He proposed a theory that was greeted with disbelief, and eventually he closed his lab thinking his career was over. Nine years later, in 1997, Paul Boyer held the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on the process by which molecules produce ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Read more on Paul Boyer at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments Web site. In addition, view a sampling of Boyer's documents and related research and access additional related Web sites about Boyer's work. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science.