|Feb 27, 2013||Office of Science Collaborates with Federal Partners to Plan for Comprehensive Public Access to Research Results|
Transparency of federally funded scientific research will expand the frontiers of knowledge. (read more).
|Feb 27, 2013||Office of Science Collaborates with Federal Partners to Plan for Comprehensive Public Access to Research Results|
Transparency of federally funded scientific research will expand the frontiers of knowledge. (read more).
|Feb 27, 2013||Science Accelerator Undergoes an Upgrade!|
Science Accelerator, the online gateway to sources of research and development provided by the U.S. Department of Energy, is sporting new navigation tools along with a new skin. Now at Science Accelerator, you can tab for text, multimedia, and data to easily access the information you are seeking according to format. Author clusters are now available, in addition to the Topic and Date clusters. Try out the new topic visualization tool to visually scan and access R&D results. And enjoy the new slide show of our DOE databases.
|Feb 15, 2013||Introducing The National Library of Energy (Beta), New Search Engine Facilitating Access to Department of Energy Information|
|Feb 15, 2013||Disproving Physics Theory Bags 1957 Nobel Prize|
Tsung-Dao Lee and his colleague Chen Ning Yang, who had worked at the Department of Energy Brookhaven National Lab’s Cosmotron, disproved a tenet of physics known as the conservation of parity and subsequently won the 1957 Nobel Prize in Physics. Read their technical reports from that era and find resources with additional information at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.
|Jul 2, 2012||Sixty-Five Years of Listening, Learning and Strengthening: OSTI brings DOE research to the world|
OSTI is currently a highlight at the Office of Science website. Here’s a blurb: "You're going to learn a few things if you sit down and listen to scientists. That's especially true if you listen to them for sixty-five years! In a real sense, that's what OSTI ... has been doing for the past six-and-a-half decades." Read more.
|Jul 2, 2012||Clemson in the Spotlight at .EDUconnections|
Clemson University is addressing the challenges in advanced vehicle design and development, including life cycle impact of vehicles, energy use and emissions, reliability, manufacturing, cost of ownership, customer preference and public policy. Read about the CU-International Center for Automotive Research Gate Center of Excellence in Sustainable Vehicle Systems, funded by a DOE grant at the OSTI .EDUconnections website. .EDUconnections features U.S. community colleges and universities committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. For more institutions in the .EDUconnections spotlight, visit the archive page.
|Jul 2, 2012||Science.gov Mobile makes a second Top Ten list|
The Science.gov Mobile application has made another Top Ten list. In mid-June the application was named to InformationWeek's Ten Handy Mobile Apps From Uncle Sam and then one week later to the Top Ten in Best Federal Apps by Government Computer News (GCN). The Science.gov Mobile application is the only interagency app to make both lists. The Administration recently issued Digital Government: Building a 21st Century Platform to Better Serve the American People, the strategy which calls on all federal agencies to begin making mobile applications to better serve the American public. The Science.gov mobile application was developed by and is hosted at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) on behalf of the multi-agency Science.gov Alliance.
|Jun 29, 2012||From accident to lab to Nobel Prize: Read about Alan MacDiarmid and plastic batteries|
An inadvertent addition of more than the recommended catalyst during an experiment in Japan led a U.S. researcher to the 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. At the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website you can find out how Alan MacDiarmid made this happen, and you can get resources with additional information and related patents. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.
|Jun 27, 2012||Cool? You Bet. Science.gov Mobile Named to Top Ten in Best Federal Apps|
|Jun 26, 2012||Creation of synthetic host molecules led to 1987 Nobel Prize for Cram|
Twenty years after creating synthetic host molecules that mimic some of the actions that enzymes perform in cells, Donald Cram was awarded the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. In his host-guest research, Cram and his colleagues designed and prepared more than 1,000 hosts -- each with unique chemical and physical properties -- designed to attract and bind (to serve as hosts) to specific guest molecules, which can be either organic molecules or inorganic ions. Get resources with additional information including full-text documents, and see the research highlights at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.
|Jun 21, 2012||From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE looking good in coveted R&D 100 Awards|
From Snowflake Science to the NanoSHIELD, DOE researchers have won 36 of the highly coveted 100 awards given out this year by R&D Magazine. The awards are given annually for the most outstanding technology developments with promising commercial potential. "Congratulations to this year's R&D 100 award winners," said Energy Secretary Steven Chu (see press release). "The research and development at the Department of Energy’s laboratories continue to help the nation meet our energy challenges, strengthen our national security and improve our economic competitiveness." You can find more about the research behind the awards via Science Accelerator, a gateway to science information including full-text R&D results, accomplishments, and more.
|Jun 6, 2012||Great science information is just a tweet away|
Keep up with DOE, U.S. and worldwide government science information by following @ostigov , @sciencegov , and @worldwidescienc on Twitter. Get the latest research and development info in a wide range of scientific disciplines from authoritative national and international databases. Great science info is just a tweet away.
|Jun 6, 2012||Invisible science, cadaver dogs, brain imaging, quiet lasers, entrepreneurship: see the patents at DOepatent news|
|Jun 6, 2012||Refreshed design complements ongoing refreshed content at Science Accelerator|
|Sep 2, 2011||Salt Lake Community College: Solar partner with DOE|
|Aug 31, 2011||High Energy Physics Owes Debt to Nobel Laureate Georges Charpak|
He developed a host of particle detectors and won the 1992 Nobel Prize for his ground breaking multiwire proportional chamber which revolutionized particle physics. Find resources with additional information about Georges Charpak at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.
|Aug 11, 2011||More science images at Science.gov|
Science images from the NSF Image Collection have been added to the Science.gov image search. The Science.gov image search makes it easy to find science images from a variety of federal agencies/organizations, including NASA, NOAA, USDA, USGS and USGS-NBII. Get photos and drawings of plants, weather and space images, photos of thousands of marine species, and more.
|Aug 2, 2011||Special Summer Spotlight: Tribal Universities|
OSTI's .EDUconnections features U.S. institutions committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. For more institutions in the .EDUconnections spotlight, visit the archive page.
|Jul 29, 2011||Software developed at Los Alamos National Lab touted by President Obama, available via OSTI|
"Yes, diapers," said the President. "Folks chuckle, but those who've been parents -- (laughter) -- are always on the lookout for indestructible, military-grade diapers."
President Obama noted that "federal agencies are working with private companies to make powerful, often unaffordable modeling and simulation software easier to access." The software package, Computational Fluid Dynamics Library, is available at the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Science and Technology Software Center, hosted at OSTI.
Software packages in the OSTI collection can be used for a variety of applications, and in many cases are available in multiple platforms, such as PC, workstation, or supercomputer.
|Jul 14, 2011||Research begets research, look to 1940s for today's state-of- the-art innovation|
To get exquisitely detailed imaging of the inside of the human body, today's medical practitioners turn to the MRI. To get to the roots of the MRI, researchers turn to I.I. Rabi and his ground-breaking exploration of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the 1940s. Rabi's work led to the 1944 Nobel Prize in Physics and supported not only the development of the MRI, but the atomic clock and the laser as well. To top off his legacy, Rabi was known for his love for and ability to teach younger generations of physicists. Find resources with additional information at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advancements in science.
|Jul 6, 2011||EDUconnections releases its Summer Feature: learn about the U.S. DOE Workforce Development for Teachers & Scientists|
|Jul 6, 2011||National Renewable Energy Laboratory Technologies Available for Licensing; read more patents news at DOepatents|
|Jun 30, 2011||Virtual library of Energy-related research info revamped and ready for searchers|
|Jun 20, 2011||WorldWideScience.org Enhancements: Addition of Arabic Translation, Mobile Capability, and Multimedia Results|
Arabic has been added to the suite of translated languages at WorldWideScience.org, bringing the total number of translated languages to 10. At WorldWideScience.org, your query can be translated into the languages of the search engine's 80-plus databases and the results can be translated into your preferred language. In addition, WorldWideScience.org has added a new multimedia search capability, including search of speech-indexed scientific videos from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and CERN. Speech-indexing is provided by the Microsoft Research Audio Video Indexing System (MAVIS). Also, a mobile version of WorldWideScience.org (http://m.worldwidescience.org) has been launched, which will mark another first in the field of federated search. These enhancements build on WorldWideScience.org's history of innovation in combining information and search technologies with a commitment to accelerate scientific discovery. This commitment is shared by the multilateral WorldWideScience Alliance, comprised of globally-dispersed national and international scientific and technical information organizations.
|May 5, 2010||Melvin Schwartz and the discovery of the muon neutrino featured at OSTI|
Discoveries that unleashed new opportunities for research into the innermost structure and dynamics of matter are now featured at the OSTI DOE R&D Accomplishments website. Melvin Schwartz was the co-winner of the 1988 Nobel Prize in Physics "for the neutrino beam method and the demonstration of the doublet structure of the leptons through the discovery of the muon neutrino." Read about his award-winning work, done at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and find resources with additional information. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.
|Apr 23, 2010||DOE Green Energy portal|
Find green energy-related research and development information through a new online portal, DOE Green Energy. The free public portal was launched on the 40th Anniversary of Earth Day (view press release) and provides technical documents from thousands of R&D projects conducted at DOE National Laboratories and by DOE-funded awards at universities. The DOE Green Energy portal is part of the DOE Open Government Plan, which furthers the Administration’s Open Government Initiative. It contains bibliographic citations, technical reports and patent information on different types of renewable energy resources and energy conservation, including solar, wind, bioenergy, hydroelectric, geothermal, tidal and wave power, and energy storage.
|Apr 20, 2010||New visualization technology enables users to reach for the stars -- find the related patent at DOepatents|
The Starlight Information Visualization System is a Windows-based visual analytics tool developed over several years of research by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory scientists. Find the associated patent and read more at http://starlight.pnl.gov/
|Apr 6, 2010||A new light shines on community colleges|
The U.S. Department of Energy is now spotlighting community colleges across the nation committed to supporting and advancing science. The new page, community college connections, is linked from the OSTI .EDUconnections website which connects university libraries and research departments to valuable DOE scientific research. Visit community college connections this month to learn more about Des Moines Area Community College (DMACC) in Des Moines, Iowa and its array of science programs. Explore the resources and get quick links to nearby Ames Laboratory and its community college programs. Ames is managed by Iowa State University which shares a cross enrollment program with Des Moines Area Community College.
|Mar 30, 2010||Find a lot of patent information fast using the patent abstracts feature at the DOepatents database|
Now it's easy to quickly scan patent abstracts to find the scientific patent information you need. Search at DOepatents for the patent information related to your science topic; then hover over the patent titles and read the first 50 words of the patent abstracts directly from your search results page. Patent abstracts allow a quick perusal of all the patents on the search results page related to your search term. DOepatents was developed by OSTI. More information about technology transfer may be found at the DOE Technology Transfer website. Questions about technology transfer at the U.S. Department of Energy may be addressed to DOEtechtransfer@science.doe.gov.
|Mar 30, 2010||Find your scientific document; then quickly find "more like this" at Information Bridge|
The "go to" site for Department of Energy full-text research documents has added a ''more like this" feature on the search results page. Now you can search for technical reports on your topics of interest and quickly locate related documents. The "more like this" feature is based on the frequency of similar terms within the documents.
Documents in Information Bridge are primarily from 1991 forward and were produced by DOE, the DOE contractor community, and/or DOE grantees. Legacy documents are added as they become available in electronic format.
|Mar 18, 2010||OSTI data sets deemed "high value"|
From the Manhattan Project to the present, OSTI has been committed to ensuring access to DOE R&D results. Through the development of a suite of web-based data sets and information discovery tools, scientific and technical information is made widely available to the scientific community and the public. From the set of databases, tools, and services that OSTI made available to data.gov for the Open Government Initiative, five data sets were recently identified by the Department of Energy as "high value" data sets. This is information that DOE has amassed over the years and are considered of great use to the general public. The five high value data sets from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) include DOE Research and Development Project Summaries (data services), Energy Citations Database (data services), Information Bridge (data services), Geothermal/Geothermal Legacy Data (data services), and DOE Patents Database (data services). These tools have made DOE R&D results more transparent and have made scientific information access more convenient than ever before. View the feature on OSTI OpenGov initiatives.
|Mar 9, 2010||Roasting Biomass May Be Key Process in Bioenergy Economy|
Biorefineries may soon rely on a process akin to roasting coffee beans to get more energy-dense biomass. A new collaborative study between Idaho National Laboratory (INL) and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) will investigate whether such roasting can create a more valuable product for the nascent biofuels industry. DOepatents is the U.S. Department of Energy central collection of patent information, where research and development intersect with innovation and invention (view DOE patents related to biomass). This collection demonstrates the Department's considerable contribution to scientific progress from the 1940s to today.
|Mar 9, 2010||OSTI’s .EDUconnections Spotlight Is on Purdue University|
The Spotlight is on Purdue University. Each month OSTI's .EDUconnections features U.S. institutions committed to supporting and advancing DOE scientific research programs. Find professors of interest, exceptional students, and science and education news from Purdue. Visit the archive to see additional featured universities.
|Mar 9, 2010||Radiocarbon, Carbon Dating and Willard Libby featured at DOE R&D Accomplishments Website|
Willard Libby won the 1960 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his development of a method to use carbon-14 for age determination in archaeology, geology, geophysics, and other branches of science. View the feature at DOE R&D Accomplishments, a central forum for information about significant outcomes of past DOE R&D widely recognized as a remarkable advance in science. Resources with additional information are available.
|Oct 15, 2009||Be on the Alert -- sign up for email Alerts at the Science Accelerator|
|Oct 13, 2009||Nobel Prize in Chemistry for seminal work related to ribosome, now a major target for new antibiotics|
|Sep 30, 2009||Oak Ridge DOE oral histories to be preserved at OSTI|
An initiative is underway for Oak Ridge DOE oral histories to be documented and preserved. The DOE Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI), through the Networking Oak Ridge Oral History (NOROH) initiative, is the intended repository for oral histories from those involved in over 60 years of federal operations in the once Secret City. "The Office of Scientific and Technical Information has a long tradition of preserving documents for future generations, as we will do for oral interviews conducted by NOROH," said Dr. Walter Warnick, Director of OSTI. "This will be another addition to our immense collection which highlights the importance of Oak Ridge through the contributions of its federal workforce." Former federal employees involved in key programs on the Oak Ridge Reservation will be interviewed and their corporate knowledge assembled to create a resource for the next generation that may otherwise be lost. Former federal employees who worked on the Oak Ridge Reservation may schedule an appointment by contacting Katatra Vasquez, Cultural Resources Coordinator with DOE's Oak Ridge Office, by calling 865-576-0835 or emailing firstname.lastname@example.org.
Interviews will be held at the Federal Building in Oak Ridge or, if an individual is not physically able to come to the Federal Building, special accommodations will be made to take the oral history at the individual's residence.
|Sep 22, 2009||Environmental research sent to WWS.org|
The United Kingdom has made its first major independent contribution of research data to WorldWideScience.org with the upload of the Environment Research Funders' Forum (ERFF) Research Database. The database holds information on some 20,000 publicly funded environmental research projects and programs that have been funded by ERFF's member organizations since 2005. While research is being continually added to the ERFF's collections, through the federated search function anyone using WorldWideScience.org will be able to access the most up-to-date information from the UK's largest public sector funders of environmental science, according to the British Library press release Global science community shares wealth of knowledge. The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom, and a founding partner in the WorldWideScience Alliance.
|Sep 22, 2009||Enrico Fermi winner John B. Goodenough featured at OSTI|
|Sep 22, 2009||Enrico Fermi winner Siegfried S. Hecker featured at OSTI|
|Sep 2, 2009||Get connected: University research departments and libraries can find tools and resources from DOE at .EDUconnections|
University research departments and libraries can now easily connect to important resources from the U.S. Department of Energy. Check out the specialized tools and services; visit the spotlight page spotlight to see examples of universities supporting and advancing scientific research and discovery; find DOE grants, internships, fellowships and scholarships; use the widget; and coming soon join the forum. .EDUconnections is OSTI’s latest tool helping university research departments and libraries get the resources they need.
|Sep 2, 2009||Available via OSTI Collections|
Find government research information related to renewable energy through OSTI collections. Find full text technical reports, citations, project summaries and more. OSTI makes R&D information rapidly available to researchers and the public so that discovery can be accelerated.
|Sep 2, 2009||Ilya Prigogine and Dissipative Structures|
|Aug 18, 2009||Visit Energy Citations Database for access to research in many science disciplines|
|Sep 30, 2008||South Africa joins energy technology information exchange agreement|
|Sep 15, 2008||Even More Science Info with Release of Science.gov Version 5.0|
|Sep 9, 2008||Citations from the Atmospheric Radiation Measurement (ARM) Program Featured at OSTI’s DOE Data Explorer|
|Aug 26, 2008||Get Scientific Research Data Using the DOE Data Explorer|
Use the DOE Data Explorer to find computer simulations, numeric data files, figures and plots, interactive maps, multimedia, and scientific images generated in the course of DOE-sponsored research. The DOE Data Explorer includes a database of citations prepared by OSTI based on the information found at data-hosting websites. The DOE Data Explorer is intended to be particularly useful to students, the public, and to researchers who are new to a field or looking for experimental or observational data outside their normal field of expertise.
|Aug 26, 2008||Find out About the Latest DOE Research Projects|
Find summaries of ongoing or recently completed projects conducted by the DOE laboratories and research facilities in a range of R&D disciplines in energy, science, and technology. From the search box you can type in your query and find research the DOE is performing in your science area of interest. This search tool was developed by the OSTI as a means to educate and inform the general public of DOE R&D activities.
|Aug 5, 2008||OSTI Website Features Non-medical Uses of Computed Tomography (CT) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)|
|Aug 5, 2008||Science.gov Features Food Safety, Classroom Resources, and Immunization Websites|
|Jul 22, 2008||WorldWideScience Alliance Video now available|
|Jul 16, 2008||Get & Share Science, Science News, using OSTI Widgets|
You can now get and share widgets from OSTI. You may add OSTI widgets to your home page and quickly share science updates with colleagues and friends. For a rapid search of DOE scientific research, including R&D results, project descriptions, accomplishments, and more, select the Science Accelerator widget. To read and comment on OSTI-related science news and information, select the OSTIblog widget.
|Jul 16, 2008||Read Patent News at DOepatents (and search for patents while you’re there)|
|Sep 11, 2007||OSTI Celebrates 60th Anniversary|
On Sept. 18, OSTI will commemorate its 60thAnniversary with a community lecture at the American Museum of Science and Energy. The lecture, " Standing on the Shoulders of Giants -- tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy," will be presented by Dr. Eugene Garfield. OSTI's mission is to advance science and sustain technological creativity by making R&D findings available and useful to DOE researchers and the American people. OSTI is located in Oak Ridge at 1 Science.gov Way in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. It was just over six decades ago that General Leslie Groves, commanding the Manhattan Engineer District in Oak Ridge, mandated that all classified and unclassified information related to the Atomic Bomb be brought together into one central file. Thus, in 1947, the precursor to OSTI, the Technical Information Division, was born.
|Sep 11, 2007||OSTI Joins Places & Spaces Exhibit at American Museum of Science and Energy|
As part of its 60th celebration, OSTI is participating in the Places & Spaces Mapping Science exhibit currently at the American Museum of Science and Energy. OSTI's Identifying a Dream Research Team: An Astrophysical Example will be on display from Sept. 7 to January 7. The illustrations in OSTI's display are based on a key DOE database, Information Bridge. Information Bridge is a DOE Science Accelerator resource.
|Sep 11, 2007||Eugene Garfield to Lecture at OSTI and American Museum of Science and Energy|
The public is invited to share in OSTI's 60th Anniversary celebration at a free community lecture and reception held at 7 pm at the American Museum of Science and Energy. Dr. Eugene Garfield, a pioneer in information retrieval systems and inventor of Science Citation Index, will present " Standing on the Shoulders of Giants -- tracing the impacts of information retrieval systems on science policy." Garfield is founding publisher/editor of The Scientist, author of over 1,000 articles and books, and has lectured widely throughout the world.
|Aug 21, 2007||Science Accelerator Searches Key Energy Department Databases|
The DOE Science Accelerator provides one-stop searching of key Energy Department and federal scientific databases developed and maintained by the OSTI. Users can search and retrieve current research results and ongoing project descriptions, as well as legacy research findings and accomplishments. Included are full-text technical reports, energy-related citations, conference papers and proceedings and scientific e-prints (see resource descriptions). The DOE Science Accelerator demonstrates capabilities that will eventually yield the technology to search at least 1,000 scientific databases in parallel. DOE will continue to develop this resource as other science and technology resources are added.
|Aug 21, 2007||WorldWideScience.org Extends Global Reach to Africa|
WorldWideScience.org now provides access to scientific knowledge from all seven continents. The most recent addition is the South African Council for Scientific and Industrial Research. OSTI manages and hosts WorldWideScience.org, a global science gateway using federated search for one-stop access to international science sources.
|Aug 21, 2007||DOE R&D Accomplishments Database Enhanced|
OSTI recently enhanced the DOE R&D Accomplishments database search and retrieval features. Users now have the benefit of sorting results, limiting their search to just full text and honing their search terms for a targeted search. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D activities that have had significant economic impact, have improved people's lives, or have been widely recognized as remarkable advances in science. An R&D accomplishment is the outcome of past research whose benefits are being realized now. Visit DOE R&D Accomplishments to read about Nobel Prize winners, and be sure and visit the R&D Nuggets page for wide-ranging, interesting scientific insights and/or links to educational resources and materials.
|Aug 21, 2007||Energy Department National Labs Highlighted at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments|
Now you can read about the history and achievements of the Department of Energy’s National Laboratories and Other Major Laboratories and Facilities from one central Web portal. OSTI recently added this series of Web pages to the Nuggets area of its DOE R&D Accomplishments site. Visit both the National Laboratory section and the Other Major Laboratory and Facilities section to find these valuable resources. DOE R&D Accomplishments is a central forum for information about the outcomes of past DOE R&D activities that are widely recognized as remarkable advances in science.
|Jul 24, 2007||OSTI Works to Increase Visibility of All DOE Scientific Research Data|
OSTI has added a new section to its Web site. This section highlights the DOE Data Centers, where much of the Energy Department's non-text data resides. DOE generates scientific research data in many forms, both text and non-text. While OSTI's databases make the Department's text-based information easily available (see the DOE Science Accelerator Advanced Search Page), researchers also want access to the original, underlying numeric data sets, scientific images, tables and graphs, or computer models and simulations. Information about OSTI's data-focused forums and activities and links to publications on scientific data issues are also available.
|Jul 13, 2007||Global Science Gateway Opened|
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) and the British Library, along with eight other participating countries, today opened an online global gateway to science information from 15 national portals. The gateway, WorldWideScience.org (www.worldwidescience.org), gives citizens, researchers and anyone interested in science the capability to search science portals not easily accessible through popular search technology such as that deployed by Google, Yahoo! and many other commercial search engines.
|Jul 10, 2007||Life's little extremists highlighted at OSTI|
Identified as the third kingdom of living organisms, Archaea (from the Greek word for "ancient"), thrive where other life forms fail. These tiny microbes live in extreme environs like volcanic vents, acidic hot springs, and hypersaline waters. They can survive without sunlight while feeding on materials their fellow organisms cannot metabolize. In 1996, a study funded by the Office of Science's Microbial Genome Initiative mapped the entire genome sequence of Methanococcus jannaschii, a microbe from boiling vents deep in the Pacific Ocean, and confirmed its place in the "third branch of life" (see Verifying the "Third Branch of Life"). Archaea are highlighted at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments, a central Web forum for information about the outcomes of past Energy Department research. A list of related documents is available.
|Dec 26, 2006||Siemens Smashes Network Speed Record|
(Sci-Tech Today) Until now, to achieve very high data speeds over long network distances, signals had to be split into multiple lower data rate signals and later reconverted. Siemens' new system rearranges that process so that the signal does not have to be split into multiple streams, and, according to Rainer H. Derksen, project coordinator at Siemens Corporate Technology in Munich, increases performance enormously. ...12/21
|Dec 26, 2006||Microsoft's Vista: Last big PC release?|
(Christian Science Monitor) The update to its ubiquitous Windows operating system could be the end of an era, some experts say. ...12/21
|Dec 19, 2006||Nobel Prize Winners Smoot, Kornberg, Highlighted at OSTI|
OSTI recently posted a Science Showcase Web site featuring research documents by George F. Smoot and Roger D. Kornberg. In 2006, both Smoot and Kornberg joined the growing list of Nobel Laureates associated with DOE. Smoot won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work in blackbody and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. He is an astrophysicist at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Lab and a UC Berkeley physics professor. Smoot shared the award with John C. Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
Kornberg of Stanford University won the 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his studies of the molecular basis of eukaryotic transcription. A significant portion of Kornberg's research leading to this prize was performed at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (SSRL), a Department of Energy (DOE)-supported research facility located at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC).
|Dec 5, 2006||Turning the lights on & speeding up science|
What if electricity had been discovered 20 years earlier? While we don't know
|Dec 5, 2006||Harnessing the Power of Grey Literature|
Representatives from Belgium, Fiji, France, Italy, Japan, Romania, the United States and more are exploring the benefits of grey literature as a global platform for R&D, during a conference this week in New Orleans. The Eighth International Conference on Grey Literature, held at the Lindy C. Boggs
|Nov 21, 2006||OSTI search tools cited for "high quality" content|
Thomson Scientific recently selected several OSTI search tools and Science.gov for inclusion in Current Web Contents™, a growing collection of scholarly Web sites. Thomson cited the government search tools for “publishing important, high-quality material on the Web.” Thomson Scientific specializes in making premium science content available to the public. The following OSTI-hosted products were included in Current Web Contents™ with a link from ISI Web of Knowledge: DOE R&D Accomplishments, Energy Citations Database, Federal R&D Project Summaries, and Science.gov. Thomson Scientific is part of the Scientific & Healthcare market segment of The Thomson Corporation.
|Nov 21, 2006||"Blackbody form" research yields 2006 Nobel Prize|
George Smoot made an announcement in 1992 that “essentially silenced all the scientific critics of the Big Bang theory.” (See the October 3, 2006 edition of Today at Berkeley Lab.) For research leading up to that announcement, Smoot was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics 2006. Smoot, an astrophysicist at Berkeley Lab since 1974 and a UC Berkeley physics professor since 1994, shared the award with John C. Mather of NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. Together they discovered the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation. Read more on this discovery at the DOE R&D Accomplishments Featured Scientists page.
|Nov 21, 2006||OSTI contributes to Second Harvest|
OSTI recently provided 28 “Food for Kids” kits and 3 Backpacks to the Second Harvest Food Bank of Knoxville, as part of a food drive sponsored by the Oak Ridge Chapter of the Federally Employed Women (FEW). The “Food for Kids” program provides backpacks filled with nutritious, non-perishable food. The local “Food for Kids” drive provides food for over 1,600 children in 41 schools in 11 surrounding counties. According to a Department of Energy Oak Ridge Operations press release, the drive resulted in 5,000 pounds of food and cash contributions totaling approximately $1,200.
|Nov 7, 2006||Alvin Weinberg (1915–2006) papers at OSTI|
Can the Sun Replace Uranium? During his esteemed career as pioneering nuclear scientist and Director of Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Alvin Weinberg penned words on this topic and a wide range of scientific challenges to mankind's future. These words, codified in research literature, represent Weinberg's science legacy. A selection of Weinberg papers has been made available in full text at the OSTI Web site. Additional papers, including lecture notes, technical reports and speculations, can be found by searching the technical information collections in the Energy Citations Database and Information Bridge, two of the science information resources which reside at OSTI and are available on the Web.
|Nov 7, 2006||OSTI participates in INIS Liaison Officers meeting in Vienna|
OSTI participated in the 33rd Consultative Meeting of the International Nuclear Information System (INIS) Liaison Officers, October 30–November 1, 2006, in Vienna, Austria. OSTI represented the U.S. position in the International Atomic Energy Agency INIS meeting, thus ensuring that the direction and information exchange benefits the U.S. nuclear community by providing key scientific and technical information to DOE and to academia, industry, and the public. Brian Hitson, associate director of OSTI, attended and chaired a special session on INIS promotion and outreach. Debbie Cutler, operating agent representative for the IEA's Energy Technology Data Exchange and OSTI's international program manager also attended, providing an ETDE program overview and highlights of recent activities.
|Oct 6, 2005||OSTI redesigns home page|
Continuing our commitment to provide state-of-the-art access to a wealth of research material . . . now you can search our key resources and databases directly from the top of our home page. Just type in your keyword(s) and search all databases simultaneously or each source individually. You can still visit each collection by selecting from our revised left-hand menu. In addition, our links at the top and bottom of the home page have been updated, and enhancements have been added to make our site more accessible.
|Oct 6, 2005||Nobel Prize winners Hulse and Wigner featured|
Nobel Prize winners Dr. Russell A. Hulse (1993) and Eugene P. Wigner (1963) are highlighted as part of OSTI's Featured Nobel Physicists, commemorating the World Year of Physics. Hulse won the Nobel Prize for the discovery of the first binary pulsar; Wigner's contributions include his insight into the fundamental mathematics and physics of quantum mechanics, the effort of building the atomic bomb, and the harnessing of the same force to produce energy.
|Oct 6, 2005||Search for grants, internships at Science.gov|
You can browse for government grant information and search for internships at Science.gov, a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by 12 U.S. Government agencies. Science.gov, hosted by OSTI, accesses 50 million pages of government science information and allows searches across 29 databases and more than 1,800 science Web sites. Look for the links to grants and internships under Special Collections at Science.gov.
|Sep 20, 2005||OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community|
OSTI and the Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDE) were recently cited in a European Commission study as key information systems that could serve as models in the development of a European Union-focused energy portal. ETDE is a multilateral information exchange agreement to which OSTI serves as the Operating Agent.
|Sep 20, 2005||OSTI Opens for Harvesting over 110,000 Citations to OCLC|
OSTI is pleased to announce that its Open Archives Initiative (OAI) server has opened more than 110,000 DOE scientific and technical reports on OSTI's Information Bridge for harvesting by the Online Computer Center Library (OCLC). OCLC is a nonprofit, membership, computer library service and research organization dedicated to the public purposes of furthering access to the world's information and reducing information costs. More than 53,548 libraries in 96 countries and territories around the world use OCLC services to locate, acquire, catalog, lend and preserve library materials.
|Sep 20, 2005||DOE Physicists at Work Feature Series|
Dr. Lin-Wang Wang has a love for theory, extending back to when he was a middle school student in China. At that time, his parents subscribed for him a popular science magazine. "I was intrigued by the science fictions in that magazine, always couldn't wait for the next issue to come," says Dr. Wang, staff scientist with the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Scientific Computing Group (SCG) of the High Performance Computing Department.
|Sep 20, 2005||A Puzzle at OSTI's Celebrating Einstein Site|
Take equal masses of lead and aluminum. Heat them until their temperatures are both 10 degrees higher. Will it take the same amount of heat for each? Find out the surprising solution at OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments Featured Nugget, "Solid Cold."
|Sep 20, 2005||Hurricane Katrina Recovery Information Features at Science.gov|
The Science.gov Alliance recently tapped its wealth of scientific information across 12 science agencies to provide two special Hurricane Katrina features at Science.gov. A few of the vast information sources included on these features are: WISER — Wireless Information System for Emergency Responders; HSDB — Hazardous Substances Data Bank; TOXMAP — Toxics Release Inventory maps; as well as features on Environmental Cleanup and Recovery, Emergency Health Management, Managing Emergency Health Services; Drinking Water; Rodents, Snakes, and Other Pests After Disasters and Mold. Science.gov is a gateway to authoritative selected science information provided by 12 U.S. Government agencies and accesses 50 million pages of government science information. The Science.gov Web portal is hosted by OSTI.
|Sep 6, 2005||New Features at OSTI's DOE R and D Accomplishments|
Two Noble Laureate features have been added to OSTI's DOE R&D Accomplishments Web site: William A. Fowler shared the 1983 Nobel Prize in physics for his research into the creation of chemical elements inside stars, and Martin L. Perl, a professor at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in physics for his 1975 discovery of a new elementary particle known as the tau lepton.
|Sep 6, 2005||OSTI Brings Foreign Research to U.S. Science Community|
Each year the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) – through its participation in two multilateral R&D information exchange agreements – gains access to approximately 80,000 foreign energy-related research summaries.