by Kathy Chambers 17 Apr, 2014 in
Warmer winters are changing bird migratory patterns, warmer seawater is linked to coral reef bleaching in the Florida Keys and Puerto Rico, and more extreme climate events are affecting society and ecosystems. According to the Department of Energy (DOE), the increasing air and water temperatures, decreasing water availability across regions and seasons, increasing intensity and frequency of storm events, flooding and sea level rise have caused major issues to the energy sector over the past decade. Our world as we know it is evolving because of climate change.
Beginning with the Industrial Revolution, our reliance on fossil fuels, expanded transportation, and deforestation have resulted in the accumulation of excess carbon dioxide or CO2 in our atmosphere. The present amount of CO2 is estimated to be 40% more than the pre-industrial amount. DOE estimates that human activity now emits an astounding 40,000 metric tons of CO2 into the atmosphere every minute. CO2 is the primary greenhouse gas that is contributing to our climate extremes and the world has taken notice. Carbon capture and permanent safe and secure storage (carbon sequestration) is underway around the world and is an important component of the global CO2 emission strategy to mitigate climate change and save our beautiful world.
Many significant carbon sequestration research programs are progressing throughout DOE with federal, state, and private sector regional partnerships,...Read more...
Overlooking the eastern shore of the beautiful San Francisco Bay is UC Berkeley, founded during the gold rush days as the flagship institution of the University of California. This campus has become one of the preeminent universities in the world. UC Berkeley has consistently ranked highest among the world’s public institutions for its achievements in teaching and for the quality and breadth of its research enterprise.
Berkeley’s core research community is made up of some 1,600 full time faculty, 10,000 graduate students, and approximately 1,400 post-doctoral fellows from throughout the world. An astounding 22 current and former faculty and 29 alumni have received the Nobel Prize. The first atom-smashing cyclotron was developed here and UC Berkeley faculty played a key role in building the world’s first atomic bomb. It’s the place where vitamin E and K were discovered, the human polio virus isolated, and the flu virus identified. Berkeley scientists and engineers played a crucial role in the computer revolution and the growth of Silicon Valley. Breakthroughs in genomic science and hereditary breast cancer were discovered here. Saul Perlmutter cofounded the Supernova Cosmology Project and George Smoot imaged the infant universe. Read in detail the long and impressive list of discoveries and contributions by UC Berkeley scholars.
The 200-acre U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), founded by UC Berkeley physicist Ernest Orlando Lawrence, lies on a hillside above the UC Berkeley campus. LBNL has a distinguished history of world-...Read more...