U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Enhancing Collaboration – The Washington Perspective


Dr. Walter Warnick, Director, OSTI
STIP Meeting
April 21–22, 2005



The further I get into SC-33 duties and other activities, the more I appreciate STIP!


Our Mission

To advance science and sustain technological creativity by making R&D findings available and useful to DOE researchers and the American people.


Google, Yahoo!, MSN

Partnerships with commercial search engines continue to grow, advancing STIP mission
Increased access to deep Web information – available and searchable
Exposing our deep Web content to surface Web


Roles Have Expanded!

CENDI Chairmanship
GPO Depository Library Council to the Public Printer
ICSTI Participant
Bottom Line: Increased presence in interagency and international forums, bringing new appreciation to the DOE STI Program


Seamless Access through STIP

Central: Currently OSTI provides stewardship for almost 5M citations and 1.5M reports
Distributed: Almost 100,000 of these reports are available online and are fully searchable
Fully searchable through OSTI, but 25 percent are hosted by the labs!


Collaborative Successes Abound

Science.gov – Multi-agency alliance
CENDI – Cross-agency cooperation
GPO – Partner in providing public access
Google, Yahoo!, MSN – Making DOE's STI accessible to public search engines
NSDL – Increasing access
CrossRef – First government gray literature to join


CrossRef Opportunity

Our membership pioneers a first-of-a-kind government–private partnership
Couples the vast gray literature available at Information Bridge with the reference-linking capabilities of CrossRef
Offers an additional pathway using DOIs to increase long-term access
Advances mission of making DOE research results more accessible, via a multitude of pathways


NSDL Collaboration

This year we began another approach to support deep Web searching
Why shouldn't DOE STI [and that of other science agencies] be searchable through the National Science Digital Library collection?

We believe it should – and we're working to make that happen!


SC e-journals

OSTI and SC working closely to deliver valuable resources to further enable the advancement of science
To date a huge success
Announced June 2004
Currently 1,487 titles available on wide range of disciplines
Content includes current back to 1996


Science.gov – Authoritative Selected Science Information

New Alert Service feature was added in February (Try it. You'll like it!)
Version 3.0 is in development, due in fall
Version 4.0 is not far away on horizon
OMB E-Government Report to Congress on March 1, 2005, noted that Science.gov was one of two efforts, government-wide, satisfying the requirements of Section 207 of the E-Gov Act
" . . . so citizens can access the results of Federal research."


Science.gov Alliance

DOE has largest share of Federal STI in Science.gov.
Department of Health and Human Services (HHS): 13%
Department of the Interior (DOI): 12%
Government Printing Office (GPO): 2%
Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): 7%
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA): 6%
National Science Foundation (NSF): 8%
Department of Agriculture (USDA): 15%
Department of Commerce (DOC): 10%
Department of Defense (DoD): 4%
Department of Education (ED): 1%
Department of Energy (DOE): 22%
Note: DOE also contributes over 21% of total pages in Science.gov.


Collaboration Is Our Culture

Since 1997, collaboration has been imperative to the success of STIP
DOE is still at forefront of the Information Age
Our actions put DOE ahead of the E-gov curve
Our preferred way of doing business in STIP has prepared OSTI well for other endeavors


Focus on Results

The Department of Energy Act of 1977 (P.L. 95-91) mandated DOE to "carry out the planning, coordination, support, and management of a balanced and comprehensive energy research and development program . . . disseminating information resulting from such programs . . ."
STIP accomplishments are making a difference in the diffusion of science.


GPO Access

The OSTI–GPO Partnership Continues to Thrive
Over two decades of successful partnership
DOE does more!
Web harvesting leading to government-wide portal


STIAB Established

We stand on the rim of a new era of global discovery
And at the beginning of a fruitful partnership effort


Emerging policies

Public outcry for access to Federal STI is broadening scope of agencies' view beyond traditional gray literature

NSF/NSB – Long-Lived Data Collection
NIH – Journal articles


NIH Policy

Enhancing public access to archived publications resulting from NIH-funded research
NIH-funded investigators requested to submit to the NIH National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of the author's final manuscript upon acceptance for publication
Strongly encourages authors specify posting of their final manuscripts for public accessibility as soon as possible (and within 12 months of publisher's official publication date)


New Draft STI Definition

Scientific and Technical Information (STI) consists of the experimental, observational, and analytical findings and conclusions resulting from research and development activities, as well as other relevant associated information and data.

DOE STI is the body of scientific, technical, or associated knowledge identified as having value to accomplish DOE's missions and support the advancement of science.


Promising Future

Science progresses only if knowledge is shared
Together we are entering a new era of knowledge diffusion – GLOBAL DISCOVERY
The best is yet to come!


Dr. Orbach Chairs STIAB

Initial STIAB meeting, March 10, 2005
"Today, we stand on the rim of a new era of global discovery. STI can no longer be simply technical reports or gray literature in the traditional form. While such documents served us well in the past, we must modify our practices just as science communication has changed and continues to change due to the Internet, grid computing, simulation, collaboratories, and other technological advances we can't even envision yet in our day-to-day operations."


New STI Policy on the Way

To affirm that DOE values all forms and formats of STI, the “tangible” result of R&D
To ensure STI program clearly encompasses text documents and numeric data


The Challenge

Dr. Orbach's challenge to create a new STI policy to advance missions of the future
Ensuring that the definition of STI matches the mission
Labs and programs know the value of underlying information – STIAB will provide DOE corporate buy-in


Numeric Data

Text results of DOE's R&D are consistently collected, preserved, and disseminated. Yet the underlying source data created through experimentation and testing are not readily accessible.
Ten highly specialized DOE data centers store data and provide access, but not all DOE research data is covered.
The Data Centers called for a "data management policy."
The STI Program proposes to facilitate, coordinating among data centers to enable linking to full text and increasing access to data collections.

The report of the DOE Data Center meeting (held July 2004) was issued at the recent STIAB meeting. [Contact Sharon Jordan for a copy.]


SC e-journals

"We have a proposal" . . . Sharon