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The Spread Wide Area Group Communication System Yair Amir and Jonathan Stanton

Summary: 1
The Spread Wide Area Group Communication System
Yair Amir and Jonathan Stanton
Department of Computer Science
The Johns Hopkins University
{yairamir, jonathan}@cs.jhu.edu
Building a wide area group communication system is a challenge. This paper presents the design and protocols of
the Spread wide area group communication system. Spread integrates two low­level protocols: one for local area
networks called Ring, and one for the wide area network connecting them, called Hop. Spread decouples the
dissemination and local reliability mechanisms from the global ordering and stability protocols. This allows many
optimizations useful for wide area network settings. Spread is operational and publicly available on the Web.
1. Introduction
There exist some fundamental difficulties with high­performance group communication over
wide­area networks. These difficulties include:
. The characteristics (loss rates, amount of buffering) and performance (latency, bandwidth) vary
widely in different parts of the network.
. The packet loss rates and latencies are significantly higher and more variable then on LANs.
. It is not as easy to implement efficient reliability and ordering on top of the available wide area
multicast mechanisms as it is on top of local area hardware broadcast and multicast. Moreover,


Source: Amir, Yair - Department of Computer Science, Johns Hopkins University


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences