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In Child Language by M. Alderidge (Eds.). Multilingual Matters Ltd, Clevedon, 1997 Simulation of 'Sensori-motor Stage V and VI' Language Development
 

Summary: In Child Language by M. Alderidge (Eds.). Multilingual Matters Ltd, Clevedon, 1997
Simulation of 'Sensori-motor Stage V and VI' Language Development:
A Connectionist Network Approach
Syed Sibte Raza Abidi and Khurshid Ahmad
University of Surrey, Guildford.
Abstract
Connectionist networks, or the so-called neural networks, provide a basis for studying child
language development in that these networks emphasise learning, either from observations or
from being told, and that the design of these networks simplifies questions related to the
representation of linguistic and world knowledge through the use of a network of 'simple' nodes
and links. We report a connectionist simulation of this phenomenon focusing on the transition
from one-word to two-word language. The connectionist simulation comprises the simulation of
concept memory, word lexicon, semantic and conceptual relations and word-order. The data
used in the simulation has its origins in the longitudinal psycholinguistic study of infants through
their various stages of cognitive development, including sensori-motor (stages V and VI) and
pre-operational stages. Bloom's (1973) archives of child language data was used in 'training' the
connectionist networks. The concept representation scheme for simulating a child's concept
memory is semantic feature oriented (Katherine Nelson, 1973) and the semantic relations
between concepts are based on Roger Brown's (1973) analysis. The connectionist simulation
was carried out using ACCLAIM - A Connectionist Child LAnguage Development and Imitation

  

Source: Abidi, Syed Sibte Raza - Faculty of Computer Science, Dalhousie University

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences