U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI … Celebrating the Secret City … Creating the Open Science City



Celebrating the Secret City …

Creating the Open Science City


Walter L. Warnick, Ph.D.

Director, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

ETEC, October 19, 2012


So … What Is OSTI?

We are part of the Secret City (Since 1947!), located on the east end of Oak Ridge … just a stone's throw (or two) from the Oak Ridge Rowing venue


Mandated in law; most recently in the Energy Policy Act of 2005

"The Secretary, through the Office of Scientific and Technical Information, shall maintain within the Department publicly available collections of scientific and technical information resulting from research, development, demonstration, and commercial applications activities supported by the Department."


What Is OSTI? (cont.)

  • the hub of DOE science information
  • the hub of U.S. government science info
  • the hub of worldwide government science info


» Public access to unclassified

» Restricted access to classified and sensitive


OSTI: An Office of Science Program Office

A Department-Wide Mission

Effectively, we are DOE's mechanism for providing accountability for $10B in annual R&D results.

U.S. Department of Energy Secretary

Dr. Steven Chu


Deputy Secretary

Daniel B. Poneman


Undersecretary of Science



Director, Office of Science

William Brinkman


Deputy Director of Field Operations

Joseph McBrearty


Deputy Director for Science Programs

Patricia Dehmer


Deputy Director of Resource Management

Jeffrey Salmon



Walter Warnick



» Federal: 48 FTEs

» Contractor: 45 FTEs



» 134,000 sq.-foot building, approx. 80% property protection area; 20% limited area

» “Class A” security importance rating based on classified holdings

» Leased space (approx. 50% of building footprint) to governmental entities

» Unclassified/Classified Computer Operations


What Does OSTI Do?


We advance science and sustain technological creativity by making R&D findings available and useful to Department of Energy (DOE) researchers and the public.


Science advances only if knowledge is shared.

• OSTI Corollary

We believe the advancement of science is accelerated by sharing knowledge more easily, faster and at lower cost.


Accelerating the spread of knowledge inspires everything we do at OSTI.


How Do We Do It?

DOE STI Program

OSTI coordinates the DOE-wide network that makes sure DOE R&D results are:

  • collected
  • preserved
  • made accessible via multiple web outlets.

We collect STI from ORNL, Y-12 & labs and weapons facilities across the country

STI = Scientific and Technical Information


What We Accomplish

Collaborating across DOE, across the U.S., and around the world - For a Google for Energy Science and Technology


Science Accelerator - DOE HUB

Integrates key DOE databases

Covers a range of R&D results (reports, patents, citations, eprints, etc.)


Science.gov - U.S. Gov Hub

Integrates 13 U.S. science agencies

Databases and websites offer over 200 million pages of science information


WorldWideScience.org - Global Hub

Integrates more than 70 nations

Provides over 400 million pages of science information from databases and portals worldwide; performs multilingual search across 10 languages


DOE Collection

Science Accelerator

  • More than 300,000 full-text documents
  • Over 5 million scientific e-prints
  • Over 2 million publicly available citations
  • More than 24,000 patents
  • More than 500 websites & databases
  • Conference papers & proceedings

Information Bridge

DOE Data Explorer


E-Print Network


Energy Science and Technology Software Center

DOE Green Energy

DOE R&D Accomplishments

Science Conference Proceedings

Energy Citations Database


Local/DOE Research Results

3,500 ORNL reports flowed through OSTI in FY12 

  • 2,300 from BNL
  • 2,000 from ANL
  • 1,500 from LANL
  • 1,400 from NREL

U.S. Gov Information



• 13 U.S. Agencies

• 200 million pages

• 2,100 websites

• 55 databases

• Spanish translation


Global Information

400 million pages of text from governments around the world

Covered by WWS

WorldWideScience.org searches the 'deep web'

80+ databases from trusted authoritative sources Generally not searchable by major search engines


Multilingual Translations

The world's first "one to many" and "many to one" multilingual translations tool in science.

• Ten languages – Arabic, Chinese, German, English, Spanish, French, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Russian

• WorldWideScience.org partnering with Microsoft® Translator enables true multilingual functionality.


Shared Knowledge Is an Enabler of Scientific Progress

OSTI web access approached 300 million transactions in FY12

We are leveraging the DOE investment in R&D, via collection, preservation and dissemination of those results


OSTI Skunk Works Approach

(Keeps us innovating!)

• Team with high tech companies Google Microsoft® Research

• Involve Small Businesses

Recently implemented a new technology transfer product that searches appropriately 20 tech transfer operations across the DOE complex


We Are Pioneers in Gov Federated Search—A Unique Search Engine Capability

Innovative technology drills down to selected databases and websites in parallel, then presents ranked search results

• Allows you to search multiple data sources simultaneously

• You get results in ranked order relevant to your search query

• Easy on the producers – places no requirements or burdens on database owners – so setting up access to a scientific organization's content is easy

Deep Web


Early Innovators in Mobile Delivery




Delivering information anytime, anywhere


Audio Indexing of Video

Read about us at the Microsoft website

("Microsoft Research's video search hits the DOE" http://research.microsoft.com/en-us/projects/mavis/)

  • Innovative, state-of-the-art audio indexing
  • Speech recognition technology
  • Searches ~2,600 multimedia files

ScienceCinema and Microsoft

Search on "robotics" pulls up DOE & CERN videos related to "robotics" – but also points you to exactly where in the video the word "robotics" is stated … plus a snippet of what was said about robotics.

ORNL researcher talks about developing robotic hand


For DOE and DoD Only Classified Program

» Secure electronic information exchange – OSTI is a component of the NNSA Enterprise Secure Network

» Diskless desktop environment

» Subject matter experts for specialized products and classification needs

» Repository for 100K+ classified R&D reports, including Y-12 and other NNSA research


Energy Link - Classified


Where Are We Headed?

We think of it this way: Oak Ridge, the Secret City … rapidly becoming the Open Science City!

Through our products and services we are helping make that happen.

Nearly all R&D results published by nearly all U.S. R&D agencies made searchable via a single search box

Nearly all R&D results published by or on behalf of governments of all nations with R&D programs made searchable via a single search box


Latest Attractions

We are rapidly introducing search technology that "thinks like we think" (Semantic Search) www.OSTI.gov/greenenergy


Improving search accuracy by mapping your key word to concepts both narrower and broader


wind energy

wind power

renewable energy

wind turbines

energy efficiency

geothermal energy

energy conservation


From Science to Jobs …

Besides accelerating scientific progress, we also encourage commercialization through a single search of DOE Labs' Technology Transfer Resources


Remaining Challenge

How do you unleash the value of $400 billion in R&D?


DOE's Total Historic R&D Output

15% Digitized

85% Non-digitized


Yes, OSTI’s electronic collections are HUGE … yet only represent 15% of DOE's total historic R&D output since the 1940s.

We need to digitize and provide access to the remaining 85%. This this will require a $5 million investment … to unleash the value of $400 billion in R&D.


A National Library of Energy

What is the value of this vision?

U.S. leadership in medicine & genomics is supported by the world's best information infrastructure: the NIH/National Library of Medicine. That’s approximately $350M/year in commitment to cyber-infrastructure and data. It is a model for advancing science.

A DOE NLE would be a national resource to advance energy literacy, innovation and security.


OSTI … Oak Ridge

Working together we are creating the “Open Science City"