U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI Slideshows and Speeches

The 6th International Conference on Cooperation and Promotion of Information Resources in Science and Technology (COINFO'11)

Slide01

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WorldWideScience.org:

An International Knowledge-Sharing Model

 

Coordinative Innovation & Open Sharing

November 11-13, 2011, Hangzhou, China

 

Brian A. Hitson

Associate Director Office of Scientific & Technical Information

U.S. Department of Energy

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WorldWideScience.org

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The Path we'll take…

  1. What does WorldWideScience.org do?
  2. A closer look at individual WWS.org databases.
  3. How did we get here: history and collaboration.
  4. What can we do next?

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Slide05

1. What does WorldWideScience.org do?

A. It searches the Deep Web

  • Where science is hundreds of times larger than the "surface web"
  • Generally not searchable by major search engines

DeepWeb

Slide06

Slide06

A Measure of WorldWideScience.org's Uniqueness

  • 33 sample queries launched in Google, Google Scholar, and WorldWideScience.org.
  • Similar quantities in the numbers of results, but very little overlap.
  • Among the "top 50" results from each search engine, only 2.4% overlap – or 97.6% uniqueness – in WorldWideScience.org results.

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1. What does WorldWideScience.org do? (cont'd)

B. It overcomes historic constraints on global science discovery:

i.  Not knowing "what's out there." (examples: Korean medical journals, South African scientific research database)

ii.  Inadequate time to search scientific databases one by one. (examples: UK PubMed Central, Ginsparg's arXiv.org)

iii.  Inability to sort compiled results by relevance.

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Slide08

1. What does WorldWideScience.org do? (cont'd)

C. Integrates symbiotic technologies to further accelerate scientific discovery

> Multilingual translations

> Speech indexing

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Slide09

Multilingual Translations

The world's first "one to many" and "many to one" multilingual translations tool in science.

  • Most automatic translations are limited to translating from a single language into another single language.
  • WorldWideScience.org partnering with Microsoft® Translator enables true multilingual functionality.

Slide10

Slide10

Multilingual Translations

Translating ten languages, with potential for more:

Arabic Arabic

Chinese Chinese

German Deutsch

English

Spanish Español

French Français

Japanese Japanese

Korean Korean

Portuguese Português

Russian Russian

Slide12

Slide12

Multimedia and Speech Indexing

  • Multimedia (e.g., video, audio, images) represents a major emerging form of scientific information
  • Multimedia presents special opportunities and challenges – lack of written transcripts, minimal metadata, scientific/technical/medical terminology, lengthy videos (>1 hour)

Slide13

Slide13

Access to Multimedia-based Science & Technology

A Case Study for Enhanced Multimedia Search & Retrieval

http://www.osti.gov/sciencecinema/

  • Partnership between OSTI and Microsoft Research.
  • Launched in February 2011; searches ~1,800 multimedia files.
  • Utilizes Microsoft Research Audio Video Indexing System (MAVIS).
  • Enables searching of digitized spoken content.
  • Users can search for precise term within video and be directed to the exact point in the video where the term was spoken.

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Slide15

2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases

• Scientific Electronic Library Online (Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, Portugal, Spain, Venezuela)

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Slide16

Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO)

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• KoreaMed

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KoreaMed

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• African Journals Online

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Welcome to AJOL! African Journals Online (AJOL)

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• UK PubMed Central (United Kingdom)

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UK PUBMED CENTRAL

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2. A Closer Look at Individual WWS.org Databases (cont'd)

• Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

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ETDEWEB

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WorldWideScience.org Search results

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Slide26

ETDEWEB - Bibliographic Citation

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ETDEWEB - Bibliographic Citation image of report downloaded (Investigation of optical nanostructures for photovoltaics with near-field scanning microscopy

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Slide28

ETDEWEB -- Leading the Way to WorldWide Energy Technology Discoveries

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3. History and Collaboration

• WorldWideScience.org concept emanated from Science.gov model (2006)
• Initial partnership between U.S. Department of Energy and the British Library (2007)
• Transition to multilateral governance (WorldWideScience Alliance) and ICSTI* sponsorship (2008)

*International Council for Scientific and Technical Information

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3. History and Collaboration (cont'd)

• Alliance representation from 49 countries … but seeking even broader participation.
• Broad and Diverse Leadership:
• Chair: Richard Boulderstone (British Library)
• Deputy Chair: Pam Bjornson (Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information)
• Treasurer: Tae-sul Seo (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)
• Ex-Officio: Roberta Shaffer (ICSTI)
• Ex-Officio: Walter Warnick (U.S. Department of Energy/OSTI, WorldWideScience.org Operating Agent)
• At-Large Delegate: Martie van Deventer (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa)

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Slide31

3. History and Collaboration (cont'd) Primary Partners:

  • WorldWideScience Alliance
  • ICSTI
  • U.S. DOE/OSTI
  • Deep Web Technologies
  • Microsoft Research

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Slide32

4. WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next?

• Building on the base: more sources, countries, languages, full text, multimedia

Slide33

Slide33

Brachiocephalic veins

Slide34

Slide34

4. WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next? (cont'd)

Play Demonstration WorldWideScience.org: What can we do next (opens new window)

  • Building on the base: more sources, countries, languages, full text, multimedia
  • Reach new audiences and content: e.g., international STEM materials for science education; numeric data sets
  • WWS.org as a peer-to-peer platform for scientific collaboration and sharing

Slide35

Slide35

WorldWideScience Alliance

 

Contact WWS.org Operating Agent:

• Brian Hitson, hitsonb@osti.gov

• Lorrie Johnson, johnsonl@osti.gov

 

ICSTI

Translations powered by Microsoft® Translator

Microsoft® Research