GEOTHERMAL TECHNOLOGIES LEGACY COLLECTION - Bibliographic Citation


Bibliographic Citation



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Citation URL: http://www.osti.gov/geothermal/product.biblio.jsp?osti_id=895108
Title: Chapter 13. Absorption Refrigeration
Creator/Author: Rafferty, Kevin D.
Publication Date:1998 Jan 01
OSTI Identifier:OSTI 895108
Report Number(s):None
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Document Type:Book
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Research Org:Geo-Heat Center, Klamath Falls, OR
Sponsoring Org:USDOE
Subject:15 GEOTHERMAL ENERGY
Keywords:Geothermal Legacy
Description/Abstract:The absorption cycle is a process by which refrigeration effect is produced through the use of two fluids and some quantity of heat input, rather than electrical input as in the more familiar vapor compression cycle. Both vapor compression and absorption refrigeration cycles accomplish the removal of heat through the evaporation of a refrigerant at a low pressure and the rejection of heat through the condensation of the refrigerant at a higher pressure. The method of creating the pressure difference and circulating the refrigerant is the primary difference between the two cycles. The vapor compression cycle employs a mechanical compressor to create the pressure differences necessary to circulate the refrigerant. In the absorption system, a secondary fluid or absorbent is used to circulate the refrigerant. Because the temperature requirements for the cycle fall into the low-to-moderate temperature range, and there is significant potential for electrical energy savings, absorption would seem to be a good prospect for geothermal application. Absorption machines are commercially available today in two basic configurations. For applications above 32oF (primarily air conditioning), the cycle uses lithium bromide as the absorbent and water as the refrigerant. For applications below 32oF, an ammonia/water cycle is employed with ammonia as the refrigerant and water as the absorbent.
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Country of Publication:US
Language:English
Size/Format:Medium: ED
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System Entry Date:2008 Oct 06
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