U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI Slideshows and Speeches

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide01

WorldWideScience.org Bringing Light to Grey

Brian A. Hitson Associate Director Office of Scientific and Technical Information U.S. Department of Energy Introduction

Opening Remarks

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide02

What is "Grey"

• Wikipedia: "…a body of materials that cannot be found easily through conventional channels such as publishers… "

• " …information that is not searchable or accessible through conventional search engines or subject directories and is not generally produced by commercial publishing organisations." (National Library of Australia)

• Webster's Dictionary: "An achromatic colour between the extremes of black and white."

Defining grey literature - examples

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide03

"Between the extremes of black and white"

• published journals

• books

• professional society conference proceedings

• preprints

• e-prints

• technical reports lectures

• numeric data sets

• audio/visual media

• blogs

• fora, etc.

• ideas

• concepts

• thought

Grey = Deep Grey literature also used to describe "deep web".

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide04

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

1. What you don't know can hurt you (or, at least, it could help you).

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide05

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

2. Time = money and delayed progress.

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide06

Overcoming Challenges of the "Deep"

Federated search drills down to the deep web where scientific databases reside

Surface Web

Deep Web Databases

First Deep Web Search Engine: Science.gov

How federated searching enables better access to grey literature

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide07

Prominent Deep Web Search Engines

• Science.gov

• ScienceAccelerator.gov

• E-print Network

• Science Conference Proceedings

• Federal R&D Project Summaries

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide08

WorldWideScience.org – makes grey literature from around the world available Background/history of WWS.

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide09

WorldWideScience.org Databases/Portals

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide10

WorldWideScience.org History

• Concept introduced by OSTI Director, Walt Warnick, June 2006, Bethesda, Maryland

• Bilateral U.S.(DOE)/U.K. (British Library) partnership, January 2007, London

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide11

WorldWideScience.org History Continued

• Demonstration of first prototype, June 2007, Nancy, France

• Multilateral governance structure, WorldWideScience Alliance, established June 2008, Seoul

• Common ingredient: International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI)

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide12

WorldWideScience.org Facts and Figures

• Searches 49 science databases and portals sponsored by governments and national institutions in 54 countries

• Covers scientific literature from over three-fourths of the world's population

• Includes a vast quantity of science (over 375 million pages), much of which is grey literature

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide13

WorldWideScience Search Results

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide14

ETDEWEB Bibliographic Citation

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide15

OpenSIGLE, System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide16

Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA-UiB)

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide17

CSIR Research Space (CSIR)

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide18

Journal of Agriculture and Envi

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide19

Australian Digital Theses Program (ADT)

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide20

What’s Next for WWS.org?

• Overcoming scalability issues

• Offering alerts service

• Searching multilingual sources

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide21

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide22

ICSTI Technical Projects • Numeric Data

• Multimedia

• Web 2.0

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide23

Conclusions Grey is…

• Global

• Growing

• Good… for science medicine technology

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