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COAL (Coalition Organization with Agent Leadership) 1. INTRODUCTION

Summary: 1
COAL (Coalition Organization with Agent Leadership)
A coalition is an alliance among individual, self-interested agents, during which they cooperate in an
action done jointly. Coalitions are widely studied [1, 3, 4, 7, 8, 10, 13, 14, 17, 23, 35, 37, 41, 42, 47,
53, 58]. Effective coalition formation strategies affect our day to day quality of life in such ways as
efficient waste removal [27], humanitarian aid [52], electronic group buying [31], air cargo transport
[69], planetary rovers [30], disaster management [11, 62], groups in education [49], distributed
problem solving [39], remote sensing, personnel management [55], transportation, network
communication [38], and power transmission planning [65]. Much of the work in the area of coalition
formation has focused on forming optimal, stable coalitions using methods that require complete
information and require substantial computational time [18, 54]. This research focuses on a dynamic
environment, where agents cannot maintain complete information due to limited computational
resources, insufficient time, or inaccurate information provided by faulty sensors or unreliable
communications [60]. In addition, agent resources and task requirements may be changing. In a free
market economy, "individuals, rather than government, make the majority of decisions regarding
economic activities and transactions" [15]. This research introduces two key strategies to improve
coalition formation: leadership and incentives.
With the Katrina disaster, many have speculated on what went wrong. Missing information and non-
adaptive crowd behaviors as witnessed by the FEMA directors being "unaware that people were


Source: Allan, Vicki H. - Department of Computer Science, Utah State University


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences