OSTIblog Articles in the Japan Topic
by Mary Schorn 17 Dec, 2012 in Science Communications
With the Manhattan Project on the brink of success in spring 1945, the atomic bomb became an increasingly important element in American strategy to bring an end to World War II.
Because of the generally accepted view that the Japanese would fight to the bitter end, a costly invasion of the home islands seemed likely, even though some American policy makers held that successful combat delivery of one or more atomic bombs might convince the Japanese that further resistance was futile. They contended that the bomb could possibly lead to Japanese surrender without an invasion and should be used as soon as possible, without warning.