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To appear in R. Hastings, B. Jackson and Z. Zvolensky, (eds.)ProceedingsofSemantics and Linguistic Theory 11, Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications
 

Summary: -1-
To appear in R. Hastings, B. Jackson and Z. Zvolensky, (eds.)ProceedingsofSemantics
and Linguistic Theory 11, Ithaca, NY: CLC Publications
On the Conversational Basis of Some Presuppositions
Mandy Simons
Carnegie Mellon University
simons@andrew.cmu.edu
0. Introduction
The current literature on presupposition focuses almost exclusively on the projection
problem:the question of how and why the presuppositions of atomic clauses are projected
to complexsentenceswhichembedthem.Verylittleattentionhasbeenpaidtothequestion
of how and why these presuppositions arise at all. As Kay (1992, p.335) observes,
"treatments of the presupposition inheritance problem almost never deal with the reasons
that individual words and constructions give rise, in the first place, to the particular
presuppositions that they do."1
This is the question on which this paper will focus.
There are two kinds of answer that one might give to the question of how
presuppositions arise. One type of answer is that presuppositions are conventional
properties of lexical items, as in the conventional implicature view of Karttunen and Peters
(1979). On this view, certain lexical items have, in addition to their truth conditional

  

Source: Andrews, Peter B. - Department of Mathematical Sciences, Carnegie Mellon University

 

Collections: Mathematics