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OSTIblog Articles in the products and content Topic

DOE and Human Genome Research

by Mary Schorn 28 Mar, 2014 in Products and Content
Charles DeLisi

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has historically played a leading role in supporting human genome research.  March 2014 is the anniversary of the 1986 Santa Fe Workshop, which brought together participants from government, academia, and the private sector to explore the possibility of sequencing the human genome.  This workshop was sponsored by DOE and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL).  The Human Genome Project (HGP) was formalized in mid-February 1990.

In honor of the anniversary of the Santa Fe Workshop, DOE R&D Accomplishments has published a new feature page, Human Genome Research: DOE Origins.  This page describes the key role played by Charles DeLisi, then Associate Director of the Department of Energy’s (DOE) Office of Health and Environmental Research (OHER) in conceiving the idea for a program to sequence the human genome.  The Santa Fe Workshop met DeLisi’s goal of laying out an approach to sequence the human genome. 

Related Topics: Charles DeLisi, DNA, DOE Research & Development (R&D) Accomplishments, genomics, Human Genome Project, Santa Fe Workshop, sequencing

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OSTI Is Re-Focusing and Re-Balancing Its Operations – And Refreshing Its Home Page – to Advance Public Access

by Dr. Jeffrey Salmon 03 Mar, 2014 in Products and Content
Scientific and Technical Information Program:  STI from DOE Programs, Labs, MajS

Let’s call it creative destruction, borrowing from a popular term in economics.  The idea is that the very essence of capitalism is the destruction of old structures and the building of new ones that inevitably face the same pressures as the structures they replaced.  It’s the reason the buggy whip industry fell on hard times. The information management business of the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is in constant flux too, where the next big thing can soon become the next big flop.

Related Topics: .EDUconnections, Adopt-A-Doc, DOE Green Energy, DOE STI, journal literature, National Library of Energy (NLE) - Beta, osti, OSTI Homepage, Science Accelerator, Science Conference Proceedings, ScienceLab, SciTech Connect

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Amazing Aerogels

by Kathy Chambers 28 Feb, 2014 in Products and Content
The Flower dramatically demonstrates the superinsulating properties of silica ae

Aerogels are some of the most fascinating materials on the planet. They were discovered in the 1930s by Stanford University’s Samuel Kistler who proved that he could successfully replace a gel’s liquid with a gas by drying it, thereby creating a substance that was structurally a gel, but without liquid. Since their invention aerogels have primarily been made of silica but can be made of a growing variety of substances including transition metal oxides, organic polymers, biological polymers, semiconductor nanostructures, graphene, carbon, carbon nanotubes and metals as well as aerogel composite materials and the list is growing.

Related Topics: Aerogels, biological, carbon, graphene, metals, OSTIBLOG, oxides, planet, polymers, semiconductor, silica

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Enjoy the benefits of LED lighting

by Kathy Chambers 30 Dec, 2013 in Products and Content
Source: http://www.flickr.com/photos/uscapitol/6309229615/in/photostream/

Every day we are bombarded with advertisements in every form and format telling us that our lives will be improved if we buy a particular product because it will save us money, reduce our work effort, save us energy, or benefit the environment. We are justifiably skeptical because we know from experience that if something sounds too good to be true, usually it is. Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is one of the exceptions. LEDs benefits are so powerful that they seem too good to be true; however, they actually do save us money, reduce our work effort, save us energy and benefit our environment.

Light-emitting diode (LED) lighting is a type of solid-state lighting that uses a semiconductor to convert electricity to light. LED lighting products are beginning to appear in a wide variety of home, business, and industrial products such as holiday lighting, replacement bulbs for incandescent lamps, street lighting, outdoor area lighting and indoor ambient lighting.

Related Topics: cumulative energy, energy star, LED, Light-emitting diode, lighting, OSTIBLOG, solid-state

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The Reverend Thomas Bayes

by Kathy Chambers 06 Nov, 2013 in Products and Content
Thomas Bayes

During the 1700’s, the Reverend Thomas Bayes was a nonconformist minister at the Mount Sion Chapel in Tunbridge Wells, UK, about 40 miles southeast of central London.  Having studied both theology and logic at the University of Edinburgh, he was also a mathematician and developed a strong interest in probability late in life. He was known to have published only one book on theology and one book on mathematics in his lifetime. A third manuscript he never published about the probability of cause made him famous. After his death, a good friend Richard Price recognized the importance of the paper and, after extensive editing, submitted it for publication. More than 20 years later, the great French mathematician, Pierre-Simon Laplace devised the formula for Bayes’ probability of causes and acknowledged Bayes as the discoverer of what we now know as Bayesian inference.  

Related Topics: Bayesian Inference, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, OSTIBLOG, Thomas Bayes

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Solving the mystery of superconductivity

by Kathy Chambers 17 Oct, 2013 in Products and Content
Brookhaven physicist Yong Chu at the National Synchrotron Light Source II looks

At the legendary 1987 American Physical Society conference, sometimes called the “Woodstock of physics”, thousands of physicists descended upon a New York Hilton ballroom to hear about the discovery of high-temperature superconductivity (HTS) in ceramic materials.

Related Topics: Brookhaven, HTS, National Synchrotron Light Source II, OSTI Homepage, superconductivity, X-Ray Nanoprobe

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UC Berkeley in the Spotlight

by Kathy Chambers 17 Sep, 2013 in Products and Content
The Campanile and Mt. Tamalpais from Berkeley Memorial Stadium at sunset

Overlooking the eastern shore of the beautiful San Francisco Bay is UC Berkeley, founded during the gold rush days as the flagship institution of the University of California. This campus has become one of the preeminent universities in the world. UC Berkeley has consistently ranked highest among the world’s public institutions for its achievements in teaching and for the quality and breadth of its research enterprise.

Berkeley’s core research community is made up of some 1,600 full time faculty, 10,000 graduate students, and approximately 1,400 post-doctoral fellows from throughout the world. An astounding 22 current and former faculty and 29 alumni have received the Nobel Prize. The first atom-smashing cyclotron was developed here and UC Berkeley faculty played a key role in building the world’s first atomic bomb.

Related Topics: .EDUconnections, Biofuels, biotechnology, carbon capture, carbon sequestration, UC Berkeley

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Watch More Science Videos – Now with Closed Captioning

by Brian Hitson 26 Aug, 2013 in Products and Content

Scientific videos just became even more plentiful and even more accessible through OSTI’s multimedia search tool ScienceCinema. Over a three-month period and with the help of a wonderful summer intern working alongside OSTI staff, we have added 560 new science videos to ScienceCinema from DOE Labs. Now, ScienceCinema contains over 3,200 videos highlighting exciting research sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy and CERN. Using innovative, state-of-the-art audio indexing and speech recognition technology, ScienceCinema allows users to quickly search videos, and identify the exact point in the video where the search terms were spoken.

Related Topics: audio indexing, cern, Closed Captioning, GreenButton, Microsoft Research, ScienceCinema, speech recognition

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The Higgs boson - a turning point in history

by Kathy Chambers 20 Aug, 2013 in Products and Content
CERN's aerial view and the LHC tunnel

Turning points in history – things or events that define lasting change in the world we know.  The industrial revolution, Henry Ford’s automobile, penicillin, Einstein’s theory of relativity, firsts in aviation and space, the discovery of electricity, and the digital computer invention were some of these turning points.

Related Topics: collaboration, higgs boson, large hadron collider, SciTech Connect, standard model

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DOE Data Explorer

by Jannean Elliott 06 Aug, 2013 in Products and Content

Early in May the new design and the expanded search functionalities of the DOE Data Explorer were launched.  The major upgrade continues this month with the addition of customization features that enhance your interaction with the DDE database.  You may be familiar with some of these from OSTI’s other information products.  For example, you can now download retrieved records into

Related Topics: DOE Data Explorer (DDE), non-text information

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