U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide01
Slide01

WorldWideScience.org
Bringing Light to Grey

Brian A. Hitson
Associate Director
Office of Scientific and Technical Information
U.S. Department of Energy
Introduction

Opening Remarks

Slide02
Slide02

What is "Grey"

• Wikipedia: "…a body of materials that cannot be found easily through conventional channels such as publishers… "

• " …information that is not searchable or accessible through conventional search engines or subject directories and is not generally produced by commercial publishing organisations." (National Library of Australia)

• Webster's Dictionary: "An achromatic colour between the extremes of black and white."

Defining grey literature - examples

Slide03
Slide03

"Between the extremes of black and white"

• published journals

• books

• professional society conference proceedings

• preprints

• e-prints

• technical reports lectures

• numeric data sets

• audio/visual media

• blogs

• fora, etc.

• ideas

• concepts

• thought

Grey = Deep
Grey literature also used to describe "deep web".

Slide04
Slide04

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

1. What you don't know can hurt you (or, at least, it could help you).

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

Slide05
Slide05

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

2. Time = money and delayed progress.

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

Slide06
Slide06

Overcoming Challenges of the "Deep"

Federated search drills down to the deep web where scientific databases reside

Surface Web

Deep Web Databases

First Deep Web Search Engine: Science.gov

How federated searching enables better access to grey literature

Slide07
Slide07

Prominent Deep Web Search Engines

• Science.gov

• ScienceAccelerator.gov

• E-print Network

• Science Conference Proceedings

• Federal R&D Project Summaries

Slide08
Slide08

WorldWideScience.org – makes grey literature from around the world available Background/history of WWS.

Slide09
Slide09

WorldWideScience.org Databases/Portals

Slide10
Slide10

WorldWideScience.org History

• Concept introduced by OSTI Director, Walt Warnick, June 2006, Bethesda, Maryland

• Bilateral U.S.(DOE)/U.K. (British Library) partnership, January 2007, London

Slide11
Slide11

WorldWideScience.org History Continued

• Demonstration of first prototype, June 2007, Nancy, France

• Multilateral governance structure, WorldWideScience Alliance, established June 2008, Seoul

• Common ingredient: International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI)

Slide12
Slide12

WorldWideScience.org Facts and Figures

• Searches 49 science databases and portals sponsored by governments and national institutions in 54 countries

• Covers scientific literature from over three-fourths of the world's population

• Includes a vast quantity of science (over 375 million pages), much of which is grey literature

Slide13
Slide13

WorldWideScience Search Results

Slide14
Slide14

ETDEWEB Bibliographic Citation

Slide15
Slide15

OpenSIGLE, System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe

Slide16
Slide16

Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA-UiB)

Slide17
Slide17

CSIR Research Space (CSIR)

Slide18
Slide18

Journal of Agriculture and Envi

Slide19
Slide19

Australian Digital Theses Program (ADT)

Slide20
Slide20

What’s Next for WWS.org?

• Overcoming scalability issues

• Offering alerts service

• Searching multilingual sources

Slide21
Slide21

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

Slide22
Slide22

ICSTI Technical Projects
• Numeric Data

• Multimedia

• Web 2.0

Slide23
Slide23

Conclusions
Grey is…

• Global

• Growing

• Good… for science
medicine
technology