Summary: Section 3.2 Probability of Events
1. Consider the sample space for Example 3.6 on page 66. Let
(a) E1 be the event in which both dice show an even number;
(b) E2 be the event in which the sum of the numbers showing is 6;
(c) E3 be the event in which the sum of the numbers showing is less
Find P (E1), P (E1), P (E2), P (E2), P (E3), and P (E3).
2. One card is drawn from a standard 52-card deck. Find the proba-
bility of selecting a face card (J,Q,K) or a black card.
3. A new medication being tested produces headaches in 5% of its
users, upset stomach in 15%, and both side effects in 2%.
(a) Find the probability that at least one of these side effects is
(b) Find the probability that neither of these side effects is produced.
4. An 8-sided die is constructed that has two faces marked with 2s,
two faces marked with 3s, two faces marked with 5s, and two faces
marked with 8s. If this die is rolled a single time, find the probability
(a) Getting a 2.