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* Corresponding author. Fax: 0041-1-823-5210. E-mail address: peeters@eawag.ch (F. Peeters)
 

Summary: * Corresponding author. Fax: 0041-1-823-5210.
E-mail address: peeters@eawag.ch (F. Peeters)
Deep-Sea Research I 47 (2000) 621}654
Analysis of deep-water exchange in the Caspian
Sea based on environmental tracers
F. Peeters *, R. Kipfer , D. Achermann , M. Hofer ,
W. Aeschbach-Hertig , U. Beyerle , D.M. Imboden ,
K. Rozanski , K. FroK hlich
Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (ETH), CH-8600 Du( bendorf, Switzerland
Swiss Federal Institute of Environmental Science and Technology (EAWAG), CH-8600 Du( bendorf, Switzerland
Faculty of Physics and Nuclear Techniques, University of Mining and Metallurgy, Krakow, Poland
International Atomic Energy Agency, Department of Research and Isotopes, Vienna, Austria
Received 24 June 1998; received in revised form 15 June 1999; accepted 15 June 1999
Abstract
In order to quantify deep-water exchange in the Caspian Sea, the world's largest inland water
body, water samples were analyzed for the transient tracers H, He, He, CFC-11, CFC-12 and
atmospheric noble gases. Measurements of temperature, salinity (calculated from conductivity
for the ionic composition of Caspian Sea water), and dissolved oxygen were employed to
investigate the processes responsible for deep-water renewal. The Caspian Sea consists of two
deep basins, the southern and central basins, separated by a sill, and a shallow northern basin.

  

Source: Aeschbach-Hertig, Werner - Institut für Umweltphysik, Universität Heidelberg

 

Collections: Geosciences; Environmental Sciences and Ecology