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On the Solution-Space Geometry of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
 

Summary: On the Solution-Space Geometry
of Random Constraint Satisfaction Problems
Dimitris Achlioptas
Department of Computer Science
University of California Santa Cruz
optas@cs.ucsc.edu
Federico Ricci-Tersenghi
Department of Physics
University of Rome "La Sapienza"
federico.ricci@roma1.infn.it
ABSTRACT
For a number of random constraint satisfaction problems, such as
random k-SAT and random graph/hypergraph coloring, there are
very good estimates of the largest constraint density for which so-
lutions exist. Yet, all known polynomial-time algorithms for these
problems fail to find solutions even at much lower densities. To
understand the origin of this gap we study how the structure of
the space of solutions evolves in such problems as constraints are
added. In particular, we prove that much before solutions disap-
pear, they organize into an exponential number of clusters, each

  

Source: Achlioptas, Dimitris - Department of Computer Engineering, University of California at Santa Cruz
Ricci Tersenghi, Federico - Dipartimento di Fisica, UniversitÓ di Roma "La Sapienza"

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences; Physics