Home

About

Advanced Search

Browse by Discipline

Scientific Societies

E-print Alerts

Add E-prints

E-print Network
FAQHELPSITE MAPCONTACT US


  Advanced Search  

 
Pain and the brain: Specificity and plasticity of the brain in clinical chronic pain A. Vania Apkarian a,b,
 

Summary: Review
Pain and the brain: Specificity and plasticity of the brain in clinical chronic pain
A. Vania Apkarian a,b,
, Javeria A. Hashmi a
, Marwan N. Baliki a
a
Department of Physiology, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
b
Departments of Anesthesia and Surgery, Northwestern University, Feinberg School of Medicine, Chicago, IL, USA
Sponsorships or competing interests that may be relevant to content are disclosed at the end of this article.
Descartes proposed that all observable human behavior could be
divided into 2 categories, the simple and the complex. Simple
behaviors were those in which a given sensation always, determin-
istically, produced the same behavioral response. . .. Complex
behaviors, in contrast were those in which the linkage between
sensation and action was unpredictable and subject to the vagaries
of volition. . .. They were produced when sensory data were trans-
mitted from the nervous system to the nonmaterial soul, the soul
made a decision about what course of action to undertake, and this
volitional command was then passed to the machinery of the body

  

Source: Apkarian, A. Vania - Department of Physiology, Northwestern University

 

Collections: Biology and Medicine