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RESEARCH Open Access Indigenous use and bio-efficacy of medicinal

Summary: RESEARCH Open Access
Indigenous use and bio-efficacy of medicinal
plants in the Rasuwa District, Central Nepal
Yadav Uprety1,4*
, Hugo Asselin2
, Emmanuel K Boon1
, Saroj Yadav3
, Krishna K Shrestha3
Background: By revealing historical and present plant use, ethnobotany contributes to drug discovery and
socioeconomic development. Nepal is a natural storehouse of medicinal plants. Although several ethnobotanical
studies were conducted in the country, many areas remain unexplored. Furthermore, few studies have compared
indigenous plant use with reported phytochemical and pharmacological properties.
Methods: Ethnopharmacological data was collected in the Rasuwa district of Central Nepal by conducting
interviews and focus group discussions with local people. The informant consensus factor (FIC) was calculated in
order to estimate use variability of medicinal plants. Bio-efficacy was assessed by comparing indigenous plant use
with phytochemical and pharmacological properties determined from a review of the available literature. Criteria
were used to identify high priority medicinal plant species.
Results: A total of 60 medicinal formulations from 56 plant species were documented. Medicinal plants were used
to treat various diseases and disorders, with the highest number of species being used for gastro-intestinal


Source: Asselin, Hugo - Chaire de recherche du Canada en foresterie autochtone, Département des sciences du développement humain et social, Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue


Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology