U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI & Publishers Building on Win-Win Collaborations between Publishers & U.S. Dept. of Energy


OSTI & Publishers


Building on Win-Win Collaborations between Publishers & U.S. Dept. of Energy


Brian A. Hitson and Mark Martin

On behalf of

Walt Warnick, Ph.D.,

Director Office of Scientific & Technical Information

U.S. Department of Energy Journal Publishers Meeting

April 30, 2012


What Is OSTI?


OSTI is a program within DOE’s Office of Science, with a corporate responsibility for ensuring access to DOE R&D results.

Since 1947!

  • Public access to unclassified, unlimited
  • Restricted access to classified and sensitive


Energy Policy Act of 2005

"The Secretary, through the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, shall maintain within the Department publicly available collections of scientific and technical information resulting from research, development, demonstration, and commercial applications activities supported by the Department."


"…the Department's role as a source of information…is unique and indispensable in the advancement of energy technologies." -- from Quadrennial Technology Review press release


"Our success should be measured not when a project is completed or an experiment concluded, but when scientific and technical information is disseminated…" -- from 2011 Department of Energy Strategic Plan


OSTI Products

For specific document or media types

Information Bridge; DOE Data Explorer; ScienceCinema; E-Print Network; DOepatents;

ESTSC; DOE Green Energy; DOE R&D Accomplishments; Science Conference Proceedings; Energy Citation Database


Aggregator Productsfederated search

Science Accelerator - Integrates key DOE databases Covers a range of R&D results (reports, patents, citations, e-prints, etc.)

Science.gov - Integrates 12 U.S. federal science agencies Databases and websites offer over 200 million pages of science information

WorldWideScience.org - Integrates >70 nations Provides over 400 million pages of science information from databases and portals worldwide; performs multilingual search across 10 languages; translation of English content for non-English speakers and non-English content for English speakers


OSTI Web Traffic


OSTI information transactions have increased from 2 million to 250 million.

Information Transactions: discrete information exchanges between a user and an OSTI web product.


OSTI & Publishers


OSTI is improving DOE's ability to demonstrate its research results by collaborating with journal publishers. This involves engaging with publishers to identify and broaden access to the journal articles reporting on research funded by DOE.


DOE-Affiliated Articles by Publisher (2007-2012)


Elsevier 21%

American Chemical Society 19%

American Physical Society 18%

American Institute of Physics 8%

Institute of Physics 7%

Wiley 6%

Springer 4%


Source: Web of Science


Pilot Projects


Enhancing journal article full-text searching:

Making citations of DOE-funded journal articles available in search & retrieval applications operated by OSTI



  • Wiley provides citations to OSTI including abstracts and hyperlinks to landing pages for the publisher versions of the articles.
  • Wiley provides full text of articles for use in a dark archive to improve search precision and recall.



  • Elsevier provides citations to OSTI including abstracts and hyperlinks to landing pages for the publisher versions of the articles.
  • Elsevier provides full text of articles for use in a dark archive to improve search precision and recall.
  • OSTI shares technical report literature with Elsevier systems.

*A Note About Dark Archive


For reports hosted at laboratories, OSTI maintains a dark archive. Through this existing infrastructure OSTI would make journal publisher full text searchable.


Dark archives are far less expensive to operate and maintain than bright archives, which need to have the interface and support necessary to make them user-friendly.


For docs hosted off-site, our dark archive automatically connects, downloads, caches and indexes remote files.


This entire process requires no human interaction at the off-site location or OSTI.


FundRef Project


CrossRef Adds 2 New Metadata Elements


  • OSTI has worked with CENDI (the Federal Scientific and Technical Information Managers Group) members to have a standard list of agencies so there will be no ambiguity for agency names.
  • The current status of the project is that publishers will work with authors to populate the two new metadata elements.
  • CrossRef has agreed to add two metadata elements to the CrossRef database which would apply to each journal article. The two metadata elements would capture:
    • Funding Agency
    • Grant Number
  • Estimated completion – 1 year



OSTI fully supports the new functionality ORCID will provide related to linking different forms of research output to enhance the scientific discovery process.

  • Working together to solve the author/contributor name ambiguity problem in scholarly communications
  • Working to create a central registry of unique identifiers for individual researchers and an open and transparent linking mechanism between ORCID and other current author ID schemes
  • ORCID anticipates launch of ORCID identifier in late summer 2012 so that authors will be identifiable by a unique ORCID number. This is a major milestone.
  • Membership includes many publishers, universities, research organizations and foreign governments.



A partnership between WorldWideScience.org and Elsevier's SciVerse


WorldWideScience.org content will be made available in an optional search done through Elsevier's SciVerse hub.




A global consortium carried out by local institutions

  • DOE is the only U.S. government member of DataCite.
  • OSTI assigns digital object identifiers (DOIs) to databases; this service is modeled after what CrossRef has done for journal articles.
  • DOE has created 350+ DOIs for databases to date.
  • Thus far, the DOIs have only been created for DOE databases; however, OSTI is looking to expand this service to other government agencies.

The Future


From Pilot to Production


OSTI is looking forward to moving from pilot to production.


We’ve gained insight on how projects like these might be structured to achieve success.


Based on these valuable experiences, OSTI believes that future collaborations will continue to gain efficiencies when considering other projects with other publishers.


OSTI is seeking to broaden activities with journal publishers to further improve DOE's ability to demonstrate the results of its R&D activities.




Walt Warnick, Ph.D.

Director, Office of Scientific and Technical Information

U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science

(301) 903-7996

(301) 903-8972 (fax)