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OSTIblog Articles in the science communications Topic

University of Tennessee Knoxville in DOE’s .EDUconnections Spotlight

by Kathy Chambers 04 Sep, 2012 in Science Communications
University of Tennessee Knoxville

Science is always in the spotlight at the University of Tennessee Knoxville, a land-grant institution and the state's flagship research campus.  Recent research might include searching for potential habitats for life on Mars, developing an autotaxin  inhibitor to fight cancer, designing a car for the DOE EcoCAR 2 competition, determining  the boundaries of the nuclear chart or developing “Living Light”, a net-zero energy home for DOE’s Solar Decathlon. UTK is situated in an ideal environment for research.

Related Topics: .EDUconnections, cancer, DOE EcoCar 2, DOE's Solar Decathlon, Knoxville, Mars, University of Tennessee

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Wind Direction Forward

by Daphne Evans 28 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications
Energy 101: Wind Turbines

Wind-Energy - A Revitalized Pursuit was issued by Sandia Laboratories in 1974.  This report discusses challenges of the “energy crunch” and the U.S. goal to maintain high standards of living by developing “promising energy sources that are (1) vast, (2) environmentally acceptable, and (3) economically competitive.”  The authors felt that wind energy was a feasible solution. 

Devising ways to efficiently harness the wind is an ongoing pursuit of scientists around the world.

Related Topics: energy, Sandia, showcase, wind

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Congratulations to SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory on its Golden Anniversary

by Kate Bannan 27 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications

SLAC was established in1962 at Stanford University. The SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is a Department of Energy Office of Science national laboratory  and home to a two-mile linear accelerator—the longest in the world.  Originally a particle physics research center, SLAC is now a multipurpose laboratory for astrophysics, photon science, accelerator and particle physics research and home to some of the world’s most cutting-edge technologies used by researchers from around the world to uncover scientific mysteries on the smallest and the largest scales—from the workings of the atom to the mysteries of the cosmos.

Related Topics: Nobel Prize, slac, Stanford

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Energy in the Forecast

by Daphne Evans 13 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications
Wind Resource Map of the United States

If you can accurately predict the weather, you may be able to predict how much energy can be generated from wind turbines.  That was one objective of the “Great Plains Wind Energy Transmission Development Project,” completed in 2011, to “develop a wind energy forecast system, and demonstrate its efficacy in scheduling power output from wind farms in the Great Plains.”  The forecasting system described in the report was comprised of three elements, a software component using various weather prediction models, a wind energy output model, and a graphical user interface.

Related Topics: energy, maps, OSTI collections, weather, wind, wind collection

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Wind Power Research Excitement

by Kathy Chambers 06 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications
3D model of wind plant aerodynamics that shows low velocity wakes and the result

New simulation tools and data collection capabilities now available for wind power research are creating a lot of excitement and significant advances in the wind energy industry. For example, DOE’s National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) tripled previous estimates of U.S. wind power potential by using advanced wind mapping and validation techniques. New wind development areas were also identified where the wind resource was previously considered unsuitable.

Related Topics: Energy Citations Database (ECD), NREL, Wind Power

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The Manhattan Project -- Its Establishment

by Mary Schorn 03 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications
President Roosevelt Establishes the Manhattan Project

On August 13, 1942, the Manhattan Engineer District, whose name was based upon the geographical location of its headquarters, was established.  In September, the Army appointed Colonel Leslie R. Groves to head the effort.  Groves held that the exigencies of war required scientists to move from laboratory research to development and production in record time.  Though traditional scientific caution might be short-circuited in the process, there was no alternative if a bomb was to be built in time to be used in the current conflict (World War II).

Various isotope separation methods (uranium enrichment) to produce uranium-235 were being researched at this time.  One was gaseous diffusion being done at Columbia and another was the electromagnetic method being done at Berkeley under Ernest O. Lawrence.  Based upon the success of the electromagnetic method, the S-1 (The Office of Scientific Research and Development Section On Uranium) Executive Committee recommended building plants in Tennessee at Site X (now Oak Ridge).

Related Topics: 70th Anniversary, atomic bomb, DOE Research & Development (R&D) Accomplishments, electromagnetic, fission, gaseous diffusion, Manhattan Project, nuclear chain reaction, plutonium, Roosevelt, uranium, World War II

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Back-to-School? Get ScienceLab!

by Nena Moss 01 Aug, 2012 in Science Communications
ScienceLab

It’s August! Are you ready to get back to school? If you’re attending or teaching a science class this year, be sure to check out ScienceLab, Students' go-to source...

Related Topics: research papers, research projects, school, students, teachers

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Nano research in DOE collections

by Kathy Chambers 24 Jul, 2012 in Science Communications
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory -- Image: Lawrence Berkeley National Labor

Research involving nanoscale dimensions enable development of innovative materials to help solve challenges in the world you live in. As an example, printing electronic circuitry on flexible and stretchable backplanes could revolutionize a number of industries, including smart devices.

Related Topics: Lawrence Berkeley, nano

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The Manhattan Project -- Its Background

by Mary Schorn 12 Jul, 2012 in Science Communications

This year is the 70th anniversary of the establishment of the Manhattan Project, a predecessor of the U.S. Department of Energy.  In honor of its impacts on science and history, a 'Manhattan Project' series on this blog will revisit various aspects of its background, establishment, operations, and immediate and long-term influences. The first of the series is about the background of the Manhattan Project.

During the fall of 1939, President F. D. Roosevelt was made aware of the possibility that German scientists were racing to build an atomic bomb and he was warned that Hitler would be more than willing to resort to such a weapon.  As a result, Roosevelt set up the Advisory Committee on Uranium, consisting of both civilian and military representatives, to study the current state of research on uranium and to recommend an appropriate role for the federal government.  The result was limited military funding for isotope separation and the work on chain reactions by Enrico Fermi and Leo Szilard at Columbia University.

Related Topics: 70th Anniversary, atomic bomb, DOE Research & Development (R&D) Accomplishments, Manhattan Project, nuclear chain reaction, Roosevelt, uranium, World War II

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Manipulating Matter on a Molecular Scale

by Daphne Evans 09 Jul, 2012 in Science Communications

Nano=one billionth

Nanotechnology=the manipulation of matter on an atomic and molecular scale 

DOE scientists are working to identify immediate and future ways to utilize this precision science.

Check out Nanoscience and Nanotechnology: From Energy Applications to Advanced Medical Therapies, a video discussion of why nanotechnology is important and how it is useful in various fields, from Dr. Tijana Rajh at Fermilab.

Then watch Nanoscience at Work, Creating Energy from Sunlight, from Paul Alivisatos, Berkeley Labscientist and an authority on artificial nanostructure synthesis.

Related Topics: DOepatents, fermilab, nanoscience

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