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Water Resour Manage (2010) 24:33713395 DOI 10.1007/s11269-010-9611-2
 

Summary: Water Resour Manage (2010) 24:33713395
DOI 10.1007/s11269-010-9611-2
Evaluating Municipal Water Conservation Policies
Using a Dynamic Simulation Model
Sajjad Ahmad Dinesh Prashar
Received: 11 August 2009 / Accepted: 3 February 2010 /
Published online: 17 February 2010
Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010
Abstract A dynamic simulation model is developed for South Florida to capture the
interrelationships between water availability and competing municipal, agricultural,
and environmental water demands. This paper presents the model structure and
findings related to municipal water demand and potential for water conservation.
The policies of introducing low flow appliances, xeriscaping, and pricing are tested
for their effectiveness in reducing municipal water demand. Performance criteria of
reliability, resilience, and vulnerability are used to measure the success of policies.
Policies are also evaluated for their impact on environmental flow requirements. The
model is calibrated using data from 1975 to 2005 for population growth, municipal
water demand, and water levels in Lake Okeechobee; and simulations are carried
out from 2005 to 2030 on a monthly time step. Sensitivity analysis is performed and
extreme condition tests are conducted to evaluate the robustness of the model. The

  

Source: Ahmad, Sajjad - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Nevada at Las Vegas

 

Collections: Engineering