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Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


1

Nomographic methodology for use in performance trade-off studies of parabolic dish solar power modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

A simple graphical method has been developed to undertake technical design trade-off studies for individual parabolic dish modules comprising a two-axis tracking parabolic dish with a cavity receiver and power conversion assembly at the focal point. The results of these technical studies can then be used in performing the techno-economic analyses required for determining appropriate subsystem sizing. Selected graphs that characterize the performance of subsystems within the module have been arranged in the form of a nomogram that would enable an investigator to carry out several design trade-off studies. Key performance parameters encompassed in the nomogram include receiver losses, intercept factor, engine rating, and engine efficiency. Design and operation parameters such as concentrator size, receiver type (open or windowed aperture), receiver aperture size, operating temperature of the receiver and engine, engine partial load characteristics, concentrator slope error, and the type of reflector surface, are also included in the graphical solution. Cost considerations are not included. The nomogram has been used to perform trade-off studies that have provided a basis for determining requirements for a single concentrator that could perform satisfactorily with either the selected Stirling or Brayton engine. This activity is summarized to illustrate the usage of the nomogram. Additionally, modeling relations used in developing the nomogram are presented so that the nomogram can be updated to reflect any changes in the performance characteristics of projected components.

Selcuk, M. K.; Fujita, T.

1984-06-15T23:59:59.000Z

2

Trade Study on Aggregation of Multiple 10-KW Solid Ozide Fuel Cell Power Modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

According to the Solid State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program guidelines, solid oxide fuel cells (SOFC) will be produced in the form of 3-10 kW modules for residential use. In addition to residential use, these modules can also be used in apartment buildings, hospitals, etc., where a higher power rating would be required. For example, a hospital might require a 250 kW power generating capacity. To provide this power using the SECA SOFC modules, 25 of the 10 kW modules would be required. These modules can be aggregated in different architectures to yield the necessary power. This report will show different approaches for aggregating numerous SOFC modules and will evaluate and compare each one with respect to cost, control complexity, ease of modularity, and fault tolerance.

Ozpineci, B.

2004-12-03T23:59:59.000Z

3

Table 10.8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

2 Includes all types of photovoltaic cells and modules (single-crystal silicon, cast silicon, ribbon silicon, ... Solar Collector Manufacturing Activity, ...

4

Quantification of Trade-Off Between Parotid Gland Sparing and Planning Target Volume Underdosages in Clinically Node-Negative Head-and-Neck Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Purpose: To quantify the trade-off between parotid gland sparing and planning target volume (PTV) underdosages for head-and-neck intensity-modulated radiotherapy. Methods and Materials: A planning study was performed for 4 patients with either soft palate or tonsil tumors treated with external radiotherapy up to 46 Gy. The trade-off between underdosages in the PTV and sparing of the parotid glands was investigated by systematically varying the optimization objectives for the inverse planning. A new way of presenting dose-volume information allows easy detection of small PTV subvolumes with underdosages that cannot be assessed in conventional cumulative dose-volume histograms. A simple radiobiological model to estimate the control probability for an electively irradiated neck level was developed. Results: The average dose to the parotid glands can decrease by >10 Gy by allowing the PTV to be underdosed in such a way that the radiobiological model predicts a decrease in subclinical disease control probability of (typically) 1% to a few percent. Conclusion: The trade-off between parotid gland sparing and underdosages in the PTV has been quantified by the use of an alternative method to present dose-volume information and by the use of a radiobiological model to predict subclinical disease control probability.

Kruijf, Wilhelmus de [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed, Rotterdam (Netherlands)]. E-mail: kruijf.de.w@bvi.nl; Heijmen, Ben [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed, Rotterdam (Netherlands); Levendag, Peter C. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Erasmus MC-Daniel den Hoed, Rotterdam (Netherlands)

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

Essays in international trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis is a collection of essays on the effect of trade costs on international trade. Chapter 1 derives and empirically examines how factor proportions determine the structure of commodity trade when international ...

Romalis, John

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

6

International Trade with Waste.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

?? In this thesis, trade with waste between developed countries and the third world will be presented to analyze whether waste?trading can create a possible… (more)

Willén, Jenny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

7

Demand Trading: Building Liquidity  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand trading holds substantial promise as a mechanism for efficiently integrating demand-response resources into regional power markets. However, regulatory uncertainty, the lack of proper price signals, limited progress toward standardization, problems in supply-side markets, and other factors have produced illiquidity in demand-trading markets and stalled the expansion of demand-response resources. This report shows how key obstacles to demand trading can be overcome, including how to remove the unce...

2002-11-27T23:59:59.000Z

8

Demand Trading Toolkit  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Download report 1006017 for FREE. The global movement toward competitive markets is paving the way for a variety of market mechanisms that promise to increase market efficiency and expand customer choice options. Demand trading offers customers, energy service providers, and other participants in power markets the opportunity to buy and sell demand-response resources, just as they now buy and sell blocks of power. EPRI's Demand Trading Toolkit (DTT) describes the principles and practice of demand trading...

2001-12-10T23:59:59.000Z

9

Detailed Course Module Description  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Course Module Description Course Module Description Module/Learning Objectives Level of Detail in Module by Audience Consumers Gen Ed/ Community College Trades 1. Energy Issues and Building Solutions High High High Learning Objectives: * Define terms of building science, ecological systems, economics of consumption * Relate building science perspective, ecology, social science * Explain historical energy and environmental issues related to buildings * Compare Site and source energy * Examine the health, safety and comfort issues in buildings * Examine the general context for building solutions (zero energy green home with durability as the goal) * Explain a basic overview of alternative energy (total solar flux) - do we have enough energy * Examine cash flow to homeowners

10

Electricity Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Market Module Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 101 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2013, DOE/EIA-M068(2013). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

11

International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Electricity Trade - Open Access International Electricity Trade - Open Access DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be...

12

Trade Secrets.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7 7 I N S P E C T I O N R E P O R T U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY OFFICE OF INSPECTOR GENERAL OFFICE OF INSPECTIONS INSPECTION OF THE LICENSING OF TRADE SECRETS BY SANDIA NATIONAL LABORATORIES MARCH 2002 U.S. DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Washington, DC 20585 March 22, 2002 MEMORANDUM FOR THE SECRETARY FROM: Gregory H. Friedman /s/ Inspector General SUBJECT: INFORMATION: Inspection Report on "Licensing of Trade Secrets by Sandia National Laboratories" BACKGROUND The Office of Inspector General (OIG), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), initiated an inspection into the facts and circumstances surrounding the issuance of a trade secret license in June 2000 by Sandia National Laboratories (Sandia) at Livermore, California, to Axsun Technologies (Axsun), a

13

Essays on trade, CO?, and the environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The first chapter of this thesis uses a general equilibrium model of trade and the environment to investigate two questions. First, how do the gains from trade compare against the environmental costs of trade? Trade can ...

Shapiro, Joseph S

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

14

North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity Trade North America: Regulation of International Electricity...

15

International Trade of Biofuels (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In recent years, the production and trade of biofuels has increased to meet global demand for renewable fuels. Ethanol and biodiesel contribute much of this trade because they are the most established biofuels. Their growth has been aided through a variety of policies, especially in the European Union, Brazil, and the United States, but ethanol trade and production have faced more targeted policies and tariffs than biodiesel. This fact sheet contains a summary of the trade of biofuels among nations, including historical data on production, consumption, and trade.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

16

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 95 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M068(2011). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

17

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 91 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, electricity load and demand, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M068(2012). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most

18

Export.gov - Trade Events Index Page  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Events Events Print | E-mail Page Trade Events Trade Events Home Trade Missions Agriculture Trade Events Textiles and Apparel Trade Events Export Finance Seminars Licensing Seminars Related Topics Basics: Locating Buyers Private Trade Shows Trade Events U.S. Government agencies organize and support a broad range of events for U.S. businesses interested in selling their products and services overseas. Trade events include webinars and seminars on the fundamentals of exporting; counseling and other support at U.S. and international trade shows, recruitment of foreign buyer delegations to U.S. trade shows, and trade missions of U.S. delegates to foreign markets for one-on-one meetings with potential customers and partners. Search Export.gov Trade Events This searchable list includes official trade missions and trade events

19

electricity trade | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

trade trade Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 10, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses billion kilowatthours. The data is broken down into Interregional Electricity trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA electricity trade Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electricity Trade- Reference Case (xls, 34.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

20

Emissions trading and technological change.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Emissions trading programmes have grown in number and scope over the last forty years, and in the last decade they have become a centrepiece of… (more)

Calel, Raphael

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Trade, Interdependence and Exchange Rates  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

period is 1971-2000. All inflation rates and predictions areof Goods and Real Exchange Rate Fluc- tuations,” mimeo [5]Between Trade and Exchange Rate Volatility,” mimeo [6

Fitzgerald, Doireann

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

22

World Trade Center Investigation Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Approximately half (51%) of WTC occupants had never used a stairwell at the World Trade Center prior to ... fine, the electricity was fine…” (70's) ...

2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z

23

World Trade Center Investigation Status  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Air-conditioning Duct Electric Duct ... available. The sprinkler trade-off provides an economic incentive to encourage ... In the United States, state and ...

2012-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

24

EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

5 Centre Land Trading Limited EA-365 Centre Land Trading Limited Order Authorizing Centre Land Trading Limited to export electric energy to Canada EA-365 Centre Land Trading...

25

TAC Program - Making Trade Agreements Work for You!  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Barrier? Foreign Trade Barrier Examples Removing Barriers Trade Agreements Compliance Program How We Help Eliminate Foreign Trade Barriers Trade Agreements Compliance Attaches...

26

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments, Trade, and Prices 8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments, Trade, and Prices Number of U.S. Companies Reporting Shipments, 1982-2010 Total Shipments, 1982-2010 Trade, Modules Only, 1996-2010 Prices, 1989-2010 296 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Note: Shipments are for domestic and export shipments, and may include imports that subsequently were shipped to domestic or foreign customers. Source: Table 10.8. 19 18 23 15 17 17 14 17 19 23 21 19 22 24 25 21 21 19 21 19 19 20 19 29 41 46 66 101 112 1982 1987 1992 1997 2002 2007 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 Number Cells and Modules Imports 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 500 1,000 1,500 2,000 2,500 3,000 Thousand Peak Kilowatts Modules Only Modules 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004

27

Jarred Ghilarducci, Mika Shiramizu, Nicholas Young, Jingwei Zhang From Spinosad to Spinetoram (1982 -2010)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Pesticide Program · Being a natural product, the chemical is allowed for use on organic crops California. For farmers who need pest control, Spinosad is a chemical insecticide that can effectively kill a wide range of pests within 1 to 2 days of digestion. Unlike traditional halogenated pesticides, Spinosad degrades

Iglesia, Enrique

28

Wildlife Trade: Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

real-life situations. The real-life situations. The teacher asks students to spend a few minutes thinking about and jotting down responses in their journals to the question, "When you have gone somewhere on vacation, what kinds of things have you brought back?" She then asks the students to turn to a partner and discuss their responses. Each pair summarizes and shares their comments with the entire group. Several answers were given: pictures, postcards, souvenirs, etc. The project on wildlife trade is expected to be a multiweek inquiry. The goal is to investigate the problem, as defined by the students, using a variety of tools. Students are assigned to base groups or teams, which are frequently reorganized based on interest, but all students return to their base group to share information and help each other fill in the information

29

Wildlife Trade: Scenario  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

real life situations. The real life situations. The teacher asks students to spend a few minutes thinking about and jotting down responses in their journals to the question, "When you have gone somewhere on vacation, what kinds of things have you brought back?" She then asks the students to turn to a partner and discuss their responses. Each pair summarizes and shares their comments with the entire group. Several answers were given: pictures, postcards, souvenirs, etc. The project on wildlife trade is expected to be a multiweek inquiry. The goal is to investigate the problem, as defined by the students, using a variety of tools. Students are assigned to base groups or teams, which are frequently reorganized based on interest, but all students return to their base group to share information and help each other fill in the information

30

Wildlife Trade: Summary  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Project Summary Project Summary Scenario Student Pages Internet Links Index Subject/Content Area: Physical Science, Social Studies, Mathematics, and Learning Strategies Target Audience: Thornridge is a comprehensive high school serving approximately 2,000 ninth through twelfth grade students living southeast of the Chicago city limits. Student backgrounds vary greatly socio-economically (below the poverty line to approximately six figures), ethnically (7% Caucasian, 87% African-American, 6% Hispanic) and culturally. Mobility and unemployment are high. Steel mills, the auto industry, steel processing plants and the construction trades have been the major employers; however, many no longer exist. Student test scores in all areas are below the state mean. Eighty freshmen, identified as performing

31

Solar Trade Corporation STC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Trade Corporation STC Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Trade Corporation (STC) Place Lowell, Massachusetts Zip 01851-4519 Sector Solar Product US manufacturer of solar...

32

Green Hercules Trading Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Login | Sign Up Search Page Edit with form History Facebook icon Twitter icon Green Hercules Trading Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Green Hercules Trading Ltd....

33

Rising College Premiums in Mexico: How Important Is Trade?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trade and investment liberalisation, …nancial crisis, andR. , 2000. Trade liberalisation and wage inequality: Lessons

Mehta, Aashish; Acuna, Belinda

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

34

U.S. Trade Policy and the Japanese Patent System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Economic Affairs, International Trade Policy Bureau; Chief,of Economic Affairs, International Trade Policy Bureau, MITI

Girouard, Robert J.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

35

Trade and the environment: Discussion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The author presents a synopsis of several papers on the issue of international trade and the environment. The papers address the following topics: the complex interrelationships of international trade, environment, and poverty in developing countries; environmental aspects of economic relations between nations; and the debate between environmentalists and free trade advocates. The author also adds comments about the US embargo on Mexican yellow-fin tuna imports, concluding that this unilateral embargo action, while initially creating tentions, may have provided a useful impetus to working out a multinational environmental standard.

Lutz, E.

1992-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

36

The Value of Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the value of international emissions trading, focusing attention on a here-to-fore neglected component: its value as a hedge against uncertainty. Much analysis has been done of the Kyoto Protocol and ...

Webster, Mort David.

37

Two Southern California Trade Trails  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

be about TWO SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA TRADE TRAILS cranes. WhenHowe 1885 History of California, Vol. 11, 1801-1824 (TheCompany. J O U R N A L OF CALIFORNIA A N D GREAT BASIN

Johnston, Francis J

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

38

PDSF Modules  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Modules Modules Modules Modules Approach to Managing The Environment Modules is a system which you can use to specify what software you want to use. If you want to use a particular software package loading its module will take care of the details of modifying your environment as necessary. The advantage of the modules approach is that the you are not required to explicitly specify paths for different executable versions and try to keep their related man paths and environment variables coordinated. Instead you simply "load" and "unload" specific modules to control your environment. Getting Started with Modules If you're using the standard startup files on PDSF then you're already setup for using modules. If the "module" command is not available, please

39

From Trade-to-Trade in US Treasuries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

will use small limit orders to search for trading counter parties. Once they have identified a dealer who has indicated a willingness to trade, they will enter into quantity negotiations, i.e. a workup will take place. This process affords greater anonymity... the dataset and characterises the data in terms of transaction size, intensity and workups. A comprehensive examination of the data is undertaken and the analysis suggests that the information content of news arrival, volume and workup time each have a role...

Dungey, Mardi; Henry, Olan; McKenzie, Michael

40

EA-178-B Edison Mission Marketing & Trading, Inc | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-B Edison Mission Marketing & Trading, Inc EA-178-B Edison Mission Marketing & Trading, Inc Order authorizing Edison Mission Marketing & Trading, Inc to export electric energy to...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


41

Essays on trades and security prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three chapters that investigate the complex relation between security prices and trades of market participants. In the first chapter, I study the evolution of stock prices after trades with different ...

Obizhaeva, Anna

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

42

Information and trading patterns in financial markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis consists of three chapters, each with implications on information and trading patterns in financial markets. Chapter 1: In most financial markets, dealers are given trading advantages meant to encourage liquidity ...

Wang, Albert, 1977-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

43

Demand Trading: Measurement, Verification, and Settlement (MVS)  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With this report, EPRI's trilogy of publications on demand trading is complete. The first report (1006015), the "Demand Trading Toolkit," documented how to conduct demand trading based on price. The second report (1001635), "Demand Trading: Building Liquidity," focused on the problem of liquidity in the energy industry and developed the Demand Response Resource Bank concept for governing electricity markets based on reliability. The present report focuses on the emerging price/risk partnerships in electr...

2004-03-18T23:59:59.000Z

44

SBIR and Global Trade Summit Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Presentation from the July 26, 2012 trade summit in Uncasville, Connecticut, presented by the Small Business Innovation Research program.

45

Optimization Online - Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro ...  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Dec 10, 2011 ... Optimizing Trading Decisions for Hydro Storage Systems using Approximate ... Keywords: OR in Energy, Approximate Dynamic Programming, ...

46

E-governance in trade facilitation: transparency and ICT as prerequisites for free and fair trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Trade facilitation is a generic term applied to the procedures and technologies used to integrate domestic trade into global supply chains. While there are other aspects to trade facilitation, ICT is becoming progressively more important. The objective ... Keywords: customs, data standards, e-governance, interconnection, interoperability, single window, supply chain security, technical controls, trade, transparency

Paul Kimberley

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

47

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18%  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% China's forest products trade falls nearly 18% 11/08/2009 - 09:05 According to China's latest Customs statistics, foreign trade of China's forest products in the first five months showed a year-on-year general downturn. The total value of foreign trade of China

48

Specification and execution of composite trading activities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

With the growing number of trading opportunities available online, software tools designed to act on behalf of human traders are increasingly being used to automate trading activities. The next logical step in this evolution is the automation of composite ... Keywords: Concurrent negotiations, Expected utility, Negotiation plans, Negotiation protocols, Trading activities

Yain-Whar Si; David Edmond; Marlon Dumas; Arthur H. Hofstede

2007-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

49

Port Royal, Jamaica, and the slave trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In the eighteenth century, the British Empire rose to an eminent role in transatlantic slave trade. British ships are thought to have transported more individuals into bondage during this century than in any other period in the history of human existence. Arguably the wealthiest city in the British colonies of the New World, Port Royal, Jamaica, was an important center of the maritime slave trade. This thesis concerns the role of the slave trade in the maritime community of Port Royal during the later half of the seventeenth century and the early eighteenth century, a time when Port Royal was at its commercial peak and the British slave trade was undergoing its greatest development. Primary and secondary sources provide a basis for understanding the conduct of the slave trade in Port Royal. Primary documents, which include official records, personal accounts, correspondence, probate inventories, wills and records of deeds and grants, reveal information beyond census and volume of the trade. These documents afford the opportunity to study Port Royal's slave trade on an individual level. The documents record the various participants in the trade, such as slaves, traders and purchasers, agencies and agents, and investors, so that relationships and roles can be assessed and the nature and conduct of the trade can be interpreted. Underwater excavation of the ship Henrietta Marie has yielded a significant representative collection of the slave trade's material culture. Wrecked at the turn of the eighteenth century in the Florida Keys, Henrietta Marie had just quit Port Royal after off-loading her human cargo. The artifact collection of shackles, ship's equipment and trade goods represents the trappings of the maritime slave trade. Particularly, the shackles are a grim reminder of the trade's more brutal aspects. Comparative analysis of this collection with shackles recovered from other sites reveals the role of these devices in the slave trade.

Johnson, David A

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

50

Module Configuration  

SciTech Connect

A stand alone battery module including: (a) a mechanical configuration; (b) a thermal management configuration; (c) an electrical connection configuration; and (d) an electronics configuration. Such a module is fully interchangeable in a battery pack assembly, mechanically, from the thermal management point of view, and electrically. With the same hardware, the module can accommodate different cell sizes and, therefore, can easily have different capacities. The module structure is designed to accommodate the electronics monitoring, protection, and printed wiring assembly boards (PWAs), as well as to allow airflow through the module. A plurality of modules may easily be connected together to form a battery pack. The parts of the module are designed to facilitate their manufacture and assembly.

Oweis, Salah (Ellicott City, MD); D' Ussel, Louis (Bordeaux, FR); Chagnon, Guy (Cockeysville, MD); Zuhowski, Michael (Annapolis, MD); Sack, Tim (Cockeysville, MD); Laucournet, Gaullume (Paris, FR); Jackson, Edward J. (Taneytown, MD)

2002-06-04T23:59:59.000Z

51

Electricity market module: Electricity fuel dispatch submodule  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In previous Annual Energy Outlooks (AEO), international electricity trade was represented in the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Electricity Market Module (EMM) modeling framework as an exogenous input. The exception to this exogenous treatment was for firm power projections, i.e., new Canadian hydroelectric model builds. The AEO95 implementation of EMM allowed Canadian hydroelectric projects to be selected in the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) submodule on an annual basis and otherwise addressed as any other purchased power commitments. This technical memorandum addresses modifications to the Electricity Fuel Dispatch Submodule implemented in AEO96 to enhance the treatment of international electricity trade through the representation of economy imports from Canada.

NONE

1996-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

52

AEO2011: Electricity Trade | OpenEI  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trade Trade Dataset Summary Description This dataset comes from the Energy Information Administration (EIA), and is part of the 2011 Annual Energy Outlook Report (AEO2011). This dataset is table 10, and contains only the reference case. The dataset uses billion kilowatthours. The data is broken down into Interregional Electricity trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico. Source EIA Date Released April 26th, 2011 (3 years ago) Date Updated Unknown Keywords 2011 AEO EIA electricity trade Data application/vnd.ms-excel icon AEO2011: Electricity Trade- Reference Case (xls, 34.4 KiB) Quality Metrics Level of Review Peer Reviewed Comment Temporal and Spatial Coverage Frequency Annually Time Period 2008-2035

53

CLASS DEVIATION FINDINGS AND DETERMINATION Trade Agreements  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trade Agreements Trade Agreements FAR 25.402(b) Findings 1. On December 29,2009, the United States Trade Representative (USTR) established new procurement thresholds for the various Trade Agreements identified at FAR 25.402(b). The revised thresholds were effective on January 1,2010. 2. Civilian Agency Acquisition Letter 2010-01, issued on January 19,201 0, recommends that civilian agencies authorize issuance of a class deviation to use the new procurement thresholds for the Trade Agreements until such time as FAR 25.402(b) is formally amended. Determination It is hereby determined that a class deviation from FAR 25.402(b) is appropriate to allow the use of the revised procurement thresholds for the various Trade Agreements that were issued by the USTR on December 29,2009.

54

Energy Efficiency in CO2 Emissions Trading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This Technical Update explores methods to account for carbon dioxide (CO2) emission reductions specifically associated with the implementation of energy efficiency programs into greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading or offset markets. It focuses on how to understand, account for, quantify, verify, and optimize how electricity savings may both reduce CO2 emissions and potentially be granted credits for CO2 savings that may be traded in cap-and-trade regimes.

2008-07-09T23:59:59.000Z

55

Feedback Trading and Intermittent Market Turbulence  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

-frequency, non-fundamental feedback trading model. Price adjustment is driven by the time-varying price impact of net order- flow. In tranquil times feedback trading has no impact on the price level. Given feedback trading intensities, as asset liquidity declines... , Cambridge-Princeton Finance Seminar 2006, and Cantab Capital Partners, and to Andrew Filardo, Bill Janeway, Ewan Kirk, Steven Satchell, Jose Scheinkman, Nikola Tarashev, Christian Upper, and three anonymous referees for their valuable comments. The usual...

Tambakis, Demosthenes N

56

Essays on International Finance and Trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Sapsford, 1994, “What Does Liberalisation Do for Exports andand Economic Development: Liberalisation Attempts and2002b, “Trade Liberalisation and Export Performance in

Zeng, Li

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

57

Sempra Energy Trading Corp | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Energy Trading Corp Place Connecticut Utility Id 22400 Utility Location Yes Ownership R NERC Location NPCC Activity Buying Transmission Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes...

58

Eiko Trading Corporation | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

search Name Eiko Trading Corporation Place Japan Sector Solar Product Eiko develops solar pv projects in Japan and is expected to enter the German market in 2009. References...

59

Certification and Regulation of Trade in Biofuels.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The recent increase in biofuel production and trade has raised concerns about environmental and other impacts, and has prompted some governments to initiate measures to… (more)

Thomson, Vivien

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

60

Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Focus Area: Other Renewable Electricity Topics: Socio-Economic...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


61

Export.gov - Terms of Trade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

to Your Market Conduct Business Online Get Logistical Support Secure Export Financing Terms of Trade Related Topics Four Ways to Learn How to Export Attend Online or Classroom...

62

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading and Prices in Commodity Markets EIA 2013 Workshop on Financial and Physical Oil Market Linkages ... Director of Energy Markets and Financial Analysis

63

Breaking the energy-bandwidth limit of electro-optic modulators: theory and a device proposal  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper, we quantitatively analyzed the trade-off between energy per bit for switching and modulation bandwidth of classical electro-optic modulators. A formally simple energy-bandwidth limit (Eq. 10) is derived for electro-optic modulators based on intra-cavity index modulation. To overcome this limit, we propose a dual cavity modulator device which uses a coupling modulation scheme operating at high bandwidth (> 200 GHz) not limited by cavity photon lifetime and simultaneously features an ultra-low switching energy of 0.26 aJ, representing over three orders of magnitude energy consumption reduction compared to state-of-the-art electro-optic modulators.

Lin, Hongtao; Liu, Jifeng; Zhang, Lin; Michel, Jurgen; Hu, Juejun

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

64

Module Handbook Specialisation Photovoltaics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

#12;Specialisation Photovoltaics, University of Northumbria Module 1/Photovoltaics: PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND MODULE TECHNOLOGY Module name: PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL AND MODULE TECHNOLOGY Section EUREC · Chemistry · Physics Target learning outcomes The module Photovoltaic Cell and Module Technology teaches

Habel, Annegret

65

Strategic Spot Trading in Supply Chains  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In a variety of industries ranging from agriculture to electronics and oil, procurement takes place through a combination of bilateral fixed-price contracts and open market trading among supply chain participants, which allows them to improve supply ... Keywords: demand and cost information, fixed-price contracts, procurement and supply chain, spot trading

Haim Mendelson; Tunay I. Tunca

2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

66

Smart meter aware domestic energy trading agents  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The domestic energy market is changing with the increasing availability of energy micro-generating facilities. On the long run, households will have the possibility to trade energy for purchasing to and for selling from a number of different actors. ... Keywords: agents, energy trade, smart meter

Nicola Capodieci; Giuliano Andrea Pagani; Giacomo Cabri; Marco Aiello

2011-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

67

EA-208 Williams Energy Marketing and Trading Company | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

and Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P...

68

EA-223-A CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trading Company More Documents & Publications EA-220-B NRG Power Marketing, Inc EA-223 CMS Marketing, Services and Trading Company EA-166-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C...

69

Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade Carbon Embodiment in US-China Trade Speaker(s): Bin Shui Date: July 26, 2005 - 12:00pm Location: 90-3148 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Eric Masanet The soaring US trade deficits with China have frequently been in the headlines and are an urgent issue for policymakers in Washington DC. However, the associated environmental impacts, especially carbon dioxide emissions (CO2) embodied in the US-China trade flows, have not yet drawn sufficient attention. This talk examines the influence of US-China trade on national and global emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). I will discuss three basic questions: (1) How much of CO2 emissions in the US are avoided by importing Chinese goods? (2) How much are CO2 emissions in China increased as a result of the production of goods for export to the US? and

70

Indonesia's Macroeconomic and Trade Performance  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper investigates the links between Indonesia's growth, debt, and trade performances from 1970 to 1990, and it compares Indonesia's performance with countries that have similar characteristics. This descriptive analysis points to the strong influence of oil revenue fluctuations, open capital markets, and exchange rate management on Indonesia's economy. A decomposition analysis of Indonesia's uses of external debt indicates that the financing of current account deficits cannot explain large proportions of rapid debt accumulation after 1970. Finally, Indonesia's real manufactured export growth of at least 28 percent per year during the 1980s rivalled its regional neighbors. Indonesia's experience demonstrates that despite severe external shocks, sensible policy reforms can help developing countries to achieve impressive economic performances. Yana van der Meulen Rodgers is an Assistant Professor at the College of William and

Yana Van Der Meulen Rodgers; Yana Van Der Meulen Rodgers

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

71

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less...

72

Thermionic modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Modules of assembled microminiature thermionic converters (MTCs) having high energy-conversion efficiencies and variable operating temperatures manufactured using MEMS manufacturing techniques including chemical vapor deposition. The MTCs incorporate cathode to anode spacing of about 1 micron or less and use cathode and anode materials having work functions ranging from about 1 eV to about 3 eV. The MTCs also exhibit maximum efficiencies of just under 30%, and thousands of the devices and modules can be fabricated at modest costs.

King, Donald B. (Albuquerque, NM); Sadwick, Laurence P. (Salt Lake City, UT); Wernsman, Bernard R. (Clairton, PA)

2002-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

73

Heat Management Strategy Trade Study  

SciTech Connect

This Heat Management Trade Study was performed in 2008-2009 to expand on prior studies in continued efforts to analyze and evaluate options for cost-effectively managing SNF reprocessing wastes. The primary objective was to develop a simplified cost/benefit evaluation for spent nuclear fuel (SNF) reprocessing that combines the characteristics of the waste generated through reprocessing with the impacts of the waste on heating the repository. Under consideration were age of the SNF prior to reprocessing, plutonium and minor actinide (MA) separation from the spent fuel for recycle, fuel value of the recycled Pu and MA, age of the remaining spent fuel waste prior to emplacement in the repository, length of time that active ventilation is employed in the repository, and elemental concentration and heat limits for acceptable glass waste form durability. A secondary objective was to identify and qualitatively analyze remaining issues such as (a) impacts of aging SNF prior to reprocessing on the fuel value of the recovered fissile materials, and (b) impact of reprocessing on the dose risk as developed in the Yucca Mountain Total System Performance Assessment (TSPA). Results of this study can be used to evaluate different options for managing decay heat in waste streams from spent nuclear fuel.

Nick Soelberg; Steve Priebe; Dirk Gombert; Ted Bauer

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

74

DTE Energy Trading, Inc | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trading, Inc Trading, Inc Jump to: navigation, search Name DTE Energy Trading, Inc Place Michigan Utility Id 25262 Utility Location Yes Ownership W NERC Location RFC NERC ERCOT Yes NERC RFC Yes ISO Ercot Yes RTO PJM Yes ISO NY Yes ISO MISO Yes ISO NE Yes Activity Wholesale Marketing Yes References EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. Utility Rate Schedules Grid-background.png No rate schedules available. Average Rates No Rates Available References ↑ "EIA Form EIA-861 Final Data File for 2010 - File1_a" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=DTE_Energy_Trading,_Inc&oldid=410556"

75

California's CapandTrade Auction Proceeds  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

California's CapandTrade Auction Proceeds: Taxes, Fees, or Something Else, Energy & the Environment; and Chair of the Energy and Resources Group at the University of California................................................................3 A. AB 32: California's Global Warming Solutions Act

Kammen, Daniel M.

76

14.54 International Trade, Fall 2005  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Introduction to the theory of international trade and finance with applications to current policy issues. From the course home page: Course Description The course will help us understand what determines the flow of goods ...

Lorenzoni, Guido

77

An empirical analysis of quantitative trading strategies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Along with the increasing computing power, growing availability of various data streams, introduction of the electronic exchanges, decreasing trading costs and heating-up competition in financial investment industry, ...

Aiuchi, Masaharu

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

78

Challenges and Directions in Knowledge Asset Trading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper addresses the area that is at the intersection of Knowledge Management and Electronic Commerce. This area refers to the exchange and trade of explicit and implicit knowledge at an inter-organisational level. Electronic knowledge marketplaces ...

Dimitris Apostolou; Gregory Mentzas; Andreas Abecker; Wolf-Christian Eickhoff; Wolfgang Maas; Panos Georgolios; Kostas Kafentzis; Sophia Kyriakopoulou

2002-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

79

On Trade Wind Cumulus Cold Pools  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Shallow precipitating cumuli within the easterly trades were investigated using shipboard measurements, scanning radar data, and visible satellite imagery from 2 weeks in January 2005 of the Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) experiment. ...

Paquita Zuidema; Zhujun Li; Reginald J. Hill; Ludovic Bariteau; Bob Rilling; Chris Fairall; W. Alan Brewer; Bruce Albrecht; Jeff Hare

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

80

Electric trade in the United States 1994  

SciTech Connect

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1994, the wholesale trade market totaled 1.9 trillion kilowatthours, about 66% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1994 (ELECTRA), is the fifth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1994.

NONE

1998-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


81

Trade and Workforce Changeover in Brazil  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Rate and Job Flows in Brazil,” Journal of Policy Reform,intensive occupations in Brazil’s traded-goods sector isinput tari? (in z jt ). Brazil’s nominal exchange rate is

Muendler, Marc-Andreas

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

82

Aspects of Late Helladic sea trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The trade mechanisms joining the Mycenaean Aegean to the greater Levant have intrigued and eluded Bronze Age scholarship since the earliest discoveries of foreign objects in Mycenaean burials. In the past decade, topics of interregional trade in the eastern Mediterranean have enjoyed renewed discussions, inspired in no small part by the excavation of the Uluburun shipwreck. Data generated from the shipwreck is amounting to an extraordinary body of evidence for contact between the Aegean and the Near East. The proposed Mycenaean presence on board the Uluburun ship requires that the sum of evidence and hypotheses for trade between the two regions be re-examined. By attempting to demonstrate the role the Mycenaeans had performed on the last journey of the Uluburun ship, an important mechanism of trade may be revealed between the Aegean and Semitic worlds.

Bachhuber, Christoph Stephen

2003-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

83

EA-278-B Direct Commodities Trading Inc - Recission  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Order rescinding the authorization of Direct Commodities Trading Inc to export electric energy to Canada.

84

Trade liberalisation in Zambia : popular discourses on trade liberalisation in Zambia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The aim of this study is to analyse the discourses on trade liberalization in Zambia. In 1991, the Zambian government embarked on a series of… (more)

Kaira, Wezi

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

85

Ohio River Basin Trading Project Listening Workshops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In March 2010, American Farmland Trust held two listening workshops in the Wabash River Watershed to provide information and collect feedback on the Ohio River Basin Trading Project. Each session began with a basic primer on water quality trading given by Jim Klang of Kieser Associates. The presentations were followed by facilitated discussions. Participants were prompted with several questions, developed from earlier listening sessions, addressing issues that producers will likely face in water quality ...

2010-09-15T23:59:59.000Z

86

Characteristics of Natural Gas Trading and Exchanges  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Interest in energy trading grew exponentially during 2008 with numerous U.S. Congressional hearings on the influence of speculation on oil prices. Natural gas is an extremely important fuel in the electric industry, accounting for 54% of annual fuel expenses and frequently driving power prices. In a very timely report, this study examines the phenomenon of natural gas trading, which has experienced rapid growth across a wide range of markets. As best as can be gleaned from existing data, this report trac...

2008-09-17T23:59:59.000Z

87

Electric trade in the United States 1990  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Trade in the United States 1990 (ELECTRA) is the third in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data. The second report contained data for 1988. This report provides information on the industry during 1990.

Not Available

1992-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

88

Electric trade in the United States, 1996  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Wholesale trade in electricity plays an important role for the US electric utility industry. Wholesale, or bulk power, transactions allow electric utilities to reduce power costs, increase power supply options, and improve reliability. In 1996, the wholesale trade market totaled 2.3 trillion kilowatthours, over 73% of total sales to ultimate consumers. This publication, Electric Trade in the United States 1996 (ELECTRA), is the sixth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1996. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. 1 fig., 43 tabs.

NONE

1998-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

89

TradeWind Energy LLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

TradeWind Energy LLC TradeWind Energy LLC Jump to: navigation, search Name TradeWind Energy LLC Place Lenexa, Kansas Zip 66214 Sector Renewable Energy, Wind energy Product TradeWind Energy is a developer of renewable energy in Kansas and the surrounding midwestern states. It develops large-scale wind energy projects. Enel North America is a strategic partner for TradeWind and has taken an equity stake in the company. References TradeWind Energy LLC[1] LinkedIn Connections CrunchBase Profile No CrunchBase profile. Create one now! This article is a stub. You can help OpenEI by expanding it. TradeWind Energy LLC is a company located in Lenexa, Kansas . References ↑ "TradeWind Energy LLC" Retrieved from "http://en.openei.org/w/index.php?title=TradeWind_Energy_LLC&oldid=352361

90

Carbon Trading Protocols for Geologic Sequestration  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Carbon capture and storage (CCS) could become an instrumental part of a future carbon trading system in the US. If the US starts operating an emissions trading scheme (ETS) similar to that of the European Union's then limits on CO{sub 2} emissions will be conservative in the beginning stages. The government will most likely start by distributing most credits for free; these free credits are called allowances. The US may follow the model of the EU ETS, which during the first five-year phase distributed 95% of the credits for free, bringing that level down to 90% for the second five-year phase. As the number of free allowances declines, companies will be forced to purchase an increasing number of credits at government auction, or else obtain them from companies selling surplus credits. In addition to reducing the number of credits allocated for free, with each subsequent trading period the number of overall credits released into the market will decline in an effort to gradually reduce overall emissions. Companies may face financial difficulty as the value of credits continues to rise due to the reduction of the number of credits available in the market each trading period. Governments operating emissions trading systems face the challenge of achieving CO{sub 2} emissions targets without placing such a financial burden on their companies that the country's economy is markedly affected.

Hoversten, Shanna

2008-08-07T23:59:59.000Z

91

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Concerning Cap and Trade Programs in Electricity: the CaseCap and Trade Regulation on Congested Electricity Marketcap and trade regu- lation on congested electricity market

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

92

Photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic (PV) module including a PV device and a frame. The PV device has a PV laminate defining a perimeter and a major plane. The frame is assembled to and encases the laminate perimeter, and includes leading, trailing, and side frame members, and an arm that forms a support face opposite the laminate. The support face is adapted for placement against a horizontal installation surface, to support and orient the laminate in a non-parallel or tilted arrangement. Upon final assembly, the laminate and the frame combine to define a unitary structure. The frame can orient the laminate at an angle in the range of 3.degree.-7.degree. from horizontal, and can be entirely formed of a polymeric material. Optionally, the arm incorporates integral feature(s) that facilitate interconnection with corresponding features of a second, identically formed PV module.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Lenox, Carl J. S. (Oakland, CA); Culligan, Matthew (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2012-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

93

Water Quality Trading Program (Ohio) | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trading Program (Ohio) Trading Program (Ohio) Water Quality Trading Program (Ohio) < Back Eligibility Utility Commercial Agricultural Investor-Owned Utility Industrial Construction Rural Electric Cooperative Retail Supplier Fuel Distributor Nonprofit Transportation Savings Category Buying & Making Electricity Water Home Weatherization Program Info State Ohio Program Type Corporate Tax Incentive Environmental Regulations Provider Ohio Environmental Protection Agency Water quality trading is a tool for achieving water quality improvements. Under the right circumstances, trading has the potential to yield both environmental and economic benefits, while promoting increased interaction among watershed stakeholders. The water quality trading program is a voluntary program that allows a National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit holder

94

Clean Tech Trade Alliance | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alliance Alliance Jump to: navigation, search Logo: Clean Tech Trade Alliance Name Clean Tech Trade Alliance Address 2817 Wheaton Way Place Bremerton, Washington Zip 98310 Region Pacific Northwest Area Website http://www.cleantechtradeallia Notes Internationally focused hybrid trade alliance that will create a successful, Clean Technology business cluster Coordinates 47.589024°, -122.630351° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":47.589024,"lon":-122.630351,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

95

International Trade of Wood Pellets (Brochure)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The production of wood pellets has increased dramatically in recent years due in large part to aggressive emissions policy in the European Union; the main markets that currently supply the European market are North America and Russia. However, current market circumstances and trade dynamics could change depending on the development of emerging markets, foreign exchange rates, and the evolution of carbon policies. This fact sheet outlines the existing and potential participants in the wood pellets market, along with historical data on production, trade, and prices.

Not Available

2013-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

96

Electronic OTC Trading in the German Wholesale Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. Recent changes in the German energy policy initiated a deregulation process from a monopolistic to a competitive market, fundamentally changing the market structure, transaction relationships and trading processes. While the mutual exchange of electric energy has been a business activity between vertically integrated utilities for a long time, wholesale electricity trading in an open market only recently started to gain momentum. Electricity becomes a commodity traded at power exchanges and off-exchange on over the counter (OTC) markets. In Germany, the wholesale electricity market is dominated by OTC trading. Trading in OTC markets is usually performed via telephone and facsimile which leads to a limited price transparency, a limited liquidity, an ex ante restricted number of potential market partners and, last but not least, substantial transaction costs. Market participants are therefore searching for new trading mechanisms to circumvent the problems of the current trading processes. The electronization of trading activities promises to reduce the disadvantages of current OTC trading processes through the automation of tasks within the transaction chain. In this context, electronic markets for electricity trading are coordination mechanisms for the market exchange of electricity and electricity derivatives, i. e., a virtual market place where supply and demand meet and trade. An important feature of electronic markets is an automated dynamic pricing which is currently not supported by electronic markets available for electricity trading in the German wholesale market. A concept for an Electronic Electricity Trading System is therefore proposed with a main focus on automated price discovery.

Stefan Strecker; Christof Weinhardt

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

97

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2002 - Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Market Module Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules—electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, load and demand-side management, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2002, DOE/EIA- M068(2002) January 2002. Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are

98

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2001 - Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Market Module Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules—electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, load and demand-side management, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2001, DOE/EIA- M068(2001) January 2001. Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are

99

Trade-offs between moving and stationary particle collectors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Trade-offs between moving and stationary particle collectors for detecting a bio-agent plume Title Trade-offs between moving and stationary particle collectors for detecting a...

100

Regulatory issues associated with the international oils & fats trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

FOSFA’s John Hancock reviews three major areas of regulation of the global trading of oils and fats. Regulatory issues associated with the international oils & fats trade Inform Magazine Inform Archives Regulatory issues associated with the interna

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


101

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #466: April 23, 2007 The Trade...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

6: April 23, 2007 The Trade Value of Petroleum to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact 466: April 23, 2007 The Trade Value of Petroleum on Facebook Tweet...

102

Solar Energy Trading GmbH SET | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Solar Energy Trading GmbH SET Jump to: navigation, search Name Solar Energy Trading GmbH (SET) Place Mnster, Germany Zip 48157 Sector Solar Product Germany-based solar project...

103

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

prices. The reason: demand for biofuel increases, and ?rst-The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment GalThe Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment ? Gal

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

104

EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE): EA-367 EDF Trading North America, LLC (EDF) EA-373 EDF Trading North America, LLC Natural Gas Imports and Exports - First Quarter Report 2013...

105

AEO2011: Electricity Trade

Open Energy Info (EERE)

trade, gross domestic sales, international electricity trade, imports and exports to Canada and Mexico. 
2011-08-01T19:29:49Z 2011-08-04T15:35:21Z http:...

106

Trade Wind Rainfall atop Mount Waialeale, Kauai  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Very large coast to mountain rainfall gradients have been observed in the trade winds and winter monsoons. Since the surface moist layer is usually capped by a subsidence inversion near 2 km, the rain is “warm.” On the top of a mountainous island,...

C. S. Ramage; Thomas A. Schroeder

1999-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

107

Trading Emissions PLC | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trading Emissions PLC Trading Emissions PLC Jump to: navigation, search Name Trading Emissions PLC Place London, United Kingdom Zip EC2N 4AW Product Trading Emissions PLC is an investment fund established to acquire tradable environmental instruments. It invests in projects developed under the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and Joint Implementation (JI) of the Kyoto Protocol. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

108

Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

The use of the SO[sub 2] allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO[sub 2] emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO[sub 2] for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO[sub x] emission averaging, the utility would average NO[sub x] emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

109

Allowance trading: Market operations and regulatory response  

SciTech Connect

The use of the SO{sub 2} allowance system as defined by Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments offers utilities greater compliance flexibility than EPA technology standards, State Implementation Plan (SEP) performance standards, or EPA bubble/offset strategies. Traditional methods at best offered the utility the ability to trade emissions between different units at a particular plant. The SO{sub 2} emissions trading system advocated under Title IV will allow a utility to trade emissions across its utility system, and/or trade emissions between utilities to take advantage of interfirm control cost differences. The use of transferable emission allowances offers utilities greater flexibility in the choice of how to control emissions: the choices include fuel switching, flue gas scrubbing, environmental dispatch, repowering, and even the choice not to control emissions [as long as the New Source Performance Standards (NSPS) and Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) requirements are met]. The added flexibility allows utilities to choose the least cost manner of compliance with Title IV requirements. It is hoped (intended) that pollution control cost-minimization by individual utilities will in turn reduce the cost of controlling SO{sub 2} for the electric utility industry in aggregate. In addition, through the use of NO{sub x} emission averaging, the utility would average NO{sub x} emissions from different point sources in order to comply with the prescribed emission standard.

Bailey, K.A.; South, D.W.; McDermott, K.A.

1992-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

110

Electric trade in the United States 1992  

SciTech Connect

This publication, Electric Trade in the US 1992 (ELECTRA), is the fourth in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data, and this report provides information on the electric power industry during 1992. The electric trade data collected and presented in this report furnish important information on the wholesale structure found within the US electric power industry. The patterns of interutility trade in the report support analyses of wholesale power transactions and provide input for a broader understanding of bulk power market issues that define the emerging national electric energy policies. The report includes information on the quantity of power purchased, sold, exchanged, and wheeled; the geographical locations of transactions and ownership classes involved; and the revenues and costs. Information on the physical transmission system are being included for the first time in this publication. Transmission data covering investor-owned electric utilities were shifted from the Financial Statistics of Selected Investor-Owned Electric Utilities to the ELECTRA publication. Some of the prominent features of this year`s report include information and data not published before on transmission lines for publicly owned utilities and transmission lines added during 1992 by investor-owned electric utilities.

Not Available

1994-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

111

Trade My Food | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trade My Food Trade My Food Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Trade My Food Agency/Company /Organization: Boston Cleanweb Hackathon Focus Area: Agriculture, Food Supply Phase: Evaluate Options Resource Type: Application prototype User Interface: Website Website: hackerleague.org/hackathons/boston-cleanweb-hackathon/hacks/trade-my-f Country: USA Web Application Link: www.FoodForYouFoodFor.Me Cost: Free OpenEI Keyword(s): Cleanweb Hackathon, Boston, Community Generated UN Region: Northern America Coordinates: 42.3490737°, -71.0481764° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":42.3490737,"lon":-71.0481764,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

112

New Standards Portal Focuses on US-China Trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

New Standards Portal Focuses on US-China Trade. For Immediate Release: September 28, 2006. *. Bookmark and Share. ...

2013-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

113

Review of export license applications (Strategic Trade Control...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Licensing Nonproliferation & National Security (NPNS) Overview Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support Strategic Trade Control Review of export license applications Multilateral...

114

Emissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and Investment in Pollution Abatement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

E I A ) . "Status of Electricity Industry Restructuring." Electricity Industry Restructuring, andEmissions Trading, Electricity Industry Restructuring, and

Fowlie, Meredith

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

115

TOB Module Assembly  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

SiTracker Home Page Participating Institutions and Principal Contacts Useful Links Notes Images TOB Module Assembly and Testing Project TOB Integration Data Tracker Offline DQM LHC Fluence Calculator Total US Modules Tested Graph Total US Modules Tested Graph Total US Modules Tested Total US Modules Tested US Modules Tested Graph US Modules Tested Graph US Modules Tested US Modules Tested Rod Assembly TOB Modules on a Rod TOB Rod Insertion Installation of a TOB Rod Completed TOB Completed Tracker Outer Barrel TOB Module Assembly and Testing Project All 5208 modules of the CMS Tracker Outer Barrel were assembled and tested at two production sites in the US: the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory and the University of California at Santa Barbara. The modules were delivered to CERN in the form of rods, with the last shipment taking

116

SEC Rule 10b5-1 and Insiders' Strategic Trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission enacted Rule 10b5-1 to deter insiders from trading with private information, yet also protect insiders' preplanned, non-information-based trades from litigation. Despite its requirement that insiders plan trades ... Keywords: Securities Exchange Act of 1934, diversification trade, insider trading, planned trade

Alan D. Jagolinzer

2009-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

117

United States Trade and Foreign Labor Interests: The Effects on Foreign Labor of Linking Trade with Labor Provisions in Bilateral U.S. Free Trade Agreements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

standards through our trade agreements…an approach like [EEYOL] would not protect labor rights in Central America in any meaningful way. ”

Soleimani, Jonathan

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

118

Category:Trade Groups | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Groups Groups Jump to: navigation, search Trade Groups For our purposes here, Trade Groups are defined as organizations that are classified under Section 501(c)(6) of the Internal Revenue Code Add a new Networking Organization Loading map... {"format":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"limit":500,"offset":0,"link":"all","sort":[""],"order":[],"headers":"show","mainlabel":"","intro":"","outro":"","searchlabel":"\u2026 further results","default":"","geoservice":"google","zoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","forceshow":true,"showtitle":true,"hidenamespace":false,"template":false,"title":"","label":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"locations":[{"text":"

119

Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Limited Limited Jump to: navigation, search Name Biodiesel Energy Trading Limited Place London, United Kingdom Zip W1J 8DY Product London-based company focused on trading of biodiesel. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

120

World Trade Organization | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Logo: World Trade Organization Name World Trade Organization Address Rue de Lausanne 154, CH-1211 Place Geneva, Switzerland Number of employees 501-1000 Phone number +41 (0)22 739 51 11 Website http://www.wto.org/index.htm Coordinates 46.2238973°, 6.1496442° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2238973,"lon":6.1496442,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


121

The Industrial Tools of the Trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Organized by R&D Applications Centers/Offices, this handbook provides TechCommentaries (including a description of a technology, technical considerations, economic considerations, applications, advantages), TechApplications (featuring case study information on an attractive technology), and Industry Briefs (describing a particular industry with data and trends on energy use, employment, revenue, manufacturing methods, demand-side management methods, trade associations, and information sources).

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

122

Indo-Pakistan Trade Cooperation and Saarc  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of the total number of classified tariff lines, and does not include items like consumer durables, computer softwares, textiles machinery, automobiles, two wheelers, cars, etc. This paper consists of four parts. Part I deals with the historical... , etc. Pakistan has excess capacity of 3000 MW electricity which can be easily given to northern Indian states if the required arrangements are done. Prices of mutual trade items between the two countries are also competitive. It is estimated...

Ghuman, Ranjit Singh; Madaan, Da Vinder Kumar

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

123

Trading agents for the smart electricity grid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The vision of the Smart Grid includes the creation of intelligent electricity supply networks to allow efficient use of energy resources, reduce carbon emissions and are robust to failures. One of the key assumptions underlying this vision is that it will be possible to manage the trading of electricity between homes and micro-grids while coping with the inherent real-time dynamism in electricity demand and supply. The management of these trades needs to take into account the fact that most, if not all, of the actors in the system are self-interested and transmission line capacities are constrained. Against this background, we develop and evaluate a novel marketbased mechanism and novel trading strategies for the Smart Grid. Our mechanism is based on the Continuous Double Auction (CDA) and automatically manages the congestion within the system by pricing the flow of electricity. We also introduce mechanisms to ensure the system can cope with unforseen demand or increased supply capacity in real time. Finally, we develop new strategies that we show achieve high market efficiency (typically over 90%).

Perukrishnen Vytelingum; Sarvapali D. Ramchurn; Thomas D. Voice; Alex Rogers; Nicholas R. Jennings

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

124

Ballasted photovoltaic module and module arrays  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A photovoltaic (PV) module assembly including a PV module and a ballast tray. The PV module includes a PV device and a frame. A PV laminate is assembled to the frame, and the frame includes an arm. The ballast tray is adapted for containing ballast and is removably associated with the PV module in a ballasting state where the tray is vertically under the PV laminate and vertically over the arm to impede overt displacement of the PV module. The PV module assembly can be installed to a flat commercial rooftop, with the PV module and the ballast tray both resting upon the rooftop. In some embodiments, the ballasting state includes corresponding surfaces of the arm and the tray being spaced from one another under normal (low or no wind) conditions, such that the frame is not continuously subjected to a weight of the tray.

Botkin, Jonathan (El Cerrito, CA); Graves, Simon (Berkeley, CA); Danning, Matt (Oakland, CA)

2011-11-29T23:59:59.000Z

125

Attribution Bias, Market Condition, and Trading Behavior of Individual Investors  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Theory predicts that attribution bias creates overconfident traders and thus causes excessive trading in the market. This paper tests this prediction by comparing the trading behavior of individual investors in different market conditions. In a bull market, investors suffer more from attribution bias and therefore should be more overconfident and trade more excessively. Using the trading records of Chinese individual investors from January 2005 to November 2008, we find that individual investors trade more excessively in a bull market than in a bear market, where excessive trading is measured following Odean (1999) and Barber and Odean (2001). Specifically, we find that in the bull market the securities bought by individual investors significantly underperform those sold in the subsequent periods of one and three months. In the bear market, however, individual investors do not make the similar suboptimal trading decisions as they do in the bull market. In addition, the poor trading decisions made in the bull market are due to poor security selection, and not due to poor market timing. Furthermore, we demonstrate that individual investors turn their portfolios more frequently and their performance measured by market abnormal returns is significantly worse in the bull market than in the bear market. Overall, these results provide strong evidence that attribution bias creates overconfident traders and thus causes excessive trading in the market. Key words: Attribution bias, individual trading behavior, bull market, and bear market.

Zhen Shi A; Na Wang B

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

126

NERSC Modules Software Environment  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Environment » Modules Environment Environment » Modules Environment Modules Software Environment NERSC uses the module utility to manage nearly all software. There are two huge advantages of the module approach: NERSC can provide many different versions and/or installations of a single software package on a given machine, including a default version as well as several older and newer versions; and Users can easily switch to different versions or installations without having to explicitly specify different paths. With modules, the MANPATH and related environment variables are automatically managed. Users simply ``load'' and ``unload'' modules to control their environment. The module utility consists of two parts: the module command itself and the modulefiles on which it operates. Module Command

127

Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions Trading with Profit-Neutral Permit Allocations Cameron J. Hepburn, John K.-H. Quah, and Robert A. Ritz August 2012 CWPE 1235 EMISSIONS TRADING WITH PROFIT-NEUTRAL PERMIT ALLOCATIONS Cameron J... or technologies. However, there is a significant disadvantage to the use of taxes or trading: inframarginal wealth 1 The authors are affiliated to, respectively, the Grantham Research Institute, London School of Economics and Political Science (c.j...

Hepburn, Cameron J.; Quah, John K.-H.; Ritz, Robert A.

2012-08-17T23:59:59.000Z

128

Strategic Trade Control: Nonproliferation Engagement and Training  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Nonproliferation Engagement and Training Nonproliferation & National Security (NPNS) Overview Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support Strategic Trade Control Review of export license applications Multilateral Export Control Arrangements Interdiction Engagement & Training INECP INSEP GIPP Safeguards Concepts and Approaches Human Capital Development Additional Protocol Technical Assistance National Security Systems & Assessments National Security Information Systems Vulnerability Assessment Team (VAT) Radiation Detection & Response (RDR) Contact NPNS Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr Nonproliferation and National Security Program Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support (TNPS)

129

Strategic Trade Control: Multilateral Export Control Arrangements  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Multilateral Multilateral Export Control Arrangements Nonproliferation & National Security (NPNS) Overview Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support Strategic Trade Control Review of export license applications Multilateral Export Control Arrangements Interdiction Engagement & Training INECP INSEP GIPP Safeguards Concepts and Approaches Human Capital Development Additional Protocol Technical Assistance National Security Systems & Assessments National Security Information Systems Vulnerability Assessment Team (VAT) Radiation Detection & Response (RDR) Contact NPNS Other Major Programs Work with Argonne Contact us For Employees Site Map Help Join us on Facebook Follow us on Twitter NE Division on Flickr Nonproliferation and National Security Program Technical Nonproliferation Policy Support (TNPS)

130

SBIR and Global Trade Summit Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Strategic Programs Tina Kaarsberg, Ph.D. Lead, SBIR/STTR Strategic Programs SBIR & Global Trade Summit Uncasville, CT July 26, 2012 EERE Small Business Innovation Research and Small Business Technology Transfer 2 OFFICE OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND RENEWABLE ENERGY ENERGY EFFICIENCY * Advanced Manufacturing * Building Technologies * Federal Energy Management * Weatherization & Intergovernmental RENEWABLE ENERGY * Geothermal Technologies * Solar Energy Technologies * Wind & Water Technologies TRANSPORTATION * Biomass & Biorefinery Systems * Hydrogen & Fuel Cell Technologies * Vehicle Technologies 3 Outline * EERE has Heard from and Responds to Small Businesses * Broad topics * Pre-solicitation Topics Webinar

131

Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies |  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Agency/Company /Organization: International Food Policy Research Institute Sector: Energy Focus Area: Biomass Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, - Environmental and Biodiversity, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools, Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: www.ifpri.org/sites/default/files/publications/ifpridp01018.pdf RelatedTo: Modeling International Relationships in Applied General Equilibrium (MIRAGE) Modeling the Global Trade and Environmental Impacts of Biofuel Policies Screenshot

132

Strategic trade policy, cost uncertainty and FDI determinants.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The focus of my dissertation is in two areas: the relationship between optimal trade policy and demand / cost variances when the timing of investment… (more)

Guo, Yan

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

133

The Economics of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of Trade, Biofuel, and the Environment Gal Hochman, StevenBiofuel, and the Environment ? Gal Hochman UC Berkeleyincorporates energy environment and agricultural sector to

Hochman, Gal; Sexton, Steven; Zilberman, David D.

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

134

Energy Prices and the Expansion of World Trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The oil shocks of the 1970s coincided with a number of economic disturbances. However, it has been difficult to develop models where oil shocks have a quantitatively important impact on the economy. In this paper, I show that the disturbances in transportation caused by the oil shocks can significantly affect the economy. I argue that changes in energy prices were responsible for a worldwide slowdown in the growth of trade and may help explain the apparent change in the price-trade elasticity. While tariffs have fallen steadily since 1970, trade growth slowed in the mid-1970s and has grown rapidly since the mid-1980s. In a standard trade model, this pattern implies that the price-import elasticity increased sharply in the mid-1980s. In this paper, I argue that the oil crises of the 1970s led to higher transportation costs. In 1986 energy prices fell to their pre-crisis level, reducing transportation costs and by extension trade barriers. I present a trade model with an energy using transportation sector. In model simulations, I show that total trade costs (transportation cost plus tariffs) are constant from 1974 to 1982. Once transportation costs are accounted for, the price-import elasticity no longer needs to radically change. I also show that trade expansion since 1960 is 50 percent higher in a standard trade model that includes a transportation sector compared to one that does not.

Benjamin Bridgman

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

135

World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

World Production, Markets, and Trade Reports Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov Communities ...

136

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency...

137

The Theft of Trade Secrets is a Federal Crime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In general, a trade secret may consist of commercial or technical information that is used in a business and offers an advantage over competitors who do not ...

138

Final Reports from the NIST World Trade Center Disaster ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Final Reports released in November 2008: NIST NCSTAR 1A: Final Report on the Collapse of World Trade Center Building 7 *. ...

2012-06-27T23:59:59.000Z

139

The feasibility of effluent trading in the energy industries  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

In January 1996, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) released a policy statement endorsing effluent trading in watersheds, hoping to spur additional interest in the subject. The policy describes five types of effluent trades - point source/point source, point source/nonpoint source, pretreatment, intraplant, and nonpoint source/nonpoint source. This report evaluates the feasibility of effluent trading for facilities in the oil and gas industry (exploration and production, refining, and distribution and marketing segments), electric power industry, and the coal industry (mines and preparation plants). Nonpoint source/nonpoint source trades are not considered since the energy industry facilities evaluated here are all point sources. EPA has administered emission trading programs in its air quality program for many years. Programs for offsets, bubbles, banking, and netting are supported by federal regulations, and the 1990 Clean Air Act (CAA) amendments provide a statutory basis for trading programs to control ozone and acid rain. Different programs have had varying degrees of success, but few have come close to meeting their expectations. Few trading programs have been established under the Clean Water Act (CWA). One intraplant trading program was established by EPA in its effluent limitation guidelines (ELGs) for the iron and steel industry. The other existing effluent trading programs were established by state or local governments and have had minimal success.

Veil, J.A.

1997-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

140

Trading volumes for Brent futures surpass WTI in 2012  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Trading volumes for Brent futures surpass WTI in 2012 . One of the many effects of the well-documented disconnect between the prices of Brent and West Texas ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


141

Understanding the world wool market : trade, productivity and grower incomes.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??[Truncated abstract] The core objective of this thesis is summarised by its title: “Understanding the World Wool Market: Trade, Productivity and Grower Incomes”. Thus, we… (more)

Verikios, George

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

142

Three essays on biofuel, environmental economics, and international trade.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation focuses on two independent areas: the analysis of biofuel and related energy policies, and the relationship between trade and the environment with heterogeneous… (more)

Cui, Jingbo

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

143

Building and Fire Safety: Responding to the World Trade ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Air-conditioning Duct Electric Duct ... available. The sprinkler trade-off provides an economic incentive to encourage ... In the United States, state and ...

2012-06-26T23:59:59.000Z

144

Hybrid Kansei-SOM model using risk management and company assessment for stock trading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Risk management and stock assessment are key methods for stock trading decisions. In this paper, we present a new stock trading method using Kansei evaluation integrated with a Self-Organizing Map model for improvement of a stock trading system. The ... Keywords: Hybrid intelligent trading system, Investment risk, Kansei evaluation, Risk management, Self-Organizing Map, Stock trading system

Hai V. Pham, Eric W. Cooper, Thang Cao, Katsuari Kamei

2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

145

Speculative Trading and Market Performance: The Effect of Arbitrageurs on Efficiency and Market Power in the New York Electricity Market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This means that all electricity trades must be scheduledspeculators to trade in an electricity market, regulatorsrestricted trade to producers and retailers of electricity.

Saravia, Celeste

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

146

Advanced silicon photonic modulators  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Various electrical and optical schemes used in Mach-Zehnder (MZ) silicon plasma dispersion effect modulators are explored. A rib waveguide reverse biased silicon diode modulator is designed, tested and found to operate at ...

Sorace, Cheryl M

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

147

Sourcing Flexibility, Spot Trading, and Procurement Contract Structure  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We analyze the structure and pricing of option contracts for an industrial good in the presence of spot trading. We combine the analysis of spot trading and buyers' disparate private valuations for different suppliers' products, and we jointly endogenize ... Keywords: contract pricing, procurement, supply chain management

Pamela Pen-Erh Pei; David Simchi-Levi; Tunay I. Tunca

2011-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

148

Can Trade and Foreign Direct Investment Signals Reduce International Conflicts?  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

After the Cold War, the effect of international trade and foreign direct investment (FDI) on international conflict becomes more and more significant. After evaluating the international conflict, the paper uses system of simultaneous equations to do ... Keywords: foreign direct investment, information signal, international conflict, trade

Cai Jie; Yu Shunhong

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

149

Time Series Momentum Trading Strategy and Autocorrelation Amplification  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Time Series Momentum Trading Strategy and Autocorrelation Amplification K. J. Hong and S. Satchell June 2013 CWPE 1322 1  Time Series Momentum Trading Strategy and Autocorrelation Amplification... K. J. Honga,* and S. Satchellb Current Version: May 23, 2013 a University Technology of Sydney, Ultimo Rd, Haymarket NSW 2000, Australia b Trinity College, University of Cambridge, Address: Trinity College, Cambridge, CB2 1TQ, U...

Hong, K. J.; Satchell, S.

2013-06-18T23:59:59.000Z

150

IMPLEMENTING GREENHOUSE GAS TRADING IN EUROPE: LESSONS FROM ECONOMIC LI-  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

IMPLEMENTING GREENHOUSE GAS TRADING IN EUROPE: LESSONS FROM ECONOMIC LI- TERATURE AND INTERNATIONAL;#12;IMPLEMENTING GREENHOUSE GAS TRADING IN EUROPE: LESSONS FROM ECONOMIC LIT- ERATURE AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCES a directive proposal to the European Parliament and Council in order to implement a greenhouse gas emission

Paris-Sud XI, Université de

151

Agent-based evolutionary optimisation of trading strategies  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The backtesting and optimisation of trading strategies has emerged as an interesting research and experimental problem in both finance and Information Technology (IT) fields. However, it is a non-trivial task to effectively and efficiently ... Keywords: GAs, MAS, agent-based systems, agents, data mining, genetic algorithms, multi-agent systems, optimisation, stock data, trading strategies

Jiarui Ni; Dan Luo; Yuming Ou; Chao Luo

2008-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

152

China's Trade Patterns and Policies A Public Lecture presented by  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's Trade Patterns and Policies A Public Lecture presented by Prof. Andrew Wang Zhejiang Gongshang University, China and Visiting Research Fellow, Murdoch Business School China has been and reached US$60 billion in 2009. Now China has become Australia's top trade partner. What has contributed

153

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's emergence in East Asia under alternative trading arrangements Hiro Leea,* , David Roland China's accelerated global emergence has changed trade patterns in the Asia-Pacific region and exerted to China, Japan, and the United States using a dynamic global computable general equilibrium (CGE) model

Kammen, Daniel M.

154

EA-163 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-163 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export e;ectric energy to...

155

EA-166-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-166-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export electric energy...

156

EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export electric energy to...

157

EA-163-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-163-A Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export electric energy...

158

EA-167 PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trading-Power, L.P More Documents & Publications EA-167-A PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P EA-184 Morgan Stanley Capital Group Inc. EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C...

159

EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C | Department...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C EA-166 Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C Order authorizing Duke Energy Trading and Marketing, L.L.C to export electric energy...

160

Regulation, Allocation, and Leakage in Cap-and-Trade Markets for CO2  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cap-and-trade program which covers the electricity sectorcap and trade programs, by focusing on the electricityand-trade program that will initially encompass large stationary sources (primarily electricity) and

Bushnell, Jim B; Chen, Yihsu

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


161

Livestock and Meat International Trade Data | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Agriculture Community Menu DATA APPS EVENTS DEVELOPER STATISTICS COLLABORATE ABOUT Agriculture You are here Data.gov » Communities » Agriculture » Data Livestock and Meat International Trade Data Dataset Summary Description The Livestock and Meat Trade Data Set contains monthly and annual data for imports and exports of live cattle, hogs, sheep, and goats, as well as beef and veal, pork, lamb and mutton, chicken meat, turkey meat, and eggs. The tables report physical quantities, not dollar values or unit prices. Data on beef and veal, pork, and lamb and mutton are on a carcass-weight-equivalent basis. Breakdowns by country are included. Tags {trade,"U.S. imports","U.S. exports",livestock,meat,cattle,beef,hogs,pork,lamb,mutton,broilers,turkeys,eggs,ERS,USDA}

162

Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Jump to: navigation, search Name Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program Agency/Company /Organization U.S. Agency for International Development Sector Land Focus Area Forestry Topics Policies/deployment programs Resource Type Lessons learned/best practices Website http://www.responsibleasia.org Country Cambodia, China, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, Thailand, Vietnam UN Region Central Asia, Eastern Asia, South-Eastern Asia References Responsible Asia Forest Trade (RAFT) Program[1] "The Responsible Asia Forestry and Trade (RAFT) is a five-year program funded by the U.S. Agency for International Development Regional Development Mission for Asia (USAID RDMA) in Bangkok. RAFT is managed by

163

SPR Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading SPR Awards Exchange Contract to Shell Trading May 10, 2007 - 12:55pm Addthis Deliveries to Begin in August WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) today awarded a contract to Shell Trading for exchange of 8.7 million barrels of royalty oil produced from the Gulf Coast for crude oil meeting the quality specifications of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve (SPR). The exchange oil will be delivered to two SPR sites, West Hackberry, Louisiana and Bryan Mound, Texas. The offer submitted by Shell Trading represented the highest value of specification-grade oil for the Reserve. Deliveries are expected to begin in August 2007 at a modest rate of approximately 50,000 barrels per day for a period of six months. The contract terms apply royalty-in-kind exchange provisions that require

164

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs are increasingly being used to reduce emissions from electricity generation in the United States. Cap and trade programs primarily target emitting generators, but programs have also included renewable generators, such as wind generators. States cite several reasons why they have considered the policy option of including renewable generators in cap and trade programs: to provide an incentive for lower-emitting generation, to achieve emissions reductions in non-capped pollutants, and to gain local economic benefits associated with renewable energy projects. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency also notes these rationales for considering this policy alternative, and the National Association of Regulatory Commissioners (NARUC) passed a resolution supporting the inclusion of renewable energy in cap and trade programs. This report explores why states consider this policy option, what participation could mean for wind generators, and how wind generation can most effectively be included in state, federal, and regional cap and trade programs.

Bluestein, J.; Salerno, E.; Bird, L.; Vimmerstedt, L.

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

165

Modulating lignin in plants  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Materials and methods for modulating (e.g., increasing or decreasing) lignin content in plants are disclosed. For example, nucleic acids encoding lignin-modulating polypeptides are disclosed as well as methods for using such nucleic acids to generate transgenic plants having a modulated lignin content.

Apuya, Nestor; Bobzin, Steven Craig; Okamuro, Jack; Zhang, Ke

2013-01-29T23:59:59.000Z

166

Critical Issues in International Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading: Setting Baselines for Credit-Based Trading Programs -- Lessons Le arned from Relevant Experience  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report addresses a key concern in the climate change discussion -- how to achieve the promises of cost saving and environmental integrity under the emissions trading provisions of the Kyoto Protocol. Studies show that costs would decrease dramatically under emissions trading relative to the no-trading alternative. Theory also suggests that emissions trading programs provide greater certainty that environmental targets will be achieved. These studies do not distinguish between cap-and-trade approache...

2000-12-06T23:59:59.000Z

167

PG&E Trading-Power  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

7-A 7-A I. BACKGROUND Exports of electricity from the United States to a foreign country are regulated and require authorization under section 202(e) of the Federal Power Act (FPA) (16 U.S.C. §824a(e)). On February 25, 1998, the Office of Fossil Energy (FE) of the Department of Energy (DOE) authorized PG&E Energy Trading-Power, L.P.(PGET-Power) to transmit electric energy from the United States to Mexico as a power marketer using the international electric transmission facilities of San Diego Gas & Electric Company (SDG&E), El Paso Electric Company (EPE), Central Power and Light Company (CPL), and Comision Federal de Electricidad (CFE), the national electric utility of Mexico. That two-year authorization will expire on February 25, 2000. On January 3, 2000, PGET-Power filed an application with FE for

168

Small power plant reverse trade mission  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This draft report was prepared as required by Task No. 2 of the US Department of Energy, Grant No. FG07-89ID12850 Reverse Trade Mission to Acquaint International Representatives with US Power Plant and Drilling Technology'' (mission). As described in the grant proposal, this report covers the reactions of attendees toward US technology, its possible use in their countries, and an evaluation of the mission by the staff leaders. Note this is the draft report of one of two missions carried out under the same contract number. Because of the diversity of the mission subjects and the different attendees at each, a separate report for each mission has been prepared. This draft report has been sent to all mission attendees, specific persons in the US Department of Energy and Los Alamos National Lab., the California Energy Commission (CEC), and various other governmental agencies.

Not Available

1989-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

169

System Losses and Assessment Trade Study  

SciTech Connect

This Advanced Fuel Cycle Initiative (AFCI) study has developed new analysis methods to examine old and new technology options toward the goal of improving fuel cycle systems. We have integrated participants and information from AFCI Systems Analysis, Transmutation Fuels, Separations, and Waste Form Campaigns in the Systems Losses and Assessment Trade Study. The initial objectives of this study were to 1) increase understanding of system interdependencies and thereby identify system trade-offs that may yield important insights, 2) define impacts of separations product purity on fuel manufacture and transmutation reactivity, 3) define impacts from transuranic (TRU) losses to waste, 4) identify the interrelationships involved in fuels and separations technology performance, and 5) identify system configuration adjustments with the greatest potential for influencing system losses. While bounding and analyzing this initial problem, we also identified significantly higher-level programmatic drivers with broad implications to the current fuel cycle research charter and the general issue of a DOE complex wide need for a comprehensive and integrated nuclear material management as addressed by the new DOE Order 410.2 titled “Management of Nuclear Materials”. The initial modeling effort developed in this study for a much smaller subset of material (i.e., commercial fuel) and a selected transmutation scheme (i.e., fast reactor recycling) is a necessary first step towards examining a broader set of nuclear material management options, dispositioning strategies and integrated waste management options including potential areas of research leverage. The primary outcome from this initial study has been an enhanced integration among Campaigns and associated insights and analysis methods. Opportunities for improved understanding between the groups abound. The above lanthanide-actinide example highlights the importance of evaluating options via integration across the Campaigns. Plans for Fiscal Year 2010 are being made in a coordinated fashion such that the knowledge gained from the research performed by the Campaigns can benefit on-going work of the study, and that improved understanding of the system relationships can be used to guide the specific research and development (R&D) activities within the Campaigns. In FY-10, the System Losses and Assessment Trade Study will carry-over activities from FY-09. We will continue to refine impurity and loss estimates and impurity limits on fuels by incorporating results from ongoing R&D. And we will begin work on an enhanced nuclear material management model to allow us to continue to improve our overall system understanding of the trade-offs between separations, fuel fabrication, waste forms, waste disposition, SNM losses, reactor performance, and proliferation resistance. In the future, we can also better understand how used fuel and other forms of remote-handled SNM can be better integrated into an overall nuclear material management program that will evolve for the DOE complex via Order 410.2 (DOE 2009).

David Shropshire; Steve Piet; Nick Soelberg; Robert Cherry; Roger Henry; David Meikrantz; Greg Teske; Eric Shaber; Candido Pereira

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

170

FTC data analysis. [Federal Trade Commission  

SciTech Connect

Manufacturers of 5 major consumer products submitted energy efficiency and related data to the Federal Trade Commission during late 1979 and early 1980 in response to energy-efficiency labeling and representations requirements. This report documents an analysis of these data as conducted by Vitro Laboratories. Data were submitted on five products: furnaces, water heaters, room air conditioners, refrigerators and refrigerator-freezers, and freezers. The submittals include information on manufacturer model number, estimated annual energy cost or the energy-efficiency rating, the number of tests performed on each basic model, and the capacity of each appliance model. Pattern analyses on these variables are presented, but it is observed that few common patterns for the five products exist. The unique patterns for each product are discussed.

Not Available

1981-02-11T23:59:59.000Z

171

Strategic Behavior, Private Information, and Decentralization in the European Union Emissions Trading System  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

in the European Union emissions trading scheme. Rev EnvironDecentralization in the EU emissions trading scheme andeach Member State allocate emissions, might it be better to

Malueg, David A.; Yates, Andrew J.

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

172

The International Trade In Toxic Waste: A Selected Bibliography Of Sources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

International Economic Policy and Trade of the Committee on Foreign Affairs policy options to control the international waste trade. International Environmental Affairs

Lewis, Deanna L.; Chepesiuk, Ron

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

173

The North American Free Trade Agreement: A Legal Analysis of Effects and Opportunities  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

a cross-border trade in electricity, the entities and CFEBorder Trade in Natural Gas, Electricity, and Petrochemicaltrade in natural gas, petrochemical feedstocks, and electricity

Steinberg, Richard

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

174

The Emergence of Trade Associations as Agents of Environmental Performance Improvement  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper explores a surprising phenomenon: the emergence of trade associations as agents of environmental performance improvement. Trade associations in the United States have historically fought environmental regulation, ...

Nash, Jennifer

2002-08-26T23:59:59.000Z

175

Texas agricultural producers' perceptions of the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) is a trade agreement between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico that encompasses the agricultural industry in Texas. However,… (more)

Spraberry, Jennifer L.

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

176

Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Market Module Electricity Market Module Assumption to the Annual Energy Outlook Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules—electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, load and demand-side management, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2004, DOE/EIA- M068(2004). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are assumptions about the operations of the electricity sector and the costs of various options in each of the EMM submodules. This section describes the model parameters and assumptions used in EMM. It includes a discussion of legislation and regulations that are incorporated in EMM as well as information about the climate change action plan. The various electricity and technology cases are also described.

177

Table 10.8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

1 Prices equal shipment value divided by quantity shipped. Value includes charges for advertising and warranties. Excluded are excise taxes and the cost of freight or ...

178

Table 10.8 Photovoltaic Cell and Module Shipments by Type, Trade ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Includes hydropower, solar, wind, geothermal, biomass and ethanol. Nuclear & Uranium. Uranium fuel, nuclear reactors, generation, spent fuel. Total Energy.

179

Three Essays on International Agricultural Trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

There are many factors that affect international agricultural trade. One of them is international transportation costs. Another important factor is non-tariff barriers such as sanitary and phytosanitary regulations caused by animal disease outbreaks. The main purpose of this dissertation was to analyze how these factors interfere in the international agricultural trade by examining three cases. In Chapter II, a spatial price equilibrium model of the international cotton sector was utilized to evaluate the effects of the Panama Canal expansion (PCE) on the world cotton industry. Three scenarios were evaluated by reducing ocean freight rates from U.S. Gulf and Atlantic ports to Asian destinations. All scenarios suggested that cotton exports from U.S. Gulf and Atlantic ports would considerably increase. On the other hand, the West Coast ports decreased its participation in total U.S. cotton exports. Overall, total U.S. cotton exports were expected to increase due to the PCE. By using the same model which was used in Chapter II, the third chapter analyzes port improvements in Brazil. By March of 2012, the port of Salvador is expected to have undergone relevant improvements. As a result, the port of Salvador is expected to attract ocean shipping companies which are willing to export directly to Asian importing markets. Scenarios with different reductions in cotton export cost for this port were examined. In general, results indicated a shift in Brazil cotton export flows from the port of Santos to the port of Salvador as well as an increase in exports and producer revenues for the country. Finally, in Chapter IV, the impacts of the 2005 FMD outbreak on the Brazilian meat market was examined. The imposition of an import ban by Russia on Brazilian meat exports was also investigated. By using time series methods, it was found that the outbreak along with the import ban caused a temporary negative price shock to the Brazilian meat market. Export pork and export chicken prices were found to not fully recover after the removal of the import ban by Russia. On the other hand, the export beef price was indicated to undergo a complete recovery.

Costa, Rafael

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

180

Cyber Security Module  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Cyber Security Module Cyber security training is required for all facility users and must be submitted before or upon arrival at the GUV Center. System Requirements and Information...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


181

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Annual Energy Outlook 2012 (EIA)

d022412A. U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 18 Macroeconomic Activity Module To reflect uncertainty in the projection of...

182

International Energy Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Summarizes the overall structure of the International Energy Model and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods.

Adrian Geagla

2012-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

183

International Energy Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Summarizes the overall structure of the International Energy Model and its interface with other NEMS modules, mathematical specifications of behavioral relationships, and data sources and estimation methods.

Adrian Geagla

2013-10-22T23:59:59.000Z

184

Potential for world trade in LNG  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Deliveries of LNG in 1978 in international trade amounted to about 24.77 billion cu m; of the actual deliveries, 9% were received by the U.S., 30% by West European countries, and 61% by Japan. For Spain, these deliveries represented 100% of its natural gas supply; for the U.S., they represented only 2% of natural gas demand. By the mid-1980's, the international LNG growth rate will slow to approx. 16%/yr, although projects totaling 130 million cu m/day may be completed. During the late 1980's, another 94.1 million cu m/day of LNG projects could be implemented. The over-all growth rate for the decade would then be approx. 11%/yr in LNG volumes. After 1990, several LNG export projects could be put into operation, possibly in the Middle East, West Africa, and the U.S.S.R. In 1980-2000, energy demand may increase by 2%/yr. Oil should retain its 65-70% of the primary energy supply; whether natural gas can increase its relative share depends on economic and political factors. Pipeline transport of gas costs twice as much as crude oil, and sea transport of LNG costs four to five times as much as crude oil. Wider use of the refrigeration available at LNG import terminals could affect project economics favorably. Tables.

Anderson, P.J.

1980-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

185

Africa gaining importance in world LPG trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Major LPG projects planned or under way in Africa will increase the importance of that region`s presence in world LPG trade. Supplies will nearly double between 1995 and 2005, at which time they will remain steady for at least 10 years. At the same time that exports are leveling, however, increasing domestic demand for PG is likely to reduce export-market participation by Algeria, Nigeria, Egypt, and Libya. The growth of Africa`s participation in world LPG supply is reflected in comparisons for the next 15--20 years. Total world supply of LPG in 1995 was about 165 million metric tons (tonnes), of which Africans share was 7.8 million tonnes. By 2000, world supply will grow to slightly more than 200 million tonnes, with Africa`s share expected to increase to 13.2 million tonnes (6.6%). And by 2005, world LPG supply will reach nearly 230 million tonnes; Africa`s overall supply volumes by that year will be nearly 16.2 million tonnes (7%). World LPG supply for export in 1995 was on order of 44 million tonnes with Africa supply about 4 million tonnes (9%). By 2005, world export volumes of LPG will reach nearly 70 million tonnes; Africa`s share will have grown by nearly 10 million tonnes (14.3%).

Haun, R.R. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Dallas, TX (United States); Otto, K.W.; Whitley, S.C. [Purvin and Gertz Inc., Houston, TX (United States)

1997-05-12T23:59:59.000Z

186

China: International Trade and WTO Accession  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This Working Paper should not be reported as representing the views of the IMF. The views expressed in this Working Paper are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the IMF or IMF policy. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. China’s increasing integration with the global economy has contributed to sustained growth in international trade. Its exports have become more diversified, and greater penetration of industrial country markets has been accompanied by a surge in China’s imports from all regions—especially Asia, where China plays an increasingly central role in regional specialization. Tariff reforms have been implemented in China since the 1980s; and, with its recent WTO accession, China has committed itself to additional reforms that are farreaching and challenging. Sustained implementation of these commitments would further deepen China’s international integration and generate benefits for most partner countries.

Thomas Rumbaugh; Nicolas Blancher; International Monetary; Fund Wp; Prepared Thomas Rumbaugh; Nicolas Blancher

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

187

Stakeholder Engagement and Outreach: Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs Incorporating Wind in Cap and Trade Programs There are various methods of allocating allowances to renewable energy sources under cap and trade programs, such as renewable energy set asides and output-based approaches. Background materials and presentations from the January 12, 2006 Webcast below, provide information on why it is important to include wind and other renewables in cap and trade programs and how best to incorporate them. Implications of Carbon Regulation for Green Power Markets Bird, L.; Holt, E.; Carroll, G. National Renewable Energy Laboratory, April 2007. January 12, 2006 Webcast: Incorporating Renewable Energy under the Clean Air Interstate Rule (CAIR) Co-Sponsors American Wind Energy Association (AWEA) U.S. DOE/NREL Wind Powering America

188

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods Agency/Company /Organization: International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) Sector: Energy, Land Focus Area: Industry Topics: Market analysis, Policies/deployment programs, Background analysis Resource Type: Publications Website: www.iisd.org/pdf/2009/bali_2_copenhagen_egs.pdf References: Greenhouse Gas Emissions Impacts of Liberalizing Trade in Environmental Goods[1] Background "As part of a suite of activities under the From Bali to Copenhagen project, IISD's work on low-carbon goods has focused on trying to measure the actual potential climate gains from what's now on the table in the WTO

189

Microsoft Word - DOE Trade Secrets Rule Summary v 2.docx  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Trade Secrets Rule Summary Trade Secrets Rule Summary The Rule The new rule will establish certain marking requirements for the submission of trade secrets and other commercial or financial information that is privileged or confidential. 1 It will: * Require applicants for DOE assistance to include a notice on the application cover sheet that the document may contain trade secrets or other confidential business information, identifying the pages on which such information is located. * Require similar marking for each page containing such information, as well as marking of the specific information the applicant believes to be exempt from disclosure under FOIA. * Allow a modified method of identifying such information in application documents submitted through an online system (e.g., www.grants.gov).

190

Trade Linkages and Output-Multiplier Effects: A Structural VAR  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper develops a structural VAR model to measure how a shock to one country can affect the GDP of other countries. It uses trade linkages to estimate the multiplier ...

Forbes, Kristin J.

2002-06-05T23:59:59.000Z

191

Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Alternative Trading Arrangements for Intermittent Renewable Power: A Centralised Renewables Market and Other Concepts Focus Area: Other Renewable Electricity Topics: Socio-Economic Website: www.ofgem.gov.uk/Markets/WhlMkts/Discovery/Documents1/Brattle%20report Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/alternative-trading-arrangements-inte Language: English Policies: Regulations Regulations: Utility/Electricity Service Costs This report examines the costs and benefits of various options for the design and governance of a centralised renewables market, which is a possible solution to reduce imbalance risk for intermittent renewable

192

Beijing EEDT Technology Trade Co Ltd | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

EEDT Technology Trade Co Ltd EEDT Technology Trade Co Ltd Jump to: navigation, search Name Beijing EEDT Technology & Trade Co Ltd Place Beijing, China Sector Carbon Product Beijing EEDT Technology & Trade Co Ltd is a Chinese carbon pdd consultancy. Coordinates 39.90601°, 116.387909° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":39.90601,"lon":116.387909,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

193

Aid for Trade and Climate Change Financing Mechanisms | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Aid for Trade and Climate Change Financing Mechanisms Aid for Trade and Climate Change Financing Mechanisms Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Aid for Trade and Climate Change Financing Mechanisms: Best Practices and Lessons Learned for LDCs and SVEs in Africa Agency/Company /Organization: International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Sector: Energy, Land Topics: Finance, Implementation Resource Type: Publications, Lessons learned/best practices Website: ictsd.org/downloads/2010/03/aft-and-climate-change-financing-mechanism UN Region: "Sub-Saharan Africa" is not in the list of possible values (Eastern Africa, Middle Africa, Northern Africa, Southern Africa, Western Africa, Caribbean, Central America, South America, Northern America, Central Asia, Eastern Asia, Southern Asia, South-Eastern Asia, Western Asia, Eastern Europe, Northern Europe, Southern Europe, Western Europe, Australia and New Zealand, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Latin America and the Caribbean) for this property.

194

Trade Wind Rainfall near the Windward Coast of Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A dynamically based mesoscale climatology of rainfall and other data are examined for typical trade wind conditions near Hawaii. Relative distributions of rainfall are deduced from radar reflectivity data for a 4000 km2 region over the windward ...

R. E. Carbone; J. D. Tuttle; W. A. Cooper; V. Grubiši?; W. C. Lee

1998-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

195

Understanding developing countries' capacities to negotiate effective trade agreements : Colombia  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This thesis explores the obstacles (the negotiation machinery, the asymmetric context of power and the international and domestic context) for developing countries in negotiating international trade agreements with the US. ...

Bonilla, Martha Isabel, 1965-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

196

Towards an Emissions Trading Scheme for Air Pollutants in India  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions trading schemes have great potential to lower pollution while minimizing compliance costs for firms in many areas now subject to traditional command-and-control regulation. This paper connects experience with ...

Duflo, Esther

197

Simulations of Trade Wind Cumuli under a Strong Inversion  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The fifth intercomparison of the Global Water and Energy Experiment Cloud System Studies Working Group 1 is used as a vehicle for better understanding the dynamics of trade wind cumuli capped by a strong inversion. The basis of the ...

Bjorn Stevens; Andrew S. Ackerman; Bruce A. Albrecht; Andrew R. Brown; Andreas Chlond; Joan Cuxart; Peter G. Duynkerke; David C. Lewellen; Malcolm K. Macvean; Roel A. J. Neggers; Enrique Sánchez; A. Pier Siebesma; David E. Stevens

2001-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

198

Assessment of U.S. cap-and-trade proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey V.

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

199

Assessment of U.S. Cap-and-Trade Proposals  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The MIT Emissions Prediction and Policy Analysis model is applied to an assessment of a set of cap-and-trade proposals being considered by the U.S. Congress in spring 2007. The bills specify emissions reductions to be ...

Paltsev, Sergey

200

Category:Wind for Schools Trade School Curricula | Open Energy...  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

School Curricula Jump to: navigation, search Category containing Wind for Schools Portal Trade School curricula. To add a new entry, you can upload a new file. In the summary...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


201

Incorporating safety risk in early system architecture trade studies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ideally, safety should be a part of the early decision making used in conceptual system design. However, effectively evaluating safety risk3 early enough to inform the early trade studies is not possible with current ...

Dulac, Nicholas

202

Market Design and Motivated Human Trading Behavior in Electricity Markets  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper is based on a series of controlled experiments in the trading of wholesale electricity that expands substantially the scope of the research program reported previously. (Backerman, Rassenti and Smith, 1998; Backerman, Denton, Rassenti and ...

Mark A. Olson; Mary L. Rigdon; Michael J. Ziegler

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

203

Characteristics of Summer Trade Wind Rainfall over Oahu  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this study, characteristics of summer trade wind rainfall over Oahu, Hawaii, are analyzed. In the early morning before sunrise, flow deceleration on the windward coastal area is the greatest when the island land surface is the coldest. ...

Treena Marie Hartley; Yi-Leng Chen

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

204

Dynamical Adjustment of the Trade Wind Inversion Layer  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In schematic north–south cross sections the trade inversion layer is often depicted as sloping upward as air flows toward the intertropical convergence zone. This conceptual view is consistent with purely thermodynamic boundary-layer models, ...

Wayne H. Schubert; Paul E. Ciesielski; Chungu Lu; Richard H. Johnson

1995-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

205

Spot natural gas prices at Marcellus trading point reflect ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

... the spot price of natural gas at the TGP Zone 4 Marcellus trading point has fallen—at times considerably—below the spot price at Henry Hub in Louisiana, ...

206

The World Trade Center disaster : Analysis and recommendations  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 brought about the destruction of two symbols of American economic strength, the twin towers of the World Trade Center in New York City. These towers remained standing for some ...

Kirk, Jeremy Abraham, 1977-

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

207

Cap-and-Trade Properties under Different Scheme Designs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines the key design mechanisms of existing and proposed cap-and-trade markets. First, it is shown that the hybrid systems under investigation (safety-valve with offsets, price floor using a subsidy, price ...

Taschini, Luca

208

The Energy and Economic Impacts of Expanding International Emissions Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Emissions trading systems are recognized as a cost-effective way to facilitate emissions abatement and are expected to play an important role in international cooperation for global climate mitigation. Starting from the ...

Qi, Tianyu

2013-08-21T23:59:59.000Z

209

Thailand: Petroleum and natural gas industry profile. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

The report profiles the petroleum, natural gas, and petrochemical industries in Thailand. It covers: exploration production, consumption, trade, pipelines, industry structure, national energy policy, product marketing, refining, conservation/environmental issues, alternative energy sources, prices, transportation, and commercial opportunities.

1992-06-11T23:59:59.000Z

210

Foreign trade zones and bonded warehouses for luxury goods  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We explore and compare the benefits of establishing and operating Foreign Trade Zones (FTZs) and Bonded Warehouses (BWs) for luxury goods in North America, using the case of the distribution network of Ralph Lauren Corporation ...

Petrova, Nadya (Nadya Naydenova)

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

211

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Speaker(s): Kate O'Neill Date: September 20, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar HostPoint of...

212

Electronic OTC Trading in the German Wholesale Electricity Market  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Recent changes in the German energy policy initiated a deregulation process from a monopolistic to a competitive market, fundamentally changing the market structure, transaction relationships and trading processes. While the mutual exchange of electric ...

Stefan Strecker; Christof Weinhardt

2000-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

213

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA (ALAMEDA COUNTY BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA AND ACBCTC (ALAMEDA COUNTY BUILDING AND CONSTRUCTION TRADES COUNCIL, a corporation (hereinafter referred to as the "UNIVERSITY" or "MANAGEMENT"), and the Alameda County Building OPERATING ENGINEER LEADWORKER 8141 INSULATION WORKER 8142 MACHINIST LEADWORKER 8143 MACHINIST 8147

Walker, Matthew P.

214

An Analysis of the European Emission Trading Scheme  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

An international emissions trading system is a featured instrument in the Kyoto Protocol to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, designed to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases among major industrial countries. The ...

Reilly, John M.

215

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Agency/Company /Organization: Organisation for Economic Co-Operation and Development Sector: Land Focus Area: Agriculture Topics: Policies/deployment programs Resource Type: Software/modeling tools Website: www.oecd.org/dataoecd/39/39/42122112.pdf Modelling Agricultural Trade and Policy Impacts in Less Developed Countries Screenshot References: Modelling Ag Policy[1] Overview "The role of agricultural policies in addressing the development needs of poorer countries is high on the political agenda, for both structural reasons and as a result of recent market developments. In the first place,

216

Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 41 - Nox Budget Trading Program  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

41 - Nox Budget Trading 41 - Nox Budget Trading Program (Rhode Island) Air Pollution Control Regulations: No. 41 - Nox Budget Trading Program (Rhode Island) < Back Eligibility Commercial Industrial Investor-Owned Utility Municipal/Public Utility Rural Electric Cooperative Utility Savings Category Alternative Fuel Vehicles Hydrogen & Fuel Cells Program Info State Rhode Island Program Type Environmental Regulations Provider Department of Environmental Management These regulations establish a budget trading program for nitrogen oxide emissions, setting NOx budget units for generators and an NOx Allowance Tracking System to account for emissions. These regulations apply to units that serve generators with a nameplate capacity greater than 15 MWe and sell any amount of electricity, as well as to units that have a maximum

217

International Electricity Trade - Open Access | Department of Energy  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

International Electricity Trade - International Electricity Trade - Open Access International Electricity Trade - Open Access DOE has consistently expressed its policy that international electricity trade should be subject to the same principles of comparable open access and non-discrimination that apply to transmission in interstate commerce. DOE has stated this policy in export authorizations granted to entities requesting authority to export over international transmission facilities. In those authorizations, DOE indicated it expected transmitting utilities owning cross-border facilities constructed pursuant to Presidential permits to provide access across the border in accordance with the principles of comparable open access and non-discrimination contained in the Federal Power Act and articulated in Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Order No.

218

Factors affecting expanded electricity trade in North America  

SciTech Connect

The authors explore factors that affect electricity trade between enterprises in the US and Canada and the US and Mexico. They look to those underlying policy and institutional factors that affect the relative costs of producing electricity in the three countries. In particular, they consider six factors that appear to have a significant impact on electricity trade in North America: differences in the types of economic regulation of power leading to differences in cost recovery for wholesale and retail power and wheeling charges; changing regulatory attitudes, placing more emphasis on demand-side management and environmental concerns; differences in energy and economic policies; differences in national and subnational environmental policies; changing organization of electric power industries which may foster uncertainty, change historical relationships, and provide other potentially important sources of power for distribution utilities; and differences in the ability of enterprises to gain access to electric power markets because of restrictions placed on transmission access. In Section 2, the authors discuss the regulation of electricity trade in North America and provide an overview of the recent trading experience for electricity between Canada and the US and between Mexico and the US, including the volume of that trade over the past decade and existing transmission capacity between regions of the three countries. In Section 3, they look at the benefits that accrue to trading counties and what those benefits are likely to be for the three countries. The discussion in Section 4 centers on the relevant provisions of the Canada Free Trade Agreement and the proposed North American Free Trade Agreement. In Section 5, they set the stage for the discussion of policy and institutional differences presented in Section 6 by outlining differences in the organization of the electric power sectors of Canada, the US, and Mexico. The study is synthesized in Section 7.

Hill, L.J.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

219

Ohio River Basin Trading Project Agricultural Stakeholder Listening Workshops  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

On October 14, 2010, American Farmland Trust held a listening workshop in Sardinia, Ohio, to provide information to and collect feedback from farmers and agricultural representatives on the Ohio River Basin Trading Project. The session began with a basic primer on water quality trading given by Jim Klang of Kieser & Associates. The presentation was followed by facilitated discussions. Participants were prompted with a variety of questions developed from earlier listening workshops held in other regions o...

2011-04-26T23:59:59.000Z

220

Ohio River Basin Trading Project Joint Session: Air, Water, Climate  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) project managers in air, water, and climate programs are working together to address the complex, interrelated issues associated with water and air quality in the United States. This session provided background and told the story of the pilot effort in the Ohio River Basin to develop broad, nontraditional collaborations that will support multi-stakeholder programs for water quality trading, carbon trading, and ecosystem services protection. Through this pilot effo...

2010-08-09T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


221

Electric trade in the United States 1990. [Contains glossary  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Electric Trade in the United States 1990 (ELECTRA) is the third in a series of reports on wholesale power transactions prepared by the Electric Data Systems Branch, Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels, Energy Information Administration (EIA). The electric trade data are published biennially. The first report presented 1986 data. The second report contained data for 1988. This report provides information on the industry during 1990.

Not Available

1992-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

222

Model institutional infrastructures for recycling of photovoltaic modules  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

How will photovoltaic modules (PVMS) be recycled at the end of their service lives? This question has technological and institutional components (Reaven, 1994a). The technological aspect concerns the physical means of recycling: what advantages and disadvantages of the several existing and emerging mechanical, thermal, and chemical recycling processes and facilities merit consideration? The institutional dimension refers to the arrangements for recycling: what are the operational and financial roles of the parties with an interest in PVM recycling? These parties include PVM manufacturers, trade organizations; distributors, and retailers; residential, commercial, and utility PVM users; waste collectors, transporters, reclaimers, and reclaimers; and governments.

Reaven, S.J.; Moskowitz, P.D.; Fthenakis, V.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

223

Working with Modules within Python  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Working with Modules within Perl and Python Working with Modules within Perl and Python Working with Modules within Perl and Python It can often be convenient to work with the modules system from within perl or python scripts. You can do this! Using Modules within Python The EnvironmentModules python package gives access to the module system from within python. The EnvironmentModules python package has a single function: module. Using this function you can provide the same arguments you would to "module" on the command line. The module() function accepts a list of arguments, like ['load','']; or ['unload','']. >>> import EnvironmentModules as EnvMod >>> EnvMod.module(['load','blast+']) It is important to understand that this is most effective for scripts

224

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook for 2013 (AEO2013). The report catalogues and describes the module assumptions, computations, methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and mainframe source code

2013-04-10T23:59:59.000Z

225

Membrane module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A membrane module assembly is described which is adapted to provide a flow path for the incoming feed stream that forces it into prolonged heat-exchanging contact with a heating or cooling mechanism. Membrane separation processes employing the module assembly are also disclosed. The assembly is particularly useful for gas separation or pervaporation. 2 figures.

Kaschemekat, J.

1994-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

226

Module Safety Issues (Presentation)  

SciTech Connect

Description of how to make PV modules so that they are less likely to turn into safety hazards. Making modules inherently safer with minimum additional cost is the preferred approach for PV. Safety starts with module design to ensure redundancy within the electrical circuitry to minimize open circuits and proper mounting instructions to prevent installation related ground faults. Module manufacturers must control the raw materials and processes to ensure that that every module is built like those qualified through the safety tests. This is the reason behind the QA task force effort to develop a 'Guideline for PV Module Manufacturing QA'. Periodic accelerated stress testing of production products is critical to validate the safety of the product. Combining safer PV modules with better systems designs is the ultimate goal. This should be especially true for PV arrays on buildings. Use of lower voltage dc circuits - AC modules, DC-DC converters. Use of arc detectors and interrupters to detect arcs and open the circuits to extinguish the arcs.

Wohlgemuth, J.

2012-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

227

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude he International Energy Module determines changes in the world oil price and the supply prices of crude oils and petroleum products for import to the United States in response to changes in U.S. import requirements. A market clearing method is used to determine the price at which worldwide demand for oil is equal to the worldwide supply. The module determines new values for oil production and demand for regions outside the United States, along with a new world oil price that balances supply and demand in the international oil market. A detailed description of the International Energy Module is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The International Energy Module of the National Energy Modeling System, DOE/EIA-M071(06), (Washington, DC, February 2006).

228

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Module calculates

229

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Industrial Demand Module The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 15 manufacturing and 6 non-manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy- intensive manufacturing industries and non-energy-intensive manufacturing industries (Table 6.1). The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process-flow or end-use accounting procedure, whereas the non- manufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail. The petroleum refining industry is not included in the Industrial Demand Module, as it is simulated separately in the Petroleum Market Module of NEMS. The Industrial Demand Module calculates energy consumption for the four Census Regions (see Figure 5) and disaggregates the energy consumption

230

China's trade in major forest products dips in first half of 2009 China's trade in major forest products dips in first half of 2009  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

China's trade in major forest products dips in first half of 2009 China's trade in major forest products dips in first half of 2009 21/08/2009 - 08:27 Affected by the global financial crisis, China from customs agencies shows the total trade value of forest products in China reached about USD26

231

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial. Since most of commercial energy consumption occurs in buildings, the commercial module relies on the data from the EIA

232

Sonication standard laboratory module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A standard laboratory module for automatically producing a solution of cominants from a soil sample. A sonication tip agitates a solution containing the soil sample in a beaker while a stepper motor rotates the sample. An aspirator tube, connected to a vacuum, draws the upper layer of solution from the beaker through a filter and into another beaker. This beaker can thereafter be removed for analysis of the solution. The standard laboratory module encloses an embedded controller providing process control, status feedback information and maintenance procedures for the equipment and operations within the standard laboratory module.

Beugelsdijk, Tony (Los Alamos, NM); Hollen, Robert M. (Los Alamos, NM); Erkkila, Tracy H. (Los Alamos, NM); Bronisz, Lawrence E. (Los Alamos, NM); Roybal, Jeffrey E. (Santa Fe, NM); Clark, Michael Leon (Menan, ID)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

233

Water heater control module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An advanced electric water heater control system that interfaces with a high temperature cut-off thermostat and an upper regulating thermostat. The system includes a control module that is electrically connected to the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module includes a switch to open or close the high-temperature cut-off thermostat and the upper regulating thermostat. The control module further includes circuitry configured to control said switch in response to a signal selected from the group of an autonomous signal, a communicated signal, and combinations thereof.

Hammerstrom, Donald J

2013-11-26T23:59:59.000Z

234

Essays on monetary policy and international trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dissertation consists of three essays. Chapter II examines the asymmetric effects of monetary policy on stock prices by using an unobserved components model with Markov-switching. My results show that monetary policy has negative effects on stock prices, which is consistent with the most recent literature. When the transitory component is in the low volatility state, a contractionary monetary policy significantly reduces stock prices. When the transitory component is in the high volatility state, the negative effect of monetary policy becomes larger, but the difference of the monetary policy effects between two states is not significant. Besides, a contractionary monetary policy will lower the probability of stock prices staying in the low volatility state. Monetary policy also reduces the total volatility of stock prices and the volatility of the transitory component of stock prices. Chapter III employs the smooth transition autoregressive (STAR) models to investigate the nonlinear effect of monetary policy on stock returns. The change in the Federal funds rate is used as an endogenous measure of monetary policy and the growth rate of industrial production is also considered in the model. My empirical results show that excess stock returns, the change in the Federal funds rate, and the growth rate of industrial production all can be expressed in the nonlinear STAR models. The estimated coefficients and the impulse response functions show that the effect of monetary policy on excess returns of stock prices is significantly negative and nonlinear. The change in the Federal funds rate has a larger negative effect on excess returns in the extreme low excess returns regime and the effect becomes smaller when the excess returns are greater than the threshold value. In chapter IV, I use a panel data approach to investigate the impact of exchange rate volatility on bilateral exports of the U.S. to the thirteen major trading partners. I further test the possibility of nonlinear effects of exchange rate volatility on exports by using threshold regression methods for non-dynamic panels with individual-specific fixed effects proposed by Hansen (1999). The results indicate that the effect of exchange rate volatility on bilateral exports is nonlinear. When the relative real GDP per capita of the exporting partner is lower than the threshold value, the response of bilateral U.S. exports to exchange rate volatility is positive. But, exchange rate volatility decreases bilateral exports of the U.S. to the exporting partners when their relative real GDP per capita surpass the threshold value.

Chiang, Hui-Chu

2008-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

235

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

4: May 9, 2011 4: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance on AddThis.com... Fact #674: May 9, 2011 Petroleum Trade Balance The trade balance (exports minus imports) for petroleum has been negative

236

RECOVERY AND BEYOND: ENHANCING COMPETITIVENESS TO REALISE INDONESIA'S TRADE POTENTIAL  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Document complet disponible sur OLIS dans son format d'origine Complete document available on OLIS in its original formatTAD/TC/WP(2008)14/FINAL As Indonesia recovered from the 1997-98 Asian Financial Crisis, the economy underwent significant political and structural changes, and the role of trade policy evolved. It is clear that there is much scope for trade to enhance economic growth. However, there remain significant challenges in realising this potential, including the need to improve external competitiveness. This paper analyses Indonesian trade policy following the crisis, and identifies some key reforms that may help to increase competitiveness. In view of the evolving domestic and global environment, a comprehensive policy approach will be required involving trade policy reform moving in tandem with reforms in other policy areas. Suggested reforms include, among others, complementing applied tariff cuts with reductions in non-tariff barriers and bound tariffs, reducing trade costs by easing behind-the-border regulations, and further improving the investment climate.

Organisation Coopération; Margit Molnar; Molly Lesher; English Or. English; Michael Olsson; Sjamsu Rahardja; Peter Rosner

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

237

CIM - compact intensity modulation.  

SciTech Connect

Compact intensity modulation (CIM), a new method to modulate the intensity of a neutron beam is demonstrated. CIM allows the production of arbitrary signals where the focus point can be chosen and changed without any constraints. A novel feature in this technique compared to spin echo techniques is that the neutron polarization is kept parallel or anti-parallel to the static fields during the passage through the magnetic fields and the beating pattern at the detector is produced by an amplitude modulation (AM) of the adiabatic RF-spin flippers rather than Larmor precession like in neutron spin echo (NSE) instruments; thus, the achievable contrast is very high and the instrument resolution can be changed very quickly. This gives the fascinating possibility at pulsed neutron sources to sweep the modulation frequency of the flippers in order to increase dynamic resolution range during the same neutron pulse.

Bleuel, M.; Lang, E.; Gahler, G.; Lal, J.; Intense Pulsed Neutron Source; Inst. Lau Langevin

2008-07-21T23:59:59.000Z

238

Liquid Fuels Market Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Liquid Fuels Market Module Liquid Fuels Market Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 145 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Liquid Fuels Market Module The NEMS Liquid Fuels Market Module (LFMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the LFMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The LFMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. petroleum refining

239

Residential Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 Residential Demand Module The NEMS Residential Demand Module projects future residential sector energy requirements based on projections of the number of households and the stock, efficiency, and intensity of energy-consuming equipment. The Residential Demand Module projections begin with a base year estimate of the housing stock, the types and numbers of energy-consuming appliances servicing the stock, and the "unit energy consumption" (UEC) by appliance (in million Btu per household per year). The projection process adds new housing units to the stock, determines the equipment installed in new units, retires existing housing units, and retires and replaces appliances. The primary exogenous drivers for the module are housing starts by type

240

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer.

Kotter, Dale K. (North Shelley, ID); Rankin, Richard A. (Ammon, ID)

1991-02-26T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


241

Flywheel Energy Storage Module  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

kWh100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module * 100KWh - 18 cost KWh vs. current State of the Art * Bonded Magnetic Bearings on Rim ID * No Shaft Hub (which limits surface speed)...

242

Digital optical conversion module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A digital optical conversion module used to convert an analog signal to a computer compatible digital signal including a voltage-to-frequency converter, frequency offset response circuitry, and an electrical-to-optical converter. Also used in conjunction with the digital optical conversion module is an optical link and an interface at the computer for converting the optical signal back to an electrical signal. Suitable for use in hostile environments having high levels of electromagnetic interference, the conversion module retains high resolution of the analog signal while eliminating the potential for errors due to noise and interference. The module can be used to link analog output scientific equipment such as an electrometer used with a mass spectrometer to a computer. 2 figs.

Kotter, D.K.; Rankin, R.A.

1988-07-19T23:59:59.000Z

243

Residential Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

Owen Comstock

2012-12-19T23:59:59.000Z

244

Industrial Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

245

Industrial Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Industrial Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and model source code.

Kelly Perl

2013-09-30T23:59:59.000Z

246

Residential Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Model Documentation - Documents the objectives, analytical approach, and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Residential Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, and FORTRAN source code.

Owen Comstock

2013-11-05T23:59:59.000Z

247

Renewable Fuels Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This report documents the objectives, analytical approach, and design of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) as it relates to the production of the Annual Energy Outlook forecasts.

Chris Namovicz

2013-07-03T23:59:59.000Z

248

Renewable Fuels Module This  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Fuels Module Fuels Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 175 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve

249

Lower Cost CPV 3-Sun Mirror Modules  

SciTech Connect

In a series of patent applications filed between 2002 and 2005, JX Crystals Inc described a evolutionary lower-cost low-concentration planar solar photovoltaic module that uses multiple linear rows of silicon cells and standard one-sun circuit laminations incorporating glass and EVA weather proofing encapsulations. The three novel features that we described are interdependent and integrated together to yield lower cost PV modules. These 3 novel features are: (1) The use of rows of linear mirrors or linear Fresnel lenses aligned with the cell rows and concentrating the sunlight onto the cell rows. (2) The addition of a thin aluminum sheet heat spreader on the back of the circuit lamination to spread the heat away from the cell rows so that the cell operating temperature remains acceptably low. (3) The incorporation of slots in the back of the aluminum sheet heat spreader to accommodate the differences in thermal expansion between the silicon cells, the glass, and the aluminum so that the circuit interconnectivity is maintained over time. Various embodiments of this planar linear concentrator panel are shown in figures 1 to 5. Figures 1 and 2 show the original planar linear concentrator module concept from July of 2002 with either mirrors (figure 1) or linear Fresnel lenses (figure 2). The idea was expanded in 2003 with the idea of an aluminum sheet heat spreader added to the back of a standard PV circuit lamination as shown in figure 3. In 2003, we also transitioned from half cells to third cells using SunPower cells as shown in figure 4. JX Crystals Inc then received funding for the 3-sun PV mirror module concept from the Shanghai Science and Technology Commission in 2003 and from the Shanghai Flower Port and the Shanghai Import and Export Trading Company in 2005. This funding led to a 800 panel pilot production run of our JX Crystals designed 3-sun module in 2006. 672 of these panels were installed in a 100 kW demonstration and an additional 24 panels were installed in a second 4 kW demonstration both at the Flower Port in Shanghai. Both of these systems were completed in 2006. Our 3-sun PV Panel concept has been described previously (see references 1, 2, & 3 available at www.jxcrystals.com under publication tab). We are now interested in bringing this potentially lower cost 3-sun technology back to the US. For any new technology, three issues need to be addressed. They are performance, durability, and cost. These topics are addressed in the next 3 sections.

Fraas, Dr. Lewis [JX Crystals, Inc.; Avery, James E. [JX Crystals, Inc.; Minkin, Leonid M [ORNL; Huang, H, [JX Crystals, Inc.; Gehl, Anthony C [ORNL; Maxey, L Curt [ORNL

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

250

Programmable synchronous communications module  

SciTech Connect

The functional characteristics of a programmable, synchronous serial communications CAMAC module with buffering in block format are described. Both bit and byte oriented protocols can be handled in full duplex depending on the program implemented. The main elements of the module are a Signetics 2652 Multi-Protocol Communications Controller, a Zilog Z-808 8 bit microprocessor with PROM and RAM, and FIFOs for buffering. (FS)

Horelick, D.

1979-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

251

Electricity Market Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the Electricity Market Module as it was used for the Annual Energy Outlook 2013. The Electricity Market Module (EMM) is the electricity supply component of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS). The EMM represents the generation, transmission, and pricing of electricity. It consists of four submodules: the Electricity Capacity Planning (ECP) Submodule, the Electricity Fuel Dispatch (EFD) Submodule, the Electricity Finance and Pricing (EFP) Submodule, and the Electricity Load and Demand (ELD) Submodule.

Jeff Jones

2013-07-24T23:59:59.000Z

252

Photovoltaic module reliability workshop  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The paper and presentations compiled in this volume form the Proceedings of the fourth in a series of Workshops sponsored by Solar Energy Research Institute (SERI/DOE) under the general theme of photovoltaic module reliability during the period 1986--1990. The reliability Photo Voltaic (PV) modules/systems is exceedingly important along with the initial cost and efficiency of modules if the PV technology has to make a major impact in the power generation market, and for it to compete with the conventional electricity producing technologies. The reliability of photovoltaic modules has progressed significantly in the last few years as evidenced by warranties available on commercial modules of as long as 12 years. However, there is still need for substantial research and testing required to improve module field reliability to levels of 30 years or more. Several small groups of researchers are involved in this research, development, and monitoring activity around the world. In the US, PV manufacturers, DOE laboratories, electric utilities and others are engaged in the photovoltaic reliability research and testing. This group of researchers and others interested in this field were brought together under SERI/DOE sponsorship to exchange the technical knowledge and field experience as related to current information in this important field. The papers presented here reflect this effort.

Mrig, L. (ed.)

1990-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

253

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Utility Energy Efficiency Schemes: Savings Obligations and Trading **Subscription Required** Focus Area: Energy Efficiency, - Utility Topics: Policy Impacts Website: dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12053-008-9024-8 Equivalent URI: cleanenergysolutions.org/content/utility-energy-efficiency-schemes-sav Language: English Policies: "Financial Incentives,Regulations" is not in the list of possible values (Deployment Programs, Financial Incentives, Regulations) for this property. Regulations: Mandates/Targets This paper attempts to answer the following questions: What is new about the recent raft of white certificate energy efficiency schemes and is there

254

Global Trade and Environmental Model (GTEM) | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Trade and Environmental Model (GTEM) Global Trade and Environmental Model (GTEM) Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Trade and Environmental Model (GTEM) Agency/Company /Organization: Australia Department of Agriculture, Fisheries, and Forestry (ABARES) Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Analysis Tools Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.daff.gov.au/abares/publications_remote_content/publication_topics/ Related Tools Environmental Benefits Mapping and Analysis Program (BenMAP) Intertemporal Computable Equilibrium System (ICES) Ventana's Energy, Environment, Economy-Society (E3S) Model ... further results Captures the impact of policy changes on large numbers of economic

255

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Free Trade and Global Environmental Governance: Rules, Actors and Conflicts Speaker(s): Kate O'Neill Date: September 20, 2001 - 12:00pm Location: Bldg. 90 Seminar Host/Point of Contact: Mithra Moezzi This talk will focus on emerging conflicts between different, but overlapping, sectors of global governance - on the one hand, the international economic order as represented by the World Trade Organization, and on the other, the international environmental order, as represented by the extensive network of global environmental regimes. In particular, it focuses on the fears raised by many that the WTO and associated Bretton Woods institutions are likely to undermine efforts by international governmental organizations and other non-state actors to protect the global environment. This fear has been driven in large part by

256

Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Data Base Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary Name: GTAP 6 Data Base Agency/Company /Organization: Purdue University Sector: Energy Topics: Policies/deployment programs, Co-benefits assessment, - Macroeconomic, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Dataset Website: www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/databases/v6/default.asp GTAP 6 Data Base Screenshot References: GTAP Data Base[1] "The GTAP Data Base is a fully documented, publicly available global data base which contains complete bilateral trade information, transport and protection linkages among 113 regions for all 57 GTAP commodities for a single year. " GTAP 6 Data Base "Includes: Updated data base corresponds to the global economy in 2001 Additional regional disaggregation (87 regions and 57 sectors),

257

Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP) Model | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP) Model Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP) Model Jump to: navigation, search LEDSGP green logo.png FIND MORE DIA TOOLS This tool is part of the Development Impacts Assessment (DIA) Toolkit from the LEDS Global Partnership. Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Global Trade Analysis Project (GTAP) Model Agency/Company /Organization: Purdue University Sector: Climate, Energy Topics: Baseline projection, - Macroeconomic, Market analysis, Pathways analysis Resource Type: Software/modeling tools User Interface: Desktop Application Complexity/Ease of Use: Moderate Website: www.gtap.agecon.purdue.edu/models/current.asp Cost: Free References: GTAP[1] Related Tools IGES GHG Calculator For Solid Waste ICCT Roadmap Model Applied Dynamic Analysis of the Global Economy (ADAGE) Model

258

Credit Trading and Wind Power: Issues and Opportunities  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

OAK-B135 This paper focuses on credits that are derived from wind energy technology, but the same concepts apply to other renewable energy technologies as well. Credit trading can be applied to a wide variety of policies, programs and private market activities and represents a means of tapping into revenue streams that heretofore have largely excluded wind and other renewables. In addition, credit trading can help to ''create'' new revenue streams for wind and other renewables by helping to grow new markets.

Kevin Rackstraw, John Palmisano

2001-01-15T23:59:59.000Z

259

Transboundary natural gas sales and North American Free Trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the last 25 years American natural gas producers have seen wide fluctuations in gas supply, demand and price, and changes in the transboundary natural gas sales regulations have added to the instability. The history of such changes is outlined, and the impact of free trade agreements is discussed. Such agreements may significantly limit the power of the executive branch to restrict natural gas imports with a contracting nation. Topics include: FERC control of transportation and rate design of imported gas; foreign regulatory schemes for the explortation of natural gas; free trade agreements and transboundary natural gas sales; Energy Policy Act of 1992.

Dzienkowski, J.S. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

1993-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

260

Gradient Combinatorial Libraries via Modulated Light ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

... Libraries via Modulated Light Exposure. Bookmark and Share Gradient Combinatorial Libraries via Modulated Light Exposure. ...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


261

Fossil Asset and Project Evaluator (Energy Book System Modules) Methodologies: Highlighting the Strengths, Weaknesses and Unique Capabilities of Option Evaluation Techniques  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In support of EPRI's fossil generation asset management activities, two important analysis software products have been developed in recent years: Generation/Fossil Asset Evaluator and its companion Project Evaluator (CM-113198-P3-R2 and CM-113198-P4-R2). These tools are modules of EPRI's Energy Book System (EBS), which consists of modules for o Generation (Asset and Project Evaluator) o Wholesale trading (Contract Evaluator) o Retail (Product Mix) o Risk management (Risk Manager) Fossil Asset Evaluator e...

2001-05-23T23:59:59.000Z

262

Adjustment patterns to commodity terms of trade shocks: the role of exchange rate and international reserves policies  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

J. and Wolf, H. 1994, “Terms of Trade, Productivity and the1988 "The Balance of Tnde, Terms of Trade, and the RealI. Tytell (2009) “Commodity Terms of Trade: The History of

Aizenman, Joshua; Edwards, Sebastian; Riera-Crichton, Daniel

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

263

U.S.-Sub-Saharan Trade Report/Profile | Data.gov  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

U.S.-Sub-Saharan Trade Report/Profile U.S.-Sub-Saharan Trade Report/Profile Manufacturing Data/Tools Research/Tech Services Apps Challenges Blogs Let's Talk Manufacturing You are here Data.gov » Communities » Manufacturing » Data U.S.-Sub-Saharan Trade Report/Profile Dataset Summary Description The quarterly trade "Report" and yearly "Profile" provide an overview of U.S. trade with Sub-Saharan Africa. The Profile is a more extensive version of the Report. Using data essentially from the World Trade Atlas, Census, IMF, and the World Bank, the report and profile describe: Sub-Saharan Africa's global trade and economic growth, U.S. imports and exports to/from Sub-Saharan Africa, and U.S. direct investment to the region. Tags {Africa,"Sub-Saharan Africa","U.S. trade"}

264

Analysing and modelling international trade patterns of the Australian wine industry in the world wine market.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Since the mid-1980s, trade liberalisation has encouraged the growth of Australia’s international trade. The Australian wine industry has been successful in the world wine market,… (more)

Boriraj, Jumpoth

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

265

Impacts of Trades in an Error-Correction Model of Quote Prices  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on Short-Selling and Asset Price Adjustment to PrivateF. , 2000, Time and the Price Impact of a Trade, Journal ofand O’Hara, Maureen, 1987, Price, Trade Size and Information

Engle, Robert F; Patton, Andrew J

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

266

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and UtilizationChapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Canola: Chemistry, Production, Processing and Utilization Chapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics Processing eChapters Processing Downloadable pdf of Chapter 11 Industry Trade and Economics, from the book ...

267

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

SciTech Connect

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

268

The impact of trade costs on rare earth exports : a stochastic frontier estimation approach.  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study develops a novel stochastic frontier modeling approach to the gravity equation for rare earth element (REE) trade between China and its trading partners between 2001 and 2009. The novelty lies in differentiating betweenbehind the border' trade costs by China and theimplicit beyond the border costs' of China's trading partners. Results indicate that the significance level of the independent variables change dramatically over the time period. While geographical distance matters for trade flows in both periods, the effect of income on trade flows is significantly attenuated, possibly capturing the negative effects of financial crises in the developed world. Second, the total export losses due tobehind the border' trade costs almost tripled over the time period. Finally, looking atimplicit beyond the border' trade costs, results show China gaining in some markets, although it is likely that some countries are substituting away from Chinese REE exports.

Sanyal, Prabuddha; Brady, Patrick Vane; Vugrin, Eric D.

2013-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

269

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This dissertation presents an equilibrium framework for analyzing the impact of cap-and-trade regulation on transmission-constrained electricity market. The cap-and-trade regulation of greenhouse gas emissions has… (more)

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

270

South Korea–U.S. free trade agreement will lower export barriers for California products  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

trade U.S. exports to South Korea (South Korean imports fromPistachios Lettuce To South Korea (A) To all destinations (DC. www.fas.usda.gov/gats. [KATI] Korea Agricultural Trade

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Daniel A

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

271

The Prospective Free Trade Agreement with Korea: Background, Analysis, and Perspectives for California Agriculture  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and T. Moll. “Negotiating the Korea-United States Free TradeBrie?ng Room, South Korea. ” Available at www.ers.usda.gov/Service. “Fact Sheet: U.S. -Korea Free Trade Agree- ment—

Lee, Hyunok; Sumner, Dan

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

272

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Proto-Type Global System?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

273

The EU’s Emissions Trading Scheme: A Prototype Global System?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Union's Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the world's first multinational cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases. As an agreement between sovereign nations with diverse historical, institutional, and ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

274

Understanding the role of trading in water quality management : based on U.S. experience  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This research demonstrates an overview of the performance of water quality trading programs currently implemented within the U.S. The role of trading in water quality management is identified through systematical comparisons ...

Pharino, Chanathip

2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

275

"Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","Fee/Allowance Revenue...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

"Table 1. CO2 FeeCap and Trade Runs for AEO Supplement" "Case Name","CO2 Fees",,"Cap and Trade","FeeAllowance Revenue Treatment",,,"Offsets" ,"Start ()","Real Rate of...

276

Is allowing trading enough? Making secondary markets in spectrum work  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The debate on spectrum reforms has mostly focused on the choice between a property rights and a commons regime. This article argues that moving to a property right system requires careful attention to details in order to avoid that ''micro'' rather than ... Keywords: Efficiency, Impediments, Licence variations, Spectrum, Trading

Pietro Crocioni

2009-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

277

National Geothermal Association Trade Mission to Central America  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States (US) geothermal industry, the world's most technically proficient, has been unable to achieve penetration into the markets of the developing nations. This report details the findings of an industry Trade Mission to Central America, tasked with determining the reasons for this shortfall and with developing a US industry geothermal export strategy designed to achieve immediate and long-term export benefits.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

278

Global Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Main sources of information · Forest Products Annual Market Review, UNECE/FAOUNECE/FAO · Importance Lacey Act Amendment f. EU renewable (wood) energy policies Forests, Markets, Policy & PracticeGlobal Forest Products Trade by Ed Pepke, EFI Forests, Markets, Policy & Practice Shanghai, China

279

Integrated Optimization of Procurement, Processing, and Trade of Commodities  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

We consider the integrated optimization problem of procurement, processing, and trade of commodities in a multiperiod setting. Motivated by the operations of a prominent commodity processing firm, we model a firm that procures an input commodity and ... Keywords: agricultural commodities, commodities, dynamic programming, inventory, processing, procurement, real options

Sripad K. Devalkar; Ravi Anupindi; Amitabh Sinha

2011-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

280

Time Scales of the Trade Wind Boundary Layer Adjustment  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The adjustment of the trade wind atmospheric boundary layer to an abrupt sea surface warming is investigated using a large-eddy simulation (LES) and two simple bulk models: a mixed-layer model (MLM), and a model based on the mixing-line hypothesis ...

Gilles Bellon; Bjorn Stevens

2013-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


281

Chinese Petroleum Corporations' International Oil Trade in Africa  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper, we focus on the international oil trade of Chinese petroleum corporations' in Africa. Initially, we are trying to understand the current oil reserves in Africa. Then the reasons and the situation of Chinese petroleum companies' international ... Keywords: Chinese Petroleum Corporations, Oil Business in Africa, Global Energy Situation, Global Energy Situation

Zhang Long

2012-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

282

Strobist Photo Trade Secrets: Portrait Lighting Techniques, 1st edition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Strobist Photo Trade Secrets volumes one and two are all about giving you the inspiration and tools to help make your photographs the best they can be. It doesn't take hundreds of pages of instructions or piles of complicated theories to take great photographs. ...

Zeke Kamm

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

283

Emissions trading programs, making sense of the options  

SciTech Connect

In an attempt to move away from the traditional command-and-control approach to regulation, the US Environmental Protection Agency has begun to develop economic incentive programs. These programs encourage compliance with nationwide pollution-reduction goals, but seek industry action based on market or profit incentives, rather than fear of retribution or penalty. The 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA) require that stringent means be taken to reduce NOx pollution in so-called ozone-nonattainment areas. Under CAAA Title IV, the SO{sub 2} trading program went into effect in 1993 to reduce acid rain. For NO{sub x}, several programs are either already in operation, or are under development. These include the Cap and Trade program, the Open Market trading program and New Source Review Offset Trading program. These 3 programs are described. To obtain a Title V operating permit, issues to consider are operation, job descriptions, certification process, value, estimating future emissions, confidentiality, permits, inter-media coordination, costs, and publicity.

Fahrer, S. [Dynalytics Corp., Jericho, NY (United States)

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

284

EUROPEAN COGENERATION CERTIFICATE TRADING- ECOCERT Demand creation and scheme interactions  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

As interest in market-based domestic mechanisms has increased in the EU, a tradable certificate scheme for CHP is an option. During the period January 2002- April 2003, within the European Cogeneration Certificate Trading (ECoCerT) project, activities have been undertaken in a series of phases to analyse a CHP certificate scheme. The ECoCerT project was financially supported

M. G. Boots

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

285

Low-Level Trade Winds Over the Western Coral Sea  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

During the trade wind season, the wind over the western Coral Sea is highly coherent over very long distances (at least 1000 km). At any site, the wind direction changes little with time, while the wind speed varies with period of 7–15 days. The ...

Eric Wolanski

1982-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

286

Bringing Transportation into a Cap-and-Trade Regime  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The U.S. may at some point adopt a national cap-and-trade system for greenhouse gases, and if and when that happens the system of CAFE regulation of vehicle design very likely could still be in place. Imposed independently ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

287

A Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman approach to optimal trade execution  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The optimal trade execution problem is formulated in terms of a mean-variance tradeoff, as seen at the initial time. The mean-variance problem can be embedded in a linear-quadratic (LQ) optimal stochastic control problem. A semi-Lagrangian scheme is ... Keywords: HJB equation, Mean-variance tradeoff, Optimal execution, Semi-Lagrangian discretization, Viscosity solution

Peter A. Forsyth

2011-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

288

Free trade and freer petchems drive Mexican restructuring  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

When Mexico first opened up its protected markets in 1987 by cutting import tariffs, it thrust the chemical industry into a phase of change. Now, with the advent of the North American Free Trade Agreement(NAFTA) and the liberalization of petrochemicals by state oil group Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex), restructuring has moved up a gear.

Wood, A.

1992-11-25T23:59:59.000Z

289

Cap-and-Trade Modeling and Analysis: Congested Electricity Market Equilibrium  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

GHG Regulations in Electricity . . . . . . . . . . . . . .and Trade Programs in Electricity: the Case of Californiadown) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.4.2 Electricity Analysis

Limpaitoon, Tanachai

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

290

Measuring and moderating the water resource impact of biofuel production and trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

sustainable  biofuel  production."  Ecotoxicology  Dimensions  in  Biofuel   Production.  Rome,  Italy,  UN  resource impact of biofuel production and trade By Kevin

Fingerman, Kevin Robert

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

291

Coal Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 153 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2011, DOE/EIA-M060(2011) (Washington, DC, 2011). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

292

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

4 4 The commercial module forecasts consumption by fuel 15 at the Census division level using prices from the NEMS energy supply modules, and macroeconomic variables from the NEMS Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM), as well as external data sources (technology characterizations, for example). Energy demands are forecast for ten end-use services 16 for eleven building categories 17 in each of the nine Census divisions (see Figure 5). The model begins by developing forecasts of floorspace for the 99 building category and Census division combinations. Next, the ten end-use service demands required for the projected floorspace are developed. The electricity generation and water and space heating supplied by distributed generation and combined heat and power technologies are projected. Technologies are then

293

Macroeconomic Activity Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 19 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook2011 Macroeconomic Activity Module The Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) represents the interaction between the U.S. economy as a whole and energy markets. The rate of growth of the economy, measured by the growth in gross domestic product (GDP) is a key determinant of the growth in demand for energy. Associated economic factors, such as interest rates and disposable income, strongly influence various elements of the supply and demand for energy. At the same time, reactions to energy markets by the aggregate economy, such as a slowdown in economic growth resulting from increasing energy prices, are also reflected in this module.

294

Coal Market Module This  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

51 51 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Coal Market Module The NEMS Coal Market Module (CMM) provides projections of U.S. coal production, consumption, exports, imports, distribution, and prices. The CMM comprises three functional areas: coal production, coal distribution, and coal exports. A detailed description of the CMM is provided in the EIA publication, Coal Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2012, DOE/EIA-M060(2012) (Washington, DC, 2012). Key assumptions Coal production The coal production submodule of the CMM generates a different set of supply curves for the CMM for each year of the projection. Forty-one separate supply curves are developed for each of 14 supply regions, nine coal types (unique combinations

295

Industrial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and The NEMS Industrial Demand Module estimates energy consumption by energy source (fuels and feedstocks) for 12 manufacturing and 6 nonmanufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are further subdivided into the energy-intensive manufacturing industries and nonenergy-intensive manufacturing industries. The manufacturing industries are modeled through the use of a detailed process flow or end use accounting procedure, whereas the nonmanufacturing industries are modeled with substantially less detail (Table 17). The Industrial Demand Module forecasts energy consumption at the four Census region level (see Figure 5); energy consumption at the Census Division level is estimated by allocating the Census region forecast using the SEDS 27 data.

296

1 Modules and exactness  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Suppose that R is an associative ring with 1. In most commutative cases, R is either the integers Z or some field k. Example: Suppose that k is a field and G is a group. The group-algebra k(G) over k is the direct sum k(G) = ? k, g?G with elements written as finite sums ? g?G ?g · g, with ?g ? k and all but finitely many ?g = 0. The “rule” (?g · g)(?h · h) = (?g?h) · (gh) defines the algebra structure on k(G), with multiplicative identity 1 = 1 · e, where e is the identity element of G. A k(G)-module M is a k-vector space M, with bilinear map ? : k(G) × M ? M with (r, m) ? ? r?m, such that r?(s?m) = (r·s)? m and 1 ? m = m, or equivalently M is a k-vector 1 space equipped with a group homomorphism G ? Autk(M). k(G)-modules are often called G-modules for that reason. Not even that is the most enlightened way to describe a k(G)-module. A group G can be thought of as a category (actually a groupoid) with one object ? and a morphism ? g ? ? ? for every g ? G. Then a k(G)-module is a functor M: G ? k ? Mod which takes values in the category of k-vector spaces. NB: I’ve only based these notions on fields k and their vector spaces to make them seem real. The object k could be a ring; then k(G) is a k-algebra still and a k(G)-module is a k-module M equipped with a group homomorphism G ? Autk(M). Now we recall some basic definitions and facts about R-modules. Suppose that f: M ? N is an R-module homomorphism. Then the kernel ker(f) of f is defined by ker(f) = {all x ? M such that f(x) = 0}. ker(f) is plainly a submodule of M. The image 2 im(f) of f is the submodule of N consisting of all y ? N such that y = f(x) for some x ? M. The cokernel of f cok(f) is defined to be the quotient A sequence cok(f) = N / im(f). M f ? ? M ? g ? ? M of R-module homomorphisms is said to be exact if ker(g) = im(f). Equivalently, the sequence is exact if g · f = 0 and for all y ? M ? with g(y) = 0 there is an x ? M such that f(x) = y. A sequence M1 ? M2 ? · · · ? Mn of R-module homomorphisms is said to be exact if ker = im everywhere. Example 1.1. The sequence 0 ? ker(f) ? M f ? ? N ? cok(f) ? 0 is exact for all R-module homomorphisms f. Note that 0 ? M f ? ? N is exact if and only if f is a monomorphism (injective), and that

unknown authors

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

297

Power module assembly  

SciTech Connect

A power module assembly of the type suitable for deployment in a vehicular power inverter, wherein the power inverter has a grounded chassis, is provided. The power module assembly comprises a conductive base layer electrically coupled to the chassis, an insulating layer disposed on the conductive base layer, a first conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, a second conductive node disposed on the insulating layer, wherein the first and second conductive nodes are electrically isolated from each other. The power module assembly also comprises a first capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the first conductive node, and further comprises a second capacitor having a first electrode electrically connected to the conductive base layer, and a second electrode electrically connected to the second conductive node.

Campbell, Jeremy B. (Torrance, CA); Newson, Steve (Redondo Beach, CA)

2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

298

Photovoltaic module and interlocked stack of photovoltaic modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

One embodiment relates to an arrangement of photovoltaic modules configured for transportation. The arrangement includes a plurality of photovoltaic modules, each photovoltaic module including a frame having at least a top member and a bottom member. A plurality of alignment features are included on the top member of each frame, and a plurality of alignment features are included on the bottom member of each frame. Adjacent photovoltaic modules are interlocked by the alignment features on the top member of a lower module fitting together with the alignment features on the bottom member of an upper module. Other embodiments, features and aspects are also disclosed.

Wares, Brian S.

2012-09-04T23:59:59.000Z

299

A perceptual measure of trade shows using fuzzy quality deployment development  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past researches on the evaluation of trade shows (TSs), visitors were mostly assumed to conduct aggregating partial deliberations, which were analyzed with a single step procedure, yet unable to derive a whole picture of TSs. An organizer of trade ... Keywords: FDSS, Fuzzy quality function deployment, Trade shows

Ling-Zhong Lin

2010-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

300

An inter-market arbitrage trading system based on extended classifier systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Traditionally, the most popular arbitrage strategy is derived from the cost of carry model or by using the econometrics approach. However, these approaches have difficulty in dealing with intra-day 1-min trading data and capturing inter-market arbitrage ... Keywords: Data stream, High frequency data, Intra-day trading, Trading rule, XCS

Yu-Chia Hsu; An-Pin Chen; Jia-Haur Chang

2011-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


301

November 14, 2000 A Quarterly Forecast of U.S. Trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 14, 2000 A Quarterly Forecast of U.S. Trade in Services and the Current Account, 2000 of Forecast*** We forecast that the services trade surplus, which declined from 1997 to 1998 and edged upward. That is, from a level of $80.6 billion in 1999, we forecast that the services trade surplus will be $80

Shyy, Wei

302

Evolution of Downslope Flow under Strong Opposing Trade Winds and Frequent Trade-Wind Rainshowers over the Island of Hawaii  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The evolution of downslope flow on the windward side of the island of Hawaii during 7–8 August 1990 is investigated. This period is characterized by atypical strong (11 m s?1) upstream trade winds and frequent nocturnal rainshowers. In the late ...

Jeffrey L. Frye; Yi-Leng Chen

2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

303

Method of monolithic module assembly  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

Methods for "monolithic module assembly" which translate many of the advantages of monolithic module construction of thin-film PV modules to wafered c-Si PV modules. Methods employ using back-contact solar cells positioned atop electrically conductive circuit elements affixed to a planar support so that a circuit capable of generating electric power is created. The modules are encapsulated using encapsulant materials such as EVA which are commonly used in photovoltaic module manufacture. The methods of the invention allow multiple cells to be electrically connected in a single encapsulation step rather than by sequential soldering which characterizes the currently used commercial practices.

Gee, James M. (Albuquerque, NM); Garrett, Stephen E. (Albuquerque, NM); Morgan, William P. (Albuquerque, NM); Worobey, Walter (Albuquerque, NM)

1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

304

Commercial Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components.

Kevin Jarzomski

2012-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

305

Coal Market Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives and the conceptual and methodological approach used in the development of the National Energy Modeling System's (NEMS) Coal Market Module (CMM) used to develop the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 (AEO2013). This report catalogues and describes the assumptions, methodology, estimation techniques, and source code of CMM's two submodules. These are the Coal Production Submodule (CPS) and the Coal Distribution Submodule (CDS).

Michael Mellish

2013-07-17T23:59:59.000Z

306

Commercial Sector Demand Module  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

Documents the objectives, analytical approach and development of the National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) Commercial Sector Demand Module. The report catalogues and describes the model assumptions, computational methodology, parameter estimation techniques, model source code, and forecast results generated through the synthesis and scenario development based on these components.

Kevin Jarzomski

2013-10-10T23:59:59.000Z

307

Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

3: May 2, 2011 3: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles to someone by E-mail Share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on Facebook Tweet about Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on Twitter Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on Google Bookmark Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on Delicious Rank Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on Digg Find More places to share Vehicle Technologies Office: Fact #673: May 2, 2011 U.S. Trade Balance for Transportation Vehicles on

308

GRR/Section 3-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

GRR/Section 3-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands GRR/Section 3-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands < GRR Jump to: navigation, search GRR-logo.png GEOTHERMAL REGULATORY ROADMAP Roadmap Home Roadmap Help List of Sections Section 3-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands 03-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf Click to View Fullscreen Triggers None specified Click "Edit With Form" above to add content 03-TX-f - Lease of Land Trade Lands.pdf Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Error creating thumbnail: Page number not in range. Flowchart Narrative This flowchart illustrates the process of leasing Land Trade Lands in Texas. The Texas General Land Office (GLO) administers leases on Land Trade Lands through Title 31 of the Texas Administrative Code Section 155.42.

309

Revision forthcoming in the American Economic ReviewU.S. Trade and Inventory Dynamics ?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract: We examine the source of the large fall and rebound in U.S. trade in the recent recession. While trade fell and rebounded more than expenditures or production of traded goods, we find that relative to the magnitude of the downturn, these trade fluctuations were in line with those in previous business cycle fluctuations. We argue that the high volatility of trade is attributed to more severe inventory management considerations of firms involved in international trade. We present empirical evidence for autos as well as at the aggregate level that the adjustment of inventory holdings helps explain these fluctuations in trade. (JEL E31, F12) ?This paper was prepared for the Papers and Proceedings of the American Economic Association’s 2011

George Alessandria; Joseph P. Kaboski; Virgiliu Midrigan; George Alessandria; Joseph P. Kaboski; Virgiliu Midrigan

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

310

Module Utilization Committee. Final report  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Photovoltaic collector modules were declared surplus to the needs of the US Department of Energy. The Module Utilization Committee was formed to make appropriate disposition of the surplus modules. The final report of that committee accounts for that disposition. The membership and activities of the committee are set forth and the results of its activities are reported.

None

1984-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

311

RegIntlElecTrade_Eng_final.PDF  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

North America North America Regulation of International Electricity Trade prepared by North American Energy Working Group December 2002 2 The North American Energy Working Group The North American Energy Working Group (NAEW G) was established in spring of 2001 by the Canadian Minister of Natural Resources, the Mexican Secretary of Energy and the U.S. Secretary of Energy, to enhance North American energy cooperation. The Group is led by officials from Natural Resources Canada, the Mexican Secretariat of Energy, and the U.S. Department of Energy. The goals of the NAEWG are to foster communication and cooperation among the governments and energy sectors of the three countries on energy-related matters of common interest, and to enhance North American energy trade and interconnections consistent with the goal of sustainable development, for the benefit of all.

312

Trends in Practitioner Training for the Renewable Energy Trades  

SciTech Connect

As workforce development becomes more of a critical component for an expanding renewable energy economy, new training opportunities are on the increase for practitioners interested in either getting into the renewable energy trades or upgrading their professional skills. This paper will report on the new trends in training and show how the instruction has become more highly developed. In many cases, curricula are now designed to provide teaching that leads to defined workplace knowledge, skills, and abilities. Private and academic training programs are becoming accredited specifically to renewable energy standards. Community colleges and technical schools are responding to local jobs by offering more and more renewable energy trades courses. And classes are expanding from 3 to 5 day workshops to semester-long courses resulting in one-year certificate and two-year associate degree programs at Community Colleges.

Weissman, Jane M.; Laflin, Kirk

2006-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

313

Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs  

Wind Powering America (EERE)

Incorporating Wind Generation in Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technical Report NREL/TP-500-40006 July 2006 Incorporating Wind Generation in Cap and Trade Programs Joel Bluestein Energy and Environmental Analysis, Inc. Elizabeth Salerno American Wind Energy Association Lori Bird and Laura Vimmerstedt National Renewable Energy Laboratory Prepared under Task No. WER6 6006 Technical Report NREL/TP-500-4006 July 2006 National Renewable Energy Laboratory 1617 Cole Boulevard, Golden, Colorado 80401-3393 303-275-3000 * www.nrel.gov Operated for the U.S. Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy

314

Power Grid Network Evolutions for Local Energy Trading  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The shift towards a energy Grid dominated by prosumers (consumers and producers of energy) will inevitably have repercussions on the distribution infrastructure. Today it is a hierarchical one designed to deliver energy from large scale facilities to end-users. Tomorrow it will be a capillary infrastructure at the medium and Low Voltage levels that will support local energy trading among prosumers. In our previous work, we analyzed the Dutch Power Grid and made an initial analysis of the economic impact topological properties have on decentralized energy trading. In this paper, we go one step further and investigate how different networks topologies and growth models facilitate the emergence of a decentralized market. In particular, we show how the connectivity plays an important role in improving the properties of reliability and path-cost reduction. From the economic point of view, we estimate how the topological evolutions facilitate local electricity distribution, taking into account the main cost ingredi...

Pagani, Giuliano Andrea

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

315

Europe's cross-border gas trade on the rise  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Europe is poised for more growth in the gas industry that is certain to expand international gas trade into the next century. In the affluent societies of western Europe, gas growth will be fueled by an increasing public perception that it is the least environmentally harmful of fossil fuels. That factor is helping boost natural gas and LNG trade in many parts of the world. Gas will continue to penetrate the European residential market, but the biggest growth will occur in the industrial use, particularly for electrical power generation. The European Community has belatedly lifted restrictions on the use of a gas as a fuel for power generation. That, combined with the greater efficiency of cogeneration systems, is likely to set off a 100% increase in Europe's gas fueled power generation capacity in the first 5 years of 1990s.

Not Available

1991-07-08T23:59:59.000Z

316

Evaluating possible cap and trade legislation on cellulosic feedstock availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated, socioeconomic biogeophysical model is used to analyze the interactions of cap-and-trade legislation and the Renewable Fuels Standard. Five alternative policy scenarios were considered with the purpose of identifying policies that act in a synergistic manner to reduce carbon emissions, increase economic returns to agriculture, and adequately meet ethanol mandates. We conclude that climate and energy policies can best be implemented together by offering carbon offset payments to conservation tillage, herbaceous grasses for biomass, and by constraining crop residue removal for ethanol feedstocks to carbon neutral level. When comparing this scenario to the Baseline scenario, the agricultural sector realizes an economic benefit of US$156 billion by 2030 and emissions are reduced by 135 Tg C-equivalent (Eq) yr 1. Results also indicate that geographic location of cellulosic feedstocks could shift significantly depending on the final policies implemented in cap and trade legislation. Placement of cellulosic ethanol facilities should consider these possible shifts when determining site location.

Hellwinckel, Chad [Agricultural Policy Analysis Center, University of Tennessee; de la Torre Ugarte, Daniel [University of Tennessee; Perlack, Robert D [ORNL; West, T. O. [University of Maryland

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

317

National Geothermal Association Trade Mission to Central America  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The United States (US) geothermal industry, the world`s most technically proficient, has been unable to achieve penetration into the markets of the developing nations. This report details the findings of an industry Trade Mission to Central America, tasked with determining the reasons for this shortfall and with developing a US industry geothermal export strategy designed to achieve immediate and long-term export benefits.

Not Available

1992-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

318

U.S. Timber Production, Trade, Consumption, and Price Statistics  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This report is part of an annual series that presents current and historical information on the production, trade, consumption, and prices of timber products in the United States. The report focuses on national statistics, but includes some data for individual States and regions and for Canada. The data were collected from industry trade associations and government agencies. They are intended for use by forest land managers, forest industries, trade associations, forestry schools, renewable resource organizations, libraries, organizations, individuals in the major timber producing and consuming countries of the world, and the general public. A major use of the data presented here is tracking technological change over time. One of the major technology shifts occurring in the wood-using industry is the substitution of oriented strandboard (OSB) for plywood in the structural panel sector, as well as a shift in plywood production from the west to the south United States. Some data show these shifts. United States production of structural panels totaled 29.4 billion ft in 1999. Production of OSB increased from less than 3 billion ft in 1985 to 11.6 billion ft in 1999. Plywood production was 20.1 billion ft in 1985 before falling to 17.8 billion ft in 1999. The decline in plywood production reflects the continued increase in the OSB share of the traditional plywood market Keywords: production, consumption, import, export April 2001 Howard, James. L. 2001. U.S. timber production, trade consumption, and price statistics 1965 to 1999. Res. Pap. FPL-RP-595. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 90 p. A limited number of free copies of this publication are available to the public from the Forest Products Laboratory, One Gifford Pi...

James Howard United; United States; Forest Service; Price Statistics; James L. Howard

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

319

On emissions trading, toxic debt and the Australian power market  

SciTech Connect

Implementation of emissions trading will have profound effects on the financial stability of coal generators. While the impact on equity capital is well understood, the potential fallout in the market for project finance is not. During the current global financial crisis, the form and quantum of transitional assistance to coal generators will be crucial to ensure ongoing participation of domestic and foreign project banks in the power markets. (author)

Simshauser, Paul

2009-03-15T23:59:59.000Z

320

US electricity trade with Canada and Mexico, January 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although they represent less than 2 percent of overall US electricity demand today, electricity imports are a major contributor to some regions` electricity supplies and, as economical alternatives to their sources of power, they are expected to provide additional electricity supplies over the next 20 years. The report provides definitional and descriptive information about US international electricity trade, plus current data and long-term projections through 2010.

Not Available

1992-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


321

US electricity trade with Canada and Mexico, January 1992  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Although they represent less than 2 percent of overall US electricity demand today, electricity imports are a major contributor to some regions' electricity supplies and, as economical alternatives to their sources of power, they are expected to provide additional electricity supplies over the next 20 years. The report provides definitional and descriptive information about US international electricity trade, plus current data and long-term projections through 2010.

Not Available

1992-01-08T23:59:59.000Z

322

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2 2 International Energy Module The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the NEMS IEM computes oil prices, provides a supply curve of world crude-like liquids, generates a worldwide oil supply- demand balance with regional detail, and computes quantities of crude oil and light and heavy petroleum products imported into the United States by export region. Changes in the oil price (WTI), which is defined as the price of light, low-sulfur crude oil delivered to Cushing, Oklahoma in

323

International Energy Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 23 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 International Energy Module The NEMS International Energy Module (IEM) simulates the interaction between U.S. and global petroleum markets. It uses assumptions of economic growth and expectations of future U.S. and world crude-like liquids production and consumption to estimate the effects of changes in U.S. liquid fuels markets on the international petroleum market. For each year of the forecast, the NEMS IEM computes world oil prices, provides a supply curve of world crude-like liquids, generates a worldwide oil supply- demand balance with regional detail, and computes quantities of crude oil and light and heavy petroleum products imported into

324

Commercial Demand Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 39 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Commercial Demand Module The NEMS Commercial Sector Demand Module generates projections of commercial sector energy demand through 2035. The definition of the commercial sector is consistent with EIA's State Energy Data System (SEDS). That is, the commercial sector includes business establishments that are not engaged in transportation or in manufacturing or other types of industrial activity (e.g., agriculture, mining or construction). The bulk of commercial sector energy is consumed within buildings; however, street lights, pumps, bridges, and public services are also included if the establishment operating them is considered commercial.

325

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page intentionally left blank This page intentionally left blank 137 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

326

Renewable Fuels Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

page intentionally left blank page intentionally left blank 167 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2011 Renewable Fuels Module The NEMS Renewable Fuels Module (RFM) provides natural resources supply and technology input information for projections of new central-station U.S. electricity generating capacity using renewable energy resources. The RFM has seven submodules representing various renewable energy sources: biomass, geothermal, conventional hydroelectricity, landfill gas, solar thermal, solar photovoltaics, and wind [1]. Some renewables, such as landfill gas (LFG) from municipal solid waste (MSW) and other biomass materials, are fuels in the conventional sense of the word, while others, such as water, wind, and solar radiation, are energy sources that do not involve the

327

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

This page inTenTionally lefT blank 135 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Petroleum Market Module The NEMS Petroleum Market Module (PMM) projects petroleum product prices and sources of supply for meeting petroleum product demand. The sources of supply include crude oil (both domestic and imported), petroleum product imports, unfinished oil imports, other refinery inputs (including alcohols, ethers, esters, corn, biomass, and coal), natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM projects capacity expansion and fuel consumption at domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming (LP) representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Administration for

328

Flywheel Energy Storage Module  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

kWh/100 kW kWh/100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module * 100KWh - 1/8 cost / KWh vs. current State of the Art * Bonded Magnetic Bearings on Rim ID * No Shaft / Hub (which limits surface speed) * Flexible Motor Magnets on Rim ID * Develop Touch-down System for Earthquake Flying Rim Eliminate Shaft and Hub Levitate on Passive Magnetic Bearings Increase Rim Tip Speed Larger Diameter Thinner Rim Stores More Energy 4 X increase in Stored Energy with only 60% Increase in Weight Development of a 100 kWh/100 kW Flywheel Energy Storage Module High Speed, Low Cost, Composite Ring with Bore-Mounted Magnetics Current State of the Art Flywheel Limitations of Existing Flywheel * 15 Minutes of storage * Limited to Frequency Regulation Application * Rim Speed (Stored Energy) Limited by Hub Strain and Shaft Dynamics

329

Tandem resonator reflectance modulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors. 8 figs.

Fritz, I.J.; Wendt, J.R.

1994-09-06T23:59:59.000Z

330

Tandem resonator reflectance modulator  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A wide band optical modulator is grown on a substrate as tandem Fabry-Perot resonators including three mirrors spaced by two cavities. The absorption of one cavity is changed relative to the absorption of the other cavity by an applied electric field, to cause a change in total reflected light, as light reflecting from the outer mirrors is in phase and light reflecting from the inner mirror is out of phase with light from the outer mirrors.

Fritz, Ian J. (Albuquerque, NM); Wendt, Joel R. (Albuquerque, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

331

Reversibility and Adiabatic Computation: Trading Time and Space for Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Future miniaturization and mobilization of computing devices requires energy parsimonious `adiabatic' computation. This is contingent on logical reversibility of computation. An example is the idea of quantum computations which are reversible except for the irreversible observation steps. We propose to study quantitatively the exchange of computational resources like time and space for irreversibility in computations. Reversible simulations of irreversible computations are memory intensive. Such (polynomial time) simulations are analysed here in terms of `reversible' pebble games. We show that Bennett's pebbling strategy uses least additional space for the greatest number of simulated steps. We derive a trade-off for storage space versus irreversible erasure. Next we consider reversible computation itself. An alternative proof is provided for the precise expression of the ultimate irreversibility cost of an otherwise reversible computation without restrictions on time and space use. A time-irreversibility trade-off hierarchy in the exponential time region is exhibited. Finally, extreme time-irreversibility trade-offs for reversible computations in the thoroughly unrealistic range of computable versus noncomputable time-bounds are given.

Ming Li; Paul Vitanyi

1997-03-13T23:59:59.000Z

332

International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Trade and Sustainable Development Trade and Sustainable Development Jump to: navigation, search Name International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development Address International Environment House 2 Chemin de Balexert 7-9 1219 Châtelaine Place Geneva, Switzerland Year founded 1996 Phone number + 41 22 917 84 92 Website http://ictsd.org/ Coordinates 46.2151128°, 6.1084892° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":46.2151128,"lon":6.1084892,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

333

ZEN International Production and Trade bvba | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

ZEN International Production and Trade bvba ZEN International Production and Trade bvba Jump to: navigation, search Name ZEN International Production and Trade bvba Place Lille, Belgium Zip 2275 Sector Solar Product Produces integrated solar thermal water heating equipment, including collectors and water storage tanks, for distribution by companies in the ZEN Group. Coordinates 50.637185°, 3.06281° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":50.637185,"lon":3.06281,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

334

Trading Puts and CDS on Stocks with Short Sale Ban  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We focus on the short sale ban of 2008 to examine the interaction between price discovery in banned stocks and the trading of options and CDS. Within the sample of banned stocks with exchange traded options, stocks whose put-call ratios are in the top quintile underperform the middle group by 1.56 % and 2.84%, respectively, over the next two- and five-day returns. By contrast, the bottom quintile does not perform differently from the middle group. Within the sample of banned stocks with CDS traded and using their one-day percentage change in CDS spreads as a signal, we find cross-sectional predictability CDS signal for future stock returns. Again, the predictability is asymmetric, driven mostly by stocks with more positive percentage change in CDS spreads, and therefore more negative information according to the CDS market. Overall, our results confirm that in the presence of short sale ban, it takes time for the negative information contained in either the options market or the CDS market to get incorporated into stock prices.

Sophie Xiaoyan Ni; Jun Pan

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

335

EIA-Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook - Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

Electricity Market Module Electricity Market Module Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2007 Electricity Market Module The NEMS Electricity Market Module (EMM) represents the capacity planning, dispatching, and pricing of electricity. It is composed of four submodules-electricity capacity planning, electricity fuel dispatching, load and demand electricity, and electricity finance and pricing. It includes nonutility capacity and generation, and electricity transmission and trade. A detailed description of the EMM is provided in the EIA publication, Electricity Market Module of the National Energy Modeling System 2007, DOE/EIA- M068(2007). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are assumptions about the operations of the electricity sector and the costs of various options in each of the EMM submodules. This section describes the model parameters and assumptions used in EMM. It includes a discussion of legislation and regulations that are incorporated in EMM as well as information about the climate change action plan. The various electricity and technology cases are also described.

336

Event:11th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

1th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading 1th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 11th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading: on 2011/10/03 "The IEA-IETA-EPRI Emissions Trading Workshop has been held annually at the headquarters of the International Energy Agency since 2000. This international workshop focuses on developments in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading around the world at the international, national and sub-national level. The 2011 workshop will cover topics relevant to the development of global, national and sub-national carbon markets, including scaled-up and new market mechanisms, NAMAs and sectoral crediting policies, MRV and international GHG accounting and 2nd-best trading programmes. As in previous years, the workshop will assemble representatives from government,

337

Event:11th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Day 2 | Open  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Day 2 th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading Day 2 Jump to: navigation, search Calendar.png 11th Annual Workshop on Greenhouse Gas Emission Trading: on 2011/10/04 "The IEA-IETA-EPRI Emissions Trading Workshop has been held annually at the headquarters of the International Energy Agency since 2000. This international workshop focuses on developments in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions trading around the world at the international, national and sub-national level. The 2011 workshop will cover topics relevant to the development of global, national and sub-national carbon markets, including scaled-up and new market mechanisms, NAMAs and sectoral crediting policies, MRV and international GHG accounting and 2nd-best trading programmes. As in previous years, the workshop will assemble representatives from government,

338

Bagasse-based cogeneration projects in Kenya. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

A Definitional Mission team evaluated the prospects of the US Trade and Development Program (TDP) funding a feasibility study that would assist the Government of Kenya in developing power cogeneration plants in three Kenyan sugar factories and possibly two more that are now in the planning stage or construction. The major Kenyan sugar producing region around Kisumu, on Lake Victoria has climatic conditions that permit cane growing operations ideally suitable for cogeneration of power in sugar factories. The total potentially available capacity from the proposed rehabilitation of the three mills will be approximately 25.15 MW, or 5.7 percent of total electricity production.

Kenda, W.; Shrivastava, V.K.

1992-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

339

Master development plan for the Cartagena Refinery. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study, conducted by the M.W. Kellogg Company, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of ECOPETROL, Colombia`s national oil company. The objective of the study was to investigate technical, economic, and environmental issues that challenge the Cartagena Refinery. The study also recommends the most attractive options for the refinery to improve profitability. The document is divided into the following sections: (1) Executive Summary; (2) Market Survey; (3) Refinery Configuration; (4) Economic Evaluation; (5) Other Technical/Strategic Considerations; (6) Appendix.

NONE

1996-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

340

A Tracing Method for Pricing Inter-Area Electricity Trades  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

on the marginal cost pricing ideas of Schweppe et al (1988). By the end of the decade, the US Federal Energy Regulatory Commission was requiring the electricity industry to form regional transmission organisations in order to better co-ordinate trading... to be met from transit charges should equal the ratio of transit flows to transit flows plus home country consumption. This appears to be a reasonable rule of thumb, and the detailed design of a tariff is not the aim of this paper. Instead, we wish to show...

Kattuman, Paul; Green, Richard J; Bialek, Janusz

2004-06-16T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


341

Substation automation feasibility study. Final report. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by Macro Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency, on behalf of the Polish Power Grid Company. The report shows the results of a feasibility study for the implementation of substation automation on the company`s high-voltage transmission network. The report is aimed at providing a technical-economic assessment of modernizing the monitoring, protection, and control systems in the major transmission substations. The report is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction; (2) Existing Situation And Assessment Of Operational Needs; (3) Functional Requirements; (4) Implementation Options and Costs; (5) Guidelines for Staged Implementation; (6) Conclusions and Recommendations.

1995-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

342

Evaluating possible cap and trade legislation on cellulosic feedstock availability  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An integrated, socioeconomic biogeophysical model is used to analyze the interactions of cap-and-trade legislation and the Renewable Fuels Standard. Five alternative policy scenarios were considered with the purpose of identifying policies that act in a synergistic manner to reduce carbon emissions, increase economic returns to agriculture, and adequately meet ethanol mandates.We conclude that climate and energy policies can best be implemented together by offering carbon offset payments to conservation tillage, herbaceous grasses for biomass, and by constraining crop residue removal for ethanol feedstocks to carbon neutral level.

Hellwinckel, C.M.; West, Tristram O.; De La Torre Ugarte, D. G.; Perlack, Robert D.

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

343

National American Indian Housing Council 38th Annual Convention and Trade Show  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The National American Indian Housing Council's (NAIHC’s) most longstanding annual event, the Annual Convention & Trade Show is an opportunity to learn about Indian housing, attend training...

344

The Impact of Trade Liberalisation on Decent Work: The Case of the Philippine Sugar Mill Workers.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The impact of trade liberalisation on the structure and nature of work is a divisive topic. On the one hand, there are those who support… (more)

Jadoc, Johana Sellado

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

345

The impact of trade liberation on the manufacturing sector in Cameroon / B. Bongsha.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Trade liberalisation has been a prescription for all countries performing poorly and is seen to be necessary in all economies that have grown (Krueger, 1997).… (more)

Bongsha, Bernard

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

346

Impacts of globlisation and trade liberalisation on small households in Vietnam livestock sector.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??Vietnam has negotiated a series of bilateral and multilateral trade agreements and has made significant steps in integrating into the world economy. This integration is… (more)

Pham, Thi Ngoc Linh

2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

347

Impact of Agricultural Trade Liberalisation on the welfare of rural communities in Bangladesh .  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The objective of this study was to analyse the impact of agricultural trade liberalisation on the welfare of rural households in Bangladesh. The study used… (more)

Talukder, Dayal

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

348

Emissions Trading: A Policy Option for Fighting Climate Change in Africa.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??This thesis shows how an emissions trading scheme can help African countries contribute to the goal of stabilizing the concentration of greenhouse gases in the… (more)

Akinwande, Gbenga

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

349

Mexico Week: U.S. is Mexico’s primary energy trade partner amid ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Source: U.S. Energy Information Administration based on Mexico's online tariff information system (SIAVI). Note: : U.S.-Mexico coal and electricity trading is so ...

350

Mexico Week: U.S.-Mexico electricity trade is small, with ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A small amount of electricity trade with Mexico exists in California, New Mexico, and Texas, where transmission lines cross the border (see map):

351

When the Underwriter is the Market Maker: An Examination of Trading in the IPO Aftermarket  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper examines aftermarket trading of underwriters and unaffiliated market makers in the three month period after an IPO. We find that the lead underwriter is always the dominant market maker, he takes substantial inventory positions in the aftermarket trading, and co-managers play a negligible role in aftermarket trading. The lead underwriter engages in stabilization activity for less successful IPOs, and uses the overallotment option to reduce his inventory risk. Compensation to the underwriter arises primarily from fees, but aftermarket trading does generate positive profits, which are positively related to the degree of underpricing.

Katrina Ellis; Roni Michaely; Maureen O' Hara

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

352

Crafting a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership: What Can Be Done  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

the European Union committed themselves to launching negotiations on a Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP). The negotiations are scheduled to start in the second

Jeffrey J. Schott; Cathleen Cimino; Jeffrey J. Schott

2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

353

Table 3.3a Petroleum Trade: Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review October 2013 41 Table 3.3a Petroleum Trade: Overview Imports From Persian Gulfa Imports

354

Mexico Week: U.S.-Mexico electricity trade is small, with tight ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

A small amount of electricity trade with Mexico exists in California, New Mexico, and Texas, where transmission lines cross the border (see map):

355

The South China Sea is an important world energy trade route ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Intraregional trade is distributed evenly among Singapore, South Korea, Japan, and China, with smaller amounts going to other Southeast Asia countries.

356

Table 3.3a Petroleum Trade: Overview - U.S. Energy Information ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

U.S. Energy Information Administration / Monthly Energy Review November 2013 41 Table 3.3a Petroleum Trade: Overview Imports From Persian Gulfa

357

EA-319-A Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP (BNP Paribas Energy...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GP) More Documents & Publications EA-319 Fortis Energy Marketing & Trading GP Natural Gas Imports and Exports - Second Quarter Report 2013 EA-223-A CMS Marketing, Services and...

358

Photovoltaic concentrator module improvements study  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

This report presents results of a project to design and fabricate an improved photovoltaic concentrator module. Using previous work as a baseline, this study conducted analyses and testing to select major module components and design features. The lens parquet and concentrator solar cell were selected from the highest performing, available components. A single 185X point-focus module was fabricated by the project team and tested at Sandia. Major module characteristics include a 6 by 4 compression-molded acrylic lens parquet (0.737 m{sup 2} area), twenty-four 0.2 ohms-cm, FZ, p-Si solar cells (1.56 cm{sup 2} area) soldered to ceramic substrates and copper heat spreaders, and an aluminized steel housing with corrugated bottom. This project marked the first attempt to use prismatic covers on solar cells in a high-concentration, point-focus application. Cells with 15 percent metallization were obtained, but problems with the fabrication and placement of prismatic covers on these cells lead to the decision not to use covers in the prototype module. Cell assembly fabrication, module fabrication, and module optical design activities are presented here. Test results are also presented for bare cells, cell assemblies, and module. At operating conditions of 981 watts/m{sup 2} DNI and an estimated cell temperature of 65{degrees}C, the module demonstrated an efficiency of 13.9 percent prior to stressed environmental exposure. 12 refs., 56 figs., 7 tabs.

Levy, S.L.; Kerschen, K.A. (Black and Veatch, Kansas City, MO (United States)); Hutchison, G. (Solar Kinetics, Inc., Dallas, TX (United States)); Nowlan, M.J. (Spire Corp., Bedford, MA (United States))

1991-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

359

Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

Flat-plate photovoltaic (PV) modules are made of several components, including the front surface materials, encapsulant, rear surface, and frame.

360

WSRC Nuclear Materials Cost Module  

National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)

Office (GAO) WSRC NM Cost Module Generates WSRC monthly and fiscal year to date Inventory and Manufacturing Statement for government owned accountable nuclear materials....

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


361

Adjustable extender for instrument module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A blank extender module used to mount an instrument module in front of its console for repair or test purposes has been equipped with a rotatable mount and means for locking the mount at various angles of rotation for easy accessibility. The rotatable mount includes a horizontal conduit supported by bearings within the blank module. The conduit is spring-biased in a retracted position within the blank module and in this position a small gear mounted on the conduit periphery is locked by a fixed pawl. The conduit and instrument mount can be pulled into an extended position with the gear clearing the pawl to permit rotation and adjustment of the instrument.

Sevec, J.B.; Stein, A.D.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

362

Petroleum Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, other refinery inputs including alcohols, ethers, bioesters, natural gas plant liquids production, and refinery processing gain. In addition, the PMM estimates capacity expansion and fuel consumption of domestic refineries. The PMM contains a linear programming representation of U.S. refining activities in the five Petroleum Area Defense Districts (PADDs) (Figure 9). The model is created by aggregating individual refineries into one linear programmming representation for each PADD. This representation provides the marginal costs of production for a number of conventional and new petroleum products. In order to interact with other NEMS modules with different regional representations, certain PMM inputs and outputs are converted from PADD regions to other regional structures and vice versa. The linear programming results are used to determine

363

Electricity Market Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

6, DOE/EIA- 6, DOE/EIA- M068(2006). Based on fuel prices and electricity demands provided by the other modules of the NEMS, the EMM determines the most economical way to supply electricity, within environmental and operational constraints. There are assumptions about the operations of the electricity sector and the costs of various options in each of the EMM submodules. This section describes the model parameters and assumptions used in EMM. It includes a discussion of legislation and regulations that are incorporated in EMM as well as information about the climate change action plan. The various electricity and technology cases are also described. EMM Regions The supply regions used in EMM are based on the North American Electric Reliability Council regions and

364

Light modulating device  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

In a device for transmitting light, means for controlling the transmissivity of the device, including a ceramic, reversibly electrochromic, crystalline element having a highly reflective state when injected with electrons and charge compensating ions and a highly transmissive state when the electrons and ions are removed, the crystalline element being characterized as having a reflectivity of at least 50% in the reflective state and not greater than 10% in the transmissive state, and means for modulating the crystalline element between the reflective and transmissive states by injecting ions into the crystalline element in response to an applied electrical current of a first polarity and removing the ions in response to an applied electrical current of a second polarity are disclosed. 1 fig.

Rauh, R.D.; Goldner, R.B.

1989-12-26T23:59:59.000Z

365

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

SciTech Connect

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J. (Fairfax, CA); Mittan, Margaret Birmingham (Oakland, CA); Seery, Martin N. (San Rafael, CA); Holland, Rodney H. (Novato, CA)

2012-04-17T23:59:59.000Z

366

Photovoltaic module mounting system  

SciTech Connect

A solar array mounting system having unique installation, load distribution, and grounding features, and which is adaptable for mounting solar panels having no external frame. The solar array mounting system includes flexible, pedestal-style feet and structural links connected in a grid formation on the mounting surface. The photovoltaic modules are secured in place via the use of attachment clamps that grip the edge of the typically glass substrate. The panel mounting clamps are then held in place by tilt brackets and/or mid-link brackets that provide fixation for the clamps and align the solar panels at a tilt to the horizontal mounting surface. The tilt brackets are held in place atop the flexible feet and connected link members thus creating a complete mounting structure.

Miros, Robert H. J.; Mittan, Margaret Birmingham; Seery, Martin N; Holland, Rodney H

2012-09-18T23:59:59.000Z

367

Foreign Influence and the International Trade in Natural Resources  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

A wealth of anecdotic evidence suggests that diplomacy plays an important role in the allocation of oil and other exaustible resource contracts in developing countries. I present an economic model of energy security that rationalizes the role of governments in facilitating the expansion of national resource FDIs. I begin by showing that the control of a large number of overseas contracts may allow a country to distort the terms of trade to its advantage, and that this may be optimal when prices are high despite the fact that it depresses the value of the contracts themselves. Because the benefit of such distortion are not captured by overseas investors, there is a role for governments to facilitate the expansion of national oil companies to the nationally optimal level. I then argue that natural resource contracts are longterm in nature, making a myopic resource-rich government potentially willing to exchange current transfers for a clientelistic allocation of contracts. The combination of these two elements create the scope for a natural resource diplomacy: this can be offensive (when it aims to make national resource hoarding possible) or simply defensive (when it is concerned with avoiding resource hoarding by other countries). I study the impact of diplomatic competition on the pattern of FDI, trade and welfare. Very preliminary draft, please do not quote or circulate. 1 1

Roberto Bonfatti

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

368

The diseconomics of long-haul LNG trading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Long-haul liquefied natural gas (LNG) exports yield little or no economic rent. Trades, such as Borneo to Japan, are economical, but government takes otherwise are minimal. Today, the price of LNG is capped by the technical option of modifying gas turbines to bum liquid fuels. The maximum premium for LNG is less than 50 cents per thousand cubic feet (/Mcf), and buyers are resisting any price above oil parity. Costs of LNG are high and increase with distance. The netback value is zero or even negative for the longer-distance trades. The value of extracted co-products (natural gas liquids) is 50 cents to $1/Mcf. These credits are the principal source of profit, especially for foreign partners because natural gas liquids are taxed at low {open_quotes}industrial{close_quotes} rates. Returns are even less when the gas supply is nonassociated so that the project must {open_quotes}pay{close_quotes} the production costs as well. Some exporting countries profit; but the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries as a whole looses because low-revenue LNG energy displaces at the margin fully taxed oil.

Stauffer, T.R.

1995-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

369

Models of Photovoltaic Module Performance  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

An analysis of data collected over a three-year period at Pacific Gas and Electric Company's Photovoltaic Test Facility has enabled the prediction of photovoltaic (PV) module performance under conditions different from the test environment. The equations developed by PG&E provide a basis for rating photovoltaic modules and systems more accurately than in the past.

1988-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

370

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Oil and Gas Supply Module Oil and Gas Supply Module This page inTenTionally lefT blank 119 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2013 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides

371

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium, Technology and Policy Program #12;#12;3 Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy technologies? To investigate this question I focus on how a renewable portfolio standard (RPS) interacts

372

Operational Compliance Levers, Environmental Performance, and Firm Performance Under Cap and Trade Regulation  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Cap and trade programs impose limits on industry emissions but offer individual firms the flexibility to choose among different operational levers toward compliance, including inputs, process changes, and the use of allowances to account for emissions. ... Keywords: cap and trade, empirical research, environmental compliance, environmental operations, public policy

James Kroes; Ravi Subramanian; Ramanath Subramanyam

2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

373

CO{sub 2} Cap-and-Trade: should industry speak up or sign on?  

SciTech Connect

Should the energy community support cap-and-trade and work for a common sense method of regulation? If cap-and-trade can be expected to be a major policy blunder, would the wiser course be to support a carbon tax rather than become enablers to a failure that later may be laid at the door of the energy community? (author)

Winters, Tobey

2008-05-15T23:59:59.000Z

374

Key Issues in the Design of NOx Emission Trading Programs to Reduce Ground-Level Ozone  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

As NOx control requirements grow more stringent and expensive, interest in emission trading as a means of controlling costs and increasing flexibility has risen. This report provides background information for and analysis of the design of emission trading programs for control of nitrogen oxides (NOx) from stationary sources, including fossil fuel electric generating plants.

1994-10-07T23:59:59.000Z

375

A novel recurrent neural network-based prediction system for option trading and hedging  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In order to reduce their exposure to the erratic fluctuations of the financial markets, traders are nowadays increasingly dealing with options and other derivative securities instead of directly trading in the underlying assets. This paradigm shift ... Keywords: Computational finance, Hedging system, Option trading, Recurrent neural network

C. Quek; M. Pasquier; N. Kumar

2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

376

Carbon permit prices in the European emissions trading system : a stochastic analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Emission Trading Scheme (ETS) is a cornerstone for European efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, and in its test phase will operate from 2005-2007. It is a cap-and-trade system where an aggregate cap on emissions ...

See, Wee Chiang

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

377

Force Modulator System  

SciTech Connect

Many metal parts manufacturers use large metal presses to shape sheet metal into finished products like car body parts, jet wing and fuselage surfaces, etc. These metal presses take sheet metal and - with enormous force - reshape the metal into a fully formed part in a manner of seconds. Although highly efficient, the forces involved in forming metal parts also damage the press itself, limit the metals used in part production, slow press operations and, when not properly controlled, cause the manufacture of large volumes of defective metal parts. To date, the metal-forming industry has not been able to develop a metal-holding technology that allows full control of press forces during the part forming process. This is of particular importance in the automotive lightweighting efforts under way in the US automotive manufacturing marketplace. Metalforming Controls Technology Inc. (MC2) has developed a patented press control system called the Force Modulator that has the ability to control these press forces, allowing a breakthrough in stamping process control. The technology includes a series of hydraulic cylinders that provide controlled tonnage at all points in the forming process. At the same time, the unique cylinder design allows for the generation of very high levels of clamping forces (very high tonnages) in very small spaces; a requirement for forming medium and large panels out of HSS and AHSS. Successful production application of these systems testing at multiple stamping operations - including Ford and Chrysler - has validated the capabilities and economic benefits of the system. Although this technology has been adopted in a number of stamping operations, one of the primary barriers to faster adoption and application of this technology in HSS projects is system cost. The cost issue has surfaced because the systems currently in use are built for each individual die as a custom application, thus driving higher tooling costs. This project proposed to better marry the die-specific Force Modulator technology with stamping presses in the form of a press cushion. This system would be designed to operate the binder ring for multiple parts, thus cutting the per-die cost of the technology. This study reports the results of technology field application. This project produced the following conclusions: (1) The Force Modulator system is capable of operating at very high tempos in the stamping environment; (2) The company can generate substantial, controlled holding tonnage (binder ring pressure) necessary to hold high strength steel parts for proper formation during draw operations; (3) A single system can be designed to operate with a family of parts, thus significantly reducing the per-die cost of a FM system; (4) High strength steel parts made with these systems appear to show significant quality improvements; (5) The amounts of steel required to make these parts is typically less than the amounts required with traditional blank-holding technologies; and (6) This technology will aid in the use of higher strength steels in auto and truck production, thus reducing weight and improving fuel efficiency.

Redmond Clark

2009-04-30T23:59:59.000Z

378

Trade Study for Integrating Numerous SECA SOFC Modules Burak Ozpineci (Primary Contact), Donald J Adams, Leon M. Tolbert  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

.S. Department of Energy's Solid-State Energy Conversion Alliance (SECA) program is targeting solid oxide fuel of the complete system are still functioning), energy conversion efficiency, and ease of mass customization selected for integrating numerous fuel cells are series configuration, dc-link configuration, high

379

Transportation and Greenhouse Gas Emissions Trading. Final Technical Report  

SciTech Connect

The authors conclude in this report that an upstream system would ensure complete regulatory coverage of transportation sector emissions in an efficient and feasible manner, and as such represents a key component of a national least-cost GHG emissions abatement strategy. The broad coverage provided by an upstream system recommends this approach over vehicle-maker based approaches, which would not cover emissions from heavy-duty vehicles and the aviation, marine and off-road sub-sectors. The on-road fleet approach unfairly and inefficiently burdens vehicle manufacturers with responsibility for emissions that they cannot control. A new vehicles approach would exclude emissions from vehicles on the road prior to program inception. The hybrid approach faces significant technical and political complications, and it is not clear that the approach would actually change behavior among vehicle makers and users, which is its main purpose. They also note that a trading system would fail to encourage many land use and infrastructure measures that affect VMT growth and GHG emissions. They recommend that this market failure be addressed by complementing the trading system with a program specifically targeting land use- and infrastructure-related activities. A key issue that must be addressed in designing a national GHG control strategy is whether or not it is necessary to guarantee GHG reductions from the transport sector. Neither an upstream system nor a downstream approach would do so, since both would direct capital to the least-cost abatement opportunities wherever they were found. They review two reasons why it may be desirable to force transportation sector reductions: first, that the long-term response to climate change will require reductions in all sectors; and second, the many ancillary benefits associated with transportation-related, and especially VMT-related, emissions reduction activities. If policy makers find it desirable to establish transportation-specific policies, they recommend (in addition to the land use policies mentioned above), that they combine an upstream trading system with a carbon efficiency standard similar to the current CAFE standard. Under this approach a fuel price signal would be complemented by incentives for manufacturers to produce more carbon efficient vehicles. To prevent vehicle manufacturers from being forced to pay more than other sectors for reducing GHG emissions, they recommend that the vehicle makers be allowed to pay a cash penalty equal to the market price of allowances in lieu of meeting carbon efficiency requirements.

Steve Winkelman; Tim Hargrave; Christine Vanderlan

1999-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

380

Will You Be Trading in Your Clunker for Cash--and a More Efficient Vehicle?  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Will You Be Trading in Your Clunker for Cash--and a More Efficient Will You Be Trading in Your Clunker for Cash--and a More Efficient Vehicle? Will You Be Trading in Your Clunker for Cash--and a More Efficient Vehicle? August 6, 2009 - 11:43am Addthis On Tuesday, Amy told you about the Car Allowance Rebate System (CARS) Program, widely known as "Cash-for-Clunkers," which provides an incentive to trade in your old vehicle for a new, fuel-efficient model. Will you be trading in your clunker for cash--and a more efficient vehicle? Each Thursday, you have the chance to share your thoughts on a question about energy efficiency or renewable energy for consumers. Please comment with your answers, and also feel free to respond to other comments. Addthis Related Articles You Can Still Save on the Road -- Even with No Cash for Clunkers

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


381

On distribution of number of trades in different time windows in the stock market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Properties of distributions of the number of trades in different intraday time intervals for five stocks traded in MICEX are studied. The dependence of the mean number of trades on the capital turnover is analyzed. Correlation analysis using factorial and $H_q$ moments demonstrates the multifractal nature of these distributions as well as some peculiar changes in the correlation pattern. Guided by the analogy with the analysis of particle multiplicity distributions in multiparticle production at high energies, an evolution equation relating changes in capital turnover and a number of trades is proposed. We argue that such equation can describe the observed features of the distribution of the number of trades in the stock market.

I. M. Dremin; A. V. Leonidov

2004-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

382

Industrialization under the WTO : the impact of asymmetric free trade agreements on middle-technology developing countries  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This dissertation addresses the issue of industrialization in the WTO regime, focusing on the role of asymmetric free trade agreements. It proposes a framework where free trade agreements offer payoffs that countries have ...

DiCaprio, Alisa

2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

383

Traditional building trades and crafts in changing socio-economic realities and present aesthetic values : case studies in Syria  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Traditional building trades and crafts made a major contribution to the quality and the character of architecture in the past. The advent of industrialization in the name of modernization eclipsed these building trades and ...

Abed, Jamal H

1988-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

384

Over-Allocation or Abatement? A Preliminary Analysis of the EU Emissions Trading Scheme Based on the 2005 Emissions Data  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper provides an initial analysis of the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) based on the installation-level data for verified emissions and allowance allocations in the first trading year. Those data, ...

Ellerman, A. Denny.

385

Impact of European Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS) on carbon emissions and investment decisions in the power sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This masters thesis assesses the impact of a emissions trading on short-term carbon abatement and investment decisions in the power sector. Environmental benefits from carbon abatement due to emissions trading are quantified ...

Feilhauer, Stephan M. (Stephan Marvin)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

386

Photovoltaic solar concentrator module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

This invention consists of a planar photovoltaic concentrator module for producing an electrical signal from incident solar radiation which includes an electrically insulating housing having a front wall, an opposing back wall and a hollow interior. A solar cell having electrical terminals is positioned within the interior of the housing. A planar conductor is connected with a terminal of the solar cell of the same polarity. A lens forming the front wall of the housing is operable to direct solar radiation incident to the lens into the interior of the housing. A refractive optical element in contact with the solar cell and facing the lens receives the solar radiation directed into the interior of the housing by the lens and directs the solar radiation to the solar cell to cause the solar cell to generate an electrical signal. An electrically conductive planar member is positioned in the housing to rest on the housing back wall in supporting relation with the solar cell terminal of opposite polarity. The planar member is operable to dissipate heat radiated by the solar cell as the solar cell generates an electrical signal and further forms a solar cell conductor connected with the solar cell terminal to permit the electrical signal generated by the solar cell to be measured between the planar member and the conductor.

Chiang, C.J.

1991-05-16T23:59:59.000Z

387

Living Systems Energy Module  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The Living Systems Energy Module, renamed Voyage from the Sun, is a twenty-lesson curriculum designed to introduce students to the major ways in which energy is important in living systems. Voyage from the Sun tells the story of energy, describing its solar origins, how it is incorporated into living terrestrial systems through photosynthesis, how it flows from plants to herbivorous animals, and from herbivores to carnivores. A significant part of the unit is devoted to examining how humans use energy, and how human impact on natural habitats affects ecosystems. As students proceed through the unit, they read chapters of Voyage from the Sun, a comic book that describes the flow of energy in story form (Appendix A). During the course of the unit, an ``Energy Pyramid`` is erected in the classroom. This three-dimensional structure serves as a classroom exhibit, reminding students daily of the importance of energy and of the fragile nature of our living planet. Interactive activities teach students about adaptations that allow plants and animals to acquire, to use and to conserve energy. A complete list of curricular materials and copies of all activity sheets appear in Appendix B.

NONE

1995-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

388

Mazheikiai refinery modernization study. Executive summary. Export trade information  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The study, conducted by Foster Wheeler Corporation, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency on behalf of Lithuania's Ministry of Energy. The Mazheikiai Oil Refinery is the only one in the Baltic Region and serves the needs of Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, and Kaliningrad. Before Lithuania's independence in 1990, the refinery was assured of crude supplies from Russia. However, since then the need has arisen to secure alternate sources of crude oil and the ability to process them. The purpose of the report is to provide recommendations to the Ministry of Energy for process improvements, environmental control measures, physical rehabilitation and energy conservation plans for the Mazheikiai Oil Refinery. The volume contains the Executive Summary.

Not Available

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

389

Elevated tritium levels at the World Trade Center  

SciTech Connect

Traces of tritiated water (HTO) were detected at [the]World Trade Center (WTC) ground zero after the 9/11/01 terrorist attack. A method of ultralow-background liquid scintillation counting was used after distilling HTO from the samples. A water sample from the WTC sewer, collected on 9/13/01, contained 0.174 plus or minus 0.074 (2s) nCi/L of HTO. A split water sample, collected on 9/21/01 from the basement of WTC Building 6, contained 3.53 plus or minus 0.17 and 2.83 plus or minus 0.15 nCi/L, respectively. Several water and vegetation samples were analyzed from areas outside the ground zero, located in Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and Kensico Reservoir. No HTO above the background was found in those samples. All these results are well below the levels of concern to human exposure.

Semkow, Thomas M.; Hafner, Ronald S.; Parekh, Pravin P.; Wozniak, Gordon J.; Haines, Douglas K.; Husain, Liaquat; Rabun, Robert L.; Williams, Philip G.

2002-05-14T23:59:59.000Z

390

Trade study for the disposition of cesium and strontium capsules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This trade study analyzes alternatives for the eventual disposal of cesium and strontium capsules currently stored at the Waste Encapsulation and Storage Facility as by-product. However, for purposes of this study, it is assumed that at some time in the future, the capsules will be declared high-level waste and therefore will require disposal at an offsite geologic repository. The study considered numerous alternatives and selected three for detailed analysis: (1) overpack and storage at high-level waste canister storage building, (2) overpack at the high-level waste vitrification facility followed by storage at a high-level waste canister storage building, and (3) blend capsule contents with other high-level waste feed streams and vitrify at the high-level waste vitrification facility.

Claghorn, R.D.

1996-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

391

Southern thailand coal fired project: Feasibility study. Export trade information  

SciTech Connect

This study, conducted by Black & Veatch International, was funded by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency. The report addresses various technical, environmental, and economic aspects of developing four 1,000 MW units of coal fired electric generating facilities at a site near Prachuap Khiri Khan. The study includes a cost estimate for the units and the fuel delivery port as well as the major conceptual design decisions made for the project. This volume of the report is the Feasibility Study and is divided into the following sections: (1) Introduction/Summary; (2) Generation Planning Study; (3) Site Selection Study; (4) Project Description; (5) Fuel Resource Assessment; (6) Water Resource Assessment; (7) Technical Information to Support the Environmental Impact Assessment; (8) Plant Conceptual Design; (9) Transmission Interconnection; (10) Project Capital Cost Estimate; (11) Project Schedule; (12) Project Implementation Plan; (13) Project Risk Analysis.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

392

UK Department of Trade and Industry Renewables Group | Open Energy  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

and Industry Renewables Group and Industry Renewables Group Jump to: navigation, search Name UK Department of Trade and Industry Renewables Group Place London, United Kingdom Sector Renewable Energy Product The renewables section of the DTI's Energy Group. Coordinates 51.506325°, -0.127144° Loading map... {"minzoom":false,"mappingservice":"googlemaps3","type":"ROADMAP","zoom":14,"types":["ROADMAP","SATELLITE","HYBRID","TERRAIN"],"geoservice":"google","maxzoom":false,"width":"600px","height":"350px","centre":false,"title":"","label":"","icon":"","visitedicon":"","lines":[],"polygons":[],"circles":[],"rectangles":[],"copycoords":false,"static":false,"wmsoverlay":"","layers":[],"controls":["pan","zoom","type","scale","streetview"],"zoomstyle":"DEFAULT","typestyle":"DEFAULT","autoinfowindows":false,"kml":[],"gkml":[],"fusiontables":[],"resizable":false,"tilt":0,"kmlrezoom":false,"poi":true,"imageoverlays":[],"markercluster":false,"searchmarkers":"","locations":[{"text":"","title":"","link":null,"lat":51.506325,"lon":-0.127144,"alt":0,"address":"","icon":"","group":"","inlineLabel":"","visitedicon":""}]}

393

Photovoltaic module with adhesion promoter  

SciTech Connect

Photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters and methods for fabricating photovoltaic modules with adhesion promoters are described. A photovoltaic module includes a solar cell including a first surface and a second surface, the second surface including a plurality of interspaced back-side contacts. A first glass layer is coupled to the first surface by a first encapsulating layer. A second glass layer is coupled to the second surface by a second encapsulating layer. At least a portion of the second encapsulating layer is bonded directly to the plurality of interspaced back-side contacts by an adhesion promoter.

2013-10-08T23:59:59.000Z

394

Photovoltaic Cz Silicon Module Improvements  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Work focused on reducing the cost per watt of Cz silicon photovoltaic modules under Phase II of Siemens Solar Industries' DOE/NREL PVMaT 4A subcontract is described in this report. New module designs were deployed in this phase of the contract, improvements in yield of over 10% were realized, and further implementation of Statistical Process Control was achieved during this phase. Module configurations representing a 12% cost reduction per watt were implemented in small scale production under Phase II of this contract. Yield improvements are described in detail, yield sensitivity to wafer thickness is quantified, and the deployment of SPC in critical process steps is reported here.

Jester, T. L.

1998-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

395

Excessive Speculation and Market Manipulation The Guar Futures Trading Fiasco  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The recent guar trading scandal gives a peek into the murky world of Indian commodity futures markets and reveals how commodity exchanges are acting like casinos for speculators, moving away from their avowed objectives of price discovery and price risk management in an efficient and orderly manner. Guar (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) is a drought resistant crop grown mainly in Rajasthan and parts of Haryana and Punjab. The sowing season for guar seed begins in July and the crop is ready for harvesting in October. Most guar farmers sell their produce to traders at the farm gate and nearby markets. A part of produce is also kept by farmers for seed, animal feed and fodder purposes. India is the largest producer of guar seed in the world and accounts for 80 percent of the world’s total guar seed production. Guar gum, extracted from guar seed, is used as a thickening agent and additive in food products such as soups and ice-creams. Of late, the global demand for guar gum is growing rapidly because of its use in “hydraulic fracking ” process to extract oil and gas from shale. Almost 80 percent of country’s total production is exported to US, China and Europe. Considered as a narrow commodity due to its limited potential for cultivation in peculiar agroclimatic conditions, the total area under guar seed production was 2.9 million hectares in 2011. The prices of guar seed and guar gum vary from year to year depending on the monsoon conditions. Since 2004, guar seed and guar gum contracts are being traded in the Indian commodity futures markets.

Strong Export

2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

396

The impact of trade liberalisation on growth, poverty and income distribution: a dynamic computable general equilibrium analysis with an application to Vietnam.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??In recent decades, there have been an increasingly large number of developing countries that have embraced external economic liberalisation policies. Following trade theory, trade liberalisation… (more)

Wong, Melissa Oi Ming

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

397

Residential Sector Demand Module 1995, Model Documentation  

Reports and Publications (EIA)

This updated version of the NEMS Residential Module Documentation includes changesmade to the residential module for the production of the Annual Energy Outlook 1995.

John H. Cymbalsky

1995-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

398

Biomass Energy Technology Module | Open Energy Information  

Open Energy Info (EERE)

Biomass Energy Technology Module Jump to: navigation, search Tool Summary LAUNCH TOOL Name: Biomass Energy Technology Module AgencyCompany Organization: World Bank Sector: Energy...

399

Module Encapsulation Materials, Processing and Testing (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Study of PV module encapsulation materials, processing, and testing shows that overall module reliability is determined by all component materials and processing factors.

Pern, J.

2008-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

400

Oil and Gas Supply Module  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

1 1 U.S. Energy Information Administration | Assumptions to the Annual Energy Outlook 2012 Oil and Gas Supply Module The NEMS Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM) constitutes a comprehensive framework with which to analyze crude oil and natural gas exploration and development on a regional basis (Figure 8). The OGSM is organized into 4 submodules: Onshore Lower 48 Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Offshore Oil and Gas Supply Submodule, Oil Shale Supply Submodule[1], and Alaska Oil and Gas Supply Submodule. A detailed description of the OGSM is provided in the EIA publication, Model Documentation Report: The Oil and Gas Supply Module (OGSM), DOE/EIA-M063(2011), (Washington, DC, 2011). The OGSM provides crude oil and natural gas short-term supply parameters to both the Natural Gas Transmission and Distribution Module and the Petroleum

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


401

Module Handbook Specialisation Biomass Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Target learning outcomes The module of Introduction and Basic concepts establishes the fundamental) Efficiency determination (I) Biofuels Management: prevention and protection against explosions Efficiency thermochemistry processes · Mass and energy balances · Efficiency calculation Target learning outcomes

Damm, Werner

402

Multiple Layer Graphene Optical Modulator  

Scientists at Berkeley Lab have developed a tiny optical modulator based on graphene, potentially leading to significantly improved data transmission speeds in digital communications. The extremely strong interaction between light and relativistic ...

403

Module Handbook Specialisation Wind Energy  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wind energy External costs Future price trends 3. Environmental Issues Environmental benefits of WT and Externalities Clculation methods Current plant costs Wind energy prices The value Module Handbook Specialisation Wind Energy 2nd Semester for the Master Programme

Habel, Annegret

404

Solar cell module lamination process  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A solar cell module lamination process using fluoropolymers to provide protection from adverse environmental conditions and thus enable more extended use of solar cells, particularly in space applications. A laminate of fluoropolymer material provides a hermetically sealed solar cell module structure that is flexible and very durable. The laminate is virtually chemically inert, highly transmissive in the visible spectrum, dimensionally stable at temperatures up to about 200.degree. C. highly abrasion resistant, and exhibits very little ultra-violet degradation.

Carey, Paul G. (Mountain View, CA); Thompson, Jesse B. (Brentwood, CA); Aceves, Randy C. (Tracy, CA)

2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

405

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module. 4 figures.

Prueitt, M.L.

1994-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

406

Compact magnetic energy storage module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A superconducting compact magnetic energy storage module in which a plurality of superconducting toroids, each having a toroidally wound superconducting winding inside a poloidally wound superconducting winding, are stacked so that the flow of electricity in each toroidally wound superconducting winding is in a direction opposite from the direction of electrical flow in other contiguous superconducting toroids. This allows for minimal magnetic pollution outside of the module.

Prueitt, Melvin L. (Los Alamos, NM)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

407

Trade balance instability and the optimal exchange rate regime: The case of OPEC countries  

SciTech Connect

The OPEC members have experienced wide fluctuations in their trade balances. This can be attributed to several factors: (1) heavy dependence of national income and export earnings on a single primary export-oil; (2) instability of price and world demand for oil; and (3) the exchange rate regime practiced in recent years. An exchange rate policy can be used to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance, given the changes in exchange rates of major international currencies. The purpose of this study is two fold; first, examine the effects of fluctuations in trade balance on the OPEC economies, and second, propose appropriate exchange rate regime for selected OPEC members. The study is divided into two parts. The first part demonstrates the impact of trade balance changes on national income and other macroeconomic variables using a Keynesian framework. The second part involves using conventional trade models to search for the appropriate exchange rate regime to minimize the fluctuations in trade balance of each selective country. The study's findings are: first, fluctuations in trade balances had negative effects on the economics of Algeria, Kuwait, Libya, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Second, the current exchange rate regime of no sample country is optimal in minimizing trade balance fluctuations. Third, in contrast to expectations, U.S. dollar peg did not stabilize the trade balance of any OPEC member. Finally, the results show that the sample OPEC economies could have enjoyed faster - though with different degree - economic growth if they had pegged their currencies to the derived optimal exchange rate regime. These optimal exchange rate regimes are: the SDR for Algeria and the United Arab Emirates, the purchasing power parity for Libya and Saudi Arabia, and the real Yen for Kuwait.

Aljerrah, M.A.

1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

408

Impact of misalignment of trading agent strategy under a multiple market  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Abstract. We examine the effect of a market pricing policy designed to attract high-valued traders in a multiple market context using JCAT software. Our experiments show that a simple change to pricing policy can create market performance effects that traditional adaptive trading agents are unable to recognize or capitalize on, but that market-policy-aware trading agents can generally obtain. This suggests as parameterized and tunable markets become more common, trading strategies will increasingly need to be conditional on each individual market’s policies.

Jung-woo Sohn; Sooyeon Lee; Tracy Mullen

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

409

Apparatus for encapsulating a photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

The subject inventions concern various photovoltaic module designs to protect the module from horizontal and vertical impacts and degradation of solar cell efficiency caused by moisture. In one design, a plurality of panel supports that are positioned adjacent to the upper panel in a photovoltaic module absorb vertical forces exerted along an axis perpendicular to the upper panel. Other designs employ layers of glass and tempered glass, respectively, to protect the module from vertical impacts. A plurality of button-shaped channels is used around the edges of the photovoltaic module to absorb forces applied to the module along an axis parallel to the module and direct moisture away from the module that could otherwise penetrate the module and adversely affect the cells within the module. A spacer is employed between the upper and lower panels that has a coefficient of thermal expansion substantially equivalent to the coefficient of thermal expansion of at least one of the panels.

Albright, Scot P. (El Paso, TX); Dugan, Larry M. (Boulder, CO)

1995-10-24T23:59:59.000Z

410

Education of Risk Professionals Module 1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides documentation for Module 1 in the Electric Power Research Institute EPRI) Education of Risk Professionals Probabilistic Risk Assessment PRA) training program. Module 1 is the first of six training modules in the Education of Risk Professionals series. Each module is one week in length, and the entire training program is typically scheduled over 10 months. Accompanying this report are the Microsoft PowerPoint slide presentations for Module 1, which contain speaker notes that offer de...

2009-12-23T23:59:59.000Z

411

Education of Risk Professionals Module 2  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This report provides documentation for Module 2 in the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) Education of Risk Professionals Probabilistic Risk Assessment (PRA) training program. Module 2 is comprised of PRA 102, Systems Analysis and PRA 102A, Basic PRA Software. Module 2 is the second of six training modules in the Education of Risk Professionals series. Each module is typically one week in length. The entire training program is typically scheduled over the course of 10 months. The PowerPoint slide ...

2010-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

412

NEMS integrating module documentation report  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The National Energy Modeling System (NEMS) is a computer modeling system that produces a general equilibrium solution for energy supply and demand in the US energy markets. The model achieves a supply and demand balance in the end-use demand regions, defined as the nine Census Divisions, by solving for the prices of each energy type such that the quantities producers are willing to supply equal the quantities consumers wish to consume. The system reflects market economics, industry structure, and energy policies and regulations that influence market behavior. The NEMS Integrating Module is the central integrating component of a complex modeling system. As such, a thorough understanding of its role in the modeling process can only be achieved by placing it in the proper context with respect to the other modules. To that end, this document provides an overview of the complete NEMS model, and includes brief descriptions of the modules with which the Integrating Module interacts. The emphasis and focus, however, is on the structure and function of the Integrating Module of NEMS.

Not Available

1993-12-14T23:59:59.000Z

413

WORLD TRADE CENTER INDOOR DUST TEST AND CLEAN PROGRAM PLAN  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Background: This Test and Clean Program plan is the result of ongoing efforts to monitor the current environmental conditions for residents and workers impacted by the collapse of the World Trade Center (WTC) towers. In March 2004, EPA convened an expert technical review panel to provide individual guidance and assistance to the Agency in its use of available exposure and health surveillance databases and registries to characterize any remaining exposures and risks, identify unmet public health needs, and to individually recommend steps to further minimize the risks associated with the aftermath of the WTC attack. The WTC Expert Technical Review Panel (WTC Panel) members met periodically in open meetings to interact with EPA and the public about plans to monitor for the presence of WTC dust in indoor environments and to individually suggest additional measures that could be undertaken by EPA and others to evaluate the dispersion of the plume and the geographic extent of environmental impact from the collapse of the WTC towers. The WTC Panel members were charged, in part, with reviewing data from post-cleaning verification sampling to be done by EPA in the residential areas included in EPA Region 2's 2002-3 Indoor Air Residential Assistance Program to verify that recontamination has not

unknown authors

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

414

Wood pellet market and trade: a global perspective  

SciTech Connect

This perspective provides an overview of wood pellet markets in a number of countries of high significance, together with an inventory of market factors and relevant past or existing policies. In 2010, the estimated global wood pellet production and consumption were close to 14.3 Mt (million metric tonnes) and 13.5 Mt, respectively, while the global installed production capacity had reached over 28 Mt. Two types of pellets are mainly traded (i) for residential heating and (ii) for large-scale district heating or co-fi ring installations. The EU was the primary market, responsible for nearly 61% and 85% of global production and consumption, respectively in 2010. EU markets were divided according to end use: (i) residential and district heating, (ii) power plants driven market, (iii) mixed market, and (iv) export-driven countries. North America basically serves as an exporter, but also with signifi cant domestic consumption in USA. East Asia is predicted to become the second-largest consumer after the EU in the near future. The development perspective in Latin America remains unclear. Five factors that determine the market characteristics are: (i) the existence of coal-based power plants, (ii) the development of heating systems, (iii) feedstock availability, (iv) interactions with wood industry, and (v) logistics factor. Furthermore, intervention policies play a pivotal role in market development. The perspective of wood pellets industry was also analyzed from four major aspects: (i) supply potential, (ii) logistics issues, (iii) sustainability considerations, and (iv) technology development.

Chun Sheng Goh; Martin Junginger; Maurizio Cocchi; Didier Marchal; Daniela Thran; Christiane Hennig; Jussi Heinimo; Lars Nikolaisen; Peter-Paul Schouwenberg; Douglas Bradley; J. Richard Hess; Jacob J. Jacobson; Leslie Ovard; Michael Deutmeyer

2001-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

415

Environmental effects of interstate power trading on electricity consumption mixes  

SciTech Connect

Although many studies of electricity generation use national or state average generation mix assumptions, in reality a great deal of electricity is transferred between states with very different mixes of fossil and renewable fuels, and using the average numbers could result in incorrect conclusions in these studies. The authors create electricity consumption profiles for each state and for key industry sectors in the U.S. based on existing state generation profiles, net state power imports, industry presence by state, and an optimization model to estimate interstate electricity trading. Using these 'consumption mixes' can provide a more accurate assessment of electricity use in life-cycle analyses. It is concluded that the published generation mixes for states that import power are misleading, since the power consumed in-state has a different makeup than the power that was generated. And, while most industry sectors have consumption mixes similar to the U.S. average, some of the most critical sectors of the economy - such as resource extraction and material processing sectors - are very different. This result does validate the average mix assumption made in many environmental assessments, but it is important to accurately quantify the generation methods for electricity used when doing life-cycle analyses. 16 refs., 7 figs., 2 tabs.

Joe Marriott; H. Scott Matthews [Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, PA (United States). Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering

2005-11-15T23:59:59.000Z

416

Anthrax Sampling and Decontamination: Technology Trade-Offs  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The goal of this project was to answer the following questions concerning response to a future anthrax release (or suspected release) in a building: 1. Based on past experience, what rules of thumb can be determined concerning: (a) the amount of sampling that may be needed to determine the extent of contamination within a given building; (b) what portions of a building should be sampled; (c) the cost per square foot to decontaminate a given type of building using a given method; (d) the time required to prepare for, and perform, decontamination; (e) the effectiveness of a given decontamination method in a given type of building? 2. Based on past experience, what resources will be spent on evaluating the extent of contamination, performing decontamination, and assessing the effectiveness of the decontamination in abuilding of a given type and size? 3. What are the trade-offs between cost, time, and effectiveness for the various sampling plans, sampling methods, and decontamination methods that have been used in the past?

Price, Phillip N.; Hamachi, Kristina; McWilliams, Jennifer; Sohn, Michael D.

2008-09-12T23:59:59.000Z

417

Resolution and noise trade-off analysis for volumetric CT  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Until recently, most studies addressing the trade-off between spatial resolution and quantum noise were performed in the context of single-slice CT. In this study, we extend the theoretical framework of previous works to volumetric CT and further extend it by taking into account the actual shapes of the preferred reconstruction kernels. In the experimental study, we also attempt to explore a three-dimensional approach for spatial resolution measurement, as opposed to the conventional two-dimensional approaches that were widely adopted in previously published studies. By scanning a finite-sized sphere phantom, the MTF was measured from the edge profile along the spherical surface. Cases of different resolutions (and noise levels) were generated by adjusting the reconstruction kernel. To reduce bias, the total photon fluxes were matched: 120 kVp, 200 mA, and 1 s per gantry rotation. All data sets were reconstructed using a modified FDK algorithm under the same condition: Scan field-of-view (SFOV)=10 cm, and slice thickness=0.625 mm. The theoretical analysis indicated that the variance of noise is proportional to >4th power of the spatial resolution. Our experimental results supported this conclusion by showing the relationship is 4.6th (helical) or 5th (axial) power.

Li Baojun; Avinash, Gopal B.; Hsieh, Jiang [Applied Science Laboratory, General Electric Healthcare, Waukesha, Wisconsin 53188 (United States)

2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z

418

DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Finalizes New Rule to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information May 5, 2011 - 4:55pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announced that it has issued a new rule standardizing how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business information. The new rule will give applicants greater assurance that their confidential business information will not be inadvertently disclosed, while enabling the Department to respond more quickly to Freedom of Information Act requests. Until now, different DOE programs have had different rules for how to submit such information. In order to make the process more efficient, the

419

DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort DOE GC Joins Customs Service Trade Data System to Strengthen Enforcement Effort February 14, 2011 - 5:48pm Addthis The Department of Energy today announced that its Office of the General Counsel has joined the Board of Directors of the International Trade Data System, and now has access to the U.S. Customs and Border Protection "Automated Commercial Environment." This provides DOE with real-time information on imported products subject to DOE's energy conservation regulations. The Department will now be able more easily to identify products imported in violation of its energy conservation regulations thus ensuring that foreign manufacturers have to follow the same rules as

420

FIA-13-0059 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

9 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council 9 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council FIA-13-0059 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On November 25, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office (ROO). The Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council (Appellant), sought categories of records concerning communications between DOE employees and DOE-contractor employees at the DOE's Hanford facility regarding collective bargaining, desired changes in wages, terms and conditions of employment, potential strikes, or closures. In its response, ROO withheld portions of a number of documents pursuant to Exemption 4 and

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


421

The SO2 Allowance Trading System: The Ironic History of a Grand Policy Experiment  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Two decades have passed Two decades have passed since the Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 launched a grand experiment in market-based environmental policy: the SO2 cap-and-trade system. That system performed well but ...

Schmalensee, Richard

422

Evaluation of the Trade-Off between Power Consumption and Performance in Bluetooth Based Systems  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

To further increase the applicability of Bluetooth in real appli- cations, reducing the energy consumption and hardware cost are important research topics. In this paper we examine the trade-off between power consumption and performance for our experimen- ...

Juan-Carlos Cano; Jose-Manuel Cano; Carlos Calafate; Eva Gonzalez; Pietro Manzoni

2007-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

423

Effect of Aerosol on the Susceptibility and Efficiency of Precipitation in Warm Trade Cumulus Clouds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Large-eddy simulations of warm, trade wind cumulus clouds are conducted for a range of aerosol conditions with a focus on precipitating clouds. Individual clouds are tracked over the course of their lifetimes. Precipitation rate decreases ...

Hongli Jiang; Graham Feingold; Armin Sorooshian

2010-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

424

CONTROLLING THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ILLEGALLY LOGGED TIMBER AND WOOD PRODUCTS  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

. 11, 2001, World Trade Center terrorist attack. Heather Ho, a former Hawai`i resident, was pastry chef, sprang into action, helping handle the tag lines as a deep-sea water sampling system was Students find

425

Economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme : evidence from the refining sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

I study the economic impact of the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) on the refining industry in Europe. I contrast previous ex-ante studies with the lessons from a series of interviews I conducted with ...

Lacombe, Romain H

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

426

Effect of Aerosol on Cloud–Environment Interactions in Trade Cumulus  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This study examines the role of aerosol in mediating interactions between a warm trade cumulus cloud system and the environment that spawns it. Numerical simulations of the observed and well-studied Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) field ...

Seoung-Soo Lee; Graham Feingold; Patrick Y. Chuang

2012-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

427

U.S. Department of Energy and UK Department of Trade and Industry Conclude  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

UK Department of Trade and Industry UK Department of Trade and Industry Conclude Contract Negotiations Associated with BNFL Inc's Work on the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project in Idaho and East Tennessee Technology Park Cleanup Project in Tennessee U.S. Department of Energy and UK Department of Trade and Industry Conclude Contract Negotiations Associated with BNFL Inc's Work on the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project in Idaho and East Tennessee Technology Park Cleanup Project in Tennessee February 9, 2005 - 10:07am Addthis WASHINGTON, DC - The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the United Kingdom's Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) announced today the execution of two contract modifications providing for DOE's accelerated purchase of the Advanced Mixed Waste Treatment Project (AMWTP) located at

428

DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information DOE Proposes New Rules to Protect Trade Secrets and Confidential Business Information March 8, 2011 - 5:26pm Addthis The Department of Energy today proposed to revise its rules to standardize how private parties applying for DOE assistance should submit trade secrets and other confidential business information. Currently, different DOE programs have different rules for how to submit such information. The confusion caused has made it difficult for the Department to respond promptly to Freedom of Information Act requests while meeting its obligations to protect confidential information. The proposed rules, modeled on procedures used by the Department's Advanced Technology Vehicles Manufacturing program, establish a standard practice asking

429

FIA-13-0061 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

1 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council 1 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council FIA-13-0061 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On November 14, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Richland Operations Office (ROO) . The Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council (Appellant), sought categories of records concerning communications between DOE employees and DOE-contractor employees at the DOE's Hanford facility regarding collective bargaining, desired changes in wages, terms and conditions of employment, potential strikes, or closures. In its response, ROO withheld portions of a number of documents pursuant to Exemption 4 and

430

FIA-13-0058 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

8 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council 8 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council FIA-13-0058 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On October 29, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision denying an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's (DOE) Office of Information Resources (OIR). The Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council (Appellant), sought categories of records concerning communications between DOE employees and DOE-contractor employees at the DOE's Hanford facility regarding collective bargaining, desired changes in wages, terms and conditions of employment, potential strikes, or closures. In its July 31, 2013, response (Response), OIR identified 33 documents of which it withheld

431

FIA-13-0030 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council |  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

0 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council 0 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council FIA-13-0030 - In the Matter of Hanford Atomic Metals Trades Council On June 18, 2013, the Office of Hearings and Appeals (OHA) issued a decision remanding an appeal (Appeal) from a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) determination issued by the Department of Energy's Richland Operations Office (ROO). The Appellant, Hanford Atomic Metals Trade Council, contested the ROO's invocation of Exemption 5 to the redactions it made in the released documents. The released documents contained communications regarding the DOE's contractors' labor negotiations with the Appellant, a union. The OHA reviewed the withheld information and the ROO's justifications for its redactions, and determined that the documents were either not inter- or intra-agency documents or that they did

432

The impact of the 1985-2000 trade and investment liberalisation on labour conditions in Mexico.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

??The study "The impact of the 1985-2000 trade and investment liberalisation on labour conditions in Mexico" presented by Ms Gloria Moreni-Fontes Chammartin concentrates on providing… (more)

Moreno-Fontes Chammartin, Gloria; Blackhurst, Richard

433

The World Trade Organization and financial stability: the balance between liberalisation and regulation in the GATs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and the Annex on Financial Services to determine its impact on domestic financial regulation and whether the GATS framework can achieve its objectives of liberalising international trade in financial services while allowing states to maintain adequate domestic...

Alexander, Kern

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

434

Convergence to monetary equilibrium: computational simulation of a trading post economy with transaction costs  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The Journal of Political Economy, Vol 97, No.4, pp. 927-954of Exchange in an Economy with Artificially IntelligentAn Example of a Trading Economy with Three Competitive

Hu, Xue; Whang, Yu-Jung; Zhang, Qiaoxi

2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

435

Development of trade-off equations for EnergyStar windows  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

four EnergyStar Window climate zones, trade-off equationsEnergyStar prescriptive criteria by climate zone and Figure1 shows the climate zone boundaries as revised in 2003. To

Huang, Joe; Mitchell, Robin; Selkowitz, Steve; Arasteh, Dariush; Clear, Bob

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

436

Optimal design of a phase-in emissions trading program with voluntary compliance options  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the welfare implications of voluntary compliance within an emissions trading program and derive optimal permits allocations to affected and opti-in sources when the environmental regulator has ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

437

Regional economic function analysis of U.S. foreign-trade zones  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Foreign-Trade Zones (FTZs) are defined as designated areas in the United States where foreign merchandise is considered to be international commerce and not subject to U.S. customs duties unless or until it enters into the ...

Otsubo, Hirotoshi

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

438

Global Trade of Wood and Paper Products Analysis by: Dr. Ed K. Pepke  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

of wood products, such as the United States, have become major net importers. Conversely, China, a country renewable energy sources in light of escalating fossil fuel prices, have created new international trade

439

The Response of Equatorial Oceans to a Relaxation of the Trade Winds  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The trade winds over the central Pacific are observed to weaken several months after the appearance of anomalously warm surface waters in the eastern equatorial Pacific Ocean. The following results obtained with a numerical model indicate how ...

S. G. H. Philander

1981-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

440

Air Emmissions Trading Program/Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (New Hampshire)  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE))

The New Hampshire Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative is a carbon dioxide emissions budget trading program. The program includes a statewide annual CO2 budget allowance of 8,620,460 tons between...

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


441

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and UtilizationHarvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Practical Handbook of Soybean Processing and Utilization Harvest, Storage, Handling and Trading of Soybeans Processing eChapters Processing AOCS Press Downloadable pdf of Chapter 4 Harvest, Storage, Handling and T

442

Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia.  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Title: Hidden economies, future options: trade in non-timber forest products in eastern Indonesia Tenggara (ENT), eastern Indonesia. The study was the outcome of an ACIAR scoping study undertaken through

443

Soft gold and the Pacific frontier: geopolitics and environment in the sea otter trade  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Era and the hide and tallow era. One of the more prominentthe California hide and tallow trade is William Henry Dana,were sent on hide and tallow ships to Mexico in addition to

Ravalli, Richard John

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

444

Trade Measures and the Environment: Can the WTO and UNCLOS Be Reconciled?  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

invoke 55. Richard J. McLaughlin, Sovereignty, Utility, andtherefore 143. Richard J. McLaughlin, Settling Trade-RelatedVienna Convention]. 145. McLaughlin, supra note 143, at 75.

Myers, Brian K.

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

445

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, fourth quarter 1992. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1993-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

446

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1994. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood, volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

447

Production, prices, employment and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1996. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1996-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

448

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, third quarter 1992. Forest Service resource bulletin  

SciTech Connect

The report includes current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1993-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

449

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1995. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1996-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

450

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, first quarter 1994. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood, volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1994-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

451

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, first quarter 1995. Forest Service resource bulletin  

SciTech Connect

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood, volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1995-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

452

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1993. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report includes current information on lumber and plywood production and prices, employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

453

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, first quarter 1996. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood, volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1996-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

454

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, fourth quarter 1996. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1997-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

455

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1992. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

456

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, second quarter 1997. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1998-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

457

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, fourth quarter 1993. Forest Service resource bulletin  

SciTech Connect

The report includes current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood, volume and average prices in stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1994-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

458

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, third quarter 1996. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Provides current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1997-02-01T23:59:59.000Z

459

Production, prices, employment, and trade in northwest forest industries, first quarter 1993. Forest Service resource bulletin  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The report includes current information on lumber and plywood production and prices; employment in the forest industries; international trade in logs, lumber, and plywood; volume and average prices of stumpage sold by public agencies; and other related items.

Warren, D.D.

1993-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

460

International regulation of official trade finance : competition and collusion in export credits and foreign aid  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Advanced industrial countries provide over $120 billion annually on various terms and conditions to support exports and investments abroad. The regime governing these official trade finance (OTF) flows has puzzling features. ...

Evans, Peter C

2005-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


461

International dispute settlement system design : analysis of the World Trade Organization  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The dispute settlement process established by the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1994, (the "DSU"), has drawn widespread attention. While the DSU is the most used international dispute settlement process, it is geared ...

Martinez, Janet Kathryn Griffin, 1951-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

462

Empirical Research on Variation between US FDI in China and Sino-American Trade  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

This paper carries on an empirical research dynamically on US foreign direct investment in China and Sino-American trade, adopting Johansen cointegration test, the VEC Model, Granger Causality Test and implus response technology, based on analytical ...

Weiguo Xiao; Yang Zhao

2009-12-01T23:59:59.000Z

463

U.S. Department of Energy and UK Department of Trade and Industry...  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

You are here Home U.S. Department of Energy and UK Department of Trade and Industry Conclude Contract Negotiations Associated with BNFL Inc's Work on the Advanced Mixed...

464

On the operationality/generality trade-off in explanation-based learning  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In this paper we examine the operationalityigenerality trade-off and how it affects performance of explanation-based learning systems. Experience with the ARMS learning apprentice system, presented in the form of an empirical performance analysis, illustrates ...

Alberto Maria Segre

1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z

465

Combining a renewable portfolio standard with a cap-and-trade policy : a general equilibrium analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Most economists see incentive-based measures such a cap-and-trade system or a carbon tax as cost effective policy instruments for limiting greenhouse gas emissions. In actuality, many efforts to address GHG emissions combine ...

Morris Jennifer F. (Jennifer Faye)

2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

466

Combining a Renewable Portfolio Standard with a Cap-and-Trade Policy: A General Equilibrium Analysis  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Many efforts to address greenhouse gas emissions combine a cap-and-trade system with other measures such as a renewable portfolio standard. In this paper we use a computable general equilibrium (CGE) model, the MIT Emissions ...

Morris, Jennifer

467

The Application of Synoptic Stratification to Precipitation Forecasting in the Trade Wind Regime  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A 1129-day high quality rainfall dataset was collated, from the months of March to November 1993–97, where trade wind flow predominates across the northeast Queensland tropical coast. This dataset was matched with numerical model fields from the ...

Gregory J. Connor; Frank Woodcock

2000-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

468

Automobiles on steroids: Product attribute trade-offs and technological progress in the automobile sector  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper estimates the technological progress that has occurred since 1980 in the automobile industry and the trade-offs faced when choosing between fuel economy, weight, and engine power characteristics. The results ...

Knittel, Christopher Roland

469

Precipitation Characteristics of Trade Wind Clouds during RICO Derived from Radar, Satellite, and Aircraft Measurements  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Precipitation characteristics of trade wind clouds over the Atlantic Ocean near Barbuda are derived from radar and aircraft data and are compared with satellite-observed cloud fields collected during the Rain in Cumulus over the Ocean (RICO) ...

Eric R. Snodgrass; Larry Di Girolamo; Robert M. Rauber

2009-03-01T23:59:59.000Z

470

Numerical Simulations and a Conceptual Model of the Stratocumulus to Trade Cumulus Transition  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

A two-dimensional eddy-resolving model is used to study the transition from the stratocumulus topped boundary layer to the trade cumulus boundary layer. The 10-day simulations use an idealized Lagrangian trajectory representative of summertime ...

Matthew C. Wyant; Christopher S. Bretherton; Hugh A. Rand; David E. Stevens

1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

471

1996 update on compliance and emissions trading under the U.S. acid rain program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

November 1997This paper reports on the second year of compliance with the sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions-reduction and -trading provisions of the Title IV of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments (CAAA). The material is intended ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

472

The European carbon market in action : the first trading period, Interim report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest greenhouse gas market ever established. The European Union is leading the world's first effort to mobilize market forces to tackle climate change. A precise ...

Convery, Frank J.

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

473

The European Carbon Market in Action: Lessons from the First Trading Period Interim Report  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) is the largest greenhouse gas market ever established. The European Union is leading the world's first effort to mobilize market forces to tackle climate change. A precise ...

Convery, Frank

474

10. China's Emergence, Real Exchange Rates, and Implications for East Asian Regional Trade and  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

10. China's Emergence, Real Exchange Rates, and Implications for East Asian Regional Trade arena is China, whose economic reforms have led it to record growth rates, dramatically accelerating export expansion and sharply improving material living standards. China's global economic emergence

Kammen, Daniel M.

475

Compliance Behavior in the EU-ETS: Cross Border Trading, Banking and Borrowing  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper exploits a little used data resource within the central registry of the European Union’s Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) to analyze cross border flows of allowances for compliance purposes during the first ...

Ellerman, A. Denny

2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

476

Information visualization of the stock market ticks : toward a new trading interface  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

Ticks, the second-to-second trades and quotes of a market, might be considered the atoms of finance. They represent the basic, defining transactions that represent an asset in the market. Almost all financial concepts, ...

Roberts, Pasha, 1962-

2004-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

477

Volunteering for market-based environmental regulation : the substitution provision of the SO? emissions trading program  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

In this paper we explore the practical and welfare implications of a system of voluntary compliance within a market-based environmental regulation. The Substitution Provision of the SO2 emissions trading program allows the ...

Montero, Juan Pablo

479

Internet exchanges for used goods: an empirical analysis of trade patterns and adverse selection1  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

In the past few years, we have witnessed the increasing ubiquity of user-generated content on seller reputation and product condition in Internet-based used-good markets. Recent theoretical models of trading and sorting in used-good markets provide testable ... Keywords: adverse selection, electronic markets, information asymmetry, information uncertainty, product quality, seller reputation, text analysis, trade patterns, used goods, user-generated content

Anindya Ghose

2009-06-01T23:59:59.000Z

480

Allocation and competitiveness in the EU emissions trading scheme: policy overview  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

these approaches create distortions that can prevent entry from third parties and undermine the attendant incentives for companies to reduce CO2 emissions and for consumers to reduce electricity consumption. In other sectors, pricing responses may be influenced... ETS were built on many years of economic research into theories of emissions trading, combined with practical experience of emission trading schemes principally in the USA. Yet the analogies are far from exact, and the emerging experience...

Grubb, Michael; Neuhoff, Karsten

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1982-2010 trade modules" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


481

Impact of Key Electric Power Industry Regulatory Issues on Opportunities in Water Quality Trading  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Based on EPRI water quality trading (WQT) research on nutrients (i.e., nitrogen and phosphorus), this technical update explores potential application of WQT for other electric power generation waste streams and pollutants in addition to considering the potential impact of existing regulatory issues on the trading for nutrient credits.  For each of the opportunities identified, a discussion of potential issues associated with that application is discussed.  This document also identifies ...

2012-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

482

Day-Ahead/Hour-Ahead Forecasting for Demand Trading: A Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Demand trading can be an effective hedge against wholesale power price spikes during times of constraint. However, it also can be a high-risk venture. Profitability depends on reliable demand forecasting. Short-term load forecasting (STLF) can minimize the risks of day-ahead purchasing by providing better predictions at the system level. Additionally, STLF can reduce hour-ahead spot market risks and directly support demand trading by providing more accurate assessments of incremental load reductions from...

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

483

Day-Ahead/Hour-Ahead Forecasting for Demand Trading: A Guidebook  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Download report 1006016 for FREE. Demand trading can be an effective hedge against wholesale power price spikes during times of constraint. However, it also can be a high-risk venture. Profitability depends on reliable demand forecasting. Short-term load forecasting (STLF) can minimize the risks of day-ahead purchasing by providing better predictions at the system level. Additionally, STLF can reduce hour-ahead spot market risks and directly support demand trading by providing more accurate assessments o...

2001-12-20T23:59:59.000Z

484

Ancient Trade Partners: Bhutan, Cooch Bihar and Assam (17th - 19th centuries)  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

route to Tibet and Lhasa. However, Bhutan resisted but continued trading in North Bengal and Assam, selling horses, wool products, and musk, while importing cotton cloth, broadcloth, tools, spices and tobacco. Through this trade with Cooch Bihar... merchant and traveller Ralph Fitch in 1583, who noted that musk, wool, agate, silk and pepper were purchased." After the 16th century, the Narayani tanka, called rupee by the British, which was probably first struck around 1583 and took its name after...

Pommaret, Françoise

2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

485

The peltry trade of Louisiane to 1763: a study in comparative archaeology  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This study investigates the peltry trade of Louisiane, both historically and archaeologically. It traces the historical development of this trade from its pre-colonial beginnings through Louisiane's status as a military colony, then a charter colony and finally as a crown colony until the end of French rule. To the extent that the historical questions can be answered our understanding of the history of the Louisiane peltry trade increases, prompting further questions. This history also lends the archaeology of the peltry trade a historical context. This context has two aspects: 1) as background history and 2) as an avenue of confirming research in our attempt to interpret this archaeology. The archaeological investigation of the Louisiane peltry trade has two aspects: 1) general and 2) specific. In a general sense, this study investigates issues that are relevant to archaeology as a whole: 1) functional classification systems and 2) validity of artifact patterns. More specifically, for the first time the archaeology of the Louisiane peltry trade is brought together. This allows for a comparative analysis of six components from four sites to be conducted on two levels: 1) Component Profiles and 2) Artifact Patterns. The first level explores the differences in comparable artifact ratios between components encouraging their explanation, hopeftilly leading to insights concerning French behavior at these peltry trade sites. This technique is commonly in current use, but of limited benefit. The second level is comprised of three approaches: 1) visual comparison, 2) discriminant fiction analysis and 3) correspondence analysis searching for correlation and validation with the three most appropriate artifact patterns currently in use: 1) Carolina, 2) Frontier and 3) Early Fur Trade.

Johnson, Jeffrey Lee

1998-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

486

Dynamic Efficiency and the Regulated Firm: Evidence from Interfirm Trade in Electricity Markets  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

This paper presents an empirical analysis of the value of a coordinated market exchange mechanism. I present a model of efficient trading mechanisms under uncertainty, and develop a measure of the value of an interfirm trade agreement in the context of sequential `buy-versus-produce' decisionmaking by firms. The theory is applied to estimate the value of a formal trading institution in the California electricity market, where an interutility power pool has been proposed to restructure the electric power industry. I develop an empirical model of the optimal production and trading decisions for a firm in such a pool, and estimate state-contingent willingness-to-trade functions for each of the four major utilities in this market. With this information, I estimate the distribution of future costs that would obtain if an efficient exchange mechanism arbitraged away observed differences between willingness-to-buy and willingness-to-sell among the sample firms. The principal finding is that with the simple, relatively state-independent bilateral contracts observed in this market, the sample firms achieve within 4% of the theoretical minimum expected costs available with a complete statecontingent exchange mechanism. This difference represents an opportunity cost of approximately $250 million per year. I conclude with regulatory and managerial explanations for the absence of a more efficient state-contingent trading mechanism, and implications for deregulating electric power markets.

Matthew W. White; Matthew W. White; Alvin Klevorick; Daniel Mcfadden; Ariel Pakes

1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

487

Programmable Multi-Chip Module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-chip module comprising a low-temperature co-fired ceramic substrate having a first side on which are mounted active components and a second side on which are mounted passive components, wherein this segregation of components allows for hermetically sealing the active components with a cover while leaving accessible the passive components, and wherein the passive components are secured using a reflow soldering technique and are removable and replaceable so as to make the multi-chip module substantially programmable with regard to the passive components.

Kautz, David (Lenexa, KS); Morgenstern, Howard (Lee' s Summit, MO); Blazek, Roy J. (Overland Park, KS)

2004-11-16T23:59:59.000Z

488

Programmable Multi-Chip Module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A multi-chip module comprising a low-temperature co-fired ceramic substrate having a first side on which are mounted active components and a second side on which are mounted passive components, wherein this segregation of components allows for hermetically sealing the active components with a cover while leaving accessible the passive components, and wherein the passive components are secured using a reflow soldering technique and are removable and replaceable so as to make the multi-chip module substantially programmable with regard to the passive components.

Kautz, David (Lenexa, KS); Morgenstern, Howard (Lee' s Summit, MO); Blazek, Roy J. (Overland Park, KS)

2005-05-24T23:59:59.000Z

489

Critical infrastructure security curriculum modules  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Critical infrastructures have succumbed to the demands of greater connectivity. Although the scheme of connecting these critical equipment and devices to cyberspace has brought us tremendous convenience, it also enabled certain unimaginable risks and ... Keywords: SCADA, control systems, course modules, critical infrastructures, cybersecurity, programmable logic controllers, security, vulnerability

Guillermo A. Francia, III

2011-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

490

Shift register neutron coincidence module  

SciTech Connect

A neutron coincidence module was designed using multistage shift registers to produce the coincidence gates and a crystal controlled oscillator with variable clock outputs to change the gate lengths. The advantage of this system over the conventional, thermal-neutron coincidence gates is a decrease in deadtime by more than an order of magnitude. (auth)

Stephens, M.M.; Swansen, J.E.; East, L.V.

1975-11-01T23:59:59.000Z

491

Modulation Optimization under Energy Constraints  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

We consider radio applications where the nodes operate on batteries so that energy consumption must be minimized while satisfying given throughput and delay requirements. In this context, we analyze the best modulation strategy to minimize the total energy consumption required to send a given number of bits. The total energy consumption includes both the transmission energy and the circuit energy consumption. We show that for both MQAM and MFSK the transmission energy decreases with the product while the circuit energy consumption increases with , where is the modulation bandwidth and the transmission time. Thus, in short-range applications where the circuit energy consumption is nonnegligible compared with the transmission energy, the total energy consumption is minimized by using the maximum system bandwidth along with an optimized transmission time . We derive this optimal for MQAM and MFSK modulation in both AWGN channels and Rayleigh fading channels. Our optimization considers both delay and peak-power constraints. Numerical examples are given, where we exhibit up to 2 energy savings over modulation strategies that minimize the transmission energy alone.

Shuguang Cui Andrea; Andrea J. Goldsmith; Ahmad Bahai

2003-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

492

Overview of the PV Module Model in PVWatts (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Overview of the PV module model. PVWatts module power estimates were compared with those using the Sandia model for three modules and data sets.

Marion, B.

2010-09-22T23:59:59.000Z

493

Mounting support for a photovoltaic module  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

A mounting support for a photovoltaic module is described. The mounting support includes a foundation having an integrated wire-way ledge portion. A photovoltaic module support mechanism is coupled with the foundation.

Brandt, Gregory Michael; Barsun, Stephan K.; Coleman, Nathaniel T.; Zhou, Yin

2013-03-26T23:59:59.000Z

494

Reliability Issues for Photovoltaic Modules (Presentation)  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

Si modules good in field; new designs need reliability testing. CdTe & CIGS modules sensitive to moisture; carefully seal. CPV in product development stage; benefits from expertise in other industries.

Kurtz, S.

2009-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

495

Energy Basics: Flat-Plate Photovoltaic Modules  

Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site

PV module must have a high transmission in the wavelengths that can be used by the solar cells in the module. For example, for silicon solar cells, the top surface must have...

496

Ohio River Basin Trading Project Soil and Water Conservation District (SWCD) Informational Meeting: Ohio Department of Natural Resou rces  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

The Ohio River Basin Trading Project is a first-of-a-kind interstate nutrient trading program that represents a comprehensive approach to designing and developing credit markets for nitrogen and phosphorus discharges. The intent of this trading program is to allow exchanges of water quality credits for nitrogen and phosphorus aimed at protecting and improving watersheds at lower overall costs in the Ohio River Basin. The Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI) is coordinating this project with support f...

2010-09-08T23:59:59.000Z

497

Interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules  

SciTech Connect

An interface module (10) for transverse energy input to dye laser modules is provided particularly for the purpose of delivering enhancing transverse energy beams (36) in the form of illumination bar (54) to the lasing zone (18) of a dye laser device, in particular to a dye laser amplifier (12). The preferred interface module (10) includes an optical fiber array (30) having a plurality of optical fibers (38) arrayed in a co-planar fashion with their distal ends (44) receiving coherent laser energy from an enhancing laser source (46), and their proximal ends (4) delivered into a relay structure (3). The proximal ends (42) of the optical fibers (38) are arrayed so as to be coplanar and to be aimed generally at a common point. The transverse energy beam array (36) delivered from the optical fiber array (30) is acted upon by an optical element array (34) to produce an illumination bar (54) which has a cross section in the form of a elongated rectangle at the position of the lasing window (18). The illumination bar (54) is selected to have substantially uniform intensity throughout.

English, Jr., Ronald E. (Tracy, CA); Johnson, Steve A. (Tracy, CA)

1994-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

498

Interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules  

DOE Patents (OSTI)

An interface module for transverse energy input to dye laser modules is provided particularly for the purpose of delivering enhancing transverse energy beams in the form of illumination bar to the lasing zone of a dye laser device, in particular to a dye laser amplifier. The preferred interface module includes an optical fiber array having a plurality of optical fibers arrayed in a co-planar fashion with their distal ends receiving coherent laser energy from an enhancing laser source, and their proximal ends delivered into a relay structure. The proximal ends of the optical fibers are arrayed so as to be coplanar and to be aimed generally at a common point. The transverse energy beam array delivered from the optical fiber array is acted upon by an optical element array to produce an illumination bar which has a cross section in the form of a elongated rectangle at the position of the lasing window. The illumination bar is selected to have substantially uniform intensity throughout. 5 figs.

English, R.E. Jr.; Johnson, S.A.

1994-10-11T23:59:59.000Z

499

Model Documentation Report: Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM ...  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA)

Model Documentation Report: Macroeconomic Activity Module (MAM) of the National Energy Modeling System April 2013 Independent Statistics & ...

500

High Frequency Power Modulation - TRIMET Smelters Provide ...  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Presentation Title, High Frequency Power Modulation - TRIMET Smelters Provide Primary Control Power for Stabilizing the Frequency in the Electricity Grid.