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Exploiting Home Automation Protocols for Load Monitoring in Smart Buildings

Summary: Exploiting Home Automation Protocols
for Load Monitoring in Smart Buildings
David Irwin, Anthony Wu, Sean Barker, Aditya Mishra, Prashant Shenoy, and Jeannie Albrecht
University of Massachusetts Amherst
Amherst College
Williams College
{irwin,sbarker,adityam,shenoy}@cs.umass.edu, awu13@amherst.edu, jeannie@cs.williams.edu
Monitoring and controlling electrical loads is crucial for
demand-side energy management in smart grids. Home au-
tomation (HA) protocols, such as X10 and Insteon, have pro-
vided programmatic load control for many years, and are be-
ing widely deployed in early smart grid field trials. While
HA protocols include basic monitoring functions, extreme
bandwidth limitations (<180bps) have prevented their use in
load monitoring. In this paper, we highlight challenges in de-
signing AutoMeter, a system for exploiting HA for accurate
load monitoring at scale. We quantify Insteon's limitations to
query device status--once every 10 seconds to achieve less
than 5% loss rate--and then evaluate techniques to disaggre-


Source: Albrecht, Jeannie - Computer Science Department, Williams College


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences