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Summary. Insect societies function at various organisational levels. Most research has focused on one or other organisa-
 

Summary: Summary. Insect societies function at various organisational
levels. Most research has focused on one or other organisa-
tional extreme. At one extreme, it is the adaptive behaviours
at the individual level, the behaviour of workers, which is of
interest. At the other extreme, colony-level adaptive behav-
iour and swarm intelligence is the focus. However, between
these two extremes, numerous functional adaptive units, or
"parts," exist. These intermediate-level parts include the
behavioural properties of "groups" or "teams" in which the
functionality only emerges at the group-level and not within
the individuals themselves, and also the structural properties
of "self-assemblages" in which individuals link themselves
together to form an adaptive configuration, such as a living
bridge. We review another type of intermediate-level part in
insect societies: these are the physical structures that ants
build away from the nest. The structures, that are larger than
an individual worker but smaller than the colony (hence
intermediate), include cleared trails, walled trenches, arca-
des, tunnels, outstations, shelters, protective pens, shelters
over nectaries, food coverings on foraging trails, elevated

  

Source: Anderson, Carl - Synthetic Intelligence, Qbit, LLC, Bethesda, MD

 

Collections: Environmental Sciences and Ecology; Engineering; Mathematics