De-Xing Kong; Kefeng Liu; Ming Shen
2008-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
In this letter we construct a new time-periodic solution of the vacuum Einstein's field equations whose Riemann curvature norm takes the infinity at some points. We show that this solution is intrinsically time-periodic and describes a time-periodic universe with the "black hole". New physical phenomena are investigated and new singularities are analyzed for this universal model.
Efficient Mining of Partial Periodic Patterns in Time Series Database
Dong, Guozhu
Efficient Mining of Partial Periodic Patterns in Time Series Database In ICDE 99 Jiawei Han \\Lambda peri odic patterns in timeseries databases, is an interesting data mining problem. Previous studies several algorithms for efficient mining of par tial periodic patterns, by exploring some interesting
Time-Periodic Solutions of the Einstein's Field Equations II
De-Xing Kong; Kefeng Liu; Ming Shen
2008-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
In this paper, we construct several kinds of new time-periodic solutions of the vacuum Einstein's field equations whose Riemann curvature tensors vanish, keep finite or take the infinity at some points in these space-times, respectively. The singularities of these new time-periodic solutions are investigated and some new physical phenomena are found. The applications of these solutions in modern cosmology and general relativity can be expected.
Local Lyapunov Functions for periodic and finite-time ODEs
Hafstein, Sigurður Freyr
Local Lyapunov Functions for periodic and finite-time ODEs Peter Giesl and Sigurdur Hafstein Abstract Lyapunov functions for general systems are difficult to construct. How- ever, for autonomous Lyapunov function by solving a matrix equa- tion. Consequently, the same function is a local Lyapunov
Non-existence of time-periodic vacuum spacetimes
Alexakis, Spyros
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We prove that smooth asymptotically flat solutions to the Einstein vacuum equations which are assumed to be periodic in time, are in fact stationary in a neighborhood of infinity. Our result applies under physically relevant regularity assumptions purely at the level of the initial data. In particular, our work removes the assumption of analyticity up to null infinity in [Bicak, Scholtz, and Tod; 2010]. The proof relies on extending a suitably constructed "candidate" Killing vector field from null infinity, via Carleman-type estimates obtained in [Alexakis, Schlue, Shao; 2013].
03.612 Time Off for Voting. 1. Purpose. To provide staff members a reasonable period of time off
03.612 Time Off for Voting. 1. Purpose. To provide staff members a reasonable period of time off a reasonable period of time off during the regular work day for voting on an official election day. This time should be reported as time worked and is not charged against vacation leave, comp time or salary
Periodic schedules for Unitary Timed Weighted Event Graphs
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Event Graph model (TEG also called marked graphs [5]) and dataflow graphs, oftenly used in the computer questions are polynomially solved for ordinary TEG [1], [5], [6], [8]. In particular, it has been shown that if a TEG is live, there always exists a periodic schedule with the optimal throughput (i.e. with the same
Time asymptotics of the Schroedinger wave function in time-periodic potentials
O. Costin; R. D. Costin; J. L. Lebowitz
2006-08-13T23:59:59.000Z
We study the transition to the continuum of an initially bound quantum particle in $\\RR^d$, $d=1,2,3$, subjected, for $t\\ge 0$, to a time periodic forcing of arbitrary magnitude. The analysis is carried out for compactly supported potentials, satisfying certain auxiliary conditions. It provides complete analytic information on the time Laplace transform of the wave function. From this, comprehensive time asymptotic properties (Borel summable transseries) follow. We obtain in particular a criterion for whether the wave function gets fully delocalized (complete ionization). This criterion shows that complete ionization is generic and provides a convenient test for particular cases. When satisfied it implies absence of discrete spectrum and resonances of the associated Floquet operator. As an illustration we show that the parametric harmonic perturbation of a potential chosen to be any nonzero multiple of the characteristic function of a measurable compact set has this property.
Attractiveness of periodic orbits in parametrically forced systems with time-increasing friction
Attractiveness of periodic orbits in parametrically forced systems with time-increasing friction-dimensional systems subject to a periodic force and study numer- ically how a time-varying friction affects oscillator in the presence of friction. We find that, if the damping coefficient increases in time up
Efficient Solvers for Nonlinear Time-Periodic Eddy Current F. Bachinger
Schoeberl, Joachim
Efficient Solvers for Nonlinear Time-Periodic Eddy Current Problems F. Bachinger U. Langer J. Sch-periodic eddy current problems, ranging from the description of the nonlinearity to an efficient solution setup, the magnetic field and the thereby generated eddy currents hardly penetrate into conducting
Local energy decay and Strichartz estimates for the wave equation with time-periodic
Petkov, Vesselin
Local energy decay and Strichartz estimates for the wave equation with time-periodic perturbations(z) = (U(T, 0) - z)-1 , (x) C 0 (Rn ), where U(t, s) is the propagator related to the wave equation) and T > 0 is the period. Assuming that R(z) has no poles z with |z| 1, we establish a local energy decay
Attractiveness of periodic orbits in parametrically forced systems with time-increasing friction
Bartuccelli, Michele
Attractiveness of periodic orbits in parametrically forced systems with time- increasing friction with time-increasing friction Michele Bartuccelli,1,a) Jonathan Deane,1,b) and Guido Gentile2,c) 1 oscillator in the presence of friction, and study numerically how time-varying friction affects the dynamics
Allen, Matthew S.
Identifying parameters of nonlinear structural dynamic systems using linear time- periodic nonlinearity. 1. Introduction Most dynamical systems behave nonlinearly in the most general scenario. This can point bifurcation [1], in rotor dynamic systems with bearing contact nonlinearities [2], in biomechanics
Real-time Scheduling of periodic tasks in a monoprocessor system with rechargeable energy storage
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Real-time Scheduling of periodic tasks in a monoprocessor system with rechargeable energy storage-time computing system that is powered through a renewable energy storage device. In this context, two constraints for the properties of the energy source, capacity of the energy storage as well as energy consumption of the tasks
QUANTUM ENERGY EXPECTATION IN PERIODIC TIME-DEPENDENT HAMILTONIANS VIA GREEN
QUANTUM ENERGY EXPECTATION IN PERIODIC TIME-DEPENDENT HAMILTONIANS VIA GREEN FUNCTIONS C´ESAR R. DE. Introduction 1 2. Average Energy and Green Functions 4 3. Applications 10 3.1. Time-Independent Hamiltonians 10(t). For each positive and discrete observable A (which we call a probe energy), we derive a formula
Global Clock, Physical Time Order and Pending Period Analysis in Multiprocessor Systems
Chen, Yunji; Hu, Weiwu
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In multiprocessor systems, various problems are treated with Lamport's logical clock and the resultant logical time orders between operations. However, one often needs to face the high complexities caused by the lack of logical time order information in practice. In this paper, we utilize the \\emph{global clock} to infuse the so-called \\emph{pending period} to each operation in a multiprocessor system, where the pending period is a time interval that contains the performed time of the operation. Further, we define the \\emph{physical time order} for any two operations with disjoint pending periods. The physical time order is obeyed by any real execution in multiprocessor systems due to that it is part of the truly happened operation orders restricted by global clock, and it is then proven to be independent and consistent with traditional logical time orders. The above novel yet fundamental concepts enables new effective approaches for analyzing multiprocessor systems, which are named \\emph{pending period analy...
Quantum Energy Expectation in Periodic Time-Dependent hamiltonians via Green Functions
Cesar R. de Oliveira; Mariza S. Simsen
2009-07-31T23:59:59.000Z
Let $U_F$ be the Floquet operator of a time periodic hamiltonian $H(t)$. For each positive and discrete observable $A$ (which we call a {\\em probe energy}), we derive a formula for the Laplace time average of its expectation value up to time $T$ in terms of its eigenvalues and Green functions at the circle of radius $e^{1/T}$. Some simple applications are provided which support its usefulness.
Skolski, J. Z. P., E-mail: j.z.p.skolski@utwente.nl; Vincenc Obona, J. [Materials innovation institute M2i, Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands); Römer, G. R. B. E.; Huis in 't Veld, A. J. [Faculty of Engineering Technology, Chair of Applied Laser Technology, University of Twente, P.O. Box 217, 7500 AE Enschede (Netherlands)
2014-03-14T23:59:59.000Z
A model predicting the formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures (LIPSSs) is presented. That is, the finite-difference time domain method is used to study the interaction of electromagnetic fields with rough surfaces. In this approach, the rough surface is modified by “ablation after each laser pulse,” according to the absorbed energy profile, in order to account for inter-pulse feedback mechanisms. LIPSSs with a periodicity significantly smaller than the laser wavelength are found to “grow” either parallel or orthogonal to the laser polarization. The change in orientation and periodicity follow from the model. LIPSSs with a periodicity larger than the wavelength of the laser radiation and complex superimposed LIPSS patterns are also predicted by the model.
Modeling the Coastal Ocean over a Time Period of Several April 8, 2008
Frénod, Emmanuel
, lost objects or oil spill over long periods of time in near coastal ocean areas. Such methods would. The final target of this program is to develop methods to forecast the drift of things like con- tainers be of interest for services in charge of maritime safety, environmental studies or pollution impact assessment
Risk neutral valuation of options in multi-period discrete-time markets
Risk neutral valuation of options in multi- period discrete-time markets In this lecture we study is the discounted expectation of its payoff under a martingale measure and use it to price call and put options Let F be an algebra of subsets of the finite sample space . Definition. A real-valued function (or
Classification of Floquet Statistical Distribution for Time-Periodic Open Systems
Dong E. Liu
2015-04-07T23:59:59.000Z
How to understand the order of Floquet stationary states in the presence of external bath coupling and their statistical mechanics is challenging; the answers are important for preparations and control of those Floquet states. Here, we propose a scheme to classify the statistical distribution of Floquet states for time-periodic systems which couple to an external heat bath. If an effective Hamiltonian and a system-bath coupling operator, which are all time-independent, can be simultaneously obtained via a time-periodic unitary transformation, the statistical mechanics of the Floquet states is equivalent to the equilibrium statistical mechanics of the effective Hamiltonian. In the large driving frequency cases, we also show that the conditions of this theorem can be weakened to: the time-period part in the system Hamiltonian commutes with the system-bath coupling operator. A Floquet-Markov approach is applied to numerically compute the Floquet state occupation distribution of a bosonic chain, and the results agree with the theoretical predictions.
Ultrafast time dynamics studies of periodic lattices with free electron laser radiation
Quevedo, W.; Busse, G.; Hallmann, J.; More, R.; Petri, M.; Rajkovic, I. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Krasniqi, F.; Rudenko, A. [Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Tschentscher, T. [European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22671 Hamburg (Germany); Stojanovic, N.; Duesterer, S.; Treusch, R.; Tolkiehn, M. [HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Techert, S. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, Am Fassberg 11, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Max Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)
2012-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has been proposed that radiation from free electron laser (FEL) at Hamburg (FLASH) can be used for ultrafast time-resolved x-ray diffraction experiments based on the near-infrared (NIR) pump/FEL probe scheme. Here, investigation probing the ultrafast structural dynamics of periodic nano-crystalline organic matter (silver behenate) with such a scheme is reported. Excitation with a femtosecond NIR laser leads to an ultrafast lattice modification which time evolution has been studied through the scattering of vacuum ultraviolet FEL pulses. The found effect last for 6 ps and underpins the possibility for studying nanoperiodic dynamics down to the FEL source time resolution. Furthermore, the possibility of extending the use of silver behenate (AgBh) as a wavelength and temporal calibration tool for experiments with soft x-ray/FEL sources is suggested.
Time-Periodic Solutions of Driven-Damped Trimer Granular Crystals
DOE Public Access Gateway for Energy & Science Beta (PAGES Beta)
Charalampidis, E. G.; Li, F.; Chong, C.; Yang, J.; Kevrekidis, P. G.
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider time-periodic structures of granular crystals consisting of alternate chrome steel (S) and tungsten carbide (W) spherical particles where each unit cell follows the pattern of a 2?:?1 trimer: S-W-S. The configuration at the left boundary is driven by a harmonic in-time actuation with given amplitude and frequency while the right one is a fixed wall. Similar to the case of a dimer chain, the combination of dissipation, driving of the boundary, and intrinsic nonlinearity leads to complex dynamics. For fixed driving frequencies in each of the spectral gaps, we find that the nonlinear surface modes and the statesmore »dictated by the linear drive collide in a saddle-node bifurcation as the driving amplitude is increased, beyond which the dynamics of the system becomes chaotic. While the bifurcation structure is similar for solutions within the first and second gap, those in the first gap appear to be less robust. We also conduct a continuation in driving frequency, where it is apparent that the nonlinearity of the system results in a complex bifurcation diagram, involving an intricate set of loops of branches, especially within the spectral gap. The theoretical findings are qualitatively corroborated by the experimental full-field visualization of the time-periodic structures.« less
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
/Simulink simulations. Key words: power system harmonics, power electronic, linear time periodic modeling, PWM, control1 POWER ELECTRONICS HARMONIC ANALYSIS BASED ON THE LINEAR TIME PERIODIC MODELING. APPLICATIONS in power electronic systems. The considered system is described by a set of differential equations, which
Attractiveness of periodic orbits in parametrically forced systemswith time-increasing friction
Michele Bartuccelli; Jonathan Deane; Guido Gentile
2012-07-18T23:59:59.000Z
We consider dissipative one-dimensional systems subject to a periodic force and study numerically how a time-varying friction affects the dynamics. As a model system, particularly suited for numerical analysis, we investigate the driven cubic oscillator in the presence of friction. We find that, if the damping coefficient increases in time up to a final constant value, then the basins of attraction of the leading resonances are larger than they would have been if the coefficient had been fixed at that value since the beginning. From a quantitative point of view, the scenario depends both on the final value and the growth rate of the damping coefficient. The relevance of the results for the spin-orbit model are discussed in some detail.
A study of short-time periodic variation of the B8 solar neutrino flux at Super-Kamiokande
J. Yoo; for the Super-Kamiokande Collaboration
2003-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
Super-Kamiokande(SK) is a real-time detector capable of measuring the exact time of solar neutrino events. This, combined with a relatively high yield of these events of roughly 15 per day, allows a search for short-time variations in the observed flux. Using all 1496 days of SK-I's solar data, we looked for periodic variations of the observed solar neutrino flux, and found no significant periodicity.
Internal Space-time Symmetries of Particles derivable from Periodic Systems in Optics
Y. S. Kim
2010-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
While modern optics is largely a physics of harmonic oscillators and two-by-two matrices, it is possible to learn about some hidden properties of the two-by-two matrix from optical systems. Since two-by-two matrices can be divided into three conjugate classes depending on their traces, optical systems force us to establish continuity from one class to another. It is noted that those three classes are equivalent to three different branches of Wigner's little groups dictating the internal space-time symmetries massive, massless, and imaginary-mass particles. It is shown that the periodic systems in optics can also be described by have the same class-based matrix algebra. The optical system allow us to make continuous, but not analytic, transitions from massiv to massless, and massless to imaginary-mass cases.
A Time-Periodic Bifurcation Theorem and its Application to Navier-Stokes Flow Past an Obstacle
Giovanni P. Galdi
2015-08-04T23:59:59.000Z
We show an abstract time-periodic bifurcation theorem in Banach spaces. The key point as well as the novelty of the method is to split the original evolution equation into two different coupled equations, one for the time-average of the sought solution and the other for the "purely periodic" component. This approach may be particularly useful in studying physical phenomena occurring in unbounded spatial regions. Actually, we furnish a significant application of the theorem, by providing sufficient conditions for time-periodic bifurcation from a steady-state flow of a Navier-Stokes liquid past a three-dimensional obstacle.
Long time simulation of a beam in a periodic focusing channel via a two-scale PIC-method
Frénod, Emmanuel
Long time simulation of a beam in a periodic focusing channel via a two-scale PIC-method E. Fr. Keywords: Vlasov-Poisson system, kinetic equations, homogenization, two-scale convergence, two- scale PIC
Rate description of FokkerPlanck processes with time-periodic parameters Changho Kim a,b
Lee, EokKyun
mechanical) thermal energy that may accumulate in a single reaction coordinate and finally enable a transition from reactants to products [14]. In contrast to these thermally assisted escape processes otherRate description of FokkerPlanck processes with time-periodic parameters Changho Kim a,b , Peter
A (MAX,+) ALGEBRA FOR NON-STATIONARY PERIODIC TIMED DISCRETE EVENT Guillaume P. Brat,1
Garg, Vijay
], behaviors of DES are captured by timed event graphs (TEG), a class of timed Petri nets ( 9] o ers a comprehensive review of Petri nets). In TEGs, any place has only one input and one out- put transition, and. Event sequences consist of the r- ing times of transitions. A TEG with N transitions is represented
Looking for granulation and periodicity imprints in the sunspot time series
Lopes, Ilidio
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The sunspot activity is the end result of the cyclic destruction and regeneration of magnetic fields by the dynamo action. We propose a new method to analyze the daily sunspot areas data recorded since 1874. By computing the power spectral density of daily data series using the Mexican hat wavelet, we found a power spectrum with a well-defined shape, characterized by three features. The first term is the 22 yr solar magnetic cycle, estimated in our work to be of 18.43 yr. The second term is related to the daily volatility of sunspots. This term is most likely produced by the turbulent motions linked to the solar granulation. The last term corresponds to a periodic source associated with the solar magnetic activity, for which the maximum of power spectral density occurs at 22.67 days. This value is part of the 22-27 day periodicity region that shows an above-average intensity in the power spectra. The origin of this 22.67 day periodic process is not clearly identified, and there is a possibility that it can be...
The long time behavior of Brownian motion in tilted periodic potentials
Liang Cheng
2015-01-20T23:59:59.000Z
Jan 6, 2015 ... In order to obtain more quantitative information about dynamical behaviors, we .... 2. Convergence of long time average velocity VF for the ...
A charged particle in a homogeneous magnetic field accelerated by a time periodic Aharonov-Bohm flux
T. Kalvoda; P. Stovicek
2011-07-14T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a nonrelativistic quantum charged particle moving on a plane under the influence of a uniform magnetic field and driven by a periodically time-dependent Aharonov-Bohm flux. We observe an acceleration effect in the case when the Aharonov-Bohm flux depends on time as a sinusoidal function whose frequency is in resonance with the cyclotron frequency. In particular, the energy of the particle increases linearly for large times. An explicit formula for the acceleration rate is derived with the aid of the quantum averaging method, and then it is checked against a numerical solution with a very good agreement.
Reichenbach, Tobias
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Frequency discrimination is a fundamental task of the auditory system. The mammalian inner ear, or cochlea, provides a place code in which different frequencies are detected at different spatial locations. However, a temporal code based on spike timing is also available: action potentials evoked in an auditory-nerve fiber by a low-frequency tone occur at a preferred phase of the stimulus-they exhibit phase locking-and thus provide temporal information about the tone's frequency. In an accompanying psychoacoustic study, and in agreement with previous experiments, we show that humans employ this temporal information for discrimination of low frequencies. How might such temporal information be read out in the brain? Here we demonstrate that recurrent random neural networks in which connections between neurons introduce characteristic time delays, and in which neurons require temporally coinciding inputs for spike initiation, can perform sharp frequency discrimination when stimulated with phase-locked inputs. Alt...
John K. Cannizzo; Neil Gehrels; Janet A. Mattei
2002-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
We examine the AAVSO light curve of U Geminorum from 1908 to 2002, with particular focus on the October 1985 outburst. This outburst was longer than any other seen in U Gem by about a factor of 2, and appears to be unique among all dwarf nova outbursts seen in systems with orbital periods longer than 3 hr in that one can measure the decay time scale during the initial slow decay. This rate is ~26+-6 d/mag. Using estimates of the rate of accretion during outburst taken from Froning et al., one can show that ~1e24 g of gas was accreted onto the white dwarf during the outburst. When coupled with the viscous time inferred from the (short orbital period) SU UMa stars, the U Gem viscous time scale lends support to the standard model in which the decays in dwarf novae can either be viscous or thermal, with the ratio between them being roughly h/r where h is the vertical pressure scale height in the disk.
Rogers, J.; Porter, K.
2012-03-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper updates previous work that describes time period-based and other approximation methods for estimating the capacity value of wind power and extends it to include solar power. The paper summarizes various methods presented in utility integrated resource plans, regional transmission organization methodologies, regional stakeholder initiatives, regulatory proceedings, and academic and industry studies. Time period-based approximation methods typically measure the contribution of a wind or solar plant at the time of system peak - sometimes over a period of months or the average of multiple years.
Drought UpdateDrought Update February 23, 2004 WATF meetingFebruary 23, 2004 WATF meeting
-1971-2000 Max Year - 1957 Min Year - 2002 Period of Record Average - 1949 - 2002 2004 Water Year 2nd Center in Boulder, CO #12;Division 1Division 1-- Grand LakeGrand Lake 1NW Grand Lake 1 NW 2004 Water Year Months AccumulatedPrecipitation(Inches) 30 Year Averages-1971-2000 Max Year - 1984 Min Year - 2002 Period
Cramer, William Paul
1963-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
AN INVESTIGATION OF TIME CHANGES IN CLOUDS OBSERVED OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO AND CARIBBEAN SEA DURING THE PERIOD 18-23 JULY 1961 A Thesis By WILLIAM PAUL CRAMER Captain, United States Air Force Submitted to the Graduate School... of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Texas in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE May 1963 Major Subject: METEOROLOGY AN INVESTIGATION OF TIME CHANGES IN CLOUDS OBSERVED OVER THE GULF OF MEXICO AND CARIBBEAN SEA...
Sorenson, Ken B.; Hanson, Brady D.
2013-08-25T23:59:59.000Z
The need for extended storage of used nuclear fuel is increasing globally as disposition schedules for used fuel are pushed further into the future. This is creating a situation where dry storage of used fuel may need to be extended beyond normal regulatory licensing periods. While it is generally accepted that used fuel in dry storage will remain in a safe condition, there is little data that demonstrate used fuel performance in dry storage environments for long periods of time. This is especially true for high burnup used fuel.
Time Series, Load Profiles, Temperature Sensitivity, Weather Adjustment 1 Introduction The quantitative, it is required to use indirect techniques to assess the type of demand they face [10, 11] in order to support their long-term investment planning. In this context, categories of residential, business and in- dustrial
de Avellar, Marcio G B; Altamirano, Diego; Sanna, Andrea; Zhang, Guobao
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present an analysis of the energy and frequency dependence of the Fourier time lags of the hectoHertz quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) and of the QPOs at the frequency at which the power density spectrum shows a break in the neutron-star low-mass X-ray binary 4U 1636-53, using a large data set obtained with the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer. We found that: (i) For the break frequency QPO: for low frequencies, in general the time lag is positive, but it is decreasing with increasing frequency, reaching zero lag at 20 Hz. Between 20 and 35 Hz there is a small fluctuation around zero, from where the time lags become positive again and increase slightly above zero up to 65 Hz. (ii) For the hHz QPO: we see that when the frequency is 100 Hz the time lag is negative, but it increases to zero already at 110 Hz, being consistent with this value up to 130 Hz from where it increases to 0.5 msec at around 140 Hz. From 140 Hz the time lag decreases sharply, being strongly negative for hHz greater than 220 Hz. We compar...
Littlefield, Colin; Cain, Ryan; Mumme, Raymond; Magno, Katrina C; Corpuz, Taylor; Sandefur, Davis; Boyd, David; Cook, Michael; Ulowetz, Joseph
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the results of a twenty-five-month photometric campaign studying V1432 Aql, the only known eclipsing, asynchronous polar. Our data show that both the residual eclipse flux and eclipse O-C timings vary strongly as a function of the spin-orbit beat period. Relying upon a new model of the system, we show that cyclical changes in the location of the threading region along the ballistic trajectory of the accretion stream could produce both effects. This model predicts that the threading radius is variable, in contrast to previous studies which have assumed a constant threading radius. Additionally, we identify a very strong photometric maximum which is only visible for half of the beat cycle. The exact cause of this maximum is unclear, but we consider the possibility that it is the optical counterpart of the third accreting polecap proposed by Rana et al. (2005). Finally, the rate of change of the white dwarf's spin period is consistent with it being proportional to the difference between the spin and or...
Hettinger, T; Strader, J; Bickerton, S J; Beers, T C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stellar multiplicity lies at the heart of many problems in modern astrophysics, including the physics of star formation, the observational properties of unresolved stellar populations, and the rates of interacting binaries such as cataclysmic variables, X-ray binaries, and Type Ia supernovae. However, little is known about the stellar multiplicity of field stars in the Milky Way, in particular about the differences in the multiplicity characteristics between metal-rich disk stars and metal-poor halo stars. In this study we perform a statistical analysis of ~15,000 F-type dwarf stars in the Milky Way through time-resolved spectroscopy with the sub-exposures archived in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We obtain absolute radial velocity measurements through template cross-correlation of individual sub-exposures with temporal baselines varying from minutes to years. These sparsely sampled radial velocity curves are analyzed using Markov chain Monte Carlo techniques to constrain the very short-period binary fraction...
installation periods and where appropriate, system maintenance information is provided. For each installation/20006/12/19996/12/19986/12/19976/12/19967/12/1995 AC / DC Filters Inlet Filter New Pump Ref Gas Cal Gas
Jameson, Antony
of the body. Practical examples of this type include helicopter rotor blades in forward flight, rotor and efficient computation of periodic unsteady flows. The algorithm has been validated with both 2D and 3D test
Burleson, Kenneth Stewart
1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
pigures 7 through 15) and their cenbinad effects on the a~receive strengths of stem cured concrete are presente4 in Table 1. TABLI 1. Cenhinations of HoMag Tines ~ Curing Tenperatures, aad Optima Treatssnt Periods, and Their Conhined gffects.... The optima holding tine for tenperatures of 140, 165 and 165 F to obtain ths aaxiaun nodulus of elasticity for a treatasnt period of 16 hours is indicated in Figures 42 through 45. k treatnent peried of 16 hours was used in plotting these ourves, because...
Regular simplex and periodic billiard orbit
Bedaride, Nicolas
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We consider billiard inside regular simplex of $\\mathbb{R}^n$. We show the existence of two periodic trajectories. One of period $n+1$ which passes one time by each face and one of period $2n$ which passes $n$ times through one face and one time through each other face. In both cases we obtain exact coordinates for the periodic points.
Hinow, Peter
Summary Matrix tablets are drug delivery devices that release a water-soluble drug over an extended period of time. Such matrix tablets are formulated from mixtures of drug, polymer, and excipient powders variation in the drug release profile of the tablet. While fabrication of experimental tablets
Burleson, Kenneth Stewart
1958-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of concrete are as foliose: Send (at a SSD condition) - - - - - 1266. 3 pounds Oearse (aC a SSD aen4ition) - - - - 166&. 1 pounds Oe?ent - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 607. 5 pounds or 6. &6 sachs gator - - - - - - - ? - - - - - - - 297. 0 pounds or 35. 66... and 185 F to obtain the waxima nodulus of rupture for a treataant period of 16 hours is indicated in Figures 29 through 32. *C ~ 1 day nodulus of rupture of concrete stean cured as show, expressed as a per cent of the 28 day nodulus of rupture...
Alavi, Ali
is a good idea are: · efficient development practices. It is very easy to try things out and experiment of time, including writing papers and theses as well as writing code. This session gives a introduction communication via a central server which stores the repository whereas a DVCS is completely distributed and each
A highly specific test for periodicity
Ansmann, Gerrit
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method that allows to distinguish between nearly periodic and strictly periodic time series. To this purpose, we employ a conservative criterion for periodicity, namely that the time series can be interpolated by a periodic function whose local extrema are also present in the time series. Our method is intended for the analysis of time series generated by deterministic dynamical systems, where it can help telling periodic dynamics from chaotic or transient ones. We empirically investigate our method's performance and compare it to an approach based on marker events (or Poincar\\'e sections). We demonstrate that our method is capable of detecting small deviations from periodicity and outperforms the marker-event-based approach in typical situations. Our method requires no adjustment of parameters to the individual time series, yields the period length with a precision that exceeds the sampling rate, and its run time grows asymptotically linear with the length of the time series.
Property:TimePeriod | Open Energy Information
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on DeliciousPlasmaP a gHigh PlainsOttawa,Property Edit with formReferenceGenre Jump to:Property
Optimal Checkpointing Period: Time vs. Energy
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
is focusing on the characteris- tics, features, and challenges of High Performance Computing (HPC) systems-purpose error recovery technique in high performance computing is checkpoint and rollback recovery
Periodic Measurement of Advertising Effectiveness Using Multiple-Test-Period Geo Experiments
Cortes, Corinna
of ad effectiveness measurements across time. Additionally, the experimental units should rotate betweenPeriodic Measurement of Advertising Effectiveness Using Multiple-Test-Period Geo Experiments Jon experiments to the measurement of advertising effectiveness. One reason this method of measurement
Periodic Reward-Based Scheduling and Its
Aydin, Hakan
catastrophic. Examples of real-time systems can be found in control systems of nuclear power plants, air36 Periodic Reward-Based Scheduling and Its Application to Power-Aware Real-Time Systems Hakan ........................... 36-9 Modeling Real-Time Workload and Energy on a Variable Speed CPU · Correlating Real-Time Power
Genealogy of periodic trajectories
de Adguiar, M.A.M.; Maldta, C.P.; de Passos, E.J.V.
1986-05-20T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic solutions of non-integrable classical Hamiltonian systems with two degrees of freedom are numerically investigated. Curves of periodic families are given in plots of energy vs. period. Results are presented for this Hamiltonian: H = 1/2(p/sub x//sup 2/ + p/sub y//sup 2/) + 1/2 x/sup 2/ + 3/2 y/sup 2/ - x/sup 2/y + 1/12 x/sup 4/. Properties of the families of curves are pointed out. (LEW)
Fourier series and periodicity
Donal F. Connon
2014-12-07T23:59:59.000Z
A large number of the classical texts dealing with Fourier series more or less state that the hypothesis of periodicity is required for pointwise convergence. In this paper, we highlight the fact that this condition is not necessary.
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
DOE has published a Final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS), and the 30-day waiting period has ended. DOE is preparing a Record of Decision to announce and explain its chosen project alternative...
Drought Update May 17, 2004 WATF meeting
of Record Average - 1949 - 2002 2004 Water Year 2nd Min Year - 1950 #12;Division 4 - Center Center 4SSW 2004 Diagnostic Center in Boulder, CO #12;Division 1- Grand Lake 1NW Grand Lake 1 NW 2004 Water Year (through Oct AccumulatedPrecipitation(Inches) 30 Year Averages-1971-2000 Max Year - 1984 Min Year - 2002 Period of Record
Climate Center Atmospheric Science Department
Averages-1971-2000 Max Year - 1957 Min Year - 2002 Period of Record Average - 1949 - 2002 2003 Water Year 2nd Min Year - 1950 #12;Division 3 Mesa Verde NP 2003 Water Year (through October '02-December '02) 0 Center in Boulder #12;Division 1 Taylor Park 2003 Water Year (through October '02-December '02) 0 5 10 15
PERIODIC WAVELET TRANSFORMS AND PERIODICITY JOHN J. BENEDETTO AND G
Benedetto, John J.
PERIODIC WAVELET TRANSFORMS AND PERIODICITY DETECTION JOHN J. BENEDETTO #3; AND G OTZ E. PFANDER y Key words. Continuous wavelet transform, epileptic seizure prediction, periodicity detection algorithm, optimal generalized Haar wavelets, wavelet frames on Z. AMS subject classi#12;cations. 42C99, 42C
Quantum transport calculations using periodic boundaryconditions
Wang, Lin-Wang
2004-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
An efficient new method is presented to calculate the quantum transports using periodic boundary conditions. This method allows the use of conventional ground state ab initio programs without big changes. The computational effort is only a few times of a normal groundstate calculations, thus is makes accurate quantum transport calculations for large systems possible.
Kepler and the long-period variables
Hartig, Erich; Lebzelter, Thomas [University of Vienna, Department of Astrophysics, Türkenschanzstrasse 17, A-1180 Vienna (Austria); Cash, Jennifer [Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, South Carolina State University, P.O. Box 7024, Orangeburg, SC 29117 (United States); Hinkle, Kenneth H.; Mighell, Kenneth J. [National Optical Astronomy Observatories, P.O. Box 26732, Tucson, AZ 85726 (United States); Walter, Donald K., E-mail: erich.hartig@univie.ac.at, E-mail: thomas.lebzelter@univie.ac.at, E-mail: jcash@physics.scsu.edu, E-mail: hinkle@noao.edu, E-mail: mighell@noao.edu, E-mail: dkw@physics.scsu.edu [Department of Biological and Physical Sciences, South Carolina State University, P.O. Box 7296, Orangeburg, SC 29117 (United States)
2014-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
High-precision Kepler photometry is used to explore the details of asymptotic giant branch (AGB) light curves. Since AGB variability has a typical timescale on the order of a year, we discuss at length the removal of long-term trends and quarterly changes in Kepler data. Photometry for a small sample of nine semi-regular (SR) AGB stars is examined using a 30 minute cadence over a period of 45 months. While undergoing long-period variations of many magnitudes, the light curves are shown to be smooth at the millimagnitude level over much shorter time intervals. No flares or other rapid events were detected on a sub-day timescale. The shortest AGB period detected is on the order of 100 days. All the SR variables in our sample are shown to have multiple modes. This is always the first overtone, typically combined with the fundamental. A second common characteristic of SR variables is shown to be the simultaneous excitation of multiple closely separated periods for the same overtone mode. Approximately half the sample had a much longer variation in the light curve, likely a long secondary period (LSP). The light curves were all well represented by a combination of sinusoids. However, the properties of the sinusoids are time variable, with irregular variations present at low levels. No non-radial pulsations were detected. It is argued that the LSP variation seen in many SR variables is intrinsic to the star and linked to multiple mode pulsation.
The periodicity of the eta Carinae events
A. Damineli; M. F. Corcoran; D. J. Hillier; O. Stahl; R. S. Levenhagen; N. V. Leister; J. H. Groh; M. Teodoro; J. F. Albacete Colombo; F. Gonzalez; J. Arias; H. Levato; M. Grosso; N. Morrell; R. Gamen; G. Wallerstein; V. Niemela
2007-11-27T23:59:59.000Z
Extensive spectral observations of eta Carinae over the last cycle, and particularly around the 2003.5 low excitation event, have been obtained. The variability of both narrow and broad lines, when combined with data taken from two earlier cycles, reveal a common and well defined period. We have combined the cycle lengths derived from the many lines in the optical spectrum with those from broad-band X-rays, optical and near-infrared observations, and obtained a period length of 2022.7+-1.3 d. Spectroscopic data collected during the last 60 years yield an average period of 2020+-4 d, consistent with the present day period. The period cannot have changed by more than $\\Delta$P/P=0.0007 since 1948. This confirms the previous claims of a true, stable periodicity, and gives strong support to the binary scenario. We have used the disappearance of the narrow component of HeI 6678 to define the epoch of the Cycle 11 minimum, T_0=JD 2,452,819.8. The next event is predicted to occur on 2009 January 11 (+-2 days). The dates for the start of the minimum in other spectral features and broad-bands is very close to this date, and have well determined time delays from the HeI epoch.
Thermo-quantum diffusion in periodic potentials
R. Tsekov
2012-01-18T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Brownian motion in a periodic cosine potential is studied and a simple estimate of the tunneling effect is obtained in the frames of a quasi-equilibrium semiclassical approach. It is shown that the latter is applicable for heavy particles but electrons cannot be described properly since the quantum effects dominate over the thermal ones. The purely quantum electron diffusion is investigated at zero temperature and demonstrates that electrons do not obey the classical Einstein law of Brownian motion in the field of periodic potentials, since the dispersion of the wave packet increases logarithmically in time.
Representing Periodic Functions by Fourier
Vickers, James
Representing Periodic Functions by Fourier Series 23.2 Introduction In this Section we show how, then the Fourier series expansion takes the form: f(t) = a0 2 + n=1 (an cos nt + bn sin nt) Our main purpose here Fourier coefficients of a function of period 2 calculate Fourier coefficients of a function of general
Shortest recurrence periods of novae
Kato, Mariko [Department of Astronomy, Keio University, Hiyoshi, Yokohama 223-8521 (Japan); Saio, Hideyuki [Astronomical Institute, Graduate School of Science, Tohoku University, Sendai 980-8578 (Japan); Hachisu, Izumi [Department of Earth Science and Astronomy, College of Arts and Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 153-8902 (Japan); Nomoto, Ken'ichi, E-mail: mariko@educ.cc.keio.ac.jp [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe (WPI), The University of Tokyo, 5-1-5 Kashiwanoha, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
Stimulated by the recent discovery of the 1 yr recurrence period nova M31N 2008-12a, we examined the shortest recurrence periods of hydrogen shell flashes on mass-accreting white dwarfs (WDs). We discuss the mechanism that yields a finite minimum recurrence period for a given WD mass. Calculating the unstable flashes for various WD masses and mass accretion rates, we identified a shortest recurrence period of about two months for a non-rotating 1.38 M {sub ?} WD with a mass accretion rate of 3.6 × 10{sup –7} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}. A 1 yr recurrence period is realized for very massive (? 1.3 M {sub ?}) WDs with very high accretion rates (? 1.5 × 10{sup –7} M {sub ?} yr{sup –1}). We revised our stability limit of hydrogen shell burning, which will be useful for binary evolution calculations toward Type Ia supernovae.
The long time behavior of diffusion in tilted periodic potentials
2013-09-18T23:59:59.000Z
Sep 18, 2013 ... In order to obtain more quantitative information about dynamical .... per(T),r = 1,2, denotes the space of the restriction to T of functions in Cr(R) ...
Emissions from Idling Trucks for Extended Time Periods | Department of
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Google Bookmark EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Delicious RankShale_Gas.pdfServiceDepartment of Energy NoticeEnergy 077ofHazardous2 DOE HydrogenFuels
Convection, granulation and period jitter in classical Cepheids
Neilson, Hilding R
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Analyses of recent observations of the sole classical Cepheid in the Kepler field, V1154 Cygni, found random changes of about 30 minutes in the pulsation period. These period changes challenge standard theories of pulsation and evolution because the period change is non-secular, and explaining this period jitter is necessary for understanding stellar evolution and the role of Cepheids as precise standard candles. We suggest that convection and convective hot spots can explain the observed period jitter. Convective hot spots alter the timing of flux maximum and minimum in the Cepheid light curve, hence change the measured pulsation period. We present a model of random hot spots that generate a localized flux excess that perturbs the Cepheid light curve and consequently the pulsation period which is consistent with the observed jitter. This result demonstrates how important understanding convection is for modeling Cepheid stellar structure and evolution, how convection determines the red edge of the instability...
Mechanics of planar periodic microstructures
Prange, Sharon M. (Sharon Marie)
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The deformation of two-dimensional periodically patterned elastomeric sheets has been shown to trigger interesting pattern changes that are both repeatable and predictable (Bertoldi et al., 2007). Here, both square and ...
Competitive Multi-period Pricing with Fixed Inventories
Perakis, Georgia
This paper studies the problem of multi-period pricing for perishable products in a competitive (oligopolistic) market. We study non cooperative Nash equilibrium policies for sellers. At the beginning of the time horizon, ...
Chaotic Transport in Planar Periodic Vortical Flows
Taehoon Ahn; Seunghwan Kim
1993-09-24T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied a chaotic transport in a two-dimensional periodic vortical flow under a time-dependent perturbation with period T where the global diffusion occurs along the stochastic web. By using the Melnikov method we construct the separatrix map describing the approximate dynamics near the saddle separatrices. Focusing on the small T, the width of the stochastic layer is calculated analytically by using the residue criterion and the diffusion constant by using the random phase assumption and correlated random walks. The analytical results are in good agreements with the results of two different types of numerical simulations by integrations of the Hamilton's equation of motion and by iterations of the separatrix map, which establishes the validity of the use of the separatrix map.
Stratified Steady Periodic Water Waves
Samuel Walsh
2009-02-11T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers two-dimensional stratified water waves propagating under the force of gravity over an impermeable flat bed and with a free surface. We prove the existence of a global continuum of classical solutions that are periodic and traveling. These waves, moreover, can exhibit large density variation, speed and amplitude.
Advanced downhole periodic seismic generator
Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Hills, Richard G. (Las Cruces, NM); Striker, Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM)
1991-07-16T23:59:59.000Z
An advanced downhole periodic seismic generator system for transmitting variable frequency, predominantly shear-wave vibration into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system comprises a unitary housing operably connected to a well head by support and electrical cabling and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a variable speed pneumatic oscillator and a self-contained pneumatic reservoir for producing a frequency-swept seismic output over a discrete frequency range.
Down hole periodic seismic generator
Hardee, Harry C. (Albuquerque, NM); Hills, Richard G. (Las Cruces, NM); Striker, Richard P. (Albuquerque, NM)
1989-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A down hole periodic seismic generator system for transmitting variable frequency, predominantly shear-wave vibration into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system comprises a unitary housing operably connected to a well head by support and electrical cabling and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a variable speed pneumatic oscillator and a self-contained pneumatic reservoir for producing a frequency-swept seismic output over a discrete frequency range.
An Autonomous Adaptive Scheduling Agent for Period Searching
Eric S. Saunders; Tim Naylor; Alasdair Allan
2008-01-24T23:59:59.000Z
We describe the design and implementation of an autonomous adaptive software agent that addresses the practical problem of observing undersampled, periodic, time-varying phenomena using a network of HTN-compliant robotic telescopes. The algorithm governing the behaviour of the agent uses an optimal geometric sampling technique to cover the period range of interest, but additionally implements proactive behaviour that maximises the optimality of the dataset in the face of an uncertain and changing operating environment.
Long period fiber gratings induced by mechanical resonance
Shahal, Shir; Duadi, Hamootal; Fridman, Moti
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a simple, and robust method for writing long period fiber gratings with low polarization dependent losses. Our method is based on utilizing mechanical vibrations of the tapered fiber while pooling it. Our method enables real-time tunability of the periodicity, efficiency and length of the grating. We also demonstrate complex grating by writing multiple gratings simultaneously. Finally, we utilized the formation of the gratings in different fiber diameters to investigate the Young's modulus of the fiber.
Drought UpdateDrought Update (January 21, 2004 WATF meeting)(January 21, 2004 WATF meeting)
Year - 1957 Min Year - 2002 Period of Record Average - 1949 - 2002 2004 Water Year 2nd Min Year - 1950 NW 2004 Water Year (through Oct '03 - Dec '03) 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 O C T N O V D EC JAN FEB M AR APR M AY JUN JUL AU G SEP Months AccumulatedPrecipitation(Inches) 30 Year Averages-1971-2000 Max Year
Dynamical system theory of periodically collapsing bubbles
Yukalov, V I; Sornette, D
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a reduced form set of two coupled continuous time equations linking the price of a representative asset and the price of a bond, the later quantifying the cost of borrowing. The feedbacks between asset prices and bonds are mediated by the dependence of their "fundamental values" on past asset prices and bond themselves. The obtained nonlinear self-referencing price dynamics can induce, in a completely objective deterministic way, the appearance of periodically exploding bubbles ending in crashes. Technically, the periodically explosive bubbles arise due to the proximity of two types of bifurcations as a function of the two key control parameters $b$ and $g$, which represent, respectively, the sensitivity of the fundamental asset price on past asset and bond prices and of the fundamental bond price on past asset prices. One is a Hopf bifurcation, when a stable focus transforms into an unstable focus and a limit cycle appears. The other is a rather unusual bifurcation, when a stable node and a saddle...
Planar resonant periodic orbits in Kuiper belt dynamics
George Voyatzis; Thomas Kotoulas
2005-02-28T23:59:59.000Z
In the framework of the planar restricted three body problem we study a considerable number of resonances associated to the Kuiper Belt dynamics and located between 30 and 48 a.u. Our study is based on the computation of resonant periodic orbits and their stability. Stable periodic orbits are surrounded by regular librations in phase space and in such domains the capture of trans-Neptunian object is possible. All the periodic orbits found are symmetric and there is evidence for the existence of asymmetric ones only in few cases. In the present work first, second and third order resonances are under consideration. In the planar circular case we found that most of the periodic orbits are stable. The families of periodic orbits are temporarily interrupted by collisions but they continue up to relatively large values of the Jacobi constant and highly eccentric regular motion exists for all cases. In the elliptic problem and for a particular eccentricity value of the primary bodies the periodic orbits are isolated. The corresponding families, where they belong to, bifurcate from specific periodic orbits of the circular problem and seem to continue up to the rectilinear problem. Both stable and unstable orbits are obtained for each case. In the elliptic problem the unstable orbits found are associated with narrow chaotic domains in phase space. The evolution of the orbits, which are located in such chaotic domains, seems to be practically regular and bounded for long time intervals.
Periodic relativity: basic framework of the theory
Vikram H. Zaveri
2014-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
An alternative gravity theory is proposed which does not rely on Riemannian geometry and geodesic trajectories. The theory named periodic relativity (PR) does not use the weak field approximation and allows every two body system to deviate differently from the flat Minkowski metric. PR differs from general relativity (GR) in predictions of the proper time intervals of distant objects. PR proposes a definite connection between the proper time interval of an object and gravitational frequency shift of its constituent particles as the object travels through the gravitational field. PR is based on the dynamic weak equivalence principle which equates the gravitational mass with the relativistic mass. PR provides very accurate solutions for the Pioneer anomaly and the rotation curves of galaxies outside the framework of general relativity. PR satisfies Einstein's field equations with respect to the three major GR tests within the solar system and with respect to the derivation of Friedmann equation in cosmology. This article defines the underlying framework of the theory.
Periods Associated to Algebraic Cycles Spencer Bloch
Bloch, Spencer
K0(X) = CHp (X)Q Spencer Bloch () Periods Associated to Algebraic Cycles March 3, 2014 Albert) CHp(X, n) := H-n(Zp(X, ·)). Spencer Bloch () Periods Associated to Algebraic Cycles March 3, 2014 ) - Zp (X) CHp(X, n) := H-n(Zp(X, ·)). Spencer Bloch () Periods Associated to Algebraic Cycles March 3
DEVELOPING IMPROVED TRAVEL TIME RELIABILITY MEASURES FOR REAL-TIME AND ARCHIVED ITS DATA
Bertini, Robert L.
including travel time, 95th percentile travel time, travel time index, buffer index planning time index-based detector data, collected in periodic special studies, or estimated using simulation [1,3]: 95th Percentile between 95th percentile travel time and mean travel time, divided by mean travel time. Planning Time Index
Period Change of Eclipsing Binaries from the ASAS Catalog
Radoslaw Poleski; Bogumil Pilecki
2006-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present a preliminary statistical analysis of a period change of eclipsing binaries from the ASAS Catalog of Variable Stars. For each contact and semidetached system brighter than 13.3$mag$ (in V) with a period shorter than 0.4 days and at least 300 observation points we have found an angular velocity $\\omega$ and its time derivative $\\frac{d\\omega}{dt}$. According to our accuracy there is no evidence that average $\\frac{d\\omega}{dt}$ differs from 0. Light curves for selected stars are presented.
Seismic isolation of two dimensional periodic foundations
Yan, Y.; Mo, Y. L., E-mail: yilungmo@central.uh.edu [University of Houston, Houston, Texas 77004 (United States); Laskar, A. [Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai (India); Cheng, Z.; Shi, Z. [Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing (China); Menq, F. [University of Texas, Austin, Texas 78712 (United States); Tang, Y. [Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois 60439 (United States)
2014-07-28T23:59:59.000Z
Phononic crystal is now used to control acoustic waves. When the crystal goes to a larger scale, it is called periodic structure. The band gaps of the periodic structure can be reduced to range from 0.5?Hz to 50?Hz. Therefore, the periodic structure has potential applications in seismic wave reflection. In civil engineering, the periodic structure can be served as the foundation of upper structure. This type of foundation consisting of periodic structure is called periodic foundation. When the frequency of seismic waves falls into the band gaps of the periodic foundation, the seismic wave can be blocked. Field experiments of a scaled two dimensional (2D) periodic foundation with an upper structure were conducted to verify the band gap effects. Test results showed the 2D periodic foundation can effectively reduce the response of the upper structure for excitations with frequencies within the frequency band gaps. When the experimental and the finite element analysis results are compared, they agree well with each other, indicating that 2D periodic foundation is a feasible way of reducing seismic vibrations.
Optimized Periodic Control of Chaotic Systems
Robert Mettin; Thomas Kurz
1995-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
In this work, we demonstrate the open-loop control of chaotic systems by means of optimized periodic signals. The use of such signals enables us to reduce control power significantly in comparison to simple harmonic perturbations. It is found that the stabilized periodic dynamics can be changed by small, specific alterations of the control signal. Thus, low power switching between different periodic states can be achieved without feedback. The robustness of the proposed control method against noise is discussed.
Pricing Conspicuous Consumption Products in Recession Periods ...
2012-09-26T23:59:59.000Z
cally used in chemical engineering, e.g., to avoid irreversible reactions in ... Our basic problem is based on an economic setting with a recession period followed.
Variable-Period Undulators For Synchrotron Radiation
Shenoy, Gopal (Naperville, IL); Lewellen, John (Plainfield, IL); Shu, Deming (Darien, IL); Vinokurov, Nikolai (Novosibirsk, RU)
2005-02-22T23:59:59.000Z
A new and improved undulator design is provided that enables a variable period length for the production of synchrotron radiation from both medium-energy and high-energy storage rings. The variable period length is achieved using a staggered array of pole pieces made up of high permeability material, permanent magnet material, or an electromagnetic structure. The pole pieces are separated by a variable width space. The sum of the variable width space and the pole width would therefore define the period of the undulator. Features and advantages of the invention include broad photon energy tunability, constant power operation and constant brilliance operation.
Large Scale Periodicity in Redshift Distribution
K. Bajan; M. Biernacka; P. Flin; W. Godlowski; V. Pervushin; A. Zorin
2004-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We review the previous studies of galaxies and quasar redshifts discretisation. We present also the investigations of the large scale periodicity, detected by pencil--beam observations, which revealed 128 (1/h) Mpc period, afterwards confirmed with supercluster studies. We present the theoretical possibility of obtaining such a periodicity using a toy-model. We solved the Kepler problem, i.e. the equation of motion of a particle with null energy moving in the uniform, expanding Universe, decribed by FLRW metrics. It is possible to obtain theoretically the separation between large scale structures similar to the observed one.
PERIODIC WAVELET TRANSFORMS AND PERIODICITY JOHN J. BENEDETTO AND GOTZ E. PFANDER
Pfander, GÃ¶tz
PERIODIC WAVELET TRANSFORMS AND PERIODICITY DETECTION JOHN J. BENEDETTO AND GÂ¨OTZ E. PFANDER Key words. Continuous wavelet transform, epileptic seizure prediction, periodicity detection algorithm, optimal generalized Haar wavelets, wavelet frames on Z. AMS subject classifications. 42C99, 42C40
Temporal evolution of long-timescale periodicities in ULX NGC 5408 X-1
An, Tao; Wang, Jun-Yi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Context. NGC 5408 X-1 is one of the few ultraluminous X-ray sources with an extensive monitoring program in X-rays (a temporal baseline of 4.2 yr), making it one of the most suitable candidates to study the long-timescale quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs). Aims. Previous timing analysis of the Swift data of NGC 5408 X-1 led to detection of multiple periodicities ranging from 2.6 d to 230 d. In this paper, we focus on the statistical significance and the temporal evolution of these periodicities. Methods. A time-series analysis technique in the time-frequency domain, the weighted wavelet Z-transform (WWZ), was employed to identify the periodicities and trace their variations with time. Results. Three periodic components were detected from the WWZ periodogram, corresponding to periods of 2.65$\\pm$0.01 d, 115.4$\\pm$14.4 d and 189.1$\\pm$15.2 d. All three have statistical significance higher than 99.74%. The 2.65-d periodicity is quite stable in the majority of the light curve. The 115-d periodicity is the most p...
University of Oregon Libraries Types of Periodicals
Lockery, Shawn
events & news Primary source for popular culture Short articles Interviews Some book reviews LargelyUniversity of Oregon Libraries Types of Periodicals Scholarly Sources Popular Sources SCHOLARLY & biographical information Statistics, including forecasts Some book reviews Commentary on political & social
Impact of Motor Failures on Payback Periods
Cheek, K. F.; Pillay, P.; Dudley, K. J.
This paper uses MotorMaster and Vaughen's Complete Price Guide to determine payback periods for different motor failure scenarios. Some scenarios considered are rewinds, reconditions, and replacement of bearings. Prices for these repairs...
Impact of Motor Failures on Payback Periods
Cheek, K. F.; Pillay, P.; Dudley, K. J.
1995-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper uses MotorMaster and Vaughen's Complete Price Guide to determine payback periods for different motor failure scenarios. Some scenarios considered are rewinds, reconditions, and replacement of bearings. Prices for these repairs...
Quasi-bound states in periodically driven scattering
H. Landa
2015-06-29T23:59:59.000Z
We present an approach for obtaining eigenfunctions of periodically driven time-dependent Hamiltonians. Assuming an approximate scale separation between two spatial regions where different potentials dominate, we derive an explicit expansion for scattering problems with mixed cylindrical and spherical symmetry, by matching wavefunctions of a periodic linear drive in the exterior region to solutions of an arbitrary interior potential expanded in spherical waves. Using this method we study quasi-bound states of a square-well potential in three dimensions subject to an axial driving force. In the nonperturbative regime we show how eigenfunctions develop an asymptotic dressing of different partial waves, accompanied by large periodic oscillations in the angular momentum and a nonmonotonous dependence of the decay rate on the drive strength. We extend these results to the strong driving regime near a resonant intersection of the quasi-energy surfaces of two bound states of different symmetry. Our approach can be applied to general quantum scattering problems of particles subject to periodic fields.
Roberts, Tony D.
For the first time to our knowledge, continuous nonsegmented channel waveguides in periodically poled KTiOPO4 with guided orthogonal polarizations are used to demonstrate type II background-free second harmonic generation ...
Desingularization of periodic vortex sheet roll-up
Krasny, R.
1986-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
The equations governing periodic vortex sheet roll-up from analytic initial data are desingularized. Linear stability analysis shows that this diminishes the vortex sheet model's short wavelength instability, yielding a numerically more tractable set of equations. Computational evidence is presented which indicates that this approximation converges, beyond the critical time of singularity formation in the vortex sheet, if the mesh is refined and the smoothing parameter is reduced in the proper order. The results suggest that the vortex sheet rolls up into a double branched spiral past the critical time. It is demonstrated that either higher machine precision or a spectra filter can be used to maintain computational accuracy as the smoothing parameter is decreased. Some conjectures on the model's long time asymptotic state are given.
Emergent hyperuniformity in periodically-driven emulsions
Joost H. Weijs; Raphaël Jeanneret; Rémi Dreyfus; Denis Bartolo
2015-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We report the emergence of large-scale hyperuniformity in microfluidic emulsions. Upon periodic driving confined emulsions undergo a first-order transition from a reversible to an irreversible dynamics. We evidence that this dynamical transition is accompanied by structural changes at all scales yielding macroscopic yet finite hyperuniform structures. Numerical simulations are performed to single out the very ingredients responsible for the suppression of density fluctuations. We show that as opposed to equilibrium systems the long-range nature of the hydrodynamic interactions are not required for the formation of hyperuniform patterns, thereby suggesting a robust relation between reversibility and hyperuniformity which should hold in a broad class of periodically driven materials.
Sequential conditions for fixed and periodic points
Peters, Burnis Charles
1970-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
) (Member) ~A (Month) 1970 (Year) ~04SQQ ABSTRACT Sec, uential Conditions fo. Fixed and Periodic Points (August 1970) Burnis C. Peter, Jr. , B. A. , Texas ASM University; M. S. , Texas A&M University Directed by: Jack Bryant and L. F. Guseman, Jr.... Let (X, d) be a metric space and f a selfmap of X. It is shown that a number of known theorems on the existence of fixed and periodic points are related through simple properties of the n sequence (f ) of iterates . ACMOVI. EDGEMENTS I wish...
Burra G. Sidharth
2008-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
We briefly review two concepts of time - the usual time associated with "being" and more recent ideas, answering to the description of "becoming". The approximation involved in the former is examined. Finally we argue that it is (unpredictable) fluctuations that underlie time.
John Ashmead
2010-05-05T23:59:59.000Z
Normally we quantize along the space dimensions but treat time classically. But from relativity we expect a high level of symmetry between time and space. What happens if we quantize time using the same rules we use to quantize space? To do this, we generalize the paths in the Feynman path integral to include paths that vary in time as well as in space. We use Morlet wavelet decomposition to ensure convergence and normalization of the path integrals. We derive the Schr\\"odinger equation in four dimensions from the short time limit of the path integral expression. We verify that we recover standard quantum theory in the non-relativistic, semi-classical, and long time limits. Quantum time is an experiment factory: most foundational experiments in quantum mechanics can be modified in a way that makes them tests of quantum time. We look at single and double slits in time, scattering by time-varying electric and magnetic fields, and the Aharonov-Bohm effect in time.
5. Wavelengths and periods of field motions
Finlay, Christopher
. Using a technique based on the Radon transform [2], we determined the amount of power propagating5. Wavelengths and periods of field motions 2D frequency-wavenumber (FK) power spectra were of the large scale magnetic field at the surface of the core. Here we deconstruct such a model (gufm1
Student Job Review Questionnaire / Periodic Survey
Amin, S. Massoud
Student Job Review Questionnaire / Periodic Survey FOR OHR USE ONLY No Change Date Received JRQ Number Notice Number Job Family Title Job Family Number New Pay Rate/Range Certifiable Yes No Effective Date Approved for Notice Letter Date Notice Mailed Job Review Questionnaire (JRQ) (Student Request
clock period selection method slack minimization criteria
California at Irvine, University of
An optimal clock period selection method based on slack minimization criteria EnShou Chang Daniel the effect of clock slack on the performance of designs and present an algorithm to find a slack]: allocation, scheduling and binding. The purpose of alloca tion is to determine the number of resources
Elsevier Journal Specific Embargo Periods 2013 Journal Name Issn Embargo Period
Ayala-Rincón, Mauricio
Elsevier Journal Specific Embargo Periods 2013 Journal Name Issn Embargo Period ACADEMIC PEDIATRICS 18762859 12 ACADEMIC RADIOLOGY 10766332 12 ACC CARDIOSOURCE REVIEW JOURNAL 15568571 12 ACCIDENT ANALYSIS 18759637 24 AEROSPACE SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 12709638 24 AESTHETIC SURGERY JOURNAL 1090820X 12 AESTHETISCHE
Magnetic field gradients in solar wind plasma and geophysics periods
A. Bershadskii
2006-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
Using recent data obtained by Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) the pumping scale of the magnetic field gradients of the solar wind plasma has been calculated. This pumping scale is found to be equal to 24h $\\pm$ 2h. The ACE spacecraft orbits at the L1 libration point which is a point of Earth-Sun gravitational equilibrium about 1.5 million km from Earth. Since the Earth's magnetosphere extends into the vacuum of space from approximately 80 to 60,000 kilometers on the side toward the Sun the pumping scale cannot be a consequence of the 24h-period of the Earth's rotation. Vise versa, a speculation is suggested that for the very long time of the coexistence of Earth and of the solar wind the weak interaction between the solar wind and Earth could lead to stochastic synchronization between the Earth's rotation and the pumping scale of the solar wind magnetic field gradients. This synchronization could transform an original period of the Earth's rotation to the period close to the pumping scale of the solar wind magnetic field gradients.
Periodically-driven quantum matter: the case of resonant modulations
N. Goldman; J. Dalibard; M. Aidelsburger; N. R. Cooper
2015-03-06T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum systems can show qualitatively new forms of behavior when they are driven by fast time-periodic modulations. In the limit of large driving frequency, the long-time dynamics of such systems can often be described by a time-independent effective Hamiltonian, which is generally identified through a perturbative treatment. Here, we present a general formalism that describes time-modulated physical systems, in which the driving frequency is large, but resonant with respect to energy spacings inherent to the system at rest. Such a situation is currently exploited in optical-lattice setups, where superlattice (or Wannier-Stark-ladder) potentials are resonantly modulated so as to control the tunneling matrix elements between lattice sites, offering a powerful method to generate artificial fluxes for cold-atom systems. The formalism developed in this work identifies the basic ingredients needed to generate interesting flux patterns and band structures using resonant modulations. Additionally, our approach allows for a simple description of the micro-motion underlying the dynamics; we illustrate its characteristics based on diverse dynamic-lattice configurations. It is shown that the impact of the micro-motion on physical observables strongly depends on the implemented scheme, suggesting that a theoretical description in terms of the effective Hamiltonian alone is generally not sufficient to capture the full time-evolution of the system.
Multi-period Optimal Procurement and Demand Responses in the Presence of Uncertain Supply
Low, Steven H.
Multi-period Optimal Procurement and Demand Responses in the Presence of Uncertain Supply Libin markets, uncertainty in renewable generation, and real-time dynamic demand response. A load-serving entity day-ahead decision, propose real-time demand response algorithm, and study the effect of volume
Lengthening the Storage Period of Cucumbers.
Hawthorn, L. R. (Leslie Rushton); Whitacre, Jessie (Jessie Opal); Yarnell, S. H. (Sidney Howe)
1939-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
for profit. Mkt. Grow. Jour. 52 : 206-208. 2. Hawthorn, Leslie R., 1934. Cellophane and waxed paper wrappers for storing cucum- bers. Proc. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 32 : 578-582. 2. Stahl, Arthur L. and Fifield, Willard M., 1936. Cold storage studies... STATION A. B. CONNER, DIRECTOR COLLEGE STATION, BRAZOS COUNTY, TEXAS BULLETIN NO. 576 AUGUST 1939 DIVISION OF RURAL HOME RESEARCH AND DIVISION OF HORTICULTURE 1NGTHENING THE STORAGE PERIOD OF CUCUMBERS AGRICULTURAL AND MECHANICAL COLLEGE OF TEXAS...
Periodic-Orbit Theory of Level Correlations
Stefan Heusler; Sebastian Müller; Alexander Altland; Petr Braun; Fritz Haake
2006-10-20T23:59:59.000Z
We present a semiclassical explanation of the so-called Bohigas-Giannoni-Schmit conjecture which asserts universality of spectral fluctuations in chaotic dynamics. We work with a generating function whose semiclassical limit is determined by quadruplets of sets of periodic orbits. The asymptotic expansions of both the non-oscillatory and the oscillatory part of the universal spectral correlator are obtained. Borel summation of the series reproduces the exact correlator of random-matrix theory.
Inference and Visualization of Periodic Sequences
Sun, Ying
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
OF PHILOSOPHY Approved by: Co-Chairs of Committee, Jeffrey D. Hart Marc G. Genton Committee Members, Raymond J. Carroll Kenneth P. Bowman Head of Department, Simon J. Sheather August 2011 Major Subject: Statistics iii ABSTRACT Inference... and Visualization of Periodic Sequences. (August 2011) Ying Sun, M.S., Tsinghua University Co?Chairs of Advisory Committee: Dr. Jeffrey D. Hart Dr. Marc G. Genton This dissertation is composed of four articles describing inference and visualiza- tion...
Abreu, Gabriel
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
In a general time-dependent (3+1)-dimensional spherically symmetric spacetime, the so-called Kodama vector is a naturally defined geometric quantity that is timelike outside the evolving horizon and so defines a preferred class of fiducial observers. However the Kodama vector does not by itself define any preferred notion of time. We demonstrate that a preferred time coordinate - which we shall call Kodama time - can be introduced by taking the additional step of applying the Clebsch decomposition theorem to the Kodama vector. We thus construct a geometrically preferred coordinate system for any time-dependent spherically symmetric spacetime, and explore its properties. In particular we use this formalism to construct a general class of conservation laws, generalizing Kodama's energy flux. We study the geometrically preferred fiducial observers, and demonstrate that it is possible to define and calculate a generalized notion of surface gravity that is valid throughout the entire evolving spacetime. Furthermor...
Outburst-related period changes of recurrent nova CI aquilae
Wilson, R. E.; Honeycutt, R. K., E-mail: honey@astro.indiana.edu, E-mail: rewilson@ufl.edu [Astronomy Department, Indiana University, Swain Hall West, Bloomington, IN 47405 (United States)
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
Pre-outburst and post-outburst light curves and post-outburst eclipse timings are analyzed to measure any period (P) change related to nova CI Aql's outburst of early 2000 and a mean post-outburst dP/dt, which then lead to estimates of the accreting component's rate of mass (M) change and its overall outburst-related change of mass over roughly a decade of observations. We apply a recently developed procedure for unified analysis of three timing-related data types (light curves, radial velocities, and eclipse timings), although with only light curves and timings in this case. Fits to the data are reasonably good without need for a disk in the light-curve model, although the disk certainly exists and has an important role in our post-outburst mass flow computations. Initial experiments showed that, although there seems to be an accretion hot spot, it has essentially no effect on derived outburst-related ?P or on post-outburst dP/dt. Use of atomic time (HJED) in place of HJD also has essentially nil effect on ?P and dP/dt. We find ?P consistently negative in various types of solutions, although at best only marginally significant statistically in any one experiment. Pre-outburst HJD {sub 0} and P results are given, as are post-outburst HJD {sub 0}, P, and dP/dt, with light curves and eclipse times as joint input, and also with only eclipse time input. Post-outburst dP/dt is negative at about 2.4?. Explicit formulae for mass transfer rates and epoch-to-epoch mass change are developed and applied. A known offset in the magnitude zero point for 1991-1994 is corrected.
Short-period X-ray oscillations in super-soft novae and persistent SSS
Ness, J -U; Osborne, J P; Kuulkers, E; Henze, M; Piro, A L; Drake, J J; Dobrotka, A; Schwarz, G; Starrfield, S; Kretschmar, P; Hirsch, M; Wilms, J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Transient short-period <100s oscillations have been found in the X-ray light curves of three novae during their SSS phase and in one persistent SSS. We pursue an observational approach to determine possible driving mechanisms and relations to fundamental system parameters such as the white dwarf mass. We performed a systematic search for short-period oscillations in all available XMM-Newton and Chandra X-ray light curves of persistent SSS and novae during their SSS phase. To study time evolution, we divided each light curve into short time segments and computed power spectra. We then constructed dynamic power spectra from which we identified transient periodic signals even when only present for a short time. From all time segments of each system, we computed fractions of time when periodic signals were detected. In addition to the previously known systems with short-period oscillations, RS Oph (35s), KT Eri (35s), V339 Del (54s), and Cal 83 (67s), we found one additional system, LMC 2009a (33s), and also c...
SEXUAL SIGNALING IN PERIODICAL CICADAS, MAGICICADA SPP. (HEMIPTERA: CICADIDAE)
Simon, Chris
SEXUAL SIGNALING IN PERIODICAL CICADAS, MAGICICADA SPP. (HEMIPTERA: CICADIDAE) by JOHN R. COOLEY1 behavior of periodical cicadas (Insecta: Hemiptera: Magicicada spp.) has been considered enigmatic because
Microsoft Word - Alcoa Extended Initial Period ROD - 2010-10...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Extended Initial Period... 6 b. Benefits to BPA will equal or exceed costs for the Extended Initial Period of the Block Contract. ......
Giovannetti, Vittorio
We give a consistent quantum description of time, based on Page and Wootters’s conditional probabilities mechanism, which overcomes the criticisms that were raised against similar previous proposals. In particular we show ...
Unknown
2011-09-05T23:59:59.000Z
-1 THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to the Office of Graduate Studies of Texas A&M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree... of DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY December 2004 Major Subject: Civil Engineering THE PREDICTION OF BUS ARRIVAL TIME USING AUTOMATIC VEHICLE LOCATION SYSTEMS DATA A Dissertation by RAN HEE JEONG Submitted to Texas A...
Comparison of quantization of charge transport in periodic and open pumps
Gian Michele Graf; Gregorio Ortelli
2007-09-19T23:59:59.000Z
We compare the charges transported in two systems, a spatially periodic and an open quantum pump, both depending periodically and adiabatically on time. The charge transported in a cycle was computed by Thouless, respectively by Buttiker et al. in the two cases. We show that the results agree in the limit where the two physical situations become the same, i.e., that of a large open pump.
Almost Periodic Measures and Meyer Sets
Nicolae Strungaru
2015-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
In the first part, we construct a cut and project scheme from a family $\\{P_\\varepsilon\\}$ of sets verifying four conditions. We use this construction to characterize weighted Dirac combs defined by cut and project schemes and by continuous functions on the internal groups in terms of almost periodicity. We are also able to characterise those weighted Dirac combs for which the internal function is compactly supported. Lastly, using the same cut and project construction for $\\varepsilon$-dual sets, we are able to characterise Meyer sets in $\\sigma$-compact locally compact Abelian groups.
Down-hole periodic seismic generator
Hardee, H.C.; Hills, R.G.; Striker, R.P.
1982-10-28T23:59:59.000Z
A down hole periodic seismic generator system is disclosed for transmitting variable frequency, predominantly shear-wave vibration into earth strata surrounding a borehole. The system comprises a unitary housing operably connected to a well head by support and electrical cabling and contains clamping apparatus for selectively clamping the housing to the walls of the borehole. The system further comprises a variable speed pneumatic oscillator and a self-contained pneumatic reservoir for producing a frequency-swept seismic output over a discrete frequency range.
Fully Polynomial Time Approximation Schemes for Stochastic ...
2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
Jun 13, 2013 ... The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China. Research ... The value zt(It) is simply the cost of an optimal policy from time period t ...
IUPAC Periodic Table of Isotopes for the Educational Community
Holden N. E.; Holden,N.E.; Coplen,T.B.
2012-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
John Dalton first proposed the concept of atomic weights of the elements in the first decade of the nineteenth century. These atomic weights of the chemical elements were thought of as constants of nature, similar to the speed of light. Dmitri Mendeleev arranged the atomic weights of the elements in ascending order of value and used the systematic variation of their chemical properties to produce his Periodic Table of the Elements in 1869. Measurement of atomic weight values became an important chemical activity for a century and a half. Theodore Richards received a Noble Prize for his work in this area. In 1913, Fredrick Soddy found a species of radium, which had an atomic weight value of 228, compared to the familiar radium gas value of 226. Soddy coined the term 'isotope' (Greek for 'in the same place') to account for this second atomic weight value in the radium position of the Periodic Table. Both of these isotopes of radium are radioactive. Radioactive isotopes are energetically unstable and will decay (disintegrate) over time. The time it takes for one half of a sample of a given radioactive isotope to decay is the half-life of that isotope. In addition to having different atomic weight values, radium-226 and radium-228 also have different half-life values. Around the same time as Soddy's work, J.J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron) identified two stable (non-radioactive) isotopes of the same element, neon. Over the next 40 years, the majority of the known chemical elements were found to have two or more stable (or long-lived radioactive isotopes that contribute significantly to the determination of the atomic weights of the elements).
Electromagnetic Siegert states for periodic dielectric structures
Friends R. Ndangali; Sergei V. Shabanov
2011-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The formalism of Siegert states to describe the resonant scattering in quantum theory is extended to the resonant scattering of electromagnetic waves on periodic dielectric arrays. The excitation of electromagnetic Siegert states by an incident wave packet and their decay is studied. The formalism is applied to develop a theory of coupled electromagnetic resonances arising in the electromagnetic scattering problem for two such arrays separated by a distance 2h (or, generally, when the physical properties of the scattering array depend on a real coupling parameter h). Analytic properties of Siegert states as functions of the coupling parameter h are established by the Regular Perturbation Theorem which is an extension the Kato-Rellich theorem to the present case. By means of this theorem, it is proved that if the scattering structure admits a bound state in the radiation continuum at a certain value of the coupling parameter h, then there always exist regions within the structure in which the near field can be amplified as much as desired by adjusting the value of h. This establishes a rather general mechanism to control and amplify optical nonlinear effects in periodically structured planar structures possessing a nonlinear dielectric susceptibility.
Fukuyama, T.; Shirahama, H. [Faculty of Education, Ehime University, Bunkyo-cho 3, Matsuyama, Ehime 790-8577 (Japan); Watanabe, Y.; Kawai, Y. [Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Engineering Sciences, Kyushu University, Kasugakoen 6-1, Kasuga, Fukuoka 816-8580 (Japan); Taniguchi, K. [Department of Physics, Kyoto University of Education, Fujinomori-cho 1, Fukakusa, Fushimi-ku, Kyoto 612-8522 (Japan)
2006-07-15T23:59:59.000Z
Time-delayed feedback is applied to the motions associated with the nonlinear periodic regime generated due to current-driven ion acoustic instability; this is a typical instability in a laboratory plasma, and the dynamical behavior is experimentally investigated using delayed feedback. A time-delayed autosynchronization method is applied. When delayed feedback is applied to the nonlinear periodic orbit, the periodic state changes to various motions depending on the control parameters, namely, the arbitrary time delay and the proportionality constant. Lyapunov exponents are calculated in order to examine the dynamical behavior.
de Aguiar, M.A.M.; Malta, C.P.; Baranger, M.; Davies, K.T.R.
1987-12-01T23:59:59.000Z
Numerical and analytical studies of the types of period n-upling bifurcations undergone by classical periodic trajectories of non-integrable Hamiltonians with two degrees of freedom are made. The Hamiltonians studied possess time reversal and reflection symmetries and we found that these symmetries give rise to additional types of period n-upling bifurcations. The analytical study explains most of the numerically observed birfucations. copyright 1987 Academic Press, Inc.
Xifeng Su; Lei Zhang; Rafael de la Llave
2015-03-11T23:59:59.000Z
We consider 1-D quasi-periodic Frenkel-Kontorova models (describing, for example, deposition of materials in a quasi-periodic substratum). We study the existence of equilibria whose frequency (i.e. the inverse of the density of deposited material) is resonant with the frequencies of the substratum. We study perturbation theory for small potential. We show that there are perturbative expansions to all orders for the quasi-periodic equilibria with resonant frequencies. Under very general conditions, we show that there are at least two such perturbative expansions for equilibria for small values of the parameter. We also develop a dynamical interpretation of the equilibria in these quasi-periodic media. We show that the dynamical system has very unusual properties. Using these, we obtain results on the Lyapunov exponents of the resonant quasi-periodic solutions. In a companion paper, we develop a rather unusual KAM theory (requiring new considerations) which establishes that the perturbative expansions converge when the perturbing potentials satisfy a one-dimensional constraint.
Imtak Jeon; Neil Lambert; Paul Richmond
2012-11-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider periodic arrays of M2-branes in the ABJM model in the spirit of a circle compactification to D2-branes in type IIA string theory. The result is a curious formulation of three-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory in terms of fermions, seven transverse scalars, a non-dynamical gauge field and an additional scalar `dual gluon'. Upon further T-duality on a transverse torus we obtain a non-manifest-Lorentz-invariant description of five-dimensional maximally supersymmetric Yang-Mills. Here the additional scalar field can be thought of as the components of a two-form along the torus. This action can be viewed as an M-theory description of M5-branes on ${\\mathbb T}^3$.
Fluorescence in nonlocal dissipative periodic structures
Francesco Intravaia; Kurt Busch
2015-02-24T23:59:59.000Z
We present an approach for the description of fluorescence from optically active material embedded in layered periodic structures. Based on an exact electromagnetic Green's tensor analysis, we determine the radiative properties of emitters such as the local photonic density of states, Lamb shifts, line widths etc. for a finite or infinite sequence of thin alternating plasmonic and dielectric layers. In the effective medium limit, these systems may exhibit hyperbolic dispersion relations so that the large wave-vector characteristics of all constituents and processes become relevant. These include the finite thickness of the layers, the nonlocal properties of the constituent metals, and local-field corrections associated with an emitter's dielectric environment. In particular, we show that the corresponding effects are non-additive and lead to considerable modifications of an emitter's luminescence properties.
Quantization and 2{pi} periodicity of the axion action in topological insulators
Vazifeh, M. M.; Franz, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, V6T 1Z1 (Canada)
2010-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The Lagrangian describing the bulk electromagnetic response of a three-dimensional strong topological insulator contains a topological ''axion'' term of the form {theta}E{center_dot}B. It is often stated (without proof) that the corresponding action is quantized on periodic space time and therefore invariant under {theta}{yields}{theta}+2{pi}. Here we provide a simple, physically motivated proof of the axion action quantization on the periodic space time, assuming only that the vector potential is consistent with single valuedness of the electron wave functions in the underlying insulator.
Timing the Parkes Multibeam Pulsars
R. N. Manchester; A. G. Lyne; F. Camilo; V. M. Kaspi; I. H. Stairs; F. Crawford; D. J. Morris; J. F. Bell; N. D'Amico
1999-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
Measurement of accurate positions, pulse periods and period derivatives is an essential follow-up to any pulsar survey. The procedures being used to obtain timing parameters for the pulsars discovered in the Parkes multibeam pulsar survey are described. Completed solutions have been obtained so far for about 80 pulsars. They show that the survey is preferentially finding pulsars with higher than average surface dipole magnetic fields. Eight pulsars have been shown to be members of binary systems and some of the more interesting results relating to these are presented.
Chaotic dynamics in a periodically driven spin-1 condensate
Cheng Jing [Department of Physics, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou 510640 (China); Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics China, CAS, Beijing 100190 (China)
2010-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
We use periodically modulated magnetic fields to drive spin-1 Bose-Einstein condensates (BECs) and study the corresponding spin-mixing dynamics. Due to the time-dependent driving, this system permits chaotic dynamics depending on the drive parameters, which could not occur in previous studies. From the investigation of the Poincare sections, we find there exist complex trajectories in the phase space, leading to very complicated structures of the phase space with mixed regular and chaotic regions. By calculating the quasienergy levels of the corresponding Floquet operators, the signatures of quantum chaos are also found in this system. The level spacing distribution is very close to the Poisson distribution or Wigner distribution when the corresponding classical dynamics is regular or chaotic.
Magnetic helicity evolution in a periodic domain with imposed field
Axel Brandenburg; William H. Matthaeus
2004-05-24T23:59:59.000Z
In helical hydromagnetic turbulence with an imposed magnetic field (which is constant in space and time) the magnetic helicity of the field within a periodic domain is no longer an invariant of the ideal equations. Alternatively, there is a generalized magnetic helicity that is an invariant of the ideal equations. It is shown that this quantity is not gauge invariant and that it can therefore not be used in practice. Instead, the evolution equation of the magnetic helicity of the field describing the deviation from the imposed field is shown to be a useful tool. It is demonstrated that this tool can determine steady state quenching of the alpha-effect. A simple three-scale model is derived to describe the evolution of the magnetic helicity and to predict its sign as a function of the imposed field strength. The results of the model agree favorably with simulations.
ern Ocean was much more vigorous in the period from 1350 to 1880 A.D. than in the
Zhou, Chongwu
. Oceanogr. 14, 666 (1984). 19. Evidence of deep penetration of CFCs in the Southern Ocean [A. H. Orsi, G. Cern Ocean was much more vigorous in the period from 1350 to 1880 A.D. than in the recent past. Our of a subordinate role for deep convection in the Southern Ocean during this time period (21). Our conclusion
Marques, Francisco
period T , St = h2 /T . The two-dimensional time-periodic basic state consists of the boundary layer at x= ± /2; b oscillatory glass floor; c end walls at z= ± /2; d floor of the acrylic con- tainer; e dynamic seals; f free-surface groove and solid wall position at y=h; g Teflon slide pads for oscillatory
Time series study of urban rainfall suppression during clean-up periods
Geng, Jun
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
. Effects of Pollutant Aerosols on Precipitation……………….... 3 3. Our Focus………………………………………………………. 6 II STUDY OF SUPPRESSION OF PRECIPITATION IN AIR POLLUTIONS BY ANALYZING DATA FROM...)......................................................................................... 21 6 Trends of ratio of annual precipitation amount of Culver City (CC) and Pasadena (PA)...................................................................................... 23 7 The relationship between precipitation and TSP...
Detrended cross-correlation analysis for non-stationary time series with periodic trends
Podobnik, Boris
Compilation Index Visit the EPL website to read the latest articles published in cutting-edge fields all final acceptance decisions 1 Impact Factor The 2009 Impact Factor increased by 31% to 2
Periodic Charging Scheme for Fixed-Priority Real-Time Systems with Renewable Energy
Aydin, Hakan
, the deployed systems use solar panels and piezoelectric units, that exploit solar energy and mechani- cal research and development area. In the last decade, power-aware resource management and scheduling of the day and season in the case of solar energy); but its rate of supply is not necessarily uniform
On the Trajectories and Coordination of Steered Particles with Time-Periodic Speed Profiles
Leonard, Naomi
of collective motion and coordinated control to model individual agents as steered particles in the plane contains no frequency content at the turning rate. Steering and speed control laws are derived and analysis of coordinating control laws. This model has been readily adopted in practice because it can
1 DOT Products DOT time period resolution reference type in short
Griesel, Alexa
. Bettadpur, D. P. Chambers, M. Cheng, F. Condi, B. Gunter, Z. Kang, P. Nagel, R. Pastor, T. Pekker, S. Poole
Systems for optimizing the condition of beef carcasses for distribution over extended time periods
Simmons, Ronald Douglas
1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
and drying with paper towels, Decontamination by use of chlorine is already in use in the industry (National Provisioner, 1973). It appears that a combination of chlorine treatments and modified atmospheres may prove beneficial for prolonged meat storage... interval and atmosphere x storage interval interactions were significant (P&. 01) . f Rinsed with 200 ppm chlorine. Visual microbial damage scores ranged from 7 (dry, no slime formation) to 1 (wet, moist or dry, extensive colony formation or mold...
Systems for optimizing the condition of beef carcasses for distribution over extended time periods
Simmons, Ronald Douglas
1974-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
of simulated nitrogen gas atmospheres in comparison to normal air atmospheres for beef storage. Eighty beef sides were divided into quarters and subjected to one of eight treatments 48 hr postmortem. Two kinds of surface protection (unprotected vs. PVC film.... The second phase of this study involved comparisons of the effects of two types of protective film wrappings and a second chlorine rinse on the storage life of beef carcasses. Forty-e1ght sides were subjected to one of s1xteen treatments immediately follow...
Extracting unstable periodic orbits from chaotic time series data Paul So,1,2
Roberts, Stephen
, D.C. 20010 2 Institute for Plasma Research, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland 20742 3
Time series study of urban rainfall suppression during clean-up periods
Geng, Jun
2008-10-10T23:59:59.000Z
. Effects of Pollutant Aerosols on Precipitation……………….... 3 3. Our Focus………………………………………………………. 6 II STUDY OF SUPPRESSION OF PRECIPITATION IN AIR POLLUTIONS BY ANALYZING DATA FROM...)......................................................................................... 21 6 Trends of ratio of annual precipitation amount of Culver City (CC) and Pasadena (PA)...................................................................................... 23 7 The relationship between precipitation and TSP...
Time series study of urban rainfall suppression during clean-up periods
Geng, Jun
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
. Effects of Pollutant Aerosols on Precipitation??????.... 3 3. Our Focus?????????????????????. 6 II STUDY OF SUPPRESSION OF PRECIPITATION IN AIR POLLUTIONS BY ANALYZING DATA FROM...)......................................................................................... 21 6 Trends of ratio of annual precipitation amount of Culver City (CC) and Pasadena (PA)...................................................................................... 23 7 The relationship between precipitation and TSP...
Collins, Kimberlee C. (Kimberlee Chiyoko)
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Studies of non-diffusive heat conduction provide insight into the fundamentals of heat transport in condensed matter. The mean free paths (MFPs) of phonons that are most important for conducting heat are well represented ...
Time series study of urban rainfall suppression during clean-up periods
Geng, Jun
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
. Effects of Pollutant Aerosols on Precipitation??????.... 3 3. Our Focus?????????????????????. 6 II STUDY OF SUPPRESSION OF PRECIPITATION IN AIR POLLUTIONS BY ANALYZING DATA FROM...)......................................................................................... 21 6 Trends of ratio of annual precipitation amount of Culver City (CC) and Pasadena (PA)...................................................................................... 23 7 The relationship between precipitation and TSP...
Mondrik, Nicholas; Marshall, Jennifer L
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a new method of extending the single band Analysis of Variance period estimation algorithm to multiple bands. We use SDSS Stripe 82 RR Lyrae to show that in the case of low number of observations per band and non-simultaneous observations, improvements in period recovery rates of up to $\\approx$60\\% are observed. We also investigate the effect of inter-band observing cadence on period recovery rates. We find that using non-simultaneous observation times between bands is ideal for the multiband method, and using simultaneous multiband data is only marginally better than using single band data. These results will be particularly useful in planning observing cadences for wide-field astronomical imaging surveys such as LSST. They also have the potential to improve the extraction of transient data from surveys with few ($\\lesssim 30$) observations per band across several bands, such as the Dark Energy Survey.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013 DPFTheses 2014No.7 D I STime Off Time Off A
Periods and damping rates of fast sausage oscillations in multi-shelled coronal loops
Chen, Shao-Xia; Xia, Li-Dong; Yu, Hui
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Standing sausage modes are important in interpreting quasi-periodic pulsations in the lightcurves of solar flares. Their periods and damping times play an important role in seismologically diagnosing key parameters like the magnetic field strength in regions where flare energy is released. Usually such applications are based on theoretical results neglecting unresolved fine structures in magnetized loops. However, the existence of fine structuring is suggested on both theoretical and observational grounds. Adopting the framework of cold magnetohydrodynamics (MHD), we model coronal loops as magnetized cylinders with a transverse equilibrium density profile comprising a monolithic part and a modulation due to fine structuring in the form of concentric shells. The equation governing the transverse velocity perturbation is solved with an initial-value-problem approach, and the effects of fine structuring on the periods $P$ and damping times $\\tau$ of global, leaky, standing sausage modes are examined. A parameter...
Tonn, Bruce Edward [ORNL; Rose, Erin M [ORNL; Schmoyer, Richard L [ORNL; Eisenberg, Joel Fred [ORNL; Ternes, Mark P [ORNL; Schweitzer, Martin [ORNL; Hendrick, Timothy P [ORNL
2012-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes the third major evaluation of the Program, encompassing program years 2009 to 2011. In this report, this period of time is referred to as the ARRA Period. This is a special period of time for the Program because the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) of 2009 has allocated $5 billion of funding for the Program. In normal program years, WAP s annual appropriation is in the range of $200-250 million, supporting the weatherization of approximately 100,000 homes. With the addition of ARRA funding during these program years, the expectation is that weatherization activity will exceed 300,000 homes per year. In addition to saving energy and reducing low-income energy bills, expanded WAP funding is expected to stimulate the economy by providing new jobs in the weatherization field and allowing low-income households to spend more money on goods and services by spending less on energy.
Entrainment control of chaos near unstable periodic orbits
R. Mettin
1996-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
It is demonstrated that improved entrainment control of chaotic systems can maintain periodic goal dynamics near unstable periodic orbits without feedback. The method is based on the optimization of goal trajectories and leads to small open-loop control forces.
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrodinger equation
Gallay, Thierry
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear SchrË?odinger equation Thierry Gallay Institut: Thierry Gallay, Thierry.Gallay@ujfÂgrenoble.fr Keywords: Nonlinear SchrË?odinger equation, periodic waves
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrodinger equation
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear SchrÂ¨odinger equation Thierry Gallay Institut: Thierry Gallay, Thierry.Gallay@ujf-grenoble.fr Keywords: Nonlinear SchrÂ¨odinger equation, periodic waves
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schrodinger equation
Boyer, Edmond
Orbital stability of periodic waves for the nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation Thierry Gallay Institut: Thierry Gallay, Thierry.Gallay@ujf-grenoble.fr Keywords: Nonlinear Schr¨odinger equation, periodic waves
Small angle neutron scattering on periodically deformed polymers A. R. Rennie
Boyer, Edmond
765 Small angle neutron scattering on periodically deformed polymers A. R. Rennie Institut für Phys-768 SEPTEMBRE 1984, 1. Introduction. Neutron scattering has proved a useful tool for the investigation of a wide time for a small angle neutron scattering spectrum is several minutes. Obser- vation on rapidly
SINE WAVE CANCELATION THROUGH A PERIODIC TRANSFER FUNCTION Pierre Granjon, Christine Servire
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
. Moreover, the transfer function of this process can be shown periodic, and therefore time-varying. Thus we, a stator coil is supplied with a current i(t). It generates an additional vibration signal v(t), which the error e(t). It is measured with an accelerometer on the stator frame. i(t) m(t) d(t) v
the past 150-year period of reported global Second, historical information on solar
compared with the radia- tive relaxation time of layers storing the heat blocked by sunspots. This timethe past 150-year period of reported global warming. Second, historical information on solar increase in solar activity beyond present levels might make the sun dimmer, decreasing its average out- put
A PERIOD-BASED GROUP MEMBERSHIP STRATEGY FOR NODES OF TDMA NETWORKS
Koopman, Philip
In automotive embedded systems, all nodes are not created equal. Automotive embedded systems generally have different periods. Current automotive buses such as the Controller Area Network (CAN) use a priority in order to provide a more predictable platform for safety assurance. Time Division Multiple Access (TDMA
All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in the full S5 LIGO data
Barsotti, Lisa
We report on an all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency band 50–800 Hz and with the frequency time derivative in the range of 0 through -6×10[superscript -9]??Hz/s. Such a signal could be produced ...
Count-doubling time safety circuit
Rusch, Gordon K. (Downers Grove, IL); Keefe, Donald J. (Lemont, IL); McDowell, William P. (Downers Grove, IL)
1981-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
There is provided a nuclear reactor count-factor-increase time monitoring circuit which includes a pulse-type neutron detector, and means for counting the number of detected pulses during specific time periods. Counts are compared and the comparison is utilized to develop a reactor scram signal, if necessary.
Periodically poled silicon Nick K. Hon,a
Jalali. Bahram
as quasi-phase matching. Periodically poled silicon PePSi adds the periodic poling capability to silicon to be harnessed for devices based on second-order nonlinear effects. As an example of the utility of the PePSi is in effect, periodically poled silicon PePSi , a new technology for efficient second-order nonlinear
Jitter-Approximation Tradeoff for Periodic Scheduling Zvika Brakerski
Patt-Shamir, Boaz
Jitter-Approximation Tradeoff for Periodic Scheduling Zvika Brakerski Dept. of Electrical the average period of a job in the schedule is blown up w.r.t. its requested period, and the jitter ratio with low jitter ratio allow the mobile devices to save power by hav- ing their receivers switched off
Steady periodic waves bifurcating for fixed-depth rotational flows
consider steady periodic water waves for rotational flows with a specified fixed-depth over a flat bed. We the existence of steady periodic water waves for rotational flows with a specified fixed depth over a flat bedSteady periodic waves bifurcating for fixed-depth rotational flows David Henry School
Global Entrainment of Transcriptional Systems to Periodic Inputs
Sontag, Eduardo
Global Entrainment of Transcriptional Systems to Periodic Inputs Giovanni Russo1 , Mario di that biological networks, such as transcriptional systems, can be globally entrained to external periodic inputs) Global Entrainment of Transcriptional Systems to Periodic Inputs. PLoS Comput Biol 6(4): e1000739. doi:10
Benjamin Hertz Shargel; Tom Chou
2009-07-27T23:59:59.000Z
Asymptotic fluctuation theorems are statements of a Gallavotti-Cohen symmetry in the rate function of either the time-averaged entropy production or heat dissipation of a process. Such theorems have been proved for various general classes of continuous-time deterministic and stochastic processes, but always under the assumption that the forces driving the system are time independent, and often relying on the existence of a limiting ergodic distribution. In this paper we extend the asymptotic fluctuation theorem for the first time to inhomogeneous continuous-time processes without a stationary distribution, considering specifically a finite state Markov chain driven by periodic transition rates. We find that for both entropy production and heat dissipation, the usual Gallavotti-Cohen symmetry of the rate function is generalized to an analogous relation between the rate functions of the original process and its corresponding backward process, in which the trajectory and the driving protocol have been time-reversed. The effect is that spontaneous positive fluctuations in the long time average of each quantity in the forward process are exponentially more likely than spontaneous negative fluctuations in the backward process, and vice-versa, revealing that the distributions of fluctuations in universes in which time moves forward and backward are related. As an additional result, the asymptotic time-averaged entropy production is obtained as the integral of a periodic entropy production rate that generalizes the constant rate pertaining to homogeneous dynamics.
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time?
Johnston, Alan
Dispatch R427 Time perception: Brain time or event time? Alan Johnston* and Shin'ya Nishida Recent experiments show that synchronous events can appear to an observer to occur at different times. Neural processing time delays are offered as an explanation of these temporal illusions, but equating perceived time
Periodic eigendecomposition and its application to Kuramoto-Sivashinsky system
Xiong Ding; Predrag Cvitanovi?
2014-06-18T23:59:59.000Z
Periodic eigendecomposition algorithm for calculating eigenvectors of a periodic product of a sequence of matrices, an extension of the periodic Schur decomposition, is formulated and compared with the recently proposed covariant vectors algorithms. In contrast to those, periodic eigendecomposition requires no power iteration and is capable of determining not only the real eigenvectors, but also the complex eigenvector pairs. Its effectiveness, and in particular its ability to resolve eigenvalues whose magnitude differs by hundreds of orders, is demonstrated by applying the algorithm to computation of the full linear stability spectrum of periodic solutions of Kuramoto-Sivashinsky system.
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks
Kunkle, Tom
Time Management Managing Time and Tasks What is time management? Time can't be managed Â but you can manage the amount of time you use each day for fun, work, rest, and time spent with others. Why is time management important? You have responsibilities to yourself, to your family and friends, to your
Long Term Simulations Of Astrophysical Jets; Energy Structure and Quasi-Periodic Ejection
Ahmed Ibrahim; Kazunari Shibata
2007-04-23T23:59:59.000Z
We have performed self-consistent 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD numerical simulations of jet formation as long as possible, including the dynamics of accretion disks. Although the previous nonsteady MHD simulations for astrophysical jets revealed that the characteristics of nonsteady jets are similar to those of steady jets, the calculation time of these simulations is very short compared with the time scale of observed jets. Thus we have investigated long term evolutions of mass accretion rate, mass outflow rate, jet velocity, and various energy flux. We found that the ejection of jet is quasi-periodic. The period of the ejection is related to the time needed for the initial magnetic filed to be twisted to generate toroidal filed. We compare our results with both the steady state theory and previous 2.5-dimensional nonsteady MHD simulations.
The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear
Adrian, David Warren
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...
Complete Chaotic Mixing in an Electro-osmotic Flow by Destabilization of Key Periodic Pathlines
R. Chabreyrie; C. Chandre; P. Singh; N. Aubry
2011-02-07T23:59:59.000Z
The ability to generate complete, or almost complete, chaotic mixing is of great interest in numerous applications, particularly for microfluidics. For this purpose, we propose a strategy that allows us to quickly target the parameter values at which complete mixing occurs. The technique is applied to a time periodic, two-dimensional electro-osmotic flow with spatially and temporally varying Helmoltz-Smoluchowski slip boundary conditions. The strategy consists of following the linear stability of some key periodic pathlines in parameter space (i.e., amplitude and frequency of the forcing), particularly through the bifurcation points at which such pathlines become unstable.
The quasi-periodic nature of wall slip for molten plastics in large amplitude oscillatory shear
Adrian, David Warren
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
is not to be confused with a quasi-periodic spectrum like Figure 15 because of its strong continuous component. 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 0. 2 0. 4 0. 6 f (Hz) Figure 14. Chaotic amplitude spectrum of Duffing's equation. 0. 1 0. 01 X 0. 001 0. 0001 1E-05 0... amplitude spectrum for a viscoelastic melt in LAOS 6. Pipkin diagram, adapted from Dealy and Wissbrun (1990), 14 showing the regimes of oscillatory shear for a viscoelastic melt . . . . 15 7. Time domain plot of the quasi-periodic forced van der Pol...
Extending quantum control of time-independent systems to time-dependent systems
Zhen-Yu Wang; Ren-Bao Liu
2011-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
We establish that if a scheme can control a time-independent system arbitrarily coupled to a generic finite bath over a short period of time $T$ with control precision $O(T^{N+1})$, it can also realize the control with the same order of precision on smoothly time-dependent systems. This result extends the validity of various universal dynamical control schemes to arbitrary analytically time-dependent systems.
SUPPLEMENT Figure 5. Wavelet time series analysis for yearly LBM outbreaks. a) The normalized time-series. b) Temporally-local wavelet power spectrum (dark red indicates the strongest periodicity while white indicates the weakest periodicity). c) Spatiotemporally-global wavelet spectrum. d) Time-series plot
CEQ Extends Comment Period on Revised Draft Guidance on Consideration...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Draft Guidance on Consideration of Greenhouse Gas Emissions and the Effects of Climate Change in NEPA Reviews CEQ Extends Comment Period on Revised Draft Guidance on...
Pulse vaccination in the periodic infection rate SIR epidemic model
Zhen Jin; Mainul Haque; Quanxing Liu
2006-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
A pulse vaccination SIR model with periodic infection rate $\\beta (t)$ have been proposed and studied. The basic reproductive number $R_0$ is defined. The dynamical behaviors of the model are analyzed with the help of persistence, bifurcation and global stability. It has been shown that the infection-free periodic solution is globally stable provided $R_0 1$. Standard bifurcation theory have been used to show the existence of the positive periodic solution for the case of $R_0 \\to1^+$. Finally, the numerical simulations have been performed to show the uniqueness and the global stability of the positive periodic solution of the system.
Pressure-driven reconnection and quasi periodical oscillations in plasmas
Paccagnella, R., E-mail: roberto.paccagnella@igi.cnr.it [Consorzio RFX and Istituto Gas Ionizzati del Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche (CNR), Padova (Italy)
2014-03-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a model for an ohmically heated plasma in which a feedback exists between thermal conduction and transport, on one side, and the magneto-hydro-dynamical stability of the system, on the other side. In presence of a reconnection threshold for the magnetic field, a variety of periodical or quasi periodical oscillations for the physical quantities describing the system are evidenced. The model is employed to interpret the observed quasi periodical oscillations of electron temperature and perturbed magnetic field around the so called “Single Helical” state in the reversed field pinch, but its relevance for other periodical phenomena observed in magnetic confinement systems, especially in tokamaks, is suggested.
Multilevel interference lithography--fabricating sub-wavelength periodic nanostructures
Chang, Chih-Hao, 1980-
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Periodic nanostructures have many exciting applications, including high-energy spectroscopy, patterned magnetic media, photonic crystals, and templates for self-assembly. Interference lithography (IL) is an attractive ...
Green's function analysis of periodic structures in computational electromagnetics
Van Orden, Derek
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the two-dimensional periodic Green's function," IEEE Trans.evaluation of the Green's function for the Helmholtzrepresentations of certain Green's functions," J. Comp.
A one-time excess inventory disposal decision under stochastic and price dependent demand
Zhu, Xiaoyan
2002-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis studies a one-time excess inventory disposal problem where the demand during the disposal period (DDDP) is stochastic and its distribution depends on the disposal price. More specifically, this thesis considers a periodic...
Horizontal structure of winter time 250 mb jet stream variations on the fifteen day time scale
Park, Sangwook
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The horizontal structure of the 250 mb jet stream on the fifteen-day time scale during Northern Hemisphere winter is presented. The winter season is divided into six fifteen-day periods for the 24-year NMC data set. The fifteen-day time...
Horizontal structure of winter time 250 mb jet stream variations on the fifteen day time scale
Park, Sangwook
1993-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The horizontal structure of the 250 mb jet stream on the fifteen-day time scale during Northern Hemisphere winter is presented. The winter season is divided into six fifteen-day periods for the 24-year NMC data set. The fifteen-day time...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
UGE Scheduler Cycle Time UGE Scheduler Cycle Time Genepool Cycle Time Genepool Daily Genepool Weekly Phoebe Cycle Time Phoebe Daily Phoebe Weekly What is the Scheduler Cycle? The...
Dwarf Nova-like Outburst of Short Period Intermediate Polar HT Camelopardalis
Ryoko Ishioka; Taichi Kato; Makoto Uemura; Gary W. Billings; Koichi Morikawa; Ken'ichi Torii; Kenji Tanabe; Arto Oksanen; Harri Hyvonen; Hitoshi Itoh
2002-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
We report the first time-series observations of the short outburst of the proposed intermediate polar HT Cam (=RX J0757.0+6306). On 2001 December 29, we detected the object was undergoing a bright outburst at the magnitude of $m_{vis}=12.2$. Following this detection, we started international joint observations through VSNET. The light curve showed a gradual decline for the first 0.5 d. Following this short plateau phase, the rate of decline dramatically increased to more than 4 mag d$^{-1}$. Within 1.5 d from the outburst detection, the object almost declined to the quiescent level. During the rapidly declining phase, long-term modulations with a period of 86 min and strong pulses with a period of 8.6 min were observed. We concluded that 86 min and 8.6 min are the orbital period and the spin period of HT Cam, respectively. By the detection of the spin period, we confirmed the IP classification of HT Cam. However, its outburst behavior rather resembles that of dwarf novae. The discrepancy between the declining rates of the total flux and the pulse flux strongly suggests that the disk instabilities were taking place during the outburst.
Discovery of four periodic methanol masers and updated light curve for a further one
Szymczak, M; Bartkiewicz, A
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report the discovery of 6.7 GHz methanol maser periodic flares in four massive star forming regions and the updated light curve for the known periodic source G22.357+0.066. The observations were carried out with the Torun 32 m radio telescope between June 2009 and April 2014. Flux density variations with period of 120 to 245 d were detected for some or all spectral features. A variability pattern with a fast rise and relatively slow fall on time-scale of 30-60 d dominated. A reverse pattern was observed for some features of G22.357+0.066, while sinusoidal-like variations were detected in G25.411+0.105. A weak burst lasting ~520 d with the velocity drift of 0.24 km/s/yr occurred in G22.357+0.066. For three sources for which high resolution maps are available, we found that the features with periodic behaviour are separated by more than 500 au from those without any periodicity. This suggests that the maser flares are not triggered by large-scale homogeneous variations in either the background seed photon fl...
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go
Kunkle, Tom
Time Commitments Where Does Your Time Go Everyone starts the week with the same number of hours. So, why does your time go so fast? Let's find out! Number of hours of sleep each night ____ x 7 preparation/clean-up time) ____ x 7 = ____ Travel time to and from campus ___ x __ = ____ Number of hours per
Chakrabarti, Sandip K; Debnath, Dipak
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
It has long been proposed that low frequency QPOs in stellar mass black holes or their equivalents in super massive black holes are results of resonances between infall and cooling time scales. We explicitly compute these two time scales in a generic situation to show that resonances are easily achieved. During an outburst of a transient black hole candidate (BHC), the accretion rate of the Keplerian disk as well as the geometry of the Comptonizing cloud change very rapidly. During some period, resonance condition between the cooling time scale (predominantly by Comptonization) and the infall time scale of the Comptonizing cloud is roughly satisfied. This leads to low frequency quasi-periodic oscillations (LFQPOs) of the Compton cloud and the consequent oscillation of hard X-rays. In this paper, we explicitly follow the BHC H 1743-322 during its 2010 outburst. We compute Compton cooling time and infall time on several days and show that QPOs take place when these two roughly agree within ~50%, i.e., the reson...
Saving and Using Encountered Information: Implications for Electronic Periodicals
Marshall, Cathy
Saving and Using Encountered Information: Implications for Electronic Periodicals Catherine C of a focus on electronic publications, we undertook an exploratory study of how people saved and used study participants had examples of materials they had deliberately saved from periodicals, ranging from
Multivariate periodic wavelet analysis Dirk Langemann, Jurgen Prestin
Prestin, JÃ¼rgen
Multivariate periodic wavelet analysis Dirk Langemann, JÂ¨urgen Prestin University of LÂ¨ubeck, Institute of Mathematics, Wallstr. 40, D-23560 LÂ¨ubeck, Germany Abstract General multivariate periodic are generalized to multivariate shift invariant spaces on non-tensor-product pat- terns. In particular
Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions
Gurnett, Donald A.
Dual periodicities in the rotational modulation of Saturn narrowband emissions S.Y. Ye,1 D. A emissions is examined, restricting the spacecraft location to either the northern or the southern hemisphere of Saturn. It is found that in both hemispheres, the modulation period of 5 kHz narrowband emissions has two
Analysis of Periodic GrowthDisturbance Models Timothy C. Reluga
Reluga, Tim
model for a fluctuating population. Changes in the disturbance frequency are shown to generate a period-bubbling bifurcation structure and population dynamics that are most variable at intermediate disturbance frequenciesAnalysis of Periodic GrowthDisturbance Models Timothy C. Reluga treluga
Periodic Solutions of a Nonlinear Evolution Problem from Heterogeneous Catalysis
Bothe, Dieter
Periodic Solutions of a Nonlinear Evolution Problem from Heterogeneous Catalysis Dieter Bothe for heterogeneous catalysis in a stirred multi-phase chemical reactor. Since the appearance of T-periodic feeds for this evolution problem are provided and applied to the class of reaction-diffusion systems mentioned above. AMS
Quantum coherent switch utilizing commensurate nanoelectrode and charge density periodicities
Harrison, Neil (Santa Fe, NM); Singleton, John (Los Alamos, NM); Migliori, Albert (Santa Fe, NM)
2008-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
A quantum coherent switch having a substrate formed from a density wave (DW) material capable of having a periodic electron density modulation or spin density modulation, a dielectric layer formed onto a surface of the substrate that is orthogonal to an intrinsic wave vector of the DW material; and structure for applying an external spatially periodic electrostatic potential over the dielectric layer.
Entangled three-particle states in magnetic field: Periodic correlations and density matrices
Amitabha Chakrabarti; Anirban Chakraborti
2010-04-28T23:59:59.000Z
We present a novel study of the time evolutions of entangled states of three spin-1/2 particles in the presence of a constant external magnetic field, which causes the individual spins to precess and leads to remarkable periodicities in the correlations and density matrices. The emerging patterns of periodicity are studied explicitly for different entangled states and in detail for a particular initial configuration of the velocities. Contributions to precession of anomalous magnetic moments are analysed and general results are also obtained. We then introduce an electric field orthogonal to the magnetic field, linking to the preceding case via a suitable Lorentz transformation, and obtain the corresponding Wigner rotations of the spin states. Finally, we point out for the first time that the entangled states corresponding to well-known ones in the study of 3-particle entanglements, may be classified systematically using a particular coupling of three angular momenta.
Unstable periodic orbits in a chaotic meandering jet flow
Uleysky, M Yu; Prants, S V; 10.1088/1751-8113/41/21/215102
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the origin and bifurcations of typical classes of unstable periodic orbits in a jet flow that was introduced before as a kinematic model of chaotic advection, transport and mixing of passive scalars in meandering oceanic and atmospheric currents. A method to detect and locate the unstable periodic orbits and classify them by the origin and bifurcations is developed. We consider in detail period-1 and period-4 orbits playing an important role in chaotic advection. We introduce five classes of period-4 orbits: western and eastern ballistic ones, whose origin is associated with ballistic resonances of the fourth order, rotational ones, associated with rotational resonances of the second and fourth orders, and rotational-ballistic ones associated with a rotational-ballistic resonance. It is a new kind of nonlinear resonances that may occur in chaotic flow with jets and/or circulation cells. Varying the perturbation amplitude, we track out the origin and bifurcations of the orbits for each class.
Unstable periodic orbits in a chaotic meandering jet flow
M. Yu. Uleysky; M. V. Budyansky; S. V. Prants
2007-12-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study the origin and bifurcations of typical classes of unstable periodic orbits in a jet flow that was introduced before as a kinematic model of chaotic advection, transport and mixing of passive scalars in meandering oceanic and atmospheric currents. A method to detect and locate the unstable periodic orbits and classify them by the origin and bifurcations is developed. We consider in detail period-1 and period-4 orbits playing an important role in chaotic advection. We introduce five classes of period-4 orbits: western and eastern ballistic ones, whose origin is associated with ballistic resonances of the fourth order, rotational ones, associated with rotational resonances of the second and fourth orders, and rotational-ballistic ones associated with a rotational-ballistic resonance. It is a new kind of nonlinear resonances that may occur in chaotic flow with jets and/or circulation cells. Varying the perturbation amplitude, we track out the origin and bifurcations of the orbits for each class.
A low-dimensional model system for quasi-periodic plasma perturbations
Constantinescu, D. [Department of Applied Mathematics, University of Craiova, Association Euratom-MECI (Romania); Dumbrajs, O. [Institute of Solid State Physics, University of Latvia, Association Euratom-UL (Latvia); Igochine, V.; Lackner, K.; Meyer-Spasche, R.; Zohm, H. [Max-Planck Institut fuer Plasmaphysik, Association Euratom-IPP (Germany)
2011-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Larger scale plasma instabilities not leading to an immediate termination of a discharge often result in periodic nonlinear perturbations of the plasma. A minimal possible model is formulated for description of the system with drive and relaxation processes which have different time scales. The model is based on two equations: the first being responsible for the relaxation dynamics and the second for the drive. The model can be generalized to describe the pellet injection.
Steady-State Electrical Conduction in the Periodic Lorentz Gas
N. I. Chernov; G. L. Eyink; J. L. Lebowitz; Ya. G. Sinai
1993-02-08T23:59:59.000Z
We study nonequilibrium steady states in the Lorentz gas of periodic scatterers when an external field is applied and the particle kinetic energy is held fixed by a ``thermostat'' constructed according to Gauss' principle of least constraint (a model problem previously studied numerically by Moran and Hoover). The resulting dynamics is reversible and deterministic, but does not preserve Liouville measure. For a sufficiently small field, we prove the following results: (1) existence of a unique stationary, ergodic measure obtained by forward evolution of initial absolutely continuous distributions, for which the Pesin entropy formula and Young's expression for the fractal dimension are valid; (2) exact identity of the steady-state thermodyamic entropy production, the asymptotic decay of the Gibbs entropy for the time-evolved distribution, and minus the sum of the Lyapunov exponents; (3) an explicit expression for the full nonlinear current response (Kawasaki formula); and (4) validity of linear response theory and Ohm's transport law, including the Einstein relation between conductivity and diffusion matrices. Results (2) and (4) yield also a direct relation between Lyapunov exponents and zero-field transport (=diffusion) coefficients. Although we restrict ourselves here to dimension $d=2,$ the results carry over to higher dimensions and to some other physical situations: e.g. with additional external magnetic fields. The proofs use a well-developed theory of small perturbations of hyperbolic dynamical systems and the method of Markov sieves, an approximation of Markov partitions. In our context we discuss also the van Kampen objection to linear response theory, which, we point out, overlooks the ``structural stability'' of strongly hyperbolic flows.
Enhanced entrainability of genetic oscillators by period mismatch
Yoshihiko Hasegawa; Masanori Arita
2013-01-12T23:59:59.000Z
Biological oscillators coordinate individual cellular components so that they function coherently and collectively. They are typically composed of multiple feedback loops, and period mismatch is unavoidable in biological implementations. We investigated the advantageous effect of this period mismatch in terms of a synchronization response to external stimuli. Specifically, we considered two fundamental models of genetic circuits: smooth- and relaxation oscillators. Using phase reduction and Floquet multipliers, we numerically analyzed their entrainability under different coupling strengths and period ratios. We found that a period mismatch induces better entrainment in both types of oscillator; the enhancement occurs in the vicinity of the bifurcation on their limit cycles. In the smooth oscillator, the optimal period ratio for the enhancement coincides with the experimentally observed ratio, which suggests biological exploitation of the period mismatch. Although the origin of multiple feedback loops is often explained as a passive mechanism to ensure robustness against perturbation, we study the active benefits of the period mismatch, which include increasing the efficiency of the genetic oscillators. Our findings show a qualitatively different perspective for both the inherent advantages of multiple loops and their essentiality.
Development of Seismic Isolation Systems Using Periodic Materials
Yan, Yiqun [Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Mo, Yi-Lung [Univ. of Houston, Houston, TX (United States); Menq, Farn-Yuh [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Stokoe, II, Kenneth H. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States); Perkins, Judy [Prairie View A & M University, Prairie View, TX (United States); Tang, Yu [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
2014-12-10T23:59:59.000Z
Advanced fast nuclear power plants and small modular fast reactors are composed of thin-walled structures such as pipes; as a result, they do not have sufficient inherent strength to resist seismic loads. Seismic isolation, therefore, is an effective solution for mitigating earthquake hazards for these types of structures. Base isolation, on which numerous studies have been conducted, is a well-defined structure protection system against earthquakes. In conventional isolators, such as high-damping rubber bearings, lead-rubber bearings, and friction pendulum bearings, large relative displacements occur between upper structures and foundations. Only isolation in a horizontal direction is provided; these features are not desirable for the piping systems. The concept of periodic materials, based on the theory of solid-state physics, can be applied to earthquake engineering. The periodic material is a material that possesses distinct characteristics that prevent waves with certain frequencies from being transmitted through it; therefore, this material can be used in structural foundations to block unwanted seismic waves with certain frequencies. The frequency band of periodic material that can filter out waves is called the band gap, and the structural foundation made of periodic material is referred to as the periodic foundation. The design of a nuclear power plant, therefore, can be unified around the desirable feature of a periodic foundation, while the continuous maintenance of the structure is not needed. In this research project, three different types of periodic foundations were studied: one-dimensional, two-dimensional, and three-dimensional. The basic theories of periodic foundations are introduced first to find the band gaps; then the finite element methods are used, to perform parametric analysis, and obtain attenuation zones; finally, experimental programs are conducted, and the test data are analyzed to verify the theory. This procedure shows that the periodic foundation is a promising and effective way to mitigate structural damage caused by earthquake excitation.
Backward time behavior of dissipative PDE
Dascaliuc, Radu
2007-04-25T23:59:59.000Z
We study behavior for negative times t of the 2D periodic Navier-Stokes equations and Burgers' original model for turbulence. Both systems are proved to have rich sets of solutions that exist for all t - R and increase exponentially...
Time, Clocks and the Speed of Light Vasco Guerra
Guerra, Vasco
Time, Clocks and the Speed of Light Vasco Guerra and Rodrigo de Abreu Departamento de Física are a direct consequence of the fundamental notions of time and clocks. They can be obtained without any time, independently of the periodic physical phenomena they are built upon and of the machinery
Occurrence and Stability of Glaciations in Geologic Time
Zhuang, Kelin
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Earth is characterized by episodes of glaciations and periods of minimal or no ice through geologic time. Using the linear energy balance model (EBM), nonlinear EBM with empirical ice sheet schemes, the general circulation ...
Occurrence and Stability of Glaciations in Geologic Time
Zhuang, Kelin
2011-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
Earth is characterized by episodes of glaciations and periods of minimal or no ice through geologic time. Using the linear energy balance model (EBM), nonlinear EBM with empirical ice sheet schemes, the general circulation model coupled with an ice...
Energy Efficient Scheduling for Real-Time Systems
Gupta, Nikhil
2012-02-14T23:59:59.000Z
The goal of this dissertation is to extend the state of the art in real-time scheduling algorithms to achieve energy efficiency. Currently, Pfair scheduling is one of the few scheduling frameworks which can optimally schedule a periodic real...
Fourier Analysis and Autocorrelation Function Applied to Periodical Nanostructures
Rockett, Angus
Fourier Analysis and Autocorrelation Function Applied to Periodical Nanostructures E. Cruz Microscopy (AFM) Image Fast Fourier Transformation Autocorrelation Function(AC) Angular Distribution] Fourier Analysis: analytical and geometrical aspects, Bray William O ed. New York: Marcel Dekker, 1994
Generalized Cost Function Based Forecasting for Periodically Measured Nonstationary Traffic
Zeng, Yong - Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Missouri
1 Generalized Cost Function Based Forecasting for Periodically Measured Nonstationary Traffic true value. However, such a forecast- ing function is not directly applicable for applications potentially result in insufficient allocation of bandwidth leading to short term data loss. To facilitate
Neutron-Scattering Evidence for a Periodically Modulated Superconducti...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Neutron-Scattering Evidence for a Periodically Modulated Superconducting Phase in the Underdoped Cuprate La1.905Ba0.095CuO4 Citation Details In-Document Search Title:...
Period tripling accumulation point for complexified Henon map
O. B. Isaeva; S. P. Kuznetsov
2005-09-06T23:59:59.000Z
Accumulation point of period-tripling bifurcations for complexified Henon map is found. Universal scaling properties of parameter space and Fourier spectrum intrinsic to this critical point is demonstrated.
Quality of monitoring of stochastic events by periodic and ...
David K. Y. Yau, Nung Kwan Yip, Chris Y. T. Ma, Nageswara S. V. Rao, Mallikarjun Shankar
2010-08-28T23:59:59.000Z
sensor monitoring a PoI may be periodically turned off to conserve energy, thereby extending the lifetime of the ... against physical hazards, such as chemical, biological, nuclear, radiational, and explosive (CBNRE) ...... environment. Tech. rep.
Experimental continuation of periodic orbits through a fold
J. Sieber; A. Gonzalez-Buelga; S. A. Neild; D. J. Wagg; B. Krauskopf
2008-06-12T23:59:59.000Z
We present a continuation method that enables one to track or continue branches of periodic orbits directly in an experiment when a parameter is changed. A control-based setup in combination with Newton iterations ensures that the periodic orbit can be continued even when it is unstable. This is demonstrated with the continuation of initially stable rotations of a vertically forced pendulum experiment through a fold bifurcation to find the unstable part of the branch.
Flux avalanches in superconducting films with periodic arrays of holes.
Vlasko-Vlasov, V.; Welp, U.; Metlushko, V.; Crabtree, G. W.; Materials Science Division; Inst. of Solid State Physics RAS
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The magnetic flux dynamics in Nb films with periodic hole arrays is studied magneto-optically. Flux motion in the shape of microavalanches along {l_brace}100{r_brace} and {l_brace}110{r_brace} directions of the hole lattice is observed. At lower temperatures anisotropic large scale thermo-magnetic avalanches dominate flux entry and exit. At T-T{sub c} critical-state-like field patterns periodically appear at fractions of the matching field.
Transport and Fractionation in Periodic Potential-Energy Landscapes
Kosta Ladavac; Matthew Pelton; David G. Grier
2004-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
Objects driven through periodically modulated potential-energy landscapes in two dimensions can become locked in to symmetry-selected directions that are independent of the driving force's orientation. We investigate this problem in the overdamped limit, and demonstrate that the crossover from free-flowing to locked-in transport can depend exponentially on an object's size, with this exceptional selectivity emerging from the periodicity of the environment.
Six-Week Time Series Of Eddy Covariance CO2 Flux At Mammoth Mountain...
CO2 fluxes and the atmospheric parameters over a comparable time period. Energy balance closure was assessed by statistical regression of EC energy fluxes (sensible and...
Mean ZZ Ceti pulsation period gauges stellar temperature
Anjum S. Mukadam; M. H. Montgomery; A. Kim; D. E. Winget; S. O. Kepler; J. C. Clemens
2006-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
The mean pulsation period of ZZ Ceti stars increases with decreasing effective temperature as we traverse from the blue to the red edge of the instability strip. This well-established correlation between the mean period and spectroscopic temperature suggests that the mean period could be utilized as a tool to measure the relative temperature of the star independent of spectroscopy. Measuring the pulsation periods of a ZZ Ceti star is a simple, model-independent, and straight forward process as opposed to a spectroscopic determination of its temperature. Internal uncertainties in determining the spectroscopic temperature of a ZZ Ceti star are at least 200K, 15% of the 1350K width of the instability strip. The uncertainties in determining the mean period arise mostly from amplitude modulation in the pulsation spectrum and are smaller than 100s for 91% of the ZZ Ceti stars, temperature indicator rather than conventional spectroscopy. Presently we only claim that the relative temperatures of ZZ Ceti stars derived by using the mean pulsation period are certainly as good as and perhaps about 15% better than spectroscopy.
Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability
Richards, George A. (Morgantown, WV); Janus, Michael C. (Baltimore, MD); Griffith, Richard A. (Morgantown, WV)
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.
Periodic equivalence ratio modulation method and apparatus for controlling combustion instability
Richards, G.A.; Janus, M.C.; Griffith, R.A.
2000-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) method and apparatus significantly reduces and/or eliminates unstable conditions within a combustion chamber. The method involves modulating the equivalence ratio for the combustion device, such that the combustion device periodically operates outside of an identified unstable oscillation region. The equivalence ratio is modulated between preselected reference points, according to the shape of the oscillation region and operating parameters of the system. Preferably, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a first stable condition to a second stable condition, and, alternatively, the equivalence ratio is modulated from a stable condition to an unstable condition. The method is further applicable to multi-nozzle combustor designs, whereby individual nozzles are alternately modulated from stable to unstable conditions. Periodic equivalence ratio modulation (PERM) is accomplished by active control involving periodic, low frequency fuel modulation, whereby low frequency fuel pulses are injected into the main fuel delivery. Importantly, the fuel pulses are injected at a rate so as not to affect the desired time-average equivalence ratio for the combustion device.
Transiting Planets with LSST II. Period Detection of Planets Orbiting 1 Solar Mass Hosts
Jacklin, Savannah R; Pepper, Joshua; Stassun, Keivan G
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The Large Synoptic Survey Telescope (LSST) will photometrically monitor ~1 billion stars for ten years. The resulting light curves can be used to detect transiting exoplanets. In particular, as demonstrated by Lund et al. (2015), LSST will probe stellar populations currently undersampled in most exoplanet transit surveys, including out to extragalactic distances. In this paper we test the efficiency of the box-fitting least-squares (BLS) algorithm for accurately recovering the periods of transiting exoplanets using simulated LSST data. We model planets with a range of radii orbiting a solar-mass star at a distance of 7 kpc, with orbital periods ranging from 0.5 to 20 d. We find that typical LSST observations will be able to reliably detect Hot Jupiters with periods shorter than ~3 d. At the same time, we find that the LSST deep drilling cadence is extremely powerful: the BLS algorithm successfully recovers at least 30% of sub-Saturn-size exoplanets with orbital periods as long as 20 d.
Periodic Oscillations in the Intra-day Optical Light Curves of the Blazar S5 0716+714
Alok C. Gupta; A. K. Srivastava; Paul J. Wiita
2008-08-27T23:59:59.000Z
We present results of a periodicity search of 20 intra-day variable optical light curves of the blazar S5 0716+714, selected from a database of 102 light curves spanning over three years. We use a wavelet analysis technique along with a randomization test and find strong candidates for nearly periodic variations in eight light curves, with probabilities ranging from 95% to >99%. This is the first good evidence for periodic, or more-precisely, quasi-periodic, components in the optical intra-day variable light curves of any blazar. Such periodic flux changes support the idea that some active galactic nuclei variability, even in blazars, is based on accretion disk fluctuations or oscillations. These intra-day variability time scales are used to estimate that the central black hole of the blazar S5 0716+714 has a mass > 2.5 \\times 10^6$ M$_{\\odot}$. As we did not find any correlations between the flux levels and intra-day variability time scales, it appears that more than one emission mechanism is at work in this blazar.
A search for periodicities from a ULX in the LINER galaxy NGC 4736
Avdan, H; Akyuz, A; Balman, S
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report our findings on a new quasi-periodic oscillation (QPO) and a long period from the ultraluminous X-ray source (ULX) X-2 in nearby galaxy NGC 4736 based on the Chandra and XMM-Newton archival data. To examine the timing properties, power density spectra of the source have been obtained using Fast Fourier Transform. Also the spectral parameters of the source have been calculated by obtaining and fitting the energy spectra. Power density spectrum of this source reveals a QPO peak at $0.73_{-0.14}^{+0.16}$ mHz with an fractional rms variability of 16% using the Chandra data (in the year 2000-lower state of the source). The XMM-Newton data analysis indicates a peak at $0.53_{-0.35}^{+0.09}$ mHz with a fractional rms variation of 5% (in the year 2006-higher state of the source). These recovered QPOs overlap within errors and may be the same oscillation. In addition, we detect a long periodicity or a QPO in the Chandra data of about $(5.2\\pm2.0)\\times10^{-5}$ Hz ($\\sim$ 5.4 hrs) over 3 $\\sigma$ confidence l...
Interband Coherence Induced Correction to Adiabatic Pumping in Periodically Driven Systems
Hailong Wang; Longwen Zhou; Jiangbin Gong
2015-03-03T23:59:59.000Z
Periodic driving can create topological phases of matter absent in static systems. In terms of the displacement of the position expectation value of a time-evolving wavepacket in a closed system, a type of adiabatic dynamics in periodically driven systems is studied for general initial states possessing coherence between different Floquet bands. Under one symmetry assumption, the displacement of the wavepacket center over one adiabatic cycle is found to be comprised by two components independent of the time scale of the adiabatic cycle: a weighted integral of the Berry curvature summed over all Floquet bands, plus an interband coherence induced correction. The found correction is beyond a naive application of the quantum adiabatic theorem but survives in the adiabatic limit due to interband coherence. Our theoretical results are hence of general interest towards an improved understanding of the quantum adiabatic theorem. Our theory is checked using a periodically driven superlattice model with nontrivial topological phases. In addition to probing topological phase transitions, the adiabatic dynamics studied in this work is now also anticipated to be useful in manifesting coherence and decoherence effects in the representation of Floquet bands.
Sjune 2007State of the Climate in 2006 | in the year, largely offset the acute dry in the country's
from CAms-opi. Fig. 6.42. 2006 annual temperature anomalies (°C, 19712000 base) for oceania from CAms-opi
Feature Detection, Characterization and Confirmation Methodology: Final Report
Karasaki, Kenzi
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
English abstract). Helsinki, Finland: Posiva Oy. 129 p. Workof Holocene shells in Finland. Quaternaria A:7, 31-38.Climatological statistics of Finland 1971-2000. Helsinki:
Periodic trajectories for a two-dimensional nonintegrable Hamiltonian
Baranger, M.; Davies, K.T.R.
1987-08-01T23:59:59.000Z
A numerical study is made of the classical periodic trajectories for the two-dimensional nonintegrable Hamiltonian H = 1/2(p/sup 2//sub x/+p/sup 2//sub y/)+(y-1/2x/sup 2/)/sup 2/+0.05 x/sup 2/. In addition to x--y pictures of the trajectories, E--tau (energy--period) plots of the periodic families are presented. Efforts have been ade to include all trajectories with short periods and all simple branchings of these trajectories. The monodromy matrix has been calculated in all cases, and from it the stability properties are derived. The topology of the E--tau plot has been explored, with the following results. One family may have several stable regions. The plot is not completely connected; there are islands. The plot is not a tree; there are cycles. There are isochronous branchings, period-doublings, and period-multiplyings of higher orders, and examples of each of these are presented. There is often more than one branch issuing from a branch point. Some general empirical rules are inferred. In particular, the existence of isochronous branching is seen to be a consequence of the symmetry of the Hamiltonian. All these results agree with the general classification of possible branchings derived in Ref. (10). (M. A. M. de Aguiar, C. P. Malta, M. Baranger, and K. T. R. Davies, in preparation). Finally, some nonperiodic trajectories are calculated to illustrate the fact that stable periodic trajectories lie in ''regular'' regions of phase space, while unstable ones lie in ''chaotic'' regions.
Time Crystals from Minimum Time Uncertainty
Mir Faizal; Mohammed M. Khalil; Saurya Das
2014-12-29T23:59:59.000Z
Motivated by the Generalized Uncertainty Principle, covariance, and a minimum measurable time, we propose a deformation of the Heisenberg algebra, and show that this leads to corrections to all quantum mechanical systems. We also demonstrate that such a deformation implies a discrete spectrum for time. In other words, time behaves like a crystal.
Tracking multiple generation and suppression of secondary electrons on periodic triangular surface
Li, S.; Wang, J. G.; Zhu, M.; Peng, J. C.; Xie, J. L.; Wu, X. L.; Guo, L. T. [Laboratory on Science and Technology of High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China)] [Laboratory on Science and Technology of High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); Chang, C.; Xiong, Z. F. [Laboratory on Science and Technology of High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China) [Laboratory on Science and Technology of High Power Microwave, Northwest Institute of Nuclear Technology, Xi'an, Shaanxi 710024 (China); Department of Engineering Physics, Tsinghua University, Beijing 10084 (China)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
To research the dynamic course of multipactor suppression on the periodically patterned surface, tens of electron collision processes are tracked by numerical calculation. The influences of microwave frequency, amplitude of RF electric field, slope angle, the local field enhancement, and the tilted incident electric field on the multipactor suppression are studied by tracking multi-generation electrons' trajectories, hopping and flight time, collision energy, and secondary emission yield. Meanwhile, the dynamic processes of secondary electrons on the periodic surface are analyzed by particle-in-cell (PIC) simulation. The PIC results are consistent with the analytical results in which the electrons fly reciprocatingly between the slopes and impact on the slopes; the methods of increasing the slope angle, enlarging the RF field, and lowering the frequency in a certain range are helpful to enhance the multipactor suppression steadily and persistently.
Periodic force induced stabilization or destabilization of the denatured state of a protein
Ghosh, Pulak Kumar; Bag, Bidhan Chandra; 10.1063/1.3635774
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have studied the effects of an external sinusoidal force in protein folding kinetics. The externally applied force field acts on the each amino acid residues of polypeptide chains. Our simulation results show that mean protein folding time first increases with driving frequency and then decreases passing through a maximum. With further increase of the driving frequency the mean folding time starts increasing as the noise-induced hoping event (from the denatured state to the native state) begins to experience many oscillations over the mean barrier crossing time period. Thus unlike one-dimensional barrier crossing problems, the external oscillating force field induces both \\emph{stabilization or destabilization of the denatured state} of a protein. We have also studied the parametric dependence of the folding dynamics on temperature, viscosity, non-Markovian character of bath in presence of the external field.
Qin, Xiao
Scheduling of Periodic Packets in Energy-Aware Wireless Networks Xiao Qin , Mohammed Alghamdi, Mais. Abstract Existing packets scheduling algorithms designed for energy-efficient wireless networks ignore in wireless networks subject to both timing and energy constraints. We propose a necessary and sufficient
1D periodic potentials with gaps vanishing at k=0
O. Zagordi; A. Michelangeli
2008-10-13T23:59:59.000Z
Appearance of energy bands and gaps in the dispersion relations of a periodic potential is a standard feature of Quantum Mechanics. We investigate the class of one-dimensional periodic potentials for which all gaps vanish at the center of the Brillouin zone. We characterize them through a necessary and sufficient condition. Potentials of the form we focus on arise in different fields of Physics, from supersymmetric Quantum Mechanics, to Korteweg-de Vries equation theory and classical diffusion problems. The O.D.E. counterpart to this problem is the characterisation of periodic potentials for which coexistence occur of linearly independent solutions of the corresponding Schroedinger equation (Hill's equation). This result is placed in perspective of the previous related results available in the literature.
Double-periodic blue variables in the Magellanic Clouds
R. E. Mennickent; G. Pietrzynski; M. Diaz; W. Gieren
2002-12-09T23:59:59.000Z
We report the discovery, based on an inspection of the OGLE-II database, of a group of blue variables in the Magellanic Clouds showing simultaneously two kinds of photometric variability: a short-term cyclic variability with typical amplitude $\\Delta I \\sim$ 0.05 mag and period $P_{1}$ between 4 and 16 days and a sinusoidal, long-term cyclic oscillation with much larger amplitude $\\Delta I \\sim$ 0.2 mag with period $P_{2}$ in the range of 150-1000 days. We find that both periods seems to be coupled through the relationship $P_{2}$ = 35.2 $\\pm$ 0.8 $P_{1}$. In general, the short term variability is reminiscent of those shown by Algol-type binaries. We propose that the long-term oscillation could arise in the precession of a elliptical disc fed by a Roche-lobe filling companion in a low mass ratio Algol system.
Lyapunov functions for periodic matrix-valued Jacobi operators
Evgeny Korotyaev; Anton Kutsenko
2007-01-16T23:59:59.000Z
We consider periodic matrix-valued Jacobi operators. The spectrum of this operator is absolutely continuous and consists of intervals separated by gaps. We define the Lyapunov function, which is analytic on an associated Riemann surface. On each sheet the Lyapunov function has the standard properties of the Lyapunov function for the scalar case. We show that this function has (real or complex) branch points, which we call resonances. We prove that there exist two types of gaps: i) stable gaps, i.e., the endpoints are periodic and anti-periodic eigenvalues, ii) unstable (resonance) gaps, i.e., the endpoints are resonances (real branch points). We show that some spectral data determine the spectrum (counting multiplicity) of the Jacobi operator.
Periodic Discrete Energy for Long-Range Potentials
D. P. Hardin; E. B. Saff; Brian Simanek
2014-12-11T23:59:59.000Z
We consider periodic energy problems in Euclidean space with a special emphasis on long-range potentials that cannot be defined through the usual infinite sum. One of our main results builds on more recent developments of Ewald summation to define the periodic energy corresponding to a large class of long-range potentials. Two particularly interesting examples are the logarithmic potential and the Riesz potential when the Riesz parameter is smaller than the dimension of the space. For these examples, we use analytic continuation methods to provide concise formulas for the periodic kernel in terms of the Epstein Hurwitz Zeta function. We apply our energy definition to deduce several properties of the minimal energy including the asymptotic order of growth and the distribution of points in energy minimizing configurations as the number of points becomes large. We conclude with some detailed calculations in the case of one dimension, which shows the utility of this approach.
Periodic homogenization and material symmetry in linear elasticity
Mariya Ptashnyk; Brian Seguin
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
Here homogenization theory is used to establish a connection between the symmetries of a periodic elastic structure associated with the microscopic properties of an elastic material and the material symmetries of the effective, macroscopic elasticity tensor. Previous results of this type exist but here more general symmetries on the microscale are considered. Using an explicit example, we show that it is possible for a material to be fully anisotropic on the microscale and yet have a nontrivial material symmetry group on the macroscale. Another example demonstrates that not all material symmetries of the macroscopic elastic tensor are generated by symmetries of the periodic elastic structure.
Period doubling, information entropy, and estimates for Feigenbaum's constants
Reginald D. Smith
2013-08-03T23:59:59.000Z
The relationship between period doubling bifurcations and Feigenbaum's constants has been studied for nearly 40 years and this relationship has helped uncover many fundamental aspects of universal scaling across multiple nonlinear dynamical systems. This paper will combine information entropy with symbolic dynamics to demonstrate how period doubling can be defined using these tools alone. In addition, the technique allows us to uncover some unexpected, simple estimates for Feigenbaum's constants which relate them to log 2 and the golden ratio, phi, as well as to each other.
A wavelet-based tool for studying non-periodicity
R. Benítez; V. J. Bolós; M. E. Ramírez
2010-07-20T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents a new numerical approach to the study of non-periodicity in signals, which can complement the maximal Lyapunov exponent method for determining chaos transitions of a given dynamical system. The proposed technique is based on the continuous wavelet transform and the wavelet multiresolution analysis. A new parameter, the \\textit{scale index}, is introduced and interpreted as a measure of the degree of the signal's non-periodicity. This methodology is successfully applied to three classical dynamical systems: the Bonhoeffer-van der Pol oscillator, the logistic map, and the Henon map.
Diffraction Properties of Periodic Lattices under Free Electron Laser Radiation
Rajkovic, I.; Busse, G.; Hallmann, J.; More, R.; Petri, M.; Quevedo, W. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, 37070 Goettingen (Germany); Krasniqi, F.; Rudenko, A. [Max-Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Tschentscher, T. [European XFEL GmbH, Albert-Einstein-Ring 19, 22671 Hamburg (Germany); Stojanovic, N.; Duesterer, S.; Treusch, R. [HASYLAB at DESY, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany); Tolkiehn, M. [Institut fuer Roentgenphysik, Universitaet Goettingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, 37077 Goettingen (Germany); Techert, S. [Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry, 37070 Goettingen (Germany); Max-Planck Advanced Study Group at CFEL, Notkestrasse 85, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)
2010-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
In this Letter, we report the pioneering use of free electron laser radiation for the investigation of periodic crystalline structures. The diffraction properties of silver behenate single nanocrystals (5.8 nm periodicity) with the dimensions of 20 nmx20 nmx20 {mu}m and as powder with grain sizes smaller than 200 nm were investigated with 8 nm free electron laser radiation in single-shot modus with 30 fs long free electron laser pulses. This work emphasizes the possibility of using soft x-ray free electron laser radiation for these crystallographic studies on a nanometer scale.
Periodic Photometric Variability in the Becklin-Neugebauer Object
Lynne A. Hillenbrand; John M. Carpenter; M. F. Skrutskie
2000-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
The Becklin-Neugebauer (BN) object in the Orion Nebula Cluster (ONC) is a well-studied optically invisible, infrared-bright young stellar object, thought to be an intermediate-mass protostar. We report here that BN exhibited nearly-sinusoidal periodic variability at the near-infrared H- and Ks-bands during a one month observing campaign in 2000 March/April. The period was 8.28 days and the peak-to-peak amplitude ~0.2 mag. Plausible mechanisms for producing the observed variability characteristics are explored.
Space time and the passage of time
George F. R. Ellis; Rituparno Goswami
2012-08-26T23:59:59.000Z
This paper examines the various arguments that have been put forward suggesting either that time does not exist, or that it exists but its flow is not real. I argue that (i) time both exists and flows; (ii) an Evolving Block Universe (`EBU') model of spacetime adequately captures this feature, emphasizing the key differences between the past, present, and future; (iii) the associated surfaces of constant time are uniquely geometrically and physically determined in any realistic spacetime model based in General Relativity Theory; (iv) such a model is needed in order to capture the essential aspects of what is happening in circumstances where initial data does not uniquely determine the evolution of spacetime structure because quantum uncertainty plays a key role in that development. Assuming that the functioning of the mind is based in the physical brain, evidence from the way that the mind apprehends the flow of time prefers this evolving time model over those where there is no flow of time.
The Design of a Synthesis Tool for Interrupt-based Real Time Embedded Software
Hsiung, Pao-Ann
to accomplish some dedicated set of periodic tasks within real time deadlines. Some examples include avionics Thermometer with Microcontroller (DTM) and a Real-time Stepping Motor Control (RSMC) to demonstrate
The Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol Mikls Marti Branislav Kusy Gyula Simon kos Ldeczi
Maróti, Miklós
The Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol Miklós Maróti Branislav Kusy Gyula Simon Ákos Lédeczi the Flooding Time Synchronization Protocol (FTSP), especially tailored for applications requiring stringent by utilizing periodic flooding of synchronization messages, and implicit dynamic topology update. The unique
Strategic Sourcing Dashboard Reporting Period: January 2010 through December 2011
Minnesota, University of
We have accomplished $10.8 million in annual savings through our Strategic Sourcing efforts over below. Strategic Sourcing continues to have a significant emphasis for Purchasing Services, but savings/Activities/Risks for this Reporting Period Annual savings of over $200,000 was booked in the last quarter in the office and lab supply
Collective periodicity in mean-field models of cooperative behavior
Francesca Collet; Paolo Dai Pra; Marco Formentin
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a way to break symmetry in stochastic dynamics by introducing a dissipation term. We show in a specific mean-field model, that if the reversible model undergoes a phase transition of ferromagnetic type, then its dissipative counterpart exhibits periodic orbits in the thermodynamic limit.
Periodic bedrock ridges on Mars David R. Montgomery,1
Montgomery, David R.
Periodic bedrock ridges on Mars David R. Montgomery,1 Joshua L. Bandfield,1 and Scott K. Becker1 to be widespread [Carr, 1981; Greeley et al., 1992; Malin and Edgett, 2001]. Although wind-streamlined yardangs interpreted as sedimentary forms [McCauley et al., 1972; Cutts and Smith, 1973; Carr, 1981; Greeley et al
lthough Earth has undergone many periods of significant environmen-
Horton, Tom
A lthough Earth has undergone many periods of significant environmen- tal change, the planet push the Earth system outside the stable environmental state of the Holocene, with consequences occurred naturally and Earth's regu- latory capacity maintained the conditions that enabled human
Greedy Approaches to Static Stochastic Robust Resource Allocation for Periodic
Maciejewski, Anthony A.
Greedy Approaches to Static Stochastic Robust Resource Allocation for Periodic Sensor Driven@us.ibm.com Abstract-- This research investigates the problem of robust resource allocation for a large class. Such systems are expected to function in an environment replete with uncertainty where the workload is likely
Temperature-induced marine export production during glacial period
Chikamoto, Megumi O.
Temperature-induced marine export production during glacial period M. O. Chikamoto,1,2 A. Abe October 2012; published 8 November 2012. [1] Proxy records indicate that export production was enhanced at the onset of the last glaciation. We examine how glacial cooling affects marine export production through
Urban Water Demand with Periodic Error Correction David R. Bell
Griffin, Ronald
them. Econometric estimates of residential demand for water abound (Dalhuisen et al. 2003Urban Water Demand with Periodic Error Correction by David R. Bell and Ronald C. Griffin February, Department of Agricultural Economics, Texas A&M University. #12;Abstract Monthly demand for publicly supplied
RIEMANN SURFACES, PLANE ALGEBRAIC CURVES AND THEIR PERIOD MATRICES
numerically the canonical map. Therefore symmetric 1991 Mathematics Subject Classification. 14Q05, 14H55, 14P for computing a representation of a compact Riemann surface as an algebraic plane curve and to compute a numerical approximation for its period matrix. We will describe a program Cars ([3]) that can be used
Spectroscopy and orbital periods of four cataclysmic variable stars
J. R. Thorstensen; C. J. Taylor
2001-05-29T23:59:59.000Z
We present spectroscopy and orbital periods Porb of four relatively little-studied cataclysmic variable stars. The stars and their periods are: AF Cam, Porb = 0.324(1) d (the daily cycle count is slightly ambiguous); V2069 Cyg (= RX J2123.7+4217), 0.311683(2) d; PG 0935+075, 0.1868(3) d; and KUV 03580+0614, 0.1495(6) d. V2069 Cyg and KUV 03580+0614 both show HeII lambda 4686 emission comparable in strength to H beta. V2069 Cyg appears to be a luminous novalike variable, and the strong HeII suggests it may be an intermediate polar. The period of KUV 03580+0614 is similar to members of the SW Sex-type novalike variables, and it shows the phase-dependent absorption in the Balmer and He I lines typical of this subclass. AF Cam shows absorption features from a K-type secondary, as expected given its rather long orbital period. The secondary spectrum and the outburst magnitude both suggest that AF Cam is about 1 kpc distant. The spectrum of PG 0935+075 resembles that of a dwarf nova at minimum light, with a noticeable contribution from an M-dwarf secondary star. The secondary spectrum and a tentative outburst magnitude both suggest a distance near 500 pc.
Marchenko-Ostrovski mappings for periodic Jacobi matrices
Evgeny Korotyaev; Anton Kutsenko
2007-10-15T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the 1D periodic Jacobi matrices. The spectrum of this operator is purely absolutely continuous and consists of intervals separated by gaps. We solve the inverse problem (including characterization) in terms of vertical slits on the quasimomentum domain . Furthermore, we obtain a priori two-sided estimates for vertical slits in terms of Jacoby matrices.
Bounded, Periodic Relative Motion using Canonical Epicyclic Orbital Elements
Rowley, Clarence W.
Bounded, Periodic Relative Motion using Canonical Epicyclic Orbital Elements N. Jeremy Kasdin using canonical perturbation theory for studying relative motion trajectories and for finding simple motion [2, 3, 4, 5]. This has the advantage that Lagrange's planetary equations (LPEs) or Gauss
The theme of a vanishing period. Daniel Barlet
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
period, Bernstein polynomial, filtered Gauss-Manin sys- tem, (a,b)-module, Brieskorn module. Contents 1.1 Stability by quotient and twisted duality. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 3.2 Standard and canonical forms for a []-primitive theme. . . . . . . . 18 4 The uniqueness of a canonical form 23 4
CLATHRATE HYDRATES FORMATION IN SHORT-PERIOD COMETS
Marboeuf, Ulysse; Mousis, Olivier; Petit, Jean-Marc [Institut UTINAM, CNRS-UMR 6213, Observatoire de Besancon, BP 1615, 25010 Besancon Cedex (France); Schmitt, Bernard, E-mail: marboeuf@ujf-grenoble.f [Universite Joseph Fourier, Laboratoire de Planetologie de Grenoble, CNRS INSU (France)
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The initial composition of current models of cometary nuclei is only based on two forms of ice: crystalline ice for long-period comets and amorphous ice for short-period comets. A third form of ice, i.e., clathrate hydrate, could exist within the short-period cometary nuclei, but the area of formation of this crystalline structure in these objects has never been studied. Here, we show that the thermodynamic conditions in the interior of short-period comets allow the existence of clathrate hydrates in Halley-type comets. We show that their existence is viable in the Jupiter family comets only when the equilibrium pressure of CO clathrate hydrate is at least 1 order of magnitude lower than the usually assumed theoretical value. We calculate that the amount of volatiles that could be trapped in the clathrate hydrate layer may be orders of magnitude greater than the daily amount of gas released at the surface of the nucleus at perihelion. The formation and the destruction of the clathrate hydrate cages could then explain the diversity of composition of volatiles observed in comets, as well as some pre-perihelion outbursts. We finally show that the potential clathrate hydrate layer in comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko would, unfortunately, be deep inside the nucleus, out of reach of the Rosetta lander. However, such a clathrate hydrate layer would show up by the gas composition of the coma.
Extraordinary infrared transmission through a periodic bowtie aperture array
Xu, Xianfan
Extraordinary infrared transmission through a periodic bowtie aperture array Edward C. Kinzel to surface plasmon polariton (SPP) resonances and/or RayleighWood anomalies (RWA). Bowtie apertures to be strongly resonant. We demonstrate here that the total transmission through a bowtie aperture array can
Some Reflections on the Periodization of Tibetan History
Cuevas, Bryan
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Some Reflections on the Periodization of Tibetan History* Bryan J. Cuevas(Florida State University, USA) istory is always expressed as a narrative, a story about the past. Towrite a story out of the events of the past, historians must give...
Bifurcation and Stability Properties of Periodic Solutions to Two Nonlinear
Fiedler, Bernold
motions of suspension bridges. Though they were able to replicate the phenomena observed on the Tacoma in suspen- sion bridges. We contrast the multiplicity, bifurcation, and stability of periodic solutions-doubling and quadrupling) differs significantly. Keywords: suspension bridge, continuation, bifurcation, stability
NANO EXPRESS Fabrication of Large Area Periodic Nanostructures Using
Mohseni, Hooman
, such as photonic band-gap materials, high dense data storage, and photonic devices. We have developed a maskless areas, such as photonic band-gap materials [1], high dense data storage [2], and photonic devices [3NANO EXPRESS Fabrication of Large Area Periodic Nanostructures Using Nanosphere Photolithography
Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods
California at Berkeley, University of
Proton aurora related to intervals of pulsations of diminishing periods A. G. Yahnin,1 T. A are generated because of a cyclotron instability of the anisotropic distribution of ring current ions. Proton precipitation produced by the cyclotron instability can be responsible for proton aurora. Indeed
Model Reduction Near Periodic Orbits of Hybrid Dynamical Systems
Sastry, S. Shankar
manipulation in manufacturing [2], gene regulation in cells [3], and power generation in electrical systems [41 Model Reduction Near Periodic Orbits of Hybrid Dynamical Systems Samuel A. Burden, Shai Revzen system. We demonstrate reduction of a highÂdimensional underactuated mechanical model for terrestrial
Periodic fluctuations in deep water formation due to sea ice
Raj Saha
2015-02-21T23:59:59.000Z
During the last ice age several quasi-periodic abrupt warming events took place. Known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events their effects were felt globally, although the North Atlantic experienced the largest temperature anomalies. Paleoclimate data shows that the fluctuations often occurred right after massive glacial meltwater releases in the North Atlantic and in bursts of three or four with progressively decreasing strengths. In this study a simple dynamical model of an overturning circulation and sea ice is developed with the goal of understanding the fundamental mechanisms that could have caused the DO events. Interaction between sea ice and the overturning circulation in the model produces self-sustained oscillations. Analysis and numerical experiments reveal that the insulating effect of sea ice causes the ocean to periodically vent out accumulated heat in the deep ocean into the atmosphere. Subjecting the model to idealized freshwater forcing mimicking Heinrich events causes modulation of the natural periodicity and produces burst patterns very similar to what is observed in temperature proxy data. Numerical experiments with the model also suggests that the characteristic period of 1,500 years is due to the geometry, or the effective heat capacity, of the ocean that comes under sea ice cover.
First passage time statistics of Brownian motion with purely time dependent drift and diffusion
Molini, Annalisa; Katul, Gabriel G; Porporato, Amilcare
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Systems where resource availability approaches a critical threshold are common to many engineering and scientific applications and often necessitate the estimation of first passage time statistics of a Brownian motion (Bm) driven by time-dependent drift and diffusion coefficients. Modeling such systems requires solving the associated Fokker-Planck equation subject to an absorbing barrier. Conditional probabilities are classically derived via the method of images, whose applicability to time-dependent problems, including stochastic resonance, is discussed. First passage time statistics, such as the survival probabilities and first passage time densities are obtained analytically. The analysis includes the study of different functional forms of the time dependent drift and diffusion, such as power-law time dependence and different periodic drivers. As a case study of these theoretical results, a stochastic model for snow melt in mountain regions is presented where both temperature effects and snow-precipitation...
de Ponthiere, Pierre; Fumagalli, F; Hambsch, Franz-Josef; Krajci, Tom; Llapasset, J-M; Menzies, Kenneth; Nobile, Marco; Sabo, Richard
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present the results of collaborative observations of three RR Lyrae stars (CX Lyr, NU Aur and VY CrB) which have a strong Blazhko effect. This work has been initiated and performed in the framework of the GEOS RR Lyr Survey (Groupe Europ\\'een d'Observations Stellaires). From the measured light curves, we have determined the times and the magnitudes at maximum. The times of maxima have been compared to ephemerides to obtain the (O-C) values and from a period analysis of these (O-C) values, the Blazhko period is derived. The Blazhko periods of NU Aur (114.8 days) and VY CrB (32.3 days) are reported here for the first time and a more accurate period for CX Lyr (68.3 days) has been obtained. The three stars are subject to strong Blazhko effect, but this effect has different characteristics for each of them. When we compare the variations of magnitude at maximum and variations of (O-C) values with respect to the Blazhko phase, these variations are either in phase, in opposition, or even in quadrature.
EE 511 Solutions to Problem Set 8 1. E[Yt] = E[Xt] cos 2fct. E[Yt] is periodic with period 1/fc.
Bhashyam, Srikrishna
EE 511 Solutions to Problem Set 8 1. E[Yt] = E[Xt] cos 2fct. E[Yt] is periodic with period 1/fc. RY (t, t + ) = E[Xt+ cos 2fc(t + )Xt cos 2fct] = RX() 2 [cos 2fc + cos 2fc(2t + )] RY (t, t + ) is periodic with period 1/(2fc). Therefore, Yt is wide-sense cyclostationary with period 1/fc. E[Zt] = E[Xt]E[cos
Chaotic Dynamics of One-Dimensional Systems with Periodic Boundary Conditions
Pankaj Kumar; Bruce N. Miller
2014-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We provide appropriate tools for the analysis of dynamics and chaos for one-dimensional systems with periodic boundary conditions. Our approach allows for the investigation of the dependence of the largest Lyapunov exponent on various initial conditions of the system. The method employs an effective approach for defining the phase-space distance appropriate for systems with periodic boundary and allows for an unambiguous test-orbit rescaling in the phase space required to calculate the Lyapunov exponents. We elucidate our technique by applying it to investigate the chaotic dynamics of a one-dimensional plasma with periodic boundary. Exact analytic expressions are derived for the electric field and potential using Ewald sums thereby making it possible to follow the time-evolution of the plasma in simulation without any special treatment of the boundary. By employing a set of event-driven algorithms, we calculate the largest Lyapunov exponent, the radial distribution function and the kinetic pressure by following the evolution of the system in phase space without resorting to numerical manipulation of the equations of motion. Simulation results are presented and analyzed for the one-dimensional plasma with a view to examining the dynamical and chaotic behavior exhibited by small and large versions of the system.
Variable timing circuit for motive power battery chargers
Lambert, F.J.; Bosack, D.J.; Johansen, D.K.
1984-03-27T23:59:59.000Z
A timing circuit for charging motive power batteries. The timing control circuit provides different times of charge in accordance with the time at which a predetermined voltage/current state of the battery is achieved. Control circuit cooperates with a controller in causing termination of the charging operation immediately upon reaching of the voltage/current state if this occurs in a first time slot of an initial control time period. The timing circuit provides an automatic finish time period of charge if the battery reaches the predetermined voltage/current state at some time during the initial control time period. The control includes a switch permitting the user to cause an automatic additional amount of charging upon completion of the normal charging cycle effected by the control, such as for effecting a weekend charge. The control further includes structure for terminating the charging operation in the event the battery being charged does not reach the predetermined voltage/current state at the end of a preselected maximum time. A signal light signals such a fault condition in the charging operation.
On Time. 6b: Quantum Mechanical Time
C. K. Raju
2008-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
The existence of small amounts of advanced radiation, or a tilt in the arrow of time, makes the basic equations of physics mixed-type functional differential equations. The novel features of such equations point to a microphysical structure of time. This corresponds to a change of logic at the microphysical level. We show that the resulting logic is a quantum logic. This provides a natural and rigorous explanation of quantum interference. This structured-time interpretation of quantum mechanics is briefly compared with various other interpretations of q.m.
IRC-10443: a multi-periodic SRa variable and the nature of long secondary periods in AGB stars
U. Munari; A. Siviero; P. Ochner; S. Dallaporta; C. Simoncelli
2008-10-08T23:59:59.000Z
We obtained BVIc photometry of IRC-10443 on 85 different nights distributed over two years, and in addition low resolution absolute spectro- photometry and high resolution Echelle spectroscopy. Our data show that IRC-10443, which was never studied before in any detail, is a SRa variable, characterized by Delta(B)=1.27, Delta(V)=1.14 and Delta(I)=0.70 mag amplitudes and mean values =13.75, =11.33 and =6.18 mag. Two strong periodicities are simultaneously present: a principal one of 85.5 (+/-0.2) days, and a secondary one of 620 (+/-15) days, both sinusoidal in shape, and with semi-amplitudes Delta(V)=0.41 and 0.20 mag, respectively. IRC-10443 turns out to be a M7III star, with a mean heliocentric radial velocity -28 km/s and reddened by E(B-V)=0.87, a third of which of circumstellar origin. The same 0.5 kpc distance is derived from application of the appropriate period-luminosity relations to both the principal and the secondary periods. The long secondary period causes a sinusoidal variation in color of 0.13 mag semi-amplitude in V-Ic, with IRC-10443 being bluest at maximum and reddest at minimum, and with associated changes in effective temperature and radius of 85 K and 6%, respectively. This behavior of colors argues in favor of a pulsation nature for the still mysterious long secondary periods in AGB stars.
Parameters of Integral Circulant Graphs and Periodic Quantum Dynamics
Nitin Saxena; Simone Severini; Igor Shparlinski
2007-03-26T23:59:59.000Z
The intention of the paper is to move a step towards a classification of network topologies that exhibit periodic quantum dynamics. We show that the evolution of a quantum system, whose hamiltonian is identical to the adjacency matrix of a circulant graph, is periodic if and only if all eigenvalues of the graph are integers (that is, the graph is integral). Motivated by this observation, we focus on relevant properties of integral circulant graphs. Specifically, we bound the number of vertices of integral circulant graphs in terms of their degree, characterize bipartiteness and give exact bounds for their diameter. Additionally, we prove that circulant graphs with odd order do not allow perfect state transfer.
Periodic Schrödinger operators with local defects and spectral pollution
Eric Cancès; Virginie Ehrlacher; Yvon Maday
2011-11-16T23:59:59.000Z
This article deals with the numerical calculation of eigenvalues of perturbed periodic Schr\\"odinger operators located in spectral gaps. Such operators are encountered in the modeling of the electronic structure of crystals with local defects, and of photonic crystals. The usual finite element Galerkin approximation is known to give rise to spectral pollution. In this article, we give a precise description of the corresponding spurious states. We then prove that the supercell model does not produce spectral pollution. Lastly, we extend results by Lewin and S\\'er\\'e on some no-pollution criteria. In particular, we prove that using approximate spectral projectors enables one to eliminate spectral pollution in a given spectral gap of the reference periodic Sch\\"odinger operator.
Periodic fluctuations in deep water formation due to sea ice
Saha, Raj
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
During the last ice age several quasi-periodic abrupt warming events took place. Known as Dansgaard-Oeschger (DO) events their effects were felt globally, although the North Atlantic experienced the largest temperature anomalies. Paleoclimate data shows that the fluctuations often occurred right after massive glacial meltwater releases in the North Atlantic and in bursts of three or four with progressively decreasing strengths. In this study a simple dynamical model of an overturning circulation and sea ice is developed with the goal of understanding the fundamental mechanisms that could have caused the DO events. Interaction between sea ice and the overturning circulation in the model produces self-sustained oscillations. Analysis and numerical experiments reveal that the insulating effect of sea ice causes the ocean to periodically vent out accumulated heat in the deep ocean into the atmosphere. Subjecting the model to idealized freshwater forcing mimicking Heinrich events causes modulation of the natural p...
Period tripling causes rotating spirals in agitated wet granular layers
Kai Huang; Ingo Rehberg
2011-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
Pattern formation of a thin layer of vertically agitated wet granular matter is investigated experimentally. Rotating spirals with three arms, which correspond to the kinks between regions with different colliding phases, are the dominating pattern. This preferred number of arms corresponds to period tripling of the agitated granular layer, unlike predominantly subharmonic Faraday crispations in dry granular matter. The chirality of the spatiotemporal pattern corresponds to the rotation direction of the spirals.
Sorting by Periodic Potential Energy Landscapes: Optical Fractionation
Kosta Ladavac; Karen Kasza; David G. Grier
2003-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
Viscously damped objects driven through a periodically modulated potential energy landscape can become kinetically locked in to commensurate directions through the landscape, and thus can be deflected away from the driving direction. We demonstrate that the threshold for an object to become kinetically locked in to an array can depend exponentially on its size. When implemented with an array of holographic optical tweezers, this provides the basis for a continuous and continuously optimized sorting technique for mesoscopic objects called ``optical fractionation''.
PARC Periodical: Volume 5, Issue 3 | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption Queueing & Running Jobs DataPeriodical
Rehabilitating space-times with NUTs
Clément, Gérard; Guenouche, Mourad
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the Taub-NUT solution of the Einstein equations without time periodicity condition, showing that the Misner string is still fully transparent for geodesics. In this case, analytic continuation can be carried out through both horizons leading to a Hausdorff spacetime without a central singularity, and thus geodesically complete. Furthermore, we show that, in spite of the presence of a region containing closed time-like curves, there are no closed causal {\\em geodesics}. Thus, some longstanding obstructions to accept the Taub-NUT solution as physically relevant are removed.
Rehabilitating space-times with NUTs
Gérard Clément; Dmitri Gal'tsov; Mourad Guenouche
2015-08-30T23:59:59.000Z
We revisit the Taub-NUT solution of the Einstein equations without time periodicity condition, showing that the Misner string is still fully transparent for geodesics. In this case, analytic continuation can be carried out through both horizons leading to a Hausdorff spacetime without a central singularity, and thus geodesically complete. Furthermore, we show that, in spite of the presence of a region containing closed time-like curves, there are no closed causal {\\em geodesics}. Thus, some longstanding obstructions to accept the Taub-NUT solution as physically relevant are removed.
An evolved donor star in the long-period cataclysmic variable HS 0218+3229
Rodríguez-Gil, P; Gänsicke, B T; Muñoz-Darias, T; Steeghs, D; Schwarz, R; Rau, A; Hagen, H J
2009-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Context. We present time-resolved spectroscopy and photometry of HS 0218+3229, a new long-period cataclysmic variable discovered within the Hamburg Quasar Survey. It is one of the few systems that allow a dynamical measurement of the masses of the stellar components. Aims. We combine the analysis of time-resolved optical spectroscopy and R-band photometry with the aim of measuring the mass of the white dwarf and the donor star and the orbital inclination. Methods. Cross-correlation of the spectra with K-type dwarf templates is used to derive the radial velocity curve of the donor star. An optimal subtraction of the broadened templates is performed to measure the rotational broadening and constrain the spectral type of the donor. Finally, an ellipsoidal model is fitted to the R-band light curve to obtain constraints upon the orbital inclination of the binary system. Results. The orbital period of HS 0218+3229 is found to be 0.297229661 +- 0.000000001 d (7.13351186 +- 0.00000002 h), and the amplitude of the don...
Quasilocal conservation laws in XXZ spin-1/2 chains: open, periodic and twisted boundary conditions
Tomaz Prosen
2014-08-05T23:59:59.000Z
A continuous family of quasilocal exact conservation laws is constructed in the anisotropic Heisenberg (XXZ) spin-1/2 chain for periodic (or twisted) boundary conditions and for a set of commensurate anisotropies densely covering the entire easy plane interaction regime. All local conserved operators follow from the standard (Hermitian) transfer operator in fundamental representation (with auxiliary spin s=1/2), and are all even with respect to a spin flip operation. However, the quasilocal family is generated by differentiation of a non-Hermitian highest weight transfer operator with respect to a complex auxiliary spin representation parameter s and includes also operators of odd parity. For a finite chain with open boundaries the time derivatives of quasilocal operators are not strictly vanishing but result in operators localized near the boundaries of the chain. We show that a simple modification of the non-Hermitian transfer operator results in exactly conserved, but still quasilocal operators for periodic or generally twisted boundary conditions. As an application, we demonstrate that implementing the new exactly conserved operator family for estimating the high-temperature spin Drude weight results, in the thermodynamic limit, in exactly the same lower bound as for almost conserved family and open boundaries. Under the assumption that the bound is saturating (suggested by agreement with previous thermodynamic Bethe ansatz calculations) we propose a simple explicit construction of infinite time averages of local operators such as the spin current.
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
J, Bobak M: Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: aA, Diaz-Sanchez D: Air pollution and allergy: you are whatas: Herr et al. : Air pollution exposure during critical
Winkelmann, Tim, E-mail: tim.winkelmann@med.uni-heidelberg.de; Cee, Rainer; Haberer, Thomas; Naas, Bernd; Peters, Andreas; Schreiner, Jochen [Heidelberger Ionenstrahl-Therapie Centrum (HIT), D -69120 Heidelberg (Germany)] [Heidelberger Ionenstrahl-Therapie Centrum (HIT), D -69120 Heidelberg (Germany)
2014-02-15T23:59:59.000Z
The clinical operation at the Heidelberg Ion Beam Therapy Center (HIT) started in November 2009; since then more than 1600 patients have been treated. In a 24/7 operation scheme two 14.5 GHz electron cyclotron resonance ion sources are routinely used to produce protons and carbon ions. The modification of the low energy beam transport line and the integration of a third ion source into the therapy facility will be shown. In the last year we implemented a new extraction system at all three sources to enhance the lifetime of extraction parts and reduce preventive and corrective maintenance. The new four-electrode-design provides electron suppression as well as lower beam emittance. Unwanted beam sputtering effects which typically lead to contamination of the insulator ceramics and subsequent high-voltage break-downs are minimized by the beam guidance of the new extraction system. By this measure the service interval can be increased significantly. As a side effect, the beam emittance can be reduced allowing a less challenging working point for the ion sources without reducing the effective beam performance. This paper gives also an outlook to further enhancements at the HIT ion source testbench.
late May through mid August 2013 (dates flexible) CSU Compensation: as available CSU class credit and
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
as: Herr et al. : Air pollution exposure during criticalJ, Bobak M: Ambient air pollution and pregnancy outcomes: aSaxon A, Diaz-Sanchez D: Air pollution and allergy: you are
Laforest, Marc
superconductor (HTS) devices of increasing complexity. Different formulations (using different state variables- gular wire carrying transport current and/or subjected to an ex- ternal field require several minutes of computation on fast work- stations. The simulation of real wires and devices would involve a large increase
Gorban, Alexander N.
,3] to the case of open flows, such as flow in tubes or in static mixers. In the case of time-periodic velocity
Guenter Nimtz
2009-01-26T23:59:59.000Z
How much time does a tunneling wave packet spent in traversing a barrier? Quantum mechanical calculations result in zero time inside a barrier . In the nineties analogous tunneling experiments with microwaves were carried out. The results agreed with quantum mechanical calculations. Electron tunneling time is hard to measure being extremely short and parasitic effects due to the electric charge of electrons may be dominant. However, quite recently the atomic ionization tunneling time has been measured. Experimental data of photonic, phononic, and electronic tunneling time is available now and will be presented. It appears that the tunneling time is a universal property independent of the field in question.
Yet another time about time - Part I
Plamen L. Simeonov
2015-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents yet another personal reflection on one the most important concepts in both science and the humanities: time. This elusive notion has been not only bothering philosophers since Plato and Aristotle. It goes throughout human history embracing all analytical and creative (anthropocentric) disciplines. Time has been a central theme in physical and life sciences, philosophy, psychology, music, art and many more. This theme is known with a vast body of knowledge across different theories and categories. What has been explored concerns its nature (rational, irrational, arational), appearances/qualia, degrees, dimensions and scales of conceptualization (internal, external, fractal, discrete, continuous, mechanical, quantum, local, global, etc.). Of particular interest have been parameters of time such as duration ranges, resolutions, modes (present, now, past, future), varieties of tenses (e.g. present perfect, present progressive, etc.) and some intuitive, but also fancy phenomenological characteristics such as arrow, stream, texture, width, depth, density, even scent. Perhaps the most distinct characteristic of this fundamental concept is the absolute time constituting the flow of consciousness according to Husserl, the reflection of pure (human) nature without having the distinction between exo and endo. This essay is a personal reflection upon the meaning of time in modern physics and phenomenological philosophy.
Lightweight Time Modeling in Timed Creol
Bjørk, Joakim; Owe, Olaf; Schlatte, Rudolf; 10.4204/EPTCS.36.4
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Creol is an object-oriented modeling language in which inherently concurrent objects exchange asynchronous method calls. The operational semantics of Creol is written in an actor-based style, formulated in rewriting logic. The operational semantics yields a language interpreter in the Maude system, which can be used to analyze models. Recently, Creol has been applied to the modeling of systems with radio communication, such as sensor systems. With radio communication, messages expire and, if sent simultaneously, they may collide in the air. In order to capture these and other properties of distributed systems, we extended Creol's operational semantics with a notion of time. We exploit the framework of a language interpreter to use a lightweight notion of time, in contrast to that needed for a general purpose specification language. This paper presents a timed extension of Creol, including the semantics and the implementation strategy, and discusses its properties using an extended example. The approach can be...
NASA-TM-III642 Design of Inielligent Mesoscale Periodic Array
Asher, Sanford A.
i" /} , NASA-TM-III642 Design of Inielligent Mesoscale Periodic Array Structures Utilizing Smart *National Research Council hitrodoetion Mesoscale Periodic Arlay Structures (MPAS, also known as crystalline
Orbital and Super-Orbital Periods of 1E 1740.7-2942 and GRS 1758-258
D. M. Smith; W. A. Heindl; J. H. Swank
2002-09-13T23:59:59.000Z
Five years of Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer (RXTE) observations of the Galactic black-hole candidates 1E 1740.7-2942 and GRS 1758-258 show a periodic modulation with amplitude 3-4% in each source at 12.73 +/- 0.05 dy and 18.45 +/- 0.10 dy, respectively. We interpret the modulations as orbital, suggesting that the objects have red-giant companions. Combining the RXTE data with earlier data (Zhang, Harmon & Liang 1997) from the Burst and Transient Source Experiment on the Compton Gamma-Ray Observatory, we find a long period or quasi-period of about 600 dy in 1E 1740.7-2942, and a suggestion of a similar 600-dy period in GRS 1758-258. These timescales are longer than any yet found for either precessing systems like Her X-1 and SS 433 or binaries like LMC X-3 and Cyg X-1 with more irregular long periods.
Hydraulic Characteristics of the Lower Snake River During Periods of Juvenile Fall Chinook Migration
Cook, Chris B.; Dibrani, Berhon; Richmond, Marshall C.; Bleich, Matthew D.; Titzler, P. Scott; Fu, Tao
2006-01-30T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents a four-year study to assess hydraulic conditions in the lower Snake River. The work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Cold water released from the Dworshak Reservoir hypolimnion during mid- to late-summer months cools the Clearwater River far below equilibrium temperature. The volume of released cold water augments the Clearwater River, and the combined total discharge is on the order of the Snake River discharge when the two rivers meet at their confluence near the upstream edge of Lower Granite Reservoir. With typical temperature differences between the Clearwater and Snake rivers of 10°C or more during July and August, the density difference between the two rivers during summer flow augmentation periods is sufficient to stratify Lower Granite Reservoir as well as the other three reservoirs downstream. Because cooling of the river is desirable for migrating juvenile fall Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during this same time period, the amount of mixing and cold water entrained into Lower Granite Reservoir’s epilimnion at the Clearwater/Snake River confluence is of key biological importance to juvenile fall Chinook salmon. Data collected during this project indicates the three reservoirs downstream of Lower Granite also stratify as direct result of flow augmentation from Dworshak Reservoir. These four lower Snake reservoirs are also heavily influenced by wind forcing at the water’s surface, and during periods of low river discharge, often behave like a two-layer lake. During these periods of stratification, lower river discharge, and wind forcing, the water in the upper layer of the reservoir is held in place or moves slightly upstream. This upper layer is also exposed to surface heating and may warm up to temperatures close to equilibrium temperature. The depth of this upper warm layer and its direction of travel may also be of key biological importance to juvenile fall Chinook salmon. This report describes field data collection, modeling, and analysis of hydrodynamic and temperature conditions in the Lower Granite Reservoir during the summer flow augmentation periods of 2002, 2003, and 2004 plus a brief one-week period in 2005 of Lower Monumental, Little Goose, and Lower Granite Reservoirs. Circulation patterns in all four lower Snake River reservoirs were numerically simulated for periods of 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 using CE-QUAL-W2. Simulation results show that these models are sufficiently capable of matching diurnal and long term temperature and velocity changes in the reservoirs. In addition, the confluence zone of the Clearwater and Snake rivers was modeled using the 3-D model Flow3-D. This model was used to better understand mixing processing and entrainment. Once calibrated and validated, the reservoir models were used to investigate downstream impacts of alternative reservoir operation schemes, such as increasing or decreasing the ratio of Clearwater to Snake discharge. Simulation results were also linked with the particle tracking model FINS to better understand alterations of integrated metrics due to alternative operation schemes. These findings indicate that significant alterations in water temperature throughout the lower Snake River are possible by altering hypolimnetic discharges from Dworshak Reservoir and may have a significant impact on the behavior of migrating juvenile fall Chinook salmon during periods of flow augmentation.
Kumar, Pankaj; Cho, Kyung-Suk
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report decaying quasi-periodic intensity oscillations in the X-ray (6-12 keV) and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) channels (131, 94, 1600, 304 \\AA) observed by the Fermi GBM (Gamma-ray Burst Monitor) and SDO/AIA, respectively, during a C-class flare. The estimated period of oscillation and decay time in the X-ray channel (6-12 keV) was about 202 s and 154 s, respectively. A similar oscillation period was detected at the footpoint of the arcade loops in the AIA 1600 and 304 \\AA channels. Simultaneously, AIA hot channels (94 and 131 \\AA) reveal propagating EUV disturbances bouncing back and forth between the footpoints of the arcade loops. The period of the oscillation and decay time were about 409 s and 1121 s, respectively. The characteristic phase speed of the wave is about 560 km/s for about 115 Mm loop length, which is roughly consistent with the sound speed at the temperature about 10-16 MK (480-608 km/s). These EUV oscillations are consistent with the SOHO/SUMER Doppler-shift oscillations interpreted as the...
Time Asymmetric Quantum Physics
A. Bohm
1999-02-26T23:59:59.000Z
Mathematical and phenomenological arguments in favor of asymmetric time evolution of micro-physical states are presented.
Search for periodicities in the experimental solar neutrino data: A wavelet approach
Ranucci, Gioacchino; Sello, Stefano [Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Via Celoria 16, 20133 Milan (Italy); Mathematical and Physical Models-Enel Research, Via Andrea Pisano 120, 56122 Pisa (Italy)
2007-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
The time series of the {sup 8}B solar neutrino measurements released by the Super- Kamiokande and SNO Collaborations have been recently investigated by several groups for possible modulation signatures through standard Fourier-based techniques. In this work we present an alternative analysis of the same data sets based on the wavelet approach, whose key advantage with respect to the traditional methodologies is the ability to capture and follow the time evolution of transient modulation features as well. Moreover, we show the results of the wavelet analysis applied to the mean solar magnetic field and flare index data recorded in the same data-taking period of the two experiments, with the goal of carrying out a direct check of the concurrent presence (if any) of evidence for corresponding time variations in the solar data and in the solar neutrino series. The main outcomes of this investigation are, on one hand, the clear identification of the expected annual modulation variation due to the eccentricity of the Earth's orbit, and on the other, the demonstration that no further reliable time variation signals can be unraveled, within the current experimental sensitivity, in the measured solar neutrino flux.
Noncommutative Two Time Physics
W. Chagas-Filho
2006-05-10T23:59:59.000Z
We present a classical formalism describing two-time physics with Abelian canonical gauge field backgrounds. The formalism can be used as a starting point for the construction of an interacting quantized two-time physics theory in a noncommutative soace-time.
Beyond periodic orbits: An example in nonhydrogenic atoms
Dando, P.A.; Monteiro, T.S.; Delande, D.; Taylor, K.T. (Department of Mathematics, Royal Holloway, University of London, Egham, Surrey, TW20 0EX (United Kingdom) Laboratoire Kastler-Brossel, Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, 4 place Jussieu, F-75005 Paris (France) Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, Queen's University Belfast, Belfast, BT7 1NN (United Kingdom))
1995-02-13T23:59:59.000Z
The spectrum of hydrogen in a magnetic field is a paradigm of quantum chaos and may be analyzed accurately by periodic-orbit-type theories. In nonhydrogenic atoms, the core induces pure quantum effects, especially additional spectral modulations, which cannot be analyzed reliably in terms of classical orbits and their stability parameters. Provided core-scattered waves are included consistently, core-scattered modulations as well as corrected amplitudes for primitive orbits are in excellent agreement with quantum results. We consider whether these systems correspond to quantum chaos.
PARC Periodical | Vol. 6, Issue 1 | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption Queueing & Running Jobs DataPeriodical | Vol. 6,
PARC Periodical, Volume 5, Issue 2 | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption Queueing & Running Jobs DataPeriodical | Vol.
PARC Periodical- Volume 5, Issue 1 | Photosynthetic Antenna Research Center
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5(Million Cubic Feet) Oregon (Including Vehicle Fuel) (Million Cubic Feet) NaturalOctoberConsumption Queueing & Running Jobs DataPeriodical | Vol.
Bott-Kitaev Periodic Table and the Diagonal Map
R. Kennedy; M. R. Zirnbauer
2014-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
Building on the 10-way symmetry classification of disordered fermions, the authors have recently given a homotopy-theoretic proof of Kitaev's "Periodic Table" for topological insulators and superconductors. The present paper offers an introduction to the physical setting and the mathematical model used. Basic to the proof is the so-called Diagonal Map, a natural transformation akin to the Bott map of algebraic topology, which increases by one unit both the momentum-space dimension and the symmetry index of translation-invariant ground states of gapped free-fermion systems. This mapping is illustrated here with a few examples of interest.
Forced Oscillations in Fluid Tori and Quasi-Periodic Oscillations
William H. Lee
2005-10-19T23:59:59.000Z
The kilo-Hertz Quasi--Periodic Oscillations in X-ray binaries could originate within the accretion flow, and be a signature of non--linear fluid oscillations and mode coupling in strong gravity. The possibility to decipher these systems will impact our knowledge of fundamental parameters such as the neutron star mass, radius, and spin. Thus they offer the possibility to constrain the nuclear equation of state and the rotation parameter of stellar--mass black holes. We review the general properties of these oscillations from a hydrodynamical point of view, when the accretion flow is subject to external perturbations and summarize recent results.
T. Matolcsi; P. Van
2006-10-23T23:59:59.000Z
A four dimensional treatment of nonrelativistic space-time gives a natural frame to deal with objective time derivatives. In this framework some well known objective time derivatives of continuum mechanics appear as Lie-derivatives. Their coordinatized forms depends on the tensorial properties of the relevant physical quantities. We calculate the particular forms of objective time derivatives for scalars, vectors, covectors and different second order tensors from the point of view of a rotating observer. The relation of substantial, material and objective time derivatives is treated.
S. Pireaux
2007-03-23T23:59:59.000Z
The LISA mission is a space interferometer aiming at the detection of gravitational waves in the [$10^{-4}$,$10^{-1}$] Hz frequency band. In order to reach the gravitational wave detection level, a Time Delay Interferometry (TDI) method must be applied to get rid of (most of) the laser frequency noise and optical bench noise. This TDI analysis is carried out in terms of the coordinate time corresponding to the Barycentric Coordinate Reference System (BCRS), TCB, whereas the data at each of the three LISA stations is recorded in terms of each station proper time. We provide here the required proper time versus BCRS time transformation. We show that the difference in rate of station proper time versus TCB is of the order of $5 10^{-8}$. The difference between station proper times and TCB exhibits an oscillatory trend with a maximum amplitude of about $10^{-3}$ s.
Ekoto, Dr Isaac [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL); Peterson, Dr. Brian [University of Edinburgh; Szybist, James P [ORNL; Northrop, Dr. William [University of Minnesota
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A central challenge for efficient auto-ignition controlled low-temperature gasoline combustion (LTGC) engines has been achieving the combustion phasing needed to reach stable performance over a wide operating regime. The negative valve overlap (NVO) strategy has been explored as a way to improve combustion stability through a combination of charge heating and altered reactivity via a recompression stroke with a pilot fuel injection. The study objective was to analyze the thermal and chemical effects on NVO-period energy recovery. The analysis leveraged experimental gas sampling results obtained from a single-cylinder LTGC engine along with cylinder pressure measurements and custom data reduction methods used to estimate period thermodynamic properties. The engine was fueled by either iso-octane or ethanol, and operated under sweeps of NVO-period oxygen concentration, injection timing, and fueling rate. Gas sampling at the end of the NVO period was performed via a custom dump-valve apparatus, with detailed sample speciation by in-house gas chromatography. The balance of NVO-period input and output energy flows was calculated in terms of fuel energy, work, heat loss, and change in sensible energy. Experiment results were complemented by detailed chemistry single-zone reactor simulations performed at relevant mixing and thermodynamic conditions, with results used to evaluate ignition behavior and expected energy recovery yields. For the intermediate bulk-gas temperatures present during the NVO period (900-1100 K), weak negative temperature coefficient behavior with iso-octane fueling significantly lengthened ignition delays relative to similar ethanol fueled conditions. Faster ethanol ignition chemistry led to lower recovered fuel intermediate yields relative to similar iso-octane fueled conditions due to more complete fuel oxidation. From the energy analysis it was found that increased NVO-period global equivalence ratio, either from lower NVOperiod oxygen concentrations or higher fueling rates, in general led to a greater fraction of net recovered fuel energy and work as heat losses were minimized. These observations were supported by complementary single-zone reactor model results, which further indicated that kinetic time-scales favor chemical energy-consuming exothermic oxidation over slower endothermic reformation. Nonetheless, fuel energy recovery close to the thermodynamic equilibrium solution was achieved for baseline conditions that featured 4% NVO-period oxygen concentration.
Ferromagnetism in the two-dimensional periodic Anderson model
Batista, C. D.; Bonca, J.; Gubernatis, J. E.
2001-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Using the constrained-path Monte Carlo method, we studied the magnetic properties of the two-dimensional periodic Anderson model for electron fillings between 1/4 and 1/2. We also derived two effective low-energy theories to assist in interpreting the numerical results. For 1/4 filling, we found that the system can be a Mott or a charge-transfer insulator, depending on the relative values of the Coulomb interaction and the charge-transfer gap between the two noninteracting bands. The insulator may be a paramagnet or antiferromagnet. We concentrated on the effect of electron doping on these insulating phases. Upon doping we obtained a partially saturated ferromagnetic phase for low concentrations of conduction electrons. If the system were a charge-transfer insulator, we would find that the ferromagnetism is induced by the well-known Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interaction. However, we found a novel correlated hopping mechanism inducing the ferromagnetism in the region where the nondoped system is a Mott insulator. Our regions of ferromagnetism spanned a much smaller doping range than suggested by recent slave boson and dynamical mean-field theory calculations, but they were consistent with that obtained by density-matrix renormalization group calculations of the one-dimensional periodic Anderson model.
Turbulent transport phenomena in a channel with periodic rib turbulators
Liou, T.M.; Hwang, J.J.; Chen, S.H. (National Tsing Hua University, Hsinchu (Taiwan))
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
Periodic fully developed turbulent flow in a 2D channel with rib turbulators on two opposite walls has been studied numerically and experimentally. In numerical predictions, an algebraic Reynolds stress turbulence model is adopted, and a smoothed hybrid central/skew upstream difference scheme is developed. In experiments, the laser-Doppler velocimetry and laser holographic interferometry are employed to measure the local flow and heat transfer characteristics. The results are obtained with the ratio of pitch to rib height 5, 10, 15, and 20, for Reynolds number of 3.3 x 10 exp 4 and are presented in terms of the reattachment length, mean velocity and turbulent kinetic energy profiles, isotherm patterns, and distributions of local pressure recovery and Nusselt number. A detailed comparison with experimental data shows that the present calculations have an improvement over the previous work in the prediction of periodic ribbed-wall flow and heat transfer. In addition, regions susceptible to hot spots are identified by examining the distributions of the local Nusselt number. Furthermore, the enhancement of mean Nusselt number is documented in terms of relative contributions of the increased turbulence intensity and surface area provided by the ribs. 32 refs.
Periodicity of the solar full-disk magnetic fields
Xiang, N. B.; Qu, Z. N.; Zhai, Q. [National Astronomical Observatories/Yunnan Observatory, CAS, Kunming 650011 (China)
2014-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
A full-disk solar magnetogram has been measured each day since 1970 January 19, and the daily Magnetic Plage Strength Index (MPSI) and the daily Mount Wilson Sunspot Index (MWSI) were calculated for each magnetogram at the Mount Wilson Observatory. The MPSI and MWSI are used to investigate the periodicity of the solar full-disk magnetic activity through autocorrelation analyses. Just two periods, the solar cycle and the rotation cycle, are determined in both the MPSI (the solar full-disk weak magnetic field activity) and MWSI (the solar full-disk strong magnetic field activity) with no annual signal found. The solar cycle for MPSI (10.83 yr) is found to be obviously longer than that for MWSI (9.77 yr). The rotation cycle is determined to be 26.8 ± 0.63 sidereal days for MPSI and 27.4 ± 2.4 sidereal days for MWSI. The rotation cycle length for MPSI is found to fluctuate around 27 days within a very small amplitude, but for MWSI it obviously temporally varies with a rather large amplitude. The rotation cycle for MWSI seems longer near solar minimum than at solar maximum. Cross-correlation analyses of daily MPSI and MWSI are carried out, and it is inferred that the MPSI components partly come from relatively early MWSI measurements.
Effect of Materials and Curing Period on Shrinkage of Concrete
West, Maria B.
2010-02-04T23:59:59.000Z
shrinkage reducing admixture at a dosage rate of 2 percent by weight of cement reduced the shrinkage of concrete nearly 32 percent after 365 days. The shrinkage reducing admixture, however, produced concrete that at times exhibited an unstable air content....
DOE Extends Public Comment Period for the Draft Uranium Leasing...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
25,000 acres - that are leased to private entities for uranium and vanadium mining. No mining operations are active on these lands at this time. DOE is preparing the ULP...
DOE Extends Public Comment Period for Uranium Program Environmental...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
25,000 acres - that are leased to private entities for uranium and vanadium mining. No mining operations are active on these lands at this time. DOE is preparing the ULP...
Multi-period optimization of pavement management systems
Yoo, Jaewook
2004-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this research is to develop a model and solution methodology for selecting and scheduling timely and cost-effective maintenance, rehabilitation, and reconstruction activities (M & R) for each pavement section ...
Broader source: Energy.gov [DOE]
Energy Conservation Program for Consumer Products: Test Procedures for Furnaces and Boilers, Comment Period Extension
Yousef Ghazi-Tabatabai
2012-11-19T23:59:59.000Z
While Quantum Gravity remains elusive and Quantum Field Theory retains the interpretational difficulties of Quantum Mechanics, we have introduced an alternate approach to the unification of particles, fields, space and time, suggesting that the concept of matter as space without time provides a framework which unifies matter with spacetime and in which we anticipate the development of complete theories (ideally a single unified theory) describing observed 'particles, charges, fields and forces' solely with the geometry of our matter-space-time universe.
Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics
Ita, Eyo Eyo; Yu, Hoi-Lai
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental canonical commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.
White, Lynn
2000-06-27T23:59:59.000Z
, you expect unused time to come around again, so that when the same opportunities appear you will be wiser about how to use it. Consider how your cultural background af_fects the w ay you plan and manage time. W *Both cited in Bauer, J. It?s Time.... Effective time management means decid- ing which activity should be done from all the possibilities available, and then doing it. It is a matter of setting priorities. Deciding which jobs are most important and working on those may be better than doing less...
Intrinsic Time Quantum Geometrodynamics
Eyo Eyo Ita III; Chopin Soo; Hoi-Lai Yu
2015-02-06T23:59:59.000Z
Quantum Geometrodynamics with intrinsic time development and momentric variables is presented. An underlying SU(3) group structure at each spatial point regulates the theory. The intrinsic time behavior of the theory is analyzed, together with its ground state and primordial quantum fluctuations. Cotton-York potential dominates at early times when the universe was small; the ground state naturally resolves Penrose's Weyl Curvature Hypothesis, and thermodynamic and gravitational `arrows of time' point in the same direction. Ricci scalar potential corresponding to Einstein's General Relativity emerges as a zero-point energy contribution. A new set of fundamental commutation relations without Planck's constant emerges from the unification of Gravitation and Quantum Mechanics.
Resonant quantum dynamics of few ultracold bosons in periodically driven finite lattices
Mistakidis, S I; Negretti, A; Schmelcher, P
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The out-of-equilibrium dynamics of finite ultracold bosonic ensembles in periodically driven one-dimensional optical lattices is investigated. Our study reveals that the driving enforces the bosons in different wells to oscillate in-phase and to exhibit a dipole-like mode. A wide range from weak-to-strong driving frequencies is covered and a resonance-like behaviour of the intra-well dynamics is discussed. In the proximity of the resonance a rich intraband excitation spectrum is observed. The single particle excitation mechanisms are studied in the framework of Floquet theory elucidating the role of the driving frequency. The impact of the interatomic repulsive interactions is examined in detail yielding a strong influence on the tunneling period and the excitation probabilities. Finally, the dependence of the resonance upon a variation of the tunable parameters of the optical lattice is examined. Our analysis is based on the ab-initio Multi-Configuration Time-Dependent Hartree Method for bosons.
Extracting Periodic Transit Signals from Noisy Light Curves using Fourier Series
Samsing, Johan
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a simple and powerful method for extracting a transit signal from noisy light curves. Assuming the signal is periodic, we illustrate that systematic noise can be removed in Fourier space at all frequencies, by only using data from inside a time window which is matched to the main planet transits. This results in a reconstruction of the signal which on average is unbiased, despite that no prior knowledge of either the noise or the transit signal itself is used in the analysis. The method has therefore clear advantages over standard phase folding, which normally requires external input such as nearby stars or noise models for removing systematic components. In addition, we extract the full 360 degree transit signal simultaneously, and Kepler like data can be analyzed in just a few seconds. We illustrate the performance of our method by applying it to a dataset composed of light curves from Kepler with a fake injected signal emulating a planet with rings. For extracting periodic transit signals, our p...
All-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S4 data
Abbott, B; Adhikari, R; Agresti, J; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Amin, R; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arain, M; Araya, M; Armandula, H; Ashley, M; Aston, S; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Babak, S; Ballmer, S; Bantilan, H; Barish, B C; Barker, C; Barker, D; Barr, B; Barriga, P; Barton, M A; Bayer, K; Belczynski, K; Betzwieser, J; Beyersdorf, P T; Bhawal, B; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Biswas, R; Black, E; Blackburn, K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Bogenstahl, J; Bogue, L; Bork, R; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Brau, J E; Brinkmann, M; Brooks, A; Brown, D A; Bullington, A; Bunkowski, A; Buonanno, A; Burmeister, O; Busby, D; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Camp, J B; Cannizzo, J; Cannon, K; Cantley, C A; Cao, J; Cardenas, L; Casey, M M; Castaldi, G; Cepeda, C; Chalkey, E; Charlton, P; Chatterji, S; Chelkowski, S; Chen, Y; Chiadini, F; Chin, D; Chin, E; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Clark, J; Cochrane, P; Cokelaer, T; Colacino, C N; Coldwell, R; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T; Coward, D; Coyne, D; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Croce, R P; Crooks, D R M; Cruise, A M; Cumming, A; Dalrymple, J; D'Ambrosio, E; Danzmann, K; Davies, G; De Bra, D; Degallaix, J; Degree, M; Demma, T; Dergachev, V; Desai, S; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Daz, M; Dickson, J; Di Credico, A; Diederichs, G; Dietz, A; Doomes, E E; Drever, R W P; Dumas, J C; Dupuis, R J; Dwyer, J G; Ehrens, P; Espinoza, E; Etzel, T; Evans, M; Evans, T; Fairhurst, S; Fan, Y; Fazi, D; Fejer, M M; Finn, L S; Fiumara, V; Fotopoulos, N; Franzen, A; Franzen, K Y; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fyffe, M; Galdi, V; Garofoli, J; Gholami, I; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Goda, K; Goetz, E; Goggin, L M; González, G; Gossler, S; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, a C; Gray, M; Greenhalgh, J; Gretarsson, A M; Grosso, R; Grote, H; Grünewald, S; Günther, M; Gustafson, R; Hage, B; Hammer, D; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G; Harstad, E; Hayler, T; Heefner, J; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hirose, E; Hoak, D; Hosken, D; Hough, J; Howell, E; Hoyland, D; Huttner, S H; Ingram, D; Innerhofer, E; Ito, M; Itoh, Y; Ivanov, A; Jackrel, D; Johnson, B; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, G; Jones, R; Ju, L; Kalmus, Peter Ignaz Paul; Kalogera, V; Kasprzyk, D; Katsavounidis, E; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Khalili, F Ya; Kim, C; King, P; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Kopparapu, R K; Kozak, D; Krishnan, B; Kwee, P; Lam, P K; Landry, M; Lantz, B; Lazzarini, A; Lee, B; Lei, M; Leiner, J; Leonhardt, V; Leonor, I; Libbrecht, K; Lindquist, P; Lockerbie, N A; Longo, M; Lormand, M; Lubinski, M; Luck, H; Machenschalk, B; MacInnis, M; Mageswaran, M; Mailand, K; Malec, M; Mandic, V; Marano, S; Marka, S; Markowitz, J; Maros, E; Martin, I; Marx, J N; Mason, K; Matone, L; Matta, V; Mavalvala, a N; McCarthy, R; McClelland, D E; McGuire, S C; McHugh, M; McKenzie, K; McNabb, J W C; McWilliams, S; Meier, T; Melissinos, A; Mendell, G; Mercer, R A; Meshkov, S; Messaritaki, E; Messenger, C J; Meyers, D; Mikhailov, E; Mitra, S; Mitrofanov, V P; Mitselmakher, G; Mittleman, R; Miyakawa, O; Mohanty, S; Moreno, G; Mossavi, K; Mow Lowry, C; Moylan, A; Mudge, D; Müller, G; Mukherjee, S; Muller-Ebhardt, H; Munch, J; Murray, P; Myers, E; Myers, J; Nash, T; Newton, G; Nishizawa, A; Numata, K; O'Reilly, B; O'Shaughnessy, R; Ottaway, D J; Overmier, H; Owen, B J; Pan, Y; Papa, M A; Parameshwaraiah, V; Patel, P; Pedraza, M; Penn, S; Pierro, V; Pinto, I M; Pitkin, M; Pletsch, H; Plissi, M V; Postiglione, F; Prix, R; Quetschke, V; Raab, F; Rabeling, D; Radkins, H; Rahkola, R; Rainer, N; Rakhmanov, M; Ramsunder, M; Rawlins, K; Ray-Majumder, S; Re, V; Rehbein, H; Reid, S; Reitze, D H; Ribichini, L; Riesen, R; Riles, K; Rivera, B; Robertson, N A; Robinson, C; Robinson, E L; Roddy, S; Rodríguez, A; Rogan, A M; Rollins, J; Romano, J D; Romie, J; Route, R; Rowan, S; Rüdiger, A; Ruet, L; Russell, P; Ryan, K; Sakata, S; Samidi, M; Sancho de la Jordana, L; Sandberg, V; Sannibale, V; Saraf, S; Sarin, P; Sathyaprakash, B S; Sato, S; Saulson, P R; Savage, R; Savov, P; Schediwy, S; Schilling, R; Schnabel, R; Schofield, R; Schutz, B F; Schwinberg, P; Scott, S M; Searle, A C; Sears, B; Seifert, F; Sellers, D; Sengupta, A S; Shawhan, P; Shoemaker, D H; Sibley, A; Sidles, J A; Siemens, X; Sigg, D; Sinha, S; Sintes, A M; Slagmolen, B J J; Slutsky, J; Smith, J R; Smith, M R; Somiya, K; Strain, K A; Strom, D M; Stuver, A; Summerscales, T Z; Sun, K X; Sung, M; Sutton, P J; Takahashi, H; Tanner, D B; Tarallo, M; Taylor, R; Taylor, R; Thacker, J; Thorne, K A; Thorne, K S; Thüring, A; Tokmakov, K V; Torres, C; Torrie, C; Traylor, G; Trias, M; Tyler, W; Ugolini, D; Ungarelli, C; Urbanek, K; Vahlbruch, H; Vallisneri, M; Van Den Broeck, C; Varvella, M; Vass, S; Vecchio, A; Veitch, J; Veitch, P; Villar, A; Vorvick, C
2007-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50-1000 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -1.0E-8 Hz/s to zero. Data from the fourth LIGO science run (S4) have been used in this search. Three different semi-coherent methods of transforming and summing strain power from Short Fourier Transforms (SFTs) of the calibrated data have been used. The first, known as "StackSlide", averages normalized power from each SFT. A "weighted Hough" scheme is also developed and used, and which also allows for a multi-interferometer search. The third method, known as "PowerFlux", is a variant of the StackSlide method in which the power is weighted before summing. In both the weighted Hough and PowerFlux methods, the weights are chosen according to the noise and detector antenna-pattern to maximize the signal-to-noise ratio. The respective advantages and disadvantages of these methods are discussed. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitationa...
Gu Zhanji; Ge Weigao [Department of Computer Science, Hainan Normal University, Haikou, HaiNan 571158 (China) and Department of Applied Mathematics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China); Department of Applied Mathematics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081 (China)
2006-09-15T23:59:59.000Z
By using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory and constructing suitable Lyapunov functions, we study the existence, uniqueness, and global exponential stability of periodic solution for shunting inhibitory cellular neural networks with impulses, dx{sub ij}/dt=-a{sub ij}x{sub ij}-{sigma}{sub C{sub K}{sub 1}}{sub (set-membershipsign)=N{sub r}{sub (i,j)}C{sub ij}{sup kl}f{sub ij}[x{sub kl}(t)]x{sub ij}+L{sub ij}(t), t>0,t{ne}t{sub k}; {delta}x{sub ij}(t{sub k})=x{sub ij}(t{sub k}{sup +})-x{sub ij}(t{sub k}{sup -})=I{sub k}[x{sub ij}(t{sub k})], k=1,2,... . Furthermore, the numerical simulation shows that our system can occur in many forms of complexities, including periodic oscillation and chaotic strange attractor. To the best of our knowledge, these results have been obtained for the first time. Some researchers have introduced impulses into their models, but analogous results have never been found.
All-sky Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Full S5 LIGO Data
J. Abadie; B. P. Abbott; R. Abbott; T. D. Abbott; M. Abernathy; T. Accadia; F. Acernese; C. Adams; R. Adhikari; C. Affeldt; P. Ajith; B. Allen; G. S. Allen; E. Amador Ceron; D. Amariutei; R. S. Amin; S. B. Anderson; W. G. Anderson; K. Arai; M. A. Arain; M. C. Araya; S. M. Aston; P. Astone; D. Atkinson; P. Aufmuth; C. Aulbert; B. E. Aylott; S. Babak; P. Baker; G. Ballardin; S. Ballmer; D. Barker; F. Barone; B. Barr; P. Barriga; L. Barsotti; M. Barsuglia; M. A. Barton; I. Bartos; R. Bassiri; M. Bastarrika; A. Basti; J. Batch; J. Bauchrowitz; Th. S. Bauer; M. Bebronne; B. Behnke; M. G. Beker; A. S. Bell; A. Belletoile; I. Belopolski; M. Benacquista; J. M. Berliner; A. Bertolini; J. Betzwieser; N. Beveridge; P. T. Beyersdorf; I. A. Bilenko; G. Billingsley; J. Birch; R. Biswas; M. Bitossi; M. A. Bizouard; E. Black; J. K. Blackburn; L. Blackburn; D. Blair; B. Bland; M. Blom; O. Bock; T. P. Bodiya; C. Bogan; R. Bondarescu; F. Bondu; L. Bonelli; R. Bonnand; R. Bork; M. Born; V. Boschi; S. Bose; L. Bosi; B. Bouhou; S. Braccini; C. Bradaschia; P. R. Brady; V. B. Braginsky; M. Branchesi; J. E. Brau; J. Breyer; T. Briant; D. O. Bridges; A. Brillet; M. Brinkmann; V. Brisson; M. Britzger; A. F. Brooks; D. A. Brown; A. Brummit; T. Bulik; H. J. Bulten; A. Buonanno; J. Burguet--Castell; O. Burmeister; D. Buskulic; C. Buy; R. L. Byer; L. Cadonati; G. Cagnoli; J. Cain; E. Calloni; J. B. Camp; P. Campsie; J. Cannizzo; K. Cannon; B. Canuel; J. Cao; C. D. Capano; F. Carbognani; S. Caride; S. Caudill; M. Cavaglià; F. Cavalier; R. Cavalieri; G. Cella; C. Cepeda; E. Cesarini; O. Chaibi; T. Chalermsongsak; E. Chalkley; P. Charlton; E. Chassande-Mottin; S. Chelkowski; Y. Chen; A. Chincarini; A. Chiummo; H. Cho; N. Christensen; S. S. Y. Chua; C. T. Y. Chung; S. Chung; G. Ciani; F. Clara; D. E. Clark; J. Clark; J. H. Clayton; F. Cleva; E. Coccia; P. -F. Cohadon; C. N. Colacino; J. Colas; A. Colla; M. Colombini; A. Conte; R. Conte; D. Cook; T. R. Corbitt; M. Cordier; N. Cornish; A. Corsi; C. A. Costa; M. Coughlin; J. -P. Coulon; P. Couvares; D. M. Coward; D. C. Coyne; J. D. E. Creighton; T. D. Creighton; A. M. Cruise; A. Cumming; L. Cunningham; E. Cuoco; R. M. Cutler; K. Dahl; S. L. Danilishin; R. Dannenberg; S. D'Antonio; K. Danzmann; V. Dattilo; B. Daudert; H. Daveloza; M. Davier; G. Davies; E. J. Daw; R. Day; T. Dayanga; R. De Rosa; D. DeBra; G. Debreczeni; J. Degallaix; W. Del Pozzo; M. del Prete; T. Dent; V. Dergachev; R. DeRosa; R. DeSalvo; S. Dhurandhar; L. Di Fiore; A. Di Lieto; I. Di Palma; M. Di Paolo Emilio; A. Di Virgilio; M. Díaz; A. Dietz; F. Donovan; K. L. Dooley; S. Dorsher; M. Drago; R. W. P. Drever; J. C. Driggers; Z. Du; J. -C. Dumas; S. Dwyer; T. Eberle; M. Edgar; M. Edwards; A. Effler; P. Ehrens; G. Endr?czi; R. Engel; T. Etzel; K. Evans; M. Evans; T. Evans; M. Factourovich; V. Fafone; S. Fairhurst; Y. Fan; B. F. Farr; W. Farr; D. Fazi; H. Fehrmann; D. Feldbaum; I. Ferrante; F. Fidecaro; L. S. Finn; I. Fiori; R. P. Fisher; R. Flaminio; M. Flanigan; S. Foley; E. Forsi; L. A. Forte; N. Fotopoulos; J. -D. Fournier; J. Franc; S. Frasca; F. Frasconi; M. Frede; M. Frei; Z. Frei; A. Freise; R. Frey; T. T. Fricke; D. Friedrich; P. Fritschel; V. V. Frolov; P. J. Fulda; M. Fyffe; M. Galimberti; L. Gammaitoni; M. R. Ganija; J. Garcia; J. A. Garofoli; F. Garufi; M. E. Gáspár; G. Gemme; R. Geng; E. Genin; A. Gennai; L. Á. Gergely; S. Ghosh; J. A. Giaime; S. Giampanis; K. D. Giardina; A. Giazotto; C. Gill; E. Goetz; L. M. Goggin; G. González; M. L. Gorodetsky; S. Goßler; R. Gouaty; C. Graef; M. Granata; A. Grant; S. Gras; C. Gray; N. Gray; R. J. S. Greenhalgh; A. M. Gretarsson; C. Greverie; R. Grosso; H. Grote; S. Grunewald; G. M. Guidi; C. Guido; R. Gupta; E. K. Gustafson; R. Gustafson; T. Ha; B. Hage; J. M. Hallam; D. Hammer; G. Hammond; J. Hanks; C. Hanna; J. Hanson; J. Harms; G. M. Harry; I. W. Harry; E. D. Harstad; M. T. Hartman; K. Haughian; K. Hayama; J. -F. Hayau; T. Hayler; J. Heefner; A. Heidmann; M. C. Heintze; H. Heitmann; P. Hello; M. A. Hendry; I. S. Heng; A. W. Heptonstall; V. Herrera; M. Hewitson; S. Hild; D. Hoak; K. A. Hodge; K. Holt; T. Hong; S. Hooper; D. J. Hosken; J. Hough; E. J. Howell; B. Hughey; S. Husa; S. H. Huttner; T. Huynh-Dinh; D. R. Ingram; R. Inta; T. Isogai; A. Ivanov; K. Izumi; M. Jacobson; H. Jang; P. Jaranowski; W. W. Johnson; D. I. Jones; G. Jones; R. Jones; L. Ju; P. Kalmus; V. Kalogera; I. Kamaretsos; S. Kandhasamy; G. Kang; J. B. Kanner; E. Katsavounidis; W. Katzman; H. Kaufer; K. Kawabe; S. Kawamura; F. Kawazoe; W. Kells; D. G. Keppel; Z. Keresztes; A. Khalaidovski; F. Y. Khalili; E. A. Khazanov; B. Kim; C. Kim; D. Kim; H. Kim; K. Kim; N. Kim; Y. -M. Kim; P. J. King; M. Kinsey; D. L. Kinzel; J. S. Kissel; S. Klimenko; K. Kokeyama; V. Kondrashov; R. Kopparapu; S. Koranda; W. Z. Korth; I. Kowalska; D. Kozak; V. Kringel; S. Krishnamurthy; B. Krishnan; A. Królak
2011-10-02T23:59:59.000Z
We report on an all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency band 50-800 Hz and with the frequency time derivative in the range of 0 through -6e-9 Hz/s. Such a signal could be produced by a nearby spinning and slightly non-axisymmetric isolated neutron star in our galaxy. After recent improvements in the search program that yielded a 10x increase in computational efficiency, we have searched in two years of data collected during LIGO's fifth science run and have obtained the most sensitive all-sky upper limits on gravitational wave strain to date. Near 150 Hz our upper limit on worst-case linearly polarized strain amplitude $h_0$ is 1e-24, while at the high end of our frequency range we achieve a worst-case upper limit of 3.8e-24 for all polarizations and sky locations. These results constitute a factor of two improvement upon previously published data. A new detection pipeline utilizing a Loosely Coherent algorithm was able to follow up weaker outliers, increasing the volume of space where signals can be detected by a factor of 10, but has not revealed any gravitational wave signals. The pipeline has been tested for robustness with respect to deviations from the model of an isolated neutron star, such as caused by a low-mass or long-period binary companion.
All-sky LIGO Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Early S5 Data
LIGO Scientific Collaboration
2008-10-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on an all-sky search with the LIGO detectors for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range 50--1100 Hz and with the frequency's time derivative in the range -5.0E-9 Hz/s to zero. Data from the first eight months of the fifth LIGO science run (S5) have been used in this search, which is based on a semi-coherent method (PowerFlux) of summing strain power. Observing no evidence of periodic gravitational radiation, we report 95% confidence-level upper limits on radiation emitted by any unknown isolated rotating neutron stars within the search range. Strain limits below 1.E-24 are obtained over a 200-Hz band, and the sensitivity improvement over previous searches increases the spatial volume sampled by an average factor of about 100 over the entire search band. For a neutron star with nominal equatorial ellipticity of 1.0E-6, the search is sensitive to distances as great as 500 pc--a range that could encompass many undiscovered neutron stars, albeit only a tiny fraction of which would likely be rotating fast enough to be accessible to LIGO. This ellipticity is at the upper range thought to be sustainable by conventional neutron stars and well below the maximum sustainable by a strange quark star.
Dynamically tunable Fano resonance in periodically asymmetric graphene nanodisk pair
Zhang, Zhengren; Fan, Yuancheng; Yin, Pengfei; Zhang, Liwei; Shi, Xi
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a dynamically frequency tunable Fano resonance planar device composed of periodically asymmetric graphene nanodisk pair for the mid-infrared region. There are two kinds of modes in this structure, that is, the symmetric mode and the antisymmetric mode. The resonance coupling between the symmetric and antisymmetric modes creates a classical Fano resonance. Both of the Fano resonance amplitude and frequency of the structure can be dynamically controlled by varying the Fermi energy of graphene. Resonance transition in the structure is studied to reveal the physical mechanism behind the dynamically tunable Fano resonance. The features of the Fano resonant graphene nanostructures should have promising applications in tunable THz filters, switches, and modulators.
Periodic relativity: deflection of light, acceleration, rotation curves
Vikram H. Zaveri
2014-12-08T23:59:59.000Z
Vectorial analysis relating to derivation of deflection of light is presented. Curvilinear acceleration is distinguished from the Newtonian polar conic acceleration. The difference between the two is due to the curvature term. Lorentz invariant expression for acceleration is derived. A physical theory of rotation curves of galaxies based on second solution to Einstein's field equation is presented. Theory is applied to Milky Way, M31, NGC3198 and Solar system. Modified Kepler's third law yields correct orbital periods of stars in a galaxy. Deviation factor in the line element of the theory happens to be the ratio of the Newtonian gravitational acceleration to the measured acceleration of the star in the galaxy. Therefore this deviation factor can replace the MOND function.
Variable Selection and Inference for Multi-period Forecasting Problems
Pesaran, M Hashem; Pick, Andreas; Timmermann, Allan
?t,x?t)?. Multi-period forecasts of yt can then be obtained iteratively using a conventional VAR of the form zt = µz + ( Ap(L) Bq(L) Cr(L) Ds(L) ) zt?1 + ?t, (10) where p and q are the lag order of yt and xt in the equation for yt and r and s is the lag order... , i.e. Cr(L) and Bq(L) in particular. To deal with this issue, a conditional factor-augmentation approach can be used. In this approach, the large-dimensional xt-vector is condensed into a subset of factors, fˆ t, of dimension m < M , used to summarize...
Short-Period RF Undulator for a SASE Nanometer source
Jay L. Hirshfield
2001-12-21T23:59:59.000Z
Analysis is described towards development of a RF undulator with a period < 1 cm, an undulator parameter K of the order of unity, and a gap greater than 2.25 mm. The application for the undulator is for a SASE source to produce 1 nm wavelength radiation using a low energy electron beam in the range 1-2 GeV. Particle orbit calculations in a conventional standing-wave resonator configuration show that the presence of a co-propagating component of RF field can cause deleterious motion for the undulating electrons that can seriously degrade their radiation spectrum. To obviate this problem, resonator designs were devised in which only the counter-propagating field components interact with the particles. Two resonator configurations with the same undulator parameter K = 0.4 have been devised and are described in this report.
A Radio SETI Campaign for microsec-sec Periodic Signals
Harp, G R; Astorga, Alfredo; Arbunich, Jack; Hightower, Kristin; Meitzner, Seth; Barott, W C; Nolan, Michael C; Messerschmitt, D G; Vakoch, Douglas A; Shostak, Seth; Tarter, J C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report a novel radio autocorrelation (AC) search for extraterrestrial intelligence (SETI). For selected frequencies across the terrestrial microwave window (1-10 GHz) observations were conducted at the Allen Telescope Array to identify artificial non-sinusoidal periodic signals with radio bandwidths greater than 1 kHz, which are capable of carrying substantial messages with symbol-rates from 10-10e6 Hz. Out of 243 observations, about half (101) were directed toward sources with known continuum flux greater than 1 Jy (quasars, pulsars, supernova remnants and masers), based on the hypothesis that they might harbor heretofore undiscovered natural or artificial, repetitive, phase or frequency modulation. The rest of the targets were mostly toward exoplanet stars and similarly interesting targets from the standpoint of SETI. This campaign rules out several previously untested hypotheses relating to the number of artificially modulated "natural" sources. Since we are using a phase sensitive detector, these obser...
Physics Division progress report for period ending September 30, 1984
Livingston, A.B. (ed.)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The research activities of the Division are centered primarily in three areas: experimental nuclear physics, experimental atomic physics, and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics. The largest of these efforts, experimental nuclear physics, is dominated by the heavy ion research program. A major responsibility under this program is the operation of the Holifield Heavy Ion Research Facility as a national user facility. During the period of this report, the facility has begun routine operation for the experimental program. The experimental atomic physics program has two components: the accelerator-based studies of basic collisional phenomena and the studies in support of the controlled fusion program. Also associated with the fusion-related studies are a plasma diagnostics program and the operation of an atomic physics data center. The theoretical physics program, both nuclear and atomic, is covered. This program has benefited this year from the success of the VAX-AP computer system and from the increase in manpower provided by the ORNL/University of Tennessee Distinguished Scientist Program. Smaller programs in applications and high-energy physics are summarized. During the period of this report, we continued to explore possible future extensions of the Holifield Facility. We retain a strong interest in a relativistic heavy-ion collider in the 10 x 10 GeV/nuclear energy range. The ideas for such a facility, described in last year's report, have been modified to utilize the HHIRF 25 MV tandem accelerator as the first stage. Finally, the report concludes with some general information on publications, Division activities, and personnel changes.
Assessing historical global sulfur emission patterns for the period 1850--1990
Lefohn, A.S. [A.S.L. and Associates, Helena, MT (United States); Husar, J.D.; Husar, R.B. [Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States). Center for Air Pollution Impact and Trend Analysis; Brimblecombe, P. [Univ. of East Anglia, Norwich (United Kingdom)
1996-07-19T23:59:59.000Z
Anthropogenic sulfur dioxide emissions from energy-producing and metal production activities have become an important factor in better understanding the relationship between humans and the environment. Concerns about (1) acid rain effects on the environment and (2) anthropogenic aerosols affecting possible global change have prompted interest in the transformation and fate of sulfur in the environment. One step in assessing the importance of sulfur emissions is the development of a reliable regional emission inventory of sulfur as a function of time. The objective of this research effort was to create a homogeneous database for historical sulfur emission estimates for the world. The time from 1850--1990 was selected to include the period of industrialization form the time the main production of fuels and minerals began until the most recent year for which complete production data exist. This research effort attempts to correct some of the deficiencies associated with previous global sulfur emission estimates by (1) identifying those production activities that resulted in sulfur emissions by country and (2) calculating historical emission trends by country across years. An important component of this study was the comparison of the sulfur emission results with those of previous studies.
Developing Improved Travel Time Reliability Measures For Real-time
Bertini, Robert L.
reliability Use for prioritizing improvements Outline #12; 95th Percentile Travel Time Travel Time Index: mean travel time divided by free flow travel time Buffer Index: difference between 95th percentile travel time and mean travel time, divided by mean travel time Planning Time Index: 95th percentile
E. Minguzzi
2009-09-04T23:59:59.000Z
Every time function on spacetime gives a (continuous) total preordering of the spacetime events which respects the notion of causal precedence. The problem of the existence of a (semi-)time function on spacetime and the problem of recovering the causal structure starting from the set of time functions are studied. It is pointed out that these problems have an analog in the field of microeconomics known as utility theory. In a chronological spacetime the semi-time functions correspond to the utilities for the chronological relation, while in a K-causal (stably causal) spacetime the time functions correspond to the utilities for the K^+ relation (Seifert's relation). By exploiting this analogy, we are able to import some mathematical results, most notably Peleg's and Levin's theorems, to the spacetime framework. As a consequence, we prove that a K-causal (i.e. stably causal) spacetime admits a time function and that the time or temporal functions can be used to recover the K^+ (or Seifert) relation which indeed turns out to be the intersection of the time or temporal orderings. This result tells us in which circumstances it is possible to recover the chronological or causal relation starting from the set of time or temporal functions allowed by the spacetime. Moreover, it is proved that a chronological spacetime in which the closure of the causal relation is transitive (for instance a reflective spacetime) admits a semi-time function. Along the way a new proof avoiding smoothing techniques is given that the existence of a time function implies stable causality, and a new short proof of the equivalence between K-causality and stable causality is given which takes advantage of Levin's theorem and smoothing techniques.
Neighboring Interactions in a Periodic Plasmonic Material for Solar-Thermal Energy Conversion
Musho, Terence D; Coppens, Zackary J
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A periodic plasmonic meta-material was studied using finite-difference time domain (FDTD) method to investigate the influence of neighboring particles on the near unity optical absorptivity. The meta-material was constructed as a silver nanoparticle (20-90nm) situated above an alumina (Al$_2$O$_3$) dielectric environment. A full parametric sweep of the particle width and the dielectric thickness was conducted. Computational results identified several resonances between the metal-dielectric and metal-air that have potential to broadening the response through stacked geometry. A significant coupled resonance between the metal-dielectric resonance and a cavity resonance between particles was capture as a function of dielectric thickness. This coupled resonance was not evident below dielectric thicknesses of 40nm and above cavity widths of 20nm. Additionally, a noticeable propagating surface plasmon polariton resonance was predicted when the particle width was half the unit cell length.
Search for periodic gravitational radiation with the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector
E. Mauceli; M. P. McHugh; W. O. Hamilton; W. W. Johnson; A. Morse
2000-07-11T23:59:59.000Z
We describe the search for a continuous signal of gravitational radiation from a rotating neutron star in the data taken by the ALLEGRO gravitational wave detector in early 1994. Since ALLEGRO is sensitive at frequencies near 1 kHz, only neutron stars with spin periods near 2 ms are potential sources. There are no known sources of this typ e for ALLEGRO, so we directed the search towards both the galactic center and the globular clus ter 47 Tucanae. The analysis puts a constraint of roughly $8 \\times 10^{-24}$ at frequencies near 1 kHz on the gravitational strain emitted from pulsar spin-down in either 47 Tucanae or the galactic center.
General model selection estimation of a periodic regression with a Gaussian noise
Konev, Victor; 10.1007/s10463-008-0193-1
2010-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper considers the problem of estimating a periodic function in a continuous time regression model with an additive stationary gaussian noise having unknown correlation function. A general model selection procedure on the basis of arbitrary projective estimates, which does not need the knowledge of the noise correlation function, is proposed. A non-asymptotic upper bound for quadratic risk (oracle inequality) has been derived under mild conditions on the noise. For the Ornstein-Uhlenbeck noise the risk upper bound is shown to be uniform in the nuisance parameter. In the case of gaussian white noise the constructed procedure has some advantages as compared with the procedure based on the least squares estimates (LSE). The asymptotic minimaxity of the estimates has been proved. The proposed model selection scheme is extended also to the estimation problem based on the discrete data applicably to the situation when high frequency sampling can not be provided.
Finding zeros of the Riemann zeta function by periodic driving of cold atoms
C. E. Creffield; G. Sierra
2015-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The Riemann hypothesis, which states that the non-trivial zeros of the Riemann zeta function all lie on a certain line in the complex plane, is one of the most important unresolved problems in mathematics. Inspired by the P\\'olya-Hilbert conjecture, we propose a new approach to finding a physical system to study the Riemann zeros, which in contrast to previous examples, is based on applying a time-periodic driving field. This driving allows us to mould the quasienergies of the system (the analogue of the eigenenergies in the absence of driving), so that they are directly governed by the zeta function. We further show by numerical simulations that this allows the Riemann zeros to be measured in currently accessible cold atom experiments.
Unipolar half-cycle pulse generation in asymmetrical media with a periodic subwavelength structure
Song Xiaohong; Yang Weifeng; Zeng Zhinan; Li Ruxin; Xu Zhizhan [State Key Laboratory of High Field Laser Physics, Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China)
2010-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
We present a method to generate an extremely short unipolar half-cycle pulse based on resonant propagation of a few-cycle pulse through asymmetrical media with periodic subwavelength structure. Moreover, single- and few-cycle gap solitons with different frequencies are found to split from one incident few-cycle ultrashort pulse. These solitons with various frequencies provide evidence for the generation of different parametric waves during the strong light-matter coupling in asymmetrical media under the extreme nonlinear optics condition. Because of the pulse self-shaping process during the course of resonant propagation, the generated low-frequency sideband and another broadband continuum sideband ranging from the visible to the near-infrared regime couple together, which results in the generation of the subfemtosecond unipolar half-cycle pulse. A time-frequency analysis is preformed which corroborates the mechanism. The generated unipolar half-cycle pulse might be utilized to control and probe the ultrafast electronic dynamics.
Loki, Io: New groundbased observations and a model describing the change from periodic overturn
Julie A. Rathbun; John R. Spencer
2006-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
Loki Patera is the most powerful volcano in the solar system. We have obtained measurements of Loki's 3.5 micron brightness from NASA's Infrared Telescope Facility (IRTF) and have witnessed a change from the periodic behavior previously noted. While Loki brightened by a factor of several every 540 days prior to 2001, from 2001 through 2004 Loki remained at a constant, medium brightness. We have constructed a quantitative model of Loki as a basaltic lava lake whose solidified crust overturns when it becomes buoyantly unstable. By altering the speed at which the overturn propagates across the patera, we can match our groundbased brightness data. In addition, we can match other data taken at other times and wavelengths. By slowing the propagation speed dramatically, we can match the observations from 2001-2004. This slowing may be due to a small change in volatile content in the magma.
Superfluid Dynamics of a Bose-Einstein Condensate in a Periodic Potential
C. Menotti; A. Smerzi; A. Trombettoni
2003-10-31T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the superfluid properties of a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) trapped in a one dimensional periodic potential. We study, both analytically (in the tight binding limit) and numerically, the Bloch chemical potential, the Bloch energy and the Bogoliubov dispersion relation, and we introduce {\\it two} different, density dependent, effective masses and group velocities. The Bogoliubov spectrum predicts the existence of sound waves, and the arising of energetic and dynamical instabilities at critical values of the BEC quasi-momentum which dramatically affect its coherence properties. We investigate the dependence of the dipole and Bloch oscillation frequencies in terms of an effective mass averaged over the density of the condensate. We illustrate our results with several animations obtained solving numerically the time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation.
Hierarchical Hough all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S5 data
Llucia Sancho de la Jordana; for the LIGO Scientific Collaboration; the Virgo Collaboration
2010-01-21T23:59:59.000Z
We describe a new pipeline used to analyze the data from the fifth science run (S5) of the LIGO detectors to search for continuous gravitational waves from isolated spinning neutron stars. The method employed is based on the Hough transform, which is a semi-coherent, computationally efficient, and robust pattern recognition technique. The Hough transform is used to find signals in the time-frequency plane of the data whose frequency evolution fits the pattern produced by the Doppler shift imposed on the signal by the Earth's motion and the pulsar's spin-down during the observation period. The main differences with respect to previous Hough all-sky searches are described. These differences include the use of a two-step hierarchical Hough search, analysis of coincidences among the candidates produced in the first and second year of S5, and veto strategies based on a $\\chi^2$ test.
High field pulsed microwiggler comprising a conductive tube with periodically space slots
Warren, Roger W. (Santa Fe, NM)
1992-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A microwiggler assembly produces large magnetic fields for oscillating ched particle beams, particularly electron beams for free electron laser (FEL) application. A tube of electrically conductive material is formed with radial slots axially spaced at the period of the electron beam. The slots have alternate 180.degree. relationships and are formed to a maximum depth of 0.6 to 0.7 times the tube circumference. An optimum slot depth is selected to eliminate magnetic quadrupole fields within the microwiggler as determined from a conventional pulsed wire technique. Suitable slot configurations include single slits, double slits, triple slits, and elliptical slots. An axial electron beam direction is maintained by experimentally placing end slits adjacent entrance and exit portions of the assembly, where the end slit depth is determined by use of the pulsed wire technique outside the tube.
High field pulsed microwiggler comprising a conductive tube with periodically space slots
Warren, R.W.
1992-09-01T23:59:59.000Z
A microwiggler assembly produces large magnetic fields for oscillating charged particle beams, particularly electron beams for free electron laser (FEL) application. A tube of electrically conductive material is formed with radial slots axially spaced at the period of the electron beam. The slots have alternate 180[degree] relationships and are formed to a maximum depth of 0.6 to 0.7 times the tube circumference. An optimum slot depth is selected to eliminate magnetic quadrupole fields within the microwiggler as determined from a conventional pulsed wire technique. Suitable slot configurations include single slits, double slits, triple slits, and elliptical slots. An axial electron beam direction is maintained by experimentally placing end slits adjacent entrance and exit portions of the assembly, where the end slit depth is determined by use of the pulsed wire technique outside the tube. 10 figs.
A. Boyarsky; P Gora
2007-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
We present a definition of time measurement based on high energy photons and the fundamental length scale, and show that, for macroscopic time, it is in accord with the Lorentz transformation of special relativity. To do this we define observer in a different way than in special relativity.
TRANSPORT OF HEAT, WATER VAPOR AND CARBON DOXIDE BY LONG PERIOD EDDIES IN THE STABLE BOUNDARY LAYER
Kurzeja, R.
2010-07-26T23:59:59.000Z
The vertical transport of heat and trace chemicals for a night in April has been studied with a wavelet analysis and conventional one-hour averages. It was found that for the night of April 20, 2009, turbulent kinetic energy, heat and trace chemicals were transported directed downward from the jet core. The most significant periods for this transport were less than 5 minutes and greater than one hour with intermittent transport taking place in the 5 min to 1 hour time frame. The nocturnal boundary layer is characterized by turbulent intermittency, long period oscillations, and a slow approach to equilibrium, (Mahrt, 1999). Although turbulence is usually maintained by surface friction, downward transport from low-level jets can also play an important role in turbulence maintenance and in the transport of scalars, Mahrt (1999), Banta et al. (2006). The eddy covariance flux measurement technique assumes continuous turbulence which is unusual in the stable boundary because significant flux transport occurs via turbulent eddies whose periods are long compared with the averaging time (Goulden et al., 1996). Systematic error in eddy flux measurements is attributed mainly to the neglect of long period eddies. Banta et al. (2006) noted that observations of turbulence below the low level jet suggested that while upward transport of turbulence kinetic energy (TKE) is common, downward transport from the jet can also occur. They found that in the CASES 99 experiments that turbulence scaled well with the strength of the low-level jet, and that surface cooling was more important than surface roughness. Because nocturnal turbulence is intermittent and non-stationary, the appropriate averaging time for calculation of TKE and EC fluxes is not obvious. Wavelet analysis is, thus, a more suitable analysis tool than conventional Fourier analysis.
M. Heller; W. Sasin
1997-11-17T23:59:59.000Z
In the groupoid approach to noncommutative quantization of gravity, gravitational field is quantized in terms of a C*-algebra A of complex valued funcions on a groupoid G (with convolution as multiplication). In the noncommutative quantum gravitational regime the concepts of space and time are meaningless. We study the "emergence of time" in the transition process from the noncommutative regime to the standard space-time geometry. Precise conditions are specified under which modular groups of the von Neumann algebra generated by A can be defined. These groups are interpreted as a state depending time flow. If the above conditions are further refined one obtains a state independent time flow. We show that quantum gravitational dynamics can be expressed in terms of modular groups.
Reducing EnergyPlus Run Time For Code Compliance Tools
Athalye, Rahul A.; Gowri, Krishnan; Schultz, Robert W.; Glazer, Jason
2014-09-12T23:59:59.000Z
Integration of the EnergyPlus ™ simulation engine into performance-based code compliance software raises a concern about simulation run time, which impacts timely feedback of compliance results to the user. EnergyPlus annual simulations for proposed and code baseline building models, and mechanical equipment sizing result in simulation run times beyond acceptable limits. This paper presents a study that compares the results of a shortened simulation time period using 4 weeks of hourly weather data (one per quarter), to an annual simulation using full 52 weeks of hourly weather data. Three representative building types based on DOE Prototype Building Models and three climate zones were used for determining the validity of using a shortened simulation run period. Further sensitivity analysis and run time comparisons were made to evaluate the robustness and run time savings of using this approach. The results of this analysis show that the shortened simulation run period provides compliance index calculations within 1% of those predicted using annual simulation results, and typically saves about 75% of simulation run time.
RXJ0806.3+1527: a double degenerate binary with the shortest known orbital period (321s)
G. L. Israel; W. Hummel; S. Covino; S. Campana; I. Appenzeller; W. Gassler; K. -H. Mantel; G. Marconi; C. W. Mauche; U. Munari; I. Negueruela; H. Nicklas; G. Rupprecht; R. L. Smart; O. Stahl; L. Stella
2002-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
We carried out optical observations of the field of the X-ray pulsator RXJ0806.3+1527. A blue V=21.1 star was found to be the only object consistent with the X-ray position. VLT FORS spectra revealed a blue continuum with no intrinsic absorption lines. Broad (v~1500 km/s), low equivalent width (about -1/-6A) emission lines from the HeII Pickering series were clearly detected. B, V and R time-resolved photometry revealed the presence of about 15% pulsations at the 321s X-ray period, confirming the identification. These findings, together with the period stability and absence of any additional modulation in the 1min-5hr period range, argue in favour of the orbital interpretation of the 321s pulsations. The most likely scenario is thus that RXJ0806.3+1527 is a double degenerate system of the AM CVn class. This would make RXJ0806.3+1527 the shortest orbital period binary currently known and one of the best candidates for gravitational wave detection.
Technical Note Solution of periodic heating problems by the
Barber, James R.
, the valves of an internal combustion engine experience direct heating from the combusting gases, cooling from numerical simulation of every cycle. It also permits a direct solution for the nodal temperatures-dimensional) examples and the obvious way to proceed is to use numerical simulation [5] ± i.e., to step in time solving
Martin, A.D.
1986-05-09T23:59:59.000Z
Method and apparatus are provided for generating an output pulse following a trigger pulse at a time delay interval preset with a resolution which is high relative to a low resolution available from supplied clock pulses. A first lumped constant delay provides a first output signal at predetermined interpolation intervals corresponding to the desired high resolution time interval. Latching circuits latch the high resolution data to form a first synchronizing data set. A selected time interval has been preset to internal counters and corrected for circuit propagation delay times having the same order of magnitude as the desired high resolution. Internal system clock pulses count down the counters to generate an internal pulse delayed by an internal which is functionally related to the preset time interval. A second LCD corrects the internal signal with the high resolution time delay. A second internal pulse is then applied to a third LCD to generate a second set of synchronizing data which is complementary with the first set of synchronizing data for presentation to logic circuits. The logic circuits further delay the internal output signal with the internal pulses. The final delayed output signal thereafter enables the output pulse generator to produce the desired output pulse at the preset time delay interval following input of the trigger pulse.
Real-Time Demand Side Energy Management
Victor, A.; Brodkorb, M.
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
• Provides periodic energy consumption reports Demand-Side Energy Management • Compares actual energy cost against defined dynamic targets • Alerts responsible personnel when corrective action is needed • Provides a list of recommended actions... stream_source_info ESL-IE-06-05-24.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 17485 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name ESL-IE-06-05-24.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 Real-Time Demand Side Energy...
Asymptotic reconstruction of the Fourier expansion of inputs of linear time-varying
along with several examples from the automotive engine industry, and with an oscillating water column retrieving wave energy. Keywords: Observers, Linear Time-Varying systems, Periodic input signals, Automotive automotive engine applications. In this domain of engineering, this periodicity stems from a fundamental
1.2000-2009 time-series return information for Snake River: a. Fall Chinook Salmon
#12;Content: 1.2000-2009 time-series return information for Snake River: a. Fall Chinook Salmon b Natural 2000 2009 Estimated Return Of #12;Species: Run: Origin: Period: Chinook Salmon Fall Natural and Hatchery 2000 2009 Estimated Return Of #12;#12;Species: Run: Origin: Period: Sockeye Salmon Wild
Physics division. Progress report for period ending September 30, 1996
Ball, S.J. [ed.
1997-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report covers the research and development activities of the Physics Division for the 1995 and 1996 fiscal years, beginning October 1, 1994, and ending September 30, 1996. The activities of the Division continue to be concentrated in the areas of experimental nuclear physics, experimental atomic physics, and theoretical nuclear and atomic physics. In addition, there are smaller programs in plasma diagnostics and data compilation and evaluation. During the period of this report, there has been considerable success in bringing the Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility (HRIBF) into routine operation. The budgets of the nuclear physics portion of the Division have increased each year in nearly all areas, and several new members have been added to the Division research and development staff. On August 30, 1996, the HRIBF successfully accelerated its first radioactive ion beams, {sup 69}As and {sup 70}As. Prior to this, the heart of the facility, the RIB injector system, was completed, including installation of a remote handling system for the target/ion source assembly. Target and ion source development is likely to be the technical key to success of the HRIBF. We have expanded our efforts in those development areas. Of special note is the development of highly permeable composite targets which have now been shown to allow release of difficult-to-produce radioactive ions such as {sup 17,18}F. A summary of the HRIBF work is provided in Chapter 1, along with supporting activities of the Joint Institute for Heavy Ion Research.
A renewal theory approach to periodic copolymers with adsorption
Francesco Caravenna; Giambattista Giacomin; Lorenzo Zambotti
2007-10-24T23:59:59.000Z
We consider a general model of a heterogeneous polymer chain fluctuating in the proximity of an interface between two selective solvents. The heterogeneous character of the model comes from the fact that the monomer units interact with the solvents and with the interface according to some charges that they carry. The charges repeat themselves along the chain in a periodic fashion. The main question concerning this model is whether the polymer remains tightly close to the interface, a phenomenon called localization, or whether there is a marked preference for one of the two solvents, thus yielding a delocalization phenomenon. In this paper, we present an approach that yields sharp estimates for the partition function of the model in all regimes (localized, delocalized and critical). This, in turn, makes possible a precise pathwise description of the polymer measure, obtaining the full scaling limits of the model. A key point is the closeness of the polymer measure to suitable Markov renewal processes, Markov renewal theory being one of the central mathematical tools of our analysis.
Large deviations for quasi-periodic cocycles with singularities
Pedro Duarte; Silvius Klein
2015-07-10T23:59:59.000Z
We derive large deviations type (LDT) estimates for linear cocycles over an ergodic multifrequency torus translation. These models are called quasi-periodic cocycles. We make the following assumptions on the model: the translation vector satisfies a generic Diophantine condition, and the fiber action is given by a matrix valued analytic function of several variables which is not identically singular. The LDT estimates obtained here depend on some uniform measurements on the cocycle. Our general results derived in [9] regarding the continuity properties of the Lyapunov exponents (LE) and of the Oseledets filtration and decompositions are then applicable, and we obtain local weak-Holder continuity of these quantities in the presence of gaps in the Lyapunov spectrum. The main new feature of this work is allowing a cocycle depending on several variables to have singularities, i.e. points of non invertibility. This requires a careful analysis of the set of zeros of certain analytic functions of several variables and of the singularities (i.e. negative infinity values) of pluri-subharmonic functions related to the iterates of the cocycle. A refinement of this method in the one variable case leads to a stronger LDT estimate and in turn to a stronger, nearly-Holder modulus of continuity of the LE, Oseledets filtration and Oseledets decomposition. This is a draft of a chapter in our forthcoming research monograph [9].
Nonlinear Dynamics, Magnitude-Period Formula and Forecasts on Earthquake
Yi-Fang Chang
2008-02-02T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the geodynamics, an earthquake does not take place until the momentum-energy excess a faulting threshold value of rock due to the movement of the fluid layer under the rock layer and the transport and accumulation of the momentum. From the nonlinear equations of fluid mechanics, a simplified nonlinear solution of momentum corresponding the accumulation of the energy could be derived. Otherwise, a chaos equation could be obtained, in which chaos corresponds to the earthquake, which shows complexity on seismology, and impossibility of exact prediction of earthquakes. But, combining the Carlson-Langer model and the Gutenberg-Richter relation, the magnitude-period formula of the earthquake may be derived approximately, and some results can be calculated quantitatively. For example, we forecast a series of earthquakes of 2004, 2009 and 2014, especially in 2019 in California. Combining the Lorenz model, we discuss the earthquake migration to and fro. Moreover, many external causes for earthquake are merely the initial conditions of this nonlinear system.
The periodic standing-wave approximation: post-Minkowski computation
Christopher Beetle; Benjamin Bromley; Napoleón Hernández; Richard H. Price
2007-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
The periodic standing wave method studies circular orbits of compact objects coupled to helically symmetric standing wave gravitational fields. From this solution an approximation is extracted for the strong field, slowly inspiralling motion of black holes and binary stars. Previous work on this model has dealt with nonlinear scalar models, and with linearized general relativity. Here we present the results of the method for the post-Minkowski (PM) approximation to general relativity, the first step beyond linearized gravity. We compute the PM approximation in two ways: first, via the standard approach of computing linearized gravitational fields and constructing from them quadratic driving sources for second-order fields, and second, by solving the second-order equations as an ``exact'' nonlinear system. The results of these computations have two distinct applications: (i) The computational infrastructure for the ``exact'' PM solution will be directly applicable to full general relativity. (ii) The results will allow us to begin supplying initial data to collaborators running general relativistic evolution codes.
Center for Human Reliability Studies
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user
Center for Human Reliability Studies
2007-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
The purpose of this monograph is to provide information on drug retention times in the human body. The information provided is based on plausible illegal drug use activities that might be engaged in by a recreational drug user.
Rubinfeld, Ronitt
Sublinear time algorithms represent a new paradigm in computing, where an algorithm must give some sort of an answer after inspecting only a very small portion of the input. We discuss the types of answers that one can ...
McInnis, Martha Jane
1982-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Physical manifestations of time occur in natural forms of all sizes. Architectural form serves as shelter while providing a built envelope of human life, simultaneously influencing and influenced by energetic activities ...
A. UDALSKI; M. KUBIAK; M. SZYMANSKI; J. KALUZNY; M. MATEO; W. KRZEMINSKI
1995-01-09T23:59:59.000Z
This paper is the first part of the Catalog of Periodic Variable Stars in the Galactic bulge. The Catalog is based on observations collected during the OGLE microlensing search. 213 periodic variable stars brighter than I=18 mag: 31 pulsating, 116 eclipsing and 66 miscellaneous type variables from the Baade's Window BWC field are presented. Periodic variable stars from remaining 20 fields will be presented in similar form in the next parts of the Catalog. The Catalog as well as observations of all periodic variable objects are available to astronomical community over the Internet network.
Chapin, Kimberly R.
1997-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
TIME IN QUANTUM MECHANICS A Thesis by KIMBERLY R. CHAPIN Submitted to Texas A8M University in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of MASTER OF SCIENCE Approved as to style and content by: Marian O. Scully (Chair... of Committee) Edward S. Fry (Member) aan Laane (Member) Thomas W. Adair, III (Head of Department) August 1997 Major Subject: Physics TIME IN QIJANTUM MECHANICS A Thesis by KIMBERLY R. CHAPIN Submitted to the Oflice of Graduate Studies of Texas A...
Predictive Control for Time-Delayed Switching Control Systems
Barth, Eric J.
Predictive Control for Time-Delayed Switching Control Systems Bobby L. Shields Eric J. Barth A methodology is proposed for the control of switching systems characterized by linear system dynamics period determines the effect that the next control input will have on the future output of the system
RESEARCH Open Access Longitudinal variability of time-location/activity
Leistikow, Bruce N.
/weekend), season (warm/cool), sex, employment status, and over the follow-up period. Results: As expected, day- base (CHAD), which houses time-activity data from a large number of studies, are single-day diaries of the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0), which permits
Transmissions in Graphene through Double Barriers and Periodic Potential
Miloud Mekkaoui; El Bouâzzaoui Choubabi; Ahmed Jellal; Hocine Bahlouli
2015-03-04T23:59:59.000Z
Transmission of Dirac fermions through a chip of graphene under the effect of magnetic field and a time vibrating double barrier with frequency $w$ is investigated. Quantum interference within the oscillating barrier has an important effect on quasi-particles tunneling. A combination of both a time dependent potential and a magnetic field generate physical states whose energy is double quantified by the pair of integers $(n, l)$ with high degeneracy. The large number of modes that exist in the energy spectrum presents a colossal difficulty in numerical computations. Thus we were obliged to make a truncation and limit ourselves to the central $(n = 0)$ and two adjacent side band ($n=\\pm 1$).
Dorf, Martin E.
Time Entry Form Overtime Eligible Staff & Temporaries Harvard Medical School Harvard School of Dental Medicine Action: Reported Time Prior Period Adjustment Name: Week Ending: Employee ID: Job Title: Dept: Job Rcd #: Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Time Type Tub Org Fund Activity Sub-Act Root Rate Comments
A Tactical Planning Model for a Production Network with Continuous-Time Control
Graves, Stephen C.
1 A Tactical Planning Model for a Production Network with Continuous-Time Control Chee-Chong Teo1 for production planning, the time period needs to be long enough to coincide with the underlying time buckets network. Subject classifications: Inventory/production: tactical planning that considers tradeoffs between
Computational and experimental study of a forced, time-dependent, methaneair coflow
Long, Marshall B.
steady-state condi- tions. The complex coupling between chemistry and fluid flow in time-varying laminar, a periodic fluc- tuation in time is imposed on the fuel flow rate of a steady laminar flame. The study, D.C. 20052, USA Abstract Forced, time-varying flames are laminar systems that help bridge the gap
A periodic and statistical review of the biorhythm theory
Rock, Steven H.
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Committee: Mr. Charles L. Gilmore and Dr. Nay Johnston Nearly 150, 000 industrial worker accidents recorded 1n the State of Colorado were analysed using a computer program designed to determine the status of the victim's biorhythm at the time... the accident occurred and record the results in critical and non-critical categories . The expected rate of occurrence of accidents on biorhythm critical days under random occurrence was statistically compared to the actual rate of occurrence us1ng...
Fish Passage Center 2007 Annual Report.
DeHart, Michele [Fish Passage Center of the Columbia Basin Fish & Wildlife Authority
2008-11-25T23:59:59.000Z
The January-July runoff volume above the Dalles Dam in 2007 was 89% of the average runoff volume for the 1971-2000 historical record. The April-July runoff volume at Lower Granite Dam was 68% of the 1971-2000 historical record. Over the 79 year historical record from 1929 through 2007, the 2007 January-July runoff volume at the Dalles was the 50th lowest year out of the 79th year record. The January through July runoff volume at Lower Granite was the 65th lowest runoff year out of 79 on record. This year can be characterized by steadily decreasing snowpack which was below average in the Columbia Basin by the end of April. The combination of runoff volume, decreasing snowpack and reservoir operations resulted in spring migration flows at McNary Dam averaging 239 Kcfs, slightly above the Biological Opinion flow objective of 237 Kcfs. However the spring period migration flows in the Snake River averaged 61 Kcfs at Lower Granite Dam, substantially below the Biological Opinion flow objective of 85 Kcfs. Summer migration period Biological Opinion flow objectives averaged 163 Kcfs at McNary Dam, substantially below the summer flow objective of 200 Kcfs. Summer migration period flows in the Snake River at Lower Granite Dam averaged 29 Kcfs, also substantially below the Biological Opinion flow objective of 50 Kcfs. Overall spring migrants in the Columbia River experienced better migration flows than spring migrants in the Snake River reach. Summer migration flow objectives were not achieved in either the Columbia or Snake rivers. The 2007 FCRPS Operations Agreement represents an expanded and improved spill program that goes beyond the measures contained in the 2004 Biological Opinion. During the spring period, spill now occurs for twenty-four hours per day at all projects, except for John Day Dam where the daily program remains at 12 hours. A summer spill program provides spill at all the fish transportation collector projects (Lower Granite, Little Goose, Lower Monumental and McNary dams), whereas prior to 2005 spill was terminated at these projects after the spring period. In addition, the 2007 operations agreement provided regardless of flow conditions. For the first time spill for fish passage was provided in the low flow conditions that prevailed in the Snake River throughout the spring and summer migration periods. Gas bubble trauma (GBT) monitoring continued throughout the spill period. A higher incidence of rank 1, GBT signs were observed in late arriving steelhead smolts arriving after the 95% passage date had occurred. During this time dissolved gas levels were generally below the 110% water quality standard in the forebay where fish were sampled. This occurrence was due to prolonged exposure and extended travel times due to low migration flows. The 2007 migration conditions differed from any year in the historic record. The migration conditions combined low river flows in the Snake River with spill throughout the spring and summer season. The juvenile migration characteristics observed in 2007 were unique compared to past years in that high levels of 24 hour spill for fish passage were provided in low flow conditions, and with a delayed start to the smolt transportation program a smaller proportion of the total run being transported. This resulted in relatively high spring juvenile survival despite the lower flows. The seasonal spring average flow in the Snake River was 61 Kcfs much lower than the spring time average of 120 Kcfs that occurred in 2006. However juvenile steelhead survival through the Lower Granite to McNary reach in 2007 was nearly 70% which was similar to the juvenile steelhead survival seen in 2006 under higher migration flows. The low flows in the May-July period of 2007 were similar to the 2001 low flow year, yet survival for fall chinook juveniles in this period in 2007 was much higher. In 2001 the reach survival estimate for juvenile fall Chinook from Lower Granite to McNary Dam ranged from 0.25-0.34, while survival in the same reach ranged between 0.54-0.60 in 2007. In addition travel time estimat
Optical and radio variability of the BL Lac object AO 0235+16: a possible 5-6 year periodicity
C. M. Raiteri; M. Villata; H. D. Aller; M. F. Aller; J. Heidt; O. M. Kurtanidze; L. Lanteri; M. Maesano; E. Massaro; F. Montagni; R. Nesci; K. Nilsson; M. G. Nikolashvili; P. Nurmi; L. Ostorero; T. Pursimo; R. Rekola; A. Sillanpaa; L. O. Takalo; H. Terasranta; G. Tosti; T. J. Balonek; M. Feldt; E. J. McGrath; A. Heines; C. Heisler; J. Hu; M. Kidger; J. R. Mattox; A. Pati; R. Robb; A. C. Sadun; P. Shastri; S. J. Wagner; J. Wei; X. Wu
2001-08-09T23:59:59.000Z
New optical and radio data on the BL Lacertae object AO 0235+16 have been collected in the last four years by a wide international collaboration, which confirm the intense activity of this source. The optical data also include the results of the Whole Earth Blazar Telescope (WEBT) first-light campaign organized in November 1997. The optical spectrum is observed to basically steepen when the source gets fainter. We have investigated the existence of typical variability time scales and of possible correlations between the optical and radio emissions by means of visual inspection, Discrete Correlation Function analysis, and Discrete Fourier Transform technique. The major radio outbursts are found to repeat quasi-regularly with a periodicity of about 5.7 years; this period is also in agreement with the occurrence of some of the major optical outbursts, but not all of them.
Time series analysis of the lead-lag relationship of freight futures and spot market prices
Gavriilidis, Nikolaos
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This thesis analyzes the relationship between the physical and paper shipping markets. The main objective is to find if one market leads the other by a specific time period so that market players can take advantage from ...
Analysis of MODIS 250 m NDVI Using Different Time-Series Data for Crop Type Separability
Lee, Eunmok
2014-08-31T23:59:59.000Z
The primary objectives of this research were to: (1) investigate the use of different compositing periods of NDVI values of time-series MODIS 250 m data for distinguishing major crop types on the central Great Plains of ...
Time-Series Classification of High-Temporal Resolution AVHRR NDVI Imagery of Mexico
Egbert, Stephen L.; Ortega-Huerta, Miguel; Martí nez-Meyer, Enrique; Price, Kevin P.; Peterson, A. Townsend
2000-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time-series data from wide-field sensors, acquired for the period of a growing season or longer, capitalize on phenological changes in vegetation and make it possible to identify vegetated land cover types in greater detail. ...
Developmental time windows for axon growth influence neuronal network topology
Lim, Sol
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Early brain connectivity development consists of multiple stages: birth of neurons, their migration and the subsequent growth of axons and dendrites. Each stage occurs within a certain period of time depending on types of neurons and cortical layers. Forming synapses between neurons either by growing axons starting at similar times for all neurons (much-overlapped time windows) or at different time points (less-overlapped) may affect the topological and spatial properties of neuronal networks. Here, we explore the extreme cases of axon formation especially concerning short-distance connectivity during early development, either starting at the same time for all neurons (parallel, i.e. maximally-overlapped time windows) or occurring for each neuron separately one neuron after another (serial, i.e. no overlaps in time windows). For both cases, the number of potential and established synapses remained comparable. Topological and spatial properties, however, differed: neurons that started axon growth early on in s...
Einstein@Home all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in LIGO S5 data
Aasi, J; Abbott, B P; Abbott, R; Abbott, T D; Abernathy, M; Accadia, T; Acernese, F; Adams, C; Adams, T; Addesso, P; Adhikari, R; Affeldt, C; Agathos, M; Agatsuma, K; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Allocca, A; Ceron, E Amador; Amariutei, D; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Araya, M C; Ast, S; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Atkinson, D; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S; Bao, Y; Barayoga, J C B; Barker, D; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Bastarrika, M; Basti, A; Batch, J; Bauchrowitz, J; Bauer, Th S; Bebronne, M; Beck, D; Behnke, B; Bejger, M; Beker, M G; Bell, A S; Bell, C; Belopolski, I; Benacquista, M; Berliner, J M; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Beveridge, N; Beyersdorf, P T; Bhadbade, T; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Biswas, R; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M A; Black, E; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Blom, M; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Bogan, C; Bond, C; Bondarescu, R; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Bosi, L; Bouhou, B; Braccini, S; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brau, J E; Breyer, J; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Britzger, M; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Burguet--Castell, J; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Cagnoli, G; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Campsie, P; Cannon, K; Canuel, B; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Carbone, L; Caride, S; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chalermsongsak, T; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chen, W; Chen, X; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H S; Chow, J; Christensen, N; Chua, S S Y; Chung, C T Y; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, D E; Clark, J A; Clayton, J H; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colacino, C N; Colla, A; Colombini, M; Conte, A; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cordier, M; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M; Coulon, J -P; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Cowart, M; Coyne, D C; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Cruise, A M; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Cutler, R M; Dahl, K; Damjanic, M; Danilishin, S L; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dattilo, V; Daudert, B; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Daw, E J; Day, R; Dayanga, T; De Rosa, R; DeBra, D; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; Del Pozzo, W; Dent, T; Dergachev, V; DeRosa, R; Dhurandhar, S; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Emilio, M Di Paolo; Di Virgilio, A; Díaz, M; Dietz, A; Dietz, A; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Doravari, S; Dorsher, S; Drago, M; Drever, R W P; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Dumas, J -C; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edgar, M; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Ehrens, P; Endr?czi, G; Engel, R; Etzel, T; Evans, K; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Farr, B F; Favata, M; Fazi, D; Fehrmann, H; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Ferrini, F; Fidecaro, F; Finn, L S; Fiori, I; Fisher, R P; Flaminio, R; Foley, S; Forsi, E; Fotopoulos, N; Fournier, J -D; Franc, J; Franco, S; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frede, M; Frei, M A; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Friedrich, D; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fujimoto, M -K; Fulda, P J; Fyffe, M; Gair, J; Galimberti, M; Gammaitoni, L; Garcia, J; Garufi, F; Gáspár, M E; Gelencser, G; Gemme, G; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Gergely, L Á; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gil-Casanova, S; Gill, C; Gleason, J; Goetz, E; González, G; Gorodetsky, M L; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Graef, C; Graff, P B; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gray, C; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Griffo, C; Grote, H; Grover, K; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C; Gupta, R; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Hallam, J M; Hammer, D; Hammond, G; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Harstad, E D; Hartman, M T; Haughian, K; Hayama, K; Hayau, J -F; Heefner, J; Heidmann, A; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hendry, M A; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Herrera, V; Heurs, M; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Holt, K; Holtrop, M; Hong, T; Hooper, S; Hough, J; Howell, E J; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh-Dinh, T; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Isogai, T; Ivanov, A; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; James, E; Jang, Y J; Jaranowski, P; Jesse, E; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, R; Jonker, R J G; Ju, L; Kalmus, P; Kalogera, V; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner}, J B; Kasprzack, M; Kasturi, R; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kaufman, K; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Keitel, D; Kelley, D; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Keresztes, Z; Khalaidovski, A; Khalili, F Y; Khazanov, E A; Kim, B K; Kim, C; Kim, H; Kim, K; Kim, N; Kim, Y M; King, P J; Kinzel, D L; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kline, J; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Koranda, S; Korth, W Z; Kowalska, I; Kozak, D; Kringel, V; Krishnan, B; Królak, A; Kuehn, G; Kumar, P; Kumar, R; Kurdyumov, R; Kwee, P; Lam, P K; Landry, M; Langley, A; Lantz, B
2012-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This paper presents results of an all-sky searches for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency range [50, 1190] Hz and with frequency derivative ranges of [-2 \\times 10^-9, 1.1 \\times 10^-10] Hz/s for the fifth LIGO science run (S5). The novelty of the search lies in the use of a non-coherent technique based on the Hough-transform to combine the information from coherent searches on timescales of about one day. Because these searches are very computationally intensive, they have been deployed on the Einstein@Home distributed computing project infrastructure. The search presented here is about a factor 3 more sensitive than the previous Einstein@Home search in early S5 LIGO data. The post-processing has left us with eight surviving candidates. We show that deeper follow-up studies rule each of them out. Hence, since no statistically significant gravitational wave signals have been detected, we report upper limits on the intrinsic gravitational wave amplitude h0. For example, in the 0.5 Hz-wide band at 15...
Einstein@Home search for periodic gravitational waves in early S5 LIGO data
LIGO Scientific Collaboration
2009-05-11T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on an all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves from sources such as deformed isolated rapidly-spinning neutron stars. The analysis uses 840 hours of data from 66 days of the fifth LIGO science run (S5). The data was searched for quasi-monochromatic waves with frequencies f in the range from 50 Hz to 1500 Hz, with a linear frequency drift \\dot{f} (measured at the solar system barycenter) in the range -f/\\tau < \\dot{f} < 0.1 f/\\tau, for a minimum spin-down age \\tau of 1000 years for signals below 400 Hz and 8000 years above 400 Hz. The main computational work of the search was distributed over approximately 100000 computers volunteered by the general public. This large computing power allowed the use of a relatively long coherent integration time of 30 hours while searching a large parameter space. This search extends Einstein@Home's previous search in LIGO S4 data to about three times better sensitivity. No statistically significant signals were found. In the 125 Hz to 225 Hz band, more than 90% of sources with dimensionless gravitational-wave strain tensor amplitude greater than 3e-24 would have been detected.
Einstein-Home search for periodic gravitational waves in early S5 LIGO data
Abbott, B. P.; Abbott, R.; Adhikari, R.; Anderson, S. B.; Araya, M.; Armandula, H.; Aso, Y.; Ballmer, S.; Barton, M. A.; Betzwieser, J.; Billingsley, G.; Black, E.; Blackburn, J. K.; Bork, R.; Boschi, V.; Brooks, A. F.; Cannon, K. C.; Cardenas, L.; Cepeda, C.; Chalermsongsak, T. [LIGO-California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California 91125 (United States)] (and others)
2009-08-15T23:59:59.000Z
This paper reports on an all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves from sources such as deformed isolated rapidly spinning neutron stars. The analysis uses 840 hours of data from 66 days of the fifth LIGO science run (S5). The data were searched for quasimonochromatic waves with frequencies f in the range from 50 to 1500 Hz, with a linear frequency drift f (measured at the solar system barycenter) in the range -f/{tau}
Geothermal R and D Project report for period April 1, 1976 to...
report for period April 1, 1976 to June 30, 1976 Jump to: navigation, search OpenEI Reference LibraryAdd to library Report: Geothermal R and D Project report for period April 1,...
The Near-infrared Period-luminosity Relations of Cepheids in the Large Magellanic Cloud
Mahzooni, Salma
2011-08-08T23:59:59.000Z
We present near-infrared (J & Ks) observations of Cepheids in the Large Magellanic Cloud. The goals of these observations are to better characterize the Cepheid Period-Luminosity relation at these wavelengths, especially for periods below 10 days...
Periodic solutions of even Hamiltonian systems on Thomas Bartsch & ZhiQiang Wang 1
Wang, Zhi-Qiang
Periodic solutions of even Hamiltonian systems on the torus Thomas Bartsch & ZhiQiang Wang 1 and their hospitality. #12; 2 Thomas Bartsch & ZhiQiang Wang 1 Introduction Hamiltonian systems with periodic
LS Note 340 - New Design for a 27-mm Period Undulator for the...
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
Design for a 27-mm Period Undulator for the MBA Lattice Melike Abliz, John Grimmer, Isaac Vasserman Abstract By further optimizing the dimensions of a 27-mm period undulator's...
Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a
Yaghi, Omar M.
Taxonomy of periodic nets and the design of materials Olaf Delgado-Friedrichs,a Michael O classification (taxonomy) of polyhedra and periodic nets that is appropriate for identifying the structures
Victoria, University of
A New Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Methodology for Frequency Domain Analysis of Wave Energy Converters with Periodically Varying Physical of Mechanical Engineering) ABSTRACT Within a wave energy converter's operational bandwidth, device operation
Klages, Rainer
Lyapunov instability for a periodic Lorentz gas thermostated by deterministic scattering K assess the nonlinear properties of this dynamical system by numerically calculating its Lyapunov exponents. Based on a revised method for computing Lyapunov exponents, which employs periodic
DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION FISSION REACTOR FOR THE PERIOD JUNE 1, 2001 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 30, 2001
L.C. BROWN
2001-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
OAK-B135 DIRECT ENERGY CONVERSION FISSION REACTOR FOR THE PERIOD JUNE 1, 2001 THROUGH SEPTEMBER 30, 2001
Lyapunov Modes and Time-Correlation Functions for Two-Dimensional Systems
Tooru Taniguchi; Gary P. Morriss
2005-09-27T23:59:59.000Z
The relation between the Lyapunov modes (delocalized Lyapunov vectors) and the momentum autocorrelation function is discussed in two-dimensional hard-disk systems. We show numerical evidence that the smallest time-oscillating period of the Lyapunov modes is twice as long as the time-oscillating period of momentum autocorrelation function for both square and rectangular two-dimensional systems with hard-wall boundary conditions.
Hall, Rachel W.
in Hz and BPM. Is the frequency within the range of human hearing? Answer. The periodic wave frequency is 1/0.01 = 100 Hz = 6000 BPM. 2. Functions. (a) For each function, determine whether and frequency =3 BPM (2) amplitude = 10 and fundamental period = 0.005 seconds. Answer. (1) since 3 BPM = 180 Hz
Zhang, Dingzong; Wang, Yanhui; Wang, Dezhen [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)] [School of Physics and Optoelectronic Technology, Dalian University of Technology, Dalian 116024 (China)
2013-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
Period-doubling and chaos phenomenon have been frequently observed in atmospheric-pressure dielectric-barrier discharges. However, how a normal single period discharge bifurcates into period-doubling state is still unclear. In this paper, by changing the driving frequency, we study numerically the transition mechanisms from a normal single period discharge to a period-doubling state using a one-dimensional self-consistent fluid model. The results show that before a discharge bifurcates into a period-doubling state, it first deviates from its normal operation and transforms into an asymmetric single period discharge mode. Then the weaker discharge in this asymmetric discharge will be enhanced gradually with increasing of the frequency until it makes the subsequent discharge weaken and results in the discharge entering a period-doubling state. In the whole transition process, the spatial distribution of the charged particle density and the electric field plays a definitive role. The conclusions are further confirmed by changing the gap width and the amplitude of the applied voltage.
Timed Alternating-Time Temporal Logic Thomas A. Henzinger1
Henzinger, Thomas A.
equally powerful options for updating the state of the game, advancing time, or blocking time. Second, we in order to specify real-time objectives for games played on timed structures. We define the semantics Timed games are a formal model for the synthesis of real-time systems [22, 20]. While much research
Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period
Renssen, Hans
Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period H. Renssen January 2003; published 25 February 2003. [1] The termination of the Holocene African Humid Period ($9. Goosse, Holocene climate instability during the termination of the African Humid Period, Geophys. Res
E ective boundary conditions for laminar ows over periodic rough boundaries
Achdou, Yves
E#27;ective boundary conditions for laminar #29;ows over periodic rough boundaries Yves Achdou #3 are proposed for a laminar #29;ow over a rough wall with periodic roughness elements. These e#27;ective is such an approach ? In this paper, we wish to answer these questions for laminar #29;ows over periodic rough walls
Nuclear Science Division: Annual report for the period October 1, 1985-September 30, 1986
Mahoney, J. (ed.)
1987-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Research has for the most part been carried out using three local accelerators, the Bevalac, the SuperHILAC and the 88-Inch Cyclotron. However, at CERN, oxygen-16 beams were accelerated to 3.2 TeV using the LBL-GSI heavy ion injector into the CERN SPS. First results obtained during the beam test period are presented in this report. Bevalac research has probed new regions of the nuclear matter equation of state. Studies of collisions between the most massive nuclei have revealed rich new phenomena such as collective flow, where the pressures generated force the emerging particles away from the beam direction. Experiments on dileptons e/sup +/e/sup -/ pairs) utilizing the newly completed Dilepton Spectrometer (DLS) are being carried out to glean new insights into the hot, high-density stage of the collision. Major new results on the nuclear structure of exotic, very neutron-rich light nuclei are being obtained by exploiting the projectile fragmentation process to produce secondary radioactive beams. The Laboratory has proposed the Bevalac Upgrade Project to replace the Bevalac's weak-focusing synchrotron with a modern, strong-focusing synchrotron to provide higher intensity and higher quality beams. The significant enhancement of the heavy ion capability at the 88-Inch Cyclotron as a result of the recent development of the ECR source has led to a renaissance of the cyclotron as indicated by the increased demand for beam time. A variety of other scientific activities were also carried out during this period. The Isotopes Project published the first edition of a new radioactivity reference book for applied users-The Table of Radioactive Isotopes and division members organized several major scientific meetings.
Linares, M.; Chakrabarty, D. [Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Kavli Institute for Astrophysics and Space Research, Cambridge, MA 02139 (United States); Altamirano, D. [Astronomical Institute 'Anton Pannekoek', University of Amsterdam and Center for High-Energy Astrophysics, P.O. BOX 94249, 1090 GE Amsterdam (Netherlands); Cumming, A. [Department of Physics, McGill University, 3600 Rue University, Montreal, QC H3A 2T8 (Canada); Keek, L. [School of Physics and Astronomy, University of Minnesota, 116 Church Street SE, Minneapolis, MN 55455 (United States)
2012-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a comprehensive study of the thermonuclear bursts and millihertz quasi-periodic oscillations (mHz QPOs) from the neutron star (NS) transient and 11 Hz X-ray pulsar IGR J17480-2446, located in the globular cluster Terzan 5. The increase in burst rate that we found during its 2010 outburst, when persistent luminosity rose from 0.1 to 0.5 times the Eddington limit, is in qualitative agreement with thermonuclear burning theory yet contrary to all previous observations of thermonuclear bursts. Thermonuclear bursts gradually evolved into a mHz QPO when the accretion rate increased, and vice versa. The mHz QPOs from IGR J17480-2446 resemble those previously observed in other accreting NSs, yet they feature lower frequencies (by a factor {approx}3) and occur when the persistent luminosity is higher (by a factor 4-25). We find four distinct bursting regimes and a steep (close to inverse cubic) decrease of the burst recurrence time with increasing persistent luminosity. We compare these findings to nuclear burning models and find evidence for a transition between the pure helium and mixed hydrogen/helium ignition regimes when the persistent luminosity was about 0.3 times the Eddington limit. We also point out important discrepancies between the observed bursts and theory, which predicts brighter and less frequent bursts, and suggest that an additional source of heat in the NS envelope is required to reconcile the observed and expected burst properties. We discuss the impact of NS magnetic field and spin on the expected nuclear burning regimes, in the context of this particular pulsar.
Burg, Theresa
Time Activity Time Activity Time Activity Tuesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 2-Jun-15 Wednesday CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE CLOSED CONFERENCE 3-Jun-15 Thursday CLOSED
Sirshendu Bhattacharyya; Arnab Das; Subinay Dasgupta
2012-08-10T23:59:59.000Z
We study the real-time dynamics of a quantum Ising chain driven periodically by instantaneous quenches of the transverse field (the transverse field varying as rectangular wave symmetric about zero). Two interesting phenomena are reported and analyzed: (1) We observe dynamical many-body freezing or DMF (Phys. Rev. B, vol. 82, 172402, 2010), i.e. strongly non-monotonic freezing of the response (transverse magnetization) with respect to the driving parameters (pulse width and height) resulting from equivocal freezing behavior of all the many-body modes. The freezing occurs due to coherent suppression of dynamics of the many-body modes. For certain combination of the pulse height and period, maximal freezing (freezing peaks) are observed. For those parameter values, a massive collapse of the entire Floquet spectrum occurs. (2) Secondly, we observe emergence of a distinct solitary oscillation with a single frequency, which can be much lower than the driving frequency. This slow oscillation, involving many high-energy modes, dominates the response remarkably in the limit of long observation time. We identify this slow oscillation as the unique survivor of destructive quantum interference between the many-body modes. The oscillation is found to decay algebraically with time to a constant value. All the key features are demonstrated analytically with numerical evaluations for specific results.
Francini, Andrea
2013-05-14T23:59:59.000Z
An advance is made over the prior art in accordance with the principles of the present invention that is directed to a new approach for a system and method for a buffer management scheme called Periodic Early Discard (PED). The invention builds on the observation that, in presence of TCP traffic, the length of a queue can be stabilized by selection of an appropriate frequency for packet dropping. For any combination of number of TCP connections and distribution of the respective RTT values, there exists an ideal packet drop frequency that prevents the queue from over-flowing or under-flowing. While the value of the ideal packet drop frequency may quickly change over time and is sensitive to the series of TCP connections affected by past packet losses, and most of all is impossible to compute inline, it is possible to approximate it with a margin of error that allows keeping the queue occupancy within a pre-defined range for extended periods of time. The PED scheme aims at tracking the (unknown) ideal packet drop frequency, adjusting the approximated value based on the evolution of the queue occupancy, with corrections of the approximated packet drop frequency that occur at a timescale that is comparable to the aggregate time constant of the set of TCP connections that traverse the queue.
R. Brout; R. Parentani
1999-02-05T23:59:59.000Z
The notion of time in cosmology is revealed through an examination of transition matrix elements of radiative processes occurring in the cosmos. To begin with, the very concept of time is delineated in classical physics in terms of correlations between the succession of configurations which describe a process and a standard trajectory called the clock. The total is an isolated system of fixed energy. This is relevant for cosmology in that the universe is an isolated system which we take to be homogeneous and isotropic. Furthermore, in virtue of the constraint which arises from reparametrization invariance of time, it has total energy zero. Therefore the momentum of the scale factor is determined from the energy of matter. In the quantum theory this is exploited through use of the WKB approximation for the wave function of the scale factor, justified for a large universe. The formalism then gives rise to matrix elements describing matter processes. These are shown to take on the form of usual time dependent quantum amplitudes wherein the temporal dependence is given by a background which is once more fixed by the total energy of matter.
Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik
2014-11-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report provides a short overview of the DNN R&D funded project, Time-Encoded Imagers. The project began in FY11 and concluded in FY14. The Project Description below provides the overall motivation and objectives for the project as well as a summary of programmatic direction. It is followed by a short description of each task and the resulting deliverables.
Collar, Juan I.
://cfcpwork.uchicago.edu/mailman/listinfo/cafe! A Reality Check on Alternative Energy! #12;A Reality Check on Alternative Energy! Presenter: Liz Moyer! Time, factories in Europe were shutting down for lack of wood. Will it be possible in the future to support a bigger, richer population without fossil fuels (which will definitely run out someday)? Energy is a hot
Broader source: Directives, Delegations, and Requirements [Office of Management (MA)]
2004-10-22T23:59:59.000Z
DOE O 535.1 establishes the Department's requirements and responsibilities governing time and attendance reporting. The purpose of this revision is to reflect the transition of payroll processing from the Capital Accounting Center to the Defense Finance and Accounting System. Cancels DOE O 3600.1B. Canceled by DOE O 322.1C.
Bootstrapping Time Dilation Decoherence
Cisco Gooding; William G. Unruh
2015-03-18T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general relativistic model of a spherical shell of matter with a perfect fluid on its surface coupled to an internal oscillator, which generalizes a model recently introduced by the authors to construct a self-gravitating interferometer [1]. The internal oscillator evolution is defined with respect to the local proper time of the shell, allowing the oscillator to serve as a local clock that ticks differently depending on the shell's position and momentum. A Hamiltonian reduction is performed on the system, and an approximate quantum description is given to the reduced phase space. If we focus only on the external dynamics, we must trace out the clock degree of freedom, and this results in a form of intrinsic decoherence that shares some features with a proposed "universal" decoherence mechanism attributed to gravitational time dilation [2]. We show that the proposed decoherence remains present in the (gravity-free) limit of flat spacetime, indicating that the effect can be attributed entirely to proper time differences, and thus is not necessarily related to gravity. Finally, we point out a way to bootstrap the gravitational contribution to the time dilation decoherence by including self-interaction, and comment on how this can be considered a fundamentally gravitational intrinsic decoherence effect.
Time reversal communication system
Candy, James V. (Danville, CA); Meyer, Alan W. (Danville, CA)
2008-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
A system of transmitting a signal through a channel medium comprises digitizing the signal, time-reversing the digitized signal, and transmitting the signal through the channel medium. The channel medium may be air, earth, water, tissue, metal, and/or non-metal.
Detection and discrimination of the periodicity of prime numbers by discrete Fourier transform
Levente Csoka
2015-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
A novel representation of a quasi-periodic modified von Mangoldt function L(n) on prime numbers and its decomposition into Fourier series has been investigated. We focus on some particular quantities characterizing the modified von Mangoldt function. The results indicate that prime number progression can be decomposed into periodic sequences. The main approach is to decompose it into sin or cosine function. Basically, it is applied to extract hidden periodicities in seemingly quasi periodic prime function. Numerical evidences were provided to confirm the periodic distribution of primes.
The Periods Discovered by RXTE in Thermonuclear Flash Bursts
T. E. Strohmayer; J. H. Swank; W. Zhang
1998-01-23T23:59:59.000Z
Oscillations in the X-ray flux of thermonuclear X-ray bursts have been observed with RXTE from at least 6 low-mass binaries, at frequencies from 330 Hz to 589 Hz. There appear to be preferred relations between the frequencies present during the bursts and those seen in the persistent flux. The amplitude of the oscillations can exceed 50 % near burst onset. Except for a systematic increase in oscillation frequency as the burst progresses, the frequency is stable. Time resolved spectra track increases in the X-ray emitting area due to propagation of the burning front over the neutron star surface, as well as radiation driven expansion of the photosphere. The neutron star mass, radius, and distance can be inferred when spectra are compared to theoretical expectations.
The periods of the intermediate polar RX J0153.3+7446
A. J. Norton; J. D. Tanner
2005-12-06T23:59:59.000Z
We present the first optical photometry of the counterpart to the candidate intermediate polar RX J0153.3+7446. This reveals an optical pulse period of 2333s +/- 5s. Reanalysis of the previously published ROSAT X-ray data reveals that the true X-ray pulse period is probably 1974s +/- 30s, rather than the 1414 s previously reported. Given that the previously noted orbital period of the system is 3.94 h, we are able to identify the X-ray pulse period with the white dwarf spin period and the optical pulse period with the rotation period of the white dwarf in the binary reference frame, as commonly seen in other intermediate polars. We thus confirm that RX J0153.3+7446 is indeed a typical intermediate polar.
Copyright 2002 The Financial Times Limited Financial Times (London, England)
with Argentina's capacity to abuse, manipulate, freeze, confiscate and periodically replace the national currency. Furthermore, the public will respond to red-meat populism. Argentina's need for international support in debt
Real Time Grid Reliability Management 2005
Eto, Joe; Eto, Joe; Lesieutre, Bernard; Lewis, Nancy Jo; Parashar, Manu
2008-07-07T23:59:59.000Z
The increased need to manage California?s electricity grid in real time is a result of the ongoing transition from a system operated by vertically-integrated utilities serving native loads to one operated by an independent system operator supporting competitive energy markets. During this transition period, the traditional approach to reliability management -- construction of new transmission lines -- has not been pursued due to unresolved issues related to the financing and recovery of transmission project costs. In the absence of investments in new transmission infrastructure, the best strategy for managing reliability is to equip system operators with better real-time information about actual operating margins so that they can better understand and manage the risk of operating closer to the edge. A companion strategy is to address known deficiencies in offline modeling tools that are needed to ground the use of improved real-time tools. This project: (1) developed and conducted first-ever demonstrations of two prototype real-time software tools for voltage security assessment and phasor monitoring; and (2) prepared a scoping study on improving load and generator response models. Additional funding through two separate subsequent work authorizations has already been provided to build upon the work initiated in this project.
Time-Symmetric Rolling Tachyon Profile
Matheson Longton
2015-05-04T23:59:59.000Z
We investigate the tachyon profile of a time-symmetric rolling tachyon solution to open string field theory. We algebraically construct the solution of [arXiv:0707.4472] at 6th order in the marginal parameter, and numerically evaluate the corresponding tachyon profile as well as the action and several correlation functions containing the equation of motion. We find that the marginal operator's singular self-OPE is properly regularized and all quantities we examine are finite. In contrast to the widely studied time-asymmetric case, the solution depends nontrivially on the strength of the deformation parameter. For example, we find that the number and period of oscillations of the tachyon field changes as the strength of the marginal deformation is increased. We use the recent renormalization scheme of [arXiv:1412.3466], which contains two free parameters. At finite deformation parameter the tachyon profile depends on these parameters, while when the deformation parameter is small, the solution becomes insensitive to them and behaves like previously studied time-asymmetric rolling tachyon solutions. We also show that convergence of perturbation series is not as straightforward as in the time-asymmetric case with regular OPE, and find evidence that it may depend on the renormalization constants.
Saritepe, S.; Annala, G.
1993-06-01T23:59:59.000Z
Bunched beam transfer from one accelerator to another requires coordination and synchronization of many ramped devices. During collider operation timing issues are more complicated since one has to switch from proton injection devices to antiproton injection devices. Proton and antiproton transfers are clearly distinct sequences since protons and antiprotons circulate in opposite directions in the Main Ring (MR) and in the Tevatron. The time bumps are different, the kicker firing delays are different, the kickers and lambertson magnets are different, etc. Antiprotons are too precious to be used for tuning purposes, therefore protons are transferred from the Tevatron back into the Main Ring, tracing the path of antiprotons backwards. This tuning operation is called ``reverse injection.`` Previously, the reverse injection was handled in one supercycle. One batch of uncoalesced bunches was injected into the Tevatron and ejected after 40 seconds. Then the orbit closure was performed in the MR. In the new scheme the lambertson magnets have to be moved and separator polarities have to be switched, activities that cannot be completed in one supercycle. Therefore, the reverse injection sequence was changed. This involved the redefinition of TVBS clock event $D8 as MRBS $D8 thus making it possible to inject 6 proton batches (or coalesced bunches) and eject them one at a time on command, performing orbit closure each time in the MR. Injection devices are clock event driven. The TCLK is used as the reference clock. Certain TCLK events are triggered by the MR beam synchronized clock (MRBS) events. Some delays are measured in terms of MRBS ticks and MR revolutions. See Appendix A for a brief description of the beam synchronized clocks.
Quinn, H; /SLAC
2009-01-27T23:59:59.000Z
This talk briefly reviews three types of time-asymmetry in physics, which I classify as universal, macroscopic and microscopic. Most of the talk is focused on the latter, namely the violation of T-reversal invariance in particle physics theories. In sum tests of microscopic T-invariance, or observations of its violation, are limited by the fact that, while we can measure many processes, only in very few cases can we construct a matched pair of process and inverse process and observe it with sufficient sensitivity to make a test. In both the cases discussed here we can achieve an observable T violation making use of flavor tagging, and in the second case also using the quantum properties of an antisymmetric coherent state of two B mesons to construct a CP-tag. Both these tagging properties depend only on very general properties of the flavor and/or CP quantum numbers and so provide model independent tests for T-invariance violations. The microscopic laws of physics are very close to T-symmetric. There are small effects that give CP- and T-violating processes in three-generation-probing weak decays. Where a T-violating observable can be constructed we see the relationships between T-violation and CP-violation expected in a CPT conserving theory. These microscopic effects are unrelated to the 'arrow of time' that is defined by increasing entropy, or in the time direction defined by the expansion of our Universe.
Date of Injury Date Time In Time Out
Date of Injury Date Time In Time Out Total time worked medical appt no work within restrictions: 9704914804; phone: 9704916745 # of hours worked TOTAL HOURS *Time off work MUST be documented by a medical note in order to be paid through injury leave *Attach lost time documentation to the report and turn
Real-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games
Boyer, Edmond
for the controller for the system, modeled as a timed automaton. Such a controller says when and which of someReal-Time Control with Parametric Timed Reachability Games A. Jovanovi S. Faucou D. Lime O. H control problems on real-time systems. A timed reachability game consists in finding a strategy
No Time Wasted. 25 years COVRA: Radioactive Waste Management in the Netherlands
Codee, H.D.K.; Verhoef, E.V. [COVRA N.V., Vlissingen (Netherlands)
2008-07-01T23:59:59.000Z
Time will render radioactive waste harmless. How can we manage the time radioactive substances remain harmful? Just 'wait and see' or 'marking time' is not an option. We need to isolate the waste from our living environment and control it as long as necessary. December 2007 was a time to commemorate, as the national waste management organisation of the Netherlands, COVRA, celebrated its 12. anniversary. During this period of 25 years a stable policy has been formulated and implemented. For the situation in the Netherlands, it was obvious that a period of long term storage was needed. Both the small volume of waste and the limited financial possibilities are determining factors. Time is needed to let the volume of waste grow and to let the money, needed for disposal, grow in a capital growth fund. A historical overview of the activities of COVRA is presented and lessons learned over a period of 25 years are given. (authors)
Daiqin Su; T. C. Ralph
2015-07-02T23:59:59.000Z
We show that the particle number distribution of diamond modes, modes that are localised in a finite space-time region, are thermal for the Minkowski vacuum state of a massless scalar field, an analogue to the Unruh effect. The temperature of the diamond is inversely proportional to its size. An inertial observer can detect this thermal radiation by coupling to the diamond modes using an appropriate energy scaled detector. We further investigate the correlations between various diamonds and find that entanglement between adjacent diamonds dominates.
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013 DPFTheses 2014No.7 D I STime Off Time Offof
Broader source: All U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office Webpages (Extended Search)
AFDC Printable Version Share this resource Send a link to EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page to someone by E-mail Share EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Facebook Tweet about EERE: Alternative Fuels Data Center Home Page on Twitter Bookmark EERE:1 First Use of Energy for All Purposes (Fuel and Nonfuel), 2002; Level:5 TablesExports(Journal Article) |govInstrumentsmfrirtA Journey InsideMicroBooNE LArTPC Sarah Lockwitz, FNAL 2013 DPFTheses 2014No.7 D I STime Off Time
Gevorg Poghosyan; Sanchit Matta; Achim Streit; Micha? Bejger; Andrzej Królak
2014-10-14T23:59:59.000Z
The parallelization, design and scalability of the \\sky code to search for periodic gravitational waves from rotating neutron stars is discussed. The code is based on an efficient implementation of the F-statistic using the Fast Fourier Transform algorithm. To perform an analysis of data from the advanced LIGO and Virgo gravitational wave detectors' network, which will start operating in 2015, hundreds of millions of CPU hours will be required - the code utilizing the potential of massively parallel supercomputers is therefore mandatory. We have parallelized the code using the Message Passing Interface standard, implemented a mechanism for combining the searches at different sky-positions and frequency bands into one extremely scalable program. The parallel I/O interface is used to escape bottlenecks, when writing the generated data into file system. This allowed to develop a highly scalable computation code, which would enable the data analysis at large scales on acceptable time scales. Benchmarking of the code on a Cray XE6 system was performed to show efficiency of our parallelization concept and to demonstrate scaling up to 50 thousand cores in parallel.
All-sky Search for Periodic Gravitational Waves in the Full S5 LIGO Data
Abadie, J; Abbott, R; Abbott, T D; Abernathy, M; Accadia, T; Acernese, F; Adams, C; Adhikari, R; Affeldt, C; Ajith, P; Allen, B; Allen, G S; Ceron, E Amador; Amariutei, D; Amin, R S; Anderson, S B; Anderson, W G; Arai, K; Arain, M A; Araya, M C; Aston, S M; Astone, P; Atkinson, D; Aufmuth, P; Aulbert, C; Aylott, B E; Babak, S; Baker, P; Ballardin, G; Ballmer, S; Barker, D; Barone, F; Barr, B; Barriga, P; Barsotti, L; Barsuglia, M; Barton, M A; Bartos, I; Bassiri, R; Bastarrika, M; Basti, A; Batch, J; Bauchrowitz, J; Bauer, Th S; Bebronne, M; Behnke, B; Beker, M G; Bell, A S; Belletoile, A; Belopolski, I; Benacquista, M; Berliner, J M; Bertolini, A; Betzwieser, J; Beveridge, N; Beyersdorf, P T; Bilenko, I A; Billingsley, G; Birch, J; Biswas, R; Bitossi, M; Bizouard, M A; Black, E; Blackburn, J K; Blackburn, L; Blair, D; Bland, B; Blom, M; Bock, O; Bodiya, T P; Bogan, C; Bondarescu, R; Bondu, F; Bonelli, L; Bonnand, R; Bork, R; Born, M; Boschi, V; Bose, S; Bosi, L; Bouhou, B; Braccini, S; Bradaschia, C; Brady, P R; Braginsky, V B; Branchesi, M; Brau, J E; Breyer, J; Briant, T; Bridges, D O; Brillet, A; Brinkmann, M; Brisson, V; Britzger, M; Brooks, A F; Brown, D A; Brummit, A; Bulik, T; Bulten, H J; Buonanno, A; Burguet--Castell, J; Burmeister, O; Buskulic, D; Buy, C; Byer, R L; Cadonati, L; Cagnoli, G; Cain, J; Calloni, E; Camp, J B; Campsie, P; Cannizzo, J; Cannon, K; Canuel, B; Cao, J; Capano, C D; Carbognani, F; Caride, S; Caudill, S; Cavaglià, M; Cavalier, F; Cavalieri, R; Cella, G; Cepeda, C; Cesarini, E; Chaibi, O; Chalermsongsak, T; Chalkley, E; Charlton, P; Chassande-Mottin, E; Chelkowski, S; Chen, Y; Chincarini, A; Chiummo, A; Cho, H; Christensen, N; Chua, S S Y; Chung, C T Y; Chung, S; Ciani, G; Clara, F; Clark, D E; Clark, J; Clayton, J H; Cleva, F; Coccia, E; Cohadon, P -F; Colacino, C N; Colas, J; Colla, A; Colombini, M; Conte, A; Conte, R; Cook, D; Corbitt, T R; Cordier, M; Cornish, N; Corsi, A; Costa, C A; Coughlin, M; Coulon, J -P; Couvares, P; Coward, D M; Coyne, D C; Creighton, J D E; Creighton, T D; Cruise, A M; Cumming, A; Cunningham, L; Cuoco, E; Cutler, R M; Dahl, K; Danilishin, S L; Dannenberg, R; D'Antonio, S; Danzmann, K; Dattilo, V; Daudert, B; Daveloza, H; Davier, M; Davies, G; Daw, E J; Day, R; Dayanga, T; De Rosa, R; DeBra, D; Debreczeni, G; Degallaix, J; Del Pozzo, W; del Prete, M; Dent, T; Dergachev, V; DeRosa, R; DeSalvo, R; Dhurandhar, S; Di Fiore, L; Di Lieto, A; Di Palma, I; Emilio, M Di Paolo; Di Virgilio, A; Díaz, M; Dietz, A; Donovan, F; Dooley, K L; Dorsher, S; Drago, M; Drever, R W P; Driggers, J C; Du, Z; Dumas, J -C; Dwyer, S; Eberle, T; Edgar, M; Edwards, M; Effler, A; Ehrens, P; Endr?czi, G; Engel, R; Etzel, T; Evans, K; Evans, M; Evans, T; Factourovich, M; Fafone, V; Fairhurst, S; Fan, Y; Farr, B F; Farr, W; Fazi, D; Fehrmann, H; Feldbaum, D; Ferrante, I; Fidecaro, F; Finn, L S; Fiori, I; Fisher, R P; Flaminio, R; Flanigan, M; Foley, S; Forsi, E; Forte, L A; Fotopoulos, N; Fournier, J -D; Franc, J; Frasca, S; Frasconi, F; Frede, M; Frei, M; Frei, Z; Freise, A; Frey, R; Fricke, T T; Friedrich, D; Fritschel, P; Frolov, V V; Fulda, P J; Fyffe, M; Galimberti, M; Gammaitoni, L; Ganija, M R; Garcia, J; Garofoli, J A; Garufi, F; Gáspár, M E; Gemme, G; Geng, R; Genin, E; Gennai, A; Gergely, L Á; Ghosh, S; Giaime, J A; Giampanis, S; Giardina, K D; Giazotto, A; Gill, C; Goetz, E; Goggin, L M; González, G; Gorodetsky, M L; Goßler, S; Gouaty, R; Graef, C; Granata, M; Grant, A; Gras, S; Gray, C; Gray, N; Greenhalgh, R J S; Gretarsson, A M; Greverie, C; Grosso, R; Grote, H; Grunewald, S; Guidi, G M; Guido, C; Gupta, R; Gustafson, E K; Gustafson, R; Ha, T; Hage, B; Hallam, J M; Hammer, D; Hammond, G; Hanks, J; Hanna, C; Hanson, J; Harms, J; Harry, G M; Harry, I W; Harstad, E D; Hartman, M T; Haughian, K; Hayama, K; Hayau, J -F; Hayler, T; Heefner, J; Heidmann, A; Heintze, M C; Heitmann, H; Hello, P; Hendry, M A; Heng, I S; Heptonstall, A W; Herrera, V; Hewitson, M; Hild, S; Hoak, D; Hodge, K A; Holt, K; Hong, T; Hooper, S; Hosken, D J; Hough, J; Howell, E J; Hughey, B; Husa, S; Huttner, S H; Huynh-Dinh, T; Ingram, D R; Inta, R; Isogai, T; Ivanov, A; Izumi, K; Jacobson, M; Jang, H; Jaranowski, P; Johnson, W W; Jones, D I; Jones, G; Jones, R; Ju, L; Kalmus, P; Kalogera, V; Kamaretsos, I; Kandhasamy, S; Kang, G; Kanner, J B; Katsavounidis, E; Katzman, W; Kaufer, H; Kawabe, K; Kawamura, S; Kawazoe, F; Kells, W; Keppel, D G; Keresztes, Z; Khalaidovski, A; Khalili, F Y; Khazanov, E A; Kim, B; Kim, C; Kim, D; Kim, H; Kim, K; Kim, N; Kim, Y -M; King, P J; Kinsey, M; Kinzel, D L; Kissel, J S; Klimenko, S; Kokeyama, K; Kondrashov, V; Kopparapu, R; Koranda, S; Korth, W Z; Kowalska, I; Kozak, D; Kringel, V; Krishnamurthy, S; Krishnan, B; Królak, A; Kuehn, G; Kumar, R; Kwee, P; Lam, P K; Landry, M; Lang, M; Lantz, B; Lastzka, N; Lawrie, C; Lazzarini, A; Leaci, P; Lee, C H; Lee, H M
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We report on an all-sky search for periodic gravitational waves in the frequency band 50-800 Hz and with the frequency time derivative in the range of 0 through -6e-9 Hz/s. Such a signal could be produced by a nearby spinning and slightly non-axisymmetric isolated neutron star in our galaxy. After recent improvements in the search program that yielded a 10x increase in computational efficiency, we have searched in two years of data collected during LIGO's fifth science run and have obtained the most sensitive all-sky upper limits on gravitational wave strain to date. Near 150 Hz our upper limit on worst-case linearly polarized strain amplitude $h_0$ is 1e-24, while at the high end of our frequency range we achieve a worst-case upper limit of 3.8e-24 for all polarizations and sky locations. These results constitute a factor of two improvement upon previously published data. A new detection pipeline utilizing a Loosely Coherent algorithm was able to follow up weaker outliers, increasing the volume of space wher...
Refined rotational period, pole solution, and shape model for (3200) Phaethon
Ansdell, Megan; Meech, Karen J.; Kaluna, Heather [NASA Astrobiology Institute, Honolulu, HI 96822 (United States); Hainaut, Olivier [European Southern Observatory, Karl Schwarzschild Straße, 85748 Garching bei München (Germany); Buie, Marc W. [Southwest Research Institute, 1050 Walnut Street, Suite 300, Boulder, CO 80302 (United States); Bauer, James [Jet Propulsion Laboratory, 4800 Oak Grove Drive, MS 183-401, Pasadena, CA 91109 (United States); Dundon, Luke, E-mail: mansdell@ifa.hawaii.edu [United States Navy, Washington, DC 20350 (United States)
2014-09-20T23:59:59.000Z
(3200) Phaethon exhibits both comet- and asteroid-like properties, suggesting it could be a rare transitional object such as a dormant comet or previously volatile-rich asteroid. This justifies detailed study of (3200) Phaethon's physical properties as a better understanding of asteroid-comet transition objects can provide insight into minor body evolution. We therefore acquired time series photometry of (3200) Phaethon over 15 nights from 1994 to 2013, primarily using the Tektronix 2048 × 2048 pixel CCD on the University of Hawaii 2.2 m telescope. We utilized light curve inversion to (1) refine (3200) Phaethon's rotational period to P = 3.6032 ± 0.0008 hr; (2) estimate a rotational pole orientation of ? = +85° ± 13° and ? = –20° ± 10°; and (3) derive a shape model. We also used our extensive light curve data set to estimate the slope parameter of (3200) Phaethon's phase curve as G ? 0.06, consistent with C-type asteroids. We discuss how this highly oblique pole orientation with a negative ecliptic latitude supports previous evidence for (3200) Phaethon's origin in the inner main asteroid belt as well as the potential for deeply buried volatiles fueling impulsive yet rare cometary outbursts.
Owen D. Myers; Junru Wu; Jeffrey S. Marshall; Christopher M. Danforth
2014-09-03T23:59:59.000Z
The spatio-temporally periodic (STP) potential is interesting in Physics due to the intimate coupling between its time and spatial components. In this paper we begin with a brief discussion of the dynamical behaviors of a single particle in a STP potential and then examine the dynamics of multiple particles interacting in a STP potential via the electric Coulomb potential. For the multiple particle case, we focus on the occurrence of bifurcations when the amplitude of the STP potential varies. It is found that the particle concentration of the system plays an important role; the type of bifurcations that occur and the number of attractors present in the Poincar\\'e sections depend on whether the number of particles in the simulation is even or odd. In addition to the nonlinear dynamical approach we also discuss dependence of the squared fractional deviation of particles kinetic energy of the multiple particle system on the amplitude of the STP potential which can be used to elucidate certain transitions of states; this approach is simple and useful particularly for experimental studies of complicated interacting systems.
Robustness of the periodic and chaotic orientational behavior of tumbling nematic liquid crystals
Heidenreich, Sebastian; Hess, Siegfried [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Technical University Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, D-10623 (Germany); Ilg, Patrick [Institute for Theoretical Physics, Technical University Berlin, Hardenbergstrasse 36, D-10623 (Germany); Universite Lyon1, Laboratoire de Physique de la Matiere Condensee et Nanostructures, CNRS, UMR5586, F-69622 Villeurbanne Cedex (France)
2006-06-15T23:59:59.000Z
The dynamical behavior of molecular alignment strongly affects physical properties of nematic liquid crystals. A theoretical description can be made by a nonlinear relaxation equation of the order parameter and leads to the prediction that rather complex even chaotic orientational behavior occur. Here the influence of fluctuating shear rates on the orientational dynamics especially on chaotic solutions is discussed. With the help of phase portraits and time evolution diagrams, we investigated the influence of different fluctuation strengths on the flow aligned, isotropic, and periodic solutions. To explore the effect of fluctuations on the chaotic behavior, we calculated the largest Lyapunov exponent for different fluctuation strengths. We found in all cases that small fluctuations of the shear rate do not affect the basic features of the dynamics of tumbling nematics. Furthermore, we present an amended potential modeling the isotropic to nematic transition and discuss the equivalence and difference to the commonly used Landau-de Gennes potential. In contrast to the Landau-de Gennes potential, our potential has the advantage to restrict the order parameter to physically admissible values. In the case of extensional flow, we show that the amended potential leads for increasing extensional rate to a better agreement with experimental results.
Sloan Digital Sky Survey observing time tracking and efficiency measurement
Eric H. Neilsen, Jr.; Richard G. Kron; William N. Boroski
2002-10-16T23:59:59.000Z
Accurate and consistent time tracking is essential for evaluating the efficiency of survey observing operations and identifying areas that need improvement. Off the shelf time tracking software, which requires users to enter activities by hand, proved tedious to use and insufficiently exible. In this paper, we present an alternate time tracking system developed specifically for Sloan Digital Sky Survey observing. This system uses an existing logging system, murmur, to log the beginning and ending times of tracked circumstances, including activities, weather, and problems which effect observing. Operations software automatically generates most entries for routine observing activities; in a night of routine observing, time tracking requires little or no attention from the observing staff. A graphical user interface allows observers to make entries marking time lost to weather and equipment, and to correct inaccurate entries made by the observing software. The last is necessary when the change in activity is not marked by a change in the state of the software or instruments, or when the time is used for engineering or other observing not part of routine survey data collection. A second utility generates reports of time usage from these logs. These reports include totals for the time spent for each observing task, time lost to weather and problems, efficiency statistics for comparison with the survey baseline, and a detailed listing of what activities and problems were present in any covered time period.
Bootstrapping Time Dilation Decoherence
Gooding, Cisco
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a general relativistic model of a spherical shell of matter with a perfect fluid on its surface coupled to an internal oscillator, which generalizes a model recently introduced by the authors to construct a self-gravitating interferometer [1]. The internal oscillator evolution is defined with respect to the local proper time of the shell, allowing the oscillator to serve as a local clock that ticks differently depending on the shell's position and momentum. A Hamiltonian reduction is performed on the system, and an approximate quantum description is given to the reduced phase space. If we focus only on the external dynamics, we must trace out the clock degree of freedom, and this results in a form of intrinsic decoherence that shares some features with a proposed "universal" decoherence mechanism attributed to gravitational time dilation [2]. We show that the proposed decoherence remains present in the (gravity-free) limit of flat spacetime, indicating that the effect can be attributed entirely to ...
[2008, 23pp]---On certain period relations for cusp forms on GL_n.pdf
2008-07-24T23:59:59.000Z
International Mathematics Research Notices, Vol. 2008, Article ID rnn077, .... sponds to a Hilbert modular form of CM type, then our period relations are formally ...
EIS-0466: Re-opening of Public Scoping Period and Announcement...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Public Scoping Meetings Continued Operation of the Sandia National Laboratories, New Mexico Comment Period Ends: 9122011 Submit Comments to: Ms. Jeanette Norte NNSA Sandia...
EIS-0299: Notice of Extension of Comment Period for the Environmental...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Impact Statement Proposed Production of Plutonium-238 for Use in Advanced Radioisotope Power Systems for Future Space Missions DOE is extending the public scoping period on the...
A Low-Cost, High-Efficiency Periodic Flow Gas Turbine for Distributed Energy Generation
Dr. Adam London
2008-06-20T23:59:59.000Z
The proposed effort served as a feasibility study for an innovative, low-cost periodic flow gas turbine capable of realizing efficiencies in the 39-48% range.
Computer Assisted 'Proof' of the Global Existence of Periodic Orbits in the Rössler System
A. E. Botha; W. Dednam
2014-08-14T23:59:59.000Z
The numerical optimized shooting method for finding periodic orbits in nonlinear dynamical systems was employed to determine the existence of periodic orbits in the well-known R\\"ossler system. By optimizing the period $T$ and the three system parameters, $a$, $b$ and $c$, simultaneously, it was found that, for any initial condition $(x_0,y_0,z_0) \\in \\Re^3$, there exists at least one set of optimized parameters corresponding to a periodic orbit passing through $ (x_0,y_0,z_0)$. After a discussion of this result it was concluded that its analytical proof may present an interesting new mathematical challenge.
EIS-0385: Notice to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
to Extend the Public Scoping Period and Reschedule Public Scoping Meetings Strategic Petroleum Reserve Due to the extraordinary circumstances created by Hurricane Katrina in the...
Measuring the rotation period distribution of field M-dwarfs with Kepler
McQuillan, Amy; Mazeh, Tsevi
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We have analysed 10 months of public data from the Kepler space mission to measure rotation periods of main-sequence stars with masses between 0.3 and 0.55 M_sun. To derive the rotational period we introduce the autocorrelation function and show that it is robust against phase and amplitude modulation and residual instrumental systematics. Of the 2483 stars examined, we detected rotation periods in 1570 (63.2%), representing an increase of a factor ~ 30 in the number of rotation period determination for field M-dwarfs. The periods range from 0.37-69.7 days, with amplitudes ranging from 1.0-140.8 mmags. The rotation period distribution is clearly bimodal, with peaks at ~ 19 and ~ 33 days, hinting at two distinct waves of star formation, a hypothesis that is supported by the fact that slower rotators tend to have larger proper motions. The two peaks of the rotation period distribution form two distinct sequences in period-temperature space, with the period decreasing with increasing temperature, reminiscent of ...
EIS-0250-S2 and EIS-0369: Notice of Public Comment Period Extension...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Notice of Public Comment Period Extension and Additional Public Meeting Supplemental Yucca Mountain Rail Corridor and Rail Alignment The Department of Energy announced an...
DOE Extends Comment Period on Notice of Inquiry Under the Energy...
Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE) Indexed Site
Act of 2007, which implements the Convention on Supplementary Compensation for Nuclear Damage. The public comment period will be extended to October 27, 2010. The signed extension...
Final Exam Location and Time. Math 162 Fall 2001. Date: Wednesday December 12, 2001. Time: 7:00 pm -9:00 pm. Location: Lambert Fieldhouse ...
Final Exam Location and Time. Math 161 Fall 2001. Date: Friday December 14, 2001. Time: 8:00 am -10:00 am. Location: Lambert Fieldhouse ...
Advertising Emergency Department Wait Times
Weiner, Scott G
2013-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
studies evaluating the advertising of ED wait times. Only 1potentially used for advertising may be inaccurate. AccessedE ditorial Advertising Emergency Department Wait Times Scott
Denoising Deterministic Time Series
Steven P. Lalley; Andrew B. Nobel
2006-04-21T23:59:59.000Z
This paper is concerned with the problem of recovering a finite, deterministic time series from observations that are corrupted by additive, independent noise. A distinctive feature of this problem is that the available data exhibit long-range dependence and, as a consequence, existing statistical theory and methods are not readily applicable. This paper gives an analysis of the denoising problem that extends recent work of Lalley, but begins from first principles. Both positive and negative results are established. The positive results show that denoising is possible under somewhat restrictive conditions on the additive noise. The negative results show that, under more general conditions on the noise, no procedure can recover the underlying deterministic series.
Real time automated inspection
Fant, Karl M. (Minneapolis, MN); Fundakowski, Richard A. (Saint Paul, MN); Levitt, Tod S. (Minneapolis, MN); Overland, John E. (Plymouth, MN); Suresh, Bindinganavle R. (New Brighton, MN); Ulrich, Franz W. (Minneapolis, MN)
1985-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges are segmented out by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections.
Time encoded radiation imaging
Marleau, Peter; Brubaker, Erik; Kiff, Scott
2014-10-21T23:59:59.000Z
The various technologies presented herein relate to detecting nuclear material at a large stand-off distance. An imaging system is presented which can detect nuclear material by utilizing time encoded imaging relating to maximum and minimum radiation particle counts rates. The imaging system is integrated with a data acquisition system that can utilize variations in photon pulse shape to discriminate between neutron and gamma-ray interactions. Modulation in the detected neutron count rates as a function of the angular orientation of the detector due to attenuation of neighboring detectors is utilized to reconstruct the neutron source distribution over 360 degrees around the imaging system. Neutrons (e.g., fast neutrons) and/or gamma-rays are incident upon scintillation material in the imager, the photons generated by the scintillation material are converted to electrical energy from which the respective neutrons/gamma rays can be determined and, accordingly, a direction to, and the location of, a radiation source identified.
Real time automated inspection
Fant, K.M.; Fundakowski, R.A.; Levitt, T.S.; Overland, J.E.; Suresh, B.R.; Ulrich, F.W.
1985-05-21T23:59:59.000Z
A method and apparatus are described relating to the real time automatic detection and classification of characteristic type surface imperfections occurring on the surfaces of material of interest such as moving hot metal slabs produced by a continuous steel caster. A data camera transversely scans continuous lines of such a surface to sense light intensities of scanned pixels and generates corresponding voltage values. The voltage values are converted to corresponding digital values to form a digital image of the surface which is subsequently processed to form an edge-enhanced image having scan lines characterized by intervals corresponding to the edges of the image. The edge-enhanced image is thresholded to segment out the edges and objects formed by the edges by interval matching and bin tracking. Features of the objects are derived and such features are utilized to classify the objects into characteristic type surface imperfections. 43 figs.
Real-time applications of neural nets
Spencer, J.E.
1989-05-01T23:59:59.000Z
Producing, accelerating and colliding very high power, low emittance beams for long periods is a formidable problem in real-time control. As energy has grown exponentially in time so has the complexity of the machines and their control systems. Similar growth rates have occurred in many areas, e.g., improved integrated circuits have been paid for with comparable increases in complexity. However, in this case, reliability, capability and cost have improved due to reduced size, high production and increased integration which allow various kinds of feedback. In contrast, most large complex systems (LCS) are perceived to lack such possibilities because only one copy is made. Neural nets, as a metaphor for LCS, suggest ways to circumvent such limitations. It is argued that they are logically equivalent to multi-loop feedback/forward control of faulty systems. While complimentary to AI, they mesh nicely with characteristics desired for real-time systems. Such issues are considered, examples given and possibilities discussed. 21 refs., 6 figs.
Finite-difference time-domain simulation of fusion plasmas at radiofrequency time scales
Smithe, David N. [Tech-X Corporation, 5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Suite A, Boulder, Colorado 80303 (United States)
2007-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
Simulation of dense plasmas in the radiofrequency range are typically performed in the frequency domain, i.e., by solving Laplace-transformed Maxwell's equations. This technique is well-suited for the study of linear heating and quasilinear evolution, but does not generalize well to the study of nonlinear phenomena. Conversely, time-domain simulation in this range is difficult because the time scale is long compared to the electron plasma wave period, and in addition, the various cutoff and resonance behaviors within the plasma insure that any explicit finite-difference scheme would be numerically unstable. To resolve this dilemma, explicit finite-difference Maxwell terms are maintained, but a carefully time-centered locally implicit method is introduced to treat the plasma current, such that all linear plasma dispersion behavior is faithfully reproduced at the available temporal and spatial resolution, despite the fact that the simulation time step may exceed the electron gyro and electron plasma time scales by orders of magnitude. Demonstrations are presented of the method for several classical benchmarks, including mode conversion to ion cyclotron wave, cyclotron resonance, propagation into a plasma-wave cutoff, and tunneling through low-density edge plasma.
Chopra, Omesh K. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Diercks, Dwight R. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Nuclear Engineering Division; Ma, David Chia-Chiun [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division; Garud, Yogendra S. [Argonne National Lab., IL (United States). Environmental Science Division
2013-12-17T23:59:59.000Z
At the request of the United States (U.S.) government, the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) assembled a team of 20 senior safety experts to review the regulatory framework for the safety of operating nuclear power plants in the United States. This review focused on the effectiveness of the regulatory functions implemented by the NRC and on its commitment to nuclear safety and continuous improvement. One suggestion resulting from that review was that the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) incorporate lessons learned from periodic safety reviews (PSRs) performed in other countries as an input to the NRC’s assessment processes. In the U.S., commercial nuclear power plants (NPPs) are granted an initial 40-year operating license, which may be renewed for additional 20-year periods, subject to complying with regulatory requirements. The NRC has established a framework through its inspection, and operational experience processes to ensure the safe operation of licensed nuclear facilities on an ongoing basis. In contrast, most other countries do not impose a specific time limit on the operating licenses for NPPs, they instead require that the utility operating the plant perform PSRs, typically at approximately 10-year intervals, to assure continued safe operation until the next assessment. The staff contracted with Argonne National Laboratory (Argonne) to perform a pilot review of selected translated PSR assessment reports and related documentation from foreign nuclear regulatory authorities to identify any potential new regulatory insights regarding license renewal-related topics and NPP operating experience (OpE). A total of 14 PSR assessment documents from 9 countries were reviewed. For all of the countries except France, individual reports were provided for each of the plants reviewed. In the case of France, three reports were provided that reviewed the performance assessment of thirty-four 900-MWe reactors of similar design commissioned between 1978 and 1988. All of the reports reviewed were the regulator’s assessment of the PSR findings rather than the original PSR report, and all but one were English translations from the original language. In these reviews, it was found that most of the countries base their regulatory guidance to some extent (and often to a large extent) on U.S. design codes and standards, NRC regulatory guidance, and U.S. industry guidance. In addition, many of the observed operational technical issues and OpE events reported for U.S. reactors are also cited in the PSR reports. The PSR reports also identified a number of potential technical material/component performance issues and OpE events that are not commonly reported for U.S. plants.
Time-resolved optical photometry of the ultra-compact binary 4U0614+091
Shahbaz, T; Zurita, C; Villaver, E; Hernandez-Peralta, H
2008-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We present a detailed optical study of the ultra-compact X-ray binary 4U0614+091. We have used 63 hrs of time-resolved optical photometry taken with three different telescopes (IAC80, NOT and SPM) to search for optical modulations. The power spectra of each dataset reveals sinusoidal modulations with different periods, which are not always present. The strongest modulation has a period of 51.3 mins, a semi-amplitude of 4.6 mmags, and is present in the IAC80 data. The SPM and NOT data show periods of 42 mins and 64 mins respectively, but with much weaker amplitudes, 2.6 mags and 1.3 mmags respectively. These modulations arise from either X-ray irradiation of the inner face of the secondary star and/or a superhump modulation from the accretion disc, or quasi-periodic modulations in the accretion disc. It is unclear whether these periods/quasi-periodic modulations are related to the orbital period, however, the strongest period of 51.3 mins is close to earlier tentative orbital periods. Further observations take...
Time-resolved optical photometry of the ultra-compact binary 4U0614+091
T. Shahbaz; C. A. Watson; C. Zurita; E. Villaver; H. Hernandez-Peralta
2008-06-09T23:59:59.000Z
We present a detailed optical study of the ultra-compact X-ray binary 4U0614+091. We have used 63 hrs of time-resolved optical photometry taken with three different telescopes (IAC80, NOT and SPM) to search for optical modulations. The power spectra of each dataset reveals sinusoidal modulations with different periods, which are not always present. The strongest modulation has a period of 51.3 mins, a semi-amplitude of 4.6 mmags, and is present in the IAC80 data. The SPM and NOT data show periods of 42 mins and 64 mins respectively, but with much weaker amplitudes, 2.6 mags and 1.3 mmags respectively. These modulations arise from either X-ray irradiation of the inner face of the secondary star and/or a superhump modulation from the accretion disc, or quasi-periodic modulations in the accretion disc. It is unclear whether these periods/quasi-periodic modulations are related to the orbital period, however, the strongest period of 51.3 mins is close to earlier tentative orbital periods. Further observations taken over a long base-line are encouraged.
P-WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC DATA INTERPRETATION AT RULISON FIELD, PICEANCE BASIN, COLORADO
P-WAVE TIME-LAPSE SEISMIC DATA INTERPRETATION AT RULISON FIELD, PICEANCE BASIN, COLORADO by Donald-lapse seismic surveys, shot by the Reservoir Characterization Project in the fall of 2003 and 2004, at Rulison seismic can monitor tight gas reservoirs, to a limited extent, over a short period of time. Repeat surveys
Minimization of the pulse's timing jitter in a dispersion-compensated WDM system
Band, Yehuda B.
Minimization of the pulse's timing jitter in a dispersion-compensated WDM system O F I R A H A R O jitter 1. Introduction It is well known that periodic dispersion compensation is a necessary ingredient of the pulses. This is the source of additional timing jitter that impedes achievement of higher bit rates
Combined Scheduling of Hard and Soft Real-Time Tasks in Multiprocessor Systems
Manimaran, Govindarasu
Combined Scheduling of Hard and Soft Real-Time Tasks in Multiprocessor Systems B. Duwairi and G to support combined scheduling of hard and soft real-time tasks in such systems, in which multiprocessors with periodic soft tasks. Scheduling any of these task combinations in multiprocessor systems is a #12
Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Analysis of Heart Rate Variability Using Time-Varying Filtering of Heart Transplanted Patients the heart rate variability (HRV), obtained by using the time-varying integral pulse frequency modulation (TVIPFM) which is well adapted to the exercise stress testing. We consider that the mean heart period
Machine scheduling by column-and-row generation on the time-indexed formulation
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
-polynomial in the input size). The linear programming (LP) relaxation of this formulation is known to produce very tight this problem uses the following time-indexed Integer Programming formulation. Let a binary variable zjt, j J of constraints models the assignment of each job to a time period, while the others enforce the "one
Lyapunov based continuous-time nonlinear controller redesign for sampled-data implementation
Nesic, Dragan
Lyapunov based continuous-time nonlinear controller redesign for sampled-data implementation, 2004 Abstract: Given a continuous-time controller and a Lyapunov function that shows global asymptotic the sampling period T) of the Lyapunov difference for the sampled-data system with the redesigned controller
Task Merging for Dynamic Power Management of Cyclic Applications in Real-Time Multiprocessor Systems
Qiu, Qinru
Task Merging for Dynamic Power Management of Cyclic Applications in Real-Time Multiprocessor--In this paper we propose the method of task merging and idle period clustering for dynamic power management (DPM management, low power, multiprocessor, real-time I. INTRODUCTION Multiprocessor systems, which were used only
The backward phase flow method for the Eulerian finite time Lyapunov exponent computations
Leung, Shingyu, E-mail: masyleung@ust.hk [Department of Mathematics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay (Hong Kong)] [Department of Mathematics, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay (Hong Kong)
2013-12-15T23:59:59.000Z
We propose a simple Eulerian approach to compute the moderate to long time flow map for approximating the Lyapunov exponent of a (periodic or aperiodic) dynamical system. The idea is to generalize a recently proposed backward phase flow method which is specially designed for long time level set propagation. Unlike the original phase flow method or the backward phase flow method, which is applicable only to autonomous systems, the current approach can also be applied to any time-dependent (periodic or aperiodic) flow. We will discuss the stability of the proposed method. Numerical examples will be given to demonstrate the effectiveness of the algorithm.
Singh, Nishant K
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We study the dynamics of stellar wind from one of the bodies in the binary system, where the other body interacts only gravitationally. We focus on following three issues: (i) we explore the origin of observed periodic variations in maser intensity; (ii) we address the nature of bipolar molecular outflows; and (iii) we show generation of baroclinicity in the same model setup. From direct numerical simulations and further numerical modelling, we find that the maser intensity along a given line of sight varies periodically due to periodic modulation of material density. This modulation period is of the order of the binary period. Another feature of this model is that the velocity structure of the flow remains unchanged with time in late stages of wind evolution. Therefore the location of the masing spot along the chosen sightline stays at the same spatial location, thus naturally explaining the observational fact. This also gives an appearance of bipolar nature in the standard position-velocity diagram, as has ...
Cook, C.; Dibrani, B.; Richmond, M.; Bleich, M.; Titzler, P..; Fu, T. [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
2006-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
This report documents a four-year study to assess hydraulic conditions in the lower Snake River. The work was conducted for the Bonneville Power Administration, U.S. Department of Energy, by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Cold water released from the Dworshak Reservoir hypolimnion during mid- to late-summer months cools the Clearwater River far below equilibrium temperature. The volume of released cold water augments the Clearwater River, and the combined total discharge is on the order of the Snake River discharge when the two rivers meet at their confluence near the upstream edge of Lower Granite Reservoir. With typical temperature differences between the Clearwater and Snake rivers of 10 C or more during July and August, the density difference between the two rivers during summer flow augmentation periods is sufficient to stratify Lower Granite Reservoir as well as the other three reservoirs downstream. Because cooling of the river is desirable for migrating juvenile fall Chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) during this same time period, the amount of mixing and cold water entrained into Lower Granite Reservoir's epilimnion at the Clearwater/Snake River confluence is of key biological importance. Data collected during this project indicates the three reservoirs downstream of Lower Granite also stratify as direct result of flow augmentation from Dworshak Reservoir. These four reservoirs are also heavily influenced by wind forcing at the water's surface and during periods of low river discharge often behave like a two-layer lake. During these periods of stratification, lower river discharge, and wind forcing, the water in the upper layer of the reservoir is held in place or moves slightly upstream. This upper layer is also exposed to surface heating and may warm up to temperatures close to equilibrium temperature. The thickness (depth) of this upper warm layer and its direction of travel may be of key biological importance to juvenile fall Chinook salmon. This report describes field data collection, modeling, and analysis of hydrodynamic and temperature conditions in the Lower Granite Reservoir during the summer flow augmentation periods of 2002, 2003, and 2004. Although temperature, and hence density, differences during flow augmentation periods between the Clearwater and Snake rivers were approximately equal (7-12 C) for all four years, the discharge ratio varied which resulted in significant differences in entrainment of cooler Clearwater River water into the Lower Granite Reservoir epilimnion. However, as a direct result of system management, Lower Granite Dam tailrace temperatures were maintained near 20 C during all years. Primary differences in the other three lower Snake River reservoirs were therefore a result of meteorological conditions and dam operations, which produced variations in wind setup and surface heating. Circulation patterns in all four lower Snake River reservoirs were numerically simulated for periods of 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 using CE-QUAL-W2. Simulation results show that these models are capable of matching diurnal and long-term temperature and velocity changes in the reservoirs. In addition, the confluence zone of the Clearwater and Snake rivers was modeled using the three-dimensional non-hydrostatic model Flow3D. Once calibrated and validated, the reservoir models were used to investigate downstream impacts of alternative reservoir operation schemes, such as increasing or decreasing the ratio of Clearwater to Snake river discharge. Simulation results were linked with the particle tracking model FINS to develop reservoir-integrated metrics that varied due to these alternative operation schemes. Findings indicate that significant alterations in water temperature throughout the lower Snake River are possible by altering hypolimnetic discharges from Dworshak Reservoir, which may also impact the behavior of migrating juvenile fall Chinook salmon during periods of flow augmentation.
David Boyd
2004-09-14T23:59:59.000Z
A modulation in the V-band with period 527.84+/-1.81 sec and amplitude 0.023 magnitude, attributable to the spin of the magnetic white dwarf primary star, has been detected in 7.5 hours of V-band CCD photometry data recorded during the January 2004 outburst of the DQ Her type dwarf nova DO (YY) Draconis. This measurement is consistent with previous results for the white dwarf spin period based on X-ray and UV observations made with the Hubble Space Telescope, ROSAT and the Rossi X-ray Timing Explorer and appears to be the first independent determination of the spin period in the V-band. It is consistent with previous V-band observations in not showing a significant signal at the first harmonic of the spin period as seen in X-ray and UV data. Light output in the V-band peaks only once per rotation of the white dwarf rather than twice as seen in X-rays and UV. Concurrent observation at optical and X-ray wavelengths is needed to establish whether these two modulation behaviours occur at the same time during the outburst and to investigate the phase relationship between them. A coordinated observing campaign at a future outburst would help to advance our understanding of this system.
A LPV approach to control and real-time scheduling codesign: application to a robot-arm control
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
resource sharing between control tasks according to the controlled plant per- formances. Here the varying] a processor load regulation is proposed and applied for real-time control of a robot arm. In [3], some results the sampling period may also be parameter varying. Finally methods to design sampling period dependent con
Time's Ontic Voltage Craig Callender
Callender, Craig
Time's Ontic Voltage Craig Callender Philosophy of time, as practiced throughout the last hundred venue for attacking questions about the nature of time--in sharp contrast to the primary venue slowly in philosophy of time.1 Since twentieth-century analytic philosophy as a whole often drew
Untameable Timed Automata! (Extended Abstract)
Doyen, Laurent
are a widely studied model for realtime systems. Since 8 years, several tools implement this modellife systems. 1 Introduction RealTime Systems Since their introduction by Alur and Dill in [AD94], timed au tomata are one of the most studied models for realtime systems. Numerous works have been devoted
Untameable Timed Automata! (Extended Abstract)
Doyen, Laurent
model for real-time systems. Since 8 years, several tools implement this model and are successfully used for a restricted class of timed automata, which has been sufficient for modeling numerous real-life systems. 1 Introduction Real-Time Systems - Since their introduction by Alur and Dill in [AD94], timed au- tomata are one
Characterization of LMS and DMR Beamformers in the Presence of Loud Periodic Interferers
George Mason University
Characterization of LMS and DMR Beamformers in the Presence of Loud Periodic Interferers Geoffrey C introduced loud impulsive periodic interferers into these systems. Standard LMS adaptive beamforming interference. 1. INTRODUCTION Adaptive Least Mean-Square (LMS) beamformers are efficient algorithms, providing
Emergence of unsteady dark solitary waves from coalescing spatially-periodic patterns
Bridges, Tom
Emergence of unsteady dark solitary waves from coalescing spatially-periodic patterns Thomas J of the defocussing nonlinear Schrödinger equation. In this paper the interest is in a mechanism for the emergence is on the periodic state at innity as the generator. It is shown that a natural mechanism for the emergence
Margaliot, Michael
1 Entrainment to Periodic Initiation and Transition Rates in a Computational Model for Gene, the biological system must entrain or phase-lock to the periodic excitation. Entrainment is also important in synthetic biology. For example, connecting several artificial biological systems that entrain to a common
Sontag, Eduardo
Entrainment to Periodic Initiation and Transition Rates in a Computational Model for Gene to the solar day. In the terminology of systems theory, the biological system must entrain or phase-lock to the periodic excitation. Entrainment is also important in synthetic biology. For example, connecting several
Semi-automatic Construction of Cross-period Thesaurus Chaya Liebeskind, Ido Dagan, Jonathan Schler
Wintner, Shuly
Semi-automatic Construction of Cross-period Thesaurus Chaya Liebeskind, Ido Dagan, Jonathan Schler-period (Diachronic) Thesaurus Automatic generation of candidates Research objective Our task: · Support searches of cultural resources · High-quality diachronic thesaurus construction Semi-automatic setting Hardly explored
Periodic migration in a physical model of cells on micropatterns Brian A. Camley,1, 2
Li, Bo
Periodic migration in a physical model of cells on micropatterns Brian A. Camley,1, 2 Yanxiang Zhao, bipedal motion, and periodic migration, in which the cell crawls persistently in one direction before-dimensional extracellular ma- trix (ECM). However, cells in ECM often exhibit qualitatively different modes of migration
Stable all-optical limiting in nonlinear periodic structures. I. Analysis
Pelinovsky, Dmitry
Stable all-optical limiting in nonlinear periodic structures. I. Analysis Dmitry Pelinovsky consider propagation of coherent light through a nonlinear periodic optical structure consisting of two al-dependent dy- namics. We find the domain for existence of true all-optical limiting when the input
Comparison of quantization of charge transport in periodic and open pumps
Comparison of quantization of charge transport in periodic and open pumps G.M. Graf and G. Ortelli the charges transported in two systems, a spatially periodic and an open quantum pump, both depending physical situations become the same, i.e., that of a large open pump. 1 Introduction In this note we
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design*
Saitou, Kazuhiro "Kazu"
Multi-Period Production Capacity Planning for Integrated Product and Production System Design* Emre.ac.uk kazu@umich.edu .Abstract This paper presents a simulation-based method to aid multi-period production capacity planning by quantifying the trade-off between product quality and production cost. The product
Guide to Library Resources for English 110 Finding Books, Periodicals, Microforms and Media
Cakoni, Fioralba
the Library of Congress Classification System. Each book (or bound volume of a periodical) is assigned a call1 Guide to Library Resources for English 110 Finding Books, Periodicals, Microforms and Media held by the University of Delaware Library, you may wish to start by searching DELCAT or WorldCat Local
Operator Non-Availability Periods N. Brauner, G. Finke, V. Lehoux-Lebacque, C. Rapine
Paris-Sud XI, Université de
Operator Non-Availability Periods N. Brauner, G. Finke, V. Lehoux-Lebacque, C. Rapine C. Potts, V. Strusevich July 27, 2007 version-3 Abstract. In scheduling literature, the notion of machine non-availability special periods (the week-ends, holidays, vacations) where the chemists are not available. However, human
Periodic Cooling of Bird Eggs Reduces Embryonic Growth Efficiency Christopher R. Olson*
Vleck, Carol
927 Periodic Cooling of Bird Eggs Reduces Embryonic Growth Efficiency Christopher R. Olson* Carol M, periodic cooling occurs when the in- cubating adult leaves the nest to forage, but the effects of pe- riodic cooling on embryo growth, yolk use, and metabolism are poorly known. To address this question, we
Evolution of obesity prevalence in France: An Age-Period-Cohort analysis
Evolution of obesity prevalence in France: An Age-Period- Cohort analysis Authors : Ibrahima Diouf1, France. Running title: Age-Period-Cohort analysis for obesity prevalence in France Address in the prevalence of obesity has been reported in France since 1990. We investigated the impact of birth cohort
Schneider, Abe
2014-04-09T23:59:59.000Z
The main goal of this proposal was to develop and test a novel powertrain solution for the SLH hydroEngine?, a low-cost, efficient low-head hydropower technology. Nearly two-thirds of U.S. renewable electricity is produced by hydropower (EIA 2010). According to the U.S. Department of Energy; this amount could be increased by 50% with small hydropower plants, often using already-existing dams (Hall 2004). There are more than 80,000 existing dams, and of these, less than 4% generate power (Blankinship 2009). In addition, there are over 800 irrigation districts in the U.S., many with multiple, non-power, low-head drops. These existing, non-power dams and irrigation drops could be retrofitted to produce distributed, baseload, renewable energy with appropriate technology. The problem is that most existing dams are low-head, or less than 30 feet in height (Ragon 2009). Only about 2% of the available low-head hydropower resource in the U.S. has been developed, leaving more than 70 GW of annual mean potential low-head capacity untapped (Hall 2004). Natel Energy, Inc. is developing a low-head hydropower turbine that operates efficiently at heads less than 6 meters and is cost-effective for deployment across multiple low-head structures. Because of the unique racetrack-like path taken by the prime-movers in the SLH, a flexible powertrain is required. Historically, the only viable technological solution was roller chain. Despite the having the ability to easily attach blades, roller chain is characterized by significant drawbacks, including high cost, wear, and vibration from chordal action. Advanced carbon-#12;fiber-reinforced timing belts have been recently developed which, coupled with a novel belt attachment system developed by Natel Energy, result in a large reduction in moving parts, reduced mass and cost, and elimination of chordal action for increased fatigue life. The work done in this project affirmatively addressed each of the following 3 major uncertainties concerning a timing-belt based hydroEngine ?powertrain: 1. Can a belt handle the high torques and power loads demanded by the SLH? (Yes.) 2. Can the SLH blades be mounted to belt with a connection that can withstand the loads encountered in operation? (Yes.) 3. Can the belt, with blade attachments, live through the required cyclic loading? (Yes.) The research adds to the general understanding of sustainable small hydropower systems by using innovative system testing to develop and demonstrate performance of a novel powertrain solution, enabling a new type of hydroelectric turbine to be commercially developed. The technical effectiveness of the methods investigated has been shown to be positive through an extensive design and testing process accommodating many constraints and goals, with a major emphasis on high cycle fatigue life. Economic feasibility of the innovations has been demonstrated through many iterations of design for manufacturability and cost reduction. The project is of benefit to the public because it has helped to develop a solution to a major problem -- despite the large available potential for new low-head hydropower, high capital costs and high levelized cost of electricity (LCOE) continue to be major barriers to project development. The hydroEngine? represents a significant innovation, leveraging novel fluid mechanics and mechanical configuration to allow lower-cost turbine manufacture and development of low head hydropower resources.
Harris, David T. (David Taylor)
2011-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Most animals pass through a series of juvenile stages on their way from embryo to adult. These stages represent periods of time in which stage-specific developmental processes occur. At the end of development, the organism ...
Enderlein, Jörg
Dead-time optimized time-correlated photon counting instrument with synchronized, independent timing channels Michael Wahla and Hans-Jürgen Rahn PicoQuant GmbH, Rudower Chaussee 29, D-12489 Berlin December 2006; accepted 19 February 2007; published online 23 March 2007 Time-correlated single photon
Efficient Real-Time Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory...
Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)
Efficient Real-Time Time-Dependent Density Functional Theory Method and its Application to a Collision of an Ion with a 2D Material This content will become publicly available on...
Gevorgyan, T. V. [Institute for Physical Research, National Academy of Sciences, Ashtarak-2, 0203 Ashtarak (Armenia); Shahinyan, A. R. [Yerevan State University, A. Manoogian 1, 0025 Yerevan (Armenia); Kryuchkyan, G. Yu. [Institute for Physical Research, National Academy of Sciences, Ashtarak-2, 0203 Ashtarak (Armenia); Yerevan State University, A. Manoogian 1, 0025 Yerevan (Armenia)
2009-05-15T23:59:59.000Z
We show that quantum-interference phenomena can be realized for the dissipative nonlinear systems exhibiting hysteresis-cycle behavior and quantum chaos. Such results are obtained for a driven dissipative nonlinear oscillator with time-dependent parameters and take place for the regimes of long time intervals exceeding dissipation time and for macroscopic levels of oscillatory excitation numbers. Two schemas of time modulation, (i) periodic variation in the strength of the {chi}(3) nonlinearity; (ii) periodic modulation of the amplitude of the driving force, are considered. These effects are obtained within the framework of phase-space quantum distributions. It is demonstrated that the Wigner functions of oscillatory mode in both bistable and chaotic regimes acquire negative values and interference patterns in parts of phase-space due to appropriately time modulation of the oscillatory nonlinear dynamics. It is also shown that the time modulation of the oscillatory parameters essentially improves the degree of sub-Poissonian statistics of excitation numbers.
Rothe, R.E.
1996-09-30T23:59:59.000Z
A series of 62 critical and critical approach experiments were performed to evaluate a possible novel means of storing large volumes of fissile solution in a critically safe configuration. This study is intended to increase safety and economy through use of such a system in commercial plants which handle fissionable materials in liquid form. The fissile solution`s concentration may equal or slightly exceed the minimum-critical-volume concentration; and experiments were performed for high-enriched uranium solution. Results should be generally applicable in a wide variety of plant situations. The method is called the `Poisoned Tube Tank` because strong neutron absorbers (neutron poisons) are placed inside periodically spaced stainless steel tubes which separate absorber material from solution, keeping the former free of contamination. Eight absorbers are investigated. Both square and triangular pitched lattice patterns are studied. Ancillary topics which closely model typical plant situations are also reported. They include the effect of removing small bundles of absorbers as might occur during inspections in a production plant. Not taking the tank out of service for these inspections would be an economic advantage. Another ancillary topic studies the effect of the presence of a significant volume of unpoisoned solution close to the Poisoned Tube Tank on the critical height. A summary of the experimental findings is that boron compounds were excellent absorbers, as expected. This was true for granular materials such as Gerstley Borate and Borax; but it was also true for the flexible solid composed of boron carbide and rubber, even though only thin sheets were used. Experiments with small bundles of absorbers intentionally removed reveal that quite reasonable tanks could be constructed that would allow a few tubes at a time to be removed from the tank for inspection without removing the tank from production service.
Ferrocyanide Safety Program. Quarterly report for the period ending March 31, 1994
Meacham, J.E.; Cash, R.J.; Dukelow, G.T.
1994-04-01T23:59:59.000Z
Various high-level radioactive waste from defense operations has accumulated at the Hanford Site in underground storage tanks since the mid-1940s. During the 1950s, additional tank storage space was required to support the defense mission. To obtain this additional storage volume within a short time period, and to minimize the need for constructing additional storage tanks, Hanford Site scientists developed a process to scavenge {sup 137}Cs from tank waste liquids. In implementing this process, approximately 140 metric tons of ferrocyanide were added to waste that was later routed to some Hanford Site single-shell tanks. The reactive nature of ferrocyanide in the presence of an oxidizer has been known for decades, but the conditions under which the compound can undergo endothermic and exothermic reactions have not been thoroughly studied. Because the scavenging process precipitated ferrocyanide from solutions containing nitrate and nitrite, an intimate mixture of ferrocyanides and nitrates and/or nitrites is likely to exist in some regions of the ferrocyanide tanks. This quarterly report provides a status of the activities underway at the Hanford Site on the Ferrocyanide Safety Issue, as requested by the Defense Nuclear Facilities Safety Board (DNFSB) in their Recommendation 90-7. A revised Ferrocyanide Safety Program Plan addressing the total Ferrocyanide Safety Program, including the six parts of DNFSB Recommendation 90-7, was recently prepared and released in March 1994. Activities in the revised program plan are underway or have been completed, and the status of each is described in Section 4.0 of this report.
Time Domain Partitioning of Electricity Production Cost Simulations
Barrows, C.; Hummon, M.; Jones, W.; Hale, E.
2014-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Production cost models are often used for planning by simulating power system operations over long time horizons. The simulation of a day-ahead energy market can take several weeks to compute. Tractability improvements are often made through model simplifications, such as: reductions in transmission modeling detail, relaxation of commitment variable integrality, reductions in cost modeling detail, etc. One common simplification is to partition the simulation horizon so that weekly or monthly horizons can be simulated in parallel. However, horizon partitions are often executed with overlap periods of arbitrary and sometimes zero length. We calculate the time domain persistence of historical unit commitment decisions to inform time domain partitioning of production cost models. The results are implemented using PLEXOS production cost modeling software in an HPC environment to improve the computation time of simulations while maintaining solution integrity.
Aagaard, B T; Graves, R W; Rodgers, A; Brocher, T M; Simpson, R W; Dreger, D; Petersson, N A; Larsen, S C; Ma, S; Jachens, R C
2009-11-04T23:59:59.000Z
We simulate long-period (T > 1.0-2.0 s) and broadband (T > 0.1 s) ground motions for 39 scenarios earthquakes (Mw 6.7-7.2) involving the Hayward, Calaveras, and Rodgers Creek faults. For rupture on the Hayward fault we consider the effects of creep on coseismic slip using two different approaches, both of which reduce the ground motions compared with neglecting the influence of creep. Nevertheless, the scenario earthquakes generate strong shaking throughout the San Francisco Bay area with about 50% of the urban area experiencing MMI VII or greater for the magnitude 7.0 scenario events. Long-period simulations of the 2007 Mw 4.18 Oakland and 2007 Mw 4.5 Alum Rock earthquakes show that the USGS Bay Area Velocity Model version 08.3.0 permits simulation of the amplitude and duration of shaking throughout the San Francisco Bay area, with the greatest accuracy in the Santa Clara Valley (San Jose area). The ground motions exhibit a strong sensitivity to the rupture length (or magnitude), hypocenter (or rupture directivity), and slip distribution. The ground motions display a much weaker sensitivity to the rise time and rupture speed. Peak velocities, peak accelerations, and spectral accelerations from the synthetic broadband ground motions are, on average, slightly higher than the Next Generation Attenuation (NGA) ground-motion prediction equations. We attribute at least some of this difference to the relatively narrow width of the Hayward fault ruptures. The simulations suggest that the Spudich and Chiou (2008) directivity corrections to the NGA relations could be improved by including a dependence on the rupture speed and increasing the areal extent of rupture directivity with period. The simulations also indicate that the NGA relations may under-predict amplification in shallow sedimentary basins.
Name:______________ Period:_____________
Lega, Joceline
cup to balance the system again. Fill in the following table for when the system is balanced: Plot on the line and finding the ratio (expressed as a fraction) of the change in the y- coordinates to the change in the x- coordinates. slope= rise run = y2-y1 x2-x1 6: Label two points in the line and fill
Williamson, Jacquelyn
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
The city of Akhenaten I. London: Egypt Exploration Society.of Akhenaten III. London: Egypt Exploration Society. Petrie,the American Research Center in Egypt 25, pp. 117-121. 1991
Klotz, David
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
the Great, Persia invaded Egypt twice and administered it asEl- Qeis) in Upper Egypt (BM 37496; Yoyotte 1972b: pl. 19a;sites are on the fringes of Egypt: Kharga Oasis to the west,
Waszczak, Adam; Ofek, Eran O; Laher, Russ; Masci, Frank; Levitan, David; Surace, Jason; Cheng, Yu-Chi; Ip, Wing-Huen; Kinoshita, Daisuke; Helou, George; Prince, Thomas A; Kulkarni, Shrinivas
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
We fit 54,296 sparsely-sampled asteroid lightcurves in the Palomar Transient Factory to a combined rotation plus phase-function model. Each lightcurve consists of 20+ observations acquired in a single opposition. Using 805 asteroids in our sample that have reference periods in the literature, we find the reliability of our fitted periods is a complicated function of the period, amplitude, apparent magnitude and other attributes. Using the 805-asteroid ground-truth sample, we train an automated classifier to estimate (along with manual inspection) the validity of the remaining 53,000 fitted periods. By this method we find 9,033 of our lightcurves (of 8,300 unique asteroids) have reliable periods. Subsequent consideration of asteroids with multiple lightcurve fits indicate 4% contamination in these reliable periods. For 3,902 lightcurves with sufficient phase-angle coverage and either a reliably-fit period or low amplitude, we examine the distribution of several phase-function parameters, none of which are bimo...
Formation of laser-induced periodic surface structures on niobium by femtosecond laser irradiation
Pan, A.; Dias, A.; Gomez-Aranzadi, M.; Olaizola, S. M. [CIC microGUNE, Goiru Kalea 9 Polo Innovación Garaia, 20500 Arrasate-Mondragón (Spain); CEIT-IK4 and Tecnun, University of Navarra, Manuel Lardizábal 15, 20018 San Sebastián (Spain); Rodriguez, A. [CIC microGUNE, Goiru Kalea 9 Polo Innovación Garaia, 20500 Arrasate-Mondragón (Spain)
2014-05-07T23:59:59.000Z
The surface morphology of a Niobium sample, irradiated in air by a femtosecond laser with a wavelength of 800?nm and pulse duration of 100 fs, was examined. The period of the micro/nanostructures, parallel and perpendicularly oriented to the linearly polarized fs-laser beam, was studied by means of 2D Fast Fourier Transform analysis. The observed Laser-Induced Periodic Surface Structures (LIPSS) were classified as Low Spatial Frequency LIPSS (periods about 600?nm) and High Spatial Frequency LIPSS, showing a periodicity around 300?nm, both of them perpendicularly oriented to the polarization of the incident laser wave. Moreover, parallel high spatial frequency LIPSS were observed with periods around 100?nm located at the peripheral areas of the laser fingerprint and overwritten on the perpendicular periodic gratings. The results indicate that this method of micro/nanostructuring allows controlling the Niobium grating period by the number of pulses applied, so the scan speed and not the fluence is the key parameter of control. A discussion on the mechanism of the surface topology evolution was also introduced.
The Lyapunov function for Schrödinger operators with a periodic 2x2 matrix potential
Andrei Badanin; Jochen Brüning; Evgeny Korotyaev
2005-08-29T23:59:59.000Z
We consider the Schr\\"odinger operator on the real line with a 2x2 matrix valued 1-periodic potential. The spectrum of this operator is absolutely continuous and consists of intervals separated by gaps. We define a Lyapunov function which is analytic on a two sheeted Riemann surface. On each sheet, the Lyapunov function has the same properties as in the scalar case, but it has branch points, which we call resonances. We prove the existence of real as well as non-real resonances for specific potentials. We determine the asymptotics of the periodic and anti-periodic spectrum and of the resonances at high energy. We show that there exist two type of gaps: 1) stable gaps, where the endpoints are periodic and anti-periodic eigenvalues, 2) unstable (resonance) gaps, where the endpoints are resonances (i.e., real branch points of the Lyapunov function). We also show that periodic and anti-periodic spectrum together determine the spectrum of the matrix Hill operator.
A real-time intercepting beam-profile monitor for a medical cyclotron
Hendriks, C.; Uittenbosch, T.; Cameron, D.; Kellogg, S.; Gray, D.; Buckley, K.; Schaffer, P.; Verzilov, V.; Hoehr, C. [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada)] [TRIUMF, 4004 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, British Columbia V6T 2A3 (Canada)
2013-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
There is a lack of real-time continuous beam-diagnostic tools for medical cyclotrons due to high power deposition during proton irradiation. To overcome this limitation, we have developed a profile monitor that is capable of providing continuous feedback about beam shape and current in real time while it is inserted in the beam path. This enables users to optimize the beam profile and observe fluctuations in the beam over time with periodic insertion of the monitor.
Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination
Grant, Catherine E.
Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination Chandra Calibration Workshop 27 October 2003 Catherine Grant Source · Measuring the decay · Monitoring contamination with the ECS · Models of ECS time dependence · Monitoring contamination with the LETG · Agreement between models #12;ACIS External Calibration Source
Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination
Grant, Catherine E.
Time Dependence of ACIS Contamination Chandra Calibration Workshop 27 October 2003 Catherine Grant Source . Measuring the decay . Monitoring contamination with the ECS . Models of ECS time dependence . Monitoring contamination with the LETG . Agreement between models #12; ACIS External Calibration Source
Real-time method and apparatus for measuring the decay-time constant of a fluorescing phosphor
Britton, Jr., Charles L. (Alcoa, TN); Beshears, David L. (Knoxville, TN); Simpson, Marc L. (Knoxville, TN); Cates, Michael R. (Oak Ridge, TN); Allison, Steve W. (Knoxville, TN)
1999-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
A method for determining the decay-time constant of a fluorescing phosphor is provided, together with an apparatus for performing the method. The apparatus includes a photodetector for detecting light emitted by a phosphor irradiated with an excitation pulse and for converting the detected light into an electrical signal. The apparatus further includes a differentiator for differentiating the electrical signal and a zero-crossing discrimination circuit that outputs a pulse signal having a pulse width corresponding to the time period between the start of the excitation pulse and the time when the differentiated electrical signal reaches zero. The width of the output pulse signal is proportional to the decay-time constant of the phosphor.
Smith, Ken
2007-11-26T23:59:59.000Z
This report describes earthquake activity within approximately 65 km of Yucca Mountain site during the October 1, 2004 to September 30, 2006 time period (FY05-06). The FY05-06 earthquake activity will be compared with the historical and more recent period of seismic activity in the Yucca Mountain region. The relationship between the distribution of seismicity and active faults, historical patterns of activity, and rates of earthquakes (number of events and their magnitudes) are important components in the assessment of the seismic hazard for the Yucca Mountain site. Since October 1992 the University of Nevada has compiled a catalog of earthquakes in the Yucca Mountain area. Seismicity reports have identified notable earthquake activity, provided interpretations of the seismotectonics of the region, and documented changes in the character of earthquake activity based on nearly 30 years of site-characterization monitoring. Data from stations in the seismic network in the vicinity of Yucca Mountain is collected and managed at the Nevada Seismological Laboratory (NSL) at the University of Nevada Reno (UNR). Earthquake events are systematically identified and cataloged under Implementing Procedures developed in compliance with the Nevada System of Higher Education (NSHE) Quality Assurance Program. The earthquake catalog for FY05-06 in the Yucca Mountain region submitted to the Yucca Mountain Technical Data Management System (TDMS) forms the basis of this report.
Bonnet-Bidaud, J M; Busschaert, C; Falize, E; Michaut, C
2015-01-01T23:59:59.000Z
Quasi-periodic oscillations (QPOs) are observed in the optical flux of some polars with typical periods of 1 to 3 s but none have been observed yet in X-rays where a significant part of the accreting energy is released. QPOs are expected and predicted from shock oscillations. Most of the polars have been observed by the XMM-Newton satellite. We made use of the homogeneous set of observations of the polars by XMM-Newton to search for the presence of QPOs in the (0.5-10 keV) energy range and to set significant upper limits for the brightest X-ray polars. We extracted high time-resolution X-ray light curves by taking advantage of the 0.07 sec resolution of the EPIC-PN camera. Among the 65 polars observed with XMM-Newton from 1998 to 2012, a sample of 24 sources was selected on the basis of their counting rate in the PN instrument to secure significant limits. We searched for QPOs using Fast Fourier Transform (FFT) methods and defined limits of detection using statistical tools. Among the sample surveyed, none sh...
Time machines and quantum theory
Mark J Hadley
2006-12-02T23:59:59.000Z
There is a deep structural link between acausal spacetimes and quantum theory. As a consequence quantum theory may resolve some "paradoxes" of time travel. Conversely, non-time-orientable spacetimes naturally give rise to electric charges and spin half. If an explanation of quantum theory is possible, then general relativity with time travel could be it.
Time translation of quantum properties
L. Vanni; R. Laura
2008-12-03T23:59:59.000Z
Based on the notion of time translation, we develop a formalism to deal with the logic of quantum properties at different times. In our formalism it is possible to enlarge the usual notion of context to include composed properties involving properties at different times. We compare our results with the theory of consistent histories.
A. Chakrabarti
1998-01-05T23:59:59.000Z
An iterative map of the unit disc in the complex plane (Appendix) is used to explore certain aspects of selfdual, four dimensional gauge fields (quasi)periodic in the Euclidean time. These fields are characterized by two topological numbers and contain standard instantons and monopoles as different limits. The iterations do not correspond directly to a discretized time evolution of the gauge fields. They are implemented in an indirect fashion. First, (t,r,\\theta,\\phi) being the standard coordinates, the (r,t) half plane is mapped on the unit disc in an appropriate way. This provides an (r,t) parametrization (Sec.1) of Z_0, the starting point of the iterations and makes the iterates increasingly complex functions of r and t. These are then incorporated as building blocks in the generating function of the fields (Sec.2). We explain (starting in Sec.1 and at different stages) in what sense and to what extent some remarkable features of our map (indicated in the title) are thus carried over into the continuous time development of the fields. Special features for quasiperiodicity are studied (Sec.3). Spinor solutions (Sec.4) and propagators (Sec.5) are discussed from the point of view of the mapping. Several possible generalizations are indicated (Sec.6). Some broader topics are discussd in conclusion (Sec.7).
Galuzio, P. P.; Lopes, S. R.; Viana, R. L. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Parana, Caixa Postal 19044, 81531-990 Curitiba, Parana (Brazil)
2011-11-15T23:59:59.000Z
Certain high-dimensional dynamical systems present two or more attractors characterized by different energy branches. For some parameter values the dynamics oscillates between these two branches in a seemingly random fashion, a phenomenon called two-state on-off intermittency. In this work we show that the dynamical mechanism underlying this intermittency involves the severe breakdown of hyperbolicity of the attractors through a mechanism known as unstable dimension variability. We characterize the parametric evolution of this variability using statistical properties of the finite-time Lyapunov exponents. As a model system that exhibits this behavior we consider periodically forced and damped drift waves. In this spatiotemporal example there is a low-dimensional chaotic attractor that is created by an interior crisis, already presenting unstable dimension variability.
Dusatko, John; Allison, S.; Browne, M.; Krejcik, P.; /SLAC
2012-07-23T23:59:59.000Z
The Linac Coherent Light Source requires precision timing trigger signals for various accelerator diagnostics and controls at SLAC-NAL. A new timing system has been developed that meets these requirements. This system is based on COTS hardware with a mixture of custom-designed units. An added challenge has been the requirement that the LCLS Timing System must co-exist and 'know' about the existing SLC Timing System. This paper describes the architecture, construction and performance of the LCLS timing event system.