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Ecological Entomology (2009), 34, 144-152 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01060.x 2008 The Authors
 

Summary: Ecological Entomology (2009), 34, 144-152 DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2311.2008.01060.x
2008 The Authors
144 Journal compilation 2008 The Royal Entomological Society
Introduction
In both agricultural and natural systems, plants exist in a complex
environment where they interact with antagonists and mutualists
on several different tissues. Although leaf herbivory, root
herbivory, and pollination have traditionally been examined
separately, studies linking above- and belowground processes
are increasingly becoming the focus of research between insects
and plants. Plant traits involved in defence, attraction, and
reproduction can be affected by both leaf and root herbivory
separately. However, several recent studies have examined the
combined effects of damage to both above- and belowground
plant tissues and have found both positive and negative effects
on plant traits and fitness (Van der Putten et al., 2001; Bardgett &
Wardle, 2003; Blossey & Hunt-Joshi, 2003; Bezemer & Van
Dam, 2005), indicating the importance of considering multiple
interactions simultaneously.
Leaf herbivory can negatively affect plant performance

  

Source: Adler, Lynn - Department of Plant, Soil and Insect Sciences, University of Massachusetts at Amherst

 

Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology