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Variational Effective Index Mode Solver O.V. Ivanova, M. Hammer, R. Stoffer, E. van Groesen
 

Summary: Variational Effective Index Mode Solver
O.V. Ivanova, M. Hammer, R. Stoffer, E. van Groesen
MESA+ Institute for Nanotechnology, University of Twente, The Netherlands
A variational approach for the modal analysis of dielectric waveguides with arbitrary piecewise constant rectangular 2D cross-section is developed. It is based on a representation of a mode profile
as a superposition of modes of the constituting slab waveguides times some unknown continuous coefficient functions, defined on the entire lateral coordinate axis. The propagation constant and the
lateral functions are found from a variational principle. It appears that this method, while preserving the computational efficiency of the standard effective index method ([1], [2]), provides more accurate
estimates for propagation constants, as well as well-defined continuous approximations for mode profiles.
Finding guided modes
Given
a z-invariant waveguide with refractive index n(x, y),
the semi-vectorial TE and TM mode equations for the do-
minant electric E = Ey and magnetic H = Hy field compo-
nents at vacuum wavelength = 2/k0 ,
searching for
square integrable profiles E(x, y) and H(x, y), propagating
in the z - direction with propagation constant ,
leads to the following eigenvalue problems
E+k2
0n2
E = 2

  

Source: Al Hanbali, Ahmad - Department of Applied Mathematics, Universiteit Twente
Hammer, Manfred - Department of Applied Mathematics, Universiteit Twente

 

Collections: Engineering; Mathematics