"The calculus of innovation is really quite simple"
I will conclude by noting that, to the extent that knowledge about new methods and concepts is spread more quickly, science itself will be accelerated. The stakes are enormous. William Brody, member of the Executive Committee of The Council on Competitiveness and President of my alma mater Johns Hopkins University, recently testified before Congress as follows:6
The calculus of innovation is really quite simple:
Knowledge drives innovation;
Innovation drives productivity;
Productivity drives our economic growth.
That's all there is to it.
National Science Foundation, "Scientists and engineers engaged in R&D, by country," Science and Technology Pocket Data Book , 2000, NSF 00-328 ( Arlington , VA , 2000), February 2006.
Thompson Scientific, Web of Science, 2005, The Thompson Corporation, February 2006.
Luís M.A. Bettencourt, et.al., "The power of a good idea: quantitative modeling of the spread of ideas from epidemiological models," Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and Its Applications, 2006, Los Alamos National Laboratory, February 2006.
David Kaiser, "Drawing Theories Apart: The Dispersion of Feynman Diagrams in Postwar Physics," (University of Chicago Press, 2005), February 2006.
About Innovations in Scientific and Knowledge Advancement, The U.S. Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information Home Page, 2005, February 2006.
William R. Brody, U.S. Competitiveness: The Innovation Challenge, Testimony to the House Committee on Science, July 21, 2005.