Sample records for 1983-2013 kerosene-type jet

  1. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  2. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand7. ConsumptionNov-14

  3. Prime Supplier Sales Volumes of Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4. U.S.Feet)

  4. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear JanPrice Data59.2 58.9 53.948.6

  5. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear JanPrice Data59.2 58.9 53.948.601.2

  6. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear JanPrice Data59.2 58.9 53.948.601.213.7

  7. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear JanPrice Data59.2 58.9

  8. Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40CoalLease(Billion2,12803 Table A1.GasYear JanPrice Data59.2 58.987.1 81.2 38.0

  9. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes

    Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto China (Million Cubic Feet) 3 0 0 0 1 1996-2013 Lease20 5537,954.6

  10. Prices of Refiner Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventionalMississippi"site. IfProved(MillionPrice8.PDFThousand7. ConsumptionNov-14 Dec-142009

  11. Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level: National5Sales for4,645 3,625 1,006 492 742 33 111 1,613 122 40 Buildingto17 3400, U.S.MajorMarketsNov-14 Dec-14Has|Issues inU32,422.9

  12. Prices of Refiner Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1Stocks Nov-14 Dec-14Table 4. U.S.Feet) DecadeDecadeFeet)

  13. ,"Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Sales to End Users Refiner Sales Volumes"

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghurajiConventional Gasoline Sales to End Users, Total Refiner Sales Volumes"for

  14. Technique for estimating jet fuel prices from energy futures market

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Vineyard, T.A.

    1988-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report presents a statistical analysis of future prices of petroleum products for use in predicting the monthly average retail price of kerosene-type jet fuel. The method of least squares was employed to examine the relationship between kerosene-type jet fuel retail prices and energy futures prices. Regression equations were constructed for four of the petroleum commodities traded on the energy futures market: heating oil No. 2, leaded regular gasoline, crude oil, and unleaded gasoline. Thirty-nine regression equations were estimated by the method of least squares to relate the cash price of kerosene-type jet fuel to the futures prices of the above four petroleum commodities for contract periods of 1 to 12 months. The analysis revealed that 19 of the 39 first-order linear regression equations provided a good fit to the data. Specifically, heating oil No. 2 performed better than the order energy futures in predicting the price of kerosene-type jet fuel. The only information required to use these regression equations are energy futures prices which are available daily from the Wall Street Journal. 5 refs., 4 tabs.

  15. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  16. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallons per Day) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Naphtha- Type Jet Fuel Kerosene- Type Jet Fuel Propane (Consumer Grade) Residual Fuel Oil Sulfur Less...

  17. Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System Phase 5 report: Jet fuel conversion by Pacific fuel suppliers and impacts on Navy fuel availability

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hadder, G.R.; Das, S.; Lee, R.; Domingo, N.; Davis, R.M.

    1989-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    NATO members have made the commitment to convert land-based jet aircraft from naphtha-type JP-4 jet fuel to kerosene-type JP-8. JP-8 has safety advantages because of its relatively low volatility. With the NATO conversion underway, the US military has conducted market surveys to determine the effects of jet fuel conversion in the Pacific basin. This report describes the application of the economic and engineering models of the Navy Mobility Fuels Forecasting System to predict the effects of jet fuel conversion in the Pacific basin. The primary objective of the study was to estimate the impacts of conversion on the cost and quality of Navy jet and marine fuels. The study predicts that the average cost increase for producing JP-8 instead of JP-4 is 5 cents per gallon. The associated cost increases for Navy fuels are 0.4 cents per gallon for JP-5 jet fuel; 0.2 cents per gallon for F-76 marine diesel fuel; and 0.4 cents per gallon for F-77 burner fuel oil. Conversion has little effect on the quality of Navy fuels. With or without conversion, the study predicts that Navy fuels produced in the US West Coast could have increased tendencies to form gums and other particulates, with potentially adverse impacts on storage stability. 22 refs., 2 figs., 11 tabs.

  18. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  19. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Month Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  20. Stellar jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Maccarone

    2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    With a goal of understanding the conditions under which jets might be produced in novae and related objects, I consider the conditions under which jets are produced from other classes of accreting compact objects. I give an overview of accretion disk spectral states, including a discussion of in which states these jets are seen. I highlight the differences between neutron stars and black holes, which may help give us insights about when and how the presence of a solid surface may help or inhibit jet production.

  1. Jet observables without jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bertolini, Daniele

    We introduce a new class of event shapes to characterize the jet-like structure of an event. Like traditional event shapes, our observables are infrared/collinear safe and involve a sum over all hadrons in an event, but ...

  2. Jet Shapes and Jet Algorithms in SCET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Stephen D. Ellis; Andrew Hornig; Christopher Lee; Christopher K. Vermilion; Jonathan R. Walsh

    2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet shapes are weighted sums over the four-momenta of the constituents of a jet and reveal details of its internal structure, potentially allowing discrimination of its partonic origin. In this work we make predictions for quark and gluon jet shape distributions in N-jet final states in e+e- collisions, defined with a cone or recombination algorithm, where we measure some jet shape observable on a subset of these jets. Using the framework of Soft-Collinear Effective Theory, we prove a factorization theorem for jet shape distributions and demonstrate the consistent renormalization-group running of the functions in the factorization theorem for any number of measured and unmeasured jets, any number of quark and gluon jets, and any angular size R of the jets, as long as R is much smaller than the angular separation between jets. We calculate the jet and soft functions for angularity jet shapes \\tau_a to one-loop order (O(alpha_s)) and resum a subset of the large logarithms of \\tau_a needed for next-to-leading logarithmic (NLL) accuracy for both cone and kT-type jets. We compare our predictions for the resummed \\tau_a distribution of a quark or a gluon jet produced in a 3-jet final state in e+e- annihilation to the output of a Monte Carlo event generator and find that the dependence on a and R is very similar.

  3. Haar LBP Gabor Jet boosting Gabor Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ai, Haizhou

    Boosting 1 boosting Haar LBP Gabor Jet boosting LBP Haar Gabor Jet boosting TP391. Further more, three kinds of local feature, Haar like feature, LBP histogram and Gabor jet are extracted, Haar like feature is more efficient for discriminating young and middle aged people, and Gabor Jet fits

  4. DICHOTOMY OF SOLAR CORONAL JETS: STANDARD JETS AND BLOWOUT JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Moore, Ronald L.; Cirtain, Jonathan W.; Sterling, Alphonse C.; Falconer, David A., E-mail: ron.moore@nasa.go [Space Science Office, VP62, Marshall Space Flight Center, Huntsville, AL 35812 (United States)

    2010-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By examining many X-ray jets in Hinode/X-Ray Telescope coronal X-ray movies of the polar coronal holes, we found that there is a dichotomy of polar X-ray jets. About two thirds fit the standard reconnection picture for coronal jets, and about one third are another type. We present observations indicating that the non-standard jets are counterparts of erupting-loop H{alpha} macrospicules, jets in which the jet-base magnetic arch undergoes a miniature version of the blowout eruptions that produce major coronal mass ejections. From the coronal X-ray movies we present in detail two typical standard X-ray jets and two typical blowout X-ray jets that were also caught in He II 304 A snapshots from STEREO/EUVI. The distinguishing features of blowout X-ray jets are (1) X-ray brightening inside the base arch in addition to the outside bright point that standard jets have, (2) blowout eruption of the base arch's core field, often carrying a filament of cool (T {approx} 10{sup 4} - 10{sup 5} K) plasma, and (3) an extra jet-spire strand rooted close to the bright point. We present cartoons showing how reconnection during blowout eruption of the base arch could produce the observed features of blowout X-ray jets. We infer that (1) the standard-jet/blowout-jet dichotomy of coronal jets results from the dichotomy of base arches that do not have and base arches that do have enough shear and twist to erupt open, and (2) there is a large class of spicules that are standard jets and a comparably large class of spicules that are blowout jets.

  5. Jet finding techniques at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    BOUMEDIENE, D; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet finding techniques at hadron colliders, including pile-up removal tricks, jet deconstruction, etc

  6. From Jet Counting to Jet Vetoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Schichtel; Christoph Englert; Erik Gerwick; Tilman Plehn; Steffen Schumann

    2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    The properties of multi-jet events impact many LHC analysis. The exclusive number of jets at hadron colliders can be described in terms of two simple patterns: staircase scaling and Poisson scaling. In photon plus jets production we can interpolate between the two patterns using simple kinematic cuts. The associated theoretical errors are well under control. Understanding such exclusive jet multiplicities significantly impacts Higgs searches and searches for supersymmetry at the LHC.

  7. Jet Reconstruction at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevil Salur; for the STAR Collaboration

    2010-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Full jet reconstruction in heavy-ion collisions is expected to provide more sensitive measurements of jet quenching in hot QCD matter at RHIC. In this paper we review recent studies of jets utilizing modern jet reconstruction algorithms and their corresponding background subtraction techniques.

  8. Jet Physics at CDF

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kenichi Hatakeyama; for the CDF Collaboration

    2007-12-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent results on jet physics at the Fermilab Tevatron $p\\bar p$ collider from the CDF Collaboration are presented. The main focus is put on results for the inclusive jet and dijet, $b\\bar b$ dijet, $W/Z+$jets and $W/Z+b$-jets production.

  9. High Pt Jet Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Martinez

    2006-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    In this contribution, a comprehensive review of the main aspects of high $\\pt$ jet physics in Run II at the Tevatron is presented. Recent measurements on inclusive jet production are discussed using different jet algorithms and covering a wide region of jet transverse momentum and jet rapidity. Several measurements, sensitive to a proper description of soft gluon radiation and the underlying event in hadron collisions, are shown. Finally, high $\\pt$ prompt photon measurements and studies on the production of electroweak bosons in association with jets in the final state are discussed.

  10. untitled

    Annual Energy Outlook 2013 [U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)]

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for Resale...

  11. X:\\L6046\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  12. untitled

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  13. X:\\Data_Publication\\Pma\\current\\ventura\\pma00.vp

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    Gallon Excluding Taxes) - Continued Geographic Area Year Aviation Gasoline Kerosene-Type Jet Fuel Propane Kerosene Sales to End Users Sales for Resale Sales to End Users Sales for...

  14. Jets at all scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Tavecchio

    2002-12-11T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss recent developments in the field of relativistic jets in AGNs. After a brief review of our current knowledge of emission from Blazars, I discuss some consequences of the recent detection made by {\\it Chandra} of X-ray emission from extended jets. Finally I report some recent results on the problem of the connection between accretion and jets, study that in principle could shed light on the important issue of jet formation.

  15. Microquasars and Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sylvain Chaty

    2005-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    I present an overview of past, present and future research on microquasars and jets, showing that microquasars, i.e. galactic jet sources, are among the best laboratories for high energy phenomena. After remindind the analogy with quasars, I focus on one of the best microquasar representatives, probably the archetype, namely GRS 1915+105, and present accretion and ejection phenomena, showing that only a multi-wavelength approach allows a better understanding of phenomena occuring in these sources. Thereafter, I review jets at different scales: compact jets, large-scale jets, and the interactions between ejections and the surrounding medium. I finish by speaking about microblazars and ultraluminous X-ray sources.

  16. Signatures of helical jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Steffen

    1996-11-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Observational signatures of helical jets can be found in some X-ray binaries (XRB), planetary nebulae, Herbig-Haro objects and in jets of active galactic nuclei (AGN). For the prototypical XRB SS433 a kinematic model of precessing jets has been applied very successfully and yielded a determination of its distance which is independent of conventional methods. In galactic jets precession appears to be the predominant mechanism for the production of observed helical signatures. In extragalactic jets other mechanisms seem to be similarly frequent. As a result of their strong dependence on the direction of motion with respect to the observer, special relativistic effects can be pronounced in helical jets. These have to be taken into account in AGN-jets and the newly discovered galactic sources which show apparent superluminal motion. Since the galactic superluminal jets are located in a binary system, jet precession is very likely in these sources. In this paper I review the main structural and kinematic signatures of helical jets and briefly mention the physical mechanisms behind them. I will present kinematic simulations of relativistic jets which are helically bent or have an internal helical flow field.

  17. Jet substructure in ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David W. Miller; for the ATLAS Collaboration

    2011-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements are presented of the jet invariant mass and substructure in proton-proton collisions at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV with the ATLAS detector using an integrated luminosity of 37 pb-1. These results exercise the tools for distinguishing the signatures of new boosted massive particles in the hadronic final state. Two "fat" jet algorithms are used, along with the filtering jet grooming technique that was pioneered in ATLAS. New jet substructure observables are compared for the first time to data at the LHC. Finally, a sample of candidate boosted top quark events collected in the 2010 data is analyzed in detail for the jet substructure properties of hadronic "top-jets" in the final state. These measurements demonstrate not only our excellent understanding of QCD in a new energy regime but open the path to using complex jet substructure observables in the search for new physics.

  18. Jet studies with STAR at RHIC: jet algorithms, jet shapes, jets in AA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jan Kapitan; for the STAR Collaboration

    2011-11-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Hard scattered partons are predicted to be well calibrated probes of the hot and dense medium produced in heavy ion collisions. Interactions of these partons with the medium w ill result in modifications of internal jet structure in Au+Au events compared to that observed in the p+p/d+Au reference. Full jet reconstruction is a promising tool to measu re these effects without the significant biases present in measurements with high-$\\pT$ hadrons. One of the most significant challenges for jet reconstruction in the heavy ion environment comes from the correct characterization of the background fluctuations. The jet mome ntum irresolution due to background fluctuations has to be understood in order to recover the correct jet spectrum. Recent progress in jet reconstruction methodology is discu ssed, as well as recent measurements from p+p, d+Au and Au+Au collisions at $\\sqrt{s_\\mathrm{NN}}=200 \\gev$.

  19. Hotspots, Jets and Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. J. Hardcastle

    2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss the nature of `hotspots' and `jet knots' in the kpc-scale structures of powerful radio galaxies and their relationship to jet-environment interactions. I describe evidence for interaction between the jets of FRI sources and their local environments, and discuss its relationship to particle acceleration, but the main focus of the paper is the hotspots of FRIIs and on new observational evidence on the nature of the particle acceleration associated with them.

  20. Jet physics in ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Loizides

    2005-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    This work aims at the performance of the ALICE detector for the measurement of high-energy jets at mid-pseudo-rapidity in ultra-relativistic nucleus--nucleus collisions at LHC and their potential for the characterization of the partonic matter created in these collisions. In our approach, jets at high energy with E_{T}>50 GeV are reconstructed with a cone jet finder, as typically done for jet measurements in hadronic collisions. Within the ALICE framework we study its capabilities of measuring high-energy jets and quantify obtainable rates and the quality of reconstruction, both, in proton--proton and in lead--lead collisions at LHC conditions. In particular, we address whether modification of the jet fragmentation in the charged-particle sector can be detected within the high particle-multiplicity environment of the central lead--lead collisions. We comparatively treat these topics in view of an EMCAL proposed to complete the central ALICE tracking detectors. The main activities concerning the thesis are the following: a) Determination of the potential for exclusive jet measurements in ALICE. b) Determination of jet rates that can be acquired with the ALICE setup. c) Development of a parton-energy loss model. d) Simulation and study of the energy-loss effect on jet properties.

  1. QCD Jets and Parton Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bryan R. Webber

    2010-09-29T23:59:59.000Z

    I discuss the calculation of QCD jet rates in e+e- annihilation as a testing ground for parton shower simulations and jet finding algorithms.

  2. Jet Tomography at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. C. Dunlop

    2007-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The status of the use of hard probes in heavy ion collisions at RHIC is reviewed. The discovery of strong jet quenching at RHIC is a major success. However, in order to make full use of this new phenomenon for full jet emission tomography of the properties of the collision zone further development is needed, both experimentally and theoretically.

  3. Angular Scaling In Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jankowiak, Martin; Larkoski, Andrew J.; /SLAC

    2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce a jet shape observable defined for an ensemble of jets in terms of two-particle angular correlations and a resolution parameter R. This quantity is infrared and collinear safe and can be interpreted as a scaling exponent for the angular distribution of mass inside the jet. For small R it is close to the value 2 as a consequence of the approximately scale invariant QCD dynamics. For large R it is sensitive to non-perturbative effects. We describe the use of this correlation function for tests of QCD, for studying underlying event and pile-up effects, and for tuning Monte Carlo event generators.

  4. Gasoline Jet Fuels

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kemner, Ken

    C4n= Diesel Gasoline Jet Fuels C O C5: Xylose C6 into fuels. IACT is examining these key reactions to understand the fundamental chemistry and to provide

  5. High pT Jet Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Richard Teuscher; for the ATLAS Collaboration; for the CMS Collaboration; for the CDF Collaboration; for the D0 Collaboration

    2011-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    This report gives a selection of recent jet results from the LHC and Tevatron, including inclusive jet production, dijets, and jets produced in association with massive vector bosons.

  6. Multiple jet interactions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hehr, Roger James

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MULTIPLE JET INTERACTIONS A Thesis by ROGER JAMES HEHR Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE August 1983 Major Subject: Aerospace Engineering... MULTIPLE JET INTERACTIONS A Thesis by ROGER JAMES HEHR Approved as to style and content by: David . Norton (Chairman of Committee) raid L. orrison (Mem er) Leland A. Carlson (Member) Er est . Cross, r. (Head of Department) August 1983 ABSTRACT...

  7. Modified shielding jet model for twin-jet shielding analysis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gilbride, Jennifer Frances

    1983-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    MODIFIED SHIELDING JET MODEL FOR TWIN-JET SHIELDING ANALYSIS A Thesis by JENNIFER FRANCES GILBRIDE Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE... August 1983 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering MODIFIED SHIELDING JET MODEL FOR TWIN-JET SHIELDING ANALYSIS A Thesis by JENNIFER FRANCES GILBRIDE Approved as to stvle and content by: 'Carl H. Gerhold (Chairman of Committee) J. Craag Dutton...

  8. Gudrun's (NLO) list pp->WW jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Huston, Joey

    Gudrun's (NLO) list 2->3 pp->WW jet pp->VVV pp->H + 2 jets 2->4 pp->4 jets pp->tT + 2jets p->tT bB pp->V+ 3 jets pp->VV + 2 jets pp->VVV + jet pp->WW bB From technology point-of-view start with massless cases such as + 2 jets then add progressively more difficult calculations (additional scales

  9. Jet propulsion without inertia

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Saverio E. Spagnolie; Eric Lauga

    2010-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    A body immersed in a highly viscous fluid can locomote by drawing in and expelling fluid through pores at its surface. We consider this mechanism of jet propulsion without inertia in the case of spheroidal bodies, and derive both the swimming velocity and the hydrodynamic efficiency. Elementary examples are presented, and exact axisymmetric solutions for spherical, prolate spheroidal, and oblate spheroidal body shapes are provided. In each case, entirely and partially porous (i.e. jetting) surfaces are considered, and the optimal jetting flow profiles at the surface for maximizing the hydrodynamic efficiency are determined computationally. The maximal efficiency which may be achieved by a sphere using such jet propulsion is 12.5%, a significant improvement upon traditional flagella-based means of locomotion at zero Reynolds number. Unlike other swimming mechanisms which rely on the presentation of a small cross section in the direction of motion, the efficiency of a jetting body at low Reynolds number increases as the body becomes more oblate, and limits to approximately 162% in the case of a flat plate swimming along its axis of symmetry. Our results are discussed in the light of slime extrusion mechanisms occurring in many cyanobacteria.

  10. Jet quenching in shock waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michael Spillane; Alexander Stoffers; Ismail Zahed

    2011-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the propagation of an ultrarelativistic light quark jet inside a shock wave using the holographic principle. The maximum stopping distance and its dependency on the energy of the jet is obtained.

  11. Jet Substructure by Accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timothy Cohen; Eder Izaguirre; Mariangela Lisanti; Hou Keong Lou

    2013-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new search strategy for high-multiplicity hadronic final states. When new particles are produced at threshold, the distribution of their decay products is approximately isotropic. If there are many partons in the final state, it is likely that several will be clustered into the same large-radius jet. The resulting jet exhibits substructure, even though the parent states are not boosted. This "accidental" substructure is a powerful discriminant against background because it is more pronounced for high-multiplicity signals than for QCD multijets. We demonstrate how to take advantage of accidental substructure to reduce backgrounds without relying on the presence of missing energy. As an example, we present the expected limits for several R-parity violating gluino decay topologies. This approach allows for the determination of QCD backgrounds using data-driven methods, which is crucial for the feasibility of any search that targets signatures with many jets and suppressed missing energy.

  12. Jet Substructure by Accident

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cohen, Timothy; Lisanti, Mariangela; Lou, Hou Keong

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a new search strategy for high-multiplicity hadronic final states. When new particles are produced at threshold, the distribution of their decay products is approximately isotropic. If there are many partons in the final state, it is likely that several will be clustered into the same large-radius jet. The resulting jet exhibits substructure, even though the parent states are not boosted. This "accidental" substructure is a powerful discriminant against background because it is more pronounced for high-multiplicity signals than for QCD multijets. We demonstrate how to take advantage of accidental substructure to reduce backgrounds without relying on the presence of missing energy. As an example, we present the expected limits for several R-parity violating gluino decay topologies. This approach allows for the determination of QCD backgrounds using data-driven methods, which is crucial for the feasibility of any search that targets signatures with many jets and suppressed missing energy.

  13. Organic vapor jet printing system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Forrest, Stephen R

    2012-10-23T23:59:59.000Z

    An organic vapor jet printing system includes a pump for increasing the pressure of an organic flux.

  14. Inclusive Jet & DijetInclusive Jet & Dijet Production at HERAProduction at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Inclusive Jet & DijetInclusive Jet & Dijet Production at HERAProduction at HERA M axime.8 2-jets p 2-jets DIS Inclusive jets DIS Proton PDF S 2-jets pPhoton PDF ObservablesQCD param. #12;M. Gouzevitch (Ecole Polytechnique, France) HEP2007, Manchester, 20/07/2007 3 Jet reconstruction · Iterative

  15. Jet Production Studies at Colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robert Hirosky

    2013-05-02T23:59:59.000Z

    An overview of jet production, measurement techniques, and recent physics results from colliders is presented. Analyses utilizing jets and boson plus jets final states are included and implications of the data are discussed. The results presented here are a snapshot of those available at the time of the PIC 2012 conference in September 2012.

  16. Elucidating Jet Energy Loss Using Jets: Prospects from ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Grau; for the ATLAS Collaboration

    2009-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets at the LHC are expected to provide the testing ground for studying QCD energy loss. In this contribution, we briefly outline the strategy that will be used to measure jets in ATLAS and how we will go about studying energy loss. We describe the utility of measuring the jet $R_{AA}$, the fragmentation function, and heavy flavor jets. Utilizing the collision energy provided by the LHC and the nearly hermetic and highly segmented calorimeter, ATLAS is expected to make important contributions to the understanding of parton energy loss using fully reconstructed jets.

  17. Jet quenching and elliptic flow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2007-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In jet quenching, a hard QCD parton, before fragmenting into a jet of hadrons, deposits a fraction of its energy in the medium, leading to suppressed production of high-$p_T$ hadrons. Assuming that the deposited energy quickly thermalizes, we simulate the subsequent hydrodynamic evolution of the QGP fluid. Explicit simulation of Au+Au collision with and without a quenching jet indicate that elliptic flow is greatly reduced in a jet event. The result can be used to identify the jet events in heavy ion collisions.

  18. Vortex diode jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Houck, Edward D. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluid transfer system that combines a vortex diode with a jet ejector to transfer liquid from one tank to a second tank by a gas pressurization method having no moving mechanical parts in the fluid system. The vortex diode is a device that has a high resistance to flow in one direction and a low resistance to flow in the other.

  19. Rapidity-Dependent Jet Vetoes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shireen Gangal; Maximilian Stahlhofen; Frank J. Tackmann

    2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet vetoes are a prominent part of the signal selection in various analyses at the LHC. We discuss jet vetoes for which the transverse momentum of a jet is weighted by a smooth function of the jet rapidity. With a suitable choice of the rapidity-weighting function, such jet-veto variables can be factorized and resummed allowing for precise theory predictions. They thus provide a complementary way to divide phase space into exclusive jet bins. In particular, they provide a natural and theoretically clean way to implement a tight veto on central jets with the veto constraint getting looser for jets at increasingly forward rapidities. We mainly focus our discussion on the 0-jet case in color-singlet processes, using Higgs production through gluon fusion as a concrete example. For one of our jet-veto variables we compare the resummed theory prediction at NLL'+NLO with the recent differential cross section measurement by the ATLAS experiment in the $H\\to\\gamma\\gamma$ channel, finding good agreement. We also propose that these jet-veto variables can be measured and tested against theory predictions in other SM processes, such as Drell-Yan, diphoton, and weak diboson production.

  20. Flow cytometer jet monitor system

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Van den Engh, Ger (Seattle, WA)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A direct jet monitor illuminates the jet of a flow cytometer in a monitor wavelength band which is substantially separate from the substance wavelength band. When a laser is used to cause fluorescence of the substance, it may be appropriate to use an infrared source to illuminate the jet and thus optically monitor the conditions within the jet through a CCD camera or the like. This optical monitoring may be provided to some type of controller or feedback system which automatically changes either the horizontal location of the jet, the point at which droplet separation occurs, or some other condition within the jet in order to maintain optimum conditions. The direct jet monitor may be operated simultaneously with the substance property sensing and analysis system so that continuous monitoring may be achieved without interfering with the substance data gathering and may be configured so as to allow the front of the analysis or free fall area to be unobstructed during processing.

  1. Jet hadrochemistry as a characteristics of jet quenching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sebastian Sapeta; Urs Achim Wiedemann

    2007-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets produced in nucleus-nucleus collisions at the LHC are expected to be strongly modified due to the interaction of the parton shower with the dense QCD matter. Here, we point out that jet quenching can leave signatures not only in the longitudinal and transverse jet energy and multiplicity distributions, but also in the hadrochemical composition of the jet fragments. In particular, we show that even in the absence of medium effects at or after hadronization, the medium-modification of the parton shower can result in significant changes in jet hadrochemistry. We discuss how jet hadrochemistry can be studied within the high-multiplicity environment of nucleus-nucleus collisions at the LHC.

  2. V+jets production at the CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. Bilin; for the CMS Collaboration

    2014-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of Vector Boson production in association with jets are presented, using p-p collision data at sqrt{s} = 7 TeV. The measurements presented include Z + jets azimuthal correlations, event shapes, vector boson + jets differential cross section measurements, hard double-parton scattering using W + jets events and electroweak Z + forward - backward jet production.

  3. JET Forward Programme & Opportunities for Collaboration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Forward Programme & Opportunities for Collaboration Lorne Horton JET Exploitation Manager Contract for the Opera.on of the JET Facili.es Co-Funded by Euratom #12;L.D. Horton 2 FESAC Strategic Planning Panel 8 July 2014 - What makes JET unique! - Plans for JET exploitation

  4. Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jet Energy Scale March 31, 2009 #12;Jet energy vs parton energy Eta-dependent corrections: even scale: conversion from calo measurement to underlying jet Underlying event and out-of-cone corrections region, near-100% efficiency ·Excellent momentum measurement #12;Jet clustering · Jets are formed

  5. Jet initiation of PBX 9502

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    McAfee, J.M.

    1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This report details the progress of an effort to determine the quantitative aspects of the initiation of PBX 9502 (95% TATB, 5% Kel-F 800) by copper jets. The particular jet used was that produced by the LAW warhead (66-mm diameter, 42/sup 0/ angle cone, copper-lined, conical shaped charge). Fifteen experiments, in various configurations, have been fired to define the essential parameters for quantitatively measuring the jet performance and initiation of bare PBX 9502. 7 refs., 8 figs.

  6. BNL experiment with gas jet

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Study of Hot Electron Transport and Subsequent Ion Acceleration using Overdense Gas Jet Target and Ultrafast TW CO2 Laser System Vitaly Yakimenko, Igor Pogorelsky ATF,...

  7. Jet Physics at the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Anwar Bhatti; Don Lincoln

    2010-02-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets have been used to verify the theory of quantum chromodynamics (QCD), measure the structure of the proton and to search for the physics beyond the Standard Model. In this article, we review the current status of jet physics at the Tevatron, a sqrt(s) = 1.96 TeV p-pbar collider at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. We report on recent measurements of the inclusive jet production cross section and the results of searches for physics beyond the Standard Model using jets. Dijet production measurements are also reported.

  8. Jet shapes with the broadening axis

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Larkoski, Andrew James

    Broadening is a classic jet observable that probes the transverse momentum structure of jets. Traditionally, broadening has been measured with respect to the thrust axis, which is aligned along the (hemisphere) jet momentum ...

  9. Buoyant jet behavior in confined regions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fry, David J.

    1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous confined jet studies have emphasized the behavior of non-buoyant jets inside ducts or near plane boundaries (Coanda effect). Buoyancy, however, is a major factor in the confined jet behavior experienced in many ...

  10. Jet Production in $pp$ Collisions: Dependence on Jet Algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmita Mukherjee; Werner Vogelsang

    2013-03-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a recent calculation of single-inclusive high-$p_T$ jet production in unpolarized and longitudinally polarized $pp$ collisions at RHIC, investigating the effect of the algorithm adopted to define the jets on the numerical results for cross sections and spin asymmetries.

  11. OPENING ANGLES OF COLLAPSAR JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Mizuta, Akira; Ioka, Kunihito [Theory Center, Institute of Particle and Nuclear Studies, KEK, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan)

    2013-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the jet propagation and breakout from the stellar progenitor for gamma-ray burst (GRB) collapsars by performing two-dimensional relativistic hydrodynamic simulations and analytical modeling. We find that the jet opening angle is given by ?{sub j} ? 1/5?{sub 0} and infer the initial Lorentz factor of the jet at the central engine, ?{sub 0}, is a few for existing observations of ?{sub j}. The jet keeps the Lorentz factor low inside the star by converging cylindrically via collimation shocks under the cocoon pressure and accelerates at jet breakout before the free expansion to a hollow-cone structure. In this new picture, the GRB duration is determined by the sound crossing time of the cocoon, after which the opening angle widens, reducing the apparent luminosity. Some bursts violating the maximum opening angle ?{sub j,{sub max}} ? 1/5 ? 12° imply the existence of a baryon-rich sheath or a long-acting jet. We can explain the slopes in both Amati and Yonetoku spectral relations using an off-centered photosphere model, if we make only one assumption that the total jet luminosity is proportional to the initial Lorentz factor of the jet. We also numerically calibrate the pre-breakout model (Bromberg et al.) for later use.

  12. Top Jets at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Almeida, L.G.

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G. Almeida, Seung J. Lee, GiladSB-08-37; WIS/17/08-SEPT-DPP Top Jets at the LHC Leandro G.p T hadronically-decaying top quarks at the Large Hadron

  13. Jet Charge at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    David Krohn; Tongyan Lin; Matthew D. Schwartz; Wouter J. Waalewijn

    2013-06-14T23:59:59.000Z

    Knowing the charge of the parton initiating a light-quark jet could be extremely useful both for testing aspects of the Standard Model and for characterizing potential beyond-the-Standard-Model signals. We show that despite the complications of hadronization and out-of-jet radiation such as pile-up, a weighted sum of the charges of a jet's constituents can be used at the LHC to distinguish among jets with different charges. Potential applications include measuring electroweak quantum numbers of hadronically decaying resonances or supersymmetric particles, as well as Standard Model tests, such as jet charge in dijet events or in hadronically-decaying W bosons in t-tbar events. We develop a systematically improvable method to calculate moments of these charge distributions by combining multi-hadron fragmentation functions with perturbative jet functions and pertubative evolution equations. We show that the dependence on energy and jet size for the average and width of the jet charge can be calculated despite the large experimental uncertainty on fragmentation functions. These calculations can provide a validation tool for data independent of Monte-Carlo fragmentation models.

  14. Latest Jet Results from Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrea Messina

    2006-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

    This contribution reports preliminary jet results in ppbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV from the CDF and D0 experiments. The jet inclusive cross section, measured using both the Midpoint and the K_T jet clustering algorithm, is compared to next-to-leading order QCD prediction in different rapidity regions. The b-jet inclusive cross section measured exploiting the long lifetime and large mass of B hadrons is presented and compared to QCD prediction. A complementary measurement, using the large branching fraction of B hadrons into muons, is also described. The measurement of two-particle momentum correlation in jets is presented and compared to predictions.

  15. JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Steve

    JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets LPC Fermilab 5/18/09 For the next) detectors · operating at high energy and high luminosity · most of the data will be about hadrons (jets of (QCD) jets, including masses · Search for BSM physics in SINGLE jets ­ bumps in mass distributions

  16. JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Steve

    JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets US ATLAS Hadronic Final State Forum will be about hadrons (jets). Theory and Experiment must work together to make the most of the data. Big Picture in SINGLE jets ­ bumps in mass distributions · Consider Recombination (kT) jets natural substructure

  17. AGN jet launch scenarios Rony Keppens

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    AGN jet launch scenarios Rony Keppens Centre for mathematical Plasma Astrophysics Department of Mathematics, KU Leuven Rony Keppens (KU Leuven) Jet launch Nov. 2013, IAC winter school 1 / 48 #12;Astrophysical Jets · astrophysical jets: ubiquitous presence of accretion disks Young Stellar Objects (YSO

  18. Latest Jet Results from the Tevatron

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikolaj Cwiok; for the CDF; D0 Collaborations

    2007-05-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent QCD jet production measurements in p-pbar collisions at sqrt(s)=1.96 TeV at the Tevatron Collider at Fermilab are presented. Preliminary: inclusive jet, dijet, isolated photon + jet and Z + jets measurements are compared to available perturbative QCD models.

  19. JET neutral beam power upgrade Introduction

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET neutral beam power upgrade Introduction A tokamak is a complex assembly, a system of systems the challenging requirements that fusion demands. The neutral beam heating system and its upgrade for the JET systems) are the main plasma heating scheme on fusion devices such as JET and ITER. The JET neutral beam

  20. Water cooled steam jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Wagner, Jr., Edward P. (Idaho Falls, ID)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A water cooled steam jet for transferring fluid and preventing vapor lock, or vaporization of the fluid being transferred, has a venturi nozzle and a cooling jacket. The venturi nozzle produces a high velocity flow which creates a vacuum to draw fluid from a source of fluid. The venturi nozzle has a converging section connected to a source of steam, a diffuser section attached to an outlet and a throat portion disposed therebetween. The cooling jacket surrounds the venturi nozzle and a suction tube through which the fluid is being drawn into the venturi nozzle. Coolant flows through the cooling jacket. The cooling jacket dissipates heat generated by the venturi nozzle to prevent vapor lock.

  1. Micromachined chemical jet dispenser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, Steve P. (Livermore, CA)

    1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A dispenser for chemical fluid samples that need to be precisely ejected in size, location, and time. The dispenser is a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device fabricated in a bonded silicon wafer and a substrate, such as glass or silicon, using integrated circuit-like fabrication technology which is amenable to mass production. The dispensing is actuated by ultrasonic transducers that efficiently produce a pressure wave in capillaries that contain the chemicals. The 10-200 .mu.m diameter capillaries can be arranged to focus in one spot or may be arranged in a larger dense linear array (.about.200 capillaries). The dispenser is analogous to some ink jet print heads for computer printers but the fluid is not heated, thus not damaging certain samples. Major applications are in biological sample handling and in analytical chemical procedures such as environmental sample analysis, medical lab analysis, or molecular biology chemistry experiments.

  2. Micromachined chemical jet dispenser

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Swierkowski, S.P.

    1999-03-02T23:59:59.000Z

    A dispenser is disclosed for chemical fluid samples that need to be precisely ejected in size, location, and time. The dispenser is a micro-electro-mechanical systems (MEMS) device fabricated in a bonded silicon wafer and a substrate, such as glass or silicon, using integrated circuit-like fabrication technology which is amenable to mass production. The dispensing is actuated by ultrasonic transducers that efficiently produce a pressure wave in capillaries that contain the chemicals. The 10-200 {micro}m diameter capillaries can be arranged to focus in one spot or may be arranged in a larger dense linear array (ca. 200 capillaries). The dispenser is analogous to some ink jet print heads for computer printers but the fluid is not heated, thus not damaging certain samples. Major applications are in biological sample handling and in analytical chemical procedures such as environmental sample analysis, medical lab analysis, or molecular biology chemistry experiments. 4 figs.

  3. A theory of jet definition

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fyodor V. Tkachov

    2000-01-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A systematic framework for jet definition is developed from first principles of physical measurement, quantum field theory, and QCD. A jet definition is found which: is theoretically optimal in regard of both minimization of detector errors and inversion of hadronization; is similar to a cone algorithm with dynamically negotiated jet shapes and positions found via shape observables that generalize the thrust to any number of axes; involves no ad hoc conventions; allows a fast computer implementation [hep-ph/9912415]. The framework offers an array of options for systematic construction of quasi-optimal observables for specific applications.

  4. Strategic Control of Transverse Jet Shear Layer Instabilities J. Davitian,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M'Closkey, Robert T.

    jet in crossflow or transverse jet. Jet nozzles that are flush as well as elevated with respect indicate that the jet's shear layer transitions to global instability when the jet-to-crossflow velocity THE transverse jet or jet in crossflow (JICF) is a flowfield with widespread applications in energy

  5. Figure 10. U.S. total natural gas proved reserves, 1983-2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed data TheJohnErinBOE Reserve

  6. Figure 8. U.S. crude oil and lease condensate proved reserves, 1983-2013

    U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov YouKizildere IRaghuraji Agro IndustriesTownDells,1 U.S. DepartmentOregon826 detailed554,904,209434

  7. How to calibrate the jet energy scale?

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hatakeyama, K.; /Rockefeller U.

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Top quarks dominantly decay into b-quark jets and W bosons, and the W bosons often decay into jets, thus the precise determination of the jet energy scale is crucial in measurements of many top quark properties. I present the strategies used by the CDF and D0 collaborations to determine the jet energy scale. The various cross checks performed to verify the determined jet energy scale and evaluate its systematic uncertainty are also discussed.

  8. Jet Reconstruction with charged tracks only in CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paolo Azzurri

    2009-01-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The performance of jet finding using only charged tracks in CMS has been investigated. Different jet algorithms have been applied to QCD di-jet events, to hadronic tt multi-jet events and on Z+jets events. Results using jets made with tracks only or calorimeter towers are compared for energy response, angular resolution and jet matching to the leading partons. The jet reconstruction performance in the presence of pile-up interactions is presented for the Z+jets sample.

  9. Strategic Technology JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    Strategic Technology Directions JET PROPULSION LABORATORY National Aeronautics and Space Administration 2 0 0 9 #12;© 2009 California Institute of Technology. Government sponsorship acknowledged. #12;Strategic Technology Directions 2009 offers a distillation of technologies, their links to space missions

  10. Jet Quenching and Holographic Thermalization

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Caceres; Arnab Kundu; Berndt Müller; Diana Vaman; Di-Lun Yang

    2012-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We employ the AdS/CFT correspondence to investigate the thermalization of the strongly-coupled plasma and the jet quenching of a hard probe traversing such a thermalizing medium.

  11. Jet production at hadron colliders

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jouttenus, Teppo T. (Teppo Tapani)

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Hadronic jets feature in many final states of interest in modern collider experiments. They form a significant Standard Model background for many proposed new physics processes and also probe QCD interactions at several ...

  12. Radial flow pulse jet mixer

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    VanOsdol, John G.

    2013-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The disclosure provides a pulse jet mixing vessel for mixing a plurality of solid particles. The pulse jet mixing vessel is comprised of a sludge basin, a flow surface surrounding the sludge basin, and a downcoming flow annulus between the flow surface and an inner shroud. The pulse jet mixing vessel is additionally comprised of an upper vessel pressurization volume in fluid communication with the downcoming flow annulus, and an inner shroud surge volume separated from the downcoming flow annulus by the inner shroud. When the solid particles are resting on the sludge basin and a fluid such as water is atop the particles and extending into the downcoming flow annulus and the inner shroud surge volume, mixing occurs by pressurization of the upper vessel pressurization volume, generating an inward radial flow over the flow surface and an upwash jet at the center of the sludge basin.

  13. Fragmentation inside an identified jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Procura, Massimiliano

    Using Soft?Collinear Effective Theory (SCET) we derive factorization formulae for semi?inclusive processes where a light hadron h fragments from a jet whose invariant mass is measured. Our analysis yields a novel “fragmenting ...

  14. Jet Quenching with Parton evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Luan Cheng; Enke Wang

    2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We report the evolution effects on jet energy loss with detailed balance. The initial conditions and parton evolution based on perturbative QCD in the chemical non-equilibrated medium and Bjorken expanding medium at RHIC are determined. The parton evolution affect the jet energy loss evidently. This will increase the energy and propagating distance dependence of the parton energy loss and will affect the shape of suppression of moderately high P_{T} hadron spectra.

  15. Stopping Cooling Flows with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabrizio Brighenti; William G. Mathews

    2006-01-24T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe 2D gasdynamical models of jets that carry mass as well as energy to the hot gas in galaxy clusters. These flows have many attractive attributes for solving the galaxy cluster cooling flow problem: Why the hot gas temperature and density profiles resemble cooling flows but show no spectral evidence of cooling to low temperatures. Using an approximate model for the cluster A1795, we show that mass-carrying jets can reduce the overall cooling rate to or below the low values implied by X-ray spectra. Biconical subrelativistic jets, described with several ad hoc parameters, are assumed to be activated when gas flows toward or cools near a central supermassive black hole. As the jets proceed out from the center they entrain more and more ambient gas. The jets lose internal pressure by expansion and are compressed by the ambient cluster gas, becoming rather difficult to observe. For a wide variety of initial jet parameters and several feedback scenarios the global cooling can be suppressed for many Gyrs while maintaining cluster temperature profiles similar to those observed. The intermittancy of the feedback generates multiple generations of X-ray cavities similar to those observed in the Perseus Cluster and elsewhere.

  16. Plasma jet ignition device

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    McIlwain, Michael E. (Franklin, MA); Grant, Jonathan F. (Wayland, MA); Golenko, Zsolt (North Reading, MA); Wittstein, Alan D. (Fairfield, CT)

    1985-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An ignition device of the plasma jet type is disclosed. The device has a cylindrical cavity formed in insulating material with an electrode at one end. The other end of the cylindrical cavity is closed by a metal plate with a small orifice in the center which plate serves as a second electrode. An arc jumping between the first electrode and the orifice plate causes the formation of a highly-ionized plasma in the cavity which is ejected through the orifice into the engine cylinder area to ignite the main fuel mixture. Two improvements are disclosed to enhance the operation of the device and the length of the plasma plume. One improvement is a metal hydride ring which is inserted in the cavity next to the first electrode. During operation, the high temperature in the cavity and the highly excited nature of the plasma breaks down the metal hydride, liberating hydrogen which acts as an additional fuel to help plasma formation. A second improvement consists of a cavity insert containing a plurality of spaced, metal rings. The rings act as secondary spark gap electrodes reducing the voltage needed to maintain the initial arc in the cavity.

  17. Soft interactions in jet quenching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carlos Hidalgo-Duque; Felipe J. Llanes-Estrada

    2014-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the collisional aspects of jet quenching in a high energy nuclear collision, especially in the final state pion gas. The jet has a large energy, and acquires momentum transverse to its axis more effectively by multiple soft collisions than by few hard scatterings (as known from analogous systems such as J/\\psi production at Hera). Such regime of large E and small momentum transfer corresponds to Regge kinematics and is characteristically dominated by the pomeron. From this insight we estimate the jet quenching parameter in the hadron medium (largely a pion gas) at the end of the collision, which is naturally small and increases with temperature in line with the gas density. The physics in the quark-gluon plasma/liquid phase is less obvious, and here we revisit a couple of simple estimates that suggest indeed that the pomeron-mediated interactions are very relevant and should be included in analysis of the jet quenching parameter. Finally, the ocasional hard collisions produce features characteristic of a L\\`evy flight in the q_perp^2 plane perpendicular to the jet axis. We suggest one- and two-particle q_perp correlations as interesting experimental probes.

  18. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Event rates, Pt structure of jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplianikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2000-12-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this paper the study of "photon+Jet" events is continued, aimed at jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibration at LHC energies. The event number distribution over Pt and pseudorapidity eta in the barrel region of the photon is presented. The features of "photon+Jet" events in CMS detector |eta|<1.4 are exposed. Pt structure of the region in the eta-phi space inside and beyond jet is also shown.

  19. Gravity waves from vortex dipoles and jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wang, Shuguang

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    The dissertation first investigates gravity wave generation and propagation from jets within idealized vortex dipoles using a nonhydrostatic mesoscale model. Several initially balanced and localized jets induced by vortex dipoles are examined here...

  20. Flow control via synthetic jet actuation 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Miller, Adam Cole

    2005-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    An experimental investigation was undertaken to determine the ability of Synthetic Jet Actuators to control the aerodynamic properties of a wing. The Synthetic Jet Actuator (SJA) was placed at two separate positions on ...

  1. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Generalities, selection rules

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplianikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2000-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    "photon+Jet" events, based on the q~q-> g+photon and qg-> q+photon subprocesses, are proposed for jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibration at LHC energies. General features and selection criteria of "photon+Jet" events that would provide a good photon Pt - jet Pt balance are described. CMS detector geometry is taken as the basement.

  2. Improved e-Jet Printing -TFOT Improved e-Jet Printing

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rogers, John A.

    Improved e-Jet Printing - TFOT Home Sections News Articles Forums About Us Improved e-Jet Printing at the University of Illinois have developed a technology that provides higher resolution and more versatility in e-jet printing. As opposed to conventional ink-jet printers, where heat or mechanical vibrations are used

  3. Numerical investigation of a transient free jet resembling a laser-produced vapor jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Budair, Mohammed Omar

    Numerical investigation of a transient free jet resembling a laser-produced vapor jet G.M. Arshed in revised form 29 July 2003 Abstract In the present study, the transiently developing free jet emanating from a laser-impacted surface is considered. The jet velocity profiles are varied with time

  4. JET SCHEMES OF TORIC SURFACES ESPACES DE JETS DES SURFACES TORIQUES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Favre, Charles - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    JET SCHEMES OF TORIC SURFACES ESPACES DE JETS DES SURFACES TORIQUES HUSSEIN MOURTADA Abstract. For m N, m 1, we determine the irreducible components of the m - th jet scheme of a toric surface S irr´eductibles des m-espaces des jets d'une surface torique S. Pour m assez grand, on relie le nombre

  5. JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ellis, Steve

    JET PRUNING: Looking for New (BSM) Physics at the LHC with Jets UC Berkeley 4/20/09 For the next) detectors · operating at high energy and high luminosity · most of the data will be about hadrons (jets Walsh & Chris Vermilion 0903.5081 #12;Outline · Brief review of jets · Searching for BSM physics

  6. ALMOST JET STRUCTURES AND FIRST JET-EXTENSIONS OF FIBRED MANIFOLDS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pasquero, Stefano

    ALMOST JET STRUCTURES AND FIRST JET-EXTENSIONS OF FIBRED MANIFOLDS Paola Morando Dipartimento di conditions for a manifold M to be diffeomorphic to the first jet­extension j1(N) of a fibred manifold N O are given in terms of almost jet structures, i.e. pairs (S, A), where S is a suitable type (2, 1) tensor

  7. Coupling between JET Pedestal ne-Te and Outer Target Plate Recycling: Consequences for JET ITER-Like-Wall Operation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coupling between JET Pedestal ne-Te and Outer Target Plate Recycling: Consequences for JET ITER-Like-Wall Operation

  8. The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The Remote Photogrammetric Survey and Engineering Analysis of the Divertor Structure during JET’s Remote Tile Exchange

  9. Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part I: The JET In-vessel Cryopump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part I: The JET In-vessel Cryopump

  10. Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part II: The JET LHCD Cryopump

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Theoretical and Experimental Simulation of Accident Scenarios of the JET Cryogenic Components Part II: The JET LHCD Cryopump

  11. Jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang, Xin-Nian; Gyulassy, M.

    1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Several aspects of hard and semihard QCD jets in relativistic heavy ion collisions are discussed, including multiproduction of minijets and the interaction of a jet with dense nuclear matter. The reduction of jet quenching effect in deconfined phase of nuclear matter is speculated to provide a signature of the formation of quark gluon plasma. HIJING Monte Carlo program which can simulate events of jets production and quenching in heavy ion collisions is briefly described. 35 refs., 13 figs.

  12. Jet physics and strong coupling at HERA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Maxime Gouzevitch

    2009-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet production in electron-proton scattering at HERA provides an important testing ground for Quantum Chromodynamics (QCD). The inclusive jet and multi-jet cross sections recently measured by H1 and ZEUS collaborations allow a precise determination of the strong coupling and test of its running. Additionally, a measurement of the angular correlations in the 3-jet events gives a handle on the fundamental gauge structure of the QCD.

  13. Jet physics at HERA, Tevatron and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. Royon

    2008-11-10T23:59:59.000Z

    In this short report, we discuss the Jet Physics results and perspectives at HERA, Tevatron and LHC.

  14. Inclusive jet production at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Norniella, Olga; /Barcelona, IFAE

    2006-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Preliminary results on inclusive jet production in proton-antiproton collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV based on 1 fb{sup -1} of CDF Run II data are presented. Measurements are preformed using different jet algorithms in a wide range of jet transverse momentum and jet rapidity. The measured cross sections are compared to next-to-leading order perturbative QCD calculations

  15. Advanced thermally stable jet fuels

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Schobert, H.H.

    1999-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The Pennsylvania State University program in advanced thermally stable coal-based jet fuels has five broad objectives: (1) Development of mechanisms of degradation and solids formation; (2) Quantitative measurement of growth of sub-micrometer and micrometer-sized particles suspended in fuels during thermal stressing; (3) Characterization of carbonaceous deposits by various instrumental and microscopic methods; (4) Elucidation of the role of additives in retarding the formation of carbonaceous solids; (5) Assessment of the potential of production of high yields of cycloalkanes by direct liquefaction of coal. Future high-Mach aircraft will place severe thermal demands on jet fuels, requiring the development of novel, hybrid fuel mixtures capable of withstanding temperatures in the range of 400--500 C. In the new aircraft, jet fuel will serve as both an energy source and a heat sink for cooling the airframe, engine, and system components. The ultimate development of such advanced fuels requires a thorough understanding of the thermal decomposition behavior of jet fuels under supercritical conditions. Considering that jet fuels consist of hundreds of compounds, this task must begin with a study of the thermal degradation behavior of select model compounds under supercritical conditions. The research performed by The Pennsylvania State University was focused on five major tasks that reflect the objectives stated above: Task 1: Investigation of the Quantitative Degradation of Fuels; Task 2: Investigation of Incipient Deposition; Task 3: Characterization of Solid Gums, Sediments, and Carbonaceous Deposits; Task 4: Coal-Based Fuel Stabilization Studies; and Task 5: Exploratory Studies on the Direct Conversion of Coal to High Quality Jet Fuels. The major findings of each of these tasks are presented in this executive summary. A description of the sub-tasks performed under each of these tasks and the findings of those studies are provided in the remainder of this volume (Sections 1 through 5).

  16. Jet quenching and $?$-jet correlation in high-energy heavy-ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin-Nian Wang; Yan Zhu

    2014-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Medium modification of $\\gamma$-tagged jets in high-energy heavy-ion collisions is investigated within a linearized Boltzmann transport model which includes both elastic parton scattering and induced gluon emission. In Pb+Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s}=2.76$ TeV, a $\\gamma$-tagged jet is seen to lose 15\\% of its energy at 0-10\\% central collisions. Simulations also point to a sizable azimuthal angle broadening of $\\gamma$-tagged jets at the tail of a distribution which should be measurable when experimental errors are significantly reduced. An enhancement at large $z_\\text{jet}=p_L/E_{\\text{jet}}$ in jet fragmentation function at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) can be attributed to the dominance of leading particles in the reconstructed jet. A $\\gamma-$tagged jet fragmentation function is shown to be more sensitive to jet quenching, therefore a better probe of the jet transport parameter.

  17. Probing nuclear matter with jet conversions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W.; Fries, Rainer J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the flavor of leading jet partons as a valuable probe of nuclear matter. We point out that the coupling of jets to nuclear matter naturally leads to an alteration of jet chemistry even at high transverse momentum PT. In particular...

  18. ALTERNATIVE JET FUEL SCENARIO ANALYSIS Final Report

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    1 ALTERNATIVE JET FUEL SCENARIO ANALYSIS REPORT Final Report U.S. Department of Transportation Alternative jet fuel scenario analysis report 5. FUNDING NUMBERS 6. AUTHOR(S) Kristin Lewis, Shuchi Mitra production of alternative aviation (jet) fuels in North America (United States, Canada, and Mexico

  19. Monte Carlo Tools for Jet Quenching

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Korinna Zapp

    2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    A thorough understanding of jet quenching on the basis of multi-particle final states and jet observables requires new theoretical tools. This talk summarises the status and propects of the theoretical description of jet quenching in terms of Monte Carlo generators.

  20. Jet Studies at CMS and ATLAS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Konstantinos Kousouris

    2009-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The jet reconstruction and jet energy calibration strategies adopted by the CMS and ATLAS experiments are presented. Jet measurements that can be done with early data to confront QCD at the highest transverse momentum scale and search for new physics are described.

  1. Full Jet Reconstruction in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevil Salur

    2009-09-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Full jet reconstruction has traditionally been thought to be difficult in heavy ion events due to large multiplicity backgrounds. The search for new physics in high luminosity p+p collisions at the LHC similarly requires the precise measurement of jets over large backgrounds caused by pile up; this has motivated the development of a new generation of jet reconstruction algorithms which are also applicable in the heavy ion environment. We review the latest results on jet-medium interactions as seen in A+A collisions at RHIC, focusing on the new techniques for full jet reconstruction.

  2. On jet structure in heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    I. P. Lokhtin; A. A. Alkin; A. M. Snigirev

    2015-04-19T23:59:59.000Z

    The LHC data on jet fragmentation function and jet shapes in PbPb collisions at center-of-mass energy 2.76 TeV per nucleon pair are analyzed and interpreted in the frameworks of PYQUEN jet quenching model. A specific modification of longitudinal and radial jet profiles in most central PbPb collisions as compared with pp data is close to that obtained with PYQUEN simulations taking into account wide-angle radiative and collisional partonic energy loss. The contribution of radiative and collisional loss to the medium-modified intra-jet structure is estimated.

  3. Jet energy scale setting with "photon+Jet" events at LHC energies. Selection of events with a clean "photon+Jet" topology and photon Pt - jet Pt disbalance

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. V. Bandourin; V. F. Konoplyanikov; N. B. Skachkov

    2001-04-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is shown in the paper that Pt activity limitation (modulus of the vector sum) of all particle beyond "photon+Jet" system Pt^out leads to the noticeable photon Pt - jet Pt disbalance decreasing. On a simultaneous restriction of the cluster Pt and Pt^out from above it is possible to reach an acceptable balance between photon Pt - jet Pt with a sufficient number of the photon Pt - jet Pt events for the jet energy scale setting and hadron calorimeter calibratiom of the CMS detector at LHC.

  4. Laser Created Relativistic Positron Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, H; Wilks, S C; Meyerhofer, D D; Bonlie, J; Chen, C D; Chen, S N; Courtois, C; Elberson, L; Gregori, G; Kruer, W; Landoas, O; Mithen, J; Murphy, C; Nilson, P; Price, D; Scheider, M; Shepherd, R; Stoeckl, C; Tabak, M; Tommasini, R; Beiersdorder, P

    2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Electron-positron jets with MeV temperature are thought to be present in a wide variety of astrophysical phenomena such as active galaxies, quasars, gamma ray bursts and black holes. They have now been created in the laboratory in a controlled fashion by irradiating a gold target with an intense picosecond duration laser pulse. About 10{sup 11} MeV positrons are emitted from the rear surface of the target in a 15 to 22-degree cone for a duration comparable to the laser pulse. These positron jets are quasi-monoenergetic (E/{delta}E {approx} 5) with peak energies controllable from 3-19 MeV. They have temperatures from 1-4 MeV in the beam frame in both the longitudinal and transverse directions. Positron production has been studied extensively in recent decades at low energies (sub-MeV) in areas related to surface science, positron emission tomography, basic antimatter science such as antihydrogen experiments, Bose-Einstein condensed positronium, and basic plasma physics. However, the experimental tools to produce very high temperature positrons and high-flux positron jets needed to simulate astrophysical positron conditions have so far been absent. The MeV temperature jets of positrons and electrons produced in our experiments offer a first step to evaluate the physics models used to explain some of the most energetic phenomena in the universe.

  5. The Disc-Jet Connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ralph E. Pudritz; Robi Banerjee

    2005-07-11T23:59:59.000Z

    A large body of theoretical and computational work shows that jets - modelled as magnetized disk winds - exert an external torque on their underlying disks that can efficiently remove angular momentum and act as major drivers of disk accretion. These predictions have recently been confirmed in direct HST measurements of the jet rotation and angular momentum transport in low mass protostellar systems. We review the theory of disc winds and show that their physics is universal and scales to jets from both low and high mass star forming regions. This explains the observed properties of outflows in massive star forming regions, before the central massive star generates an ultracompact HII region. We also discuss the recent numerical studies on the formation of massive accretion disks and outflows through gravitational collapse, including our own work on 3D Adaptive Mesh simulations (using the FLASH code) of the hydromagnetic collapse of an initial rotating, and cooling Bonner-Ebert sphere. Magnetized collapse gives rise to outflows. Our own simulations show that both a jet-like disk wind on sub AU scales, and a larger scale molecular outflow occur (Banerjee and Pudritz 2005).

  6. Shear Layer Instabilities and Mixing in Variable Density Transverse Jet Flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Getsinger, Daniel

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of the Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .The Variable Density Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . . . .The Single-Phase Jet in Crossflow . . . . . . .

  7. Generation of the magnetic field in jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Urpin

    2006-05-22T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider dynamo action under the combined influence of turbulence and large-scale shear in sheared jets. Shear can stretch turbulent magnetic field lines in such a way that even turbulent motions showing mirror symmetry become suitable for generation of a large-scale magnetic field. We derive the integral induction equation governing the behaviour of the mean field in jets. The main result is that sheared jets may generate a large-scale magnetic field if shear is sufficiently strong. The generated mean field is mainly concentrated in a magnetic sheath surrounding the central region of a jet, and it exhibits sign reversals in the direction of the jet axis. Typically, the magnetic field in a sheath is dominated by the component along the jet that can reach equipartition with the kinetic energy of particles, The field in the central region of jets has a more disordered structure.

  8. Calculating Jet $v_n$ and the Event Plane in the Presence of a Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice Ohlson

    2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Advances in measurements of jets and collective phenomena in ultrarelativistic heavy ion collisions have led to further understanding of the properties of the medium created in such collisions. Measurements of the correlations between the axes of reconstructed jets and the reaction plane or second-order participant plane of the bulk medium (defined as jet $v_2$), as well as the higher-order participant planes (jet $v_n$), provide information on medium-induced parton energy loss. Additionally, knowledge of jet $v_n$ as well as the ability to reconstruct the event plane in the presence of a jet are necessary in analyses of jet-triggered particle correlations, which are used to study medium-induced jet shape modification. However, the presence of a jet can bias the event plane calculation, leading to an overestimation of jet $v_2$. This paper proposes a method for calculating jet $v_2$ (and by extension, the higher jet $v_n$ harmonics) and the event plane in an unbiased way, using knowledge of the azimuthal angle of the jet axis from full jet reconstruction.

  9. Jet Veto Clustering Logarithms Beyond Leading Order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Simone Alioli; Jonathan R. Walsh

    2014-11-23T23:59:59.000Z

    Many experimental analyses separate events into exclusive jet bins, using a jet algorithm to cluster the final state and then veto on jets. Jet clustering induces logarithmic dependence on the jet radius R in the cross section for exclusive jet bins, a dependence that is poorly controlled due to the non-global nature of the clustering. At jet radii of experimental interest, the leading order (LO) clustering effects are numerically significant, but the higher order effects are currently unknown. We rectify this situation by calculating the most important part of the next-to-leading order (NLO) clustering logarithms of R for any 0-jet process, which enter as $O(\\alpha_s^3)$ corrections to the cross section. The calculation blends subtraction methods for NLO calculations with factorization properties of QCD and soft-collinear effective theory (SCET). We compare the size of the known LO and new NLO clustering logarithms and find that the impact of the NLO terms on the 0-jet cross section in Higgs production is small. This brings clustering effects under better control and may be used to improve uncertainty estimates on cross sections with a jet veto.

  10. Jet-hadron correlations in STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice Ohlson; for the STAR Collaboration

    2011-06-29T23:59:59.000Z

    In recent years, the study of dihadron correlations has been one of the primary methods used to investigate the propagation and modification of hard-scattered partons through the QGP. Due to recent advances in jet-finding algorithms, it is now possible to use reconstructed jets in these correlation studies, extending the kinematic reach compared to dihadron analyses. The results of the jet-hadron correlation analysis indicate a broadening and softening of jets that interact with the medium. Jet-hadron correlations can also be used to assess the systematics of other jet-like correlation analyses, such as 2+1 correlations. It is shown that the jets selected in 2+1 correlations are relatively unmodified. Future work will include an analysis of jet-hadron correlations with respect to the event plane to measure the pathlength dependence of parton energy loss. The first steps in this analysis indicate that complications arise when calculating the event plane in the presence of a jet as well as in calculating jet v2. The data analyzed were collected by the STAR detector in sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV Au-Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC).

  11. VELOCITY FIELD OF A ROUND TURBULENT TRANSVERSE JET Suman Muppidi

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    - bulent jet in a laminar crossflow. The velocity ratio is 5.7 and the Reynolds number is 5000. Mean Jets in crossflow, also called `transverse jets' are defined as the flow field where a jet of fluid enters and interacts with a crossflowing fluid. Examples of jets in crossflow are fuel injectors

  12. Fluid jet electric discharge source

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Bender, Howard A. (Ripon, CA)

    2006-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    A fluid jet or filament source and a pair of coaxial high voltage electrodes, in combination, comprise an electrical discharge system to produce radiation and, in particular, EUV radiation. The fluid jet source is composed of at least two serially connected reservoirs, a first reservoir into which a fluid, that can be either a liquid or a gas, can be fed at some pressure higher than atmospheric and a second reservoir maintained at a lower pressure than the first. The fluid is allowed to expand through an aperture into a high vacuum region between a pair of coaxial electrodes. This second expansion produces a narrow well-directed fluid jet whose size is dependent on the size and configuration of the apertures and the pressure used in the reservoir. At some time during the flow of the fluid filament, a high voltage pulse is applied to the electrodes to excite the fluid to form a plasma which provides the desired radiation; the wavelength of the radiation being determined by the composition of the fluid.

  13. Turbulent fluid jet excavation in cohesive soil : with particular application to jet grouting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ho, Chu Eu

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis reviews the jet grouting methodology, and the current state of practice and research. Current methods of prediction of jet grout diameters are highly empirical and site specific, and do not take into account ...

  14. Jet impact on a soap film

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Geoffroy Kirstetter; Christophe Raufaste; Franck Celestini

    2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

    We experimentally investigate the impact of a liquid jet on a soap film. We observe that the jet never breaks the film and that two qualitatively different steady regimes may occur. The first one is a refraction-like behavior obtained at small incidence angles when the jet crosses the film and is deflected by the film-jet interaction. For larger incidence angles, the jet is absorbed by the film, giving rise to a new class of flow in which the jet undulates along the film with a characteristic wavelength. Besides its fundamental interest, this study presents a new way to guide a micro-metric flow of liquid in the inertial regime and to probe foam stability submitted to violent perturbations at the soap film scale.

  15. Radio polarization study in protostellar jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Cécere, Mariana; Araudo, Anabella T; De Colle, Fabio; Esquivel, Alejandro; Carrasco-González, Carlos; Rodríguez, Luis F

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Synchrotron radiation is commonly observed associated with shocks of different velocities, ranging from relativistic shocks associated with, e.g., active galactic nuclei, gamma-ray bursts or microquasars to weakly- or non-relativistic flows as those observed e.g. in supernovae and supernova remnants. Recent observations of polarization in protostellar jets are important not only because they extend the range over which the acceleration process works, but also because they allow to measure directly the jet and interstellar magnetic field structure and intensity, thus giving insights on the jet ejection mechanism itself. In this paper, we compute for the first time polarized (synchrotron) and non polarized (thermal-X-ray) synthetic emission maps from axisymmetrical simulations of magnetized protostellar jets. We consider models with different jet velocities and variability, as well as models with toroidal or helical magnetic field. Our simulations show that variable, low-density jets with velocities ~ 1000km/s ...

  16. Jet Fragmentation via Recombination of Parton Showers

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kyong Chol Han; Rainer J Fries; Che Ming Ko

    2012-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study hadron production in jets by applying quark recombination to jet shower partons. With the jet showers obtained from PYTHIA and augmented by additional non-perturbative effects, we compute hadron spectra in e+ + e-collisions at sqrt(s)=200 GeV. Including contributions from resonance decays, we find that the resulting transverse momentum spectra for pions, kaons, and protons reproduce reasonably those from the string fragmentation as implemented in PYTHIA.

  17. Jet physics in Run 2 at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, R.; /Florida U.

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New CDF Run 2 results on the inclusive jet cross section (K{sub T} algorithm) and the b-jet cross section (MidPoint algorithm) are presented and compared with theory. We also study the ''underlying event'' by using the direction of the leading jet to isolate regions of {eta}-{phi} space that are very sensitive to the ''beam-beam'' remnants and to multiple parton interactions.

  18. Nuclear Composition of Magnetized GRB Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Shibata, Sanshiro

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the fraction of metal nuclei in the relativistic jets of gamma-ray bursts associated with core-collapse supernovae. We simulate the fallback in jet-induced explosions with two-dimensional relativistic hydrodynamics calculations and the jet acceleration with steady, radial, relativistic magnetohydrodynamics calculations, and derive detail nuclear composition of the jet by postprocessing calculation. We found that if the temperature at the jet launch site is above $4.7\\times 10^9$K, quasi-statistical equilibrium (QSE) is established and heavy nuclei are dissociated to light particles such as $^4$He during the acceleration of the jets. The criterion for the survival of metal nuclei is written in terms of the isotropic jet luminosity as $L_{\\rm j}^{\\rm iso} \\lesssim 3.9\\times 10^{50}(R_{\\rm i}/10^7{\\rm cm})^2 (1+\\sigma_{\\rm i})~{\\rm erg~s^{-1}}$, where $R_{\\rm i}$ and $\\sigma_{\\rm i}$ are the initial radius of the jets and the initial magnetization parameter, respectively. If the jet is initially d...

  19. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farrington, Robert B. (Wheatridge, CO)

    1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

  20. Increasing jet entrainment, mixing and spreading

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Farrington, R.B.

    1994-08-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A free jet of air is disturbed at a frequency that substantially matches natural turbulences in the free jet to increase the entrainment, mixing, and spreading of air by the free jet, for example in a room or other enclosure. The disturbances are created by pulsing the flow of air that creates the free jet at the desired frequency. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 11 figs.

  1. Jet Substructure at the Large Hadron Collider

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christopher K. Vermilion

    2011-01-07T23:59:59.000Z

    I explore many aspects of jet substructure at the Large Hadron Collider, ranging from theoretical techniques for jet calculations, to phenomenological tools for better searches with jets, to software for implementing and comparing such tools. I begin with an application of soft-collinear effective theory, an effective theory of QCD applied to high-energy quarks and gluons. This material is taken from Ref. 1, in which we demonstrate factorization and logarithmic resummation for a certain class of observables in electron-positron collisions. I then explore various phenomenological aspects of jet substructure in simulated events. After observing numerous features of jets at hadron colliders, I describe a method -- jet pruning -- for improving searches for heavy particles that decay to one or more jets. This material is a greatly expanded version of Ref. 2. Finally, I give an overview of the software tools available for these kinds of studies, with a focus on SpartyJet, a package for implementing and comparing jet-based analyses I have collaborated on. Several detailed calculations and software examples are given in the appendices. Sections with no new content are italic in the Table of Contents.

  2. Jet substructures of boosted polarized top quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Kitadono; Hsiang-nan Li

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We study jet substructures of a boosted polarized top quark, which undergoes the semileptonic decay $t\\to b\\ell\

  3. PHYSICAL PARAMETERS OF STANDARD AND BLOWOUT JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pucci, Stefano; Romoli, Marco [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Firenze, I-50121 Firenze (Italy); Poletto, Giannina [INAF-Arcetri Astrophysical Observatory, I-50125 Firenze (Italy); Sterling, Alphonse C., E-mail: stpucci@arcetri.astro.it [Space Science Office, NASA/MSFC, Huntsville, Al 35812 (United States)

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The X-ray Telescope on board the Hinode mission revealed the occurrence, in polar coronal holes, of much more numerous jets than previously indicated by the Yohkoh/Soft X-ray Telescope. These plasma ejections can be of two types, depending on whether they fit the standard reconnection scenario for coronal jets or if they include a blowout-like eruption. In this work, we analyze two jets, one standard and one blowout, that have been observed by the Hinode and STEREO experiments. We aim to infer differences in the physical parameters that correspond to the different morphologies of the events. To this end, we adopt spectroscopic techniques and determine the profiles of the plasma temperature, density, and outflow speed versus time and position along the jets. The blowout jet has a higher outflow speed, a marginally higher temperature, and is rooted in a stronger magnetic field region than the standard event. Our data provide evidence for recursively occurring reconnection episodes within both the standard and the blowout jet, pointing either to bursty reconnection or to reconnection occurring at different locations over the jet lifetimes. We make a crude estimate of the energy budget of the two jets and show how energy is partitioned among different forms. Also, we show that the magnetic energy that feeds the blowout jet is a factor of 10 higher than the magnetic energy that fuels the standard event.

  4. Detailed characterization of jets in heavy ion collisions using jet fragmentation functions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ma, Frank Teng

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis the jet fragmentation function of inclusive jets with transverse momentum PT > 100 GeV/c in PbPb collisions is measured for reconstructed charged particles with PT > 1 GeV/c within the jet cone. A data sample ...

  5. The X-ray Jet in Centaurus A: Clues on the Jet Structure and Particle Acceleration

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jun Kataoka; Lukasz Stawarz; Felix Aharonian; Fumio Takahara; Michal Ostrowski; Philip G. Edwards

    2005-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We report detailed studies of the X-ray emission from the kpc scale jet in the nearest active galaxy, Cen A. 41 compact sources were found within the jet, 13 of which were newly identified. We construct the luminosity function for the detected jet-knots and argue that the remaining emission is most likely to be truly diffuse, rather than resulting from the pile-up of unresolved faint knots. The transverse jet profile reveals that the extended emission has the intensity peak at the jet boundaries. We note that limb-brightened jet morphologies have been observed previously at radio frequencies in some jet sources, but never so clearly at higher photon energies. Our result therefore supports a stratified jet model, consisting of a relativistic outflow including a boundary layer with a velocity shear. In addition, we found that the X-ray spectrum of the diffuse component is almost uniform across and along the jet. We discuss this spectral behavior within a framework of shock and stochastic particle acceleration processes. We note some evidence for a possible spectral hardening at the outer sheath of the jet. Due to the limited photon statistics of the present data, further deep observations of Cen A are required to determine the reality of this finding, however we note that the existence of the hard X-ray features at outer jet boundaries would provide an important challenge to theories for the evolution of ultra-relativistic particles within the jets.

  6. Drying characteristics of slot jet reattachment nozzle and comparison with a slot jet nozzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alam, Syed Aftab

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Slot Jet Reattachment (SJR) nozzle is an extension of hics.the Radial Jet Reattachment (RJR) concept used to provide high heat and mass transfer while allowing for the control of flow exerted force on the reattachment surface. The SJR is a slot jet...

  7. MHD jet propagation in the case of DG Tau

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vaidya, Bhargav; Rubini, Francesco; de Colle, Fabio

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of art telescopes. Usually jets are observed in forbiddenlike SII, OII etc. One of the jet studied in great detailsis the DG Tau jet. (Lavalley-Fouquet et al. (2000), Dougados

  8. Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes Cornelia O. Yuen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Smith, Karen E.

    Jet Schemes and Truncated Wedge Schemes by Cornelia O. Yuen A dissertation submitted in partial of jets and arcs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 A higher dimension analog of arcs and jets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3 1.3 History

  9. air jet indentation: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    will take an important place for fluid control. Micro air jets are characterized by their speed, frequency and tilt. Usually, this micro air jets are produced by fluidic...

  10. abrasive water jet: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    to extend the current knowledge of abrasive water jets, by determining the kinetic energy distribution, kinetic energy distribution. NOMENCLATURE AWJ Abrasive water jet CD...

  11. Why Do Disks Form Jets?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D Lynden-Bell

    2002-03-27T23:59:59.000Z

    It is argued that jet modelers have given insufficient study to the natural magneto-static configurations of field wound up in the presence of a confining general pressure. Such fields form towers whose height grows with each twist at a velocity comparable to the circular velocity of the accretion disk that turns them. A discussion of the generation of such towers is preceded by a brief history of the idea that quasars, active galaxies, and galactic nuclei contain giant black holes with accretion disks.

  12. Jet quenching from the lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Panero; Kari Rummukainen; Andreas Schäfer

    2014-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a lattice study of the momentum broadening experienced by a hard parton in the quark-gluon plasma. In particular, the contributions to this real-time phenomenon from soft modes are extracted from a set of gauge-invariant operators in a dimensionally reduced effective theory (electrostatic QCD), which can be simulated on a Euclidean lattice. At the temperatures accessible to present experiments, the soft contributions to the jet quenching parameter are found to be quite large. We compare our results to phenomenological models and to holographic computations.

  13. Viscous boundary layers of radiation-dominated, relativistic jets. II. The free-streaming jet model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Coughlin, Eric R

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the interaction of a radiation-dominated jet and its surroundings using the equations of radiation hydrodynamics in the viscous limit. In a previous paper we considered the two-stream scenario, which treats the jet and its surroundings as distinct media interacting through radiation viscous forces. Here we present an alternative boundary layer model, known as the free-streaming jet model -- where a narrow stream of fluid is injected into a static medium -- and present solutions where the flow is ultrarelativistic and the boundary layer is dominated by radiation. It is shown that these jets entrain material from their surroundings and that their cores have a lower density of scatterers and a harder spectrum of photons, leading to observational consequences for lines of sight that look "down the barrel of the jet." These jetted outflow models may be applicable to the jets produced during long gamma-ray bursts and super-Eddington phases of tidal disruption events.

  14. Miniconference on astrophysical jets P. M. Bellan

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellan, Paul M.

    of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 Received 24 January 2005; accepted 25 February 2005; published online simulations of jets can also be produced by other means besides spheromak technology. In particular, high power pulse lasers can pro- duce hydrodynamically driven jets and Z-pinch wire arrays can produce both

  15. Jet measurements in the STAR experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Bruna; for the STAR Collaboration

    2011-10-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets are produced from hard scatterings in the early stages of heavy-ion collisions, therefore they can be exploited as probes for medium tomography. Such high-$p_T$ partons are expected to suffer energy loss in the hot and dense nuclear medium via gluon radiation or elastic collisions along their path. Jet reconstruction gives access to the kinematics of the hard scattering that produced the jet, improving our understanding of energy loss and its effect on the jet structure. Such measurements are challenging in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC, due to the large background, therefore a precise characterization of the background in Au+Au is needed. We present an overview of the results on jet measurements obtained by the STAR experiment in p+p, d+Au and central Au+Au collisions at 200 GeV. We also present results obtained with reconstructed di-jets and jet-hadron correlations as tools to study the medium effects on jet production.

  16. Jet-hadron correlations in STAR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alice Ohlson; for the STAR Collaboration

    2011-06-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Advancements in full jet reconstruction have made it possible to use jets as triggers in azimuthal angular correlations to study the modification of hard-scattered partons in the medium created in ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions. This increases the range of parton energies accessible in these analyses and improves the signal-to-background ratio compared to dihadron correlations. Results of a systematic study of jet-hadron correlations in central Au-Au collisions at sqrt(s_NN) = 200 GeV are indicative of a broadening and softening of jets which interact with the medium. Furthermore, jet-hadron correlations suggest that the suppression of the associated hadron yield at high-pT is balanced in large part by low-pT enhancement.

  17. $W/Z$ + jets results from CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Camarda, Stefano; /Barcelona, IFAE

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CDF Collaboration has a comprehensive program of studying the production of vector bosons, W and Z, in association with energetic jets. Excellent understanding of the standard model W/Z+jets and W/Z+c,b-jets processes is of paramount importance for the top quark physics and for the Higgs boson and many new physics searches. We review the latest CDF results on Z-boson production in association with inclusive and b-quark jets, study of the p{sub T} balance in Z+jet events, and a measurement of the W+charm production cross section. The results are based on 4-5 fb{sup -1} of data and compared to various Monte Carlo and next-to-leading order perturbative QCD predictions.

  18. Can Protostellar Jets Drive Supersonic Turbulence in Molecular Clouds?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robi Banerjee; Ralf S. Klessen; Christian Fendt

    2007-06-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets and outflows from young stellar objects are proposed candidates to drive supersonic turbulence in molecular clouds. Here, we present the results from multi-dimensional jet simulations where we investigate in detail the energy and momentum deposition from jets into their surrounding environment and quantify the character of the excited turbulence with velocity probability density functions. Our study include jet--clump interaction, transient jets, and magnetised jets. We find that collimated supersonic jets do not excite supersonic motions far from the vicinity of the jet. Supersonic fluctuations are damped quickly and do not spread into the parent cloud. Instead subsonic, non-compressional modes occupy most of the excited volume. This is a generic feature which can not be fully circumvented by overdense jets or magnetic fields. Nevertheless, jets are able to leave strong imprints in their cloud structure and can disrupt dense clumps. Our results question the ability of collimated jets to sustain supersonic turbulence in molecular clouds.

  19. An inkjet vision measurement technique for high-frequency jetting

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kwon, Kye-Si, E-mail: kskwon@sch.ac.kr; Jang, Min-Hyuck; Park, Ha Yeong [Department of Mechanical Engineering, Soonchunhyang University 22, Soonchunhyang-Ro, Shinchang, Asan Chungnam 336-745 (Korea, Republic of); Ko, Hyun-Seok [Department of Electrical and Robot Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, 22, Soonchunhyang-Ro, Shinchang, Asan Chungnam 336-745 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Inkjet technology has been used as manufacturing a tool for printed electronics. To increase the productivity, the jetting frequency needs to be increased. When using high-frequency jetting, the printed pattern quality could be non-uniform since the jetting performance characteristics including the jetting speed and droplet volume could vary significantly with increases in jet frequency. Therefore, high-frequency jetting behavior must be evaluated properly for improvement. However, it is difficult to measure high-frequency jetting behavior using previous vision analysis methods, because subsequent droplets are close or even merged. In this paper, we present vision measurement techniques to evaluate the drop formation of high-frequency jetting. The proposed method is based on tracking target droplets such that subsequent droplets can be excluded in the image analysis by focusing on the target droplet. Finally, a frequency sweeping method for jetting speed and droplet volume is presented to understand the overall jetting frequency effects on jetting performance.

  20. Atmospheric-pressure plasma jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selwyn, Gary S. (Los Alamos, NM)

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Atmospheric-pressure plasma jet. A .gamma.-mode, resonant-cavity plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250.degree. C. at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two concentric cylindrical electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the annular region therebetween. A "jet" of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly shaping the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, no ions survive for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.

  1. Water jet rebounds on hydrophobic surfaces : a first step to jet micro-fluidics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Franck Celestini; R. Kofman; Xavier Noblin; Mathieu Pellegrin

    2010-09-28T23:59:59.000Z

    When a water jet impinges upon a solid surface it produces a so called hydraulic jump that everyone can observe in the sink of its kitchen. It is characterized by a thin liquid sheet bounded by a circular rise of the surface due to capillary and gravitational forces. In this phenomenon, the impact induces a geometrical transition, from the cylindrical one of the jet to the bi-dimensional one of the film. A true jet rebound on a solid surface, for which the cylindrical geometry is preserved, has never been yet observed. Here we experimentally demonstrate that a water jet can impact a solid surface without being destabilized. Depending on the incident angle of the impinging jet, its velocity and the degree of hydrophobicity of the substrate, the jet can i) bounce on the surface with a fixed reflected angle, ii) land on it and give rise to a supported jet or iii) be destabilized, emitting drops. Capillary forces are predominant at the sub-millimetric jet scale considered in this work, along with the hydrophobic nature of the substrate. The results presented in this letter raise the fundamental problem of knowing why such capillary hydraulic jump gives rise to this unexpected jet rebound phenomenon. This study furthermore offers new and promising possibilities to handle little quantity of water through "jet micro-fluidics"

  2. Experimental studies of unbiased gluon jets from $e^{+}e^{-}$ annihilations using the jet boost algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbiendi, G; Ĺkesson, P F; Alexander, G; Allison, J; Amaral, P; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barillari, T; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Büsser, K; Burckhart, H J; Campana, S; Carnegie, R K; Caron, B; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Ciocca, C; Csilling, Akos; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Donkers, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Feld, L; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Günther, P O; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harel, A; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Hensel, C; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Hoffman, K; Horváth, D; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jeremie, H; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J; Karlen, Dean A; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Klein, K; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Komamiya, S; Kormos, L L; Kramer, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Krüger, K; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Layter, J G; Lellouch, D; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Lü, J; Ludwig, A; Ludwig, J; MacPherson, A; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Martin, A J; Masetti, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Moed, S; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Nanjo, H; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, J L; Plane, D E; Poli, B; Polok, J; Pooth, O; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Sobie, R J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spanó, F; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Teuscher, R; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Tran, P; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Vertesi, R; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Waller, D; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wolf, G; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zer-Zion, D; Zivkovic, L

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the first experimental results based on the jet boost algorithm, a technique to select unbiased samples of gluon jets in e+e- annihilations, i.e. gluon jets free of biases introduced by event selection or jet finding criteria. Our results are derived from hadronic Z0 decays observed with the OPAL detector at the LEP e+e- collider at CERN. First, we test the boost algorithm through studies with Herwig Monte Carlo events and find that it provides accurate measurements of the charged particle multiplicity distributions of unbiased gluon jets for jet energies larger than about 5 GeV, and of the jet particle energy spectra (fragmentation functions) for jet energies larger than about 14 GeV. Second, we apply the boost algorithm to our data to derive unbiased measurements of the gluon jet multiplicity distribution for energies between about 5 and 18 GeV, and of the gluon jet fragmentation function at 14 and 18 GeV. In conjunction with our earlier results at 40 GeV, we then test QCD calculations for the en...

  3. Jet Flows Around Microbubbles In Subcooled Boiling , Xiaofeng Pengb

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kihm, IconKenneth David

    Jet Flows Around Microbubbles In Subcooled Boiling Hao Wanga , Xiaofeng Pengb , David M Strong jet flows were observed emanating from micro bubbles on a 100 µm diameter wire during subcooled analysis. The bubble-top jet flows were characterized by a single jet at the bubble top. Both experiments

  4. JET: an Opportunity for the U.S. in the

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET: an Opportunity for the U.S. in the Coming Decade Brett E. Chapman University of Wisconsin, 2000 #12;Introduction -- Premise: JET represents the only opportunity for the U.S. to experimentally issues accessible in JET in the near term -- Also feeds into Question #4: JET DT experiments should

  5. Jet production in ep collisions Pierre Van Mechelen

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jet production in ep collisions Pierre Van Mechelen University of Antwerpen Pierre Outline: Introduction Inclusive jet photoproduction Dijet electroproduction Inclusve jet electroproduction #12; Jet production in ep collisions Pierre Van Mechelen HERA, H1 and ZEUS H1 ZEUS p (920 GeV) e

  6. Jet Reconstruction in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sevil Salur

    2009-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of strong suppression of inclusive hadron distributions and di-hadron correlations at high $p_{T}$, while providing evidence for partonic energy loss, also suffer from geometric biases due to the competition of energy loss and fragmentation. The measurements of fully reconstructed jets is expected to lack these biases as the energy flow is measured independently of the fragmentation details. In this article, we review the recent results from the heavy ion collisions collected by the STAR experiment at RHIC on direct jet reconstruction utilizing the modern sequential recombination and cone jet reconstruction algorithms together with their background subtraction techniques. In order to assess the jet reconstruction biases a comparison with the jet cross section measurement in $\\sqrt{s}=200$ GeV p+p collisions scaled by the number of binary nucleon-nucleon collisions to account for nuclear geometric effects is performed. Comparison of the inclusive jet cross section obtained in central Au+Au events with that in $p+p$ collisions, published previously by STAR, suggests that unbiased jet reconstruction in the complex heavy ion environment indeed may be possible.

  7. Will Jets Identify the Progenitors of Type Ia Supernovae?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mario Livio; Adam Riess; William Sparks

    2002-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We use the fact that a Type Ia supernova has been serendipitously discovered near the jet of the active galaxy 3C 78 to examine the question of whether jets can enhance accretion onto white dwarfs. One interesting outcome of such a jet-induced accretion process is an enhanced rate of novae in the vicinity of jets. We present results of observations of the jet in M87 which appear to have indeed discovered 11 novae in close proximity to the jet. We show that a confirmation of the relation between jets and novae and Type Ia supernovae can finally identify the elusive progenitors of Type Ia supernovae.

  8. Jet physics and the underlying event at the Tevatron

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Field, Rick; /Florida U.

    2005-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tevatron Run 2 results on the inclusive jet cross section (MidPoint and K{sub T} algorithm) and the b-jet and b{bar b}-jet cross section (MidPoint algorithm) are presented and compared with theory. The CDF b-jet {bar b}-jet {Delta}{phi} distribution is compared with theory and with the D0 jet No.1-jet No.2 {Delta}{phi} distribution. The understanding and modeling of the ''underlying event'' in Run 2 at the Tevatron is reviewed and new CDF results are presented.

  9. The interaction between two radial jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gruber, Thomas Clifton

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    impingement surface pressure coefficient for an impinging radial jet Fig. 4 Impingement surface heat transfer comparison between radial jets and an in-line jet Fig. 5 Two -10 deg RJR nozzles Fig. 6 -10 deg RJR nozzle exit surface tangents Fig. 7 Support... are shown in Fig. 5. The exit radius and exit width were r, = 19 mm and b = 2. 54 mm, respectively. The nozzle was constructed from a standard 25. 4 mm pipe with a 27 mm ID and a 33. 3 mm OD, A ring shaped part formed the top of the nozzle...

  10. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cyrus, Jack D. (Corrales, NM); Kadlec, Emil G. (Albuquerque, NM); Klimas, Paul C. (Albuquerque, NM)

    1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the ends thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby inducing stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

  11. Jet spoiler arrangement for wind turbine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Cyrus, J.D.; Kadlec, E.G.; Klimas, P.C.

    1983-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An air jet spoiler arrangement is provided for a Darrieus-type vertical axis wind-powered turbine. Air is drawn into hollow turbine blades through air inlets at the end thereof and is ejected in the form of air jets through small holes or openings provided along the lengths of the blades. The air jets create flow separation at the surfaces of the turbine blades, thereby including stall conditions and reducing the output power. A feedback control unit senses the power output of the turbine and controls the amount of air drawn into the air inlets accordingly.

  12. Jet production in (un)polarized pp collisions: dependence on jet algorithm

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Asmita Mukherjee; Werner Vogelsang

    2012-09-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate single-inclusive high-pT jet production in longitudinally polarized pp collisions at RHIC, with particular focus on the algorithm adopted to define the jets. Following and extending earlier work in the literature, we treat the jets in the approximation that they are rather narrow, in which case analytical results for the corresponding next-to-leading order partonic cross sections can be obtained. This approximation is demonstrated to be very accurate for practically all relevant situations, even at Tevatron and LHC energies. We confront results for cross sections and spin-asymmetries based on using cone- and kt-type jet algorithms. We find that jet cross sections at RHIC can differ significantly depending on the algorithm chosen, but that the spin asymmetries are rather robust. Our results are also useful for matching threshold-resummed calculations of jet cross sections to fixed-order ones.

  13. Company Name: JET--the Japan Exchange and Teaching Program Web Site: www.us.emb-japan.go.jp/JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Hampshire, University of

    Company Name: JET--the Japan Exchange and Teaching Program Web Site: www.us.emb-japan.go.jp/JET and Teaching (JET) Program is a Japanese Government-sponsored program to improve English language education and promote grass-roots level international exchange in Japan. JET is seeking candidates who will hold

  14. Jet mass spectra in Higgs boson plus one jet at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic order

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tackmann, Frank J.

    The invariant mass of a jet is a benchmark variable describing the structure of jets at the LHC. We calculate the jet mass spectrum for Higgs plus one jet at the LHC at next-to-next-to-leading logarithmic (NNLL) order using ...

  15. A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa.

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Nicholson, Sharon E.

    A jet streak circulation associated with a low-latitude jet in the Southern Hemisphere over Africa 2007 #12;2 Abstract In the Southern Hemisphere over Africa a mid-tropospheric easterly jet stream exists during some months that is analogous to the African Easterly Jet over West Africa. In this note

  16. Di-jet hadron pair correlation in a hydrodynamical model with a quenching jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. K. Chaudhuri

    2008-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In jet quenching, a hard QCD parton, before fragmenting into a jet of hadrons, deposits a fraction of its energy in the medium, leading to suppressed production of high-$p_T$ hadrons. Assuming that the deposited energy quickly thermalizes, we simulate the subsequent hydrodynamic evolution of the QGP fluid. Hydrodynamic evolution and subsequent particle emission depend on the jet trajectories. Azimuthal distribution of excess $\\pi^-$ due to quenching jet, averaged over all the trajectories, reasonably well reproduce the di-hadron correlation as measured by the STAR and PHENIX collaboration in central and in peripheral Au+Au collisions.

  17. Drying: a comparison of radial jet reattachment and standard in-line jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Habetz, Darren Keith

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    DRYING; A COMPARISON OF RADIAL JET REATTACHMENT AND STANDARD IN-LINE JETS A Thesis by DARREN KEITH HABETZ Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Major Subject: Mechanical Engineering DRYING; A COMPARISON OF RADIAL JET REATTACHMENT AND STANDARD IN-LINE JETS A Thesis by DARREN KEITH HABETZ Approved as to style and content by: i2, 4. ~~. Robert H. Page (Chair...

  18. Viscosity and jet quenching from holographic model

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yi-hong Gao; Wei-shui Xu; Ding-fang Zeng

    2007-09-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the backreaction of the fundamental flavor degrees of freedom on the AdS$_5$-Schwarz background, and calculate their contributions to the shear viscosity and jet-quenching parameter of the thermal quark-gluon plasma.

  19. Particle acceleration in electron-ion jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. -I. Nishikawa; P. Hardee; C. B. Hededal; G. Richardson; R. Preece; H. Sol; G. J. Fishman; C. Kouvelioutou; Y. Mizuno

    2005-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Weibel instability created in collisionless shocks is responsible for particle (electron, positron, and ion) acceleration. Using a 3-D relativistic electromagnetic particle (REMP) code, we have investigated particle acceleration associated with a relativistic electron-ion jet fronts propagating into an ambient plasma without initial magnetic fields with a longer simulation system in order to investigate nonlinear stage of the Weibel instability and its acceleration mechanism. The current channels generated by the Weibel instability induce the radial electric fields. The z component of the Poynting vector (E x B) become positive in the large region along the jet propagation direction. This leads to the acceleration of jet electrons along the jet. In particular the E x B drift with the large scale current channel generated by the ion Weibel instability accelerate electrons effectively in both parallel and perpendicular directions.

  20. Turbulent round jet under gravity waves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ryu, Yong Uk

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The behavior of a neutrally buoyant horizontal turbulent round jet under a wavy environment was investigated. Progressive waves with different wave amplitudes in an intermediate water depth were used. The Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technique...

  1. Heavy element nucleosynthesis in jets from collapsars

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Fujimoto, Shin-ichirou [Department of Electronic Control, Kumamoto National College of Technology, Kumamoto 861-1102 (Japan); Institut d'Astronomie et d'Astrophysique, Universite libre de Bruxelles, CP226 Boulevard du Triomphe, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Hashimoto, Masa-aki [Department of Physics, School of Sciences, Kyushu University, Fukuoka 810-8560 (Japan); Kotake, Kei [Division of Theoretical Astronomy, National Astronomical Observatory Japan, 2-21-1, Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo, 181-8588 (Japan); Yamada, Shoichi [Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Advanced Research Institute for Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan)

    2007-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate nucleosynthesis in collapsars, based on long-term, magnetohydrodynamic simulations of a rapidly rotating massive star of 40M{center_dot} during the core collapse. We have calculated detailed composition of magnetically driven jets ejected from the collapsars, in which the magnetic fields before the collapse, are uniform and parallel to the rotational axis of the star and the magnitudes of the fields, B0, are 1010 G or 1012 G. We follow the evolution of chemical composition up to about 4000 nuclides inside the jets from the collapse phase to the ejection phase through the jet generation phase with use of a large nuclear reaction network. We find that the r-process successfully operates in the jets from the collapsar of B0 = 1012 G, so that U and Th are synthesized abundantly. Abundance pattern inside the jets is similar to that of r-elements in the solar system. Furthermore, we find that p-nuclei are produced without seed nuclei: not only light p-nuclei, such as 74Se, 78Kr, 84Sr, and 92Mo, but also heavy p-nuclei, 113In, 115Sn, and 138La, can be abundantly synthesized in the jets. The amounts of p-nuclei in the ejecta are much greater than those in core-collapse supernovae (SNe). In particular, 92Mo, 113In, 115Sn, and 138La deficient in the SNe, are significantly produced in the ejecta. On the other hand, in the jets from the collapsar of B0 = 1010 G, the r-process cannot operate and 56Ni, 28Si, 32S, and 4He are abundantly synthesized in the jets, as in ejecta from inner layers of Type II supernovae. An amount of 56Ni is much smaller than that from SN 1987A.

  2. Centrifugally driven electrostatic instability in extragalactic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Z. Osmanov

    2008-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

    The stability problem of the rotation induced electrostatic wave in extragalactic jets is presented. Solving a set of equations describing dynamics of a relativistic plasma flow of AGN jets, an expression of the instability rate has been derived and analyzed for typical values of AGNs. The growth rate was studied versus the wave length and the inclination angle and it has been found that the instability process is much efficient with respect to the accretion disk evolution, indicating high efficiency of the instability.

  3. Stability Properties of Magnetic Tower Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanori Nakamura; Hui Li; Shengtai Li

    2006-08-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Stability properties of ``magnetic tower'' jets propagating in the gravitationally stratified background have been examined by performing three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations. The current-carrying, Poynting flux-dominated magnetic tower jet, which possesses a highly wound helical magnetic field, is subject to the current-driven instability (CDI). We find that, under general physical conditions including small perturbations in the initial background profiles, the propagating magnetic tower jets develop the non-axisymmetric, $m=1$ kink mode of the CDI. The kink mode grows on the local Alfv\\'en crossing time scale. In addition, two types of kink modes appear in the system. At the central region where external thermal pressure confinement is strong, only the internal kink mode is excited and will grow. A large distance away from the central region where the external thermal pressure becomes low, the external kink mode is observed. As a result, the exterior of magnetic tower jets will be deformed into a large-scale wiggled structure. We also discuss extensively the different physical processes that contribute to the overall stability properties of the magnetic tower jets. Specifically, when the jet propagates in an initially unperturbed background, we find that they can survive the kink mode beyond the point predicted by the well-known Kruskal-Shafranov (K-S) criterion. The stabilization in this case comes mainly from the dynamical relaxation of magnetic twists during the propagation of magnetic towers; the magnetic pitch is reduced and the corresponding K-S critical wavelength becomes longer as the tower jet proceeds. Furthermore, we show that the pressure-driven and Kelvin-Helmholtz instabilities do not occur in the magnetic tower jets.

  4. Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, C. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Ryutov, D. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California; Hu, S. [Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Rosenberg, M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Zylstra, A. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Seguin, F. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Frenje, J. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Casey, D. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Gatu Johnson, M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Manuel, M. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Rinderknecht, H. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Petrasso, R. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA (United States). Plasma Science and Fusion Center; Amendt, P. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Park, H. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Remington, B. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Wilks, S. [Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Betti, R. [Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Froula, D. [Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Knauer, J. [Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Meyerhofer, D. [Lab. for Laser Energetics, Univ. of Rochester, NY (United States); Drake, R. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Kuranz, C. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Young, R. [Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States); Koenig, M. [Laboratoire pour l’Utilisation des Lasers Intenses, CNRS–CEA–Université Paris VI–Ecole Polytechnique (France)

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results from 2D hydrodynamic simulations of multistream plasma jets, and also with results from an analytic treatment of electron flow and magnetic field advection. In collisions of two noncollinear jets, the observed flow structure is similar to the analytic model’s prediction of a characteristic feature with a narrow structure pointing in one direction and a much thicker one pointing in the opposite direction. Spontaneous magnetic fields, largely azimuthal around the colliding jets and generated by the well-known ?Te ×?ne Biermann battery effect near the periphery of the laser spots, are demonstrated to be “frozen in” the plasma (due to high magnetic Reynolds number RM ~5×10?) and advected along the jet streamlines of the electron flow. These studies provide novel insight into the interactions and dynamics of colliding plasma jets.

  5. Structure and Dynamics of Colliding Plasma Jets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Li, C.; Ryutov, D.; Hu, S.; Rosenberg, M.; Zylstra, A.; Seguin, F.; Frenje, J.; Casey, D.; Gatu Johnson, M.; Manuel, M.; et al

    2013-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Monoenergetic-proton radiographs of laser-generated, high-Mach-number plasma jets colliding at various angles shed light on the structures and dynamics of these collisions. The observations compare favorably with results from 2D hydrodynamic simulations of multistream plasma jets, and also with results from an analytic treatment of electron flow and magnetic field advection. In collisions of two noncollinear jets, the observed flow structure is similar to the analytic model’s prediction of a characteristic feature with a narrow structure pointing in one direction and a much thicker one pointing in the opposite direction. Spontaneous magnetic fields, largely azimuthal around the colliding jets and generatedmore »by the well-known ?Te ×?ne Biermann battery effect near the periphery of the laser spots, are demonstrated to be “frozen in” the plasma (due to high magnetic Reynolds number RM ~5×10?) and advected along the jet streamlines of the electron flow. These studies provide novel insight into the interactions and dynamics of colliding plasma jets.« less

  6. Jet Production in p-Pb Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Megan Connors; for the ALICE Collaboration

    2014-09-19T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the major results from the study of high energy heavy ion collisions is the observation of jet quenching. The suppression of the number of jets observed in heavy ion collisions relative to pp collisions at the same energy scaled by the number of binary collisions, is attributed to partonic energy loss in the quark gluon plasma (QGP). However, cold nuclear matter effects due to the presence of a nucleus in the initial state could also influence this measurement. To disentangle these effects p-Pb collisions are studied, where QGP formation is not expected to occur and only cold nuclear matter effects are present. In addition to being an important baseline for understanding jet quenching, jets in p-Pb collisions may also be used to provide constraints on the nuclear parton distribution functions. Fully reconstructed jets measured using the ALICE tracking system and electro-magnetic calorimeter in p-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}=5.02$ TeV are reported. In addition to the spectra, studies of the jet fragmentation behavior in p-Pb collisions are also presented.

  7. Azimuthal Jet Tomography at RHIC and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy

    2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Results based on a generic jet-energy loss model that interpolates between running coupling pQCD-based and AdS/CFT-inspired holographic prescriptions are compared to recent data on the high-p_T pion nuclear modification factor and the high-p_T elliptic flow in nuclear collisions at RHIC and LHC. The jet-energy loss model is coupled to various (2+1)d (viscous hydrodynamic) fields. The impact of energy-loss fluctuations is discussed. While a previously proposed AdS/CFT jet-energy loss model with a temperature-independent jet-medium coupling is shown to be inconsistent with the LHC data, we find a rather broad class of jet-energy independent energy-loss models $dE/dx= \\kappa(T) x^z T^{2+z}$ that can account for the current data with different temperature-dependent jet-medium couplings $\\kappa(T)$ and path-length dependence exponents of $0\\le z \\le 2$.

  8. Dark Matter Searches with a Mono-Z' jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yang Bai; James Bourbeau; Tongyan Lin

    2015-04-06T23:59:59.000Z

    We study collider signatures of a class of dark matter models with a GeV-scale dark Z'. At hadron colliders, the production of dark matter particles naturally leads to associated production of the Z', which can appear as a narrow jet after it decays hadronically. Contrary to the usual mono-jet signal from initial state radiation, the final state radiation of dark matter can generate the signature of a mono-Z' jet plus missing transverse energy. Performing a jet-substructure analysis to tag the Z' jet, we show that these Z' jets can be distinguished from QCD jets at high significance. Compared to mono-jets, a dedicated search for mono-Z' jet events can lead to over an order of magnitude stronger bounds on the interpreted dark matter-nucleon scattering cross sections.

  9. Particle multiplicity of unbiased gluon jets from $e^+ e^-$ three-jet events

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbiendi, G; Ĺkesson, P F; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Anagnostou, G; Anderson, K J; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Bailey, I; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Bechtle, P; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bell, P J; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Benelli, G; Bethke, Siegfried; Biebel, O; Bloodworth, Ian J; Boeriu, O; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, H J; Cammin, J; Campana, S; Carnegie, R K; Caron, B; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Couchman, J; Csilling, Akos; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Dallison, S; de Roeck, A; De Wolf, E A; Dervan, P J; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Donkers, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Feld, L; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fleck, I; Ford, M; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Giunta, M; Goldberg, J; Graham, K; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Günther, P O; Sen-Gupta, A; Hajdu, C; Hamann, M; Hanson, G G; Harder, K; Harel, A; Harin-Dirac, M; Hauschild, M; Hauschildt, J; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Hensel, C; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hill, J C; Hoffman, K; Homer, R James; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Ishii, K; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J; Karapetian, G V; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kim, D H; Klein, K; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Kokott, T P; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kramer, T; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Krop, D; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Leins, A; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Lillich, J; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Lü, J; Ludwig, J; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W; Marcellini, S; Marchant, T E; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Masetti, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Méndez-Lorenzo, P; Menges, W; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Moed, S; Mohr, W; Mori, T; Mutter, A; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oh, A; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pahl, C; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poli, B; Polok, J; Pooth, O; Quadt, A; Rabbertz, K; Rembser, C; Renkel, P; Rick, Hartmut; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Roscoe, K; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spagnolo, S; Spanó, F; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Stumpf, L; Surrow, B; Tarem, S; Tasevsky, M; Taylor, R J; Teuscher, R; Thomas, J; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Toya, D; Trefzger, T M; Tricoli, A; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Ujvári, B; Vachon, B; Vollmer, C F; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Vossebeld, Joost Herman; Waller, D; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D; 10.1007/s100520200926

    2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The charged particle multiplicities of two- and three-jet events from the reaction e+e- -> Z0 -> hadrons are measured for Z0 decays to light quark (uds) flavors. Using recent theoretical expressions to account for biases from event selection, results corresponding to unbiased gluon jets are extracted over a range of jet energies from about 11 to 30 GeV. We find consistency between these results and direct measurements of unbiased gluon jet multiplicity from upsilon and Z0 decays. The unbiased gluon jet data including the direct measurements are compared to corresponding results for quark jets. We perform fits based on analytic expressions for particle multiplicity in jets to determine the ratio r = Ng/Nq of multiplicities between gluon and quark jets as a function of energy. We also determine the ratio of slopes, r(1) = (dNg/dy)/(dNq/dy), and of curvatures, r(2) = (d2Ng/dy2)/(d2Nq/dy2), where y specifies the energy scale. At 30 GeV, we find r = 1.422 +/- 0.051, r(1) = 1.761 +/- 0.071 and r(2) = 1.98 +/- 0.13,...

  10. Sound Waves from Quenched Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vladimir Khachatryan; Edward Shuryak

    2011-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Heavy ion collisions at RHIC/LHC energies are well described by the (nearly ideal) hydrodynamics. Last year this success has been extended to higher angular harmonics, $v_n,n=3..9$ induced by initial-state perturbations, in analogy to cosmic microwave background fluctuations. Here we use hydrodynamics to study sound propagation emitted by quenched jets. We use the so called "geometric acoustics" to follow the sound propagation, on top of the expanding fireball. The conical waves, known as "Mach cones", turn out to be strongly distorted. We show that large radial flow makes the observed particle spectra to be determined mostlly by the vicinity of their intersection with the fireball's space-like and time-like freezeout surfaces. We further show how the waves modify the freezeout surfaces and spectra. We end up comparing our calculations to the two-particle correlation functions at RHIC, while emphasizing that studies of dijet events observed at LHC should provide much better test of our theory.

  11. PHOTOSPHERIC EMISSION FROM STRATIFIED JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ito, Hirotaka; Nagataki, Shigehiro; Ono, Masaomi; Lee, Shiu-Hang; Mao, Jirong [Astrophysical Big Bang Laboratory, RIKEN, Saitama 351-0198 (Japan); Yamada, Shoichi [Department of Science and Engineering, Waseda University, 3-4-1 Okubo, Shinjuku, Tokyo 169-8555 (Japan); Pe'er, Asaf [Institute for Theory and Computation, Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics, 60 Garden Street, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Mizuta, Akira [KEK Theory Center, Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Harikae, Seiji, E-mail: hito@yukawa.kyoto-u.ac.jp [Quants Research Department, Financial Engineering Division, Mitsubishi UFJ Morgan Stanley Securities Co., Ltd., Mejirodai Bldg., 3-29-20 Mejirodai, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8688 (Japan)

    2013-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We explore photospheric emissions from stratified two-component jets, wherein a highly relativistic spine outflow is surrounded by a wider and less relativistic sheath outflow. Thermal photons are injected in regions of high optical depth and propagated until the photons escape at the photosphere. Because of the presence of shear in velocity (Lorentz factor) at the boundary of the spine and sheath region, a fraction of the injected photons are accelerated using a Fermi-like acceleration mechanism such that a high-energy power-law tail is formed in the resultant spectrum. We show, in particular, that if a velocity shear with a considerable variance in the bulk Lorentz factor is present, the high-energy part of observed gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) photon spectrum can be explained by this photon acceleration mechanism. We also show that the accelerated photons might also account for the origin of the extra-hard power-law component above the bump of the thermal-like peak seen in some peculiar bursts (e.g., GRB 090510, 090902B, 090926A). We demonstrate that time-integrated spectra can also reproduce the low-energy spectrum of GRBs consistently using a multi-temperature effect when time evolution of the outflow is considered. Last, we show that the empirical E{sub p}-L{sub p} relation can be explained by differences in the outflow properties of individual sources.

  12. MULTIWAVELENGTH OBSERVATIONS OF THE SS 433 JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Marshall, Herman L.; Canizares, Claude R.; Schulz, Norbert S.; Nowak, Michael [Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, 77 Massachusetts Avenue, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Hillwig, Todd [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Valparaiso University, Valparaiso, IN 46383 (United States); Mioduszewski, Amy; Rupen, Michael [NRAO, P.O. Box 2, Socorro, NM 87801 (United States); Heinz, Sebastian, E-mail: hermanm@space.mit.edu, E-mail: crc@space.mit.edu, E-mail: nss@space.mit.edu, E-mail: mnowak@space.mit.edu, E-mail: todd.hillwig@valpo.edu, E-mail: amiodusz@nrao.edu, E-mail: mrupen@aoc.nrao.edu, E-mail: heinzs@astro.wisc.edu [Astronomy Department, 5408 Sterling Hall, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706 (United States)

    2013-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We present observations of the SS 433 jets using the Chandra High Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer with contemporaneous optical and Very Long Baseline Array observations. The X-ray and optical emission line regions are found to be related but not coincident as the optical line emission persists for days while the X-ray emission lines fade in less than 5000 s. The line Doppler shifts from the optical and X-ray lines match well, indicating that they are less than 3 × 10{sup 14} cm apart. The jet Doppler shifts show aperiodic variations that could result from shocks in interactions with the local environment. These perturbations are consistent with a change in jet direction but not jet speed. The proper motions of the radio knots match the kinematic model only if the distance to SS 433 is 4.5 ± 0.2 kpc. Observations during eclipse show that the occulted emission is very hard, seen only above 2 keV and rising to comprise >50% of the flux at 8 keV. The soft X-ray emission lines from the jet are not blocked, constraining the jet length to ?> 2 × 10{sup 12} cm. The base jet density is in the range 10{sup 10-13} cm{sup –3}, in contrast to our previous estimate based on the Si XIII triplet, which is likely to have been affected by UV de-excitation. There is a clear overabundance of Ni by a factor of about 15 relative to the solar value, which may have resulted from an unusual supernova that formed the compact object.

  13. ON THE STRUCTURE AND STABILITY OF MAGNETIC TOWER JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Huarte-Espinosa, M.; Frank, A.; Blackman, E. G. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Rochester, 600 Wilson Boulevard, Rochester, NY 14627-0171 (United States); Ciardi, A. [LERMA, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Observatoire de Paris, F-92195 Meudon (France); Hartigan, P. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rice University, 6100 S. Main, Houston, TX 77521-1892 (United States); Lebedev, S. V.; Chittenden, J. P. [Blackett Laboratory, Imperial College London, SW7 2BW London (United Kingdom)

    2012-09-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Modern theoretical models of astrophysical jets combine accretion, rotation, and magnetic fields to launch and collimate supersonic flows from a central source. Near the source, magnetic field strengths must be large enough to collimate the jet requiring that the Poynting flux exceeds the kinetic energy flux. The extent to which the Poynting flux dominates kinetic energy flux at large distances from the engine distinguishes two classes of models. In magneto-centrifugal launch models, magnetic fields dominate only at scales {approx}< 100 engine radii, after which the jets become hydrodynamically dominated (HD). By contrast, in Poynting flux dominated (PFD) magnetic tower models, the field dominates even out to much larger scales. To compare the large distance propagation differences of these two paradigms, we perform three-dimensional ideal magnetohydrodynamic adaptive mesh refinement simulations of both HD and PFD stellar jets formed via the same energy flux. We also compare how thermal energy losses and rotation of the jet base affects the stability in these jets. For the conditions described, we show that PFD and HD exhibit observationally distinguishable features: PFD jets are lighter, slower, and less stable than HD jets. Unlike HD jets, PFD jets develop current-driven instabilities that are exacerbated as cooling and rotation increase, resulting in jets that are clumpier than those in the HD limit. Our PFD jet simulations also resemble the magnetic towers that have been recently created in laboratory astrophysical jet experiments.

  14. Control of the microclimate around the head with opposing jet local ventilation

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, Chonghui; Higuchi, Hiroshi; Arens, Edward; Zhang, Hui Ph.D

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    of opposing jet local ventilation. AIAA 2009 Region I-NEHead with Opposing Jet Local Ventilation Chonghui Liu 1,* ,

  15. Elucidating Jet Energy Loss in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    N. Grau; for the ATLAS Collaboration

    2008-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Very soon the LHC will provide beams for heavy ion collisions at 5.52 TeV/nucleon. This center-of-mass energy results in a large cross-section for producing high-$E_T$ ($>$ 50 GeV) jets that are distinct from the soft, underlying event. This brings with it the possibility of performing full jet reconstruction to directly study jet energy loss in the medium produced in heavy ion collisions. In this note, we present the current state of jet reconstruction performance studies in heavy ion events using the ATLAS detector. We also discuss the possibilities of energy loss measurements available with full jet reconstruction: single jet $R_{AA}$ and di-jet and $\\gamma$-jet correlations.

  16. Feedback control of flow separation using synthetic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Kihwan

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The primary goal of this research is to assess the effect of synthetic jets on flow separation and provide a feedback control strategy for flow separation using synthetic jets. The feedback control synthesis is conducted based upon CFD simulation...

  17. Jet Areas, and What They are Good For

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matteo Cacciari

    2007-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We introduce the concept of the area of a jet, and show how it can be used to perform the subtraction of even a large amount of diffuse noise from hard jets.

  18. Images in Emergency Medicine: Irritant Contact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Trigger, Christopher C; Eilbert, Wesley

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    and penetration of JP-8 jet fuel and its components. Toxicoland other kerosene-based fuels have been shown to cause skinContact Dermatitis from Jet Fuel Christopher C. Trigger, MD

  19. Active noise control of supersonic impinging jet using pulsed microjets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hong, Seung Hyuck

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis concerns an active noise control of supersonic impinging jet flow using unsteady microjet injection. Supersonic impinging jet involves several problems such as lift loss, ground erosion, significant noise ...

  20. Extragalactic jets on subpc and large scales

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Tavecchio

    2007-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    Jets can be probed in their innermost regions (d~0.1 pc) through the study of the relativistically-boosted emission of blazars. On the other extreme of spatial scales, the study of structure and dynamics of extragalactic relativistic jets received renewed impulse after the discovery, made by Chandra, of bright X-ray emission from regions at distances larger than hundreds of kpc from the central engine. At both scales it is thus possible to infer some of the basic parameters of the flow (speed, density, magnetic field intensity, power). After a brief review of the available observational evidence, I discuss how the comparison between the physical quantities independently derived at the two scales can be used to shed light on the global dynamics of the jet, from the innermost regions to the hundreds of kpc scale.

  1. Jet Structure in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jean-Paul Blaizot; Yacine Mehtar-Tani

    2015-03-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent theoretical developments in the study of the structure of jets that are produced in ultra relativistic heavy ion collisions. The core of the review focusses on the dynamics of the parton cascade that is induced by the interactions of a fast parton crossing a quark-gluon plasma. We recall the basic mechanisms responsible for medium induced radiation, underline the rapid disappearance of coherence effects, and the ensuing probabilistic nature of the medium induced cascade. We discuss how large radiative corrections modify the classical picture of the gluon cascade, and how these can be absorbed in a renormalization of the jet quenching parameter $\\hat q $. Then, we analyze the (wave)-turbulent transport of energy along the medium induced cascade, and point out the main characteristics of the angular structure of such a cascade. Finally, color decoherence of the in-cone jet structure is discussed. Modest contact with phenomenology is presented towards the end of the review.

  2. On the Misalignment of Jets in Microquasars

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas J. Maccarone

    2002-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the timescales for alignment of black hole and accretion disc spins in the context of binary systems. We show that for black holes that are formed with substantial angular momentum, the alignment timescales are likely to be at least a substantial fraction of the systems' lifetimes. This result explains the observed misalignment of the disc and the jet in the microquasar GRO J 1655-40 and in SAX J 1819-2525 as being likely due to the Bardeen-Petterson effect. We discuss the implications of these results on the mass estimate for GRS 1915+105, which has assumed the jet is perpendicular to the orbital plane of the system and may hence be an underestimate. We show that the timescales for the spin alignment in Cygnus X-3 are consistent with the likely misalignment of disc and jet in that system, and that this is suggested by the observational data.

  3. Stability of a jet in crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ilak, Miloš; Bagheri, Shervin; Chevalier, Mattias; Henningson, Dan S

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We have produced a fluid dynamics video with data from Direct Numerical Simulation (DNS) of a jet in crossflow at several low values of the velocity inflow ratio R. We show that, as the velocity ratio R increases, the flow evolves from simple periodic vortex shedding (a limit cycle) to more complicated quasi-periodic behavior, before finally exhibiting asymmetric chaotic motion. We also perform a stability analysis just above the first bifurcation, where R is the bifurcation parameter. Using the overlap of the direct and the adjoint eigenmodes, we confirm that the first instability arises in the shear layer downstream of the jet orifice on the boundary of the backflow region just behind the jet.

  4. Jet Structure in Heavy Ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Blaizot, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We review recent theoretical developments in the study of the structure of jets that are produced in ultra relativistic heavy ion collisions. The core of the review focusses on the dynamics of the parton cascade that is induced by the interactions of a fast parton crossing a quark-gluon plasma. We recall the basic mechanisms responsible for medium induced radiation, underline the rapid disappearance of coherence effects, and the ensuing probabilistic nature of the medium induced cascade. We discuss how large radiative corrections modify the classical picture of the gluon cascade, and how these can be absorbed in a renormalization of the jet quenching parameter $\\hat q $. Then, we analyze the (wave)-turbulent transport of energy along the medium induced cascade, and point out the main characteristics of the angular structure of such a cascade. Finally, color decoherence of the in-cone jet structure is discussed. Modest contact with phenomenology is presented towards the end of the review.

  5. Formation of relativistic jets by collapsing stars to black holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. Kryvdyk

    2007-03-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Formation of relativistic jets in the magnetosphere of collapsing stars is considered. These jets will be formed in the polar caps of magnetosphere of collapsing star, where the stellar magnetic field increases during the collapse and the charged particles are accelerated. The jets will generate non-thermal radiation. The analysis of dynamics and emission of particles in the stellar magnetosphere under collapse shows that collapsing stars can by powerful sources of relativistic jets.

  6. On the Counter-jet Emission in GRB Afterglows

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Wang Xin; Huang, Y. F. [Department of Astronomy, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093 (China)

    2010-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the dynamical evolution of double-sided jets and present detailed numerical studies on the emission from the receding jet of gamma-ray bursts. It is found that the receding jet emission is generally very weak and only manifests as a plateau in the late time radio afterglow light curves. Additionally, we find that the effect of synchrotron self-absorption can influence the peak time of the receding jet emission significantly.

  7. Gauge/gravity duality and jets in strongly coupled plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paul M. Chesler

    2009-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss jets in strongly coupled N = 4 supersymmetric Yang-Mills plasma and their dual gravitational description.

  8. QCD Jet Rates with the Inclusive Generalized kt Algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Erik Gerwick; Ben Gripaios; Steffen Schumann; Bryan Webber

    2013-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We derive generating functions, valid to next-to-double logarithmic accuracy, for QCD jet rates according to the inclusive forms of the kt, Cambridge/Aachen and anti-kt algorithms, which are equivalent at this level of accuracy. We compare the analytical results with jet rates and average jet multiplicities from the SHERPA event generator, and study the transition between Poisson-like and staircase-like behaviour of jet ratios.

  9. High pressure water jet mining machine

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Barker, Clark R. (Rolla, MO)

    1981-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    A high pressure water jet mining machine for the longwall mining of coal is described. The machine is generally in the shape of a plowshare and is advanced in the direction in which the coal is cut. The machine has mounted thereon a plurality of nozzle modules each containing a high pressure water jet nozzle disposed to oscillate in a particular plane. The nozzle modules are oriented to cut in vertical and horizontal planes on the leading edge of the machine and the coal so cut is cleaved off by the wedge-shaped body.

  10. Screening of Hydrocarbon Sources in JET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    J.D. Strachan; W. Fundamenski; M. Charlet; K. Erents; J. Gafert; C. Giroud; M. von Hellermann; G. Matthews; G. McCracken; V. Philipps; J. Spence; M.F. Stamp; K-D. Zastrow; and EFDA-JET Work Programme Collaborators

    2001-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Carbon is the principal impurity in the Joint European Torus (JET). Methane screening experiments quantify the ability of the scrape-off layer (SOL)/divertor system to ionize carbon and transport it to the divertor, preventing core plasma contamination. Previous JET publications studied edge-localized-mode-averaged high-confinement mode screening, and separately, evaluated the methodology of low-confinement mode (L-mode) screening measurements. This paper extends the L-mode measurements to include relevant plasma parameter scans and DIVIMP modeling of the L-mode screening.

  11. THE HELICAL JET OF THE VELA PULSAR

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Durant, Martin; Kargaltsev, Oleg [University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL (United States)] [University of Florida, 211 Bryant Space Science Center, Gainesville, FL (United States); Pavlov, George G. [Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA (United States)] [Pennsylvania State University, 525 Davey Lab, University Park, PA (United States); Kropotina, Julia; Levenfish, Kseniya, E-mail: mdurant@sri.utoronto.ca [St.-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytekhnicheskaya ul. 29, St.-Petersburg, 195251 (Russian Federation)] [St.-Petersburg State Polytechnical University, Polytekhnicheskaya ul. 29, St.-Petersburg, 195251 (Russian Federation)

    2013-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We have studied the fascinating dynamics of the nearby Vela pulsar's nebula in a campaign comprising 11 40 ks observations with the Chandra X-Ray Observatory. The deepest images yet revealed the shape, structure, and motion of the 2 arcmin long pulsar jet. We find that the jet's shape and dynamics are remarkably consistent with those of a steadily turning helix projected on the sky. We discuss possible implications of our results, including free precession of the neutron star and MHD instability scenarios.

  12. Cascade impactor and jet plate for same

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Dahlin, Robert S.; Farthing, William E.; Landham Jr., Edward C.

    2004-02-03T23:59:59.000Z

    A sampling system and method for sampling particulate matter from a high-temperature, high-pressure gas stream. A cyclone sampler for use at high temperatures and pressures, and having threadless sacrificial connectors is disclosed. Also disclosed is an improved cascade impactor including jet plates with integral spacers, and alignment features provided for aligning the jet plates with their associated collection substrates. An activated bauxite alkali collector is disclosed, and includes an alumina liner. The sampling system can be operated remotely or locally, and can be permanently installed or configured as a portable system.

  13. Enhancement of wall jet transport properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Claunch, Scott D. (Broomfield, CO); Farrington, Robert B. (Golden, CO)

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    By enhancing the natural instabilities in the boundary layer and in the free shear layer of a wall jet, the boundary is minimized thereby increasing the transport of heat and mass. Enhancing the natural instabilities is accomplished by pulsing the flow of air that creates the wall jet. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct.

  14. Investigating jet quenching on the lattice

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Marco Panero; Kari Rummukainen; Andreas Schäfer

    2014-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Due to the dynamical, real-time, nature of the phenomenon, the study of jet quenching via lattice QCD simulations is not straightforward. In this contribution, however, we show how one can extract information about the momentum broadening of a hard parton moving in the quark-gluon plasma, from lattice calculations. After discussing the basic idea (originally proposed by Caron-Huot), we present a recent study, in which we estimated the jet quenching parameter non-perturbatively, from the lattice evaluation of a particular set of gauge-invariant operators.

  15. Gamma-Ray Bursts: Jets and Energetics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. A. Frail

    2003-11-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The relativistic outflows from gamma-ray bursts are now thought to be narrowly collimated into jets. After correcting for this jet geometry there is a remarkable constancy of both the energy radiated by the burst and the kinetic energy carried by the outflow. Gamma-ray bursts are still the most luminous explosions in the Universe, but they release energies that are comparable to supernovae. The diversity of cosmic explosions appears to be governed by the fraction of energy that is coupled to ultra-relativistic ejecta.

  16. Dense, vertical jet in stagnant homogeneous fluid

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vergara, Ignacio

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ~ip t The laboratory equipment for the experiment consisted of a receiving tank, an auxiliary tank for the PreParation of the jet fluid and mixing of the dye, a pumping system, a concentration measurement system and photographic equip- ment. The receiving tank... of ejected brine = 1Os O/Tank capacity Jet or nozzle diamter Total water depth [in model is tank depth (l. 22 m)] Thickness of the dense layer a L the bottom Water depth at the nozzle F2 Fr Negative b Densimetri Accelerati (9. 8 m/sec xDz uoyancy...

  17. Enhancement of wall jet transport properties

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Claunch, S.D.; Farrington, R.B.

    1997-02-04T23:59:59.000Z

    By enhancing the natural instabilities in the boundary layer and in the free shear layer of a wall jet, the boundary is minimized thereby increasing the transport of heat and mass. Enhancing the natural instabilities is accomplished by pulsing the flow of air that creates the wall jet. Such pulsing of the flow of air can be accomplished by sequentially occluding and opening a duct that confines and directs the flow of air, such as by rotating a disk on an axis transverse to the flow of air in the duct. 17 figs.

  18. A study of the self-oscillating jet impingement nozzle

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chinnock, Paul Scott

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In line jets are used throughout industry for drying and heat transfer. A simple modification to an in line jet offers significant enhancement of transport properties. The addition of a collar to an in line jet exit introduces an acoustic standing...

  19. MULTI-JET HIGGSSTRAHLUNG ANALYSIS MICHAEL T. RONAN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    MULTI-JET HIGGSSTRAHLUNG ANALYSIS MICHAEL T. RONAN LBNL, Berkeley, CA 94720, USA An analysis of multi-jet Higgsstrahlung signal and backgrounds is presented for events generated by Pandora, Pythia;orts are compared within a common Java framework. A preliminary result on the expected multi-jet Higgs

  20. POYNTING JETS FROM ACCRETION DISKS R. V. E. Lovelace,1

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    for the understanding of the jets from active galactic nuclei, microquasars, and possibly gamma-ray burst sources by the electromagnetic field, which is relevant to extragalactic and microquasar jets and possibly to gamma-ray burst- sion-line jets are seen in young stellar objects (Mundt 1985; Bu¨ehrke, Mundt, & Ray 1988). Recent work

  1. Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Favre, Charles - Institut de Mathématiques de Jussieu, Université Paris 7

    Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA April 9, 2013 Abstract We prove that for m N, m big enough, the number of irreducible components of the schemes of m-jets centered of the jet schemes of an E6 singularity to its "minimal" embedded resolutions of singularities. 1

  2. Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein MOURTADA September 30, 2012 Abstract We prove that for m N, m big enough, the number of irreducble components of the schemes of m-jets centered of the jet schemes of an E6 singularity to its "minimal" embedded resolutions of singularities. 1

  3. Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein Mourtada

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bodin, Arnaud

    Jet schemes of rational double point singularities Hussein Mourtada Abstract. We prove that for m N, m big enough, the number of irreducible compo- nents of the schemes of m-jets centered at a point on the minimal reso- lution of the singularity. We also relate some irreducible components of the jet schemes

  4. Direct Numerical Simulations and Modeling of Jets in Crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    Direct Numerical Simulations and Modeling of Jets in Crossflow A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY. i #12;To my parents and my grandparents, and to Ramnath ii #12;Abstract Jets in crossflow are used to study the different aspects of round jets in a crossflow. The first problem studies

  5. Simulations of High Speed Turbulent Jets in Crossflow Xiaochuan Chai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    Simulations of High Speed Turbulent Jets in Crossflow Xiaochuan Chai and Krishnan Mahesh-expanded sonic jet injected into a supersonic crossflow and an over-expanded supersonic jet injected into a subsonic crossflow. A finite volume compressible Navier­Stokes solver developed by Park & Mahesh (2007

  6. Simulations of High Speed Turbulent Jets in Crossflows Xiaochuan Chai

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    Simulations of High Speed Turbulent Jets in Crossflows Xiaochuan Chai and Krishnan Mahesh-expanded sonic jet injected into a supersonic crossflow and an over-expanded supersonic jet injected into a subsonic crossflow, where the flow conditions are based on Santiago et al.'s (1997) and Beresh et al

  7. Studying Z/gamma*+Jet Production

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nilsen, Henrik Wold; /Freiburg U.

    2009-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of jets in association with a Z/{gamma}* boson is an example of an important class of processes at hadron colliders, namely vector boson + jet (V + jet) production. Comparisons of measurements of this class of processes with theory predictions constitute an important, fundamental test of the Standard Model of particle physics, and of the theory of QCD in particular. While having a smaller cross section than other V +jet processes, Z/{gamma}*({yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) + jets production, with Z/{gamma}* {yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}/{mu}{sup +}{mu}{sup -}, has a distinct experimental signature allowing for measurements characterized by low backgrounds and a direct, precise measurement of the properties of the decay products of the Z/{gamma}* boson. In this thesis, several new measurements of the properties of jets produced in association with a Z/{gamma}* boson in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV are presented. The cross section for Z/{gamma}*({yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) + N jet production (N {le} 3) is measured, differential in the transverse momentum of the Nth jet in the event, normalized to the inclusive Z/{gamma}* cross section. Also, the cross section for Z/{gamma}*({yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) + N jets (N {ge} 1) is measured, differential in the difference in azimuthal angle between the di-electron system and any jet in the event, normalized to unity. The data used in the measurements were collected by the D0 experiment located at the Tevatron Collider of the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 1.04 fb{sup -1}. The measured jet transverse momentum spectra are compared with the predictions of perturbative calculations at the next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant. Given the low sensitivity of the calculations to model parameters, these comparisons represent a stringent test of perturbative QCD. One of the main goals currently being pursued in particle physics is the discovery of the only particle predicted by the Standard Model which has so far no been detected experimentally, namely the Higgs boson. It is assumed that the ATLAS and CMS experiments located at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), a proton-proton collider at {radical}s = 14 TeV, will be able to detect the Higgs boson, or rule out its existence, within the next few years. The collisions delivered by the LHC will also be used to perform a long range of searches for other new particles, for instance particles predicted by models based on the principle of supersymmetry. The associated production of vector bosons with jets has relatively large production rates at the LHC and can produce a long list of different final states which can include charged leptons, missing transverse energy, as well as light- and heavy-flavour jets. This makes V + jet production a major source of background events to many searches for new particles. Most techniques used for estimating the expected number of background events to searches rely on passing the stable final-state particles of simulated hadron collisions generated using a so-called event generator code, through a simulation of the experimental detector system. The development of event generators which are capable of reliably predicting the properties of jets produced in association with a core process, e.g. the production of a vector boson, has been the subject of a large amount of research activity during the last ten years. These efforts have led to the appearance of the CKKW and MLM algorithms which are implemented in several event generators, among them SHERPA and ALPGEN + PYTHIA. The large data sample collected by the D0 experiment during Run II offers an excellent opportunity for validating these new event generators against experimental measurements of V + jet production. As argued above, the Z/{gamma}*({yields} e{sup +}e{sup -}) + jets process offers the combination of a clean experimental signature and large production rates, making it the process of choice for these studies.

  8. Two-loop Jet-Function and Jet-Mass for Top Quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ambar Jain; Ignazio Scimemi; Iain W. Stewart

    2008-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We compute the two-loop heavy quark jet-function in the heavy quark limit. This is one of the key ingredients in next-to-next-to-leading order (NNLO) and next-to-next-to-leading-log order (NNLL) computations of the invariant mass distribution of top-jets at a future e+e- collider. The shape of the top invariant mass distribution is affected by large logs which we compute at NNLL order. Exploiting the non-abelian exponentiation theorem, a definition of the top jet-mass is given which is transitive and whose renormalization group evolution is determined by the cusp-anomalous dimension to all orders in perturbation theory. Relations of the jet-mass to the pole, MSbar, and 1S masses are presented at two-loop order.

  9. ZZ jet and Graviton jet at NLO QCD: recent applications using GOLEM methods

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Karg, Stefan; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Binoth, Thomas; Gleisberg, Tanju; /SLAC; Kauer, Nikolas; /Royal Holloway, U. of London; Sanguinetti, Gregory; /Savoie U.; Kramer, Michael; /Aachen, Tech. Hochsch.; Li, Qiang; /PSI, Villigen; Zeppenfeld, Dieter; /Karlsruhe U., ITP

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    In this talk we discuss recent progress concerning precise predictions for hadron colliders. We show results of two applications of tensor reduction using GOLEM methods: the next-to-leading order (NLO) corrections to pp {yields} ZZ + jet as an important background for Higgs particle and new physics searches at hadron colliders, and the NLO corrections to graviton plus jet hadroproduction, which is an important channel for graviton searches at the Tevatron and the LHC.

  10. Inclusive jet cross section measurement at D0

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. Voutilainen

    2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new preliminary measurement of the inclusive jet cross section in pp-bar collisions based on a integrated luminosity of about 0.8 fb-1. The data were acquired using the D0 detector between 2002 and 2005. Jets are reconstructed using an iterative cone algorithm with radius R_cone = 0.7. The inclusive jet cross section is presented as a function of transverse jet momentum and rapidity. Predictions from perturbative QCD in next-to-leading order, plus threshold corrections in 2-loop accuracy describe the shape in the transverse jet momentum.

  11. Jet Multiplicity in Top-Quark Pair Events at CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Descroix for the CMS Collaboration

    2014-11-11T23:59:59.000Z

    The normalised differential top quark-antiquark production cross section is measured as a function of the jet multiplicity. Using a procedure to associate jets to decay products of the top quarks, the differential cross section of the ttbar production is determined as a function of the additional jet multiplicity. The fraction of events with no additional jets is measured as a function of the threshold required for the transverse momentum of the additional jet. The measurements are compared with predictions from perturbative quantum chromodynamics and no significant deviations are observed.

  12. Jet Analysis in Heavy Ion Collisions in CMS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M. B. Tonjes; for the CMS collaboration

    2008-10-17T23:59:59.000Z

    At the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider, jets have been a useful tool to probe the properties of the hot, dense matter created. At the Large Hadron Collider, collisions of Pb+Pb at $\\sqrt{s_{NN}}$ = 5.5 TeV will provide a large cross section of jets at high $E_T$ above the minimum bias heavy ion background. Simulations of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) experiment's capability to measure jets in heavy ion collisions are presented. In particular, $\\gamma$-jet measurements can estimate the amount of energy lost by a jet interacting strongly with the medium, since the tagged photon passes through unaffected.

  13. Probing nuclear matter with jet conversions 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W.; Fries, Rainer J.

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    present some estimates for the rate of jet conversions in a consistent Fokker-Planck framework and their impact on future high-p(T) identified hadron measurements at RHIC and LHC. We also suggest some novel observables to test flavor effects....

  14. HOT ELECTROMAGNETIC OUTFLOWS. II. JET BREAKOUT

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Russo, Matthew [Department of Physics, University of Toronto, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 1A7 (Canada); Thompson, Christopher [Canadian Institute for Theoretical Astrophysics, 60 St. George Street, Toronto, ON M5S 3H8 (Canada)

    2013-08-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the interaction between radiation, matter, and a magnetic field in a compact, relativistic jet. The entrained matter accelerates outward as the jet breaks out of a star or other confining medium. In some circumstances, such as gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), the magnetization of the jet is greatly reduced by an advected radiation field while the jet is optically thick to scattering. Where magnetic flux surfaces diverge rapidly, a strong outward Lorentz force develops and radiation and matter begin to decouple. The increase in magnetization is coupled to a rapid growth in Lorentz factor. We take two approaches to this problem. The first examines the flow outside the fast magnetosonic critical surface, and calculates the flow speed and the angular distribution of the radiation field over a range of scattering depths. The second considers the flow structure on both sides of the critical surface in the optically thin regime, using a relaxation method. In both approaches, we find how the terminal Lorentz factor and radial profile of the outflow depend on the radiation intensity and optical depth at breakout. The effect of bulk Compton scattering on the radiation spectrum is calculated by a Monte Carlo method, while neglecting the effects of internal dissipation. The peak of the scattered spectrum sits near the seed peak if radiation pressure dominates the acceleration, but is pushed to a higher frequency if the Lorentz force dominates. The unscattered seed radiation can form a distinct, low-frequency component of the spectrum, especially if the magnetic Poynting flux dominates.

  15. NLO Vector Boson Production With Light Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bern, Z.; Diana, G.; Dixon, L.J.; Febres Cordero, F.; Forde, D.; Gleisberg, T.; Hoeche, S.; Ita, H.; Kosower, D.A.; Maitre, D.; Ozeren, K.

    2012-02-15T23:59:59.000Z

    In this contribution we present recent progress in the computation of next-to-leading order (NLO) QCD corrections for the production of an electroweak vector boson in association with jets at hadron colliders. We focus on results obtained using the virtual matrix element library BlackHat in conjunction with SHERPA, focusing on results relevant to understanding the background to top production. The production of a vector boson in association with several jets at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is an important background for other Standard Model processes as well as new physics signals. In particular, the production of a W boson in association with many jets is an important background for processes involving one or more top quarks. Precise predictions for the backgrounds are crucial to measurement of top-quark processes. Vector boson production in association with multiple jets is also a very important background for many SUSY searches, as it mimics the signatures of many typical decay chains. Here we will discuss how polarization information can be used as an additional handle to differentiate top pair production from 'prompt' W-boson production. More generally, ratios of observables, for example for events containing a W boson versus those containing a Z boson, are expected to be better-behaved as many uncertainties cancel in such ratios. Precise calculation of ratios, along with measurement of one of the two processes in the ratio, can be used in data-driven techniques for estimating backgrounds.

  16. Multi Jet Production at High Q2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Thomas Kluge

    2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Deep-inelastic $e^+p$ scattering data, taken with the H1 detector at HERA, are used to investigate jet production over a range of four-momentum transfers $150 < Q^2 < 15000 \\mathrm{GeV}^2$ and transverse jet energies $5 < E_T < 50 \\mathrm{GeV}$. The analysis is based on data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of $\\mathcal{L}_\\mathrm{int} = 65.4 \\mathrm{pb}^{-1}$ taken in the years 1999-2000 at a centre-of-mass energy $\\sqrt{s} \\approx 319 \\mathrm{GeV}$. Jets are defined by the inclusive $k_t$ algorithm in the Breit frame of reference. Dijet and trijet jet cross sections are measured with respect to the exchanged boson virtuality and in addition the ratio of the trijet to the dijet cross section $R_{3/2}$ is investigated. The results are compared to the predictions of perturbative QCD calculations in next-to-leading order in the strong coupling constant $\\alpha_s$. The value of $\\alpha_s(m_Z)$ determined from the study of $R_{3/2}$ is $\\alpha_s(m_Z) = 0.1175 \\pm 0.0017 (\\mathrm{stat.}) \\pm 0.0050 (\\mathrm{syst.}) ^{+0.0054}_{-0.0068} (\\mathrm{theo.})$.

  17. MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    MEDIA RELATIONS OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL FROM SHATTERED STAR The signal of a cataclysmic magnetic flare emanating from a star that cracked apart about some of the most unusual stars in the universe. The magnetic burst from the star SGR1900

  18. PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Christian, Eric

    PUBLIC INFORMATION OFFICE JET PROPULSION LABORATORY CALIFORNIA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY NATIONAL are above the current sheet, they detect magnetic fields directed outward from the sun. When spacecraft observing magnetic field lines pointing inward only," Marsden said. A pair of magnetometers, each able

  19. Jet Vetoes Interfering with H->WW

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ian Moult; Iain W. Stewart

    2014-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

    Far off-shell Higgs production in $H \\rightarrow WW,ZZ$, is a particularly powerful probe of Higgs properties, allowing one to disentangle Higgs width and coupling information unavailable in on-shell rate measurements. These measurements require an understanding of the cross section in the far off-shell region in the presence of realistic experimental cuts. We analytically study the effect of a $p_T$ jet veto on far off-shell cross sections, including signal-background interference, by utilizing hard functions in the soft collinear effective theory that are differential in the decay products of the $W/Z$. Summing large logarithms of $\\sqrt{\\hat s}/p_T^{veto}$, we find that the jet veto induces a strong dependence on the partonic centre of mass energy, $\\sqrt{\\hat s}$, and modifies distributions in $\\sqrt{\\hat s}$ or $M_T$. The example of $gg\\rightarrow H \\rightarrow WW$ is used to demonstrate these effects at next to leading log order. We also discuss the importance of jet vetoes and jet binning for the recent program to extract Higgs couplings and widths from far off-shell cross sections.

  20. AGN Jet Mass Loading and Truncation by Stellar Winds

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Hubbard; Eric G. Blackman

    2006-04-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Active Galactic Nuclei can produce extremely powerful jets. While tightly collimated, the scale of these jets and the stellar density at galactic centers implies that there will be many jet/star interactions, which can mass-load the jet through stellar winds. Previous work employed modest wind mass outflow rates, but this does not apply when mass loading is provided by a small number of high mass-loss stars. We construct a framework for jet mass-loading by stellar winds for a broader spectrum of wind mass-loss rates than has been previously considered. Given the observed stellar mass distributions in galactic centers, we find that even highly efficient (0.1 Eddington luminosity) jets from supermassive black holes of masses $M_{BH} \\la 10^4M_{\\odot}$ are rapidly mass loaded and quenched by stellar winds. For $10^4 M_{\\odot}jets is independent of the jet's mechanical luminosity. Stellar wind mass-loading is unable to quench efficient jets from more massive engines, but can account for the observed truncation of the inefficient M87 jet, and implies a baryon dominated composition on scales $\\ga 2$ kpc therein even if the jet is initially pair plasma dominated.

  1. ?Linear Gas Jet with Tailored Density Profile"

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    KRISHNAN, Mahadevan

    2012-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

    Supersonic, highly collimated gas jets and gas-filled capillary discharge waveguides are two primary targets of choice for Laser Plasma Accelerators (LPA) . Present gas jets have lengths of only 2-4 mm at densities of 1-4E19 cm-3, sufficient for self trapping and electron acceleration to energies up to ~150 MeV. Capillary structures 3 cm long have been used to accelerate beams up to 1 GeV. Capillary discharges used in LPAs serve to guide the pump laser and optimize the energy gain. A wall-stabilized capillary discharge provides a transverse profile across the channel that helps guide the laser and combat diffraction. Gas injection via a fast nozzle at one end provides some longitudinal density control, to improve the coupling. Gas jets with uniform or controlled density profiles may be used to control electron bunch injection and are being integrated into capillary experiments to add tuning of density. The gas jet for electron injection has not yet been optimized. Our Ph-I results have provided the LPA community with an alternative path to realizing a 2-3GeV electron bunch using just a gas jet. For example, our slit/blade combination gives a 15-20mm long acceleration path with tunable density profile, serving as an alternative to a 20-mm long capillary discharge with gas injection at one end. In Ph-II, we will extend these results to longer nozzles, to see whether we can synthesize 30 or 40-mm long plasma channels for LPAs.

  2. Exciting the quark-gluon plasma with a relativistic jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Mannarelli; Cristina Manuel

    2007-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the properties of a system composed by a static plasma traversed by a jet of particles. Assuming that both the jet and the plasma can be described using a hydrodynamical approach, and in the conformal limit, we find that unstable modes arise when the velocity of the jet is larger than the speed of the sound of the plasma and only modes with momenta smaller than a certain values are unstable. Moreover, for ultrarelativistic velocities of the jet the most unstable modes correspond to relative angles between the velocity of the jet and momentum of the collective mode ~ pi/4. Our results suggest an alternative mechanism for the description of the jet quenching phenomenon, where the jet crossing the plasma loses energy exciting colored unstable modes. In LHC this effect should be seen with an enhanced production of hadrons for some specific values of their momenta and in certain directions of momenta space.

  3. Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, Charles D. [Livermore, CA

    1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member.

  4. Cryogenic target formation using cold gas jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Hendricks, C.D.

    1980-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A method and apparatus using cold gas jets for producing a substantially uniform layer of cryogenic materials on the inner surface of hollow spherical members having one or more layers, such as inertially imploded targets are disclosed. By vaporizing and quickly refreezing cryogenic materials contained within a hollow spherical member, a uniform layer of the materials is formed on an inner surface of the spherical member. Basically the method involves directing cold gas jets onto a spherical member having one or more layers or shells and containing the cryogenic material, such as a deuterium-tritium (DT) mixture, to freeze the contained material, momentarily heating the spherical member so as to vaporize the contained material, and quickly refreezing the thus vaporized material forming a uniform layer of cryogenic material on an inner surface of the spherical member. 4 figs.

  5. Azimuthal Jet Tomography at RHIC and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Barbara Betz; Miklos Gyulassy

    2014-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A generic jet-energy loss model that is coupled to state-of-the-art hydrodynamic fields and interpolates between a wide class of running coupling pQCD-based and AdS/CFT-inspired models is compared to recent data on the azimuthal and transverse momentum dependence of high-pT pion nuclear modification factors and high-pT elliptic flow measured at RHIC and LHC. We find that RHIC data are surprisingly consistent with various scenarios considered. However, extrapolations to LHC energies favor running coupling pQCD-based models of jet-energy loss. While conformal holographic models are shown to be inconsistent with data, recent non-conformal generalizations of AdS holography may provide an alternative description.

  6. Jet momentum balance independent of shear viscosity

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. B. Neufeld

    2012-02-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet momentum balance measurements, such as those recently performed by the CMS collaboration, provide an opportunity to quantify the energy transferred from a parton shower to the underlying medium in heavy-ion collisions. Specifically, I argue that the Cooper-Frye freezeout distribution associated with the energy and momentum deposited by the parton shower is controlled to a significant extent by the distribution of the underlying bulk matter and independent of the details of how deposited energy is redistributed in the medium, which is largely determined by transport coefficients such as shear viscosity. Thus by matching the distribution of momentum associated with the secondary jet in such measurements to the thermal distribution of the underlying medium, one can obtain a model independent estimate on the amount of parton shower energy deposited.

  7. Leading Particle Production in Light Flavour Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abbiendi, G; Ĺkesson, P F; Alexander, Gideon; Allison, J; Anderson, K J; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Ashby, S F; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Bailey, I; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bellerive, A; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Bethke, Siegfried; Betts, S; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Boeriu, O; Bonacorsi, D; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Brigliadori, L; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Ciocca, C; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Couchman, J; Couyoumtzelis, C; Coxe, R L; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Dallison, S; Davis, R; de Roeck, A; Dervan, P J; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Donkers, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Estabrooks, P G; Etzion, E; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanfani, A; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Feld, L; Ferrari, P; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fleck, I; Frey, A; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gaycken, G; Geich-Gimbel, C; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Graham, K; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hajdu, C; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Harder, K; Harel, A; Hargrove, C K; Harin-Dirac, M; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hobson, P R; Höcker, Andreas; Hoffman, K; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ishii, K; Jacob, F R; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Kanaya, N; Kanzaki, J I; Karapetian, G V; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Kayal, P I; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Kim, D H; Klier, A; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kühl, T; Kupper, M; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Landsman, Hagar Yaël; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Liebisch, R; Lillich, J; List, B; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, A W; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Lü, J; Ludwig, J; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mader, W F; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Marchant, T E; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Méndez-Lorenzo, P; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, I; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Okpara, A N; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pérez-Ochoa, R; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poli, B; Polok, J; Przybycien, M B; Quadt, A; Rembser, C; Rick, Hartmut; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Rosati, S; Roscoe, K; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sang, W M; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schmitt, S; Schöning, A; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Spagnolo, S; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Surrow, B; Talbot, S D; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomas, J; Thomson, M A; Torrence, E; Towers, S; Trefzger, T M; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turner-Watson, M F; Ueda, I; Van Kooten, R; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Waller, D; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wengler, T; Wermes, N; Wetterling, D; White, J S; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The energy distribution and type of the particle with the highest momentum in quark jets are determined for each of the five quark flavours making only minimal model assumptions. The analysis is based on a large statistics sample of hadronic Z0 decays collected with the OPAL detector at the LEP e+e- collider. These results provide a basis for future studies of light flavour production at other centre-of-mass energies. We use our results to study the hadronisation mechanism in light flavour jets and compare the data to the QCD models JETSET and HERWIG. Within the JETSET model we also directly determine the suppression of strange quarks to be gamma_s=0.422+-0.049 (stat.)+-0.059 (syst.) by comparing the production of charged and neutral kaons in strange and non-strange light quark events. Finally we study the features of baryon production.

  8. Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vallis, Geoff

    Jet Interaction and the Influence of a Minimum Phase Speed Bound on the Propagation of Eddies and analogs of the midlatitude eddy-driven jet and the subtropical jet is investigated in a barotropic b-plane model. In the model the subtropical jet is generated by a relaxation process and the eddy-driven jet

  9. Jet fragmentation and gauge/string duality

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshitaka Hatta; Toshihiro Matsuo

    2008-05-27T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider an analog of e^+e^- annihilation in gauge theories which have a dual string description in asymptotically AdS_5 space and discuss the nature of jet fragmentation. We construct the timelike anomalous dimension which governs the scale dependence of the fragmentation function. In the limit of infinite 't Hooft coupling, the average multiplicity rises linearly with the energy and the inclusive spectrum is peaked at the kinematical boundary.

  10. Jet mass with a jet veto at two loops and the universality of non-global structure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Randall Kelley; Matthew D. Schwartz; Robert M. Schabinger; Hua Xing Zhu

    2011-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

    We investigate the exclusive jet mass distribution in e+e- events, defined with a veto on the out-of-jet radiation, at two-loop order. In particular, we calculate the two-loop soft function, which is required to describe this distribution in the threshold region. When combined with other ingredients using soft-collinear effective theory, this generates the complete singular distribution for jet thrust, the sum of the jet masses, at two-loop order. The result is in excellent agreement with full QCD. The integrated jet thrust distribution is found to depend in an intricate way on both the finite jet cone size, R, and the jet veto scale. The result clarifies the structure of the potentially large logarithms (both global and non- global) which arise in jet observables for the first time at this order. Somewhat surprisingly, we find that, in the small R limit, there is a precise and simple correspondence between the non-global contribution to the integrated jet thrust distribution and the previously calculated non-global contribution to the integrated hemisphere soft function, including subleading terms. This suggests that the small R limit may provide a useful expansion for studying other exclusive jet substructure observables.

  11. Jet fire testing of topside pipework

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Boothby, P.J. [British Gas plc, Newcastle upon Tyne (United Kingdom)

    1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The weight saving potential and inherent corrosion resistance of glass reinforced plastics (GRP) make them attractive candidates for offshore topside seawater piping applications. Glass reinforced plastics, however, comprise a combustible organic matrix, and one of the main areas of concern currently restricting the more widespread use of GRP on offshore platforms in the UK sector of the North Sea is the perceived poor fire endurance of this material. On an offshore platform, the most severe fire scenario envisaged is a hydrocarbon jet fire. A series of large-scale jet fire tests has therefore been conducted at the British Gas Research and Technology Spadeadam test facility, on pipe spools representing the ring main and deluge components of an offshore topside firewater system. The purpose of the tests was to assess the jet fire endurance of GRP with and without passive fire protection coatings, and to compare its performance with existing metallic materials used for this application. The paper presents the results obtained in the first stage of the program addressing the start-up period of firewater system operation when the ring main may contain either stagnant or flowing water and the deluge piping is empty.

  12. Ejector device for direct injection fuel jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Upatnieks, Ansis (Livermore, CA)

    2006-05-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Disclosed is a device for increasing entrainment and mixing in an air/fuel zone of a direct fuel injection system. The device comprises an ejector nozzle in the form of an inverted funnel whose central axis is aligned along the central axis of a fuel injector jet and whose narrow end is placed just above the jet outlet. It is found that effective ejector performance is achieved when the ejector geometry is adjusted such that it comprises a funnel whose interior surface diverges about 7.degree. to about 9.degree. away from the funnel central axis, wherein the funnel inlet diameter is about 2 to about 3 times the diameter of the injected fuel plume as the fuel plume reaches the ejector inlet, and wherein the funnel length equal to about 1 to about 4 times the ejector inlet diameter. Moreover, the ejector is most effectively disposed at a separation distance away from the fuel jet equal to about 1 to about 2 time the ejector inlet diameter.

  13. Generation of elves by sprites and jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Taranenko, Y.; Roussel-Dupre, R.; Yukhimuk, V.; Symbalisty, E.

    1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent years of observations of the upper atmosphere and the lower ionosphere brought a fascinating collection of new phenomena including optical, radio, and gamma-ray emissions originating in the 20 to 90 km altitude range. Up to now, the most diverse phenomenology has emerged from the optical observations which have led to the identification of red sprites, blue jets, blue starts, and elves. Most of the studies have concentrated on relating such phenomena in the upper atmosphere to regular lightning discharges in the troposphere. The sprite/jet discharge itself can be caused by the runaway air breakdown, or regular air breakdown. The standard theory for optical airglow transients in the lower ionosphere above the thunderstorms also known as elves suggests that they are produced during interaction of electromagnetic pulses (EMP) from lightning with the lower ionosphere. Heating of the ambient electrons by the EMP in the D region can result in excitation of optical emissions once the optical excitation thresholds are reached. In this paper the authors suggest that in addition to this mechanism elves can be caused by an EMP generated by sprites and jets.

  14. Power Counting to Better Jet Observables

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Andrew J. Larkoski; Ian Moult; Duff Neill

    2014-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

    Optimized jet substructure observables for identifying boosted topologies will play an essential role in maximizing the physics reach of the Large Hadron Collider. Ideally, the design of discriminating variables would be informed by analytic calculations in perturbative QCD. Unfortunately, explicit calculations are often not feasible due to the complexity of the observables used for discrimination, and so many validation studies rely heavily, and solely, on Monte Carlo. In this paper we show how methods based on the parametric power counting of the dynamics of QCD, familiar from effective theory analyses, can be used to design, understand, and make robust predictions for the behavior of jet substructure variables. As a concrete example, we apply power counting for discriminating boosted Z bosons from massive QCD jets using observables formed from the n-point energy correlation functions. We show that power counting alone gives a definite prediction for the observable that optimally separates the background-rich from the signal-rich regions of phase space. Power counting can also be used to understand effects of phase space cuts and the effect of contamination from pile-up, which we discuss. As these arguments rely only on the parametric scaling of QCD, the predictions from power counting must be reproduced by any Monte Carlo, which we verify using Pythia8 and Herwig++. We also use the example of quark versus gluon discrimination to demonstrate the limits of the power counting technique.

  15. Towards an Understanding of the Correlations in Jet Substructure

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    D. Adams; A. Arce; L. Asquith; M. Backovic; T. Barillari; P. Berta; D. Bertolini; A. Buckley; J. Butterworth; R. C. Camacho Toro; J. Caudron; Y. -T. Chien; J. Cogan; B. Cooper; D. Curtin; C. Debenedetti; J. Dolen; M. Eklund; S. El Hedri; S. D. Ellis; T. Embry; D. Ferencek; J. Ferrando; S. Fleischmann; M. Freytsis; M. Giulini; Z. Han; D. Hare; P. Harris; A. Hinzmann; R. Hoing; A. Hornig; M. Jankowiak; K. Johns; G. Kasieczka; R. Kogler; W. Lampl; A. J. Larkoski; C. Lee; R. Leone; P. Loch; D. Lopez Mateos; H. K. Lou; M. Low; P. Maksimovic; I. Marchesini; S. Marzani; L. Masetti; R. McCarthy; S. Menke; D. W. Miller; K. Mishra; B. Nachman; P. Nef; F. T. O'Grady; A. Ovcharova; A. Picazio; C. Pollard; B. Potter-Landua; C. Potter; S. Rappoccio; J. Rojo; J. Rutherfoord; G. P. Salam; R. M. Schabinger; A. Schwartzman; M. D. Schwartz; B. Shuve; P. Sinervo; D. Soper; D. E. Sosa Corral; M. Spannowsky; E. Strauss; M. Swiatlowski; J. Thaler; C. Thomas; E. Thompson; N. V. Tran; J. Tseng; E. Usai; L. Valery; J. Veatch; M. Vos; W. Waalewijn; J. Wacker; C. Young

    2015-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Over the past decade, a large number of jet substructure observables have been proposed in the literature, and explored at the LHC experiments. Such observables attempt to utilize the internal structure of jets in order to distinguish those initiated by quarks, gluons, or by boosted heavy objects, such as top quarks and W bosons. This report, originating from and motivated by the BOOST2013 workshop, presents original particle-level studies that aim to improve our understanding of the relationships between jet substructure observables, their complementarity, and their dependence on the underlying jet properties, particularly the jet radius and jet transverse momentum. This is explored in the context of quark/gluon discrimination, boosted W boson tagging and boosted top quark tagging.

  16. CONTROL OF COHERENT STRUCTURE IN COAXIAL SWIRLING TURBULENT JETS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lee, Wonjoong

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .............................................................. 193 xvi NOMENCLATURE Symbol Description Unit D Jet diameter, Defined in Figure 5.1 m D h Hydraulic jet diameter m f Excitation frequency s -1 G Degree of swirl, Defined... stronger effect than the pilot jet itself, leading to an almost entire removal of coherent structures. 2.2. Flow Instability Swirl is naturally presented in the exhaust from a turbine or an axial flow pump, and may be deliberately generated...

  17. Adiabatic expansion and magnetic fields in AGN jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. B. Pushkarev; Y. Y. Kovalev; A. P. Lobanov

    2008-12-25T23:59:59.000Z

    Results of high-resolution simultaneous multi-frequency 8.1-15.4 GHz VLBA polarimetric observations of relativistic jets in active galactic nuclei (the MOJAVE-2 project) are analyzed. We compare characteristics of VLBI features with jet model predictions and test if adiabatic expansion is a dominating mechanism for the evolution of relativistic shocks in parsec-scale AGN jets. We also discuss magnetic field configuration, both predicted by the model and deduced from electric vector position angle measurements.

  18. Reconstructing top quark-antiquark events with one lost jet

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Demina, Regina [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Harel, Amnon [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States); Orbaker, Douglas [Univ. of Rochester, Rochester, NY (United States)

    2015-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a technique for reconstructing the kinematics of pair-produced top quarks that decay to a charged lepton, a neutrino and four final state quarks in the subset of events where only three jets are reconstructed. We present a figure of merit that allows for a fair comparison of reconstruction algorithms without requiring their calibration. The new reconstruction of events with only three jets is fully competitive with the full reconstruction typically used for four-jet events.

  19. Jet Substructure Templates: Data-driven QCD Backgrounds for Fat Jet Searches

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Timothy Cohen; Martin Jankowiak; Mariangela Lisanti; Hou Keong Lou; Jay G. Wacker

    2014-10-20T23:59:59.000Z

    QCD is often the dominant background to new physics searches for which jet substructure provides a useful handle. Due to the challenges associated with modeling this background, data-driven approaches are necessary. This paper presents a novel method for determining QCD predictions using templates -- probability distribution functions for jet substructure properties as a function of kinematic inputs. Templates can be extracted from a control region and then used to compute background distributions in the signal region. Using Monte Carlo, we illustrate the procedure with two case studies and show that the template approach effectively models the relevant QCD background. This work strongly motivates the application of these techniques to LHC data.

  20. acetylene jet diffusion: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    for emission produced in various kinds of astrophysical jets, in particular, prompt gamma-ray burst spectra, including X-ray excesses and prompt optical flashes. Gregory D....

  1. COLLIMATION AND CONFINEMENT OF MAGNETIC JETS BY EXTERNAL MEDIA

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Levinson, Amir [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel)] [School of Physics and Astronomy, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978 (Israel); Begelman, Mitchell C., E-mail: Levinson@wise.tau.ac.il, E-mail: mitch@jila.colorado.edu [JILA, University of Colorado and National Institute of Standards and Technology, 440 UCB, Boulder, CO 80309-0440 (United States)

    2013-02-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the collimation of a highly magnetized jet by a surrounding cocoon that forms as a result of the interaction of the jet with the external medium. We show that in regions where the jet is well confined by the cocoon, current-driven instabilities should develop over timescales shorter than the expansion time of the jet's head. We speculate that these instabilities would give rise to complete magnetic field destruction, whereby the jet undergoes a transition from high to low sigma above the collimation zone. Using this assumption, we construct a self-consistent model for the evolution of the jet-cocoon system in an ambient medium of arbitrary density profile. We apply the model to jet breakout in long gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) and show that the jet is highly collimated inside the envelope of the progenitor star and is likely to remain confined well after breakout. We speculate that this strong confinement may provide a channel for magnetic field conversion in GRB outflows, whereby the hot, low-sigma jet section thereby produced is the source of the photospheric emission observed in many bursts.

  2. Cherenkov Radiation from Jets in Heavy-ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koch, Volker; Majumder, Abhijit; Wang, Xin-Nian

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Wiley & Son, Inc. Cherenkov radiation leads to energy lossLBNL-58447 Cherenkov Radiation from Jets in Heavjion Nuclearthe occurrence of Cherenkov radiation in dense matter is

  3. An alternative model of jet suppression at RHIC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lietava, R; Pisútová, N; Tomasik, Boris; Lietava, Roman; Pisut, Jan; Pisutova, Neva; Tomasik, Boris

    2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a simple Glauber-type mechanism for suppression of jet production up to transverse momenta of about 10 GeV/c at RHIC. For processes in this kinematic region, the formation time is smaller than the interval between two successive hard partonic collisions and the subsequent collision influences the jet production. Number of jets then roughly scales with the number of participants. Proportionality to the number of binary collisions is recovered for very high transverse momenta. The model predicts suppression of jet production in d+Au collisions at RHIC.

  4. asian jet stream: Topics by E-print Network

    Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)

    Laboratory Kidston, Joseph 11 Rayleigh Wave-Internal Wave Coupling and Internal Wave Generation Above a Model Jet Stream Mathematics Websites Summary: Rayleigh...

  5. Infrared imaging results of an excited planar jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Farrington, R.B.

    1991-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Planar jets are used for many applications including heating, cooling, and ventilation. Generally such a jet is designed to provide good mixing within an enclosure. In building applications, the jet provides both thermal comfort and adequate indoor air quality. Increased mixing rates may lead to lower short-circuiting of conditioned air, elimination of dead zones within the occupied zone, reduced energy costs, increased occupant comfort, and higher indoor air quality. This paper discusses using an infrared imaging system to show the effect of excitation of a jet on the spread angle and on the jet mixing efficiency. Infrared imaging captures a large number of data points in real time (over 50,000 data points per image) providing significant advantages over single-point measurements. We used a screen mesh with a time constant of approximately 0.3 seconds as a target for the infrared camera to detect temperature variations in the jet. The infrared images show increased jet spread due to excitation of the jet. Digital data reduction and analysis show change in jet isotherms and quantify the increased mixing caused by excitation. 17 refs., 20 figs.

  6. An alternative model of jet suppression at RHIC energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Roman Lietava; Jan Pisut; Neva Pisutova; Boris Tomasik

    2003-02-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a simple Glauber-type mechanism for suppression of jet production up to transverse momenta of about 10 GeV/c at RHIC. For processes in this kinematic region, the formation time is smaller than the interval between two successive hard partonic collisions and the subsequent collision influences the jet production. Number of jets then roughly scales with the number of participants. Proportionality to the number of binary collisions is recovered for very high transverse momenta. The model predicts suppression of jet production in d+Au collisions at RHIC.

  7. SYNCHROTRON RADIATION OF SELF-COLLIMATING RELATIVISTIC MAGNETOHYDRODYNAMIC JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Porth, Oliver; Fendt, Christian; Vaidya, Bhargav [Max Planck Institute for Astronomy, Koenigstuhl 17, 69117 Heidelberg (Germany); Meliani, Zakaria, E-mail: porth@mpia.de, E-mail: fendt@mpia.de [Centre for Plasma Astrophysics, K. U. Leuven, Celestijnenlaan 200B, 3001 Leuven (Belgium)

    2011-08-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The goal of this paper is to derive signatures of synchrotron radiation from state-of-the-art simulation models of collimating relativistic magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) jets featuring a large-scale helical magnetic field. We perform axisymmetric special relativistic MHD simulations of the jet acceleration region using the PLUTO code. The computational domain extends from the slow-magnetosonic launching surface of the disk up to 6000{sup 2} Schwarzschild radii allowing jets to reach highly relativistic Lorentz factors. The Poynting-dominated disk wind develops into a jet with Lorentz factors of {Gamma} {approx_equal} 8 and is collimated to 1{sup 0}. In addition to the disk jet, we evolve a thermally driven spine jet emanating from a hypothetical black hole corona. Solving the linearly polarized synchrotron radiation transport within the jet, we derive very long baseline interferometry radio and (sub-) millimeter diagnostics such as core shift, polarization structure, intensity maps, spectra, and Faraday rotation measure (RM) directly from the Stokes parameters. We also investigate depolarization and the detectability of a {lambda}{sup 2}-law RM depending on beam resolution and observing frequency. We find non-monotonic intrinsic RM profiles that could be detected at a resolution of 100 Schwarzschild radii. In our collimating jet geometry, the strict bimodality in the polarization direction (as predicted by Pariev et al.) can be circumvented. Due to relativistic aberration, asymmetries in the polarization vectors across the jet can hint at the spin direction of the central engine.

  8. Tail Emission of Prompt Gamma-Ray Burst Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yamazaki, R; Ioka, K; Nakamura, T; Yamazaki, Ryo; Toma, Kenji; Ioka, Kunihito; Nakamura, Takashi

    2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Tail emission of the prompt gamma-ray burst is discussed using a multiple emitting sub-shell (inhomogeneous jet, sub-jets) model. The tail is a superposition of a number of smooth, long-duration, dim, and soft pulses emitted by segments located far from the line of sight. We find that the behavior of the tail is not so much affected by the local inhomogeneity but affected by the global sub-jet distribution. Some observed tails may disfavor the power-law jets.

  9. Electrical characteristics and formation mechanism of atmospheric pressure plasma jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Liu, Lijuan; Zhang, Yu; Tian, Weijing; Meng, Ying; Ouyang, Jiting, E-mail: jtouyang@bit.edu.cn [School of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)

    2014-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

    The behavior of atmospheric pressure plasma jet produced by a coplanar dielectric barrier discharge in helium in external electrostatic and magnetic field is investigated. Net negative charges in the plasma jet outside the tube were detected. The deflection of the plume in the external field was observed. The plasma jet is suggested to be formed by the electron beam from the temporal cathode which is accelerated by a longitudinal field induced by the surface charges on the dielectric tube or interface between the helium and ambient air. The helium flow is necessary for the jet formation in the surrounding air.

  10. High Multiplicity Searches at the LHC Using Jet Masses

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Hook, Anson; /SLAC /Stanford U., Appl. Phys. Dept.; Izaguirre, Eder; /SLAC /Stanford U., Phys. Dept.; Lisanti, Mariangela; /Princeton U.; Wacker, Jay G.; /SLAC /Stanford U., ITP

    2012-04-24T23:59:59.000Z

    This article introduces a new class of searches for physics beyond the Standard Model that improves the sensitivity to signals with high jet multiplicity. The proposed searches gain access to high multiplicity signals by reclustering events into large-radius, or 'fat', jets and by requiring that each event has multiple massive jets. This technique is applied to supersymmetric scenarios in which gluinos are pair-produced and then subsequently decay to final states with either moderate quantities of missing energy or final states without missing energy. In each of these scenarios, the use of jet mass improves the estimated reach in gluino mass by 20% to 50% over current LHC searches.

  11. Microhole Arrays Drilled With Advanced Abrasive Slurry Jet Technology...

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    Microhole Arrays Drilled With Advanced Abrasive Slurry Jet Technology To Efficiently Exploit Enhanced Geothermal Systems Geothermal Project Jump to: navigation, search Last...

  12. Parsec-Scale Jet-Environment Interactions in AGN

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew L. Lister

    2007-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations made with the VLBA have led to fundamental advances in our understanding of how radio jets in AGN evolve from parsec-scales out to distances exceeding several hundred kiloparsecs. In this review I discuss current models of young radio source evolution, as well as the observational evidence for a rapid change in jet properties on scales of ~1 kpc. A central topic of current debate is the relative importance of intermittent jet fueling versus jet-environment interactions in causing a drop-off in powerful radio sources at this critical evolutionary stage. Recent 3-D hydrodynamical jet simulations suggest that dense environments and cloud collisions can temporarily stifle, but not completely halt powerful relativistic jets. Several VLBA studies of jet-ISM interactions in both blazars and weak Seyfert jets have indicated that collimated outflows are indeed possible in dense environments. At present, the bulk of the evidence favors intermittent AGN accretion as the dominant factor in determining the evolutionary path of large numbers of AGN jets.

  13. Primary Atomization of a Liquid Jet in Crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rana, Sandeep

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this fluid dynamics video, we present a visualization of the primary atomization of a turbulent liquid jet injected into a turbulent gaseous crossflow. It is based on a detailed numerical simulation of the primary atomization region of the jet using a finite volume, balanced force, incompressible LES/DNS flow solver coupled to a Refined Level Set Grid (RLSG) solver to track the phase interface position. The visualization highlights the two distinct breakup modes of the jet: the column breakup mode of the main liquid column and the ligament breakup mode on the sides of the jet and highlights the complex evolution of the phase interface geometry.

  14. Environmental and economic assessment of microalgae-derived jet fuel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Carter, Nicholas Aaron

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Significant efforts must be undertaken to quantitatively assess various alternative jet fuel pathways when working towards achieving environmental and economic United States commercial and military alternative aviation ...

  15. Measurement of b-quark Jet Shapes at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Lister, Alison; /Zurich, ETH

    2006-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The main topic of this thesis is the measurement of b-quark jet shapes at CDF. CDF is an experiment located at Fermilab, in the United States, which studies proton-antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96TeV. To reach this energy, the particles are accelerated using the Tevatron accelerator which is currently the highest energy collider in operation. The data used for this analysis were taken between February 2002 and September 2004 and represent an integrated luminosity of about 300 pb{sup -1}. This is the first time that b-quark jet shapes have been measured at hadron colliders. The basis of this measurement lies in the possibility of enhancing the b-quark jet content of jet samples by requiring the jets to be identified as having a displaced vertex inside the jet cone. Such jets are called tagged. This enhances the b-quark jet fraction from about 5% before tagging to 20-40% after tagging, depending on the transverse momentum of the jets. I verified that it is possible to apply this secondary vertex tagging algorithm to different cone jet algorithms (MidPoint and JetClu) and different cone sizes (0.4 and 0.7). I found that the performance of the algorithm does not change significantly, as long as the sub-cone inside which tracks are considered for the tagging is kept at the default value of 0.4. Because the b-quark purity of the jets is still relatively low, it is necessary to extract the shapes of b-quark jets in a statistical manner from the jet shapes both before and after tagging. The other parameters that enter into the unfolding equation used to extract the b-quark jet shapes are the b-jet purities, the biases due to the tagging requirement both for b- and nonbjets and the hadron level corrections. The last of these terms corrects the measured b-jet shapes back to the shapes expected at hadron level which makes comparisons with theoretical models and other experimental results possible. This measurement shows that, despite relatively large systematic uncertainties, the measured b-quark jet shapes are significantly different from those expected from the so-called Pythia Tune A Monte Carlo simulation, the most widely used Leading Order Monte Carlo model at CDF. This difference can be mostly attributed to the fact that the fraction of b-quark jets that originate from flavour creation (where a single b-quark is expected inside the same jet cone) over those that originate from gluon splitting (where two b-quarks are expected to be inside the same jet cone) is slightly different in the Pythia Tune A Monte Carlo predictions than in data. This measurement can help in the tuning of the fraction of gluon splitting to flavour creation b-quark jets in the Monte Carlo simulation. This tuning is particularly important for the extrapolation up to LHC energies where many searches will involve b-quark jets. During the first year of my thesis work, I worked on the implementation of a prototype detector control system for the electromagnetic calorimeter which is being built for the CMS experiment at CERN. The prototype which I implemented was used to monitor and control the high voltage, low voltage, cooling and precision temperature monitoring systems during the summer 2003 test-beam. This was one of the first, almost complete, systems implemented and used by an LHC experiment for test-beam monitoring.

  16. A Cone Jet-Finding Algorithm for Heavy-Ion Collisions at LHC Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    G 30 (2004) S1155 A Cone Jet-Finding Algorithm for Heavy-IonA Cone Jet-Finding Algorithm for Heavy-Ion Collisions at LHCSwitzerland Abstract. Standard jet ?nding techniques used in

  17. A Cone Jet-Finding Algorithm for Heavy-Ion Collisions at LHC Energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A Cone Jet-Finding Algorithm for Heavy-Ion Collisions at LHCf CERN, Abstract Standard jet ?nding techniques used indescribes a modi?ed cone-type jet ?nding algorithm developed

  18. A.Baghdasaryan. Jet Cross Sections and S at HERA. LOW X 2008, Kolimpari, Greece, July, 6-10 1 Jet Cross Sections and s at

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A.Baghdasaryan. Jet Cross Sections and S at HERA. LOW X 2008, Kolimpari, Greece, July, 6-10 1 Jet Cross Sections and s at HERA Low X 2008, 6-10 July Kolimpary, Greece Artem Baghdasaryan Yerevan Physics.Baghdasaryan. Jet Cross Sections and S at HERA. LOW X 2008, Kolimpari, Greece, July, 6-10 2 Motivation Jets physics

  19. RELATIVISTIC JETS FROM ACCRETION DISKS R.V.E. LOVELACE, P.R. GANDHI and M.M. ROMANOVA

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Poynting jets. Poynting jets have also been proposed to be the driving mechanism for gamma ray burst

  20. PowerJet Wind Turbine Project

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bartlett, Raymond J

    2008-11-30T23:59:59.000Z

    PROJECT OBJECTIVE The PowerJet wind turbine overcomes problems characteristic of the small wind turbines that are on the market today by providing reliable output at a wide range of wind speeds, durability, silent operation at all wind speeds, and bird-safe operation. Prime Energy�s objective for this project was to design and integrate a generator with an electrical controller and mechanical controls to maximize the generation of electricity by its wind turbine. The scope of this project was to design, construct and test a mechanical back plate to control rotational speed in high winds, and an electronic controller to maximize power output and to assist the base plate in controlling rotational speed in high winds. The test model will continue to operate beyond the time frame of the project, with the ultimate goal of manufacturing and marketing the PowerJet worldwide. Increased Understanding of Electronic & Mechanical Controls Integrated With Electricity Generator The PowerJet back plate begins to open as wind speed exceeds 13.5 mps. The pressure inside the turbine and the turbine rotational speed are held constant. Once the back plate has fully opened at approximately 29 mps, the controller begins pulsing back to the generator to limit the rotational speed of the turbine. At a wind speed in excess of 29 mps, the controller shorts the generator and brings the turbine to a complete stop. As the wind speed subsides, the controller releases the turbine and it resumes producing electricity. Data collection and instrumentation problems prevented identification of the exact speeds at which these events occur. However, the turbine, controller and generator survived winds in excess of 36 mps, confirming that the two over-speed controls accomplished their purpose. Technical Effectiveness & Economic Feasibility Maximum Electrical Output The output of electricity is maximized by the integration of an electronic controller and mechanical over-speed controls designed and tested during the course of this project. The output exceeds that of the PowerJet�s 3-bladed counterparts (see Appendix). Durability All components of the PowerJet turbine assembly�including the electronic and mechanical controls designed, manufactured and field tested during the course of this project�proved to be durable through severe weather conditions, with constant operation and no interruption in energy production. Low Cost Materials for the turbine, generator, tower, charge controllers and ancillary parts are available at reasonable prices. Fabrication of these parts is also readily available worldwide. The cost of assembling and installing the turbine is reduced because it has fewer parts and requires less labor to manufacture and assemble, making it competitively priced compared with turbines of similar output manufactured in the U.S. and Europe. The electronic controller is the unique part to be included in the turbine package. The controllers can be manufactured in reasonably-sized production runs to keep the cost below $250 each. The data logger and 24 sensors are for research only and will be unnecessary for the commercial product. Benefit To Public The PowerJet wind-electric system is designed for distributed wind generation in 3 and 4 class winds. This wind turbine meets DOE�s requirements for a quiet, durable, bird-safe turbine that eventually can be deployed as a grid-connected generator in urban and suburban settings. Results As described more fully below and illustrated in the Appendices, the goals and objectives outlined in 2060 SOPO were fully met. Electronic and mechanical controls were successfully designed, manufactured and integrated with the generator. The turbine, tower, controllers and generators operated without incident throughout the test period, surviving severe winter and summer weather conditions such as extreme temperatures, ice and sustained high winds. The electronic controls were contained in weather-proof electrical boxes and the elec

  1. Searches in photon and jet states

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Soha, A.; /UC, Davis

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The authors present recent results from the Collider Detector at Fermilab (CDF) and D0 experiments using data from proton-antiproton collisions with {radical}s = 1.96 TeV at Run II of the Fermilab Tevatron. New physics may appear in events with high transverse momentum objects, including photons and quark or gluon jets. The results described here are of signature-based searches and model-based searches probing supersymmetry, leptoquarks, 4th generation quarks, and large extra dimensions.

  2. Do high redshift quasars have powerful jets?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fabian, A. C.; Walker, S. A.; Celotti, A.; Ghisellini, G.; Mocz, P.; Blundell, K. M.; McMahon, R. G.

    2014-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    for the injection spectrum and surrounding gas profile (set [A] in Mocz et al (2011): the in- jection spectrum is given by a power-law index 2.14 and Lorentz factors ranging between 1 to 106; the surrounding density profile has a powerlaw index of 1.5). We assume... the galaxy hosts of quasars at z > 3 are com- pact (Szomoru et al 2013), and their group and cluster gas have more energy than is explainable by gravitational infall alone (Wu et al 2000; McCarthy et al 2012). Powerful jets are a considerable source of energy...

  3. BioJet Corporation | Open Energy Information

    Open Energy Info (EERE)

    AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page onYou are now leaving Energy.gov You are now leaving Energy.gov You are beingZealand Jump to:EzfeedflagBiomass ConversionsSouth Carolina:EnergyPark,BioJet Corporation Jump to: navigation,

  4. Plasma Jet Driven Magneto-Inertial Fusion (PJMIF)

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    National Security, LLC for NNSA LA-UR-11-07030 #12;Plasma jet experiments can provide cm National Security, LLC for NNSA Imploding plasma liner formed by 30 merging plasma jets with 1.5 MJ, LLC for NNSA MIF ICF Basko et al., Nucl. Fusion, 2000 Magnetic field reduces thermal transport

  5. Acid placement and coverage in the acid jetting process

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mikhailov, Miroslav I.

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Many open-hole acid treatments are being conducted by pumping acid through jetting ports placed at the end of coiled tubing or drill pipe. The filter-cake on the bore-hole is broken by the jet; the acid-soluble material is dissolved, creating...

  6. PROFILE SHAPE PARAMETERIZATION OF JET ELECTRON TEMPERATURE AND DENSITY PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROFILE SHAPE PARAMETERIZATION OF JET ELECTRON TEMPERATURE AND DENSITY PROFILES Beatrix Schunke JET Mercer St., New York NY 10012-1185 The temperature and density profiles of the Joint European Torus to determine which terms in the log-linear model to include. The density and temperature profiles

  7. PROFILE SHAPE PARAMETERIZATION OF JET ELECTRON TEMPERATURE AND DENSITY PROFILES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    PROFILE SHAPE PARAMETERIZATION OF JET ELECTRON TEMPERATURE AND DENSITY PROFILES Beatrix Schunke JET Mercer St., New York NY 10012­1185 Abstract The temperature and density profiles of the Joint European are used to determine which terms in the log­linear model to include. The density and temperature profiles

  8. Imprints of energy limitation in transverse momentum distributions of jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rybczy?ski, Maciej

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Using a Tsallis nonextensive approach, we analyse distributions of transverse spectra of jets. We discuss the possible influence of energy conservation laws on these distributions. Transverse spectra of jets exhibit a power-law behavior of $1/p_T^n$ with the power indices $n$ similar to those for transverse spectra of hadrons.

  9. Modified Black Hole with Polar Jet and Vortex

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. Tmmalm

    2001-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

    There are many models relating an accretion disk of Black Hole to jet outflow. The herein heuristic model describes the continuation of an external accretion disk to an internal accretion disk for less than Black Hole horizon, and subsequent polar jet outflow along polar axis out of polar vortex wherein the event horizon is no longer descriptive.

  10. Search for New Physics in the Jets + Missing ET topology

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Makovec, Nikola Michel; /Orsay

    2006-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Although the standard model of particle physics agrees perfectly with experimental data, it is unlikely the final theory describing particles and their interactions. New phenomena has been searched in the jets and missing transverse energy topology. Such phenomena may be due to the pair production of leptoquarks decaying into a quark and a neutrino or the pair production of stops decaying into a charm and a neutralino which is assumed to be the lightest supersymmetric particle. These searches have been performed with the D0 detector at hadronic collider TeVatron with a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV. This kind of search needs a good understanding of the jet energy calibration. The determination of the relative jet energy scale has allowed them to reduce the systematic uncertainties on the jet energy measurement when comparing the data and the simulation. Moreover a new method has been developed in order to correct simulated jets for the differences observed in the jet energy scale, the jet energy resolution and the jet reconstruction efficiency between the data and the simulation. The data analysis, performed with an integrated luminosity of 310 pb{sup -1}, has not observed any excess. This result is interpreted in terms of limit on the mass of the particles: leptoquarks with a mass smaller than 136 GeV and stops with a mass smaller than 131 GeV, for a neutralino mass equal to 46 GeV, are excluded with 95% confidence level.

  11. Modeling of NOx formation in circular laminar jet flames

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Siwatch, Vivek

    2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    -premixed isolated circular laminar jet flame. The jet consists of the fuel rich inner region and the O2 rich outer region. The model estimates both thermal NOx and prompt NOx assuming single step kinetics for NOx formation and a thin flame model. Further the amount...

  12. JET PROPULSION LAB 0 RAT 0 R Y

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waliser, Duane E.

    JET PROPULSION LAB 0 RAT 0 R Y ANN U A L REP 0 R T #12;#12;------ - - ~ CON TEN T S DIRECTOR Administration for the penod January 1 through December 31, 1986. JET PROPULSION LABORATORY Califorrua Institute, Voyager 2 gave us our first close view of the distant giant Uranus, its complex rings, inclined magnetic

  13. Control of Jets in Crossflow using Direct Numerical Simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    Control of Jets in Crossflow using Direct Numerical Simulations A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE FACULTY in crossflow by axial pulsing. Our main idea is that pulsing generates vortex rings; the effect of pulsing on jets in crossflow can therefore be explained by studying the behavior of vortex rings in crossflow

  14. Characterization of turbulent jet mixing in cylindrical tanks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Schulte, Casey M

    1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , for the most part, confirms many of the findings of previous studies of jet mixing. First, mixing time in jet-mixed systems depends primarily upon the mass of the fluid in a tank and the amount of addition, to maximize the efficient transfer of momentum...

  15. High-speed epitaxy using supersonic molecular jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Eres, D.

    1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper discusses the use of supersonic jets of gaseous source molecules in thin films growth. Molecular jets in free form with no skimmers or collimators in the nozzle-substrate path were used in the investigation of basic film growth processes and in practical film growth applications. The Ge growth rates were found to depend linearly on the digermane jet intensity. Furthermore, the film thickness distributions showed excellent agreement with the distribution of digermane molecules in the jet. High epitaxial Ge growth rates were achieved on GaAs (100) substrates by utilizing high-intensity pulsed jets. The practical advantages and limitations of this film growth technique are evaluated, based on the results of microstructural and electrical measurements of heteroepitaxial Ge films on GaAs (100) substrates. 8 refs., 4 figs.

  16. Spin analyzing power for polarized top decays with jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Kitadono; Hsiang-nan Li

    2014-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We perform perturbative QCD factorization of infrared radiations associated with an energetic $b$ quark from a polarized top quark decay, taking the semi-leptonic channel as an example. The resultant formula is expressed as a convolution of an infrared-finite heavy-quark kernel with a $b$-quark jet function. Evaluating the heavy-quark kernel up to leading order in the coupling constant and adopting the jet function from QCD resummation, we predict the dependence of the spin analyzing power for a polarized top quark on the invariant mass of the $b$-quark jet. It is observed that the spin analyzing power could be enhanced by a factor 2 compared to the inclusive case with the jet mass being integrated over. It is worthwhile to test experimentally the enhancement of the spin analyzing power due to the inclusion of jet dynamics.

  17. Color synchrotron off heavy flavor jet deluges the "dead cone"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bhattacharyya, Trambak; Abir, Raktim

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    It is known that gluon bremsstrahlung emission off heavy flavor jet is suppressed in the forward direction compared to that of light quark due to the mass effect ($`$dead cone effect'). Most of the models that address jet quenching generally assume that a jet always travels in straight eikonal path. However, once the eikonal approximation of propagation is called off and jet is allowed to bend, additional gluons pop-up within the so called `depopulated' region deluging the dead cone. This color synchrotron by color charge, once wound in an ambiance of color field, seems to be very apt for better understanding of jet quenching in hot and dense deconfined quark-gluon medium.

  18. The Jet Energy Profile: A BSM Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Chivukula, R Sekhar; Vignaroli, Natascia

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A new heavy di-jet resonance could be discovered at the 14 TeV LHC. In this talk we present a strategy to reveal the nature of such a particle; in particular to discern whether it is a quark-antiquark (q qbar), quark-gluon (qg), or gluon-gluon (gg) resonance. The strategy is based on the study of the energy profiles of the two leading jets in the di-jet channel. Including statistical uncertainties in the signal and the QCD backgrounds, we show that one can distinguish between gg, qg, and q bar resonances; an evaluation of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of the jet energy profile will require a detailed detector study once sufficient 14 TeV di-jet data is in hand.

  19. The Jet Energy Profile: A BSM Analysis Tool

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Sekhar Chivukula; Elizabeth H. Simmons; Natascia Vignaroli

    2015-07-23T23:59:59.000Z

    A new heavy di-jet resonance could be discovered at the 14 TeV LHC. In this talk we present a strategy to reveal the nature of such a particle; in particular to discern whether it is a quark-antiquark (q qbar), quark-gluon (qg), or gluon-gluon (gg) resonance. The strategy is based on the study of the energy profiles of the two leading jets in the di-jet channel. Including statistical uncertainties in the signal and the QCD backgrounds, we show that one can distinguish between gg, qg, and q bar resonances; an evaluation of systematic uncertainties in the measurement of the jet energy profile will require a detailed detector study once sufficient 14 TeV di-jet data is in hand.

  20. Gravitational Wave Memory of Gamma-Ray Burst Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Norichika Sago; Kunihito Ioka; Takashi Nakamura; Ryo Yamazaki

    2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Gamma-Ray Bursts (GRBs) are now considered as relativistic jets. We analyze the gravitational waves from the acceleration stage of the GRB jets. We show that (i) the point mass approximation is not appropriate if the opening half-angle of the jet is larger than the inverse of the Lorentz factor of the jet, (ii) the gravitational waveform has many step function like jumps, and (iii) the practical DECIGO and BBO may detect such an event if the GRBs occur in Local group of galaxy. We found that the light curve of GRBs and the gravitational waveform are anti-correlated so that the detection of the gravitational wave is indispensable to determine the structure of GRB jets.

  1. Energy profile of b-jet for boosted top quarks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yoshio Kitadono

    2014-09-05T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyse the semileptonic decay of a polarised top-quark with a large velocity based on the perturbative QCD factorisation framework. Thanks to the factorisation and the spin decomposition, the production part and the decay part can be factorised and the spin dependence is introduced in the decay part. The decay part is converted to the top-jet function which describes the distribution of jet observables and the spin is translated to the helicity of the boosted top. Using this top-jet function, the energy profile of b-jet is investigated and it is turned out that the sub-jet energy for the helicity-minus top is accumulated faster than that for the helicity-plus top. This behaviour for the boosted top can be understood with the negative spin-analysing-power of b-quark in the polarised-top decay.

  2. Particle Acceleration in Gamma-Ray Burst Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Frank M. Rieger; Peter Duffy

    2005-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Gradual shear acceleration of energetic particles in gamma-ray burst (GRB) jets is considered. Special emphasis is given to the analysis of universal structured jets, and characteristic acceleration timescales are determined for a power-law and a Gaussian evolution of the bulk flow Lorentz factor $\\gamma_b$ with angle $\\phi$ from the jet axis. The results suggest that local power-law particle distributions may be generated and that higher energy particles are generally concentrated closer to the jet axis. Taking several constraints into account we show that efficient electron acceleration in gradual shear flows, with maximum particle energy successively decreasing with time, may be possible on scales larger than $r \\sim 10^{15}$ cm, provided the jet magnetic field becomes sufficiently weak and/or decreases rapidly enough with distance, while efficient acceleration of protons to ultra-high energies $> 10^{20}$ eV may be possible under a wide range of conditions.

  3. Opening angles and shapes of parsec-scale AGN jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pushkarev, Alexander B; Kovalev, Yuri Y; Savolainen, Tuomas

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We used 15 GHz VLBA observations of 366 sources having at least 5 epochs within a time interval 1995-2013 from the MOJAVE program and/or its predecessor, the 2 cm VLBA Survey. For each source we produced a corresponding stacked image averaging all available epochs for a better reconstruction of the cross section of the flow. We have analyzed jet profiles transverse to the local jet ridge line and derived both apparent and intrinsic opening angles of the parsec-scale outflows. The sources detected by the Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) during the first 24 months of operation show wider apparent jet opening angle and smaller viewing angles on a very high level of significance supporting our early findings. Analyzing transverse shapes of the outflows we found that most sources have conical jet geometry at parsec scales, though there are also sources that exhibit active jet collimation.

  4. Test particle acceleration by rotating jet magnetospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. M. Rieger; K. Mannheim

    2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Centrifugal acceleration of charged test particles at the base of a rotating jet magnetosphere is considered. Based on an analysis of forces we derive the equation for the radial accelerated motion and present an analytical solution. It is shown that for particles moving outwards along rotating magnetic field lines, the energy gain is in particular limited by the breakdown of the bead-on-the-wire approximation which occurs in the vicinity of the light cylinder $r_{L}$. The corresponding upper limit for the maximum Lorentz factor $\\gamma_{max}$ for electrons scales $\\propto B^{2/3} r_{L}^{2/3}$, with $B$ the magnetic field strength at $r_{L}$, and is at most of the order of a $10^2-10^3$ for the conditions regarded to be typical for BL Lac objects. Such values suggest that this mechanism may provide pre-accelerated seed particles which are required for efficient Fermi-type particle acceleration at larger scales in radio jets.

  5. Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Selwyn, Gary S. (Los Alamos, NM); Henins, Ivars (Los Alamos, NM); Babayan, Steve E. (Huntington Beach, CA); Hicks, Robert F. (Los Angeles, CA)

    2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Large area atmospheric-pressure plasma jet. A plasma discharge that can be operated at atmospheric pressure and near room temperature using 13.56 MHz rf power is described. Unlike plasma torches, the discharge produces a gas-phase effluent no hotter than 250.degree. C. at an applied power of about 300 W, and shows distinct non-thermal characteristics. In the simplest design, two planar, parallel electrodes are employed to generate a plasma in the volume therebetween. A "jet" of long-lived metastable and reactive species that are capable of rapidly cleaning or etching metals and other materials is generated which extends up to 8 in. beyond the open end of the electrodes. Films and coatings may also be removed by these species. Arcing is prevented in the apparatus by using gas mixtures containing He, which limits ionization, by using high flow velocities, and by properly spacing the rf-powered electrode. Because of the atmospheric pressure operation, there is a negligible density of ions surviving for a sufficiently long distance beyond the active plasma discharge to bombard a workpiece, unlike the situation for low-pressure plasma sources and conventional plasma processing methods.

  6. Quantum Jet Theory I: Free fields

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    T. A. Larsson

    2007-01-18T23:59:59.000Z

    QJT (Quantum Jet Theory) is the quantum theory of jets, which can be canonically identified with truncated Taylor series. Ultralocality requires a novel quantization scheme, where dynamics is treated as a constraint in the history phase space. QJT differs from QFT since it involves a new datum: the expansion point. This difference is substantial because it leads to new gauge and diff anomalies, which are necessary to combine background independence with locality. Physically, the new ingredient is that the observer's trajectory is explicitly introduced and quantized together with the fields. In this paper the harmonic oscillator and free fields are treated within QJT, correcting previous flaws. The standard Hilbert space is recovered for the harmonic oscillator, but there are interesting modifications already for the free scalar field, due to quantization of the observer's trajectory. Only free fields are treated in detail, but the complications when interactions are introduced are briefly discussed. We also explain why QJT is necessary to resolve the conceptual problems of quantum gravity.

  7. Phase Space and Jet Definitions in SCET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    William Man-Yin Cheung; Michael Luke; Saba Zuberi

    2009-10-13T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss consistent power counting for integrating soft and collinear degrees of freedom over arbitrary regions of phase space in the soft-collinear effective theory (SCET), and illustrate our results at one loop with several jet algorithms: JADE, Sterman-Weinberg and k_T. Consistently applying SCET power-counting in phase space, along with non-trivial zero-bin subtractions, prevents double-counting of final states. The resulting phase-space integrals over soft and collinear regions are individually ultraviolet divergent, but the phase-space ultraviolet divergences cancel in the sum. Whether the soft and collinear contributions are individually infrared safe depends on the jet definition. We show that while this is true at one loop for JADE and Sterman-Weinberg, the k_T algorithm does not factorize into individually infrared safe soft and collinear pieces in dimensional regularization. We point out that this statement depends on the ultraviolet regulator, and that in a cutoff scheme the soft functions are infrared safe.

  8. Study of jet quenching using [gamma]-jet events in heavy ion collisions at 2.76TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kim, Yongsun, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinematic correlations of isolated-[gamma]+jet scatterings in proton-proton and lead-lead collisions at centre-of-mass energy of 2.76TeV per nucleon pair are studied for the investigation of the jet quenching phenomena ...

  9. Comparison of heat transfer characteristics of axisymmetric and two dimensional reattachment jet nozzles to conventional jet impingement nozzles

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Narayanan, Vinod

    1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The Radial Jet Reattachment (RJR) nozzle was developed over the past decade as a modification of the In-Line Jet (ILJ) nozzle in order to enhance the heat and mass transfer characteristics of the ILJ nozzle. This research compares the heat transfer...

  10. Studies of 2 b-jet + 2 jet production in proton-proton collisions at 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMS Collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements are presented of inclusive differential two b- and two-jet production cross sections as a function of the transverse momentum $p_\\text{T}$, pseudorapidity $\\eta$, as well as of correlations in azimuthal angle $\\phi$, pseudorapidity $\\eta$ and $p_\\text{T}$ balance among the jets. The data sample was collected from proton-proton collisions at a centre-of-mass energy of 7~TeV with the CMS detector at the LHC, corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 3.03 pb$^{-1}$. The jets are reconstructed with the anti-$k_T$ jet algorithm with $p_\\text{T}$ $>$ 20 GeV. At least four jets are required: two jets need to be originated by a bottom quark within the range of pseudorapidity $|\\eta|$ $<$ 2.4, while the other two jets are required to be in $|\\eta|$ $<$ 4.7 without any flavour requirement on the initial quark. Only the two leading jets of each selection are considered. The cross section is measured to be $\\sigma$(pp$\\rightarrow$ 2 b + 2 j + X) = 64.6 $\\pm$ 2.4 (stat.) $\\pm$ 21.6 (syst.) nb. Variou...

  11. A new jet algorithm based on the k-means clustering for the reconstruction of heavy states from jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    S. Chekanov

    2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z

    A jet algorithm based on the k-means clustering procedure is proposed which can be used for the invariant-mass reconstruction of heavy states decaying to hadronic jets. The proposed algorithm was tested by reconstructing E+ E- to ttbar to 6 jets and E+ E- to W+W- to 4 jets processes at \\sqrt{s}=500 GeV using a Monte Carlo simulation. It was shown that the algorithm has a reconstruction efficiency similar to traditional jet-finding algorithms, and leads to 25% and 40% reduction of reconstruction width for top quarks and W bosons, respectively, compared to the kT (Durham) algorithm. In addition, it is expected that the peak positions measured with the new algorithm have smaller systematical uncertainty.

  12. Massive Gas Injection Experiments at JET – Performance and Characterisation of the Disruption Mitigation Valve

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massive Gas Injection Experiments at JET – Performance and Characterisation of the Disruption Mitigation Valve

  13. The JET Hydrogen-Oxygen Recombination Sensor – A Safety Device for Hydrogen Isotope Processing Systems

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The JET Hydrogen-Oxygen Recombination Sensor – A Safety Device for Hydrogen Isotope Processing Systems

  14. Electron Cyclotron Emission Measurements on JET: Michelson Interferometer, New Absolute Calibration and Determination of Electron Temperature

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Electron Cyclotron Emission Measurements on JET: Michelson Interferometer, New Absolute Calibration and Determination of Electron Temperature

  15. Bouncing jet: A Newtonian liquid rebounding off a free surface Matthew Thrasher,* Sunghwan Jung,

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Weeks, Eric R.

    Bouncing jet: A Newtonian liquid rebounding off a free surface Matthew Thrasher,* Sunghwan Jung November 2007 We find that a liquid jet can bounce off a bath of the same liquid if the bath is moving horizontally with respect to the jet. Previous observations of jets rebounding off a bath e.g., the Kaye effect

  16. Flexible corrugated cryotransferlines, long term experience at JET and the experience with supercritical helium flow conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Obert, W

    1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Flexible corrugated cryotransferlines, long term experience at JET and the experience with supercritical helium flow conditions

  17. JET Experiments to Assess Finite Larmor Radius Effects on Resonant Ion Energy Distribution during ICRF Heating

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    JET Experiments to Assess Finite Larmor Radius Effects on Resonant Ion Energy Distribution during ICRF Heating

  18. Differential top pair cross section and top anti-top plus jets Physics

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Malgorzata Worek

    2013-02-14T23:59:59.000Z

    A brief summary of the current status of the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to top quark pair production and the associated production of top anti-top with jet(s) in different configurations, i.e. with one jet, two jets and another top anti-top pair, is presented.

  19. Helium Ash Simulation Studies with Divertor Helium Pumping in JET Internal Transport Barrier Discharges

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helium Ash Simulation Studies with Divertor Helium Pumping in JET Internal Transport Barrier Discharges

  20. Impurity Radiation from the LHCD Launcher During Operation in JET and Investigation of Launcher Damage

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Impurity Radiation from the LHCD Launcher During Operation in JET and Investigation of Launcher Damage

  1. Tungsten Transport in JET H-mode Plasmas in Hybrid Scenario, Experimental Observations and Modelling

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tungsten Transport in JET H-mode Plasmas in Hybrid Scenario, Experimental Observations and Modelling

  2. Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 3 JET Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    of the JET machine not being exactly as the drawings and CAD models 3JETOperations #12;Annual ReportAnnual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2011/12 3.1 3 JET Operations 3 JET Operations 3 Associate Leader for JET. During the period covered by this report, the major shutdown for the installation

  3. Remote Handling Experiments with the MASCOT IV Servomanipulator at JET and Prospects of Enhancements

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Remote Handling Experiments with the MASCOT IV Servomanipulator at JET and Prospects of Enhancements

  4. t-tbar cross-section at Tevatron Lepton + jets channel

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    : isolated EM clusters in CEM matching XFT track ­ Jets use cone: 0.4 Standard jet energy corrections Jet energy resolution: ­ Muons are of two types: ­ CMX ­ eta = 0.6..1.0 ­ CMUP ­ eta; veto cosmics III-c. W+Jets selection (1) #12; Neutrino: ­ Missing ET from calo towers > 20 Ge

  5. Fourier Analysis of Sawtooth Heat Pulse Propagation and Comparison with Other Methods Using JET Data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fourier Analysis of Sawtooth Heat Pulse Propagation and Comparison with Other Methods Using JET Data

  6. Identification and Control of Nonlinear Harmonic Coupling for Pulsed Jet Injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    M'Closkey, Robert T.

    The control of a jet injected into quiescent surroundings or into a crossflow is a fundamental problem], [2]. In turbine engines, for example, active control of the jet in crossflow has been shown to improve the spread and penetration of the jet into the crossflow for dilution jet injection [3

  7. American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics Jet in Supersonic Crossflow on a Flat Plate

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    American Institute of Aeronautics and Astronautics 1 Jet in Supersonic Crossflow on a Flat Plate jet and a supersonic crossflow. A new flow model for jets in supersonic crossflow is presented present in a jet in supersonic cross-flow. Their flow structure model is shown in Fig. 1. Figure 1

  8. Annual Report of the EURATOM/UKAEA Fusion Programme 2006/07 4 JET Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    2006. The reliability and availability of the JET systems remained low during this period out a review of the reliability of JET systems, which took place in September 2006. All JET systems were reviewed and all the main equipment failures that had affected JET operation during the last few

  9. Overview of Transport, Fast Particle and Heating and Current Drive Physics using Tritium in JET plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overview of Transport, Fast Particle and Heating and Current Drive Physics using Tritium in JET plasmas

  10. Effect of Sawtooth Activity on Tritium and Beam Deuterium Evolution in Trace Tritium Experiments on JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Effect of Sawtooth Activity on Tritium and Beam Deuterium Evolution in Trace Tritium Experiments on JET

  11. New Safety and Technical Challenges and Operational Experience on the JET First Trace Tritium Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    New Safety and Technical Challenges and Operational Experience on the JET First Trace Tritium Experiment

  12. Overview of Transport, Fast Particle and Heating and Current Drive Physics using Tritium in JET Plasmas

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Overview of Transport, Fast Particle and Heating and Current Drive Physics using Tritium in JET Plasmas

  13. Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Analysis and Improvements of Fringe Jump Corrections by Electronics on the JET Tokamak FIR Interferometer

  14. The New Digital Electronics for the JET Neutron Profile Monitor: Performances and First Experimental Results

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The New Digital Electronics for the JET Neutron Profile Monitor: Performances and First Experimental Results

  15. Recent Steps Towards a Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor with Results from the JET Tokamak Device

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recent Steps Towards a Controlled Thermonuclear Fusion Reactor with Results from the JET Tokamak Device

  16. Studies of Impurity Deposition/Implantation in JET Divertor Tiles using SIMS and Ion Beam Techniques

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Studies of Impurity Deposition/Implantation in JET Divertor Tiles using SIMS and Ion Beam Techniques

  17. Algorithms for the Automatic Identification of MARFEs and UFOs in JET Database of Visible Camera Videos

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Algorithms for the Automatic Identification of MARFEs and UFOs in JET Database of Visible Camera Videos

  18. Flexible Corrugated Cryotransferlines, Long Term Experience at JET and the Experience with Supercritical Helium Flow Conditions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Flexible Corrugated Cryotransferlines, Long Term Experience at JET and the Experience with Supercritical Helium Flow Conditions

  19. Gamma-ray burst jets: uniform or structured?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Salafia, O S; Nappo, F; Ghisellini, G; Ghirlanda, G; Salvaterra, R; Tagliaferri, G

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of Gamma-Ray Burst (GRB) jets impacts on their prompt and afterglow emission properties. Insights into the still unknown structure of GRBs can be achieved by studying how different structures impact on the luminosity function (LF): i) we show that low ($10^{46} 10^{50}$ erg/s) luminosity GRBs can be described by a unique LF; ii) we find that a uniform jet (seen on- and off-axis) as well as a very steep structured jet (i.e. $\\epsilon(\\theta) \\propto \\theta^{-s}$ with $s > 4$) can reproduce the current LF data; iii) taking into account the emission from the whole jet (i.e. including contributions from mildly relativistic, off-axis jet elements) we find that $E_{\\rm iso}(\\theta_{\\rm v})$ (we dub this quantity "apparent structure") can be very different from the intrinsic structure $\\epsilon(\\theta)$: in particular, a jet with a Gaussian intrinsic structure has an apparent structure which is more similar to a power law. This opens a new viewpoint on the quasi-universal structured jet hypothesis.

  20. Structure of Magnetic Tower Jets in Stratified Atmospheres

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Masanori Nakamura; Hui Li; Shengtai Li

    2006-08-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Based on a new approach on modeling the magnetically dominated outflows from AGNs (Li et al. 2006), we study the propagation of magnetic tower jets in gravitationally stratified atmospheres (such as a galaxy cluster environment) in large scales ($>$ tens of kpc) by performing three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) simulations. We present the detailed analysis of the MHD waves, the cylindrical radial force balance, and the collimation of magnetic tower jets. As magnetic energy is injected into a small central volume over a finite amount of time, the magnetic fields expand down the background density gradient, forming a collimated jet and an expanded ``lobe'' due to the gradually decreasing background density and pressure. Both the jet and lobes are magnetically dominated. In addition, the injection and expansion produce a hydrodynamic shock wave that is moving ahead of and enclosing the magnetic tower jet. This shock can eventually break the hydrostatic equilibrium in the ambient medium and cause a global gravitational contraction. This contraction produces a strong compression at the head of the magnetic tower front and helps to collimate radially to produce a slender-shaped jet. At the outer edge of the jet, the magnetic pressure is balanced by the background (modified) gas pressure, without any significant contribution from the hoop stress. On the other hand, along the central axis of the jet, hoop stress is the dominant force in shaping the central collimation of the poloidal current. The system, which possesses a highly wound helical magnetic configuration, never quite reaches a force-free equilibrium state though the evolution becomes much slower at late stages. The simulations were performed without any initial perturbations so the overall structures of the jet remain mostly axisymmetric.

  1. Determination of the Jet Energy Scale at the Collider Detector at Fermilab

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Bhatti; F. Canelli; B. Heinemann; J. Adelman; D. Ambrose; J. -F. Arguin; A. Barbaro-Galtieri; H. Budd; Y. S. Chung; K. Chung; B. Cooper; C. Currat; M. D'Onofrio; T. Dorigo; R. Erbacher; R. Field; G. Flanagan; A. Gibson; K. Hatakeyama; F. Happacher; D. Hoffman; G. Introzzi; S. Kuhlmann; S. Kwang; S. Jun; G. Latino; A. Malkus; M. Mattson; A. Mehta; P. A. Movilla-Fernandez; L. Nodulman; M. Paulini; J. Proudfoot; F. Ptohos; S. Sabik; W. Sakumoto; P. Savard; M. Shochet; P. Sinervo; V. Tiwari; A. Wicklund; G. Yun

    2005-10-18T23:59:59.000Z

    A precise determination of the energy scale of jets at the Collider Detector at Fermilab at the Tevatron $p\\bar{p}$ collider is described. Jets are used in many analyses to estimate the energies of partons resulting from the underlying physics process. Several correction factors are developed to estimate the original parton energy from the observed jet energy in the calorimeter. The jet energy response is compared between data and Monte Carlo simulation for various physics processes, and systematic uncertainties on the jet energy scale are determined. For jets with transverse momenta above 50 GeV the jet energy scale is determined with a 3% systematic uncertainty.

  2. Color coherence in W + jet events

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, B.; D0 Collaboration

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on preliminary studies of color coherence effects in p{anti p} collisions, based on data collected by the D0 detector during the 1994-1995 run of the Fermilab Tevatron collider, at a center of mass energy {radical}s = 1.8 TeV. Color interference effects are studied by examining particle distribution patterns in W + Jet events. The data are compared to Monte Carlo simulations with different color coherence implementations and to a recent analytic Modified-Leading-Log perturbative calculation based on the Local Parton-Hadron Duality hypothesis. Soft particle radiation is enhanced in the event plane relative to the transverse plane, in agreement with calculations in which the effects of color coherence are fully included.

  3. Panchromatic Views of Large-Scale Extragalactic Jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Cheung, C.C.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park

    2007-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Highlights of recent observations of extended jets in AGN are presented. Specifically, we discuss new spectral constraints enabled by Spitzer, studies of the highest-redshift (z{approx}4) radio/X-ray quasar jets, and a new VLBA detection of superluminal motion in the M87 jet associated with a recent dramatic X-ray outburst. Expanding on the title, inverse Compton emission from extended radio lobes is considered and a testable prediction for the gamma-ray emission in one exemplary example is presented. Prospects for future studies with ALMA and low-frequency radio interferometers are briefly described.

  4. ePLAS Development for Jet Modeling and Applications

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Dr. Rodney J. Mason

    2011-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    Plasma jets provide an alternate approach to the creation of high energy density laboratory plasmas (HEDLP). For the Plasma Liner Experiment (PLX), typically 30 partially ionized argon jets, produced with mini-rail guns, will be focused into a central volume for subsequent magnetic compression into high density plasma liners that can reach high (0.1 Mbar) peak pressures upon stagnation. The jets are typically 2.5 cm in radius traveling at Mach number 30. Ultimate success will require optimized tuning of the rail configurations, the nozzles injecting the gases, and the careful implementation of pre-ionization. The modeling of plasma jet transport is particularly challenging, due the large space (100 sq cm) and time scales (microseconds) involved. Even traditional implicit methods are insufficient, due to the usual need to track electrons explicitly on the mesh. Wall emission and chemistry must be managed, as must ionization of the jet plasma. Ions in the jets are best followed as particles to account properly for collisions upon jet merger. This Phase I Project developed the code ePLAS to attack and successfully surmount many of these challenges. It invented a new 'super implicit' electromagnetic scheme, using implicit electron moment currents that allowed for modeling of jets over multi-cm and multi-picoseconds on standard, single processor 2 GHz PCs. It enabled merger studies of two jets, in preparation for the multi-jet merger problem. The Project explored particle modeling for the ions, and prepared for the future addition of a grid-base jet ion collision model. Access was added to tabular equations of state for the study of ionization effects in merging jets. The improved code was discussed at the primary plasma meetings (IEEE and APS) during the Project period. Collaborations with National Laboratory and industrial partners were nurtured. Code improvements were made to facilitate code use. See: http://www.researchapplicationscorp.com. The ePLAS code enjoys EAR99 export control treatment, permitting distribution to most foreign countries without a license.

  5. Space variations in axis height of the jet stream core

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leutwyler, Cooke Hearon

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , In addition to the overall in- crease in the number of flights, the advent of jet and turboprop airpla, nes makes the jet stream level, viz. , 25, 000 to 45, 000 ft, the most desirable level for fuel economy during flight. Once man began to move about...SPACE VARIATIONS IN AKIS HEIGHT OF THE JET STREAM CORE A Thesis By COOKE HEARON LEUTWYLER, CAPT USAF Submitted to the Graduate College of the Texas ASM University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE...

  6. AEA Fluidic Pulse Jet Mixer. Innovative Technology Summary Report

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    None

    1999-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    AEA's Fluidic Pulse Jet Mixer was developed to mix and maintain the suspension of solids and to blend process liquids. The mixer can be used to combine a tank's available supernate with the sludge into a slurry that is suitable for pumping. The system uses jet nozzles in the tank coupled to a charge vessel. Then, a jet pump creates a partial vacuum in the charge vessel allowing it to be filled with waste. Next, air pressure is applied to the charge vessel, forcing sludge back into the tank and mixing it with the liquid waste. When the liquid waste contains 10% solids, a batch is pumped out of the tank.

  7. Jet Quenching via Gravitational Radiation in Thermal AdS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Edward Shuryak; Ho-Ung Yee; Ismail Zahed

    2011-10-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We argue that classical bulk gravitational radiation effects in AdS/CFT, previously ignored because of their subleading nature in the 1/Nc-expansion, are magnified by powers of large Lorentz factors gamma for ultrarelativistic jets, thereby dominating other forms of jet energy loss in holography at finite temperature. We make use of the induced gravitational self-force in thermal AdS5 to estimate its effects. In a thermal medium, relativistic jets may loose most of their energy through longitudinal drag caused by the energy accumulated in their nearby field as they zip through the strongly coupled plasma.

  8. Effects of running couplings on jet conversion photons

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Lusaka Bhattacharya

    2011-01-31T23:59:59.000Z

    We calculate photons from jet-plasma interaction considering collisional and radiative energy loss of jet parton. The phase space distribution of the participating jet is dynamically evolved by solving Fokker-Planck equation. We treat the strong coupling constant ($\\alpha_s$) as function of momentum and temperature while calculating the drag and diffusion coefficients. It is observed that the quenching factor is substantially modified as compared to the case when $\\alpha_s$ is taken as constant. It is shown that the Phenix data is reasonably well reproduced when contributions from all the relevant sources are taken into account.

  9. High order harmonic generation in dual gas multi-jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tosa, Valer, E-mail: valer.tosa@itim-cj.ro, E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro; Hojbota, Calin, E-mail: valer.tosa@itim-cj.ro, E-mail: calin.hojbota@itim-cj.ro [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donath 65-103, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)] [National Institute for Research and Development of Isotopic and Molecular Technologies, Donath 65-103, 400293 Cluj-Napoca (Romania)

    2013-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    High order harmonic generation (HHG) in gas media suffers from a low conversion efficiency that has its origins in the interaction of the atom/molecule with the laser field. Phase matching is the main way to enhance the harmonic flux and several solutions have been designed to achieve it. Here we present numerical results modeling HHG in a system of multi-jets in which two gases alternate: the first gas jet (for example Ne) generates harmonics and the second one which ionizes easier, recover the phase matching condition. We obtain configurations which are experimentally feasible with respect to pressures and dimensions of the jets.

  10. A FLUX ROPE ERUPTION TRIGGERED BY JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Guo Juan; Zhang Hongqi; Deng Yuanyong; Lin Jiaben; Su Jiangtao [Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Beijing 100012 (China); Liu Yu, E-mail: guojuan@bao.ac.c [Yunnan Astronomical Observatory, National Astronomical Observatories, Kunming 650011 (China)

    2010-03-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present an observation of a filament eruption caused by recurrent chromospheric plasma injections (surges/jets) on 2006 July 6. The filament eruption was associated with an M2.5 two-ribbon flare and a coronal mass ejection (CME). There was a light bridge in the umbra of the main sunspot of NOAA 10898; one end of the filament was terminated at the region close to the light bridge, and recurrent surges were observed to be ejected from the light bridge. The surges occurred intermittently for about 8 hr before the filament eruption, and finally a clear jet was found at the light bridge to trigger the filament eruption. We analyzed the evolutions of the relative darkness of the filament and the loaded mass by the continuous surges quantitatively. It was found that as the occurrence of the surges, the relative darkness of the filament body continued growing for about 3-4 hr, reached its maximum, and kept stable for more than 2 hr until it erupted. If suppose 50% of the ejected mass by the surges could be trapped by the filament channel, then the total loaded mass into the filament channelwill be about 0.57x10{sup 16} g with a momentum of 0.57x10{sup 22} g cm s{sup -1} by 08:08 UT, which is a non-negligible effect on the stability of the filament. Based on the observations, we present a model showing the important role that recurrent chromospheric mass injection play in the evolution and eruption of a flux rope. Our study confirms that the surge activities can efficiently supply the necessary material for some filament formation. Furthermore, our study indicates that the continuous mass with momentum loaded by the surge activities to the filament channel could make the filament unstable and cause it to erupt.

  11. Study of Jet Shapes in Inclusive Jet Production in ppbar Collisions at sqrt{s} = 1.96 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CDF Collaboration; D. Acosta

    2005-08-25T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a study of jet shapes in inclusive jet production in $p \\bar{p}$ collisions at $\\sqrt{s} = 1.96 {\\rm TeV}$ using the upgraded Collider Detector at Fermilab in Run II (CDF II) based on an integrated luminosity of $170 \\rm pb^{-1}$. Measurements are carried out on jets with rapidity $0.1 jet}| jet} jets have been corrected to the hadron level. The measured jet shapes are compared to leading-order QCD parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions as implemented in the PYTHIA and HERWIG programs. PYTHIA, tuned to describe the underlying event as measured in CDF Run I, provides a better description of the measured jet shapes than does PYTHIA or HERWIG with their default parameters.

  12. GRAVITATIONAL WAVES OF JET PRECESSION IN GAMMA-RAY BURSTS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Sun Mouyuan; Liu Tong; Gu Weimin; Lu Jufu, E-mail: tongliu@xmu.edu.cn [Department of Physics and Institute of Theoretical Physics and Astrophysics, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005 (China)

    2012-06-10T23:59:59.000Z

    The physical nature of gamma-ray bursts (GRBs) is believed to involve an ultra-relativistic jet. The observed complex structure of light curves motivates the idea of jet precession. In this work, we study the gravitational waves of jet precession based on neutrino-dominated accretion disks around black holes, which may account for the central engine of GRBs. In our model, the jet and the inner part of the disk may precess along with the black hole, which is driven by the outer part of the disk. Gravitational waves are therefore expected to be significant from this black-hole-inner-disk precession system. By comparing our numerical results with the sensitivity of some detectors, we find that it is possible for DECIGO and BBO to detect such gravitational waves, particularly for GRBs in the Local Group.

  13. Exploration of Plasma Jets Approach to High Energy Density Physics

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chen, Chiping [Massachusetts Institute of Technology

    2013-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

    High-energy-density laboratory plasma (HEDLP) physics is an emerging, important area of research in plasma physics, nuclear physics, astrophysics, and particle acceleration. While the HEDLP regime occurs at extreme conditions which are often found naturally in space but not on the earth, it may be accessible by colliding high intensity plasmas such as high-energy-density plasma jets, plasmoids or compact toroids from plasma guns. The physics of plasma jets is investigated in the context of high energy density laboratory plasma research. This report summarizes results of theoretical and computational investigation of a plasma jet undergoing adiabatic compression and adiabatic expansion. A root-mean-squared (rms) envelope theory of plasma jets is developed. Comparison between theory and experiment is made. Good agreement between theory and experiment is found.

  14. Desalination of seawater using a high-efficiency jet ejector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Vishwanathappa, Manohar D.

    2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z

    . These methods cost more than potable water produced from natural resources; hence an attempt is made in this research project to produce potable water using a modified high-efficiency jet ejector in vapor-compression distillation. The greater efficiency...

  15. Optical detection and analysis of Pictor A's jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gentry, Eric S

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    New images from the Hubble Space Telescope of the FRII radio galaxy Pictor A reveal a number of jet knot candidates which coincide with previously detected radio and x-ray knots. Previous observations in x-ray and radio ...

  16. Jet quenching in the compact muon solenoid at the LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    López Mateos, David

    2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    In this thesis we perform analyses on simulated data that allow us to demonstrate the sensitivity of the CMS experiment to certain jet quenching observables. In particular, two theoretical scenarios which mimic RHIC data ...

  17. Production of jets at forward rapidities in hadronic collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    F. Hautmann

    2009-09-07T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss high-pT production processes at forward rapidities in hadron-hadron collisions, and describe recent results from using QCD high-energy factorization in forward jet production at the LHC.

  18. Active flow separation control using synthetic jet actuators 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rao, Preetham P

    2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of synthetic jet actuators for controlling the boundary layer flow and flow separation over a wing is investigated. A theory for the optimum design of actuators using motors is developed. A motor driven synthetic ...

  19. High density cluster jet target for storage ring experiments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Täschner; Esperanza Köhler; Hans-Werner Ortjohann; Alfons Khoukaz

    2011-11-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The design and performance of a newly developed cluster jet target installation for hadron physics experiments are presented which, for the first time, is able to generate a hydrogen cluster jet beam with a target thickness of above $10^{15}\\,\\mathrm{atoms/cm}^2$ at a distance of two metres behind the cluster jet nozzle. The properties of the cluster beam and of individual clusters themselves are studied at this installation. Special emphasis is placed on measurements of the target beam density as a function of the relevant parameters as well as on the cluster beam profiles. By means of a time-of-flight setup, measurements of the velocity of single clusters and velocity distributions were possible. The complete installation, which meets the requirements of future internal fixed target experiments at storage rings, and the results of the systematic studies on hydrogen cluster jets are presented and discussed.

  20. Probabilistic picture of in-medium jet evolution

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Yacine Mehtar-Tani

    2014-04-29T23:59:59.000Z

    We briefly discuss the recently developed probabilistic picture for in-medium jet evolution that is driven by independent multiple scatterings and branchings. These are controlled by the jet quenching parameter $\\hat q$. In this framework, large radiative corrections to $p_\\perp$-broadening of partons in the jet, enhanced by a double logarithm (DL) of the medium size $L$, are recovered. We argue that these non-local corrections are universal and can be reabsorbed in a renormalization of the jet quenching parameter without spoiling the probabilistic picture. As a consequence, we find that for large media, the mean radiative energy loss result scales as $L^{2+\\gamma}$, where the anomalous dimension $\\gamma=2\\sqrt{\\alpha_sN_c/\\pi}$.

  1. Cellular membrane collapse by atmospheric-pressure plasma jet

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kim, Kangil; Sik Yang, Sang, E-mail: jsjlee@ajou.ac.kr, E-mail: ssyang@ajou.ac.kr [Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of); Jun Ahn, Hak; Lee, Jong-Soo, E-mail: jsjlee@ajou.ac.kr, E-mail: ssyang@ajou.ac.kr [Department of Biological Sciences, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Biological Sciences, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of); Lee, Jae-Hyeok; Kim, Jae-Ho [Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)] [Department of Molecular Science and Technology, Ajou University, Suwon 443-749 (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-06T23:59:59.000Z

    Cellular membrane dysfunction caused by air plasma in cancer cells has been studied to exploit atmospheric-pressure plasma jets for cancer therapy. Here, we report that plasma jet treatment of cervical cancer HeLa cells increased electrical conductivity across the cellular lipid membrane and caused simultaneous lipid oxidation and cellular membrane collapse. We made this finding by employing a self-manufactured microelectrode chip. Furthermore, increased roughness of the cellular lipid membrane and sequential collapse of the membrane were observed by atomic force microscopy following plasma jet treatment. These results suggest that the cellular membrane catastrophe occurs via coincident altered electrical conductivity, lipid oxidation, and membrane roughening caused by an atmospheric-pressure plasma jet, possibly resulting in cellular vulnerability to reactive species generated from the plasma as well as cytotoxicity to cancer cells.

  2. The hydraulic bump: The surface signature of a plunging jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Labousse, M.

    When a falling jet of fluid strikes a horizontal fluid layer, a hydraulic jump arises downstream of the point of impact, provided a critical flow rate is exceeded. We here examine a phenomenon that arises below this jump ...

  3. De-commoditizing the commercial jet engine business

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Soucy, Arthur L

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis project is a comprehensive application of the Delta Model at a major jet engine manufacturer. It will assess and contrast customer segmentation and customer value proposition via primary research. It will also ...

  4. Flow control optimization in a jet engine serpentine inlet duct

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kumar, Abhinav

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    Computational investigations were carried out on an advanced serpentine jet engine inlet duct to understand the development and propagation of secondary flow structures. Computational analysis which went in tandem with experimental investigation...

  5. A device for debridement using high pressure water jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Brown, Ashley (Ashley A.)

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Removing devitalized tissue from chronic wounds through debridement is critical to promote wound healing. In this thesis, technology using high-speed water jets is explored toward applications for debridement. After ...

  6. Microjet based noise control of supersonic jets on carrier decks

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragaller, Paul Aaron

    2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effectiveness of ground plane water microjet control on the noise generated by a supersonic, ideally expanded, Mach 1.5, impinging jet was determined. Using a converging-diverging nozzle with a design Mach number of ...

  7. The reduction of supersonic jet noise using pulsed microjet injection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ragaller, Paul Aaron

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is concerned with the active control of supersonic jet noise using pulsed microjet injection at the nozzle exit. Experimental investigations were carried out using this control method on an ideally expanded ...

  8. Eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Waterman, Stephanie N

    2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis examines the nature of eddy-mean flow interactions in western boundary current jets and recirculation gyre dynamics from both theoretical and observational perspectives. It includes theoretical studies of ...

  9. A critical review of world jet transport safety

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Achtmann, Eric D.

    1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis is intended to serve as a comprehensive introduction to world jet transport safety and aviation fire safety. Divided into six sections, this thesis contains: 1) a statistical review of overall levels of safety ...

  10. The supernova/gamma-ray burst/jet connection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hjorth, Jens

    2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The observed association between supernovae and gamma-ray bursts represents a cornerstone in our understanding of the nature of gamma-ray bursts. The collapsar model provides a theoretical framework for this connection. A key element is the launch of a bi-polar jet (seen as a gamma-ray burst). The resulting hot cocoon disrupts the star while the 56Ni produced gives rise to radioactive heating of the ejecta, seen as a supernova. In this discussion paper I summarise the observational status of the supernova/gamma-ray burst connection in the context of the 'engine' picture of jet-driven supernovae and highlight SN 2012bz/GRB 120422A -- with its luminous supernova but intermediate high-energy luminosity -- as a possible transition object between low-luminosity and jet gamma-ray bursts. The jet channel for supernova explosions may provide new insight into supernova explosions in general.

  11. A Global Study of Photon-Induced Jet Production

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. M. Butterworth; R. J. Taylor

    1999-07-16T23:59:59.000Z

    We present results of a global tuning of general purpose Monte Carlo models to published measurements of photon-proton -> jets at HERA and photon-photon -> jets at LEP and TRISTAN. The principle free parameters in the tuning are the simulation of the underlying event and the choice of photon structure. Several combinations of models are ruled out by the data. Some consequences of the tuned models at a future linear collider are discussed.

  12. Jet conversions in a quark-gluon plasma 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W.; Ko, Che Ming; Zhang, B. W.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    .75.?q One of the most interesting observations in central heavy ion collisions at the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) is the suppressed production of hadrons with large transverse momentum [1,2]. This phenomenon has been attributed... transverse momentum pions at RHIC can indeed be described. Initial jet distributions and heavy ion collision dynamics. To see the effect of conversions between quark and gluon jets on their energy losses in QGP, we consider central Au+Au collisions...

  13. CFD optimization study of high-efficiency jet ejectors

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Watanawanavet, Somsak

    2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

    CFD OPTIMIZATION STUDY OF HIGH-EFFICIENCY JET EJECTORS A Dissertation by SOMSAK WATANAWANAVET Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY May 2008 Major Subject: Chemical Engineering CFD OPTIMIZATION STUDY OF HIGH-EFFICIENCY JET EJECTORS A Dissertation by SOMSAK WATANAWANAVET Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A...

  14. Interaction of a Liquid Gallium Jet with ISTTOK Edge Plasmas

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Gomes, R. B.; Fernandes, H.; Silva, C.; Pereira, T.; Figueiredo, J.; Carvalho, B.; Soares, A.; Duarte, P.; Varandas, C. [Associacao EURATOM/IST, Centro de Fusao Nuclear, Av. Rovisco Pais, 1049-001 Lisboa, Porugal (Portugal); Sarakovskis, A.; Lielausis, O.; Klyukin, A.; Platacis, E.; Tale, I. [Association EURATOM/University of Latvia, Institute of Solid State Physics, 8 Kengaraga Str., LV-1063 Riga (Latvia)

    2008-04-07T23:59:59.000Z

    The use of liquid metals as plasma facing components in tokamaks has recently experienced a renewed interest stimulated by their advantages in the development of a fusion reactor. Liquid metals have been proposed to solve problems related to the erosion and neutronic activation of solid walls submitted to high power loads allowing an efficient heat exhaust from fusion devices. Presently the most promising candidate materials are lithium and gallium. However, lithium has a short liquid state range when compared, for example, with gallium that has essentially better thermal properties and lower vapor pressure. To explore further these properties, ISTTOK tokamak is being used to test the interaction of a free flying, fully formed liquid gallium jet with the plasma. The interacting, 2.3 mm diameter, jet is generated by hydrostatic pressure and has a 2.5 m/s flow velocity. The liquid metal injector has been build to allow the positioning of the jet inside the tokamak chamber, within a 13 mm range. This paper presents the first obtained experimental results concerning the liquid gallium jet-plasma interaction. A stable jet has been obtained, which was not noticeably affected by the magnetic field transients. ISTTOK has been successfully operated with the gallium jet without degradation of the discharge or a significant plasma contamination by liquid metal. This observation is supported by spectroscopic measurements showing that gallium radiation is limited to the region around the jet. Furthermore, the power deposited on the jet has been evaluated at different radial locations and the surface temperature increase estimated.

  15. Jet Production in Polarized pp Collisions at RHIC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    C. A. Gagliardi; for the STAR Collaboration

    2008-08-06T23:59:59.000Z

    The STAR Collaboration has measured the longitudinal double-spin asymmetry for inclusive jet production in polarized p+p collisions at sqrt{s} = 200 GeV. The results set significant new constraints on the gluon polarization within the nucleon. Future measurements of asymmetries for di-jet production will provide direct access to the momentum dependence of the gluon polarization, Delta g(x,Q^2).

  16. X Ray Precursors in SGRs: Precessing Gamma Jet Tails

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Daniele Fargion

    2001-05-18T23:59:59.000Z

    Weak isolated X-ray precursor events before the main Gamma Ray Burst, GRB, and also rare Soft Gamma Repeaters, SGR, events are in complete disagreement with any Fireball, or Magnetar, one-shoot explosive scenarios. Fireball model in last two years has been deeply modified into a fountain beamed Jet exploding and interacting on external shells to explain GRB fine time structure. On the contrary earlier we proposed a unified scenario for both GRBs-SGRs where a precessing Gamma Jet (of different intensity) and its geometrical beaming is the source of both GRB and SGRs wide morphology. GRBs are peaked SNs Jet spinning and precessing observed along the thin Jet axis. Their mysterious weak X precursors bursts, corresponding to non-negligible energy powers, up to million Supernova ones for GRB, are gamma Jet tails beamed off-axis, observed at X-Ray tails. They are rare, about (3-6)% of all GRBs, but not unique at all. Comparable brief X-ray precursor flashes occurred in rarest and most detailed SGRs events as the 27 and the 29 August 1998 event from SGR 1900+14. The same source has been in very power-full activity on recent 18 April 2001 once again preceded by X-Ray precursors. These events are inconsistent with any Fireball or Magnetar-Mini-Fireball models. We interpret them naturally as earlier marginal blazing of outlying X conical precessing Jet, an off-axis tails surrounding a narrower gamma precessing Jet. Only when the light-house Jet is in on-axis blazing mode toward the Earth we observe the harder power-full SGR event. We predict such a rich X-Ray precursor signals (more numerous then gamma ones) during Soft Gamma Repeater peak activities; they should be abundant and within detection threshold by a permanent monitoring SGRs by Beppo-Sax WFC or Chandra X ray satellites while at peak activity.

  17. Jet Fragmentation in Medium and Vacuum with the PHENIX Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Matthew Nguyen for the PHENIX Collaboration

    2010-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

    One of the most active areas of investigation in relativistic heavy-ion collisions is the study of the jet quenching phenomenon whereby hard partons lose their energy as they traverse the hot, dense matter created in such collisions. Strong parton energy loss has been observed in central nucleus-nucleus collisions as evidenced by the a large suppression of the yield of high pT hadrons as compared to the expected yield based on measurements in p+p collisions. Moreover, measurements of back-to-back correlations of charged hadrons suggest that jet shapes are strongly modified modified by the medium. The quantitative interpretation of single and di-hadron measurements is, however, complicated by the fact that the initial parton energy is unknown. A more informative measurement would be one in which the initial parton energy is known, allowing the determination of the fragmentation function, which may be effectively modified from its vacuum form by the presence of the medium. Two measurements in which the initial parton energy may be estimated are discussed in these proceedings: jet reconstruction and two- particle correlations using direct photons. Jet reconstruction in nuclear collisions is challenging due to the large background of soft particles, fluctuations of which give rise to fake jets. Direct photons can be used to estimate the initial parton energy of the recoil jet without recourse to jet reconstruction algorithms. However, such studies suffer from a smaller rate and the direct photon signal must be disentangled from a large background of decay photons. We present jet reconstruction results which use an algorithm suitable for a high multiplicity environment. We also present results of two-particle correlations using direct photons. These results are discussed in the context of medium modification to the fragmentation function.

  18. Drum drying of black liquor using superheated steam impinging jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Shiravi, A.H.; Mujumdar, A.S.; Kubes, G.J. [McGill Univ., Montreal, Quebec (Canada)

    1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A novel drum dryer for black liquor utilizing multiple impinging jets of superheated steam was designed and built to evaluate the performance characteristics and effects of various operating parameters thereon. Appropriate ranges of parameters such as steam jet temperature and velocity were examined experimentally to quantify the optimal operating conditions for the formation of black liquor film on the drum surface as well as the drying kinetics.

  19. High pressure water jet cutting of sugar cane

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Valco, Thomas Donald

    1977-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    HIGH PRESSURE WATER JET CUTTING OF SUGAR CANE A Thesis by THOMAS DONALD VALCO Submitted to the Graduate College of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirement for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1977 Major Subject...: Agricultural Engineering HIGH PRESSURE WATER JET CUTTING OF SUGAR CANE A Thesis by THOMAS DONALD VALCO Approved as to style and content by: Dr. Charlie G. Coble (Chairman of Committee) Dr. Edward A. Haler (Head of Department) Mr. William H. Aldred...

  20. Jet plume injection and combustion system for internal combustion engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Oppenheim, A.K.; Maxson, J.A.; Hensinger, D.M.

    1993-12-21T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved combustion system for an internal combustion engine is disclosed wherein a rich air/fuel mixture is furnished at high pressure to one or more jet plume generator cavities adjacent to a cylinder and then injected through one or more orifices from the cavities into the head space of the cylinder to form one or more turbulent jet plumes in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition of the rich air/fuel mixture in the cavity of the jet plume generator. The portion of the rich air/fuel mixture remaining in the cavity of the generator is then ignited to provide a secondary jet, comprising incomplete combustion products which are injected into the cylinder to initiate combustion in the already formed turbulent jet plume. Formation of the turbulent jet plume in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition has been found to yield a higher maximum combustion pressure in the cylinder, as well as shortening the time period to attain such a maximum pressure. 24 figures.

  1. Laboratory plasma physics experiments using merging supersonic plasma jets

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Hsu, S. C.; Moser, A. L.; Merritt, E. C.; Adams, C. S.; Dunn, J. P.; Brockington, S.; Case, A.; Gilmore, M.; Lynn, A. G.; Messer, S. J.; et al

    2015-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a laboratory plasma physics experiment at Los Alamos National Laboratory that uses two merging supersonic plasma jets formed and launched by pulsed-power-driven railguns. The jets can be formed using any atomic species or mixture available in a compressed-gas bottle and have the following nominal initial parameters at the railgun nozzle exit: ne ? ni ~ 10ą? cm?ł, Te ? Ti ? 1.4 eV, Vjet ? 30–100 km/s, mean charge $\\bar{Z}$ ? 1, sonic Mach number Ms ? Vjet/Cs > 10, jet diameter = 5 cm, and jet length ? 20 cm. Experiments to date have focused on themore »study of merging-jet dynamics and the shocks that form as a result of the interaction, in both collisional and collisionless regimes with respect to the inter-jet classical ion mean free path, and with and without an applied magnetic field. However, many other studies are also possible, as discussed in this paper.« less

  2. Jet plume injection and combustion system for internal combustion engines

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Oppenheim, Antoni K. (Kensington, CA); Maxson, James A. (Berkeley, CA); Hensinger, David M. (Albany, CA)

    1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    An improved combustion system for an internal combustion engine is disclosed wherein a rich air/fuel mixture is furnished at high pressure to one or more jet plume generator cavities adjacent to a cylinder and then injected through one or more orifices from the cavities into the head space of the cylinder to form one or more turbulent jet plumes in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition of the rich air/fuel mixture in the cavity of the jet plume generator. The portion of the rich air/fuel mixture remaining in the cavity of the generator is then ignited to provide a secondary jet, comprising incomplete combustion products which are injected into the cylinder to initiate combustion in the already formed turbulent jet plume. Formation of the turbulent jet plume in the head space of the cylinder prior to ignition has been found to yield a higher maximum combustion pressure in the cylinder, as well as shortening the time period to attain such a maximum pressure.

  3. Inclusive Jet Spectra in p-Pb Collisions at ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Megan Connors; for the ALICE Collaboration

    2014-09-11T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet suppression has been observed in central heavy ion collisions. This suppression is attributed to partonic energy loss in the Quark Gluon Plasma (QGP) formed in such collisions. However, this measurement is influenced by all stages of the collision. It is expected that in p-Pb collisions similar initial conditions occur as in Pb-Pb collisions without creating a QGP, allowing modification to the jet spectra due to cold nuclear matter effects to be quantified. Inclusive jet spectra in p-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s_{\\rm NN}} = 5.02$ TeV measured by ALICE are presented. Jets are reconstructed via the anti-k$_{\\rm T}$ algorithm with different resolution parameters by combining charged tracks measured in the ALICE tracking system with the neutral energy deposited in the electromagnetic calorimeter. The jet spectra can be used to determine a nuclear modification factor $R_{\\rm pPb}$ while the jet profile in p-Pb is studied by dividing spectra measured with different resolution parameters and comparing to the same ratio measured in pp collisions.

  4. Jet quenching in hot strongly coupled gauge theories simplified

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Peter Arnold; Diana Vaman

    2011-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Theoretical studies of jet stopping in strongly-coupled QCD-like plasmas have used gauge-gravity duality to find that the maximum stopping distance scales like E^{1/3} for large jet energies E. In recent work studying jets that are created by finite-size sources in the gauge theory, we found an additional scale: the typical (as opposed to maximum) jet stopping distance scales like (EL)^{1/4}, where L is the size of the space-time region where the jet is created. In this paper, we show that the results of our previous, somewhat involved computation in the gravity dual, and the (EL)^{1/4} scale in particular, can be very easily reproduced and understood in terms of the distance that high-energy particles travel in AdS_5-Schwarzschild space before falling into the black brane. We also investigate how stopping distances depend on the conformal dimension of the source operator used to create the jet.

  5. Particle Acceleration in Relativistic Jets due to Weibel Instability

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    K. -I. Nishikawa; P. Hardee; G. Richardson; R. Preece; H. Sol; G. J. Fishman

    2003-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Shock acceleration is an ubiquitous phenomenon in astrophysical plasmas. Plasma waves and their associated instabilities (e.g., the Buneman instability, two-streaming instability, and the Weibel instability) created in the shocks are responsible for particle (electron, positron, and ion) acceleration. Using a 3-D relativistic electromagnetic particle (REMP) code, we have investigated particle acceleration associated with a relativistic jet front propagating through an ambient plasma with and without initial magnetic fields. We find only small differences in the results between no ambient and weak ambient magnetic fields. Simulations show that the Weibel instability created in the collisionless shock front accelerates particles perpendicular and parallel to the jet propagation direction. While some Fermi acceleration may occur at the jet front, the majority of electron acceleration takes place behind the jet front and cannot be characterized as Fermi acceleration. The simulation results show that this instability is responsible for generating and amplifying highly nonuniform, small-scale magnetic fields, which contribute to the electron's transverse deflection behind the jet head. The ``jitter'' radiation (Medvedev 2000) from deflected electrons has different properties than synchrotron radiation which is calculated in a uniform magnetic field. This jitter radiation may be important to understanding the complex time evolution and/or spectral structure in gamma-ray bursts, relativistic jets, and supernova remnants.

  6. Jumping into buckets, or How to decontaminate overlapping fat jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Koichi Hamaguchi; Seng Pei Liew; Martin Stoll

    2015-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

    At the LHC, tagging boosted heavy particle resonances which decay hadronically, such as top quarks and Higgs bosons, can play an essential role in new physics searches. In events with high multiplicity, however, the standard approach to tag boosted resonances by a large-radius fat jet becomes difficult because the resonances are not well-separated from other hard radiation. In this paper, we propose a different approach to tag and reconstruct boosted resonances by using the recently proposed mass-jump jet algorithm. A key feature of the algorithm is the flexible radius of the jets, which results from a terminating veto that prevents the recombination of two hard prongs if their combined jet mass is substantially larger than the masses of the separate prongs. The idea of collecting jets in "buckets" is also used. As an example, we consider the fully hadronic final state of pair-produced vectorlike top partners at the LHC, $pp\\to T\\bar{T}\\to t\\bar{t}HH$, and show that the new approach works better than the corresponding generalized $k_T$ jet clustering algorithm. We also show that tagging and kinematic reconstruction of boosted top quarks and Higgs bosons are possible with good quality even in these very busy final states. The vectorlike top partners are kinematically reconstructed, which allows their direct mass measurement.

  7. Measurement of the ratio of the 3-jet to 2-jet cross sections in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wyslouch, Boleslaw

    A measurement of the ratio of the inclusive 3-jet to 2-jet cross sections as a function of the total jet transverse momentum, HT, in the range 0.2

  8. Search for anomalous production of events with a photon, jet, b-quark jet, and missing transverse energy

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xie, Si

    We present a signature-based search for the anomalous production of events containing a photon, two jets, of which at least one is identified as originating from a b quark, and missing transverse energy (E?[subscript T]). ...

  9. A study of jet energy measurement at CDF

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    NONE

    1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis describes the effort being made to improve the Jet Energy Reconstruction as performed by the CDF international collaboration at the Tevatron collider. This experiment studies proton-antiproton interactions at a center of mass energy of 1.8 TeV. During the three years data taking period Run 1, from 1992 to 1995 the CDF experiment collected an amount of data corresponding to a total integrated luminosity of 110 pb{sup -1}. One of the major results obtained analyzing this data sample is the discovery of the top quark. In the year 2000 a new period of data taking, Run 11, will start with a higher luminosity and a slightly higher center of mass energy giving us the chance to explore high energy physics even deeper. In preparation of this new run several upgrades are being made to adapt the CDF detector to the high luminosity foreseen and to improve its capabilities. Many signatures requested to trigger the detector aim at signaling a quark or a gluon in the final state. Unfortunately we are not able to measure quarks as free particles because they undergo a fragmentation process when turning into jets of particles. Thus it is of key importance to build up algorithms which reconstruct the energy of the initial parton starting from the jet informations. The description of the algorithm adopted till now will be given as an introduction to the new method being developed, that will be the main subject of this thesis. In Chapter I we will give a theoretical introduction on strong interactions to describe the mechanism to produce hadronic jets. In Chapter 2 we will describe some results from the experiment where the reconstruction of hadronic jets was important. Here we will also mention some important results which we think we can obtain during new the data taking period. We will give particular emphasis to those processes where an improved jet energy measured would bring to better results. In Chapter 3 we will give a description of the CDF detector including some more details on the elements which are relevant for jet energy reconstruction. The way of defining jets which has been used by CDF so far, will be the subject of chapter 4. Starting from the present CDF algorithm we studied the various problems which arise with jet reconstruction. Those problems can be grouped into two categories, the one including effects coming from physics and a second one including the effects due to a non-perfect resolution of our detector. In Chapter 5 the physics effects limiting jet energy reconstruction will be addressed. We will discuss the radiation of hard gluons both from initial state and final state partons and we will show how these problems are connected with jet definition algorithms. In Chapter 6 we will describe a new method to define jet energy making use of some detector informations which are not used in the present algorithm. The energy of each single calorimeter tower will be re-defined taking into account not only the energy released in the calorimeters, but also the informations on the shower development through it and the tracking informations coming from the Central Tracking Chamber. Finally, in Chapter 7 we apply the studies described above on photon+jet events collected during the run 1. The use of data is of key importance to claim that our corrections are working fine. We will show how a 30 % improvement in jet energy resolution, a major step towards better jet physics in Run 11, is obtained.

  10. JET multi-pellet injection experiments

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Kupschus, P.; Bartlett, D.V.; Behringer, K.; Campbell, D.J.; Cheetham, A.; Cordey, J.G.; Corti, S.; Gadeberg, M.; Gondhalekar, A.; Gottardi, N.A.; Jarvis, O.N.; Morgan, P.; O'Rourke, J.; Sadler, G.; Snipes, J.; Stubberfield, D.; Taroni, A.; Tubbing, B.; Von Hellermann, M. (JET Joint Undertaking, Abingdon (UK)); Baylor, L.R.; Houlberg, W.A.; Jernigan, T.C.; Milora, S.L. (Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (USA)); Galvao, R.

    1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The multiple injection of deuterium pellets into JET plasmas under various scenarios for limiter and X-point discharges with currents up to 5 MA with pure ohmic, neutral beam and RF heating has been undertaken in a collaborative effort between JET and an USDOE team under the umbrella of the EURATOM-USDOE (US Department of Energy) Fusion Agreement on Pellet Injection using an ORNL built 3-barrel, repetitive multi-pellet launcher. The best plasma performance with pellet injection and additional heating so far has been obtained by injecting early into 3 MA, 3.1 T pulses while centrally depositing the pellet mass, with N{sub eo} initially well in excess of 10{sup 20} m{sup {minus}3}. Subsequent central heating of this dense and clean core by ion cyclotron resonance heating (ICRH) with H and {sup 3}He minorities in the 10 MW range yields T{sub eo} up to 12 keV and T{sub io} up to more than 10 keV, while n{sub eo} is decreasing (within up to 1.5s) decaying to 0.6 {times} 10{sup 20} m{sup {minus}3}, suggesting an enhanced central energy confinement in limiter discharges with only modestly improved global L-mode confinement. In this plasma core electron pressures of more than 1 bar with gradients in the order of 4 bar*m{sup {minus}1} have been reached with the total pressure approaching ballooning stability limits. The resulting total neutron rate from D-D reactions of up to 4.5*10{sup 15} s{sup {minus}1} so far increases strongly with RF power and can exceed that of similar non-enhanced shots by factors of 3 to 5. n{sub D}(O)*T{sub i}(O)*{tau}{sub E}(a) products in the range of 1 to 2*10{sup 20} m{sup {minus}3} keVs are obtained but combined power with neutral beams (up to 28 MW total), generally degrades the performance though leading to higher neutron rates of up to 7*10{sup 15} s{sup {minus}1}. 10 refs., 8 figs.

  11. Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro; Bailey, Sharon A.; Bower, John C.; Denslow, Kayte M.; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Gauglitz, Phillip A.; Guzman, Anthony D.; Hatchell, Brian K.; Hopkins, Derek F.; Hurley, David E.; Johnson, Michael D.; Kirihara, Leslie J.; Lawler, Bruce D.; Loveland, Jesse S.; Mullen, O Dennis; Pekour, Mikhail S.; Peters, Timothy J.; Robinson, Peter J.; Russcher, Michael S.; Sande, Susan; Santoso, Christian; Shoemaker, Steven V.; Silva, Steve M.; Smith, Devin E.; Su, Yin-Fong; Toth, James J.; Wiberg, John D.; Yu, Xiao-Ying; Zuljevic, Nino

    2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants. The test data were used to independently develop mixing models that can be used to predict full-scale WTP vessel performance and to rate current WTP mixing system designs against two specific performance requirements. One requirement is to ensure that all solids have been disturbed during the mixing action, which is important to release gas from the solids. The second requirement is to maintain a suspended solids concentration below 20 weight percent at the pump inlet. The models predict the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action, and the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate we can calculate the concentration of solids at the pump inlet. The velocity needed to lift the solids is slightly more demanding than "disturbing" the solids, and is used as a surrogate for this metric. We applied the models to assess WTP mixing vessel performance with respect to the two perform¬ance requirements. Each mixing vessel was evaluated against these two criteria for two defined waste conditions. One of the wastes was defined by design limits and one was derived from Hanford waste characterization reports. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The assessment predicts that three vessel types will satisfy the design criteria for all conditions evaluated. Seven vessel types will not satisfy the performance criteria used for any of the conditions evaluated. The remaining three vessel types provide varying assessments when the different particle characteristics are evaluated. The HLP-022 vessel was also evaluated using 12 m/s pulse jet velocity with 6-in. nozzles, and this design also did not satisfy the criteria for all of the conditions evaluated.

  12. Dynamics and Structure of Three-Dimensional Poloidally Magnetized Supermagnetosonic Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    P. E. Hardee; D. A. Clarke; A. Rosen

    1997-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    A set of 3D MHD simulations of magnetized jets has been performed. The jets contain an equipartition primarily poloidal magnetic field and the effect of jet density on jet dynamics and structure is evaluated. The jet is precessed at the origin to excite Kelvin-Helmholtz unstable helical modes. We extensively compare the structure in these simulations with linear stability theory. The jet that is dense with respect to the external medium develops a high speed core surrounded by a less dense sheath consisting of slower moving jet fluid. These simulations suggest that extended extragalactic jets propagate to such large distances because they are surrounded by a lobe or cocoon whose density is less than the jet density. (Abridged abstract.)

  13. Cone algorithm jets in e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collisions

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Chay, J. [Department of Physics, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea)] [Department of Physics, Korea University, Seoul 136-701 (Korea); Ellis, S.D. [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)] [Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States)

    1997-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The structure of hadronic jets depends not only on the dynamics of QCD but also on the details of the jet finding algorithm and the physical process in which the jet is produced. To study these effects in more detail we calculate the jet cross section and the internal jet structure in e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} annihilations and compare them to the results found in hadronic collisions using the {ital same} jet definition, the cone algorithm. The different structures of the overall events in the two cases are evident in the comparison. For a given cone size and jet energy, the distribution of energy inside the cone is more concentrated near the center for jets from e{sup +}e{sup {minus}} collisions than for jets from hadronic collisions. {copyright} {ital 1997} {ital The American Physical Society}

  14. Shape Studies of Quark Jets versus Gluon Jets at sqrt(s) = 10 GeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.

    1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    , Kansas 66045 'University ofMinnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455 (Received 1 June 1992) Using date from e e annihilation into hadrons taken on the Y(1S) and continuum, we are able to compare event properties of three-gluon (ggg) and quark-antiquark (qq...(1S). Contrary to the notion that two-gluon (gg) events are globally very similar to qq jets, we infer from a study of the yb (J=0 or 2) states that gg event shapes more closely resemble ggg decays of the Y(1S),whereas qqg decays of the yb (J= 1...

  15. Zonal Flow as Pattern Formation: Merging Jets and the Ultimate Jet Length Scale

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jeffrey B. Parker and John A. Krommes

    2013-01-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Zonal flows are well known to arise spontaneously out of turbulence. It is shown that for statisti- cally averaged equations of quasigeostrophic turbulence on a beta plane, zonal flows and inhomoge- neous turbulence fit into the framework of pattern formation. There are many implications. First, the zonal flow wavelength is not unique. Indeed, in an idealized, infinite system, any wavelength within a certain continuous band corresponds to a solution. Second, of these wavelengths, only those within a smaller subband are linearly stable. Unstable wavelengths must evolve to reach a stable wavelength; this process manifests as merging jets.

  16. Spectrometric Analysis for Pulse Jet Mixer Testing

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    ZEIGLER, KRISTINE

    2004-07-12T23:59:59.000Z

    The Analytical Development Section (ADS) was tasked with providing support for a Hanford River Protection Program-Waste Treatment Program (RPP-WTP) project test involving absorption analysis for non-Newtonian pulse jet mixer testing for small scale (PJM) and prototype (CRV) tanks with sparging. Tanks filled with clay were mixed with various amounts of powdered dye as a tracer. The objective of the entire project was to determine the best mixing protocol (nozzle velocity, number of spargers used, total air flow, etc.) by determining the percent mixed volume through the use of an ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectrometer. The dye concentration within the sample could be correlated to the volume fraction mixed in the tank. Samples were received in vials, a series of dilutions were generated from the clay, allowed to equilibrate, then centrifuged and siphoned for the supernate liquid to analyze by absorption spectroscopy. Equilibration of the samples and thorough mixing of the samples were a continuous issue with dilution curves being difficult to obtain. Despite these technical issues, useful data was obtained for evaluation of various mix conditions.

  17. ,Jet)TE( 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Quigg, Chris

    #12;1b _ 1b g g g 0 1 0 1 _ _ b b b b _ q q #12;#12;#12;#12;,Jet)TE( 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 TaggedJets 0 5 10 15 20 ,Jet)TE( 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 TaggedJets 0 5 10 15 20 Data QCD-multijet Top W/Z+jets,Diboson -1 CDF Run II Preliminary, 156pb b1b ~ Search for Gluino Jet) st ,1TE( 0 0.5 1 1.5 2 2.5 3 Tagged

  18. Factorization of the dijet cross section in electron-positron scattering with jet algorithms

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Junegone Chay; Chul Kim; Inchol Kim

    2015-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We analyze the effects of jet algorithms on each factorized part of the dijet cross sections in $e^+ e^-$ scattering using the soft-collinear effective theory. The jet function and the soft function with a cone-type jet algorithm and the Sterman-Weinberg jet algorithm are computed to next-to-leading order in $\\alpha_s$, and are shown to be infrared finite using the dimensional regularization. The integrated and unintegrated jet functions are presented, and compared with other types of jet functions.

  19. A 'BOOSTED FIREBALL' MODEL FOR STRUCTURED RELATIVISTIC JETS

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Duffell, Paul C.; MacFadyen, Andrew I., E-mail: pcd233@nyu.edu, E-mail: macfadyen@nyu.edu [Center for Cosmology and Particle Physics, New York University, NY (United States)

    2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a model for relativistic jets which generates a particular angular distribution of Lorentz factor and energy per solid angle. We consider a fireball with specific internal energy E/M launched with bulk Lorentz factor ? {sub B}. In its center-of-momentum frame the fireball expands isotropically, converting its internal energy into radially expanding flow with asymptotic Lorentz factor ?{sub 0} ? E/M. In the lab frame the flow is beamed, expanding with Lorentz factor ? = 2?{sub 0}? {sub B} in the direction of its initial bulk motion and with characteristic opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 1/? {sub B}. The flow is jet-like with ??{sub 0} ? 2?{sub 0} such that jets with ? > 1/?{sub 0} are naturally produced. The choice ?{sub 0} ? ? {sub B} ? 10 yields a jet with ? ? 200 on-axis and angular structure characterized by opening angle ?{sub 0} ? 0.1 of relevance for cosmological gamma-ray bursts (GRBs), while ? {sub B} ?> 1 may be relevant for low-luminosity GRBs. The model produces a family of outflows, of relevance for different relativistic phenomena with structures completely determined by ?{sub 0} and ? {sub B}. We calculate the energy per unit solid angle for the model and use it to compute light curves for comparison with the widely used top-hat model. The jet break in the boosted fireball light curve is greatly subdued when compared to the top-hat model because the edge of the jet is smoother than for a top-hat. This may explain missing jet breaks in afterglow light curves.

  20. Study of Jet Shapes in Inclusive Jet Production in pp Collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV using the ATLAS Detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The ATLAS Collaboration

    2010-12-30T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet shapes have been measured in inclusive jet production in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV using 3 pb^{-1} of data recorded by the ATLAS experiment at the LHC. Jets are reconstructed using the anti-kt algorithm with transverse momentum 30 GeV jets become narrower with increasing jet transverse momentum and the jet shapes present a moderate jet rapidity dependence. Within QCD, the data test a variety of perturbative and non-perturbative effects. In particular, the data show sensitivity to the details of the parton shower, fragmentation, and underlying event models in the Monte Carlo generators. For an appropriate choice of the parameters used in these models, the data are well described.

  1. Measurements of jet multiplicity and differential production cross sections of Z + jets events in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    CMS Collaboration

    2015-03-16T23:59:59.000Z

    Measurements of differential cross sections are presented for the production of a Z boson and at least one hadronic jet in proton-proton collisions at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV, recorded by the CMS detector, using a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 4.9 inverse femtobarns. The jet multiplicity distribution is measured for up to six jets. The differential cross sections are measured as a function of jet transverse momentum and pseudorapidity for the four highest transverse momentum jets. The distribution of the scalar sum of jet transverse momenta is also measured as a function of the jet multiplicity. The measurements are compared with theoretical predictions at leading and next-to-leading order in perturbative QCD.

  2. Jet production cross section and jet properties in pp collisions at 7 TeV centre-of-mass energy with the ATLAS detector

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zinonas Zinonos

    2010-10-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet cross sections have been measured with the ATLAS detector for the first time in proton-proton collisions at center-of-mass energy of t TeV. The measurement uses an integrated luminosity of 17 nb-1 recorded at the Large Hadron Collider. The anti-kt algorithm is used to identify jets, with jet resolution parameters R=0.6. The dominant uncertainty comes from the jet energy scale, which is determined to within 7% for central jets above 60 GeV transverse momentum. Inclusive single-jet differential cross sections are presented as functions of jet transverse momentum and rapidity. Dijet cross sections are presented as functions of dijet mass and angle chi. The experimental results are compared to the expectations based on next-to-leading order QCD.

  3. Mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Eidelman; T. Elperin; N. Kleeorin; G. Hazak; I. Rogachevskii; O. Sadot; I. Sapir-Katiraie

    2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z

    We study experimentally and theoretically mixing at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. In the experimental study we use Particle Image Velocimetry and an Image Processing Technique based on the analysis of the intensity of the Mie scattering to determine the spatial distribution of tracer particles. An air jet is seeded with the incense smoke particles which are characterized by large Schmidt number and small Stokes number. We determine the spatial distributions of the jet fluid characterized by a high concentration of the particles and of the ambient fluid characterized by a low concentration of the tracer particles. In the data analysis we use two approaches, whereby one approach is based on the measured phase function for the study of the mixed state of two fluids. The other approach is based on the analysis of the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density fluctuations generated by tangling of the gradient of the mean particle number density by the turbulent velocity field. This gradient is formed at the external boundary of a submerged turbulent jet. We demonstrate that PDF of the phase function of a jet fluid penetrating into an external flow and the two-point second-order correlation function of the particle number density do not have universal scaling and cannot be described by a power-law function. The theoretical predictions made in this study are in a qualitative agreement with the obtained experimental results.

  4. Simulations of Evolving or Outbursting Molecular Protostellar Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Alexander Rosen; Michael D. Smith

    2003-04-25T23:59:59.000Z

    The kinematic and radiative power of molecular jets is expected to change as a protostar undergoes permanent or episodal changes in the rate at which it accretes. We study here the consequences of evolving jet power on the spatial and velocity structure, as well as the fluxes, of molecular emission from the bipolar outflow. We consider a jet of rapidly increasing density and a jet in which the mass input is abruptly cut off. We perform three dimensional hydrodynamic simulations with atomic and molecular cooling and chemistry. In this work, highly collimated and sheared jets are assumed. We find that position-velocity diagrams, velocity-channel maps and the relative H$_2$ and CO fluxes are potentially the best indicators of the evolutionary stage. In particular, the velocity width of the CO lines may prove most reliable although the often-quoted mass-velocity power-law index is probably not. We demonstrate how the relative H$_2$ 1--0 S(1) and CO J=1--0 fluxes evolve and apply this to interpret the phase of several outflows.

  5. Jet conversions in a quark-gluon plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    W. Liu; C. M. Ko; B. W. Zhang

    2007-05-05T23:59:59.000Z

    Quark and gluon jets traversing through a quark-gluon plasma not only lose their energies but also can undergo flavor conversions. The conversion rates via the elastic $q(\\bar q)g\\to gq(\\bar q)$ and the inelastic $q\\bar q\\leftrightarrow gg$ scatterings are evaluated in the lowest order in QCD. Including both jet energy loss and conversions in the expanding quark-gluon plasma produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions, we have found a net conversion of quark to gluon jets. This reduces the difference between the nuclear modification factors for quark and gluon jets in central heavy ion collisions and thus enhances the $p/\\pi^+$ and ${\\bar p}/\\pi^-$ ratios at high transverse momentum. However, a much larger net quark to gluon jet conversion rate than the one given by the lowest-order QCD is needed to account for the observed similar ratios in central Au+Au and p+p collisions at same energy. Implications of our results are discussed.

  6. Implementation and Performance of the ATLAS Second Level Jet Trigger

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Conde-Muíńo, P; Brelier, B; Cranmer, K; Delsart, P A; Dufour, M A; Eckweiler, S; Ferland, J; Idarraga, J; Johns, K; LeCompte, T; Potter, C; Robertson, S; Santamarina-Rios, C; Segura, E; Silverstein, D; Vachon, B; International Conference on Computing in High Energy and Nuclear Physics

    2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    ATLAS is one of the four major LHC experiments, designed to cover a wide range of physics topics. In order to cope with a rate of 40 MHz and 25 interactions per bunch crossing, the ATLAS trigger system is divided in three different levels. The first one (LVL1, hardware based) identifies signatures in 2 microseconds that are confirmed by the the following trigger levels (software based). The Second Level Trigger (LVL2) only looks at a region of the space around the LVL1 signature (called Region of Interest or ROI), confirming/rejecting the event in about 10 ms, while the Event Filter (Third Level Trigger, EF) has potential full event access and larger processing times, of the order of 1 s. The jet selection starts at the LVL1 with dedicated processors that search for high ET hadronic energy depositions. At the LVL2, the jet signatures are verified with the execution of a dedicated, fast jet reconstruction algorithm. Given the fact that the main jet's background are jets,the energy calibration at the LVL2 is on...

  7. Jumping into buckets, or How to decontaminate overlapping fat jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hamaguchi, Koichi; Stoll, Martin

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    At the LHC, tagging boosted heavy particle resonances which decay hadronically, such as top quarks and Higgs bosons, can play an essential role in new physics searches. In events with high multiplicity, however, the standard approach to tag boosted resonances by a large-radius fat jet becomes difficult because the resonances are not well-separated from other hard radiation. In this paper, we propose a different approach to tag and reconstruct boosted resonances by using the recently proposed mass-jump jet algorithm. A key feature of the algorithm is the flexible radius of the jets, which results from a terminating veto that prevents the recombination of two hard prongs if their combined jet mass is substantially larger than the masses of the separate prongs. The idea of collecting jets in "buckets" is also used. As an example, we consider the fully hadronic final state of pair-produced vectorlike top partners at the LHC, $pp\\to T\\bar{T}\\to t\\bar{t}HH$, and show that the new approach works better than the corr...

  8. Pulse Jet Mixing Tests With Noncohesive Solids

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Meyer, Perry A.; Bamberger, Judith A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Sundaram, S. K.; Scott, Paul A.; Minette, Michael J.; Smith, Gary L.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Greenwood, Margaret S.; Morgen, Gerald P.; Baer, Ellen BK; Snyder, Sandra F.; White, Michael K.; Piepel, Gregory F.; Amidan, Brett G.; Heredia-Langner, Alejandro

    2012-02-17T23:59:59.000Z

    This report summarizes results from pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid. The tests were conducted during FY 2007 and 2008 to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant (WTP). Tests were conducted at three geometric scales using noncohesive simulants, and the test data were used to develop models predicting two measures of mixing performance for full-scale WTP vessels. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids are suspended off the floor, though not fully mixed). From the cloud height, the concentration of solids at the pump inlet can be estimated. The predicted critical suspension velocity for lifting all solids is not precisely the same as the mixing requirement for 'disturbing' a sufficient volume of solids, but the values will be similar and closely related. These predictive models were successfully benchmarked against larger scale tests and compared well with results from computational fluid dynamics simulations. The application of the models to assess mixing in WTP vessels is illustrated in examples for 13 distinct designs and selected operational conditions. The values selected for these examples are not final; thus, the estimates of performance should not be interpreted as final conclusions of design adequacy or inadequacy. However, this work does reveal that several vessels may require adjustments to design, operating features, or waste feed properties to ensure confidence in operation. The models described in this report will prove to be valuable engineering tools to evaluate options as designs are finalized for the WTP. Revision 1 refines data sets used for model development and summarizes models developed since the completion of Revision 0.

  9. Experimental Investigation of Sphere Slamming to Quiescent Water Surface-Pressure Distribution and Jetting Flow Field

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Wei, Wan-Yi

    2014-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

    Sphere slamming pressures and corresponding jetting flow fields were studied in an experimental approach. Correlations between sphere impacting forces and jetting flow occurrences were explored. Pressure sensor was used to investigate the slamming...

  10. An artificial neural network based $b$ jet identification algorithm at the CDF Experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    J. Freeman; W. Ketchum; J. D. Lewis; S. Poprocki; A. Pronko; V. Rusu; P. Wittich

    2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the development and validation of a new multivariate $b$ jet identification algorithm ("$b$ tagger") used at the CDF experiment at the Fermilab Tevatron. At collider experiments, $b$ taggers allow one to distinguish particle jets containing $B$ hadrons from other jets. Employing feed-forward neural network architectures, this tagger is unique in its emphasis on using information from individual tracks. This tagger not only contains the usual advantages of a multivariate technique such as maximal use of information in a jet and tunable purity/efficiency operating points, but is also capable of evaluating jets with only a single track. To demonstrate the effectiveness of the tagger, we employ a novel method wherein we calculate the false tag rate and tag efficiency as a function of the placement of a lower threshold on a jet's neural network output value in $Z+1$ jet and $t\\bar{t}$ candidate samples, rich in light flavor and $b$ jets, respectively.

  11. Gas jet disruption mitigation studies on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hollmann, E. M.

    High-pressure noble gas jet injection is a mitigation technique which potentially satisfies the requirements of fast response time and reliability, without degrading subsequent discharges. Previously reported gas jet ...

  12. Jet fragmentation in STAR going from p+p to Au+Au

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Elena Bruna; for the STAR Collaboration

    2009-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet fragmentation functions provide insight into jet structure and are expected to be modified by the nuclear medium in A+A collisions with respect to p+p reference measurements. If jet reconstruction is unbiased then a softening of the fragmentation functions is expected and should be observed in Au+Au collisions at RHIC. In these proceedings we present measurements of fragmentation functions in p+p for charged particles for different jet finding algorithms; these measurements are understood and therefore can be used as a reference for comparison with Au+Au results. We report the effect of background and its fluctuations on jet reconstruction in Au+Au collisions, estimated by using the jet algorithms on simulated Pythia jets embedded in real Au+Au events. Finally, measurements of fragmentation functions for jets reconstructed in Au+Au events and their comparison to the p+p baseline are presented and discussed.

  13. ON THE NEAR FIELD MEAN FLOW STRUCTURE OF TRANSVERSE JETS ISSUING INTO A SUPERSONIC FREESTREAM

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Texas at Arlington, University of

    of transverse jets issuing from a surface into supersonic crossflow is examined using numerical methods of horseshoe vortices. As the jet was turned downstream by the crossflow, the so-called barrel shock terminates

  14. MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE SENSING FOR SYNGAS, METHANE AND JET-A COMBUSTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Seitzman, Jerry M.

    MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE SENSING FOR SYNGAS, METHANE AND JET-A COMBUSTION of Technology August 2008 #12;MODELING AND ANALYSIS OF CHEMILUMINESCENCE SENSING FOR SYNGAS, METHANE AND JET

  15. Designing a low cost XY stage for abrasive water jet cutting

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Abu Ibrahim, Fadi, 1980-

    2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    This thesis guides the reader through the design of an inexpensive XY stage for abrasive water jet cutting machine starting with a set of functional requirements and ending with a product. Abrasive water jet cutting allows ...

  16. Radar and lightning analyses of gigantic jet-producing storms Tiffany C. Meyer,1,2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Rutledge, Steven

    Radar and lightning analyses of gigantic jet-producing storms Tiffany C. Meyer,1,2 Timothy J. Lang of gigantic jets, similar to prior modeling studies. Citation: Meyer, T. C., T. J. Lang, S. A. Rutledge, W. A

  17. Three-Dimensional Simulations of Bi-Directed Magnetohydrodynamic Jets Interacting with Cluster Environments

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    O'Neill, S M

    2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We report on a series of three-dimensional magnetohydrodynamic simulations of active galactic nucleus (AGN) jet propagation in realistic models of magnetized galaxy clusters. We are primarily interested in the details of energy transfer between jets and the intracluster medium (ICM) to help clarify what role such flows could have in the reheating of cluster cores. Our simulated jets feature a range of intermittency behaviors, including intermittent jets that periodically switch on and off and one model jet that shuts down completely, naturally creating a relic plume. The ICM into which these jets propagate incorporates tangled magnetic field geometries and density substructure designed to mimic some likely features of real galaxy clusters. We find that our jets are characteristically at least 60% efficient at transferring thermal energy to the ICM. Irreversible heat energy is not uniformly distributed, however, instead residing preferentially in regions very near the jet/cocoon boundaries. While intermittency...

  18. Measuring the $b$-jet tagging efficiency on $c$-jets containing $D^{*+}$ mesons with ATLAS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferretto, A; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of jets originating from $b$-quarks ($b$-tagging) is a crucial tool for the LHC physics program, both for precision measurements and in searches for new particles. One important ingredient when using $b$-tagging in physics analyses is the determination of the probability to mistakenly $b$-tag a jet originating from a $c$-quark ($c$-tag efficiency). The optimal sample for the measurements of the $c$-tag efficiency would be a clean sample of jets originating from $c$-quarks. The sample of jets associated to reconstructed $D^{?+}$ mesons (through the decay chain $D^{*+} \\rightarrow D^0 \\pi^+ \\rightarrow K^- \\pi^+ \\pi^+$) is quite close to this ideal case since most $D^{*+}$ mesons originate from $c$-quark hadronization. The $c$-tag efficiency has been measured by comparing the reduction in the yield of $D^{*+}$ mesons before and after the $b$-tagging requirement of the associated jet. The contamination from $D^{*+}$ mesons that originate from $b$-hadron decays has been taken into account usi...

  19. Measuring the $b$-jet tagging efficiency on $c$-jets containing $D^{*+}$ mesons with ATLAS data

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ferretto, A; The ATLAS collaboration

    2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The identification of jets originating from $b$-quarks ($b$-tagging) is a crucial tool for the LHC physics program, both for precision measurements and in searches for new particles. One important ingredient when using $b$-tagging in physics analyses is the determination of the probability to mistakenly $b$-tag a jet originating from a $c$-quark ($c$-tag efficiency). The optimal sample for the measurements of the $c$-tag efficiency would be a clean sample of jets originating from $c$-quarks. The sample of jets associated to reconstructed $D^{*+}$ mesons (through the decay chain $D^{*+}\\to D^0\\pi^+\\to K^-\\pi^+\\pi^+$) is quite close to this ideal case since most $D^{*+}$ mesons originate from $c$-quark hadronization. The $c$-tag efficiency has been measured by comparing the reduction in the yield of $D^{*+}$ mesons before and after the $b$-tagging requirement of the associated jet. The contamination from $D^{*+}$ mesons that originate from $b$-hadron decays has been taken into account using a fit to the $D^0$ p...

  20. Precise Predictions for Z + 4 Jets at Hadron Colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Ita, H.; Bern, Z.; Dixon, L.J.; Cordero, F.Febres; Kosower, D.A.; Maitre, D.

    2011-12-09T23:59:59.000Z

    We present the cross section for production of a Z boson in association with four jets at the Large Hadron Collider, at next-to-leading order in the QCD coupling. When the Z decays to neutrinos, this process is a key irreducible background to many searches for new physics. Its computation has been made feasible through the development of the on-shell approach to perturbative quantum field theory. We present the total cross section for pp collisions at {radical}s = 7 TeV, after folding in the decay of the Z boson, or virtual photon, to a charged-lepton pair. We also provide distributions of the transverse momenta of the four jets, and we compare cross sections and distributions to the corresponding ones for the production of a W boson with accompanying jets.

  1. Chromospheric Anemone Jets as Evidence of Ubiquitous Reconnection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kazunari Shibata; Tahei Nakamura; Takuma Matsumoto; Kenichi Otsuji; Takenori J. Okamoto; Naoto Nishizuka; Tomoko Kawate; Hiroko Watanabe; Shin'ichi Nagata; Satoru UeNo; Reizaburo Kitai; Satoshi Nozawa; Saku Tsuneta; Yoshinori Suematsu; Kiyoshi Ichimoto; Toshifumi Shimizu; Yukio Katsukawa; Theodore D. Tarbell; Thomas E. Berger; Bruce W. Lites; Richard A. Shine; Alan M. Title

    2008-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

    The heating of the solar chromosphere and corona is a long-standing puzzle in solar physics. Hinode observations show the ubiquitous presence of chromospheric anemone jets outside sunspots in active regions. They are typically 3 to 7 arc seconds = 2000 to 5000 kilometers long and 0.2 to 0.4 arc second = 150 to 300 kilometers wide, and their velocity is 10 to 20 kilometers per second. These small jets have an inverted Y-shape, similar to the shape of x-ray anemone jets in the corona. These features imply that magnetic reconnection similar to that in the corona is occurring at a much smaller spatial scale throughout the chromosphere and suggest that the heating of the solar chromosphere and corona may be related to small-scale ubiquitous reconnection.

  2. The nature of the Vela X-ray "jet"

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. V. Gvaramadze

    1999-12-02T23:59:59.000Z

    The nature of the Vela X-ray "jet", recently discovered by Markwardt & \\"Ogelman (1995), is examined. It is suggested that the "jet" arises along the interface of domelike deformations of the Rayleigh-Taylor unstable shell of the Vela supernova remnant; thereby the "jet" is interpreted as a part of the general shell of the remnant. The origin of deformations as well as the general structure of the remnant are discussed in the framework of a model based on a cavity explosion of a supernova star. It is suggested that the shell deformations viewed at various angles appear as filamentary structures visible throughout the Vela supernova remnant at radio, optical, and X-ray wavelengths. A possible origin of the nebula of hard X-ray emission detected by Willmore et al. (1992) around the Vela pulsar is proposed.

  3. Jet Studies in STAR via 2+1 Correlations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hua Pei

    2011-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

    This paper reports analysis on jet-medium interactions and di-jet surface emission bias at RHIC, based on a new multi-hadron correlation technique called \\texttt{2+1} where back-to-back high $p_{T}$ hadron triggers work as proxy of di-jets. In contrast with traditional correlations with single triggers, the associated hadron distributions and spectra at both trigger sides show no evident modification from d+Au to central Au+Au collisions. This observation stands for both cases when triggers pairs are symmetric($p_T>$5GeV/$c$ vs. $p_T>$4GeV/$c$) or asymmetric($E_T>$10GeV/$c$ vs. $p_T>$4GeV/$c$).

  4. Integrated coke, asphalt and jet fuel production process and apparatus

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Shang, Jer Y. (McLean, VA)

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A process and apparatus for the production of coke, asphalt and jet fuel m a feed of fossil fuels containing volatile carbon compounds therein is disclosed. The process includes the steps of pyrolyzing the feed in an entrained bed pyrolyzing means, separating the volatile pyrolysis products from the solid pyrolysis products removing at least one coke from the solid pyrolysis products, fractionating the volatile pyrolysis products to produce an overhead stream and a bottom stream which is useful as asphalt for road pavement, condensing the overhead stream to produce a condensed liquid fraction and a noncondensable, gaseous fraction, and removing water from the condensed liquid fraction to produce a jet fuel-containing product. The disclosed apparatus is useful for practicing the foregoing process. the process provides a useful method of mass producing and jet fuels from materials such as coal, oil shale and tar sands.

  5. Radio and gamma-ray connection in relativistic jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Orienti, M

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Relativistic jets are one of the most powerful manifestations of the release of energy related to the supermassive black holes at the centre of active galactic nuclei (AGN). Their emission is observed across the entire electromagnetic spectrum, from the radio band to gamma rays. Despite decades of efforts, many aspects of the physics of relativistic jets remain elusive. In particular, the location and the mechanisms responsible for the high-energy emission and the connection of the variability at different wavelengths are among the greatest challenges in the study of AGN. Recent high resolution radio observations of flaring objects locate the high-energy emitting region downstream the jet at parsec scale distance from the central engine, posing questions on the nature of the seed photons upscattered to gamma-rays. Furthermore, monitoring campaigns of the most active blazars indicate that not all the high energy flares have the same characteristics in the various energy bands, even from the same source, making...

  6. Medium induced jet absorption at relativistic heavy ion collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Axel Drees; Haidong Feng; Jiangyong Jia

    2005-05-31T23:59:59.000Z

    The dense medium created in Au + Au collisions at the Relativistic Heavy-Ion Collider (RHIC) significantly suppresses particle production from hard scattering processes and their characteristic back-to-back angular correlation. We present a simple model of jet absorption in dense matter which incorporates a realistic nuclear geometry. Our calculations are performed at the jet level and assume independent jet fragmentation in the vacuum. This model describes quantitatively the centrality dependence of the observed suppression of the high $p_T$ hadron yield and of the back-to-back angular correlations. The azimuthal anisotropy of high $p_T$ particle production can not be accounted for using a realistic nuclear geometry.

  7. Single-Phase Self-Oscillating Jets for Enhanced Heat Transfer: Preprint

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Narumanchi, S.; Kelly, K.; Mihalic, M.; Gopalan, S.; Hester, R.; Vlahinos, A.

    2008-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Self-oscillating jets have potential to cool insulated gate bipolar transistors in vehicle power electronics modules.

  8. Method and apparatus for removing heat from electronic devices using synthetic jets

    DOE Patents [OSTI]

    Sharma, Rajdeep; Weaver, Jr., Stanton Earl; Seeley, Charles Erklin; Arik, Mehmet; Icoz, Tunc; Wolfe, Jr., Charles Franklin; Utturkar, Yogen Vishwas

    2014-04-15T23:59:59.000Z

    An apparatus for removing heat comprises a heat sink having a cavity, and a synthetic jet stack comprising at least one synthetic jet mounted within the cavity. At least one rod and at least one engaging structure to provide a rigid positioning of the at least one synthetic jet with respect to the at least one rod. The synthetic jet comprises at least one orifice through which a fluid is ejected.

  9. Gas Jet Disruption Mitigation Studies on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Gas Jet Disruption Mitigation Studies on Alcator C-Mod and DIII-D R.S. Granetz1, E.M. Hollmann2, D-pressure noble gas jet High-pressure noble gas jets can mitigate 3 problems arising from disruptions, without molybdenum Be, W, C #12;Specific goals of these DIII-D and C-Mod gas jet experiments · Determine penetration

  10. PUBLISHED VERSION Characterization of local heat fluxes around ICRF antennas on JET

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ) to characterize the heat fluxes on the protection of the JET ICRF antennas, using Infra-Red (IR) thermography

  11. Azimuthal decorrelations and multiple parton interactions in photon+2 jet and photon+3 jet events in ppbar collisions at sqrt{s}=1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, Victor Mukhamedovich; /Dubna, JINR; Abbott, Braden Keim; /Oklahoma U.; Acharya, Bannanje Sripath; /Tata Inst.; Adams, Mark Raymond; /Illinois U., Chicago; Adams, Todd; /Florida State U.; Alexeev, Guennadi D.; /Dubna, JINR; Alkhazov, Georgiy D.; /St. Petersburg, INP; Alton, Andrew K.; /Michigan U. /Augustana Coll., Sioux Falls; Alverson, George O.; /Northeastern U.; Alves, Gilvan Augusto; /Rio de Janeiro, CBPF; Ancu, Lucian Stefan; /Nijmegen U. /Serpukhov, IHEP

    2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Samples of inclusive {gamma} + 2 jet and {gamma} + 3 jet events collected by the D0 experiment with an integrated luminosity of about 1 fb{sup -1} in p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV are used to measure cross sections as a function of the angle in the plane transverse to the beam direction between the transverse momentum (p{sub T}) of the {gamma} + leading jet system (jets are ordered in p{sub T}) and p{sub T} of the other jet for {gamma} + 2 jet, or p{sub T} sum of the two other jets for {gamma} + 3 jet events. The results are compared to different models of multiple parton interactions (MPI) in the pythia and sherpa Monte Carlo (MC) generators. The data indicate a contribution from events with double parton (DP) interactions and are well described by predictions provided by the pythia MPI models with p{sub T}-ordered showers and by sherpa with the default MPI model. The {gamma} + 2 jet data are also used to determine the fraction of events with DP interactions as a function of the azimuthal angle and as a function of the second jet p{sub T}.

  12. Sensitivity of Pion versus Parton-Jet Nuclear Modification Factors to the Path-Length Dependence of Jet-Energy Loss at RHIC and LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Betz, Barbara

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We compare the jet-path length and beam-energy dependence of the pion nuclear modification factor and a parton-jet nuclear modification factor at RHIC and LHC. We contrast predictions based on a linear pQCD and a highly non-linear hybrid-AdS holographic model of jet-energy loss. We find that both models require a reduction of the jet-medium coupling from RHIC to LHC to account for the measured pion nuclear modification factor. In case of the parton-jet nuclear modification factor, however, which serves as a lower bound for the LO jet nuclear modification factor of reconstructed jets, the extracted data can be characterized without a reduced jet-medium coupling at LHC energies. We conclude that while reconstructed jets are sensitive to both quarks and gluons and thus provide more information than the pion nuclear modification factor, their information regarding the jet-medium coupling is limited due to the superimposition with NLO and medium effects. Hence, a detailed description of the underlying physics requ...

  13. The azimuthal decorrelation of jets widely separated in rapidity

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, B.; D0 Collaboration

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study the azimuthal decorrelation between jets with pseudorapidity separation up to six units. The data were accumulated using the D0 detector during the 1994-1995 collider run of the Fermilab Tevatron at {radical}s = 1.8 TeV. The data are compared to two parton shower Monte Carlos (HERWIG and PYTHIA) and an analytical prediction using the leading logarithmic BFKL resummation. The final state jets as predicted by the parton showering Monte Carlos describe the data over the entire pseudorapidity range studied. The prediction based on the leading logarithmic BFKL resummation shows more decorrelation than the data as the rapidity interval increases.

  14. Factorization at the LHC: From PDFs to Initial State Jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Iain W. Stewart; Frank J. Tackmann; Wouter J. Waalewijn

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We study proton-(anti)proton collisions at the LHC or Tevatron in the presence of experimental restrictions on the hadronic final state and for generic parton momentum fractions. At the scale Q of the hard interaction, factorization does not yield standard parton distribution functions (PDFs) for the initial state. The measurement restricting the hadronic final state introduces a new scale \\mu_B Xl+l- where X is restricted to have no central jets. We comment on the extension to cases where the hadronic final state contains a certain number of isolated central jets.

  15. NLO QCD corrections to ZZ jet production at hadron colliders

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Binoth, T.; /Edinburgh U.; Gleisberg, T.; /SLAC; Karg, S.; /RWTH Aachen U.; Kauer, N.; /Royal Holloway, U. of London /Southampton U.; Sanguinetti, G.; /Annecy, LAPTH

    2010-05-26T23:59:59.000Z

    A fully differential calculation of the next-to-leading order QCD corrections to the production of Z-boson pairs in association with a hard jet at the Tevatron and LHC is presented. This process is an important background for Higgs particle and new physics searches at hadron colliders. We find sizable corrections for cross sections and differential distributions, particularly at the LHC. Residual scale uncertainties are typically at the 10% level and can be further reduced by applying a veto against the emission of a second hard jet. Our results confirm that NLO corrections do not simply rescale LO predictions.

  16. Upper tropospheric jet streams over North America during summer 1988

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Landers, David Edward

    1991-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    UPPER TROPOSPHERIC JET STREAMS OVER NORTH AMERICA DURING SUMMER 1988 A Thesis by DAVID EDWARD LANDERS Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfuillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER... OF SCIENCE August 1991 Ma j or Sub j ect: Meteorology UPPER TROPOSPHERIC JET STREAMS OVER NORTH AMERICA SUMMER 1988 A Thesis by DAVID EDWARD LANDERS Approved as to style and Content by: Dusan Djuric (Co-Chairman) James P. McGuirk (Co...

  17. Heating and jet formation by colliding shocks in solar atmosphere

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Tarbell, T.; Ryutova, M.P.; Covington, J. [Lockheed Martin Solar and Astrophysics Laboratory, 3251 Hanover Street, Palo Alto, California 94304 (United States); Ryutova, M.P. [Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory/IGPP, Livermore, California 94550 (United States); Fludra, A. [Space Science Department, Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (United States)

    1999-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We show that ubiquitous small-scale magnetic flux {open_quotes}tubes{close_quotes} constantly emerging from subsurface layers, may cause the formation of plasma jets and a sporadic excess of temperature near the solar surface. Photospheric network magnetic elements collide and reconnect, creating a sling-shot effect which generates complex 3D shock waves with the curved surface. Self-focusing of these shocks occurs as they propagate upward in the rarefied atmosphere. Depending on the geometry of the shock collision, highly concentrated energy may be either converted entirely into heat or into strong jets, or be distributed between the two. {copyright} {ital 1999 American Institute of Physics.}

  18. An experimental study of jet impingement on a circular cylinder

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Potts, Dennis Wayne

    1984-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    . The range of movement for the nozzle ~ was f rom seven nozzle diameters to 40 nozzle diameters from the surface of the cylinder (see Pig. 3) . The working medium was air which was supplied from a I very large tank. Using a compressor, the tank could... L. F. Porteiro A round turbulent jet was impinged normally upon a circular cylinder and the resulting flow field was studied. The investigation was conducted using a jet which issued from a nozzle with an 'I1/16 inch diameter. The cylinder had a...

  19. Space variations in axis height of the jet stream core 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Leutwyler, Cooke Hearon

    1965-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    height, of 55 mb be- tween Model I (troughs) and Model II (ridges). However, the present models of the jet stream do not adequately describe the way a jet stream axis varies in height at a given time. The average presented by Reiter (1958... the Ridge cases, the standard deviation was smaller upstream from the reference height than it was downstream. Therefore the mean curves are more representative and useful as models upstream than they are downstream. C HAP TER I I I HEIGHT VARIATIONS...

  20. An investigation of the wind perturbations within a jet stream 

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    St. Clair, Eugene Christian

    1959-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    LiBRARy. h & I COLLEGE OE TEXll$ AN INVESTIGATION OF THE WIND PERTURBATIONS WITHIN A JET STREAM A Thesis by EUGENE C. ST. CIAIR MAJOR USAF Submitted to the Graduate School of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial... fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE 1959 Major Subject: Meteorology AN INVESTIGATION OF THE WIND PERTURBATIONS WITHIN A JET STREAM A Thesi. s by EUGENE C. ST. CLAIR MAJOR USAF A pproved as to style and content by...

  1. Simulating Astrophysical Jets in Laboratory Experiments Paul M. Bellan, Setthivoine You, and Scott C. Hsu

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Bellan, Paul M.

    C. Hsu Caltech 128-95, Pasadena, CA 91125, USA April 23, 1993 Abstract. Pulsed power technology and increases the pinch force, thereby collimating the jet. Keywords: astrophysical jet, collimation, kink, MHD, pinch, stagnation 1. Experiment motivation and design A magnetically driven astrophysical jet

  2. Improved understanding and control of high-speed jet interaction flows

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Srinivasan, Ravichandra

    2006-04-12T23:59:59.000Z

    include the use of jets for fuel injection in scramjets, for reaction control of high-speed aerodynamic bodies and as cooling jets for skins of high-speed vehicles. A necessary requirement in the use of transverse jets for these and other applications is a...

  3. MORSE 2-JET SPACE AND h-PRINCIPLE ALAIN CHENCINER AND FRANOIS LAUDENBACH

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Recanati, Catherine

    MORSE 2-JET SPACE AND h-PRINCIPLE ALAIN CHENCINER AND FRANÇOIS LAUDENBACH Abstract. A section in the 2-jet space of Morse functions is not always homotopic to a holo- nomic section. We give a necessary; in an r-jet space (of smooth sections of a bundle over a manifold M ), it is natural to look

  4. The Study of the + 60C Cation in a Supersonic Slit Jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oka, Takeshi

    The Study of the + 60C Cation in a Supersonic Slit Jet Using Cavity Ring Down Spectroscopy of C + 60 by cavity ring down spectroscopy (CRDS) in a supersonic slit jet using a continuous wave Ti:Sapphire laser. The slit jet has been assembled and operated for short periods but not experimentally used.7

  5. Enhanced turbulence due to the superposition of internal gravity waves and a coastal upwelling jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Enhanced turbulence due to the superposition of internal gravity waves and a coastal upwelling jet instability. Yet enhanced turbulence is observed in the upwelling jet, typically as long, thin patches), Enhanced turbulence due to the superposition of internal gravity waves and a coastal upwelling jet, J

  6. Annual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2012/13 3 JET Operations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    .2.1 TECHNICAL ISSUES By the end of the previous reporting year, restart commissioning of the JET machine hadAnnual Report of the EURATOM/CCFE Fusion Programme 2012/13 3 JET Operations 3.1 INTRODUCTION SinceJETOperations During the period covered by this report, JET experimental campaigns were planned in the period

  7. Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Pickart, Robert S.

    Deep convection in the Irminger Sea forced by the Greenland tip jet Robert S. Pickart*, Michael A atmospheric jet known as the Greenland tip jet, which forms periodically in the lee of Cape Farewell, Greenland, and is associated with elevated heat flux and strong wind stress curl. Using a history of tip

  8. Jet Ignition Research for Clean Efficient Combustion Engines Prasanna Chinnathambi, Abdullah Karimi, Manikanda Rajagopal, Razi Nalim

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Zhou, Yaoqi

    Jet Ignition Research for Clean Efficient Combustion Engines Prasanna Chinnathambi, Abdullah Karimi University Indianapolis Abstract Ignition by a jet of hot gas has application in lean-burn pre-chamber internal combustion engines and in innovative pressure-gain combustors for gas turbine engines. Jet

  9. Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    #12;Jet-like circulations occur in the `simple' geometries of gas planets and Earth's liquid The Jet Stream Conundrum Baldwin, Rhines, Huang & McIntyre, Nature 2007 #12;For Earth's oceans, density and jets Tracks of fast sea- surface drifters, Jakobsen 1994 #12;channels & atmospheres: PV stirring

  10. A jet fuel surrogate formulated by real fuel properties Stephen Dooley a,*, Sang Hee Won a

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ju, Yiguang

    A jet fuel surrogate formulated by real fuel properties Stephen Dooley a,*, Sang Hee Won a , Marcos Accepted 2 July 2010 Available online 23 July 2010 Keywords: Jet fuel Surrogate formulation Kinetic model Group additivity Fuel properties Combustion jet-A a b s t r a c t An implicit methodology based

  11. Jet cooled spectra of pyrrolobenzene and of pyrrolobenzonitrile: the nature of the excited states

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Haas, Yehuda

    Jet cooled spectra of pyrrolobenzene and of pyrrolobenzonitrile: the nature of the excited states Berlin, Germany Received 24 May 2002 Abstract The jet cooled fluorescence and resonance enhanced obtained for these mol- ecules in a supersonic jet. The goal of the mea- surements was to establish a data

  12. FINITE JET DETERMINATION OF LOCAL CR AUTOMORPHISMS THROUGH RESOLUTION OF DEGENERACIES

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Boyer, Edmond

    FINITE JET DETERMINATION OF LOCAL CR AUTOMORPHISMS THROUGH RESOLUTION OF DEGENERACIES BERNHARD real-analytic CR automorphisms of M are uniquely determined by their k-jets (at p). To prove special class of nonminimal hypersurfaces for which one may use known techniques to prove the finite jet

  13. Fluid Jet Polishing -possibilities and limitations of a new fabrication technique -

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Fluid Jet Polishing - possibilities and limitations of a new fabrication technique - #12;#12;Fluid Jet Polishing - possibilities and limitations of a new fabrication technique - Proefschrift ter and polishing techniques 7 2.1.1 Classical grinding and Preston's equation 7 2.1.2 Abrasive jet cutting 8 2

  14. W+3 jet production at the LHC as a signal or background

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Kirill Melnikov; Giulia Zanderighi

    2009-10-19T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the production of W bosons in association with three jets at the LHC. We investigate how next-to-leading order QCD corrections modify basic kinematic distributions of jets and leptons. We also address the magnitude of NLO QCD effects in W+3 jet observables, relevant for SUSY searches at the LHC.

  15. GRB Jet Breaks and Energetics in the Swift/Chandra era

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ?umer, Slobodan

    GRB Jet Breaks and Energetics in the Swift/Chandra era Prof. David Burrows The Pennsylvania State University #12;Outline n Broad overview of GRB progress since 1960's n GRB jet physics n Swift satellite n X-ray light curves of GRBs n New relativistic hydrodynamical models for GRB jets n Preliminary

  16. Jet and Leading Hadron Production in High-energy Heavy-ion Collisions

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Xin-Nian Wang

    2005-10-31T23:59:59.000Z

    Jet tomography has become a powerful tool for the study of properties of dense matter in high-energy heavy-ion collisions. I will discuss recent progresses in the phenomenological study of jet quenching, including momentum, colliding energy and nuclear size dependence of single hadron suppression, modification of dihadron correlations and the soft hadron distribution associated with a quenched jet.

  17. Bayesian calibration of a k -turbulence model for predictive jet-in-crossflow simulations

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ray, Jaideep

    Bayesian calibration of a k - turbulence model for predictive jet-in-crossflow simulations Jaideep skill in jet-in-crossflow simulations. The method is based on the hypotheses that (1) informative features of jet-in-crossflow interactions and (2) one can construct surrogates of RANS models

  18. A laboratory plasma experiment for studying magnetic dynamics of accretion discs and jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Hsu, Scott

    A laboratory plasma experiment for studying magnetic dynamics of accretion discs and jets S. C. Hsu into the magnetic dynamics of accretion discs and jets. A high-speed multiple-frame CCD camera reveals images of the formation and helical instability of a collimated plasma, similar to MHD models of disc jets, and also

  19. Measurement of the Top Pair Production Cross Section in the Lepton + Jets Channel Using a Jet Flavor Discriminant

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aaltonen, T.; Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; Apresyan, A.

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new method to measure the top quark pair production cross section and the background rates with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.7 fb-1 from p p? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II Detector. We select events with a single electron or muon candidate, missing transverse energy, and at least one b-tagged jet. We perform a simultaneous fit to a jet flavor discriminant across nine samples defined by the number of jets and b-tags. An advantage of this approach is that many systematic uncertainties are measured in situ and inversely scale with integrated luminosity. We measure a top cross section of ?tt? = 7.64 ± 0.57 (stat + syst) ± 0.45 (luminosity) pb.

  20. Measurement of the Top Pair Production Cross Section in the Lepton + Jets Channel Using a Jet Flavor Discriminant

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Aaltonen, T.; Aaltonen, T.; Alvarez Gonzalez, B.; Amerio, S.; Amidei, D.; Anastassov, A.; Annovi, A.; Antos, J.; Apollinari, G.; Appel, J.A.; et al

    2011-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We present a new method to measure the top quark pair production cross section and the background rates with data corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 2.7 fb-1 from p p? collisions at ?s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF II Detector. We select events with a single electron or muon candidate, missing transverse energy, and at least one b-tagged jet. We perform a simultaneous fit to a jet flavor discriminant across nine samples defined by the number of jets and b-tags. An advantage of this approach is that many systematic uncertainties are measured in situ and inversely scalemore »with integrated luminosity. We measure a top cross section of ?tt? = 7.64 ± 0.57 (stat + syst) ± 0.45 (luminosity) pb.« less

  1. Measurement of the ratio of differential cross sections ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet) in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; et al

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the ratio of cross sections, ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet), for associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet. The ratio is also measured as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum, jet transverse momentum, jet pseudorapidity, and the azimuthal angle between the Z boson with respect to the highest pT b tagged jet. These measurements use data collected by the D0 experiment in Run II of Fermilab’s Tevatron pp? Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb?ą. The results are compared to predictions from next-to-leading order calculationsmore »and various Monte Carlo event generators.« less

  2. Measurement of the ratio of differential cross sections ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet) in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Pérez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Déliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; García-González, J. A.; García-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Geng, W.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hogan, J.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jeong, M. S.; Jesik, R.; Jiang, P.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lei, X.; Lellouch, J.; Li, D.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Magańa-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martínez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nguyen, H. T.; Nunnemann, T.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Padilla, M.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Pétroff, P.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Sajot, G.; Salcido, P.; Sánchez-Hernández, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K. J.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y.-T.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.; Tully, C.; Uvarov, L.; Uvarov, S.; Uzunyan, S.; Van Kooten, R.; van Leeuwen, W. M.; Varelas, N.; Varnes, E. W.; Vasilyev, I. A.; Verdier, P.; Verkheev, A. Y.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Verzocchi, M.; Vesterinen, M.; Vilanova, D.; Vokac, P.; Wahl, H. D.; Wang, M. H. L. S.; Warchol, J.; Watts, G.; Wayne, M.; Weichert, J.; Welty-Rieger, L.; White, A.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the ratio of cross sections, ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet), for associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet. The ratio is also measured as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum, jet transverse momentum, jet pseudorapidity, and the azimuthal angle between the Z boson with respect to the highest pT b tagged jet. These measurements use data collected by the D0 experiment in Run II of Fermilab’s Tevatron pp? Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb?ą. The results are compared to predictions from next-to-leading order calculations and various Monte Carlo event generators.

  3. Measurement of the ratio of differential cross sections ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet) in pp? collisions at ?s=1.96 TeV

    DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)

    Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.; Avila, C.; Badaud, F.; Bagby, L.; Baldin, B.; Bandurin, D. V.; Banerjee, S.; Barberis, E.; Baringer, P.; Bartlett, J. F.; Bassler, U.; Bazterra, V.; Bean, A.; Begalli, M.; Bellantoni, L.; Beri, S. B.; Bernardi, G.; Bernhard, R.; Bertram, I.; Besançon, M.; Beuselinck, R.; Bhat, P. C.; Bhatia, S.; Bhatnagar, V.; Blazey, G.; Blessing, S.; Bloom, K.; Boehnlein, A.; Boline, D.; Boos, E. E.; Borissov, G.; Brandt, A.; Brandt, O.; Brock, R.; Bross, A.; Brown, D.; Brown, J.; Bu, X. B.; Buehler, M.; Buescher, V.; Bunichev, V.; Burdin, S.; Buszello, C. P.; Camacho-Pérez, E.; Casey, B. C. K.; Castilla-Valdez, H.; Caughron, S.; Chakrabarti, S.; Chakraborty, D.; Chan, K. M.; Chandra, A.; Chapon, E.; Chen, G.; Cho, S. W.; Choi, S.; Choudhary, B.; Cihangir, S.; Claes, D.; Clutter, J.; Cooke, M.; Cooper, W. E.; Corcoran, M.; Couderc, F.; Cousinou, M.-C.; Cutts, D.; Das, A.; Davies, G.; de Jong, S. J.; De La Cruz-Burelo, E.; Déliot, F.; Demina, R.; Denisov, D.; Denisov, S. P.; Desai, S.; Deterre, C.; DeVaughan, K.; Diehl, H. T.; Diesburg, M.; Ding, P. F.; Dominguez, A.; Dubey, A.; Dudko, L. V.; Duggan, D.; Duperrin, A.; Dutt, S.; Dyshkant, A.; Eads, M.; Edmunds, D.; Ellison, J.; Elvira, V. D.; Enari, Y.; Evans, H.; Evdokimov, V. N.; Facini, G.; Feng, L.; Ferbel, T.; Fiedler, F.; Filthaut, F.; Fisher, W.; Fisk, H. E.; Fortner, M.; Fox, H.; Fuess, S.; Garcia-Bellido, A.; García-González, J. A.; García-Guerra, G. A.; Gavrilov, V.; Geng, W.; Gerber, C. E.; Gershtein, Y.; Ginther, G.; Golovanov, G.; Grannis, P. D.; Greder, S.; Greenlee, H.; Grenier, G.; Gris, Ph.; Grivaz, J.-F.; Grohsjean, A.; Grünendahl, S.; Grünewald, M. W.; Guillemin, T.; Gutierrez, G.; Gutierrez, P.; Haley, J.; Han, L.; Harder, K.; Harel, A.; Hauptman, J. M.; Hays, J.; Head, T.; Hebbeker, T.; Hedin, D.; Hegab, H.; Heinson, A. P.; Heintz, U.; Hensel, C.; Heredia-De La Cruz, I.; Herner, K.; Hesketh, G.; Hildreth, M. D.; Hirosky, R.; Hoang, T.; Hobbs, J. D.; Hoeneisen, B.; Hogan, J.; Hohlfeld, M.; Howley, I.; Hubacek, Z.; Hynek, V.; Iashvili, I.; Ilchenko, Y.; Illingworth, R.; Ito, A. S.; Jabeen, S.; Jaffré, M.; Jayasinghe, A.; Jeong, M. S.; Jesik, R.; Jiang, P.; Johns, K.; Johnson, E.; Johnson, M.; Jonckheere, A.; Jonsson, P.; Joshi, J.; Jung, A. W.; Juste, A.; Kajfasz, E.; Karmanov, D.; Kasper, P. A.; Katsanos, I.; Kehoe, R.; Kermiche, S.; Khalatyan, N.; Khanov, A.; Kharchilava, A.; Kharzheev, Y. N.; Kiselevich, I.; Kohli, J. M.; Kozelov, A. V.; Kraus, J.; Kumar, A.; Kupco, A.; Kur?a, T.; Kuzmin, V. A.; Lammers, S.; Landsberg, G.; Lebrun, P.; Lee, H. S.; Lee, S. W.; Lee, W. M.; Lei, X.; Lellouch, J.; Li, D.; Li, H.; Li, L.; Li, Q. Z.; Lim, J. K.; Lincoln, D.; Linnemann, J.; Lipaev, V. V.; Lipton, R.; Liu, H.; Liu, Y.; Lobodenko, A.; Lokajicek, M.; Lopes de Sa, R.; Luna-Garcia, R.; Lyon, A. L.; Maciel, A. K. A.; Magańa-Villalba, R.; Malik, S.; Malyshev, V. L.; Maravin, Y.; Martínez-Ortega, J.; McCarthy, R.; McGivern, C. L.; Meijer, M. M.; Melnitchouk, A.; Menezes, D.; Mercadante, P. G.; Merkin, M.; Meyer, A.; Meyer, J.; Miconi, F.; Mondal, N. K.; Mulhearn, M.; Nagy, E.; Naimuddin, M.; Narain, M.; Nayyar, R.; Neal, H. A.; Negret, J. P.; Neustroev, P.; Nguyen, H. T.; Nunnemann, T.; Orduna, J.; Osman, N.; Osta, J.; Padilla, M.; Pal, A.; Parashar, N.; Parihar, V.; Park, S. K.; Partridge, R.; Parua, N.; Patwa, A.; Penning, B.; Perfilov, M.; Peters, Y.; Petridis, K.; Petrillo, G.; Pétroff, P.; Pleier, M.-A.; Podesta-Lerma, P. L. M.; Podstavkov, V. M.; Popov, A. V.; Prewitt, M.; Price, D.; Prokopenko, N.; Qian, J.; Quadt, A.; Quinn, B.; Rangel, M. S.; Ranjan, K.; Ratoff, P. N.; Razumov, I.; Renkel, P.; Ripp-Baudot, I.; Rizatdinova, F.; Rominsky, M.; Ross, A.; Royon, C.; Rubinov, P.; Ruchti, R.; Sajot, G.; Salcido, P.; Sánchez-Hernández, A.; Sanders, M. P.; Santos, A. S.; Savage, G.; Sawyer, L.; Scanlon, T.; Schamberger, R. D.; Scheglov, Y.; Schellman, H.; Schwanenberger, C.; Schwienhorst, R.; Sekaric, J.; Severini, H.; Shabalina, E.; Shary, V.; Shaw, S.; Shchukin, A. A.; Shivpuri, R. K.; Simak, V.; Skubic, P.; Slattery, P.; Smirnov, D.; Smith, K. J.; Snow, G. R.; Snow, J.; Snyder, S.; Söldner-Rembold, S.; Sonnenschein, L.; Soustruznik, K.; Stark, J.; Stoyanova, D. A.; Strauss, M.; Suter, L.; Svoisky, P.; Titov, M.; Tokmenin, V. V.; Tsai, Y.-T.; Tsybychev, D.; Tuchming, B.; Tully, C.; Uvarov, L.; Uvarov, S.; Uzunyan, S.; Van Kooten, R.; van Leeuwen, W. M.; Varelas, N.; Varnes, E. W.; Vasilyev, I. A.; Verdier, P.; Verkheev, A. Y.; Vertogradov, L. S.; Verzocchi, M.; Vesterinen, M.; Vilanova, D.; Vokac, P.; Wahl, H. D.; Wang, M. H. L. S.; Warchol, J.; Watts, G.; Wayne, M.; Weichert, J.; Welty-Rieger, L.; White, A.

    2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the ratio of cross sections, ?(pp??Z+b jet)/?(pp??Z+jet), for associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet. The ratio is also measured as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum, jet transverse momentum, jet pseudorapidity, and the azimuthal angle between the Z boson with respect to the highest pT b tagged jet. These measurements use data collected by the D0 experiment in Run II of Fermilab’s Tevatron pp? Collider at a center-of-mass energy of 1.96 TeV, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 9.7 fb?ą. The results are compared to predictions from next-to-leading order calculations and various Monte Carlo event generators.

  4. Jet-wall interaction effects on diesel combustion and soot formation.

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Pickett, Lyle M.; Lopez, J. Javier (Polytechnic University of Valencia)

    2004-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The effects of wall interaction on combustion and soot formation processes of a diesel fuel jet were investigated in an optically-accessible constant-volume combustion vessel at experimental conditions typical of a diesel engine. At identical ambient and injector conditions, soot processes were studied in free jets, plane wall jets, and 'confined' wall jets (a box-shaped geometry simulating secondary interaction with adjacent walls and jets in an engine). The investigation showed that soot levels are significantly lower in a plane wall jet compared to a free jet. At some operating conditions, sooting free jets become soot-free as plane wall jets. Possible mechanisms to explain the reduced or delayed soot formation upon wall interaction include an increased fuel-air mixing rate and a wall-jet-cooling effect. However, in a confined-jet configuration, there is an opposite trend in soot formation. Jet confinement causes combustion gases to be redirected towards the incoming jet, causing the lift-off length to shorten and soot to increase. This effect can be avoided by ending fuel injection prior to the time of significant interaction with redirected combustion gases. For a fixed confined-wall geometry, an increase in ambient gas density delays jet interaction, allowing longer injection durations with no increase in soot. Jet interaction with redirected combustion products may also be avoided using reduced ambient oxygen concentration because of an increased ignition delay. Although simplified geometries were employed, the identification of important mechanisms affecting soot formation after the time of wall interaction is expected to be useful for understanding these processes in more complex and realistic diesel engine geometries.

  5. Measurement of the ratio of differential cross sections ?(pp-bar?Z+b?jet)/?(pp-bar?Z+jet) in pp-bar collisions at s?=1.96??TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Baringer, Philip S.; Bean, Alice; Chen, G.; Clutter, Justace Randall; Sekaric, Jadranka; Wilson, Graham Wallace; Abazov, V. M.; Abbott, B.; Acharya, B. S.; Adams, M.; Adams, T.; Alexeev, G. D.; Alkhazov, G.; Alton, A.; Askew, A.; Atkins, S.; Augsten, K.

    2013-05-28T23:59:59.000Z

    We measure the ratio of cross sections, ?(pp-bar?Z+b?jet)/?(pp-bar?Z+jet), for associated production of a Z boson with at least one jet. The ratio is also measured as a function of the Z boson transverse momentum, jet ...

  6. Di-jet production in gamma-gamma collisions at LEP2

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    The DELPHI Collaboration; J. Abdallah

    2009-01-28T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of two high-p_T jets in the interactions of quasi-real photons in e+e- collisions at sqrt{s_ee} from 189 GeV to 209 GeV is studied with data corresponding to an integrated e+e- luminosity of 550 pb^{-1}. The jets reconstructed by the k_T cluster algorithm are defined within the pseudo-rapidity range -1 jet transverse momentum, p_T, above 3 GeV/c. The differential di-jet cross-section is measured as a function of the mean transverse momentum ptmean of the jets and is compared to perturbative QCD calculations.

  7. ATLAS Jet Trigger Update for the LHC Run II

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Tavares Delgado, Ademar; The ATLAS collaboration

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The CERN Large Hadron Collider is the biggest and most powerful particle collider ever built. It produces up to 40 million proton-proton collisions per second at unprecedented energies to explore the fundamental laws and properties of Nature. The ATLAS experiment is one of the detectors that analyses and records these collisions. It generates dozens of GB/s of data that has to be reduced before it can be permanently stored, the event selection is made by the ATLAS trigger system, which reduces the data volume by a factor of 10^5 . The trigger system has to be highly configurable in order to adapt to changing running conditions and maximize the physics output whilst keeping the output rate under control. A particularly interesting pattern generated during collisions consists of a collimated spray of particles, known as a hadronic jet. To retain the interesting jets and efficiently reject the overwhelming background, optimal jet energy resolution is needed. Therefore the Jet trigger software requires CPU-intens...

  8. Gravity waves excited by jets: Propagation versus generation R. Plougonven

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Plougonven, Riwal

    Gravity waves excited by jets: Propagation versus generation R. Plougonven School of Mathematics imposed by the generation mechanism. In proceeding so, effects due to the propagation of the waves through simulations demonstrate that the propagation of inertia-gravity waves through horizontal deformation

  9. Jet Induced Supernovae-Hydrodynamics and Observational Consequences

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    A. Khokhlov; Peter Hoeflich

    2000-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Core collapse supernovae (SN) are the final stages of stellar evolution in massive stars during which the central region collapses, forms a neutron star (NS), and the outer layers are ejected. Recent explosion scenarios assumed that the ejection is due to energy deposition by neutrinos into the envelope but detailed models do not produce powerful explosions. There is mounting evidence for an asphericity in the SN which is difficult to explain within this picture. This evidence includes the observed high polarization, pulsar kicks, high velocity iron-group and intermediate-mass elements material observed in remnants, etc. The discovery of highly magnetars revived the idea that the basic mechanism for the ejection of the envelope is related to a highly focused MHD-jet formed at the NS. Our 3-D hydro simulations of the jet propagation through the star confirmed that the mechanism can explain the asphericities. In this paper, detailed 3-D models for jet induced explosions of "classical" core collapse supernovae are presented. We demonstrate the influence of the jet properties and of the underlaying progenitor structure on the final density and chemical structure. Finally, we discuss the observational consequences, predictions and tests of this scenario.

  10. Systematic Studies of Jet Quenching in Hot Nuclear Matter

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Delgado, Andrea

    2011-05-04T23:59:59.000Z

    at machines like the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) and the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) we can create and investigate tiny bubbles of Quark Gluon Plasma for very short periods of time before they cool and decay. We can use so-called QCD jets i...

  11. THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MEASUREMENT OF JET PRODUCTION

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    THE UNIVERSITY OF CHICAGO MEASUREMENT OF JET PRODUCTION IN ASSOCIATION WITH A W BOSON AT ATLAS production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 4.3 Summary of backgrounds OF FIGURES 1.1 Virtual diagram for the production of a W boson plus four partons, with the W decaying

  12. AIAA 2004-6386 ZERO-MASS PULSATILE JETS FOR

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mohseni, Kamran

    AIAA 2004-6386 ZERO-MASS PULSATILE JETS FOR UNMANNED UNDERWATER VEHICLE MANEUVERING K. Mohseni speeds. Introduction Unmanned Underwater Vehicles (UUVs) will play a major role in the future/monitoring of underwa- ter structures, and underwater battlespace. Two main categories of unmanned underwater vehicles

  13. Numerical simulation of turbulent jet primary breakup in Diesel engines

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Helluy, Philippe

    Numerical simulation of turbulent jet primary breakup in Diesel engines Peng Zeng1 Marcus Herrmann" IRMA Strasbourg, 23.Jan.2008 #12;Introduction DNS of Primary Breakup in Diesel Injection Phase Transition Modeling Turbulence Modeling Summary Outline 1 Introduction 2 DNS of Primary Breakup in Diesel

  14. Oscillatory jets and instabilities in a rotating cylinder Yohann Dugueta

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    oscillatory jets/shear layers of fixed conical shape and can be interpreted in terms of the propagation and planetary cores, where they are spawned by boundary layer eruptions at criti- cal latitudes.16 The steady rotation of the boundaries17 and emanating from velocity discontinuities. These steady layers result from

  15. CERN Hg Jet System V.B. Graves

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    McDonald, Kirk

    Collaboration Mtg 16 Feb 05 Alternative Hg Delivery System Hydraulic Fluid Cylinder (3000 psi) Hg Cylinder (1000 energy performed on piston = press*area*dist/time 11 Hyd Pump pump inefficiency 8 11 340 340 6 8 Piston Sized for 20sec jet Drain Hg Supply Hg Return Position Sensor Hydraulic Lines Hg Cylinder Vent Line #12

  16. Jet conversions in a quark-gluon plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Liu, W.; Ko, Che Ming; Zhang, B. W.

    2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Quark and gluon jets traversing through a quark-gluon plasma not only lose their energies but also can undergo flavor conversions. The conversion rates via the elastic q((q) over bar )g -> gq((q) over bar )and the inelastic q (q) over bar gg...

  17. Outflows and Jets from Collapsing Magnetized Cloud Cores

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Robi Banerjee; Ralph E. Pudritz

    2005-12-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Star formation is usually accompanied by outflow phenomena. There is strong evidence that these outflows and jets are launched from the protostellar disk by magneto-rotational processes. Here, we report on our three dimensional, adaptive mesh, magneto-hydrodynamic simulations of collapsing, rotating, magnetized Bonnor-Ebert-Spheres whose properties are taken directly from observations. In contrast to the pure hydro case where no outflows are seen, our present simulations show an outflow from the protodisk surface at ~ AU and a jet at ~ 0.07 AU after a strong toroidal magnetic field build up. The large scale outflow, which extends up to ~ AU at the end of our simulation, is driven by toroidal magnetic pressure (spring), whereas the jet is powered by magneto-centrifugal force (fling). At the final stage of our simulation these winds are still confined within two respective shock fronts. Furthermore, we find that the jet-wind and the disk-anchored magnetic field extracts a considerable amount of angular momentum from the protostellar disk. The initial spin of our cloud core was chosen high enough to produce a binary system. We indeed find a close binary system (separation ~ 3 R_sol) which results from the fragmentation of an earlier formed ring structure. The magnetic field strength in these protostars reaches ~ 3 kG and becomes about 3 G at 1 AU from the center in agreement with recent observational results.

  18. SCALED EXPERIMENTS EVALUATING PULSE JET MIXING OF SLURRIES

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Bamberger, Judith A.; Meyer, Perry A.; Enderlin, Carl W.; Fort, James A.; Wells, Beric E.; Minette, Michael J.; Burns, Carolyn A.; Baer, Ellen BK; Eakin, David E.; Elmore, Monte R.; Snyder, Sandra F.

    2009-11-13T23:59:59.000Z

    Pulse jet mixing (PJM) tests with noncohesive solids in Newtonian liquid were conducted at three geometric scales to support the design of mixing systems for the Hanford Waste Treatment and Immobilization Plant. The test data will be used to develop mixing models. The models predict the cloud height (the height to which solids will be lifted by the PJM action) and the critical suspension velocity (the minimum velocity needed to ensure all solids have been lifted from the floor. From the cloud height estimate, the concentration of solids near the vessel floor and the minimum velocity predicted to lift solids can be calculated. The test objective was to observe the influence of vertically downward-directed jets on noncohesive solids in a series of scaled tanks with several bottom shapes. The test tanks and bottom shapes included small-and large-scale tanks with elliptical bottoms, a mid-scale tank with a spherical bottom, and a large-scale tank with an F&D bottom. During testing, the downward-directed jets were operated in either a steady flow condition or a pulsed (periodic) flow condition. The mobilization of the solids resulting from the jets was evaluated based on: the motion/agitation of the particulate on the tank floor and the elevation the solids reach within the tank; the height the solids material reaches in the tank is referred to as the cloud height (HC).

  19. THE JET PULSE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEM J. B. HICKS

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Paris-Sud XI, Université de

    between the two major components of the power supply (flywheel-generator-convertors (FGC) and transformer between the two possible components of the power supply, i. e. flywheel. generator-convertors and transformer-controlled-convertors. The proposed JET power supply system is described, together with an outline

  20. Diagnostic of fusion neutrons on JET tokamak using diamond detector

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nemtsev, G.; Amosov, V.; Marchenko, N.; Meshchaninov, S.; Rodionov, R. [Institution Project center ITER, Moscow (Russian Federation); Popovichev, S. [EURATOM-CCFE Fusion Association, Culham Science Centre, Abingdon, OXON, OX14 3DB (United Kingdom); Collaboration: JET EFDA Conbributors

    2014-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

    In 2011-2012, an experimental campaign with a significant yield of fusion neutrons was carried out on the JET tokamak. During this campaign the facility was equipped with two diamond detectors based on natural and artificial CVD diamond. These detectors were designed and manufactured in State Research Center of Russian Federation TRINITI. The detectors measure the flux of fast neutrons with energies above 0.2 MeV. They have been installed in the torus hall and the distance from the center of plasma was about 3 m. For some of the JET pulses in this experiment, the neutron flux density corresponded to the operational conditions in collimator channels of ITER Vertical Neutron Camera. The main objective of diamond monitors was the measurement of total fast neutron flux at the detector location and the estimation of the JET total neutron yield. The detectors operate as threshold counters. Additionally a spectrometric measurement channel has been configured that allowed us to distinguish various energy components of the neutron spectrum. In this paper we describe the neutron signal measuring and calibration procedure of the diamond detector. Fluxes of DD and DT neutrons at the detector location were measured. It is shown that the signals of total neutron yield measured by the diamond detector correlate with signals measured by the main JET neutron diagnostic based on fission chambers with high accuracy. This experiment can be considered as a successful test of diamond detectors in ITER-like conditions.

  1. Relativistic Jets Shine through Shocks or Magnetic Reconnection?

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Sironi, Lorenzo; Giannios, Dimitrios

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Observations of gamma-ray-bursts and jets from active galactic nuclei reveal that the jet flow is characterized by a high radiative efficiency and that the dissipative mechanism must be a powerful accelerator of non-thermal particles. Shocks and magnetic reconnection have long been considered as possible candidates for powering the jet emission. Recent progress via fully-kinetic particle-in-cell simulations allows us to revisit this issue on firm physical grounds. We show that shock models are unlikely to account for the jet emission. In fact, when shocks are efficient at dissipating energy, they typically do not accelerate particles far beyond the thermal energy, and vice versa. In contrast, we show that magnetic reconnection can deposit more than 50% of the dissipated energy into non-thermal leptons as long as the energy density of the magnetic field in the bulk flow is larger than the rest mass energy density. The emitting region, i.e., the reconnection downstream, is characterized by a rough energy equipa...

  2. Jets in Deep Inelasic Scattering at HERA Joachim Meyer

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Jets in Deep Inelasic Scattering at HERA Joachim Meyer DESY and CERN On behalf of H1 AND ZEUS with QCD predictions . Extraction of # s Joachim Meyer Rencontre des Moriond, Les Arc, March 2000 1 #12 ( ZEUS Detector) l l' Q 2 = ­q 2 p x Bj QPM Diagram Joachim Meyer Rencontre des Moriond, Les Arc, March

  3. Orthogonality effects in the coherent nuclear production of jets

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Jennings, B.K. (TRIUMF, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 2A3 (Canada)); Miller, G.A. (Department of Physics, FM-15, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington 98195 (United States))

    1994-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

    Previous calculations of coherent jet production in pion nucleus scattering use a plane wave approximation that violates the orthogonality of the initial and final state wave functions. We argue that such plane wave approximations give the correct [ital A] and transverse momentum dependence, but overestimate the magnitude of the cross section.

  4. Jet mass and substructure of inclusive jets in sqrt(s) = 7 TeV pp collisions with the ATLAS experiment

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    ATLAS Collaboration

    2012-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

    Recent studies have highlighted the potential of jet substructure techniques to identify the hadronic decays of boosted heavy particles. These studies all rely upon the assumption that the internal substructure of jets generated by QCD radiation is well understood. In this article, this assumption is tested on an inclusive sample of jets recorded with the ATLAS detector in 2010, which corresponds to 35 pb^-1 of pp collisions delivered by the LHC at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV. In a subsample of events with single pp collisions, measurementes corrected for detector efficiency and resolution are presented with full systematic uncertainties. Jet invariant mass, kt splitting scales and n-subjettiness variables are presented for anti-kt R = 1.0 jets and Cambridge-Aachen R = 1.2 jets. Jet invariant-mass spectra for Cambridge-Aachen R = 1.2 jets after a splitting and filtering procedure are also presented. Leading-order parton-shower Monte Carlo predictions for these variables are found to be broadly in agreement with data. The dependence of mean jet mass on additional pp interactions is also explored.

  5. 44th AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Jan 912, Reno, Nevada Passive scalar mixing in jets in crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    in jets in crossflow Suman Muppidi and Krishnan Mahesh University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, 55455 turbulent jet in a laminar crossflow. The velocity ratio of the jet to that of the crossflow is 5 to compute entrainment of the crossflow fluid by the jet. It is shown that a bulk of this entrainment occurs

  6. 43rd AIAA Aerospace Sciences Meeting and Exhibit, Jan 1013, Reno, Nevada Direct numerical simulation of turbulent jets in crossflow

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Mahesh, Krishnan

    simulation of turbulent jets in crossflow Suman Muppidi and Krishnan Mahesh University of Minnesota crossflow. The velocity ratio of the jet to that of the crossflow is 5.7 and the Reynolds number based agreement. I. Introduction A jet in crossflow is defined as the flow field where a jet of fluid enters

  7. Production of $K^{0}_{S}$ and $\\Lambda$ in Quark and Gluon Jets from $Z^{0}$ Decay

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ackerstaff, K; Allison, J; Altekamp, N; Anderson, K J; Anderson, S; Arcelli, S; Asai, S; Ashby, S F; Axen, D A; Azuelos, Georges; Ball, A H; Barberio, E; Barlow, R J; Bartoldus, R; Batley, J Richard; Baumann, S; Bechtluft, J; Behnke, T; Bell, K W; Bella, G; Bentvelsen, Stanislaus Cornelius Maria; Bethke, Siegfried; Betts, S; Biebel, O; Biguzzi, A; Bird, S D; Blobel, Volker; Bloodworth, Ian J; Bobinski, M; Bock, P; Böhme, J; Boutemeur, M; Braibant, S; Bright-Thomas, P G; Brown, R M; Burckhart, Helfried J; Burgard, C; Bürgin, R; Capiluppi, P; Carnegie, R K; Carter, A A; Carter, J R; Chang, C Y; Charlton, D G; Chrisman, D; Ciocca, C; Clarke, P E L; Clay, E; Cohen, I; Conboy, J E; Cooke, O C; Couyoumtzelis, C; Coxe, R L; Cuffiani, M; Dado, S; Dallavalle, G M; Davis, R; De Jong, S; del Pozo, L A; de Roeck, A; Desch, Klaus; Dienes, B; Dixit, M S; Doucet, M; Dubbert, J; Duchovni, E; Duckeck, G; Duerdoth, I P; Eatough, D; Estabrooks, P G; Evans, H G; Fabbri, Franco Luigi; Fanfani, A; Fanti, M; Faust, A A; Fiedler, F; Fierro, M; Fischer, H M; Fleck, I; Folman, R; Fürtjes, A; Futyan, D I; Gagnon, P; Gary, J W; Gascon, J; Gascon-Shotkin, S M; Geich-Gimbel, C; Geralis, T; Giacomelli, G; Giacomelli, P; Gibson, V; Gibson, W R; Gingrich, D M; Glenzinski, D A; Goldberg, J; Gorn, W; Grandi, C; Gross, E; Grunhaus, Jacob; Gruwé, M; Hanson, G G; Hansroul, M; Hapke, M; Hargrove, C K; Hartmann, C; Hauschild, M; Hawkes, C M; Hawkings, R; Hemingway, Richard J; Herndon, M; Herten, G; Heuer, R D; Hildreth, M D; Hill, J C; Hillier, S J; Hobson, P R; Höcker, Andreas; Homer, R James; Honma, A K; Horváth, D; Hossain, K R; Howard, R; Hüntemeyer, P; Igo-Kemenes, P; Imrie, D C; Ishii, K; Jacob, F R; Jawahery, A; Jeremie, H; Jimack, Martin Paul; Joly, A; Jones, C R; Jovanovic, P; Junk, T R; Karlen, D A; Kartvelishvili, V G; Kawagoe, K; Kawamoto, T; Kayal, P I; Keeler, Richard K; Kellogg, R G; Kennedy, B W; Klier, A; Kluth, S; Kobayashi, T; Kobel, M; Koetke, D S; Kokott, T P; Kolrep, M; Komamiya, S; Kowalewski, R V; Kress, T; Krieger, P; Von Krogh, J; Kyberd, P; Lafferty, G D; Lanske, D; Lauber, J; Lautenschlager, S R; Lawson, I; Layter, J G; Lazic, D; Lee, A M; Lefebvre, E; Lellouch, Daniel; Letts, J; Levinson, L; Liebisch, R; List, B; Littlewood, C; Lloyd, A W; Lloyd, S L; Loebinger, F K; Long, G D; Losty, Michael J; Ludwig, J; Liu, D; Macchiolo, A; MacPherson, A L; Mannelli, M; Marcellini, S; Markopoulos, C; Martin, A J; Martin, J P; Martínez, G; Mashimo, T; Mättig, P; McDonald, W J; McKenna, J A; McKigney, E A; McMahon, T J; McPherson, R A; Meijers, F; Menke, S; Merritt, F S; Mes, H; Meyer, J; Michelini, Aldo; Mihara, S; Mikenberg, G; Miller, D J; Mir, R; Mohr, W; Montanari, A; Mori, T; Nagai, K; Nakamura, I; Neal, H A; Nellen, B; Nisius, R; O'Neale, S W; Oakham, F G; Odorici, F; Ögren, H O; Oreglia, M J; Orito, S; Pálinkás, J; Pásztor, G; Pater, J R; Patrick, G N; Patt, J; Pérez-Ochoa, R; Petzold, S; Pfeifenschneider, P; Pilcher, J E; Pinfold, James L; Plane, D E; Poffenberger, P R; Poli, B; Polok, J; Przybycien, M B; Rembser, C; Rick, Hartmut; Robertson, S; Robins, S A; Rodning, N L; Roney, J M; Roscoe, K; Rossi, A M; Rozen, Y; Runge, K; Runólfsson, O; Rust, D R; Sachs, K; Saeki, T; Sahr, O; Sang, W M; Sarkisyan-Grinbaum, E; Sbarra, C; Schaile, A D; Schaile, O; Scharf, F; Scharff-Hansen, P; Schieck, J; Schmitt, B; Schmitt, S; Schöning, A; Schörner-Sadenius, T; Schröder, M; Schumacher, M; Schwick, C; Scott, W G; Seuster, R; Shears, T G; Shen, B C; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C H; Sherwood, P; Siroli, G P; Sittler, A; Skuja, A; Smith, A M; Snow, G A; Sobie, Randall J; Söldner-Rembold, S; Sproston, M; Stahl, A; Stephens, K; Steuerer, J; Stoll, K; Strom, D; Ströhmer, R; Tafirout, R; Talbot, S D; Tanaka, S; Taras, P; Tarem, S; Teuscher, R; Thiergen, M; Thomson, M A; Von Törne, E; Torrence, E; Towers, S; Trigger, I; Trócsányi, Z L; Tsur, E; Turcot, A S; Turner-Watson, M F; Van Kooten, R; Vannerem, P; Verzocchi, M; Vikas, P; Voss, H; Wäckerle, F; Wagner, A; Ward, C P; Ward, D R; Watkins, P M; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Wells, P S; Wermes, N; White, J S; Wilson, G W; Wilson, J A; Wyatt, T R; Yamashita, S; Yekutieli, G; Zacek, V; Zer-Zion, D

    1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    The production of K^0_S mesons and Lambda baryons in quark and gluon jets has been investigated using two complementary techniques. In the first approach, which provides high statistical accuracy, jets were selected using different jet finding algorithms and ordered according to their energy. Production rates were determined taking into account the dependences of quark and gluon compositions as a function of jet energy as predicted by Monte Carlo models. Selecting three-jet events with the k_perp (Durham) jet finder (y_cut = 0.005), the ratios of K^0_S and Lambda production rates in gluon and quark jets relative to the mean charged particle multiplicity were found to be 1.10 +/- 0.02 +/- 0.02 and 1.41 +/- 0.04 +/- 0.04, respectively, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. In the second approach, a new method of identifying quark jets based on the collimation of energy flow around the jet axis is introduced and was used to anti-tag gluon jets in symmetric (Y-shaped) three-jet ...

  8. Long Term Tritium Trapping in TFTR and JET

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    C.H. Skinner; C.A. Gentile; K.M. Young; J.P. Coad; J.T. Hogan; R.-D. Penzhorn; and N. Bekris

    2001-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

    Tritium retention in TFTR [Tokamak Fusion Test Reactor] and JET [Joint European Torus] shows striking similarities and contrasts. In TFTR, 5 g of tritium were injected into circular plasmas over a 3.5 year period, mostly by neutral-beam injection. In JET, 35 g were injected into divertor plasmas over a 6 month campaign, mostly by gas puffing. In TFTR, the bumper limiter provided a large source of eroded carbon and a major part of tritium was co-deposited on the limiter and vessel wall. Only a small area of the co-deposit flaked off. In JET, the wall is a net erosion area, and co-deposition occurs principally in shadowed parts of the inner divertor, with heavy flaking. In both machines, the initial tritium retention, after a change from deuterium [D] to tritium [T] gas puffing, is high and is due to isotope exchange with deuterium on plasma-facing surfaces (dynamic inventory). The contribution of co-deposition is lower but cumulative, and is revealed by including periods of D fueling that reversed the T/D isotope exchange. Ion beam analysis of flakes from TFTR showed an atomic D/C ratio of 0.13 on the plasma facing surface, 0.25 on the back surface and 0.11 in the bulk. Data from a JET divertor tile showed a larger D/C ratio with 46% C, 30% D, 20% H and 4% O. Deuterium, tritium, and beryllium profiles have been measured and show a thin less than 50 micron co-deposited layer. Flakes retrieved from the JET vacuum vessel exhibited a high tritium release rate of 2e10 Bq/month/g. BBQ modeling of the effect of lithium on retention in TFTR showed overlapping lithium and tritium implantation and a 1.3x increase in local T retention.

  9. The Effect of LHC Jet Data on MSTW PDFs

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    B. J. A. Watt; P. Motylinski; R. S. Thorne

    2014-08-04T23:59:59.000Z

    We consider the effect on LHC jet cross sections on partons distribution functions (PDFs), in particular the MSTW2008 set of PDFs. We first compare the published inclusive jet data to the predictions using MSTW2008, finding a very good description. We also use the parton distribution reweighting procedure to estimate the impact of these new data on the PDFs, finding that the combined ATLAS 2.76 TeV and 7 TeV data, and CMS 7 TeV data have some significant impact. We then also investigate the impact of ATLAS, CMS and D0 dijet data using the same techniques. In this case we investigate the effect of using different scale choices for the NLO cross section calculation. We find that the dijet data is generally not completely compatible with the corresponding inclusive jet data, often tending to pull PDFs, particularly the gluon distribution, away from the default values. However, the effect depends on the dijet data set used as well as the scale choice. We also note that conclusions may be affected by limiting the pull on the data luminosity chosen by the best fit, which is sometimes a number of standard deviations. Finally we include the inclusive jet data in a new PDF fit explicitly. This enables us to check the consistency of the exact result with that obtained from the reweighting procedure. There is generally good, but not full quantitative agreement. Hence, the conclusion remains that MSTW2008 PDFs already fit the published jet data well, but the central values and uncertainties are altered and improved respectively by significant, but not dramatic extent by inclusion of these data.

  10. A data-driven method of pile-up correction for the substructure of massive jets

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Raz Alon; Ehud Duchovni; Gilad Perez; Aliaksandr P. Pranko; Pekka K. Sinervo

    2011-03-20T23:59:59.000Z

    We describe a method to measure and subtract the incoherent component of energy flow arising from multiple interactions from jet shape/substructure observables of ultra-massive jets. The amount subtracted is a function of the jet shape variable of interest and not a universal property. Such a correction is expected to significantly reduce any bias in the corresponding distributions generated by the presence of multiple interactions, and to improve measurement resolution. Since in our method the correction is obtained from the data, it is not subject to uncertainties coming from the use of theoretical calculations and/or Monte Carlo event generators. We derive our correction method for the jet mass, angularity and planar flow. We find these corrections to be in good agreement with data on massive jets observed by the CDF collaboration. Finally, we comment on the linkage with the concept of jet area and jet mass area.

  11. Collective and fractal properties of pion jets in the four-velocity space at intermediate energies

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    V. A. Okorokov; A. K. Ponosov; F. M. Sergeev

    2010-02-02T23:59:59.000Z

    Experimental results are presented for study of collective and fractal properties of soft pion jets in the space of relative four-dimensional velocities. Significant decreasing is obtained for mean square of second particle distances from jet axis for pion-proton interactions at initial energies $\\sim 3$ GeV in comparison with hadron-nuclear collisions at close energies. The decreasing results in power dependence of distance variable on collision energy for range $\\sim 2 - 4$ GeV. The observation allows us to estimate the low boundary of manifestation of color degree of freedom in pion jet production. Cluster dimension values were deduced for pion jets in various reactions. Fractional values of this dimension indicate on the manifestation of fractal-like properties by pion jets. Changing of mean kinetic energy of jet particles and fractal dimension with initial energy increasing is consistent with suggestion for presence of color degrees of freedom in pion jet production at intermediate energies.

  12. Jet measurements in proton-proton collisions with the ALICE experiment at LHC

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Michal Vajzer

    2013-01-13T23:59:59.000Z

    The study of jets, collimated sprays of particles associated with hard partons, is an important tool in testing perturbative quantum chromodynamics (pQCD) and probing hot and dense nuclear matter created in high energy heavy-ion collisions. Jets enable the study of hard scatterings, fragmentation and hadronisation and their modification in the presence of a nuclear medium with respect to baseline vacuum measurements, which is acquired from jet measurements in proton-proton collisions. We have analysed data from proton-proton collisions at s= \\sqrt{s} = 7 TeV measured by the ALICE experiment at the LHC and reconstructed the inclusive spectra of charged particle jets at mid- rapidity using anti-kT clustering algorithm. We present the jet spectra corrected for detector effects using several unfolding methods. Furthermore, we examine various properties of jets, such as their charged particle multiplicity and jet shapes.

  13. Jet-induced gauge field instabilities in the quark-gluon plasma

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Massimo Mannarelli; Cristina Manuel

    2008-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We discuss the properties of the collective modes of a system composed by a thermalized quark-gluon plasma traversed by a relativistic jet of partons. The transport equations obeyed by the components of the plasma and of the jet are studied in the Vlasov approximation. Assuming that the partons in the jet can be described with a tsunami-like distribution function we derive the expressions of the dispersion law of the collective modes. Then the behavior of the unstable gauge modes of the system is analyzed for various values of the velocity of the jet, of the momentum of the collective modes and of the angle between these two quantities. We find that the most unstable modes are those with momentum orthogonal to the velocity of the jet, and the effect is stronger for ultrarelativistic jet velocities. Our results suggest a new possible collective mechanism for the description of the jet quenching phenomena in heavy ion collisions.

  14. Long Term Simulations Of Astrophysical Jets; Energy Structure and Quasi-Periodic Ejection

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Ahmed Ibrahim; Kazunari Shibata

    2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z

    We have performed self-consistent 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD numerical simulations of jet formation as long as possible, including the dynamics of accretion disks. Although the previous nonsteady MHD simulations for astrophysical jets revealed that the characteristics of nonsteady jets are similar to those of steady jets, the calculation time of these simulations is very short compared with the time scale of observed jets. Thus we have investigated long term evolutions of mass accretion rate, mass outflow rate, jet velocity, and various energy flux. We found that the ejection of jet is quasi-periodic. The period of the ejection is related to the time needed for the initial magnetic filed to be twisted to generate toroidal filed. We compare our results with both the steady state theory and previous 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD simulations.

  15. Rapidity distributions in exclusive Z + jet and ? + jet events in pp collisions at ?s = 7 TeV

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Apyan, Aram

    Rapidity distributions are presented for events containing either a Z boson or a photon with a single jet in proton-proton collisions produced at the CERN LHC. The data, collected with the CMS detector at s? = 7??TeV, ...

  16. Explosive Nucleosynthesis in GRB Jets Accompanied by Hypernovae

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Nagataki, Shigehiro; /Kyoto U., Yukawa Inst., Kyoto /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Mizuta, Akira; /Garching, Max Planck Inst.; Sato, Katsuhiko; /Tokyo U. /Tokyo U., RESCEU

    2006-09-21T23:59:59.000Z

    Two-dimensional hydrodynamic simulations are performed to investigate explosive nucleosynthesis in a collapsar using the model of MacFadyen and Woosley (1999). It is shown that {sup 56}Ni is not produced in the jet of the collapsar sufficiently to explain the observed amount of a hypernova when the duration of the explosion is {approx} 10 sec, which is considered to be the typical timescale of explosion in the collapsar model. Even though a considerable amount of {sup 56}Ni is synthesized if all explosion energy is deposited initially, the opening angles of the jets become too wide to realize highly relativistic outflows and gamma-ray bursts in such a case. From these results, it is concluded that the origin of {sup 56}Ni in hypernovae associated with GRBs is not the explosive nucleosynthesis in the jet. We consider that the idea that the origin is the explosive nucleosynthesis in the accretion disk is more promising. We also show that the explosion becomes bi-polar naturally due to the effect of the deformed progenitor. This fact suggests that the {sup 56}Ni synthesized in the accretion disk and conveyed as outflows are blown along to the rotation axis, which will explain the line features of SN 1998bw and double peaked line features of SN 2003jd. Some fraction of the gamma-ray lines from {sup 56}Ni decays in the jet will appear without losing their energies because the jet becomes optically thin before a considerable amount of {sup 56}Ni decays as long as the jet is a relativistic flow, which may be observed as relativistically Lorentz boosted line profiles in future. We show that abundance of nuclei whose mass number {approx} 40 in the ejecta depends sensitively on the energy deposition rate, which is a result of incomplete silicon burning and alpha-rich freezeout. So it may be determined by observations of chemical composition in metal poor stars which model is the proper one as a model of a gamma-ray burst accompanied by a hypernova.

  17. Magnetic Untwisting in Solar Jets that Go into the Outer Corona in Polar Coronal Holes

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Moore, Ronald L; Falconer, David A

    2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

    We study 14 large solar jets observed in polar coronal holes. In EUV movies from SDO/AIA, each jet appears similar to most X-ray jets and EUV jets that erupt in coronal holes, but each is exceptional in that it goes higher than most, so high that it is observed in the outer corona beyond 2.2 RSun in images from the SOHO/LASCO/C2 coronagraph. From AIA He II 304 {\\AA} movies and LASCO/C2 running-difference images of these high-reaching jets, we find: (1) the front of the jet transits the corona below 2.2 RSun at a speed typically several times the sound speed; (2) each jet displays an exceptionally large amount of spin as it erupts; (3) in the outer corona, most of the jets display measureable swaying and bending of a few degrees in amplitude; in three jets the swaying is discernibly oscillatory with a period of order 1 hour. These characteristics suggest that the driver in these jets is a magnetic-untwisting wave that is basically a large-amplitude (i.e., non-linear) torsional Alfven wave that is put into the ...

  18. Jet Results in pp and Pb-Pb Collisions at ALICE

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    Oliver Busch for the ALICE collaboration

    2013-06-12T23:59:59.000Z

    We report results on jet production in pp and Pb-Pb collisions at the LHC from the ALICE collaboration. The jet cross section in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=2.76 TeV is presented, as well as the charged particle jet production cross section and measurements of the jet fragmentation and jet shape in pp collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$=7 TeV. NLO pQCD calculations and simulations from MC event generators agree well with the data. Measurements of jets with a resolution parameter $R$=0.2 in Pb-Pb collisions at $\\sqrt{s}_{NN}$=2.76 TeV show a strong, momentum dependent suppression in central events with respect to pp collisions. The centrality dependence of the suppression of charged particle jets relative to peripheral events is presented. The ratio of jet spectra with $R$=0.2 and $R$=0.3 is found to be similar in pp and Pb-Pb events. The analysis of the semi-inclusive distribution of charged particle jets recoiling from a high-$p_{\\rm T}$ trigger hadron allows an unbiased measurement of the jet structure for larger cone radii.

  19. Strong-coupling Jet Energy Loss from AdS/CFT

    E-Print Network [OSTI]

    R. Morad; W. A. Horowitz

    2014-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

    We propose a novel definition of a holographic light hadron jet and consider the phenomenological consequences, including the very first fully self-consistent, completely strong-coupling calculation of the jet nuclear modification factor $R_{AA}$, which we find compares surprisingly well with recent preliminary data from LHC. We show that the thermalization distance for light parton jets is an extremely sensitive function of the \\emph{a priori} unspecified string initial conditions and that worldsheets corresponding to non-asymptotic energy jets are not well approximated by a collection of null geodesics. Our new string jet prescription, which is defined by a separation of scales from plasma to jet, leads to the re-emergence of the late-time Bragg peak in the instantaneous jet energy loss rate; unlike heavy quarks, the energy loss rate is unusually sensitive to the very definition of the string theory object itself. A straightforward application of the new jet definition leads to significant jet quenching, even in the absence of plasma. By renormalizing the in-medium suppression by that in the vacuum we find qualitative agreement with preliminary CMS $R_{AA}^{jet}(p_T)$ data in our simple plasma brick model. We close with comments on our results and an outlook on future work.

  20. A measurement of the ratio of production cross sections forW + 1 jet to W + 0 jets and comparisons to QCD

    SciTech Connect (OSTI)

    Abbott, B.

    1997-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

    A preliminary measurement of the ratio, R{sup 10}, of the production cross sections for W + 1 Jet and W + 0 Jets processes at {radical}s = 1800 GeV by the D0 Collaboration is presented. A comparison of this ratio is made to next-to-leading order calculations and the implications of these comparisons are discussed.