livestock. 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Dollahite, J. W.; Housholder, G. T.; Camp, B. J.

    1966-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    April 1966 r Oak Poisoning *. . TEXAS A&M UNIVERSITY Texas Agricultural Experiment Station R. E. Patterson, Director, College Station, Texas Summary Oak poisoning is a major problem in the production of livestock in areas where oak occurs.... The blossoms, buds, young leaves and acorns are poisonous. Cattle, sheep, goats, swine, rabbits and guinea pigs are susceptible to oak poisoning. A gallotannin isolated from oak has been demonstrated to be poisonous. Calcium hydroxide is an antidote...

  8. The modeling of the ENSO events with the help of a simple model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stepanov, V N

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is modelled with the help of a simple model representing a classical damped oscillator forced by external forcing. Eastern Pacific sea surface temperature (SST) and the mean equatorial Pacific thermocline depth correspond to the roles of momentum and position. The external forcing of the system is supplied by short-period meridional mass fluctuations in the Pacific sector of the Southern Ocean due to the joint effect of the atmospheric variability over the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC), bottom topography and coastlines, and also by the variability of westerly winds in the tropics. Under such conditions the ENSO-like oscillations arise as a result of propagation of signals due to both initial signals appeared in the Southern Ocean and the tropical westerly wind anomaly, that propagate then across the equatorial Pacific by means of fast wave processes. The external forcings are the main factor in establishing the oscillation pattern.

  9. A MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR AN HOURGLASS MAGNETIC FIELD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ewertowski, Bartek; Basu, Shantanu, E-mail: basu@uwo.ca [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)] [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Western University, London, Ontario N6A 3K7 (Canada)

    2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Starting with a mathematical boundary value problem for the magnetic vector potential in an axisymmetric cylindrical coordinate system, we derive a general solution for any arbitrary current distribution using the method of Green's functions. We use this to derive an analytic form for an hourglass magnetic field pattern created by electrical currents that are concentrated near (but not confined within) the equatorial plane of a cylindrical coordinate system. Our solution is not characterized by a cusp at the equatorial plane, as in previous solutions based on a current sheet. The pattern we derive provides a very good fit to hourglass magnetic field patterns emerging from three-dimensional numerical simulations of core formation, and can in principle be used for source-fitting of observed magnetic hourglass patterns.

  10. Methane storms as a driver of Titan's dune orientation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Charnay, Benjamin; Rafkin, Scot; Narteau, Clément; Lebonnois, Sébastien; Rodriguez, Sébastien; Pont, Sylvain Courrech du; Lucas, Antoine

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Titan's equatorial regions are covered by eastward propagating linear dunes. This direction is opposite to mean surface winds simulated by Global Climate Models (GCMs), which are oriented westward at these latitudes, similar to trade winds on Earth. Different hypotheses have been proposed to address this apparent contradiction, involving Saturn's gravitational tides, large scale topography or wind statistics, but none of them can explain a global eastward dune propagation in the equatorial band. Here we analyse the impact of equinoctial tropical methane storms developing in the superrotating atmosphere (i.e. the eastward winds at high altitude) on Titan's dune orientation. Using mesoscale simulations of convective methane clouds with a GCM wind profile featuring superrotation, we show that Titan's storms should produce fast eastward gust fronts above the surface. Such gusts dominate the aeolian transport, allowing dunes to extend eastward. This analysis therefore suggests a coupling between superrotation, tro...

  11. Modelling the polarization dichotomy of Active Galactic Nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rene W. Goosmann

    2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    I present polarization modelling of Active Galactic Nuclei in the optical/UV range. The modelling is conducted using the Monte-Carlo radiative transfer code Stokes, which self-consistently models the polarization signature of a complex model arrangement for an active nucleus. In this work I include three different scattering regions around the central source: an equatorial electron scattering disk, an equatorial obscuring dusty torus, and polar electron scattering cones. I investigate the resulting dependencies of the V-band polarization for different optical depths of the scattering cones, different dust compositions inside the torus, and various half-opening angles of the torus/polar cones. The observed polarization dichotomy can be successfully reproduced by the model.

  12. Role of shocks and mix caused by capsule defects

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bradley, P. A.; Cobble, J. A.; Tregillis, I. L.; Schmitt, M. J.; Obrey, K. D.; Batha, S. H.; Magelssen, G. R.; Fincke, J. R.; Hsu, S. C.; Krasheninnikova, N. S.; Murphy, T. J.; Wysocki, F. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico 87545 (United States); Glebov, V. [Laboratory for Laser Energetics, Rochester, New York 14623 (United States)

    2012-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An Eulerian code with a turbulent mix model is used to model a set of plastic (CH) ablator capsules with and without equatorial grooves. The 'perfect' capsule results were used to calibrate simulations of capsules with equatorial grooves of different depths that provided information on increasingly perturbed implosions. Simulations with a turbulence model were able to calculate the same yield over mix (YOM) ratio (experiment/mix simulation) of 0.2 to 0.3 for thin (8-{mu}m thick) and thick shell (15-{mu}m thick) capsules with no grooves and thin capsules with shallow grooves. When the capsules have deep grooves, the YOM ratio increases to greater than unity, probably because the deformed shocks focus too strongly on the symmetry axis in our two-dimensional simulations. This is supported by a comparison of simulated and experimental x-ray images.

  13. Evidence for ablated flows in the shell of nova DQ Her

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. M. H. Vaytet; T. J. O'Brien; A. P. Rushton

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    High-resolution longslit Halpha spectra of the shell of the old nova DQ Her have been obtained with the William Herschel Telescope using the ISIS spectrograph. An equatorial expansion velocity of 370+/-14 km/s is derived from the spectra which, in conjunction with a narrowband Halpha image of the remnant, allows a distance estimate of 525+/-28 pc. An equatorial ring which exhibits enhanced [NII] emission has also been detected and the inclination angle of the shell is found to be 86.8+/-0.2 degrees with respect to the line of sight. The spectra also reveal tails extending from the clumps in the shell, which have a radial velocity increasing along their length. This suggests the presence of a stellar wind, collimated in the polar direction, which ablates fragments of material from the clumps and accelerates them into its stream up to a terminal velocity of order 800-900 km/s.

  14. Electron and wave characteristics observed by the THEMIS satellites near the magnetic equator during a pulsating aurora

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    California at Berkeley, University of

    during a pulsating aurora A. Nakajima,1,2 K. Shiokawa,1 K. Sakaguchi,1,3 Y. Miyoshi,1 S. Lee,1 V the magnetic equatorial plane during a pulsating aurora event on the high latitude side of the auroral oval. The pulsating aurora was observed by a 30-Hz sampled all-sky imager (ASI) at Gillam (56.4 N, 265.4 E), Canada

  15. Facies analysis of the Caballero Formation and the Andrecito Member of the Lake Valley Formation (Mississippian): implications for Waulsortian bioherm inception, Alamo Canyon area, Sacramento Mountains, New Mexico 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Byrd, Thomas Martin

    1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    paleo-equatorial region connecting different biotic provinces on either side of the arch (Sando et al, 1975). Far to the south, deeper waters of the incipient Ouachita trough separated North America from Gondwanaland (Walper, 1977; Scotese et al, 1979... section is approximately 70 ft thick and comprises the Onate, Sly Gap, and Percha Formations (Pray, 1961) (Figure 8). These units are poorly exposed. The Onate Formation iS composed of silty dolomite, shale, siltstone and sandstone. The Sly Gap...

  16. The Raychaudhuri equation for spinning test particles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohseni, Morteza

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We obtain generalized Raychaudhuri equations for spinning test particles corresponding to congruences of particle's world-lines, momentum, and spin. These are physical examples of the Raychaudhuri equation for a non-normalized vector, unit time-like vector, and unit space-like vector. We compute and compare the evolution of expansion-like parameters associated with these congruences for spinning particles confined in the equatorial plane of the Kerr space-time.

  17. ENSO regimes and the late 1970's climate shift: The role of synoptic weather and South Pacific ocean spiciness

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    O'Kane, Terence J.; Matear, Richard J.; Chamberlain, Matthew A.; Oke, Peter R.

    2014-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    South Pacific subtropical density compensated temperature and salinity (spiciness) anomalies are known to be associated with decadal equatorial variability, however, the mechanisms by which such disturbances are generated, advect and the degree to which they modulate the equatorial thermocline remains controversial. During the late 1970's a climate regime transition preceded a period of strong and sustained El Nino events. Using an ocean general circulation model forced by the constituent mechanical and thermodynamic components of the reanalysed atmosphere we show that the late 1970's transition coincided with the arrival of a large-scale, subsurface cold and fresh water anomaly in the central tropical Pacific. An ocean reanalysis for the period 1990–2007 that assimilates subsurface Argo, XBT and CTD data, reveals that disturbances occur due to the subduction of negative surface salinity anomalies from near 30° S, 100° W which are advected along the ?=25–26 kgm{sup ?3} isopycnal surfaces. These anomalies take, on average, seven years to reach the central equatorial Pacific where they may substantially perturb the thermocline before the remnants ultimately ventilate in the region of the western Pacific warm pool. Positive (warm–salty) disturbances, known to occur due to late winter diapycnal mixing and isopycnal outcropping, arise due to both subduction of subtropical mode waters and subsurface injection. On reaching the equatorial band (10° S–0° S) these disturbances tend to deepen the thermocline reducing the model's ENSO. In contrast the emergence of negative (cold–fresh) disturbances at the equator are associated with a shoaling of the thermocline and El Nino events. Process studies are used to show that the generation and advection of anomalous density compensated thermocline disturbances critically depend on stochastic forcing of the intrinsic ocean by weather. We further show that in the absence of the inter-annual component of the atmosphere forcing Central Pacific El Nino events are manifest.

  18. Progress toward the synthesis of (+)-dibromophakellin and congeners: proposed final stages for palau'amine synthesis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franco-Torres, Francisco Miguel

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    moiety is electron poor thus the pyrrole nitrogen lone pair does not induce such a strong anomeric effect and the hydroxyl group occupies the more thermodynamically stable equatorial position on steric grounds. Interestingly, when diol 29 was exposed... on the assumption that one enantiomer does not antagonize the action of the other while being assayed together. E. Conclusion The pyrrole-imidazole alkaloid family of natural products illustrates the diversity of topographically unique molecules with potent...

  19. What is the optimum stellar rotation rate for a collapsar?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William H. Lee

    2007-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider low angular momentum, neutrino cooled accretion flows onto newborn black holes in the context of the collapsar model for long Gamma Ray Bursts, and find a considerable energy release for rotation rates lower than those usually considered. The efficiency for the transformation of gravitational binding energy into radiation is maximized when the equatorial angular momentum l0 ~ 2 Rg c, where Rg is the Schwarzschild radius.

  20. Can deep ocean carbonate preservation history inferred from atmospheric pCO2 account for 14

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matsumoto, Katsumi

    and %CaCO3 pro¢les on the Ontong^Java Plateau? Katsumi Matsumoto aYbY *, Wallace S. Broecker a to examine whether the derived history can account for depth profiles of 14 C age and CaCO3 content from the deep western equatorial Pacific. Results show that 14 C and %CaCO3 data from the deep site can

  1. Motion of spinning test bodies in Kerr spacetime

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Eva Hackmann; Claus Lämmerzahl; Yuri N. Obukhov; Dirk Puetzfeld; Isabell Schaffer

    2014-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the motion of spinning test bodies in General Relativity. By means of a multipolar approximation method for extended test bodies we derive the equations of motion, and classify the orbital motion of pole-dipole test bodies in the equatorial plane of the Kerr geometry. An exact expression for the periastron shift of a spinning test body is given. Implications of test body spin corrections are studied and compared with the results obtained by means of other approximation schemes.

  2. Centrifugal force in Kerr geometry

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sai Iyer; A R Prasanna

    1992-07-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We have obtained the correct expression for the centrifugal force acting on a particle at the equatorial circumference of a rotating body in the locally non-rotating frame of the Kerr geometry. Using this expression for the equilibrium of an element on the surface of a slowly rotating Maclaurin spheroid, we obtain the expression for the ellipticity (as discussed earlier by Abramowicz and Miller) and determine the radius at which the ellipticity is maximum.

  3. The determination of energies for cyclohexyl ring inversion adjacent to tin

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chambers, Paul Wayne

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    studied by variable temperature nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. At temperatures below -60'C, both axial and equatorial conformers displayed distinct peaks in both tsC and ttsSn NMR spectroscopy. At temperatures above -60 C, time averaged... spectra were observed displaying the two conformers in peak coalescence. In the spectra where two peaks were observed, peak integration was used to determine the relative population of each. NMR simulation was then utilized to obtain rates of exchange...

  4. The squashed fuzzy sphere, fuzzy strings and the Landau problem

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andronache, Stefan

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the squashed fuzzy sphere, which is a projection of the fuzzy sphere onto the equatorial plane, and use it to illustrate the stringy aspects of noncommutative field theory. We elaborate explicitly how strings linking its two coincident sheets arise in terms of fuzzy spherical harmonics. In the large N limit, the matrix-model Laplacian is shown to correctly reproduce the semi-classical dynamics of these charged strings, as given by the Landau problem.

  5. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Malaysia (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorial

  6. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Nigeria (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorialNigeria

  7. Dissecting the Homunculus nebula around Eta Carinae with spatially resolved near-infrared spectroscopy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nathan Smith

    2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Near-infrared emission lines provide unique diagnostics of the geometry, structure, kinematics, and excitation of eta Carinae's circumstellar ejecta, and give clues to the nature of its wind. The infrared spectrum is a strong function of position in eta Car's nebula, with a mix of intrinsic and reflected emission. Molecular hydrogen traces cool gas and dust in the polar lobes, while [Fe II] blankets their inner surfaces. These lines reveal the back wall of the SE polar lobe for the first time, and give the clearest picture yet of the 3-D geometry. Additionally, collisionally-excited [Fe II] reveals the kinematic structure of a recently discovered `Little Homunculus' expanding inside the larger one. Equatorial gas in the `Fan', on the other hand, shows a spectrum indicating recombination and fluorescent pumping. Some equatorial ejecta glow in the He I 10830 line, showing evidence for material ejected in the 1890 outburst of eta Car. Closer to the star, the compact `Weigelt blobs' are marginally resolved, allowing their infrared spectrum to be separated from the star for the first time. In general, infrared spectra reveal a coherent, directional dependence of excitation in the Homunculus: polar ejecta are collisionally excited, whereas equatorial ejecta are dominated by fluorescence and normal photoexcitation. These are important clues to the geometry of the central star's UV radiation field. Reflected near-infrared emission lines also reveal interesting latitudinal dependence in the stellar wind.

  8. PENETRATING THE HOMUNCULUS-NEAR-INFRARED ADAPTIVE OPTICS IMAGES OF ETA CARINAE

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Artigau, Etienne [Gemini Observatory-South and Departement de Physique and Observatoire du Mont Megantic, Universite de Montreal, QC, H3C 3J7 (Canada); Martin, John C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Illinois-Springfield, IL 62703 (United States); Humphreys, Roberta M.; Davidson, Kris [Astronomy Department, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States); Chesneau, Olivier [UMR 6525 H. Fizeau, Univ. Nice Sophia Antipolis, CNRS, Observatoire de la Cote d'Azur, BP4229 F-06304 Nice, Cedex 4 (France); Smith, Nathan [Astronomy Department, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States)

    2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Near-infrared adaptive optics imaging with the Near-Infrared Coronagraphic Imager (NICI) and NaCO reveal what appears to be a three-winged or lobed pattern, the 'butterfly nebula', outlined by bright Br{gamma} and H{sub 2} emission and light scattered by dust. In contrast, the [Fe II] emission does not follow the outline of the wings, but shows an extended bipolar distribution which is tracing the Little Homunculus ejected in {eta} Car's second or lesser eruption in the 1890s. Proper motions measured from the combined NICI and NaCO images together with radial velocities show that the knots and filaments that define the bright rims of the butterfly were ejected at two different epochs corresponding approximately to the great eruption and the second eruption. Most of the material is spatially distributed 10{sup 0}-20{sup 0} above and below the equatorial plane apparently behind the Little Homunculus and the larger SE lobe. The equatorial debris either has a wide opening angle or the clumps were ejected at different latitudes relative to the plane. The butterfly is not a coherent physical structure or equatorial torus but spatially separate clumps and filaments ejected at different times, and now 2000-4000 AU from the star.

  9. Magnetic burial and the harmonic content of millisecond oscillations in thermonuclear X-ray bursts

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. J. B. Payne; A. Melatos

    2006-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Matter accreting onto the magnetic poles of a neutron star spreads under gravity towards the magnetic equator, burying the polar magnetic field and compressing it into a narrow equatorial belt. Steady-state, Grad-Shafranov calculations with a self-consistent mass-flux distribution (and a semi-quantitative treatment of Ohmic diffusion) show that, for $\\Ma \\gtrsim 10^{-5}\\Msun$, the maximum field strength and latitudinal half-width of the equatorial magnetic belt are $B_{\\rm max} = 5.6\\times 10^{15} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.32}$ G and $\\Delta\\theta = \\max[3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{-1.5},3^{\\circ} (\\Ma/10^{-4}\\Msun)^{0.5}(\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}/10^{-8}\\Msun {\\rm yr}^{-1})^{-0.5}]$ respectively, where $\\Ma$ is the total accreted mass and $\\dot{M}_{\\rm a}$ is the accretion rate. It is shown that the belt prevents north-south heat transport by conduction, convection, radiation, and ageostrophic shear. This may explain why millisecond oscillations observed in the tails of thermonuclear (type I) X-ray bursts in low-mass X-ray binaries are highly sinusoidal: the thermonuclear flame is sequestered in the magnetic hemisphere which ignites first. The model is also consistent with the occasional occurrence of closely spaced pairs of bursts. Time-dependent, ideal-magnetohydrodynamic simulations confirm that the equatorial belt is not disrupted by Parker and interchange instabilities.

  10. Reverberation impairs brainstem temporal representations of voiced vowel sounds: challenging “periodicity-tagged” segregation of competing speech in rooms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sayles, Mark; Stasiak, Arkadiusz; Winter, Ian M.

    2015-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    surgery was performed under anesthesia. ANIMAL MODEL Data described here were collected during experiments per- formed on pigmented guinea-pigs of either sex, weighing between 300 and 650 g. Animals were anesthetized with ure- thane (1.0 g/kg, ip). Hypnorm... (fentanyl citrate, 0.315mg/ml; fluanisone, 10mg/ml; Janssen, High Wycombe, UK) was admin- istered for supplementary analgesia (1ml/kg, im). Anesthesia and analgesia were maintained at a depth sufficient to abol- ish the pedal withdrawal reflex (front paw...

  11. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  12. Carryover of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ in contaminated substrate corn into Nigerian native beer

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Okoye, Z.S.C.

    1986-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Aflatoxins, the toxic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus flavus and Asp. parasiticus, constitute a serious food contamination problem in Nigeria and have been detected in the blood of healthy rural blood donors and primary liver cancer patients from the Guinea savannah region where traditionally brewed cereal beer is popular. A recent survey of traditional breweries in the Jos metropolis has shown a high incidence of aflatoxin B/sub 1/ contamination of their products. The purpose of this study was to assess the efficiency of the traditional brewing in destroying aflatoxins in mould-infected substrate grains.

  13. Interview with Lucy Mair

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mair, Lucy

    2004-08-05T23:59:59.000Z

    relations so bad? Malinowski’s anti-Semitism Malinowski’s ideas, methods and role Were students then more mature? Raymond Firth, Edmund Leach (5 mins) Raymond Firth’s character and ideas Meyer Fortes and his dwindling socialism Edmund Leach as an eccentric... ) Did you enjoy teaching Colonial cadets and keep in touch with any of them? Visit to Nigeria and later trip to Nigeria Trip to Australia and New Guinea – impressions Sailing round the coast steered by a murderer Contrast with Africa Evans...

  14. Antigenic analysis of the genus Aeromonas 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Vijaya Balusu

    1972-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . foa d th ide tical '0' antigen in a C27 strain of Ferguson and Henderson and in Pseudomonas ~shi elloides (21). In 1959 Saks aki et al. suggest d th epithet ~sh( lloid s as ot ppropriate for the reason that ot all st aine of this group were related... that their strains of Prot us elanovorlenes (A. ~h dro bile) caused de th in mice and Guinea pigs within 24 hours by intraperitonial injection. Acute septicemia was observed in these animals. Culture filtrates were toxic to mice. These authors first isolated...

  15. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  16. Non-OPEC oil supply continues to grow

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Knapp, D.H. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

    1995-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Global reserves of crude oil remain at 1 trillion bbl, according to OGJ`s annual survey of producing countries. Significant gains are in Brazil, Colombia, Congo, Egypt, Libya, Nigeria, Oman, and Papua New Guinea. Decreases were reported by Indonesia, Norway, the U.K., Iran, Canada, Mexico, and the US. Natural gas reserves slipped to 4.9 quadrillion cu ft. The major production trend is a lasting surge from outside of OPEC. This year`s Worldwide Production report begins with a detailed analysis of this crucial development by an international authority. This article discusses the OECD outlook by region and the turnaround in production in the former Soviet Union.

  17. An electron microscopy study of ground-nut poisoning in turkey poults 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Martin, Alcides Amilcar

    1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    etiology. In the eat'Ly papers the condition was known by the name of Turkey ' X" disease. However, this name was quickly changed when in L961 Blount (7) concluded that toxic Brasilian ground-nut meal was responsible for the outbreaks of this new... condition. Similar toxic effects in ducklings, chickens, rats, guinea pigs, cows and pigs have also been reported. In general, there is little available information about how and where tbe toxic principles of any kind act in the cells structures. Also...

  18. Annual review of earth and planetary sciences. Vol. 19

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wetherill, G.W.; Albee, A.L.; Burke, K.C. (Carnegie Inst. of Washington, DC (United States) California Inst. of Tech., Pasadena (United States) National Research Council, Washington, DC (United States))

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Various review papers on earth and planetary sciences are presented. The individual topics addressed include: tectonics of the New Guinea area, interpretation of ancient Eolian and dunes, seismic tomography of the earth's mantle, shock modification and chemistry and planetary geologic processes, the significance of evaporites, the magnetosphere, untangling the effects of burial alteration and ancient soil formation. Also discussed are: pressure-temperature-time paths, fractals in rock physics, earthquake prediction, rings in the ocean, applications of Be{minus}10 to problems in the earth sciences, measurement of crustal deformation using the GPS, physics and physical mechanisms of nuclear winter, experiemental determination of bed-form stability.

  19. Origin and evolution of the unique Australo-Papuan mangrove- restricted avifauna: novel insights form molecular phylogenetic and comparative phylogeographic analyses

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nyá ri, Á rpá d S.

    2011-04-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails KUNHM 6095 Australia, WA, 5 km E Donn y b roo k GQ145464 GQ145355 GQ145388 GQ145426 Rhipidura albiscapa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B 45814 Vanuatu GQ145476 GQ145365 GQ145400 GQ145438 Rhipidura albolim... bata Gre y F antails KUNHM 4595 Ne w Guinea, Mo robe Province, D enda w ang Camp GQ145465 GQ145356 GQ145389 GQ145427 Rhipidura fuliginosa Gre y F antails LSUMNS B23324 Ne w Ze aland GQ145475 - GQ145399 GQ145437 Rhipidura hyperythra...

  20. 49th Annual international outlook issue. [World oil gas exploration and development trends

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Not Available

    1994-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This article represents the World Oil's 49th annual outlook. It discusses oil and gas exploration information, pricing, drilling activity, production, and reserves. It discusses the various reasons for increases or decreases in drilling activity in the various production regions of the earth. The article is broken down into the various geo-political regions and each region is described individually. These regions are described as North America, South America, Western Europe, Eastern Europe, Africa, the Middle East, the Far East (China, Indonesia, Viet Nam, etc.), and the South Pacific (Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea). Information on production, pricing, and drilling is presented in tabular formats along with a narrative discussion.

  1. 3-D Force-balanced Magnetospheric Configurations

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sorin Zaharia; C.Z. Cheng; K. Maezawa

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The knowledge of plasma pressure is essential for many physics applications in the magnetosphere, such as computing magnetospheric currents and deriving magnetosphere-ionosphere coupling. A thorough knowledge of the 3-D pressure distribution has however eluded the community, as most in-situ pressure observations are either in the ionosphere or the equatorial region of the magnetosphere. With the assumption of pressure isotropy there have been attempts to obtain the pressure at different locations by either (a) mapping observed data (e.g., in the ionosphere) along the field lines of an empirical magnetospheric field model or (b) computing a pressure profile in the equatorial plane (in 2-D) or along the Sun-Earth axis (in 1-D) that is in force balance with the magnetic stresses of an empirical model. However, the pressure distributions obtained through these methods are not in force balance with the empirical magnetic field at all locations. In order to find a global 3-D plasma pressure distribution in force balance with the magnetospheric magnetic field, we have developed the MAG-3D code, that solves the 3-D force balance equation J x B = (upside-down delta) P computationally. Our calculation is performed in a flux coordinate system in which the magnetic field is expressed in terms of Euler potentials as B = (upside-down delta) psi x (upside-down delta) alpha. The pressure distribution, P = P(psi,alpha), is prescribed in the equatorial plane and is based on satellite measurements. In addition, computational boundary conditions for y surfaces are imposed using empirical field models. Our results provide 3-D distributions of magnetic field and plasma pressure as well as parallel and transverse currents for both quiet-time and disturbed magnetospheric conditions.

  2. A new standard pulsar magnetosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Contopoulos, Ioannis [Research Center for Astronomy and Applied Mathematics, Academy of Athens, Athens 11527 (Greece); Kalapotharakos, Constantinos [University of Maryland, College Park (UMDCP/CRESST), College Park, MD 20742 (United States); Kazanas, Demosthenes, E-mail: icontop@academyofathens.gr [Astrophysics Science Division, NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD 20771 (United States)

    2014-01-20T23:59:59.000Z

    In view of recent efforts to probe the physical conditions in the pulsar current sheet, we revisit the standard solution that describes the main elements of the ideal force-free pulsar magnetosphere. The simple physical requirement that the electric current contained in the current layer consists of the local electric charge moving outward at close to the speed of light yields a new solution for the pulsar magnetosphere everywhere that is ideal force-free except in the current layer. The main elements of the new solution are as follows: (1) the pulsar spindown rate of the aligned rotator is 23% larger than that of the orthogonal vacuum rotator; (2) only 60% of the magnetic flux that crosses the light cylinder opens up to infinity; (3) the electric current closes along the other 40%, which gradually converges to the equator; (4) this transfers 40% of the total pulsar spindown energy flux in the equatorial current sheet, which is then dissipated in the acceleration of particles and in high-energy electromagnetic radiation; and (5) there is no separatrix current layer. Our solution is a minimum free-parameter solution in that the equatorial current layer is electrostatically supported against collapse and thus does not require a thermal particle population. In this respect, it is one more step toward the development of a new standard solution. We discuss the implications for intermittent pulsars and long-duration gamma-ray bursts. We conclude that the physical conditions in the equatorial current layer determine the global structure of the pulsar magnetosphere.

  3. Bipolar outflows as a repulsive gravitational phenomenon -- Azimuthally Symmetric Theory of Gravitation (II)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    G. G. Nyambuya

    2010-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper is part of a series on the Azimuthally Symmetric Theory of Gravitation (ASTG) which is built on Laplace-Poisson's well known equation. We show herein that the emergent equations from the ASTG, under some critical conditions determined by the spin, do possess repulsive gravitational fields in the polar regions of the gravitating body in question. This places the ASTG on an interesting pedestal to infer the origins of outflows as a repulsive gravitational phenomenon. Outflows are a ubiquitous phenomenon found in star forming systems and their true origin is a question yet to be settled. Given the current thinking on their origin, the direction that the present paper takes is nothing short of an asymptotic break from conventional wisdom; at the very least, it is a complete paradigm shift because gravitation is not at all associated with this process, but rather it is thought to be an all-attractive force that only tries to squash matter together onto a single point. Additionally, we show that the emergent Azimuthally Symmetric Gravitational Field from the ASTG strongly suggests a solution to the supposed Radiation Problem that is thought to be faced by massive stars in their process of formation. That is, at about 8-10Msun radiation from the nascent star is expected to halt the accretion of matter. We show that in-falling material will fall onto the equatorial disk and from there, this material will be channeled onto the forming star via the equatorial plane, thus accretion of mass continues well past the value of about 8-10Msun, albeit via the disk. Along the equatorial plane, the net force (with the radiation force included) on any material there-on right up to the surface of the star is directed toward the forming star, hence accretion of mass by the nascent star is un-hampered.

  4. Seyferts on the edge: polar scattering and orientation-dependent polarization in Seyfert 1 nuclei

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Smith; A. Robinson; D. M. Alexander; S. Young; D. J. Axon; Elizabeth A. Corbett

    2004-01-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We have identified 12 Seyfert 1 galaxies that exhibit optical polarization spectra similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies in which polarized broad-lines are detected. We present new spectropolarimetric observations of 3 of them: Was 45, Mrk 231 and NGC 3227. These objects appear to be polarized as a result of far-field scattering in the polar illumination cones of the circum-nuclear torus. We estimate that they represent between 10 and 30 per cent of the Seyfert 1 population; they are found amongst all the main spectroscopic sub-types, including narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies. We have shown elsewhere that Seyfert 1 nuclei more commonly have polarization characteristics that can be attributed to scattering by a compact 'equatorial' scattering region located inside the torus. We propose that both equatorial and polar scattering regions are present in all Seyfert galaxies and argue that the observed range of polarization properties can be broadly understood as an orientation effect. In this scheme, polar-scattered Seyfert 1 galaxies represent the transition between unobscured (the majority of type 1) and obscured (type 2) Seyferts. They are viewed through the upper layers of the torus and are thus subject to moderate extinction (Av ~1-4 mag) sufficient to suppress polarized light from the equatorial scattering region, but not the broad wings of the Balmer lines. The orientation of the polarization position angle relative to the radio source is broadly consistent with the two-component scattering model. More generally, we find that amongst Seyferts 1 galaxies, parallel, perpendicular and intermediate orientations of the polarization PA relative to the radio axis occur roughly in the proportions 2:1:1.

  5. The Dark Energy Survey: Prospects for Resolved Stellar Populations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rossetto, Bruno M; Santiago, Basilio X; Girardi, Leo; Camargo, Julio I.B.; Balbinot, Eduardo; da Costa, Luiz N; Yanny, Brian; Maia, Marcio A.G.; Makler, Martin; Ogando, Ricardo L.C.; et al

    2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Wide angle and deep surveys, regardless of their primary purpose, always sample a large number of stars in the Galaxy and in its satellite system. We here make a forecast of the expected stellar sample resulting from the Dark Energy Survey and the perspectives that it will open for studies of Galactic structure and resolved stellar populations in general. An estimated 1.2 x 10{sup 8} stars will be sampled in DES grizY filters in the southern equatorial hemisphere. This roughly corresponds to 20% of all DES sources. Most of these stars belong to the stellar thick disk and halo ofmore »the Galaxy.« less

  6. Semiclassical Interpretation of the Mass Asymmetry in Nuclear Fission

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Brack; S. M. Reimann; M. Sieber

    1997-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We give a semiclassical interpretation of the mass asymmetry in the fission of heavy nuclei. Using only a few classical periodic orbits and a cavity model for the nuclear mean field, we reproduce the onset of left-right asymmetric shapes at the fission isomer minimum and the correct topology of the deformation energy surface in the region of the outer fission barrier. We point at the correspondence of the single-particle quantum states responsible for the asymmetry with the leading classical orbits, both lying in similar equatorial planes perpendicular to the symmetry axis of the system.

  7. High power Cherenkov radiation from a relativistic particle rotating around a dielectric ball

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    L. Sh. Grigoryan; H. F. Khachatryan; S. R. Arzumanyan; M. L. Grigoryan

    2005-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    Some characteristic features in the radiation from a relativistic electron uniformly rotating along an equatorial orbit around a dielectric ball have been studied. It was shown that at some harmonics, in case of weak absorption of radiation in the ball material, the electron may generate radiation field quanta exceeding in several dozens of times those generated by electron rotating in a continuous, infinite and transparent medium having the same real part of permittivity as the ball material. The rise of high power radiation is due to the fact that electromagnetic oscillations of Cherenkov radiation induced along the trajectory of particle are partially locked inside the ball and superimposed in nondestructive way.

  8. Electromagnetic Analysis For The Design Of ITER Diagnostic Port Plugs During Plasma Disruptions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Zhai, Y

    2014-03-03T23:59:59.000Z

    ITER diagnostic port plugs perform many functions including structural support of diagnostic systems under high electromagnetic loads while allowing for diagnostic access to plasma. The design of diagnotic equatorial port plugs (EPP) are largely driven by electromagnetic loads and associate response of EPP structure during plasma disruptions and VDEs. This paper summarizes results of transient electromagnetic analysis using Opera 3d in support of the design activities for ITER diagnostic EPP. A complete distribution of disruption loads on the Diagnostic First Walls (DFWs). Diagnostic Shield Modules (DSMs) and the EPP structure, as well as impact on the system design integration due to electrical contact among various EPP structural components are discussed.

  9. High-resolution tangential absolute extreme ultraviolet arrays for radiated power density measurements on NSTX-U

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Delgado-Aparicio, L.; Bell, R. E.; Diallo, A.; Gerhardt, S. P.; Kozub, T. A.; LeBlanc, B. P.; Stratton, B. C. [Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08540 (United States); Faust, I. [MIT Plasma Science and Fusion Center, Cambridge, Massachusetts 02139 (United States); Tritz, K. [The Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Maryland 21209 (United States)

    2014-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The radiated-power-density diagnostic on the equatorial midplane for the NSTX-U tokamak will be upgraded to measure the radial structure of the photon emissivity profile with an improved radial resolution. This diagnostic will enhance the characterization and studies of power balance, impurity transport, and MHD. The layout and response expected of the new system is shown for different plasma conditions and impurity concentrations. The effect of toroidal rotation driving poloidal asymmetries in the core radiation from high-Z impurities is also addressed.

  10. Tracers for monitoring the activity of sodium/glucose cotransporters in health and disease

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wright, Ernest M; Barrio, Jorge R; Hirayama, Bruce A; Kepe, Vladimir

    2014-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Radiolabeled tracers for sodium/glucose cotransporters (SGLTs), their synthesis, and their use are provided. The tracers are methyl or ethyl pyranosides having an equatorial hydroxyl group at carbon-2 and a C 1 preferred conformation, radiolabeled with .sup.18F, .sup.123I, or .sup.124I, or free hexoses radiolabeled with .sup.18F, .sup.123I, or .sup.124. Also provided are in vivo and in vitro techniques for using these and other tracers as analytical and diagnostic tools to study glucose transport, in health and disease, and to evaluate therapeutic interventions.

  11. The transition from adiabatic inspiral to geodesic plunge for a compact object around a massive Kerr black hole: Generic orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pranesh A. Sundararajan

    2008-05-08T23:59:59.000Z

    The inspiral of a stellar mass compact object falling into a massive Kerr black hole can be broken into three different regimes: An adiabatic inspiral phase, where the inspiral timescale is much larger than the orbital period; a late-time radial infall, which can be approximated as a plunging geodesic; and a regime where the body transitions from the inspiral to plunge. In earlier work, Ori and Thorne have outlined a method to compute the trajectory during this transition for a compact object in a circular, equatorial orbit. We generalize this technique to include inclination and eccentricity.

  12. Further Evidence for Neutrino Flux Variability from Super-Kamiokande Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. O. Caldwell; P. A. Sturrock

    2003-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    While KamLAND apparently rules out Resonant-Spin-Flavor-Precession (RSFP) as an explanation of the solar neutrino deficit, the solar neutrino fluxes in the Cl and Ga experiments vary with solar rotation rates. Added to this evidence, summarized here, a power spectrum analysis of the Super-Kamiokande data reveals (99.9% CL) an oscillation in the band of twice the equatorial rotation frequencies of the solar interior. An m=2 magnetic structure and RSFP, perhaps as a subdominant process, would give this effect. Solar cycle data changes are seen, as expected for convection zone modulations.

  13. Remote Preparation of a Qudit Using Maximally Entangled States of Qubits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chang-shui Yu; He-shan Song; Yahong Wang

    2006-03-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Known quantum pure states of a qudit can be remotely prepared onto a group of particles of qubits exactly or probabilistically with the aid of two-level Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen states. We present a protocol for such kind of remote state preparation. We are mainly focused on the remote preparation of the ensembles of equatorial states and those of states in real Hilbert space. In particular, a kind of states of qudits in real Hilbert space have been shown to be remotely prepared in faith without the limitation of the input space dimension.

  14. Cadmium uptake by Emiliania huxleyi (Prymnesiophyceae) 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peng, Chieh

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    cosmopolitan (Gaarder and Hasle 1971; Okada and Honjo 1973, 1975; Mclntyre and Be 1967; Hallegraeff 1984; Thomsen et al. 1988), though the greatest variety of species has been found in the subsurface of mid-latitude areas (Okada and Honjo 1974). E. huxleyi... and the Equatorial Zone and at top 200m of the Subarctic Zone (Okada and Honjo 1973). In the Atlantic Ocean, it constitutes over 50% of the total flora except in Tropical waters and almost 1009o in the Subarctic and the Subantarctic areas (Hasle 1960, Mclntyre...

  15. Variation of surface currents and effects on dispersion in the Tropical Pacific Ocean

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Horne, Doyle Jackson

    1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    (Tabata, 197 5) North Ecuatorial Countercurrent The North Ecuatorial Countercurrent flows eastward against the wind between 4'N laf. and 10'N lat. across the entire Pacific transporting warm water from west to east. The flow is in approximate... at which data was taken. A solution. is to use the variance of the ship drifts in con- junction with a correlation coefficient from another source. As an example R(t) from a driftez released in the Northern Equatorial Countercurrent with a track between...

  16. Generalizations of the Störmer Problem for Dust Grain Orbits

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    H. R. Dullin; M. Horányi; J. E. Howard

    2001-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the generalized St\\"ormer Problem that includes the electromagnetic and gravitational forces on a charged dust grain near a planet. For dust grains a typical charge to mass ratio is such that neither force can be neglected. Including the gravitational force gives rise to stable circular orbits that encircle that plane entirely above/below the equatorial plane. The effects of the different forces are discussed in detail. A modified 3rd Kepler's law is found and analyzed for dust grains.

  17. Optical and Near-Infrared spectroscopy of Nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kamath, U S; Ashok, N M; Mayya, Y D; Sahu, D K

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical and near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the fast nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2 covering various phases -- early decline, transition and nebular -- during the first eighteen months of its post-outburst evolution are presented in this paper. During this period, the nova evolved in the P_fe P_fe^o C_o spectral sequence. The transition from an optically thick wind to a polar blob - equatorial ring geometry is seen in the evolution of the spectral line profiles. There is evidence of density and temperature stratification in the ejecta. Physical conditions in the ejecta have been estimated based on our observations.

  18. Optical and Near-Infrared spectroscopy of Nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    U. S. Kamath; G. C. Anupama; N. M. Ashok; Y. D. Mayya; D. K. Sahu

    2005-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    Optical and near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the fast nova V1494 Aquilae 1999 #2 covering various phases -- early decline, transition and nebular -- during the first eighteen months of its post-outburst evolution are presented in this paper. During this period, the nova evolved in the P_fe P_fe^o C_o spectral sequence. The transition from an optically thick wind to a polar blob - equatorial ring geometry is seen in the evolution of the spectral line profiles. There is evidence of density and temperature stratification in the ejecta. Physical conditions in the ejecta have been estimated based on our observations.

  19. The Dark Energy Survey: Prospects for Resolved Stellar Populations

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Rossetto, Bruno M [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Santiago, Basilio X [Rio Grande do Sul U.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Girardi, Leo [Padua Observ.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Camargo, Julio I.B. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Balbinot, Eduardo [Rio Grande do Sul U.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; da Costa, Luiz N [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Yanny, Brian [Fermilab; Maia, Marcio A.G. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Makler, Martin [Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Ogando, Ricardo L.C. [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Pellegrini, Paulo S [Rio de Janeiro Observ.; Rio de Janeiro Observ.

    2011-05-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Wide angle and deep surveys, regardless of their primary purpose, always sample a large number of stars in the Galaxy and in its satellite system. We here make a forecast of the expected stellar sample resulting from the Dark Energy Survey and the perspectives that it will open for studies of Galactic structure and resolved stellar populations in general. An estimated 1.2 x 10{sup 8} stars will be sampled in DES grizY filters in the southern equatorial hemisphere. This roughly corresponds to 20% of all DES sources. Most of these stars belong to the stellar thick disk and halo of the Galaxy.

  20. Lindblad resonance torques in relativistic discs: I. Basic equations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher M. Hirata

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Lindblad resonances have been suggested as an important mechanism for angular momentum transport and heating in discs in binary black hole systems. We present the basic equations for the torque and heating rate for relativistic thin discs subjected to a perturbation. The Lindblad resonance torque is written explicitly in terms of metric perturbations for an equatorial disc in a general axisymmetric, time-stationary spacetime with a plane of symmetry. We show that the resulting torque formula is gauge-invariant. Computations for the Schwarzschild and Kerr spacetimes are presented in the companion paper.

  1. Limit on Lorentz and CPT violation of the bound Neutron Using a Free Precession 3He/129Xe co-magnetometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Gemmel; W. Heil; S. Karpuk; K. Lenz; Yu. Sobolev; K. Tullney; M. Burghoff; W. Kilian; S. Knappe-Grüneberg; W. Müller; A. Schnabel; F. Seifert; L. Trahms; U. Schmidt

    2011-01-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the search for Lorentz violating sidereal variations of the frequency difference of co-located spin-species while the Earth and hence the laboratory reference frame rotates with respect to a relic background field. The co-magnetometer used is based on the detection of freely precessing nuclear spins from polarized 3He and 129Xe gas samples using SQUIDs as low-noise magnetic flux detectors. As result we can determine the limit for the equatorial component of the background field interacting with the spin of the bound neutron to be bn < 3.7 x 10^{-32} GeV (95 C.L.).

  2. Lyapunov Exponent and Charged Myers Perry Spacetimes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Partha Pratim Pradhan

    2013-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the proper time Lyapunov exponent for charged Myers Perry black hole spacetime and investigate the instability of the equatorial circular geodesics (both timelike and null) via this exponent. We also show that for more than four spacetime dimensions $(N \\geq 3)$, there are \\emph{no} Innermost Stable Circular Orbits (ISCOs) in charged Myers Perry black hole spacetime. We further show that among all possible circular orbits, timelike circular orbits have \\emph{longer} orbital periods than null circular orbits (photon spheres) as measured by asymptotic observers. Thus, timelike circular orbits provide the \\emph{slowest way} to orbit around the charged Myers Perry black hole.

  3. Formation and Sustainment of ITPs in ITER with the Baseline Heating Mix

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Francesca M. Poli and Charles Kessel

    2012-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasmas with internal transport barriers (ITBs) are a potential and attractive route to steady-state operation in ITER. These plasmas exhibit radially localized regions of improved con nement with steep pressure gradients in the plasma core, which drive large bootstrap current and generate hollow current pro les and negative shear. This work examines the formation and sustainment of ITBs in ITER with electron cyclotron heating and current drive. It is shown that, with a trade-o of the power delivered to the equatorial and to the upper launcher, the sustainment of steady-state ITBs can be demonstrated in ITER with the baseline heating con guration.

  4. ,"U.S. Liquefied Natural Gas Imports From Norway (MMcf)"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National and Regional Data; Row: NAICS Codes; Column: Energy Sources andPlant Liquids,+ LeasePriceExpected FutureLeaseEquatorialNigeriaNorway

  5. Structure of hydrophobic hydration of benzene and hexafluorobenzene from first principles

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Allesch, M; Schwegler, E; Galli, G

    2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on the aqueous hydration of benzene and hexafluorobenzene, as obtained by carrying out extensive (>100 ps) first principles molecular dynamics simulations. Our results show that benzene and hexafluorobenzene do not behave as ordinary hydrophobic solutes, but rather present two distinct regions, one equatorial and the other axial, that exhibit different solvation properties. While in both cases the equatorial regions behave as typical hydrophobic solutes, the solvation properties of the axial regions depend strongly on the nature of the {pi}-water interaction. In particular, {pi}-hydrogen and {pi}-lone pair interactions are found to dominate in benzene and hexafluorobenzene, respectively, which leads to substantially different orientations of water near the two solutes. We present atomic and electronic structure results (in terms of Maximally Localized Wannier Functions) providing a microscopic description of benzene- and hexafluorobenzene-water interfaces, as well as a comparative study of the two solutes. Our results point at the importance of an accurate description of interfacial water in order to characterize hydration properties of apolar molecules, as these are strongly influenced by subtle charge rearrangements and dipole moment redistributions in interfacial regions.

  6. The emission probabilities of long range alpha particles from even-even 244-252Cm isotopes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. P. Santhosh; Sreejith Krishnan; B. Priyanka

    2014-09-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The alpha accompanied cold ternary fission of even-even 244Cm, 246Cm, 248Cm, 250Cm and 252Cm isotopes have been studied by taking the interacting barrier as the sum of Coulomb and proximity potential with the fragments in equatorial configuration. The favorable fragment combinations are obtained from the cold reaction valley plot and by calculating the relative yield for the charge minimized fragments. In the alpha accompanied ternary fission of 244Cm isotope, the highest yield is found for the fragment combination 110Ru+4He+130Sn, which possess near doubly magic nuclei 130Sn. For the ternary fission of 246Cm, 248Cm, 250Cm and 252Cm isotopes with 4He as light charged particle, the highest yield is obtained for the fragment combination with doubly magic nuclei 132Sn as the heavier fragment. The emission probabilities and kinetic energies of long range alpha particle have been computed for the 242,244,246,248Cm isotopes and are found to be in good agreement with the experimental data. The relative yields for the 4He accompanied ternary fission (equatorial and collinear) of 242-252Cm isotopes are compared with the corresponding yield for binary fission. The effect of deformation and orientation of fragments in the 4He accompanied ternary fission of 244-252Cm isotopes are studied. Our study reveals that the ground state deformation has an important role in the alpha accompanied ternary fission as that of shell effect.

  7. B, V photometry for ?19,000 stars in and around the Magellanic Cloud globular clusters NGC 1466, NGC 1841, NGC 2210, NGC 2257, and reticulum

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeon, Young-Beom [Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute, 776, Daedeokdae-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-348 (Korea, Republic of); Nemec, James M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Camosun College, Victoria, BC V8P 5J2 (Canada); Walker, Alistair R.; Kunder, Andrea M., E-mail: ybjeon@kasi.re.kr, E-mail: nemec@camosun.ca, E-mail: jmn@isr.bc.ca, E-mail: awalker@ctio.noao.edu, E-mail: akunder@ctio.noao.edu [Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory, National Optical Astronomy Observatory, Casilla 603, La Serena (Chile)

    2014-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Homogeneous B, V photometry is presented for 19,324 stars in and around 5 Magellanic Cloud globular clusters: NGC 1466, NGC 1841, NGC 2210, NGC 2257, and Reticulum. The photometry is derived from eight nights of CCD imaging with the Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory 0.9 m SMARTS telescope. Instrumental magnitudes were transformed to the Johnson B, V system using accurate calibration relations based on a large sample of Landolt-Stetson equatorial standard stars, which were observed on the same nights as the cluster stars. Residual analysis of the equatorial standards used for the calibration, and validation of the new photometry using Stetson's sample of secondary standards in the vicinities of the five Large Magellanic Cloud clusters, shows excellent agreement with our values in both magnitudes and colors. Color-magnitude diagrams reaching to the main-sequence turnoffs at V ? 22 mag, sigma-magnitude diagrams, and various other summaries are presented for each cluster to illustrate the range and quality of the new photometry. The photometry should prove useful for future studies of the Magellanic Cloud globular clusters, particularly studies of their variable stars.

  8. Re-examination of the Expected gamma-ray emission of supernova remnant SN 1987A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Berezhko, E G; Voelk, H J

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A nonlinear kinetic theory, combining cosmic ray (CR) acceleration in supernova remnants (SNRs) with their gas dynamics, is used to re-examine the nonthermal properties of the remnant of SN 1987A for an extended evolutionary period of 5-50 yr. This spherically symmetric model is approximately applied to the different features of the SNR which consist of (i) a blue supergiant wind and bubble, and (ii) of the swept-up red supergiant (RSG) wind structures in the form of an HII region, an equatorial ring (ER), and an hourglass region. The RSG wind involves a mass loss rate that decreases significantly with elevation above and below the equatorial plane. The model adapts recent three-dimensional hydrodynamical simulations by Potter et al. (2014) which use a significantly smaller ionized mass of the ER than assumed in the earlier studies by the present authors. The SNR shock has recently swept up the ER which is the densest region in the immediate circumstellar environment. Therefore the expected gamma-ray energy f...

  9. Mapping High-velocity H-alpha and Lyman-alpha Emission from Supernova 1987A

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    France, Kevin; Fransson, Claes; Larsson, Josefin; Frank, Kari A; Burrows, David N; Challis, Peter; Kirshner, Robert P; Chevalier, Roger A; Garnavich, Peter; Heng, Kevin; Lawrence, Stephen S; Lundqvist, Peter; Smith, Nathan; Sonneborn, George

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present new {\\it Hubble Space Telescope} images of high-velocity H-$\\alpha$ and Lyman-$\\alpha$ emission in the outer debris of SN~1987A. The H-$\\alpha$ images are dominated by emission from hydrogen atoms crossing the reverse shock. For the first time we observe emission from the reverse shock surface well above and below the equatorial ring, suggesting a bipolar or conical structure perpendicular to the ring plane. Using the H$\\alpha$ imaging, we measure the mass flux of hydrogen atoms crossing the reverse shock front, in the velocity intervals ($-$7,500~$<$~$V_{obs}$~$<$~$-$2,800 km s$^{-1}$) and (1,000~$<$~$V_{obs}$~$<$~7,500 km s$^{-1}$), $\\dot{M_{H}}$ = 1.2~$\\times$~10$^{-3}$ M$_{\\odot}$ yr$^{-1}$. We also present the first Lyman-$\\alpha$ imaging of the whole remnant and new $Chandra$ X-ray observations. Comparing the spatial distribution of the Lyman-$\\alpha$ and X-ray emission, we observe that the majority of the high-velocity Lyman-$\\alpha$ emission originates interior to the equatorial...

  10. Comparative Analysis of GALLEX-GNO Solar Neutrino Data and SOHO/MDI Helioseismology Data; Further Evidence for Rotational Modulation of the Solar Neutrino Flux

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter A. Sturrock; Mark A. Weber

    2001-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We carry out a comparative analysis of the GALLEX-GNO solar neutrino data and estimates of the solar internal rotation rate derived from the MDI helioseismology experiment on the SOHO spacecraft. We introduce a statistic, which we evaluate as a function of radius and latitude, that is a measure of the degree of "resonance" of oscillations in the neutrino flux and the synodic solar rotation rate at that radius and latitude. A map of this statistic indicates that the probable location is deep in the convection zone near the equator. We also examine the integral of this statistic over the equatorial section of the convection zone. This provides a measure of the likelihood that the variability of the solar neutrino flux, as measured by the GALLEX-GNO data, has its origin in the equatorial section of the convection zone. We apply the shuffle test, randomly reassigning measurements among runs, to estimate the significance of the value of the statistic computed from the actual data. This test implies that the result is significant at the 0.2% level. When, for comparison, we repeat this analysis for the radiative zone, we find that the integral resonance statistic is not significant. These results support earlier evidence for rotational modulation of the solar neutrino flux.

  11. On the 27-day Variations of Cosmic Ray Intensity in Recent Solar Minimum 23/24

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Modzelewska, R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the 27-day variations and their harmonics of the galactic cosmic ray (GCR) intensity, solar wind velocity, and interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) components in the recent prolonged solar minimum 23 24. The time evolution of the quasi-periodicity in these parameters connected with the Suns rotation reveals that their synodic period is stable and is aprox 26-27 days. This means that the changes in the solar wind speed and IMF are related to the Suns near equatorial regions in considering the differential rotation of the Sun. However, the solar wind parameters observed near the Earths orbit provide only the conditions in the limited local vicinity of the equatorial region in the heliosphere (within in latitude). We also demonstrate that the observed period of the GCR intensity connected with the Suns rotation increased up to aprox 33-36 days in 2009. This means that the process driving the 27-day variations of the GCR intensity takes place not only in the limited local surroundings of the equato...

  12. Small mass plunging into a Kerr black hole: Anatomy of the inspiral-merger-ringdown waveforms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Taracchini; Alessandra Buonanno; Gaurav Khanna; Scott A. Hughes

    2014-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We numerically solve the Teukolsky equation in the time domain to obtain the gravitational-wave emission of a small mass inspiraling and plunging into the equatorial plane of a Kerr black hole. We account for the dissipation of orbital energy using the Teukolsky frequency-domain gravitational-wave fluxes for circular, equatorial orbits, down to the light-ring. We consider Kerr spins $-0.99 \\leq q \\leq 0.99$, and compute the inspiral-merger-ringdown (2,2), (2,1), (3,3), (3,2), (4,4), and (5,5) modes. We study the large-spin regime, and find a great simplicity in the merger waveforms, thanks to the extremely circular character of the plunging orbits. We also quantitatively examine the mixing of quasinormal modes during the ringdown, which induces complicated amplitude and frequency modulations in the waveforms. Finally, we explain how the study of small mass-ratio black-hole binaries helps extending effective-one-body models for comparable-mass, spinning black-hole binaries to any mass ratio and spin magnitude.

  13. The Defect Induced Mix Experiment (DIME) for NIF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schmitt, Mark J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Bradley, Paul A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Cobble, James A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hakel, Peter [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Hsu, Scott C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Krasheninnikova, Natalia S [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kyrala, George A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Murphy, Thomas J [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Obrey, Kimberly A [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Shah, Rahul C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Tregillis, Ian L [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

    LANL will perform two Defect Induced Mix Experiment (DIME) implosion campaigns on NIF in July and September, 2012. This presentation describes the goals for these shots and the experimental configuration and diagnostic set up to collect the appropriate data. The first two-shot campaign will focus on executing polar direct drive (PDD) implosions of plastic CH capsules filled with deuterium gas. Gas filling will be performed through a fill tube at target chamber center. A vanadium backligher foil will provide x-rays to radiograph the last half of the implosion to compare the implosion trajectory with modeling predictions. An equatorial groove in one of the capsules will be present to determine its effect on implosion dynamics. The second DIME campaign will commission and use a spectral imager (MMI) to examine the evolution of thin capsule layers doped with either Ge or Ga at 1.85%. Spectral line emission from these layers will quantify the mix width at the inner shell radius and near an equatorial groove feature.

  14. Light defection due to a charged, rotating body

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sarani Chakraborty; A. K. Sen

    2014-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    According to GTR and subsequent developments in the field, it is known that there are three factors namely mass, rotation and charge that can influence the space-time geometry. Accordingly, we discuss the effect of space-time geometry of a charged, rotating body on the motion of the light ray. We obtained the expression for equatorial defection of light due to such a body up to fourth order term. In our expression for defection angle it is clear that charge can influence the path of light ray. We used the null geodesic approach of light ray for our calculation. If we set the charge to zero our expression of bending angle gets reduced to the Kerr equatorial bending angle.If we set rotation to zero our expression reduces to Resinner-Nordstr$\\ddot{o}$m defection angle and if we set both charge and rotation to zero our expression reduces to Schwarzschild bending angle. However, we get non-zero bending angle for a hypothetical massless, rotating, charged body.

  15. A Spectropolarimetric Atlas of Seyfert 1 Galaxies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. E. Smith; S. Young; A. Robinson; E. A. Corbett; M. E. Giannuzzo; D. J. Axon; J. H. Hough

    2002-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We present optical spectropolarimetry of the nuclei of 36 Seyfert 1 galaxies, obtained with the William Herschel and the Anglo-Australian Telescopes from 1996 to 1999. In 20 of these, the optical emission from the active nucleus is intrinsically polarized. We have measured a significant level of polarization in a further 7 objects but these may be heavily contaminated by Galactic interstellar polarization. The intrinsically polarized Seyfert 1s exhibit a variety of characteristics, with the average polarization ranging from < 0.5 to 5 per cent and many showing variations in both the degree and position angle of polarization across the broad H alpha emission line. We identify a small group of Seyfert 1s that exhibit polarization properties similar to those of Seyfert 2 galaxies in which polarized broad-lines have been discovered. These objects represent direct observational evidence that a Seyfert 2-like far-field polar scattering region is also present in Seyfert 1s. Several other objects have features that can be explained in terms of equatorial scattering of line emission from a rotating disk. We propose that much of the diversity in the polarization properties of Seyfert galaxies can be understood in terms of a model involving both equatorial and polar scattering, the relative importance of the two geometries as sources of polarized light being determined principally by the inclination of the system axis to the line-of-sight.

  16. Radar Imaging and Characterization of Binary Near-Earth Asteroid (185851) 2000 DP107

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Naidu, Shantanu P; Taylor, Patrick A; Nolan, Michael C; Busch, Michael W; Benner, Lance A M; Brozovic, Marina; Giorgini, Jon D; Jao, Joseph S; Magri, Chris

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Potentially hazardous asteroid (185851) 2000 DP107 was the first binary near-Earth asteroid to be imaged. Radar observations in 2000 provided images at 75 m resolution that revealed the shape, orbit, and spin-up formation mechanism of the binary. The asteroid made a more favorable flyby of the Earth in 2008, yielding images at 30 m resolution. We used these data to obtain shape models for the two components and to improve the estimates of the mutual orbit, component masses, and spin periods. The primary has a sidereal spin period of 2.7745 +/- 0.0007 h and is roughly spheroidal with an equivalent diameter of 863 m +/- 5%. It has a mass of 4.656 +/- 0.56 x 10^11 kg and a density of 1381 +/- 268 kg/m^3. It exhibits an equatorial ridge similar to the (66391) 1999 KW4 primary, however the equatorial ridge in this case is not as regular and has a ~300 m diameter concavity on one side. The secondary has a sidereal spin period of 1.77 +/- 0.02 days commensurate with the orbital period. The secondary is slightly elon...

  17. The Effect of Proton Temperature Anisotropy on the Solar Minimum Corona and Wind

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alberto M. Vasquez; Adriaan A. van Ballegooijen; John C. Raymond

    2003-10-29T23:59:59.000Z

    A semi-empirical, axisymmetric model of the solar minimum corona is developed by solving the equations for conservation of mass and momentum with prescribed anisotropic temperature distributions. In the high-latitude regions, the proton temperature anisotropy is strong and the associated mirror force plays an important role in driving the fast solar wind; the critical point where the outflow velocity equals the parallel sound speed is reached already at 1.5 Rsun from Sun center. The slow wind arises from a region with open field lines and weak anisotropy surrounding the equatorial streamer belt. The model parameters were chosen to reproduce the observed latitudinal extent of the equatorial streamer in the corona and at large distance from the Sun. We find that the magnetic cusp of the closed-field streamer core lies at about 1.95 Rsun. The transition from fast to slow wind is due to a decrease in temperature anisotropy combined with the non-monotonic behavior of the non-radial expansion factor in flow tubes that pass near the streamer cusp. In the slow wind, the plasma beta is of order unity and the critical point lies at about 5 Rsun, well beyond the magnetic cusp. The predicted outflow velocities are consistent with OVI Doppler dimming measurements from UVCS/SOHO. We also find good agreement with polarized brightness (pB) measurements from LASCO/SOHO and HI Ly-alpha images from UVCS/SOHO.

  18. TEC enhancement due to energetic electrons above Taiwan and the West Pacific

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Suvorova, A V; Dmitriev, A V

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energetic electrons of the inner radiation belt during a geomagnetic disturbance can penetrate in the forbidden range of drift shells located at the heights of the topside equatorial ionosphere (<1000 km). A good correlation was previously revealed between positive ionospheric storms and intense fluxes of quasi-trapped 30-keV electrons at ~900 km height in the forbidden zone. In the present work, we use statistics to validate an assumption that the intense electron fluxes in the topside equatorial ionosphere can be an important source of the ionization in the low-latitude ionosphere. The data on the energetic electrons were obtained from polar orbiting satellites over the periods of the 62 strong geomagnetic storms from 1999 to 2006. Ionospheric response to the selected storms was determined using global ionospheric maps of vertical total electron content (VTEC). A case-event study of a major storm on 9 November 2004 provided experimental evidence in support to the substantial ionization effect of ener...

  19. Lindblad resonance torques in relativistic discs: II. Computation of resonance strengths

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher M. Hirata

    2011-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a fully relativistic computation of the torques due to Lindblad resonances from perturbers on circular, equatorial orbits on discs around Schwarzschild and Kerr black holes. The computation proceeds by establishing a relation between the Lindblad torques and the gravitational waveforms emitted by the perturber and a test particle in a slightly eccentric orbit at the radius of the Lindblad resonance. We show that our result reduces to the usual formula when taking the nonrelativistic limit. Discs around a black hole possess an m=1 inner Lindblad resonance with no Newtonian Keplerian analogue; however its strength is very weak even in the moderately relativistic regime (r/M ~ few tens), which is in part due to the partial cancellation of the two leading contributions to the resonant amplitude (the gravitoelectric octupole and gravitomagnetic quadrupole). For equatorial orbits around Kerr black holes, we find that the m=1 ILR strength is enhanced for retrograde spins and suppressed for prograde spins. We also find that the torque associated with the m>=2 inner Lindblad resonances is enhanced relative to the nonrelativistic case; the enhancement is a factor of 2 for the Schwarzschild hole even when the perturber is at a radius of 25M.

  20. A precise narrow-beam filter infrared radiometer and its use with lidar in the ARM Program

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Platt, C.M.R.

    1992-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The first six months of the grant (December 1991--May 1992) have been taken up with the design and specification for the new narrow-beam radiometer. The radiometer will be built and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research over the next three months. Improved algorithms for obtaining cloud extinction have also been developed. It is proposed during 1993 to use the radiometer in conjunction with a new CSIRO 3-wavelength lidar in the ARM PROBE experiment at Kavieng, New Guinea, which is a test mission under tropical conditions for the ARM CART Tropical West Pacific site, and is part of the TOGA COARE experiment. During the latter part of 1992, the radiometer will be tested thoroughly and tested at the Division of Atmospheric Research, Aspendale.