U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

Preparing for the World of Open Access





  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Preparing for the World of Open Access


    Scientific and Technical Information Program Annual Meeting
    May 4, 2011

    Walt Warnick, Ph.D.
    Director, Office of Scientific and Technical Information


  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Information Is Critical to Scientific Progress

    Scientific Progress


    Expertise

    Research and Scholarship

    Education

    Learning and Workforce Development

    Interoperability and operations

    Cyberscience


    Organizations

    Universities, schools

    Government labs, agencies

    Research and Medical Centers

    Libraries, Museums

    Virtual Organizations

    Communities


    Scientific Instruments

    Large Facilities, MREFCs, telescopes

    Colliders, shake Tables

    Sensor Arrays

    - Ocean, environment, weather, buildings, climate. etc


    Information

    Databases, Data repositories

    Collections and Libraries

    Data Access; storage, navigation management, mining tools, curation, privacy


    Networking

    Campus, national, international networks

    Research and experimental networks

    End-to-end throughput

    Cybersecurity


    Software

    Applications, middleware

    Software development and support

    Cybersecurity: access, authorization, authentication


    Computational Resources

    Supercomputers

    Clouds, Grids, Clusters

    Visualization

    Compute services

    Data Centers

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Good Research Needs Good Data!


    Science Needs Information Access to Full Coverage of Literature AND Access Beyond Traditional Forms of STI


    Life at the scientific frontier is changing.

    The ways in which research is conducted, conveyed, and shared are far different today than just a few years ago.

    Yet these changes only hint at the technology-driven transformation that is on the horizon.

    - Just as we in STIP transformed access from "bib data" in databases to searchable FT documents, now we need to ensure that access goes beyond the boundaries of full text.

    Among federal R&D circles, access to new forms of STI and open access are being explored.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    The Changing Landscape


    "The rules have changed. In a single generation, revolutions in technology have transformed the way we live, work and do business� . In America, innovation doesn't just change our lives. It is how we make our living."


    "This is our generation's Sputnik moment."
    �President Obama, State of the Union, 2011

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    How Have We Been Preparing?


    By multitasking!
    We are moving down 3 "paths" in parallel…


    Policy
    America COM-PETES Act
    OSTP IPAC
    DOE O 241.1B revision
    Guidance for DOE Contracts & Grants

    Collaboration
    DataCite participation
    ScienceCinema MS Research partnership
    CENDI & Science.gov Alliance
    ICSTI & WWS Alliance
    ORCID
    NDSA
    NFAIS

    Technology Developments
    Digital Object Identifiers for datasets
    Peer-to-peer network communications
    Science video search
    E-link process enhancements
    Digitizing legacy collection
    Interlinking content
    Mobile apps

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Open Access: Summary of Recent Activities


    Separate Legislative and Executive Initiatives

    Federal Research Public Access Act (FRPAA)

    Required implementation of public access policy
    Required preservation and electronic format

    OSTP Initiative

    Launched "Public Access Policy Forum"
    Issued Request for Information (4000 comments)
    Established interactive forum

    Culminates in Legislation Passed This Year

    America COMPETES Reauthorization Act

    Requires OSTP Action
    Establishes interagency working groups


    Open Access

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    America COMPETES Reauthorization Act of 2010



    Research results
    Dissemination
    Long-term stewardship
    Digital data
    Scholarly publications


    SEC. 103. INTERAGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS COMMITTEE.

    (a) ESTABLISHMENT.�The Director shall establish a working group under the National Science and Technology Council with the responsibility to coordinate Federal science agency research and policies related to the dissemination and long-term stewardship of the results of unclassified research, including digital data and peer-reviewed scholarly publications, supported wholly, or in part, by funding from the Federal science agencies.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    IPAC
    INTERAGENCY PUBLIC ACCESS COMMITTEE.


    Two working groups have very recently been formed by OSTP:
    (1) Digital Data � Members of the Interagency Working Group on Digital Data (IWGDD) will continue and serve in WG that reports to NSTC
    (2) Scholarly Pubs � OSTI Director is DOE rep and one of the co-chairs for the "Public Access to Scientific Publications" (PASP) task force

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Within DOE



    Stakeholder input to help form DOE policy
    • Office of Science has enlisted its Advisory Committees (FACAs) to report on dissemination practices for digital data and scholarly publications (six FACAs, one for each program)

    • Several labs have reps on the FACAs

    • The reports will be reviewed within DOE to help form the DOE recommendation. OSTI will be involved in review and assessment of reports.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Open Access Environment: What's happening across agencies?



    NIH Policy
    National Institutes of Health


    Requires all investigators funded by the NIH submit or have submitted for them to the National Library of Medicine's PubMed Central an electronic version of their final, peer-reviewed manuscripts upon acceptance for publication, to be made publicly available no later than 12 months after the official date of publication
    75% compliance

    Will agencies follow NIH? IPAC will answer that question.

    National Science Foundation Where Discoveries Begin

    NSF Data Sharing Policy
    Investigators are expected to share the primary data, samples, physical collections and other supporting materials created or gathered in the course of work under NSF grants. Grantees are expected to encourage and facilitate such sharing. NSF Data Management Plan Requirements implemented for proposals submitted or due on or after January 18, 2011.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Our Challenge



    Desired outcome!

    For each agency to do for science what NLM has done for life/biosciences

    …but method can be different
    (not "1-size fits all")

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    NLM Is Enriching Access by linking Digital Assets

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    DOE O 241.1B: Recognized the Changing Environment and New Forms of STI



    • Reflected our observation of the changing environment headed our way. OSTI and STIP needed to prepare.�

    • Scientific communication has been transformed by modern technologies.

    • Technology in part motivated the update, rather than the Order revisions driving changes to STIP.�

    • The Order does not require a lab to create STI nor does it require the STI that labs publish to be in any particular format.�

    • In those cases where labs are creating and publishing STI in new or traditional forms, the Order sets out the means for ensuring such STI is made known to OSTI so that it becomes globally searchable and made readily available for use in future scientific endeavors, and is attributable to DOE programs who fund the work.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Forging New Frontiers



    ORCID - Open Researcher & Contributor ID
    • OSTI has joined key publishers and other research institutions
    • Opportunities to benefit from collaboration are anticipated

    DataCite, international consortium�on digital research datasets
    • OSTI recently accepted into membership; now one of 3 US members
    • Registration of DOE datasets is eagerly anticipated

    CrossRef
    • CrossRef is adding a "funding agency" field, of obvious benefit in acknowledging the agencies and the results of R&D

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Accessible Scientific Research Data



    Many disciplines overlap and use data from other sciences
    Internet can unify all literature and data
    Go from lit to computation to data and back to lit
    Info at your fingertips for everyone-everywhere


    Of STIP scope:
    Publicly available research datasets

    Not raw data
    Not restricted data


    Premise: Science advances only if knowledge is shared
    Corollary: Accelerating the sharing of scientific knowledge accelerates the advancement of science

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    DataCite Membership      DataCite - Helping you find, access, and reuse data



    International consortium to establish easier access to scientific research data

    Data that are: to Structured Collections that are:
    Unmanaged right arrow Managed
    Disconnected right arrow Connected
    Invisible right arrow Findable
    Single-use right arrow Reusable

    The goal: To improve access to scientific research datasets produced by�DOE-funded researchers by providing the DOI registration service.
    • Provide the information infrastructure to identify, access, and preserve DOE-sponsored R&D results, with persistent identifiers being applied.
    • Develop means to link a broader range of R&D results, beyond text documents, using DOIs for DOE-sponsored scientific research datasets.

    California Digital Library and Purdue University are the other two U.S. members. CDL is here today to share their experiences and insights.

    DataCite has registered over 1,000,000 DOI names.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Emerging Forms of Scientific Information Require New Tools



    • We produce open access products that make DOE R&D results available.
    • Tools were developed to uniquely address each type of STI and the manner in which it was published.
    • New tools address new forms of STI.


    ScienceCinema
    www.osti.gov/sciencecinema

    Launched: Feb. 8, 2011
    Content: 1,000 hours of DOE videos provided by STIP members and other sources
    Upcoming � adding CERN!


    DOE Data Explorer (DDE)
    www.osti.gov/dataexplorer

    Launched in June 2008
    Will be updated by research datasets, with DOIs obtained via DataCite

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    CERN Multimedia Soon Playing at ScienceCinema!



    ScienceCinema
    www.osti.gov/sciencecinema

    • DOE and CERN have longstanding research collaborations.
    • After ScienceCinema was launched at the ICSTI workshop, CERN proposed a partnership with OSTI to apply the speech indexing technology to its multimedia files.�
    • Because this would demonstrate the DOE-CERN partnership even further, this is in progress now.
    • The first major installment of CERN multimedia content is being added to ScienceCinema and will be available soon. Additional content to be added on an ongoing basis.�
    • CERN's complete collection of scientific multimedia includes over 5,000 video and audio files.�
    • A "search DOE only" button will maintain the identity and integrity of the DOE videos.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    What Is OSTI Missing?
    Opportunities On the Horizon



    We are taking advantage of innovative web technologies to:
    • Make video full-text searchable
    • Enable mobile applications
    • Create DOIs for numeric data sets

    But a gap exists in STI � journal articles covering DOE-funded projects

    We want to collaborate with publishers to make the total R&D record linkable and findable, wherever the information resides

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    OSTI & Journals: Building Relationships



    Articles Cited by DOE Labs
    • OSTI�receives some citation information from DOE labs for DOE-sponsored research published in peer-reviewed journals

    Potential to Collaborate with Publishers
    • Number of citations for a specific publisher to be analyzed
    • For example: For Wiley journals, since 2002, approx. 1000 citations reported to OSTI for research published in 165 Wiley journals.
    • DOIs were obtained from CrossRef for only 50% of the Wiley citations� - an area for improvement.
    • Wiley-OSTI pilot project recently initiated.
    • Addition of "Funding Agency" as a metadata field is a start.

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    i-Science: An Interagency Challenge


    CENDI Working to Meet Administration's Grand Challenge

    The i's in i-Science (in addition to Internet)

    Information
    Ideas
    Innovations
    Individuals

    From Science to Innovations to Jobs
    – Make more scientific and technical content searchable (to include charts, graphs, tables, etc., in machine-readable formats)
    – Move beyond text � numeric data, images, audio, video, etc.
    – Enhance precision search capabilities
    – Leverage collaboration tools (social media, peer-to-peer networks)
    – Integrate semantic technologies

  • Scientific and Technical Information Program (STIP) Annual Meeting, May 4, 2011

    Ultimate Goal: Interlinking and Search Across All Types of Digital Assets

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