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HIGH-TECH MATERIALS ALERT SEPTEMBER 04, 2006
 

Summary: HIGH-TECH MATERIALS ALERT
SEPTEMBER 04, 2006
TECHNICAL INSIGHTS ALERT
Phone: 210-348-1000
Use of this information is determined by license agreement; any unauthorized use is prohibited.
Copyright 2006 Frost & Sullivan
2006, Frost & Sullivan
PROCESS CONVERTS WASTE INTO NANOPOWDER FOR HYDROGEN GENERATION
FROM WATER
A critical technology hurdle against the development of fuel cell technology is the economic and
safety concerns associated with the production, storage, transport, and supply of hydrogen. Researchers
worldwide are working on the achievement of `hydrogen economy' that would enable efficient, clean, and
cost-effective hydrogen production. To address this need, a research group at the University of Toledo,
Ohio has employed a well-known process--metal-steam reforming--as an economically viable and
environmentally friendly method to generate high-purity hydrogen.
Metal-steam reforming basically deals with a reaction between heated iron and steam. However,
the key significance of this work lies in the source of iron: the research group has utilized the so-called
`mill-scale' waste from steel industry, as an iron source. "There is huge inventory of steel mill waste in
every country that produces steel. By converting this waste into nanoiron and utilizing it for hydrogen
generation which can be fed into a fuel cell stack, the electricity thus produced can partially power the steel

  

Source: Azad, Abdul-Majeed - Department of Chemical and Environmental Engineering, University of Toledo

 

Collections: Materials Science; Energy Storage, Conversion and Utilization