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We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
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1

Monthly Energy Review - December 2012  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

EIA's Office of Communications via email EIA's Office of Communications via email at infoctr@eia.gov. Important Notes About the Data Data Displayed: For tables beginning in 1973, some annual data (usually 1974, 1976-1979, 1981-1984, 1986-1989, and 1991-1994) are not shown in the tables in Portable Document Format (PDF) files; however, all annual data are shown in the Excel and comma-separated values (CSV) files. Also, only two to three years of monthly data are displayed in the PDF files; however, for many series, monthly data beginning with January 1973 are available in the Excel and CSV files. Comprehensive Changes: Each month, most MER tables and figures carry a new month of data, which is usually preliminary (and sometimes estimated or even forecast) and likely to be revised in the succeeding month.

2

Trace elements in oil shale. Progress report, 1976--1979  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The overall objective of the program is to evaluate the environmental and health consequences of the release of toxic trace elements (As, B, F, Mo, Se) by shale oil production and use. Some of the particularly significant results are: The baseline geochemical survey shows that stable trace elements maps can be constructed for numerous elements and that the trends observed are related to geologic and climatic factors. Shale retorted by above-ground processes tends to be very homogeneous (both in space and in time) in trace element content. This implies that the number of analytical determinations required of processed shales is not large. Leachate studies show that significant amounts of B, F, And Mo are released from retorted shales and while B and Mo are rapidly flushed out, F is not. On the other hand, As, Se, and most other trace elements ae not present in significant quantities. Significant amounts of F and B are also found in leachates of raw shales. Very large concentrations of reduced sulfur species are found in leachates of processed shale. Upon oxidation a drastic lowering in pH is observed. Preliminary data indicates that this oxidation is catalyzed by bacteria. Very high levels of B and Mo are taken up in some plants growing on processed shale with and without soil cover. These amounts depend upon the process and various site specific characteristics. In general, the amounts taken up decrease with increasing soil cover. On the other hand, we have not observed significant uptake of As, Se, and F into plants. There is a tendency for some trace elements to associate with specific organic fractions, indicating that organic chelation or complexation may play an important role. In particular, most of the Cd, Se, and Cr in shale oil is associated with the organic fraction containing most of the nitrogen-containing compounds.

Chappell, W.R.

1979-01-01T23:59:59.000Z

3

Linkages between 200-mb Tropical and Extratropical Circulation Anomalies during the 1986–1989 ENSO Cycle  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

NMC operational wind analyses have been used to document the 200-mb circulation anomalies during the solstice seasons of the 1987–1989 ENSO cycle. Using the one-level vorticity balance diagnostic approach, the 200-mb Rossby wave anomalous source ...

Eugene M. Rasmusson; Kingtse Mo

1993-04-01T23:59:59.000Z

4

Serum thyroxine concentrations following fixed-dose radioactive iodine treatment in hyperthyroid cats: 62 cases (1986-1989)  

SciTech Connect

The medical records of 62 hyperthyroid cats treated with a fixed dose of 4 mCi of radioactive iodine (131I) were reviewed. In 60 cats, serum thyroxine concentrations were determined after treatment, allowing evaluation of treatment success. Eighty-four percent of the cats had normal serum thyroxine concentrations after treatment. Five of the 60 cats (8%) remained hyperthyroxinemic after treatment. Five cats (8%) were hypothyroxinemic when evaluated within 60 days of treatment. Three of these cats had normal serum thyroxine concentrations 6 months after treatment, and none had clinical signs of hypothyroidism. The administration of a fixed dose of 4 mCi of 131I was determined to be an effective treatment for feline hyperthyroidism.

Meric, S.M.; Rubin, S.I. (Univ. of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon (Canada))

1990-09-01T23:59:59.000Z

5

James T. Gallagher | Renewable Energy Group | Sustainable Energy...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Shelter Engineering Comp., Business Manager, 1976 - 1979 Brookhaven National Laboratory Sustainable Energy Technologies Department Bldg. 130 - P.O. Box 5000 Upton, NY 11973-5000...

6

Frank Fradin - Argonne National Laboratories, Materials Sicence...  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Materials Research Center, Northwestern University - 1990 Government Committees Member, Basic Energy Sciences Advisory Committee - 1986-1989 Professional Society Offices and Award...

7

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

2 2 Crude Oil and Natural Gas Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, 1977-2010 Crude Oil Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production and Proved Reserves, Indexed 90 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 Notes: * Data are at end of year. * Crude oil includes lease condensate. Source: Table 4.2. Natural Gas (Dry) Cumulative Production Crude Oil Cumulative Production Natural Gas (Dry) Proved Reserves Crude Oil Proved Reserves 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 50 100 150 200 250 Index: 1977=100 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 300 600 900 1,200 1,500 Trillion Cubic Feet 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 50 100 150 200 250 Billion Barrels Cumulative Production Cumulative Production Proved Reserves

8

NPP Grassland: Vindhyan, India [Uttar Pradesh]  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

Vindhyan, India, 1986-1989 Vindhyan, India, 1986-1989 Data Citation Cite this data set as follows: Pandey, C. B., and J. S. Singh. 1997. NPP Grassland: Vindhyan, India, 1986-1989. Data set. Available on-line [http://www.daac.ornl.gov] from Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center, Oak Ridge, Tennessee, U.S.A. Description Net primary productivity (NPP) was determined for three derived savanna study sites (Ranitali, Hathinala, Telburva) on the Vindhyan plateau in Uttar Pradesh, northern India, from 1986 to 1989. Monthly dynamics of above-ground plant biomass (and below-ground, to 10 cm) were measured at each site for two annual cycles (1986/87 and 1987/88), for grazed and ungrazed plots of 1-3 hectares, and in temporarily fenced plots for one year (1987/88). Above-ground NPP was estimated using trough-peak analysis

9

CV-Huiming Bao Department of Geology & Geophysics, E235 Howe-Russell Geoscience Complex, Louisiana  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1 CV- Huiming Bao Department of Geology & Geophysics, E235 Howe-Russell Geoscience Complex Palaeontology & Stratigraphy B. Sc. 1982-1986 Nanjing Institute of Geology and Paleontology, Academia Sinica Calcareous Algae & carbonate sedimentology M.Sc. 1986-1989 Princeton University Stable isotope geochemistry

Bao, Huiming

10

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

0 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 0 Commercial Buildings Energy Consumption and Expenditure Indicators, Selected Years, 1979-2003 Buildings by Energy Source Used Consumption Consumption per Square Foot Square Footage per Building by Expenditures Expenditures Per Square Foot Energy Source Used 62 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 Electricity only; excludes electrical system energy losses. 2 Distillate fuel oil, residual fuel oil, and kerosene. 3 Prices are not adjusted for inflation. See "Nominal Dollars" in Glossary. Note: For years not shown, there are no data available. Source: Table 2.10. District Heat 1979 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1999 2003 0 1 2 3 4 5 Thousands of Buildings 1979 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1999 2003 0 25 50 75 100 125 Thousand Btu Fuel Oil² 1979 1983 1986

11

C:\ANNUAL\Vol2chps.v8\ANNUAL2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

102 102 10. Changes in Natural Gas Underground Storage by State, 1976-1979 (Million Cubic Feet) Table State Underground Storage Injections Withdrawals Adjustments Net 1976 Arkansas ........................................... 1,033 561 0 472 California ........................................... 107,749 62,484 -1 45,264 Colorado............................................ 16,987 13,855 399 3,531 Illinois ................................................ 235,310 207,921 -1,545 25,844 Indiana .............................................. 18,252 23,319 -109 -5,176 Iowa................................................... 55,005 49,749 0 5,256 Kansas .............................................. 48,582 46,390 -2,927 -735 Kentucky ........................................... 69,954 75,397 -77 -5,520 Louisiana...........................................

12

Renewable Technologies Senior Research Specialist Poul Erik Morthorst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

1997 1999 2001 2003 Years MW Denmark Germany Spain #12;Turbine Development 55 kW machines 2.75 MW 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 kW 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900 1000 kWh/m2/year. ·Operation and maintenance costs ·Electricity production / average wind speed ·Turbine lifetime ·Discount

13

The economics of Senior Research Specialist Poul Erik Morthorst  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

and efficiency 0 200 400 600 800 1000 1200 1400 1600 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 kW 0 100 200 300 400 and maintenance costs ·Electricity production / average wind speed ·Turbine lifetime ·Discount rate #12.9 Financial costs 8 0.9 Road 7 0.7 Total 914 100.0 #12;Cost of wind power 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 95 150 225 300 500

14

CV1995  

NLE Websites -- All DOE Office Websites (Extended Search)

vitae vitae Andrzej Joachimiak, Biophysicist 07/14/1951 University of A. Mickiewicz, Poznan, Poland, M. S. 1974, Chemistry University of A. Mickiewicz, Poznan, Poland, Ph. D. 1979, Chemistry Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, D. Sc., 1991, Molecular Biology Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland, Research Experience 1978-1979 Research Assistant, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences 1980-1981 Adjunct, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences 1981-1984 Research Associate, University of Chicago 1985-1986 Research Associate, Instructor, University of Chicago 1986-1992 Adjunct, Institute of Bioorganic Chemistry, Polish Academy of Sciences 1990-1993 Research Scientist, Yale University

15

Fourth Interview with Sir Eli Lauterpacht - 20 March 2008  

E-Print Network (OSTI)

://www.mefacts.com/cached.asp?x_id=11028 #2; See item 29, interview 2. #2; See item 29, interview 2. #2; 1915-2002. Born Aubrey Solomon Meir, Cape Town. Israeli diplomat and politician. Queens’ College Cambridge. #2; b. 1937, Leeds. UN Assistant Secretary General for Legal Affairs... , Leeds. UN Assistant Secretary General for Legal Affairs 1998-2005 See: http://www.lcil.cam.ac.uk/lectures/2007-08_ralph_zacklin.php 13 See: http://www.20essexst.com/bar/%20j_wood_m/wood_m.htm 14 Taba Tribunal (Egypt/Israel, 1986-1989): G...

Dingle, Lesley; Bates, Daniel

2008-06-19T23:59:59.000Z

16

Innovative Design of New Geothermal Generating Plants  

SciTech Connect

This very significant and useful report assessed state-of-the-art geothermal technologies. The findings presented in this report are the result of site visits and interviews with plant owners and operators, representatives of major financial institutions, utilities involved with geothermal power purchases and/or wheeling. Information so obtained was supported by literature research and data supplied by engineering firms who have been involved with designing and/or construction of a majority of the plants visited. The interviews were conducted by representatives of the Bonneville Power Administration, the Washington State Energy Office, and the Oregon Department of Energy during the period 1986-1989. [DJE-2005

Bloomquist, R. Gordon; Geyer, John D.; Sifford, B. Alexander III

1989-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

17

C:\ANNUAL\VENTCHAP.V8\NGAla1109.vp  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

2000 2000 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 80 160 240 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Utilities City Gate Wellhead Sources: Electric Utilities: 1967-1977: Federal Power Commission (FPC). 1978-1993: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report;" Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants" and Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supple- mental Gas Supply and Disposition." All other data: 1967-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook, "Natural Gas" chapter. 1976-1978: Energy Information Administration, En- ergy Data Report, Natural Gas Annual. 1979: Energy Information Administration, Natural

18

C:\ANNUAL\Vol2chps.v8\ANNUAL2.VP  

Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update (EIA)

0 0 1967 1970 1973 1976 1979 1982 1985 1988 1991 1994 1997 2000 0 2 4 6 8 10 0 80 160 240 320 Dollars per Thousand Cubic Feet Dollars per Thousand Cubic Meters Residential Commercial Industrial Electric Utilities City Gate Wellhead Note: Beginning in 1996, consumption of natural gas for agricultural use was classified as industrial use. In 1995 and earlier years, agricultural use was classified as commercial use. Sources: Electric Utilities: 1967-1977: Federal Power Commission (FPC). 1978-1993: Energy Information Administration (EIA), Form EIA-759, "Monthly Power Plant Report;" Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), Form FERC-423, "Cost and Quality of Fuels for Electric Utility Plants" and Form EIA-176, "Annual Report of Natural and Supple- mental Gas Supply and Disposition." All other data: 1967-1975: Bureau of Mines, Minerals Yearbook,

19

Combining MSS and AVHRR imagery to assess vegetation biomass and dynamics in an arid pastoral ecosystem, Turkana District, Kenya  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

Landsat multi-spectral scanner (MSS) imagery was used to develop a vegetation type-biomass map of the 84,000 Km/sup 2/ Turkana District, Kenya. NOAA satellite advanced very high resolution radiometry (AVHRR) imagery was overlaid on the MSS map to trace the seasonal and annual dynamics of vegetation communities used by Turkana pastoral nomads, 1981-1984. Four regions (sub-sectional territories) were compared with respect to peak herbaceous biomass, woody canopy cover, and seasonal fluxes in total green biomass. Results demonstrated major variations among regions and between wet and dry season ranges within regions. Pastoral land use patterns appear to minimize effects of seasonal vegetation fluxes on livestock herds.

Ellis, J.E.; Swift, D.M.; Hart, T.C.; Dick, O.B.

1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

20

Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves annual report of operations for fiscal year 1996  

SciTech Connect

During fiscal year 1996, the Department of Energy continued to operate Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 1 in California and Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3 in Wyoming through its contractors. In addition, natural gas operations were conducted at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 3. All productive acreage owned by the Government at Naval Petroleum Reserve No. 2 in California was produced under lease to private companies. The locations of all six Naval Petroleum and Oil Shale Reserves are shown in a figure. Under the Naval Petroleum Reserves Production Act of 1976, production was originally authorized for six years, and based on findings of national interest, the President was authorized to extend production in three-year increments. President Reagan exercised this authority three times (in 1981, 1984, and 1987) and President Bush authorized extended production once (in 1990). President Clinton exercised this authority in 1993 and again in October 1996; production is presently authorized through April 5, 2000. 4 figs. 30 tabs.

1996-12-31T23:59:59.000Z

Note: This page contains sample records for the topic "1976-1979 1981-1984 1986-1989" from the National Library of EnergyBeta (NLEBeta).
While these samples are representative of the content of NLEBeta,
they are not comprehensive nor are they the most current set.
We encourage you to perform a real-time search of NLEBeta
to obtain the most current and comprehensive results.


21

Word Pro - Untitled1  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period a Electric Noncoincident Peak Load and Capacity Margin: Summer Peak Period U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load,² All Interconnections, 1986-2011 Summer Capacity Margin, 1996-2011 U.S.¹ Summer Peak Load² by NERC³ Regional Assessment Area, 2011 262 U.S. Energy Information Administration / Annual Energy Review 2011 1 United States excluding Alaska and Hawaii. 2 See "Noncoincident Peak Load" in Glossary. 3 See "North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC)" in Glossary. Notes: * Values for 2011 are forecast. * The summer peak period is June through September. Source: Table 8.12a. 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 0 300 600 900 Gigawatts 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 0 5 10 15 20 25 Percent 46 60 5 98 149 165 53 64 131 FRCC NPCC MAPP MISO PJM SERC SPP TRE

22

PowerPoint Presentation  

Energy.gov (U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)) Indexed Site

th U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum th U.S.-China Energy Efficiency Forum Welcoming Remarks David Danielson Assistant Secretary Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy U.S. Department of Energy Dr. David Danielson, Assistant Secretary The 4th U.S. - China Energy Efficiency Forum 3 - 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 1971 1974 1977 1980 1983 1986 1989 1992 1995 1998 2001 2004 2007 2010 U.S. and China : World's Largest Energy Consumers and Emitters Total CO2 from Energy Consumption (Gt) Source: World Bank Indicators. CO2 Emissions from Fuel Combustion (2012 Edition), IEA, Paris. U.S. 5.4 China 7.3 Global Energy Consumption - 100 200 300 400 500 600 Quadrillion Btu Rest of the World 38% 4 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 0 50 100 150 200

23

Environmental studies conducted at the Fenton Hill Hot Dry Rock geothermal development site  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

An environmental investigation of Hot Dry Rock (HDR) geothermal development was conducted at Fenton Hill, New Mexico, during 1976-1979. Activities at the Fenton Hill Site included an evaluation of baseline data for biotic and abiotic ecosystem components. Identification of contaminants produced by HDR processes that had the potential for reaching the surrounding environment is also discussed. Three dominant vegetative communities were identified in the vicinity of the site. These included grass-forb, aspen, and mixed conifer communities. The grass-forb area was identified as having the highest number of species encountered, with Phleum pratense and Dactylis glomerata being the dominant grass species. Frequency of occurrence and mean coverage values are also given for other species in the three main vegetative complexes. Live trapping of small mammals was conducted to determine species composition, densities, population, and diversity estimates for this component of the ecosystem. The data indicate that Peromyscus maniculatus was the dominant species across all trapping sites during the study. Comparisons of relative density of small mammals among the various trapping sites show the grass-forb vegetative community to have had the highest overall density. Comparisons of small mammal diversity for the three main vegetative complexes indicate that the aspen habitat had the highest diversity and the grass-forb habitat had the lowest. Analyses of waste waters from the closed circulation loop indicate that several trace contaminants (e.g., arsenic, cadmium, fluoride, boron, and lithium) were present at concentrations greater than those reported for surface waters of the region.

Miera, F.R. Jr.; Langhorst, G.; McEllin, S.; Montoya, C.

1984-05-01T23:59:59.000Z

24

Microsoft PowerPoint - 04-10 DC_Ruhl.ppt [Compatibility Mode]  

U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA) Indexed Site

Markets: The Long And The Markets: The Long And The Short Term Christof Rühl, Group Chief Economist, BP plc. Washington, April 2010 Outline Long term context Long term context Structural change in oil markets Natural gas: a new game   How does it matter? Conclusion © BP 2010 The Long Term: Real Commodity Prices 400 Oil Wheat Iron & Steel Index: average 1970-2008 = 100 300 350 200 250 100 150 0 50 © BP 2010 1972 1975 1978 1981 1984 1987 1990 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2009 The Long Term: Contributions to Growth 5-year moving average GDP Primary energy 4% OECD Non-OECD OECD Non-OECD 2% 3% 1% 2% 0% © BP 2010 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 1993 1996 1999 2002 2005 2008 Energy Demand Growth Mboe/d Gas Oil Mboe/d Coal Mboe/d 70 80 90 OECD Non-OECD 70 80 90 OECD Non-OECD 70 80 90 OECD Non-OECD 50 60 70 50 60 70 50 60 70 2016 20 30 40 30 40 20 30 40 2008 1988 0 10 20 0 10 20 0 10

25

Coal distribution, January-June 1985. [USA; January-June; 1981 to 1985; producing district; destination; transport means  

SciTech Connect

This Energy Information Administration (EIA) report continues the quarterly series on coal distribution started in 1957 by the Bureau of Mines, Department of the Interior, as a Mineral Industry Survey, Distribution of Bituminous Coal and Lignite Shipments. The publication provides volume data on coal distribution by coal-producing district of origin, consumer use, method of transportation, and State of destination necessary for EIA to fulfill its data colletion functions as authorized by the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974. All data for 1985 in this report are preliminary. Data for 1981-1984 are final. Coal shipments from mines in Appalachia were 10.2% lower, while shipments from western mines were up by 13.7%, reaching a record 6-month high. Export shipments moved ahead of their 1984 pace by 9.2% despite a 27.0% decline in shipments to Canada. Texas expanded its lead as the Nation's top State to receive coal, and North Dakota experienced an upsurge in coal receipts due to the startup of the Great Plains coal gasification project. Coal production and purchases totaled 438.4 million short tons, 2.2% below last year's level. 6 figs., 33 tabs.

McNair, M.B.

1985-09-26T23:59:59.000Z

26

Buildings Energy Data Book: 4.3 Federal Buildings and Facilities Expenditures  

Buildings Energy Data Book (EERE)

3 3 Direct Appropriations on Federal Buildings Energy Conservation Retrofits and Capital Equipment ($2010 Million) FY 1985 FY 1986 FY 1987 FY 1988 FY 1989 FY 1990 Source(s): DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP FY 2007, Jan. 2010, Table 11-B, p. 31; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Nov. 2007, Table 9-B, p. 26 for 1985, 1990, 1995, 2000-2006; DOE/FEMP, Annual Report to Congress on FEMP, Sep. 2004, Table 4-B, p. 38 for 1986-1989, 1991-1994, 1996-1999; EIA, Annual Energy Review 2010, Oct. 2011, Appendix D, p. 353 for price deflators. 349,350 102,135 FY 1996 238,232 FY 2002 147,895 83,340 FY 1995 438,943 FY 2001 162,488 FY 2007 321,686 108,705 FY 1994 318,739 FY 2000 150,900 FY 2006 301,222 98,708 FY 1993 170,826 FY 1999 261,784 FY 2005 201,156 342,653 FY 1992 209,973

27

Statistical Evaluation of Travel Time Estimation Based on Data from Freeze-Branded Chinook Salmon on the Snake River, 1982-1990.  

DOE Green Energy (OSTI)

The purpose of this investigation is to assess the strengths and limitations of existing freeze brand recapture data in describing the migratory dynamics of juvenile salmonids in the mainstream, impounded sections of the Snake and Columbia Rivers. With the increased concern over the threatened status of spring and summer chinook salmon in the Snake River drainage, we used representative stocks for these races as our study populations. However, statistical considerations resultant from these analyses apply to other species and drainages as well. This report describes analyses we conducted using information derived from freeze-branded groups. We examined both index production groups released from hatcheries upstream from Lower Granite Dam (1982--1990) and freeze-branded groups used as controls in smolt transportation evaluations conducted by the National Marine Fisheries Service (1986, 1989). The scope of our analysis was limited to describing travel time estimates and derived relationships, as well as reach survival estimates through the mainstem Snake River from Lower Granite to McNary Dam.

Smith, Steven G.; Skalski, J.R.; Giorgi, Albert E.

1993-10-01T23:59:59.000Z

28

Reservoir characterization helping to sustain oil production in Thailand's Sirikit Field  

SciTech Connect

Sirikit field is located in the Phitsanulok basin of Thailand's north-central plains. The main reservoir sequence is some 400 m thick and comprises thin interbedded fluvio-lacustrine clay and sandstones. Initial oil volumes after exploration and appraisal drilling in 1981-1984 were estimated at some 180 million bbl. However, further development/appraisal drilling and the following up of new opportunities allowed a better delineation of the reservoirs, resulting in an increased STOIIP and recovery. Total in-place oil volumes were increased to 791 million bbl and the expectation of ultimate recovery to 133 million bbl. To date, 131 wells have been drilled, 65 MMstb have been produced, and production stands at 23,000 bbl/day. Extensive reservoir studies were among the techniques and methods used to assess whether water injection would be a viable further development option. A reservoir geological model was set up through (1) core studies, (2) a detailed sand correlation, and (3) reservoir quality mapping. This model showed that despite considerable heterogeneity most sands are continuous. Reservoir simulation indicated that water injection is viable in the north-central part of the field and that it will increase the Sirikit field reserves by 12 million; this is now part of Thai Shell's reserves portfolio. Injection will start in 1994. New up-to-date seismic and mapping techniques (still) using the old 3-D seismic data acquired in 1983 are being used for further reservoir delineation. This work is expected to result in a further reserve increase.

Shaafsma, C.E.; Phuthithammakul, S. (Thai Shell Exploration and Production Co. Ltd., Bangkok (Thailand))

1994-07-01T23:59:59.000Z

29

Atmospheric Trace Gases, Carbon Isotopes, Radionuclides, and Aerosols: Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Data from the Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC)  

DOE Data Explorer (OSTI)

CDIAC products include numeric data packages, publications, trend data, atlases, models, etc. and can be searched for by subject area, keywords, authors, product numbers, time periods, collection sites, spatial references, etc. Some of the collections may also be included in the CDIAC publication titled Trends Online: A Compendium of Global Change Data. Most datasets, many with numerous data files, are free to download from CDIAC's ftp area. Information related to atmospheric carbon dioxide data includes: Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Carbon Isotopes • Atmospheric carbon dioxide records from Mauna Loa, Hawaii • Monthly atmospheric CO2 mixing ratios and other data from the NOAA/CMDL continuous monitoring network • Data from the CSIRO GASLAB Flask Sampling Network • Atmospheric CO2 records from continuous measurements at Jubany Station, Antarctica and from 10 sites in the SIO air sampling network • Historical data from the extended Vostok ice core (2003) and the Siple Station ice core (1997) • Historical records from the Law Dome DE08, DE08-2, and DSS ice cores (1998) • AmeriFlux Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, and Energy Balance Measurements • Data from the Canadian Background Air Pollution Monitoring Network • Flask Samples from at U.S.S.R.-Operated Sites (1991) • The CISIRO (Australia) Monitoring Program from Aircraft for 1972-1981 • CO2 Concentrations in Surface Water and the Atmosphere during 1986-1989 NOAA/PMEL Cruises in the Pacific and Indian Oceans • Surface Water and Atmospheric CO2 and Nitrous Oxide Observations by Shipboard Automated Gas Chromatography: Results from Expeditions Between 1977 and 1990 (1992) • IPCC Working Group 1, 1994: Modeling Results Relating Future Atmospheric CO2 Concentrations to Industrial Emissions (1995). New datasets are added when available to the category of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

30

Elevational trends in the fluxes of sulphur and nitrogen in throughfall in the southern Appalachian Mountains: some surprising results  

Science Conference Proceedings (OSTI)

From 1986-1989, a team of scientists measured atmospheric concentrations and fluxes in precipitation and throughfall, and modeled dry and cloudwater deposition in a spruce-fir forest of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park which is located in the Southern Appalachian Region of the United States. The work was part of the Integrated Forest Study (IFS) conducted at 12 forests in N. America and Europe. The spruce-fir forest at 1740 m consistently received the highest total deposition rates ({approx}2200, 1200, and 700 eq ha{sup -1} yr{sup -1} for SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, NO{sub 3}{sup -}, and NH{sub 4}{sup +}). During the summers of 1989 and 1990 we used multiple samplers to measure hydrologie, SO{sub 4}{sup 2-}, and NO{sub 3}{sup -} fluxes in rain and throughfall events beneath spruce forests above (1940 m) and below (1720 m) cloud base. Throughfall was used to estimate total deposition using relationships determined during the IFS. Although the SO{sub 4}{sup 2-} fluxes increased with elevation by a factor of 2 due to higher cloudwater interception at 1940 m, the NO{sub 3}{sup -} fluxes decreased with elevation by 30%. To investigate further, we began year round measurements of fluxes of all major ions in throughfall below spruce-fir forests at 1740 m and at 1920 m in 1993-1994. The fluxes of most ions showed a 10-50% increase with elevation due to the 70 cm yr{sup -1} cloudwater input at 1920 m. However, total inorganic nitrogen exhibited a 40% lower flux in throughfall at 1920 m than at 1740 m suggesting either higher dry deposition to trees at 1740 m or much higher canopy uptake of nitrogen by trees at 1920 m. Differential canopy absorption of N by trees at different elevations would have significant consequences for the use of throughfall N fluxes to estimate deposition. We used artificial trees to understand the foliar interactions of N.

Shubzda, John [ORNL; Lindberg, Steven Eric [ORNL; Garten Jr, Charles T [ORNL; Nodvin, S. [University of Tennessee, Knoxville (UTK)

1995-12-01T23:59:59.000Z