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IRON File Systems Vijayan Prabhakaran, Lakshmi N. Bairavasundaram, Nitin Agrawal, Haryadi S. Gunawi,
 

Summary: IRON File Systems
Vijayan Prabhakaran, Lakshmi N. Bairavasundaram, Nitin Agrawal, Haryadi S. Gunawi,
Andrea C. Arpaci-Dusseau, and Remzi H. Arpaci-Dusseau
Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin, Madison
{vijayan,laksh,nitina,haryadi,dusseau,remzi}@cs.wisc.edu
ABSTRACT
Commodity file systems trust disks to either work or fail com-
pletely, yet modern disks exhibit more complex failure modes. We
suggest a new fail-partial failure model for disks, which incorpo-
rates realistic localized faults such as latent sector errors and block
corruption. We then develop and apply a novel failure-policy fin-
gerprinting framework, to investigate how commodity file systems
react to a range of more realistic disk failures. We classify their
failure policies in a new taxonomy that measures their Internal RO-
bustNess (IRON), which includes both failure detection and recov-
ery techniques. We show that commodity file system failure poli-
cies are often inconsistent, sometimes buggy, and generally inade-
quate in their ability to recover from partial disk failures. Finally,
we design, implement, and evaluate a prototype IRON file system,
Linux ixt3, showing that techniques such as in-disk checksumming,

  

Source: Arpaci-Dusseau, Remzi - Department of Computer Sciences, Department of Computer Sciences, University of Wisconsin at Madison
Liblit, Ben - Department of Computer Sciences, University of Wisconsin at Madison

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences