U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI Slideshows and Speeches

WorldWideScience.org: Bringing Light to Grey

Slide01

Slide01

WorldWideScience.org Bringing Light to Grey

Brian A. Hitson Associate Director Office of Scientific and Technical Information U.S. Department of Energy Introduction

Opening Remarks

Slide02

Slide02

What is "Grey"

• Wikipedia: "…a body of materials that cannot be found easily through conventional channels such as publishers… "

• " …information that is not searchable or accessible through conventional search engines or subject directories and is not generally produced by commercial publishing organisations." (National Library of Australia)

• Webster's Dictionary: "An achromatic colour between the extremes of black and white."

Defining grey literature - examples

Slide03

Slide03

"Between the extremes of black and white"

• published journals

• books

• professional society conference proceedings

• preprints

• e-prints

• technical reports lectures

• numeric data sets

• audio/visual media

• blogs

• fora, etc.

• ideas

• concepts

• thought

Grey = Deep Grey literature also used to describe "deep web".

Slide04

Slide04

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

1. What you don't know can hurt you (or, at least, it could help you).

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

Slide05

Slide05

Two Key Challenges of the "Deep"

2. Time = money and delayed progress.

Challenges of grey literature.

Expand on: storage/preservation issues, accessibility, and exponential growth

Slide06

Slide06

Overcoming Challenges of the "Deep"

Federated search drills down to the deep web where scientific databases reside

Surface Web

Deep Web Databases

First Deep Web Search Engine: Science.gov

How federated searching enables better access to grey literature

Slide07

Slide07

Prominent Deep Web Search Engines

• Science.gov

• ScienceAccelerator.gov

• E-print Network

• Science Conference Proceedings

• Federal R&D Project Summaries

Slide08

Slide08

WorldWideScience.org – makes grey literature from around the world available Background/history of WWS.

Slide09

Slide09

WorldWideScience.org Databases/Portals

Slide10

Slide10

WorldWideScience.org History

• Concept introduced by OSTI Director, Walt Warnick, June 2006, Bethesda, Maryland

• Bilateral U.S.(DOE)/U.K. (British Library) partnership, January 2007, London

Slide11

Slide11

WorldWideScience.org History Continued

• Demonstration of first prototype, June 2007, Nancy, France

• Multilateral governance structure, WorldWideScience Alliance, established June 2008, Seoul

• Common ingredient: International Council for Scientific and Technical Information (ICSTI)

Slide12

Slide12

WorldWideScience.org Facts and Figures

• Searches 49 science databases and portals sponsored by governments and national institutions in 54 countries

• Covers scientific literature from over three-fourths of the world's population

• Includes a vast quantity of science (over 375 million pages), much of which is grey literature

Slide13

Slide13

WorldWideScience Search Results

Slide14

Slide14

ETDEWEB Bibliographic Citation

Slide15

Slide15

OpenSIGLE, System for Information on Grey Literature in Europe

Slide16

Slide16

Bergen Open Research Archive (BORA-UiB)

Slide17

Slide17

CSIR Research Space (CSIR)

Slide18

Slide18

Journal of Agriculture and Envi

Slide19

Slide19

Australian Digital Theses Program (ADT)

Slide20

Slide20

What’s Next for WWS.org?

• Overcoming scalability issues

• Offering alerts service

• Searching multilingual sources

Slide21

Slide21

Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM)

Slide22

Slide22

ICSTI Technical Projects • Numeric Data

• Multimedia

• Web 2.0

Slide23

Slide23

Conclusions Grey is…

• Global

• Growing

• Good… for science medicine technology