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Computer-based Model for Flood Evacuation Emergency Planning
 

Summary: Computer-based Model for Flood Evacuation
Emergency Planning
SLOBODAN P. SIMONOVIC1,w
and SAJJAD AHMAD2
1
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Institute for Catastrophic Loss Reduction,
The University of Western Ontario, London, Canada, N6A 5B9; 2
Department of Urban and
Regional Planning, University of California, Irvine, CA 90967-7076, USA (E-mail: sajjad@
uci.edu)
(Received: 12 August 2003; accepted: 18 February 2004)
Abstract. A computerized simulation model for capturing human behavior during flood
emergency evacuation is developed using a system dynamics approach. It simulates the
acceptance of evacuation orders by the residents of the area under threat; number of families
in the process of evacuation; and time required for all evacuees to reach safety. The model is
conceptualized around the flooding conditions (physical and management) and the main set of
social and mental factors that determine human behavior before and during the flood evac-
uation. The number of families under the flood threat, population in the process of evacua-
tion, inundation of refuge routes, flood conditions (precipitation, river elevation, etc.), and
different flood warnings and evacuation orders related variables are among the large set of

  

Source: Ahmad, Sajjad - Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Nevada at Las Vegas

 

Collections: Engineering