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Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 715737, 2005 www.atmos-chem-phys.org/acp/5/715/

Summary: Atmos. Chem. Phys., 5, 715­737, 2005
SRef-ID: 1680-7324/acp/2005-5-715
European Geosciences Union
and Physics
Global indirect aerosol effects: a review
U. Lohmann1 and J. Feichter2
1ETH Institute of Atmospheric and Climate Science, Schafmattstr. 30, CH-8093 Zurich, Switzerland
2Max Planck Institute for Meteorology, Bundesstr. 53, D-20146 Hamburg, Germany
Received: 7 October 2004 ­ Published in Atmos. Chem. Phys. Discuss.: 17 November 2004
Revised: 28 January 2005 ­ Accepted: 18 February 2005 ­ Published: 3 March 2005
Abstract. Aerosols affect the climate system by changing
cloud characteristics in many ways. They act as cloud con-
densation and ice nuclei, they may inhibit freezing and they
could have an influence on the hydrological cycle. While the
cloud albedo enhancement (Twomey effect) of warm clouds
received most attention so far and traditionally is the only
indirect aerosol forcing considered in transient climate sim-


Source: Ackerman, Thomas P. - Department of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Washington at Seattle
Ecole Polytechnique, Centre de mathématiques


Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology; Geosciences; Mathematics