U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science Office of Scientific and Technical Information

OSTI News

Feb 27, 2013Office of Science Collaborates with Federal Partners to Plan for Comprehensive Public Access to Research Results

Transparency of federally funded scientific research will expand the frontiers of knowledge. (read more).

Feb 27, 2013Science Accelerator Undergoes an Upgrade!

Science Accelerator, the online gateway to sources of research and development provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, is sporting new navigation tools along with a new skin. Now at Science Accelerator, you can tab for text, multimedia, and data to easily access the information you are seeking according to format. Author clusters are now available, in addition to the Topic and Date clusters. Try out the new topic visualization tool to visually scan and access R&D results. And enjoy the new slide show of our DOE databases.

Feb 15, 2013Introducing The National Library of Energy (Beta), New Search Engine Facilitating Access to Department of Energy Information

National Library of Energy BETA
The Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) has launched the National Library of Energy (NLE), a virtual library and open government resource to advance energy literacy, innovation and security. The NLE search feature provides one-stop, easy access to information about DOE and its work in four broad mission areas - science and R&D results; energy and technology for industry and homeowners; energy market information and analysis; and nuclear security and environmental management. Accessible on the OSTI home page, the NLE also is a "featured search and developer tool" on the recently published new DOE resource hub for open energy data. A DOE Blog, "Welcome to Energy.gov/Data," mentions the NLE (read more).

Feb 15, 2013Disproving Physics Theory Bags 1957 Nobel Prize

T.D. Lee

Tsung-Dao Lee and his colleague Chen Ning Yang, who had worked at the Department of Energy Brookhaven National Lab’s Cosmotron, disproved a tenet of physics known as the conservation of parity and subsequently won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics. Read their technical reports from that era and find resources with additional information at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.

Jul 2, 2012Sixty-Five Years of Listening, Learning and Strengthening: OSTI brings DOE research to the world

The Office of Scientific and Technical Information brings DOE research to the world.

OSTI is currently a highlight at the Office of Science website. Here’s a blurb: "You're going to learn a few things if you sit down and listen to scientists. That's especially true if you listen to them for sixty-five years! In a real sense, that's what OSTI ... has been doing for the past six-and-a-half decades."  Read more.

Jul 2, 2012Clemson in the Spotlight at .EDUconnections

EDUconnections

Clemson University is addressing the challenges in advanced vehicle design and development, including life cycle impact of vehicles, energy use and emissions, reliability, manufacturing, cost of ownership, customer preference and public policy.  Read about the CU-International Center for Automotive Research Gate Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems, funded by a DOE grant at the OSTI .EDUconnections website. .EDUconnections features U.S. community colleges and universities committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. For more institutions in the .EDUconnections spotlight, visit the archive page.

Jul 2, 2012Science.gov Mobile makes a second Top Ten list

science.gov

The Science.gov Mobile application has made another Top Ten list. In mid-June the application was named to InformationWeek's Ten Handy Mobile Apps From Uncle Sam and then one week later to the Top Ten in Best Federal Apps by Government Computer News (GCN). The Science.gov Mobile application is the only interagency app to make both lists. The Administration recently issued Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People, the strategy which calls on all federal agencies to begin making mobile applications to better serve the American public. The Science.gov mobile application was developed by and is hosted at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) on behalf of the multi-agency Science.gov Alliance.

Jun 29, 2012From accident to lab to Nobel Prize: Read about Alan MacDiarmid and plastic batteries

Alan MacDiarmid

An inadvertent addition of more than the recommended catalyst during an experiment in Japan led a U.S. researcher to the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. At the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website you can find out how Alan MacDiarmid made this happen, and you can get resources with additional information and related patents. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.

Jun 27, 2012Cool? You Bet. Science.gov Mobile Named to Top Ten in Best Federal Apps

Science.gov
Coolness? Check. Usefulness? Check. Ease of Use? Check. The Science.gov Mobile application has been named among the Top Ten in Best Federal Apps by Government Computer News (GCN). The recognition is timely, too. The Administration recently issued  Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People, the strategy which calls on all federal agencies to begin making mobile applications to better serve the American public.  GCN called its Top Ten "ahead of the curve" with apps already in place. The Science.gov mobile application was developed by and is hosted at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) on behalf of the multi-agency Science.gov Alliance.  Now anywhere, anytime, you can go to m.science.gov to get science information quickly.  Read more about Science.gov, the online gateway to over 50 databases and more than 2100 selected websites from 13 federal agencies.  In 2009, the Science.gov portal was named among 10 government websites already "meeting and exceeding" the Obama Administration's transparency goals in a special GCN report, Great dot-Gov Web Sites.

Jun 26, 2012Creation of synthetic host molecules led to 1987 Nobel Prize for Cram

Donald Cram

Twenty years after creating synthetic host molecules that mimic some of the actions that enzymes perform in cells, Donald Cram was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In his host-guest research, Cram and his colleagues designed and prepared more than 1,000 hosts -- each with unique chemical and physical properties -- designed to attract and bind (to serve as hosts) to specific guest molecules, which can be either organic molecules or inorganic ions. Get resources with additional information including full-text documents, and see the research highlights at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.

Jun 21, 2012From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE looking good in coveted R&D 100 Awards

A remarkably small microwave antenna is among ORNL's nine R&D 100 award-winning technologies.

From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE researchers have won 36 of the highly coveted 100 awards given out this year by R&D Magazine. The awards are given annually for the most outstanding technology developments with promising commercial potential. "Congratulations to this year's R&D 100 award winners," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu (see press release). "The research and development at the Department of Energy’s laboratories continue to help the nation meet our energy challenges, strengthen our national security and improve our economic competitiveness." You can find more about the research behind the awards via Science Accelerator, a gateway to science information including full-text R&D results, accomplishments, and more.

Jun 6, 2012Great science information is just a tweet away

Twitter

Keep up with DOE, U.S. and worldwide government science information by following @ostigov exit federal site, @sciencegov exit federal site, and @worldwidescienc exit federal site on Twitter.  Get the latest research and development info in a wide range of scientific disciplines from authoritative national and international databases. Great science info is just a tweet away.

Jun 6, 2012Invisible science, cadaver dogs, brain imaging, quiet lasers, entrepreneurship: see the patents at DOepatent news

DOepatents
In 2011, over 800 patents were issued as a result of research funded by the United States Department of Energy (DOE). That's an average of 2 or 3 patents a day for 2011, an impressive total for the year. Read about a variety of patents through the DOepatents news. DOE patent activity demonstrates a considerable contribution to scientific progress in the physical sciences and other disciplines.

Jun 6, 2012Refreshed design complements ongoing refreshed content at Science Accelerator

Science Accelerator
You can now refresh your science discovery experience at Science Accelerator through its new design and the regular updates to its resources. See the new look and explore the new content by using search terms in your topic of interest. You can limit your results to the most recent by using the Advanced Search and entering a date range of your choice. For instance, searching on the Full Record for the term 'nanotubes' with date range of 2011 through 2012 will return over 500 results.

Sep 2, 2011Salt Lake Community College: Solar partner with DOE

Community College Connections
The DOE Rocky Mountain Solar Training Program exit federal site partnership between the U.S. Department of Energy, Salt Lake Community College exit federal site, and others, works to accelerate the use of solar electric technologies and training programs within a 15 state western US region. Salt Lake Community College is the largest higher education institution with the most diverse student body in Utah. Read more at community college connections about this institution's diverse science and technology programs. Community college connections is a part of the .EDUconnections website, hosted by OSTI.

Aug 31, 2011High Energy Physics Owes Debt to Nobel Laureate Georges Charpak

Georges CharpakHe developed a host of particle detectors and won the 1992 Nobel Prize for his ground breaking multiwire proportional chamber which revolutionized particle physics. Find resources with additional information about Georges Charpak at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.

Aug 11, 2011More science images at Science.gov

Science images from the NSF Image Collection have been added to the Science.gov image search. The Science.gov image search makes it easy to find science images from a variety of federal agencies/organizations, including NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS and USGS-NBII. Get photos and drawings of plants, weather and space images, photos of thousands of marine species, and more.

Aug 2, 2011Special Summer Spotlight: Tribal Universities

EDUconnections
Read about the unique partnership between DOE National Labs, the American Indian Higher Education Consortium, and the American Indian Science and Engineering Society  bringing science, technology, engineering, and mathematics research and education funding to the Nation's Tribal Colleges and Universities. Find quick links such as:

OSTI's .EDUconnections features U.S. institutions committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. For more institutions in the .EDUconnections spotlight, visit the archive page.

Jul 29, 2011Software developed at Los Alamos National Lab touted by President Obama, available via OSTI

ESTSC
A software package developed at Los Alamos National Lab was recently touted by President Obama in his remarks at Carnegie Mellon University's National Robotics Engineering Center. President Obama said that a team of researchers at LANL teamed with Procter and Gamble "to adapt software developed for war … to dramatically boost the performance of diapers."

"Yes, diapers," said the President. "Folks chuckle, but those who've been parents -- (laughter) -- are always on the lookout for indestructible, military-grade diapers."

President Obama noted that "federal agencies are working with private companies to make powerful, often unaffordable modeling and simulation software easier to access." The software package, Computational Fluid Dynamics Library, is available at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Science and Technology Software Center, hosted at OSTI.

Software packages in the OSTI collection can be used for a variety of applications, and in many cases are available in multiple platforms, such as PC, workstation, or supercomputer.

Jul 14, 2011Research begets research, look to 1940s for today's state-of- the-art innovation

To get exquisitely detailed imaging of the inside of the human body, today's medical practitioners turn to the MRI. To get to the roots of the MRI, researchers turn to I.I. Rabi and his ground-breaking exploration of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the 1940s. Rabi's work led to the 1944 Nobel Prize in Physics and supported not only the development of the MRI, but the atomic clock and the laser as well. To top off his legacy, Rabi was known for his love for and ability to teach younger generations of physicists. Find resources with additional information at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.

Jul 6, 2011EDUconnections releases its Summer Feature: learn about the U.S. DOE Workforce Development for Teachers & Scientists

.EDUconnections
Learn about U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) fellowships, internships, competitions and more at the Workforce Development for Teachers & Scientists (WDTS), a program within the DOE Office of Science. WDTS provides a continuum of opportunities to the Nation's students and teachers of science, technology, engineering and mathematics. Read more about these opportunities.

Jul 6, 2011National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technologies Available for Licensing; read more patents news at DOepatents

DOepatents
The National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has a multitude of energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies that are available for licensing. Opportunities are available to both small and large businesses -- from start-ups to Fortune 500 companies. Get more DOepatents news and read about the Department's considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to today at the DOepatents website.

Jun 30, 2011Virtual library of Energy-related research info revamped and ready for searchers


EnergyFiles has been revamped and now searches over 50 databases of science information in fields relevant to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). Topics include biology and medicine, fission and nuclear technologies, geophysics, materials science, mathematics, renewable energy, and more. You can search EnergyFiles with a single query at the homepage, or utilize the advanced search for more customized results. You can also browse useful links related to each subject, including links to relevant organizations, conference information, and reference materials. Over 25% of the resources point to DOE-funded research information. EnergyFiles was the first known federal government federated search engine and was listed in 2005 as a top search portal by the Association of College and Research Libraries.


Improvements include:

  • A one-stop search of all EnergyFiles resources
  • Ranking of results based on relevance
  • Clustering of results by subtopics, authors, and dates
  • Sorting options by rank, date, title, author, and limiting by source
  • Daily, weekly, or monthly alerts of new information in your areas of interest
  • Eureka News results related to your search terms
  • Mark & send option for emailing results to friends and colleagues
  • Download capabilities
Jun 20, 2011WorldWideScience.org Enhancements: Addition of Arabic Translation, Mobile Capability, and Multimedia Results

Arabic has been added to the suite of translated languages at WorldWideScience.org, bringing the total number of translated languages to 10. At WorldWideScience.org, your query can be translated into the languages of the search engine's 80-plus databases and the results can be translated into  your preferred language. In addition, WorldWideScience.org has added a new multimedia search capability, including search of speech-indexed scientific videos from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and CERN.  Speech-indexing is provided by the Microsoft Research Audio Video Indexing System (MAVIS). Also, a mobile version of WorldWideScience.org (http://m.worldwidescience.org)  has been launched, which will mark another first in the field of federated search. These enhancements build on WorldWideScience.org's history of innovation in combining information and search technologies with a commitment to accelerate scientific discovery. This commitment is shared by the multilateral WorldWideScience Alliance, comprised of globally-dispersed national and international scientific and technical information organizations.

May 5, 2010Melvin Schwartz and the discovery of the muon neutrino featured at OSTI

Discovery of the muon neutrinoDiscoveries that unleashed new opportunities for research into the innermost structure and dynamics of matter are now featured at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. Melvin Schwartz was the co-winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino." Read about his award-winning work, done at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and find resources with additional information. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Apr 23, 2010DOE Green Energy portal

DOE Green Energy portalFind green energy-related research and development information through a new online portal, DOE Green Energy. The free public portal was launched on the 40th Anniversary of Earth Day (view press release) and provides technical documents from thousands of R&D projects conducted at DOE National Laboratories and by DOE-funded awards at universities. The DOE Green Energy portal is part of the DOE Open Government Plan, which furthers the Administration’s Open Government Initiative. It contains bibliographic citations, technical reports and patent information on different types of renewable energy resources and energy conservation, including solar, wind, bioenergy, hydroelectric, geothermal, tidal and wave power, and energy storage.

Apr 20, 2010New visualization technology enables users to reach for the stars -- find the related patent at DOepatents

doepatents

The Starlight Information Visualization System is a Windows-based visual analytics tool developed over several years of research by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists. Find the associated patent and read more at http://starlight.pnl.gov/


DOepatents was developed by OSTI. More information about technology transfer may be found at the DOE Technology Transfer website. Questions about technology transfer at the U.S. Department of Energy may be addressed to DOEtechtransfer@science.doe.gov.

Apr 6, 2010A new light shines on community colleges

cccThe U.S. Department of Energy is now spotlighting community colleges across the nation committed to supporting and advancing science. The new page, community college connections, is linked from the OSTI .EDUconnections website which connects university libraries and research departments to valuable DOE scientific research. Visit community college connections this month to learn more about Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) in Des Moines, Iowa and its array of science programs. Explore the resources and get quick links to nearby Ames Laboratory and its community college programs. Ames is managed by Iowa State University which shares a cross enrollment program with Des Moines Area Community College.

Mar 30, 2010Find a lot of patent information fast using the patent abstracts feature at the DOepatents database

doepatentsNow it's easy to quickly scan patent abstracts to find the scientific patent information you need. Search at DOepatents for the patent information related to your science topic; then hover over the patent titles and read the first 50 words of the patent abstracts directly from your search results page. Patent abstracts allow a quick perusal of all the patents on the search results page related to your search term. DOepatents was developed by OSTI. More information about technology transfer may be found at the DOE Technology Transfer website. Questions about technology transfer at the U.S. Department of Energy may be addressed to DOEtechtransfer@science.doe.gov.

Mar 30, 2010Find your scientific document; then quickly find "more like this" at Information Bridge

bridge The "go to" site for Department of Energy full-text research documents has added a ''more like this" feature on the search results page. Now you can search for technical reports on your topics of interest and quickly locate related documents. The "more like this" feature is based on the frequency of similar terms within the documents.

Documents in Information Bridge are primarily from 1991 forward and were produced by DOE, the DOE contractor community, and/or DOE grantees. Legacy documents are added as they become available in electronic format.

Mar 18, 2010OSTI data sets deemed "high value"

OpenGov From the Manhattan Project to the present, OSTI has been committed to ensuring access to DOE R&D results. Through the development of a suite of web-based data sets and information discovery tools, scientific and technical information is made widely available to the scientific community and the public. From the set of databases, tools, and services that OSTI made available to data.gov for the Open Government Initiative, five data sets were recently identified by the Department of Energy as "high value" data sets. This is information that DOE has amassed over the years and are considered of great use to the general public. The five high value data sets from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) include DOE Research and Development Project Summaries (data services), Energy Citations Database (data services), Information Bridge (data services), Geothermal/Geothermal Legacy Data (data services), and DOE Patents Database (data services). These tools have made DOE R&D results more transparent and have made scientific information access more convenient than ever before. View the feature on OSTI OpenGov initiatives.

Mar 9, 2010Roasting Biomass May Be Key Process in Bioenergy Economy

Roasting Coffee Beans Biorefineries may soon rely on a process akin to roasting coffee beans to get more energy-dense biomass. A new collaborative study between Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will investigate whether such roasting can create a more valuable product for the nascent biofuels industry. DOepatents is the U.S. Department of Energy central collection of patent information, where research and development intersect with innovation and invention (view DOE patents related to biomass). This collection demonstrates the Department's considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to today.

Mar 9, 2010OSTI’s .EDUconnections Spotlight Is on Purdue University

Purdue University The Spotlight is on Purdue University. Each month OSTI's .EDUconnections features U.S. institutions committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. Find professors of interest, exceptional students, and science and education news from Purdue. Visit the archive to see additional featured universities.

Mar 9, 2010Radiocarbon, Carbon Dating and Willard Libby featured at DOE R&D Accomplishments Website

Willard Libby Willard Libby won the 1960 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of a method to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science. View the feature at DOE R&D Accomplishments, a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science. Resources with additional information are available.

Oct 15, 2009Be on the Alert -- sign up for email Alerts at the Science Accelerator

Science Accelerator
Would you like to be notified when the latest research and development results, project descriptions, accomplishments, and more are added to DOE/OSTI resources?  Register for free for Science Accelerator Alerts and receive email Alerts on your science topics of interest.

Oct 13, 2009Nobel Prize in Chemistry for seminal work related to ribosome, now a major target for new antibiotics

Ribosome
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Thomas A. Steitz, and Ada E. Yonath were awarded the 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for their seminal research related to the ribosome's translation of DNA information into the code of life. All three conducted past research at DOE laboratories. The research by Ramakrishnan and Steitz was conducted in part at the National Synchrotron Light Source (NSLS) at Brookhaven National Laboratory. All three recipients published papers on their award-winning work based on data collected at DOE's Argonne National Laboratory. Ramakrishnan spent the early part of his career at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory High Flux Isotope Reactor. The three Laureates have all generated 3D models that show how different antibiotics bind to the ribosome. These models are now used by scientists in order to develop new antibiotics, directly assisting the saving of lives and decreasing humanity's suffering, according to the Nobel Laureate press release. View the feature and find Resources with Additional Information at DOE R&D Accomplishments, a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Sep 30, 2009Oak Ridge DOE oral histories to be preserved at OSTI

 Brian Hitson, Associate Director, Patty Simmons, Technical Information Specialist, Sharon Jordan, Assistant Director, Walter Warnick, Director

An initiative is underway for Oak Ridge DOE oral histories to be documented and preserved. The DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), through the Networking Oak Ridge Oral History (NOROH) initiative, is the intended repository for oral histories from those involved in over 60 years of federal operations in the once Secret City. "The Office of Scientific and Technical Information has a long tradition of preserving documents for future generations, as we will do for oral interviews conducted by NOROH," said Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI. "This will be another addition to our immense collection which highlights the importance of Oak Ridge through the contributions of its federal workforce." Former federal employees involved in key programs on the Oak Ridge Reservation will be interviewed and their corporate knowledge assembled to create a resource for the next generation that may otherwise be lost. Former federal employees who worked on the Oak Ridge Reservation may schedule an appointment by contacting Katatra Vasquez, Cultural Resources Coordinator with DOE's Oak Ridge Office, by calling 865-576-0835 or emailing vasquezkc@oro.doe.gov.

Interviews will be held at the Federal Building in Oak Ridge or, if an individual is not physically able to come to the Federal Building, special accommodations will be made to take the oral history at the individual's residence.

Sep 22, 2009Environmental research sent to WWS.org

WorldWideScience

The United Kingdom has made its first major independent contribution of research data to WorldWideScience.org with the upload of the Environment Research Funders' Forum (ERFF) Research Database. The database holds information on some 20,000 publicly funded environmental research projects and programs that have been funded by ERFF's member organizations since 2005. While research is being continually added to the ERFF's collections, through the federated search function anyone using WorldWideScience.org will be able to access the most up-to-date information from the UK's largest public sector funders of environmental science, according to the British Library press release Global science community shares wealth of knowledge. The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom, and a founding partner in the WorldWideScience Alliance.

Sep 22, 2009Enrico Fermi winner John B. Goodenough featured at OSTI

John B. Goodenough
For his "lasting contributions to materials science and technology, especially the science underlying lithium-ion batteries," John B. Goodenough was named a winner of the 2009 Enrico Fermi Award, one of the most prestigious science and technology awards awarded by the U.S. Government. View the feature on Goodenough at the DOE R&D Accomplishments website and find resources with additional information. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. For more information on Goodenough and related research, visit the OSTI Science Showcase featuring the 2009 Enrico Fermi award winners.

Sep 22, 2009Enrico Fermi winner Siegfried S. Hecker featured at OSTI

Siegfried S. Hecker
For his "contributions to plutonium metallurgy, his broad scientific leadership and for his energetic and continuing efforts to reduce the danger of nuclear weapons around the globe," Siegfried S. Hecker was named a winner of the 2009 Enrico Fermi Award, one of the most prestigious science and technology awards awarded by the U.S. Government. View the feature on Hecker at the DOE R&D Accomplishments website and find resources with additional information. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. For more information on Hecker and related research, visit the OSTI Science Showcase featuring the 2009 Enrico Fermi award winners.

Sep 2, 2009Get connected: University research departments and libraries can find tools and resources from DOE at .EDUconnections

EDUconnections

University research departments and libraries can now easily connect to important resources from the U.S. Department of Energy. Check out the specialized tools and services; visit the spotlight page spotlight to see examples of universities supporting and advancing scientific research and discovery; find DOE grants, internships, fellowships and scholarships; use the widget; and coming soon join the forum. .EDUconnections is OSTI’s latest tool helping university research departments and libraries get the resources they need.

Sep 2, 2009Available via OSTI Collections

Renewable Energy Documents

Find government research information related to renewable energy through OSTI collections. Find full text technical reports, citations, project summaries and more. OSTI makes R&D information rapidly available to researchers and the public so that discovery can be accelerated.

Sep 2, 2009Ilya Prigogine and Dissipative Structures

Ilya Prigogine
Considered one of the founders of complexity science, Ilya Prigogine received the Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1977 for "his contributions to nonequilibrium thermodynamics, particularly the theories of dissipative structures." According to The Univeristy of Texas at Austin, Prigogine developed the concept of "dissipative structures" to describe the coherent space-time structures that form in open systems in which an exchange of matter and energy occurs between a system and its environment. He was a leader in the fields of nonlinear chemistry and physics, and his research helped create a greater understanding of the role of time in the physical sciences and biology. View the feature on Prigogine at the DOE R&D Accomplishments website and find resources with additional information. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Aug 18, 2009Visit Energy Citations Database for access to research in many science disciplines

Energy Citations Database
Visit Energy Citations Database and get free electronic access to over 2.6 million science research citations and more than 221,000 full-text documents in disciplines such as chemistry, physics, materials, environmental science, geology, engineering, mathematics, climatology, oceanography, and computer science. Energy Citations Database includes bibliographic citations to report literature, conference papers, journal articles, books, dissertations, and patents. Citations and documents are made publicly available by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI)

Sep 30, 2008South Africa joins energy technology information exchange agreement

http://www.etde.org/
South Africa's Minister of Minerals and Energy officially accepted an invitation to join the International Energy Agency multilateral agreement called the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE). OSTI currently chairs this longstanding agreement and also serves as the managing/operating agent. Established in 1987, ETDE maintains the world’s largest database of energy research, technology, and development information ­-- ETDEWEB. Covering the full range of energy research, technology, and development fields, ETDEWEB has over four million records, representing billions of research dollars, as well as 223,000 full-text documents directly available to users and 805,000 links to full text at sites around the world. Through ETDEWEB, U.S. researchers gain access to over 100,000 new energy R&D records annually. ETDE will now have 16 member countries, plus existing partnerships with other international organizations. The Ministry has designated the South African National Energy Research Institute (SANERI) to be the contracting party for ETDE.­

Sep 15, 2008Even More Science Info with Release of Science.gov Version 5.0

http://www.science.gov

Science.gov Version 5.0
was released today with even more science information for your search query. "For those who need reliable science information, and need it now, Science.gov is the search site of choice," said Eleanor Frierson, Deputy Director, National Agricultural Library and co-chair of the Science.gov Alliance. Science.gov 5.0 searches 200 million pages of scientific information and now provides links to related EurekAlert! Science News, and Wikipedia information on your science topics of interest. In addition, Science.gov offers "clustering" of results by subtopics or dates to more easily target searches and provides the capability to easily download search results into personal files or citation software. "Librarians and researchers will appreciate that Science.gov results can now be more easily imported, and the Wikipedia links and Eureka News features will be a bonus for everyone who loves science," said Tom Lahr, Deputy Associate Chief Biologist for Information, U.S. Geological Survey, and co-chair of the Science.gov Alliance.The Alerts and Email Search Results services have been updated. .

Sep 9, 2008Citations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Featured at OSTI’s DOE Data Explorer

DOE Data Explorer

Now you can find additional citations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program at the DOE Data Explorer. ARM, a key contributor to national and international research efforts related to global climate change, is a multi-laboratory, interagency program sponsored by the DOE Office of Science and managed by the Office of Biological and Environmental Research. The DOE Data Explorer, developed by OSTI, can be used to find collections of scientific research data, such as computer simulations, figures and plots, interactive maps, multimedia, numeric files, and scientific images, from a variety of data centers such as ARM. The additional citations guide users to ARM’s Showcase Data Sets, ARM’s Aerial Vehicles Program, data categorized by specific measurements or instruments, and more.

Aug 26, 2008Get Scientific Research Data Using the DOE Data Explorer

DOE Data Explorer

Use the DOE Data Explorer to find computer simulations, numeric data files, figures and plots, interactive maps, multimedia, and scientific images generated in the course of DOE-sponsored research. The DOE Data Explorer includes a database of citations prepared by OSTI based on the information found at data-hosting websites. The DOE Data Explorer is intended to be particularly useful to students, the public, and to researchers who are new to a field or looking for experimental or observational data outside their normal field of expertise.

Aug 26, 2008Find out About the Latest DOE Research Projects

R&D Project Summaries

Find summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects conducted by the DOE laboratories and research facilities in a range of R&D disciplines in energy, science, and technology. From the search box you can type in your query and find research the DOE is performing in your science area of interest. This search tool was developed by the OSTI as a means to educate and inform the general public of DOE R&D activities.

Aug 5, 2008OSTI Website Features Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)

Computed Tomography (CT) Scanner
From fruit juice screening to coal cleaning processes, Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) are being put to use for non-medical research. The radiographic inspection methods are currently featured at the DOE R&D Accomplishments website, a central forum for information about the outcomes of past U.S. Department of Energy R&D. Resource links with additional information are available. The website was developed and is maintained by OSTI.

Aug 5, 2008Science.gov Features Food Safety, Classroom Resources, and Immunization Websites

science.gov
Science.gov, the go-to portal for government science information, is currently featuring food safety, classroom resources, and immunization websites. Science.gov's featured sites are rotated frequently, but you can access a comprehensive list of previous features by going to the Science.gov website and selecting the Featured Sites Archive link. In addition to scientific websites, Science.gov provides a federated search of deep web databases. Enjoy free access to more than 50 million pages of scientific information. In one query, you can search over 30 databases and more than 1,800 scientific websites from 13 federal government agencies. Sign up for a free Alert Service for weekly e-mail updates about your favorite science topics. E-mail your favorite search results to friends and colleagues. Science.gov was developed through the interagency Science.gov Alliance and is hosted by OSTI.

Jul 22, 2008WorldWideScience Alliance Video now available



A video is now available of the WorldWideScience Alliance signing ceremony held June 12, 2008 in Seoul, Korea. Department of Energy then Associate Under Secretary for Science, Dr. Jeffrey Salmon, was the keynote speaker and Dr. Walter Warnick of OSTI presided.  The multilateral alliance of 38 countries was established to support the global science gateway WorldWideScience.org. OSTI developed and hosts WorldWideScience.org.

Jul 16, 2008Get & Share Science, Science News, using OSTI Widgets

You can now get and share widgets from OSTI. You may add OSTI widgets to your home page and quickly share science updates with colleagues and friends. For a rapid search of DOE scientific research, including R&D results, project descriptions, accomplishments, and more, select the Science Accelerator widget. To read and comment on OSTI-related science news and information, select the OSTIblog widget.

Jul 16, 2008Read Patent News at DOepatents (and search for patents while you’re there)


You can read Patent News at the DOepatents website. New research from across the DOE complex is featured, including a Two Part Condenser for Varying the Rate of Condensing (Patent # 7,306,029), invented by Gary Dobos of Savannah River National Laboratory. A news archive is provided, as well as a free subscription service for DOepatents RSS. Publicly available patent information from DOE R&D, historic and current, can be searched at DOepatents. More information for inventors can be found at the DOE Technology Transfer website. Questions about technology transfer at DOE may be addressed to DOEtechtransfer@science.doe.gov.

Sep 11, 2007OSTI Celebrates 60th Anniversary

OSTI Sixty Years of Knowledge Sharing 1947-2007On Sept. 18, OSTI will commemorate its 60thAnniversary with a community lecture at the American Museum of Science and Energy. The lecture, " Standing on the Shoulders of Giants -- tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy," will be presented by Dr. Eugene Garfield. OSTI's mission is to advance science and sustain technological creativity by making R&D findings available and useful to DOE researchers and the American people. OSTI is located in Oak Ridge at 1 Science.gov Way in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. It was just over six decades ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to OSTI, the Technical Information Division, was born.

Sep 11, 2007OSTI Joins Places & Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy

Researchers in Select Topics of AstrophysicsAs part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places & Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy. OSTI's Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI's display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.

Sep 11, 2007Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy

Dr. Eugene GarfieldThe public is invited to share in OSTI's 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy. Dr. Eugene Garfield, a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present " Standing on the Shoulders of Giants -- tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy." Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.

Aug 21, 2007Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases

Science AcceleratorThe DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.

Aug 21, 2007WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa

WorldWideScience.orgWorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all seven continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources.
The newest addition, CSIR, is an institutional repository containing articles, reports, and papers authored by CSIR researchers. CSIR contacted OSTI, seeking to have its collection made searchable by WorldWideScience.org. Just prior to the overture from South Africa, OSTI was contacted by the National Library of New Zealand, Transactions and Proceedings of the Royal Society of New Zealand 1868-1961, seeking to have its nearly century-old collection of scientific literature added to WorldWideScience.org. This source has now been added as well. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, said: "Clearly, the accelerated knowledge diffusion benefits of WorldWideScience.org are resonating across the globe, as more and more source managers express a desire to be searched by this gateway. The benefits are mutual: Each source enjoys more usage and visibility, and the users of WorldWideScience.org gain access to a multitude of sources not accessible through any other single search engine."

Aug 21, 2007DOE R&D Accomplishments Database Enhanced

DOE R&D AccomplishmentsOSTI recently enhanced the DOE R&D Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An R&D accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE R&D Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the R&D Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.

Aug 21, 2007Energy Department National Labs Highlighted at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments

Now you can read about the history and achievements of the Department of Energy’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE R&D Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.

Jul 24, 2007OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data

OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department's non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text. While OSTI's databases make the Department's text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI's data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.

Jul 13, 2007Global Science Gateway Opened

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, today opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org (www.worldwidescience.org), gives citizens, researchers and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo! and many other commercial search engines.

Jul 10, 2007Life's little extremists highlighted at OSTI

Electron micrograph and genetic map of Methanococcus jannaschiiIdentified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for "ancient"), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science's Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the "third branch of life" (see Verifying the "Third Branch of Life"). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.

Dec 26, 2006Siemens Smashes Network Speed Record

(Sci-Tech Today) Until now, to achieve very high data speeds over long network distances, signals had to be split into multiple lower data rate signals and later reconverted. Siemens' new system rearranges that process so that the signal does not have to be split into multiple streams, and, according to Rainer H. Derksen, project coordinator at Siemens Corporate Technology in Munich, increases performance enormously. ...12/21

Dec 26, 2006Microsoft's Vista: Last big PC release?

(Christian Science Monitor) The update to its ubiquitous Windows operating system could be the end of an era, some experts say. ...12/21

Dec 19, 2006Nobel Prize Winners Smoot, Kornberg, Highlighted at OSTI

OSTI recently posted a Science Showcase Web site featuring research documents by George F. Smoot and Roger D. Kornberg. In 2006, both Smoot and Kornberg joined the growing list of Nobel Laureates associated with DOE. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in blackbody and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. He is an astrophysicist at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and a UC Berkeley physics professor. Smoot shared the award with John C. Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.

Kornberg of Stanford University won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription. A significant portion of Kornberg's research leading to this prize was performed at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), a Department of Energy (DOE)-supported research facility located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC).

Dec 5, 2006Turning the lights on & speeding up science

What if electricity had been discovered 20 years earlier? While we don't know
how large the economic or scientific impact might have been of turning the lights on for an additional generation, OSTI operates as if the benefits would have been significant. Everything that OSTI does is geared to speeding up the diffusion of scientific knowledge and to accelerate scientific progress. Toward this end, OSTI is doing applied research to measure and model knowledge diffusion and to develop new ways to speed it up. The intention is to save years and even decades in discovery time for our nation's researchers. Read more on OSTI's diffusion research Web pages.

Dec 5, 2006Harnessing the Power of Grey Literature

Representatives from Belgium, Fiji, France, Italy, Japan, Romania, the United States and more are exploring the benefits of grey literature as a global platform for R&D, during a conference this week in New Orleans. The Eighth International Conference on Grey Literature, held at the Lindy C. Boggs
International Conference Center, December 4–5, focuses on the state-of-the-art in grey literature with applications and innovative uses for science and technology. Debbie Cutler, OSTI's International Program Manager, is participating in the conference as a member of the GL8 Program Committee.

Nov 21, 2006OSTI search tools cited for "high quality" content

Thomson Scientific recently selected several OSTI search tools and Science.gov for inclusion in Current Web Contents™, a growing collection of scholarly Web sites. Thomson cited the government search tools for “publishing important, high-quality material on the Web.” Thomson Scientific specializes in making premium science content available to the public. The following OSTI-hosted products were included in Current Web Contents™ with a link from ISI Web of Knowledge: DOE R&D Accomplishments, Energy Citations Database, Federal R&D Project Summaries, and Science.gov. Thomson Scientific is part of the Scientific & Healthcare market segment of The Thomson Corporation.

Nov 21, 2006"Blackbody form" research yields 2006 Nobel Prize

George Smoot made an announcement in 1992 that “essentially silenced all the scientific critics of the Big Bang theory.” (See the October 3, 2006 edition of Today at Berkeley Lab.) For research leading up to that announcement, Smoot was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2006. Smoot, an astrophysicist at Berkeley Lab since 1974 and a UC Berkeley physics professor since 1994, shared the award with John C. Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Together they discovered the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Read more on this discovery at the DOE R&D Accomplishments Featured Scientists page.

Nov 21, 2006OSTI contributes to Second Harvest

OSTI recently provided 28 “Food for Kids” kits and 3 Backpacks to the Second Harvest Food Bank of Knoxville, as part of a food drive sponsored by the Oak Ridge Chapter of the Federally Employed Women (FEW). The “Food for Kids” program provides backpacks filled with nutritious, non-perishable food.  The local “Food for Kids” drive provides food for over 1,600 children in 41 schools in 11 surrounding counties. According to a Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations press release, the drive resulted in 5,000 pounds of food and cash contributions totaling approximately $1,200.

Nov 7, 2006Alvin Weinberg (1915–2006) papers at OSTI

Can the Sun Replace Uranium? During his esteemed career as pioneering nuclear scientist and Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Alvin Weinberg penned words on this topic and a wide range of scientific challenges to mankind's future. These words, codified in research literature, represent Weinberg's science legacy. A selection of Weinberg papers has been made available in full text at the OSTI Web site. Additional papers, including lecture notes, technical reports and speculations, can be found by searching the technical information collections in the Energy Citations Database and Information Bridge, two of the science information resources which reside at OSTI and are available on the Web.

Nov 7, 2006OSTI participates in INIS Liaison Officers meeting in Vienna

OSTI participated in the 33rd Consultative Meeting of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) Liaison Officers, October 30–November 1, 2006, in Vienna, Austria. OSTI represented the U.S. position in the International Atomic Energy Agency INIS meeting, thus ensuring that the direction and information exchange benefits the U.S. nuclear community by providing key scientific and technical information to DOE and to academia, industry, and the public. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, attended and chaired a special session on INIS promotion and outreach. Debbie Cutler, operating agent representative for the IEA's Energy Technology Data Exchange and OSTI's international program manager also attended, providing an ETDE program overview and highlights of recent activities.

Oct 6, 2005ETDEWEB highlighted in Austrian Embassy 'Bridges'

ETDE collects and disseminates its information through an ever-growing database of citations to worldwide energy literature. Over 3.6 million of these records are available through ETDE's internet-based system called ETDEWEB. ETDE is run by an Operating Agent (OA) located at the US Department of Energy's Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee.

Oct 6, 2005OSTI redesigns home page

Continuing our commitment to provide state-of-the-art access to a wealth of research material . . . now you can search our key resources and databases directly from the top of our home page. Just type in your keyword(s) and search all databases simultaneously or each source individually. You can still visit each collection by selecting from our revised left-hand menu. In addition, our links at the top and bottom of the home page have been updated, and enhancements have been added to make our site more accessible.

Oct 6, 2005Nobel Prize winners Hulse and Wigner featured

Nobel Prize winners Dr. Russell A. Hulse (1993) and Eugene P. Wigner (1963) are highlighted as part of OSTI's Featured Nobel Physicists, commemorating the World Year of Physics. Hulse won the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the first binary pulsar; Wigner's contributions include his insight into the fundamental mathematics and physics of quantum mechanics, the effort of building the atomic bomb, and the harnessing of the same force to produce energy.

Oct 6, 2005Search for grants, internships at Science.gov

You can browse for government grant information and search for internships at Science.gov, a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by 12 U.S. Government agencies. Science.gov, hosted by OSTI, accesses 50 million pages of government science information and allows searches across 29 databases and more than 1,800 science Web sites. Look for the links to grants and internships under Special Collections at Science.gov.

Sep 20, 2005OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community

OSTI and the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) were recently cited in a European Commission study as key information systems that could serve as models in the development of a European Union-focused energy portal. ETDE is a multilateral information exchange agreement to which OSTI serves as the Operating Agent.

Sep 20, 2005OSTI Opens for Harvesting over 110,000 Citations to OCLC

OSTI is pleased to announce that its Open Archives Initiative (OAI) server has opened more than 110,000 DOE scientific and technical reports on OSTI's Information Bridge for harvesting by the Online Computer Center Library (OCLC). OCLC is a nonprofit, membership, computer library service and research organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs. More than 53,548 libraries in 96 countries and territories around the world use OCLC services to locate, acquire, catalog, lend and preserve library materials.

Sep 20, 2005DOE Physicists at Work Feature Series

Dr. Lin-Wang Wang has a love for theory, extending back to when he was a middle school student in China. At that time, his parents subscribed for him a popular science magazine. "I was intrigued by the science fictions in that magazine, always couldn't wait for the next issue to come," says Dr. Wang, staff scientist with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scientific Computing Group (SCG) of the High Performance Computing Department.

Sep 20, 2005A Puzzle at OSTI's Celebrating Einstein Site

Take equal masses of lead and aluminum. Heat them until their temperatures are both 10 degrees higher. Will it take the same amount of heat for each? Find out the surprising solution at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments Featured Nugget, "Solid Cold."

Sep 20, 2005Hurricane Katrina Recovery Information Features at Science.gov

The Science.gov Alliance recently tapped its wealth of scientific information across 12 science agencies to provide two special Hurricane Katrina features at Science.gov. A few of the vast information sources included on these features are: WISER — Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders; HSDB — Hazardous Substances Data Bank; TOXMAP — Toxics Release Inventory maps; as well as features on Environmental Cleanup and Recovery, Emergency Health Management, Managing Emergency Health Services; Drinking Water; Rodents, Snakes, and Other Pests After Disasters and Mold. Science.gov is a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by 12 U.S. Government agencies and accesses 50 million pages of government science information. The Science.gov Web portal is hosted by OSTI.

Sep 6, 2005New Features at OSTI's DOE R and D Accomplishments

Two Noble Laureate features have been added to OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments Web site: William A. Fowler shared the 1983 Nobel Prize in physics for his research into the creation of chemical elements inside stars, and Martin L. Perl, a professor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in physics for his 1975 discovery of a new elementary particle known as the tau lepton.