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Tania Avgustinova, Department of Computational Linguistics, University of Saarland Bistra Andreeva, Institute of Phonetics, University of Saarland
 

Summary: 1
Tania Avgustinova, Department of Computational Linguistics, University of Saarland
Bistra Andreeva, Institute of Phonetics, University of Saarland
FDSL-3 Leipzig 1999
Link-associated and focus-associated accent patterns in Bulgarian
On the basis of experimental data, we investigate how the pre-nuclear and post-nuclear accents are
realised in Bulgarian with respect to the type of utterance ­ question or statement ­ and the information
structure. We use the terminology of the information packaging approach (e.g., Vallduví and Engdahl
1995) in assuming a partitioning of the utterance into a focus component (rheme) and a ground
component.
Within the ground component, a further distinction is made between link (topic) and tail. The former is
a prominent sub-part of the ground that establishes connections to the preceding text / discourse, while
the latter functions as a kind of 'filling' specifying some redundant information and, therefore, tends to
be 'intonationally elliptical'. In general, the ground contains 'known' data and does not contribute to the
context. It is rather context-dependent and presupposed. In the information structure of utterances, the
focus can be viewed as a default information state, since the primary goal of any communication is to
transmit some information. The focus pushes the communication forward by virtue of being the (new)
information that is being added to the context, but the focus itself is context-independent. In this sense,
it is the unmarked case. Neutral utterances are prototypically associated with canonical configurations,
both syntactically and prosodically.

  

Source: Avgustinova, Tania - Department of Computational Linguistics and Phonetics, Universität des Saarlandes

 

Collections: Computer Technologies and Information Sciences