U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

In the OSTI Collections

Oil Shales
Petroleum is commonly extracted from pores in rock formations below the earth’s surface. Different kinds of rock have petroleum in their pores, but the petroleum is not part of the rock itself.
Fission Theory
A predictive theory of nuclear fission has eluded physicists since 1939. Because understanding the fission process is crucial for many areas of scientific research, including particle systems, the development of carbon-free energy and to national security, much work continues at the Department of Energy (DOE) to understand fission’s inherent complexity.
Free-Electron Lasers
Free-Electron Lasers absorb and release energy at any wavelength and can be controlled more precisely than conventional lasers by producing intense powerful light in brief bursts with extreme precision.
Heat Pumps
DOE and its predecessor agencies have been researching heat pump technology since the early 1950’s.
Monte Carlo Methods
Monte Carlo calculation methods are algorithms for solving various kinds of computational problems by using (pseudo)random numbers.
Quantum Computers
In the amazing world of quantum physics, DOE researchers and their partners are designing hardware for quantum computers that function by storing and using data on atoms and the subatomic particles inside of them. Major advances in this hardware development could ultimately accelerate the design of practical, full-scale quantum computers.
Metamaterials are a new class of artificially-structured materials that provides the ability to manipulate the flow of electromagnetic energy in ways that are not achievable with natural materials.
Dark Matter and Dark Energy
The nature of dark energy or invisible energy is one of the universe’s most compelling mysteries and its resolution is likely to completely change our understanding of matter, space, and time.
DOE R&D for the Mars Science Laboratory
U.S. Department of Energy laboratories and their researchers are helping keep the Mars Science Laboratory “Curiosity” rover functioning on Mars for the next 23 months. Search the DOE’s Energy Citations Database and other DOE Collections to learn more about some of the research that makes this mission possible.

Last updated on Monday 10 March 2014