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Semantic hierarchies for image annotation : a survey Anne-Marie Touscha,b

Summary: Semantic hierarchies for image annotation : a survey
Anne-Marie Touscha,b
, St´ephane Herbin,a
, Jean-Yves Audibertb,c
aONERA, Ch^atillon, France
bUniversit´e Paris-Est / Ecole des Ponts ParisTech / IMAGINE, Marne-La-Vall´ee, France
cWillow - ENS / INRIA, Paris, France
In this survey, we argue that using structured vocabularies is capital to the
success of image annotation. We analyze literature on image annotation uses and
user needs, and we stress the need for automatic annotation. We briefly expose
the difficulties posed to machines for this task and how it relates to controlled
vocabularies. We survey contributions in the field showing how structures are
introduced. First we present studies that use unstructured vocabulary, focusing
on those introducing links between categories or between features. Then we
review work using structured vocabularies as an input and we analyze how the
structure is exploited.
Key words:
1. Introduction


Source: Audibert, Jean-Yves - Département d'Informatique, École Normale Supérieure


Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences