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1

Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments Secretary Bodman Travels to Saudi Arabia to Discuss Global Energy Investments January 19, 2007 - 10:38am Addthis Furthers Strategic Energy Dialogue between the Nations and Highlights U.S. - Saudi Scientific Innovation RIYADH, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman today continued his six-nation visit to the Middle East and Europe with a two-day stop in Saudi Arabia where he met with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali Ibrahim Al-Naimi to discuss joint energy cooperation. Secretary Bodman also toured the King Abdul-Aziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and will tour the King Abdullah University of Science and Technology during his visit. "The United States and Saudi Arabia enjoy a relationship of global

2

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"TERRAIN","zoom":5,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"390px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":25,"lon":45,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

3

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for...

4

NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

Since 1995, the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) and the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have co-operated to establish a 12 station network of high quality solar radiation monitoring installations across the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. NREL and KACST realized the value of accurate surface solar radiation flux measurements for validation of satellite derived surface and atmospheric solar radiation flux measurements, and is making this data available to support validation of satellite data products related to the NASA Mission to Planet Earth component of the Earth Science Enterprise Earth Observing System (EOS) project to evaluate long term climate trends based on measuements from EOS Terra Platforms. A CIMEL 8 channel sunphotometer for measuring aerosol optical depth at 6 wavelengths and total column water has been deployed at the Solar Village station since February 24, 1999. [Taken from http://rredc.nrel.gov/solar/new_data/Saudi_Arabia/

Myers, Daryl R. (NREL); Al-Abbadi,Naif (King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, Energy Research Institite); Wilcox, Steve (NREL)

5

U.S. Exports to Saudi Arabia of Petroleum Coke (Thousand ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum Coke Exports by Destination; Saudi Arabia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Destination ...

6

Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Readout of Energy Secretary Chu's Meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia February 22, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Secretary Chu was in Riyadh today on his first stop of a four-day Middle East trip. He met with King Abdullah, Minister of Petroleum & Mineral Resources Ali Al Naimi and other senior officials. Secretary Chu reaffirmed the United States' commitment to a strong bilateral relationship with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and discussed energy security, alternative energy technologies, climate change, and science and technology issues. The Secretary began the day with a bilateral meeting with Minister Al Naimi. Topics on the agenda included global energy markets, Saudi Aramco's technology strategy and carbon capture and storage. The

7

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Dhahran, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 107797 Coordinates 17.433333°, 43.216667° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":17.433333,"lon":43.216667,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

8

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 108410 Coordinates 24.640833°, 46.772778° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.640833,"lon":46.772778,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

9

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Yanbu, Saudi Arabia: Energy Resources Jump to: navigation, search Name Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Equivalent URI DBpedia GeoNames ID 100425 Coordinates 24.085278°, 38.048611° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.085278,"lon":38.048611,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

10

U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia U.S. Energy Secretary Visits Saudi Arabia November 17, 2005 - 2:48pm Addthis Meeting with Minister Al-Naimi, tour of Shaybah oil field, and kick-off of International Energy Forum highlight four-day visit DHAHRAN, SAUDI ARABIA - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman is continuing his four-day visit to the Middle East in Saudi Arabia today, meeting with Saudi Arabia's Minister of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Ali bin Ibrahim Al-Naimi, touring the Aramco headquarters and visiting Aramco's Shaybah oil field. "Consumers of energy and producers of energy are becoming ever-more intertwined, and a strong, vibrant relationship will help us work together for years to come," Secretary Bodman said. "It's important that we understand each other and recognize each other's needs for both the short

11

Teacher's Attitudes towards Integrating Technology: Case Studies in Saudi Arabia and the United States.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This study examines teachers' attitudes towards integrating technology in Saudi Arabia and the United States. A case study approach was used to identify several factors (more)

Alharbi, Asma Mohammed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

12

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, August 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia solar powered desolation site during the month of August 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

13

Saudi Arabia's Oil Minister: Address to US independent producers  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The issue of Energy Detente is designed to promote better understanding of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) through its self-image and its view of the world. The OPEC News Agency coverage and other OPEC materials are tapped to illustrate some key points in a speech about energy security from Saudi Arabia's Oil Minister. This paper from His Excellency Ibrahim M. Nazer is offered in an effort to share his message from the world's largest oil exporter to the world's largest oil consumer. This issue also provides selected statistics and statements from OPEC, both to put Saudi Arabia's statements in context of its commitment to OPEC and to reveal the striking similarity between the country's and the organization's positions. This issue also contains the following: (1) ED Refining Netback Data Series for the U.S. Gulf and West Coasts, Rotterdam, and Singapore as of March 23, 1990; Hemisphere, March 1990 edition. 6 figs., 5 tabs.

Not Available

1990-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

14

Gas turbine operating and maintenance experience in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Operation and maintenance of the gas turbines in Saudi Arabia, utilized to drive crude oil shipping pumps and process gas compressors, are discussed. Operation on wet, sour gas is taken into account, emphasizing the hot corrosion problem and the approaches taken to solve it. Intake air filtration is examined, indicating that as a result of an in depth study it was decided to retrofit the turbines with a three stage air filtration system. The methods for applying corrosion resistant coatings to the blades are considered, as are the overhaul logistics and the repair procedures.

Anderson, A.W.

1979-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

15

The meeting point : rethinking public space in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Can urban intervention affect social behaviors within a city? And if so, what happens when that city is partial to cultural restrictions? The target in question here is the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The dilemma is that ...

Abuzeid, Reem

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Diagnosis of Tropospheric Moisture over Saudi Arabia and Influences of IOD and ENSO  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A diagnostic study of atmospheric moisture data over Saudi Arabia derived from a 43-yr National Centers for Environmental PredictionNational Center for Atmospheric Research (NCEPNCAR) reanalysis revealed that moisture convergence in the lower ...

Arun Chakraborty; Swadhin K. Behera; Milind Mujumdar; Ryohji Ohba; Toshio Yamagata

2006-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia of Crude Oil (Thousand Barrels per Day) Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1973: 351: 255: 390: 290: 366: 434: 644 ...

18

Aggregate model and analysis of the energy dynamics in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is facing a crisis in the near future centered on increasing energy consumption. Today, the kingdom consumes approximately 1/3 of its oil production. If no action is taken and the kingdom continues ...

Al-Ahmed, Khalid A. (Khalid Abdulrahim)

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

19

Stakeholder value network analysis for the energy system of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Arabia is experiencing a considerable escalation in its consumption of electricity, provoked by economic progress and population increase. Such an escalation threatens the economic output of the Kingdom: more oil and ...

Alonso, Francisco J., S.M. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, May 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of May 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, June 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of June 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of March 1985 are presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

23

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, April 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu, Saudi Arabia was selected as the location for the SOLERAS Solar Powered Desalination Plant. The direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu solar powered desalination site during the month of April 1985 was presented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Relasjonen mellom Iran og Saudi-Arabia : en studie av rsakene til den kte graden av samarbeid etter 1997.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Sammendrag Etter 1997 har det blitt observert strre grad av samarbeid mellom Iran og Saudi-Arabia. Denne oppgaven sker avdekke hvilke rsaker som har pvirket (more)

Nss, Cecilie

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

25

Model for electric energy consumption in eastern Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electrical energy consumption in the eastern province of Saudi Arabia is modeled as a function of weather data, global solar radiation, population, and gross domestic product per capita. Five years of data have been used to develop the energy consumption model. Variable selection in the regression model is carried out by using the general stepping-regression technique. Model adequacy is determined from a residual analysis technique. Model validation aims to determine if the model will function successfully in its intended operating field. In this regard, new energy consumption data for a sixth year are collected, and the results predicted by the regression model are compared with the new data set. Finally, the sensitivity of the model is examined. It is found that the model is strongly influenced by the ambient temperature.

Al-Garni, A.Z.; Al-Nassar, Y.N.; Zubair, S.M.; Al-Shehri, A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

26

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Country Saudi Arabia Name Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources Address PO Box 757, Airport Road, Riyadh 11189 City Riyadh Website http://www.mopm.gov.sa/mopm/ma Coordinates 24.800234°, 46.71742° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.800234,"lon":46.71742,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

27

Final Report for Annex II--Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources In Saudi Arabia, 1998-2000  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Final Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1998-2000 summarizes the accomplishment of work performed, results achieved, and products produced under Annex II, a project established under the Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of Renewable Energy Research and Development between the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United States. The report covers work and accomplishments from January 1998 to December 2000. A previous progress report, Progress Report for Annex II - Assessment of Solar Radiation Resources in Saudi Arabia 1993-1997, NREL/TP-560-29374, summarizes earlier work and technical transfer of information under the project. The work was performed in at the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in Golden, Colorado, at the King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and at selected weather stations of the Saudi Meteorological and Environmental Protection Administration (MEPA).

Myers, D. R.; Wilcox, S. M.; Marion, W. F.; Al-Abbadi, N. M.; Mahfoodh, M.; Al-Otaibi, Z.

2002-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Renewable energy options in Saudi Arabia: the economic viability of solar photovoltaics within the residential sector  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Renewable energy options, including solar power, are becoming progressively more viable and thus increasingly pose challenges to conventional sources of energy, such as oil, coal and natural gas. Solar Photovoltaic technology is one type of solar energy ... Keywords: Saudi Arabia, feasibility study, renewable energy, residential buildings, solar photovoltaics

Yasser Al-Saleh; Hanan Taleb

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 34 Israel 1 68 Saudi Arabia 30 COLLEGES (STUDENTS) ACADEMIC LEVELS France 10 57 Oman 1 TOTAL 1283 24 Germany 8 58 Pakistan 3 25 Ghana 5 59 Palestine 1 26 Greece 2 60 Panama

Collins, Gary S.

30

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar Energy Study, Yanbu, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of global and normal incident radiation at the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia solar powered desalination plant site are documented. The use of parabolic, two axis tracking, point focusing solar collectors necessitates the measurement and analysis of the normal incident data. The accuracy of the measuring instruments and the results of analysis of one year solar radiation are briefly discussed. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

31

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Solving the Energy and Solving the Energy and Climate Challenge Together Secretary Steven Chu International Energy Forum Riyadh, Saudi Arabia 22 February 2010 King Faisal Prize Winners, 1993 The United States of America and Saudi Arabia have a long and deep relationship We are adding a new dimension to our Saudi King Abdul Aziz Al Saud and President Franklin Delano Roosevelt on the USS Quincy 65 years ago dimension to our relationship - as we move to meet shared energy and climate challenges (1) The global economy needs energy resources. (2) Our long-term economic prosperity is tied to the sustainable use of energy. (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for The Energy and Climate Challenge (3) There are risks of adverse climate change for both our countries. (4) We don't have the luxury of focusing only on

32

Countries Saudi Arabia Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Saudi Aramco said that its fields do not require the use of enhanced oil recovery techniques, although fields in the Neutral Zone could require steam flooding.

33

Support for court-yard houses : Riyad, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The objective of this report is to explore the application of the support concept in the Saudi Arabian context, as a result of the author's interest in the concept of user participation. To do so, the following steps were ...

Akbar, Jamel A

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

Demonstration and development of control mechanism for radioactive sources in Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Saudi Arabia have no nuclear industry. Nevertheless, many radioactive sources, for different purposes, have been used in the country. There is upswing in the number of companies that recruit nuclear technology in their daily work. The National Center for Radiation Protection (NCRP) takes the full commitment and responsibility for monitoring and regulating the movement of radioactive sources in the country. NCRP issues the licenses for import, export, and use of radioactive sources. It, also, protects the country from any trespassing radiation through a sizable net of early warning and radiation monitoring stations along the borders of Saudi Arabia. This paper talks about the procedures of licensing, importing, exporting of radioactive sources. It, also, sheds light on types of implementing radioactive sources in different practices encompass medicine, industry, research. The NCRP has established an electronic web site to ease the communication with all users in the country. This site is yet in the experimental stage.

Al-Kheliewi, A. S. [National Center for Radiation Protection King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia)

2012-06-06T23:59:59.000Z

35

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project. Solar energy falling on Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, July 1985  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Yanbu is located in the Western Province of Saudi Arabia on the Red Sea at a latitude of 24.1 degrees North and a longitude of 37.8 degrees East. It was selected as the location for the Soleras Solar Powered Desalination Plant. This preliminary report describes the direct normal and total horizontal insolation that fell on the Yanbu Solar Powered Desalination site during the month of July 1985.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

Political Constraints on Government Cartelization: The Case of Oil Production Regulation in Texas and Saudi Arabia by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We examine government cartelization efforts in crude oil production. Texas and Saudi Arabia are alleged to act as swing producers to maintain the interstate (1933-1972) and OPEC (1973 on) oil cartels respectively. We analyze the political constraints that affected the ability of Texas and Saudi Arabia to act as residual producers within their respective cartels. In the case of Texas, political factors molded individual firm production quotas, advantaging high-cost producers and hence, reducing total cartel net profits. Further, Texas had limited range for adjusting total state production to maintain interstate output at levels consistent with target prices. Saudi Arabias role as swing producer within OPEC raises similar questions regarding how cartel output is shared among members, and the extent to which domestic economic and political pressures coming from various member countries may undermine the effectiveness of the cartel. OPEC s coordination problem has been more difficult than that faced by the interstate cartel for a variety of reasons that we explore. Even so, they have not kept the OPEC members in general, and Saudi Arabia in particular, from exerting a strong influence on the level of world oil prices.

Gary D. Libecap; James L. Smith

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

37

Web-based gis and public participation:an aid to widening female participation in revitalizing outdoor recreational facilities in saudi arabia. a case study in jeddah, saudi arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

During the last decade, the Internet and Geographic Information System (GIS) have made changes in the relationship between governments and citizens in many developed countries. Citizens, in such countries, have been given more chances to participate in the decision making process of the spatial issues relevant to them. Such participation has helping to make urban planning more democratic and to make planners plan with the public rather than plan for the public. In Saudi Arabia (a developing country), participation of citizens in spatial decision making is very limited. Such limitation is more severe when considering women due to the circumstance of gender segregation in the Saudi society. While males may somehow muddle through ways to express their views about spatial issues to the planning authority, females have no ways unless they behave against the local norms. There is a persistent need for implementing distance participation for women in Saudi Arabia. This research examines whether developing and employing an Internet / GIS participatory approach can facilitate (without conflicting with the local conservative cultural norms) womens participation in the municipal decision making process of the neighborhoods outdoor recreational facilities. The goal was primarily to adapt the technology to serve the society instead of necessitating the society to change its inherited norms to be able to advance. The research involved an exploratory ethnographic case study carried out in a selected residential community in the city of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. The research was carried out in two phases where the current status of public participation in the Saudi community planning was investigated first, and then a prototype for an Internet/GIS system for female public participation was developed and evaluated. The research found that there is a legitimate enthusiasm amongst the public and officials of the research sample for adopting e-public participation. Such enthusiasm is supported by a number of political, economical, technological and religious reasons. However, the findings showed that adopting e-public participation is more promising in the near future than currently due to different reasons including the current relatively small number of Internet users in Saudi Arabia. Since such research is the first of its type to be conducted in the Saudi context, the findings can serve as a road map indicating that adopting e-public participation in Saudi Arabia is promising and worth researching.

Daghistani, Farouk

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

The development of contemporary housing in Saudi Arabia (1950-1983) : a study in cross-cultural influence under conditions of rapid change  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study provides a framework for understanding the circumstances associated with the introduction of modern housing concepts and techniques to Saudi Arabia. The analysis and discussion of the relevant cultural influences ...

Fadan, Yousef M. (Yousef Mohammed)

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

39

Role of solar energy research in transferring of technology to Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is blessed with abundant solar energy, which is renewable, clean, and freely available. This paper describes the status of the major research, development, and demonstration (RD and D) activities and achievements at the Energy Research Institute, King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology, in the field of solar energy. RD and D activities in the Kingdom have confirmed that solar energy has a multitude of practical uses. These include lighting, cooling, cooking, water heating, crop/fruit drying, water desalination, operating irrigation pumps, and meteorological stations, and providing road and tunnel lighting. Furthermore, these solar energy RD and D activities and achievements played a significant role in transferring technology and manpower development in the Kingdom.

Alawaji, S.H.; Hasnain, S.M.

1999-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

40

Comparative study of economic viability of rural electrification using renewable energy resources versus diesel generator option in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The objective of this paper is to assess the economic viability of Saudi Arabia's renewable energy resources in electricity production in the rural and remote areas as against the use of diesel generators (DG). The methodology employed is to pick an existing isolated DG electric station for a rural community and assess the levelized cost of energy (LCOE) generated for incremental generation by adding either DG

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Regression analysis of residential air-conditioning energy consumption at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The energy consumption of a house air conditioner located at Dhahran, Saudi Arabia, is modeled as a function of weather parameters and total (global) solar radiation on a horizontal surface. The selection of effective parameters that significantly influence energy consumption is carried out using general stepping regression methods. The problem of collinearity between the regressors is also investigated. The final model involves parameters of total solar radiation on a horizontal surface, wind speed, and temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. However, the model coefficients are functions of relative humidity and/or temperature difference between the indoor and outdoor condition. Model adequacy is examined by the residual analysis technique. Model validation is carried out by the data-splitting technique. The sensitivity of the model indicates that relative humidity and temperature difference strongly influence the cooling energy consumption. It was found that an increase in relative humidity from 20% to 100% can cause a 100% increase in cooling energy consumption during the high cooling season.

Abdel-Nabi, D.Y.; Zubair, S.M.; Abdelrahman, M.A.; Bahel, V. (Energy Systems Group, Div. of Energy Resources, Research Inst., King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitaton is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Electromagnetic interference from transmission lines located in central region of Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper discusses the electromagnetic interference (EMI) generated by transmission lines operating in the Central Region of Saudi Arabia. These lines have operating voltages of 132, 230 and 380 kV and are located in a hot, dry arid desert land where precipitation is very low. Measurements of typical EMI characteristics such as frequency spectrum, lateral profile and statistical variation are performed for each type of line and results are analyzed. It is found that general noise characteristic of these lines are similar to those reported in the literature for other lines which are located in relatively wet environment. The results further show that if operating gradients are low, the increase of EMI due to rain is lower than 20 dB value usually observed. The presence of sand and dust storms does not increase EMI level in any appreciable manner. The fair weather EMI level of these lines can be predicted with reasonable accuracy by using the CIGRE formula. Results are also presented for power line carrier related EMI.

Al-Arainy, A.A.; Malik, N.H.; Abdul-Aal, L.N.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

44

Renewable Energy Potentials in Saudi Arabia S. A. M. Said, I. M. El-Amin and A.M. Al-Shehri  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and economic feasibility of wind energy utilization in the Kingdom has not yet fully explored. Several studies were conducted to assess the potential of wind energy in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The wind map of energy. The most natural renewable energy sources which are freely available are wind and solar

45

Investigating Indoor Radon Levels and Influencing Factors in Primary Schools of Zulfi City, Saudi Arabia  

SciTech Connect

Measurement of indoor Concentrations were performed in Zulfi city of Saudi Arabia, using CR-39 track etch detectors. This investigation focused on the influence of different parameters, namely different locations, school categories, school building types, and room type as well as on the existence of differences in radon concentration at floor levels. We divided the Zulfi city into five regions, keeping in mind their geographical locations between Tuwaiq Mountains and Al-Thuwayrat sands. The measured average radon concentrations for regions 1-5 respectively are: 87.0{+-}14.2 Bq/m{sup 3}, 83.4{+-}6.0 Bq/m{sup 3}, 61.6{+-}6.4 Bq/m{sup 3}, 63.7{+-}5.4 Bq/m{sup 3} and 87.5{+-}6.Bq/m{sup 3} and the minimum concentrations are 28.0 Bq/m{sup 3}, 5.5 Bq/m{sup 3}, 1.1 Bq/m{sup 3}, 1.0 Bq/m{sup 3} and 24 Bq/m{sup 3} respectively. These results are still within normal limits and below the action level of 148 Bqm{sup -3} set by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). A test of significance using Minitab program was applied to investigate if radon levels in regions are significantly different from each other. We tried all combinations, and found the following results. The ''within regions''(different location) test yielded, region 2 is not significant versus region ''1''(p = 0.783) and versus region ''5''(P = 0.646), whereas it is significant versus region ''3''(P = 0.0160) and also versus region ''4''(p = 0.018). We investigated government and rented school's building also and none was found significantly different (p = 0.052). Floors of the same building were tested in order to examine the radon concentration as a function of storey level. No significant difference was observed at floor levels (p = 0.009). When girl's schools versus Boys and kindergartens schools were tested they were found significantly different. It is believed that this significant difference is due to geographical nature of the area, since most of the girl's schools were selected from regions 2 and 3, these regions are relatively close to the Tuwaiq mountains whereas other regions are near to the Al-Thuwayrat sands.

Al-Ghamdi, S. S.; Al-Garawi, M. S.; Al-Mosa, Tahani M.; Baig, M. R. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P. O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia)

2011-10-27T23:59:59.000Z

46

NREL: News Feature - Saudi Arabia Looks to NREL for Solar Monitoring...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

resource. The importance of setting up networks to gauge and predict the strength of solar radiation in varying meteorological conditions convinced the Saudis to choose NREL...

47

Renewable success : development of good architecture in the case of Arriyadh Development Authority, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ArRiyadh Development Authority (ADA) is an unusual city development authority within the Saudi Arabian government hierarchy. Part of its responsibilities is coordinating and overseeing the design and building of buildings ...

Alkhabbaz, Mohammed H

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

48

The March 2009 Dust Event in Saudi Arabia: Precursor and Supportive Environment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A case study is presented of the environmental background for a massive Saudi Arabian dust storm event that took place on 10 and 11 March 2009. The dust storm was large enough to be clearly seen from outer space and caused a widespread heavy atmospheric ...

B. H. Alharbi; A. Maghrabi; N. Tapper

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Moarabisque: the essence of Arabia : a motion graphics piece that promotes the diverse Saudi Arabian arts and culture.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Moarabisque: The essence of Arabia is an "Arabian custom designed motion graphics series". This Series is inspired by the diverse geography, architecture, arts, and culture (more)

Al Hamid, Wail

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Impact of Shortwave Radiative Effects of Dust Aerosols on the Summer Season Heat Low over Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-stream scattering scheme based on the delta-Eddington approximation is incorporated into the Florida State University Limited Area Model for computing the shortwave radiative fluxes due to dust aerosols over the Saudi Arabian region and to ...

Saad Mohalfi; H. S. Bedi; T. N. Krishnamurti; Steven D. Cocke

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

51

Architecting the Saudi solar manufacturing : using Enterprise Architecture Framework  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The demand for Saudi oil is increasing locally and internationally, and being one of the major oil exporters in the world, the government of Saudi Arabia needs to balance between local consumption and international demand. ...

Alsultan, Bassel F. (Bassel Fahad)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

Saudi Electricity Company | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Electricity Company Electricity Company Jump to: navigation, search Name Saudi Electricity Company Place Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip 11416 Sector Solar Product Riyahd-based utility, 80% state-owned and 20% listed, that generates 37GW of electricity from 45 oil and gas-fuelled power plants. Has signalled interest in investing in solar energy, including a 20-30MW plant. References Saudi Electricity Company[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Saudi Electricity Company is a company located in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia . References ↑ "Saudi Electricity Company" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=Saudi_Electricity_Company&oldid=350639"

53

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 3. Appendixes VII-X  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Documentation supporting the proposed construction of a passively cooled house at King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia is presented. The documents include: computer printouts for comparisons of design; landscapes analysis; field station study for Al Batin, Saudi Arabia; data acquisition systems; and performance evaluation. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

54

Fracture Detection and Water Sweep Characterization Using Single-well Imaging, Vertical Seismic Profiling and Cross-dipole Methods in Tight and Super-k Zones, Haradh II, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This work was conducted to help understand a premature and irregular water breakthrough which resulted from a waterflooding project in the increment II region of Haradh oilfield in Saudi Arabia using different geophysical methods. Oil wells cannot sustain the targeted oil production rates and they die much sooner than expected when water enters the wells. The study attempted to identify fracture systems and their role in the irregular water sweep. Single-well acoustic migration imaging (SWI), walkaround vertical seismic profiling (VSP) and cross-dipole shear wave measurements were used to detect anisotropy caused by fractures near and far from the borehole. The results from all the different methods were analyzed to understand the possible causes of water fingering in the field and determine the reasons for discrepancies and similarities of results of the different methods. The study was done in wells located in the area of the irregular water encroachment in Haradh II oilfield. Waterflooding was performed, where water was injected in the water injector wells drilled at the flanks of Harahd II toward the oil producer wells. Unexpected water coning was noticed in the west flank of the field. While cross-dipole and SWI measurements of a small-scale clearly identify a fracture oriented N60E in the upper tight zone of the reservoir, the VSP measurements of a large-scale showed a dominating fracture system to the NS direction in the upper highpermeability zone of the same reservoir. These results are consistent with the directions of the three main fracture sets in the field at N130E, N80E and N20E, and the direction of the maximum horizontal stress in the field varies between N50E and N90E. Results suggested that the fracture which is detected by cross-dipole at 2 to 4 ft from the borehole is the same fracture detected by SWI 65 ft away from the borehole. This fracture was described using the SWI as being 110 ft from top to bottom, having an orientation of N60E and having an angle of dip of 12 relative to the vertical borehole axis. The detected fracture is located in the tight zone of the reservoir makes a path for water to enter the well from that zone. On the Other hand, the fractures detected by the large-scale VSP measurements in the NS direction are responsible for the high-permeability in the upper zone of the reservoir.

Aljeshi, Hussain Abdulhadi A.

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

55

U.S. Imports from Saudi Arabia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

56

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Solar Radiation Atlas  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This atlas provides a record of monthly mean solar radiation generated by a Climatological Solar Radiation model, using quasi-climatological inputs of cloud cover, aerosol optical depth, precipitable water vapor, ozone, surface albedo, and atmospheric pressure.

NREL

1998-12-16T23:59:59.000Z

57

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 4. Saudi Engineering Solar Energy Applications System Design Study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Literature summarizing a study on the Saudi Arabian solar controlled environment agriculture system is presented. Specifications and performance requirements for the system components are revealed. Detailed performance and cost analyses are used to determine the optimum design. A preliminary design of an engineering field test is included. Some weather data are provided for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

58

Saudi Aramco | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aramco Aramco Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Name Saudi Aramco Address North Park 2, Building 3301 Place Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product exploration & producing, refining, petrochemicals, distribution, shipping, marketing. Number of employees 10,000+"+" is not declared as a valid unit of measurement for this property. Phone number +9663 872 0115 Website http://www.saudiaramco.com/irj Coordinates 26.2768607°, 50.1472321° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":26.2768607,"lon":50.1472321,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

59

Screening criteria for enhanced recovery of Saudi crude oils  

SciTech Connect

This investigation studies and analyzes the screening guides that can be used to select the applicable enhanced oil recovery (EOR) method under Saudi oil field conditions. Based on the analysis of data obtained from 186 Saudi formations, the crude oils are produced from low to intermediate permeability formations in the range of 1-1500 millidarcies. The original reservoirs' pressure and temperature range from 2000 to 5500 psi and from 140 to 240{degrees}F, respectively. The porosity of the formations varies from 10 to 30% and the formations thickness ranges from 10 to 300 feet. The reservoirs of Saudi Arabia are characterized by high formation water salinity, which can be as high as 30% by weight. Saudi oil formations are characterized by connate water in the range of 10-50%. Thus residual oil saturation is expected to be high. The viscosity of most Saudi crude oils ranges from 0.10 to 10 centipoise. The API gravity ranges from 15 to 45. The basic parameters studied include formation permeability, porosity, and thickness; reservoir pressure and temperature; crude oil viscosity and API gravity, formation connate water saturation and its salinity, and formation type and heterogeneity. Based on the screening analysis the most suitable technical methods applicable to Saudi oil fields are the miscible processes using gases.

Sayyouh, M.H.; Al-Blehed (Petroleum Engineering Dept., King Saud Univ., Riyadh (SA))

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Heat Low Over the Saudi Arabian Desert During May 1979 (Summer MONEX)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In May of 1979 a unique data set was obtained over the desert area in Saudi Arabia near the surface heat low as part of the GARP Monsoon Experiment (MONEX). Analysis of the data reveals that during the day a well-mixed layer extends up to 650 mb, ...

D. W. Blake; T. N. Krishnamurti; S. V. Low-Nam; J. S. Fein

1983-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: University of Riyadh. Solar air conditioning. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Research on solar air conditioning at the University of Riyadh in Riyhadh, Saudi Arabia is presented. Topics relevant to the university's proposed solar cooling laboratory are discussed: absorption systems and various contingencies, photovoltaic solar collectors and thermoelectric elements, measuring instruments, solar radiation measurement and analysis, laboratory specifications, and decision theories. Dual cycle computations and equipment specifications are included among the appendices.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

62

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Name Saudi Aramco Mobile Refinery Company (SAMREF) Address P.O. Box 30078 Place Yanbu, Saudi Arabia Sector Oil and Gas Product Crude Oil Refining Phone number (966) (4) 396-4443 Website http://www.samref.com.sa/ Coordinates 24.0866932°, 38.0585527° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.0866932,"lon":38.0585527,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

63

Role of Aramco in Saudi Arabian development: a case study of dependent development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate whether the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has proceeded along the path toward development while in a dependent relationship with the Arabian American Oil Company, Aramco. Development in a given country is defined as the process by which the living standards of the people who live in that country are raised. That process includes the development of physical and human infrastructure, economic growth, distribution of resources, and the maturation of society (including its ability to weather crisis, whether it be social or economic). Though it is by no means exhaustive on the subject of development in Saudi Arabia, this study focuses on Aramco's involvement in the socio-economic elements of development in Saudi Arabia, as these are the direct impacts of development upon which the Saudi five-year development plans focus. Employing the theoretical framework of dependent development as adapted by Timothy Luke to the OPEC countries' development experience in the international energy regime, this study serves in part as an in-depth case study of Luke's thesis.

Rawls, L.W.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design and analysis study. Volume 2. Appendixes I-VI  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Documents supporting the proposed construction of a passively cooled house at King Faisal University in Saudi Arabia are presented. The papers include the following topics: comfort measurements; cooling methods and strategies for hot/arid climates; ventilation design; solar hot water heaters; backup HVAC equipment specifications; and computer printouts for design review and analysis. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

65

Operational results from the Saudi Solar Village Photovoltaic power system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The world's largest photovoltaic power system was carried into the operation phase a few months ago. This system was developed and fabricated in the United States and it is providing electrical energy to three remote villages in Saudi Arabia. The facility includes a 350 kW photovoltaic array, 1-MW diesel powered generator, 1100 kWH lead acid batteries, a 300 KVA inverter and a solar weather data monitoring station. The photovoltaic power system is capable of completely automatic operation. It is designed to operate in stand-alone and cogeneration modes of operation.

Huraib, F.; Al-Sani, A.; Khoshami, B.H.

1982-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The responsibility for the contents of the working paper rests with the author, not the Institute. Since working papers are of a preliminary nature, it may be useful to contact the author of a particular working paper about results or caveats before referring to, or quoting, a paper. Any comments on working papers should be sent directly to the author. CRUDE OIL PRICE FLUCTUATIONS AND SAUDI ARABIAN BEHAVIOUR* This study seeks to explain why crude oil prices fluctuate, the main cause being the quota regime, which characterises the OPEC agreements. Given that the Saudi oil supply is inelastic in the short term, a shock in the oil market is accommodated by an immediate price change. In contrast, a dominant firm behaviour in the long term causes an output change, which is accompanied by a smaller price change. This explains why oil prices overshoot. The results of a general equilibrium model applied to Saudi Arabia support this analysis. They also indicate that Saudi Arabia does not have any incentive in altering the crude oil market equilibrium with either positive or negative supply shocks; and that its behaviour is asymmetric in the presence of world demand shocks, having an incentive (disincentive) in intervening if a negative (positive) demand shock hits the crude oil market. A second set of simulations is designed to understand what might be a correct OECD policy to lower prices. A tax cut would worsen the situation, whereas policies which can increase the price elasticity of demand seem to be very effective. * I have benefited from discussions with Christiane Kasten, Bodo Steiner and Manfred Wiebelt. All errors are my responsibility.

Roberto A. De Santis; Roberto A. De Santis

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

The Ministry is responsible for national planning in the area of ... These additions are a part of a broader expansion of the existing gas transmission system in ...

68

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

3,258.16: 14,096: 118,710: 6 : 3,630.35: Net Export/Imports(-) 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0.0000 , 0 ...

69

Renewable Energy Scenarios for the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

demand, since manufacturing wind turbines is not as energy-intensive as the production of solar (silicon, etc. associated with the operation of wind turbines. Moreover, despite a number of previous 22 6.4 Other Issues 23 7. Scenarios Narratives 24 7.1 Blue Scenarios 24 7.2 Yellow Scenarios 25 7

Watson, Andrew

70

Saudi Arabia Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: Crude oil exports are ...

71

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

However, natural gas production remains limited, as soaring costs of production, exploration, processing, and distribution of gas have squeezed supply.

72

Prehistoric coastal archaeology of the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Despite being the oldest multidisciplinary archaeological discipline the study of coastal archaeology and shell mounds has received relatively little attention until recently. The recognition of (more)

Williams, Matthew Gregory Meredith

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

73

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

State energy information, ... Maps. Maps by energy source and topic, includes forecast maps. Countries. Country energy information, ... Installed Capa ...

74

Saudi Arabia Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

-No Data Reported; --= Not Applicable; NA = Not Available; W = Withheld to avoid disclosure of individual company data. Notes: *Countries listed under ...

75

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Wind Geothermal ... India; Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar;

76

version 25Apr11b From Saudi Arabia to Venezuela  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Blogs: 1. Global Fracking http://globalfracking.blogspot.com/ 2. Middle East and North African Oil http

O'Donnell, Tom

77

Saudi Arabia was world's largest petroleum producer and net ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Petroleum & Other Liquids. Crude oil, gasoline, heating oil, diesel, propane, and other liquids including biofuels and natural gas liquids. Natural Gas

78

Saudi Arabia - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

US EIA provides data, forecasts, country analysis brief and other analyses, focusing on the energy industry including oil, natural gas and ...

79

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Upgrades to a smart grid in the future would also enable the kingdom to better handle intermittent power generation from renewable sources. Notes.

80

Saudi Arabia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Reserves, production, prices, employ- ment and productivity, distribution ... Gas System (MGS), the domestic gas distribution ... smart grid in the ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

The effect of component efficiency and operating conditions on the 50-kW dish Stirling system in Riyadh, Saudia Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper deals with the development of a weather data base and the performance prediction of a 50-kW dish Stirling system. An analysis of direct solar insolation data for 1985 from the site in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia was made to determine the available solar energy. A parameter study was done of the effects of component efficiencies and operating conditions on instantaneous and yearly average system efficiency using the prepared weather data. The system performance was found to be most affected by wind, mirror reflectivity, and exact placement of the receiver in the focal point of the mirror.

Noyes, G.W. (Deutsche Forshungsanstait fur Luft-und Raumfahrt, Inst. fur Technische Thermodynamik, Pfaffenwaldrign 38-40, 7000 Stuttgart 80 (DE))

1990-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 0 5 10 15 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 2025 2030 2035 Natural gas plant liquids Net petroleum imports Source: Annual Energy Outlook 2010 Global economic...

83

Energy Expenditure and Water Flux of Ruppell's Foxes in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

), sometimes in excess of 50 C, intense solar radiation, desiccating winds, lack of surface water for drinking

Williams, Jos. B.

84

Construction management and its application to the delivery of the Lamar Towers in Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Construction Management (CM) is becoming the delivery method of choice for constructing complicated projects. Previously, the most common method to employ was the General Contracting method, where the contractor and designer ...

Kassouf, Ronald Elie

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Societal and technical issues in the industrial development of Saudi Arabia and Egypt  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sustained industrial development in developing nations has been an impetus for economic growth and technological advancements for the past several decades, in addition to being a major contributor to poverty reduction. ...

Kundukulam, Vibin A. (Vibin Anto)

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

86

Urban dwelling environments in rapidly growing cities : case study, Unayzah, Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The study is concerned with two critical issues: a) the housing situation of middle income groups; b) the use of land in new developments. A tentative planning model for urban land development and a survey of existing ...

Alohali, Yousef Nasser

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

87

Solar energy controlled-environment agriculture in the United States and in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A number of greenhouse designs proposed for use in hot climates to reduce the temperature by essentially passive means are illustrated. The project plans of the SOLERAS, solar-powered, controlled-environment agriculture are outlined. The water desalination technology being evaluated is reverse osmosis. The solar collection technologies include flat-plate thermal collectors, solar ponds, photovoltaics, and wind turbines. (MHR)

Luft, W.; Froechtenigt, J.

1981-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

88

New software for hybrid renewable energy assessment for ten locations in Saudi Arabia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper introduces a design and optimization methodology for autonomous hybrid photovoltaic (PV)/wind/battery energy system. The main function of the proposed methodology is to determine the optimum size of each component of the energy system for the lowest cost of kWh generated and the best loss of load probability. This methodology uses the hourly wind speed

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

Rail that Survived Demolition by "Lawrence of Arabia": An Analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The track of the Hijaz railway became the theater of a critical military engagement led by a British officer and explosives expert, Lawrence of Arabia. The subject...

90

Bahrain - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Bahrain intends to replace the aging pipeline system from Saudi Arabia with the planned New Arabia pipeline, a 71-mile, ...

91

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations Energy Efficiency Program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Aramco Gas Operations (GO) created energy efficiency strategies for its 5-year business plan (2011-2015), supported by a unique energy efficiency program, to reduce GO energy intensity by 26% by 2015. The program generated an energy savings of $ 8.8 MM, equivalent to 5% energy intensity reduction in 2011 as compared to 2010 level. The program works through a structured process, pre-set energy targets, installations of online energy management tools, and implementation of key high impact energy efficiency initiatives and completion of energy conservation projects. The long-term fruit of the program was recognized as a best practice to be adapted by most of Saudi Aramco facilities. The generation of innovative energy saving ideas under implementation resulted in potential energy savings of $23 MM. This paper confirms what many others in the industry have found, the opportunity is significant. The author illustrates GO organization crafted a structured energy efficiency program and innovative approaches to unlock the full potential of higher standards of energy efficiency performance. Gas Operation energy efficiency program will ideally translates energy intensity strategies into realities and transforms the missed opportunities into practical tactics for capturing the millions of dollars of savings potential that exist across GO facilities.

Al-Dossary, F. S.

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Measurements and Prediction of Particulate Number Concentrations and their Chemical Composition over Yanbu Industrial City, Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Many recent studies have highlighted the substantial health-related impacts of particle number (PMno) rather than particle mass. The aim of this study is to determine (more)

Al-Mahmodi, Jaafar Nasheed hameed

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

93

Sustainable Architectural Applications in the Gulf States-Post Occupancy Evaluation Case Study of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study aimed at studying, analyzing, and assessing sustainability experiment in KSA through estimating buildings established and designed in many sites at the kingdom. But these buildings were analyzed from the descriptive method, in addition to extracting special standards through the users of these buildings. The opinions of the users were taken through a questionnaire for extracting the satisfaction level about the sustainable buildings in KSA. Above all, meetings with the people of specialty who designed the buildings were held and compared before and after design, together with the method of visualizing the subject. The study considered all elements and terms used in order to extract some helpful results for the decision makers, together with putting strategies and an approach for designing the sustainable buildings in the kingdom. The findings indicated that the user is affected by the sustainable measures taken in designing and construction of these buildings. Many factors affected the satisfaction level of the users including the cultural, social and economic factors.

Ali, H.; Alfalah, G.

2010-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

94

Oil, politics, society and the state in the middle east: Enduring authoritarianism in Iran and Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This thesis examines the relationship between oil and the persistence of authoritarianism in the Middle East. Specifically, it analyzes and critiques the rentier state (more)

Martorell, Benjamin E

95

International Perspective from Saudi Arabia on Procedural Skills Training During Emergency Medicine Residency: Are We Teaching the Right Things?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GA. Surgical residency training program. Are changes needed?of emergency residency training programs in Turkey: after 14various aspect of EM training program was presented.

Qureshi, Nadeem

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

SOLERAS - Saudi Arabian-United States Program for cooperation in the field of solar energy: Executive summary SOLERAS Program overview  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The SOLERAS Program was a unique bilateral, international, cooperative research effort. The intent of SOLERAS was to utilize the technical and financial resources of each country to advance the development of solar energy through cooperative research projects. The Program involved research and applications in most of the major renewable technologies during its nine-year life, and its participants include some of the most accomplished individuals, corporations, universities, and laboratories in solar energy research. The Program benefited enormously from the professional and personal commitment of these participants. SOLERAS accomplished several major research projects, completed resource assessment activities, and sponsored numerous technology workshops, short courses, and technical reports. This Executive Summary report provides only a limited overview of the activities and major accomplishments. Detailed project activities and experiences are documented in numerous SOLERAS reports describing system design, operations, and evaluations. These reports are available in the United States through the National Technical Information Center. In Saudi Arabia, these reports are available through the King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology. 19 figs., 4 tabs.

Williamson, J.S.; Key, W.P.

1987-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Macroeconomic determinants of the stock market movements: empirical evidence from the Saudi stock market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation investigates the long run and short run relationships between Saudi stock market returns and eight macroeconomic variables. We investigate the ability of these (more)

Alshogeathri, Mofleh Ali Mofleh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

98

Identification of Business Opportunities within the solar industry for Saudi Arabian Companies.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? This master thesis report presents a prefeasibility analysis for a Saudi Company to enter the solar industry.Section one of this report illustrates the value (more)

Retana Herrera, Julio

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

99

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Libya, and Nigeria (Africa); Ecuador and Venezuela (South America); Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates ...

100

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Other pipelines, such as the Trans-Arabian Pipeline (TAPLINE) running from Qaisumah in Saudi Arabia to Sidon in Lebanon, ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. ... Saudi Arabia* Syria* United Arab Emirates* Yemen* Africa. Algeria* Angola* Congo (Brazzaville)*

102

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Indonesia; Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; ...

103

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan* Kuwait* Lebanon* Oman* Palestinian Territories* Qatar* Saudi Arabia* Syria* United Arab Emirates* Yemen* Africa. Algeria* Angola* Benin ...

104

Upper mantle structure under western Saudi Arabia from Rayleigh wave tomography and the origin of Cenozoic uplift and volcanism on the Arabian Shield  

SciTech Connect

The shear velocity structure of the shallow upper mantle beneath the Arabian Shield has been modeled by inverting new Rayleigh wave phase velocity measurements between 45 and 140 s together with previously published Rayleigh wave group velocity measurement between 10 and 45 s. For measuring phase velocities, we applied a modified array method that minimizes the distortion of raypaths by lateral heterogeneity. The new shear velocity model shows a broad low velocity region in the lithospheric mantle across the Shield and a low velocity region at depths {ge} 150 km localized along the Red Sea coast and Makkah-Madinah-Nafud (MMN) volcanic line. The velocity reduction in the upper mantle corresponds to a temperature anomaly of {approx}250-330 K. These finding, in particular the region of continuous low velocities along the Red Sea and MMN volcanic line, do not support interpretations for the origin of the Cenozoic plateau uplift and volcanism on the Shield invoking two separate plumes. When combined with images of the 410 and 660 km discontinuities beneath the southern part of the Arabian Shield, body wave tomographic models, a S-wave polarization analysis, and SKS splitting results, our new model supports an interpretation invoking a thermal upwelling of warm mantle rock originating in the lower mantle under Africa that crosses through the transition zone beneath Ethiopia and moves to the north and northwest under the eastern margin of the Red Sea and the Arabian Shield. In this interpretation, the difference in mean elevation between the Platform and Shield can be attributed to isostatic uplift caused by heating of the lithospheric mantle under the Shield, with significantly higher region along the Red Sea possibly resulting from a combination of lithosphere thinning and dynamic uplift.

Park, Y; Nyblade, A; Rodgers, A; Al-Amri, A

2007-11-09T23:59:59.000Z

105

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project. Final report, project summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Proposals for research on solar cooling are presented for four Saudi Arabian universities. The universities are the University of Petroleum and Minerals in Dhahran, King Saud University in Riyadh, King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah, and King Faisal University in Dammam. Topics researched include the Rankine cycle, passive solar cooling systems, a solar-powered lithium bromide-water absorption machine and a photovoltaic-powered thermoelectric cooling machine. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

106

1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 Characterization of carbonaceous aerosols outflow from India and 2 Arabia: Biomass/biofuel tracer for biomass/biofuel burning, 16 number concentration of submicrometer carbon-containing particles and biomass/biofuel 22 burning are subject to long-range transport, thereby contributing to anthropogenic 23

Dickerson, Russell R.

107

Net Imports of Total Crude Oil and Products into the U.S. by Country  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 12,036 11,114 9,667 9,441 8,450 7,393 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 2,159 2,368 1,678 1,705 1,842 2,149 1993-2012 OPEC* 5,946 5,899 4,675 4,787 4,429 4,093 1993-2012 Algeria 663 548 490 510 355 241 1993-2012 Angola 508 513 458 393 346 233 1993-2012 Ecuador 182 202 138 135 147 117 1993-2012 Iran 1993-1995 Iraq 484 627 450 415 459 476 1996-2012 Kuwait 181 210 182 197 191 305 1993-2012 Libya 117 103 79 70 15 60 2004-2012 Nigeria 1,133 982 798 1,006 803 419 1995-2012 Qatar 2 0 10 0 4 4 1993-2012 Saudi Arabia 1,483 1,529 1,003 1,096 1,193 1,364 1993-2012 United Arab Emirates 9 3 31 -2 -4 -1 1993-2012 Venezuela 1,339 1,162 1,037 968 919 875 1993-2012

108

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. /Saudi Arabian program (SOLERAS). Additional input wasthe U.S. /Saudi Arabia (SOLERAS), U.S. / Israel and U.S. /~~o solar programs. The SOLERAS project is mentioned earlier

Cairns, E.J.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

SOLAR ENERGY PROGRAM: CHAPTER FROM THE ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT ANNUAL REPORT 1979  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

U.S. /Saudi Arabian program (SOLERAS). Additional input wasthe U.S. /Saudi Arabia (SOLERAS), U,S,/ Israel and U.S. /Mexico solar programs. The SOLERAS project is mentioned

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

110

December 4, 2003, Board Public Meeting Speaker Bio  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

combination Desalination and Power Plant in Saudi Arabia, the 600 million Chambers Works Generating Station and the 300 million Southeast Massachusetts Waste to Energy...

111

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... propane, and other liquids ... 2012 and expressed in million barrels ... miles of transit from Saudi Arabia to the United States around the ...

112

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

113

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria ...

114

Secretary Bodman Meets with Egyptian President Mubarak to Highlight...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

in Egypt, Secretary Bodman took part in energy dialogues with global leaders in Jordan, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, and Qatar to enhance the United States'...

115

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan 0.008 Kuwait 6.280 Lebanon 0.004 Oman 2.502 Palestinian Territories 0 Qatar 5.329 Saudi Arabia ...

116

Modeling and Optimization of Desalting Process in Oil Industry.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Throughout a very long piping network crude oil in Saudi Arabia is sent to Gas Oil Separation Plant called GOSP. The main objectives of the (more)

Alshehri, Ali

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 2000 ppm Sulfur Imports from ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

118

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Yemen  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

119

Other Oils for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

120

Other Oils for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Togo  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

122

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

123

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

124

Motor Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

125

Unfinished Oils Imports from Azerbaijan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

126

Residual Fuel Oil, Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Imports from ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

127

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

128

Residual Fuel Oil Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

129

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Iran; Iraq; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and ...

130

Pentanes Plus Imports from OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

131

West Coast (PADD 5) Imports from Turkmenistan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

132

Other Oils for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

133

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Azerbaijan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

134

Unfinished Oils Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

135

Distillate Fuel Oil, Greater than 500 ppm Sulfur Imports from ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

136

Kerosene Imports from OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

137

Products Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

138

Liquefied Petroleum Gases Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

139

Turkmenistan Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... California crude oil to Pacific Rim countries. The Persian Gulf includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

140

Unfinished Oils Imports from Iraq  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Special Naphthas Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

142

Conventional Gasoline Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

143

U.S. Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

144

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Burma  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

145

Residual Fuel Oil, Less than 0.31% Sulfur Imports from Azerbaijan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

146

Other Oxygenates Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

147

Naphtha for Petrochem. Feedstock Use Imports from Australia  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

148

Kerosene Imports from Turkey  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

149

Reformulated Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

150

MTBE (Oxygenate) Imports from Non OPEC  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

151

Residual Fuel Oil, 0.31 to 1.00% Sulfur Imports from Azerbaijan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

152

Residual Fuel Oil, Greater than 1.00% Sulfur Imports from Malta  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

153

Conventional Gasoline Imports from Persian Gulf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

154

Pentanes Plus Imports from Argentina - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

155

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Persian Gulf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

156

Motor Gasoline Blending Components Imports from Kyrgyzstan  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

157

Crude Oil Imports from Syria  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

158

Non OPEC Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... California crude oil to Pacific Rim countries. The Persian Gulf includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

159

Montenegro Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... California crude oil to Pacific Rim countries. The Persian Gulf includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

160

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from Guatemala  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Midwest (PADD 2) Imports from Brazil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

162

Israel Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... California crude oil to Pacific Rim countries. The Persian Gulf includes Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

163

Distillate Fuel Oil, 15 ppm and under Sulfur Imports from Persian Gulf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

164

Residual Fuel Oil, Less than 0.31% Sulfur Imports from Georgia ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

165

Unfinished Oils Imports from Syria - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

166

Unfinished Oils Imports from Persian Gulf  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates. Totals may not equal sum of components due to independent rounding.

167

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

weather; gasoline; capacity; exports; nuclear; forecast; ... Saudi Arabia was world's largest petroleum producer and net exporter in 2012. December 20, 2012

168

Political risks focus attention on supply of Venezuelan oil to the ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

weather; gasoline; capacity; nuclear; exports; ... Saudi Arabia, and Mexico. Meanwhile, the United States, the world's largest oil consumer and oil importer, ...

169

Today in Energy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

weather; gasoline; capacity; ... is almost evenly split between petroleum and natural gas. Saudi Arabia's production, on the other hand, heavily favors petroleum.

170

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi disruption added to a market sense of oversupply. Relatively mild weather in Europe allowed distillate ...

171

WTI Crude Oil Price: Potential for Volatility Around Base Case  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi disruption added to a market sense of oversupply. Relatively mild weather in Europe allowed distillate ...

172

Italy - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Italy's main crude oil suppliers are Libya, Azerbaijan, Saudi Arabia, and Russia. ... the colder than normal weather in Europe in early 2012, ...

173

Petroleum and Natural Gas Outlook  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... Saudi Arabia, and Nigeria Bears ... Nigeria Bears Slowing economic and oil demand growth More supply Inventory recovery More capacity growth Milder winter weather ...

174

international | U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Saudi Arabia was world's largest petroleum producer and net exporter in 2012. January 29, 2013. China consumes nearly as much coal as the rest of the world combined.

175

Gabon - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Energy in Brief ... Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ... tapping into this potential could leave the country vulnerable to unfavorable ...

176

Short-Term Energy Outlook - U.S. Energy Information Administration ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates ... Solar U.S. CO 2 Emissions ... U.S. Weather Heating Degree Days New England Middle Atlantic East North Central ...

177

Strait of Hormuz is chokepoint for 20% of worlds oil - Today in ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Energy in Brief ... weather; gasoline; ... Saudi Arabia recently increased its additional unused pipeline capacity to 2.8 million bbl/d when it converted ...

178

Gabon - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Solar Energy in Brief ... Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ... tapping into this potential could leave the country vulnerable to unfavorable ...

179

Concentration of U.S. crude oil imports among top five suppliers ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Crude oil imports from the top five foreign suppliers to the United Stateswhich in 2012 were Canada, Saudi Arabia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Iraq, in that order ...

180

Mass Transfer Mechanisms during the Solvent Recovery of Heavy Oil.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Canada has the second largest proven oil reserves next to Saudi Arabia which is mostly located in Alberta and Saskatchewan but is unconventional heavy oil (more)

James, Lesley

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Export.gov - World Wide Offices  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Argentina Hong Kong Poland Australia Hungary Portugal Austria India Qatar Belgium Indonesia Romania Brazil Iraq Russia Bulgaria Ireland Saudi Arabia Canada Israel Serbia Chile...

182

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #193: December 3, 2001 Oil...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

the Persian Gulf, and the United States Notes: Current OPEC members include Algeria, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates,...

183

Country Names used in SPIRES  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nigeria North Korea Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Polynesia Portugal Qatar Romania Russia Rwanda Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and...

184

CARBON FLUX TO THE ATMOSPHERE FROM LAND-USE CHANGES: 1850 TO...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Afghanistan, Algeria, Bahrain, Cyprus, Democratic Yemen, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey,...

185

Increasing the Competitiveness of Small and Medium-sized Enterprises...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-5.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

186

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

informationpublicationsedituploadsdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen...

187

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan 0.009 Kuwait 5.624 Lebanon 0.008 Oman 2.836 Palestinian Territories 0 Qatar 6.552 Saudi Arabia ...

188

Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

efficiency. Secretary Bodman will depart on Monday, January 14, 2008 and travel to Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Egypt. "To increase global energy...

189

WHO Technical Manual on Tobacco Tax Administration  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Revenue (FBR) Pakistan and World Health Organization (on cigarettes in PakistanAn analysis (unpublished).Arab Jamahiriya, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syrian

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

190

The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Lebanon, Libya, Nicaragua, Pakistan, Panama, Saudi Arabia,Since 1979, the US and Pakistan have had a relationshipis governed mainly by Pakistans antagonistic relations with

Shaw, Emily D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

191

Slide 1  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

land routes) Incense Routes (used for religious purpose trade and aromatherapy from Africa, Saudi Arabia and India) Silk Road (Chinese used silk) Roman and Indian Trade (sailing...

192

Recognising Textual Entailment Focusing on Non-Entailing ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... 48 Indonesia has revisited its OPEC membership, but decided to stay on to maintain high-level relations with big- time oil powers like Saudi Arabia. ...

2009-02-27T23:59:59.000Z

193

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Electricity Prices ; Petroleum Prices ; Natural Gas Prices ; Heat Content; ... Philippines 24.6 24.4 32.9 26.6 20.0 Saudi Arabia ...

194

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

195

Malaysia - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

196

Bulgaria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

197

Afghanistan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

198

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

199

Japan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

200

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Countries - Data - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

202

Electricity Prices for Industry - EIA - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Korea, South; Kuwait; Libya; Malaysia; Mexico; Nigeria; Norway; Oman; Qatar; Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South Sudan; Syria; Thailand ...

203

Crude Oil Price Forecast - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Cutbacks in heavy crude oil production targeted by Mexico, Saudi Arabia and to some degree Venezuela should help narrow the differential. The ...

204

Notes for International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Dry Natural Gas: OECD, Brazil, Russia, India, China, Venezuela & Saudi Arabia: 6/30: 2010 : All Countries: 11/4: 2010 : Reserves: Proven Reserves of Natural Gas: All ...

205

Syria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; ... Syrian oil production is down by over 50 percent since March ...

206

American Samoa - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; ... American Samoa is nearly 100 percent dependent on imported fossil fuels, including diesel fuel for its electric power generation.

207

Algeria - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... electric power plant emissions. ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; ... more than 99 percent of Algeria's electricity generation comes from fossil-fuel sources.

208

Brazil - Analysis - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; ... Hydropower accounted for 85 percent of this generation, ... The other major contributor to Brazil's thermal power generation in 2010 was ...

209

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Sales, revenue and prices, power plants, fuel use, stocks, generation, trade, demand & emissions. ... Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan and South ...

210

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and Global Pension Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/aWelfare Pension Fund Reserve Oil Qatar Qatar Investmentand the General Reserve Fund) Oil & Gas Russia National

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Abdulaziz University. Solar cooling systems design report. Phase 1 report  

SciTech Connect

An assessment of the performance and adaptability of solar cooling systems to the Saudi Arabian environment was studied at King Abdulaziz University. Development of a solar research laboratory and the hardware and software available for installation are considered. The university's facilities for solar energy research are briefly described. A budget for the research project is proposed. (BCS)

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

212

Three-year Evaluation of Pre-employment Screening for Tuberculosis (TB) and Post-exposure Compliance with Therapy for Latent TB Infection Among Healthcare Workers Working in A Tertiary Care Hospital in Saudi Arabia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Background: Controlling tuberculosis (TB) among occupationally exposed healthcare workers (HCWs) is challenged by limited documentation of pre- employment tuberculin skin test (TST) screening and the (more)

Kentenyants, Karine

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in an U.S. patent (Fischer, 1951). It is extracted in the form of tannin by hot water from the wood system development. Application of Biomass Cellulose is the main component on the cell walls of trees blood cells and lymphocytes that defend the human body against diseases. Contains additives

Hossain, M. Enamul

214

Corresponding author: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, P.O. Box 2020, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals (KFUPM), Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305, Fax: 0096638604447,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. patent (Fischer, 1951). It is extracted in the form of tannin by hot water from the wood of certain dense system development. Application of Biomass Cellulose is the main component on the cell walls of trees is also re-useable. Contains white blood cells and lymphocytes that defend the human body against diseases

Al-Majed, Abdulaziz Abdullah

215

*Corresponding authors: Dr. M. Enamul Hossain, Department of Petroleum Engineering, College of Engineering Science, King Fahd University of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, KFUPM Box: 2020, Saudi Arabia. Tel: 0096638602305 (O), Fax: 0096638604447.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

) weighing balance, (3) viscometer, (4) mixers, (5) HTHP single cell filtration loss tester, (6) hot-rolling oven with cells, (7) electrical stability tester. #12;4 An Experimental Study to Develop Sustainable. Complete mud check was conducted on COBM-1 and COBM-2 before hot-rolling (BHR) at 120 0 F, and after hot

Hossain, M. Enamul

216

Deserts are water-controlled ecosystems characterized by high ambient temperature (Ta), intense solar radiation,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Wisconsin 53706; 2 National Wildlife Research Center, P.O. Box 1086, Taif, Saudi Arabia; 3 Department. Stepane Ostrowski at the Arabian Oryx Reserve, Saudi Arabia, who provided climate data, a small fur sample on interpolations of weather- station data that are deliberately collected far enough above the ground that local

Williams, Jos. B.

217

Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman at the conclusion of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

at the at the conclusion of the Jeddah Energy Meeting in Saudi Arabia Statement by U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman at the conclusion of the Jeddah Energy Meeting in Saudi Arabia June 22, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis JEDDAH, SAUDI ARABIA - At the conclusion of the Jeddah Energy Meeting in Saudi Arabia, U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman issued the following statement: "I want to thank King Abdullah and the Saudi Arabian government for hosting a meeting that gave producing and consuming nations a chance to discuss the current state of the global oil market. Everyday-and around the world-we are seeing the significant negative effects that high oil prices are having on our economies, our industries and, most profoundly, on our citizens. These trying circumstances demand

218

DECONTAMINATION AND BENEFICIAL REUSE OF DREDGED MATERIAL USING EXISTING INFRASTRUCTURE FOR THE MANUFACTURE OF LIGHTWEIGHT  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

University of Petroleum and Minerals (KFUPM), the leading engineering univer- sity in Saudi Arabia. Students.S. exports, is the source of millions of jobs, and is critical to our nation's eco- nomic strength and future

Brookhaven National Laboratory

219

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #201: January 28, 2002 Top...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Oil and Gas Journal estimates that Saudi Arabia had more than 250 billion barrels of crude oil reserves in January 2000. No other country comes close to having that amount of...

220

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Top World Oil Producers, 2012 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Sort By Country; Production; 1 Saudi Arabia; 11,726; 2 United States; 11,115; 3 Russia; 10,397; 4 China ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #521: June 2, 2008 The Price...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

March 2008 Graph showing the price of a gallon of gasoline (in dollars) for Venezuela, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, U.S., Germany, France, and the U.K. For more detailed...

222

Strengthening the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority: A Policy Analysis of the Nigerian Excess Crude Account and the Nigerian Sovereign Investment Authority Act  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Reserve Oil Saudi Arabia SAMA Foreign n/a Stabilization*both the oil budget reference price and the Foreign Excesss oil exports brings in a large inflow of foreign currency.

Ugwuibe, Cynthia

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Microsoft PowerPoint - Georgetown lecture 3-29-10 final fordistributi...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Publications Microsoft PowerPoint - Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx Microsoft PowerPoint - UAE Masdar 2-24-10 final for distribution.pptx SEAB Climate Action Plan...

224

The spectral distribution of solar ultraviolet radiation at the ground  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Measurements of spectral UV irradiance were made at Sutton Bonington and other sites in Saudi Arabia using a spectroradiometric system developed in this study. On clear days a linear relation between the logarithm of global irradiance I[sub [lambda

Albar, O.F.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

225

[Title of Presentation  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

in China, Croatia, Brazil - Other Countries are under study now (e.g., UK, Norway, Indonesia, Thailand, Abu Dhabi, Saudi Arabia) * Through all, CO 2 Flooding has Steady Growth...

226

Consequences of Data Error in Aggregate Indicators: Evidence from the Human Development Index  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

below the HDI 1975 of Venezuela), by 2006 the Portugal HDIthe 2006 reported HDI 1975 of Venezuela. On average over allSaudi Arabia Thailand Venezuela Colombia Brazil Mauritius

Wolff, Hendrik; Chong, Howard; Auffhammer, Maximilian

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

in four Reference case scenarios, 2011 and 2040 million barrels per day 2040 Country 2011 Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3 Scenario 4 2040 production range Saudi Arabia 11.1 15.5...

228

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan: 8 : 29 : 0 : 37 : Kuwait: 478 : 24 : 0 : 502 : Lebanon: 0 : 0 : 0 : 0 : Oman: 937 : 69 : 386 : 619 : Qatar: 4,705 : 0 : 4,015 : 690 : Saudi Arabia: 3,258 : 0 ...

229

Secretary Bodman Highlights Alternative Energy Cooperation in...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

nation visit to the Middle East and Europe. Secretary Bodman previously traveled to Jordan and Saudi Arabia. From the UAE, Secretary Bodman will travel to Qatar and Egypt where...

230

Key Nationally Competitive Scholarship Awards Table of Contents  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

significant decision was his official visit to Damascus in late December 2009. Brokered by Saudi Arabia in a car accident in the USA in 1993. The couple divorced and in 1976, Hariri married Nazek Audi, who has

Jackman, Todd

231

Novel Use of P- and S-wave Seismic Attenuation for Deep Natural  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Future Gas exploration in Saudi Arabia Deep gas exploration in Gulf of Mexico (multiple E&P companies) Gas hydrates exploration in Gulf of Mexico (DOE) 1998-2004 Rock Solid...

232

International Energy Statistics - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1,766.930 1,902.536 1,913.970 Saudi Arabia NA NA 3,700.437 2,924.856 3,490 3,390.296 4,760 6,621.900 ...

233

Export.gov - Local Philadelphia Events  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

trade of 74 billion. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has benefited enormously from oil and gas reserves that have generated vast financial liquidity in the six years between 2006...

234

Jordan - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Russia; Saudi Arabia; Singapore; South Africa; Sudan ... which is used in power generation) by more than 25 percent in 2011 to help make up for the loss of natural ...

235

U.S. Military Expenditures to Protect the Use of Persian-Gulf Oil For Motor Vehicles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

77% of the world's proven oil reserves. Saudi Arabia, Iraq,the largest proven oil reserves in the world. For example,on the regions oil reserves (Joint Chiefs of Staff,

Delucchi, Mark A.; Murphy, James

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

236

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Saudi Arabia Fossil-Fuel CO2 Emissions image Navigate CDIAC image About CDIAC Information on CDIAC's mission, new and frequently used data products, data policies, staff and more...

237

Debatten om The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR). : En diskursanalyse av ANWR-debatten i Representantenes hus i perioden 1995-2012.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??I over 50 r har debatten om omrdet The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) pgtt i amerikansk politikk. Debattens kjerne handler om man skal pne (more)

Kristiansen, Hanne Holm

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

238

Pumped Solar Domestic Hot Water (SDHW) system design guidelines  

SciTech Connect

This article provides practical guidelines based on experience gained from the design, installation, and commissioning of a pumped Solar Domestic Hot Water (SDHW) system in Saudi Arabia. The authors believe that such information is not readily available and will be useful to designers and installers of SDHW systems within the region. Since the current motivation for buying SDHW systems in Saudi Arabia is not strictly economic, it is imperative that a professional reference be available, against which the soundness of any technical decisions could be confirmed prior to their implementation. The intent is to ensure that systems designed and installed will operate reliably, therefore enhancing customer satisfaction.

Arshad, K.; Said, S.A.M. (King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia))

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

239

John Bonevich  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Group. 2000 - Present: Leader, MML Microscopy Facility, NIST. 1995 - 2012: Staff Scientist, Metallurgy Division, NIST. 1994 ...

2013-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

240

Supporting pilgrims in navigating densely crowded religious sites  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Every year, a large number of pilgrims visit Mecca in Saudi Arabia. During their stay, they perform a number of rites in and around the city. Due to large crowds forming on particular days, incidents frequently occur, where people are injured, sometimes ... Keywords: Crowd navigation, Dynamic signage, Pilgrimage, Public displays, User studies

Fathi Hamhoum; Christian Kray

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Application of Electromagnetic (EM): Radar Salah M. Al-Ofi  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the atomic bomb [2]. III. PRINCIPLE OF WORK The main concept of radar relays on ECHO PRINCIPLE Engineering King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia. Abstract- This report lunched bombs. The British government was the first to gather a team of scien- tists and engineers

Masoudi, Husain M.

242

A Critical Look at Design, Veri cation, and Validation of Large Scale Simulations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

presented two papers on the Department of Energy's Accel- erated Scienti c Computing Initiative or ASCI: Jan 28, 2003. This just in. From Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An FA-18 ghter carrying a tac- tical nuclear, the weapon detonated. US experts cannot explain how this explosion could have occurred. The city was lled

Hallstrom, Jason

243

A CRITICAL LOOK AT DESIGN, VERIFICATION, AND VALIDATION OF LARGE SCALE SIMULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's Accelerated Scienti c Computing Initiative or ASCI. These two papers come from two respected authors. John in. From Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An FA-18 ghter carrying a tactical nuclear weapon has crashed experts cannot explain how this explosion could have occurred. The city was lled with people making

Hallstrom, Jason

244

A CRITICAL LOOK AT DESIGN, VERIFICATION, AND VALIDATION OF LARGE SCALE SIMULATIONS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

's Accelerated Scientific Computing Initiative or ASCI. These two papers come from two respected authors. John.] This just in. From Makkah, Saudi Arabia. An FA­18 fighter carrying a tactical nuclear weapon has crashed experts cannot explain how this explosion could have occurred. The city was filled with people making

Stevenson, D. E. "Steve"

245

UNITED STATES Calendar Year 2003  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering Department, King Fahd UniVersity of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia 1 with toluene. Thus, these processes offer a way to utilize the low-cost toluene and TMB to produce the much to having total constant pressure since the total number of moles remains constant. Coke deposited on spent

US Army Corps of Engineers

246

Bureau of Economic Geology, The University of Texas at Austin Natural Gas Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Engineering Department, King Fahd UniVersity of Petroleum & Minerals, Dhahran 31261, Saudi Arabia 1 with toluene. Thus, these processes offer a way to utilize the low-cost toluene and TMB to produce the much to having total constant pressure since the total number of moles remains constant. Coke deposited on spent

Texas at Austin, University of

247

Conjugate Effects on Steady Laminar Natural Convection Heat Transfer in Vertical Eccentric Annuli  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Local heat flux on outer interface at channel exit i Index for bi-polar grid in the -directionConjugate Effects on Steady Laminar Natural Convection Heat Transfer in Vertical Eccentric Annuli University of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia Combined conduction-free convection heat transfer

Jamal, Ahmad

248

Petroleum Engineering Vol. 10, No. 1 September 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

percent in 1985... With falling petroleum exports and energy prices from the mid-1980s, the share of fuels-19 percent of export earnings Middle East Crude petroleum Bahrain, Saudi Arabia Syrian Arab Rep. Egypt Iran in constructing Figure 1, Reinhart and Wickham (1994, 186) note that, for their dataset, "there is a sustained

249

IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPROVING SANDSTONE MATRIX STIMULATION OF OIL WELLS BY GAS PRECONDITIONING M. A. Aggour, M. Al, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia ABSTRACT Experience has shown that for sandstone formations, oil wells respond to matrix acidizing in a different manner as compared to gas wells. For oil wells, the improvement

Abu-Khamsin, Sidqi

250

Passive solar heating and analysis  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Passive solar heating experience and analysis techniques are reviewed with emphasis on annual auxiliary heat requirement. The role of analysis in the design of passive solar buildings is discussed. Selected results for existing systems are presented for locations in Saudi Arabia and climatically similar locations in the US. Advanced systems in the research stage are described.

Jones, R.W.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP) and hybrid ARMA/ANN model to predict global radiation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1999; Hoinka and Castro 2003), Saudi Arabia (Ackermann and Cox 1982; Blake et al. 1983; Smith 1986a peak. Because of the dryness of the land, a large fraction of the incoming solar radiation is available on local weather. A good example is the `west- coast trough' over Australia. The coastal areas of Western

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

252

ELI Student Voices 1 ELI STUDENT VOICESVolume 5, Issue 3 Fall 2001  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a soldier in a combat venue. "When I was deployed to Saudi Arabia during the first Gulf War, I received on the link for "Boston College." --SS the weather up there Radio and TV weather fore- casts tell us about in the future might they also warn of un- usual solar activity? One Boston College scientist thinks it could

Choate, Paul M.

253

Comparison of costs for solar electric sources with diesel generators in remote locations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-6900, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. E-mail: robock@envsci.rutgers.edu Published by AAAS onJanuary30,2010www cannot be confined to one location. Furthermore, weather and climate variability preclude observation production on a large scale. We use the term "geoengineering" to refer to solar radiation management (SRM

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

254

Yale College Programs of Study  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by some as the "Saudi Arabia of solar energy potential." Because of this poten- tial, Congress requested is consumed. SATELLITE-DERIVED SOLAR RESOURCE DATA Geostationary weather satellites, such as GOES-scale generation of electricity from renewable resources. One of the primary renewable energy resources is solar

255

Addressing Our Global Water Future Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a soldier in a combat venue. "When I was deployed to Saudi Arabia during the first Gulf War, I received on the link for "Boston College." --SS the weather up there Radio and TV weather fore- casts tell us about in the future might they also warn of un- usual solar activity? One Boston College scientist thinks it could

Fuerschbach, Phillip

256

ESCEnergy Science Center Energy Strategy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia alone accounts for about a tenth of global desali- nation while Israel uses the methods be automated. Additionally, it will be necessary to take better account of historic weather use of inexpensive gravity-fed filtration units, solar distillation, and low-power treatment systems

Imamoglu, Atac

257

ORIGINAL PAPER Global warming impact on the dominant precipitation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and Viet Nam. Industry Greek Community of toronto Greenhill Group Iv Solar HayGroup Helios Energy Inc. Hockey night in Canada Capital Partners Pacific & western Bank of Canada Pacific Carbon trust Pelmorex Inc. the weather network

Evans, Jason

258

Rheological investigation of the influence of molecular structure on natural and accelerated UV degradation  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

rainfall events over the Arabian Peninsula and around Jeddah (Saudi Arabia). Theor Appl Clima- tol 104 of light and heat it receives). The area with long sunshine and strong radiation has very abundant solar in the air and favorable weather situation; (2) temperature rising can lead to increase the amount

Hussein, Ibnelwaleed A.

259

The BosTon College Chronicle april 12, 2007-vol. 15 no. 15  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 1999; Hoinka and Castro 2003), Saudi Arabia (Ackermann and Cox 1982; Blake et al. 1983; Smith 1986a peak. Because of the dryness of the land, a large fraction of the incoming solar radiation is available on local weather. A good example is the `west- coast trough' over Australia. The coastal areas of Western

Huang, Jianyu

260

W. H. M. Christie 18771882 E. W. Maunder 18811887  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Crowther, Paul

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

METR 4713/5713 Private Sector Meteorology Spring 2011  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and Viet Nam. Industry Greek Community of toronto Greenhill Group Iv Solar HayGroup Helios Energy Inc. Hockey night in Canada Capital Partners Pacific & western Bank of Canada Pacific Carbon trust Pelmorex Inc. the weather network

Droegemeier, Kelvin K.

262

Modeling Animal Landscapes* * This article was prepared as an overview of a symposium at "Molecules to  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Saudi Arabia, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, and Viet Nam. Industry Greek Community of toronto Greenhill Group Iv Solar HayGroup Helios Energy Inc. Hockey night in Canada Capital Partners Pacific & western Bank of Canada Pacific Carbon trust Pelmorex Inc. the weather network

Williams, Jos. B.

263

recently read an important study that left me in awe of the knowledge demo-graphics of our planet. In Educating All Children: A Global Agenda, Joel Cohen  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to thirteen hundred in 2000. During the same period Egypt and Saudi Arabia had a flat trajectory at nearly two to ingeniously measure time and create the solar calendar. Recently, French scientists reported yet another TV program watched by millions, the anchorman said we must find out "who changed the weather" (min

Greer, Julia R.

264

Electronic copy available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2014739 Published as: Amir Nosrat and Joshua M. Pearce, "Dispatch Strategy and Model for Hybrid Photovoltaic and Combined Heating,  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a soldier in a combat venue. "When I was deployed to Saudi Arabia during the first Gulf War, I received on the link for "Boston College." --SS the weather up there Radio and TV weather fore- casts tell us about in the future might they also warn of un- usual solar activity? One Boston College scientist thinks it could

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

265

Observed Vertical Distribution of Tropospheric Ozone2 During the Asian Summertime Monsoon3  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Jones, Dylan

266

Ann. Geophys., 24, 427441, 2006 www.ann-geophys.net/24/427/2006/  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

267

Colorado State University Center for Geosciences/Atmospheric Research (CG/AR)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

forecasts. CloudSat Radar Reflectivity CALIPSO 1064 nm Backscatter BA Saudi Arabia Iran Iraq Persian Gulf 11 on solar CG/AR Quarterly Report No. 4 -5- January 1 ­ March 31, 2007 #12;radiation flux, an extension scientist. Operations ran smoothly, though the weather did not cooperate very well. We had one good CLEX

268

NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION The Earth Observer. November -December 2005. Volume 17, Issue 6.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

producers and exporters of oil and natural gas, and offer a range of opportunities: Russia; Saudi Arabia conducted outside in all weathers. Some jobs may be offshore in remote and isolated locations. Salaries, such as wind, solar, tidal and geothermal power. Local governments, public bodies and charities are concerned

269

REVIEW Open Access Biological approaches for addressing the grand  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the Middle East. Saudi Arabia alone accounts for about a tenth of global desali- nation while Israel uses the methods be automated. Additionally, it will be necessary to take better account of historic weather use of inexpensive gravity-fed filtration units, solar distillation, and low-power treatment systems

Elimelech, Menachem

270

Copyright & Disclaimer Information  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

by some as the "Saudi Arabia of solar energy potential." Because of this poten- tial, Congress requested is consumed. SATELLITE-DERIVED SOLAR RESOURCE DATA Geostationary weather satellites, such as GOES-scale generation of electricity from renewable resources. One of the primary renewable energy resources is solar

Bertini, Robert L.

271

Using customers data for defining retail market size: a GIS approach  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Geographical Information Systems (GIS) systems provide a wide array of tools for site, demographic and competitive analyses which enable retailers and marketers to answer several questions that are related to retail location. The aim of this ... Keywords: GIS, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, customer data, demographics, geocoding, geographical information systems, market analysis, marketing policy, retail centres, retail customers, retail market size, retail planning, shopping centres

Abdulkader A. Murad

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

By Vaclav Smil Thursday, May 3, 2012  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-pressure mixtures of water and chemicals (the practice now widely known as fracking). Has this been too good to last repeated argument is that fracking is a huge environmental disaster that will contaminate aquifers wherever as the Saudi Arabia of natural gas) or by the negativism of anti-fracking activists (recently joined

Smil, Vaclav

273

Energy 25 (2000) 427443 www.elsevier.com/locate/energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the plant. This may result in both economic and human loss, particularly in refineries and thermal power, Saudi Arabia Abstract Heat exchangers operating in the power and process industries are fouled that are commonly encoun- tered in many industrial processes. These random fouling growth models are then used

Budair, Mohammed Omar

274

The Manufacture of Potable Water: Case Analyses of Electric System Alternatives  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Potable water within significant areas of the nations of the Arabian Gulf region is most frequently manufactured (cogenerated) along with electricity. The most economic process has been Multi-Stage Flash whereby the surplus thermal energy of the power ... Keywords: desalination, cogeneration, Saudi Arabia

Richard D. Tabors; Siddarth Nagendraprasad; Ayoob Hussain; Mounir Ayntrazi; Jonathan A. Brant

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

A 0-1 goal programming model for nurse scheduling  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, a computerized nurse-scheduling model is developed. The model is approached through a 0-1 linear goal program. It is adapted to Riyadh Al-Kharj hospital Program (in Saudi Arabia) to improve the current manual-made schedules. The developed ...

M. N. Azaiez; S. S. Al Sharif

2005-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

276

Word Pro - S3  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2005 2010 0 2 4 6 8 10 3.072 0.839 0.458 0.314 0.242 Canada Mexico Russia Colombia Brazil 0.0 1.0 2.0 3.0 4.0 Arabia 1.557 0.837 0.299 0.287 0.286 Saudi Vene- Kuwait Iraq...

277

Energy Boom andEnergy Boom and Groundwater BustGroundwater Bust  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of energy, but are barely making a dent in fossil-fuel consumption. The scale of the challenge will only trends makes clear that even with aggressive action to reduce energy consumption and curb emissions Argentina Brazil Qatar Kuwait UnitedArabEmirates SaudiArabia Iran Algeria Egypt South Africa Hong Kong

Keller, Arturo A.

278

"International Society of Muslim Women in Science (ISMWS)" Members of ISMWS: 133  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. Pakistan, 19. Palestine, 20. Russia, 21. Saudi Arabia, 22. Sudan, 23. Syria, 24. Turkey, 25. United Arab, Egypt, 43. Dr Lotfia El Nadi, Nuclear Physics and Laser Sciences, Egypt 44. Dr Magda Elbahay, Physics Imam El-Dek, Physics, Egypt, 60. Dr Samah Ahmed, Physics, Egypt, 61. Dr Samina Masood, Physics, US-Pakistan

Nahar, Sultana Nurun

279

The Heroic Framing of US Foreign Policy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a nuclear weapons program that's being aided by Pakistan. Doits nuclear program. Since 1979, the US and Pakistan havePakistan was a transit point for terrorist groups; Saudi Arabia was a fertile ground for terrorist fundraising; Libya was pursuing nuclear

Shaw, Emily D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

12 S U M M E R 2 0 0 5 w w w . i m a g i n g n o t e s . c o m THE BAD NEWS IN ELECTRICAL ENERGY  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

is consumed. SATELLITE-DERIVED SOLAR RESOURCE DATA Geostationary weather satellites, such as GOES-scale generation of electricity from renewable resources. One of the primary renewable energy resources is solar by some as the "Saudi Arabia of solar energy potential." Because of this poten- tial, Congress requested

Perez, Richard R.

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

SOLERAS program. Engineering field test of a solar cooling system. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solar-powered air conditioning system was designed, constructed, and installed at a Phoenix, Arizona site whose climatic conditions approximate those of Saudi Arabia. The nominal 18 ton capacity Rankine cycle chiller system with hot and cold storage and conventional fan/coil delivery units was operated for two cooling seasons and met its design objectives.

Not Available

1983-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

SOLERAS solar cooling project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In view of the increasing demand for cooling in both the United States and Saudi Arabia, solar cooling systems are being considered as serious alternatives to the energy intensive conventional systems, especially when confronted with rising fossil fuel costs. Saudi Arabia and the hot, southern regions of the United States, having abundant sunshine and high cooling demand, are obvious candidates for solar active cooling systems and passive cooling design. Solar active cooling has yet to be shown to be either technologically mature or economically feasible, but efforts have been, and are presently being made within the United States National Solar Cooling Program to develop reliable systems which can compete economically with conventional cooling systems. Currently, the program is funding research and development projects in the areas of absorption, Rankine, dessicant, and advanced technologies. Saudi Arabia has a long and successful tradition of building cooling using passive architectural designs. Combining these past achievements with a program of research and development in both active and passive solar cooling should permit an early economical introduction of entirely solar cooled buildings to Saudi Arabia and the southern United States.

Corcoleotes, G.; Williamson, J.S.

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Five solar cooling projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The jointly funded $100 million five-year international agreement (SOLERAS) between Saudi Arabia and the United States was undertaken to promote the development of solar energy technologies of interest to both nations. Five engineering field tests of active solar cooling systems funded under the SOLERAS agreement for installation and operation in the U.S. southwest are described.

Davis, R.E.; Williamson, J.S.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. Final report: system design extension. Volume 2. Appendices and drawings  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report concerns the design of a solar energy powered, seawater desalination pilot plant for installation at Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, on the shore of the Red Sea. General specifications, major equipment specifications, vendor and operation and maintenance information, as well as design drawings, are presented.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

SOLERAS - Solar Cooling Engineering Field Tests Project: United Technologies Research Center. Final report, Volume 3. Engineering field test  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solar-powered air conditioning system was designed, constructed, and installed at a Phoenix, Arizona site whose climatic conditions approximate those of Saudi Arabia. The nominal 18 ton capacity Rankine cycle chiller system with hot and cold storage and conventional fan/coil delivery units was operated for two cooling seasons and met its design objectives.

Not Available

1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

HP-GPC characterization of asphalt and modified asphalts from gulf countries and their relation to performance based properties  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Asphalt producing refineries in the Gulf countries include Ras Tanura and Riyadh (Saudi Arabia), Al-Ahmadi (Kuwait), and BAPCO (Bahrain). Riyadh and Ras Tanura refineries are located in the central and eastern Saudi Arabia respectively. Arabian light crude oil is used to produce 2000 to 3000 tons of asphalt per day using vacuum distillation, air blowing and grade blending techniques to produce 60/70 penetration grade asphalts in each of these two Saudi refineries. All of the asphalt cement used in Saudi Arabia, Qatar and parts of the United Arab Emirates is supplied by Riyadh and Ras Tanura refineries. Al-Ahmadi refinery supplies all of the asphalt cement needed for construction in the state of Kuwait. Ratwi-Burgan crude off mix is used to produce 750 to 1000 tons of asphalt per day using vacuum distillation and air blowing processes. This study was initiated to evaluate different locally available polymers in order to identify potential polymers to modify asphalts to satisfy the performance requirements in the Gulf countries environmental conditions.

Wahhab, H.I.A.; Ali, M.F.; Asi, I.M.; Dubabe, I.A. [King Fahd Univ. of Petroleum and Minerals, Dhahran (Saudi Arabia)

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

287

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

21 - 26830 of 28,904 results. 21 - 26830 of 28,904 results. Download Re: NBP RFI-Implementing the National Broadband Plan by Studying the Communications Requirements of Electric Utilities to Inform Federal Smart Grid Policy http://energy.gov/gc/downloads/re-nbp-rfi-implementing-national-broadband-plan-studying-communications-requirements Download Microsoft PowerPoint- Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx http://energy.gov/downloads/microsoft-powerpoint-saudi-arabia-2-22-10-final-distributionpptx Download Audit report: ER-FS-99-02 Matters Identified At The Oak Ridge Operations Office During the Audit Of The Department's Consolidated Fiscal Year 1998 Financial Statements http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-er-fs-99-02 Article What are the Energy Innovation Hubs? Major multidisciplinary, multi-investigator, multi-institutional integrated

288

Page not found | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

91 - 6200 of 8,172 results. 91 - 6200 of 8,172 results. Download Microsoft PowerPoint- Saudi Arabia 2-22-10 final for distribution.pptx http://energy.gov/downloads/microsoft-powerpoint-saudi-arabia-2-22-10-final-distributionpptx Download 48C Qualifying Advanced Energy Project Credit Questions http://energy.gov/downloads/48c-qualifying-advanced-energy-project-credit-questions-0 Download Audit Report: OAS-L-10-04 The Interim Treatment of Salt Waste at the Savannah River Site http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/audit-report-oas-l-10-04 Download Inspection Report: INS-L-08-06 Sandia National Laboratory-New Mexico Student Intern Safety Training http://energy.gov/ig/downloads/inspection-report-ins-l-08-06 Download Business Opportunities Session Office of Environmental Management http://energy.gov/diversity/downloads/business-opportunities-session-office-environmental-management

289

Highlights.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

June 2003 June 2003 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook June 2003 Overview World Oil Markets. Average crude oil prices rose in May as continued reports of low oil inventories trumped expectations that Iraqi oil production would quickly return to pre-war levels. Those hopes faded on the news that post-war looting would postpone for some months the return of the Iraqi oil sector to normal operations. In addition, a terrorist attack in Saudi Arabia and estimates of lower production in Saudi Arabia by some analysts combined to push prices upward. By early June, the OPEC basket price had risen to its highest level in two months, and is now in the upper end of OPEC's target range of $22-$28 per barrel (Figure 1). U.S. Natural Gas Markets. The natural gas spot price at the Henry Hub has remained well above $5 per

290

Survey to assess Persian Gulf spill effects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that an international group is poised for an extensive survey of the Persian Gulf, including an assessment of the long term effects of last year's oil spill, a legacy of the Persian Gulf war. Saudi Arabia plans a $450 million cleanup program on beaches fouled by the massive spill. Plans for the survey were disclosed by the United National Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco). It is to be carried out under the auspices of the Regional Organization for the Protection of the Marine Environment (Ropme), Unesco's Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Ropme member countries are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates.

Not Available

1992-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

291

Middle East: Output expansions boost drilling  

SciTech Connect

Iraqi exports may return to the market in limited fashion, but none of the region`s producers seems particularly concerned. They believe that global oil demand is rising fast enough to justify their additions to productive capacity. The paper discusses exploration, drilling and development, and production in Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, the Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Dubai, Oman, Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Qatar, Syria, Turkey, and Sharjah. The paper also briefly mentions activities in Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, and Ras al Khaimah.

NONE

1996-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

292

Somebody better find some rigs  

SciTech Connect

The paper discusses the outlook for the gas and oil industries of the Middle East. Field development projects abound, as the larger exporting nations pursue ambitious policies of production expansion. However, their plans may be hampered by the growing worldwide shortage of rigs. Separate evaluations are given for Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Neutral Zone, Abu Dhabi, Iran, Iraq, Qatar, Yemen, Syria, Dubai, Turkey, Sharjah, and briefly for Bahrain, Israel, Jordan, UAE-Ajman, and UAE-Ras al-Khaimah.

NONE

1997-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

293

Service center to test solar air-conditioning system  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Field testing of an advanced solar-powered air-conditioning system developed under the joint Saudi Arabia-US Agreement for Cooperation in the Field of solar Energy (SOLERAS) will be conducted in Arizona over a three-phase 34-month perod. Participants in the program and their contribution are cited. The solar-Rankine alternative to conventional systems using electricity or fossil fuels. (DCK)

Not Available

1980-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

294

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Exxon Research and Engineering. System design final report. Volume 3. Appendices pilot plan and design details and subsystem direct cost support  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Details of the design of a water desalination solar pilot plant in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia are presented. The major subsystems of the plant are defined, including solar energy collection and simulation, energy storage, energy delivery, reverse osmosis/multiple effect distillation, water storage, waste disposal, backup power generators, controls and instrumentation data acquisition, facilities and enclosures, and computers. A list of the plant equipment and a set of process flow diagrams are provided. A cost analysis of the pilot plant is included. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

295

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Chicago Bridge and Iron Company. Final report: system design extension. Volume 1. Technical report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of a solar energy powered, sea water desalination pilot plant for installation at Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, on the shore of the Red Sea is presented. Earlier work is introduced and a description of the system is presented. Important design analyses and cost reduction considerations are reviewed. The pilot plant design is described in detail. Construction plans for and projected operation of the plant are discussed.

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

296

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Exxon Research and Engineering. System design final report, Volume 2. Appendices baseline plant design details seawater feed (System A)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The details of the design of a conceptual baseline solar desalination plant are provided. Yanbu, Saudi Arabia is the site for the plant. Details are defined for several of the plant subsystems including: energy storage, energy delivery, reverse osmosis/multiple effect distillation, water storage, waste disposal, backup power generation, controls and instrumentation, data acquisition, and facilities and enclosures subsystems. The plant equipment is listed and process flow diagrams are included. Cost estimates and economic analyses of the plant are documented. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

SOLERAS - Photovoltaic Power Systems Project. Photovoltaic power seminar, February 20-23, 1983. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 350 kW concentrator photovoltaic system has been developed in Saudi Arabia. This system is described, both as an overall facility and for the major components related to solar energy collection, conversion, storage, and delivery. Components include the array subsystem, power conditioning, and energy storage. The theory of operation is discussed for the system, as well as system control and data acquisition and solar data collection. The plan for compiling data to evaluate the system's performance is given. (LEW)

Not Available

1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

298

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Production from

299

Identification of Market Requirements of Smart Buildings Technologies for High Rise Office Buildings  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the findings on the identification of market requirements of smart buildings technologies for high rise office buildings in Saudi Arabia including: levels of importance of smart building technologies for office buildings, current practices of utilizing hi-tech smart building technologies in office buildings, required additional features of smart building technologies for office buildings, challenges for integrating smart building technologies for office buildings, major benefits of hi-tech smart buildings technologies for office buildings, and priorities of smart building technologies based on current usage. The paper also reports on key parameters of the comparison of smart office building technologies between Saudi Arabia and developed countries which are based on the survey results for the former and literature review for the latter. This comparison provides in a nutshell a conclusion of the complete survey analysis conducted in this research and at the same time provides an indication on the utilization level of smart office buildings in Saudi Arabia compared to the current practices in developed countries.

Reffat, R. M.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

World`s LPG supply picture will change by 2000  

SciTech Connect

Middle East LPG producers will continue to dominate world export markets in 1996. Led by Saudi Arabia, the Middle East will produce nearly 26 million metric tons of LPG in million metric tons of LPG in 1996, more than 54% of the world`s almost 48 million metric tons of export LPG. In 2000, however, with world exports of LPG expanding to 58.9 million metric tons, Middle East suppliers; share will have remained flat, making up 31.7 million metric tons, or 53.9%. Saudi Arabia`s contribution will exceed 15 million metric tons, reflecting essentially no growth since 1995. These and other patterns, from data compiled by Purvin and Gertz, Dallas, and published earlier this year, show other suppliers of LPG, especially African (Algeria/Nigeria), North Sea, and Latin American (Venezuela/Argentina), picking up larger shares in the last 5 years of this decade. This scenario assumes completion of several major supply projects that are either panned, under construction, or nearing start up in most of these areas. The paper discusses the global picture, the supply situation in the Middle East, Africa, the North Sea, and South America.

True, W.R.

1995-11-06T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Special Naphthas Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Import Area: Download Series History: Definitions ... 51: 81: 136: 1995-2012: Netherlands Antilles : 1995-2004: Philippines : 14 : 2010-2010: Portugal: 6: 12

302

Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to the Middle East Next Week |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

the Middle East Next Week the Middle East Next Week Energy Secretary Steven Chu to Travel to the Middle East Next Week February 18, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis WASHINGTON - Next week U.S. Energy Secretary Steven Chu will travel to the Middle East to meet with senior government officials, research and scientific leaders, and members of the private sector as part of the Administration's efforts to continue strengthening U.S. partnerships within the region. Secretary Chu will discuss a range of energy issues, including energy security and the importance of investing in a broad portfolio of energy technologies as part of the global economic recovery. Secretary Chu will visit Riyadh and Jeddah, Saudia Arabia; Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; and Doha, Qatar. Riyadh, Saudi Arabia On Monday, February 22, Secretary Chu will meet with Minister of Petroleum

303

Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Tuesday, February 23 Tuesday, February 23 Readout of Secretary Chu's Middle East trip: Tuesday, February 23 February 23, 2010 - 12:00am Addthis Today, Secretary Chu visited King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) in Thuwal, Saudi Arabia, on the Red Sea coast near Jeddah. His host was Saudi Minister of Petroleum and Minerals Ali Al Naimi, who is Chair of the KAUST Board of Trustees. KAUST is an international, graduate-level research university dedicated to science and technology that opened in September of 2009. The Secretary received a briefing on scientific work underway at the university from Professor Choon Fong Shih, President of KAUST, faculty members and students. Secretary Chu emphasized the Administration's commitment to science and to the development of renewable sources of energy. He quizzed members of the

304

MIDC: Links  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Links Links Other Data Collection Activities Baseline Surface Radiation Network (BSRN) Clear Sky Forcast for NREL/SRRL (or other locations) Colorado Dept. of Public Health & Environment: Air Quality Index (AQI) Reporting System Colorado State University: USDA UV-B Monitoring and Research Program European Skynet Radiometers network (ESR) Jefferson County, Colorado: Jeffco Weather Station NOAA: Climate Monitoring & Diagnostics Laboratory (CMDL) NREL OTF: Reference Meteorological and Irradiance System (RMIS) NREL RReDC: Cooperative Networks for Renewable Resource Measurements (CONFRRM) NREL RReDC: NASA Remote Sensing Validation Data: Saudi Arabia Rocky Mountain Arsenal (RMA): National Wildlife Refuge Sandia National Laboratories: Photovoltaic Systems Evaluation

305

Microsoft Word - MPUR_Jul2012_final.docx  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 July 2012 Short-Term Energy Outlook Market Prices and Uncertainty Report 1 Crude Oil Prices: Crude oil futures prices continued their downward trend for the first half of June but rebounded over the week from June 29 to July 5. Both crude oil benchmarks are currently close to their settlement prices at the beginning of June (Figure 1). The outcome from the European Union summit, which alleviated some short-term fears of a banking crisis, held on June 29 has contributed to the recent rise in oil prices. Reports that Saudi Arabia is beginning to cut back production could also be contributing to the recent price increases.

306

SOLERAS - Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project. Final report, Volume 1. Project summary  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A summary of the Solar Controlled Environment Agriculture Project is presented. The design of the greenhouses include transparent double pane glass roof with channels for fluid between the panes, inner pane tinted and double pane extruded acrylic aluminized mylar shade and diffuser. Solar energy technologies provide power for water desalination, for pumping irrigation water, and for cooling and heating the controlled environment space so that crops can grow in arid lands. The project is a joint effort between the United States and Saudi Arabia. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

307

Middle East: Production expansion projects roar ahead. [Oil and gas industry statistics and outlooks in the Middle East  

SciTech Connect

In the Middle East, rig count is at its highest level since 1985. Every major producer in the region is working towards a goal of maximizing its sustainable producing rate, except Iraq which would if it could. Saudi Arabia may even reach its ambitious target a year early. This paper reviews the goals and forecasts for the oil and gas industry in the Middle East. It summarizes the exploration activity over the past year and includes information of geophysical methods used, numbers of wells drilling, types of well drilled, total footages, number of completions, and the political influence on all of these aspects. Both on and offshore sites are discussed.

Not Available

1993-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

308

SOLERAS - Solar Energy Water Desalination Project: Exxon Research and Engineering. System design final report, Volume 1. Design description seawater feed (System A)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The design of a solar powered water desalination system is presented. Design data including insolation and climate of the Yanbu, Saudi Arabia site are included. Two solar desalination designs were developed including: (1) a conceptual baseline plant powered by a solar central receiver-heliostat field, and (2) a pilot plant that demonstrates and evaluates the design features of the baseline plant. The desalination process involves a hybrid reverse osmosis/multiple effect distillation process. The performance and economics of the design plants are analyzed. (BCS)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

309

Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

870 1,250 919 437 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 5,242 3,812 8,513 10,328 4,693 2,917 1995-2012 Korea, South 4,501 5,936 5,372 6,401 8,785 7,044 1993-2012 Kyrgyzstan 16 1995-2010 Latvia...

310

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

11,384 2,788 2,953 3,500 2,434 2,020 1995-2012 Kazakhstan 1,132 1,935 75 2009-2012 Korea, South 39,955 12,195 11,260 17,754 10,013 10,815 1995-2012 Lithuania 180 2006-2009...

311

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

. International . International Petroleum Figure 11.1a World Crude Oil Production Overview (Million Barrels per Day) World Production, 1973-2012 World Production, Monthly Selected Producers, 1973-2012 Selected Producers, Monthly 148 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 United States 2011 2012 2013 2011 2012 2013 Non-OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 20 40 60 80 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 20 40 60 80 Non-OPEC World 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 3 6 9 12 OPEC J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D J F MA M J J A S O N D 0 3 6 9 12 0 World United States Russia Persian Gulf Nations OPEC Saudi Arabia China Persian Gulf Nations Russia Iran China Saudi Arabia Iran Notes: * OPEC is the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries. * The Persian Gulf Nations are Bahrain, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait,

312

King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Jump to: navigation, search Name King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology Place Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Zip 11442 Sector Solar Product Saudi Arabia-based national science and technology research agency. The agency is involved in solar project development. Coordinates 24.647325°, 46.714585° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":24.647325,"lon":46.714585,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

313

Agriculture Residues Recycling  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: Saudi Arabia, as well as other countries in the Near East region, is characterized by erratic weather conditions, limited area of fertile arable lands, and with acute water shortage. Although agricultural residues (AGR) production in the region is huge (more than 440 million tons), most of these residues are either burned in the field or utilized in an inefficient way. Utilization of AGR as compost may contribute to expansion of arable lands through its use for reclamation of soil and reduce irrigation requirements. This study was conducted at Al Khalidiah farm, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia to assess compost production at large commercial scale using several types of agricultural and animal by-products with addition of a BZTCompost Activator (based mainly on microorganism, enzymes and yeast). In this study, two types of compost piles were made at the farm. The first pile of compost was made of different agriculture residues, namely: animal wastes (quail, goat and sheep manure), brownian agricultural wastes (windbreaks residues, date trees, citrus and olive trees pruning) and green landscape grasses (50%, 25 % and 25%, respectively) and was treated with a tested compost activator. The same agriculture residues combination was also made for the second pile as traditional compost

M. W. Sadik; H. M. El Shaer; H. M. Yakot

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

314

Understanding the economic power of oil. Master's thesis  

SciTech Connect

Oil has become a single global market in which oil price fluctuations now have the ability to rock the world economy. The purpose of this thesis is to examine the changing nature of this threat and by doing so, show that Saudi Arabia, which has acted as the primary stabilizing tool by American foreign policy makers, will no longer suffice in this capacity. Rather, Saudi Arabia, which has for the most part cooperated with the United States in helping to stabilize oil price and supply disruptions, will become increasingly less cooperative in a much shorter time frame than night be anticipated with regard to oil supplies. This thesis proposes possible avenues for US national security policy by exploring pathways that might further ensure economic security and stability of the Middle East region in light of the new nature of the oil threat. The goal of economic security and stability can only be realized through an understanding of the oil producing nations and their relationships with the international community and world economy.... Oil, Persian Gulf Security Policy, Middle East Oil Reserves.

Belanger, J.C.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

The world oil market and OPEC behavior: The leak-producer price leader model  

SciTech Connect

This is an economic study of the world's oil market in which OPEC plays the central role in determining the oil supply and price. Understanding OPEC's behavior is at the core of understanding the world's oil market. However, oil is a resource belonging to the family of natural resources known as exhaustible. We do not produce oil; we only extract and distribute a fixed amount of the resource over generations. Optimal extraction is a matter of concern to both suppliers and consumers. First, it is shown that using the traditional theory of producers behavior in the conventional commodity markets to explain extractors behavior in exhaustible resource markets is completely wrong. Second, current models of OPEC behavior are reviewed. Third, an alternative model is introduced. Previous authors have not directed their models to give explanations to the peculiar observations in oil market. This model divides the world's oil suppliers into: the free riders (non-OPEC oil producers), the OPEC hawks (a group within OPEC) and the leak-producer price leader (Saudi Arabia). Three factors, namely relatively big oil reserves, no other sources of income, and the avoidance of the so-called backstop technology make Saudi Arabia more interested in lower oil prices than are other oil extractors.

Aboalela, A.A.

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

316

Design of a solar power plant for freeze desalination  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A solar-powered seawater desalination plant recently began operating in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia. Design and construction were funded by SOLERAS, a joint effort by the United States and Saudi Arabia to further the development and commercialization of the solar energy. The plant consists of 18 parabolic dish solar collectors with a total reflective surface of 1,445 m/sup 2/ and a thermal output of over 1 MW. Its rated output is 200 m/sup 3/ per day of fresh water. The collectors heat a synthetic heat transfer fluid, Syltherm 800. The heated fluid, in turn, charges a molten salt buffer system. On demand, the molten salt is pumped from a two tank storage system through a steam generator, producing superheated steam. The steam is expanded through a steam engine which provides the shaft power that drives the compressors of the desalination system. This paper describes the solar plant and some of the trade off studies that led to the final configuration. Important trade off studies included: the choice of heat transfer fluid and the thermal storage medium. In addition, the selection of solar collectors was an interesting exercise.

Krepchin, I.; Torbin, R.

1987-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

Refinery & Blender Net Production of Catalyst Petroleum Coke  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

East Coast: 32: 33: 29: 25: 26: 24: 1993-2012: Appalachian No. 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1: 1995-2012: PADD 2: 43: 41: 42: 45: 46: 48: ... La. Gulf Coast: 43: ...

318

U.S. Products Imports - Energy Information Administration  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spatly Islands: 0 : 2004-2007: Swaziland : 1995-2003: Sweden: 25: 29: 17: 18: 25: 10: 1993-2012: Switzerland: 0: 0 : 0: 1995-2012: Syria: 2: 6: 7: 9: 6 : 1993-2011 ...

319

U.S. Products Imports  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Spatly Islands : 2004-2007: Swaziland : 1995-2003: Sweden: 501: 240: 152: 49: 9: 3: 1993-2013: Switzerland : 1995-2012: Syria : 1993-2011: Taiwan: 84 : 195: 70 : 1995 ...

320

U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip | Department of  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip U.S. Energy Secretary Bodman Completes Middle East Trip November 20, 2005 - 2:51pm Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman concluded his four-nation swing through the Middle East this weekend, by attending the inauguration of the New Permanent Headquarter Office Building of the International Energy Forum (IEF) Secretariat and participating in a number of bilateral meetings in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. "This trip allowed me to meet face-to-face with leaders of energy-producing nations and discuss with them the energy goals and needs of the United States," Secretary Bodman said. "Especially in the aftermath of the hurricanes in the Gulf of Mexico this year, we recognize how important it

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets (Redirected from Ecofys Country Fact Sheets) Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

322

OPEC Crude Oil Production 1999-2001  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3 of 17 3 of 17 Notes: After declining in 1999 due to a series of announced production cuts, OPEC 10 (OPEC countries excluding Iraq) production has been increasing during 2000. EIA's projected OPEC production levels for fourth quarter 2000 have been lowered by 300,000 barrels per day from the previous Outlook. Most of this decrease is in OPEC 10 production, which is estimated to be 26.5 million barrels per day. EIA still believes that only Saudi Arabia, and to a lesser degree, the United Arab Emirates, will have significant short-term capacity to expand production. EIA's forecast assumes that OPEC 10 crude oil production will decline by 400,000 barrels per day to 26.1 million barrels per day by mid-2001. Iraqi crude oil production is estimated to have increased from 2.3 million

323

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Jump to: navigation, search Name MENA-GTZ EERE Regional Center Agency/Company /Organization GTZ Partner Ministry of electricity and energy of Egypt, New and Renewable Energy Authority (NREA) Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy Topics Background analysis Website http://www.gtz.de/en/praxis/95 Program Start 2008 Program End 2013 Country Algeria, Bahrain, Cyprus, Djibouti, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Morocco, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

324

Too early to tell on $100 oil  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Confidential Confidential Presentation to: April 7, 2008 Middle East oil demand and Lehman Brothers oil price outlook Adam Robinson Middle East oil demand u Three pillars of Middle East oil demand - Petrodollar reinvestment - Purchasing power rise - Power sector constraints u Natural gas shortages for power generation mean balance of risks to any Middle East oil demand forecast are firmly to the upside, adding to summer upside seasonality u Lehman Brothers has pegged 3Q08 as the tightest quarter of the current oil cycle, with a possible turning point coming by the end of the year 1 Putting the GCC economy in global context u GCC = Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait, Qatar, Bahrain, Oman u GDP/capita in 2007: $19,000 - Nearly 3x China and 5x India u At $800 bn, GCC is a top 10 developing economy by size

325

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day Baseballs and Barrels: World Statistics Day October 20, 2010 - 1:06pm Addthis Dr. Richard Newell Dr. Richard Newell Does the American League hold more baseball World Series titles than the National League? Yes. Does Saudi Arabia produce more crude oil than Russia? No. How do I know? Statistics. The month of October not only marks the beginning of Major League Baseball's World Series and Energy Awareness Month, but also the celebration of the first ever World Statistics Day on October 20th. Statistics don't just help us answer trivia questions - they also help us make intelligent decisions. If I heat my home with natural gas, I'm probably interested in what natural gas prices are likely to be this winter. If my business manufactures solar panels, I would want to know how

326

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9 9 Notes: Spot WTI prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

327

WTI Crude Oil Price: Base Case and 95% Confidence Interval  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6 6 Notes: Spot WTI crude oil prices broke $35 and even $36 per barrel in November as anticipated boosts to world supply from OPEC and other sources did not show up in actual stocks data. The recent decline in prices seems to be more the result of an unraveling of speculative pressures than a change in underlying fundamentals. Prices had been running higher than supply/demand fundamentals would have indicated throughout the fall months as a result of rising Mideast tensions, concern over the adequacy of distillate supplies, and expectations of Iraqi supply interruptions. But Mideast tensions seemed to ease in December and the market appeared to perceive a quick return of Iraqi crude oil supplies at full capacity. Pledges by Saudi Arabia/OPEC to offset a longer term Iraqi

328

Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED CERTIFICATION FOR INDIVIDUALS & BUILDINGS? Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central LEED GA LEED AP - BD & C LEED AP - O & M LEED AP Homes LEED AP SCHOOLS LEED AP ND....................................? I prefer to have it in Saudi arabia, pls comment Submitted by Sri sri on 18 February, 2013 - 00:36 1 answer Points: 0 USGBC is the best resource to start with for LEED Credentials and Certification. Cerfification- http://www.usgbc.org/leed/certification Credentials - http://www.usgbc.org/credentials USGBC also offers a webinar subscription that allows users to earn CMP hours on demand and in one place, you might find this helpful: http://usgbc.peachnewmedia.com/store/provider/provider09.php NickL on 2

329

United States - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

‹ Countries ‹ Countries United States Glossary › FAQS › Overview / Data Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints Overview data for United States + EXPAND ALL Petroleum (Thousand Barrels per Day) Previous Year Latest Year History United States North America

330

New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group New Zealand Joins International Carbon Storage Group June 29, 2009 - 1:00pm Addthis San Francisco, CA - The Carbon Sequestration Leadership Forum (CSLF) today announced that New Zealand has become the newest member of the international carbon storage body. CSLF members approved New Zealand's bid for membership during a meeting of the Forum's Policy Group held here. With today's action, New Zealand becomes the 23rd member of CSLF. The other members of the Forum include: Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Colombia, Denmark, European Commission, France, Germany, Greece, India, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Netherlands, Norway, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, United Kingdom, and the United States.

331

Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

to Travel to the Middle East to Advance to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International Energy Cooperation Secretary Bodman to Travel to the Middle East to Advance International Energy Cooperation January 10, 2008 - 10:23am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - U.S. Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman next week will embark on a five-nation tour through the Middle East to enhance the United States' relationship with oil-producing nations, promote sustained investment in conventional and alternative energy sources, and encourage improvements in global energy efficiency. Secretary Bodman will depart on Monday, January 14, 2008 and travel to Jordan, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Qatar and Egypt. "To increase global energy security, producing and consuming nations alike must make robust investments in a diversity of energy sources, accelerate

332

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

333

highllights  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 Summary Based on the results of OPEC's June meeting and the July 3 announcement by Saudi Arabia of its intention to push for an additional 500,000 barrels per day of new output, we conclude that the probability of significant declines in world oil prices by yearend is larger than it was a month ago. We now expect a decline of between $4 and $5 per barrel in average crude oil prices between June and December 2000. Moreover, expected increases in petroleum inventories resulting from the anticipated increases in output from OPEC would tend to bring oil stock levels in industrialized countries much closer to average levels by yearend than was projected in last month's Outlook. However, with world demand growing at between 1.5 and 2.5 percent per year through 2001, in terms of

334

Energy & Financial Markets - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) -  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Non-OECD Non-OECD Oil consumption in developing countries that are not part of the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) has risen sharply in recent years. While oil consumption in the OECD countries declined between 2000 and 2010, non-OECD oil consumption increased more than 40 percent. China, India, and Saudi Arabia had the largest growth in oil consumption among the countries in the non-OECD during this period. Economic growth has a strong impact on oil consumption In this chart there is a strong relationship between GDP growth rates and growth in oil consumption in non-OECD countries. Since 2001, oil consumption in non-OECD countries declined only in the fourth quarter of 2008 and the first quarter of 2009. Increased demand pressure due to

335

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) - U.S. Energy  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints ERROR: Invalid Country Code The link you followed is incorrect. The administrator of this site has been notified via email. Thank you for your patience. Choose your country from the menu below; or, return to Country Profiles

336

International Energy Outlook 1999 - Hydroelectricity and Other Renewable  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) hydroelectricty.gif (7905 bytes) Renewable energy use is projected to increase by 62 percent between 1996 and 2020. Almost half the increase is expected in the developing world, where large-scale hydroelectric projects still are being undertaken. Low prices for oil and natural gas in world energy markets continued to diminish the potential for rapid development of renewable energy sources worldwide. Oil prices hit 20-year lows in 1998, in part because the Asian economic crisis resulted in lower worldwide demand. Even production cut agreements by some major oil producers, such as Saudi Arabia, Mexico, and Venezuela, failed to provide measurable price recovery during 1998. On the positive side, the Kyoto Climate Change Protocol proposals to cut greenhouse gas emissions levels may provide an opportunity for growth in

337

Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Sustainable Development in the Arab Region Jump to: navigation, search Name Governance for Sustainable Development in the Arab Region: Institutions and Instruments for Moving Beyond an Environmental Management Culture Agency/Company /Organization United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Sector Energy Focus Area Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Buildings, Industry, Transportation Topics Finance, Implementation, Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Guide/manual Website http://www.escwa.un.org/inform Country Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia, Northern Africa, Western Asia, Western Asia, Western Asia

338

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 Registration, Force Protection Equipment Demonstration - May 2009 May 2009 Demonstrating commercially availale physical security/force protection soultions around the world The bombing of Khobar Towers in Saudi Arabia on 25 June 1996 revealed the need for continal vigilance and protection againist terrorist forces intent on harming US personnel and interests. The Chairman if the Joint Chiefs of Staff directed the Services to investigate COTS equipments solutions for physical security/force protection needs. The Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Acquistion, Technology, and Logistics (OUSD {at&l}) tasked the Office of the US Army Product Manager, force Protection Systems (PM-FPS), to coordiante and facilitate a Force Protection Equipment

339

NREL: International Activities - Bilateral Partnerships  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Bilateral Partnerships Bilateral Partnerships NREL partners with more than 50 countries around the world to advance development and use of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies: Angola Argentina Australia Bangladesh Brazil Canada Chile China Colombia Costa Rica Gabon Haiti India Indonesia Japan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea Mexico North America Philippines Saudi Arabia U.S. Pacific Territories United Arab Emirates Vietnam Asia Bangladesh Under sponsorship from the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID), NREL provides technical support for mapping the wind resource in the Bay of Bengal littoral zone in order to provide sufficiently accurate information for national-level strategic energy planning. China NREL manages renewable energy cooperation with China under the U.S.-China

340

TABLE29.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. 9. Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country, (Thousand Barrels per Day) January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 1,726 37 20 0 (s) 41 -3 (s) 296 391 2,116 Algeria ...................................... 0 37 0 0 0 27 0 0 252 316 316 Iraq ........................................... 36 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 36 Kuwait ....................................... 252 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) 252 Qatar ........................................ 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 (s) (s) (s) Saudi Arabia ............................. 1,438 0 20 0 (s) 14 0 (s) 43 78 1,515 United Arab Emirates ............... 0 0 0 0 (s) 0 -3 (s) (s) -3 -3 Other OPEC ................................. 1,977 (s) 52 25 14 68 -4 (s) 86 241 2,218 Indonesia .................................. 33 0 0 0 0 3 0 (s) (s) 3 36 Nigeria ...................................... 625 (s) 0 0 0 5 0 (s) 0 5 630 Venezuela

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Total Crude Oil and Products Imports from All Countries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Albania Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Midway Islands Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Zealand Nicaragua Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papua New Guinea Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore Slovakia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

342

Microsoft Word - Highlights Bullets Final.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 1 Short-Term Energy Outlook July 2004 Oil Market Developments (Figures 1 to 5) U.S. spot prices for crude oil (West Texas Intermediate (WTI)), while currently down from the highs above $40 per barrel seen in early June, continue to fluctuate in the upper $30's despite general improvement in crude oil inventories and increases in output by key OPEC producers, including Saudi Arabia. OPEC (excluding Iraq) crude oil production in June was 27.1 million barrels per day, 800,000 barrels per day higher than May levels and only about 1 million barrels per day below capacity. The overall level of petroleum inventories both in the United States and in the rest of the industrialized world remains below normal, particularly when seen in

343

Countries - U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Countries Countries Glossary › FAQS › Overview Data Reports Analysis Briefs Countries Algeria Angola Argentina Australia Azerbaijan Brazil Canada China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Ecuador Egypt Gabon India Indonesia Iran Iraq Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kuwait Libya Malaysia Mexico Nigeria Norway Oman Qatar Russia Saudi Arabia Singapore South Africa Sudan and South Sudan Syria Thailand Turkey United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Venezuela Yemen Regional Caribbean Caspian Sea East China Sea Eastern Mediterranean Middle East & North Africa South China Sea Special Topics Emerging East Africa Energy OPEC Revenues Fact Sheet World Oil Transit Chokepoints World Regions Oil Production Oil Consumption Proved Reserves Click country for more information | Zoom Out | Zoom to: Zoom to Country: Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Angola

344

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Ecofys-Country Fact Sheets Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Ecofys Country Fact Sheets Agency/Company /Organization: Ecofys Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Background analysis, Baseline projection, GHG inventory, Policies/deployment programs Website: www.ecofys.com/files/files/ecofys_2011_country_factsheets_update.pdf Country: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Brazil, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Colombia, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, European Union, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Kazakhstan, South Korea, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Mexico, Monaco, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Pakistan, Papua New Guinea, Peru, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Saudi Arabia, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Thailand, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States, Venezuela

345

Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED Du you any one can comment on where to study and how to acquire the LEED CERTIFICATION FOR INDIVIDUALS & BUILDINGS? Home > Groups > OpenEI Community Central LEED GA LEED AP - BD & C LEED AP - O & M LEED AP Homes LEED AP SCHOOLS LEED AP ND....................................? I prefer to have it in Saudi arabia, pls comment Submitted by Sri sri on 18 February, 2013 - 00:36 1 answer Points: 0 USGBC is the best resource to start with for LEED Credentials and Certification. Cerfification- http://www.usgbc.org/leed/certification Credentials - http://www.usgbc.org/credentials USGBC also offers a webinar subscription that allows users to earn CMP hours on demand and in one place, you might find this helpful: http://usgbc.peachnewmedia.com/store/provider/provider09.php NickL on 2

346

Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)-Fossil Fuel CO2 Emissions Agency/Company /Organization: Oak Ridge National Laboratory Sector: Energy, Climate Topics: GHG inventory, Background analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/meth_reg.html Country: United States, Canada, Mexico, Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Luxembourg, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Uzbekistan, Iran, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Algeria, Egypt, South Africa, Australia, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Japan, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Philippines, Singapore, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand

347

New constraints in absorptive capacity and the optimum rate of petroleum output  

SciTech Connect

Economic policy in four oil-producing countries is analyzed within a framework that combines a qualitative assessment of the policy-making process with an empirical formulation based on historical and current trends in these countries. The concept of absorptive capacity is used to analyze the optimum rates of petroleum production in Iran, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Kuwait. A control solution with an econometric model is developed which is then modified for alternative development strategies based on analysis of factors influencing production decisions. The study shows the consistencies and inconsistencies between the goals of economic growth, oil production, and exports, and the constraints on economic development. Simulation experiments incorporated a number of the constraints on absorptive capacity. Impact of other constraints such as income distribution and political stability is considered qualitatively. (DLC)

El Mallakh, R

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Developing hourly weather data for locations having only daily weather data  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A methodology was developed to modify an hourly TMY weather tape to be representative of a location for which only average daily weather parameters were avilable. Typical hourly and daily variations in solar flux, and other parameters, were needed to properly exercise a computer model to predict the transient performance of a solar controlled greenhouse being designed for Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The starting point was a TMY tape for Yuma, Arizona, since the design temperatures for summer and winter are nearly identical for Yuma and Riyadh. After comparing six of the most important weather variables, the hourly values on the Yuma tape were individually adjusted to give the same overall daily average conditions as existed in the long-term Riyadh data. Finally, a statistical analysis was used to confirm quantitatively that the daily variations between the long term average values for Riyadh and the modified TMY weather tape for Yuma matched satisfactorily.

Talbert, S.G.; Herold, K.E.; Jakob, F.E.; Lundstrom, D.K.

1983-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a ``Mini Nuclear Winter`` as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

350

Global simulations of smoke from Kuwaiti oil fires and possible effects on climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Los Alamos Global Climate Model has bee used to simulate the global evolution of the Kuwaiti oil fire smoke and its potential effects on the climate. The initial simulations were done shortly before the fires were lit in January 1991. They indicated that such an event would not result in a Mini Nuclear Winter'' as some people were suggesting. Further simulations during the year suggested that the smoke could be responsible for subtle regional climate changes in the spring such as a 5 degree centigrade decrease in the surface temperature in Kuwait, a 10% decrease in precipitation in Saudi Arabia and a 10% increase in precipitation in the Tibetan Plateau region. These results are in qualitative agreement with the observations this year.

Glatzmaier, G.A.; Malone, R.C.; Kao, C.Y.J.

1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

351

Sizzling Qatar boom sparked by foreign money, technology, and gas  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

International oil companies have collected advanced upstream and downstream technology and focused it on the small Persian Gulf emirate of Qatar, a roughly 110 mile long by 50 mile wide, thumb-like peninsula that juts out from Saudi Arabia. The emirate, in a burst of enlightened self interest, has opened its doors to international companies and is now riding a wave of foreign investment and new technology to major increases in oil, natural gas, and petrochemical production. The largest natural gas reserve in the world is under Qatari waters and is the driver for the activity that includes two LNG plants. Qatar has proven that you don`t need crude oil in the Persian Gulf to be important. Activities are discussed.

Aalund, L.R.

1998-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

352

Middle East future line plans muddled following Gulf War  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that the recent Gulf War has left the middle East in an awkward situation on current and future pipe line projects. Much of Kuwait's production capacity was destroyed and its ability to regain its previous position as an oil producer in the Middle East in the near term is questionable. Iraq's production remains severely curtailed by international agreement. Saudi Arabia and the other Middle Eastern states continue to produce at the higher than normal levels instigated in the early days of the crisis. The continuing efforts to bring the Kuwait oilfields under control, coupled with ongoing excessive production by some Middle eastern countries and the world response to Sadam Hussein's questionable intentions leave the Middle East pipe line construction picture muddled. The war forestalled pipe line projects in Kuwait and Iraq and many of the planned projects now are questionable. In other areas of the Middle East, the war may have firmed tentative plans for pipe line construction.

Not Available

1991-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

OPEC production: Untapped reserves, world demand spur production expansion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To meet projected world oil demand, almost all members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) have embarked on ambitious capacity expansion programs aimed at increasing oil production capabilities. These expansion programs are in both new and existing oil fields. In the latter case, the aim is either to maintain production or reduce the production decline rate. However, the recent price deterioration has led some major OPEC producers, such as Saudi Arabia and Iran, to revise downward their capacity plans. Capital required for capacity expansion is considerable. Therefore, because the primary source of funds will come from within each OPEC country, a reasonably stable and relatively high oil price is required to obtain enough revenue for investing in upstream projects. This first in a series of two articles discusses the present OPEC capacity and planned expansion in the Middle East. The concluding part will cover the expansion plans in the remaining OPEC countries, capital requirements, and environmental concerns.

Ismail, I.A.H. (Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries, Vienna (Austria))

1994-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

354

OPEC and the Third World: the politics of aid  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The OPEC states have been the only group of developing countries to acquire enough financial resources to assist other less-fortunate developing countries and to have an impact on international economic, financial, and political relations. This study can help to determine the degree to which common Third World goals affected the behavior of OPEC members, to establish the similarities and differences in their behavior as compared with that of the developed countries, and to illustrate the difficulties faced by developing countries in trying to act upon the international system and achieve their own national objectives. Separate chapters cover the historical framework of OPEC, and the politics, nature, and channels of OPEC aid. Case studies examine the policies of Iran and Saudi Arabia. 400 references, 101 tables.

Hunter, S.

1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

355

The post-war Middle East  

SciTech Connect

The Middle East remains today the global energy fulcrum. One year after the Persian Gulf war, the region is in greater turmoil and political uncertainty than it has known in modern times. The Iraqi invasion of Kuwait and subsequent external military intervention forced neighboring states to question the need for a foreign military presence in the future. The rift between the secular revolutionary states in the region led by Iraq, Libya, Yemen, Algeria, and Syria and the traditional monarchy of Saudi Arabia and the emirates of the gulf has widened. Egypt provides, at present, an uncomfortable bridge. The balance of political forces may be shifting. This paper attempts to answer the following questions: Where will we see the new leadership in the Middle East Will it again play a role through the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries and determination of the oil price in shaping the structure of global energy supply and demand

Tempest, P.

1992-03-09T23:59:59.000Z

356

World petroleum-derived sulfur production  

SciTech Connect

Research efforts in new uses for sulfur, among them those of the Sulfur Development Institute of Canada, have resulted in the development of several new product markets. Petroleum and natural gas derived sulfurs are finding use as asphalt extenders in road construction throughout North America and as concrete extenders and substitutes for Portland cement in the construction industries of Mexico and the Middle East. Their use in masonry blocks is now being commercialized. Canada is the world's largest producer of commercial sulfur; 80% of it is used as a processing chemical in the form of sulfuric acid. Saudi Arabia, recently having begun to commercialize its vast resources, is constructing plants for the extraction of sulfur from natural gas and plans to export between 6 and 7 x 10/sup 5/ tons annually, much of it for fertilizer manufacture to India, Tunisia, Italy, Pakistan, Greece, Morocco, and Thailand.

Cantrell, A.

1982-08-02T23:59:59.000Z

357

Tanker ballast water treating plant meets tough specs  

SciTech Connect

Sumed, a joint company of Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Dubai, and Kuwait, contracted for a system that would reduce the oil content of discharged ballast water from as much as 2000 ppm to 6 ppm. The oil-water separation plant was installed at Sidi Kerir on the Egyptian coast along the Mediterranean. The plant has five double rows, with each row containing seven concrete tank units (70 units total). Each unit has four plate packs to clean 8000 cu m/hr. The proving trial began on May 3, 1978, and lasted for 32 days. During the period, 14 tankers discharged their ballast water into the plant and the plant removed all but an average of 1.46 ppm of oil, with the highest oil content being 4.0 ppm. (1 diagram, 1 drawing, 1 graph, 3 photos, 4 references, 1 table)

De Kok, a.F.; Marson, H.W.

1978-12-04T23:59:59.000Z

358

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Indirect freeze desalination system performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The desalination subsystem of the solar-powered desalination pilot project located at Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, was operated successfully for two years. Water production rates of 180 m/sup 3//day can be obtained for a period of 24 hours. In addition, once the proper procedures are followed, water production can continue for long periods of time at rates of 135 m/sup 3//day. Electrical energy costs to produce one m/sup 3/ of potable water is SR 1.66 in Saudi Arabia and $1.66 to $2.21 in the United States. As with any new process, a number of important details must be learned to obtain the most out of the system. Some of these details are: (1) product water production rate and efficiency are maximized for this system at 10% salinity and ..delta..Ts greater than 3/degree/C, (2) the anhydrous ammonia must be kept clean, (3) the ice in the freezer tubes must be melted without decreasing the salinity of the mixture in the slurry separator, (4) the salinity of the mixture going through each of the freezer tubes must be the same, and (5) the salinity of the slurry must be less than 11%. The authors believe that a subsequent design of an indirect-contact freeze desalination sub-system can be successful. Maintenance of the desalination subsystem has been nominal with only about 6/1/2/ person days required per month. Proper operating procedures and some redesign of the desalination subsystem should minimize the required maintenance. 4 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

Zimmerman, J.C.; Al-Abbadi, N.

1987-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

360

In search of a direction in the contemporary architecture of Arabia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There is a new breed of contemporary buildings evolving in the Middle East that incorporates all the pragmatic functions of the 20th century, but, at the same time, attempts to capture the spirit of the indigenous architecture ...

Khan, Sikander I

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

GPS constraints on continental deformation in the Africa-Arabia-Eurasia continental collision zone and implications  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and eastern Anatolia (Turkey), the southwestern Aegean/Peloponnesus, the Lesser Caucasus, and Central Iran shortening along the Caucasus and Zagros mountain belts around the periphery of the collision zone Survey for Seismic Protection, Yerevan, Armenia. 7 Joint Stock Company ``Airgeodetic'', Tbilisi, Georgia

Vernant, Philippe

362

A Crude Threat :The Limits of an Iranian Missile Campaign against Saudi Arabian Oil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The United States and its Persian Gulf allies have been increasingly concerned with the growing size and complexity of Iran's ballistic missile programs. At a time when the United States and its allies remain locked in a ...

Itzkowitz Shifrinson, Joshua

363

Saudi Arabian and Japanese Support The anticipated cost of deploying and maintaining the massive American  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

essential construction and services for the troops and saved the American government millions of dollars. Army doctrine stipulates that whenever troops deploy to a foreign country, the United States an abundance of food, water, facilities, and other assets, but the United States had no management

US Army Corps of Engineers

364

U.S. Landed Costs of Saudi Arabian Light Crude Oil (Dollars ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Year Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec; 1983: W: W: W: W: W: W: W: 30.56: 30.77: 30.86: W: W: 1984: W: W: W: W: W: 30.45: W: W: W: W-- 1985: W: W----W-W ...

365

Performance of 350kW photovoltaic power system for Saudi Arabian villages after 30 months  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The installation and checkout of the 350kW PV system was completed in September 1981. Since then this system has operated satisfactorily over the past two and half years and has experienced very little downtime. The system has a rather unique capability to operate in standalone or any of several cogeneration modes. This paper presents an update of the system performance with emphasis on the photovoltaic field. Research effort being implemented for the next two years are also briefly summarized.

Koshaim, B.; Al-Sani, A.; Huraib, F.; Imamura, M.S.; Salim, A.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

366

Measurements of the chemical, physical, and optical properties of single aerosol particles  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

coal combustion,vegetative detritus, biomass burning,Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,

Moffet, Ryan Christopher

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

367

Anthropogenic particulate source characterization and source apportionment using aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

vehicles, biomass burning, coal combustion, meat cooking,Arabia: biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,Arabia: biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,

Toner, Stephen Mark

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

Building for Oil: Corporate Colonialism, Nationalism and Urban Modernity in Ahmadi, 1946-1992  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier (Stanford: Stanfordthe Al-Sabah, and Oil, A British Academy PostdoctoralMythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, California:

Alissa, Reem IR

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

369

Investigating science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The purposes of this quantitative, descriptive study were to investigate Saudi science teachers' beliefs about science and science teaching, and to determine how do Saudi (more)

AL-Abdulkareem, Saleh A. M., 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oil Market Outlook  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Presented by: Guy F. Caruso, EIA AdministratorPresented to: CSIS - US Saudi Arabian Business CouncilUS - Saudi Relations and Global Energy SecurityApril 27, 2004

Information Center

2004-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

371

Total Crude Oil and Products Exports by Destination  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total All Countries 522,879 659,392 738,803 858,685 1,089,848 1,172,965 1981-2012 Afghanistan 0 0 2 4 3 7 1997-2012 Albania 0 0 0 0 0 166 1998-2012 Algeria 2,602 5 1,257 4 1,226 219 1996-2012 Andora 0 2005-2011 Angola 25 33 615 7 27 12 1995-2012 Anguilla 0 1 1 1 5 2 2005-2012 Antigua and Barbuda 3 8 10 146 231 634 1995-2012 Argentina 3,208 6,431 6,600 6,951 14,632 19,097 1993-2012 Armenia 0 0 0 2005-2012 Aruba 1,931 3,542 2,410 2,578 2,835 2,969 2005-2012 Australia 3,343 3,618 4,689 3,561 4,022 3,748 1993-2012 Austria 9 6 1 1 10 2 1995-2012 Azerbaijan 0 0 1 1 175 1995-2012 Bahama Islands 11,946 9,732 14,878 19,582 16,125 15,113 1993-2012

372

Weekly Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) Preliminary Crude Imports by Top 10 Countries of Origin (based on 2012 Petroleum Supply Monthly data) (Thousand Barrels per Day) Period: Weekly 4-Week Average Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Country 12/06/13 12/13/13 12/20/13 12/27/13 01/03/14 01/10/14 View History 1- Canada 2,316 2,786 2,594 2,515 2,838 2,460 2010-2014 2- Saudi Arabia 1,295 1,905 1,614 1,328 1,242 1,521 2010-2014 3- Mexico 1,161 947 1,019 1,082 867 555 2010-2014 4- Venezuela 783 779 518 1,008 709 730 2010-2014 5- Iraq 120 143 332 370 626 202 2010-2014 6- Nigeria 136 0 0 36 98 146 2010-2014 7- Colombia 114 127 288 320 257 360 2010-2014 8- Kuwait 127 237 85 438 584 263 2010-2014

373

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

F.O.B. F.O.B. a Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf b Total OPEC c Non OPEC Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 28.14 - 25.20 29.81 27.53 29.91 21.48 27.70 28.46 27.20 1984 ............................. 27.46 - 26.39 29.51 27.67 28.87 24.23 27.48 27.79 27.45 1985 ............................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1986 ............................. 13.30 12.34 11.84 14.35 11.36 13.84 10.92 11.35 12.21 12.87 1987 ............................. 17.27 17.84 16.36 18.47 15.12 18.28 15.08 15.97 16.43 16.99 1988 ............................. 13.70 13.61 12.18 15.16 12.16 14.80 12.96 12.38 13.43 13.05 1989 ............................. 17.66 17.89

374

West Coast (PADD 5) Total Crude Oil and Products Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History All Countries 40,216 40,703 46,595 47,285 42,741 43,793 1981-2013 Persian Gulf 14,230 13,361 14,442 14,250 16,435 14,465 1993-2013 OPEC* 22,029 19,569 22,946 25,238 25,775 23,528 1993-2013 Algeria 344 744 1,559 1995-2013 Angola 1,885 1,648 3,742 2,790 2,098 2,497 1995-2013 Ecuador 4,439 4,264 3,739 8,092 5,312 6,177 1993-2013 Iraq 2,870 2,210 5,918 5,585 4,514 4,960 1995-2013 Kuwait 1,297 686 314 1,034 295 1995-2013 Libya 149 106 12 382 2005-2013 Nigeria 296 293 7 1995-2013 Qatar 1995-2004 Saudi Arabia 10,063 10,465 8,210 8,665 10,887 9,210 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1995-2011 Venezuela 982 279 66 1993-2013 Non OPEC*

375

East Coast (PADD 1) Imports from All Countries  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Import Area: East Coast (PADD 1) Midwest (PADD 2) Gulf Coast (PADD 3) Rocky Mountain (PADD 4) West Coast (PADD 5) Period/Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day Country: All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Argentina Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Cameroon Canada Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Denmark Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Estonia Finland France Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibralter Greece Guatemala Guinea Hong Kong Hungary India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Kazakhstan Korea, South Kyrgyzstan Latvia Liberia Lithuania Malaysia Malta Mauritania Mexico Morocco Namibia Netherlands Netherlands Antilles Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia Senegal Singapore South Africa Spain Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Thailand Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Vietnam Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen

376

F.O.B. Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Area  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Area Area (Dollars per Barrel) Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Area Apr-13 May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 View History Average 95.56 96.20 96.22 101.37 102.04 101.99 1973-2013 Persian Gulf 100.50 98.46 97.42 101.21 104.10 103.15 1996-2013 Total OPEC 98.68 98.72 98.45 102.36 103.70 104.01 1973-2013 Non OPEC 93.04 94.06 94.58 100.56 100.69 100.54 1973-2013 Selected Countries Angola W 103.46 103.67 W W 113.86 1996-2013 Colombia 99.58 98.97 98.56 102.20 105.59 103.16 1996-2013 Mexico 99.95 99.21 97.16 101.27 100.97 100.60 1975-2013 Nigeria W 106.45 W W 111.28 W 1973-2013 Saudi Arabia W W W W W 103.45 1973-2013

377

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 9.2 F.O.B. Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ................. W W - 7.81 3.25 - 5.39 3.68 5.43 4.80 1975 Average .................. 10.97 - 11.44 11.82 10.87 - 11.04 10.88 11.34 10.62 1980 Average .................. 33.45 W 31.06 35.93 28.17 34.36 24.81 28.92 32.21 32.85 1985 Average .................. 26.30 - 25.33 28.04 22.04 27.64 23.64 23.31 25.67 25.96 1990 Average .................. 20.23 20.75 19.26 22.46 20.36 23.43 19.55 18.54 20.40 20.32 1995 Average .................. 16.58 16.73 15.64 17.40 W 16.94 13.86 W 15.36 16.02 2000 Average .................. 27.90 29.04 25.39 28.70

378

Word Pro - S9.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

1 1 Table 9.3 Landed Costs of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries (Dollars a per Barrel) Selected Countries Persian Gulf Nations b Total OPEC c Total Non-OPEC c Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1973 Average d ............... W 5.33 W - 9.08 5.37 - 5.99 5.91 6.85 5.64 1975 Average ................ 11.81 12.84 - 12.61 12.70 12.50 - 12.36 12.64 12.70 12.70 1980 Average ................ 34.76 30.11 W 31.77 37.15 29.80 35.68 25.92 30.59 33.56 33.99 1985 Average ................ 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1990 Average ................ 21.51 20.48 22.34 19.64 23.33 21.82 22.65 20.31 20.55 21.23 20.98 1995 Average ................ 17.66 16.65 17.45 16.19 18.25 16.84 17.91 14.81 16.78 16.61 16.95 2000 Average ................ 29.57 26.69 29.68 26.03 30.04

379

pmm.vp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

7 7 U.S. Energy Information Administration/Petroleum Marketing Monthly December 2013 Table 22. Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1985 .............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 .............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 .............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 .............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................. 18.36 16.81 18.10 16.35 19.19 17.34 18.74 16.78 17.37 17.78 17.54 1990 ..............................

380

Weekly Petroleum Status Report  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

4 4 Table 8. Preliminary Crude Imports by Country of Origin (For the Top 10 Importing Countries of 2012) 1 (Thousand Barrels per Day) Countries 2 2012 Percentage 3 Current Week Last Week Year Ago 2 Years Ago Four-Week Averages 12/13/13 12/6/13 Difference 12/14/12 Percent Change 12/16/11 Percent Change 12/13/13 12/14/12 Percent Change Crude Imports By Country of Origin Canada ......................................... 28.4 2,786 2,316 470 2,333 19.4 2,133 30.6 2,577 2,100 22.7 Saudi Arabia ................................. 16.0 1,905 1,295 610 1,504 26.7 1,251 52.3 1,516 1,420 6.8 Mexico .......................................... 11.4 947 1,161 -214 1,111 -14.8 603 57.0 1,065 1,072 -0.6 Venezuela ..................................... 10.7 779 783 -4 1,097 -29.0 656 18.8 719 1,033 -30.4 Iraq ...............................................

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

Word Pro - S11.lwp  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 Table 11.1a World Crude Oil Production: OPEC Members (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait a Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia a United Arab Emirates Vene- zuela Total OPEC b 1973 Average .................... 1,097 162 209 5,861 2,018 3,020 2,175 2,054 570 7,596 1,533 3,366 29,661 1975 Average .................... 983 165 161 5,350 2,262 2,084 1,480 1,783 438 7,075 1,664 2,346 25,790 1980 Average .................... 1,106 150 204 1,662 2,514 1,656 1,787 2,055 472 9,900 1,709 2,168 25,383 1985 Average .................... 1,036 231 281 2,250 1,433 1,023 1,059 1,495 301 3,388 1,193 1,677 15,367 1990 Average .................... 1,180 475 285 3,088 2,040 1,175 1,375 1,810 406 6,410 2,117 2,137 22,498 1995 Average

382

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

3 3 Table 5.7 Petroleum Net Imports by Country of Origin, Selected Years, 1960-2011 Year Persian Gulf 2 Selected OPEC 1 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 1 Countries Total Net Imports Total Net Imports as Share of Consumption 5 Net Imports From OPEC 1 Algeria Nigeria Saudi Arabia 3 Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Mexico United Kingdom U.S. Virgin Islands and Puerto Rico Total Non-OPEC 4 Share of Total Net Imports 6 Share of Consumption 7 Thousand Barrels per Day Percent 1960 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 84 910 1,232 86 -2 -12 34 381 1,613 16.5 76.4 12.6 1965 NA 8 ( ) 9 ( ) 158 994 1,438 297 21 -11 45 843 2,281 19.8 63.0 12.5 1970 NA 8 9 ( ) 30 989 1,294 736 9 -1 270 1,867 3,161 21.5 40.9 8.8 1971 NA 15 102 128 1,019 1,671 831 -14 1 365 2,030 3,701 24.3 45.1 11.0 1972 NA 92 251 189 959 2,044 1,082 -20 -1 428 2,475 4,519 27.6 45.2 12.5 1973 NA 136 459 485 1,134 2,991 1,294 -28 6 426

383

TABLE21.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Imports Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the United States by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC .................................. 53,500 1,139 2,258 115 625 0 0 1,267 0 0 Algeria ...................................... 0 1,139 1,174 115 0 0 0 824 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 7,822 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 44,568 0 1,084 0 625 0 0 443 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 61,280 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 2,121 3 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 19,360 0 0 0 0 0 0 166 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 40,900 0 2,295 588 1,644 776 715 1,858 3 0 Non OPEC ................................... 143,726 5,054 4,682 3,253 5,745 1,867

384

TABLE25A.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

PAD PAD District V PAD District IV January 1998 Non OPEC .................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Total .............................................. 3,980 424 0 0 13 0 140 0 0 0 Arab OPEC .................................. 2,409 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Iraq ........................................... 1,110 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,299 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC ................................. 1,614 0 363 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Indonesia .................................. 1,020 0 0 0 0 0 0 97 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 594 0 363 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 9,618 5 972 0 13 475 22 0 0 0 Argentina .................................. 807 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada

385

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Best Practices and Tools for Large-scale Deployment of Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Techniques in ESCWA Agency/Company /Organization: United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, Renewable Energy, Solar, Wind Topics: Implementation, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.escwa.un.org/information/publications/edit/upload/sdpd-09-TP3.pdf Country: Bahrain, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Sudan, Syria, United Arab Emirates, Yemen UN Region: "Western Asia & North Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

386

untitled  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country Landed Costs of Imported Crude Oil by Selected Country (Dollars per Barrel) Year Month Selected Countries Persian Gulf a Total OPEC b Non OPEC Angola Canada Colombia Mexico Nigeria Saudi Arabia United Kingdom Venezuela 1983 ............................. 29.31 25.63 - 25.78 30.85 29.27 30.87 22.94 29.37 29.84 28.08 1984 ............................. 28.49 26.56 - 26.85 30.36 29.20 29.45 25.19 29.07 29.06 28.14 1985 ............................. 27.39 25.71 - 25.63 28.96 24.72 28.36 24.43 25.50 26.86 26.53 1986 ............................. 14.09 13.43 12.85 12.17 15.29 12.84 14.63 11.52 12.92 13.46 13.52 1987 ............................. 18.20 17.04 18.43 16.69 19.32 16.81 18.78 15.76 17.47 17.64 17.66 1988 ............................. 14.48 13.50 14.47 12.58 15.88 13.37 15.82 13.66 13.51 14.18 13.96 1989 .............................

387

Word Pro - S3  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review December 2013 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review December 2013 Table 3.3c Petroleum Trade: Imports From OPEC Countries (Thousand Barrels per Day) Algeria a Angola b Ecuador c Iraq Kuwait d Libya e Nigeria f Saudi Arabia d Vene- zuela Other g Total OPEC 1960 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 22 182 e ( ) f ( ) 84 911 34 1,233 1965 Average ...................... a ( ) b ( ) c ( ) 16 74 42 f ( ) 158 994 155 1,439 1970 Average ...................... 8 b ( ) c ( ) 0 48 47 f ( ) 30 989 172 1,294 1975 Average ...................... 282 b ( ) 57 2 16 232 762 715 702 832 3,601 1980 Average ...................... 488 b ( ) 27 28 27 554 857 1,261 481 577 4,300 1985 Average ...................... 187 b ( ) 67 46 21 4 293 168 605 439 1,830 1990 Average ...................... 280 b ( ) 49 518 86 0 800 1,339 1,025 199 4,296 1995 Average ......................

388

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 9. World proved natural gas reserves by country as of January 1, 2013 trillion cubic feet Project Reserves (trillion cubic feet) Percent of world total World 6,793 100.0 Top 20 countries 6,200 91.3 Russia 1,688 24.9 Iran 1,187 17.5 Qatar 890 13.1 Saudi Arabia 288 4.2 United States 273 4.0 Turkmenistan 265 3.9 United Arab Emirates 215 3.2 Venezuela 195 2.9 Nigeria 182 2.7 Algeria 159 2.3 China 124 1.8 Iraq 112 1.6 Indonesia 108 1.6 Kazakhstan 85 1.3 Malaysia 83 1.2 Egypt 77 1.1 Norway 73 1.1 Canada 68 1.0 Uzbekistan 65 1.0 Kuwait 63 0.9 Rest of world 593 8.7 Source: "Worldwide look at reserves and production," Oil & Gas Journal, Vol. 110.12 (December 3, 2012), pp. 28-31, http://www.ogj.com (subscription site)

389

TABLE23.CHP:Corel VENTURA  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

3. 3. PAD District II-Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by Country of Origin, a January 1998 Arab OPEC ................................... 6,219 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Kuwait ....................................... 1,253 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Saudi Arabia ............................. 4,966 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Other OPEC .................................. 4,136 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Nigeria ...................................... 540 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Venezuela ................................. 3,596 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Non OPEC .................................... 38,160 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Angola ....................................... 1,853 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Canada ..................................... 30,038 3,557 0 0 76 0 107 19 0 18 Colombia ................................... 1,777 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Ecuador .................................... 376 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Mexico .......................................

390

The oil policies of the Gulf Arab Nations  

SciTech Connect

At its heart, Arab oil policy is inseparable from Arab economic and social policy. This holds whether we are talking about the Arab nations as a group or each separately. The seven Arab nations covered in this report-Bahrain, Iraq, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates--participate in several organizations focusing on regional cooperation regarding economic development, social programs, and Islamic unity, as well as organizations concerned with oil policies. This report focuses on the oil-related activities of the countries that may reveal the de facto oil policies of the seven Persian Gulf nations. Nevertheless it should be kept in mind that the decision makers participating in the oil policy organizations are also involved with the collaborative efforts of these other organizations. Oil policies of five of the seven Arab nations are expressed within the forums of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) and the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC). Only Oman, among the seven, is not a member of either OAPEC or OPEC; Bahrain is a member of OAPEC but not of OPEC. OPEC and OAPEC provide forums for compromise and cooperation among their members. Nevertheless, each member state maintains its own sovereignty and follows its own policies. Each country deviates from the group prescription from time to time, depending upon individual circumstances.

Ripple, R.D.; Hagen, R.E.

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Middle East crisis and US energy policy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The worldwide embargo of oil from Iraq and Kuwait imposed following Iraq's Aug. 2 takeover of its neighbor cut world oil supply by an estimated 4.3 million barrels per day--7 percent of world production. Other major oil producers, notably Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates and Venezuela, are stepping up their production and are expected to make up for most of the shortfall--at least for awhile. As a result, the International Energy Agency, the 21-member agency set up in the 1970s to respond to such emergencies, expects world oil supplies to be adequate through October. But two factors complicate matters in the long run: the drawdown of inventories in August that cut out a cushion that could have been used later and the use now of excess OPEC production capacity that was expected to be used this winter. The result is that the increase in cold weather demand could bring on a 3 million bpd shortage this winter, which would push prices higher.

Not Available

1990-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

392

Feedstock Economics for Global Steam Crackers  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The high level of current profitability within the petrochemical industry has spurred an unprecedented number of announcements of new global capacity. Many of the announcements have been made by organizations with no previous background in petrochemicals, who believe they possess strategic competitive advantages for success in the business. The choice of cracking feedstocks has a tremendous impact on the future economic success of the venture. Feedstock determines the two major economic variables in ethylene plants: first cost and operating cost. For any particular ethylene plant design capacity, there is a range in investment cost, driven primarily by the choice of feedstock. In addition, feedstock costs represent over two-thirds of plant operating costs. This study presents the results of SRI work on determining the economics of ethylene plants based upon five alternative feedstocks, and then modifying the data for 10 global regions in which significant new ethylene capacity has been announced. The five feedstocks considered are: ethane, propane, butane, wide range naphtha, and atmospheric gas oil. The 10 regions considered in the study are the US Gulf Coast, Brazil, Western Canada, China, Indonesia, Japan, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Taiwan, and West Germany. The business climate considered in the study is the second half of 1989, and the market prices used for feedstock, utilities, products and labor represent average contract prices during the fourth quarter of 1989.

McCormack, G.; Pavone, T.

1990-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

393

Petroleum supply monthly, February 1988. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Total US demand for petroleum products during February 1988 averaged about 17.6 million barrels per day, 0.9 million barrels per day above the average of a year earlier. This marks the third consecutive month in which total product supplied has exceeded 17.0 million barrels per day. For the most part, the disposition of the major products continued to follow seasonal patterns. Total products stocks dropped by 26.0 million barrels to 683.1 million barrels. Refinery utilization fell from January's 82.8 percent rate to 81.1 percent. Crude oil imports from Saudi Arabia rose to 1.2 million barrels per day, 0.4 million barrels per day above the average for January. Unusually mild weather, especially in the Mid-Atlantic states and New England, kept deliveries of both distillate and residual fuel oil virtually unchanged from January's high seasonal levels, although both were still well above the levels for these products the same time last year. Distillate demand averaged 3.5 million barrels per day in February, five percent above the February 1987 average. Residual fuel oil demand was 1.6 million barrels per day this month, nine percent greater than a year ago. Part of this increase in demand from the previous year reflects the improved competitive position of residual fuel oil in some utility and industrial markets, mostly due to increases in natural gas prices starting in the fourth quarter of 1987. 12 figs.

Not Available

1988-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

394

CO sub 2 emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world's share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. (eds.)

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

U.S. energy flow -- 1994  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Energy consumption in 1994 increased for the fourth year in a row, reaching an all-time high. It was associated with a robust economy, low inflation, and low unemployment rates. Of the populous states, California lagged substantially behind the national recovery. Consumption in all major end-use sectors reached historic highs. Transmission of electrical power by the utilities increased almost 3%. However, this understates the increase of the total amount of electricity used in the nation because the amount of electricity used ``in-house`` by a growing number of self-generators is unrecorded. Imports of both fossil fuels and electricity increased. About half of the total oil consumed was imported, with Saudi Arabia being the principal supplier. Domestic oil production continued to decline; however, the sharp decline in Alaskan production was slowed. The increase in the demand for natural gas was met by both a modest increase in domestic production and imports from Canada, which comprised 10% of supply. The residential/commercial sector is the largest single consumer of natural gas; however, use by electric generators has increased annually for the past decade. The regulated utilities increased their consumption 11% in 1994. The year was noteworthy for the US nuclear power industry. Work was halted on the last nuclear power plant under construction in the country. Because of the retirement of aged and poorly performing nuclear plants and because of improved efficiencies, the capacity factor for the remaining 109 operable plants reached a record 74%.

Borg, I.Y.; Briggs, C.K.

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

CO{sub 2} emissions from developing countries: Better understanding the role of energy in the long term. Volume 4, Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent years have witnessed a growing recognition of the link between emissions of carbon dioxide (CO{sub 2}) and changes in the global climate. of all anthropogenic activities, energy production and use generate the single largest portion of these greenhouse gases. Although developing countries currently account for a small share of global carbon emissions, their contribution is increasing rapidly. Due to the rapid expansion of energy demand in these nations, the developing world`s share in global modern energy use rose from 16 to 27 percent between 1970 and 1990. If the growth rates observed over the past 20 years persist, energy demand in developing nations will surpass that in the countries of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) early in the 21st century. The study seeks to examine the forces that galvanize the growth of energy use and carbon emissions, to assess the likely future levels of energy and CO{sub 2} in selected developing nations and to identify opportunities for restraining this growth. The purpose of this report is to provide the quantitative information needed to develop effective policy options, not to identify the options themselves. A combined study was carried out for the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates).

Sathaye, J.; Goldman, N. [eds.

1991-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Predicted vs. Actual Energy Savings of Retrofitted House  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper reports the results of actual energy savings and the predicted energy savings of retrofitted one-story house located in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia. The process started with modeling the house prior to retrofitting and after retrofitting. The monthly metered energy consumption is acquired from the electric company archives for seven years prior to retrofitting and recording the actual monthly energy consumption of the post retrofitting. The house model is established on DOE 2.1. Actual monthly energy consumption is used to calibrate and fine-tuning the model until the gap between actual and predicted consumption was narrowed. Then the Energy Conservation Measures (ECMs) are entered into the modeled house according to the changes in thermo-physical properties of the envelope and the changes in schedules and number of users. In order to account for those differences, electrical consumption attributed to A/C in summer was isolated and compared. The study followed the International Performance Measurement & Verification Protocol (IPMVP) in assessing the impact of energy conservation measures on actual, metered, building energy consumption. The study aimed to show the predicted savings by the simulated building model and the actual utility bills' analysis in air conditioning consumption and peak at monthly load due to building envelope.

Al-Mofeez, I.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Why the Gulf War still matters: Foreign perspectives on the war and the future of international security. Report No. 16  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report summarizes the main findings of a Center for National Security Studies (CNSS) project that examined how a number of nations other than the United States have reacted to the course and outcome of the Persian Gulf War of 1991. The project was built around studies of key countries on which the Gulf War might reasonably be expected to have had a significant impact: Argentina, the ASEAN states, Brazil, China, Cuba, Egypt, France, Germany, India, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Italy, Japan, Jordan, Libya, North Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Korea, Spain, Syria, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, Vietnam, and the states of the former Yugoslavia. These country studies were written by well-recognized independent experts following a common set of guidelines provided by CNSS. When the country studies were completed, they were reviewed and supplemented through a series of peer assessments and workshops. The report represents a synthesis of material generated through this process, and is intended to stimulate thought and further analysis on the critical topics discussed herein.

Garrity, P.J.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

399

Pages: 66 Distribution: F  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Whether it is called upon to respond to crises in the deserts of Saudi Arabia, the mountains of Bosnia, or along the flooded towns and cities along the Mississippi River, the Air Force continues to prove indispensable to Americas needs. Its unique people, skills, responsiveness, and capabilities are the foundation of Americas projection of national power. Air Force Doctrine Document (AFDD) 2-4.4 does not stand alone as the only doctrine for bases, infrastructure, and facilities. It is essential that it be read together with AFDDs 1, 2, and 2-4. Together, these doctrine documents spell out for every Air Force member, from airman basic to general, what their roles are to project combat powerproviding warfighter support. In this connection, providing bases, infrastructure, and facility support to our forces is the key to meeting the Air Forces Title 10 responsibilities to provide administrative and logistical support to forces assigned to the combatant commands. To meet these responsibilities and to provide agile

Timothy A. Kinnan

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Silurian shale origin for light oil, condensate, and gas in Algeria and the Middle East  

SciTech Connect

Two of the largest gas fields in the world, Hasi R'Mel, Algeria and North Dome, Qatar, also contain substantial condensate and light oil reserves. Gas to source rock geochemical correlation is difficult due to the paucity of molecular parameters in the former although stable isotope composition is invaluable. However, by correlating source rocks with light oils and condensates associated with gas production using traditional geochemical parameters such as biomarkers and isotopes, a better understanding of the origin of the gas is achieved. Much of the crude oil in the Ghadames/Illizi Basins of Algeria has long been thought to have been generated from Silurian shales. New light oil discoveries in Saudi Arabia have also been shown to originate in basal euxinic Silurian shales. Key sterane and terpane biomarkers as well as the stable carbon isotopic compositions of the C15+ saturate and aromatic hydrocarbon fractions allow for the typing of Silurian-sourced, thermally mature light oils in Algeria and the Middle East. Even though biomarkers are often absent due to advanced thermal maturity, condensates can be correlated to the light oils using (1) carbon isotopes of the residual heavy hydrocarbon fractions, (2) light hydrocarbon distributions (e.g., C7 composition), and (3) compound specific carbon isotopic composition of the light hydrocarbons. The carbon isotopes of the C2-C4 gas components ran then be compared to the associated condensate and light oil isotopic composition.

Zumberge, J.E. (GeoMark Research Inc., Houston, TX (United States)); Macko, S. (Univ. of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA (United States)) Engel, M. (Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)) (and others)

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

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401

Need for refining capacity creates opportunities for producers in Middle East  

SciTech Connect

Oil industry interest in refining has revived in the past few years in response to rising oil consumption. The trend creates opportunities, for countries in the Middle East, which do not own refining assets nearly in proportion to their crude oil reserved. By closing this gap between reserves and refining capacity, the countries can ease some of the instability now characteristic of the oil market. Some major oil producing countries have begun to move downstream. During the 1980s, Venezuela, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Libya, and other members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries acquired refining assets through direct total purchase or joint ventures. Nevertheless, the oil industry remains largely unintegrated, with the Middle East holding two thirds of worldwide oil reserves but only a small share downstream. As worldwide refining capacity swings from a period of surplus toward one in which the need for new capacity will be built. The paper discusses background of the situation, shrinking surplus, investment requirements, sources of capital, and shipping concerns.

Ali, M.S.S. (Bahrain National Oil Co., Awali (Bahrain))

1994-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

402

Super-giant oil fields and future prospects in the Middle East  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Upper Jurassic carbonates, Lower Cretaceous sands, Lower Cretaceous carbonates and Tertiary carbonates of the Middle East contain more than 50% of the worlds oil. Our area of interest covers SE Turkey and Syria in the north to the borders of Yemen and Oman in the south, and from the Red Sea across Saudi Arabia, the Emirates and the Arabian/Persian Gulf to Iran in the East. There are over 80 fields in this region with over 1 billion barrels of recoverable reserves. Yet only around 30,000 wells have been drilled in this territory. Regional structure and stratigraphy are discussed within the context of three major plays in the region as well as a new play in the Permo-Carboniferous. Numerous opportunities are available and countries such as Iraq and Iran may one day open their doors more to the industry than is presently the case. The dramatic petroleum geology of the region will stamp its influence on the nature of business and opportunities for years to come. While fiscal systems here already offer some of the toughest terms in the world, future deals in the more prolific areas will be even tougher. But, the economies of Middle Eastern scale will provide some of the great mega-opportunities of future international exploration.

Christian, L. [Consultant, Dallas, TX (United States); Johnston, D. [Daniel Johnston & Co., Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)

1995-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

403

Oil and gas development in Middle East in 1987  

SciTech Connect

Petroleum production in Middle East countries during 1987 totaled an estimated 4,500,500,000 bbl (an average rate of 12,330,137 b/d), up slightly from the revised 1986 total of 4,478,972,000 bbl. Iran, Iraq, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic had significant increases; Kuwait and Saudi Arabia had significant decreases. Production was established for the first time in People's Democratic Republic of Yemen. New fields went on production in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, and Syria, and significant oil discoveries were reported in Iraq, Oman, People's Democratic Republic of Yemen, Syria, and Yemen Arab Republic. The level of exploration increased in 1987 with new concessions awarded in some countries, drilling and seismic activities on the increase, new regions in mature areas explored for the first time, and significant reserve additions reported in new and old permits. The Iraq-Iran war still had a negative impact in some regions of the Middle East, particularly in and around the Gulf. 11 figs., 4 tabs.

Hemer, D.O.; Gohrbandt, K.H.A.; Phillips, C.B.

1988-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

404

Gas projects surge in the Middle East as governments seek new revenue sources  

SciTech Connect

The rapid development of natural gas and condensate reserves in the Middle East results from a simple motivation: the desire of governments to earn revenues. For the past decade, Middle East governments have run budget deficits, which they funded by drawing down foreign assets and issuing debt. Now in the process of structural economic reform, they have begun to use an under-utilized resource--natural gas, of which Middle East governments own about one third of the world`s reserves. Governments receive revenues from several sources in natural gas developments, which makes the projects very attractive. Revenue comes from the sale of the natural gas in the domestic market and, if exported, the international market; the sale of associated condensates; the additional exports of crude oil or refined products if natural gas is substituted for refined products in domestic markets; the increased sale of crude oil if natural gas is injected into reservoirs to maintain pressure; and the sale of petrochemicals where natural gas is used as feedstock. Large projects under way in the Middle East highlight the consequences of multiple revenue sources and interlinked costs of natural gas and condensate development. Other countries in the region are undertaking similar projects, so examples cited represent only a portion of what is occurring. The paper describes Abu Dhabi, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Iran.

Williams, M.D. [International Energy Agency, Paris (France)

1997-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

405

OPEC as an actor in world politics: a study in its internal and external dimensions  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The OPEC oil price increases of the 1970s and their economic and political effects on the oil-importing and oil-exporting countries have called attention to OPEC as an actor in world politics. This study examines the internal and external aspects of OPEC in light of the following hypotheses: (1) the bargaining power of the major oil companies has been curtailed in favor of OPEC members; (2) potential economic differences and political conflicts among OPEC members raise no real threat to the survival of OPEC; (3) development of alternative sources of energy will not likely restrain OPEC's active role in world politics; and (4) the unbridled power of OPEC to increase oil prices will likely be restrained by the effects of these increases on oil-importing countries. In addition to testing these hypotheses, this study attempts to trace OPEC's origin and explores the role of Saudi Arabia as the residual OPEC supplier. Since the OPEC revolution of October 1973, numerous academic works and press reports have been published on OPEC. The author depended heavily on these sources. In addition, information supplied by some prominent energy institutions during a research trip to Vienna, Austria, and Washington, DC was also used. The findings of this study tend to support the preceding hypotheses.

Al-Hulwah, M.I.

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

406

Nigeria`s oil production behavior: Tests of alternative hypotheses  

SciTech Connect

The sudden quadrupling of world oil prices in 1973-1974 marked the beginning of several formal inquiries by economists into the production behavior of members of the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Interest in the organization was further heightened in 1979 when nominal oil prices further doubled. However, oil market analysts have differed in their evaluation of OPEC`s role in the determination of world oil prices. Most energy economists have modeled OPEC as a cartel. Morris Adelman has suggested that OPEC`s true nature lies somewhere between two polar cases of a dominant-firm industry and an imperfect, market-sharing cartel. In the former case, one large, dominant firm (i.e., Saudi Arabia) serves as the {open_quotes}swing producer,{close_quotes} allowing other cartel members and non-OPEC oil producers to produce whatever they wished, controlling the market price by itself through its own output adjustments. The latter case of an imperfect market-sharing cartel is a loose collusive arrangement in which all members agree on an acceptable price level and individual output shares for each producer. Adelman believes that OPEC wobbles between these two cases, depending upon market conditions.

Awokuse, T.O.; Jones, C.T.

1994-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

407

OPEC and lower oil prices: Impacts on production capacity, export refining, domestic demand and trade balances  

SciTech Connect

The East-West Center received a research grant from the US Department of Energy's Office of Policy, Planning, and Analysis to study the impact of lower oil prices on OPEC production capacity, on export refineries, and the petroleum trade. The project was later expanded to include balance-of-payments scenarios and impacts on OPEC domestic demand. The Department of Energy requested that the study focus on the Persian Gulf countries, as these countries have the largest share of OPEC reserves and production. Since then, staff members from the East-West Center have visited Iran, the United Arab Emirates, and Saudi Arabia and obtained detailed information from other countries. In addition, the East-West Center received from a number of large international oil companies and national governments valuable information on OPEC production capabilities. In order to safeguard the confidential nature of this information, these data have been aggregated in this report. The East-West Center considers the results presented to be the most up-to-date information and analysis available today. This report also provides a major reassessment of the export refining and economic competitiveness of Middle East refineries. As pioneers of the research on OPEC export refineries, the East-West Center has fully reevaluated the performance and outlook of these refineries as of the present. 21 figs., 20 tabs.

Fesharaki, F.; Fridley, D.; Isaak, D.; Totto, L.; Wilson, T.

1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

OPEC 1991 results reflect hard times  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper reports that low crude oil prices and economic tough times in industrial countries cause a lean 1991 for members of the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. OPEC's 1991 annual report the member countries reported an overall loss of $12 billion in 1991 on oil revenues that fell 16.2%. Iraq and Kuwait were not included because of their unusual circumstances in the wake of the Persian Gulf war. Reduced oil revenues reflected a slide to $18.66/bbl in 1991 from $22.26/bbl in 1990 for the average price of OPEC basket crudes. As of last June 5 OPEC's basket crude price has averaged only $17.42/bbl this year, OPEC News Agency (Opecna) reported. First quarter 1992 prices averaged $16.77/bbl, compared wit $19.31/bbl in fourth quarter 1991. The average price jumped 52 cent/bbl the first week in June this year to $19.93/bbl, bouyed by Saudi Arabia's move at the end of May to shift its policy from price moderation to one in favor of higher prices, Opecna the. OPEC members increased production 1% in 1991 to an average 23.28 million b/d in spite of negligible production from Iraq and Kuwait and reduced production from Qatar.

Not Available

1992-07-20T23:59:59.000Z

409

Effect of insulation location on initial transient thermal response of building walls  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

ABSTRACT: The effect of insulation location on the heat transfer characteristics of building wall elements under initial transient conditions is studied. Thermal performance with an insulation layer placed on the inside of a wall is compared to that when the insulation layer is placed on the outside. The investigation is carried out for the climatic conditions of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during representative days for July and January using a finite-volume implicit procedure. The initial temperature distribution across the wall is assumed to be uniform and equal to the daily mean external air temperature. The numerical model is validated against a semi-analytic solution developed for a simple test case. The results of model application under the present conditions show that placing the insulation on the inside gives an instantaneous load that is about 20 % of the value for outside insulation during the first few hours in the initial transient process. Besides, the duration of the transient process which leads to steady periodic state, and thus, the period of thermal discomfort due to radiation exchange is much shorter for the inside insulation. The average heat transmission over the first 24 hours

Building Walls; Sami A. Al-sanea; M. F. Zedan; Response Of Building Walls; Sami A. Al-sanea; M. F. Zedan

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

410

SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Thermal energy storage tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar-powered water desalination pilot plant at Yanbu in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is a unique project in terms of its size, purpose, objectives, and scope. The plant uses a combination of solar thermal energy and fossil-fuel energy to provide the shaft horsepower necessary to operate the indirect heat-transfer freeze desalination process developed and patented by Chicago Bridge and Iron Inc. (CBandI) to produce potable water. The thermal storage acts as a buffer between the energy collection subsystem and the energy delivery subsystem. This report describes the thermal storage subsystem. One of the objectives of the desalination research project is to publish a series of reports on the performance of its various subsystems. The authors of this report do not claim that it is exhaustive and complete in all respects, for more than one reason. Any research activity is like an open-ended problem and during the tenure of its investigation it raises more problems than can be solved. However, the authors believe that the storage system behavior has posed no serious problem and that the report adequately covers all the facets of the investigation. 3 refs., 5 figs., 3 tabs.

Not Available

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

411

SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: Solar-collector field experimental tests  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The solar-collection field subsystem of the solar-powered desalination pilot project located at Yanbu in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has been operated successfully for two years. It has been demonstrated that during a one-year period, the solar-collector field can, on the average, provide about 2500 kWh of thermal energy a day for days with a daily insolation total greater than 4000 Wh/m/sup 2/. This is a yearlong solar-collector field average efficiency of 22.5%. In Yanbu, from October 1, 1985, until September 30, 1986, there were only 21 days (5.8%) when the daily direct-normal insolation was less than the mid-60% to 70% range with a peak output of 51 kW per solar collector. It has also been demonstrated that the Power Kinetics, Inc., square-dish solar collector has a problem due to the fixed aperture (outboard focus) that seriously hurts the performance of the solar collector during the summer months at this latitude. A location at latitudes greater than +-35/degree/ would see greatly improved daylong summer performance. 4 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab.

Zimmerman, J.C.; Al-Abbadi, N.

1987-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: PKI collectors performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The seawater desalination pilot plant at Yanbu in Saudi Arabia is a unique experiment in which an indirect bulk freeze desalination process is integrated with a stand-alone solar cogeneration power plant. Thermal energy is stored in molten salt and is converted into shaft power required for primary refrigeration by a conventional steam engine. An absorption refrigeration unit is thermally driven by the exhaust steam of the engine to produce additional refrigeration. Crystallization of water molecules from the brine into essentially pure water ice is accomplished by the freeze desalination process, which employs indirect heat transfer technique. Solar energy concentrated by the dish collector is transferred to a silicone polymer low-viscosity liquid circulated through the receiver, which is a monotube cavity mounted at the concentrator focal area in a stainless steel encased housing. A flux trap mounted at the mouth of the cavity receiver deflects stray radiation into the cavity. This document concerns itself with the solar collector and the solar collector field subsystem and presents the results of scientific investigations during the past 18 months since the plant installation. 13 refs., 206 figs.

Hamad, G.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

413

SOLERAS - Solar-Powered Water Desalination Project at Yanbu: CBI Na-Con, Inc. Engineering Test Facility problem assessment and lessons learned  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A Solar Energy Water Desalination Engineering Test Facility has been undergoing operation and testing in Yanbu, Saudi Arabia, as part of of the SOLERAS Program. The facility employs a field of point-focus, distributed receiver, solar thermal collectors operating at 388/degree/C (730/degree/F). Thermal energy is collected using a synthetic heat transfer fluid, stored in dual tank molten salt storage, and utilized on demand to generate steam, which provides both mechanical and thermal energy for refrigeration. The refrigeration drives a unique freeze desalination process in which ice is crystallized from concentrated seawater, pumped as a slurry of ice and brine, rinsed of brine in a countercurrent wash column, and melted to produce fresh water. The report presents an executive summary followed by an overview of the facility design and operation. The plant operation, from start-up in December, 1984 through mid-1986, is then briefly summarized. Key problem areas and areas of concern are identified and discussed; in addition to problems encountered, the discussion details problem causes, problem solutions, and in some cases problem avoidance which was accomplished through preventive measures employed during design and/or operation. The problems are grouped into areas corresponding to the facility's main subsystems: energy collection, energy storage, energy delivery, and desalination. 37 refs., 43 figs., 7 tabs.

Not Available

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Oilgopoly: a general equilibrium model of the oil-macroeconomy nexus  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Arabia is the largest player in the world oil market. It maintains ample spare capacity, restricts investment in developing reserves, and its output is negatively correlated with other OPEC producers. While this behavior does not t into the perfect competition paradigm, we show that it can be rationalized as that of a dominant producer with competitive fringe. We build a quantitative general equilibrium model along these lines which is capable of matching the historical volatility of the oil price, competitive and non-competitive oil output, and of generating the observed comovement among the oil price, oil quantities, and U.S. GDP. We use our framework to answer questions on which available models are silent: (1) What are the proximate determinants of the oil price and how do they vary over the cycle? (2) How large are oil prots and what losses do they imply for oil-importers? (3) What do dierent fundamental shocks imply for the comovement of oil prices and GDP? (4) What are the general equilibrium eects of taxes on oil consumption or oil production? We nd, in particular, that the existence of an oil production distortion does not necessarily justify an oil consumption tax dierent from zero. 1

Anton Nakov Y; Banco De Espaa; Galo Nuo; Banco De Espaa

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: University of Petroleum and Minerals. Solar cooling system. Final report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides details of the proposed solar cooling laboratory, including descriptions of the building and design conditions; the collector/storage subsystem; the Rankine cycle engine subsystem; instrumentation and data acquisition; and an implementation plan. Appendices of relevant data including computer programs for building load and engine system calculations and descriptions of equipment are included.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

416

Landed Costs of Imported Crude by Area  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Average Landed Cost 67.97 93.33 60.23 76.50 102.92 101.00 1973-2012 Persian Gulf 69.83 93.59 62.15 78.60 108.01 107.74 1973-2012 Total OPEC 71.14 95.49 61.90 78.28 107.84 107.56 1973-2012 Non OPEC 63.96 90.59 58.58 74.68 98.64 95.05 1973-2012 Selected Countries Canada 60.38 90.00 57.60 72.80 89.92 84.24 1973-2012 Colombia 70.91 93.43 58.50 74.25 102.57 107.07 1973-2012 Angola 71.27 98.18 61.32 80.61 114.05 114.95 1973-2012 Mexico 62.31 85.97 57.35 72.86 101.21 102.45 1973-2012 Nigeria 78.01 104.83 68.01 83.14 116.43 116.88 1973-2012 Saudi Arabia 70.78 94.75 62.14 79.29 108.83 108.15 1973-2012 United Kingdom 72.47 96.95 63.87 80.29 118.45 W 1973-2012 Venezuela

417

U.S. Crude Oil Imports  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 239,848 231,900 250,207 251,054 237,344 231,718 1920-2013 Persian Gulf 65,745 56,296 59,730 66,000 63,759 59,553 1993-2013 OPEC* 117,313 108,592 110,593 112,292 110,695 100,239 1993-2013 Algeria 1,890 611 620 800 1993-2013 Angola 9,784 7,706 7,097 10,734 6,792 6,227 1993-2013 Ecuador 5,533 6,071 5,947 10,661 7,502 7,617 1993-2013 Iraq 9,937 6,850 9,275 12,308 8,618 7,000 1996-2013 Kuwait 11,181 6,518 9,585 12,402 8,980 10,382 1993-2013 Libya 2,769 3,269 4,035 1,428 1,058 2004-2013 Nigeria 10,706 10,115 6,170 4,142 7,461 4,502 1993-2013 Qatar 1998-2011 Saudi Arabia 44,627 42,928 40,870 41,290 46,161 42,171 1993-2013 United Arab Emirates 1993-2011 Venezuela 20,886 25,135 27,003 18,707 23,323 22,340 1993-2013

418

Total Net Imports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products into the U.S.  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Country: Total All Countries Persian Gulf OPEC Algeria Angola Ecuador Iran Iraq Kuwait Libya Nigeria Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Venezuela Non OPEC Afghanistan Albania Andora Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Cook Islands Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Ethiopia Eritrea Estonia Fiji Finland France French Pacific Islands French Guiana Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Kutubu Kyrgyzstan Latvia Lebanon Liberia Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Togo Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Other Non OPEC Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

419

Total All Countries Exports of Crude Oil and Petroleum Products by  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Destination: Total All Countries Afghanistan Albania Algeria Andora Angola Anguilla Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahama Islands Bahrain Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegovina Brazil Brunei Bulgaria Burma Bermuda Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cayman Islands Chad Chile China Colombia Congo (Brazzaville) Congo (Kinshasa) Costa Rica Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djbouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Pacific Islands Gabon Georgia, Republic of Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guinea Guyana Haiti Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Ivory Coast Jamaica Japan Jordon Kazakhstan Kenya Korea, South Korea, North Kyrgyzstan Kutubu Kuwait Latvia Lebanon Liberia Libya Lithuania Macau S.A.R. Macedonia Madagascar Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Midway Islands Moldova Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Namibia Nepal Netherlands Netherlands/Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Papau New Guinea Paracel Islands Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Romania Russia St. Kitts and Nevis St. Lucia St. Pierre and Miquelon St. Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia and Montenegro Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia Slovenia Soloman Islands South Africa Spain Spratly Islands Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syria Taiwan Tanzania Thailand Tonga Togo Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Vietnam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Period-Unit: Monthly-Thousand Barrels Monthly-Thousand Barrels per Day Annual-Thousand Barrels Annual-Thousand Barrels per Day

420

International Energy Outlook 1998  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference 0. World Oil Production Capacity by Region and Country, Reference Case, 1990-2020 (Million Barrels per Day) Region/Country History (Estimates) Projections 1990 1996 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 OPEC Persian Gulf Iran 3.2 3.9 4.0 4.3 4.5 5.7 6.8 Iraq 2.2 0.6 0.6 2.1 3.2 5.9 7.8 Kuwait 1.7 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.3 4.3 5.2 Qatar 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 Saudi Arabia 8.6 10.6 10.9 11.2 13.5 17.2 23.8 United Arab Emirates 2.5 2.6 2.8 3.1 3.5 4.7 5.5 Total Persian Gulf 18.7 20.9 21.6 24.4 28.6 38.4 49.8 Other OPEC Algeria 1.3 1.4 1.6 1.9 2.2 2.1 2.0 Indonesia 1.5 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.3 Libya 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.6 1.5 Nigeria 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.7 3.1 3.0 2.8 Venezuela 2.4 3.2 3.7 4.2 5.2 5.7 5.9

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421

Polycrystalline thin-film technology: Recent progress in photovoltaics  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Polycrystalline thin films have made significant technical progress in the past year. Three of these materials that have been studied extensively for photovoltaic (PV) power applications are copper indium diselenide (CuInSe{sub 2}), cadmium telluride (CdTe), and thin-film polycrystalline silicon (x-Si) deposited on ceramic substrates. The first of these materials, polycrystalline thin-film CuInSe{sub 2}, has made some rapid advances in terms of high efficiency and long-term reliability. For CuInSe{sub 2} power modules, a world record has been reported on a 0.4-m{sup 2} module with an aperture-area efficiency of 10.4% and a power output of 40.4 W. Additionally, outdoor reliability testing of CuInSe{sub 2} modules, under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, has resulted in only minor changes in module performance after more than 1000 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. CdTe module research has also resulted in several recent improvements. Module performance has been increased with device areas reaching nearly 900 cm{sup 2}. Deposition has been demonstrated by several different techniques, including electrodeposition, spraying, and screen printing. Outdoor reliability testing of CdTe modules was also carried out under both loaded and open-circuit conditions, with more than 600 days of continuous exposure to natural sunlight. These tests were also encouraging and indicated that the modules were stable within measurement error. The highest reported aperture-area module efficiency for CdTe modules is 10%; the semiconductor material was deposited by electrodeposition. A thin-film CdTe photovoltaic system with a power output of 54 W has been deployed in Saudi Arabia for water pumping. The Module Development Initiative has made significant progress in support of the Polycrystalline Thin-Film Program in the past year, and results are presented in this paper.

Mitchell, R.L.; Zweibel, K.; Ullal, H.S.

1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

422

Re-examination of the current architectural curriculum at Kuwait University  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As we enter the twenty-first century, it is impossible to ignore that society is growing increasingly more complex. As each year passes, this increasingly complex world requires architects who can contribute to larger, more interdisciplinary teams. Architects play an important role in shaping the future of the world. However, the only production factories of architects, the schools of architecture, are frequently accused of producing architects unable to meet the expectations of the profession and society in general. Architectural education is in desperate need of change and improvement, primarily through reforming the heart of the architectural education--its curriculum. This study reviews the existing program of the Department of Architecture at Kuwait University, with specific emphasis on its curriculum. In addition, it outlines the factors affecting the degree of integration between the curriculum's components, assures that the program is providing the education needed to prepare for professional practice, and, consequently, recommends new educational approaches for the development of the department's architectural curriculum. The architectural program at Kuwait University will be reviewed in two ways. First, survey procedures, questionnaires and interviews are utilized as part of a case study designed to gather the relevant data for the study. Second, the structure of the curriculum's offerings is compared to professional degree programs of selected academic institutions in the United States and Saudi Arabia. Based on the results of the study, several conclusions are drawn. These conclusions concern four categories: (1) weak subjects in the curriculum needing considerable improvement, (2) fair subjects needing some improvement, (3) strong areas with no or minimal need for improvement, and (4) additional subjects lacking in the program, which need to be implemented in order to further the development of the architectural curriculum at Kuwait University. The challenges, visions of the program's future, and several areas requiring further study are also identified as a result of the survey and the conclusions drawn from the study.

Abdullah, Mohammad

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Living Books - A culturally-sensitive, adaptive e-Education process  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper describes an innovative and novel approach to teaching media and journalism in the United Arab Emirates. This methodology is transferable to other areas of the world. Living Books^TM have been conceived as an interactive and dynamic learning tool that caters for students' preferred learning styles and is delivered in a form that are most appropriate for the audience's skills and background. History Zayed University was founded in 1998 to prepare female leaders to create the future of the United Arab Emirates (UAE). With campuses in Abu Dhabi and Dubai, total enrollment of this all-female university touches about 2,500 students who are being prepared to confront a rapidly changing, information and technology-driven world. The language of instruction is English, and most classes are taught in an English as a Second Language environment. Targeted learning outcomes at Zayed include goal setting; managing complex tasks; using sophisticated technologies to communicate, learn and solve problems; and functioning effectively in the multicultural environments of the global society. The university's curriculum has been designed to reflect the UAE's need for graduates well prepared to enter the workforce and to assume a place of responsibility and leadership in the family, the community or the nation (Academic Program Model, 2001). The country needs such graduates as it transforms its economy. A smallish place of approximately 3 million inhabitants, the UAE rests at the toe of the Arabian Peninsula and is bounded by the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the Sultanate of Oman. Roughly the size of Maine, in a little more than 30 years the UAE has evolved from an impoverished region of small desert principalities to a modernizing state with a high standard of living. Driven by o...

Timothy Walters; Stephen Quinn; Timothy Walters Phd; Stephen Quinn Phd

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

Dr. Susan Heller-Zeisler, International Affairs Officer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Her portfolio has included coordination and assistance of NIST's cooperative activities with Russia, Finland, Germany, Korea, Pakistan, India, Saudi ...

2012-01-10T23:59:59.000Z

425

SOLERAS - Saudi University Solar Cooling Laboratories Project: King Faisal University. Design analysis study. Volume 1. Design review report, data acquisition plan and experimental plan  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Four preliminary passive solar dwelling design concepts were developed based upon previously established climatic design criteria and an identification of applicable passive cooling strategies was made. These were quantitatively compared for their thermal performance based upon a computer program. The selected concept was optimized and preliminary construction drawings and details were submitted for review by SOLERAS. This report deals with the further refinement and development of the design concept and improvements of the performance of the selected passive elements. The final design has been detailed for actual construction and monitoring at the King Faisal University Dammam Campus. In addition this report addresses the comparative evaluation of the previous design concepts utilizing more rigorous computer simulation methods.

Not Available

1986-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

5. Monthly oil production for Iran, Iraq, and Kuwait, inday. Monthly crude oil production Iran Iraq Kuwait Figure 6.Arabia PRODUCTION QUOTA Iran PRODUCTION QUOTA Venezuela

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

Investigations into the impact of transported particles on air pollution and climate using aerosol time-of-flight mass spectrometry  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

for fossil fuel combustion and biomass burning emissions [Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,Many K-Combustion particles are from biomass burning, but

Ault, Andrew Phillip

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

428

Microsoft Word - Highlightsfinal.doc  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Arabia, Angola, Kuwait, and the United Arab Emirates. The pace of consumption growth, inventory trends, and oil prices will influence OPEC members' production strategy for the...

429

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

5 5 Table 5.20 Value of Crude Oil Imports From Selected Countries, 1973-2011 (Billion Dollars 1 ) Year Persian Gulf 3 Selected OPEC 2 Countries Selected Non-OPEC 2 Countries Total 5 Kuwait Nigeria Saudi Arabia Venezuela Total OPEC 4 Canada Colombia Mexico Norway United Kingdom Total Non-OPEC 4 1973 1.7 W 1.5 0.9 0.8 5.2 1.9 W - 0.0 0.0 2.4 7.6 1974 4.4 W 3.3 1.9 1.3 11.6 3.3 .0 W - .0 4.1 15.6 1975 5.2 W 3.5 3.2 1.8 14.9 2.8 .0 .3 .1 - 4.1 19.0 1976 8.7 W 5.1 5.8 1.0 22.2 1.8 - .4 .2 W 3.6 25.8 1977 12.2 W 6.3 6.9 1.2 29.6 1.4 .0 .9 .3 .5 5.1 34.7 1978 11.3 W 4.9 5.8 .8 27.1 1.3 .0 1.6 .6 .9 6.2 33.3 1979 15.3 W 9.0 9.3 1.9 39.7 2.0 .0 3.3 .6 1.7 11.3 51.0 1980 16.9 W 11.4 13.6 1.5 47.5 2.2 .0 5.9 1.9 2.3 17.4 64.9 1981 15.1 .0 8.8 13.9 1.6 39.0 1.9 .0 5.8 1.6 5.0 19.5 58.5 1982 8.4 - 6.7 6.8 1.4 22.0 2.1 .0 6.7 1.3 5.5 20.2 42.2 1983

430

Newsletter Signup Form  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS EETD NEWSLETTER - MANAGE SUBSCRIPTIONS (red fields are required) Manage subscriptions: Subscribe Unsubscribe Name E-Mail Affiliation Address Address (line 2) City State/Province Zip/Postal Code Country (please select a country) none Afghanistan Albania Algeria American Samoa Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia Bosnia and Herzegowina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d'Ivoire Croatia (Hrvatska) Cuba Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic East Timor Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France France, Metropolitan French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guam Guatemala Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard and Mc Donald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hong Kong Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macau Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Marshall Islands Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Micronesia, Federated States of Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands Netherlands Antilles New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Northern Mariana Islands Norway Oman Pakistan Palau Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Puerto Rico Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint LUCIA Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Slovakia (Slovak Republic) Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands Spain Sri Lanka St. Helena St. Pierre and Miquelon Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Islands Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan, Province of China Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States United States Minor Outlying Islands Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela Viet Nam Virgin Islands (British) Virgin Islands (U.S.) Wallis and Futuna Islands Western Sahara Yemen Yugoslavia Zambia Zimbabwe

431

Aircraft Observations of Sub-cloud Aerosol and Convective Cloud Physical Properties  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research focuses on aircraft observational studies of aerosol-cloud interactions in cumulus clouds. The data were collected in the summer of 2004, the spring of 2007 and the mid-winter and spring of 2008 in Texas, central Saudi Arabia and Istanbul, Turkey, respectively. A set of 24 pairs of sub-cloud aerosol and cloud penetration data are analyzed. Measurements of fine and coarse mode aerosol concentrations from 3 different instruments were combined and fitted with lognormal distributions. The fit parameters of the lognormal distributions are compared with cloud droplet effective radii retrieved from 260 cloud penetrations. Cloud condensation nuclei (CCN) measurements for a subset of 10 cases from the Istanbul region are compared with concentrations predicted from aerosol size distributions. Ammonium sulfate was assumed to represent the soluble component of aerosol with dry sizes smaller than 0.5 mm and sodium chloride for aerosol larger than 0.5 mm. The measured CCN spectrum was used to estimate the soluble fraction. The correlations of the measured CCN concentration with the predicted CCN concentration were strong (R2 > 0.89) for supersaturations of 0.2, 0.3 and 0.6%. The measured concentrations were typically consistent with an aerosol having a soluble fraction between roughly 0.5 and 1.0, suggesting a contribution of sulfate or some other similarly soluble inorganic compound. The predicted CCN were found to vary by +or-3.7% when the soluble fraction was varied by 0.1. Cumulative aerosol concentrations at cutoff dry diameters of 1.1, 0.1 and 0.06 mm were found to be correlated with cloud condensation nuclei concentrations but not with maximum cloud base droplet concentrations. It is also shown that in some cases the predominant mechanisms involved in the formation of precipitation were altered and modified by the aerosol properties. This study suggests that CCN-forced variations in cloud droplet number concentration can change the effective radius profile and the type of precipitation hydrometeors. These differences may have a major impact on the global hydrological cycle and energy budget.

Axisa, Duncan

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

432

Characteristics and removal of filter cake formed by formate-based drilling mud  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Formate-based mud has been used to drill deep gas wells in Saudi Arabia since 2004. This mud typically contains XC-polymer, starch, polyanionic cellulose, and a relatively small amount of calcium carbonate particles, and is used to drill a deep sandstone reservoir (310F). Calcium carbonate particles are frequently used as weighting material to maintain the pressure that is required for well control and minimize the leak-off. Such solids become consolidated and trapped in the polymeric material and this makes the filter cake a strong permeability barrier. Various cleaning fluids were proposed to remove drilling mud filter cake; including: solid-free formate brine and formate brine doped with organic acids (acetic, formic, and citric acids), esters, and enzymes. The main objective of this research is to assess the effectiveness of these cleaning fluids in removing drilling mud filter cake. A dynamic high-pressure/high-temperature (HPHT) cell was used to determine characteristics of the drilling mud filter cake. Drilling mud and completion fluids were obtained from the field. Compatibility tests between potassium formate brine, cleaning fluids, and formation brine were performed at 300F and 200 psi using HPHT visual cells. Surface tensions of various cleaning fluids were also measured at high temperatures. The conventional method for cleaning the filter cake is by circulating solid-free formate brines at a high flow rate. This mechanical technique removes only the external drilling fluid damage. Citric acid at 10 wt%, formic acid, and lactic acid were found to be incompatible with formate brine at room temperature. However, these acids were compatible with formate brine at temperatures greater than 122F. Only acetic acid was compatible with formate brine. A formula was developed that is compatible at room and reservoir temperature. This formula was effective in removing filter cake. A corrosion inhibitor was added to protect downhole tubulars. In general detail, this research will discuss the development of this formula and all tests that led to its development.

Alotaibi, Mohammed Badri

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

433

Stand Up and Be Counted: Race, Religion, and the Eisenhower Administration's Encounter with Arab Nationalism  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

"Stand Up and be Counted" explores how American racial and religious beliefs guided the American encounter with Arab nationalism in the 1950s. It utilizes both traditional archival sources and less traditional cultural texts. Cultural texts, such as, movies, novels, travelogues, periodical articles, and folk sayings, are used to elucidate how Americans viewed and understood Arab peoples, and also religion. Archival records from the Dwight D. Eisenhower Presidential Library, National Archives, and John Foster Dulles Papers at Princeton University are used to elucidate how these beliefs shaped the Eisenhower administrations policy in the Middle East. The first chapter provided a brief introductory history of the Arab nationalist movement, reviews the literature, and introduces the dissertation's argument. The second chapter demonstrates that American culture established a canon of racialized beliefs about Arabs. These beliefs forged a national identity by constructing an Arab, to use Edward Saids famed term, "other." Americans to project what they believed they were not onto Arabs in an effort to establish what they were. The third chapter demonstrates that historical events caused subtle, yet important, shifts in how Americans perceived Arab peoples over the years. By focusing on the 1920s, 1940s, and 1950s "Stand Up and Be Counted" elucidates that historical events compelled specific racialized associations to assume greater prominence during these periods. The fourth chapter demonstrates that these racially filtered perceptions guided the Eisenhower administration's decision to oppose Arab nationalism. Arab nationalist leaders, such as Gamal Abdel Nasser of Egypt, advocated adopting a neutralist stance in the cold war. Administration officials, however, reasoned that Arabs' innate gullibility and irrationality would ultimately allow Soviet leaders to outwit and subjugate themperhaps without them knowing it had even occurred. These racialized assumptions, the sixth chapter reveals, compelled the administration to labor to contain Arab nationalism, even after the combined British-French invasion of the Suez Canal. The seventh chapter establishes that many considered the United States to be a covenanted nation, a nation chosen by God to lead and save humanity. Beginning in the 1930s, however, many Americans came to fear that material secularism at home and abroad were threatening this mission. The monumental nature of these dual secularist threats prompted many to advocate for the formation of a united front of the religious. Among those who subscribed to this understanding were President Eisenhower and his Secretary of State John Foster Dulles. The eighth chapter established that this conceptualization of religion guided the administration's decision to promote King Saud of Saudi Arabia as a regional counter weight to Nasser and the Arab nationalist movement. The ninth chapter reveals that this strategy was fraught with peril.

Bobal, Rian

2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan 20.657 Kuwait 86.491 Lebanon 19.184 Oman 52.746 Palestinian Territories 2.042 Qatar 68.237 Saudi ...

435

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan 11.286 Kuwait 42.130 Lebanon 11.456 Oman 12.526 Palestinian Territories 4.236 Qatar 18.789 Saudi ...

436

International Energy Statistics - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan 96.515 Kuwait 325.319 Lebanon 102.653 Oman 121.642 Palestinian Territories 15.421 Qatar 165.547 Saudi ...

437

ENERGY & ENVIRONMENT DIVISION. ANNUAL REPORT FY 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the five U.S. -Saudi (SOLERAS) solar cooling proj- ects.and review of the DOE and SOLERAS solar cooling projects

Authors, Various

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Solar Energy Program: Chapter from the Energy and Environmental Division Annual Report 1980  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the five U.S. -Saudi (SOLERAS) solar cooling proj- ects.and review of the DOE and SOLERAS solar cooling projects

Energy and Environment Division

1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

439

Energy Information Administration  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

of this announcement had diminished with news that the Saudis were calling for an emergency OPEC meeting to discuss the proposed increase. News of the proposed meeting...

440

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 8.50 11.75 8.13 6.25 7.48 8.04 1989-2012 Alabama -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012 Arizona 9.40 11.00 14.96 12.35 7.73 13.19 1991-2012 Arkansas 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012 California 7.72 11.32 7.61 5.55 7.32 7.01 1990-2012 Colorado 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012 Connecticut 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Delaware 21.90 26.48 14.12 24.55 28.76 30.97 1995-2012 District of Columbia 9.49 15.57 6.83 4.87 4.17 9.38 1995-2012 Florida 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Total Imports of Residual Fuel  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View May-13 Jun-13 Jul-13 Aug-13 Sep-13 Oct-13 View History U.S. Total 5,752 5,180 7,707 9,056 6,880 6,008 1936-2013 PAD District 1 1,677 1,689 2,008 3,074 2,135 2,814 1981-2013 Connecticut 1995-2009 Delaware 1995-2012 Florida 359 410 439 392 704 824 1995-2013 Georgia 324 354 434 364 298 391 1995-2013 Maine 65 1995-2013 Maryland 1995-2013 Massachusetts 1995-2012 New Hampshire 1995-2010 New Jersey 903 756 948 1,148 1,008 1,206 1995-2013 New York 21 15 14 771 8 180 1995-2013 North Carolina 1995-2011 Pennsylvania 1995-2013 Rhode Island 1995-2013 South Carolina 150 137 194 209 1995-2013 Vermont 5 4 4 5 4 4 1995-2013 Virginia 32 200 113 1995-2013 PAD District 2 217 183 235 207 247 179 1981-2013 Illinois 1995-2013

442

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 8.50 11.75 8.13 6.25 7.48 8.04 1989-2012 Alabama -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012 Arizona 9.40 11.00 14.96 12.35 7.73 13.19 1991-2012 Arkansas 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012 California 7.72 11.32 7.61 5.55 7.32 7.01 1990-2012 Colorado 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012 Connecticut 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Delaware 21.90 26.48 14.12 24.55 28.76 30.97 1995-2012 District of Columbia 9.49 15.57 6.83 4.87 4.17 9.38 1995-2012 Florida 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

443

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 8.50 11.75 8.13 6.25 7.48 8.04 1989-2012 Alabama -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012 Arizona 9.40 11.00 14.96 12.35 7.73 13.19 1991-2012 Arkansas 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012 California 7.72 11.32 7.61 5.55 7.32 7.01 1990-2012 Colorado 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012 Connecticut 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Delaware 21.90 26.48 14.12 24.55 28.76 30.97 1995-2012 District of Columbia 9.49 15.57 6.83 4.87 4.17 9.38 1995-2012 Florida 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

444

Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Price  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 8.50 11.75 8.13 6.25 7.48 8.04 1989-2012 Alabama -- 17.32 19.17 16.24 11.45 17.99 1990-2012 Arizona 9.40 11.00 14.96 12.35 7.73 13.19 1991-2012 Arkansas 8.39 -- -- -- -- 9.04 1994-2012 California 7.72 11.32 7.61 5.55 7.32 7.01 1990-2012 Colorado 8.72 13.57 9.12 10.79 9.56 11.65 1990-2012 Connecticut 20.57 24.04 15.26 16.31 18.59 13.70 1992-2012 Delaware 21.90 26.48 14.12 24.55 28.76 30.97 1995-2012 District of Columbia 9.49 15.57 6.83 4.87 4.17 9.38 1995-2012 Florida 12.82 15.56 13.16 17.98 5.56 9.83 1989-2012

445

Understanding Crude Oil Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

to a negative storage cost for oil in the form of a bene?tin levels. oil for more than your costs, that is, if P t+1 QSaudi oil, and M S the Saudis marginal cost of production.

Hamilton, James Douglas

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Alabama Underground Natural Gas Storage Capacity  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Alabama Arkansas California Colorado Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming Period: Monthly Annual Alabama Arkansas California Colorado Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maryland Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska New Mexico New York Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Tennessee Texas Utah Virginia Washington West Virginia Wyoming Period: Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total Storage Capacity 19,300 26,900 26,900 32,900 35,400 35,400 1995-2012 Salt Caverns

447

Purple and Scarlet  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Egypt; and wool from Arabia, woven into robes. Their artisans wrought vessels of glass, brass, silver and gold. When Solomon built a temple for the Lord, the cedars and firs of...

448

New approaches for the chemical and physical characterization of aerosols using a single particle mass spectrometry based technique  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

expected for K-biomass and automobile combustion particles [Arabia: Biomass/biofuel burning and fossil fuel combustion,or coal combustion. The fly ash does not resemble K-biomass

Spencer, Matthew Todd

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

International Services, Human Resources, Brookhaven National...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

General of Israel in NYC Consulate General of Italy in NYC Consulate General of Pakistan in NYC Consulate General of Russia in NYC Consulate General of Saudia Arabia in NYC...

450

The Atlantic Alliance and Geopolitics: New Realities and New Challenges  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

60% of proven global oil reserves and 45% of gas reserves.3% of global reserves and produce only 10% of oil and gas. (Arabia in oil (9,5 MBD in 2004) with reserves expected to

Lie, Kai Olaf

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

U.S. Energy Flow -- 1995  

SciTech Connect

Energy consumption in 1995 increased slightly for the fifth year in a row (from 89 to 91 quadrillion [1015Btu). U.S. economic activity slowed from the fast-paced recovery of 1994, even with the continued low unemployment rates and low inflation rates. The annual increase in U.S. real GDP dropped to 4.6% from 1994?s increase of 5.8%. Energy consumption in all major end-use sectors surpassed the record-breaking highs achieved in 1994, with the largest gains (2.5%) occurring in the residential/commercial sector. Crude oil imports decreased for the first time this decade. There was also a decline in domestic oil production. Venezuela replaced Saudi Arabia as the principal supplier of imported oil. Imports of natural gas, mainly from Canada, continued to increase. The demand for natural gas reached a level not seen since the peak levels of the early 1970s and the demand was met by a slight increase in both natural gas production and imports. Electric utilities had the largest percentage increase of n.atural gas consumption, a climb of 7% above 1994 levels. Although coal production decreased, coal exports continued to make a comeback after 3 years of decline. Coal once again become the primary U.S. energy export. Title IV of the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 (CAAA90) consists of two phases. Phase I (in effect as of January 1, 1995) set emission restrictions on 110 mostly coal-burning plants in the eastern and midwestem United States. Phase II, planned to begin in the year 2000, places additional emission restrictions on about 1,000 electric plants. As of January 1, 1995, the reformulated gasoline program, also part of the CAAA90, was finally initiated. As a result, this cleaner-burning fuel was made available in areas of the United States that failed to meet the Environmental Protection Agency? s (EPA?s) ozone standards. In 1995, reformulated gasoline represented around 28% of total gasoline sales in the United States. The last commercial nuclear power plant under construction in the United States came on line in 1995. The Tennessee Valley Authority? s (TVA) Watts Bar-l received a low-power operating license from the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC). The construction permit was granted in 1972. Also, TVA canceled plans to complete construction of three other nuclear plants. In 1995, federal and state governments took steps to deregulate and restructure the electric power industry. The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) unanimously approved a proposal to require utilities to open their electric transmission system to competition from wholesale electricity suppliers. California has been at the forefront in the restructuring of the electric utility industry. Plans authorized by the California Public Utility Commission prepare for a free market in electricity to be established by 1998. In 1990, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) began reporting statistics on renewable energy consumption. The types and amounts of renewable energy consumed vary by end-use sector, electric utilities and the industrial sector being the primary consumers since 1990. Renewable energy provided 6.83 quads (7.6I) of the total energy consumed in the United States in 1995, compared to 7.1% in 1994. Increasing concern over the emission of greenhouse gases has resulted in exhaustive analysis of U.S. carbon emissions from energy use. Emissions in the early 1990s have already exceeded those projected by the Clinton Administration? s Climate Change Action Plan (CCAP) released in 1994 that was developed to stabilize U.S. greenhouse gas emissions by the year 2000.

Miller, H.; Mui, N.; Pasternak, A.

1997-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Nigeria: Mapping the Shari`a Restorationist Movement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

thus leaving Nige­ rian pilgrims subject to deportationGumi as the first Nigerian Pilgrims' Officer in Saudi Arabiathus unaccept­ able as pilgrims (Loimeier 1997, 160). In

Lubeck, Paul M

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

International Energy Statistics  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Jordan: 8 : 89 : 0 : 97 : Kuwait: 414 : 31 : 0 : 446 : Lebanon: 0 : 5 : 0 : 5 : Oman: 957 : 67 : 404 : 621 : Qatar: 3,402 : 0 : 3,779 : 770 : Saudi ...

454

Household Vehicles Energy Use: Latest Data & Trends  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Jan-98 Jan-02 Constant 2005 per barrel Official Price of Saudi Light Refiner Acquisition Cost of Imported Crude Oil (RAC) Source: Energy Information Administration. Iran-Iraq War...

455

Aluminum across the Americas: Caribbean Mobilities and Transnational American Studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Kingdom: Mythmaking on the Saudi Oil Frontier. Stanford, CA:States and the World Oil Cartel, 1900-1939 (Ithaca andStates and the World Oil Cartel, 19001939. Ithaca, NY:

Sheller, Mimi

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Center for Latin American Studies University of California, Berkeley  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

, Saudi Aramco, Petroleos de Venezuela, Iran's NIOC, and Mexico's Pemex, produce 25% of the world's oil, Petroleos de Venezuela, Iran's NIOC, and Mexico's Pemex. With the super majors and the largest state oil

Kammen, Daniel M.

457

Delaware Natural Gas Summary  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

78-2005 78-2005 Citygate 7.58 8.32 6.54 5.67 9.03 7.19 1984-2012 Residential 16.21 16.07 17.79 15.12 15.38 15.24 1967-2012 Commercial 14.48 14.24 15.87 13.26 13.58 13.31 1967-2012 Industrial 8.93 12.54 13.99 10.18 11.69 11.61 1997-2012 Vehicle Fuel 21.90 26.48 14.12 24.55 28.76 30.97 1995-2012 Electric Power W W W W W -- 1997-2012 Underground Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Injections 1967-1975 Withdrawals 1967-1975 Net Withdrawals 1967-1975 Liquefied Natural Gas Storage (Million Cubic Feet) Additions 215 122 121 73 64 117 1980-2012 Withdrawals 220 104 118 76 96 66 1980-2012 Net Withdrawals -6 17 3 -2 -31 51 1980-2012 Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Total Consumption 48,155 48,162 50,148 54,825 79,715 101,676 1997-2012 Lease and Plant Fuel

458

U.S. Refinery and Blender Net Production  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Total 6,567,929 6,641,293 6,527,069 6,735,067 6,815,590 6,794,407 1981-2012 Liquefied Refinery Gases 238,904 230,431 227,470 240,454 225,992 230,413 1981-2012 Ethane/Ethylene 7,323 6,671 7,069 7,228 7,148 6,597 1981-2012 Ethane 5,145 4,608 5,229 5,200 5,105 4,835 1993-2012 Ethylene 2,178 2,063 1,840 2,028 2,043 1,762 1993-2012 Propane/Propylene 205,179 190,020 196,011 204,223 201,492 202,309 1981-2012 Propane 120,596 114,268 106,177 102,913 98,508 100,933 1995-2012 Propylene 84,583 75,752 89,834 101,310 102,984 101,376 1993-2012 Normal Butane/Butylene 24,285 30,887 24,148 30,281 17,449 20,580 1981-2012 Normal Butane 25,715 33,092 25,825 32,094 19,263 22,965 1993-2012

459

Total Number of Existing Underground Natural Gas Storage Fields  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Monthly Annual Monthly Annual Download Series History Download Series History Definitions, Sources & Notes Definitions, Sources & Notes Show Data By: Data Series Area 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History U.S. 400 401 409 411 410 414 1989-2012 Alabama 2 2 2 2 2 2 1995-2012 Arkansas 2 2 2 2 2 2 1989-2012 California 12 12 13 13 13 14 1989-2012 Colorado 8 8 9 9 9 10 1989-2012 Illinois 29 28 28 28 28 28 1989-2012 Indiana 22 22 22 22 22 22 1989-2012 Iowa 4 4 4 4 4 4 1989-2012 Kansas 19 19 19 19 19 19 1989-2012 Kentucky 23 23 23 23 23 23 1989-2012 Louisiana 15 17 18 18 18 18 1989-2012 Maryland 1 1 1 1 1 1 1989-2012 Michigan 45 45 45 45 45 45 1989-2012 Minnesota 1 1 1 1 1 1 1989-2012

460

District of Columbia Natural Gas Summary  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 View History Prices (Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet) Pipeline and Distribution Use 1982-2005 Citygate -- -- -- -- -- -- 1989-2012 Residential 15.67 16.49 13.92 13.53 13.06 12.10 1980-2012 Commercial 13.69 13.90 12.99 12.26 12.24 11.19 1980-2012 Industrial -- -- -- -- -- -- 2001-2012 Vehicle Fuel 9.49 15.57 6.83 4.87 4.17 9.38 1995-2012 Electric Power -- -- -- -- 4.96 -- 2001-2012 Consumption (Million Cubic Feet) Total Consumption 32,966 31,880 33,177 33,251 32,862 28,572 1997-2012 Pipeline & Distribution Use 238 203 177 213 1,703 1,068 1997-2012 Delivered to Consumers 32,728 31,678 33,000 33,038 31,159 27,504 1997-2012 Residential 13,371 13,222 13,466 13,608 12,386 11,260 1980-2012

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

D A R G A N M . W . F R I E R S O N D E P A R T M E N T O F A T M O S P H E R I C S C I E N C E S  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Arabia of wind ¡ Could provide 9 times US electricity usage just in lower 48 ?? Oldddddd technology of the electricity anywhere ¡ Denmark deals with this by selling excess power to Norway Having a grid reached at 30 mph" Produce electricity ¾ of the time at Wild Horse" " " " " Turbines - 351 feet tall from

Frierson, Dargan

462

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

463

Three Blind Men and the Elephant  

SciTech Connect

Just like the blind men in the popular story of perceiving the elephant, the three major constituencies participating in the energy debate have greatly different perceptions of the problem. The constituency that is worried about climate change believes the energy problem is caused by profligate use of fossil fuel that has dramatically changed our atmosphere. The energy security group sees dangerous reliance on foreign sources of oil increasingly held by countries hostile to the US. The economic vitality group sees high energy prices and their effect on the economy and our life-style. Just like the blind men, each of the three constituencies perceives a different problem. And just as with the blind men, while each perspective is right as a piece of the elephant, it takes all the perspectives together to actually solve the problem. Environmentalists focus on solutions responding to the scientific consensus that greenhouse gases are creating rapid climate change. The tipping point has come: it is now a consensus position among scientists the global warming is being affected by anthropogenic activity to 90% certainty according to the last IPCC report. Although they still struggle with the prediction of how much global temperatures will rise if we do nothing--is it 5 deg or 10 under BAU? This group believes that we cannot afford to take a chance because we get only one chance. We can not afford to do this kind of experiment with the Earth. Any choice which decreases our CO{sub 2} footprint is favored, even if it means a decrease in standard of living. The energy security constituency sees the geo-politics of oil becoming increasingly dire. They look at oil money being used to fund anti-American activities of groups such as the Wahabis in Saudi Arabia, Hezbollah in Lebanon and the infamous Al Qaeda. They quip that the Iraq war is the first war where we are paying for both sides. They note Iran and the Shia throughout the Middle East seeing the possibility of controlling 2/3 of the world's oil. They see oil and gas being used by Russia to exert political power using the gas tap and Hugo Chavez in Venezuela clearly anti-American and now a virtual dictator who controls 15% of our oil imports. Conflicts in Nigeria over oil wealth and corruption affected our oil supply. Countries such as China are at best unwilling to join political action against countries such as Sudan that supply them oil, and at worst, selling them arms in order to cement their relationships with respect to importing oil. This security constituency favors ending our vulnerability by ending our ''addiction to foreign oil''. This group thinks that there is no domestic source of energy that is bad. They will be happy to see our corn turned into ethanol; our coal turned into liquid fuel for transportation. No matter that the price of tortillas doubles in Mexico, we expand corn farming at the expense of the environment, our tanks and pipes in gas stations corrode and leak, or we make liquid fuel from coal, thus increasing the carbon footprint by 30% per unit of energy. The economic vitality group sees increasing international demand for oil occurring simultaneously with a peaking supply of light sweet crude. They see an oil market where higher prices drive more production of oil which is heavier and more sour (supply follows demand). However, fast growth in world-wide demand increases even faster and prices will go up. For example, China adds 10,000 cars per month, and there is an uncanny correlation between the price of oil and the amount of oil imported by China. The security contingent also worries about reliability of supply as affected by pipeline leaks in Alaska or hurricanes or potential terrorism. This constituency thinks the problem is one of capacity and favors solutions that will increase oil production, reservoirs, pipelines and refineries. They believe that the energy system will be determined by the market and want solutions that favor investment in capacity. What the environmentalists don't seem to get is climate change by itself will fail to gather b

Long, J S

2007-02-13T23:59:59.000Z

464

Web Information Retrieval History and Future Trends  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 12 2003 Updated 0130 GMT 0936 HKT IAEA Iran had secret nuke agenda The International Atomic Energy report obtained by CNN FULL STORY Snap inspections allowed Gallery Iran's nuclear facilities Interactive strategy shift Experts London target, Iran... Saudi bomb suspects ques

Narasayya, Vivek

465

SOLERAS - Photovoltaic Power Systems Project. Rural solar applications. Final report: project summary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Saudi Solar Village Project photovoltaic system is described, consisting of 160 arrays, a computerized control system, 1100 kW of electrical storage in lead-acid batteries, and an automatic weather data gathering system. Satisfactory overall system performance is reported. Performance degradation due to dust on the array lenses was determined. Field operational problems are discussed. (LEW)

Not Available

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

The first oil price explosion 1971-1974  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The 1970 price of Saudi Light crude was $1.21, of which 89 cents was excise tax. By end-1974, the price was about $11, of which 30-50 cents was a fee paid to the former owners, now operators. The detailed history of the ...

Adelman, Morris Albert

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

467

LocalSavvy: Aggregating Local Points of View about News Issues  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

necessary would be Q..A new efficiency can then be defined as _ theoretical minimum energy consumption for a particular task Ell - actual energy consumption for a particular task This is sometimes called the Second Law Energy use TOE per capita per annum 10 8 , 2' ,Oman ,Saudi Arabiau, C :: .Iran 'Libya '" 6 ~ ,Gabon k

Shahriar, Selim

468

Acknowledgements: The author would like to thank his colleagues and associates for their assistance with this report.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

necessary would be Q..A new efficiency can then be defined as _ theoretical minimum energy consumption for a particular task Ell - actual energy consumption for a particular task This is sometimes called the Second Law Energy use TOE per capita per annum 10 8 , 2' ,Oman ,Saudi Arabiau, C :: .Iran 'Libya '" 6 ~ ,Gabon k

Hughes, Larry

469

Wade Adams, Amy Jaffe, and Rick Smalley* www.nano.rice.edu www.rice.edu/energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

People 2050 8-10 Billion People #12;#12;Hubbert's Peak #12;Nature 4 Jan 07 pp14-17 U.S. Oil Production #12;Nature 4 Jan 07 pp14-17 Peak Oil?! #12;Matthew Simmon's Presentations on Saudi Arabian Oil (www.simmons-intl.com) and his new book "Twilight in the Desert" John Wiley & Sons publishers, May 2005 Also Google "peak oil

470

2 World Oil Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

www.eia.gov Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) 140 120 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil WTI crude oil price Global financial collapse 100 80 60 U.S. spare capacity exhausted Iran-Iraq War Saudis abandon swing producer role Asian financial crisis 9-11 attacks Low spare capacity

Adam Sieminski Administrator; Adam Sieminski; Adam Sieminski

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

A global perspective on energy markets and economic integration.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

What will be the effect of Iraqi domestic instability on Iraqi oil production Negotiations for Iranian nuclear technology on Iranian oil supplies Saudi commitment to expanded oil production President Putin's policies on Russian oil and natural gas supplies President Chavez's policies on Venezuelan oil supplies Instability in Nigeria Higher oil prices on world economic growth Effect of economic growth on oil demand in China, India, U.S., etc. Higher oil prices on non-OPEC oil supplies

Baker, Arnold Barry

2006-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

Share of Total U.S. Natural Gas Vehicle Fuel Deliveries  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 1993-2012 4 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.6 1993-2012 Alaska 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 1999-2012 Arizona 8.2 7.7 7.7 7.0 5.7 5.7 1993-2012 Arkansas 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 1994-2012 California 44.7 45.0 47.0 47.3 48.9 48.9 1993-2012 Colorado 0.6 0.5 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 1993-2012 Connecticut 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 1993-2012 Delaware 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1994-2012 District of Columbia 0.2 0.2 3.0 3.1 2.9 2.9 1995-2012 Florida 1.0 0.5 0.4 0.2 0.3 0.3 1993-2012 Georgia 4.2 4.1 3.9 3.2 3.7 3.7 1993-2012 Hawaii -- -- -- -- -- -- 1999-2012 Idaho 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.4 1994-2012 Illinois 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 1993-2012 Indiana 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 1993-2012 Iowa 0.0 -- -- -- -- -- 1993-2012 Kansas 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1994-2012

473

SOLERAS - solar applications in remote locations  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The purpose of this international technology workshop was to promote the exchange of research information on solar applications in remote locations. Scientists and engineers from the United States, Saudia Arabia, Central and South America, Southeast Asia, and Oceania were represented at this sixth annual workshop conducted under the auspices of the SOLERAS program. The objective of the workshop was to address the issues of construction, operation, and maintenance of solar energy systems in remote locations. Photovoltaic, wind, solar thermal, biomass, and geothermal technologies were considered. Also considered was the use of solar energy for agricultural purposes. Each paper has been separately indexed for inclusion in the Energy Data Base.

Khoshaim, B.H.; Williamson, J.S.; Meiners, A.; Mallory, R. (eds.)

1985-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

474

Overview of active solar absorption/Rankine cooling program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The individual absorption and Rankine projects are identified, along with the main features and accomplishments/status of each and future plans. Included are four projects funded by SOLERAS, a joint US/Saudi Arabian effort. In the absorption program, there are three active component development projects, four systems field test projects, one advanced fluid study project and one advanced cycle study project currently funded by DOE. In the Rankine program, there are five active component development projects, two system field test projects, and one advanced study project. (LEW)

Wahlig, M.; Heitz, A.; Angerman, H.; Glas, R.; Warren, M.

1981-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

475

SOLERAS - Summary technical report on SOLERAS Industrial Solar Thermal Applications Project  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This document reports the advances in solar industrial applications made by SOLERAS, a joint United States-Saudi Arabian solar energy research and development program. The industrial application chosen was the freeze desalination of seawater powered by mid-temperature (385/degree/C) solar collectors. This innovative process will compete with other downscaled desalination processes for small communities in developing countries. Using solar energy to power this installation demonstrates the ability of solar energy to fuel any industrial application that requires mid-temperature energy. 13 refs., 11 figs.

Zimmerman, J.C.

1987-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

NORM Management in the Oil and Gas Industry  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

It has been established that Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) accumulates at various locations along the oil/gas production process. Components such as wellheads, separation vessels, pumps, and other processing equipment can become NORM contaminated, and NORM can accumulate in sludge and other waste media. Improper handling and disposal of NORM contaminated equipment and waste can create a potential radiation hazard to workers and the environment. Saudi Aramco Environmental Protection Department initiated a program to identify the extent, form and level of NORM contamination associated with the company operations. Once identified the challenge of managing operations which had a NORM hazard was addressed in a manner that gave due consideration to workers and environmental protection as well as operations' efficiency and productivity. The benefits of shared knowledge, practice and experience across the oil and gas industry are seen as key to the establishment of common guidance on NORM management. This paper outlines Saudi Aramco's experience in the development of a NORM management strategy and its goals of establishing common guidance throughout the oil and gas industry.

Cowie, Michael; Mously, Khalid; Fageeha, Osama; Nassar, Rafat [Environmental Protection Department, Saudi Aramco Dhahran 31311 (Saudi Arabia)

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

477

Trends in oil production costs in the Middle East, elsewhere  

SciTech Connect

This article focuses on the costs of oil production in the major areas of the world, including OPEC and non-OPEC countries. The question of production costs has become even more important since 1986, when the Saudis unilaterally undercut the oil price. Shaikh Yamani slashed oil prices in 1986 with three clearly articulated objectives: (1) to reduce conservation; (2) to stimulate global economic growth; and (3) to discourage non-OPEC energy supplies of all kinds. Here the authors address the last of those strategic objectives -- squeezing out non-OPEC oil -- by comparing oil production costs around the world. The analysis is framed with respect to five questions: How great is the variation in full costs of production within OPEC itself Are the costs of OPEC and non-OPEC producers radically different Are there producing areas today that are cost-constrained, meaning where E P activity is limited by high costs in relation to expected prices Has the Saudi market share strategy been successful in curbing non-OPEC oil development Is it probably, as is often bruited, that lack of capital for new E P projects might constrain future oil production, especially in the OPEC states

Stauffer, T.R. (Stauffer, (Thomas R.), Washington, DC (United States))

1994-03-21T23:59:59.000Z

478

U.S. Department of Energy NEPA Categorical Exclusion Determination Form  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

CA-City-Indio CA-City-Indio Location: City Indio CA American Recovery and Reinvestment Act: Proposed Action or Project Description 1) Acquisition of technical services for development of an energy efficiency and conservation strategy (completed); 2) development and implementation of an energy and water conservation audits program for businesses and residences; 3) deployment of an intelligent traffic control system at the intersection of Jackson and Market Streets; 4) deployment of an intelligent traffic control system at the intersection of Avenue 48 and Arabia Street; 5) retrofit of the lighting systems in City Hall; 6) retrofit of the city's information technology infrastructure in City Hall; 7) development and implementation of a can and bottle

479

CX-006097: Categorical Exclusion Determination | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

97: Categorical Exclusion Determination 97: Categorical Exclusion Determination CX-006097: Categorical Exclusion Determination California-City-Indio CX(s) Applied: A9, A11, B1.32, B2.5, B3.6, B5.1 Date: 06/16/2011 Location(s): Indio, California Office(s): Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Energy Efficiency and Conservation Block Grant Program. 1) Deployment of an intelligent traffic control system at the intersection of Jackson and Market Streets; 2) deployment of an intelligent traffic control system at the intersection of Avenue 48 and Arabia Street; 3) retrofit of the lighting systems and occupancy sensors and replace/install heating, air conditioning and ventilation units in City Hall and Senior Center; 4) retrofit of the city?s information technology infrastructure in City Hall; and 5) development and implementation of a can and bottle recycling program

480

Oil, war, and American security: the search for a national policy on foreign oil, 1941-1947  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This book is concerned with the search for a national policy on foreign oil from 1941 to 1947. World War II saw an attempt to develop a national policy on foreign oil. The United States did not have a diplomatic post in Arabia until 1942, though for some time Ibn Saud's nearly bankrupt kingdom had been partly supported by the British government and American oil companies. In 1941, the United States established an office in the State Department to deal with oil policy; it was headed by an oil executive whose company continued to pay him nearly four times his federal salary. Characteristically Roosevelt played off subordinates, Harold Ickes and Cordell Hull, against one another, and the impetus toward a policy was due in part to their jockeying for control. Rivalry with England, another major factor, led to an Anglo-American oil agreement, but this pact was not ratified by the Senate. The style of the book is narrative. (DP)

Stoff, M.B.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1995-2012 saudi arabia" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

BSA Distinguished Lectures  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

BSA Distinguished Lectures BSA Distinguished Lectures BSA Distinguished Lectures are sponsored by Brookhaven Science Associates, the company that manages Brookhaven Lab, to bring topics of general interest before the Laboratory community and the public. Lecture series organizer: Peter Wanderer BSA Distinguished Lecture "Paradigms for a 21st Century University: Building a Research University 'From the Sand Up'" Presented by David Keyes, King Abdullah University of Science and Technology (KAUST) Wednesday, October 23, 2013, 4 pm Berkner Hall Auditorium Hosted by: Peter Wanderer Set on the Saudi Arabian shores of the Red Sea, KAUST is an international, graduate research institution with research thrusts in energy, environment, food, and water and supporting initiatives to advance data-driven modeling,

482

Jeddah Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jeddah Energy Meeting Jeddah Energy Meeting Jeddah Energy Meeting June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Naimi . . . and my sincere thanks to King Abdullah and the Saudi government for hosting this event. Everyday -- and around the world -- we are seeing the significant negative effects that high energy prices have on our economies, our industries and, most profoundly, on our citizens. We face an extraordinary set of circumstances that demands responsible action from producing and consuming nations alike. Market fundamentals show us that production has not kept pace with growing demand for oil, resulting in increasing - and increasingly volatile - prices. Since 2003 global demand, fed by worldwide economic growth, has increased

483

Property:NumberOfEmployees | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

NumberOfEmployees NumberOfEmployees Jump to: navigation, search Property Name NumberOfEmployees Property Type Number Description The number of employees in a company or organization. This is a property of type Number. Subproperties This property has the following 10 subproperties: A American Electric Power Co., Inc. B BMW D Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH G General Electric S Saudi Aramco T Texas Department of Transportation The Hartford V Veolia Energy W World Bank X Xcel Energy Pages using the property "NumberOfEmployees" Showing 25 pages using this property. (previous 25) (next 25) 2 21-Century Silicon, Inc. + 11 + 3 3Degrees + 51 + 3TIER + 51 + 5 5 boro biofuel + 11 + A A.O. Smith + 10,000 + A1 Sun, Inc. + 1 + A10 Power + 1 + AAON + 1,001 +

484

Crude Oil and Gasoline Price Monitoring  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

What drives crude oil prices? What drives crude oil prices? November 13, 2013 | Washington, DC An analysis of 7 factors that influence oil markets, with chart data updated monthly and quarterly Crude oil prices react to a variety of geopolitical and economic events November 13, 2013 2 price per barrel (real 2010 dollars, quarterly average) Low spare capacity Iraq invades Kuwait Saudis abandon swing producer role Iran-Iraq War Iranian revolution Arab Oil Embargo Asian financial crisis U.S. spare capacity exhausted Global financial collapse 9-11 attacks OPEC cuts targets 1.7 mmbpd OPEC cuts targets 4.2 mmbpd Sources: U.S. Energy Information Administration, Thomson Reuters 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 imported refiner acquisition cost of crude oil

485

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf January - June 2013 | Release Date: August 29, 2013 | Next Release Date: February 27, 2014 2013 Crude Oil Imports From Persian Gulf Highlights It should be noted that several factors influence the source of a company's crude oil imports. For example, a company like Motiva, which is partly owned by Saudi Refining Inc., would be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, while Citgo Petroleum Corporation, which is owned by the Venezuelan state oil company, would not be expected to import a large percentage from the Persian Gulf, since most of their imports likely come from Venezuela. In addition, other factors that influence a specific company's sources of crude oil imports would include the characteristics of various crude oils as well as a company's economic

486

Jeddah Energy Meeting | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Jeddah Energy Meeting Jeddah Energy Meeting Jeddah Energy Meeting June 20, 2008 - 1:29pm Addthis Remarks as Prepared for Secretary Bodman Thank you, Minister Naimi . . . and my sincere thanks to King Abdullah and the Saudi government for hosting this event. Everyday -- and around the world -- we are seeing the significant negative effects that high energy prices have on our economies, our industries and, most profoundly, on our citizens. We face an extraordinary set of circumstances that demands responsible action from producing and consuming nations alike. Market fundamentals show us that production has not kept pace with growing demand for oil, resulting in increasing - and increasingly volatile - prices. Since 2003 global demand, fed by worldwide economic growth, has increased

487

Clean Energy Producing and Exporting Countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents a theoretical discussion of policy making in the energy industry that adopt policy theories to develop strategies for better energy management. The paper aims to present the applicability of existing policies as methods of management and control of energy in its industry, underlying the importance of OPECs role with reference to the EU, US and the Far East. Initial findings suggest that further research is needed to help identify the necessary strategies for an international organization. OPEC is proposed as a starting point for these investigations. Further study into developing an organization to allow for international producers and consumers needs is also needed. Questions regarding the need for such an organization, with best fitting structure are being investigated. The model developed will be presented to various Natural Gas producing countries such as Iran, Iraq, Russia, and Saudi to name a few and will ultimately be set up the same way that OPEC was.

Atighetchi, K.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

488

Overview-absorption/Rankine solar cooling program  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The tasks being performed in the absorption and Rankine program areas run the gamut from basic work on fluids to development of chillers and chiller components, to field and reliability testing of complete cooling systems. In the absorption program, there are six current and five essentially completed projects. In the Rankine program, there are five current projects directly supported by DOE, and three projects funded through and managed by NASA/MSFC (Manned Space Flight Center, Huntsville, Alabama). The basic features of these projects are discussed. The systems under development in five of these current projects have been selected for field testing in the new SOLERAS program, a joint US-Saudi Arabian enterprise. Some technical highlights of the program are presented.

Wahlig, M.; Heitz, A.; Boyce, B.

1980-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

489

Can hydrous minerals account for the observed mid-latitude water on Mars?  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Great interest was generated with the discovery by the Odyssey spacecraft OC heterogeneously distributed hydrogcn at martian mid-latitudes, suggesting that large areas of the near-equatorial highlands contain near-surface deposits of 'chemically and/or physically bound 1120 and/or OH' in amounts up to 3.8% equivalent H20. More recent interpretations of the Odyssey data using new calibrations suggest that some near-equatorial areas, such as Arabia Terra, contain up to 8.5f I .3% water-equivalent hydrogen. Such shallow occurrences (

Bish, D. L. (David L.); Vaniman, D. T. (David T.); Fialips, C. I. (Clair I.); Carey, J. W. (James W.); Feldman, W. C. (William C.)

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Geological and geometrical constraints on reconstructions of Gondwana: implications for the derivation of Gondwanan fragments in Asia  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The relative positions of east (India, Madagascar, Antarctica, Australia, etc.) and west (Africa, S. America, Arabia) Gondwana remains controversial. The authors present a new reconstruction based on (1) tight fit of Madagascar within the Somalian embayment which satisfies both sea-floor spreading data, and Karoo and older geology: (2) a tight fit of India against a reconstructed Africa-Arabian margin, such that the east stepping margin south of Socotra is matched with the east stepping re-entrant of the Suliaman Range east of Quetta; (3) a two-phase motion history of east and west Gondwana characterized by initial NW-SE spreading, followed by essentially N-S motion parallel with the Davies Ridge. Although rifting occurred episodically within Gondwana from the Carboniferous onwards, sea floor spreading did not occur until early late Jurassic and was characterized by long right lateral transform-short ridge geometry. Break-up of E and W Gondwana succeeded early Middle Jurassic spreading along the northern margin of Gondwana from at least Oman to New Guinea. Spreading directions preserved off northwest Australia suggest that motions of the rifted fragments was directed toward the northwest into Tethys. This suggests that the Lhasa, central Pamir, Sistan, Lut (.), and Central Iranian Plateau blocks which collided with Asia after the Jurassic were derived from the southeast, as opposed to the SW as generally portrayed.

Rowley, D.B.; Ziegler, A.M.; Sahagian, D.; Nie, S.Y.; Lottes, A.L.; Jacobs, D.; Hulver, M.

1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

492

Consumptive water use in the production of ethanonl and petroleum gasoline.  

SciTech Connect

The production of energy feedstocks and fuels requires substantial water input. Not only do biofuel feedstocks like corn, switchgrass, and agricultural residues need water for growth and conversion to ethanol, but petroleum feedstocks like crude oil and oil sands also require large volumes of water for drilling, extraction, and conversion into petroleum products. Moreover, in many cases, crude oil production is increasingly water dependent. Competing uses strain available water resources and raise the specter of resource depletion and environmental degradation. Water management has become a key feature of existing projects and a potential issue in new ones. This report examines the growing issue of water use in energy production by characterizing current consumptive water use in liquid fuel production. As used throughout this report, 'consumptive water use' is the sum total of water input less water output that is recycled and reused for the process. The estimate applies to surface and groundwater sources for irrigation but does not include precipitation. Water requirements are evaluated for five fuel pathways: bioethanol from corn, ethanol from cellulosic feedstocks, gasoline from Canadian oil sands, Saudi Arabian crude, and U.S. conventional crude from onshore wells. Regional variations and historic trends are noted, as are opportunities to reduce water use.

Wu, M.; Mintz, M.; Wang, M.; Arora, S.; Energy Systems

2009-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

493

SOLERAS - Summary technical report on SOLERAS Urban Solar Applications Projects  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Work performed under SOLERAS, a joint US-Saudi Arabian solar energy research and development program, helped advance the state-of-the- art of solar energy to its current levels. The technological progress achieved by SOLERAS improved solar energy systems for urban, rural, and industrial applications. In addition, the insights gained by designing systems for multicultural applications will hasten the introduction of those technologies into different regions of the world. This document reports the advances in solar cooling technologies made by SOLERAS. These solar cooling systems are particularly well adapted for the developing countries, where a lack of traditional energy infrastructures renders conventional cooling systems impractical for widespread use. The cooling technologies reported here rely on a domestic resource, solar energy, that is well dispersed throughout most of these countries. There is no need to construct vast distribution networks to realize its potential and, perhaps more importantly, the foreign debt burdens are not aggravated by added energy importation requirements. 30 refs., 14 figs., 5 tabs.

Beba, A.; Adcock, J.P.

1987-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

494

The development of maritime trade between India and the West from c. 1000 to c. 120 B.C.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Maritime trade between the Roman world and India has gathered a considerable amount of attention from scholars. It is seldom appreciated, however, that this commerce evolved directly from that of previous periods. As early as the first quarter of the first millennium B.C. there is indirect evidence for sea-borne trade in the Arabian Sea. Most early references from Mesopotamia, however, regard regional trade in the Persian Gulf. During the Persian period the trade network was extended to India. Contacts between India and the West were stimulated by the activities of Persian leadership. The Persian empire ranged from Egypt to India and Persian kings made concerted efforts to integrate, commercially, its various provinces. These endeavors were later paralleled by those of Alexander of Macedon. Because of their frequent conflicts, the subsequent Hellenistic kings were too preoccupied to expend their resources on such endeavors. Trade between India and the West, however, continued to expand. The Mediterranean market was the driving, but not only, force in the development of the commerce between India and the West. By the Roman era, it was propelling a very substantial trade to the East. By contrast, Indian markets wanted little from the West except gold. This "demand imbalance" led to a western species drain. Geographical and meteorological characteristics of the region were largely responsible for the nature of the trade system that developed in the Arabian Sea. Arabia was located between the market and the product. The peninsula also produced goods greatly demanded by the West. It had the advantage, therefore, of a preexisting commercial infrastructure. Arabians naturally assumed the role of middlemen in the trade between India and the West. The monsoon winds that blow alternately west and east were ideally suited for carrying ships between the two regions.

Smith, Mark Andrew

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Energy Management Program of an Integrated National Oil Company in the Middle-East  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Saudi Aramco is the largest oil producer/exporter in the world, with a maximum sustained production capacity of over 10 MM bpd of crude oil and 8,000 MM scfd of natural gas. The Company operates approximately 32 large Gas-Oil Separation Plants (GOSPs), 5 wholly-owned oil refineries processing 1600 MBD of crude, 5 gas-processing plants, and 2 condensate fractionation plants. The Companys total in-Kingdom energy consumption in 2005 was over 50,000 MMBtu/h of fuel gas and liquids, and 1.55 GW of purchased power. In 2000, the Company published its corporate energy policy, which envisioned a 50% reduction in the corporate energy KPI over a 10-year period. A high-level Energy Management Steering Committee was established to develop strategies to achieve this objective. By the end of 2005, the corporate energy KPI was reduced to 76.5 from its baseline value of 100 in 2000, on track with projections. This paper addresses the critical elements of a successful energy management program. It describes the organizational structure, strategies employed, resources required, and results achieved. It also describes some of the challenges encountered, both expected and unexpected, especially with respect to non-technical issues such as culture change, knowledge sharing, human resources, project financing, and politics. The paper will provide valuable insights into how to organize and successfully execute a comprehensive energy management program for large bureaucratic corporations with multiple plants and that should be of interest to corporate energy managers and government energy policy makers.

Kumana, J. D.; Aseeri, A. S.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

496

EARLY ENTRANCE COPRODUCTION PLANT  

SciTech Connect

The overall objective of this project is the three phase development of an Early Entrance Coproduction Plant (EECP) which produces at least one product from at least two of the following three categories: (1) electric power (or heat), (2) fuels, and (3) chemicals using ChevronTexaco's proprietary gasification technology. The objective of Phase I is to determine the feasibility and define the concept for the EECP located at a specific site; develop a Research, Development, and Testing (RD&T) Plan to mitigate technical risks and barriers; and prepare a Preliminary Project Financing Plan. The objective of Phase II is to implement the work as outlined in the Phase I RD&T Plan to enhance the development and commercial acceptance of coproduction technology. The objective of Phase III is to develop an engineering design package and a financing and testing plan for an EECP located at a specific site. The project's intended result is to provide the necessary technical, economic, and environmental information needed by industry to move the EECP forward to detailed design, construction, and operation. The partners in this project are TES (a subsidiary of ChevronTexaco), General Electric (GE), Praxair, and Kellogg Brown & Root (KBR) in addition to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). TES is providing gasification technology and Fischer-Tropsch (F-T) technology developed by Rentech, GE is providing combustion turbine technology, Praxair is providing air separation technology, and KBR is providing engineering. Each of the EECP subsystems were assessed for technical risks and barriers. A plan was identified to mitigate the identified risks (Phase II RD&T Plan, October 2000). The RD&T Plan identified petroleum coke characteristics as a potential technical risk. The composition of petroleum coke varies from one refinery to another. Petroleum coke characteristics are a function of the crude oil slate available at the refinery and the coker operating parameters. The specific petroleum coke characteristics at a refinery affect the design of the Gasification and Acid Gas Removal (AGR) subsystems. Knowing the petroleum coke composition provides the necessary data to proceed to the EECP Phase III engineering design of the gasification process. Based on ChevronTexaco's experience, the EECP team ranked the technical, economic, and overall risks of the petroleum coke composition related to the gasification subsystem as low. In Phase I of the EECP Project, the Motiva Port Arthur Refinery had been identified as the potential EECP site. As a result of the merger between Texaco and Chevron in October 2001, Texaco was required to sell its interest in the Motiva Enterprises LLC joint venture to Shell Oil Company and Saudi Refining Inc. To assess the possible impact of moving the proposed EECP host site to a ChevronTexaco refinery, samples of petroleum coke from two ChevronTexaco refineries were sent to MTC for bench-scale testing. The results of the analysis of these samples were compared to the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis developed for Motiva's Port Arthur Refinery. The analysis confirms that if the proposed EECP is moved to a new refinery site, the Phase I EECP Gasification Design Basis would have to be updated. The lower sulfur content of the two samples from the ChevronTexaco refineries indicates that if one of these sites were selected, the Sulfur Recovery Unit (SRU) might be sized smaller than the current EECP design. This would reduce the capital expense of the SRU. Additionally, both ChevronTexaco samples have a higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio than the Motiva Port Arthur petroleum coke. The higher hydrogen to carbon monoxide ratio could give a slightly higher F-T products yield from the F-T Synthesis Reactor. However, the EECP Gasification Design Basis can not be updated until the site for the proposed EECP site is finalized. Until the site is finalized, the feedstock (petroleum coke) characteristics are a low risk to the EECP project.

Abdalla H. Ali; John H. Anderson; Earl R. Berry; Charles H. Schrader; Lalit S. Shah

2003-04-16T23:59:59.000Z