U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Accelerating Global Science Access: WorldWideScience.org's Combination of Search, Translations, and Multimedia Technologies


Accelerating Global Science Access:
WorldWideScience.org's Combination of Search,
Translations, and Multimedia Technologies

Walter L. Warnick, Ph.D.
Director, Office of Scientific and Technical Information
U.S. Department of Energy


WorldWideScience.org: Searching Science Around the Globe

• Where we've been – a recap
• What is WorldWideScience.org?
• What makes it unique?
• Who is involved?

• Where we're going – 3 BIG new things
• Expanding multilingual translations
• Reaching scientific multimedia
• Going mobile


What Is… WorldWideScience.org?

• A global science gateway comprised of national and international scientific databases and portals.


What Is… WorldWideScience.org?

• A multilingual translations tool searching sources and translating results in nine languages:
• Chinese Chinese
• German Deutsch
• English
• Spanish Español
• French Français
• Japanese Japanese
• Korean Korean
• Portuguese Português
• Russian Russian


What Makes WorldWideScience.org Unique?

1. It searches the Deep Web

• Where science is hundreds of times larger than the "surface web"
• Generally not searchable by major search engines

Deep Web


What Makes WorldWideScience.org Unique?

2. It overcomes the 3 major barriers to global science discovery:

A. Not knowing "what's out there." (examples: Korean medical journals, South African scientific research database)
B. Inadequate time to search scientific databases one by one. (examples: UK PubMed Central, Ginsparg's arXiv.org)
C. Inability to sort compiled results by relevance.


What Makes WorldWideScience.org Unique?

3. The world's first "one to many" and "many to one" multilingual translations tool in science.

• Most automatic translations are limited to translating from a single language into another singlelanguage.
• WorldWideScience.org partnering with Microsoft® Translator enables true multilingual functionality.


A Measure of WorldWideScience.org's Uniqueness

• 33 sample queries launched in Google, Google Scholar, and WorldWideScience.org
• Similar quantities in the numbers of results, but very little overlap.
• Among the "top 50" results from each search engine, only 2.4% overlap – or 97.6% uniqueness – in WorldWideScience.org results.

WWS 97.6% "Unique"
Google scholar beta


Who Is Involved in WorldWideScience.org?

• WorldWideScience.org concept emanated from Science.gov model (2006)
• Initial partnership between U.S. Department of Energy and the British Library (2007)
• Transition to multilateral governance (WorldWideScience Alliance) and ICSTI sponsorship (2008)


Who Is Involved in WorldWideScience.org?

• Alliance representation from 49 countries, including ISTIC in China.
• Broad and Diverse Leadership:
• Chair: Richard Boulderstone (British Library)
• Deputy Chair: Pam Bjornson (Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information)
• Treasurer: Tae-sul Seo (Korea Institute of Science and Technology Information)
• Ex-Officio: Roberta Shaffer (ICSTI)
• Ex-Officio: Walter Warnick (U.S. Department of Energy/OSTI, WorldWideScience.org Operating Agent)
• At-Large Delegate: Martie van Deventer (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, South Africa)


Who Is Involved in WorldWideScience.org?

Primary Partners:

• WorldWideScience Alliance
• Deep Web Technologies
• Microsoft® Research


What's Next for WorldWideScience.org?


1. Expanding Multilingual Translations

• Multilingual WorldWideScience.orgBETA is now integrated into the main WorldWideScience.org site.
• Addition of Arabic to translations
• The world's 5th most commonly-spoken language
• One of 6 official UN languages


Demonstration of Arabic Translations


What's Next for WorldWideScience.org?

2. Access to Multimedia-based Science & Technology
• Multimedia (e.g. video, audio, images) represents a major emerging form of scientific information
• Multimedia presents special opportunities and challenges – lack of written transcripts, minimal metadata, scientific/technical/medical terminology, lengthy videos (>1 hour)


Access to Multimedia-based Science & Technology

A Case Study for Enhanced Multimedia Search & Retrieval


• Partnership between OSTI and Microsoft Research.
• Launched in February 2011; searches ~1,300 multimedia files.
• Utilizes Microsoft Research Audio Video Indexing System (MAVIS).
• Enables searching of digitized spoken content.
• Users can search for precise term within video and be directed to the exact point in the video where the term was spoken.


ScienceCinema website


Access to Multimedia-based Science & Technology

Integration of Multimedia into WorldWideScience.org represents:
• First use of MAVIS audio indexing technology in a federated search environment.
• Ability to search ScienceCinema (U.S. DOE/OSTI) plus multimedia content from CERN, NLM, others.
• Vastly improved access to these forms of scientific and technical information.


Demonstration of Multimedia Searching in WorldWideScience.org


What's Next for WorldWideScience.org?

3. WorldWideScience.org Goes Mobile
• Growth in smart phone capabilities, speed, and usage is phenomenal.
• Majority of usage growth emanating from developing countries.
• Mobile phones allow developing countries to "leapfrog" old technologies – serving to close the "digital divide."


WorldWideScience.org Goes Mobile

Mobile WorldWideScience.org

• Compatible with major brands of "smart phones" – iPhone, Android, Blackberry.
• Provides access to over 80 scientific databases, many of which are not individually optimized for mobile web searching.


Demonstration of Mobile WWS.org


WorldWideScience.org: A Unique Combination of Technologies

WorldWideScience.org's Unique Technologies –
• Multilingual Translations of 10 languages
• Multimedia Search and Retrieval of Speech Indexed Content
• Federated Search in a Mobile Environment


WorldWideScience.org: A Unique Combination of Technologies

WorldWideScience.org continues to:
• Open reservoirs of under-utilized scientific knowledge.
• Provide equal access to science for anyone on the Internet – including mobile users.
• Promote scientific collaboration, participation, and transparency.

And Accelerate Scientific Discovery!




Translations powered by Microsoft® Translator


Microsoft® Research