U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

The 6th International Conference on Cooperation and Promotion of Information Resources in Science and Technology (COINFO'11)

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WorldWideScience.org:

An International Knowledge-Sharing Model

 

Coordinative Innovation & Open Sharing

November 11-13, 2011, Hangzhou, China

 

Brian A. Hitson

Associate Director Office of Scientific & Technical Information

U.S. Department of Energy

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WorldWideScience.org

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The Path we'll take…

  1. What does WorldWideScience.org do?
  2. A closer look at individual WWS.org databases.
  3. How did we get here: history and collaboration.
  4. What can we do next?
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1. What does WorldWideScience.org do?

A. It searches the Deep Web

  • Where science is hundreds of times larger than the "surface web"
  • Generally not searchable by major search engines

DeepWeb

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A Measure of WorldWideScience.org's Uniqueness

  • 33 sample queries launched in Google, Google Scholar, and WorldWideScience.org.
  • Similar quantities in the numbers of results, but very little overlap.
  • Among the "top 50" results from each search engine, only 2.4% overlap – or 97.6% uniqueness – in WorldWideScience.org results.
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1. What does WorldWideScience.org do? (cont'd)

B. It overcomes historic constraints on global science discovery:

i.  Not knowing "what's out there." (examples: Korean medical journals, South African scientific research database)

ii.  Inadequate time to search scientific databases one by one. (examples: UK PubMed Central, Ginsparg's arXiv.org)

iii.  Inability to sort compiled results by relevance.

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1. What does WorldWideScience.org do? (cont'd)

C. Integrates symbiotic technologies to further accelerate scientific discovery

> Multilingual translations

> Speech indexing

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Multilingual Translations

The world's first "one to many" and "many to one" multilingual translations tool in science.

  • Most automatic translations are limited to translating from a single language into another single language.
  • WorldWideScience.org partnering with Microsoft® Translator enables true multilingual functionality.
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Multilingual Translations

Translating ten languages, with potential for more:

Arabic Arabic

Chinese Chinese

German Deutsch

English

Spanish Español

French Français

Japanese Japanese

Korean Korean

Portuguese Português

Russian Russian

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Multimedia and Speech Indexing

  • Multimedia (e.g., video, audio, images) represents a major emerging form of scientific information
  • Multimedia presents special opportunities and challenges – lack of written transcripts, minimal metadata, scientific/technical/medical terminology, lengthy videos (>1 hour)
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Access to Multimedia-based Science & Technology

A Case Study for Enhanced Multimedia Search & Retrieval

http://www.osti.gov/sciencecinema/

  • Partnership between OSTI and Microsoft Research.
  • Launched in February 2011; searches ~1,800 multimedia files.
  • Utilizes Microsoft Research Audio Video Indexing System (MAVIS).
  • Enables searching of digitized spoken content.
  • Users can search for precise term within video and be directed to the exact point in the video where the term was spoken.
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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases

• Scientific Electronic Library Online (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela)

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Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO)

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• KoreaMed

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KoreaMed

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• African Journals Online

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Welcome to AJOL! African Journals Online (AJOL)

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

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UK PUBMED CENTRAL

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

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ETDEWEB

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WorldWideScience.org Search results

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ETDEWEB - Bibliographic Citation

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ETDEWEB - Bibliographic Citation image of report downloaded (Investigation of optical nanostructures for photovoltaics with near-field scanning microscopy

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ETDEWEB -- Leading the Way to WorldWide Energy Technology Discoveries

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3. History and Collaboration

• WorldWideScience.org concept emanated from Science.gov model (2006)
• Initial partnership between U.S. Department of Energy and the British Library (2007)
• Transition to multilateral governance (WorldWideScience Alliance) and ICSTI* sponsorship (2008)

*International Council for Scientific and Technical Information

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3. History and Collaboration (cont'd)

• Alliance representation from 49 countries … but seeking even broader participation.
• Broad and Diverse Leadership:
• Chair: Richard Boulderstone (British Library)
• Deputy Chair: Pam Bjornson (Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information)
• Treasurer: Tae-sul Seo (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)
• Ex-Officio: Roberta Shaffer (ICSTI)
• Ex-Officio: Walter Warnick (U.S. Department of Energy/OSTI, WorldWideScience.org Operating Agent)
• At-Large Delegate: Martie van Deventer (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa)

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3. History and Collaboration (cont'd) Primary Partners:

  • WorldWideScience Alliance
  • ICSTI
  • U.S. DOE/OSTI
  • Deep Web Technologies
  • Microsoft Research
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4. WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next?

• Building on the base: more sources, countries, languages, full text, multimedia

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Brachiocephalic veins

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4. WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next? (cont'd)

Play Demonstration WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next (opens new window)

  • Building on the base: more sources, countries, languages, full text, multimedia
  • Reach new audiences and content: e.g., international STEM materials for science education; numeric data sets
  • WWS.org as a peer-to-peer platform for scientific collaboration and sharing
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WorldWideScience Alliance

 

Contact WWS.org Operating Agent:

• Brian Hitson, hitsonb@osti.gov

• Lorrie Johnson, johnsonl@osti.gov

 

ICSTI

Translations powered by Microsoft® Translator

Microsoft® Research