The U.S. Department of Energy recently released its 2011Strategic Plan (3.46MB - PDF), a comprehensive blueprint to guide the agency's core mission of ensuring America's security and prosperity by addressing its energy, environmental, and nuclear challenges through transformative science and technology solutions.
The plan states, as part of the DOE effort to assure excellence in R&D management, project success should be measured when scientific and technical information is disseminated.
From the plan:
Disseminate our Results: "Our success should be measured not when a project is completed or an experiment concluded, but when scientific and technical information is disseminated. Beyond broad availability of technical reports, e-prints and multimedia, and publication in peer-reviewed journals, open access to experimental data and analysis codes is increasingly important in policy-relevant research areas. The Department will establish guidelines for use with both grants and contracts to ensure appropriate access to, and retention of, scientific data and analysis methods. In more applied areas, knowledge of what did not work can be of equal value with positive results, for that can prevent the misapplication of significant private resources. The Department will therefore encourage the documentation and archiving of negative results from all its performers using the most advanced informatics tools.”
Read more at the OSTIblog